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Update on the Latest Developments in Vietnams Nuclear Power Plans

Dr. Hoang Anh Tuan Vietnam Atomic Energy Institute

NUCLEAR POWER ASIA 2010 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 26-27 January 2010
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Contents

First Nuclear Power Plant Project Approved by the Parliament Insights on Next Steps Forward To Continue Developing National Nuclear Infrastructure

Conclusions

Vietnam
First Nuclear Power Plant Project Has Been Approved by the Parliament on 25 November 2009 The country comes to the 2nd Phase of Nuclear Infrastructure Development
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Overview of Vietnam Electricity System


Socialist Republic of Vietnam:

Area: 333,688 km2 Population: 86 million (2008) Density: 253/km2 GDP 2007 (PPP): US$ 221.1 billion Power consumption: 58.44 billion kWh (2007) ~ 680 kWh per capita Estimated power shortage of approx. 49 billion kWh in 2020

Nuclear Power becomes a solution for: National Energy Security Increasing Power Demand Environmental Protection Science & Technology Development
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TYPE HYDRO COAL


GAS&OIL

NUMBER Of PPs 13 3 7 NA 8 31

CAPACITY (MW)

%TOTAL

4,460 1,545 3,399 245 2,572 12,221

36.5 12.6 27.8 2.1 21.0 100.00

DIESEL IPP TOTAL

IP P , 21.0% Hydropower, 36.5% Diesel, 2.0%

Gas/ Oil, 27.8% Coal, 12.6%

CHINA Lai Chau Viet Tri Soc Son PhLai Son La Uong Bi Quang Ninh Chem a Ha Dong Mai Dong HOA BINH LAO PDR Thuong Tin Din h Nho Quan
Hai Phong
Thac Ba

Ninh Binh Thanh Hoa

Vinh

Nam Theun 2 THAILAN GHI CHU D 500kV Line (~2020) 500kV Line (~2010) 500kV Lines (existing) 220kV Lines (existing) Sub. 500kV (- 2020) Sub. 500kV (- 2010) Substation 500kV exist. Substation 220kV exist. HPPs exist. TPPs exist. CAMBODIA

Ha Tinh
Dong Hoi

Quang Tri Da Nang Ban Sok


Yaly

Doc Soi
Vinh Son Quy Nhon Krong Buk SongHinh

Plei Ku Sam Bor

Nha Trang D.Nai3&4 Linh Nhim Di Da Tan Dinh


Thac Mo Tri An Bao Loc Hoc Mon Nuclear PP Song May Nhon Trach Phu Lam Phu My Nha Be B Ria a

Cai Lay Rach Gia TrNoc Mon a

ENERGY BALANCE

Several study project on nuclear power introduction

Nuclear power programme preparation of Vietnam


were carried out during 1996-2001. Vietnam became member of international treaties related to nuclear issues. Activities such as seminars, exhibitions, training &education, information and experience exchange on nuclear power with support from IAEA, nuclear power countries were carried out. led by Minister of Industry and Trade for development of nuclear power in Vietnam on 5th March 2002 (NEPIO). Nuclear Safety Control (VARANSAC now named VARANS) on 19th May 2003.
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Establishment of the governmental steering committee

Establishment of the Agency for Radiation Protection and

NP Program Preparation of Vietnam rd


On 3

January 2006, the Prime Minister approved the Long-term Strategy for Peaceful Utilization of Atomic Energy up to 2020 (1st NPP operation in 2020; next NPPs construction; developing a firm nuclear energy infrastructure for long-term nuclear power programme including future self-reliance of NNP technology; investigation of uranium resources and possibility of exploitation & treatment for future commercial use).

On 23 July 2007, the Prime Minister approved the Master


Plan for Implementation of the Long-term Strategy, covering all activities related to development of nuclear infrastructures and capabilities for future self-reliance of NP technology (23 projects, more than 10 projects directly serve for nuclear power being responsible by different ministries).

NP ProgramInter-Ministerial-AgencyVietnam Soon later the Preparation of Steering


The Pre-FS for the 1st NPP in Vietnam and the VI

Committee led by Deputy Minister of MOST has been set up for direction and reporting to the Government of the Mater Plan implementation (NEPIO for Master Plan). Electricity Development Plan up to 2025 have been approved by the Government, showing the planned nuclear power will reach to 4,000 MW in 2025.

Atomic Energy Law was approved by the National


Assembly on the 3rd June 2008.

National Nuclear Safety Committee will be established. The Pre-FS for the two 1st NPPs in Ninh Thuan, Vietnam
has been approved by the National Assembly on 25 Nov. 2009. 10

SON LA LAI CHAU HOA BINH

SOC SON QUANG NINH

HA TINH

THUONG TIN

NHO QUAN

PLEIKU

DA NANG
DOC SOI

TAN DINH PHU LAM


500kV 1994 2003 - 2005 2006 - 2010 After 2010->2020

NPP

PHU MY O MON 11

HISTORY & DEVELOPMENT


National Nuclear Power Programme
Development of legislative system Human Resource Development Programme and other elements of infrastructure National Assemblys Approval FS & Bidding 8,000-11,000MW 2 NPPs: 4,000 MWe

NEPIO Established

Commercial Operation of the 1st reactor

Country commitment
2012 2020 2014 2022 2025 2008 Nov. 2009
Submission of Pre-FS and relevant studies

2002 1970s 1996


Basic Studies for NPP project

2006

Oversea & Domestic Education Program Nuclear Reactor & Research facilities 12

Strategy for Atomic Peaceful Utilization Energy Law of Atomic Energy

1st Concret

MILESTONE #3

MILESTONE #2 MILESTONE #1

RELATED ORGANIZATIONS & AUTHORITIES


Prime Minister

Ministry of Industry & trade

Ministry of Science & Technology

Ministry of Natural Resources & Environment

Ministry of Education & Training

Others

EVN

VAEC

Ministry of Public Security

NRPB

VARANS

Ministry of Defense

IE

Ministry of Construction

etc

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Insights on Next Steps Forward To Continue Developing National Nuclear Infrastructure While Going ahead With Feasibility Study of 1st NNP

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Assessment of Vietnam Nuclear Infrastructure Status

VAEIs project on Self-Assessment of


Vietnam Nuclear Infrastructure Status Time to implement: 12/2007 10/2009

Followed by IAEA INIR Mission form 28

Nov. to 4 Dec. 2009. Scope of assessment: Current Status (Milestone 1) and Workplan for Phase 2 for 19 elements.

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Milestones indentified for Vietnam NP Program


Following the IAEA guide, 3 milestones are:
Milestone 1: November 2009 Ready to make knowledgeable commitment to a nuclear program. October 2009, the Government submitted the PreFS report of two 1st NPPs to the National Assembly for approval and decision to be made for conducting the FS project for Ninhthuan NPPs of 4,000 MWe. 25th Nov. 2009, Pre-FS report of two 1st NPPs has been approved by the National Assembly.
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Milestones indentified for Vietnam NP Program


Milestone 2: 12/2012 - Ready to invite bids for the first NPP. Construction for 1st NPP with two units of 2,000 MWe will start in 2014. Milestone 3: 12/2020 Ready to commission and operate the first nuclear power plant.

Vietnams preparation for the 1st NPPs has approached to the Milestone 1: Ready to make a knowledgeable commitment to a nuclear program.

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Some steps important to safety described in the Safety Infrastructure Guide


Ready to make a decision on whether or Ready to make a not to introduce nuclear power knowledgeable decision Ready to invite bids Ready to commission to Ready and operate thecommission first NPP

Phase 1
1~3 years

Phase 2
3~7 years
Contract Issuance of safety requirements needed for bid specification

Phase 3
7~10 years

Initial site survey

Issuance of the nuclear law Safety evaluation of the bids

Environmental impact assessment

Application for construction license

Issuance of the construction licence Preparation of safety documentation First concrete

Establishing the basic regulatory framework

Assessment by the regulatory body

Fuel delivery Site preparation

Construction phase

HISTORY & DEVELOPMENT


National Nuclear Power Programme
Development of legislative system Human Resource Development Programme and other elements of infrastructure National Assemblys Approval FS & Bidding 8,000-11,000MW 2 NPPs: 4,000 MWe

NEPIO Established

Commercial Operation of the 1st reactor

Country commitment
2012 2020 2014 2022 2025 2008 Nov. 2009
Submission of Pre-FS and relevant studies

2002 1970s 1996


Basic Studies for NPP project

2006

Oversea & Domestic Education Program Nuclear Reactor & Research facilities 19

Strategy for Atomic Peaceful Utilization Energy Law of Atomic Energy

1st Concret

MILESTONE #3

MILESTONE #2 MILESTONE #1

VAEIs Project Results


TT 1 2 Content National position Nuclear safety Assessment to Milestone 1 conditions Good Medium/Satisfied Further Attention NEPIO re-established and consolidated Focus on establishing nuclear safety capability and safety culture

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4 5 6 7

Management
Funding and financing Legislative framework Safeguards Regulatory framework Radiation protection Grid

Medium
Medium Medium Good Medium

Re-established, Improve management ability


Planning and making available To approve and to continue to develop Decrees, Circulars ... Identifying responsibility clearly and developing regulatory framework capacity Development of Standards, Facility and HR Evaluation of NPPs and grid 20

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Medium Medium

VAEIs Project Results


No. Content Assessment to Milestone 1 conditions Good/Medium Further Attention

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Human resources development Stakeholder Involvement Site and supporting facilities Environmental protection Emergency planning Security and physical protection

To early implement HRD plan with funding Identifying the role, action plan Two sites for two NPPs have to be soon finally decided. Monitoring system to be established National plan to be prepared and aproved National plan to be aproved by the 21 Government

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Medium/Satisfied Medium

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Medium Medium Medium

VAEIs Project Results


No. Content Assessment to Milestone 1 conditions Medium Further Attention

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Nuclear fuel cycle

Fuel cycle strategy and spent fuel management to be decided Further sitting and planning for low/medium waste disposal Focus on HRD, technology accumulation Consistent policies for nuclear procurement taken.

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Radioactive waste

Medium

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Industrial involvement (manufacturing) Procurement

Low

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Medium

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Industrial involvement

Good

Local participation

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Work to be carried out

Considering re-establishment of a NEPIO with appropriate staff and budget. Review and approval of the projects under the Master Plan. Utilization of more information from international experience/ lessons learned. Adherence to the relevant international legal instruments Preparing and enact legal documents to enforcement of Nuclear Law.

Work to be carried out


Establishment of the regulatory bodys effective independence from the entities responsible for nuclear power promotion and operation. Establishment of the requirements for physical protection of existing nuclear/ radioactive materials and associated facilities. Development of the Management System for key organizations involved in the nuclear power programe.

NPP PROJECTs
Project Title: Ninh Thuan Nuclear Power
Plant Investment owner: EVN. Plants: in Ninh Thuan province.

1st plant: Ninh Thuan 1 Capacity: 2 x 1,000 MW Commercial operation date: 2020 2nd plant: Ninh Thuan 2 Capacity: 2 x 1,000 MW Commercial operation date: 2021

Vinh Hai

Roadmap: & EPC Bid


FS 2009-2011 signing 2011-2012
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Phuoc Dinh
Construction 2014-2020 Operation After 2020

NUCLEAR POWER PLANNING


Typical figures
Light Water Reactor (BWR or PWR) Generation: modern; proven and economic efficiency, including 3G Unit Capacity of approx. 1,000MW Cooling: sea water Life time: 60 years Priority: Original Technology Country
Ky Xuan (Ha Tinh)
Vinh Linh (Quang Tri) Duc Thang (Quang Ngai) Duc Chanh (Quang Ngai) Hoai My (Binh Dinh) Xuan Phuong (Phu Yen)

Potential sites (10):


- Detail investigation for 2 sites (to be approved by PM)
26 Hon Dat (Kien Giang)

Binh Tien (Ninh Thuan) Vinh Hai (Ninh Thuan) Phuoc Dinh (Ninh Thuan)

FINANCE
Total investment: About $11.150 Bil.
per kW ) Investor Capital Mobilization: 25%

(Equivalent to $2800
Investment Fund Issuing Bonds

Preparing TOR Foreign Preparing Bid Specifications ECAs: 85% Loan: Commercial st NPP project 1 75% Loan 15%
to be approved by PM
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Conclusions
Vietnamese Government has made a strong
commitment on development of nuclear power for peace with the important goal for building the first nuclear power plant in Vietnam and putting it into safe and effective operation in the year 2020.

There are less than 11 years left for preparation of

all national infrastructure elements required for nuclear power plant being constructed and commissioned timely, safely, securely and efficiently. It requests big efforts and strong commitment from relevant national organizations and a close international cooperation.
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Conclusions
Technical assistance from the IAEA, international
cooperation in general as well as experience exchange among specialists would benefit much the sustainable development of nuclear power infrastructure for nuclear power newcomers.

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Thank you for your attention!

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