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BTEC Level 3 National Public Services

Unit overview and its effects on 12 Crime Unit Credits: 10 society

The aim of this unit is to give learners an awareness and understanding of crime and criminal behaviour, and their impact on individuals and communities. This unit will give learners the opportunity to explore how public and third sector organisations work together to reduce crime and support the victims and witnesses of crime. Crime and disorder legislation is the backbone of the work of a large number of public services who play a vital role in how society deals with crime and the way in which crime impacts on society. Public services such as the police, probation and prison services are responsible for not only catching the criminals and supporting the victims of crime but making sure that crime figures are reduced and that offenders are managed effectively. Catching the criminal is only one part of the story. Crime needs to be managed effectively by combating crime, reducing public anxieties and fears about crime, managing and punishing offenders. When working in the public services it is important to understand crime and its effects on society and how to deal with the victims of crime in a sensitive and responsible way. An understanding of why people commit crime and the range of theories behind this is an integral part of this unit. This unit will enable learners to acquire an understanding of crime and disorder legislation as well as the effects crime has on a victim and the society as a whole. It explores theories of criminal behaviour as well as the approaches to crime reduction and ways of addressing anti-social behaviour. In this unit learners will identify service providers who offer support to both victims and witnesses of crime. PLTS and functional skills are both incorporated into the unit and linked with assessment activities providing learners with the opportunity to generate evidence for additional qualifications. On completion of this unit, learners should: LO1 know crime and disorder legislation, sentences and orders LO2 know the effects of criminal behaviour on communities LO3 understand approaches to reduce crime, disorder and anti-social behaviour LO4 understand how the public services support victims and witnesses of crime.

Unit contents
The scheme of work (page 172) links to the following resources to help you deliver Unit 12.
LO1 Lesson plan Activity sheet Stretch and support PowerPoint

LO2 AS2 E3 PPT

LO3 AS3, AS4, AS5, AS6 E4, E5 PPT

LO4 AS7 PPT

LP AS1 E1, E2 PPT

All of these resources can be found on the accompanying CD-ROM, as well as an editable version of the scheme of work, and answers to questions in the Student Book.

Pearson Education Ltd 2010. Copying permitted for purchasing institution only. This material is not copyright free.

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Unit 12 Crime and its effects on society

BTEC Level 3 National Public Services

Links to other units


Unit 12 links to other units in this public services qualification as shown below and provides lots of opportunities to cross-reference and combine assignment work for these units.
BTEC National Public Services units Unit 17 Police powers in the public services Unit 18 Behaviour in public sector employment Unit 22 Aspects of the legal system and the law making process

How to deliver the unit


For LO1 learners need to know about the legislation relating to crime and disorder, and so should be informed on the current legislation and Government measures surrounding it. Input from court personnel (such as a magistrate or legal advisor) and from members of local crime reduction partnerships and visits to both Magistrates and Crown Courts will assist in developing learner understanding. Learners should be encouraged to research sentences given in a range of current high profile cases and compare these with the sentencing options available. Involvement in a mock trial process could also be arranged. To gain an understanding of the effects of criminal behaviour for LO2, learners should be aware of the range of criminal behaviour theories (sociological, biological and psychological). They should look at other potential causal factors such as poverty, lack of education and unemployment and be able to discuss these. Learners need to be aware of the effects that criminal behaviour has, not just on the victim of the crime but also in its widest sense, looking at the costs to society. Individual case studies (compiled from reports of real experiences of the impact of crime on individuals and communities) should be developed. LO3 requires learners to understand the approaches and strategies in place that deal with the reduction of crime, disorder and anti-social behaviour. When looking at supporting victims of crime, learners should understand the wide range of victims and look at vulnerable members of communities. Learners should be aware of the victims statutory rights, and how public services ensure rights are upheld. They should also understand the importance of witnesses in the criminal justice system and the importance of ensuring witness protection and safety. Care should be taken when delivering LO4 as any learner who has been a witness to crime or a victim of crime may find this topic sensitive. Crime and disorder television programmes (both factual and fictitious) will provide a useful source of material for classroom discussion. Contact with crime reduction and crime and disorder partnerships is strongly advised. This can be done by arranging visits to or visiting speakers from a variety of agencies, for example: local crime reduction/prevention officers local authority (town/city centre managers, tackling disadvantage team, crime and disorder team) victim support scheme and witness care. In order to be able to effectively deliver this unit, centres will need to consider accessing guest speakers from organisations such as the police, probation and court service. This contact with practitioners within the criminal justice system will assist learners to formulate their knowledge and understanding of the key concepts of this unit. The activity sheets will support your delivery and can be adapted to suit individuals, pairs and small groups. The scheme of work also includes suggestions for delivery.

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Pearson Education Ltd 2010. Copying permitted for purchasing institution only. This material is not copyright free.

BTEC Level 3 National Public Services

Unit 12 Crime and its effects on society

Useful resources
There are many different sources of help and resources that are available online. Some of the websites that may support learning for this area are listed below. It may also be possible to use websites in class that will bring up-to-date public service issues into the classroom such as BBC News or YouTube. Learners should also have access to a range of newspapers and relevant trade journals

Websites
Most local authorities and police services have a website offering information and advice concerning community safety and crime and disorder. This can be accessed via www.direct.gov.uk/en/Dl1/Directories/Localcouncils/index.htm Home Office publications at www.crimereduction.homeoffice.gov.uk/publications.htm Crime and Justice statistics at www.statistics.gov.uk/hub/crime-justice/index.html Crime and Victims Home Office www.homeoffice.gov.uk/crime/ Crime Concern www.crimeconcern.org.uk Crime reduction news and advice www.crimereduction.gov.uk Crimestoppers www.crimestoppers-uk.org Current law reports (appeals, trials, etc.) www.lawreports.co.uk Crown Prosecution Service Witness Charter www.cps.gov.uk/legal/v_to_z/witness_charter_cps_guidance/#Toc194480764 Home Office www.homeoffice.gov.uk/anti-social-behaviour/ HM Prison Service www.hmprisonservice.gov.uk National Association for the Care and Resettlement of Offenders www.nacro.org.uk Police initiatives introduced to target crime at the front line www.police.homeoffice.gov.uk/operationalpolicing/crime-disorder Providing information and resources for people working to reduce crime www.crimereduction.gov.uk Public Acts of the UK Parliament www.opsi.gov.uk/acts.htm Sentencing guidelines for judiciary www.sentencing-guidelines.gov.uk/ Information for witnesses and victims www.protectingyourself.co.uk/

Books
Joyce, P. Criminal Justice (Willan Publishing, 2006) Moss, K. and Stephens, M. (eds) Crime Reduction and the Law (Routledge, 2005) Mutchnick, R. Criminology Interactive (Text + Access Code) (Pearson, 2009) Newburn, T. (ed.) Criminology (Willan Publishing, 2007)

Articles from journals and magazines


The British Journal of Criminology Policing and Society An International Journal of Research and Policy

Pearson Education Ltd 2010. Copying permitted for purchasing institution only. This material is not copyright free.

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