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Wood/wood products/saw mill http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document? p_id=1551&p_table=DIRECTIVES
Wood and wood products - The wood and wood products exemption was never intended by OSHA to exclude wood dust from coverage. This has been clarified in the final rule published February 9, 1994. (See Federal Register, Vol. 59, page 6145.) As stated in the preamble, "Wood dust does not share solid wood products' 'self-evident' hazard characteristics that supported the exemption....The potential for exposure to wood dust within the workplace, especially with regard to respirable particles, is not self-evident, nor are its hazards through inhalation so well-known that hazard communication programs are unnecessary." The permissible exposure limits for wood dust must be included on the MSDS, which will generally be developed by the sawmill (or the first employer which handles or processes the raw material in such a way that the hazardous chemical is "produced" and released into the work environment). Further, any chemical additives present in the wood which present a health hazard must also be included on the MSDS and/or label as appropriate.
Note: hazards - sawdust Chemical treatment for wood, preservatives, bleaches, MSDS Industrial Waste water hazard Noise, sound Industrial health, breathing in of sawdust effect on lungs Injury caused by wood splinters HIRA – Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment done? Crushing of worker by timber
HIRA Training – corporate training partners: Kaizen Consulting Group http://www.kcg.com.sg/hazard-identification-risk-assessment.html Workplace Safety MOM Risk Management Guidelines: http://www.mom.gov.sg/workplace-safety-health/safety-health-managementsystems/Pages/risk-management.aspx
The respiratory effects of wood dust exposure include asthma.gov. Australia http://www.mom. p28. use.pdf Factories (Noise) Regulations 1996 Attached.wshc. These exposures may be harmless.gov/SLTC/etools/sawmills/noise.vic. use and maintenance of respiratory protection devices CP 76: Code of Practice for the selection.dse.gov.pdf Sawmill under List of Special Industries. Code of Practice on Pollution Control.sg/wps/portal/riskManagement?openMenu=1 Code of Practise on WSH Risk Management https://www. Victoria.MOM OSH Framework http://www. including dermatitis. and cancer. #37 & #38.osha. hypersensitivity pneumonitis.html "Health Hazards > Noise and Hearing Loss On a daily basis.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/sawmills/dust.sg/wps/themes/html/upload/announcement/file/RMCP. but long term exposure to loud noises may permanently damage hearing. mucosal and nonallergic respiratory effects. allergic respiratory effects." Hazards of noise: http://www.au/CA256F310024B628/0/12FD84B237DDAAF 6CA2572F4001F6D1D/ $File/Code+of+Practice+for+Timber+Production. Chain saws typically are measured at 125 decibels (dBA) and heavy equipment at 95-110 decibels (dBA).pdf Hazards of sawdust: http://www. Contact with the irritant compounds in wood sap can cause dermatitis and other allergic reactions. Continuous exposure to these levels may exceed the permissible amount . Department of Sustainability and Environment (DSE).html "Health Hazards > Wood Dust Exposure to wood dust has long been associated with a variety of adverse health effects. and chronic bronchitis. care and maintenance of hearing protectors Workplace Safety and Health Council: Risk Management https://www.sg/Documents/safety-health/reports-stats/OSH%20profile %20Singapore%202006.wshc. Relevant Singapore Code of Practise? CP 74: Code of Practice for selection. workers are surrounded by sounds and noises.
Hazards/Controls Threshold Limits . however. Even short term exposures to these levels can cause hearing loss." Health Hazards at sawmills: http://www.gov/SLTC/etools/sawmills/health_haz.html > >> Work Areas Health Hazards > > > > > > > > > > > Vibration Wood Dust Cobalt Dust UV Radiation Tick-borne Illnesses Noise and Hearing Loss Diesel Exhaust Poisonous Plants Chemicals Cold Stresses Heat Stresses Hazards of Chemicals: Health Hazards > Chemicals The volume and physical properties of chemicals found in sawmills pose a wide range of health hazards. a general discussion of common hazards and related control measures are provided below.allowed in Table G-16 of OSHA's Occupational Noise Exposure Standard [1910.95].osha. A complete discussion of this topic is beyond the scope of this eTool.
The solvents most commonly used in these coatings include toluene. and nausea. Many of the solvents used in the coating agents are used in the adhesives. methyl ethyl ketone (MEK). central nervous system disorders.Chemicals can enter the body in three ways: inhalation (breathing). All of these solvents have short-term effects such as irritation of the eyes. Epoxy resin adhesives can also cause dermatitis and a sensitization reaction. and urea-formaldehyde resin adhesives. and headaches. Many of the adhesives used in finishing wood products also contain toxic chemicals.youtube. Studies have shown that formaldehyde can cause lung and nasal cancer. epoxy resin. Methylene chloride. The longer-term effects include reproductive problems.com/watch?v=tkPj4IGbmQQ&NR=1 Acoustic Trauma http://www. ingestion (eating). confusion.com/health/562510531711819001066507 Acoustic trauma Tags: medical. liver. dizziness.html Ear damage animation: http://www. and damage to the lungs.healthdesk. which has been shown to cause cancer in laboratory animals. and methanol.osha. Some of the components of the epoxy resins may also be cancercausing.com/watch?v=wUnD7pkPwB8 Process of hearing animation: http://www. acoustic trauma Definition Acoustic trauma is injury to the hearing mechanisms in the inner ear due to very loud noise. and kidneys. xylenes. is often the base for these adhesives. The most hazardous are the solvent-based. or contact with the skin. Toluene exposure increases the risk of miscarriage. fatigue.gov/dts/osta/otm/noise/health_effects/index. .com/watch?v=liHhToQwy2U http://www. nose. Developmental effects have been noted in children born to mothers who were exposed to toluene and xylenes. and throat. Health Effects of noise: http://www.youtube. The acid-catalyzed coatings contain formaldehyde. The epoxy resin adhesives are particularly toxic. methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK).youtube. medical service.
such as lip reading. Expectations (prognosis) Hearing loss may be permanent in the affected ear. Ear protection may prevent the hearing loss from getting worse.inner ear.inner ear. and risk factors Acoustic trauma is a common cause of sensory hearing loss. Trauma . ringing in the ear (tinnitus) Signs and tests The health care provider will usually suspect acoustic trauma if hearing loss occurs after noise exposure. . You can learn coping skills. The goal of treatment is to protect the ear from further damage. A hearing aid may help you communicate. Complications Progressive hearing loss is the main complication of acoustic trauma. Treatment The hearing loss may not be treatable.Alternative Names Injury . Ear injury Causes. incidence. Damage to the hearing mechanisms within the inner ear may be caused by: • • • An explosion near the ear Gunshots Long-term exposure to loud noises (such as loud music or machinery) Symptoms • • Hearing loss o Usually partial and involving high-pitched sounds o May slowly get worse Noises. Audiometry may determine how much hearing has been lost.
Do not listen to loud music for long periods of time. M.shtml . van Kempen1. Staatsen1.mom.niehs. Be aware of risks connected with activities such as shooting guns.jsessionid=379FEBFDBFA6DCA4 A27E021DC4358FA0?articleURI=info%3Adoi%2F10. Hendriek C. Hanneke Kruize1.M. or driving motorcycles or snowmobiles.1289%2Fehp. Augustinus E.gov.nih. Boshuizen2.gov/article/fetchArticle. Ameling1. using chain saws.pdf The Association between Noise Exposure and Blood Pressure and Ischemic Heart Disease: A Metaanalysis Elise E. Brigit A. Caroline B.Calling your health care provider Call for an appointment with your health care provider if: • • You have symptoms of acoustic trauma Hearing loss occurs or gets worse Prevention • • • Wear protective ear plugs or earmuffs to protect against damage from loud equipment.sg/Documents/safety-health/Health%20Effects%20of %20Excessive%20Noise%20Exposure. MOM Health Effects of excessive noise exposure http://www.net/noise/noise_ch5b. de Hollander1 http://ehp03.action. M. M.02110307 Noise Protection http://cffet.
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