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PREDECO Compound, AS-Ostechi Building Banilad, Mandaue City, Cebu Telephone No.: 422-7433 Fax No.

: 343-9687

COMMERCIAL LAUNDERING PROCEDURES


TYPES OF WASHER AND DRYERS Top-load washers are the most traditional and familiar. The clothes are cleaned by the back and forth movement of the agitator. Front-load washers do not have an agitator. The wash action is created as the clothes tumble through the water (similar to a dryer). Front-loaders have a larger capacity than top-loaders and can hold larger items such as comforters. These washers are available in a variety of sizes. Single-load dryers are similar to the dryers people use in their homes. They are found as two dryers stacked on top of each other or a single dryer by itself (more common in a apartment complexes) Singleload dryers use a lower drying temperature, so the load may take slightly longer to dry than in larger dryers. Wash loads from top-load washers are the right size for these dryers. Multi-load dryers are usually teamed with front-load washers because they can more effectively dry larger wash loads. Two or three compatible loads from top-load washer can also be dried I this type of dryer. Since they use higher drying temperature and greater air movement, the drying time is shortened. SORTING Proper sorting is important to prevent color transfer, shrinking and linting. Here is a general guide to proper clothes sorting. 1. COLOR Separate whites from color and light colors form bright or dark colors. Different wash water temperatures are needed for maximum cleaning and to keep colors from fading. 2. FABRIC Some fabric (white, cotton, linens and underwear) require hot water and vigorous washing; others (washable woolens and dark colors) require cold water and short wash times to prevent shrinking or fading; still others like permanent press and no-iron fibers (acrylic, nylon, polyester, etc.) require special treatment to minimize wrinkling. 3. SURFACE TEXTURE Some fabrics attract lint (permanent press and corduroy), while others procedure lint (terrycloth and other cottons). Lint-givers should be washed separately from lint-catchers. In other words, DO NOT WASH TOWELS WITH PERMANENT PRESS FABRICS!

CONSTRUCTION Loosely knit garments, items with latest trim or hand washable items required delicate or Gentle laundry procedure. For example, lingerie should be wash separately from jeans. DEGREE OF SOIL Heavily soiled work or play clothes should be washed separately from lightly soiled clothes. Wash your grubbies in a separate load from your good clothes. PREPARING AND PRETREATING Taking the time to do these two steps will help prevent a laundry disaster. PREPARING y Empty pockets. Overlooked tissues, crayons, lipsticks, a ballpoint pen or any metal object can create real problems when they get into the washer. y Shake out loose dirt. Brush dirt and lint out of cuffs. y Close zippers, hooks and eyes. They may catch and snag other clothes in the load. y Sew up rips and tears before laundering. Otherwise, may make them worse. PRETREATING y Refer to the stain removal section on pages 13-17 to get instructions for removing specific stain. The more quickly a spot or stain treated, the easier is to remove. y Heavy soil on collars and cuffs should be pretreated, use a liquid detergent and water or a special pre-treat product (Clorox Stain Out, Spray & Wash or Shout*). Follow manufacturer s directions. Since some sprays may soften fingernail polish, be careful to avoid rubbing your nail polish off on the clothes you are treating. DETERGENT Detergent must be used in every wash load. There are many types and brands of detergents available today; granular, liquid, detergent with bleach, detergent with fabric softener and specialty detergents designed to be free of dyes and/ or perfumes. Granular detergents are the more traditional form of laundry detergent and still the most popular. They generally remove mud and clay better than liquids. Heavy-duty, liquid detergents are gaining in popularity because they are especially good for cold water washing. They clean greasy, oily stains better than granular. Keep in mind that detergents wash best in warmer water temperatures. In fact, they are not effective when the water temperature is below 65 degree Fahrenheit.

AMOUNT TO USE Top-load Washer Regardless of the type of detergent, follow package directions for the amount to use. The recommendations are for an average load with average soil in water of average hardness (49grams per gallon per gpg). Use extra detergent for big loads, extremely dirty clothes or hard water.

Front-Load Washers For best results use a high-efficiency detergent. Follow the directions on the back of the container for the amount to use. The detergent can be added either to the dispenser or directly to the clothes load. Other detergents may be used, but it will need experiment with the amount. Too little detergent will mean poor cleaning and increase lintings. However, too much detergent can cause oversudsing which may damage the washer. BLEACH Bleach removes stains, whitens fabrics and improves cleaning. CHLORINE BLEACH Chlorine bleach can be identified by the word Chlorine on the bottle. It can be used for laundering all fabrics EXCEPT silk, wool, spandex, mohair and non-colorfast fabrics (check labels). Liquid chlorine bleach is a powerful chemical and can damage clothes unless it is DILUTED properly. The amount to use varies with the type and size of washer. Top-Load Washer Use 1 cup or less. Dilute the bleach in one quart of water. Add it on the washers after it fills and agitation begins. Front-Load Washer The amount to use depends on the washer size. Double Load - 3/4 cup Triple Load - 1 cup Super Load 1 1 cup Dilute in one quart of water. Add to the bleach dispenser when the bleach light comes on. NON-CHLORINE BLEACH This bleach is identified by label comments such as safe for all fabrics or all fabric Bleach . It maintains whitens, but is not strong enough to restore whitens to garments that have become gray and dingy. It may be added in the recommended amount along with detergent when loading the washer. DETERGENT WITH NON-CHLORINE BLEACH Some detergent combines detergent and all-fabric bleach in one product. The added bleach improves general cleaning as well as stain removal. These products are convenient to use and safe for all fabrics. Note: While all types of bleach can be used with any washer, powdered non-chlorine bleach is easier to use with front-load washer. FABRIC SOFTENER Fabric softener reduces static cling, minimizes wrinkling and softens clothes. RINSE-ADDED These softeners are added to the final rinse of the wash cycle. Brand names include Downy, Snuggle and Final Touch*. Follow the manufacturer s recommendation for use. Never pour fabric softener directly onto the clothes as it can cause grease-like stains (refer to the Stain Removal Section if this occurs.

Add diluted softener to the final rinse water when the rinse indicator light comes on. If the washer has a dispenser, add undiluted softener to the fabric softener dispenser at the beginning of the cycle. It will automatically be diluted and added to the cycle at the proper time. DRYER-ADDED When using dryer-added softeners, only one sheet per dryer at the beginning of the dry cycle. If the dryer overloaded, staining may occur (refer to the Stain Removal Section). Brand Names included Bounce, Downy, Snuggle and Cling Free*. DETERGENT WITH FABRIC SOFTENER This offers the convenience of adding both detergent and fabric softens washer at once, while buying just the product rather than two. *Brand Names are trademarks of the respective manufacturers.