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If Caesar had been more astute and willing to accept his own vulnerability, he might have recognized warnings around him which foreshadowed his assassination. One of the warnings, which was very important, was Artemidorus’ letter which contained names of all conspirators. This takes place in Act III scene i lines 5-10. Caesar ignored this warning by refusing to read Artemidorus’ letter, because he wanted to read it last, as he says “What touches us ourself shall be last serv’d.” The second warning that he ignored was Calphurnia’s (his wife’s) dream about Caesar’s blood upon the Capitol (Act II scene ii). After he received this warning, at first he decided not to go, but then Decius came and changed his mind by interpreting the dream such a way that seems to be good. Decius said those bloods and all mean that great Rome regards you as its lifeblood. Therefore, Caesar changed his mind and decided to go to the Senate House. As you see the warnings were all around Caesar and he just had to listen to others. The last warning that I found in the play were fortune-tellers. Before Caesar goes to Senate House, he asked soothsayers and fortune-tellers about it, and they advised him not to go out on that day (Act II scene ii). This is what they said: “Opening up the innards of a sacrifice, they couldn’t find a heart inside the beast.” From these warnings, and assassination of Caesar, we conclude that Caesar was proud of himself, believing himself as eternal as the North Star. Through the play, we find out that he is unable to separate his public image from his private image, which lead to his death. Also, He ignores all warnings and threats against his life, because of his ambition and seduction by the people’s increasing idealization and idolization of his image.
he kills the cause that he wants to promote and get to. Although.Brutus was one of the most complex characters in this story. For example. and his strong idealism is both his greatest advantage and his most deadly disadvantage. Although. As a result of this action. This shows . This shows that Brutus is an idealist who upholds honor above everything else. and at the same time. he again ignores Cassius’s advice and allows Antony to speak at Caesar’s funeral over Caesar’s body. It is important to note that he is a stoic person. Brutus acts out of a desire to limit the self-serving aspects of his actions. and a loving friend. he respects his servants and therefore his servants are very good to him and respect him very much. because he suffers pain from his wife’s death but doesn’t show it much throughout the play. very much. his narrow vision leads him to make certain mistakes: wanting to reduce violence. Some other bad examples of his weakness in idealism can be seen when Brutus endangers his good relationship with Cassius. a husband. While Brutus lives up to Antony’s description of him as “the noblest of Romans”. he ignores Cassius’s suggestion they should kill Antony as well as Caesar. that it is necessary for the Roman Republic. that in Act II scene i we find out they have a very close connection with each other. As I said earlier. In other parts of the play we that Brutus only agrees to kill Caesar after becoming convinced by his dear friend. Brutus is a very complex character. a dignified military leader. when looking at it ironically. he loves his wife. Cassius. In all of these. because he commits suicide once he believes defeat in the battle. he doesn’t act much stoic. Also. because he is a powerful public figure. Portia. at the end of play. we see that in each incident. Antony incites people to riot against him and the other conspirators. In another moment of idealism. a good master to his servants.
superstition is an important part of it and a significant factor in Roman life. that we are underlings. because of mistakes that Brutus makes. Characters in play all believe in omens and portents. the great thinker of conspirators. makes. and asking Calphurnia to stand in Antony’s way. Therefore. In this play. we have Caesar telling Antony to touch Calphurnia when running. he does something almost opposite that bring about a downfall. “the fault. It was a superstition that young men ran almost naked in the streets carrying light leather thongs with which they’d touch women who present themselves . and someone who’s in chains.that he was not able to suffer to be taken to the city as a captive and slave. and his faults. But in ourselves. Although there are few characters who don’t believe in soothsayers and what they say and predict. For example. Cassius says. so that through his touch she may shake off her “sterile curse”. Finally. Cassius’ advice to kill Mark Antony as well as Caesar is ignored leading to Mark Antony becoming their greatest enemy. dear Brutus.” This shows that he doesn’t agree with the belief that some people have that says the star or planet under which you were born determines your characteristics and fate. First. In other cases. in Act V. is not in our stars. and how your fate is determined by certain stars. but because of his wrong decisions and mistakes. and it results tragic for conspirators. he is considered to be the tragic hero of the play. in other words. Later at Caesar’s funeral. Brutus overrules all the advices that Cassius. As we find out through the play. Brutus ignores Cassius’ advice to stay on high ground. Cassius’ advice that Mark Antony should not speak is also ignored leading to Antony turning people against them (conspirators). I believe that Brutus is this play’s tragic hero. leading to a battle in the plains of Philippi. his actions go wrong and do not satisfy the cause. He is a good and admirable character in the play.
and Octavius. the way they did. Caesar decided that he is a dreamer. and disregarded him. but every time Brutus changed them and overruled them. and because of that touch. Although Cassius’ advices would have lead to good endings. Shakespeare gives us the idea that many people try to find out about future and what it holds. Ironically. he was the thinker of conspirators. Although. he was the person in charge of the assassination of Caesar. and what goes on between soothsayers. Therefore. Not to forget Cassius. Although there were all the conspirators. though. This shows that even Caesar didn’t agree with beliefs that people of Rome had at that time. For instance.” Generally “Ideas” means middle. superstition plays a role in the basic daily life of most Roman citizens. Ides of March is 15th of March. one of the Triumvirs who defeated Brutus and Cassius. Shakespeare starts Act I with a setting based upon superstition. As it can be seen. Brutus was the one who did most of the job. was later to become a Roman Emperor ruling the entire Rome alone . After soothsayer repeated himself.along the street. therefore. Brutus’ irony was irony of situation. this went wrong. and many of them told fortune as their job. he was the main head of group. therefore. we didn’t thought things would go differently. therefore. as an irony. such as unfortunate things. by being superstitious. we see that there are many cases in which irony has been used and extent into the characterization of different characters in the play. Caesar. Another superstitious event that occurred in the play was the interruption caused by soothsayer who wanted to tell Caesar “Beware the Ides of March. these women ensured their fertility and an easy labor and delivery. Caesar heard him but he asked him to repeat himself. we can say that Brutus assassinated his friend. The element Irony is defined as the strange aspect of a situation that is very different from what you expect. Overall. to prevent one man ruling the Roman Empire.
What Antony did was very clever.after his victory over Mark Antony. things that happened after his advice was overruled are not considered to be his irony. Caesar”.. Other than dramatic irony. caused the conspirators to fear that he would take over.. can see Caesar’s flaws although he does not. or “Brutus is a noble man”. and his popularity increasing. as the reader. In Julius Caesar. and he had wise advices which were not followed correctly all the time. Therefore. The one used the most is dramatic irony. Verbal irony is when the writer says one thing and means another. For example. we have another irony called verbal irony. we can conclude that irony was extent into Brutus’ character very much. Antony repeatedly kept saying "Brutus is an honorable man. throughout his speech.". and from that we conclude that irony has extent into his characterization very much. Antony's speech in Caesar's funeral to the people who loved Brutus presents irony. We also find that out because he (Octavius) is the last person who finished the play (Act V). In the play. Caesar's ambition. This ironic characteristic that we see shows us how Caesar's flaws lead to his death. his character didn’t include much irony extent into it. We. meaning the audience is aware of the character's mistakes or misunderstandings but the character is not. from all this we can conclude that Shakespeare has done an excellent job! . Overall. In Cassius’ case. Finally. His purpose was to force the people into seeing what Brutus has done without actually saying "Brutus assassinated your leader. This quote shows the irony because Antony did not mean what he was saying. therefore. Julius Caesar ignored the signs and kept going in his ambitious quest to gain power. we have different types of Irony. he had a lot of irony extent into his characterization. He was a good thinker.