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Power Electronics 2008-2009 : Questions ================================== 1. Switching an inductive load : a. what is the problem ? b.

give some possible solutions b. what is the impact of a snubber network ?

2. Make a small comparison between the thyristor (SCR), the powerMOS and the IGBT. (related to their application )

3. A push-pull switching stage (half bridge or full bridge) has a "low level" switch and a "high level" switch : how can both sides be driven ?

4. What are the considerations when putting active devices in series or in parallel ?

5. Draw the voltage and current timing diagrams for the circuit below with an inductive load :

Consider all positibilities for the trigger signal.

6. Explain (+ calculate the output voltage) the DC/DC convertors :

8. The H bridge is a good driver to control the speed of a DC motor. What are the possibilities ? 9. What kind of control signals are needed ? Draw a plot of the output voltages.. The DC motor can operate in the so-called 4 quadrants. What's the difference between SPVM and the straightforward PWM inverter ? . 13. What is the difference between bipolar and unipolar control of the DC servo motor ? 14. What is the target of it ? (explain on the torque-speed diagram) 15.. in detail. What are the possibilities to control the torque of the DC motor ? (some simple formulas might be helpfull to explain. Explain ALL the methods (except : microstepping) to control the speed of a stepper motor . An DC electromotor requires "ramping of the speed". a. the microstepping control of the stepper motor. 12. What does it mean ? What circuitry (block diagram) is needed ? 11. A three-phase full-bridge switch can be used to generate an AC voltage.7.) 10. b. Explain. Explain the principle of the SPVM (Space Vector Modulation) for the AC motor.

16. Give a low-cost method to control the power of an electrical hairdryer. Design your own super-de-luxe lightdimmer. how can it be modified ? b. What do you know about avalanche in an electronic switch ? 20. Explain the following plot of the AC motor (and what is the link with the figure of Q16 ?) . 22. 21. Consider the torque-speed characteristic of the AC motor : a. Design a circuit to control the heating temperature of a ricecooker/deep-frying pan (the so-called frietpot) . Explain the physical operation of the IGBT. what could happen when the speed is increased too rapidly ? 17. What is the main physical difference between a normal MOS transistor and a powerMOS transistor ? 19. 23. 18.

What is the foldback property of a power supply ? 29. How can the dissipated energy of a switch be reduced ? 27. An electronic power supply can be built either with a linear regulator or with a switching DC/DC convertor.24. What are the advantages / disadvantages of both ? 25. The Thyristor (SCR) is a low-cost device and is used all-over. What are the basic concepts of the Vector Control of the AC motor ? 28. What are the potential problems of the H-bridge topology ? How to solve them ? 30. What are the possibilities (related to active devices) to build a single phase rectifier (AC/DC convertor) ? 26. Where can it be used and where can it not be used ? DC/DC DC/AC AC/AC AC/DC .