CFD MODELING OF GAS - SOLID FLUIDIZED BEDS

Md . Mir Hossen & Abu Rafi Mohammad Iasir Email : hossen . mir@gmail . com Department of Chemical Engineering , BUET Dhaka , Bangladesh

Abstract
Gas-solid fluidized beds are widely used in the process industries. In the present work a two-dimensional gas–solid fluidized bed is simulated using commercial CFD software package FLUENT 6.3.26.

Geometry and Materials

Results
0.3 mm 1050 kg/m3 0.4 00s 2s 4s 6s Fig. 2: Volume fraction of 8s solids using Gidaspow drag model 00s 2s 4s 6s 8s Fig. 3: Volume fraction of solids using Syamlal-O’Brien drag model

Table 1: Particle Properties Particle Size Density

11.5 in

Voidage
5.5 in Solid bed Air

Background
Computational Fluid Dynamics(CFD) is the science of predicting fluid flow, heat transfer, mass transfer , chemical reactions and relative phenomena by solving the mathematical equations which govern this processes using a numerical process. As the fluidized beds are widely used in industries, it is very important to study about dynamics and other properties of fluidized beds. The efficiency of fluidized beds (bubbling) are dependent on bubble size, bubble frequency, bubble distribution, particle size distribution etc. Simulations with satisfactory results are prime requirements for this type of studies. In the literature, computational models of solid- fluid systems have been developed by distinguish researchers aiming to represent one or more of the mentioned scales.

Superficial 0.3 m/s Velocity

Fig. 1: Simulation Geometry

CFD Model Parameters
2d Symmetric Number of mesh cells 161000 Euler-Euler Approach Drag Models: Gidaspow and Syamlal –O’brien Coefficient of Restitution : 0.9 8s real time simulation

Vo id fr ac ti on of so li ds [-]

SyamlalO’Brien Model

Gidaspow Model

Vo id fr ac ti on of so li ds [-]

SyamlalO’Brien Model

Gidaspow Model

Radial distance (inch)

Time(s)

Fig. 4: Change in void fraction of solids with respect to radial distance (inch)

Fig. 5: Change in void fraction of solids with respect to time (s)
 

Conclusion
-Syamlal- O’Brien and Gidaspow model gave almost same results. -In simulation, only a single diameter of particle was used. But in practice, a range of diameters of particles are used.

Future work
-CFD is a useful tool for qualitative prediction of residence time distribution in fluidized bed reactor. -3D simulation of fluidized bed. -Experimental validation.

References
1.Date A. W.(2005), Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, UK. 2.Fluent (2006), Fluent 6.3 Users Guide, Fluent Inc., Lebanon, NH, USA. 3.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.