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for The partial fulfillment of B. Tech course & as per curriculum of RAJASTHAN TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY, KOTA

Submitted to :Ms. Pooja Agarwal Lecturer Electronics & Communication

Submitted by:Saurabh Shikhar RTU Roll Number (08EUDEC093)


. it is the primary protocolthat establishes the Internet.Topic Internet protocol Introduction The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol used for relaying datagrams(network packets) across an internetwork using the Internet Protocol Suite.g.. The internet protocol is introduced in 1974 by Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn. nor does it assure proper sequencing or avoidance of duplicate delivery. with number 4 assigned as the formal protocol version number carried in every IP datagram. IPv4 is a connectionless protocol for use on packet-switched Link Layer networks (e. Responsible for routing packets across network boundaries. IPv4 is still by far the most widely deployed Internet Layer protocol. Ethernet). The internet protocol are of 2 types: Internet protocol v4  Internet protocol v6 Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) is the fourth revision in the development of the Internet Protocol (IP)and the first version of the protocol to be widely deployed. It operates on a best effort delivery model in that it does not guarantee delivery. The dominant internetworking protocol in the Internet Layer in use today is IPv4. The Internet Protocol is one of the determining elements that define the Internet.

indeed. in order to properly deliver an IP packet to the destination host on a link. Features       Vulnerabilities Reliability Address resolution Larger address space Multicasting Mobility Conclusion The Internet Protocol is the protocol that defines and enables internetworking at the Internet Layer and thus forms the Internet. and includes several other improvements. but is running out of addresses. most hosts on the Internet. a network interface can have multiple IP addresses. Saurabh Shikhar (08EUDEC093) . will need to deploy this protocol—a difficult transition. a massive increase from the 232 (about 4.Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is a version of the Internet Protocol (IP) intended to succeed Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4). To gain the full benefits of IPv6. 1998. IP addresses are not tied in any permanent manner to hardware identifications and. Hosts and routers need additional mechanisms to identify the relationship between device interfaces and IP addresses.3 billion) addresses possible with IPv4. which currently directs almost all Internet traffic. IPv6 allows up to 2128 addresses. as well as the networks connecting them. It uses a logical addressing system. Ipv6 has been developed in dec.