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SUBJECT 1 INTRODUCTION TO THERMAL POWER PLANT SYSTEMS MAXIMUM MARKS: 200 (SUB CODE-PD11)

UNIT I (BRIDGE COURSE) Thermodynamics Basic Concepts and Gas Laws, Heat and Work, Specific heat, Enthalpy, Internal Energy, Entropy & Equations of State, Laws of Thermodynamic Processes, Thermodynamic Process Fluid Mechanics Properties of Fluids, Pumps, Fans Heat Transfer Basic Concepts of Heat Transfer, Modes of Heat Transfer, Types of Heat Exchangers, Thermal Insulation Thermal Engineering Steam and Gas cycles, Flow through nozzles, Function, working principle, classification, Basics of Boiler, Turbine & Associated Systems UNIT II (GENERAL INTRODUCTION) Site Selection site availability, Raw Material, Fuel, Load evacuation, Water Transport, Pit Head Station, Air Pollution, Topography, Skilled Manpower Coal Types of coal and their characteristics, their suitability for different kinds of Boilers, Alternations in firing methods due to change of coal composition Coal to Electricity Coal / Air / Flue / Gas / Water / Steam Path, Brief description of main equipments involved in a Thermal Power Station General Layout of a Thermal Power Station Block Diagram of main equipments, location and layout of Boiler, Turbine, Generator and their Auxiliaries Steam Cycle Theory Carnot Cycle, Rankine Cycle, with reference to a specific unit 500/250/210 MW, steam properties Combustion Theory Definition, combustion requirements, factor influencing combustion, composition of fuels, gross and net calorific value. Water Supply System: Soft Water, Circulated Water, Cooling Water, and D.M. Water. Coal Handling System Location and layout, main equipments and their functions, coal transportation, preparation, storage and reclamation, MGR systems, safety aspects, fire prevention and fire fighting in Coal Handling Plant. Ash Handling System Fly ash handling system, bottom ash disposal system, ash handling plant operation, ash handling pump, disposal of ash slurry, utilization of ash. Fuel Oil Systems Location and site selection, types of fuels oils used, main equipments and their functions, transportation, handling, storage, fuel oil preparation before firing. Fundamentals of Nuclear and Hydro Power generation

UNIT III (POWER PLANT DESCRIPTION BOILER) Description of Main Boiler Classification and types, arrangements of main boiler, fundamentals of boiler design, location of various pressure parts. Boiler Circulation Theory Water walls, boiling phenomena, nucleate, film boiling, natural / controlled / forced circulation. Construction Details of Super Heaters, Re-heaters, Economizers and De-super heaters. Steam Separation Theory Boiler Drum & its internals. Draught System: Theory of natural, induced, balance and forced draught, drought loss, stack effect. Pulverizes and Feeders Classification of mills, constructional features of bowl mill, pulverization of coal, factors affecting milling plant performance, coal feeders and its type.
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Fuel Firing Arrangements and Burners Corner, front and rear wall firing, Direct and indirect firing, details of coal and oil burners, burners tilting mechanism, atomization of fuel oil in oil burners and igniters. Circulating Water System Open / closed system, CW Pumps, Cooling Towers, CT Pumps, CT Fans. UNIT IV (POWER PLANT DISCRIPTION-STEAM TURBINES) Steam Turbines: Classification of Turbines, Metallurgical considerations, working principles, Description of main components i. e. Turbine casing, rotor, blades stream admission valves, couplings, bearing Turning Gear, Couplings, Glands and Glands Sealing System, Condensate System, Condensers, Condensate Pumps, Air Extraction etc Turbine Lubrication Oil System: Construction and working principles of main oil pumps, starting oil pumps, AC, DC oil pumps, Oil coolers Steam Condensation and Condensers: Film wide / drop wise condensation, direct / indirect condensation and vacuum creation Regenerative Feed Heating System: Working Principal and constructional details of L. P. Heaters, Deaerators, H.P. Heaters, GSC, Ejector. Coolers, Deaerators, Turbine Oil System Turbine Governing System: Types of Governing System, various components, systems and their functions, oil circuit for governing system, overall working of governing system with reference to load throw off, load raising, General, LMW Turbine, KWU Turbine, Automatic Turbine Run Up System (ATRS) Fire Resistant Fluid, comparisons Between 500MW& 250/210MW Turbines HP / LP Bypass System and PRDS HP / LP bypass circuit and its utility, various interlocks for operation, oil circuit in HP / LP by pass system, auxiliary PRDS circuit, pressure regulating system of PRDS circuit UNIT V (BOILER AND TURBINE AUXILIARIES) Power Station Pumps Classification of pumps, centrifugal pumps, and positive displacement pumps, Boiler Feed Pump, Function of BFP, Constructional details Various Fans and their salient features Construction details / lubricating oil system for PA Fan, FD Fan, ID Fan Air Pre-heaters Types and functions, constructional details, SCAPH, soot blowers

Furnace, Safeguard, Supervisory System (FSSS) Description of Field equipments (no C&I) Electrostatic Precipitator (ESP) Need of fly ash separation, working principle, corona effect, constructional details, rapping mechanism
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**ONSITE VISITS: Depending on the need, there shall be regular onsite visits to the Power Plant throughout the Semester on various topics taught. References 1. Thermal Engineering - R Yadav 2. Engineering Thermodynamics PK Nag 3. Fluid Mechanics Dr Rajput 4. Handbooks on Mechanical engineering(PHILIP, KIAMEH, ENGINEER , R.N, KLEMPNER, GEALF) 5. Boiler Operators Handbook - NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL FUEL EEFFICIENCY SERVICE LTD. 6. Efficient Boiler Operations Sourcebook(Payne, F. William) 7. Related NPTI Volumes
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SUBJECT 2 ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS AND INSTRUMENTATION (SUBJECT CODE-PD12) MAXIMUM MARKS: 200
UNIT I (BRIDGE COURSE) Growth of Power Industry after Independence Organizational Structure of Electricity industry structure in India, Electricity Generation , Consideration and Location of Large Thermal Power Plants, Station layout, Power sector Highlights & main Achievements Basic Electrical Science Electrical engineering materials, conductor, insulator, magnetic materials, resistive materials, Basic Quantities of Electricity V,I,P,Q,S, their measurements, Introduction to R-L-C elements Electromagnetism, Principles of AC and DC, DC Power Supply , single phase and three phase supply systems, Systems, series, parallel circuits, short and open circuits concepts, faradays law, Flemings left and right hand rule, star-delta connections Alternator (Only introduction) Basic generation action, D.C. and A.C. generator Principle, description, constructional details of Generators and their application in power plants AC Motors (Only introduction) Classification, Principle of AC Motors, Constructional features of AC motors, its application in power plants. Transformers (Only introduction) Working principle of Power Transformers, Type of Transformers efficiency and regulation, Distribution, power Transformer Switchyard Equipments (Only introduction) HT/ LT switchgears, their need, qualities, Bus Bars, Circuit Breakers, Types of circuit breakers, Isolators, Protective relays UNIT II (DISCRIPTION-GENERATOR) Generator Constructional Details: Basic principle of electricity generation, development of generator design, construction details of rotor, stator etc. Hydrogen Cooling System and Stator Water Cooling System: Different types of cooling arrangements for rotor and stator, selection and properties of coolant, air cooling, hydrogen

cooling, stator water cooling, H


2

charging / purging cycle.


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Hydrogen Seal Oil System: Details of the system, function and purpose of differential pressure regulator and pressure oil regulators, types of hydrogen seals and their constructional details. Generator Excitation System and AVR: Principles, simple arrangement of exciter and its field winding, classification of excitation system and exciter development, high frequency excitations system their merits and demerits, automatic voltage regulator and its control. Introduction to static excitation system & description performance of static excitation system, thyristor characteristics & its application in static excitation system, limiters in static excitation system, excitation transformer, Operational aspects of static excitation system, salient features of static excitation system Generator: Seal oil scheme, Hydrogen scheme, stator water cooling schemes, excitation arrangements, Protection of generators: different methods of protection UNIT III (DISCRIPTION- TRANSFORMERS AND OTHER ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS) Transformers: Working Principles, Various types of transformers used in a power station, constructional features of main transformer and accessories, Bucholtz relay and main protections, types of cooling, misfire and other fire protection systems. Motors: Fundamentals, constructional details of HT / LT motors, various motors used in Power Stations speed control methods HT-LT Supply System / DC Supply System: A typical layout of 6.6 kV, 3.3 kV and 415 kV supply system in TPS, DC supply system in a TPS. Auxiliary Power Supply: 6.6 KV Schemes 420 V Schemes, arrangement of breakers, buses, DC system, battery bank arrangement Switchyard: A typical layout of switchyard of a thermal power station, bus system, isolators, CTs, PTs, Earthing, Oil Circuit Breakers, Air Blast Circuit Breakers, SF6 Circuit Breakers, GT to feeder line arrangement, locating various transformers (GT, UAT, SAT, CTO, PTO), switchgears, isolators, earthing arrangement buses etc. UNIT IV (CONTROL AND INSTRUMENTATION) Concept and layout of Control and Instrumentation in Thermal Power Plant, Pressure Measurement and measuring instruments, Temperature measurement and measuring instruments ,Flow measurement and measuring instruments, Level Measurement and measuring Instruments, Practical demonstration on pressure and flow measurements, Practical demonstration on level temperature measurements, Protection and interlocks of Boiler, Turbine and their auxiliaries, Introduction to auto control, Auto control loops used in thermal
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power stations, Turbovisionory instrumentation Parameters limits, Basic concepts of measuring devices, Analytical Instrumentation for boiler Water, Steam, Flue Gas, H
2

/O
2

/CO
2

Introduction to MAX DNA, Introduction to new / latest technology in Control and Instrumentation in modern thermal power station UNIT V (INDUSTRY SAFETY) Accidents Causes & Factors, Cost of Accidents, Accident Prevention, Investigation of Accidents, Reporting and Recording Systems for Accidents First Aid Basics of First Aid, how injuries are caused in lifting, falls etc. Fire Fighting Fundamentals of Fire, Fire Fighting Equipments and Systems, Fire Extinguishing Methods, Demonstration of various Fires Industrial Safety & Hazards Industrial Hazards, Protective Clothing and Equipment, Safe Working Practices in Power Plant, Permit to work system, Safety in Movement and storage of Materials, House Keeping, Safety Rules. ** ONSITE VISITS: Depending on the need, there shall be regular onsite visits to the Power Plant throughout the Semester on various topics taught. References: 1. Related NPTI Volumes 2. Electrical Engineer s hand book D.F Warne ,Newnes publication 3. Design of Electrical Machines A.K Sawhney 4. Modern Power Station Practical /Station Planning And Design(Britiesh Electricity International London) 5. Transformer Handbook ABB 6. Switchgear Manual - Gremmel, Henning 7. Industrial Power Systems - Khan, Shoaib 8. Process/Industrial Instruments And Contral Handbook Mc Millan, Gregory K.
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SUBJECT 3: THERMAL POWER PLANT OPERATION (SUBJECT CODE-PD13) MAXIMUM MARKS: 200
UNIT I (POWER PLANT BRIEFING & TRACING-1) Scheme briefing in classroom: Boiler Drum connections, feed regenerating heating system, air and flue gas path. Classroom briefing on fuel oil system and milling system Classroom briefing on main stream, cold reheat, hot reheat lines, condensate & feed water lines, BFP, CW schemes. Classroom briefing on hydrogen cooling, stator water, seal oil, switchyard, GT, UAT, breakers, bus bars, 66 KV / 420 KV switchgears Scheme Tracing: Coal handling receiving points, stocking lines, weighing, sampling, screening, crushing, bunker filling, conveyors, tension arrangement for conveyors. Oil Handling: Unloading arrangements, oil tank mountings, oil pump house connections, tank heating and tracing heating, pipe line layout with provisions for expansion Boiler Feed Water Schemes: Feed control station arrangement, economizer connections, economizer re-circulation lines, boiler drum water wall connections, drain header, blow down

lines, CBD, IBD expanders, SH/RH attemperator station Air and Flue Gas Schemes: Location of FD, PA, Seal Air, IF Fans, Fan control devices, damper arrangements, primary air, secondary air and flue gas paths, Scanner air, seal air schemes, Wind box and burner arrangement, Fuel Schemes, Scheme of RC bunkers and RC feeders, coal mill connections, Light oil and atomizing air system, location of trip valves, control valves, nozzles valves, igniters, Heavy oil and atomizing steam system Water Treatment Plant Raw water tanks to DM water storage tanks, arrangement of Pr. Sand / Activated carbon filters, cat ion, anion, mixed beds, degasifying lines, provision for back cooling, regeneration, phosphate and hydrazine dozing scheme Ash Handling: Bottom Ash disposal, BAH (bottom ash hopper) arrangement, clinker grinder, HP/LP water injection, fly ash disposal arrangements, ash slurry pump house, slurry sumps, pump connections
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UNIT II (POWER PLANT BRIEFING & TRACING-2) Steam Schemes MS, CR & HRH lines up to turbine control valves including HP/LP by pass, location of safety valves, vents and drains, auxiliary PRDS schemes, auxiliary steam distribution, soot blowing steam lines Steam Extractions and Drains: Schemes of turbine extractions, FCNRVS, heater drain connections, HP/LP drips. Schemes for heating flanges and studs, Steam connections / condenser air line connections to ejectors, unit drain tank / flash tank connections Condensate and Feed Water Schemes: CEP connections, scheme of condensate flow, ejectors, gland steam coolers, LP heaters, de-aerator connections. Scheme of feed water flow, BFP connections, feed water connection to HP heaters, location of valves, interconnections, by pass arrangement for heaters Turbine Oil System: Turbine lube Oil schemes, lube Oil purification schemes, location of MOT & lube Oil pumps, oil coolers, cooling water connections CW System and Cooling Towers: locating moving screens, CW pumps, venting arrangements, valve locations, chlorination schemes UNIT III (Introduction to power plant operation) Introduction: Safety, Role of operation engineers, Unit operation, some general operating instructions, Shift routine Operation of boiler and auxiliaries: Line-up Boiler feed water system, Line-up Boiler water and steam system, Boiler filling, Draft system, Fuel firing system, Boiler purging and lighting up, Boiler loading, Normal shut down to coal, Auxiliary steam system, Routine Checks, Emergency operations, Boiler Feed Pump Operation , Introduction, Preparation for Start-up, BFP Start Up, Conditions for Tripping of Operating Feed Pump, Recommended Annunciations for each BFP & Auxiliaries Operation of LMW turbine a& auxiliaries:Line up, Starting of turbine from cold state, Rolling instructions, Loading the turbine, Warm and Hot start, Hot start, Planned shutdown, Important instructions during turbine running, Do s and Don ts during turbine running, Emergencies in turbine and auxiliaries , Governing System Operation, Salient Operational Points, Turbine start up with various Governing modes, Response of EHC to load rejection, Important Governing System Annunciations and Indications

Operation of KWU turbine & auxiliaries: Lineup, Cold start up, Loading the turbine, Start up after 48 hrs shut down, Start up after 8 hours shut down, Normal shut down of turbine,
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Emergency shutdown, Do s and Don ts for turbine operation, Operation of Turbine governing system UNIT IV (TURBO-GENERATOR OPERATIONS) Introduction, Components of Turbo Generator, Operation of Generator, Operational Limits of Turbo generator, Operational logic & Tripping Schedule, Class A and Class B Tripping, Operation of generator & auxiliaries: Lining up the system, Pre- Synchronizing checks, Steps for generator synchronizing, Routine operation and periodic checks, Operational limits of 210MW Generator, Emergency operation, Operation of generator cooling system, stator and hydrogen cooling, Operation of Generator excitation system AVR Operation of auxiliaries Availability of electrical supply to the equipment, source feeder of each equipment points of isolation of the equipment, locking during isolation, permit to work system, Boiler pre light up checks, Meaning of light up, shut down, tripping, starting etc., No pending permits, local checks, Operation of service auxiliaries, cooling water pump, compressors, auxiliary steam, fuel oil pump, Operation of air-pre heater and ID fan, Rechecks, flow path line up, permissive interlocks, Operation of FD & PA Fans, pre checks, flow path line up, permissive, interlocks, Mill operation, pre checks, flow path line up, permissive, interlocks, FSSS, Secondary air, burner tilt, fuel and air control, Drum level control, Super Heater, ReHeater, temperature control and their interlocks, Operation of turbine lubricating system and barring gear, Operation of condensate and feed water system, BFP, Heaters CEP, HP/LP Bypass operation and turbine heating, Turbine rolling and synchronization UNIT V (Integrated operation of unit) Unit loading and shut down sequence, Operational difference between cold start up, warm start up and hot start up, Power plant emergencies (Boiler, Turbine and Generator) **ONSITE VISITS: Depending on the need, there shall be regular onsite visits to the Power Plant throughout the Semester on various topics taught. References: 1. Power Plant Performance Monitoring - Gay, Rodney R. 2. Efficient Boiler Operations Sourcebook - Payne, F. William 3. NPTI Related Volumes 4. Maintenance Planning, Scheduling, Coordination- Nyman, Don 5. Standard Boiler Operation Questions And Answers - Elonka,, Stephan M
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SUBJECT 4: AUDIO VISUAL TRAINING (SUBJECT CODE-PD14) MAXIMUM MARKS: 100


Below is the list of CBT (computer based training) presentations which are knowledge rich and students are expected to study each CBT carefully during the allotted time .At the end of semester, there will be a 100 marks theory paper on CBTs

COMBUSTION SYSTEM IN BOILER BOILER DRUM & DRUM INTERNALS DE-SUPERHEATER AIR HEATER FUEL HANDLING SYSTEM CFB STEAM WATER CYCLE STEAM TURBINE CONSTRUCTION TURBINE GOVERNING SYSTEM REGENERATIVE FEED HEATING SYSTEM TURBINE VACCUM SYSTEM HP LP BYPASS SYSTEM TURBINE LUBRICATING OIL SYSTEM PID WORKING PRICIPLE OF GENERATOR AND ELECTRICAL SYSTEM GENERATOR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS GEN EXCITATION SYSTEM GENERATOR SEAL OIL SYSTEM GENERATOR COOLING SYSTEM POWER STATION FANS POWER PLANT MOTORS COAL MILLS & MILLING SYSTEM ESP TURBINE & COOLING WATER SYSTEM COMPRESSED AIR WATER TREATMENT & FIRE PREVENTION COUPLING FOR POWER TRANSMISSION PUMPS USED IN POWER STATION BFPUMP JINDAL INSTITUTE OF POWER TECHNOLOGY (JIPT)
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VALVE COMBINED CYCLE GAS TURBINE GAS TURBINE HYDRO GENERATOR CONSTRUCTION MAINTENANCE OF P T HYDRO TURBINE EXE

POWER TRANSFORMER CONDITION MONITORING OF POWER TRANSFORMER POWER STATION SWITCHGEAR SWITCHGEAR MAINTENANCE SUB STATION MAINTENANCE TRFR DRYING EXC CABLE AND CABLE JOINTING MOTOR AND MOTOR MAINTENANCE BATTERY & BATTERY MAINTENANCE RENEWABLE ENERGY ELECTRICAL SAFETY COAL TO ELCTRICITY CBT-MANUAL JINDAL INSTITUTE OF POWER TECHNOLOGY (JIPT)
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SUBJECT 5: ON JOB OPERATIONS TRAINING (SUBJECT CODE-PD15) MAXIMUM MARKS: 250


After completion of theory sessions, there will be Scheme tracing followed by on job operations training. In this module, students will be sent in plant to trace the actual schemes of plant processes and study them in depth. After completion of scheme tracing they will be deployed in plant (under the supervision of plant faculty) to get hands on experience in the actual operation of individual plant equipments. Boilers and Aux Burner floor Fuel oil systems Turbine & Aux services Turbine floor Boiler feed pump Condensate pump Coal handling plant Water treatment plant

FSSS Boiler operations (CCR) Turbine Operations (CCR) Generator operations (CCR) 6.6kv/415 Volt/DC Batteries Seal oil & H2 cooling system Integrated unit operations Switchyard Fire fighting station
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SUBJECT 6: TERM PAPER AND SEMINAR (SUBJECT CODE-PD16) MAXIMUM MARKS: 50 Term paper: Every trainee will be required to write a term paper in the form of technical report based on the observations and experiences gathered during the onsite visits, on job training as well as the theory classes conducted during the semester. The term paper neatly typed and loose bound will be submitted by each trainee. The Power point presentation will be given by respective trainees in the presence of colleagues before the panel of judges for the assessment.
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Post Diploma Program in Thermal Power Plant Technology SYLLABUS - SEMESTER 2


SUBJECT 1 BASICS OF POWER PLANT ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT (SUBJECT CODE-PD21) MAXIMUM MARKS: 200
UNIT I (POWER PLANT CHEMISTRY & ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT)

Chemical control and treatment of Boiler feed water and steam, Cooling water treatment, Classification of coal & oil, their sampling and analysis, deposition in Boiler, Energy and ecology definition of eco system, effect of energy on ecology and concept of green house effect, Legislation and standards for noise air and water pollution and rehabilitation policy, Water pollution due to thermal power station, Water pollutant and their effect on eco-system, waste treatment, zero discharge concept, Air Pollution caused by coal and oil at source and due to combustion of coal and oil, stack emission, ESP, etc. Environmental impact, assessment and environment audit, Introduction to Ecology and Environment ,Types of Pollution ,Effects of pollution ,Air Pollution and Control Methods, Water Pollution and Control Methods, Solid Wastes and Removal, Environmental Legislation and Standards, Environmental Audit, Environmental Impact Assessment UNIT II (POWER SYSTEM MANAGEMENT) Load management in power sector, Introduction to power System Planning, Power scenario in India Load Forecasting Generation Scheduling and Economic Load dispatch Grid Management SCADA and energy Management System, VAR management Flattening of Load Curve, System Stability and load Frequency control, HVDC and Back to Back System, Grid Collapse and restoration, tariff, Availability Based tariff UNIT III (ENERGY AUDIT AND DSM) Energy Scenario & Conservation An integrated optimal strategy for reduction of T&D Losses, Loss Reduction in primary and Secondary Distribution System and Capacitors, Energy
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Management - Role of Energy Managers, Energy Audit ( Part-I), Energy Audit ( Part-II), Metering Theft of Energy & Energy Audit, Earthing Practices Standards for lines, Substation, DTR structures, Consumers premises -etc. High Voltage Distribution System Single Phase H.T. Distribution System, Three Phase H.V.D.C. Modernization of distribution system Advent of PMRs, Sectionalizes, SSCBs and AVBs etc. Auto enclosures & Sectionalizes Capacitor Applications, Auto Voltage Boosters UNIT IV (COMPUTER APPRECIATION) Introduction to personal computers with reference to its operating systems and devices, emerging trends in information technology, Introduction to MS-DOS and Hands on Practice on DOS, Introduction to Microsoft word, excel, power point and Hands on practice on M.S. Office Introduction to AUTOCAD Introduction to internet service, Introduction to Hardware & Networking UNIT V I.T initiatives in Electricity Distribution System IT in Distribution Sector ,SCADA & TCMS, Micro Controllers, Intelligent DTRs ,Distribution Automation ,MBC ,CAT,PMRS,TIMS & MIMS ,GIS & GPS, Web Enabled Services Role of computers in Management Information System, **ONSITE VISITS: Depending on the need, there shall be regular onsite visits to the Power Plant throughout the Semester on various topics taught. References:
1. IEEE gold book . Power systems reliebitity 2. Power Plant Construction Management Hessler, Peter G 3. Management Of Strategy -Hitt, Michael 4. Project management Cleland, David I.

5. Environmental Management: A Guide For Facility Managers (Upword Publishing) -Clarke 6. Energy, Environment and Development -B.S. Reddy

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SUBJECT 2 THERMAL POWER PLANT MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION (SUBJECT CODE-PD22) MAXIMUM MARKS: 200
UNIT I (Maintenance Planning) Aims and objective of maintenance efficient service, high plant availability, maintenance and planning engineer s duties, Integration of maintenance with operational requirements, plant reliability, plant outages and daily work programs, Preventive maintenance of running units, Planning of major plant overhauls during shutdowns UNIT II (Maintenance, Practice & Inspection BOILER AND TURBINE) Checking of boiler tubes for external damage due to erosion or cutting, Method to overcome for example, Strengthening of tubes in the flow channels, Hydraulic test, allowable rate of pressure drop, Checking of welds and pin holes, External cleaning of boiler surface and water, Use of sky climber, Measurement of tube wall thickness, Different types of tube failures, creep over-heating, Checking of flue gas path for direct corrosion or erosion and leakage, checking of isolating and regulating dampers for leakage, proper alignment leak adjustment for multiouver dampers both under cold and hot operation conditions. Boiler bottom air seal, proper and free movement and expansion of boiler setting when hot. Normal water level and flow in bottom seal UNIT III (Maintenance Planning, Practice & Inspection -MECHANICAL SYSTEMS) PA, ID & FD fan check for inlet dampers, bearing alignment, vibration both radial and axial shift of magnetic centre of motor and rotor, fan blade conditions mode of repairs, hard facing, Checking of boiler mountings and their adjustments (a) Gauges glasses, (b) Safety valves, their checking and settings of safety valves for blow down and dropping Checking the burner nozzle for burnout and reasons for the same and its metallurgy, Check the flow distribution in burners adjustment of orifices or valves check the burner flow direction and its adjustment, checking of burner chamber, dampers breakage of links and proper gauge operation, Check the rollers or ball wear of coal mill as also bull ring segment wear, Keeping records of capacity and hour of operation, Trouble shooting causes and
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remedies, Soot Blowers Maintenance / Trouble shooting causes and remedies, Safety valve maintenance and its floating procedures, Trouble shooting / causes and remedies,Adjustment and prevention of dust accumulation in the seal chamber, Maintenance and inspection of oil system turbine oil coolers, maintenance of condensate side and steam side tubes, Condenser tube maintenance, off load and on load tube cleaning procedure UNIT IV (Maintenance Planning, Practice & Inspection-GENERATOR) Generator Maintenance: stator checking of overhang winding, clamp and shields, loss wedges and overheating, Rotor checking of shaft earthing arrangement, hydrogen seal and

leakages (purge test) loss wedges, end ring for cracks, overheating, Insulation resistance and winding resistance, Transformer maintenance insulation testing drying out routine maintenance Motor Insulation checking, terminal checking, phasing out, motor drying, Cable jointing, material and techniques, Testing , Commissioning , Operation & Maintenance of EHV Transformers ,Circuit Breakers ,General Construction of Cables Installation , Commissioning & Maintenance of Station Batteries Electrical Generator Introduction, need for Maintenance, Basic concept of Maintenance, Causes of Failure, Electrical Safety Aspect, Factors Affecting the life of a transformer, Introduction, Various factors involved, New Insulating Oil Characteristics, Recommended Oil characteristics in use, Maintenance Planning, Practice & Inspection-TRANSFORMER Maintenance Procedures of Transformer, Purpose, Maintenance procedures for various components, Maintenance schedule, Dos and Don ts for Power Transformer, Maintenance Testing of Transformer, Purpose, Testing of various components or parameters of transformer, Summary for Re- energisation of Transformer, Primary Checking, Core Coil Assembly Checking, Auxiliary and Protective Circuit Checking, Procedure for re- energisation Condition monitoring of power transformers Condition based Maintenance, An overview of Maintenance Strategy, Reliability Centered Maintenance, Failure Analysis and Reliability Assessment, Maintainability, Availability, Conclusion, Condition Monitoring of Power Transformer, Introduction, Various Test for Condition Monitoring, Dissolved Gas Analysis (DGA) and Case Study, Furfural Analysis and Case Study, Frequency Response Analysis (FRA) and Case Study, Partial Discharge (PD) Detection and Testing and Case Study, Infra-red Thermo Vision Scanning, Recovery Voltage Measurements and Case Study
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UNIT V (Maintenance Planning, Practice & Inspection-ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS) Relay maintenance Basic of protective Relaying, Relay Terminology, Relay Classification, Construction & Principle of different types of relays, Relay Inspection, Testing and Maintenance, Fault discrimination methods & Relay setting, Technological comparison of Relays O & M of EHV Sub Stations Electrical Substations, Introduction to substations, types of substations, Substation and main equipments, Bus Bars, Transformers, Circuit Breakers ,Instrument Transformers, Isolators, Surge Arrestor, Insulators, Carrier Equipment, Lime compensating devices (Shunt reactors & capacitors),Choice of air clearance, Bus bar arrangements, General arrangement of 220Kv switchyard, Protection system, Substation auxiliary facilities, Substation civil design, Electrical auxiliaries for EHV substations, SAT-Net battery maintenance General, Storage Battery, Types of storage batteries, How the lead acid Battery works, Status or modern Lead-acid Storage Battery, Classification and Construction of Lead-Acid Storage batteries, Classification, Construction parts of Lead Acid storage battery, Types of lead acid storage battery, Typical manufactures instruction, Unpacking, Care of Materials, Preparation of Electrolyte, Acid, Clean boxes, Assemble Plants in cells, First Charge, Pilot cells, Operation Chargers, Introduction, Chargers, Rectifier, Filters, Blocker Diodes, D.C. output variation, Mode of operations, Protections, Capacity Calculation, Charges Characteristics, Battery Maintenance, Introduction, General Guidelines, Caution, Tools and Tackle, Consumable,

Spares, Precaution and protective clothing, Care and maintenance of batteries, Common Faults, Faults in a Lead-acid Cell And their remedies, Remedial Action for cracked battery, Assessment of Service ability of Lead acid battery, Life of Lead acid battery **ONSITE VISITS: Depending on the need, there shall be regular onsite visits to the Power Plant throughout the Semester on various topics taught. Reference:
1. Modern power station practical station opration and maintenance - Britiesh electricity international london 2. IEEE yellow book. Maintenance, and safty of industrial and commercial power system 3. Testing commissioning & operation maintenance of electrical equipments - Rao S 4. Electrical power equipment maintenance and testing - Gill,Paul 5. Maintenance planning, scheduling, coordination - Nyman, Don

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SUBJECT 3 EFFICIENCY, PERFORMANCE &ADVANCED POWER PLANT TECHNOLOGY (SUBJECT CODE-PD23) MAXIMUM MARKS: 200
UNIT I (Power Plant Performance & Efficiency Calculations) Introduction, Need for performance monitoring, objective, controllable and uncontrollable factors, basic requirements, Factors influencing performance of boilers and optimization Fuel properties, excess air, fines of P.F. etc Performance Monitoring of Boiler Auxiliaries pulverisers, factors, sampling of pulverized coal, classifier adjustments, mill rejects, causes and remedies Air Heaters effect of AH outlet temperature, performance tests Fans Performance, curves, optimum operating point Boiler efficiency calculation Direct method, calculation, limitations in adopting direct method, Losses method, other standard method Factors influencing performance of turbine Steam pressure, temperature and back pressure, cylinder efficiency, deposits on turbine blades, blade roughness, effect of loading, Turbine Losses. Factors affecting performance of condenser and feed heater TTD, CW inlet, temperature, CW flow, heat transfer across tubes Heaters air accumulation, steam side / water side fouling drainage, effect of attemperation in reheaters Heat balancing, Turbine heat rate calculations Method, parameters required. Control - Nuclear and Hydro Power generation, Fuel Cells UNIT II (Power Plant Protection) Introduction Terminology, Requirements of protective system, Historical developments Protective Relays Types and their applications, construction, maintenance requirements, setting and testing, Methods of system earthing and their effect on fault conditions, Lighting / surge arrestors Instrument transformers
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General Protection Neutral earthing, stator and rotor earth faults, sustained external faults,

instability, protective systems used above. Transformer Protection Various transformer protections, protective systems for generator, Transformers, UATs & STs Motors Faults and protection systems Automatic voltage regulators Requirements, types and functions, electromechanical, electronic amplifiers and magnetic amplifier regulators, applications, construction, maintenance and testing Busbar Protection Continuity of supply, Discrimination, Circulating current systems, special features relating to different voltage systems Feeder Protection Continuity of supply discrimination, outline of protection systems Pilot wire, carrier current, distance protection, PLCC Telemetry Communication UNIT III (ADVANCE TECHNOLOGIES) Advanced Turbine & its Auxiliaries protection Advanced Boiler & Its Auxiliaries protection Control valves selection and sizing Classification of Valves, Control valve selection and application, Control valve flow coefficient, other methods for valve sizing, Plugs and their characteristics, Valve installation, Control valve inspection procedure Noise in control valves Optimization of auxiliary power consumption Scope, variable speed drives, operation of unnecessary running auxiliaries, Logging and recording Scope of logging and recording, use of DAS / DDC in performance monitoring Distributed digital control Data Acquisition Using Fiber Optics, Data Acquisition System Description, IEEE Std 1046-1991 Description, Scope and Purpose, Terminology and Definitions, Objectives of Distributed Control and Monitoring Systems ,System Application Issues, Data Communications Structure, Network Architectural View, Distributed Digital Control System, Abstract, Automation, Definition, Automation Benefits, Benefits of Pro control Partitioning, Main Design Concepts, Process
JINDAL INSTITUTE OF POWER TECHNOLOGY (JIPT)
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Data acquisition system Introduction, General Overview, The Sensor, Signal Conditioning, Data Acquisition, Sensors, Piezoelectric Sensors, Force Sensing Resistors, Signal Conditioning, Requirements for A-D Converters, Additional Requirements for Signal Conditioning, Amplifiers, Example: Piezoelectric Sensors, Current to Voltage, Motion, Circuits, Resistance to Voltage, Motion, Circuits, Capacitance to Voltage, Motion, Data Acquisition, Solutions, Sample and Hold, Problems with a Sample and Hold, Solutions, Analog to Digital Conversion, Problem: Noise, Solution: Maximize the Input Signal, Ethernet DAS, Digital EDAS Overview, Digital EDAS Features & Benefits, Industrial EDAS Features & Benefits, High-Speed Remote Systems UNIT V (FBC, CFBC & Introduction to Supercritical Technology) Historical development, Basics of fluidization and its principle, Classification of FBC boiler, Bubbling, Circulating fluidized bed boiler, Operation & Maintenance of FBC Boiler, Efficiency and Performance of Boiler, Basics & Historical Development of supercritical technology, Advantage of supercritical technology, Supercritical Boilers & Turbine, Construction details of boiler & Turbine, Efficiency & Performance of the supercritical Power plant, Water chemistry

for supercritical Boiler UNIT V (Metallurgy, NDT and Welding) Introduction to Metallurgy and its relevance in power industry crystal structure space lattices crystal lattice imperfections crystal structure under stress. Elastic and Plastic deformations strain hardening and fracture Mechanical properties of materials Testing of materials, Heat treatment and surface hardening of steel - failure mechanism typical such situations in a power plant Material selection of Design, Material requirement, specification and relevant standards for boiler, turbine, generator components Piping and Valves: Appreciation of component, fabrication metal forming, casting forging, pipe bending, tube manufacture, Defect analysis and life assessment, Low temperature behavior high temperature behavior defect assessment of solidification crack austenite stainless steel welds, Cracking in Cr. MOV weldment etc. Thermal fatigue - various tests defects assessment route and calculation of damage remaining life assessment beyond design life of boilers, turbine rotors, generator rotors etc. Introduction to welding and types of welding, Description of welding methods generally used in thermal power station, Welding machines, types of electrodes, precautions during welding process, welding defects, Purpose of NDT and types of defects covered by NDT, NDT Methods used in power station Principle, equipments, utilization, merits and de-merits
JINDAL INSTITUTE OF POWER TECHNOLOGY (JIPT)
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**ONSITE VISITS: Depending on the need, there shall be regular onsite visits to the Power Plant throughout the Semester on various topics taught. References:
1. Instrument engineers' handbook : Process contral- Liptac 2. Plant engineers and managers guide to energy conservation Tthumann, Albert 3. How to maximize profits from sale of surplus power (captive & renewable) Ippai 4. Sf6 and vacuum insulation of high voltages applications - Naidu, MS 5. Applied reliability centered maintenance August Jim 6. Related npti publications 7. Welding principles and applications, 5th ed. (Thomson) Jeffus

JINDAL INSTITUTE OF POWER TECHNOLOGY (JIPT)


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SUBJECT 4 SIMULATOR TRAINING (SUBJECT CODE-PD24) MAXIMUM MARKS: 150


Routine Power plant start up/Shut down, operations, cold/warm/hot start-ups, load changes, handling plant emergencies and engineering analysis along with functional and maintenance aspects of power plant equipments will be covered in simulator training throughout the semester. At the end of semester; students will be evaluated on the basis of theory paper and Viva Vice.
JINDAL INSTITUTE OF POWER TECHNOLOGY (JIPT)
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SUBJECT 5

ON JOB MAINTENANCE TRAINING (SUBJECT CODE-PD25) MAXIMUM MARKS: 150


After completion of theory sessions, there will be on job maintenance training. In this module, students will be sent in plant to under the supervision of plant faculty to get hands on experience in the actual maintenance of individual plant equipments. Following different locations will be covered: Boilers and Aux Burner floor Fuel oil systems Turbine & Aux services Turbine floor Boiler feed pump Condensate pump Coal handling plant Water treatment plant FSSS Boiler operations (CCR) Turbine Operations (CCR) Generator operations (CCR) 6.6kv/415 Volt/DC Batteries Seal oil & H2 cooling system Integrated unit operations Switchyard Fire fighting station
JINDAL INSTITUTE OF POWER TECHNOLOGY (JIPT)
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SUBJECT 6 PROJECT REPORT (SUBJECT CODE-PD26)

MAXIMUM MARKS: 100


Each Trainee will be required to carry out a project work in the form of live problem identification, its analysis, synthesis and recommendations in the form of conclusions. The project work will be carried out under the guidance of faculty from or outside the institute. The final outcome of the project work shall be submitted by the trainee in the form of project report. Report should be submitted within due date in the prescribed format neatly typed and spiral bound. The evaluation of the project work will be on the basis of quality of project report in terms of its contents, research and presentation.
JINDAL INSTITUTE OF POWER TECHNOLOGY (JIPT)
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ATTENDANCE
1. Attendance: Minimum 75% attendance is must for being eligible to appear in semester examinations 2. Candidates with poor performance in sessional examinations(continuous assessment) may not be allowed to appear in the end semester examinations & may have to take fresh admission in the next batch

EXAMINATION AND EVALUATION


1. The trainee will be evaluated continuously during the period of training in the form of class test/sessional exams and Viva Vice. 2. There shall be end semester examination as per the schedule 3. Based on the attendance/sessional exam criteria, the candidate declared ineligible for appearing the end semester examination will not be allowed to appear the in end semester examination.

ELIGIBILITY OF PASSING AND GRADES FOR PG/PD COURSES


1. Minimum passing marks in theory will be 40%, in sessional 60% and viva-vice will be 50%. 2. In case a trainee gets less than 60% marks the sessional examination, she/he will not be eligible to appear in the end semester examination. 3. Minimum passing percentage in total will be 50% in each subject. 4. A maximum of 5 (Five) grace marks per semester will be given for passing of theory/practical/Viva vice to the best advantage of the student .These grace marks will not be added anywhere in the mark sheet, however mention will be made in the mark sheet that candidate has passed with the grace marks. 5. If a candidate fails in the semester examination, either in theory or in practical s or due to deficiency in overall passing percentage, he/she will have to re-appear in the corresponding paper/practical examination in the forthcoming/next semester examination. 6. The division shall be awarded as follows: a. Candidates securing marks between 50.00 64.99% will be awarded second division

b. Candidates securing marks between 65.00 74.99% will be awarded first division c. Candidates securing marks above 75% will be awarded first division with honors.
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PROMOTION TO THE NEXT HIGHER SEMESTER 1. Candidate failing in more than two theory OR practical s will not be promoted in the higher semester. 2. Maximum of 2 more attempts will be given to unsuccessful candidates to pass the examinations. GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS 1. The students admitted to the institute will be governed by the conduct and discipline of the institute as laid down from time to time 2. Students are answerable to the Director/Principal of the institute for their conduct in public and at the institute 3. Student should be punctual and regular in taking classes during the academic session 4. Continuous absence of student for more than 7 days without prior permission may lead to cancellation of admission from the institute. 5. Each student will be required to carry his/her identity card in Institute and plant premises. 6. Use of mobile phone in classrooms and Plant workshops is strictly prohibited. 7. Alcohol consumption, smoking and chewing of tobacco are strictly prohibited in Institute, plant and hostel premises. 8. Any student found using absurd websites/pornography in the computer lab will be immediately expelled from the course. 9. Breakage, damage and theft of any items belonging to the institute will be recovered from the person responsible for it. 10. Management decision will be final and binding on the students in all matters pertaining to the institute .Management holds the rights to amend the rules from time to time and the same will be applicable to all the students. 11. Safety is of prime importance for Jindal group so every individual should follow safety rules in plant premises. 12. Students should not indulge in any antinational, antigovernment, anti - institute and anti social activities. Students should behave in an orderly, disciplined and decent, manner in the institute, plant premises and hostel.