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# Subject : Computer Graphics (MC0072) Provided by www.programmer2programmer.net PART A Q.1 Consider the line from (0, 0) to (5,5).

Rasterizing the line with the Bresenhams algorithm yields error term = A) -1/2 B) 1/2 C) 4/5 D) 1/5 Q.2 As the mouse is rolled around on a flat surface, its movement is in ____ direction is translated into rotation of the wheel A) Orthogonal B) Oblique C) Parallel D) None of these Q.3 Representing a three dimensional object in a two dimensional medium is called A) Projection B) Transformation C) Translation D) Rotation Q.4 Process of determining which pixels will provide the best approximation to the desired line is properly known as _____ A) Scan conversion B) rasterization C) Interlacing D) All of the above Q.5 The glow off by the, phosphor during exposure to the electron beam is known as A) Persistence B) Phosphorescence C) Fluorescence D) All of the above Q.6 Disadvantage of edge fill algorithm is

A) B) C) D)

Expense associated with sorting the various lists Expense associated with maintaining Algorithm is limited to input/output considerations All of the above

Q.7 Bresenhams circle algorithm uses ____ of a circle to generate a circle A) 2-way-symmetry B) 8-way-symmetry C) 4-way-symmetry D) 6-way-symmetry Q.8 In ordered, edge list algorithm, each pixel in the display is visited ______ A) twice B) only once C) thrice D) cannot be specified Q.9 The mouse cannot be used for tracing paper. This statement is A) FALSE B) TRUE C) Partially true D) Cant predictable Q.10 In Algorithm for identifying completely visible and most invisible line the number of regions use is A) 8 B) 4 C) 9 D) 16 Q.11 A object-space algorithm for hidden surface removal work concentrates on _____ A) geometrical relationships among the objects in the scene B) Final image C) Both A) and B) D) Spatial relationship of final object Q.12 Which of the following line is partially visible? A) Line ab with end point codes 0100 and 0100 B) Line bc with end point codes 1000 and 0010

C) Line Pq with endpoint codes 1001 and 1000 D) line xy with end point codes 0000 and 0010 Q.13 After identifying visible surfaces by a hidden surface algorithm, is ______ is used to compute the intensities and colors to display for the surface A) Shading model B) Perspective Projection C) Scaling D) Mirror reflection Q.14 If the slope of the line is zero, the line is A) parallel to left and right edges B) perpendicular to top and bottom edges C) perpendicular to left and right edges D) only top edges need to be checked for intersections Q.15 _____ is the process of extracting a portion of a database A) Flipping B) Clipping C) Concatenation D) Spooling Q.16 ______ statement is false A) Farther an object is from the center of projection, the smaller it appears B) Projections of lines that are parallel to the view plane appear to meet at some point on the view plane. C) Objects behind the center of projection are projected upside down and backward on to the view plane D) A finite line segment joining a point which lies back of viewer point in back of the viewer, is actually projected to a broken line of infinite extent Q.17 When phosphor will no longer be fluoroscent, it is said to be A) dead B) Burned C) Inactive D) all of the above Q.18 The error term for a non zero intercept of General Bresenhams Algorithm is A) 2dy-dx B) 2dx-dy

C) 2dx+dy D) 2dy+dx Q.19 The error term of integer Bresenhams Algorithm is given as A) 2edy B) -2dex C) 2edxdy D) 2edx Q.20 If 4 bit binary representation of 6 is shifted right 4time them it yields A) 4 B) 12 C) 3 D) 16 Q.21 _____ algorithms are not limited to simple polygons A) Edge fill algorithm B) Edge flag algorithm C) Fence fill algorithm D) all of the above Q.22 Integer (-8.5) = A) -8 B) -9 C) -10 D) None of these Q.23 Find the slope of line from P1 (-3/2, -1) to P2 (3/2, 2) A) 2/3 B) 1/3 C) D) 1 Q.24 For the line from Pl(-3/2, 1/6) to P2(1/2, 3/2), the slope is ______ A) 2/3 B) 3/2 C) 1/6 D) 1/3 Q.25 The equation of the infinite line through P1(X1 Y1) and P2(X2, Y2) is Y =

A) B) C) D)

## m(x-x1)+y1 m(y-y1)+x1 m(x1-x)+y1 m(y1-y)+XL

Q.26 S-1sxsy = A) Ssysx B) S1/sx 1/sy C) -Ssxsy D) None of these Q.27 1. If the refresh rate is greater than the phosphors persistence, moving object will tend to become A) Blurred B) Brightened C) Flickered D) None of these Q.28 Refreshing of a CRT is done to avoid A) Flickering B) Interlacing C) Blurring D) None of the above Q.29 A scaling constant indicates an expansion of length A) Equal to 1 B) greater than one C) less than 1 D) less than 0 Q.30 The process of determining which pixel will provided the best approximation to the desired line is know as A) Scan conversion B) lipping C) rasterization D) None of these Q.31 Choose the oblique projections from below A) General B) Cavalier C) Cabinet

D) All the above Q.32 _____ algorithm can be used to handle on cave polygons A) Weiler algorithm B) Atherton algorithm C) Weiler and Atherton algorithm D) None of the above Q.33 Sutherland-Hodgman algorithm is used for A) line drawing B) Polygon clipping C) Circle generating D) None of these Q.34 Disadvantage of using mouse is A) Cannot be used for tracing data from paper B) Very difficult to handprint characters recognition by the computer C) Both A) and B) D) None of the above Q.35 In a conventional CRT the yoke is connected to a ___ A) Sweep B) Scan generator C) Either A) or B) D) None of these Q.36 Select the feature of Midpoint subdivision algorithm A) Requires calculation of the intersection of the line with window page B) Hardware implementation of the algorithm is slow C) Software implementation of the algorithm is slow D) None of the above Q.37 In modified scan line co-ordinate system, horizontal edges are ignored, because A) Horizontal edges intersect a scan line B) Horizontal edges are not formed C) Horizontal edges are always formed D) Horizontal edges cannot intersect a scan line Q.38 The process of scaling changes ___of an object A) Sign

## B) Dimension C) Both A) and B) D) None of these

PART B Q.1 The glow given off by the, phosphor during exposure to the electron beam is know as _____ and the continuing glow given off after the beam is removed is known as _____ A) Persistence, fluorescence B) Phosphorescence, fluorescence C) Fluorescence, phosphorescence D) Persistence, phosphorescence Q.2 Except at boundary edges, adjacent pixels are likely to have the same characteristics, and this property is referred as ______ and far a raster scan graphics device adjacent pixels on a scan line are likely to have the same characteris A) Scan line, Boundary B) Boundary, Spatial C) Spatial, Scan line D) Scan line, Spatial Q.3 In a CRT, at the end of each line the beam must turned off and redirected back to the left hand side of the CRT. The return sweep is called _____ and shutting off of the electron beam as it returns from the bottom of the display at the A) Retracing, Blanking B) Blanldng, retracing C) horizontal retrace blanking, vertical retrace blanking D) vertical retrace blanking, horizontal retrace blanking Q.4 Perspective drawing are characterized by ____ and _____ A) Vanishing Points, view confusion B) View confusion, Perspective foreshortening C) Perspective foreshortening, vanishing points D) Topological distortion, view confusion

Q.5 Select true statements regarding Edge Flag Algorithm i) It is three step process ii) The second step is to fill between bounding pixels iii) The first step is to outline the contour A) i) and ii) B) ii) and iii) C) i) and iii) D) i), ii) and iii) Q.6 ____is the place where displays image is stored as a matrix of intensity values and _____ passes the contents of the frame buffer to the monitor A) Digital memory, Displays controller B) Television monitor, Displays controller C) Digital memory, Television monitor D) None of the above Q.7 Midpoint of the line having the end points (308, 632) and (820, -136) is A) (247, 256) B) (257,243) C) (256, 248) D) (0,0) Q.8 Choose the ingredients of the shading models i) Properties of intensities ii) Properties of the surface iii) Properties of the illumination falling on it A) i) and iii) B) ii) and iii) C) i) and ii) D) i), ii) and iii) Q.9 Consider the line from (0, 0) to (5, 5) then applying Bresenhams Algorithm yields dy = ______ and e = _______ A) 5, B) -5, - C) 5, - D) -5,

Q.10 In Cohen Sutherland algorithm ___ bit is set if the end point is to the right of the window and ______ bit is set if the end point is below the window A) First, Third B) Second, Third C) First, Fourth D) Fourth, Second Q.11 _____ gives the correct definition of Edge fill algorithm A) For each scan line intersecting a polygon edge at (x complement all pixels whose midpoints lie to the right of(x B) For each scan line intersecting a polygon edge at (x complement all pixels whose midpoints lie to the left of (xi.yi). C) If the intersection is to the left of the fence, complement all pixels whose midpoint lies to left or on the intersection of the scan line D) If the intersection is to the right of the fence, complement all the pixels Q.12 Match the following intersections with the window edges Set A i) y=m(XL-X1)+y1 mKM ii) y=X1+(y=X1+(1/m) (yB-y1) mK0 Set B 1. Right 2. Top 3. Left 4. Bottom A) i) -4, ii) -3 B) i) -3, ii) -4 C) i) -2, ii) -1 D) i) -4, ii) -1 Q.13 Choose the oblique projectors from below i) General ii) Auxiliary views iii) Trimetric iv) One principal vanishing point v) Cabinet A) i), iii) and iv) B) i), iii) and v) C) i), ii) and iv) D) i) and v)

Q.14 Find the slop and mid point of the line P1(-3/2, 1/6) to P2 (1/2, 3/2) A) -2/3, (1/2, 5/3) B) -3/2, (1/2, -5/3) C) -1/2, (1/2 -5/3) D) 2/3, (-1/2, 5/3) Q.15 Which of the following specifies the process of scan converting a circle using Bresenhams algorithm A) If the eight-way symmetry of a circle is used to generate a circle, points will have to be 90 to 450 angle B) If the eight-way symmetry of a circle is used to generate a circle, moves will be made only in the positive direction C) If the eight-way symmetry of a circle is used to generate a circle, points will only have to be generated through a 90 angle D) If the weight-way symmetry of a circle is used to be generated a circle, points will only have to be generated through a 450 angle and if points are generated from 900 to 450 moves will be made only in the +x and y directions

PART C Q.1 Select the features applicable for seed fill algorithms a. Algorithm attempts to find and fill all pixels interior to the region b. If the region is interior-defined, then all the pixels in the interior of the region boundary have A) a, b, c, d, e B) c, d, e C) b, d D) a, c, d, e Q.2 In two dimensional clipping, if any coordinate of either end point is outside the window, then the line is _____ . If both end points are left, right above or below the window, the line is _____. If both end points are interior to the A) Trivially invisible, not totally visible, totally visible B) Not tolally visible, trivially invisible, visible C) Totally visible, trivially invisible, not totally visible

D) Visible, Not totally visible, trivially invisible Q.3 Match the following:Set A i) Used to create a clear picture ii) Used to control the direction of the electron beam iii) Used to regulate the flow of electrons Set B 1. Deflection yoke 2. Electron gun 3. Focusing e A) i)-2, ii)-3, iii)-4 B) i)-3, ii)-4, iii)-2 C) i)-2, ii)-4, iii)-1 D) i)-3, ii)-1, iii)-4 Q.4 Consider the DDA algorithm. Consider the line from (0, 0) to (-8, -4) in the third quadrant then value of length = _______, dx = ______ and dy = ______ A) -4, 1, -0.5 B) .4, 1, 0.5 C) -8, -1, 0.5 D) 8, -1, -0.5 Q.5 Bresenhams line algorithm includes _____ features a. Algorithm seeks to select the optimum raster locations to represent a straight line b. If the error term is negative, the line will pass below the middle of the pixel c. Algorit A) a, b, c, d B) a, d, e C) only b and d D) a, b, c, e Q.6 Select true statements regarding edge fill algorithm i) This algorithm is most conveniently used with frame buffer ii) This algorithm is limited by input/output considerations iii) This algorithm allows the polygon edges to be

A) B) C) D)

ii), iii) and iv) i), ii) and iii) i) and ii) All the above

Q.7 Which of the following statements are false regarding polygon dipping algorithm? a. It is based on the observation that it is relatively easy to dip a polygon against a single clipping edge b. Algorithm operates vertices of the polygo A) c, d, e B) a, b C) a, d, e D) b, d, e Q.8 Match the following:Set A i) Projection plane parallel to principal planes ii) Projection not perpendicular to projection plane iii) Projection plane not parallel to principal plane Set B 1. Orthographic 2. Axonometri A) i)-3, ii)-4, iii)-2 B) i)-4, ii)-1, iii)-3 C) i)-3, ii)-4, iii)-1 D) i)-2, ii)-4, iii)-1 Q.9 Select the points true for two dimensions graphics transformation a. If the displacement of a object p(x, y) is given by the vector V=t + t. , then new object co-ordinates are x+t and y+ty b. In a scaling transformation, only origin <b A) a, b, c, d, e B) a, b, c, d C) c, e D) b, d, e Q.10 State True or False for raster-scan CRT a. An electron gun consists of a heater and a cathode b. Control electrode is used to regulate the flow

of electrons c. Focusing electrode is used to control the direction of electron beam <b A) a-T, b-T, c-F, d-F, e-F B) a-I, b-F, c-T, d-T, e-F C) a-F, b-I, c-F, d-F, e-T D) a-I, b-F, c-F, d-I, e-T Q.11 Consider the line (0, 0) to 5, 5) Rasterizing the line with the Bresenhams algorithms yields initial calculations dx = ______dy = ____ and e = ____ A) 5. 0 -0.5 B) 5, 5, 0.5 C) 5, 5 -0.5 D) -0, 5, 0.5 Q.12 ______ gives the correct representation of simple incremental algorithm A) position = start step = increment 1. If position end end then 2 if position B) position = start step = increment 1. If position _ end end then 3 if position C) position = start step = increment 1. If position_ end end then 2 if position D) position = start step = increment 1. position=position_step go to 1 2. If position_end end then 3 if position Q.13 Match the following: Set A i) The farther an object is from the center of projection, the smaller it appears ii) Object behind the center of projection are projected upside down iii) A finite line segment joining a point which <b A) i)-3, ii)-4, iii)-2 B) i)-4, ii)-1, iii)-2 C) i)-2, ii)-3, iii)-4 D) i)-3, ii)-1, iii)-4 Q.14 Consider the edge flag algorithm Contour outline: for x+1/2>x intersection to the boundary value Fill: For each scan line intersecting the polygon Inside = _______ for X = 0 (left) to X=Xmax(right)

if the pixel at x is set to t A) True, false, set, reset B) False, true, reset, set C) False, True, set, reset D) True, false, set, set