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AC Electricity

Final Exam PRACTICE [Show all your work!]

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TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. [t1-1] The maximum current that the d'Arsonval movement can read independently is equal to the current sensitivity of the movement. [t1-2] An ideal capacitor looks like an open circuit to dc current once it has charged to its final value. [t3-1] The superposition theorem is applicable to power effects in ac circuits, since it is dealing with a nonlinear relationship. [t3-2] In order to remove a voltage source from a circuit for superposition analysis, we must replace it with an open circuit. [f] A power gain of 3 dB is equivalent to an output power that is twice the power of the input. [f] Decibels are used to provide a comparison between power levels and voltage levels. ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______

PROBLEMS. Work the problems and write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question. Show all work! If simple calculations are done in calculator, identify with “by calc”.

Meter 1 Ratings: Current Sensitivity = 10 mA, Resistance = 500Ω RSHUNT = 0.77Ω Figure 7.3 7. [t1-3] See Figure 7.3. What voltage V must be applied to the circuit to result in full-scale meter deflection?

**Voltage Source VS1 = 12V R1 = 22kΩ C1 = 4.7 µF
**

ac final exam practice.docx Page 1 of 10

What is the time constant τ in this circuit? ac final exam practice.5V R1 = 2. what is the maximum instantaneous current that will flow through the capacitor after the closing of the switch? Voltage Source VS1 = 90V C1 = 4. after the closing of the switch. 9.7 µF C4 = 4.1. [t1-7] See Figure 10. If the initial voltage of the capacitor = 0V.7 µF Figure 10.0 V? 10.3 11.3.1. [t1-4] See Figure 10.1 12.7 µF C2 = 4.1 8.1. If the initial voltage of the capacitor = 0V.2 KΩ L1 = 100 mH Figure 12.1. What is the total capacitance CT? Voltage Source VS1 = 4.docx Page 2 of 10 . [t1-8] See Figure 12. [t1-6] See Figure 10. What is the time constant t for this circuit? [t1-5] See Figure 10.7 µF C3 = 4.Figure 10. when will the voltage vC reach 5.

3.000 Figure 22. the switch opens.2.docx . [t1-12] What is the angular velocity of a 50 kHz sine wave? 17.3 13. 14. If the mutual inductance M12 = 1 H. [f] A 10 mV input to an amplifier produces a 5 V output.2 18. After the current has reached a steady-state value. what is the total inductance LT of this circuit? Primary turns = 120 / Secondary turns = 48. See Figure 22. After the closing of the switch.3 Page 3 of 10 ac final exam practice.Voltage Source VS1 = 3. What is the voltage gain in dB? Figure 22. What will the voltage across the inductor be the instant that the switch opens? 15. [t1-11] What is the period of a 50 kHz sine wave? 16. what will the current through the inductor be after the circuit voltages and currents have reached steady-state values? Assume that the inductor is an ideal (lossless) device. [t1-9] See Figure 12.3V R1 = 47 KΩ R2 = 470 KΩ L1 = 50 mH Figure 12. [t1-10] See Figure 12.3.

What is the current IS through the load. If this transformer is an ideal device and the load is a resistor. for this transformer? 20. how much power is transferred to the load? Figure 22.4. what is i at α = 30°? ac final exam practice.4 24. 30. RL. assuming ideal components? 22. What is the voltage ES across the load. 29. [f] See Figure 22. [t2-3] What is the frequency in the equation v = 186 sin(7700t)? 28. Find the sinusoidal expression for the voltage across the capacitor. [t2-5] The current i = 125sin 377t mA passes through a 0.docx Page 4 of 10 .3. [t2-4] Determine the frequency at which the reactance of a 0.3. [f] See Figure 22. a. assuming ideal components? 21. A resistive load.3.3 H coil.47 :F capacitor equals that of a 3. What is the volt-amp rating of this transformer if the transformer is operating at its rated capacity? 23. [f] See Figure 22. What is the primary impedance Zp if the primary has 1600 turns and the secondary has 100 turns? 25.3. [f] See Figure 22. is connected to the transformer secondary as shown. [f] See Figure 22. [t2-1] What is the amplitude in the equation v = 186 sin(7700t) V? 26.7 sin α. [t2-2] At what frequency does a 10 μF capacitor have a reactance of 77Ω? 27. [f] See Figure 22. [t2-6] If i = 7.22 μF capacitor. What is the transformation ratio.3.19.

t2 = 2 mS. t4 = 4 mS Figure 13. when placed in parallel with the existing components. not just inductive reactance or capacitive reactance. 33.docx Page 5 of 10 . would make the total impedance ZT purely resistive? Specify actual component value in Farads or Henries. [t2-8] See Figure 15.5 32. XL = 770Ω Figure 15. What is the average value of this waveform? XC = 990Ω. Assume the source frequency is 60 Hz. What component. R = 220Ω. [t2-9] Express the impedance of a 220 pF capacitor at 60 Hz in rectangular form. [t2-7] See Figure 13. t3 = 3 mS.t1 = 1 mS. ac final exam practice.5.2.2 31.

[t3-3] See Figure 2.docx Page 6 of 10 . Write one equation to describe the total impedance ZT for this circuit in terms of the impedances Z1.3. [t3-4] See Figure 3.Vs = 120 V < 60°. XC = 150 Ω Figure 15. R = 560 Ω. [t2-11] Ignoring any effects of DC resistance. XL = 237 Ω. XC1 = 77Ω Figure 2 36. what is the total reactance of a 250 mH coil in series with a 4. and 3.7 microfarad capacitor at a signal frequency of 1000 Hz? XL1 = 70Ω. What is ZT in polar form? 35.3 34. [t2-10] See Figure 15. What is the total impedance ZT for this circuit? Figure 3 37. ac final exam practice. 2.

Z3 = 40 Ω <-10°. Consider the mesh analysis solution method for this circuit. The voltage source (a) consists of VS = 500 V <20° and Z = 100 mΩ <30°. [t3-7] See Figure 7.docx Page 7 of 10 . what must Z4 be? ac final exam practice. [t3-5] See Figure 5. Write an equation describing the loop on the left. Figure 7 40. Assume that the bridge is balanced. Z2 = 2 Ω <33°. If this voltage source is converted to a current source (b).Figure 5 38. [t3-6] See Figure 6. If Z1 = 1 Ω <10°. what is the value of the current IS? Figure 6 39.

[t4-6] What are the units of real power? 48. R1 = 100Ω. [t4-6] As what form of energy will the total power delivered to a resistor typically be dissipated? 49.000 V < 33°. [t4-4] What are the units of apparent power? 46. [t4-7] What is the net flow of power to a pure (ideal) capacitor over a full cycle? ac final exam practice. XC1 = 40Ω Figure 8 41. [t4-3] How is the amount of heat dissipated in an ideal inductor calculated? 45. What is the total impedance ZT for this circuit.docx Page 8 of 10 . [t4-5] What are the units of reactive power? 47.j30 Ω. [t4-2] Given Zload = Zth* for maximum power transfer. where * designates complex conjugate. if Zth = 10 Ω . assuming ideal components? 43. [t3-8] See Figure 8.000 V < -33°. VS2 = 75. XC1 = 77Ω Figure 1 42. XL1 = 60Ω. what must the load impedance be for maximum power transfer to occur? 44. [t4-1] See Figure 1.VS1 = 150. Use the superposition theorem to calculate the portion of the current through the capacitor caused by the VS1 voltage source. XL1 = 77Ω.

[t4-11] How does the total impedance of a series RLC circuit at resonance as compare to the resistance of the circuit? 54. [t4-13] How does current in a series RLC circuit at resonance compare to the current at a higher frequency? ac final exam practice. What is the total apparent power delivered to this circuit? Figure 19.1.1. What is the total real power (PT) delivered to this circuit? 51.3. What is the power factor of this motor? 53. [t4-10] See Figure 19.docx Page 9 of 10 .1 50.3 52. [t4-9] See Figure 19. The power triangle shown represents the characteristics of a 230 V 60 Hz ac motor. [t4-8] See Figure 19. [t4-12] What is the phase relationship between current and voltage in series resonant circuits? 55.Figure 19.

2.5 60.5. [t4-16] What is the resonant frequency of the circuit shown in Figure 20. Which response curve represents the circuit with the highest Q? ac final exam practice. [t4-17] In a parallel resonant circuit. [t4-18] See Figure 20.docx Page 10 of 10 . [t4-15] What is the resonant frequency of a series circuit consisting of a 100 pf capacitor. [t4-14] See Figure 20. These curves describe three series resonant circuits. and a 1 mH inductor? Figure 20. What is the source current at resonance? 57. how does impedance at resonance compare to that of a series resonant circuit at the same resonant frequency? Figure 20.6 58.Figure 20. a 10 kΩ resistor.2 56.6? 59.

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