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♦ Electric Propulsion Thruster Modules ♦ Neutralizers/Cathodes for Electric Propulsion ♦ Electric Propulsion Diagnostic Package (EPDP)
in the VHF range. but incorporates a three-electrode configuration. . in conjunction with a low level (~100 Gauss) static magnetic field. The separation between the ionization and acceleration regions is achieved by using an additional electrode. The RMT Discharge Chamber consists of a ceramic vessel with built electrodes for the RF capacitive coupling. Technical Description RMT Discharge Chamber The RMT Thruster (patented) uses a RF discharge. independently. The magnetic circuit design is conceived to control. anode and gas distributor. and the mechanical housing. the magnetic field in the ionization and acceleration zone. The DS-HET structure Includes the annular accelerating channel magnetic conditioning.Electric Propulsion Thruster Modules Applications ♦ Electric Propulsion (EP) Systems based on ion generation. the anode ring. the intermediate electrode. accommodating active electron sources . the gas inlet and distribution provisions. whose design has been optimized by comparing the numerical simulation based on Ansys code with the experimental characterization DS-HET Discharge Chamber In the DS-HET concept the ionization is obtained through the same Hall effect that is exploited for the acceleration. the propellant line voltage isolation. extraction and acceleration through: Electrostatic forces (Gridded Ion Engines) j x B forces (Hall Effect Thrusters) Main Features ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ion/Plasma generation from a neutral gas Ion acceleration/beam formation through e set of grids (for Ion Thrusters) Ion generation and extraction/Plume formation through Hall effect acceleration (Hall Effect Thrusters Single Stage and Double Stage) Accommodation of the Radio-frequency (for ion thrusters) or the Magnetic (for Hall Thrusters) conditioning provisions Compatibility with S/C environmental constraints RMT Discharge Chamber RMT Grid Set Production ♦ ♦ Double Stage Hall Effect Thruster (DS-HET) Prototype Radio-frequency with Magnetic Field Ion Thruster (RMT) Engineering Model DS-HET Discharge Chamber Assembled DS Background ♦ ♦ RMT Development activities under ASI contract Hall Effect Thruster R&D activities based on inhouse developed discharge chamber prototypes and on co-operation /joint test campaign with Russian Qualified Organizations The Magnetic Conditioning Circuit is composed by SmCo permanent magnets and by a magnetic control coil.
5 DS-HET Hall Effect (j x B) 50-300 (TBC) 1500-3000 (TBC) 35-50 (TBC) 15 – 35 1 . 35 50013 Campi Bisenzio (Florence) .thalesaleniaspace.: + 39(0)55 880401 Fax: + 39(0)55 8974655 Website : www.A Florence Plant : Via A.com .2 – 0.p. please contact Thales Alenia Space Italia S.5000 Updated : December 2006 This datasheet is not contractual and can be changed without any notice For further information. Einstein.20 MASS/VOLUME/CONSUMPTION BUDGETS Type RMT DS-HET Mass (kg) 2 12 Overall Dimension (mm) φ140 x 130 φ 240 x 140 Thruster Operating Power (W) 150 to 550 2000 .ITALY Tel.Block Diagram RMT Exploded view DS-HET 3D Cutaway RMT Grids DS-HET Exploded view TYPICAL PERFORMANCES Operating Parameters Ion Acceleration Thrust Range (mN) Specific Impulse Range (sec) Thruster Efficiency (%) Specific Power (W/mN) Propellant Flow Rate (mg/s) RMT With Electrostatic field 2 to 12 2300-3600 30-55 30-40 0.
into the ion beam of the FEEP. It is basically a low energy electron generation and emission device and can be used with the following EP thruster types: Gridded Ion Engine (GIE). discharge power). for the RIT-22 Ion Thruster HP HCA Prototype for the PPS5000 HET Neutralizer Assembly (NA) for the FEEP on Microscope at FM std NA for the FEEP on Lisa Pathfinder at FM std Background ♦ ♦ ♦ Neutralizer for the RIT-10 on ARTEMIS successfully operated in flight for 22. An important feature of the device operation is the capability of self adapting the electron emission. at QM level. Once the discharge has been ignited the plasma generation is self-sustained by ion bombardment into the insert surface. The electrons are extracted and accelerated.g. flows into the cathode cavity where it is ionized by electrons emitted from an oxide impregnated “insert” heated at the thermo-ionic emission temperature. flow rate. The emitter is heated at the emission temperature by a heater located very close to the emissive surface ♦ Production ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ High Power Hollow Cathode Assembly (HP HCA).000 hours Neutralizer for the ESA-XX Ion Thruster Medium Power HCT for 1. performs. An external anode (keeper). in a wide operating range and without changing the operating parameters (e. successfully operated with PPS-1350 (Snecma) and TAL-55 (TsNIIMASH) . the hollow cathode body. Hall Hall Effect Thruster (HET) Field Emission Electric Propulsion (FEEP) Neutralization of the positive charge of the ion beam/plume for avoiding negative charge build-up on the spacecraft Compensation of the positive charge of the ion beam/plume which affects the beam divergence Generation of primary electrons for the discharge ignition (RF GIE) and sustaining (HET) NccA 1000 NccA 5000 Main Features ♦ NccA 15000 FEEP NA ♦ Technical Description The cathode/neutralizer technology for GIE and HET Propulsion Technology is based on the orificed hollow cathode concept. accelerates the electrons generated from the gas ionization. held positive w. according the ion beam current of the electric thruster When coupled to a HET Propulsion System a cathode/neutralizer.Neutralizers/Cathodes for Electric Propulsion Applications ♦ The cathode/ neutralizer is a key component of an Electric Propulsion (EP) system. from the thermo-ionic emitter (cathode). An inert gas . the neutralization and the main thruster discharge sustain functions The FEEP NA is based on a small “electron gun” in diode or triode configuration. through an accelerating electrode. at the same time.t.5 kW HET.r.
5-1 Up to 0.5 2-5 Up to 4 > 15. please contact Thales Alenia Space Italia S.1 0.1-0.02-0.000 in-flight verified NccA 5000 Hollow Cathode <6 0.A Florence Plant : Via A.p.000 expected NA for FEEP Electron gun <2 Not Applicable Not Applicable Up to 10 mA > 10. 35 50013 Campi Bisenzio (Florence) .: + 39(0)55 880401 Fax: + 39(0)55 8974655 Website : www.000 MASS/VOLUME/CONSUMPTION BUDGETS Cathode/neutralizer Models NccA 1000 NccA 5000 NccA 15000 NA for FEEP Mass (g) 60 100 120 40 Dimension (mm) 105x 37 x 37 φ 32 x 82 φ 42 x 90 φ 23 x 21 Power (W) Steady state 5-10 < 50 < 80 <6 Power (W) Heating up < 20 < 60 < 100 <6 Updated : December 2006 This datasheet is not contractual and can be changed without any notice For further information.1-0.ITALY Tel.000 expected NccA 15000 Hollow Cathode < 10 0.thalesaleniaspace.8 > 15.Block Diagram Scheme of the Hollow Cathode Assembly for HET/GIE Electric Propulsion Scheme of the Neutralizer for the FEEP propulsion TYPICAL PERFORMANCES Parameters/features Technology Heating-up time (min) Gas Flow rate (mg/sec) Discharge current (A) Neutralization current (A) Lifetime (hrs) NccA 1000 Hollow Cathode <3 0.com . Einstein.5 5-15 Up to 10 > 15.
data buffering and other support functions Plasma Diagnostic Package for the Hall Effect Propulsion on STENTOR (PFM launched with the spacecraft in 2003) Production ♦ Electric Propulsion Diagnostic Package (EPDP) for the Hall Effect Propulsion on SMART-1: successfully flown up to the Moon orbit (2003-2005) EPDP for the FEEP on Lisa Pathfinder: FM and FM spare (2006-2007) Ion Propulsion Diagnostic Package for Bepi Colombo : proposed to monitor the Ion Propulsion operation in a very severe environment (foreseen in 2007-2009) ♦ Technical Description The EPDP Instrument consist of a full set of diagnostic probes and their conditioning/interface electronics. operated such that a change in the nominal V-I characteristic can be related to material deposition Power & Control Assembly(PCA): implemented in a box and dedicated to the: ♦ ♦ Conditioning of the Probes and sensors and analog Data acquisition Power Conversion & Distribution . ADC /DAC. namely ♦ ♦ ♦ Background ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ Ion Propulsion Diagnostic Package for ARTEMIS Ion Propulsion Package. electron temperature) Contamination & Deposition Assembly(CDA): it is physically realized with separated boxes. (developed at PFM level) Power Conversion & Distribution TLM/TLC interface with the spacecraft Quartz Crystal Microbalance (QCM) that is able to detect a mass change (as a consequence of deposition or erosion) Solar Cell (SC). dedicated to the plasma parameters measurement (e. plasma potential.Electric Propulsion Diagnostic Package ( EPDP ) Applications ♦ Instrument dedicated to the characterization of plasma and contamination issues during the operation of an Electric Propulsion System on board a spacecraft PDA Main Features ♦ Characterization of the Ion Energy distribution in the periphery of the ejected ion/plasma beam Measurement parameters of the plasma Solar Cell Patch PCA ♦ ♦ Investigation on Contamination /erosion from sputtered materials and/or propellant deposition ♦ QCM Device Control/Command functions.g. plasma density. It includes the following assemblies: Plasma Diagnostic Assembly(PDA): it includes of a Retarding Potential Analyzer ( RPA)and a Langmuir Probe (LP).
14 (peak) Updated : December 2006 This datasheet is not contractual and can be changed without any notice For further information. 35 50013 Campi Bisenzio (Florence) .5 to 5 eV 10 to 103 mm-3 -200 to + 200 V 0 to 0.1 (idle).com . please contact Thales Alenia Space Italia S.p.: + 39(0)55 880401 Fax: + 39(0)55 8974655 Website : www.A Florence Plant : Via A.ITALY Tel.Block Diagram TYPICAL PERFORMANCES Ion Energy (charge exchange) Electron Energy Plasma Density Plasma Potential Mass Deposition range 0 to 400 eV 0. 5 (peak) NA 6 (idle). Einstein.3 mg/cm2 MASS/VOLUME/CONSUMPTION BUDGETS EPDP assembly PDA CDA (QCM + SC) PCA Mass (g) 400 130 1300 Dimension (mm) 130 x65 x75 100x80x30 100x100x150 Power (W) 0.thalesaleniaspace.
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