You are on page 1of 3

UTILIZATION OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY

UNIT I:
1 a) Explain what you mean by Individual drive and Group drive . Discuss relative merits and demerits. b) A 500v series motor runs at 500 r.p.m. and takes 70 amps. Resistances of field and armature are 0.3 and 0.2 ohms respectively. Calculate the value of diverter resistance so as to give speed of 600rpm for the load conditions when torque remains constant and magnetic field remains unsaturated. 2 a) discuss the advantages and disadvantages of electric drive over other drives. b) A 220v 10h.p (metric) shunt motor has field and armature resistances of 120 ohm and 0.25 ohm respectively. Calculate the resistance to be inserted in the armature circuit to reduce the speed to 700rpm from 950rpm if the full load efficiency is 80% and the torque varies as the square of the speed. 3 a) Discuss the various factors that govern the choice of a motor for a given service. b) A 3- , 400v, 50 C.P.S, 4 pole induction motor, stator and rotor star connected, has rotor resistance of 0.3 and stand still resistance of 1 . Ratio of stator to rotor turns in 1.25. If the full load slip is 4% calculate the following. a. Torque developed. b. H.P developed. c. Ratio of i. Starting torque to maximum torque ii. Maximum torque to full load torque iii. Starting torque to full load torque iv. Speed at which maximum torque takes place. 4 a) Discuss the different types of drives required for transmission of power form the driving machines to loads. b) A 220v shunt motor having armature resistance of 0.4 armature current of 20A on ful load and runs at 600rpm. If resistance of 0.5 is placed in the armature circuit, find the speed at (i) Full load torque (ii) Half load torque (iii) what is the ratio of stalling torque to full load torque.

Unit II:
1 a) Explain the principle of Induction heating. What are its applications? b) With a neat sketch explain the working principle of coreless type Induction Furnace. 2 a) What are the applications of high frequency Eddy current Heating? Also Explain the principle of high frequency Eddy current heating b) A 20K/N 1- 220V resistance oven employs a circular nichrome wire for its heating element. If wire temperature is not to exceed 11700C and temperature of change is to be 5000C. Calculate the diameter and the length of wire. Take K=0.57, e=0.95 and s=1.09 -m. What would be the temperature of the element when change is cold. 3 a) What are the different types of heating? Write Advantages of electric heating. b) What are the different methods of heat transfer? Explain them brief. c) Discuss various types of electric heating equipment. 4 a) What are the factors which decide the frequency and voltage of the dielectric heating? Derive an expression for the heat produced in the dielectric material. b) A 3- electric arc furnace as the following data: Current drawn=5000A, Arc voltage=50V, Resistance of transformer referred to Primary=0.002 , Resistance of transformer referred to Secondary=0.004 . Calculate the power factor and KW drawn from the supply.

Unit III:
1 a) Describe with a neat sketches the various methods of electric resistance welding. Give merits and demerits with respect to arc welding. b) what are the important concepts of D.C and A.C welding sets and explain their working. 2 a) what are the advantages and disadvantages of electric welding processes. b) Describe with a neat sketches, various methods of electric resistance welding. 3 a) Compare A.C welding process with D.C welding process. b) What is the fundamental difference between electric arc welding and resistance welding? Explain with a neat sketch how the spot welding is carried out spot welding machine. 4 a) with necessary figures explain the process of carbon arc welding and metallic arc welding. b) explain briefly the following modes of heat transfer: i. conduction ii. Convention iii. Radiation

Unit IV:
1 a) What do you understand by polar curves as applicable to light source? explain. b. Explain the measurement techniques used for luminous intensity. 2 State the laws of illumination. Explain the laws with the help of suitable diagrams and derive an equation of the same. 3 Define: a) b) c) d) Luminous flux Illumination Luminance Luminous intensity

4 a) Explain how the determination of mean horizontal luminous intensity and polar curve is made. b) Find the height which a light having uniform spherical distribution should be placed over a floor in order that the intensity of horizontal illumination at a given distance from its vertical line may be greatest.