What are City Mayors thinking, saying, and doing?

Reflections on UKP launch events and gatherings in 2011.

Greg Clark, The World Bank, January 2012

City Leaders

Recent gatherings and UKP launches
Chicago Next Economy Summit EuroCities Annual Congress Chatham House Future of Cities Conference Global City Abu Dhabi SEE Europe Cities World Bank Austria Programme EU City Leaders Summits Metro Summit Barcelona East African City Leaders Workshop Economic Geography Congress Seoul World Mayors Forum Singapore. Sao Paulo C40 Congress APAC City Summit. FT Urban Development Summit Moscow Urban Forum

Overall
More than 750 city mayors and leaders 6 continents; widely varying development status Highly diverse set of cities UKP agenda and invitation

New Cycle?

Combination of forces
After the crash

Rise of cities

Globalisation

Population emergency

Carbon Emergency

Leadership challenges in cities and regions.
i. ii. iii. iv. v.

Rapid and dynamic growth of metropolitan regions Service needs of dynamic populations and businesses

Transition to a new economy and its business requirements
Speed of adjustment to post oil economy and low carbon futures Openness to international populations

vi.
vii.

Greater transparency to customers and stakeholder
Investment not enough. Financial resources are finite and national public finance is slow to follow growth. Lack of investment tools Formal power and competence less than needed. City and regional governments do not control everything: boundaries, competences, division of labour with higher/lower tiers, markets, regulation/freedom National and sub-national governments guard their own space. Co-ordination challenges

viii.

ix.

30 richest cities in the world by GDP

2005
6 new cities in the Eastern Hemisphere
Source: PwC (2009)

2025

A Re-Balanced World With No More Core and Periphery

?

?

Openness

Traditional Regional Policies ‘Regional Planning’ 1950s to 1990s

New Regional Policies ‘Territorial Development’ 1980s to present

Objectives

Balance national economies by compensating for disparities Sectoral approach

Increase regional development performance Integrated development programmes and projects

Strategies

Geog. focus
Target Context Tools

Political regions
Lagging regions National economy Subsidies, incentives, state aids, and regulations

Metro regions and eco regions
All regions - Metropolitan regions International economies economy and local

Assets, drivers of growth, soft and hard infrastructures, collaboration incentives, development agencies, co-operative governance, financial intermediation

Actors

National governments and Multiple levels of governments, private sometimes regional governments and civic actors. Implementation agencies. 15 Collaborative governance

The new era:
Challenge
Harness the New Economy

challenges for city management and leadership
Motive(s)
Opportunities as pioneers of knowledge creation, entrepreneurship, and face to face transactions. Unites the needs of citizens, businesses, investors, and visitors. Local amenities and connectivity remain essential to the urban project.
Enhanced precision and flexibility of technologies that can reduce carbon outputs while delivering fiscal efficiency. Citizen trust and public confidence in political leadership has been substantially eroded during the crisis Engaging higher tiers of govt is vital for cities lacking autonomous powers to gain tools to compete in the new cycle Impact on revenue capabilities and service delivery demands

Initiatives
New growth markets , sector strategies + business friendly identity New financing tools (bonds, TIFs, public land) and partnerships Address ongoing substantial infrastructure deficits transport, energy, waste, housing. Overcome financial restrictions exacerbated by enduring local government constraints Digitise physical and social infrastructure Guide changes in citizen behaviour in areas of waste, recycling, energy use and supply, transport modes and use. Forge new relationships based on principles of patience, realism and communication.
Make a new case for cities as the competitive edge of nations, the key sites for CO2 reductions and progressive social development Provide distinctive services to manage mobility and diversity

Upgrade quality of • life


• •

Sustainability and the smart city

Regenerate civic renewal
Relationship with (supra-) national bodies Demography

Framework for local development
Global economy and Macro-economic framework
Markets Development and growth

Feedback effects

Productivity

Use of resources

Population

Drivers

Innovation & creativity

Industrial structure

Business ownership & mgt

Human capital

Environ mgt

Connectivity

Business environment & investment

Educational and research base

Land and physical infrastructure

Social/ cultural infrastructure & quality of life

Ecological base

Governance structure
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Pre-conditions

Some of the leadership tools used by cities
i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. vii.

viii.
ix. x.

Coalition and alliance building. ‘Visioning’ processes. Strategic and long term planning Special agencies. Common Brand platforms. Iconic and catalytic ‘mega-projects’. PPPs, bonds, and financial engineering Advocacy. Customer feedback. Governance reforms.

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Mayors Trends
Urbanisation, re-urbanisation, metropolitanisation Institutions, Infrastructures, Initiatives. Continuity, Change, Leadership Development

Mayors Issues
Infrastructure & Investment Economy Jobs Markets Security Climate Change Finance

Mayors Issues Tools

City Government Competences. Fiscal platforms.

National Urban Policies. National Spatial Policies and coordination.

UKP
   


Universal welcome Defining the knowledge Addressing wicked problems Technical issues Leadership learning Interface with business and national government Potentially huge demand

How city leaders learn
Barriers to Learning are many What works:
   


 

Leader groups and summits Benchmarking, who/what is moving Case Studies Leadership courses From staff, how to help leader learn? Mentoring, secure private Laughter, challenge, recognition

Future:  Courses and Qualifications  UKP?

What role for business groups in the city development system?
Negotiate Advocate with Gov Brand Attract & retention Reg collab Bus know how Comms & media CSR Int best practice Pay for activities X Party collab Wider particip

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Beware of fads: healthy scepticism
Entrepreneurial Cities Competitive Cities Liveable Cities Sustainable Cities Global Cities Creative Cities Innovative Cities Intelligent Cities Smart Cities Flexible Cities Open Cities

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