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ALACRITY CONTROL USING CATEYE

R.Suganya,S.Sivaprabhakaran,R.Sugumar, Guided by k.Gokila, Assistant Professor, Angel College Of Engineering And Technology, Tirupur.

Abstract -This paper proposes the use of a wireless sensor network of “cat’s eye” augmented with embedded

processing, communication, and sensing capabilities to monitor vehicle be haviour on augmented roads. The primary goal of the system is to provide dri vers with early warning of potentially dangerous situation that may arise. The focus of the paper is on the software architecture needed and the technical challenges to be overcome in order to support this

In recent years, ITS has been

and re lated

researched actively in order to prevent accidents. Use of a radar could be considered asone of the collision prevention technologies and a small portion of vehicles are equipped with automotive radars now. Although the automotive radar uses laser or millimeter wave, the radar which used the millimeter wave is coming mainstream. Here, we propose a car detection

using reflection of curved mirrors as the system which can detect cars at low visibility intersections.

1. INTRODUCTION

While in recent few years a number of projects have proposed the use of sensor networks for vehicle tracking in military applications we propose that a distributed and autonomous system of sensor network nodes be deployed with the goal of improving driving safety on public roads. According to the Irish National Roads. Authority, 41% of all two-vehicle only accidents were caused by travelling on the wrong side of the road and by improper overtaking. Because of that the purpose of our system is to provide drivers with insistent view of the road situation a few hundred meters ahead of them, so that they can react to potential dangers early enough. Also, because 72% of all road accidents occurred outside of urban

environments, and 42% were on national roads we consider those roads as primary target deployment environment for our system .In addition, the instrumentation techniques

developed

for use

in

this system particularly the non -

contacting

distance measuring

device used

for surface

height sensing, may

have other highway

an

industrial

applications.

2. THE CONCEPT AND

The basic idea is as follows: sensor nodes are placed along both sides of a road every few meters. We

focus on two-way single carriageways only, because almost

The

nodes are to be placed inside cat’s eyes and are equipped

with magnetic sensors. After deployment they form an ad hoc radio network to exchange information about cars, as determined by their magneto meters, between each other. The nodes need to cooperate by means of communication

80% of all road accidents occur on this type of road.

S YSTEM TESTING

to maintain consistent real time local road-state information, which consists of the relative positions and

speeds of all of the vehicles travelling along the road at a particular time and place. This information is then communicated to the vehicles, so that on-board computers

can use it to infer dangerous situations.

reasoning and computation that needs to be done by sensor

nodes and vehicle on -board computers is to be investigated. To make our ideas more clear we consider a typical improper overtaking scenario that could possibly be avoided by use of our system: a vehicle tries to overtake another vehicle on a road curve, where it cannot be seen by other vehicles

The sensor nodes

forward the information about the vehicles they have detected along the road and drivers can be informed early enough to react safely. The system should be easily deployable and robust. The nodes should be replaceable and failure of single nodes should not affect operation of the system as a whole, which means that node failure should have impact only on local system operation.

travelling

The amount of

from the opposite direction.

travelling The amount of from the opposite direction. Fig1.No Obstacle It should also be possible to

Fig1.No Obstacle

It should also be possible to replace broken devices without any additional system reconfiguration. The newly installed ones should detect their neighbours, and quickly

find their place within the whole system.

find their place within the whole system. Fig2.1,Obstacle with Alarm Fig2.2 Obstacle sensor signal 3. OTHER

Fig2.1,Obstacle with Alarm

place within the whole system. Fig2.1,Obstacle with Alarm Fig2.2 Obstacle sensor signal 3. OTHER APPLICATIONS

Fig2.2 Obstacle sensor signal

3. OTHER APPLICATIONS Although the focus of our system is to improve driving safety, we can also consider additional applications.

. In further research we envision a system with enhanced functionality that comprises of a configurable number of services. The particular set of services comprising a particular system instance would be chosen at the design level, with respect to such factors as node hardware or power constraints or simply the need for particular functionality. We expect that this system, besides the basic road-state information service, would also provide:

1.Vehicle tracking over longer distances for travel-time estimation. By correlating spatiotemporal detection data, vehicles can be tracked along the road. This requires further investigation.

2.Vehicle counting at intersections. This service is of major importance in cities, where traffic volume information is used by traffic management systems.

3.Pedestrian on-road presence notification. This service can be provided assuming the use of more sophisticated sensors or pedestrians equipped with some device to announce their presence on the road.

4.Erratic driving detection and driver warning. Assuming a bigger computational capability, the sensor nodes can make use of the road-state information they generate (the vehicle tracking service) to infer dangerous

5. Incident detection. A service similar to erratic driving detection, with the difference that the nodes try to infer an incident (e.g., a crash) and forward that information along

a traffic

the road to warn other drivers

management centre, by communicating it to a more powerful device capable of long-range commu nication.

or to send

it

to

capable of long-range commu nication. or to send it to Fig3.1Possible application of sensor networks to

Fig3.1Possible application of sensor networks to safe driving monitoring.

Fig3.2Obstacle with alarm 1 6. Periodic traffic volume snapshot. This service counts or estimates the

Fig3.2Obstacle with alarm 1

6. Periodic traffic volume snapshot. This service counts or estimates the number of vehicles along the whole road at some particular time and sends it to a traffic management centre to make it available to other users (e.g., through the Internet). Periodic service execution would allow for real-time traffic information.

7. Road-surface condition reporting service. Equipping sensor nodes with additional sensors like temperat ure and humid ity sensors would allow to periodically gather information about the road-surface condition. The information could be sent to a traffic management centre, displayed on a variable message sign or com- municated to passing vehicles.

8. Message broadcast service. Nodes can also forward messages along the road and broadcast them to passing cars. Their purpose would depend on the particular ap - plication, e.g., they could be warning messages gener- ated by a traffic management centre.

The above listed services are mea nt as an extension to the basic functionality, which is the vehicle tracking service. Their development will be undertaken in the second phase of our research.

4. SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE Since the sensor nodes are to provide various services, the software architecture of the nodes must be modular to allow for service set composition and further service en- hancement. The software architecture of a single node has to consist of two main layers: a lower layer containing a set of low-level software components that provide functionality common to the set of implemented services, and a higher layer defining a subset of the services listed above. We as - sume that computing constraints of the nodes require the architecture of the lower layer to be component-based, so only the minimum set of components can be chosen, with respect to the functionality required by the services of the higher layer.

At this early stage of the project we envision the following groups of lower layer software components being implemented:

System deployment: components responsible for

self-initialization of a node including neighbor discovery, initial time synchronization and

localization relative to node’s neighbors.

• Sensor algorithms: components containing sensor data.

Processing algorithms, for instance, signal processing, sensor calibration, vehicle detection, categorizations and tracking. All based on the output of a magnetometer and possibly a PIR sensor.

• Actuator drivers:

some actuators (e.g., LEDS) those components would provide routines for using them.

• Communication: components defining the communication

sub layer. They will include a MAC protocol, a (possible) routing protocol, common node intercommunication module,node-to-vehicle communication module.

• System operation: components providing common services used during system operation. This might in clude localization and network topology maintenance ,neighbour monitoring for node failure and new nodediscovery.

if nodes were to be equipped with

5.SPEED BREAKER DETECTION

if nodes were to be equipped with 5.SPEED BREAKER DETECTION Fig 5.1 S peedbreaker detection This

Fig 5.1 S peedbreaker detection

This method is mainly used to detect the speed breakers by means of polarization technique. This method calculates the change in polarisation planes of back -scattered lighting. When the light reflects from the surface,The amount of horizontally polarised compared to the vertically polarized light.

The main disadvantage of this method is that the drivers are recommended to wear polarized sunglasses light is in order to minimize the glare from puddle or an engine bonet.

Fig5.2No s peed breaker 6.BEND DETECTION In order to prevent accidents this paper addresses the

Fig5.2No s peed breaker

6.BEND DETECTION In order to prevent accidents this paper addresses the expansion in uses of the automotive radar. Although the automotive radar uses laser or millimeter wave, research and invention of the radar using millimeter wave was done in recent years.For this reason, compared with laser, millimeter wave radar can be uses in rain, fog and snow environment.

wave radar can be uses in rain, fog and snow environment. Fig6.3 Bend detection using curved

Fig6.3 Bend detection using curved mirror technique

Moreover, there are the following features in a millimeter wave. It is possible to transfer a large data at high speeds, because millimeter band has a broad frequency bandwidth. The miniaturization of device is possible because of high frequency. This feature is a very big advantage from a viewpoint that the radar for automotive can be miniaturized because there is little space to attach a radar on a car. Since attenuation is large, interference can be controlled if its distance is kept a little. These features are advantageous points in ITS, and it is possible that a millimeter wave will play a big role in communication technology.

wave will play a big role in communication technology. Fig6.2 Low amplitude bend detected signal Fig6.3

Fig6.2 Low amplitude bend detected signal

technology. Fig6.2 Low amplitude bend detected signal Fig6.3 High amplitude bend detected signal This method is

Fig6.3 High amplitude bend detected signal

This method is to detect the bends which is the serious cause of accidents .In previous proposals the bend detection is by means of radar using millimeter wave technique, whereas this wave travels only for a short and straight line.so that this millimeter wave cannot be proposed for a long distance, hence this will not be an efficient technique to detect the bends.

7.TRANS MITTER AND RECEIVER ON ROADWAY

The system which uses the sensors to prevent accident is the through continuous sensing. It not only prevents overtaking but also indicates the speed breakers and bends on the roads. The communication is between the transmitter on the road and receiver on the vehicle. This proves to be a better system for preventing the accidents and also prevents

Fig7.1Transmitter someserious consequences like loss of life. This system is high reliability and a low

Fig7.1Transmitter

someserious consequences like loss of life. This system is high reliability and a low cost efficiency. Sensors are used to detect the road bend and objects. Ultrasonic sensors are used to detect the transparent objects in road bends and detected signal is given to microcontroller which is process the signal and activate the signal driver, alarm driver. Signal dive control the signal.

RECEIVER:

Receiver is used to receive the transmitted signal and decode that signal. Decoded signal is given to microcontroller which is process the signal and display the message and also activate the alarm

signal and display the message and also activate the alarm Fig7.2Receiver Button is used as speed

Fig7.2Receiver

Button is used as speed brakes. Microcontroller process the signal and given to encoder. Encoder is used to encode the signal and given to transmitter. Transmitter is used to transmit the signal. In this section is placed on vehicle. Left bend detecting sensor and right bend detecting sensors are placed in vehicle to identify the bends in hills area. Two sensors are detecting the bends and detected signal is given to microcontroller which is process the signal and display message, activate alarms.

8.FUTURE WORK AND CONCLUS ION

The module is exposed to prevent accidents in roadways and also it will be very useful for the peoples who were driving different vehicles. This paper proposes three different features which can be exhibited using pic18xx x .This paper will really bring us in reduction of accidents in most dangerous roads.

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