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Class Test 1 Chemistry IGCSE 2012 (57 marks

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1. Define matter and list its three physical states. (4) 2. Fill in the missing words: 1. The temperature at which a pure substance turns to a liquid is called the … 2. The process is reversed at precisely the same temperature if a liquid is cooled down. It is then called the … 3. A few solids – carbon dioxide ('dry ice') and iodine, for example – do not melt when they are heated. Instead they turn directly into a gas. This change of state is called … 4. When liquids change into gases over a range of temperature, the process is called … (8) 3. True or False: 1. The reverse of evaporation is boiling. 2. Sea water freezes at a temperature well below the freezing point of pure water and boils at a temperature above the boilling point of pure water. 3. When a solid is melted, or a liquid is boiled, the temperature increases until the process is complete. (6) 4. State whether the following are heterogeneous or homogeneous: 1. vodka 2. brass 3. mayonnaise 4. smoke 5. polystyrene foam (10) 5. Water and oil are considered (miscible/immiscible) liquids. (2) 6. Describe, using a diagram, how you would separate algae from river water. (5) 7. Name 4 other methods of separating mixtures other than the one used in question 6. (4) 8. Name three properties of the liquid state of matter. (6) 9. Use the table below to answer the following questions: Substance Oxygen Carbon Dioxide Copper Nitrogen Sodium Chloride Ethanol Sulphur Water Melting Point (°C) -219 1083 -210 801 -117 115 0 Boiling Point (°C) -183 2600 -196 1465 78 444 100

9.1 Name all the gases found at 125°C. (2) 9.2 In what phase/s will Sulphur be at 116°C. (2) 9.3 In what phase/s will Sodium Chloride be at 801°C. (2) 9.4 Fractional distillation could be used to separate a mixture of Nitrogen and Oxygen. Describe how this method could be used, in detail, using the above data. (4) 9.5 Why does Carbon Dioxide not contain data in the above table? (2)