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Christine Pablo CAS-06-601A 1.Define Idea and Phantasm. 2.Define apprehension. 3.Defferentiate idea from concept. 4.Define comprehension.

5.Give the rules governing comprehension and extension.

Prof: Henry Asuelas

Answers: 1.Idea In the most narrow sense, an idea is just whatever is before the mind when one thinks. Very often, ideas are construed as representational images; i.e. images of some object. In other contexts, ideas are taken to be concepts, although abstract concepts do not necessarily appear as images. Many philosophers consider ideas to be a fundamental ontological category of being. The capacity to create and understand the meaning of ideas is considered to be an essential and defining feature of human beings.In a popular sense, an idea arises in a reflex, spontaneous manner, even without thinking or serious reflection, for example, when we talk about the idea of a person or a place. Phantasm A ghostly appearing figure; "we were unprepared for the apparition that confronted us" apparition, fantasm, phantasma, phantom, spectre, specter disembodied spirit, spirit- any incorporeal supernatural being that can become visible (or audible) to human beings Flying Dutchman - the captain of a phantom ship (the Flying Dutchman) who was condemned to sail against the wind until Judgment Day Something existing in perception only; "a ghostly apparition at midnight" fantasm, phantasma, phantom, shadow, apparition flying saucer, UFO, unidentified flying object - an (apparently) flying object whose nature is unknown; especially those considered to have extraterrestrial origins Flying Dutchman - a phantom ship that is said to appear in storms near the Cape of Good Hope ghost, specter, wraith, spectre, spook, shade - a mental representation of some haunting experience; "he looked like he had seen a ghost"; "it aroused specters from his past" illusion, semblance - an erroneous mental representation. 2.Apprehension 1.anticipation of adversity or misfortune; suspicion or fear offuture trouble or evil. 2.the faculty or act of apprehending, especially intuitiveunderstanding; perception on a direct an d immediate level. 3.acceptance of or receptivity to information without passingjudgment on its validity, often witho ut completecomprehension. 4.a view, opinion, or idea on any subject. 5.the act of arresting; seizure. 3.Idea from Concept The word idea often refers to a mental impression. Sometimes it refers to a vague notion as in the sentence I had an idea that you were married. In this sentence the speaker was not sure

whether the person was married or not. Hence the word idea in the sentence refers to a kind of vague notion. Another difference between idea and concept is that an idea is not abstract in nature whereas concept is abstract in nature. A concept is an abstract notion. Sometimes the word concept refers to an idea that is used to sell a commodity or a product to the customers. In other words a concept is used to publicize a commodity. These are the differences between idea and concept. 4.Comprehension 1. the act or capacity of understanding 2. the state of including or comprising something; comprehensiveness 3. (Social Science / Education) Education an exercise consisting of a previously unseen passage of text with related questions, designed to test a student's understanding esp of a foreign language 4. (Philosophy / Logic) Logic obsolete the attributes implied by a given concept or term; connotation. 5.Rules of Comprehension Six Golden Rules for Excellent Comprehension Golden Rule 1. Analyze the Non Verbals Golden Rule 2. Gain an overview Golden Rule 3. Understand Purpose Golden Rule 4. Decide on your response Golden Rule 5. High Comprehension Reading Golden Rule 6. Highest Comprehension Reading Rules of Extension 1.INTRODUCTION 2.MERGING RECORDS AND RECORD TYPES Merging in the subtyping model Merging in the subtyping model Merging in the subclassing model 3.SUBSETS, SUBTYPES AND TYPE INTERSECTIONS Concrete versus abstract representation Intensional versus extensional definition Intersection types 4.CONSTRAINING THE INHERITANCE FUNCTION The extend inheritance function The M type-merge condition Constrained typed inheritance 5.VARIATIONS ON TYPED INHERITANCE Constrained typed inheritance Inheritance in Trellis Inheritance in Java and C++ Inheritance in Eiffel 6.CONCLUSION