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1922 SIXPENCE Irish Gardening .JANUARY.

. Dishorning Calves. 33. Prevention of \\'hiic ibcour in Calvei. The Home Bottling of Fruit. FREE OP CBAEOB and post free. B. 87. Out of Print I Farmers and Income Tax. Potato Culture on Small Farms. and Shelter-Belt and Fowl Cholera. of Permanent Pasture Grasses. 45. Home . of or Dairy Cowa. Parasites of the Sheep. 26. The Rearing and Management Chickens. The Leather-Jacket Grub. 73. Foul Brood or Bee Pest. 84. 21. Contagious Abortion' iB Cattle. Curing of Bacon. 60. .— Ouf of Print. . 23. Cultivation of Main Crop Potatoes. Prevention : of Tuberculosis in Cattle. Black Scab in Potatoes. Milk Records. Breeding and Feeding <)f Pigs. Marketing of Fruit. 15.. 97. Management. The Warble Fly. 69. 42. The Management " Redwater " Cattle. Prevention of Potato Blight.oold be marked "FubUcatloni. ! 21. 17. 41. Cultivation of the Root Crop. Black Quarter. 89. 27. 33. Preservation of 71. Department of Agriculture and Technical Instruction for Ireland LIST No.20. Home Butlermaking. . Ensilage. 38. Profitable Breeds of Poultry.. 7. 11. 6. 61. 85. Forestry Thie Planting of Waste Lands. The Black Currant Mite. Ringworm on Haymaking. 10. 76. and Efjcs . 44. Packing Eggs Weeds: for Hatching. 19.• Hedgerow Timber. Dirty Milk. 95. 94. Coplei of th« »bove Leafleta can h* obtalBcd. Forestry Planting. Catch-Crops. The Advantaijes of Early Ploughing." . " Blood-Murrain " in Varieties oi Fruit Suitable for Cultivation in Ireland. 46. Calf Rearing. .' Field Experiments— Barley. Barley Threi'hing. of 53. 36. Sprouting Siied Potatoes. 65. Management of 29. Rearing and Fattening of Turkeys. 18-17. Portable Poultry Houses. Wireworni8. 99. Store Cattle or Butter. 24. "Husk" or " Hoose" Cattle. 22. Gate. on appticatloa to the Secretary. 68. American Gooseberry Mildew. 16. 19. 03. Out of Print. 1. Winter Fattening of G^tle. and Winter Egg Production. 59. 1 57. 35. Bacon. or Blue Quarter. 25. Timothy Meaclowg. 93. I 1 No. 88. Fluke in Sheep.. Care and Treatment of Premium Bulls. 74. Out of Print. „ . Basic Slag. 43. Poultry Fattening. Seaweed as Manure. 82. 48.. Scour and Wasting in Young Cattle. 66. tippet Merdon BtrMt. Some Common Barley Sowing. „ Turnips. SPECIAL LEAFLETS No. Blackleg. The Construction Out of Print. 49. 47. The Use and Purchase Swine Fever. Out The of Print.. of Manurea. 98. Out of FrinLField Experiments— Wheat. Forestry The Proper Method of Planting Forest Trees. Home Preservation of Eggs. . 32. 4. 67. 40. Early Potato Growing. Poultry Parasites— Pleas. Mites. of a Cowhouse. 78. 77. 12. Palm Nut Cake and Meal. 96. of Vegetables. OF THE DEPARTMENT'S LEAFLETS No. Diseases of Poultry :— Gapes. 79. Flax Seed. fLice.— Out of Print. The Cultivation of Small Fruits. „ 1-11. 92. Potatoes. 84. 56. i Tuberculosis In Poultry. 90. . Marketing of Wild Fruits. Celery Leaf-Spot Disease or Blight. Charlock (or Preahaugh) Spraying. Some Injurious Orchard Insects. The Turnip Fly. Out of Print. SO. 9. LatUn of Application lo addrtited nead not be stamped. Treatment of Allotments for tlie Growing 18. „ . I .. 12. 60. The Planting and Hedges. 31. 52. Liquid Manure. The Liming of Land. Out of Print.. 83. 81. a. . Sheep Scab. EnTelapei tl. The Apple. Mangels. Itfeadow Hey. 58. 86. Cultivation of Osiers. 62. 75. Dablln. 91. 04. Out of Print : : 20. The Constnifltion of Piggeries. 14. 72. Out of Prin^. 22. 55. 18. 80. 54. Testing of Karm Seeds. 13. Out of Print. Flax Growing Experiments. DepartmeDt ot AgHcDltare and Technical Initrnctioii for Ireland. . Digging and Storing Potatoea.' in Calves. The Use and Purchase Foot Rot in Sheep.... 39. Feeding fBtuUi.. 51. 37. 3. 8.

CO. ERST HANI. E. Seedsinrn. 10. &c. DUBLIN LISSE. on Gooseberry Trees. and or write for price RICHARD SANKEY & SON. List— FREE Bulwell. very beautiful Line. f. Fiorisls.000 2. Mussel Scale. from Of aU XuisPi'ymci}. SMYTH. . and this We purpose- IRISH PHOTO St. For Red Spi . ouliic feet.h. followed by Good and Plei itiful Crops. Makers: — 50 Middle Abbey Dublin. ROCK. DALf'EY. Nottingham CHRYSANTHEMUMS NOW READY free Pos/ on application To SEED W. quotation. Im^M W. FLOWER \ND BOG GARDENS J. 4/6.ler. Pesticide. DESIGNS & LAYS OUT L WNS & PLEASURE GROUNDS. Ltd. dbc. at moderate prices. sorts of Dutch Bulbs and Flower Roots in excellent quality.l other Fruit Trees. CONSTRUCTS rilRGOLAS & PLANTS WATER. eacli- Obtained of all principal Seedsmen and Florists.r. Used by :i the leading Sweet Pea growers as a pnv jntive and cure of 1 — Streal. Gladiolus. M. Dai-lington BURNS ON TMt CROOND.000 cubic feet (fur vender foUagpd Plants). LONDON. Doncaster KEITH.. . LUXFORD & CO. THE BEST AND ALL HAND MADE SHEERING NURSERIES ESSEX CHEAPEST Ai'lisiic have Fern Pans and Bulb Bowls and SUes " Carriihjf- WELLS' CATALOGUE OF 5M(fi QitantUics Paid" required. Holland and other LITTL E'S Fruit Tree Begonias. NO APPARATUS REqaine:0 & Sons.iii-. or from direct MORRIS. . 1/. post free. White Fly and all Pests infesting Plants under The more you Colour bloclcs for illustrate the produce better the results. LITTLE THEY ARE & SON. Spi lying Fluids All Assure the Progressive Fr uit Grower of Clean Healthy Trees in Branch.s. WELLS & COMPANY Wl MERCHANTS there is one kind of advertising which lends itself more than any other to artistic resultproducing illustration it is the advertising of Seeds. Ltd. Veic McM. In boxes to fumigate 1. &c. lU.— For Blight.500 cubic feet. late riper. 6/' Tlass. Ltd. huyzen van Zanten Wholesale Bulb Grower MOUNT HENRY. Antlpest. Black Spot. CHRYSANTHEMUMS General in/alogues of varieties ix'W all the leading ready.OOO cubic feet (fc r ordin1 /9 ary Plants). Royal Potteries.. SURREY TF >0T0 SHRfo^. HARLOW. T wig and Bud. on Apple an. Tone. AUTO'SHREDS f<3 Is CEUTAIN DEATH to Leafmining Maggots.- Miscellaneous RICHARD C.Stuff a Speciality. Prices will griadly be sent on application. Section.8 HACKNEY.

Greenliouse. Cherries.. Appljj for !ist Have You a Garden sow ? G. Awarded 56 Gold Medals. choioe iic'inifd varieties in strong ground roots. While Pearl and the hybrids. mollis. mollis x cliinensi>. Holland BEGONIAS ing- t/- per%acke" DRUMMOND'S CELEBRATED For Exhibition. all in 'he very best varieties. pi. Vegetable & Flower Seeds DELPHINIUMS SEEDS and PLANTS Aioarded over i. S. Vines. 20/-. Gooseberries.aith valuable Cultural delails. Alice Corona -Pink Pearl.E. Michael- mas Daisies.H S. & 58 Dawson Street. 40 /-and 50/.I 3 Rhod. Jones' Catalogue etc. Nurseries Boskoop. Gladioli. &c. Rooted Apples. . Delphiniums.ue free. ManglBaskets. iVo. riisi. Montbretias. Gold Medal Michaelmas Daisies.ilos. Cyclamen. Figs. Polyanthus. stamp I Laxton Brothers. post free for 2d. Other Specialities — W. 57 Carnations. Bedford iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii'iii'itHiiirT ~iiiiiniiiiiiiuiiMiuiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiitiiiMiiiMiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiHiiiMiiKnniiiiiiiiniiiiihiirniiiMiiiiiiiiHiiiiiii(iiiiiiiiii[iiiiiiiiiiitMiiii H. " Aucklanai x hybrids 2d and 3d degree.: Britannia (award of merit R. vcr\' best varietic.per doz. Drummond &Sons. fl." Flowers Gloxinia and Pink Pearl shape. :: Raspberries :: :: :: New fully llustrated and Descriptive Cata- logue Gratis. Illustrated Cat. Nuts. Van Nes Sc Sons.\'mj ENGLANDNew Rhododendrons — of Gold Medal Chrysanthemums. Pears. DUBLIN BLACKMORE and LANGDON. Ltd.2i>. Violets. Peaches. Currants. 4. Apricots. J. Gold Medal Phlox. Daphne Millais Lady GwendoUiu Brodiick Princess Juliana Queen Wilbelmina Ryecroft Nurseries.\ds Well Trained Plums. 30/-. SENT POST FREE FOR Id. STAMP. Pamphlet -. "HARDY IN VAN NES'S Geoffrey Millais General Cavendish King George. B.in Azalea arborescens Caleuilulacea Amoena hatsugiri nudiOora hinodegiri Vaseyi hinomanyo Viscosa yodogawa hardy Ghent?. Blue Primrose. 25/-. Bedding-.i>niiiiiHiitHniMiiiMiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiinniiiiiiiniiHii>iiiiM)iiiii''iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniHiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiMii iini ' LAXTON'S Fruit MANY NEW Many Beautifully Trees KRUITS FOR 1922 of Thousa. etc. Gloxinias. viz.26. Lewisham. Prices moderate for excellent stock. BATH J . London. Nectarines.ooo First Prizes since 1900 from our unsui-passed Gold Medal Collection.

" should send Write to3d. 5 -. CORK. .28 U. an encellent stiumlant . 32/-: . -^ Busy Housewives turn to the Household Page and most original hints on cookery and home management. SOLE MAKERS '. 4 Abbey Square. 12 finest 12 . McGRATH.14 Ills. still hold first place in the estimation rf Horticulturists all over the world f quality and results. Each person wishing for the best Wm. 21 31.17/-: 28 lbs. and of The Snb.ought to read it regularly. . Vine. and after over Jo years on tlie market.S. to receive a — 181b mill ST.. month by month. Scotland specimen copy (or copies) of " The Busy See.scription for a year is only Highest Quality and healthy.s. I | | i = | | | | | MANURES Thoroughly sustaining leading to vigorous... IIMIIIIIIIIIIHklllLriltltllllHilllllllllllllllllllllltllllCMIIIIIIIIIillltlllltlinillinilllUIII^ THOMSONS CELEBRATED Moderate in Price «^ Indispensable in ti^c Cardan. ^l^Bs COLLECTIONS of VEGETABLE SEEDS at 5 -. the name of the Monthly I Journal published for private circulation by Bees' Ltd. ROURKF. The King's Seedsmen. Youth is catered for too. COLLECTIONS OF FLOWER SEEDS 6. COLLECTIONS OF EXHIBITION SWEET PEAS.S0 llis 17. 3'i. 7 U. 9. ''^'. Clovenfords.. containing 30 of the finest Varieties to grow for Show at 3 purposes. 10 6. .*~ Wiile lor our Booklet -post . 42 - upwards. 9. named named named varieties smaller packets varieties varieties . 6.'6 14 Ih-. day Lest you Forget. 6. 2/6 post free. Oiir Maiuuvs are tlie iliiect result : many yeare practical eNperieucc in all brancliesol Horticulture. Ltd. COLLECTIONS 4lBBj» Finest Quality and Best Value -. Border and Rockery.. North Circular Road. 12/6. Children delight in the Competitions which aim to instruct as well as amuse. P. Post Free. 16.s Every possessor of a g-arden.rce on rrr/acs Sold by Nurserymen and Seedsmen everywhere. allotment or small holding._.'* | WHAT ' ' IT IS. Ltd. DUBLIN. -120 GOLD MEDALS YEARS T«r <^£EB'^ Irish WEBBS GARD EN CA TALOGUE FOR 1922.. WEBB & SONS.6. Thomson & Sons... . Renresented bv B oy •^ lyi^ E. Plant and Vegetable Manure—iinrivailed for all t-arden cro|is-l civt. Veg^etables. | | | = | | I I | | . 21 - upwards.'iG ll. Special Exhibition Collection.— .. I - M . 7 6. Froit. 7 6. M ention Gardening. 3/tins. ^ililliiiiliillilliilMliiiiriiiiiiitiiiiilii LIVERPOOL. «?£E\i^ ^ 18 finest 24 finest io IIN 6 61al- 14/. 10.S. Roses. 10/-. 5/6. . Seasonable articles on Insect Pests and Diseases appear each month. Articles on Trees and Shrubs. . stamps. Potatoes. -»" **The Busy Bee. fruitful and Analysis growth.^^" I STOURBRIDGE. North lYIatl. Poultry Keeping and Bee Keeping are also included. Special Top-dressing Manure. 5/6 7 lbs.

j r^-i^Va BY APPOINTMENT <*^S£i TO HIS MAJESTY THE KING MACKENZIE ELECTRiCAI. ENGINEERS Registered Office and Works. S. LIMITED HOTHOUSE BUILDERS & HEATING ENGINEERSi AND IRONFOUNDERS CAMDEN ROAD.W. HEATING. ELEGTRIO LIGHTING. Foundry BALCARRES STREET.W. 92 Victoria St. ALSO HEA TING ENGIN EERS [^lans and Estimates prepared free of cost Large Catalogue of photograpliic views of Horticultural Building's free on application DARLINGTON (LONDON OFFICE: Albert Mansions. EDINBURGH 8 121 LONDON GLASGOW VINCENT STREET HOTHOUSES. EDINBURGH SLATEFORD ROAD.I . ST.. IRON FOUNDING Surveys Made Estimates and Plans Supplied W. Iron & MONGUR N. RICHARDSON « Co SPECIALISTS IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ALL KINDS HORTICULTURAL BUILDINGS.

but these give way in the canyons and arroyos to numerous others the San Salt Lake. the Umbrella Tree. woolly blue curls (Salvia). of heat and cold. hrtrrophylliis. is a common weed of the coast region" But the pahu is divided between the wild Individually inconturnip and wild umstard. the Californian lilacs (Ceaiiothus). typical shrubs of the hot mesas and the sunbeaten mountain sides. such flowers as children would bring home in armfuls after a day in the footIndian paint brush. Nothing can eradicate it.w voRK Editor -J. also fertile. spectahile. but tlie Californian gardener's tw. latter a dazzling mass of while the wild turnip ranges from lilac and blue to terra cotta and pale straw. brambles. however. Southern California are sycamores and live oaks in the watered valleys and conifers in the mountains. This pertinacious grass will dive under a fence and come up ten feet away in the middle of a trim lawn. Once in. GARDENING the C. the most noticeable are tar weed and sage brush. locally known as Devil grass. No sun-baked arroyo its HE State of California or mountain side " Spanish runs north and south for sonjything like a thousand miles. XVII 191 A MONTHLY JOURNAL DEVOTED T(J THE JANUARY ADVANCEMENT OF HORTICULTURE AND ARBORICULTURE IN IRELAND ^o. their mass effect is remarkable the " (. Dates ripen in the extreme south. Of the wild weeds. spicuous. No part of it. but only in a particular tract that lies several hundred feet below sea level. or Bermuda grass. Besant. by thio time. PJii/fuhifca Pauloicnia. Eschsrhultzia. and. . bulbs. lawn. for it will travel about a foot below the surface. tidy tips (Layia cletjans). is sub-tropical— heat and humidity are^ nowhere found in conjunction and winter in the south is the rainy season. which together provide the typical chaparal smell that any Californian nose would recognise twenty-five miles away. the Coast Range and the Sierra Nevada. except in tile south. and numerous other foreigners may also be considered. Pentstemons. also. W. of the lawn is a sort of lotus with very dark green leaves that make unsightly blotches on the grass. Aciiiid. or . tions annuals. Coming to the flowers that are prized both locally and abroad. with handsome white flowers and large dustylooking leaves. Plat(/stemons. can be found in some part of the State.o One is worst foes are both imported strangers. but in Southern California proper the desert runs unbroken from liut (where ranges. BRETHEKTON. and was once the delta The indigenous trees of of the Colorado River. The Jhiturti. hot enclose These a available) immensely is fertile end of was once saved a fifty-foot and the probability of a broken leg thirty miles from nowhere by a magnificent specimen of this arresting plant that chanced to be growing from a crevice between two rocks.'oleiiian " yellow. shooting stars liells (FiitiUanus). The writer of is wdthout " bayonets Bernardino mountains to the Great Every degree of drought and humidity. abound. But the Eucalyptus has been largely introduced and the cotton tree also. most abundant and versatile members of the Every species Californian flora ai-e the weeds. Wild Flowers of Southern California* H. and preserved by the sea breezes froni the intense heat of the central plain.— IRISH VOLUME No.-ee l)lant life of Southern California closely resembles that of South Africa in that plants enabled by nature to withstand or evade xerophytic condisucculents. fall ariay bristling il'iuca). Two other fine shrubs—the Carpenteria and the Californian Slippery Elm (Freinuntki)—the latter is really a The are natives of the southern canyons. nothing can stop its ravages until winter comes and a degree or two That completes the ruin of the of frost kills it. I>elphiitium>:. {Sisyrincliium). red and — — — — blue. to have naturalized themselves in favoured Greasewood and Manzanita are the localities. . aliove all. a low-growing species. Between the Coast Range and the sea is another belt of land of varying width. t. The other enemy. Baby blue eyes (Xemophilo). It was a penetrating experience. ccenthus.soap bu. One nnist see these in their native haunts to realise that the most floriferous British specimens are but dwarfs struggling to survive. and is traversed in the same direction by two mighty mountain irrigation valley w-hich runs jiractically from one the State to the other.t (the Californian State fiow^er). &c.sh. mission hills and canyons.'t. and bluebells (Biod'ums). lilies chocolate (l)o(lccathcon). Blue-eyed grass rordifoUus. scarlet columbine. it is hard to know where to begin. wild currant. well timbered. — willows.Johnson grass. and probably one of the few rare occasions wdien a good word has been said As elsewhere the for this vegetable porcupine. Some Notes on Uv 'i. The Sierra Nevada forms the eastern lionndary of the State for two-thirds of its length. that runs riot in an English garden has its counterpart. But one's thoughts turn naturally to the commoner ones.

In their native haunt. or. justly nicknamed " Pride of California. many of them rare. been painting a mountain meadow in the High Sierras where an acre or so of Orange Kumhuutti lilies fought for supremacy wdth another acre or so of lilac liix l>'iiglasi(nia. wild pseonies. Hiini- belongs properly "to the higher altitudes." At least. A colony of these " tulips " was abloom a few hundred yards from the track. it is ZlXuI. for its furtliest north is the mountains back of Diego^California's San furthest south. might be expected to figiiic in any bouquet. fornians. There are two quite distinct types of ('(docJioifus." will grow almost anywhere.neyu) and the tree poppy (Deiuliomecon). dry sun-lovers like r en list Its and damp shadc-lnvers like pidcheUus.. which is inclined to be coarse. a Californian artist that looks like an explosion It simply means that he has in a paint faftfjry. Everyone has his ]ireference. but seeking some slight shade. and a fine garden variety of this." called " Mrs.— IRISH GARDENING &c. Most of the Californian lilies are too well known There are about a dozen to require description.e plant in full flower in soil that looks as if it had been powder dry for months. marititnum.i). but collapses instanter if it is watered during the flowering season. Failure to recognise this fact may account for the British gardem-rs to flower these of bulbs successfully. powerful roots are many feet down below.IA '. See Ericaceae on a Limestone Kennedyi. Marii^osa lilies. In my garden it bloomed pronever fusely. the handsomest of the Californian lilies. but I have my doubts aliout it. A good many of the Californian Irises have been brought to Europe. all the (. I have seen it in bloom once only. A-\1. Soil. stems huldti at The former throws up its seven-foot the edge of every wooded stream. Tait. A. It is a pecidiar plant. but to me the most interesting as well as one of the handsomest of Californian flowers « as the perennial Lathynis splendens. however. L. The former is a dweller in hot valleys. Black-oyed snow on the inountaiiis.i1:I-'-M1:I'A I M'lMLi^. beautiful from chn-ntus. and that from the unsatisfactory vantage point of a train. W. yC iii'i iitediuin). but the long. lotx/ipeitda. hijiins. and in particular will not look at a bed that has a particle of lime in it.i. The finest of all is possilily /. of which by lily. and looked like a red But handkerchief dropped on tlic yellow sand. but I personally give the prize to the charming lilyputian. It is only just a Californian plant. while a billow. where there is percolating w-ater. another year. a rare desert-haunting species.'^siii ll(j\vfii- Susans {llelidiitlni.'(liochoAi are with its black keyes lying in their yellow cup to the silvery white Purdyi. There are about forty far the most striking is the scarlet Oalochortux uiot-a. and it is certainly the most pernickety. species. inimulus. but it never ripened seed and showed any signs of living to bloom another day.of yellow mustard lifiid up its voice in the backrarryi Liliiiiii is considered ground. and only two purdnlinum and Einnboldti that might be called inaljility — common. Two of the most striking Californian plants are the Matillija poppy (l<"i. rather.. but they do not do well. the latter of equally hot mountain Most Calisides. it is classed as a perennial. for it likes a certain amount of shade. The flower is about the size of . Californian plant par e. and a score of others thai I connot remember. re ell c nee is the Mariposa s^pecies. Occasionally Easterners are shown a picture by usual to find th. think more of the beautiful silvery acanthus-leaved Aigemone than of the The Bomneya.

6 feet high.\NUL. Thiwilling to be deprived of Erica and Bryanthus. they find themselves cut off. rj.\ PULLA (page 5). Ilenths. . but in its natural habitat the plant will climb twenty feet. the plants are vigorous and of a healthy. E. Androinechix.oYD Praeger. a round bush. and if they contain nothing that is new or interesting. but many beautiful small things. with the faintest suggestion of purple in it. These are but a few rand(im jottings that occur to me. and who has not by him a note or a book from which to refresh an indifferent memory. Bryanthiis ererttix and B. not tend to draw up the limy water from below. for instance.i hole wall. darkgreen colour. not upward. and the pigmentation is so dense that it looks as if it had been put on with a brush. from practically the whole of that lovely family. austrdUs. 7?. and put my plants in the raised beds thus formed. and. down to In the latter cases.. therefore.E.rifoUiis have done extremely Never until this year has drought been well. These genera include not only big things which need a correspondingly big root-run. &c. 12 feet high (10 years' amples growth). the general movement of soil water is downward. (rduTtlieritis. B. 4 feet high. more than they gain. ditto. Lrdinnx. and flower splendidly. peat spread on the surface of the ground instead of shot into . covered with : Ericacegc on a Limestone Soil. our damp climate will mostly prevent heaped-up peat from getting too dry.— IRISH GARDENING aa old-fashioned sweet poa. I fancy. 3 I have seen cyclopena excavations undertaken. fn. an area dug out to the depth of a yard. Yet in ten years the treasured Rhododendrons wliich had been planted in the imported peaty soil were turning yellow a sure sign of lime poisoning. with an outlet at the lowest level to take right away water percolating in from the surrounding soil. bloom every February. and do not require a deep soil. Arccct — — — iustaph ijlns. feasible to provide an imported lime-free soil. it is liny alpines. B. finally.A. must be a partial excuse. Notes from a Small Garden. I argued this way in our wet climate. but the standard is bent back so as to form a line with the keel. the fact that they are written by one who has not seen California for seven years. the Eiicalilioilodendionx. and. a drain carried down all rnund the margin for a couple of feet more. micranthum. The foliaec is slender and the leaves narrow. Ericacefe are mostly shallow-rooting things. The After eleven years result was quite satisfactory. The colour is a brilliant scarlet. at least. with a foot and a half of peat and leaf-mould. the — : CAMr. Fhododendion prxcox. the situation chosen being one where the hot afternoon sun was cut off. out of which most of the lime had been long since washed. but gardeners whose lot it is to live on one like us about Dublin lose. Bi)/(inthus. to be done ? How is the taint of lime How is this to be excluded and lime water to be kept away? K'llmia-''. Without special preparation. A LIMY soil is the best for a good many good plants. Biihrrcia and the smaller Heaths grow rampantly. The growth they have made may be shown by a few exEricn ai harea. Cassiopes. Bv R. So I mixed the half-foot of surface soil. among more difficult things.

vmbfUafo. of course. among them ('rat:r(i\is EnrjeVmanni. . jDoi-if/ii. burrowing under the stones and filling the interstices with tiny green leaves set with blue flowers only a couple of inches in height.back garden has an ugly six-foot wall down each side of it. Sf'dum Piiiirga'i Vinra diffonuis. one of Mr. a certain weed. and indeed others.shjfilid a bit. is somewhat in the same state. it (jlutinosum. Kniphofia niuUiflora was disappointing. not Pinks. dry or viscid. and should be glad to hear more about of the them. lidlylcpis. and. Cn mpanuJn Poiienschhif/inna is a curious case. It grows here about (i feet high by 15 to 20 feet through. autumn tints are now over. witli thick leaves. (jlutinosum. and small flowers of . S. were in bloom early in December. broad downy leaves. and T. i'or. glaucous. Coriivs Xr>. but of smaller stones set in mortar in semicircular style. Luckily. like a choice tiny alpine. the leaves more than a foot long with vfinged midribs. to some extent. to the mildness of the present season. when all the Erinus hard l)y was killed out by the drought. so that much of the mortar perished. and deeply cut at the edges. Some years ago I poiiilid out to Mi'. Owing. but the ground is too dry for Primulas. Subsequently I saw a somewhat similar form on a wall at Miss Fanny Geoghegan's. B. Cytisus racrmoaus. Giraldii. we can add another to the list. Hignett a Snapdragon g]-o\ving on the wall of his garden at Ballsbridge wliieii was clearly a cross between the common species and the smaller hairy. ])iniiate foliage. With its thin green leaves and slender stems it has none of the characters of a plant of dry places. bloomed quite well at the regular time. Paxsifloitt iirruird also w'as somewhat later aiul hardly as good as usual. Aubrietias. liutui It was a was pronounced a novelty HiijiteU in honour of the lady — upright character of . while even Volycdfome spinosa is showing some pea-. it produces its flowers very late. liiiirl-crhi iiiphylla. fnclei. Coryi. more curious than beautiful. After sixteen years a trace of humus has got mixed with the mortar and stones.st intractable part of it it spreads steadily. as a ruie. and on some of the Berflowering iln/tidiipliyllmn beris. fleshy taproot imdoubfedly cives it an unexpected abundantly. nobli'onum and 7?. there are some plants quite at home in such surroundings Sempervivums and certain Sedums. Since then the two species have taken to hybridising on my own walls. it flowers in winter. small. and many of them are just on the point of opening.'i frdgiruis. for instance. Of course. and Vibin nam Tinus (Laurustinus) are Mklianthus M. On the mo. except 1'. flowers large or small. as are Sea Pinks. and grows dense and dwarf.SV??. a dense evergreen from the Himalayan region.4.'a japonicd. allied to Berberis. white-flowered to Glasnevin. and I have had a series of forms extending from one species whole to the other leaves long or sliort. but it will depend on the weather whether or not they wall do so at tills late period of the year. for the branchlets are bright red. now ten years planted. L.oholn liiti iiditd. however. flower-spikes in November.\joi: South Africa with Antirrhinum majus x glutinosum. rather large plant with red flowers with a yellow lip.the bushes some uiee things liKi' Liniucu burciilis and Tanakxa radirans have run about for years. . ritrl- power of resistance. weather permitting. Ti. The top is formed not of large blocks. yellow. it throws vip light-yellow. Notes from Rostrevor. and. the hybrid E. yet it is most successful on the wall. ('. Many of these seed themselves. mtijus. Pyrethrum densum. the leaflets some 5 by 2 incites in size. moreover. The long.hotifdvdidna .iniage it has done has been to cut Kiilmui ii iiiiii. Two Rhododendrons. almost white. too. W ujfciii. iiuiriiiiKtfd. Anfhilnnum gtutinosum. On the other hand. are li. uiul all the d. but this is not its usual form. E. and other grey things are quite at home. One that is flowering at present has the dwarf stature. all of which appear to turn their leaf late. Vcitcliii. it expands its interesting white Calceolaria-like flowers long befoi'e the middle of December. is a very handsome plant f. has begun lo open its purple trusses before tlie proper time. and the present delay is an exception to the ordinary behaviour of the plant. or white. very troublesome. like Heliotrope. it is rare to see them. S. Euptiofhid Chdrdrid!:. Linnria Antirnria. It is a very desirable species for a sheltered place in a mild di. Erira htsitdiiica. no doubt bird-sown. and continued to survive this year. a good deal remained This bright for a long lime well into December. for instance. always most welcome. and it is My surprising how many things will flouri. allied to the Baytree (Ldurus nobilis).sh in vmcompromising material. B. though the latter genus as a whole do'es welcome very poor conditions.shaped gold. bark pdptpifrvd on the and /!. with its poverty of plant-food and very small water-holding capacity. But Ldidir. but the flowers are soft red instead of white. and forms a pleasing oljject at all times. daphiididrs. frost came on just as the coping was finished. Another South African shrub. Cotoneiixter hoiizi'iitolix is there. and on many of the Willows. Yurin ijldiii/sd. called I'pidtitc. As. . red. which never fails.4. for they mark the commencement of the season of that magnificent genus. and defying the worst drought to drive it out. which one mostly sees in a border growing two or three feet high.. however. it is at this moment well covered with buds. B. very different Torch-lilies.IRISH GARDENING seriously felt. however. liuifolius. if one could.4. perhaps. and the same may be seen on some of the Dog-woeds. who told me it had been there for years. and which one would gladly exiiel. smooth or downy. flowering abundantly. pruduln. and the haliit has some of the house. Wall Plants. It sowed itself on the wall. usual habit. He sent it where and named . Xo. Ihw white li. but with a good scent of new-mown hay. for li. also P'. Wilson's earlier introductions from China. A. B. mixed Although the with cherry-pie. and especially now when so nuu-h else has died down for the winter. and. I fancy these hybrids are frequent wheu'e both species are grown. H. virescens also is of value now. jiurpured. and the well-known Janminum 7tudiflorum. Another surprise is PajHU'er p'llosum. dduriiii m nfi-oriicus.om large smooth. Silver-leaved dwarf Achilleas and Artemisias. This year. 15340 (Forrest).strict. while -the trunks of lliftild Kiiudiii. we can count on getting their flowers on every Christmas Day. 4017 (Wilson). but lo the more generally known this year they did not mature contrary to their There is. and so move up and down the wall. hrit~rnsis. and the half-hardy LH^. Erinus. and Othonnopsis are obvious this — suggestions for such a place. it lias just one point in its favour. Vittadeniu triloba. was to be noticed on several plants. . S.4.

' >tem in a very gracefid way.<). which look like giant Pine-apples. Who is there in the possession of a rock garden. or would you have the edgings to a garden path. which grows rampantly and bi'l< fair to rival E. or the other peach-leaved form. botli from Chile and both with richbrown branchlets. f(rru<jincn and Gui'r'iiiu oveUana. but two of the best appear to be L. the midril). E. and its white counterpart. these girth dimensions were 4 ft. for example. ^Iurlh'ri were planted here in the autiunn of 1894. A few of the Brom. amongst this section. thick and leathery. fiisra. (dhti. E. come from . (t. is worthy to he associated with the afore-mentioned Liiiihilifi (ijr(ind'i. dark purple. and p. jnnple. and the Peach-leaved Bellfiower. mere green tufts. and a porcelain-blue in ('. section. with a girth of 5 feet. iiicuna from the Himalayan region. white semi-double. the Canterbury Bell. they are all handsome. and whose foliage so often sparkles brightly even iti winter's frost. with flatfish deep blue flowers. as they sway to and fro in the summer breeze For planting on and about rockwork. or in a half-secluded crevice where moisture can be retained.x inches. For gi-ouping about a border we favour the sorts that have proved a great success over many years. they both deserve a note on account of their very fine autumn colouring But our attention in tlic dead season is rather directed towards evergreens that still remain in foliage. 10886 (Wilson).\ew Zealand. evergreen with almost box-like leaves. — . which attains a height of about si. and.s. E. with huge leaves that arch over th. included last month. on I'liiiax cnhorcum it is also shining. sixitlmceii. belongs to the same erectly held. rordato E. drooping blue flowers. and Visnia add to the interest of the wild garden. bringing masses of colour to a garden in" early summer. . fleeting though their tenure is. just before a very bad frost. nu//r/. (iioniaticn green well set off by the The underleaf of distabright red branchlets. 2 in. and of Littlf Grm. and . Wilsun is another Campanula which lias been in much demand in recent years.V. the last-named seems the most Some of the Southern Beeches are remarkable. with inire white semi-double flowers of great size. known as the clustered Bellfiower.cnissifuViuiii and on 1' fcroj. In a very dry season like last they did as well as most' things'. p. congratulated himself or herself on the acquisition of some of the dwarf forms of Campanulas What a wonderful family it is after all. nor w-ould we exempt the luennial form. and is now some GO feet or more in height. and three species with several fine varieties are hardy in uidyUiii' ausfnilis. a very dwarf sort seldom exceeding more than four or five inches in height. E. E. Some are so dainty and small in size. 1 in. most parts of Ireland. Moi'idu'imi. ijhjhidu.\ larger in X. Hmiftei. in . E. Kaira-Kainii . seldom fail to give a good account of themselves." as they are sometimes called. and is literally studded with bells of blue. while on I'seudoponaj. when the flowers are in the zenith of their beauty. iiniiijiin E. and is now some 70 feet high. all th^ise measurements having been taken at 5 feet from the ground There are some more species of this interesting genus growing here which seem to be quite hardy. ViEWKi) in the light of their all-ruund capabilities. tiopsis (di rysuphijllu is golden. studies for weeks in blue and white ? Then you need not go beyolid Campanulas to meet all your requirements. so also that of Quercus aJniftilui. wherever hardy plants are appreciated. and F(i» . in girth. the ease with which they cm be grown. . has not at stjme time or another. The first was uninjured by the winter that ensued. pi/nniudalis. . : Campanulas their Great Utility. and still larger in A'. with flowers of pretty white cups liircrslca. In 1915. It is scarcely necessary to more than remind readers that the taller varieties are general favourites. such. Stiiinfia iiii^iwdi-lphn. We can hardly allude to evergreen trees without referring to some which appear to of the species of Eucalyptus. flowers larity to of a rich Ijlue. and how Dn varied atid lovely .\nd Edgings. Border Selections. pcrsicifolid. iimyiidid'inn. in its rapid development. set in a glory of daintier bells in their season of flowering.liads moreover are hardy iitilis 5 shows up well should have heen i C this climate. and Acer Xo. Cliff orto'idrs. be the season what it may. that it is hard to imagine that they possess any relationship to the tall white spikes in the borders lieyond.?Iand of Cyprus. F.< all marked with colour. in the full sun. corrifrrn 1 in. — ': ! ! . MacAitlixni. ciiciulrii flair ph'iiii.IRISH GARDENING Two plants in the woods. and pinniln. I'liiiMriizii-tii : somewhat they are vingJiamii. an oak indigenous in the i. Pifrairnra curulca.solne of its members are you need something to plant on a ledge of rock. grow with remarkalile vigour. then. (ilomeiiitii ihih ii II. of IJ. such as Notofoijus Iji tnliiidcs. perhaps the worst recorded for many years. Undoubtedly the charm of the Bell- the same heading one has choice of a white variety. are also of note amongst the taller species. but soon recovered. but of a more . the second was cut to the ground by that winter. notched at the edges. blue. as back row border tenants. borne on rather longer stems than the preceding. The " Club-Palms. .V. iiujcancra from the Canaries has fine glistening light-green foliage. give the landscape a liuiiksti and somewhat tropical api:)earance. or the more modest rockery. rerniroso and others. 1'. are deserving of mention. The leaves of Drimijs cnhiKita are yellow splashed with red.it is very lotig and narrow. corcifcfd and E.^ombre shade. Ehodostaclit/s pitc(urnia:fo}'ia. with large. we remember these small-growing species like curpiitico. lie in tlnir great productivity. the last-named by far the best. The foliage of Lomatio tiiirtinid is extremely handsome. Pulhi. •vve venture to say that it would be difficidt to point to a hardy flowering plant more popular than the Campanula. Mooiri all of them being very interesting introductions from the Southern Hemisphere. p. piilrrruhnfa. Under . as the Chimney Campanula. a very beautiful tall-growing tlowers — II I Campanula.'i respectively. too. too. which I understand has been nannd A. among tluui I'liya cltil/'iisix. (imrulo. with bluish-purple blossoms. Whilst we acknowdedge the services Campanulas are in a border with tlieir bell? of white and blue in June and July. provided they are given a position where the sun will reach them. ijivndifluid plena. crplestimi. and also erect in habit. having a simipi'isiiifoliu and pi/iuinidalia.si(. blue. For Rock Gardens . and ft. where they were helped witli surface mulchings of old manure or similar medium to conserve moisture. but silvery white in Q. . we cannot shut our eyes to the truth tliat the dwarf and trailing forms are equally useful in their own particular sjjheres. and also to the fact that they will thnve in almost any locality. and 4 ft. ('. hut the most vigorous appears to be one lately received luider the name of E.

lowed quickly afterwards by A. and should not. General Remarks. will lie found to answer these requirements. Campanidas di> not need forcing. will stick. whilst t.s W ihimtl.IRISH GARDENING. One with piisilhi. so of the first to take uihoi-ei-i. is so bright. and ilis. so that for weeks earlier one may enjoy the flowcis as they are yielded in pots.\i ll. or. Tiiihiniifii gem amongst '. a alpine Campanulas. of the same shade as the Japanese larch. potting up he clumps in December or . and ' (jdnjaniin having pale blue flowers with a white eye. it would be diffictdt to select anyiliing more beautiful or which flowers so con- Muuously. nuikes a quartette fittiugc for ledges on rockeries. which last for quite a good while. to bring the plants into warmth. after all.matis piiinitii (iltiii. medium-sized roots always give the best results. is very ornamental in its crimson and scarlet shades. a more vigorous grower than the mollis section." Azalea pnnt'ica. it is better to give them the conditions of a cool house.\ndromeda. that. tliat and often may rest.\press ])roduction of blossoms. In the case of the aller sorts. yet less hardy sort. what's in a name. as is frequently the case. they supply liim with sheaves of white blossoms in the early year by potting up the chunps in autunm and growing them on in cold frames luitil the roots have well advanced. and whether for the sake of merely increasing the stock or keeping the borders >miform. LiNDERS Lea. To try them as indoor plants in the manner outlined is all that is needed for anvone to a])preciate them more fully. the one of the very best. indeed.-. to the Iwarf. Clk. be left to themselves too long. Campanulas for Potting.s. what is more. those who have small. cottage window.so when it is well ' — they will succeed in fairly good garden lie seen growing in gardens in the very heart of a city where soil is not overliurdeiied with richness.nown -oil. are amenable to iiidoor cidture. we understand tlie term to-day in the e. and gentle forcing and moisture does the l. Muiiiinu. These are properly l'i(ris. in either case it is advisable to overhaid plants every two years and give tlie required attention. (jianflijiorn has even lai'ger fiowers. This applies. on ing is AiKlriiinedd its brilliant coloura glorious scarlet. '(xophyUn blue. deep blue. too.' .'-e. No indoor trailing plant Mirely is richer in the output of its flowers than ire these two.is always good. therefo. and most O'f them are content with this. Autumn I Tints in 1921.At uolia. W. . . To the profe. outside large establishments.ssional 'jardener who appreciates them fully. whether seen under a greenliouse roof. reference to (ampanuhis in pots would be . and sometimes nnheated. and. " After all. and. DO not remember any previous yeai' when the aufiunn tints have been finer and have lasted as long as during the piesent one. and.lainiary. as M is hardly necessary to' do . a tree that shotdd be planted in bold groups for its autnnin colouring. fol- dwarf ai-e tliey." if one gets the plant one wants? Azalea //iu//i. blue. and scarcely ever give a thought to the subject? under notice. but the popular name. with its white form. S. As a nde. so few people take the tnuible to pot up Campanulas for early blooming. It is sometimes convenient to have a plant on a ledge in a rock garden that will trail. . in some cases. slower-growing sorts. Campanulas are mostly (luick-growing. It is somewhat sinauiar that. not quite but still good. though in a less degree. We have said little with regard to actual culture lii these deservedly popular Howering plants. gieenhouses. the leaves of the red and pink-flowered plants turning varying shades of crimson and scarlet. and in sotiie seasons until end of March. — leaves (here at any rate) are retained until Feliruary.A quite incomplete did it not include that very ( popiUar. whilst those with flowers of yellow shades turn a beautiful amber. Amateur gardeners recognise the value of Campanulas as hardy border flowering plants. and growing ilieni on under glas. blocks of this Larch look at the present time (Noveudier) like " Golden Sunshine. in a as I '. depend mostly upon bulbs to give tlieni a display a little earlier than those l)looming in beds and borders.

notably ]i. and with the succeeding frosts tho leaf stems drop bit l>y l>it like so many shank bones. a foitnight hence. A. K'liisd. Beech. is one of the choicest of antunm colours.'ihes us with many sub. forms a striking contrast to the type if associated with it. The Arnehincliiers. . one half of which was blood-red and the o1l. was particularly A. The first frost brings the even at a distance. and a good tiee has a remarkable effect when projjcrly pUiCtd. should be planted in bold masses for its autiinui colours and deep red bark in winter.1. The Witch Hazels {Hd finnneli. generally called . both with richly-coloured leaves. but ungrower. antunm plumage. B. liut alas. but I will be content by mentioning Acer Giiiiiula. they gradually become rich purple. in a row of this small tree some will be perfectly green. and H.< leaves beconnng a rich purple-red whilst the corn is l)eing cut. and a bold line or group is very effective. the leaves being green. pruiiifdlid. said to belong to the Cockspur Group. and ('. A. " although E. rampmiul i*us runs it very close for honours. rotundifilia one of the best. Erica Veitchii. foirtunately the first frost brings the leaves down. The Japanese Maples are well known as stibje. palmatinn is rather varying in its colouring habits. one of the most useful of this nmneraus family. Acer Mkoenne.tiiitiilis nmneious family "Why is this thus?" green have become red. Tliiiiilienjii. the luightest jaiionicus. when the bushes are quite as striking with their bright-red stems glowing in the winter sunshine. the palm nnist be given rirescens. ('.er Now. (aipi)iifoliiiin. one of the most brilliant bits of colOiUr we have. and if anything more telling in the autumn. flowering That beautiful piiitditifiAid. and . it. with leaves of a beautiful golden colour. VIZ. E. . whose leaves turn yellow and whose bark is also yellow.— — / IRISH GARDENING I'Utliiit alnifulia is anotlier plant whose leaves of all is none mc«e so tli 1 assume a golden-yellow ediour. I do not re: member ever seeing in Ireland well-coloured in iifniimrpurea. In the same family the ('.4. (Cerasus) Aviiun. The Cherries are all useful for autmnn effect. that were red have fallen and those that were The Cornus or Dogwood. viz. ciriidKlix^iiiKi. Acer m(tcropliyUi(iii. exce))t the Larch.4<er jects resplendent in their autiumi garb. following are always good. cori/inhusuin. Of the forms of this plant none are better than have many good autumn-coloured kinds. are useful shrubs. Guimpeli is very pretty now. . gold cinnamon to russet-brown special note should be nuidiof the Golden Ash with golden foliage and bark. and its variety. and whilst 7>'. Of Enkniniiius. are " Peat Lovers. There are in the Boc/k i/ family many members worth growing for their autumn colournig alone. tatdihuin <Tiiina}<i. All the foregoing. the new Chinese snake-barked Maple. good this season. The type A. ('." and consequently abhor lime. Hornbeam. canary-yellow. and becomes very of yellow and bronze. retanis its leaves after nuuiy others charming in shades have fallen. orange. were very good. There are many other Maples that should not be left out of this chapter. more or less mottled with scarlet. The Birch. </ is also good. ujjici- Idllis. tinct as a winter tree. nuH-ruphuIhiiu The latter is very disatiretiiii. (' Xutialii. or Sweet Gum. with occasional splashes of red for some weeks before they fall. ririjiiiiiriKi. iirlidied. and its variety. leaflets down. and I noticed a tree lately. it does not last long enough when Jack Frost is about. Aridid cliineiisis is a tree whose immense biI)innata leaves are amongst the very first to colour (this year in August). the strongest grower of the Sycamore tribe. and . Hai'idii. the young wood being ivorytinted with pink.i) represented by H. with red-tinted leaves. ('. beautiful in the spring. flaririiiiieu. or Thorn family. particularly C. brightened also by its brilliantly-coloured berries. Of Vacciniuin. ranks high in that very as one of the most useful bits of eoloiu' liefore the leaves fall. we Cofiiiieuster Jim i~. Its dark green leaves gradually change to shades of yellow. Amongst the I 'rdtn-ijus. and producing its flow-ers at the same time. or Smnry Mespihis. jaiiunicum and its forms. The Maple family furni. Shortid (jalac'tfoVta now lias some of its leaves varying shades of red. Frunus the Conunou Geau especially on calcareous soils. Its leaves do not colour until November. to weather intervenes) ruitil Christmas. The Spindle trees {Eiidii i/iiiiif:) have one member brilliant for its amongst them ])re-eniinent E.jts for antunm effect. flaridd. and Ash paint the landscape in autmnn in shades ranging from canary-yellow. a brilliant scarlet. a very rare tree. iiIIki. 1 give the palm to T'. and some are beautifully marbled with ivory. Ukuruniluensc. blood-red. Eticryphia shrub. remain on the bush (unless very severe i/iiinifiiiense Ji. and crimson. Siianish Chestnuts. and is a liigger (TUi/hissacias aie always good. the leaves half green. the former a siuall bushy tree and the latter quite a dwarf bush. dldtim.1. whilst others are brilliant red. The Liquiddmhdr.

IRISH GARDENING. That the judges took flavour seriously into consideration was in constant evidence to the visitor by the : — in a mass either -iloni' or forming a ground-work for taller subjects. except those reserved for amateurs. one might say that there is no time of the year in the garden that we relish more than the sliortening autunm days. from the dwarfs aromnfirii and roiMilliiui to the taller kinds. 1921.iRDENiNG.i (Bliu. to the readers of Irish G. capable of holding about six stones of fruit. The cookins varieties. do a bit more with their leaves before unN. reason of the fine colour of is worth its place by its foliage in Octolier and November. Without going into the matter of autmuntinted Climbers. Its form I'. at which the premier exhibits from the local shows would come into competition with each other. contain many members that. Those shrubby Honeysuckles (Tlie Weigeliiis) would scarcely be looked to for autinuu colours. this commercial standpoint was one of the most striking featiu'es of the show. and I i/ladly accept the opportunity. therefore. except those classes reserved for amateurs and one for bushel baskets. The shrubby fipinviis. p. held at Crystal Palace. autumn garden.tiohir and jopdnii-iis and the Oaks ((Jiicicus) of colouring merit. and (/. The Golden Poplar never was the Groiij' give us I'ljnis {Sorhus) (li. hence it was not on the same lines as those we in To an Irish this country are accustomed to see. l)iit I well recollect seeing a fine tree of tliis in the public gardens at Leamington some years ago in the month nf October a specimen of the most vivid and brilli. which ought to have a chapter to remembered growing nmnber of fruits which for tasting in each class. when. It was felt.shrubs snow'-white flowers in spring. also. Eva Biiflike. In the Currant family (Hihrs). as. a brilliant led. ijuliititris. In all the Dessert classes. are always good. or Yellow Root. Xiintliijiliizii II pi'tioVin . During the past few years Conunercial Fruit Shows have been held in at least three districts in Great Britain. where little fruit is The Sumdrh. In passing. produced. coi-rineii Q. mar<j(iiit. I believe. and the winter effect is as described above. decided that a National Show. and would. who is not an expert in these matters. a novel feature in the West Midland Section may be mentioned. and West Midlands each Ijeing organised and run by its own local Commercial Fruit Show Committee. however. general habit of trees. packing. G. that these Shows. lasting for falling. a definite munlier of points were awarded for the flavour of the fruit.i six weeks before innple. It was. such as whether suitable for petitions. though valuable to the grower. or both. . tiifliocaiinis being as bright as any. whose leaves turn four t. of the standard by the Federation of British Growers. Behind each variety entered for competition were one or more cards giving the name of the variety and certain other particulars. whilst S." scarlet. Lines and groups of this on the hillside. autuiiin. expense be adopted at many of our Irish shows. were a sight \i) The Editor has asked me to give a few impressions of a visit to the recent Fruit Show. were not all that could be desired. had a portion removed themselves. PyrKs arhufijulius (the Chokeberry). and three for half-bushel liaskets. visitor. Vihiiniiiins include the Conunon Guelder Rose. From a rapid sinvey of the show the most striking impressions w«'e (1) The large number of entries. of the most intense blood-red colo^^r. a lowdressing for the winter. iiil)iit being well known for their fine autunm effects. always well-colovued in the harvest days: also T'. The cla. and rirniniiiiKi . (. all the apples for competition were exhibited in specification adopted as busliel boxes. This idea of showing to the consiuning public the quality of our home-grown fruits was one of the underlying principles of the show. owing to their being held in the producing areas. with a class for any dessert and any cooking variety in each section. Imperial Fruit Show. without its excellent character as a flowering shrub. S. has wonderfid colorns of yellow and scarlet. the young leaves at the tips of the shoots about August lici ome rosy-violet. and its cut-leaved form.mt ooloin-ing. the glorious colours of our trees and shrubs brighten the dtiys before they go to rest. they failed to attract the consuming public. consuming p\iblic. shoidd be held — — — lie as golden as some of the species before they slicd their leaves. growing bushy kind. and its variety " Brilliant.sses in each section were confined to ten varieties of our most successful commercial apples. and coloiu' of the fruit. are lowgrowing shrubs that must not be uinitted from remembeied. as the last of Daisies are passing away and llie Michaelmas looking fmward to the winter months. season. probably P. in wdiich apples are largely grown on a conunercial scale namely. perhaps. London.l. N. one of the most useful race of hardy shrubs. mneiim. grateful mass of green foliage in summer. ioinentosiim " makes good " for it liy be- the purpose of showing the consumer the great advantage of eating home-grown apples. along with a number of others. (2) the high standard of the exhibits. both as regards grading. iiryufa allows its foliage to become a beautiful golden colour before becoming a naked purple cloud of fine branches This should always have its place in the twelve best hardy . was. which does not colour here. where and when raised or introduced.f. and some of the exhibits.s'uii colours ni a very unusual numner. The Mountain Ash in a large consuming for centre. all come from North America. the one I have in mind is B. Without doubt. of frvnt. Before leaving the Provincial Commercial Comperhaps.s). and also to the November. This is a feature that could with very little etc. were taken into consideration by the judges before deciding their awards. Eastern Counties. turning golden in avitumn. make such shows more interesting and instructive to the visitor. whilst the older leaves at the base of the shoots turn yellow a delightful contrast. — coming a brilliant red. were exhibited in half-barrels. leaves a bright red. perhaps it-w'ould be w'ell to explain the conditions which suggested the Show. however. what appears to be a new feature in any fruit show of this kind. the most l)rilliant-coloured tree of the current season has been rimiinui ruiiiihilis. — I'andtki iier. Before describing some of my impressions. Kent. . sinifd. It is a a deep low-growing shrub. it may be mentioned that these latter points. fiiphina. can be each capable of holding approximately 40 lbs. after doing their " bit " in the flowering way. plinitiim. the colour deepening and creejjing gradually f'-"vn the stems until all the leaves aie shades of red. dessert or culinary.

Poupart.xes wliii h had been disturbed the purposes of judgin •. it is. also a ditlithe classes were divided. also see the exhibits satisfactorily. Some of the most interesting exhibits being tin. that of Several of the large nurserymen had Ga"rden. vegetables. also cinematographic displays with the idea of educating the public on the "methods of growing. On the ground floor tliere were numerous demonstra- awarded A section for flavour. petition "was extremely keen. Bedford. etc.ludging from the eager and apparently interested crowd constantly around the latter stand there should be a great increase in the anjount of apples used in this way as a result of the show.. . in the Dominion. sprayers. Laxton Bros. instead of being in single dishes. except the number inquisitive.. and the latter had an interesting exhibit on the point of entry of On these subjects canker into the apple tree. learn that the English. " Boxpress. and also some dishes of their other varieties which are not so With these exhibits there was one well known. Two Kent. artistically. a number tive and well attended. would ever see them. The former station had akso an exhibit showing the effect of different methods of pruning some of our commercial varieties of apples. one on the main floor a?al one on the gallery. Bristol. etc.000 trees.'J. chants. The arrangements for were -rettincT to the show from the Metropolis excellent.diseased apple could be seen in the whole competition. visitors or more officers who was able to give to We had purchased 40(1. and on the gallery there was a very instructive Educational exhibit.' These were. Lung Ashton. Kent. for delivery this autumn. picking. former class was won by a British grower. this section was not as kcou as in that for home- grown apples." by Messrs. To encourage tlie average consumer to use more fi'uit in the co<iked state there were two stands set apart foi' demonstrations on the different methods of cooking fruit. representative It is noteworthy that the Society's made a tour of the principal English and has Scottish Nurseries ibefore Messrs. packed in" boxes as they are exported. chutneys. and it was often The show as of cnlt to follow the awards. packand marketing apples in the different ing. on the whole. The Ministry of Agriculture had two stands in the show." which is a mediumsized apple. an exhibit from the Ministry's Station at Campden on bottled and dried fruits. tools. Chelmsford. there is a consideral)le amount of research work yet to be accomplished before we can reap the At one end of this stand there was full benefit. not a damaged oi. J. tions on the grading and packing of apples. ally nurserymen. with the exception of those bo. This section was under the supervision of the National Cider Institute.. and the colour. King's Acre Nursery. the most striking feature being the wonderful transparency of the fluids of the Ijottled fruits. jams. prospect of growing imit. and the other was used at the demonstrations given on apple-packing by the officers of the Ministry of Agriculture. such as Messrs. the writer it appeared that the deciding factor with the judges in the dessert class was the points for as if any information letinired about varieties. In addition to the exhibits petition from the Dominion of Reafforestation in England—Ireland tributes. perhaps a better idea of this can be formed when it is stated that tlie nunilier of entries corjsiderably exceeded one hundred in at least a coujile of classes of the most popular varieties.OOD nnles. from the jection slmw visitor's point of view. the To other prizes going to Canailian-grown fruit. such as manufacturers of sprays. Drake & Fletcher. Each nursery stand had on it one or more of the newer varieties of apples. . from the colour point of view. one on the firm's A number of Conferences and Lectures were held in the theatre adjoining the main hall.the chief varieties grown for market. the boxes appeared they had only been ir.. each of the apple-growing provinces had an exhibit showino. but perhaps the most promising of these. very nice collections of named varieties of apples. in fact. cultivating appliances.result of research work on the Paradise stock at East Mailing. Hereford. In tlie Amateur Section tlie exhibit followed on much the same lines as is generally adopted in near which this country. yet the majority of them "had travelled over . marketing packages. " An Irish Visitor. whose time in the was limited was the way in which the exhibits in were staged' There were a number of exhibits niost odd corners. or tested.IRISH GARDENING III tlio Overseas Section there were fourteen classes. to make matters worse. of popular lectures were given. and. each entry was for three plates. not of first-class flavour. George Bunyard. etc. was also devoted to Cider Apples. with five or six apples <in each plate. jellies. This was an exceedingly attractive exhibit.machine and cider ])ress at work each day the exhibition w-as open. Seabrook & Son. as it was in a rather dark position. and one in the main ludl to apples. Bristol. . Ltd. on a considerable number of the exhibits the print used for the descriptive matter was too small. etc. and is called " The Nailer stand. one near the Canadian Section which vva. except that. wholesale and retail These stands were very etc. was a pulping. F.s devoted to bananas. the preliminary arrangements for the speakers being made liy the Horticultural Branch of the Ministrv. This stand was badly placed to The trade stands were numerous at the show. and on the Crab stock at Long Ashton. Forestry Association personally inspecting . from Messrs. in the writer s opinion a "reat success. where no visitor. arranged. Maidstone. for all sections were fully represented. which have not yet liecome widely known. In the British Empire Section home-growers competed against Canadian growers. difficult to remember what was really seen. Con- entered for com- Canada. AVm. manures. countries. though apparentlv a late keeper and a free bearer. Power's Nurseries. especi- Covent Messrs. of these were on view. This appliance is made so as to have a " swell. imlhod of packing. very instrucIn addition. The greatest oband it was a serious one. The competition in of this fruit was wonderful. of fruit mer- and many them tastefully. also the first and second prizes in the latter class. cntly packed. Maidstone.. according In some of lliese classes the comto variety. Power & Co. and. On the general" trade stands the most interesting exhibit that was seen was a new press for pressing down the lid on apples wdien packed in standard boxes. is " John Standish. a whole was. yet the exliiiiit was a magnificent sight. as also appeared to be the rail arrangements from different centres. of ^^ aterford. with twenty boxes (if any dessert vainty and twenty boxes The first prize in the of any culinary variety.

the ease with which it can be grown in almost any soil. E. E. in my not distinctive inedifeinineu hibeniica is yet another of the clan. in many respects. Allotments. as might be supposed. Tlie habit is bushy and upright. and even more liberally produced. AiiONCi the taller hardy Heaths none is more lovely than E. taking into consideration its various forms and the hybrid that bears its name. The Piotaiucdl Maoazine figure was prepared from a Javanese specimen. the type so glorified as to appear at first glance a different species. they are egg-shaped. before the end of November. and also to a lesser extent even to the soil. dnrlnievn^ (see "Trees and Plinibs Hard. It is. It differs slightly from the specimen figured in Quite the gem of the mediterraneas is E. and it will be welcome news for all to note that some reduction has taken place in the cost of seeds. M." (ilhti. but they are retained as long as their vigour remains. meditermnea iiami.v in the British Isles. but. The plant here described was presented to the National collection at Glasnevin by Prof. hybridu is such a good doer that we do not hesitate to plant it on dry banks under trees where few other subjects would pro. At the same time new varieties of proved merit are always worth a trial. It is in many ways a remarkable and attractive plant. Where. to merit particular attention. rainea. and its season of flowering is even longer than that of E. the flowers being a fuller colour. a " superba " E. de- velopment. is Clematis smilacifolia This iutoresting species (lowered profusely during early Deoeiuber in a eorridor of the I)lant houses in the Botanic Gardens at Glasnevin. Seed C. it is rather more the hcitiinical Mcujazim t. larger size. which have long been substituted by newer kinds in the seedmen's catalogues. and ready to part with his experience to others. in. medilciraneii prefers fidl sun it will do very well in thin woodland. hut since th" jilant is also recorded from Nepaul an<l Siam. E. superha. is useful for snudl rock gardens or edgings. each bearing a pair of anther pores laterally towards the apex. whilst E. 521). I„ p. strap-shaped. carnea.italogues for the cm-rent year are now coming to hand. We have remarked before the is white-flowered variety. and it is one of the best Heaths for using as a carpeting for Azaleas. a form not often seen. The leaves are large and of thick texture. This Heath is a fast and robust grower. hailing from the bogs of western Ireland.sper. T. Numerous achenes with recurved stigmas are produced within the dense ring of stamens. in truth. Eiiru inedHcixnica is not. .. Dixon. the first blossoms of this hybrid were open this year with us. of a light. In vigoau. often remain in full beauty for three months. are borne in loose panicles. E. 4259. i(i. even G in number as 4.Johnson. dwarf. heart-shaped at the base. Though E. Thus. There may be some more striking species and varieties. meditenfinea. The benefit which a change of district will n'so do in is * Now called E. but merely point downwards and curve slightly at the apex. narrow. they are also quite as frequently 5 or . attaining a height of some 3 to 5 feet. I believe that this is one of the few Heaths which will do in a limy soil. E." Vol. enough. A variety which is known to succeed should not be discarded imtil a better and heavier cropper has been secured for this reason there are many Potatoes still giown in isolated districts. in every way as easy as the type. almost carmine-crimso'n of the other. The centre of each flower is occupied by numerous long. particularly as the fiowers are sweetly scented.Tune) when rose-purple flowers are uncommon. lO IRISH GARDENING "Traveller's An Uncommon November and Joy. Its flowers are intermediate Ijetween the soft rose-pur])le of mediternineu and the clear. K. Wales. Though I do not speak from experience. inasmuch as the sepals are not completely revolute as there shown.son (March-. and deep. rusty colour outside. but it does not do so well in our woodland loam as the others. but of western Spain and France. A. not divided as in most Clematises. a native of southern Europe. These are long. . Init is bolder and better in all its parts. Indeed. carnea is common to many of the mountain forests of central Europe. and there are many ways of finding out what class of Potatoes and other vegetables succeed locally. produced from tlie axils of the leaves on the current year's shoots. Potatoes have a marked preference for certain districts. and summer will be approaching before the last of them are over. and it can be grown to perfection in any gritty loam with the addition of a little leaf-mould. dark violet within. these differences are probably merely environmental. and quite entire. the finest of all the white Kricas. due to a dense covering oF down." whose foliage is bluish green. In the selection of varieties to grow preference should lie given to those kinds of Potatoes which are known to succeed locally. but the dwarf variety. they will gradually increase until early spring. and especially seed Potatoes. and it has iidierited some of the good points of both parents. meditenunen. as I have said. There usually some enterprising individual among the allotment holders who is keen on growing new varieties. claim' a prominent place among the best of its race. mediierianeii and the well-known winter-flowering E. The foiui known as " glanca. narrowed to a point at the apex. It is said to be as indifferent to lime as its parents. this could be provided it would form an attractive feature. and the long season of blossoming at a sea. the l)ristly foliage makes an admirable setting for the blossoms with which the ends of the shots are crowded.rneii. The flowers. and the shrub will. N. It is close to the type in general character. from Trinity College Gardens. and a well-grown plant will cover a breadth equal to its height. I think. Erica mediterranea ancl others. B. and has adopted more of the spreading habit of E. tnediteiniiiea lii/hridn * is a hybrid between E.of constitution it leaves nothing to be desired. flat stamens or staminodes. and. Being deepgreen. whence it was introduced from Siam. merliferranea can. recalling those of some of Uie hardy Sniilaxes. Whilst retaining tlie dark-green foliage of the one. each flower is composed of 4 or 5 sepals. however. incditeiiinii'ii a lovely thing. Apparently of vigorous growth it would require considerable spai'c to allow for its full ojiinion.

— The Month's Work oooOOooo oooOOoooi ^ooooooooOO' SJ^oooooooOOOool By Mr. then commence by closing the house early in the afternoons and damp down to create a humid atmosphere. most critical time for Peaches and Nectarines is in flower. and' on all fine days when the air is light and buoyant. before sprouting has commenced. which is dependent upon liie individual size of the sets. The soil requir. Peaches will only stand gentle forcing.ir is a convenient time to commence an account look to note therein the expenditure and income oi the plot. generally more. G. sulphate of Few ammonia. It is an advantage then if the :-ut Potatoes are dressed with slaked lime. At any rate.~ uppermost do well. The quantity of Potatoes i<(|uired to plant a plot of 3U0 square yards depends upon the distairce apart of the rows. yet. of seed is required.e falling off. so much in height and season of ripening tha! these should be carefully selected. Generally speaking. in a late district to a i New have become prevalent throughout the country.swelling it is sometimes found that alter a fine sunny day they a. Small plants sown in drills and used chiefly for flavouring soups. this operation should lie done iunnediately before planting. and on sunny days about 10° higher. . P"or Parsnips and Carrots half one ounce may be required. court. muriate of potash per plot of . . to it now At tin- moment burn will all disea.leties of Potatoes deteriorate rapidly. W. The beginning of the ye. seed also gives a uiou. should also be stated that seed Potatoes should '" obtained as early in spring as possible. Often if poor . it is wise to 'leal only with reliable seedsmen. H. so that the cahailation of tlie quantity required is an easy matter. It may be said now that the area of a plot is far too sinall TO show a profit over expenditure if an account is kept of tlie number of hours of labour. 1. Gardener to K. .^ grown in trenches. seem to be comparatively free.ililSH Ui(j GAKJJEiNING first to_ II IDUG.vigorous crop. the ground. croijping observed in Ireland in appears southern districts.things well which will give both satisfaction and profit WJiat is the financial value of Sweet Peas when grown well ? The growing of a few flowers on the plot is sure to give satisfaction.. wish to draw the attention of allot 'nent holders and small gardeners generally to the pleasure lliat can he derived from growing a few.rds as it does for good ones. Viscount PowersWicklow. . and the pollen ripe and dry.^eed required to sow a given row. always using clean lepid water so that there may be no check or when cleaning Celery disease is very prevalent in this district the present time on the planf. it powers. Complete the tying and washing of Peach trees and Vines in late liouses. it is well known to be profitable.srd. and an iiiti'duction from a cooler district is necessary to' seime the best residts. Artificial manures are often in a lumpy condition when received.sed lightly from bloom to bloom answers the purpose and will Ije most conducive towards producing a free and regular set.see that the borders are in proper I'ondition. Oliver. After pruning give the rods a good washing with Gisliurst's Compound. hut it is rare to find men supplementing the dung with artificial manures.^ having become dry. To soften the bark and aid the rods to break freely syringing should not be neglected but followed up both morning and afternoon on fine days. are not reconnnended unless they l:ear the name of a firm of repute. the spraying 01 the crop will practically become essenlial to cultivation. By delaying the cutting. the cause is usually through the border. so that the daiimgc which sprouted Potatoes suffer in course .st before the manure is required for use. quarter ounce pack. A thorough soaking should he given. H.'juo square yards. Most catalogues now state the quantity of . they should be fertilised. first off all loose bark. When the flower l)uds are .ets of Cabbages and other greens contain sufficient quantity where a variety IS sown. Where far it is strongly advised leaves and not leave. It can then he applied over the ziiii^m whole As oniy the best seeds arc worth sowing. Where Celery U grown in trc'iiches. which A rlmnge from peaty soil loam m an early district is often markedly beneficial.5 regards the weiglit. When tlir I'otatoes are received they should be placed in sli . of growth is present. . that the crop may not reach full maturity. Co. and also :i..during the autumn or winter.ne sown and the germis unsatisfactory. The disease is reported to have beenat chill. . We do. A rabbit's tail pas. Veget. there is the additional advantage that the grower can be quite certain that on eacli piece a bud capabl.~o much time is lost during the interval of sowing again. In the event of the pruning of Vines having l)een delayed no time should be lost in completing the work. ination Work Under Glass. although the production of good vegetaljles and flowers is the primary function of a plot. The of success stakes of some description :ire necessary. One of the great secrets here is the cleanliness of the trees and houses.ally is tlii= true of Early v.'superphosphate. as the sap will soon be in rapid motinn. they usually require a thorough soaking. however. taking care to loosen the top soil lightly before doing so. Mixing is best carried out ju. Large Potatoes should not ^ cut when placed to Any tubers which :ire large and can be sijrout. cut. and until the flower buds show colour the temperature should range between 40° to 50°. to plant tlie resists disease oetter. Enniskerry. The elaborately illustrated packets of cheap seeds. imt less than 1 cwt.Just before mixing the lumps should be beaten out to powder. For Peas above 2 feet in height ' of the plot.'l bagging and transit may be avoided. JOOOOCocoo^A >OOOoooooo*^U 28 lbs. away from the present ones allotment holders attempt the cultivation of Potatoes witiioul manure. 7 lbs. The following is often referred to as the Department's standard mixture :— 7 ll)s.ible Seeds.January is usually early enough to start forcing. Peas differ. ospr. them on disease is present on a plot be as advisable next season to make the as trenches possible. s just the same amount of preparation for poor s. Single layers w'lth the buii.iow boxes to sprout. Kke. dung when planting. But the majority of men who have allotments do not take them of course from the strictly utilitarian point of view. which will veiy soon be adorning the shops of many but the genuine seedsmen.seeds .P.

but for general purIJoses lime sulphur wash will keep the trees clean and free from pests. as soon as large enough prick off. or narrow. choose a fine. Leeks and Shallots can be grown on the same ground for a number of years. French Beans. Sprouts. manured. l^eaves should be raked and swept up and either reserved for hotbeds or carted in some out-of-theway place to rot. Beet. and well rub the affected part with a partly worn brush. and placed in a warm house or on a hotbed. Avoid having the soil too moist. Violets in frames . ciuiet day for the operaif the trees are badly covered wdth lichen. Peas. with plenty of light and free ventilation. methylated spirits. and press lightly. and well trenched without fresh manure for the root crop. if not taken last month. or on a mild hotbed.— A small sowing should be made for early supply grow in a warm. The pruning of Plums and Gooseberries in some gardens is very often best left to the last where birds are troublesome. etc. Kale. while Onions. Walls are sometimes very sheltered from the winter's rain. etc. A sowing of Peas should also be made in pots. batch of Sli-a-. should always have a fresh position each year. Cauliflower. with Potatoes between the rows. if large quantities are wanted for bedding they should he sown at intervals. and Rhubarb not required for forcing should be divided up for subsequent year's supplies. also for topdressing and digging into flower borders.-3sary. Potatoes are greatly prized for early supplies. Seakale and Chicory. and keep close to the glass. Cauliflower . proper paration the soil is attention to the preabsolutely nee. Seakale in liermancnt bed outside should be covered with pots or ashes. with leaves on. give plenty of light and air to plants in frames sown in the autumn.shoidd be carefully attended to. as can also Potatoes. such as Carrots. For the production of large specimens a sowing should be made in boxes of rich soil in a warm house. Red and White Currants should be pruned uu the spur system. and short Beech to protect twigs. If Sweet Peas wci-e sown in the autumn they should be kept as hardy as possible. if required early. and placed in a warm house. Onions and Lkkks. Strawberries should be cleaned and forked lightly between. If not already sown the end of the month is a good time to do so in either pots or boxes. and it can settle down before cropping Even though land be well tilled and arrives. the above circle of rotation cropping the ground should be well limed for Brassieas.. such as Cabbage. Clear aw-ay all loose bark and lichen from the trees. . and the year following by Peas in trenches.seed should be sown in boxes. Flower Garden . Antirrhinums should be sown in boxes. up. but Sweet Cherries should be pruned in the same manner as Plums. decayed leaves picked off. if the In ground is properly prepared and manured. MoRELLO Cherries should also be pruned or tied in the same manner as Peaches. Carrots. if yoa want to increase your stock. A selection of suitable shoots or scions rotational cropping is lor root ci'ops. a good caustic solution is best. covering witli a light. Tomato anh Cucumher. plentiful supply of maiiuie incorporated with it. pick off all the eyes to a height of six inches from the base. To grow vegetables to a high state of excellence of tion. it is most essential to arrange the proper rotation of the various crops. . and mulched with some long manure.. tubers of a good. sow twelve inches apart a sowing of Radish (French Breakfast) can be made between the rows. keep covered until seed has germinated. even . Owing to the dry summer and the small amount of rain that has fallen in some districts it will be found that wall trees and also large trees in the open ground will require watering. Peas and Bhoad Beans can now be sown on a If mice are border in good. Pot Koses should also be i. Rhubarb. Cut back trees intended for grafting. troublesome to the seed cover with some fresh wood ashes as soon as they appear above ground warm them from the blast of cold cutting winds they should be earthed up. Cuttings of Currants and Goaseberries.iuned and started an earlv house. See that each shoot is well ripened ancl carefully label and lay-in under a north wall for use in March or April.— A sowing of stump-rooted varieties . short-topped early variety that has been laid out in boxes to sprout should be planted on beds of leaves or spent hotbeds. should be put in in quantity to meet requirements. well manured for Peas and Potatoes. The spraying of Fruit Trees should be finished this month. working it well in cracks Kitchen Garden.\nd Pleasure Grounds. as there is nothing lietter for use in planting tiees and shrubs. light soil. During the past dry and mild weather no doubt every opportunity lias been taken to dig and trench the ground. Parsnips. American blight has been very bad during the past season.vberries in pots should be slavUxl on a shelf close to the glass in the Vniery. 12 IRISH GARDENING m should be introduced into a dark shed or mushroom house. then give full light and plenty of ventilation. should be started in a warm house in i)ots of rich soil leave plenty of room for topdressing when the plants are well — from Apple and Pears should be saved if you intend grafting later on. The very mild weather has made the grass grow-. For planting out later on. and pulled before the Carrots are any size. should be taken off with a heel about one foot in length. rich soil. to follow Brassieas.. and all members of the Brassica family. and Lawns should lie well rolled after w-et w-eather. temperature free from draughts. sow a quarter of an inch deep. using a paraffin preparation. to keex) up a succession. at —A one time may interfere with more important batch of each work.'ihould be made in pits or frames over a mild hotbed in fine. a cold frame is the most suitable place. they can also be grown in large jjots or l)oxes in a cool Vinery. if not the picking out coming all .boxes. put to the Pea rows. so that the weather can pulverise the time soil. and a watering with soot-water will be found beneficial. rich soil with a frame for protection. Chrysauthemum cuttings. xhe sooner the trenching is done in the Emtumn the better. and Black Currants should have old wood thoroughly cleaned out. which is also the cause of their unfruitfulness. for preference. a brief example of and crevices. or Gishurst's Compound. A Hardy Fruits.. end a. Peach trees on walls should be i^runed and tied when the weather is not favourable for work in open plantations.

DUBLIN Established 70 years Phone: Dublin 1721 (two lines) iiiiii nil .H. M Mli^JO^H^i Seed Growers and Merchants READING EDMONDSONS FOR Garden Seeds Seed Potatoes Garden Implements 10 EDMONDSON BROTHERS DAME STREET.S. Vegetables. Siid^ gained during the The numerous awards past year include THE SHEKWOODCUPforthe I Most Meritorious in addition to n M trt Exhibit Show. '' H M "SUTTON S GARDEN SEED CATALOGUE for 1922" will be posted free on application. Great Chelsea 23 GOLD MEDALS for Flowers. at the R. etc.tLJtLZ t^ H M H AN UNBROKEN CHAIN OF SUCCESS nURING 1921.Z.

11/- . gallon. To be obtained from all dealers in Sundries . to 1. its value will be the grass. Sir Frederick W. deciduous. In packets. It can beippliel with syring e or pump. This is the sixty-seventh annual issue of this important work. K. A. combined with otheivaluable ingredients. On tlie proposition of Mr. gallons of water. B. Daisy Hill Nurseries have for long licen famous catafor hardv plants of all kinds.000 to 2. Viscount Poweiscourt. Tins. England. and we find therein one of the finest collections of trees and shrubs it would be possible to find anywhere. including rare and good things like H(i:re(j(ifhra riin. FOWLER'S LAWN SAND This preparation is lur destroying Daisies and other weeds on lawns and at the same time stimulating the growth of If one tin is tried as a sample. CLOUD' pleasant green shade is SHADING given to the glass. ornamental trees. IT'-. five gallons. THE CHEAPEST INSECTICIDE OF THE DAY "NIQUAS" (NON-POISONOUSi IMPROVED A Concentrated Extr. Dublin. and evergreen are fully represented. •It is a fine catalogue. — '4. or used for dipping. Prices Half.: Yl IRISH GARDENING Horticultural and ArboriMeeting The Royal The Annual Molesworth cultural Society ol Ireland. and T. Moloney. whiht no possible injury to vegetation can result from its use. Cheaper in Bulk.ord Frederick FitzGerald wore read. 1 /3 each.each . in the extent of Exceeds all others in General Fertilising Properties and Staying Po\\ crs Analysis on Application Sold in Tins. catalogues. 2 3.. and we cannot illustrate the increasing demand for Siitton's seeds better than by saying that since 1S70 the number of orders received annually has increased six-fold. which now loom so largely in the press. infesting Trees and Plants. orders which dislike slirubs. and effective Insecticide It destroys all Insect Pests for syringing and dipping. 14 629. pint. Potatoes. of Reading. the renowned seedsmen. No. on December IGtli.S. ten gallons. 2. gardener to B. N. For small greenhouses up Newry This is Roses. I cwt. more iihan ever important in gardens of any and every size.L. The first section is devoted to vegetables. MacLeod. 21/- . General was held at 5 Street. }{ cwt . 62/6.seconded by Mr. CORRY Sole Manufacturers <S Co.500 cubic feet. pint.. Straffan House. Sales are largely mcreasmg. 1/6. Price.P. Down. Bags. with Ask Your Nurseryman or Seedsman For the following Well Known and Highly Efficient Horticultural Preparations. and there no furtlier Cone They are most efficacious. For a well secured house of 2. Montgomery. A First Class Certificate was awarded to Mr. another Daisy Hill publication devoted entirely to Roses. climbers. for the year ending I>ecember 21. shinild have a copy of" this unique list. the old-fashioned garden roses are more numerous than i. 1 6. For Fumigating in Greenhouses. and 4/..O. a record of which the firm may justly be proud. was ado"pted iicm. 3/9. hilf-gallon. or rather in members of the Ericaceae and allied lime. con. So quart. reein-ht retiring members of the Council were Votes of thanks were passed to the Press elected and to the Chairman. Barton. The famous strains of vegetable seeds offered by Messrs. and the new logues just to hand give evidence that there is no falliniT-off twenty gallons. D'Oliei-. "LETHORiON" IMPROVED METAL CONES Registered No.ooo cubic Price. Limited Horticultural Merchants and Manufacuirtrs ot Nurser\nien. H.. while it offers absolute proof oi the satisfactory quality of the goods supi)l)ed over a long series of years. Shaw. if any. and should be in the hands of all who are planting trees and shrubs on a large or small scale. 1/9 each. for very fine Cahmthe Veitchi and Ci/pri2^etlhims shown at the meeting.597 To destroy Insect Pests. Smith has kindly sent us a copy of his new Tree and Shrub catalogue. to i. Streeter. at once appreciated. Catalogues. 1921 Col. H.. 3. The Candle is attached to each trouble. Sutton & Sons. F.TCt uf QunssLi. Co. (The only genuine original and improved article) A 1/6 for loo feet of glass. 62. lOd. while few. statement of accounts. . have always been a special line. and their famous 3/9 and 7/. I. 1921. 36. V. 39/- ELLIOTTS SUMIVIER For Greenhouses..ipiriiii and Fif~roi/o pntiujonica are offered in great assortment. the Marquis of ing Headfort." Hill is particularly rich in peat-loving shrubs. safe. Both may be obtained from Daisy Hill Nurseries. No. in-esidResrets from the I'lesident. All who love Roses offer so manv Rose STJecies. and Conifers. 9d. forming a cheap. Esq. for Registered Trade Mark No. 7/- each. For frames and "lean-lo's" up feet.'-. Sutton for so many years are as fully represented as ever. only needs lighting. (or Agricultural and Hurticultural I'urpo-es.. All the best of the older kinds find a place. being moved for adoption by Mr. The report. and while the best of the modern garden varieties of all sections is included. D.each 300 feet. while the cream of the newer kinds is included without the Daisy rubbish sometimes listed as " Kovelties. each. No. Price.'o. 1 20/1 gallon sufficient for STANDEN'S MANURE (Established over 35 Years) the collections. D. 1 6'-. Messrs. Kildare.500 cubic feet. have very kindly presented us with a copy of their Amnteur'a (riiide in Tlortiriiltiii-r for 1922. >< cwt. Mr. and seconded by Mrs. D. 3 '9 . Seedsmen and Florists' Sundries and Tohaccu I'reparatiiins Free of Duty.s to i)e fomid in mosT. Co.

S. J. Delphiniums. having withstood 15 degrees of frost without any injury. and 24/- per dozen. H. of given for a group Michaelmas Daisies at the R. J. 12 for GOLD MEDAL J. . 30/- GOLD MEDAL PHLOX. | = = ^ = = = = H. was this Season twice awarded the Silver-Gilt Medal. together with the Gold Medal offered by Messrs.s only GOLD Phlox MEDAL wnly b\- given by the Royal Ilorti- R. 4. of J. WINTER FLOWERING - growers to increase their stock from Ryecrofi. bretias. . S. Honour at tlie big International Exhibition held in Le Mans. Clay & Son at the same Show for the best Trade Also the Grand Prize of lixhibu. or 12 very fane varieties 10/-. ^ = = l liniliiMiillill I H. etc. 25/. Gold Medal Phlox.. they are flowering now. this season. named varieties at 12/1 Finest 8. JONES was awarded ilie for received. Gold Medal Michaehnas Daisies. Jones.13 l Hl'iiiiiiiiiiiiiilllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllinilllllllllilllllllillilllllllllllMllillllllillllllllllllllllllllllllllliliiiiiiiiii^ .100. LewishaiD. Ryecroft Nurseries. and white. UN: Vll Uz Chrisanthemums T H. JONES' CATALOGUE | = = new varieties. MontGladioli.E.In yellow. was also awarded the only These are ver\' hne. 12 newest \arieties. Spencer Chichester. sent post free for id.per dozen . J. From these farts.H. France.S. J. also a very tine selection varietiesfat 6/. the Ryecroft Exhibit of Clir\'saiitheimini.per mixed unnamed dozen. the best bloom in the Show. PANSIES. = = I = DELPHINIUMS. at the = S = = s = = cultural Societ\' this season. will be pleased to send one Jplant each of the 48 varieties exhibited in the group for ^"3 3s. also the LARGE GOLD MEDALqiven the H. In addition to the Gold Medal Chrysanthemums. 20/-. will be pleased to make 20/- Chrvsanthemuni Society at their Exhibition on November 3rd. 15/- and per dozen of . and a Gold Medal for Mrs. J..H. packing and carriage free for cash with order. H. J. blue. J. it should be to the obvious advantage of all National selections of the very best and most distinct varieties at 10/-. Gold Medals already llllllllillllMltlnillllMiri Illiiirillr stamp.IRISH GARDENING. All the above sent box.

while greenhouse plants like Begonias. draining. Potatoes and all and Haked varieties). S. Surrey (goods ria Hornsley. to reach the Director.eeks. We note they are offering a new first early named Dunvcooii. are as prominent as heretofore. Latest of All. and planting of fore. On the first page attention is drawn to a scheme at present under con" whereby certain monies sideration in Britain are to be devoted towards the clearing. 50. 18. 2. For Garden Seeds. No. from Messrs. sent by Messrs. Watkins & of Award . Nos. Best of All. which may bo obtained by request from The Koyal Seed Reduced Prices of ticide.VI 11 IRISH GARDENING Castle strains are well known. — iiilitllltiiiitiliiiiliiiilnlilitlliniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiMiiiHiiiiilllillliinliir For Winter Spraying OF FRUIT TREES I pi. Gloxinias. is a useful publication in which large quantities of forest trees are offered in suitable sizes for forest jilanting. Garden. [ gal. 56 Beltring. The Toogood. Barr. and will be sent post free to all applicants. sent liy Messrs. OWN VANS. salmon. Early Favourite. No. Watkins & Simpson. Entry forms Ry. Bellville. Nos. W. Beds. BY OUR IIIIIIIIIIMIIIlllllllll|llllli= . on or before January 31. r. Paddock Wood. pale cerise. 32. Bees. sent by Messrs. l^arkspur. Barr. cream-pink. H. carmine. 19. and pink bicolors. Selected Drumhead. Simpson and Messrs. 42. at Wisley. No. the whole producing a charming effect. Dickson & Robinson.6 2/3 Or XII All Winter Wash." Through the body of the catalogue many licautiful ornamental trees and shru):)s are offered. Abol Limited. New Sydenham. Chemists and Stores. 33. Cyclamen. Clucas and Messrs. sent liy Messrs. 40. Abol CHRYSANTHEMUMS Ah' price list and descriptive catalogue of the above is now ready. many of them reproduced in colours. 1 /8 each Wisley. a. The second part of Ihe Guide is devoted tn flowers. 1922. Aish. Trial of Savoy Cabbages of the 10.3 (award for garden use). ^l. No. R. after three years' trial. Veitch and Messrs. Reading. Calceolarias. This old established firm has been in existence for over a . etc. : pt. qt. Sweet Peas of pink shades (including blusli.. Trials carry out at at Wisley. sent by Messrs. Scarlet. and Primula are offered in choice variety. 49.— No. Florists. Beet. sent by Messrs. Ltd. which. Godetia.entuiy.l/erii. Tlie rinnters' Guide. Seedsmen and others are invited to send one l)acket of each variety which they desire tried. Nos. Ormskirk Late. Please ask your dealer for new lists. sent by Messrs. We confidently recommend a perusal of this sumptuous work. Lit<Je and Ballantyne. Dobbie. and we note that the famous strains of Antirrhinum. sent by Messrs. Toogood. Highly Commended. trials of Stocks for summer flowering outdoors. Watkins & Simpson. 1921. Nos. & S. Nos. Ormskirk Late. There are many beautiful illustrations. 46. sent by Messrs. 3/9 6/9 11/6 Tins. Sinipso'n. I Irish planters. The following awards have been made Cabbages by the Council tural Society after trial at Wisley : to' Savoy Royal Horticul- — Year. sent liy Messrs. 36. 43. No. Drumhead. In the event of any difficulty please sole write direct to the proprietors and manufacturers. 1922. DUBLIN Free deliveries over a large area lltllllllllllllllllllllMII & Sons.? well as Roses and Fruit Trees. and late Peas. Ironmongers. Dunstable. rose. Prices Abol Non-poisonous InsecPatent Syrmges and other Specialities have been reduced as from January 2nd. Broad Beans. Establishment. and is well known to Sold by Nurserymen. Cissbury Nursery. Toogo'od and Barr. dining 1922. 37. Wisley. Cinerarias. picotees. 31. S. sent by Messrs. Clai-kia. for any of these items may be obtained on application to him. Ripley.. 22. striped Garden requirements our Free Cataloo-ue.). McKenzie IIIIIIIIMIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Great Brunswick Street. to The Royal Horticultural Society has arranged Use VI Fluid 1.st lands. Watkins & Simpson. Covent Garden Select Late. Consiilf Thos. Kent. luis been officially declared immune from Wart Disease. 16/6 dozen. Seeds men. 39 (award for earliness).

6d.:'^t". 5 gall^il/3. From the Office.. "rrTr :: DUBLIN HJIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIilllilitllllllllillllllllilllllllllllllllllilllllllltlllllH = *t Irish Gardening'' | St.." Business Communications.eats. - Orgaa of the Irish and Adlllated Beekeepers' gallon of Hoyte's Associations.ahide.. postage. oi all -id.iL. 4(1. Editorial. Mt illllllilillllllillllllilllllllllllilllllllllllllllllllllllliillllllllllllli BOOKS Reports.. Also at Mai. 3s." = = = = S = = zz = = ' Best Coals ALSO Gas Coke. Homo and Abroad.4»wrican Bee-Keeptr." AND. " All letters regarding Subscriptions. Paths. Printed. Breeze Prompt am! i & Slack ireful attention to Orders. THE ONLY BEE PAP'^>3 >m i IRELAND Killer makes 20 galls. postage. per Annum. 20 Tins charged extrx'and allowed for lull in Monthly 2d. TBE PRACTICAL BEE GUIDE. of solution for swaying Garden iulatioiisat Received withontliusiastio apir. when Sole returned. Illustrated Bound on the Best Terms for Authors Editors.„Kaniny.! aEE-KEEPING MADE PROFITABLE Everr Bce-Keeper who desires success should read THE IRISH BEE JOURNAL (ESTABLISnED JMl). 1 gall. > < > 14 D'OLIER STREET. ne\v. ^ = = S = S = = ^ = AN ILLUSTRATED MONTHLY Offices —53 — Upper Sackville Dublin Subscriptions — 6/- per annum. on the subject yet publiahod. Secretaries and others by FALCONER: Printer *" Booh-Binder AT 53 Upper Sackville St„ DUBLIN . "One oJ the liveliest and bfst Apiarian Journals in all Europe. Advertisements.') illiistrations. Pamphlets and Transactions and Published. .. 2 G. DUBLIN. Limited 16 LOWER SACKVi(LLE ST. n Copy free. Seud p«3l r> "One of the brightest. ::::o Makers Paper cover. Linea cover. . Flower Telegranis i & McDonald DUBLIN . 10 galls. post free.^. WalkKDrivcs. All Editorial Communications. Lough Rynn. l^romoU.Vb. and other business matters must be addressed — The Manager. 1.'. : 2s. SieehRiEs * DONALD.oii pages. Otilcial Death One to the Weeds Weed etc. in the Wd. 4s.! . copy and photographs should be addressed to "The Editor. ?„eii5''"5". "-.-i (. Balbriccan Telephone No. IniSH Bee Jocrnal.American). and Hoyte & Son. Post Free.

Wm. Bulb Growers and Seedmerchsbhts. nTTBLZV. Power & «ge Co. Waterford Nurserymen. . riUMlKBR.WATERPORD Seeds and Trees of every description FOR Garden and Farm : iiiiiiiHiniiiiHiiiiiiiiMiiiitinittt Bulbs for : Garden and Greenhouse CATALOGUES FREE.. PBINTIR.

17.24 13. 22 22 23 . 18 Allotments . . Arbutus Meuiesii Raphiolepis Delacourii . The Autumn of 1921 . Contents The London Parks and Gardeat Summer of in the . . 16. 19 The Month's Work Lardizabala biternata Illustrations . Window Plants in Winter .ff!)''' . Noles from Rostrevor Notes from a Small Gardet . Rhodostachys andGaa 13 17 20 20 1921 January Flowers at Glasnevin . 21 ""4.mm't~:jM FEBRUARY. 20 20 . . 192 SIXPENCE 1 Irish Oerd PAGE "^^ n$ PAGE .

The Liming of Land. . Home Preservation of Eggs. 96. No. 17. 68. Home Curing „ „ „ 20. Prevention of Potato Blight. 76. 69. 47. 76. 12. 67. 84. 73. Cultivation of Osiers. Celery Leaf-Spot Disease or Blight. 27. Liquid Manure. Breeding and Feeding of Pigs. 84. 87. Tuberculosis in Poultry. Out Out The of Print. 10. 28. Black Quarter. Out of rrint. Palm Nut Cake and Meal. 99. Dishorning Calves. Testing of Farm Seeds. DigRing and Storing Potatoes. 14. of Print. Field Experiment*—Barley. :— Gapes. 25. . of Fruit. 98.. 18-17. Field Experiments —Wheat. Sheep Scab. Black Scab in Potatoes. 89. or Blue Quarter. 66. Charlock (or Preshaugh) Spraying. Preservation of Management. . .. Barley Sowing. „ . American Gooseberry Mildew. Marketing of a Cowhouse. of 53. Slieop. 62. OF THE DEPARTMENT'S LEAFLETS No. CO. 5. 44. Dapartmeot OF of Agriculture and Technical Inatrnctlon for Ireland. 3. . : . 46. 71. Some Common Cultivation of Main Crop Potatoes. . Care and Treatment Forestry Planting. of or Dairy Cows. The Prevention : of Tuberculosii in Diseases of Poultry Basic Slag. 92. 97. Wirewormg. 22. 61. Fowl Cholera. . Fluke in Sheep. of Permanent Pasture Grasses. The Management " Redwatar " Cattle. 96. Ensilage. Sprouting Seed Potatoes. 61. Coplea of the above LeafleU can be obtained.. 49.. 87. 31. The Dee and Purchase Foot Rot in Out of Print. The Advantages of Early Ploughing. Store Cattle or Butter. Mites. Timothy Meadows. 66. » „ „ Turnips.-int. 32. 20. Bacon.etten of Application >o addrened nead not be atamped. 23. Seaweed as Manure. 1. Marketing of Wild Fruits. The Construction of Piggeries. 88. 70. 12. Portable Poultry Houses. SB. . 42. of Bacon. " Blood-Murrain " in „ . Rearing and Fattening of Turkeys. 93. Out of Print. Oats. Flax Seed. 80. 41. „ . 22. Contagious Abortion in Cattle. 68. e. 2. Dirty MiLk. 86. 45. Hedgerow Timber.Department of Agriculture and Technical Instruction for Ireland LIST No. and Eggs. 11. Poultry Parasites Fleas. Potatoes. Varieties of Fruit Suitable for Cultivation in Ireland. 79.. 62. Out of Print. The Apple.. „ „ 1-11. Some Iniurious Orchard Insects.. Profitable Breeds of Poultry. The Home Bottling of Fruit. 64. 19. The Construction Out of F. 94. and Management of — S3. 23. of Manures. 36. 8. The Use and Purchase Swine Fever.— Out of Print. Cattle. Treatment of Allotments for the Growing 18. Poultry Fattening. 86.— Out of Print. 59. 39. 30. The Black Currant Mite... 16. I. Winter Fattening of Cattle. 43. of Print. Upper HerTion Street. 28. Foul Brood or Bee Pest.. Milk Records. 18. Dnblln. and and Shelter-Belt of Premium Bulls. Cattle. Mangels. Forestry The Planting of Waste Lands Forestry The Proper Method of Plant ing Forest Trees. 90. Packing Eggs for Hatching. Weeds. „ 54. Feeding fStuffs. 21. Barley Threshing. 78. and post free. The Leather-Jacket Grub. Prevention of Wfelto Scour in Calvea. Blackleg. 63. Early Potato Growing. 63. Ringworm on Haymaking. 16. 84. Potato Culture on Small Farms. and Winter Egg Production. 40. SPECIAL LEAFLETS No 19. 9. Cultivation of the Root Crop. 74. 21. on application to the Seoietary. I . 48. Flax Growing Experiments. Calf Rearing. The Rearing and Management " Chickens. 4. » 67. £9. Catch-Crops. 65. Out of Print." FREE CBABOE . Home Buttermaking. 62.. 91. Husk " or " Hoose " in Calves. 7. 36. Parasites of the Sheep. 61. Out of Print. Planting Hedges. The Turnip Fly.. 60. fLiee. of Vegetables. 77. 13. Out Out of Print. The Cultivation of Small Fruits. „ „ „ t> „ „ „ Meadow Hay. . The Warble Fly. 56. Envelopea ehoald be marked "FabUcatloni. 72. Farmers and Income Tax. Scour and Wasting In Young Cattle.

Twit. very beautiful Line. Antipest.— For Blig:ht.001) cubic feet (f(r ordin1 /9 an. DALKEY. Section* M. Holland and other LITTLES Fruit Tree Begonias. from Seedsmen. Ltd. SMYTH. Mussel Scale. Pesticide.t'OO cubic leet. and Bud. Abbey St. WELLS & COMPANY MERSTHAWI. KEITH. Ltd. All Spraying Fluids sorts of Dutch Bulbs and Flower Roots excellent quality. DUBLIN LISSE..h. 'U nil SiUKeminrti. E. Ill boxes lo fumigate l. Used by all the leading Sweet Pea growers as a preventive and cure of Streak. Nottingham CHRYSANTHEMUMS NOW READY Post free on applicution To SEED JrH TF W. 4 /6 10. For Red Spider. Makers: — ^132.S .. 111. Ltd. HACKNRV. this . FLOWER AM) BOG GARDENS MOUNT HENRY. Darlington APPARATUS REOUtRCO & Sons. or ilirect MORRIS. LITTLE THEY ARE & SON. 6/Is .r. MERCHANTS S U 1^ R£Y there is one kind of advertis ing which lends itself more than any other to artistic resultproducing illustration it is iKe advertising of Seeds. hare " Carriage Paid" quotation. on Apple and other Fruit Trees. in Assure the Pi-o^resslve Fruit Grower of Clean Heallhy Trees in Branch. 3. &c. 1/.. BURNS ON TH£ CROUim NO W. f. Obtained o/ all principal Seedsmen and Florisis. late ripenint.E SSE X THE .. <S f. on Gooseberry Trees.. Doncaster LUXFORD & --= CO. &c.croK.UBLIN IRISH PHOTO-ENGP/IVING roT^TD 50 Mitjdle eacli.\I. CO. Royal Potteries. ROCK. Bhu k Spot. HARLOW. Gladiolus. The more you Colour blocks for iiliistraSf the better the results. BEST SHEERING NURSERIES — -.. Wliite Fly and all Pests hifestuig PLiiils under niass. uriU for price List— FREE Bui well. RICHARD SANKEY & SON..Stuff a Speciality. and purpose.0 iesfinining Mag-. F'o' iats. LONDON.L AND CHEAPEST HA Ml MADE Artistic Fern Pans and Bulb Bowls and or WELLS' CATALOGUE OF State Quantities aiui Sizes required. - Miscellaneous RICHARD C. Veldhuyzen van Zanten Wholesale Bulb Grower McM. DESIGNS & LAYS OUT LAWNS & PLEASURE J.500 cubic feet. followed by (lood and Plenlilul Crops. post free.. Prices will gladly be sent on application.oTg sHSfOj. Dublin.000 cubic feit (for lender foliaged Plants). AUTO'SHREDS CERTAIN DEATH -. PHONE. We produce Tone. CONSTRUCTS PERGOLAS PLANTS WATER.Plants). ii:e.s. GROUNDS. at moderate prices. — CHRYSANTHEMUMS General Catalogues of varleh'es ko«' all the leading ready.

result of price. 61 DAWSON ST. DUBLIN . | E HAWLMARK.I 3 Have You a Garden sow ? DRUMMOND'S CELEBRATED Vegetable A-ii'ii/'dcd & Flower Seeds Fi?-si over i. I Alex. of Gold Medal Chrysanthemums. Ryecroft Nurseries. Killiney LTD. Delphiniums. Two New ^^ Raspberries We oi offer these as quite word" ia Raspberries. DUBLIN ^ ^lllillllllllllllllllllllllllllllllillllllllllllllJIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIirH 1 ^row Lopauberry by the thousand.rowCanes.per dozen ing to market. 50/.E. they are exceptioDal merit aDd when better knowo will be last " tbe g:rown in every garden. sorts. :: •' ^ ^ ^ = = ^ — We delicious it and . The Moderate in the combined the best efforts of three generations of specialists. compare with for this round and purpose. 9 . Montbretias. Gold Medal Phlox. Our catalogue will te'. Ltd. flavovu'ed jam. & 58 Dawson Street. London.ij ^ Telephone 154. WATSON & SONS. S. Jones' Catalogue etc. SENT POST FREE FOR Id. cis it bears heavily every year and will be found the most profitable of all It makes a veri^ richly sorts for market. CO. . ^ ^ ^ ^ They ought to be AND ARE which can be produced. STAMP. Dickson & Sons. Killiney.per dozen.per 100. Of germination. and the Parsley-leaved and CATALOGUE FREE Wilson Junior Blackberries. Its size has not detracted from its cropping: powers. Laxtonberry. Telegrams : Hawlmark. which we have proved to retain its ila\ our much better than ordinary Canes. 1 Please ^ ^ = = = = nz If tell us.I you all about them. rich. Gold Medal Michaelmas Daisies. The and the canes We recommend are of vig^orous g"rowth.ooo Prizes sii/er n)oo W. Lewisham. a<. 1/6 each 12/. and can be had post free on application. Ltd. . your Friends E want everyone interested to THE larg^esl raspberry in cultivation. Phenomenal Berry. Himalaya Berry. — If we have served you well =. Japanese Wineberry. Other useful Berries to supplement the soit-huit season can also be supplied in quantityincluding Lowberry. it for private gfardens rather than for g. Wm. Drummond 57 & Sons. Gladioli. not lell We in gardening know ^ ^ ABOUT Our Famou: Hawlmark Seeds tested i PARK LANE The most fruit is red. J. richly flavoured raspberry for dessert no other variety can larg-e. Nurseries. PYNES ROYAL iho berries are often 4 inches in cirmimferoiice. red and firm. DUBLIN "HARDY IN ENGLAND- H.

17/-. LH HJi S..oiighi to read it regularly.ement. 1/6. practical experience i:i all brancliesof Horlkiilture. 20yrfs. . 1. BREEDS. by 1. 5s.? free lbs . Articles on Trees and Shrubs.i. 11111111 181b mill ST.st lof^ne of the Busy Housewives turn to the Household Page and most orig:inal hints on cookery and home manag. 3/- 3*- H'i ife for our Booklet -jiust on request "*S Sold by Nurserymen and Seedsmen everyuhere. Thomson & Sons. all day — Lest Write tostamps. . Vine. for Cahdngue.6 .. Cissbury Nursery. Potatoes.. 5s. Beds. by 2. by 2. 3/Special Top-dressing Manure. 6(1.of a g-ardeii. small inesli.: 20yds. Border and Rockery. fruitful nf and Every possessor. and len. you p'orget.'by ROSES : J. . Rye. Youth is catered for too. . parcels odd lengths. Net Shop.th nr width required. 1-1 irarden erojis tins.)0(. 5B ]ljs.. 28JIib. "The Busy Bee.. M. puultiy runs and tennis coiuts. Seasonable articles on Insect Pests and Diseases appear each month.. The Subscription for a year is only 2/6 post free. <. If lines top and bottom. to Only n pos/citrd / Garden contentment.allot nient or small holding. casli with order for bush prtitection. Analysis riiir growth.= many yeai-s . Dublin.9.— lEISH GAEDENING. . Scotland « ! I CHRYSANTHEMUMS price li. lace in Ihe esliiiiatimi . 9. month by month. X'egelables. 77u' /jrs/ slep . for garden nets.^^ •. 5 6.if llnrlienllnrists all over tlie Avnrld for quality and results. Fruit. U lli-.S. lli« . 40yds. Id' per yard extra for 2 lines. Send to-day free lo Ureal BniiisTt'iri' S/ree/. 10s. Plant and Vegetable Manure— unrivallpd for all cwl 1 32/-. till licild hr-i j.6.Indispensable in — HI iiiiiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiuiHi[iiiiiiiiiiiiriiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiMiii'iiiiiiiiiiiriiriii<iiiitiiiiiiii)iHiiiii^ THOMSONS CELEBRATED Moderate in Price Garden. the name of the Monthly Jininial published for private circulation by Bees' Ltd.aiiniiiliiiniiMiiiiiiniiMiii LIVERPOOL. Poultry Keeping and Bee Keeping: are also included. 2s. LOOK Cotton Nettings.I GUARANTEED ALL BRITISH GROWN CANT DWARFS S 4ityds. Dunstable. any Sib.. Clovenfords. My and descriptive cataabove is now ready.56:7 U. Carriage paid. Aish. Ltd. and will he sent post free to applicants. Sussex 1 he following Collections will be Carriage Paid if cash accompanies order Ho^N does your Gariten Grow 9 You must IVIcKenzie^s Seeds to give a satisfied answer. Chikircn tlelight in the Competitions which aim to instruct as well as amuse.'. Each peison wishing to receive a specimen copy (or copies) of " The for the best i-- Busy Bee" should send 3d. SOLE MAhEHf : Wm." | MAx^URES Thoroughly sustaining leading to vigorous.il lb- . and after iner ID years on tlii' market. Is and of Highest Quality and healthy. WHAT T\ 'HI i IT IS. iSllis. an excellent stininlant Mannrps are the direct result . 4s.. Roses. 17 - .

. IRON FOUNDING Surveys Made Estimates and Plans Supplied » rtjwi wipm. N.W. ElEGTRiG LIGHTING. ST. S. ALSO HE ATING ENGIN EERS Plans and Estimates prepared fret- of cost Large Catalogue of photographic views of Horticultural Huildings free on application DARLINGTON (LONDON OFFICE: Albert Mansions. RICHARDSON s Co SPECIALIST^ '^ IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ALL KINDS HORTICULTURAL BUILDINGS.. EDINBURGH SLATEFORD ROAD. EDINBURGH 8 LIMITED HOTHOUSE BUILDERS & HEATING ENGINEERS ELECTRICAL.'grnffa W. 92 Victoria St.W.' !-«) BY APPOINTMENT TO HIS MAJESTY THE KING MACKENZIE Registered Office and Works. 121 VINCENT STREET HOTHOUSES.I. ENGINEERS AND IRONFOUNDERS Foundry LONDON GLASGOW CAMDEN ROAD. Iron & MONCUR BALCARRES STREET. HEATING.

" with its distinguished and wellmoimted riders. Dublin. the compensative laws were never mori' clearly exemplified than in those central recreative areas the London — Parks. Ri Botanic Gardens. exterminated others of the shallow-rooting types. something of the desert nature. The " Serpentine " presented a refreshing streak a tale of struggle for moisture. Green Park. The propagating department is a most extensive one.Janiiary.Sulishuiin iiilinntifolio. I was enabled. had worked wonders in serving the public with floral displays. The London Parks in the sunnuer of 1921 will be long remembered by those who saw them as in the and there cropped up une. indeed. under such severe conditions. Kensington Gardens we called at the Store yard.xpectedly a dark green mop-headed Acacia in the lustiest of health. and when one considers the thousands of plants required to plant the different Parks of St. in company with an hortieultural friend. I'opuhts nifjiti and Eh'dijnii. GARDENING FEBRUARY 1922 i'^^". but here IMisx K. but the able and thoughtful officials. while the Ijondon Plane. . through the generosity and foresight of uiy employers.i nuri'd proclaimed their indifference to the arid weather coaditions. Gardening under such conditions was more a nightmare than a pleasure. r. Ibis unguicularis flowering in .1 IRISH VOLUME Editor -J. •James. Hyde Park. to make a tour of inspection of the greater London Parks. proved a variation in an otherwise Before passing into scorched and dismal park. In Hyde Park the partially defoliated trees told with its happy boating parties. A drought of many months' duration had crippled many trees and shrubs. explaining the methods of stock keeping. repair work and the thousand and one things that go to maintaining a large public park. where an official conducted us round the different departments. 192 A MONTHLY JOURNAL DE\'OTED TO THE ADVANCEMENT OF HORTICULTURE AND ARBORICULTURE IN IRELAND W Besant. At the latter end of August last. The London Parks and Gardens Summer of 1921. XVI No. and baked the sward into a bare surface akin to metal. and the far-famed " Rotten Row. and Kensington .

H IRISH GARDENING and its adjoining eminence. were well planted in original designs. a matter of great importance . hiliums.bedding effect. Regent's Park.hlic have a dial fixed with index I'Ointer to many of the most famous London objects. looked gay. not only the work of to-day must be done. This Begonia on inspection proved to be a Hampton Court selected form.. cannot claim to be fidl of landscape beauty. but their brightness proved unremitting care had been the daily Critically inclined we compared the respective merits of the London and the Dublin Parks. Heler>ium pwmUo. In short.j years ago. and is full of vigour and reader. Hay. the flowers were superior in vigour and purity of colouring. a well-conducted orderly nursery. Mr. I'hlox La I'erle. emphasised the scorched condition of the grass lawns. and proved to be a place of great interest. and ended our peregrinations for the day. First of all. liiidhcckia laciiiidta fl. entitles it to rank as no ordinary Vine. and if they are to be a success they must be truly and solidly laid. and in one of the houses we espied a mass of red Begonia fulgens being raised for next summer's bedding. The Zoological Garden was next visited. Mr. artistic application is the Regent's Park lieing by horsedrawn tank and pump spray. Hay we visited the Royal Botanic Gardens.similar to those of the Phoenix Park. was planted 15. and. A bed of semi-double pink Begonias. while the familiar Aster and Antirrhinum in mass made their presence felt from The every peep-hole of the lime hedge fence. ibut the fact that it fills a large house by itself. naturally awarded the first place to Dublin. and is an inidoubted attraction to Regent's Park. and being free from the atmospheric effects of the metropolitan area. Some new Hollyhock strains were also in evidence here. Hampton Court Palace was on our programme next. as the flower beds and borders were gay with colour and freshness. most of the subjects being drawn from the houses when in full flower to replace those ordinary plants which the excessive drought had destroyed. Incidentally I may remark that we in Dublin also hope to see . The latter covers great areas in the shortest possible time with a minimum of inconvenience to the public. and intends to make a big display in next summer's bedding arrangement. thousands of plants are employed to produce the sununer dis- jilay. he is an enthusiast with a mission to make the most of whatever he has in hand. Eujidfui'iuni purpuif'um. the day a horticultural friend visits him daylight ends only when his interesting subjects liave been shown. this being one of the highest points of IS'oith London tiie pu. Gardiner's capable management. Hay knows how to interest the public. Geraniums. No visitor to Hampton Court leaves without seeing this famous plant. with its trinuned peep-holes and the kaleidoscopic colour effects in the gaiden. T. like others in London. borders of order of things. in spite of the adverse weather conditions in Ijondon. Hay conducted us to the propagating department. liay pointed out many interesting landmarks in ]-ondon. was most effective. The great 'Vine. the lime hedge l>oundary fence." where Mr. whole area of Kensington Gardens reflected great credit on Mr. The Dutch garden at Kensington Palace was gay with colours. The flower beds. hardy annuals being in evidence everywhere. This is quite the finest types of tuljerous-rooted of the small-flowered bedding Begonias. while the historic features with their sentimental links connecting the past with the present give the visitor much food for reflection. Mr. while enjoying the display. Anyway. with an extensive range of houses large and small. and the small toll of one penny charged for a view must produce funds enough to pay for its cultivation. were certainly not aware of the great efforts nuide to provide this floral feast. Regent's Park. Here we saw a new variety of winter-flowering Pansy in process of being built up said to be of American origin it is likely to revolutionise spring bedding if its claim to flower right through the early spring months is verified. and its Superintendent. Another taking bed was one of the dark red licfjonia Lafayette over a carpet of Jjcucophytoii Brownii. Hay thinks highly of it. and our visit was made full of pleasure by the way our host laid bare every detail of park management. wide and long as they are. from the extreme heat. the next on our programme. That fine zonal P<lnooiiiiim Marimr Koralrsl. and . Kensington Gardens proved that tliis particular propagating department had done its work well. secondly. produced in tins Park (for the short time he has been in control* something that both the general and the horticultural public like in novel ideas. but the mi thod different. Mr. Melfiiium S'lrcrsinn Jieaiifi/. and in glorious weather we piirsued our way to this historic place. and his original ideas propounded. Chelone Lyoni. while claiming to be the premier Zoo of Great Britain. where we met the Curator. pi. Mr. this garden can lay claim to being one of the brightest and best kept flower gardens in London. arrangement and new subjects. with sub-tropical beds of Cannas and Palms on every hand. the need for such an extensive depart- ment is understood. the pretty Dutch garden possesses similar features to those of its kind. famous to every newspaper the ordinary "Vine that we all know. grojps of Jlijdivii'iiii puiiiciihtld . who was in turn showing us round the grounds (which he hopes to see one day worthy of their name) when darkness set in. for here the foundation of future fioral displays are laid.vs any lady who has encountered a tarring machine in process of spraying can testify. but it is a place of great importance to the Londoner. but it must also be recognised a3 the work of next year. Still under the guidance of Mr. interest the ordinary visitor greatly.}/ provided another very fine . were being planted in full flower. and tlie pviblic. tumbling Dahlias.still. The flower beds and borders were suffering. The famous herbaceous borders with their specially grown occupants provide a very fine feast of flowers. Celosias of varied hues.something of it. Time only permitted aii inspection of the gardens and grounds here. which are on a big scale. Phlox Hiiigstroom. and practically unknown to the public. of Gardfns. were some of the more effective groups in this nol>le border. " Primrose Hill. while the" Phoenix Park method is that of steam engine with steam power spray pump. by his horticultural ainlity and striking personality. for the most part self-coloured. and beds of Geraniums. specially — — assertion. Now comes a perambulation of Regent's Park grown. Hay has many thousands with which to test the validity of the . has. is prolificacy Large vases of Ivy leaf in cascade-like wreaths over their respective pedestals. with dot plants of Lfiicoplii/ton lirairnii through it. The roaxls in Regent's Park are of tarred surface . etc. were most effective.

sures on the banks — The drought had played havoc here as elsewlnrrc. To those who have not visited Kew it might be described as an Encyclopajdia of Horticulture.:mme. at one point an area of many acres was found to be on fire. were grown without the assistance of farmyard manure. lost much of its pre-war glory. with a peep through the exquisiti. Rothschild. at a point admittedly charming by rea. indeed the latter.and lu're and there yovmger plantations are growing into line timber. who is a son of the of late gardener at Gunnersbury has but it contains from the seeds collected by many well-known Chinese and Thibetan collectors of recent years. seeming to lack the healthy vigour so admired in that animal. of that dating (as a botanic garden) to" 1759-60. especially in spring time. Co. but that form is rapidly giving way to the tar-treated surface. in the same glorious weather conditions. A time-table permits no <lwelling unduly. . On the folljowing day. Here we received a hearty welcome from Mr. as we drove along. Bedford. a collection of seedlings. Mr. We were very much struck by tlie nature of the soil. but at the time of our visit was sorely parched. The welcome received from BIr. a.iks. of the ordinary macadamised surface. the interesting specimen of Wistaria trained over an iron cage is quaint. in treating all liis trees in avenue formation. Hampton Court to Kichmoml Park. up to recent years. The casual and hurried inspection was hastened by our need to call on Mr. the latter at a high altitude. and leaving the jjleasant side of Hampton Court. and are always a fine feature in their flowering seasons. Mr. here went to ference. wild and waste-like.Japanese varieties. while not comparable in extent. particularly . To pass from and the dried specimens in the Herbarium comprise over 2. one of the seats — Mr.ad Mrs.s place for the young and vigorous. wherever one looked the planting was in avenue or parallel lines. and at present contains 24. with its liracken- vigorous representatives. Many interesting historic trees were seen and mentally noted. 'Wells drove us to one of the outer gates where we reluctantly said good-bye. its arboricultural beauty lies in its ancient o. the Head Gardener at Gunnersbury House.a IRISH GARDENING many others too numerous In name make up a very gay pictui. and has a pretty history. it measures 214 feet in height and from its point of erection on 'Victory Hill is an imposing feature. 'Wells. IS A sheet of water of rectangular formation flanked by Beech trees running away trom tlie llowcr lawn gave a novel avenue-like eftcit. providing a boon to cyclists and motorists alike. and an interchange of views.()(H). we undertook the journey to Kew. Most of these seedlings are destined to be planted in the recently acquired property of Mr.are far too extensive to mention here. Bedford. so well grown and . which in many cases were completely killed the gras3 land was one brown carpet. Richmond Park is the most extensive of all the a fit learned Royal Parks in England. The different collections of forest tree-.son of its landscape l)fauty. 'V\'ells informed us that a change of blood was now being effected. features of interest . wo passed on to Bushy I'ark.s. there to take a view of the famous Clicstunt Avenue.Straffan House. principally Rhododendrons.000. It. The lake at Kew covers an area of several acres. and most of th> plants compared unfavoural>ly with similar ones at (ilasnevin. etc. name. The bamboo garden contains many fine speci- mens of Cliinese and . gives one as great a contrast as it is possible to obtain. and is instructive and beautiful by reason of its marginal treatment and its collection of water birds.both in the Park itself and the surroiuuling country. formal and gay. The greatest collection in existence. it covers an area of 288 acres.000 living species and varieties . and in a short time we were being piloted round the Park by Mr. as we before we reached the Superintendent's liouse on this hot autumn day. a usiuil occurrence. Rothschild in Hampshire. not minutes. there to see the wonderful Botanic Garden Belladonna Lilies were in full flower. and indeed would require long days of careful inspection. with profound thanks for his generous entertainment. where the soil and climate are admirably suited for the growth of these rare shrubs. luit when Mr. with floral attractions. raised the Rhododendron family. The roads travel sing Richmond Park were. were voted in every case superior to those seen at Kew. who pointed out. showing centuries of age on their gnarled truuk. After a thorough general inspection of the Park. With the exchange of notes.. The Rhododendron and Azalea dells contain flue of the Thames. and the varied experiences revealed. many of the "giace and favour" residences here contain nice collections of shrubs. when the Daffodils and other bulbs are in bloom.shown in the past. and revelling in the arid atmosphere prevailing. gay with dainty white painted flower-bedecked "houseboats. and wondered how plants could grow and thrive in what appeared t(> be a veritable collection of flints. so well known to sightseers when in bloom. and we ac'cordingly confined our attention for the most part to outdoor subjects. Wells informed us. Wells was cordiality itself. and presented by that Government to Kew in 1919. The rock garden is always interesting. overtowering giant oaks.. as indeed did the prevailing method of the planter of those days. The hardy fernery is another interesting spot demanding hours. Kildarc. drawn from thousands of which are in evidence in the houses and frames here. trim. The wild garden is a most interesting place. for inspection.wrought iron gates on to the beautiful reach of the Thames. The water lily pond was gay with many of the beautiful hybrids which time did not permit recording. its eovered surface and i. a few miles apart. Bedford informed us that the wonderful specimens of fruit trees. of plants. Every visitor to Kew sees the new flag staff trunk of Douglas Fir grown in British Columbia. it is quite certain that the future of horticulture is safe in the hands of such every quarter of the globe from this vast assemblage any student has unlimited means for re- . The di'cr in Richmond are quite different in character to those of the Phoenix Park. we were almost dumbfounded. but it has little of horticultural interest. . It will be readily understood that only outstanding featia-es could be inspected in the short time allowed by our i"'ogr. and it was painful to look on the ravages of the protracted drought in the shape of scorched shrubs. as Mr. stands like a severe conventional guardian of some of the nation's trea.5 water supply is derived from the Thames by a culvert system. both fidi of liistdi i<al associations the former.

Hay's. This beautiful park occupies an ideal site on the right bank of the River Thames. Approached from the lower or dock side entrance this park is not imposing. a medium very retentive of moisture. The nursery and propagating department at Greenwich is 'a compact.. and profession in the London distriet. proved quite satisfactory.— i6 IRISH GARDENING proper we passed through a creation of Mr. which occupies a considerable area. This happy state is explained by the fact that the subsoil of the park is heavy I.4kk.\LK. The flower bedding carried out here was on a higher standard than some we had already seen in London. London park at its best in fine weather. Campljell for his kindness. From a. etc. One feature exists in this park to brighten the A\ inter months. in its monopoly of using Palms and other exotic plants for sunnner bedding carefully grown ana schemes. well-managed one. famous to every one as the centre from which the world's time is taken. Our next visit was made in fine weather to the historic Royal Park of Greenwich. Mr. and. The old sweet Chestnut trees are a striking feature of this park. Boating on the lake is a favourite pastime. with thanks to Mr. and serves as a breathing area for a large industrial population. but there can lie no difference of mind as to the pleasing effect these plants give to the visitor on a hot sunnner day.ondon clay. men as Mr. Bedford we felt deeply indebted for their kindness. especially during the hot weather prevailing at the time of our visit. The famous old " Queen Elizabeth's Oak " is one of the old links with a connected story preserved from the ages. We shall certainly hear more of tliese fhowers in the near future. we crossed London to visit the premier park in the London Co. when Superintendent at Greenwich. The flower garden portion was a revelation.E. and in many ways we were surprised at the extensive nature of the operations. bowling. and evidently both trees and shrubs had drawn their moisture from this source by . well grown and nicely arranged.. Council trust viz. A point of much importance was the . This feature was an agreeable and instructive one. and the tropical effect is reminiscent of a South Sea Island scene rather than that of a park in the centre of London. The niu'sery and propagating houses were laid open to our inspection by one of the senior officials who explained the details. An old English flower garden with Pergola and central water fountain is an attractive and refreshing feature. On the whole 3Battersea Park is one of no mean order. Phcenix P. Battersea. and said goodbye in the hope that one aay we nii^ht reoiproeatc their hospitality. Dublin.shrubbery contained a fine collection of the best forms of the Dahlia. pleasure is very much appreciated by the public. this system. these plants gradually hardened to outdoor conditions in early sheltered places near the summer are planted in lake. in the nature of a dell planted with the choicer Chinese shrubs and trees. Kothschild and liis enthusiastic gardener. the provision is much appreciated by a — RocKKUY W. Opinion may differ as to the correct grouping of these tropical subjects. considering its high altitude the freshness of its trees and shrubs was rather a surprise. vigorous and happy. Campbell. and the grassless surface and partially leafless trees made it appear worse. Mrs. and yields a handsome revenue to the Council who sujjiilies the boats. many of wliich have interesting histories. A long well-arranged border in front of a . People's Gardens. The explanation that this centre provides the necessary plants for many other subareas inunediately set us right. is well catered for. kindly placed himself at our disposal and soon piloted us to the brighter parts of the park. while large masses of Antirrhinum made other points gay with colour. Finsbury Park was on our list for the following day. and consists in setting aside a large This glass house for flowering Chrysanthemums. to make goocl failures caused by the 'extreme drought. who has worlced liis way to the liead of his To Mr. The foundations of new strains of plants likely to be of value in public ijarks were being laid here notably tlie new winter-flowering Pansy and Begonia seedlings. deed it proved an " oasis " in a desert. the Superintendent. The public desire for such sports as cricket football. the beautifully kept beds were full of plants. good ])itche3 and greens being provided for each. in- Leaving Greenwich Park. and on leaving the flower gard^in well-disciplined puljlic. and we were fortunate in seeing this N.?omewhat iniusual practice of lifting plants in full flower from the reserve nursery beds. and it well deserves its uudoid)ted popularity. we were told. horticultural point of view it possesses features all its own. nmch as one would expect to see them in the free air of a coruitry place. judging from the numbers taking part in these games.

stand right away in general maintenance and orderly The practical handling of roads. Standishii.seems to be asleep. The Superintendent. and Phoenix Park occupy the very happy position of being second to none I saw. Since visiting the London Parks I have seen some of the parks and open spaces of Newcastleon-Tyne. with pretty pure white flowers and yellow anthers. But. like tiny coloured To these may be strings of various dimensions. are over. Tlie flower bedding has niany distinctive features and if not conceived on a large. and lirrhcris japonicn. Aztiin intrgrifolia. Mr. Moreover.. James's Park. Wright may well regret leaving this pretty and well-ordered park to take charge of the premier park at Battersea. is just viiginicn. bold scale. Stephen's Green Park. demand a similar floral scale. arhorea. and yet there is quite a fair number that select this time to display their charms. and after considering and allowing fully for the disability.000 Geranium Paul Crampel.— IRISH GARDENING means of capillary attraction 17 during the excessive and prolonged drought. but the above are fairly representative of tlie whole. Much more could be written of the London Royal Parks. that in a large measure may be traceable to the more favourable climate and atmosphere. and they are all of special interest. and purity of colouring. Mr. allied to the Box tree. and are remarkable for their curiously-shaped flowers. II. . with a soft pale everywhere in good taste. because of their winter activity when nature . planted in sixteen beds close by the Queen 'Victoria Memorial in front of Buck- grand white surroundings. Dublin. rich yellow. The propagating houses in the Phoenix Park. I am fully convinced that for freshness. the Dublin floral displays are first. Some perliaps have done so this year a little earlier than is usual with them. are Lonirtiti fnujidntissirna. and Loropefnhnn chincnse. on account of the general mildness of the present season.scented like vanilla. scale ingham Palace. much to the benefit of the park revenue. both deliciously scented and doubly welcome on this account at this dead season. dating back to nearly 25 years. doubtl. better than these. belong to the same order. and while they had not suffered by reason of drought to the same extent as London. and when so nuich else is ajjparently lifeless. Sl:immia ohhitrj Veitchii. and many more days could have been spent visiting the numerous London County Council Parks. who belongs to a well-known horticultural family.. japonicn zuccariabout to open. St. MiuwiNTCR is nut the moment when plants are expected to come into bloom. Edinburgh and Glasgow. his painstaking nut hods of explaining the particular features most pr.ahk. forestry. leaves nothing to be desired in Dublin when compared with London. and its near kinsman L. The gigantic statue is on which the built. footpaths. red.pular with the public. with numerous bright added yellow flowerets disposed along the underside of the branchlets and . while perhaps modelled on the London plan. are also in bloom. while H. Phcenix P. 1921. 19th December. Wright. and our time was occupied in inspecting. Hdinamelis mollis. yellow. Nemo. after an unprecedented drought of nearly five months. i. yellow inflorescence that emerges out of a thick leathery pinnate foliage. even if some are not very conspicuous. fences. by reason of their great stature and fresh green foliage. Next on our programme was the Victoria Embankments and St. We saw the London area at the greatest possible disadvantage viz. and its historic — The L. and his way of dealing with specific needs was. Hakea : methods from anything we saw in London. ruscifrAid. to w-hicli he has just been promoted. A long avenue flanked by hlack poplar trees was imposing. to anything seen in London. vigorous growth. People's Gardens. I can only reiterate that Glasnevin Botanic Gardens. and gave u^ freely of his 40 years' experience in the London Parks. H.'ss accentuated by the scorched sward underneath. is a most interesting man. The bedding conceptions and general treatment of the Dublin public parks and gardens.\ke. and this bold scarlet conception seems to have supplied the need. have no advantage in that respect. a strikingly effective colour mass of 22. Panotiu jiersica. also yellow. etc.s Notes from Rostrevor. The former has not returned to its pre-war glory. however. to my mind. amongst other things. primrose with a carmine centre. L'uju^tntm rinttii. indeed his flood of knowledge proved to X»' of the most instructive nature. but they have only forestalled their accustomed time by a week or two. iiidiia. Among trees and shrubs may be noted : — fiarciicocca pniiiifdimis and >'. These very interesting plants white." a gift of a cumulative preference share in a lifetime's park management. and they are certainly equal. if not superior. and a previous knowledge of the London parks. An artificial lake nicely" laid out and treated in a natural way with marginal plantings is an attraction to the public wlio indvilge in boating.

tasmanica. are also new A well-grown tree of introductions from China. now more than 70 feet in height with a girth of 4 feet 10 inches. as well as other species of Suruces. and the Winter Aconite. rugosa Henryi. . Pododcarpus alpina. those who have seen these magnificent and stately trees in the south of Europe can well appreciate how much they add to the beauty of the landJuniperus Ccdrus from the Canaries apscape. originated as a branch upon a normal shrub in the late Mr. and A. it has just flowered in a frame. bracteata from California. and called P. and it is then a very handsome object which is likely to last for some time. and not easy to obtain. dendron mucronulatum and Rh. Picca asperata and its varieties. pachyphlxa. P. are all them desirable Mexicans. it will lie useful <>ven as a wind-screen. with leaves only an inch long. Hciadqpitys verticillata. AiithylVis ISaiha J oris dark green sulphur-coloured foliage and bearing heads of variety olover. the latter with dark Ijlue cones. L. stolonifcra. very conspicuous. is another species with . selagiCaUitris oblonga. salicifolia. robusta. both and golden in winter. Vcitrhii from Japan. likely to prove hardy. a specimen here is now some 25 feet high. large quantities. Ketclecrin davidiana. H. formosana bids fair C. Winter Hawthorn on account of its perfume. Taxodium mucronatum. and last but by no means least. it proves to be absolutely' hardy. ^ But there are more wmter-blooiuiing plants. . the colour varies. which. A. noides. P. pseudo-patula. a rare bulb from the Andes of South America. . A good deal of the fruit has already disappeared. there is a specimen here. with numerous lihodotassels. is to be seen in Cupressus kashmiriana. however. Torreya californica T. cupiressinum. pears to be hardier than was at first generally supposed planted in the position it now occupies eleven years ago. sometimes called . to get enough to make another attempt at outdoor culture. P. P. I believe. . Cunninghamia sinensis. Montezvmx.— i8 — IRISH GARDENING It is a pale green in summer Allies religiosa is also from as puiiionifonnis. which is now pushing up its yellow spikes. pungcns glauca and Ccdrus utlantica glauca are remarkable for blue-tinted foliage. and its white a cross nibu both small. but the full effect of these common and well-known favourites will not be Tecophilcva cyanocrocus till a little later. as the birds seem to leave it unmolested. caiwrirnsis seems to be hardy. OF B. It is now in flower and very beautiful it is. dense shrub of about a foot high. versicolor alba are also in flower. and one of the most welcome New Year gifts that nature has to offer is Cyclamen Coum. Galanthus nivalis and G. and if as appears. trichoma noidcs. Eranthis hyemalis. but some still remains on Cotoncaster rotundifolia and C. between meditcrmnfu and cornea. . Conifers perhaps attract attention moTe at this season than at other times.bright orange berries. In fact there are many Conifers that do not seem to be sufficiently grown in the more favoured parts of the country. so also are A. Delavayi and A. P. Xageia. but one does not often see it in cultivation. P. Saxegothca conspicua. white. Pliyllocladvs rhomboidalis. Injhnda. cilicica. with sulphur-coloured young shoots. angustifolia. is now at its best with evergreen foliage of a pleasing shade. C. while the rest are groujsed within the Pine order. A Dwarf Veronica The queerest thing that garden has produced (in so small a patch little in the way of novelty can be expected) is a shrubby Veronica which appeared as a seedling. Morinda is a handsome object in the woods and well worth "rowing. pink. whereas after five years' growth my oddity remains a tiny. lau-sonianu Flctchcri is desirable for its fine foliage. and a simi. one of the best of the Cypresses. G. plicatus. The newly imported P. glabra is also glaucous. Elwes from the Island of Formosa. Another interesting species is a new Tricyrtis. and Tsvga diversifolia is one of and has the to be kept under glass. Webbiana from the Himalayan region. silvery foliage. It is comparable to two other dwarfs of Irish origin a tiny Esrallonin rubra of about the same stature. have begun to appear somewhat earlier than usual. it is not possible to name them all. a few are purple. JD. A. Tetraclinis articulata. the first two were at one time supposed to be identical. A plants. concolor and its variety. a quicklyspreading little species from Greece and Asia Minor. which do well in Ireland. yunnanensis is likely to become a favourite on account of its bright-coloured branchlets and conspicuous spring buds. Actinostrobus pyramidalis. some are pure gentian hlue with a small white centre. the Cape Pond Weed.Erini cainia.1.lanuary and forms a charming carpet of bright carmine. Hart's delightful garden at Carrablagh on Lough Svvilly. By R. quite hardy. very slow-growing. but perhaps the following list may be of interest Dacrydiinn Colensoi. are well known. The ordinary and the plaited Snowdrop. chilina. to bring out the full colour of the frnit. P. Crocus chrysantha and C. introduced a few years ago as a Cotoneaster. . green-shaded brown. and not likely to nttain to the same size as the type (Scotch Pine). introduced by Mr. which opens early in . nurifcra. Athrotaxis laxifolia. all of which belong to the Yew order. . so too Aponoycton dtstachyon. but P.\egee. and others are white One would like to get it in tipped with blue. us well as E. the new C. increase it under glass. but had to be taken in because unfortunately it was badly attacked by slugs. which is. and C. C.1. It damp has been outside. scmpervircns and its variety fasiigiata are both to be commended where they will grow freely. . P. and contrasting well with the green foliage. P. P. Libocedrtis doiiiana. P. the larger E. but are now held to be distinct. Glyptostrobus hcteroj}hyllus. even more pronounced. measured 5 feet from the ground. . C. difficult to grow in the I am trying to open. macrolepis.4. . the Himalayan P. I think. but now recognised to be a Pyracantha. no record when jjlanted. The same. often attaining eight or ten feet. and with large bunches It seems to want a wall of . Pinus Ayacahvife. Mexico and develops purple. Notes from a Small Garden. Pseudo-Strohus. R./.. the little white tree Eucalyptus conhtta. and which by its leaves (it has never my flowered) belongs to V. Faxoniana are new from China and promise well. longifolia from North India is more difficult to acclimatize. T. salicifolia. to become an acquisition. But this species is about the largest of the genus. being of bushy and very dense growth. sylvestris auren is somewhat of a curiosity. with awl-shaped leaves sharp as needles. it seems to dread rather than the cold of our climate. but it does not seem to be hardy everywhere. Prumnopitys elegans. parvifoUum. pntvla. the best of the Hemlock Spruces. even if it cannot be acclimatized seen is rapidly. ]Vallczi. also pink. Llovd Pi!. Buonapartea.

My raison Plants of the Lawn. Erysimum oJpiiiHS. adenophylla. a hygienic. Boiaoo laxifloia. such as Sedums. Simoni. Oriental Poppies. and now. It is that pretty little ramping Veronica fiJiformis.' to It is the 6th of November. reptaiis. Antirrhinum (jhitinosum. E. Papaver rupifragum. many of them. whose origin. W. is.. from seed. Gen- tiana sino-ornata. C. The best Paine. IT'. P. Poitenschlagiana. On the garden walls Laurette Roses Devoniensis. Yesterday I walked round my garden and found it quite impossible to realise that it was the 5th of November. . and even Carnations. and so on all the way down to the rock garden. Marie Pia. Here further surprises awaited me. 0. Erigoiium umbellatum. its ally. The these dimensions is that the dining-room carpet is less than this. were Messimy. marginata. as if grown from seed they return to the normal. olympicum. and I have often tried to naturalize carpeting plants among the lawn grass. Succulent plants generally belong more southern climes and drier climates than ours. are still liearing a few flowers. Wallichianum. If my Veronica flowers I shall hope experiment. P. P. to try the aggressive and pei. E. Erica alpina. I believe. 0. ftmithiana. in tlie same garden. ('. E. E. E. " Little Gem. I fancy. not a mathematical. lobota. and we had a local shower It would seem. and the lowland grasses easily and rapidly dominate most of the plants which one endeavours to introduce among them. basis. A. Oxalis floribunda. E. A. The Saxifrages and Daffodils. one would say. which usually brighten my garden in March and April. which are lowland settlers of a war-like disposition. P. Aubrietia. similar abnormalities have a considerable biological interest. suggest. showed distinct signs of lieing uncomfortable. Erigeron caiicasicus. therefore. though in Ireland few things where well-rooted disliked the season's ills so much as to fly to others that they knew not of. but has. Tiurghalti. the climate is not an alpine climate. curiouslv enonith. full of tiny plants of varied form and starry blossom ? But.C. Linnria pallida. lies among such H. ijrans (Japan) is this year covered with flowers — — My about fifty for every one I have had in any previous season. but for which few seem to have a name. But I noted a few species which certainly did much more than usual last season. C. Bouquet d'Or. the rock work has been gay all the summer and early autumn. C. Corydalis lutea. Ibevis gibraltarica. in November. Richardson. Lithospermum prostratum. and my peace treaty requires that the area of the former should be greater than the area of the latter. especially in the vicinity of the alpine garden. and I anticipated that the garden would be bare after June. if possible. Veitchii. on another wall is covered with yellow winter . it may be assumed that the unusual weather was the cause. pyijma:a. tianjanica. At their Polyantha Roses. and the long protracted gardening season And what an amazing season it of 1921 is over. C. such as Cecile feet Dwarf Brunner. at hand. Meconopsis cambric<i plena. Siliiricmn. which most people grow. minima. mandshiirica. These few examples I think are directly attributable to the season. B. Valdiviana. so many plants are in flower that I feel bound to record them. With my craze (as it is designated by the lady of the carpet) for introducing things everywhere. L. Istriaca. the wind has at last shifted to the north. this sounds like a Euclidian postulate. chamo:bnxus. in which respect These dwarf forms and it resembles my Veronica. Thomsoni. A. that winter is of hail. E. mucronatus. Sweet Peas. but not a bit of it. chance of success. Why should not the lawn. does not mind the lawn mower a liit. It is spreading rapidly through the grass. yet the grass has beaten them out every time. all in full flower. but I did not observe that any of them seemed actually to benefit by it. sp. and the big Connemara Vahrecias with odd blossoms." Linum Austriacum. spdthulata made much greater growth than in Iris the several previous years I have had it.sistent carpeters as the smaller Cijtukia and Aariuts. Cramoisie. carnea just ready to stricta. ui}guicularis {— stylosa). unfortunately. from Portugal. but 1 have never seen bloom on the dwarf Olearki. E. and as they are all plants of warmer and drier countries. vagans. P. cilaris. Calamintha alpina. altissima. Aster Townshendi. diffusus. D. lawn measures eleven yards by d'etre of four. When they originate as a branch on a normal shrub they can usually be propagated only from cuttings. Hendcrsoni. even this blob of greenery does not escape. Pyrola arenaria. were this season in full flower in February. in fact. 1 was. But it is not so easy to name plants which actually liked the drought. Dianthus dcltoidcs. A. But an unexpected plant is now proving its capacity for meeting the grass on equal terms. AJyssiim alpina. Malrasfrum lateritium. G. P. Potentilla Willmottcea. denticulata. also did unusually well. Campanula C. Primula altaica. I hope other gardeners will supply further examples. Alaskana. Old Chinas and others mostly in full flower. E. It would be very easy Ui compile lists of plants which strongly objected to the remarkable drought of last summer.!onta." both in full flower. Erodiiim Sihthorpii. P. now over eight feet high. Erinus alpinus. No doubt it will only be when next flowering season is well advanced that we shall be able to judge fully the effect of the unusual ripening that the woody things in particular received during 1921. P. inediterranea. with roundish-cordate fresh green hairy leaves and a wealth of very pale blue flowers in spring. C. and almost every bed and border has odd splotches of colour a few Delphiniums. Hypericum H.so queer a break-away might have curious children. but when they originate as seedlings they generally retain their peculiar characters in successive generations when grown lai- — ^9 dwarf Ijelieve. Geranium sangnineum. Plants that Enjoyed the Drought.— IRISH GARDENING of Oleaiia muiii>. on the contrary. and fruited for the first time. Cydonia has been ! — — Maidei. Genista from Morocco. tetralix. open. Arabis procnrrens. I. as . Ephedra (jerardiana quite a desert type grew twice as much as in any season of the last ten. At their feet the last of the Michaelmas Daisies are flopping down and partly covering the flowers of Iris sti/hixa. The Autumn of 1921. hclodora. Plumbago Larpentce. H. The Escallonia flowers freely. 0.lasmine and Rose " Queen Mab. something like an alpine sward. E. C. and next spring will make a rather jsretty feature. flowering everywhere this winter as it Chlmonanthus fraseldom has done before. and most of them bore the unusual dessica- tion with equanimity. fragile. w-ere flowering bravely surrounded with Further Mignonette and honey-scented Alyssum. Orosseki. Polygala Polygonum cantpanulatum. affine. Sturii.

thou gallant of the glade. in the Cyclopaedia of American Horticulture. V. Rose (rloirr dc Dijon. every shoot is terminated by flowers. perhaps require protection where the w-inters are severe. Delacourii is a hybrid between the two species mentictoed above. Briijid. but at the time of writing was not showing colour. however. forester. Raphiolepis Delacourii. no doubt. V. Bean says it produces its flowers in May. Lauicnciana. In more favoured spots near the sea no doubt this display will be exceeded in this wonderful season." Mr. douriciim. whose delightful poem on the Madrofia begins : — " Captain of the western wood. As a wdnter flowering subject it is well worth growing on a sheltered wall where the growths could enjoy the ripening influence of the afternoon sun. Rhodostachys andina. Oh. indicu and 1{. the leafless branches densely furnished with "yellow flowers. hunter.NIBEOOK. A delightful winter-flowering shrub is Lonicera ^tandishi. Bean quotes Mr. but in my comparatively cold garden in the centre of Ireland. i?. crimson. Jepson's tribute. Vini-ds and Zausrlinerhi Cdlijfurnira. summer. say at the base of a sunny wall. Already the orange red. Vol. Dowall of Garthland's house at Lochwinnoch. if given a warm. is not often found in the open air in this country. P. and possibly my most lasting recollection will be of a bowl of flowers I saw on the 4th of November on a neighbour's table. in fact. and is no doubt often subjected to frost in its native habitat. Viburnum Curlesi. " A West of Scotland Garden. Dumbartonshire (the suliject of the late Dr. is held by tlie spell of its crown of flowers and masses of red fruits. tlmugh well known as a greenhouse plant in botanic gardens.. spiny leaves has attraced the attention of visitors. Viohi fricolor. Iris stylosa. January Flowers With at Glasnevin. DromeliaceH' Bhodostachys andina is worth trying by those who like something out of the — common in their gardens. W. A different type of shrub is represented by Cornus officinalis. Tlie mahogany-coloured arms of this species all have blackish patches in the axillae which has always struck me as a remarkable thing. etc. B. it is so far a more satisfactory shrub here than Cornus Mas. V. Veronica rupcstris. Renfrewshire. which really commenced in December. an evergreen from Siberia. at Glasnevin some the advent of the New Year quite a considerable number of plants were added to the list of winter-flowering subjects. also flowered freely towards the middle of the Bh. B. of Edinburgh.20 Itosa IRISH GARDENING." and for genera! purposes certainly seems superior to both. and the short.Sec. It is a native of the Chilian Andes. a close ally of the common Cornelian Cherry.. Bh. China. Arbutus Menziesii. artist. and may. " please . olympica. opened its rosy-purple blossoms freely. Aster Xou-anyl. iSisyriiicliium berm'udianum. hardier than is generally knoten. . while other shrubs coming into flower were Bhododcndron rioblcaniim. Belonging to. japonira. though hitherto it has . — vember 4th ! MuHR. Soc. the Winter Sweet. dauricum also began to flower early in the month. S.Ameth ystinus and Winter Jasmine specimen flowers from absolutely every season of the year. Bret Harte. due in a measure to the warmth of the late simnner. month. l)urnt-looking patches at the forks. on 27th March. for its present free flowering is. V. as growing here. which." Trans. The finest one I have seen is on the approach to Mac- A fine specimen has flourished for several years in such a position just outside the Succulent ho\ise at Glasnevin. " the traveller. This interesting plant." as the Kew Guide calls them. iHonpiiK use was fast ^swelling its flower buds. likewise rosy purple. Gladiolus Brenchylensis. parrifolium. Landsborough's article. without not flowered so freely. Jepson has omitted to include the poet. xarirolor. It is certainly a season to remember. All through December and into January this interesting shrub has been noticeable in a sunny shrubbery by reason of its numerous racemes of pink flowers. The shrnh is evergreen. curved. and botanist. pink and white blossoms of Cydonia jupnnica are opening. Bhododcndron mucronulatum a deciduous species from N. as in the case of the but since being planted out years ago it has flourished any protection.iV Hor. <S'. It is. (JecUnaitt. 1918. Carnation Baby Castle. Fcrtiinei. some open and others in the bud stage. L. Cliimonanthus friujrans. Green above thy scarlet hose. I have never before been favoured with such a display so late in the year. particularly if the plant be grown against a wall where the shoots get well ripened during . It contained Anemone . sweetly-scented flowers which are very freely produced. As yet it seems little known in gardens. forming a low. >'. the flowers on the upper branches of a tree there were all out. better known 1{. and bearing much likeness to Bh. According to Rehder. Sidiiin imhrhelEweisi. thick spike of rose pink flowers produced from the centre of the rosette of stiff. a honeysuckle with pure white. though not regarded as specifically distinct by botanists. all picked in the open on Nolum. and will continue to give much lieauty for many weeks Incomparably finer tlian the ordinary to come. form of the Winter Jasmine is -lasminum Hieholdiannm. In " Notes and News " in your September issue I was gratified to see a note on above species. its terra-cotta bark and burnished foliage. But it was surely worth while to draw attention " to the curious. Manchuria and Japan. continued well into January.Sf. the flowers. spuiium. Loscelles. XXIII. Delphinium Bcv." ! To all it plant whom " ! it may ' concern in Ireland. dry position. The only protection this plant has had was afforded by a branch of Yew or other evergreen laid over it on a hard frosty night. a vastly better plant for gardens. Bot. circo:oides.J. . is nevertheless.). Thou has apest Robin Hood. Bh. but it captured the imagination of one at least. How thy velvet mantle shows Never tree like thee arrayed. roiuidish bush of many branches.the same natural order as the Pine Apple viz. Spirwii diijituta. Munbydna. strange to say. It has recently flowered there. but at Achnashie Rosneath.

.. They are evergreens with thick shinin g leaves. Qet n Mary. too. are now flowering.il tliis season. unless the frost which has set in as I write proves unduly severe and prolonged.\l Botaxic Gajuif. and its many varieties. a mly deliglitfnl plant whose racemes of rosy pink flowers never isale. etc.i. although often flowering in . rose colchicux. King George.?on. free-flowering plants which flourish for years undisturbed. white. Pyrus floribunda in foregkound.i belonging to the Euphorbia family. U. cariwa. niycr. ijuftafiis. and are admirable for growing among shrubs. is beginning to njake a show.irly winter it was not Erica noticeably earlier than iisn.s. plum coloured. Uncommon beautiful shrulis are the Sarrncocrxi.ns. and many varieties and hybrids of these species. H. including //. orientalis. and coloured. liul many others. the Hellebores are prominent. These are all stronggrowing.IRISH GARDENING Heaths are now becoming i. have been attractive for some time and will continue. Not only the wellknown Christmas Uo. Erica darleading the way.se H. such lei/eiisis . View ix thk Roy. as . and they grow very well in shade. Among herbaceous plants flowering in . firarili. atronihriis with deep. and the many forms which go under various names.Tanuary. on banks.iominent. red flowers. where they can be enjoyed in their sea.iN. Drr. Tliey are producing their sweet-scented tiny white flow ers at present. //. and left to take care of themselves during summer. by woodland walks and in all sorts of out-of-the-way places. 2t i are carrying a crop of black berries at the same time.

are potted now and allowed to make growth in a cool. and now /. after plants have been brought up in a humid atmo. almost invariably is first observed in allot- . Iris iinyuicularia. old soot.\nts. Iris iilatit also condescended to give a flower. will be found to be most serviceable. it that the wisest course to pursue is to commence with window plants when they are quite young. if placed in a coarse bag and deposited in the water tub. Experience in England proved that the disease. again. There need not be any dearth of blooming plants in a window from spring onwards. It is easy of explanation. cln!/suiif)ius. Tulipn Kaufmaiiniatia is well up. It is. and smaller lots of Crocus Siclicri. Even the hardy "plant border furWreath). is still giving a few flowers. purple-spotted flowers. and the window shaded when needed. and place in a sitting-room window. .st Plants in Winter. such plants benefit by stimulants now and again to insure their healthy condition. Mercaston. Spiraeas. Xarcissus tazetta. responding probably to the heat of the past sununer.. Crocuses. As the result also of official exijeriments the planting of inninme varieties to this disease has been During recent years to which are innnune often dry and vitiated. like the bulbs. but the greatest success. and is due to a sudden change of environment. say. cretensis. let the room be ventilated. and this is particularly to be observed in the case In view of to Growing on Pl. has been general on allotments in Great Britain. flowers the greater part of the winter and will continue to flower for a long time. Campanulas. especially if the room in which they have been located is one illuminated by gas. now beautiful.. and only requires a few sunny days to coax out the flowers which.ss to understand the reason. and ticu Bring these fully-grow-n from a Asparaijvses. Hyacinth. Window The mo. reticulata.so that they become acclimatised to the conditions of the room in their early stages. marijiniitu. do not predispose to a healthy condition. {" India Rubber " plant). at the base of a sunny wall. perhaps the most common. as do subjects like VaUotas (Scarboro' Lilies) and Fnmcoa ramosa (Maiden's pale yellow. dark place before being brought into the light of a room. It is always an advantage. well-known and approved fertilizer. is achieved when a beginning is made with plants when cjuite young. •' pick-me-up " for most kinds of plants. in centres of fresh infection. W. however." entails troul)le. Among shrubs I ought to have mentioned are Clewiitis cah/ciiiii. easily recognised by characteristic small cauliflower-like grow^ths which appear on the surThese face of the soil and also on the tubers. As a rule. or. already well above tlie ground. but unspotted. of vitality weakens. and it is not long before they need returning to the more iMJUgenial atmosphere fiom whence they came. where the air is which demonstrates nishes us with subjects that are of help in keeping a window gay. are not less and giant (riilaiifhu. This may take the form of some Another white spotted blossoms. fur a number of years establislied in a bed of slirul)by SpirEeas. point worthy of note in connection with window plant culture is that the foliage should be kept scrupulously clean by frequent sponging. Black Scab or Wart Disease. Aspidistras benefit greatly from a use of soot. and those who buy such plants are sometimes at a lo. Importance of Cle. histriiji'lcs is opening fast its bright-blue. except in a limited area. as nothing imparts more brilliancy to foliage. has been well furnished with its delightful gentian lilue. which is bearing abundantly its nodding . has been in flower since Christmas. this quite common seems me Take as examples. — — which the following are grown here : — /. soon collapse. at this time of the year. but it brings its own reward. . and what almost invariably happens? Why just this after a week or so they begin to lose their brilliancy and their them — increasing in districts not infected. and C. continue to pot on as is required. obviously. rirrhosa. where the cultivation of the Potato is not succeeded by a rotation of crops. from the thianb-pot stage. having regard to bulbs at our disposal. of course. such as Narcissi.Lithospcrmum rosmariiiijolivm really a dwarf shrub. Such are Dielytras. Aralias. growths are quite distinct. Then. The disease is little known among allotment holders on this side of the water. Scillas. tlu- Snowilrops ami Ci"0fus<'8 are bocomiiif. where they can renew themselves. greenhouse. the planting of Potatoes.sphere and then transferred to a stuffy room. though in wonderful flower since late autunni. an occasional removal to a greenhouse. both are evergreen. however. with less divided leaves. so it seems to me. is quite attractive. One notices repeatedly how both flowering and foliage plants brought from a greenhouse when in the pink of perfection. and at first greenish in colour. during skill in critical time for window plants is the days of winter. with smaller flowers of the same colour. to say the least. suitable for window adornment. A large colony of Crocus linpemti is a glorious sight with every " blink " of sun. if not the best. which make handsome window plants and also have a value from a foliage standpoint. This. luckily enough. when in flower. may be happily delayed if the present frost continues. experience. and C. orange yellow. with this disease the infection is usually more severe in allotments and small gardens. Quite a number of forms of this Iris are known. it is also the period the grower's capacity and bringing them through successfully until the days begin to lengthen. uiKjui- cularis othd. to mention a few. onijustifolia. to be able to give many subjects. those who take special pride in keeping their windows gay with flowering and foliage plants generally succeed.22 IRISH GARDENING pli'iitiful.s Ehresii. JiDperiitr'ice Elisahetlur. Most catalogues now state which varieties are immune. bright lilac.^nliness. Tulips. Unfortiuuitely. and these plants will develop more slowly than those in a greenhouse it is admitted and in a measure be imnuuie from the dry and imcongenial conditions found in many rooms. and the habits and qualities of these Potatoes have been most carefully investigated. B. but rapidly decay and turn black. &e. and specioso. provided they. J. the fumes of which. Ficus elasof foliage plants. Allotments. a little guano in the water. This. This will be followed soon by 7. hence the name of the disease. liizicii. Grow the same subjects.

K. and check with tobacco powder. When making a fresh bed tor Mint. and a chink should be kept on ventilators continuously tlie till the petals drop and the fruits show signs of setting. This crop is not grown to anything like the same <'xtent on allotments Gmwing almost in any as formerly prevailed.xcellent imtaken against the fly.— There are few crops which prove more lenunierative than Onions when well grown. and is more lie ciated. dig the ground well and apply manure. and take every advantage of admitting fresh air at every favourable opportunity. such as Michaelmas Daisies.nniskerry. Potato Onions require sinnlar treatment. and many of them. should take place as early in March as it is possible to obtain the soil in a suitable condition. The prinuiry cost of the bulli. less this crop so early on allotments. and this. its robustness invited neglect. In view of the gi-fa. and. Antirrhinums are easily raised from seeds sown in February. and sprinkling the borders and pathways will be very beneficial. It is not generally realised there are tw^o kinds of Parsnips which differ sufficiently to make a selection of one or other profitalile. These lieds become worn out if not replanted. or in the ease of Mint often full of perennial weeds. There are tliree strains used in bedding For general purtall. provided the soil is fine enough to cover the seeds. if taken in time. poses the intermediate is very useful. damp situation suits it lielter than a dry. and give a liberal quantity of manure. risk is attended by sowing other sorts than the varieties. However. It appears. H. The perennial flowers give general satisfaction for this boarder. however. Peas. Vines will now be forward enough to have their . Co. If the drills are one foot apart and the seed sown sparingly. The seeds germinate more quickly in a greenhouse supplied with heat. allowing three feet between the crowns. will soon clear away the pest. With apart the seeds can be sown accordingly. The Hollow Crown. Onions. the seeds may lie sown more thickly than usual. such substances as road-scrapings and decayed leaves are useful forked in the surface. Wicklow.— It is more or less of a speculation to sow However. and also for the oauliHown -like growths during the resultant growth of the rop. excellent results can lie obtained by sowing the seeds thinly in boxes of rich soil early in FeliThese seedruary. From sown the middle February the seed can be in rows eighteen inches apart. strong portions from the outside of the old roots should be selected for transjjhinting. Gardener to Viscount Powerscourt. the drills cannot be too shallow. — The Month's Work ooOOOoooo ooOOOoooo ooooOOOOOi ooooOOOooK suitable on rich. to attend to Peach Trees in the early houses as advised for last month. Sh. Parsnips. ported Onions are availaljh' at cheap rates. lings should be ready for jilanting in the open Sowing in the open ground ground in April. Even if no transplanting is done. The sowing is done in various ways in single drills. dig the soil deeply. The floWer border is often unsatisfactory owing to lack of manure. Broad Beans. If the soil is heavy. Damping in down house early Marrowfat morning. almost impossible to get good crops on old plots. will repay whore the crop is appre- — planted at any time. is more concave at the as its crown. The bulbs should be pressed into the soil in drilLs one foot apart and nine ini-hes between the bulbs. and as the plants will ultimately stand about eight inches Rhubarb. the border should have a dressing of manure forked into it. and the root is thicker at the top. or even among varieties of Potatoes which have dwarf tops.vllots may very early sowing. J0000030CO.— The growth of Rhubarb may be hastened considerably by placing old barrels over the roots as soon as they slmw signs of commencing to grow. name applies. has made then) less popular on allotments. position. Oliver. i . allotment holders and Others should be on the look out for suspicious ^3 traces when handling the tubers before planting. a cool. and dwarf. Tubers may now be planted. The Student type has a long ro«t. Lee. Herbs. Work under (•NTINUE Glass. provided the soil is suitable. is A little superphosphate beneficial if worked of in the soil before sowing. The healthy. F. addition of more manure.P. sandy soils. oconoiiiic iiuportance of the Potato in this counny. eonibined with disease.. planted in rows. the land ought to be heavily The roots may be manured before planting. Keep a keen watch for signs of green fly. unless special measures are Moreover. very little thinning will be necessary to obtain Onioins for ordinary use. e. gentle dewing of the trees do with tepid water will good and assist the embryo fruit to tlie swell. are easily increased by division. if a little heat is available. before transplanting. excejit that a little more room for giowth may be given. and the crop is influenced a gootl ileal it a fair amount of manure is ai)plied to the soil before planting. This crop may be sown in quantity from now onwards. a precaution which. When the time for sowing arrives. and continue to do so until destroyed with frost. When making beds for Herbs. H. Where there is suitable — — — — accommodation. It may be said old seed is very unreliable. The plants soon flower after planting out. sandy soil.— IRISH GAHI3EKING iiiems. if given a good soil. intermediate. G. if the soil is in a suitable condition and the position is not exposed. The crop will grow well on old Celery trenches without the By Mr. JoOOOooooo. therefore. Flower Border.s is heavy compared witli the resvilts. beds. a Immediately afterwards. A further help is obtained by covering the barrels with strawy litter or leaves. The present is also a suitable time for making new As Rhubarb will occupy the ground plantations. for several years. and can be selected for the more shallow soils.Ikrusalkm AnTicHOKEs. with the result of a rapid deterioration in the size of the tubers. W.

Put frames on as soon as made. room for the growtlis to develop. stake with small twigs as soon as the plants appear above ground. Now Cucumbers and Melons A good Melon for growing pershoiild be sown. which is principally stalile numure. and if sown now in moderate heat will bloom the first season Dahlias. shoots tliinnod out. ever does well in soil burnt over a hotbed. abdut three or four inches wider . The Onion crop is an important one. and Sweet be planted in favourable weather Plant hardy perennials. a sowing should now be made in cold frames for transplanting later on. and it might be found necessary to raise the back of the lights an inch if the heat rises too high. put a sharp-pointed stick into the centre of the bed to test the heat. also borders intended for Gladioli. for if tlie house is kept too dry tlie foliage will soon get infested by red spider the worst enemy to Vines. Brussels Sproiuts require a long period of growth to obtain large buttons to ])erfection.— H imsH GARDENING mentioned above. and keep the strongest growths Leave plenty of with the best-shaped flowers. Old tubers should ))e taken from their winter quarters. 15 inches between the rows and 9 inches from plant to plant. first raising the soil to the depth and sowing a stump-rooted variety. sliould ))e well shaken up together and turned two or three times at intervals to get rid of the poisonous rank heat which proves so injurious to Nothing plants in frames w-hen used too soon. the flowers. dry spot facing south and wholly on the surface of the ground. also Shallots. Lift and divide early-flowering ChrysanPrune themums if you want to increase stock. and re-jilant plants that have grown too large. Flower Garden and Pleasure Grounds. pcipular flowers can be raised easily from seed. Pinks. Make your hotbed in a sheltered. The edges of grass paths and beds sh(*nld be gone over with the Edging iron and triunned up. Mowing machines should be overhaided and cleaned. Sweet Pea plants in frames should be kept as hardy as possible. Damp down the house on all favourable days. first trimming them back in Chrysanthemums should be the shape required. especially after a hot. 9 inches apart. Plant Potato Onions 2 inches deep. and tie out to cover the house. could be raised about the middle of the month on a hotbed or in a warm house. and venWithhold tilate only with the top ventilators. Monreith. All vacant flower beds should be well manured and dug. and cover with a thick mat until germinaIt would be advisaltle to tion has taken place. also varieties of Cleinatis Gro'imd for weather. &c. sandy soil. barely covering the very minute seeds. that choice position is coveted for better things. Sow the main crop of Touuito'es now. and a sowing should be made on a warm border. and make allowance for it sinking about six inches in a fortnight. Be careful they do not suffer a check in any way. which is certainly rich and beautiful. Do not overlook the fact that potash is most essential. produced in mid-winter. sowing the seed very thinly in pans of light soil. and would be more so if it produced its strange flowers. Sow Par. but. should be started. Attend to Strawlierries. deep. Williams can H i/diaiigea Juikininiii p<nui'iilata. The work in this department must bo advanced as tlie weather pei-niits. and Viticelhi early in the month. . an attractive species. These potted into small pots as soon as rooted. Sow singly in small pots and plunge in the soil of the frame. Be careful not to do it too thoroughly at first. Here it has not only covered a wall space 25 feet high and 40 feet across. . Where hotlieds are required the it is necessary to have them well prepared nuiterial used. covering as it does the south wall of a wing of the house. will liloom the same season. should be prepared. well soaked. Where outside sowing is not a success owing to Onion fly. and give the foliage a slight dewing with the syringe. weather. and hoe between the rows of those planted out last autumn. 4) Ross of Bladenlniig's interesting he speaks of this plant as of Himalayan It is. Plant Early Potatoes on a warm border in drills 24 to 30 inches apart. in light soils. divide. in rows 15 inches asunder. Dahlias. Rhubarb growing in the open groimd can easily be forced into growth now by placing inverted pots or boxes over the crowns and covering the foTmer with long stable manure. more freely. So I have reluctantly condeumed it to extirpation. Hollyhocks. it air. and those requiring sharpening or repairing attended to. Carnations.sley and Lettuce in boxes to plant out later. vigorous action is now necessary to turn the best means to account. Herbert Maxwell. if mildew apFuchsias pears. to give vent to the rank steam arising. But it is terribly rampant. strongly scented of vinegar. and put into boxes of light soil to start. well-trenched ground. a sowing should also be made o"!! a warm border. Begonia and Gloxinia bulbs should be started in heat. and to admit a moderate degree of fresh If an early supply of Celery is required. Try and have the bed two or three feet high if possible. moisture for a few days when the Vines are in flower. and if large bulbs aie required. rats are troublesome. deed. origin. Plant out autumn-sown Tripoli Onions. place the sets one foot apart. well manured (after Celery suits). and seed sown in well-drained pans of fine peaty soil. sunny day. and.lohn notes (p. The Kitchen Garden. which should be on a shelf near the glass syringe morning and afternoon until they show flower. Early Peas should be sown at intervals according to the demands. also lift. Oak leaves mixed with the manure help to give it a sweeter heat. dust with flower of sulpluu-. and a few inches of dry. but sends runners across the border in all directions to a distance of more than 20 feet. Wood ashes and lime should be thoroughly mixed with the soil. also. Top-dress Pot Roses beginning to break out. and endeavours made to finish work that liad been hindered by the wet Where early vegetables are required. Cover the seed with red lead if of ten inches. Sweet Peas shoidd be prepared in dry than the frame each way. manently in frames is Early Cantaloupe. if so^vn now. . and leave for a few days until the li'eat has risen. Be careful to regulate the moisture according to the weather. A successional crop of Carrots could be made on the hotbed after raising the seeds ^ In Sir ^ Lardizabala biternata. and pot off the early sowing into small pots. stojiping them about the second tliird leaf from the flower. inSurely it is a native of Chile. have to be hunted for in masses of foliage. and are getting very popular raised from seed.

in addition to M rt Exhibit Great Chelsea Show. Vegetables. DUBLIN Established 70 years Phone: Dublin 1721 (two lines) . etc. The numerous awards past year include E gained during the for the THE SHERWOOD CUP Most Meritorious at the R." 'Jn >k2 M /4/V UNBRi'KEN CHAIN SUCCESS DURING 1921.H. M SiitoTcftfi iilllllllKIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII Seed Growers and Merchants READING IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIMIIIIIIIII EDMONDSONS FOR Garden Seeds Seed Potatoes Garden Implements 10 EDMONDSON BROTHERS DAME STREET. 23 GOLD MEDALS for Flowers.S. '' M SUTTON for 1922 S GARDEN SEED CATALOGUE will be posted free on application.hu*:: Ziuiz 'JuA.

it liejng understood that.. while ^iiiiiiil iiiiiiiiiiijiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiini — iimiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiJiiiiiiii iiriiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiriiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiinMiniiiiiiiiiiiiipiiiiiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiliiilit^ THE WELL-KNOWN DUTCH BULBHOUSE OF ANTHONY Fine coloured and Planting. and so on. From personal inspection while on a visit to Holland of Mr. van der Schoot's can not only testify to the very high standard in which everything on this very Bulbfarms and Nurseries. Roses.I>. sent up by Mr. and card of commendation for variegated Kales. Blackmork & Langdon. Esq. and other choice indoor plants. as with siuiilar societies. A vote of thanks and cultural ceitificate was accorded to H. regretting that a grant-in-aid of the lieavy expenses incurred with Mr. Lupins. A copy of this catalogue should be of interest to all wlio contemplate adding to their collections during the coming planting season. nn tlic l. C. Kent. L/oqdon. and it was noted that a refund of two-thirds of the tax paid on members' subscriptions for the last three years would be granted.: VI IRISH GARDENING of Ireland. Hy. was reque. Kent ing. VAN DER SCHOOT catalogue of bulbs for Spring etc. Strceter at the meetCiiuiLcil Have you received the new Abol Price List ? Send a postcard to-day reduced prices of for list giving Abol Non-poison- ous Insecticide. Royal Horticultural Society The tiist ineetiug of tlie yoar. D. Abol Limited. Dublin iwhicli His Lordship has since kindly granted). reco r. Kilkenny. extensive farm is organised. tlie Departuient of Agriculture. Iris. on the proposition of Mr. Hall. of Hillegoni. Delphiniums. Hon. and other Garden Specialities etc.August show forthwith. We favouied with a copy of the general plant calalogue of Mn. and for Roman Hyacinths. for Primulas.. and special lines are Begonias. and the Scliedule C'uiuniittee was instructed to prepare the schedule for an . Harold Mayall. 1 56 Beltring.-onnniltees were rea])[)ointed for the enduing year.the Marquis of Headfort. Michaelmas Daisies. and Mf rs. 1 NO CHARGE FOR PACKING Tilsden House.. Co. but also to the excellent stocks of herbaceous and other plants that he carries. Seedsmen. the tiate for which is fixed for Angu. HAROLD MAYALL. otiicers anil the various (. Patent Syringes. together with Gladiolus and Begonias. Gloxinias. Gladioli. HILLEGOM riiiiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiijiiiii IINIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII HOLLAND iniiiiiiiiiiiiiiMiurT IIIIJIIIIJIIIllllllllllllMllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllltlllllllll .\n dkh ScHOOT. Straffan House. Lupinus. Holland. This well-known Bath firm is second to none in the raising of fine Catalogues. especially Phlox Decussata. Roses free on application I CARRIAGE PAID From The Rev. the president. B. Sir Frederick Moore. Abol of outdoor plants we would specially mention perennial Chrysanthenniins. was fxc-oixlmgly well attended.'-itli nit. Hardy plants in great variety are a feature of the present issue. . Dahlias. was considered. Paddock Wood. Horticultural Instructor. Anthony C. Irises. Anemone have no hesitation in Japonica. but as Very Reliable in every respect.st 15th and Ifitli. Secretary. and we find it of have Ijeeu We have drawn attention on a inucli interest. all of which are offered in good variety and at remarkably reasonable prices. Shankill Castle Garclens. the w^inter fruit show could not be given. in the chair. I I | | | | § | I December.. former occasion to the bull) catalogue of the same firm. v. Established 1830 Largest Bulb and Perennial Farms in Holland fully descriptive Perennials. Purcell. Sole Props. lyji. this society would now be A letter was read from exeuipt from this tax. Chrysanthemum Maximum. Craithrook.?ted to ask Lord Iveagh for permission to hold the Spring Show (April 5th and 6th) in the covered comt.mending this firm not only as The Very Reliable Bulb Farm. Earlsfort Terrace. Anthony C. Hon. Barton. was elected a member of the society. Of Nurserymen. Correspondence with the Auditors and the Customs and Excise. and w-e have every confidence in recommending the plant catalogue to our readers. Phloxes. place for same to be considered and announced in due course. Delphiniums. Kilkenny.

Roses. For a well /3 each. or used for dipping. 1/6. c.000 1 to 2. . Carriage paid on 20 orders and upwards. .( BENTLt/'S 1 Concentrate Alkali Ask Yoi r NurscryKian or Seedsman 1 For the following. gallon sufficient for Side M<tfiuf(tcturcfs STANDEN'S MANURE (Established over 35 Years) J Joseph Bentley. I — pint. period of flowering-. 62..ood slocks of Ornamental Trees and Shrubs Ca/a/og-ues on applU'niion. safe.Merchants and Manulaciurers of Nurserymen. 3 . 2. and' other useful hints. I Bags. Price. ten gallons. . quality alik« Send postcard for booklet. ijuart. Price. 12 40 8 tins. feet. (WINTER wash) highly effective and most THE CHEAPEST INSECTICIDE OF THE DAY popular non-poisonous Winter "NIQUAS" . No. IIMIIIIIIIllJIIIIIIMIIIIIIIilltllllEIIIIIIIIIMlrllllll llllllllll Tins. HULL Exceeds all others In Gciu-ral fertilising Properties and Staying Powers Analysis on Application Sold in I BARROW-ON-HUMBER BARRO iiiib. 6 -. Well Known and Highly Efficient Horticultural Preparations. whilst no possible injury tion can result from its use. s^^^ %Zl. mcreasing. I. '4 cwt cwt. Barnham. forniing a for syringing and dipping. gallon. gallons.NON-POISONOUS> Wash for fruit and -'J forest trees IMPROVED A Concentrated Extract ut of every kind. ^iiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiii lllllllllllllllllilllilllllllllHIIIIIIItllllllllUililllllllliillll To be obtained from all dealers in Sundries .each Pocket Edition Catalogue. Tlie Candle attached to each is only needs lighting.. 36. Sales are largely . and there no further trouble. Sussex once appreciated. 1 6.500 cubic feet.11/- . FOWLER'S LAWN SAND This preparation is tor destroying Daisies and other weeds on lawns and at the same time stimulating the growth of If one tin is tried as a samp. 1 4.'-. 3 9 and 7/. 3/9. Cone They are and varied stock to offer most efficacious. 3 1 each each 20 tins. 39/- . They are all guaranteed true and are productions of the hightsi percentage in qunntity and 'i SUMMER CLOUD Registered Trade ELLIOTT'S SHADING H. tins.597 To in destroy Insect Pests. "LETHORION • ALPINE PLANTS HARDY PERENNIALS Extensive IMPROVED METAL CONES Registered No. Ltd. CHESTER . strong. This is 2. Fruit Trees. (The only genuine original aud improved liese For Greenhouses. For frames and "lean-to's" up to i.secured house of 2. 62/6> 120/8o gallons of water. 7/- each..each for 300 feet. /ins stifficienf /(If able ingredients.ses. For small greenhtiuses up to 1. its value will be the grass. . Tins. outlin*' of till it contains a complete the strains logether with special and CORRY 6 \ Sole Manufacturers : Co.. .500 cubic "Piice. lOd." 1 IRISH GARDENING VI r A /. 9d. article) Mark No.ooo cubic feet. 3. eaolr.4 cut.healthv plants. A plcnsant'grcen sliade is given to the glass. at The Barnham Nurseries. 1/6 for loo feet of glass^ and 4/. Setdsmen and Florists' Sundries and Tohucco Preparations Free of Duty. infesting Trees Quassia. 21 /- . It can be applied with syringe or pump. 3/9 . 2 9 each 2 11 each 2 7 each. destroys all Insect Pests to and Plants. No. - Prices Half. space required. for Agricultural and Horticultural Purpo. In packets. :: Pmiiii F or Fumigating in Greenhouses. 3 3 tins. tive twenty gallons. 11/-.e. Jose Chemical Works Ltd. vegeta- 1 to 5 tins. Limited Horticultural interesting cultural directions I McHATTlE & Co. height. 1/9 each. combined with other vnlucheap. N'o. h^lf-gallon. and elective Insecticide |t gallons nf W'us/i. CATALOGUE FREE a most valuable list g-iving information as to the soil and position required..f>29. McHattic's Scotch Seeds DEVELOP HARDY PLANTS seeds have become pofular by ilie fact thai they aie m de up into popular ptice packets.pint. Cheaper in Bulk.

I H ii nepre^enitsu »y Reoresented bv ^. W. Ed. and reliable notes on planting first -class — ^ = ^ — = ^z. Messrs. E. [. together with the numerous testimonials from satisfied customers all over the country. and their strains of these are recognised as among the finest on the market Twerton Hill Nurseries. Bath. CORK. Webb & Sons. which is profusely illustrated. ''*'• . Co. have a very fine selection of vegetable and flower seeds in their new catalogue issued some weeks ago. grown all Horticultural Society has arranged to carry out a trial of Violas in their gardens at Wisley during the coming year. nv^"^ WEBB & SONS. ntd (4) '\o variety is described as scented ivluch been repeatedly proved to he has fragrant at Trial of Violas The Royal at Wisley. Kiliiney A'urseries. hut every one is worthy of eultivation. All the woll-kiiown older kinds are also offered at lower prices. shows that the prewar standard has been well maintained.RO"R»<E^. 31/6. Messrs. Special Exhibition Collection. The large number of awards wliich have gone to the produce of Webb's seeds. M ention LTD. Surrey (goods via Horsley Station. 10 -. 1922.* 30 of the finest Varieties to grow for Show purposes. Ripley. . The King's Seedsmen. improved Cvclamen. and many strains now well known in gardens are met with' through the pages. 10 6. Kiliiney. ROSES ^ = ^ =z = = ^ = ^ :^ == Polyanthus. will find them. Stouibridge. S. 21 - upwards COLLECTIONS OF EXHIBITION SWEET PEAS. P. 12 finest named varieties snialler packets 12 . 12/6. . jukI in tlicir new catalofjue Just to hand tliey liescribe and offer simip iiia{. Ltd. and the new list. and pruning are given (3) Kiliiney roses are of quality and are guaranteed true to name. testify to the popularity and excellence of the firm's goods. K. GARDENING Viiriftics of Bffioiiiii. . There is an ample field for selection in the large number (jf varieties offered. 5 7 6. Entry forms' liiay be obtained from the Director. and a copy will be sent post free to any readers "Ir?sh Gardening. COLLECTIONS OF FLOWER SEEDS at 3 6. 4 Abbey Square. The wonderful colours found in Hybrid Teas of recent introduction add j*reatly to ones pleasure and interest. North Circular Road. Ry. at above address. McGRATH. on or before February -28. STOURBRIDGE. on application. 10 -. Gloxinia. and growers are invited to send three plants of each of the varieties they desire tried. Wisley. The firm has a reputation for many fine strains in both sections. So rapid is the progress that it is necessary to add to one s collection every year at the same time as making good blanks in beds of old favourites. Blackniore & Langdon liave made a great success of of raising new and varieties Delphinium. & S.Vlll IRISH . of Wordsley. 42 - upwards. &c.. February is one of the best months in the year for planting roses... 18 finest named varieties 24 finest named varieties 6/3/10/14/- -120 GOLD MEDALS IN 6 YEA RSt» <J*£EO'^ lush Gardening. climbing and rambling roses both old new. to reach the Director. 7 6." and of i Wm. DUBLIN. containin. 6.. WATSON = Kiliiney Nurseries "3? SONS.). 21 -. Our new cause liberal (1) = ~ ^ = r= rose catalogue will appeal to all beWatson's Special Rose Discount and carriage terms are very welcome in these 1 times 2) The catalogue descriptions are written in restrained terms.. and we warmly commend the list to our readers.Dublin ^ = ^ = = = = = ^ = = ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ = ^ » ^ ^ ^ I = ^iBBj COLLECTIONS Finest Quality and Best Value >^lBfij» COLLECTIONS of VEGETABLE SEEDS at 5 -. North Mall. WEBBS' GARD EN CATALOGU E FOR 1922. ^r. Post Fre e.nifie-ent new vaiietics. H. (5) No continental rubbish is offered for sale. Gardens. The catalogue contaios iull descriptive list of classes oE bush.

etc. Advertisements: and other business matters must be addresaed "The Manager. Irish Bbb Jori. E JOURNAL {ESTABLISHED 1901). Loagh EjTia. THE ONLY BEE PAPER Home and Abroad. of solution for spraying Garden Paths.i I AHIIIated Beekeepers' gallon of Hoyte's Associa. "One of the liveliest and bc-^t Apiarian Jouraala in all ^Europe. Send poi. Paper cov-er. 848 \ » > » » »-»-» » » ig ." | = = = — = = = = := = Best Coals Gas Goks. DUBLIN. Editorial. "-Ainerican Bee-Ketpcr. DUBLIN |jllliilillilllllllllilllllillillllllilill!!lllillllilll!lllllllllllillllllE %<S«»xX>-<»-«t>-« » »<»»» » ». "Oae of the brightest in tlic ^X^^W-Gltanings {American). Killer makes 20 galls." Business Cominunicatlon^.»<»<«. 5 galls. 41.?sfb?r. per Aanum. 150 Illustrations. . — ^All letters re- garding Subscriptions. THE PRACTICAL BEE GUIDE. copy and. postage. Also at Malahide. All Editorial Communications. Skerribs " OOHALD. J Flower Telegrams i & McDonald DUBLIN Balbricsan :. Limited 16 ot all nen^j .. Breeze Prompt and & Slack careful attention to Orders. 43. 2 6. Montbly 2d. AN ILLUSTRATED MONTHLY —53 — Upper Sackville B/~ per annum. 20/Tins charge'! extra and allowed for in full when returned.\ 'i.— BEE-KEEPING Every Bce-Keeper who desires success should read . Linen cover. 6d. Dublin Subsoriptions post free. photographs should be addressed to "The Editor. 11/3. Post Free.'ents. ! MADE PROFITABLE THE IRISH B.-» » »< ALSO I "Irish = = = S S = = S = = Offices Gardening*' St. 10 galls.^?'5:°h'e'. ." and *> ' » Hiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiini Telephone No. and . Drives.: iis. Dromod. 230 pages. 14 D'OLIER STREET. LOWER SACKVILLE i ST. 2s. 1 gall. on the subject yot publlshcl.t IN IRELAnB" iUjcoived with enthusiastic approval and con pratulat Ions at card for Specimen Cop^ free. V/alks. 4cl From the Office. Hoytc k Son. 3s. Sole Stokers ?/^^^. Death One to the Weeds Weed Odlclal Organ ot the Irish r. postage.

POHER'S WATERFORD Seeds and Trees of every description FOR Garden and Farm : iiiiiiinMiiiiiitinntiiuiitiiiiMiri Bulbs for : Garden and Greenhouse CATALOGUES FREE. Bulb Growers and Seedmerchants. Water ford Nurserymen.. PEINTER. FALCONEK. Wm. . Power & Co. DUBLIN.

1922 SIXPENCE Irish Garden 5=5f:t\D"-""I . 17 P^ tm':^ MARCH..

Farmers |ind Inooni n-. . of -'W Management. 9. Testing Out of of I'nnt. e.. _ Timber. r Forestry '^ ) Planting. ' FBEB OB . Barley Sowing. I'leservauon of Eggs. Haymaking. Cateh-C'r((p8. 42.. 33. Pirnting t'oinraon Hnd Management of 74. .'«. 41. Ringworm on Cattle. 12. Foil Brood or Bee .'int." . 22. for Hatclii:it. 64.b iu Potstoes.r. ... 28. 37. 35. Diseases of Poultty:— Gapes. Home 20. . Fluke in Sheep. 29. The Leather-. tippet Merriou btrt " Publlcatloni. Poultry Fatloning. j Winter Fattening of Cattle. Ci I Digging and Miumg Lmmin's.d Allotments for the . . 17.—Ont 12. Grow C :V1. no. ':e of Ver. The Construction Out of l'. 50. r>o.— Out of Printi-eatmop. The Use and Pu-jphase Swine Fever. 28. Dishorning Cal vofi. Farm Seeds. Out of Print. 8. 03.-„.vii V.' of Manure* fi7. r" or "Blood-Murrain yi i m Varic. Experiments— Barley. . Quarter.. Meadow Hay. U.: .• of Wild Fruits. Unvolopc* utini! Ireland.] The Use and Purobase Foot Rot in Sheob.. 1. Marketinf of Fruit. 55. v. Milk Jiecords.p niit Suitable for Cultiva tion in Ireland. Profltablo Breeds ijf Poultry.Pest. " Reil Cat The Miuuigement of Dairy Cows. The Liming of La|id. . i-'Cta Mangels. 76. Oats. 21. Cultivation of Main Crop Potatoes Cultivation oJ Osiers urious Or. 32.. n Bottling of Fruit. : 20. Vn. [Licf Winter Egg Production.!.. ' . Forestry The Planting of Waste Lands Forestry : The Proper Method of Plant ing Forest Trees. 10. The Applk Cultivaticjn of the Hoot Crop.. Slieltar-Belt fviul vv. IC. Sproutini. <9. Bacoi. )/ U Ii Feeding rstufls. . Liquid Manure. 25. 60. Charlock (or Pre^haugh) Spraying. A' " .3 Uut Out Th(- ! i'rint. 33. 47. J-1. nu Poultry Parasites^^Fleas.. 13. Rearing and Fattening of Turkeys. 61. OF THE DEPARTMENT'S LEAFLETS of a. 40. SO. 'I of Piin SPECIAL LEAFLETS No. ' m.' of Pfnt.. 24.. Care and Treatmpat of Premium Bullf i. Cnir-. C6. Basic Slag. Portable Poultry JTouses. Prevention of Wl ito Scour in Calves. „ 53. 69. int. !^^llllf• Parasites of fhs Sheep. ':. Sheep Scab. of a CowhoU8«.'ition . ti8. Packing Eggs Weeds. Mites.. 82. No. lie 40. of Print. 7.i. Turnip. Aniericfln' Gooseberry Mildev . ti^-i<i Management ' 44 45. Caif Rearing. Department of Agriculture and Technical Instruction for Ireland LIST No. 61. 7. Flax Seed. 19.1 Cijples ai Uin and M nho\R ]..ir. 57.trnction of Piggeries.. 4. Field . Potatoes.Husk " or " Hciose " in Calves The The r. \ S''. 62. 71. Wireworilis. Flax Growing Ejjperiments. Celery Leaf-Spot f-pisease or Blight.t of Out of P'i. Prevention of Potato Blight.Seed Potatoes.. 98. Timothy Meadowy Tlie Turnip Fly. 19. Out of Print. Chickens. 75.j m to file f of Agrlculturp and Tcclinica) r be stnaipei). 16. 27.. Permanent Pasture The Rearing Gr«s. 51. '. 80.R4. ]'. 99. )8.sc'S. 8..:cti.". fieHWfiod as or Butter. 58. 18.. 72. of r-rlnt. „ „ .. 'k. 69. . 90.l .83. 48. ij.n 84. AiivRiitages of Early Ploughing. 43. 05. Out Out of riini. Cattle. resiling. The Warble Fly.iai. Fowl Cholera.' Prevention : >.=. 21. or Blue Black' Quarter. .. Field l^xperiments— Wheat. Breeding and Feeding of Pigs. Small Fruits. 56... The I') . > it. \ Contagious Abortion in Cattle.Tockpt Grub. fl7. 46. Early Potato GiDrviug.. 3. 18-17.Ti- nlitalnea. Tuberculosis in Poultry.' in Young c.n. Manure.. 36. Blackleg. ' J in. The Black Currant Mite.. Potato Culture on Small Farm*.

10. Mussel Scale. Section^ M. Holland and other LITTLE'S Fruit Tree Spraying Fluids Assure the Progressive Fruit Grower of Clean Healthy Trees in Branch. on Apple and other Fruit Trees.Stuft" a Speciality. LUXFORD & CO. have "Carriage Paid" quotation. Pesticide. urite for Price List—FREB Ltd. Seedsmot (Dui Fiori. to fumigate 1. CHEAPEST HAMl Artistic Fern Pans and Bulb Bowls avd or WELLS' CATALOGUE OF RICHARD SANKEY & SON. ROCK. CONSTRUCTS PERGOLAS & PLANTS WATER. NottinghaiM CHRYSANTHEMUMS NOW READY Post free on application \ To SEED MERCHANTS ^ there is one kind of advertising which lends itself more than any other to artistic resultproducing illustration it is the advwtising of Seeds. Veldhuyzen van Zanten Wholesale Bulb Grower McM.000 cubic fe«t (for tendpr folJaged Plants). from Florists. Gladiolus. 1/. I W. Of alt — CHRYSANTHEMUMS General varielies Cii/alugiics of all tlie leading Nurserymen. Makers:-^ Ltd.- Miscellaneous RICHARD C. E. Black Spot. For Blight.s. from MORRIS. Used by all the leading Sweet Pea growers as a preventive and cure of Streak. f. in Prices will gladly be sent on application. /9 . LITTLE THEY ARE & SON.'^is. >UTO SHRfo^ COiVIPANY SURREY TF AUTO'SHREDS CERTAIN DEATH to Uafmining Maggots. We produce Tone. White Fly ftBd all Pests inlesting Plains under Is The more you Colour blocks iilus/ratc the better the results. State Quantities ami Sizes required. DALKEY. Darlington APPARATUS REQUiH^O & Sons. BURNS ON TME CROUNO NO . &c.. X THE .000 cubic feet (fc r ordin- IRIS>H PHOTO St. at and Flower Roots moderate prices. <$:c. 6/Obtained o/ all principal each. 50 Middle Abbey Dublin.\LL BEST AND MAIIF. FLOWER AND BOG GARDENS MOUNT HENRY. W.h. MACKNEY. Seedsmen.000 cubic 1 for this purpose. GROUNDS.. WELLS & NIERSTHAM. &c. LONDON. followed b\' Good and Plentiful Crops. very beautiful Line. CO.and Bud.500 cubic feet. 1(1. ary Plants). Ltd. All sorts of Dutch Bulbs excellent quality. Bulwell.. 8. SMYTH. For Red Spider. on Gooseberry Trees. Royal Potteries.r. Doncaster SHEERING NURSERIES ESSE H A R L O \V. late ripeiiiny. post free.or direct noiv ready.8 . KEITH. In boxes feet.. 4/6. Twig. DESIGNS & LAYS OUT LAWNS & PLEASURE J. — Antipest. DUBLIN LISSE. Begonias. and Glass.

Also list of ll I || | Novelties for 19. COLD WINDS. 25/-. 12 very tine unnamed.. I ^ rr I Two New We oJ ofler these as Raspberries quite word" in Raspberries.per dozen ing to market.J. 10/-. . fruit is red. all colours. The Moderate in the combined the best efforts of three generations of specialists. and can be had post free on application. Ltd. in September last. Walker. result of price. WASPS . choice named varieties in strong ground roots. free. Japanese Wineberry.^IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIM S ::: Telephone 1 54 Telegrams t Hawlmark. as they are exceptional merit and when better known will be grown in every garden. IVIichael- mas Daisies. 20/-. Wm. round and Hrge. rich. Bedding. Killiney. 50/. Brecon. and the Parsley-leaved and CATALOGUE FREE Wilson Junior Blackberries. FROST.E. H. 6'. 30/-. Greenhouse. 12 extra fine named. 15/-. and the canes We recommend are of vigorous growth. South Wales GOLD MEDAL PERENNIAL If PHLOX niiiiiiiiiiiiitifiiiiiMiiitiiJiriiiiLiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiiiiiiiii iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiiiiin selection. DUBLIN BLACKMORE and LANGDON. :: :: I Alex. Canes. Blue Primrose.one each of the 50 varieties for which I was awarded the Gold Medal of the R.and 20/. Cyclamen. 20/-. &c. as it bears heavily every year and will be found the most profitable of all sorts for market. Nurseries. We ^ in gardening know ^ ABOUT Our Famous Of Hawlmark Seeds tested cumference. containing and up-to date varieties in full list of all the best all sections. Ltd. Carnations. the berries are often 4 inches in cir- ^ ^ = = ^ ~ ^ = ^ — = If not tell us. Ac. red and firm. Ofher Speiia///tes^ W.per dozen. Gloxinias. ? H. 61 DAWSON ST. it for private gardens rather than for growCanes. BATH .. Killiney LTD. Phenomenal Berry. Drummond 57 & Sons. .'2. 1/6 each. Hanging Baskets.S. Polyanthus. Himalaya Berry. Other uaelnl Berries to supplement the soft-fruit season can also be supplied in quantity. lor pmnjibler to | | I For fuH desrriplwnirrite Major C.per dozen. It makes a very richly flavoured jam. DUBLIN GOLD MEDAL CHRYSANTHEMUIVIS jiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiM tiiiiiiriiiMiMiiiiiiiiii I riMiiiiiiiiiiMiiif iiiiiinii) niiiiiiiiij I i I I = I I WONDERFUL NEW INVENTIONS Fruit Tree Protectors AGAINST BIRDS."Xpplicablo to Bush and Wall Fruit Tieos All crops increased ICiitaloguf free. Vegetable Awarded over & Flower Seeds DELPHINIUMS SEEDS and PLANTS i. I -shall by 100 per cent. Lewisham. Laxtonberry. or will make special selections at 10/-. I = I GOLD MEDAL MICHAELMAS DAISIES be pleased to supi^iy for 63/. London.and 50/. last " the If we have served you well PYNES ROYAL E Please tell your Friends 1 want everyone Interested to THE size largest raspberry in cultivation.12 very fine named varieties. 12/. JONES. 12 very tine new varieties. WATSON & SONS. including Lowberry. germination.per doz. The most = which can be produced.13 DRUMMOND'S CELEBRATED BEGONIAS Hliislmtcd Cn/alogiic SEED 5/- 2 6 and per packet For Exhibition. Its has not detracted from its croppingpowers. Our catalogue will tell you all about them. They ought to be AND ARE i = ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ PARK LANE delicious and richly flavoured raspberry for dessert no other variety can The compare wito ' for this purpose. & 58 Dawson Street. CO. Dickson & Sons. 9/. 40/. mixed. Awarded 56 Gold Medals. JOXES' mnny (ither good plrmts from Have You a Garden sow . Tatalogue of the above and . DUBLIN ^ ^lllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll.ooo First Prizes since igoo from our unsurpassed Gold Medal Collection. you want the best try H. to 200 per cent. S. Ryecroft Nurseries.per 100.'llllllllllllllllllllllli We grow Loganberry by the thousand. J. which we have proved to retain its flavour much better than ordinary sorts. | ^ HAWLMARK. 15/. Violets.

\tra fui. 5 6. 69). representing a wonderful range of colour suitable for garden effect.i r.Indispensable in the Garden. 10s. <Dept.st copy 3d. also superb for exhibition.. Sussex GIANT SWEET PEAS SPECIAL OFFER FOR 1922 following Sweet Peas arc a very choice selection of the Giant Waved or Frilled Type (four-flowered under good cultivation). . fruitful and by month. M. by 1. 17/-. ![*" Write for our Booklet -post free on request -^^ Sold by Nurserymen and Seedsmen everywhere. (or copies) of specimen " The . Aish. of the Monthly T! Journal published for private circutlie name lation and of by Bees' Ltd. 28 1hs. 'iHIIIIIIMIIIIIilllllllUllllllllil SWEET PEA SPECIALIST.send Busy Bee" should and descriptive cata- VWile tostamps. iKiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiriiiiiiiiriiiiitiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiDiiiitii LOOK tJood Cotton Nettings..Manures are tlie The . . Each person wishingfor the best to receive a CHRYSANTHEMUMS My price li.s : Wm. day Lest you Forsjet.2 lines. If lines top and bottom.6.'lbs. 20yds. first step HENRY ECKFORD.Subscription for a year is only 2/6 post free. and after over 40 veai-s on the marl^et. 2s 6d. and any length or width required.3. -•: --. 5s. Poultry Keeping and Bee Keeping: are also included.9'6 56 lbs .." MANURES Thoroughly sustainingleading to vigorous. direct rosxilt nC many yeare practical experience in all brandies of Hortlciiltvire. 1. Ltd. parcels odd len. itiyds. WHAT 'HIS is IT IS. = I WEM. Articles on Trees and Shrubs. poultry runs and tennis courts. X'egetables. The 50 Choicest Varieties - | | | | How does your Garden Grow 7 The You must IVIcKenzie's Seecls i | | | | | 22 6 40 30 24 IS 12 . Plant and Veg^etabte Manure— iinriAalkd (or 32/-. to The Only <i postal ril J Garden contentment. Every possessor of a g-arden. Beds.' by 1. 7 lbs. SHROPSHIRE iiiHiniiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiin itini'i iiiiiiiipiirdiiiiin . 5. giving good stems. Thomson & Sons.lioicest i^iving details of all the finest Sweet P'lowers bnd Vegetables for 1922. Vine." price when asked for. 40yds. for cutting in abundance.\11 . by 2. small inesli. an. Net Shop. 3(1. it allolnieiit or Highest Quality and small holding: onghl lo read regularly. dstence.-r quality and results. . 5s.IRISH GARDENING. 176 12'6 106 85/6 Post iree to BOURLET. Children delig:ht in the Competitions which aim to instruct as well as amuse. .. per yard e. Roses.strong growers. — 181b mill ST.9. Peas Creal Sniiissiirk Street.it Horticulturists all over I lie \vnii. Analysis growth. Write for ' Iloir >ii: to give Send fo-clav to a satisfied answer. BREEDS. S. all 14 im^. Dublin. Rye... for aarden nets. month healthy.. Youth is catered for too. excellent stimulant 28 1l:is. 2()yds.i:ths. Fruit. Border and Rockery. ^^ IIIIIIIIIIIKIIIIIIIilllllllllllMIIKIIIIMIHIIIIIIIIIMIIIIKIIItllllinMlllllllllinillllllllllllllQ *'The Busy Bee.. Ill THOMSONS CELEBRATED Moderate in Price «. cash with older iniiiiiiiiiiiiMiuiiiniiiiniiiiiiiiiniiiiMMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiKiiiiti :MIIIIII1IIIIIII>. tjieen free | | ^ | Catalogue (. Cissbury Nursery. Clovenfords. still hold lir^i place in the estimation . warden crMps-1 civl .17 14 lbs.S. tor bush prntectinn. logue of the above is now ready.6. SOLE MAH EF. for free Catalogue.. 3/Special Top-dressing: Manure... the iritfi ritrit order Sweet /*c«s. by 2. Potatoes. and will be sent post free to all applicants. Id. 4s Caniace paid. Oar . 7 lbs. sili.. Scotland Busy Housewives turn to the Household Page and most orig:inal hints on cookery and home manag:etnent. 50 U. Seasonable article's on Insect Pests and Diseases appear each month.. TiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiHniiiiiiiiiiiiiiii LIVERPOOL. Dunstable.- J.6.

IRON FOUNDING Surveys Made Estimates and Plans Supplied W. ELECTRIC LIGHTING. S. RICHARDSON & Co SPECIALISTS IN THE MANUFACTURE OF ALL KINDS HORTICULTURAL BUILDINGS.W.I j . BALCARRES STREET. EDINBURGH SLATEFORD ROAD. HEATING.. LIMITED HOTHOUSE BUILDERS & HEATING ENGINEERS\ ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS AND IRONFOUNDERS and Works. ST. ALSO KEATING ENGINEERS PlaTis and Esl'miales prepared free oi cost Large Catalogue of pliolographic views of Horticultural free on application Buildings DARLINGTON (LONDON OFFICE: Albert Mansions. 121 VINCENT STREET HOTHOUSES.\N.BY APPOINTMENT TO HIS MAJESTY THE KING MACKENZIE Registered Office Iron Foundry & MOHCUR H. 92 Victoria St. EDINBURGH 8 LONDON GLASGOW CAMDEN ROAD.

the Carob or liocust A wellof the Levant. l. and S. in MyrfiLf (ihcorddfi: and Kiujenid inyriiiiiliii. Erica arhorea. A. together with Scilla hifolid. the . (higdnum thera T)ictdmnitii. P/i/hi/. Pi. piperita. dark-purple flowers. Dapline Mezeiemi. been ai'rested. ciimpliorata. John's Bread. indirn : Spii:id Thidihetyii : and the half-hardy ]Ve. but there are others to replace it. This last species. But climatic conditions have had little or no effect upon Daphne hJdijin/ana. a certain number of Rhododendrons have aromatic foliage among them. all its very numerous branchlets are literailj covered with little bunches of tiny. and I have not yet been able to establish Siyphelin fusficuhtfn is a small it out-of-doors. (Hirieii (. The peculiarity is also to lie found well pronounced in LinireJia . A. and on the wliole display. mediterninea . imfortmiately. Cinnarnomiim Cd iiiphoru. sipyleinn. carpeting 11 elich ri/. very handsome leaves. — . with grey. and is to be found in some of the Artemisias.i shrub. blue.t. This last is an interesting shrub from Chile. . is showinnup well. colli im neapolitiimi). and a near ally of Prunus and of Nuttallia. or " St. while that of Skimniid Laureola is remarkable for its curiously pungent scent. and in I'einnu. in Sanfulinji Clwmn'rypdri. has a strongly-scented leaf. 1). and bear the sexes on different plants. Ilelhhiiriis nifier. strongly and pleasantly scented.i. But it is not confined to that order. and something like a large Snowdrop. There is only cine specimen liere.ut they may be noted as carpeting plants and of value in the Rock Garden. and . bastard Camphor tree. the " Oso Berry " from California.s is niii.<<tr<ili.^friii(ii(t inxindrinifoimi. now 'iinensi. I'riiisepia a new introduction from China with small pale yellow flowers.abiatP Order. (ireriUeii nisiiuninifiiliii .i. but is now identified of the Rose Order. produced in profusion all along the stems. 0. Crocus. it belongs to the Epacris Order.-i. and N.-mm hellididioides its everlasting white daisies. and the Fuchsia-like Bilies xperiosum. &c. Bh siilnrrdtitldiiii and Bh. the earliest of the Squills.iiicheri). . we can never see the berries which are said to be violet' coloured.^ officiiidli.i from Australia. which in shape and colour resemble somewhat those of Cerdfonid siiiijua. suhsericea. an evergreen with di. glossy. it is an evergreen. and another very fragrant species (probably D. . and some forms of the about eight feet high smaller E. not quite so favourable as usual to the rapid development of a winter floral Part of the time has certainly l)ut mild and lomparatively warm.^ardii scented. which has grown liere unhurt for neai'ly ten years. fJupliorbin meUifeid Pittofiponnn Tnhini. an interesting shrub or small tree of the Violet Order from New Zealand. the Christmas Rose.ilirdfinium. waiting for more genial days. (_'. Another species is M. well-known luir upon Itihes l\ieiiziesii and two or three other species are in flower. both green. GARDENING MARCH 1922 XVII 19^. rorsirux. S'littalliii ce}(isifurinis. IRISH VOLUME No. Some of the bloom lieginning to open has.i. (crhored. liosmariiiu. . growing against a south wall. there was a period of frost lowest reading of the theimometer 25 degrees. Besant. shrub. . and is now develojiing very pretty li+tle white panicles for the first time. tipped witli gieen. riolaceu.so we must possess the two of eacli kind before we can get the handsome fruit. ijhilna and B. and I'. Bli. white. and recently introduced from China. fragrau:. and If.fmdrinifoUd : among most of the . silvejy grey. the been — — represent that grand genus. tlierefore. with a good deal of liarsh east wind. M. Brostdii- P. ymithiniim. The following may also be noted for Cleinntis baleaiicu. The same is the case with Melicytus nnniflorus. and green Anemone Hepatica is pushing up its charging carmine or blue bloom.'isii. laiii'i- the earliest of tlie genus. Tcucriiim Marim.<<err<ifa. fi/liiiiii.stinet medium-sized foliage. if only on account of its beautiful foliage. Init well worthy of a place where it "will grow. and the ." grown plant of Olcdria Trarersii is always valuable.i Hohhis (Boldod frdgranx). BooiUia au. ro. A MONTHLY JOURNAL DEVOTED TO THE ADVANCEMENT OF HORTICULTURE AND ARBORICULTURE IN IRELAND Editor -J. and the Nuttallia mentioned are both of them dioecious. dittlinpogon. A. W. B.species of Eucalyptus. fdr instance. is nearly over. Micrmneria l>uii(/hsi. Bhododendioii pr:t'C0. only for one night and since then it lias been cloudy and sunless.r and Bh veiiu.'!. giving the plant a very singular appearance. but I do not know its native habitat.s ddridiniiu Itapliiolepis Deldcoini. it was first wrongly named Plagiospermum. the fruit described as a small red phmi has not yet been pi-oduced here. C. not very often seeii in cultivation. just now bursting into bloom. UmheUvlarid cdlifornicd. and so.siiiianu. ('. The large evergiee. lasianfhos. Coinu:: flower at this season: Mas. mini•ifiiiii.— : . L/nireahi. do not flower now. Leurojum reniiim. This peculiarity is to be found in many plants of the J. hnifeiildtu. Cornelian Cherry. as well as a lovely little white Prinnda (name unknown). Moreover. foinmd. but seems to be nnich more it tender. Notes from Rostrevor* THE weather during the past moiitli has been rather variahle. white. for instance.t. pink.

IRISH GARDENING
with sweet-scented pink flowers, followed by orange fruit. Bamboos, with their arc'hing stems and graceful and distinct appearance, are general favourites, and some few may be noted now. as it will soon be the best time to plant them. Aiundiiuinn nobilis, canes shining mottled brown as if varnished, about 2U ft, high and 2^ in. round at the base, seems one of the best of them. .1. nitida is also a very handsome species. .4. falcata, A. Ftdcoiieri,

A.

japoiiira

{Metake). A.

Siiiioni are desirable; so, too,
I

miicrostemmri, A. are A. aunroma, A.

Inijmnfha, A. Rindsii, and .1. iiKiniioieii. 'inly they are smaller. riiytJostiiilii/x CasfUImits has bright yellow canes streaked with green; 1'. fustiwxci is a fine upright species, some 20 feet high, with large canes 3 inches round at the base. r. auiea and 1'. tnifis are erect; P. fie.ruosa more arching; the canes of P. niiira are black and .shining. P. ruscifoUa, P. auiiiliureii, and Baiiilnisit Xdiiashima are among the smaller class, which also includes B. anousfifolid, a very graceful plant; while B. Pagamuirshi (tessalata) is dwarf, with very large bright-green leaves. B. quadniiiinihins is. moreover, an interesting species. Some of these Bamboos are very aggressive, and require a good deal of room; this is especially the case with Aniudinaria palnmta iKuiiuisasa), which, tliough handsome and furnished with large foliage, may become decidedly trouble-some by pushing its -irong growth through everything "near it; .4. I'l/fjiium also is a rampant grower, and so is mother with fairly large leaves which came here
'

.1. (iiirepf!, Init is not, I think, correctly named. Innidij Doniij-, the upright Eeed from the Mediterranean region, has never done well here; but Hesfio siibi^crticinutus, from South Africa, grows <iuite satisfactorily in a sheltered place! This -pecies, with vivid green arching stems, short red ~tem-sheaths, and feathery foliage, somewhat like Ostrich phnnes, partly resembles a Bamboo, but belongs to a different order. It is interesting, lioth oil account of its graceful and peculiar appearance, and also because it is a representative 'f a distinct race of plants not often seen in ordinary out-of-doors cultivation.
IS

Rosa berberidifolia. The aspect of this Eose is such a strange one that some botanists did not admit it as a Rose. The
Cordon Pears on
a

Wall. Tomatoks bktwken
•!!).

(p.

bright green above and silky white beneath; some 18 to 20 feet high, it is quite a fine object when there is wind to show it up. The plants of the Chilean Lurdhahiila biternata here (not Iliiiial(i!/<'ii, as stated in error before) have grown to nothing like the splendid dimensions of the speeiSir Herbert Maxwell in Irish February (page 24) but when have found it a very rampant species. It seems perhaps well adapted to cover an unsightly wall or rough corner, and I, too, am removing it from a site which is capable of growing something better. This reminds me of Vitis stiiata, an evergreen Vine from South America, suited to cover some ugly wall, and of a Rose introduced from China by Mr. Wilson (as No. 4127, I think), and named I understand B. loni/icvsijis, which is well adaijted to ramble over a liedge or to screen a rough corner. Ii is a dense evergreen, dark foliage, very rampant, and a quick grower.

men mentioned by
Gardening
of

;

established

I,

too,

very thin and extraordinary stoloniferous branches, the Berberis-like spines and leaves, the flowers very open and rather small, with their sulphur-yellow petals, marked with a deep brown spot at their base, and with deep brown stamens, put it apart from all the other Roses. But the chief character lies in the leaves, which are simple and unifoliolate. I saw it for the first time at the Rev. Ewbank'.s garden in Ryde forty years ago. I got it from him and from other sources, especially from that good friend. Canon Ellacombe, who gave freely everything from his garden at Bitton. But I lost it several times. Now I had the pleasure of an opportunity, twelve years ago, of a friend going to Turkestan, who offered to collect seeds for me. He went to the mountains of Buchara, and there he found it abundantly. He brought me seeds, and, very curiously, these seeds, instead of resting some months before germinating, as do the other Roses, came up immediately, just like cabbage
seeds
! !

We

planted B.

berheridif(Aia

in

four different

IRISH GARDENING
places in our gardon, always sunny and dry, and they all grew well. Now tiny are rambling everywhere, flowering freely hut ih'Ver seed. So we are ohiiged to increase it liy tlie big long stolons which are sometimes three to four feet long laider ground, and are difficult tn make root. It glows quite differently from all the other Roses, and remains dwarf here (not exceeding two feet in height. In England, however, I saw it nuicli bigger. With my late fricnrl. Mr. Marc. Micheli, here at the Castle of Jussy Gardens, it did the same thing, not exceeding two feet, but growing very invading. It nnist have a very siuiiiy and dry situation, and lie kept dry, especially in winter, in weildiained soil. The plant grows wild from Persia eastwards to the Altai Mountains and the Dsungarian deserts, reaching an altitude of S.ddii feet on some moiuitains.

'-1

Austria

and the gold-coloured Dolomites. Then suddenly we came through a pasture as red as the fields of Pop))i,,, in our countries. What is it? said I to my guide. He did not know, but when coming through we found a field of Liliuin cm nidliciiiii. They were there as close to one another as the red Poppies in Messrs. Sutton's cultures which I oiice saw fi'om the railway near
Rea<ling.
iiuich deepei in colour, much nunc brilliant vermilion dress, is the marvellous ]. ilium poinpoiiiuin of the South of France. I^asl year 1 went to the Maritime Alps to see it, as I was never before there at the right time. I came to Nice at the beginning of June, and went into the Var valley by the Sud line. botanist friend

But

in

its

A

and Lindley named it ],i,iri,i l)ei-heiidifoliti Dumortier Hiilthenia beibii idifolia, while Salissinipliiifolia, and Michaux bury called it VnSd Bdsii persicd. The plant is seldom seen now in gardens, but ought to be luhivated in the inlli-i,tions of Europe more generally. H. CoRREVON, Floraire, Geneva.
,

Primula

Allionii.

Th.1t dear little plant one of the most charming and smallest of all the Primroses is not at The one fact all so rare and scarce as suj>posed. I, for years and is that it is not easy to find. years, went to the Roya mcks to seek it, and found it ill two parts only, the places known to

spent thiee days through the stony slopes of the Var. It is impossible to convey in words the beauty of the Maritime Alps. Only poor Mr. Farrer could express that beauty. I cannot. The graceful, slender stalk (30 to 50 cent, high) bears thiee to five Martagon flowers of the deepest vermilion almost as deep as L. chali-etloniruiii. which it resembles so much glowing to the luminous and hot sun of the Maritime Alps. To my great surprise, the bidns were sunk in rocky crevices or among broken stones, and very hard to get. We could get nothing hut the young ones, as the oldest were too deep in the rocks, seldom in any soil and how difficult the flowers are to dry for the herbarium Liliuin pyieniiicuni is another Martagon, but with greenish-yellow flowers adorned with six liig
I

and

!

everybody near to Fontan and St. Dahnazzo. But last year, at the end of February, I was ascending the highest rotks over Fontan, and found it in high altitudes su very common and in such quantities tliat I thought it as common
as

our rriinuhi v'tscusa— hiisuta.

Some patches

were more than a foot broad, and they were then covered with hundreds of Howers, quite sessile, and making carpets of pink corollas, very comIn the month of May I pact and beautiful. found it again in the perpendicular rocks of the upper part of the Roya near to Tencla, and 1 cannot say that rrhiiulii Allionii is a rare plant It only requires courage and strength to at all. Only an alpine climber can find it discover it. It protects itself in the upper parts of the Roya. by growing in perpendicular walls, where no ciiniber and no chamnis can ever reach It flowers here at Floraire in the first days of March, end of February often, and keeps its It wants a flowers a very long time fresh. crevice or a hole in a wall, and must be kept
!

rather dry.

H. CoRREVoN. Floraire, Geneva.

Some

Beautiful

Martagon

Lilies.

At the end of June, 19(14, I had the brilliant sight of an immense field of Lilium c(irnioIicuin. the beautiful red Martagon of tl:e South Austrian Alps. where the I was climbing the Monte Summano war has since brought distress and ruin), and after
|

having traversed fields of sky-blue Litliospenniim :immi)iifoUum mixed with Linum viscusum and Seiiipidx lonijipefdht, I came to the top where an ideal view showed us to be near the boundary of

Thk H.\unt of the Primrose.
('.ire's

Glen,

Belf.ist.

28

IRISH GARDENING
tloweis are borne in a terminal cluster. Individuthey are large, and of a clear, transparent, bhie-laveiider associates witli (the shade one S(<ihii)X(i iiiucd.siio), and the only complaint we luive against them is that only one or two are open at the same time. The wliole plant is very fragrant, rather more pungent, perliaps, than that of the ordinary Ijavender.
ally,

red anthers, and not nearly so showy. It is nowvery scarce in the French Pyrenees, and to get it it is necessary to go on Spanish territory, where it is commoner, and easier to take uji. On this side of the chain it lias been hunted so much that it is only to be found on elevated rocks, stiff slopes, or precipitous walls, always facing nurtli, in .shady, or half-shady, situations. H. CoRRKvoN, Floraire, Geneva.

N. Wales.

A. T. .Johnson.

Berry Bearing Solanums.
S(jIiiii
II III

For a Garden Hedge.
As an ornamental
small

pseiidii-riipsii

II

III,

known

hedge
It is a

in

the

garden
very

faJiiiliarly

to

many people as Winter Cherries, because of the green and scarlet berries they produce, make pleasing adjuncts to a greenhouse amongst flowering plants during the winter, and, incidentally, are bright sliowy subjects for liringing into a room for window "or talUe decoration. Tlieir value luis long been estimated both by growers of plants for market about Christmas and by those who have the ordering of laige establishments; but, for some reason or other, these iSolanums cannot be said to be popular with amateurs who own small greenhouses. This is rather to be regretted, as beriy-bearing plants are none too common i:l a greenhouse, and in the Solanuni in question \ye liave one of the easiest possible culture that in a comparatively short time may be brought into beauty from seed. As this is the season for them, it may not be out of place to remind those who admire, and yet who have not cultivated them, to say that seed' should be sown in i)ans of light soil in the greenhouse in April, seedlings pricked out as soon as large enough, subsequently being potted separately in a compost of mellow loam, In this the leaf mould, and" half-rotted manure. plants will thrive, and potting on will be necessary until five or six-inch sized pots are attained. For a time the best place for Solanums is a position in the greenhouse not far removed from the glass, but where their wants can be attended to regard to watering. They must never be in allowed to get dry, and particularly so at the During the summer the best blooming stage. place for them is a cold frame having a north aspect where they can .be stood on a bed of ashes and have plenty of room. Coolness at the roots is essential, as, unless this is provided for, the yoiuig berries drop off. Early in Octobei- will find them ready for the greenhouse, which should be Solanums ventilated and kept on the cool side. nuist not be hurried, otherwise the berries often from seed, drop off. In addition to raising them they can be propagated by means of cuttings taken from the new growths of plants cut back after they have started again in spring, but I liave fo\uid that seedlings mostly give the best Briefly they are not difficult to crdtivate results. once their wants are iniderstood. W. I.INDERS IjKA.

Loiiircid iiitida
tiful

is

capital.

new and beauwith

evergreen

shrub

from

China,

graceful foliage, and can be clipped most freely, the trimming brings forth the full beauty of the plant. Grown as a shrub it is also very pretty if hard primed each spring, and for an evergreen garden hedge it i.; ideal. I have an old Box hedge in my garden which I am destroying in order to re|)lace with Luiiin'ta nitidii this winter, and. as the latter is of speedy growth, I cannot long miss ij the Box. ]^

Fremontia
This
is

californica.

one of the finest of the many good shnd>s California has given us, and one that is much hardier than many suppose. It attains a height of 6 or 7 feet, or even more, in a congenial climate, but specimens of half that stature may often be seen well covered with bloom. These blossoms are aliout 2 inches across, bo'wl-shaped and bright yellow, with a mass of orange stamens at the centre. They are produced at the leaf axils along the older liranches, and a succession is not infrequently maintained from .June to Septemlier. The leaves are bluntly lobed, dark green, leathery and hairy, and curiously small and sparse for the size and ninuber of the flowers. F. culifornica does best as a w-all shrnh in all but our milder districts. As such it has stood 20 degrees of frost here without protection. It needs a well-drained soil and plenty of moisture from spring to midsmumer, and for so long as floiwering lasts. For that reason it should not be ))lanted against a south wall. This shrub has a reputation for suddenly dying-off when it has attained maturity, but a specimen, now over ten years old. in this This species is easily garden is still vigorous. propagated by cuttings struck in August. A. T. Johnson. N. Wales.

A

Brilliant

Thorn

Crataegus Carrierei
In the Arboretiun of the Royal Botanic Gardens at Glasnevin, a fine tree of this Thorn has been conspicuous foi' several months. The fruits are still, in Janiuiry, as brilliant as ever, and on entering this portion of the Arboretum catch the eye at once among the many other species of Thorns there giown. The fruits with which the tree is literally covered are large in size and of In addition to its bright orange-red colour. winter value. ('riif:i'(nis ('iiiiil'vei is equally useful in summer, for it grows into a shapely small tree. ]ierhaps 20 feet in height, and bears abundantly corymbs of large w'hite flowers in Jmie; altogether,
it

Lavandula dentata.
Though still on its tiial with us, since we have not yet had it twd years, this new Lavender promises to be a great acquisition. Here it has made a compact, upright bush, about 10 inches high and nearly as much through, the stems being densely furnislied with rilibed and indented leaves in a fresh, almost grassy, green. Towards the end of summer each branch sends up an erect flower stem, after the manner of the Common Lavender, and about the same height as the plant. The

nimiber

well worthy of notice, and among the large of Thorns now in cultivation il; should B, certainly be regarded as one of the best,
is

iiinn the semi-deserts of Northern Africa. owing to their long career and general usefulness. You seldom.ind Ephedra altissima. and the species of Hudsonia. and F. with trumpet-shaped flowers with a long tube. A plant may be doing well enough with us. They inhabit Central and Southern America. They range in size fidin dainty fine-leaved dwarfs.iiitht/llis montana. These aie not adaptable.stle with the Iceland Poppy and Bear-Berry. the best of all is that grown as var. and quite beyond the power of botanists to explain. EritricJiiutn )iauurii? Who can grow Diapensia lapponica ? And think of all the love wasted in vain ou Panunculus (ilaci(dis and Pyjiduntliera harbulata. Fiie(h-ichse)\i. long in cultivation. and gets a useful hint. and a warm. rirulari. in adaptalulity of plants to their The Clare and Galway. state distinct.-Vsia. I well worth while. is wholly white. Raising is easy from cuttings or seed.^ foliage and cream flowers. embracing seveial northern counties. with green leaves and huge white flowers. davurica lieing a green dwarf shrub. and most of them are not hardy with us. see Caroline on the STTPPOSE . aUiiftorii. find it much in rnir favoured Irish gardens. l)ut by no means always. when I get a new plant. of great The whole fruticosa group is in a Nierembergia frutescens. and probably there are few places in the country where it cannot be grown. The leaves vary from bright green to silver.scribed as having dark violet flowers. of hails from Chili. closely allied to fruticosa. it shoidd be a good thing. J. in Ireland it forms just one big patch on the limestone rocks of The The difference Long-suffering Plant.rifra(ja fioruloita. The truth seem. davurica. is a hybrid lietween 7'. in . What about that disastrous beauty. The Marsh Fern has grown for years with me mixed with . But there are notorious exceptions. or deep orange. Then one sees which does best. Schneider) — surroundings is vei-y interesting. frutescens. In England there is another l>ig patch. and bursts into a kaleidoscopic series of variants which might be taken (as some of them have been taken) for distinct species. and all lovely. is a genus of 25 or . But since the requirements of plants are so mysterious. Tims. Over the greater part of its range it is a plant of uniform character. with silver. grey-leaved form with pale . Vilmorinicina. and needs badly to be straightened out liy a comjictent botanist.I. howcan one tell that the former naturally grows in swamps. Var. Such a variety is. but the plant usually seen under this name a robust. which I received recently from Miss Fanny Geoghegan. I — with a lihie eye and a yellow throat.OVli i'uAEGER. Nierembergia we do not understand and fail to supply possible to supply it in a garden) in spite experiments. at least. P.51) species allied the Potato. Veitiliii. and that most plants will so cheerfully accept anything in reason in the way of accommodation. if ever now. it appears to go quite mad. and it is able to show that it can live under much more varied conditions than would appear from its natural range. By K. and especially China.. A var. The flowers may be white. Yet they all jog along quite comfortably. have come to be regarded as quite indispensable.g. A scarcity or excess of water in a plant's natural habitat more often leaves its impress upon the plant's body. some want — — — kejjt confusion. bnt I have not heajxl of it in cultivation on this side of the Atlantic. There are big patches in Europe. restricted distribution. and put these in where conditions of soil and light and moisture are different. fruticosa and P. Rose Caroline Testout. with remarkably shaggy Ijianches and inuuense deep golden flowers. or cream. in the milder parts Ireland it is quite hardy. Caroline Testout.'.. there are. But when it gets into Asia. at the same time. as it is in County Clare a smallish shrub with rather grey-green leaves and yellow flowers. but by some modern authorities (e. and their size up to half a crown. in my garden is always devoured by slugs.-i. if a sheltered corner is selected. dry place is desirable. Potentilla fruticosa and Co. To the first two our country must be a horribly cold. some few which. to take off any jiiece that will come easily. it is well to experiment to some extent with many of them. Fortunate for gardeners that it is so. and is a " good seller " even in these days when novelties are run after. does not appear in the Kew list of hardy herbaceous plant!! it will not stand the English frosts. to coarse giants a couple of yards in . P. wet place. half a foot high." and de. whose headquarters are within the Arctic. We nuiy carve a i)lanl to pieces and examine every portion under the microscope without getting a hint as to whether it can withstand frost or great heat. Some very distinct forms liave been long in cultivation. Rose Notes. we submit.yellow flowers does not look like such a cross. Often a cutting has grown where the jilant has died. Two which have recently come into much favour are P.xes Linum perenne or uarhoiineuse and all through the summer produces a wealth of bluish-white flowers the size of a florin. while the other haunts dry rocks exposed to the hot sun of Southern Europe? Seduiii mulficeps .— — IRISH GARDENING 29 Notes from a Small Garden. jjmdia of Horticulture. which has been before the public over thirty years. however beautiful some of the varieties are. But — better under slightly different conditions. To my mind. UnlimitedSliruliby Cinquefoil i^ an interesting plant ou iicfount of its wide range and. to be that when free competition is eliminated the strict geographical limits which often define a plant's natural growth vanish. we have no excuse for not growing a plant so lovely and " dankbar. or down to a quarter of that a most bewildering series. or yellow. and . in America. to the latter pair a veritable hothouse. or at least a few cuttings. An exception is the creeping X. where it is often under water half the year. but be capable of doing of theirs (if it is of all to which -V. Looking at them. ifro-riitliicrd is given in the " Standard Cyclo• The plant that however large one's collection of Roses may be. jo." It has the size and habit of one of the subshrubby Fla.Sa.stature. whofee praises I wish to sing. ai-huxcula a rather dwarf form.

Richardson's garden at Shankhill last . I saw for the first" time a splendid bed of the beautiful Hybrid Musk Rose. When grown for market purposes they are mostly mef with in pots five inches or so in diameter. with the extremities of their quaint shoots studded with brilliant scarlet tubular blossoms of wax-like appearance. Emily Gray's " predecessors being very none of satisfactory. and the beauty ot the of It may. meets all their needs. 1921. and had a few nice blooms early If ever a Rose is entitled to be in November. As we have pointed out Kalosanthes flower on the extremities of the shoots. we would beg a consideration for a greenhou. be claimed for her that' she would find much favour as a show blossom.R. and it has reference to the size of the final pot. which we specially direct the attention of the would-be grower. the others arching gracefully outwards. foliage and stems is remarkable. bronzy is very foliage and stems as any member of the family. but also for the value such are for cutting. Williams." raised by Dr. shinin 1!U3. or for adorning the stages of a modest greenhouse one has a great asset in well-grown plants of Kalosanthes. In so far as compost is concerned." raised by Rev. bloom the fact Mekcaston.^. when it was in full flower. in order that the wood may ripen. scheduled amongst Serviceable Roses. They possess a slight resemblance to Bouvardia blossoms. semi-single flowers. and her constitution is vigorous and healthy. We were "badly in want of a good. old loam. which have long been favourites with us. Co. that many folk who own greenhouses of moderate size miss much in the way of decoration by ret taking in hand these comparatively easy-to-grow subjects. Tipperarv. and will also benefit by weak applications of liquid manure. and very forgotten. but Kalosanthes are never very happy when their roots are so confined. " a welcome addition to the when planted Nov. frequently to be met with outside large establishments. on Sunday. but are stiffer in build. in fact. as is understood to-day. and lasts a long time in the house. and it makes a good weeping standard. Whether one desires plants for interspersing in groups in a conservatory. stems deep red. K. as approaching the bud stage they will take a fair amount oif moisture. No one desires to deprecate the usefulness of flowers for cutting. jet we do venture to say in regard to Kalosanthes. " Moonlight. Very simple are the cultural directions tion. E. \¥.. Fethard. with a little coarse silver sand. light salmon-pink flowers. There is also a white variety—jasminea. October . lemon-white. (I'eiicntl Ifeiii(irl:. The writer saw a fine specimen on a wall in Mr. and the temperature of the house in which they are aceommoclated only requires to be the same wherein other greenhouse plants are usually cultivated. There were five plants in the round bed. with yellow stamens. The Rector tells me that this Rose is perpetual flowering.June. yet notwithstanding their being of little or no value. In a word. she has other qualities which cannot be One of the very earliest. old Caroline Testout is surely that one. coccima (scarlef) flowers during the summer months.i. plants are left rigidly alone. There is one point for R C. tlie number ot blooms in a single season from an established plant is really remarkable. yellow rambler. — upright.. in groups. the centre one growing about 5 feet high and fairly Very dark green. and placing in a striking pit.superbly Ijeautiful. a member of the N. one made up ot brown fibrous peat. Being of a succulent nature it is advisable to finally pot them in pots slightly larger than their actual requirements. but though it cannol. Lady Hillingdon. and for It says much need careful management. II. course. pole. and about which so few to-day are enthusiastic. which too often are weakly in habit. foliage.30 IRISH GARDENING. with globular.?e plant that. Pemberton ing. as it is from the ripened shoots on which the best trusses of bloom are borne. they desire no exceptional treatment to bring about in due course what we submit is exceptional beauty in the time when their trusses open. on attaining its of J. The extraordinary sunuuerlike weather we are having this autumn leads one to expect quite a wealtli of bloom. some of her more fascinating sisters have seen to that. " Emily Gray vigorous. j ^^ .. who has de"' voted much attention to ramblers. latest to open. hence that is no doubt the reason why Kalosanthes are not now very The worth Position. — — There is nothing difficult . corners to our gardens. The blooms have much the same colour and size as the well-known Tea Rose. be grown on trellis. this being a handy size. dibljling the shoots in pans or pots of sandy loam. and more imposing.30th. and fine flowering period. In which they have had no experience. Kalosanthes (Crassulas). particuto This is undoubtedly the comparatively new Wichuraiana hybrid " Emily Gray. Vulture. or covering with a bell-glass. but the picture I saw of Rose " Moonlight " was somewhat startling. The place in which to locate the plants should be one ivhere light and sun can rea.S. cannot fail to call forth admiraAs many readers are at the moment thinking what may be done towards rendering their houses attractive in the present season we submit to them Kalosanthes. larly when wanted for the decoration of a window or tal)li'. in great profusion. and elbowed her away. etc. evergreen clusters of very fragrant. S. possessing as handsome. Re-pottlng is best effected early March. This Rose will be bush " Roses which add many beautiful ensuring success. It is not an easy matter to induce folk to make new ventures in the growing of plants is exhibition table. Rose "Moonlight-" the garden at the Rectory. Caroline Testowt that after so long and useful a career it can be still recommended as one which should be in every garden. and propagation from half-ripened in shoots (the two pairs of lower leaves being removed) after the flowering season. as well as on a wall.ch them. yet we have to face that the main consideration in growing blossoms to-day is. M'M. To us it seems a great pity that any embargo should be placed on a plant that when in . This cannot be said of some of the other hybrid teas. of many flowering plants grown in pots to-day is not only determined by the freedom and attractiveness of the blossoms. I commenced cutting flowers in May. and it is worthy of note that they are fragrant. and a sight never to be forgotten. "are they nice for cutting?" Unless they will stand the test of this crucible. The Best Yellow Rambler.

best adapted for cordons.IRISH GARDENING whatever about the upbriii<_'iiig and cuhure of Ihesu attractive South African plants. gnrn and if m the open are tied to the stakes aforesaid. The advantages lie in the comparatively small space required to grow a number of different kinds and in the ease with which the trees can be attended to. and if n lipens satisfactorily and shows evidence of forming spurs naturally. as they constitute a charm wherever they are well grown. one at six inches or so from the bottom. Mr. cordons and other trees often suffer from drought. and if planted in shade or in northern aspects will give a supply of choice fruit over a much longer season. Small fruits. T. In the latter case a stake should be inserted in the ground and securely tied to the wires. The trees may be planted at two feet apart. perfect health. may . We W. Ciuk. Power. tiiey are not subject to 31 many enemies. thus keeping the trees in such as Gooseberries and Red be grown as cordons. Currants. which should l)e placed at an angle of 45 degrees or thereabout. which may be recognised by being "smaller and not so round and plump as a Firm planting is essential. Gardener. Co. the trees are. Apples and Pears are.\. The leading shoot may be allowed to grow unchecked fly possilily being their worst. though. of course. Anne's Gro've. it may be left entire but if the end few inches appear soft. and in winter reducing these still further to two or three buds according to the strength of the shoot. the total height being about six feel. which may be known by the A Fine Crop . This method of growing fiiuts is particularly well adapted for small gardens where a variety of choice fruits is important. In this case it is usual to train up three or four shoots from the base in the shape of a fork or gridiron.\terforu. one in the middle. and may be grown against walls or in the open tied to strong wires tightly stretched between strong posts. duiing sununer. it is to be feared. the call for them is not great. weakens the trees. Grown of British Queen. they may be removed back to a healthy wood Ijud. that anyone who desires a very beautiful flowering plant. and consists of one main shoot. a dry spell appears to be setting in during summer a mulch of rotten manure or leaves will keep the roots cool and moist. however. and this is inimical to the production of good fruit. will not be disappointed with the one undir notice. at Cordon Fruit Trees. soil must be in good condition. and one at the top. and tliey can Ijc wintered in a temperature whicli suits bedding pUmts. and the object of the cultivator is to have this furnished with fruiting spurs from base to top. supported by nails and twine. If planting is done against a wall. of which there should be at least three. are convinced. Castletown Roche. plump appearance .•^t. and is capable of appraising it as such.IXDKKS I>E. Fox. and continue in flower for many weeks. and the flower bud. Most dealers in greenhouse plants stock Ka!osanthes. among the large fruits. The single cordon is the commonest form. and renders the foliage When liable to attacks of aphis and red spider. and inclined to the sc/uth if possible. Seed from Messrs. Against walls. This is achieved by shoitening all side shoots to tour or five leaves about tlie 'middle of August. of its buds. and not well ripened. merely keeping it tied in. \V. To get the best lesuks from cordons strict attention must be paid to summer pruning in order to induce the formation of flower buds.

It blooms most floiiferously. The rare and costly. and I think " Cloth of Gold " should come next in popularity. Belvedere. a new variety Eavh/ Market gave 9 tons l:i of nnu-li promise. early white. red. white and lilac varieBut to These are very strong growers. one deeper than the other. I have much faith in It retains the damp. sitmition and climate affect results so much that a variety may be a complete success in one locality and a failure in another. particularly of early varieties. a very great Ijeauty . and very choice. per acre. This is the old crimson-velvet Primrose. return to the rarer kinds. red crimson. very sweet. beloved of Some are being our ancestors. In Prince Silver Wings we have a Polyanthus. and Rex Theodore. sometimes slightly margined white. quite hardy. I I wonder call my " Lady Dora " Parkinson's. Harlequin. and there will be renewed health and vigour from the treatment in nearly every case. plum colour." It has lived here as that for ages. There are French Grey is quite exquisite. rare. is a most striking in the spring garden. Old Rose is a very choice variety. and there are lovely new-named bronze. same treatment of cool. white. It is a charming Primrose." is a sight not to be forgotten. larger and paler than Lady Dora. Madame de roinpaduur should. very sweet. cwts. but seen it I have Scarlet red in colour.with 12 tons 1 cwt. H. while (iieai Si-nf gave over 10 tons. Jackanapes has never lived here. plan is to carefully note whether the xA&ni looks healthy or not. Careful watering and shading in hot weather is necessary for them. delightful perfectly The effect of the double flowers. this makes rapid growth. silver-laced. and is followed by Shamrorl. The selection of suitable sorts is a matter of some importance. Marie Crousse." which is just sulphur. peat.' given any kind of ordinary treatment. a lovely amethyst. Primroses and Polyanthus. and called sometimes the old Irish blue Primrose. since soil. is remarkably beautiful. with large flower. and any that are not considered altogether easy. that does with all Prinu-oses. There is a lovely Parkinson's. very liandsome. Then what should" the supposed "Pantaloon" be called? offered for sale. it not to Hose-in-Hose Polyanthus with drooping flower. though it will spread and flourish. not think it has been named. The lovely elatior coerulca (the old sky-blue silver-laced Polyanthus) leads the way. Now comes the dwarf Polyanthus type. and apt to die out in a huff if neglected altogether and not divided at the right time." Many old varieties. perhaps.S lbs. we find some very quaint and beautiful kinds. dust lime over the root..— 32 IRISH GARDENING. pure white. Another question I would like to hear answered It is . Burgundy is a cheery-looking magenta crimson of a light shade. sometimes from early autunui until late spring. while allowed to deteriorate it becomes ugly and if in every single. smaller than the last-named. a lilac rose colour. really only a seedling. fallowed closely by Kerr's Pink. tine stems. have died out. The leaves come up the most livid green. sulphur all very nice and quaint. It is the best yellow we have. but beautiful. What posed is " Mary's " (Mr. The gold-laced varieties are represented by . per acre. Miss Massy. dwarf. pink. i'L I perhaps the best known of these lovely things that flourish nowhere so well as in our beautiful " Emerald Isle. I Lady Lettice tint. and that of a pale tint. and sanguinea nigra The latter has rather plena are of this type. Uy Amakanthe. Ewing's charming story). head the list. but It is beautiful and not the darkest in shade. The two former are also easily grown. almost black. loamy soil. Toitoiscshell. being deeper than Early Sulphur. A bed of it mi. We liave lately received from the Adviser in Horticulture to the Cornwall Education Committee a Report on Potato Trials conducted in that comity in 1921. Perhaps some reader could solve a difficulty in the correct naming of Jack-in-Green Primrose '• Pantaloon. it is hardly so vigorous as the white and lilac. slightly the Ijolyanthus type. crimson. Sparkler of the same type. take it up immediately. will suit it. and hosts of seedlings. There is a deep blue double Polyanthus to I do be had which is. deep I'li inula Coming to ufficinaJis the varieties of these plants with their Jacks-in-Green and Hose-in-Hose are but Greek to tlie uninitiated love they them never so well. Arthur de Moulins. and of the richest yellow. liut no hard-and-fast advice can be given in this respect. very easy. The following notes may be a slight guide to anyone wishing to make a collection. large white flower with l)road orange centre. of the richest crimson. of each green leaf surroundNow I am told this is Pantaing the flower. richest crimson-brown Polyanthus imaginable. With care. beautiful. pink and yellow. almost scarlet. The single Primroses are Harbinger. Primroses. . quite the best crimson we have. also a sound a peaty soil. I believe. leafmould. but not at all impossible. easy to grow. when well-grown. is hirger and coarser. and well-rotted manure. 2J qrs.\ed with or bordered by the dwarf deep blue Primrose. Of the larger Polyanthus type we luive a giant way in Curiosity. crimson and goldenlaced Polyanthus just being brought back again from the olden times. ties. and " Parkinson's Polyanthus " ? Hose-in-Hose in the to be sup- Meadow sweeter — it is just delicious. the end of this month pUuiting will be general. J. call pinkish It is Then there is think it is Yellow Prince. steadily brought back to us after years of patient and absorbing study." red. yes. and for this reason demands some kindness. yellow with I prefer also a polyanthus. with the same bright tint in a broad stripe or panel up the centre. the darkest. elafior. loon by an unimpeachable authority. lilac. claret. longer.i tons 6 cwts. per acre. re-plant in new soil mixed with lime around the root. These Then come the " Jack-in-Green are the best. shall begin with rriiinila offirhuilh ft. Towards then. A bed of it smells like a lot of ripe apricots. We note that Silrer SliainKjch heads the list of late varieties with a yield of l. just requiring good soil and division now and The many — — single var. luit it is a popular variety and not very common. which one would hardly think of doing with the commoner. Potatoes. two distinct shades. It the latter. but a splendid one. am I right? It is very old.

and for the strong growers such as Shiunrock the drills slioidd be not less than 2 feet 9 inches apart. growing a small number of varieties well rather than attempt a great number of only ordinary merit. of course. Light as to manuring cannot be without a knowledge of local con- staged to is competent and adjudicated upon' by those form tlie best opinion. and particularly valuable in the shrub border in .-. was introduced in 1879 by Maries to Messrs.. of Capel Street. renidlis in America (all of them now grow'lng in British gardens). and H. being second earlies. or who have had little or no success up to the present. fo]. and in the cases — — . that one should grow a sufficient number of any one variety of vegetable. B. I have come to the conclusion that the one who decides to show his produce for the first time either does not make his plants early enough or aims at too much. of course. were. and Competition is allege to be better. and it is amongst them that competition is very keen. and and late varieties in addition to the . yds. Tinwald. and it does not. IRISH GARDENING Biitisli (jueeii 8 tons 17 cwts. and not infrequently one hears. Studying Schedules. riiginiand //. For instance. after all. liiitisli (Jiieen and Grent Scot are reliable second earlies. then jilant the Potatoes on the level by means of a trowel or spade and mould them up as the tops grow. there may be more than the actual quantity required for show to select from. and do not require very special treatment to bring out their excellencies. but for general planting." occasion I have heard acrimonious discussion on the first prize being awarded to small vegetables whilst much larger jiioduce of the same kind had been given only third place notably in the case Bigness of Vegetable Marrows and Cauliflowers. most excellent for everybody. provided they are of outstanding merit in their class. It is accommodating as regards soil. Veitch's Coondje Wood Nursery. both in the wood and in the open border.ittfi' The variety Silrer Sim m im I:. when it produces its delightfully fragrant golden-yellow flowers in profusion in clusters along the bare last year's twigs. of nitrate of soda scattered in the drills when planting. obtains in showing whatever one may contemplate.ie be. especially if they liave been frequently manured with dung. M((liijn's V'liiijiilVuiu a new late variety. a m Ken's Pink. to Homnmelis moUis. Amateurs form the hulk of tlie army of food pro- ducers. 1922. Init did not become well known for a liiiieii (uiii long time. wliicli is whiteskinned. Kdzell Blue. that they "could have beaten that lot. Chinese species of a genus represented by H. as. soil itself. we understand. and friendly rivalry is calculated to promote comradeship. as the date approaches. These notes are mainly — Garden Merit. and Midldthidu Eiirltj. It is a Vegetables for Exhibition. common experience when visiting the quality Hortiof cultural exhibitions to hear remarks— nof always the suitable. trouble them very much. Dul)lin. Perhaps this soils generally require moie those of a heavy nature. and particular attention ought to be given where it is On more than one stipulated " fit for table. Rowan. The best plan for small areas is to spread the dinig evenly over the ground in winter and dig it in. while for niaincrop golden-yellow except for the reddisli base.S'/kihicoc/. Drill planting is the best for most soils. Peifectiuii Arifin Chief and Anaii Vicfai i/ are worthy of note. still and has given remarkable dear aids i(. smooth within and hairy without. for its spreading habit is one of its cliarms. It is to be known as the Award of Garden Merit. unless he does so.iii(i 33 — the two l.Japan. When young. which may be supplemented by a dressing of 1 lb. disappointment may result. and the "sets" lb inches apart. On an average soil with sufficient lime a useful inanurial dressing consists of four or five barrowloads of dung per sq. especially intended to mark plants of proved and outstanding excellence for garden decoration. 7884. and soils without lime are better of an occasional dressing. This allows of scattering the artificial manure between the rows and covering it in as moulding proceeds. and will l. directed to vegetables more particu- manure than as during the last five or six years the growers of such have increased in great numbers. It may he given to plants long grown in our gardens as well as to more recent introductions. generally but not necessarily exclusively to plants which have been thoroughly tried at Wisley. From a long experience. is not always a sign of goodness.? spoken is results. Lorhin-. it is that which goes to make up a show. the Royal Horticidtural Society has just established a new award for ornamental plants. The first award was made at the meeting of This January 31. Recommendations safely made ditions. is well . It would be easy to err. The unfortunate part about it is that tliose who are given to criticising do not trouble to bring what they have grown. the number of vegetables staged must not be exceeded. This rule. The busli grows to six or eight feet in height (possibly more). and tlie better kmnvn SlKiiiiitjck. in attempting to confine it too rigidly. as. complimentary— concerning exhibits criticism larly.stowed by the Council on the reconunendation of the Wisley Garden Committee. however.January.inc hision in tliese trials. from those wjio have refrained from sliowing. and set a red-brown calyx. ." It was figured in the Botanical Magazine. Useful early varieties nni mentioned in tiu' above trials are Duke of Ymk. t. rich written for those wlio are frcsli in the field as exhibitors. for varieties of the typ<' of 1iiifix]i Queen 2 feet 6 ini-hes between the drills and one foot between the " sets " is generally of. It is the finest of the genus.). It is well in the first instance to procure a schedule of the proposed show as early in the season as possible. jdponiiii in . It follows. little leaf It ratlier Fred J Chittenden. but later it can "fend for requires no pruning unless to correct a slight tendency to sprawl." Old exhibitors are acquainted with that kind of criticism. purchased frmn Messrs. aiof The Council and H. and to select a few entries in which one may venture. as a rule. on the hill side and on the flat of " Seven Acres. and has stout spreading branches. Ijoth in flower and foliage. The New Exhibitor. It is most important that the intending competitor should carefully study the conditions governing the various classes in the scheclule. in order that. The long narrow petals are straight (not crumpled as in other members of the gentis). but grows best in good loam. It grows well at Wisley. rc?d (oO) sq.

be drawn to the plants and the hoe run between Sow seeds of a quick growing variety. and which have been wintered in frames are now fine sturdy plants. going over each entry with schedule in hand. and. some of which come to kind of weatlier. is largely responsible for the with room opportunities are neglected now important time will be lost. As a contrast a light sandy soil can be worked in almoL5t any maturing their of vegetables. washing very carefully any that may Potatoes. and level on the surface. The fiist-time exhibitor is apt to regard his produce of first-class excellence until it competition with vegetables grown is placed in by those of wider knowledge and experience. as the young plants often have to remain a considerable time in the seed bed before they can be planted out. One may examples mention Cauliflowers and Lettuce as which cannot be retarded to any degree of satisfaction. a few days often effect a great improvement. This is one of the most juofitable crops for an allotment holder to grow.?pecially — Sweet Peas may be sown now. but. — Allotments.ade into a suitable condition for sowing seeds at a moment's notice. who very rarely make mistakes. Leeks. The plants require to lie carefully lifted. On heavy land the soil cannot be n. power to provide allotments. &c. and. the rows. taking with a good grace the award of the judges. if at all possible. These plants will now benefit by a Soil can then small dressing of nitrate of soda.-own in small pots provide plants for planting in the open grotnid later. — . he will have to hasten (or retard if it is possible) vegetables upon which he may " probaVsles. cover the' hoxi-g with she(-ts of paper until the seedlings appear. and to replace the soil gradually.' with but little trouble to the interest concerned. It is sometimes necessary to water the plants inmiediately after row. — the early varieties. Great Britain is concerned. Canliflowers prefer a rich soil. but an amicable arrangement could. Where the opportunity exists for sowing Celery. making the compost firm and fine. and his entry form has gone forward. Thin sowing is specially reconnnended. old turf or other suitable materials. LiNDERS Le. helping then — stimulants if need he. and should therefore be lifted and stoied in a bed of ashes in a shady position. Roots of Parsnijis top form quicker than others. with the drying winds of March. otherwise if the cases. IRISH GARDENING freshness and '' fit for table " rightly carried premier honours. An easy way tp grow Sweet Peas. and keeping the soil free from weeds by use of the hoe. and after planting a good dusting with lime is often necessary to keep away slugs. under the Small Holdings and Allotments Acts. Potatoes. Beet.\. should be sown in boxes containing light sandy soil. The " freshman " should. so far as authorities. Allotment iiolders are often anxious to get the Potatoes planted. as soon as the soil is in a suitable condition and the weather favourable. CiULii'LOWERS. it is far better to defer planting until next month." The the count amongst as weather. Autumn Sown Onions. luit except in very favourable places. With land of this description it is a wise plan to delay sowing until the soil is in fair condition. to come into bearing after the e. learning from the book of his own experience what to avoid and what to endeavour to accomplish. VEGET. no doubt. so that it corresponds in every particular. but the condition of affairs has underEven allotment gone considerable alteration. Not only does the grower of vegetables for exhibition need to prepare the ground for their reception. The rows can be fifteen inches apart. holders are now organised. and are quite capable of bringing into effect the powers which exist by legislation but were allowed to become a dead With regard to security of tenure the letter. However. Celery. but he should not allow failure to daunt him. and the plants six to eight inches in the — — soil Try to make the plants quite firm in the without ijlanting too deeply. Much better than too early planting is to place the tubers in boxes to sprout. the plants should be hardened for this purpose. Where the land is in fit condition they may soon be planted out. where good flow-ers with serviceable stems are expected. he is better for having attempted to grow something out of the ordinary. The seeds should be just covered Then with finely sifted soil and then watered. giving each ample for development.s produce. the main crop of Celery can now be sown. that even supposing a man does not achieve honours the first time of showing.. such as Empress. be arrived at. of course. and to watch them carefully throughout the season. and bring him nearer to his exhibits receiving awards. This is much lietter than placing one single thick autump-sown plants. and the next time he will have knowledge at his command that will stand him in good stead. He ought also to give himself ample time to lift or cut hl. in thv past had. The month of March is a busy one for the allotment holder. one who aims at success will not delegate to others what he can do himself. so that a little heat can be given. and if planted too deeply often form long necks. Plants from seeds sown in the autumn. as in the case of — Marrows may lie . The Carrots.4BLE t'> be necessary. Results. and it is important that arrears of work should now be completed. but make it a stepping-stone to future success. however. These plants will come into bearing several weeks in advance of those sown directly into the open ground. mixing in manure. arrange his exhibits at home beforehand. legislation will shortly l)e introduced to remedy the present unsatisfactory Local authorities position of allotment holders. without damaging the skin. in the ground will be commencing to grow again. and previous to doing this. and owing to recent rains such land is not easily worked. I am convinced of this fact. is to dig a trench up to two feet deep. as soon as it shows appearance of drying it may be turned up and pulverized with a fork. The seeds — W. position is admittedly a difficult one. The re))ort has recently been issued containing the reconnnendations of the Committee appointed in Great Britain to investigate the present position as regards the iirovision of allotments by local It is probable then. that. Cabbages. Timing Vegetables. This crop may be sown either broadcast in beds or in drills. they were unwilling to move in the matter. subject to certain conditions. and it will be wise not to attempt working such land when it is wet.34 cited. as the date of the show approaches. The Flower Border. could acquire land In many compulsorily for the same purpose. These may be transplanted at any time now. planting. but will personally attend to every detail.

Oliver. and the Vines started not later than the beginning of the month. leaving two or three eyes to each set. . Tie them flat and near the position they are to assume next season. and again when the fruit tiees daily to — is set. as soon as the soil is in a workable condition the main crop should be sown. It is better to wait until next month than to sow on pasty ground.^et The Kitchen Garden.-ut whatever. Asters. G. — ARLY PE. or gently pat it with the back of a spade.— In tying down the shoots they should not be brought down to the wires all at once. Seakale. and prepare the ground for late Potatoes. During this month plant them out in well manured ground 15 inches apart each way. All shoots should be tied down before they get unsightly bend. obtain the best results it is important that the seed should be sprouted instead of planting dormant tubers.tTE Vineries. fine grapes can be grown without any fire h. Lee. from IJ to 4 ozs. and if runners were not saved in the autumn the young side crowns should be saved and planted in reserve beds for i-eplanting in frames again in the autunm. each. ArroUnum luxriirii fl. Clear away all old Sprouts and Broccoli. Sow Half Hardy Annuals in slight heat. and it is easy to thill the plants out where tli. and Sweet Peas should not be By Mr. \Y. made half inch deep and 12 inches apart. Gardener to Viscount Power. L. roots sliould be introduced into heat every fortnight. The borders should be well soaked with tepid water. also Stocks. To grow Seakale from seed is very simple. H. Make successional sowings of whatever it may be advisable to put under cover or on heat. If the crop exceeds more than one fruit to every liundred square inches of surface thin out to that distance. H. Give a straight cut for the top and a slanting one for the bottom. 'J'he plants grow best. Second early and main crop varieTo ties should be planted in quantity thi. Always retain a growth from the l>ase of the fruiting long wood wliich. Let a moderate dressing of soot and wood ashes be applied. untanglit the roots and wash them clean. but gradually eased down or they will break off at the base. and very useful are Statice i^uworowi. IJooOOOooaooo' Pot Roses as they come in flower should be shifted into the greenhouse or conservatory. Onions. Carefully shake them out of the pots. Clarkias Xii-</ti(ina — double stiuiitosa. Trees in unheated houses should he given plenty of air to keep Back the bloom as late as possible. Xcnicsia t^andercr. are easily increased at this period of the year by inUling off quite large pieces from the old plants :ind planting them rather deeply and firmly in the soil. these should be cut into lengths of about six inches. ind therefore the trees should lie dislnidded at this period growth with an unsparing hand. then with a rake make the surface level. When the foliage is fully developed syringe the nf — — keep the leaves clean. as no cloui>i hranches ot Beech. Young Vines should be planted out.P.should be pinched before they grow to any length. The rods should be sprayed twice a da. The bed should )>v turned every third day and a barrowful of fnsh material added each time.IRISH GARUENIiNG sown The seed can be some will be destroyed by slugs and sparrows. Also in pots Annuals are fine subjects for the decoration of the Greenhouse during the summer. No time should . If there is fermenting material to hand and a bed is made — — .-r.should be tied on the upper side of the growth it Pinch is nitended to leplace.5 on the lower ends of the young wood. only extend where necessary to pover the house. IS un the inside bord. The Month's Work oooOOooooo 7ooOOOOoooo "VoooooooOOooi MoooooOOOOOooi^!^ pL. and lightly dug in and the surface roughly levelled and trod evenly all over. keeping the rose-end of The best size for seed is the tubers upwards. Spread tliem out and cover with a little leaf snil and the ordinary vine compost. Dip each cut set into fine lime directly after ' too thick to ripen properly. f<ireet Stilton.K'H HOUSE— The on which the fruit is will now require unremitting attention. If houses should require fumigating for green fly it is always safest to fumigate just before the blooms open. The seed sliould be sown thinly in drills. K. Potatoes. Close the drills evenly.. Enniskerry. when enough.but a gonrl ordinary support a wide mesh of wire netting hung on strong Flants of Laveiidrr and Southernwood supports. Violets. as there is less likelihood of blank The tubers should be placed spaces in the rows. About a fortnight after the berries are set the bunches wall be ready for thinning. The final thinning of the fruit should not take place until the stoning period is over. and preserve them in boxes of ashes in a cold frame. finish to the bed pass a light roller over it. The young wood gciicrally is left much trees . ot cour^ic. so commence with the most forward bunches. Almost every vegetable seed _niay be sown this month. ^>-OOOCc»nDoci. Co. varieties. Wicklow. and when large enough prick off into boxes or frames. . and proceed w'ith open ground sowing as the weather and conditions permit. fairly thickly.v with water to helij them to iircak. Work under Glass- forgotten for large pots or boxes. and other annuals.of 35 manure In the trenrli. etc. Laterals . or on a hotbed in pans of light sandy soil. in shallow boxes or trays. but there is a loss of a year compared with root thongs.?court. on good twiggy layei. The plants in frames which have finished flowering should be cleared out. Vineries. To obtain supplies of Seakale over a long period.s month. but large growing varieties should be cut. growths which have fruit at the base about the third leaf. The empty frames should be utilised for pricking out Antirrhinums. Late Houses.. Schizanthus. and to put a. y are overcrowded. In taking up the crowns save the small roots for propagating.be lost.

lanuarv and Stli November. sliorteiied. rows as soon as forward enough and stake early — — sorts. etc. February with . Where birds are troutilesome it will be found necessary to protect the seed beds with fine netting. now every fortnight the best Peas.Tune.3. tlie hot weather does not make it run to seed.. and as soon as well liardened plant out on rich Prick out firm ground in a sheltered position. Two or three kinds should be sown now for a succession to the varieties sown in tlie autumn. Dublin. NcA-ly planted canes should be cut down within a few inches of the ground the first year.. The warmest day was 9tli . tour inches deep in the shape ol a V. Soot also is very beneficial given moved. Salad. Gooseberries. Sow in quantity now. and tlie pruning and trimming of shrubs and hedges proceeded with. Clark. draw ont a tiencn north to south.cpt at Tlie lioyal Botanic Canh im. and the cultivator must bear in mind the kind of blooms he wishes to grow. or snow fell total 24. April is early enough for winter supplies. 840. between the rows and 12 inches apart Main crop varieties oO inches in the rows and 15 inches between the sets. and for growing outdoor seed should be sown early this month. which may be planted nc. The hoe should be run througli growing Tenderness is plantations to encourage growth.91 inches. nitrate of soda. into cold frames or into boxes seedlings from early . a good practice to grow Potatoes and l)e foinid Put short twigs to the Peas on the same ])lot. keeping the plants fairly close and lightly shading them a few hours daily.95 inches are unusually low records for tliese months. Glasncrin. first sets tliinning out the sprouts to two or three of Put baelv the soil. or salt. — main crop of Broad Beans in Wliere frames can be spared make a good sowing of French Beans. Plant out on hot-beds those raised early last month. The early part of tlie month is a suitable time for Rose i>la. Even wider planting will give heavier crops. and beds edged if required. The land licint. with some varieties. aliuui. B. It will Allow plenty of space lietween the rows. except in the north and midlands.1. Plants that are ready should be potted into small l)0ts and kept in a warm atmosphere. month was . 25C>. . and keeping a shapely bush. forked in lightly has immediate effect. Turnip sliould be sown every fortnight now. Beans. especially the common variety. where it is perhaps safer to leave to the end of the month. Brussels Sprouts. topdress with bone meal or superpliosiihate. during the year on 211 days. Tomatoes. cutting out the old and very weak growths. Winter Greens of all kinds. iiienced. If large exhiliition l)looms are desired most varieties should lie pruned back to two buds. . and another wliich afforils the heaviest crops of fruit consists of tliiuning out the shoots. and a stinnilant sliould A light dressing of be given to growing lieds. Sow Marrowfat varieties to keep up a succession. as they will give a better return than those sown in pots. and frost does not injure it. in guod rnndition Implanting. liut leaving a considerable nunilier of young shoots wliich only have their tips removed. The past season was an ideal one for ripening Tomatoes out of doors. For garden decoration the shoots should be cut back to four or more buds. and carefully fork the beds over. but if carried to the extreme will. so that the plants will then be about I find carefully 4 inches apart from each other. which make long shoots.nting. The planting finish.Tuly. Turnip and Early Short Horn Carrot should be sown on a warm bolder. and when tlie plants are a couple of inches high transplant the thiekeot to another row. one being similar to Red — with 4.') inch fell on four days. The minimum on the grass fell to 180 on 14th .77 inch and April witli . they should have a rich deep soil. Broccoli for autumn use should be sown early. Ivy on walls should be cliiijjed. Sucli varieties as .T. Two methods of pruning are usually practised. been cleared away. at nights. Second early sorts should be planted 24 inches the rows.should have tlir points taken off and tlie growths pegged down over the beds. Cauliflower. autumn fruiting varieties should be cut down nearly to the grouBd. the result of quick growth. I. The pruning of the busshes should not be longer deferred.eek and Celery sliould lie sown for main crop. Cucumber and Melons. The highest maximum temperature in the sun was 1220 on the 11th. trenches. surface.Inly ^ in 1921. the coldest night was 7tli March.\t month or later. and vacancies should be Pruning should be conifilled up in the beds. The work should be done in favourable weather. when . Roses. and the greatest fall in 24 The driest hours was 1. The constitution of each variety should tie kept in mind by the primer.j7 inches less than the — amount registered in 1920.6 IRISH GAKUiiNiNG Currants. being 9. Remove the lights from frames where plants are growing from the autumn sowing. PcM'pi'iual Spinach Beet is a most useful vegetable. aaid mulched witli half rotten manure.— Lettuce and Radish also sow as required. w-ith a mixture of lime-rubble iuid wood ashes.44 inches on 27th July. Hard pruning is recommended to induce increased vigour into plants tliat do not grow satisfactory. As growtli proceeds above the ground draw up the soil around the haulm on each side. Flower Garden and Pleasuee Grounds.42 inches. Cover with mats. of speedy with during showery weather. sprouts upwards. and lay the along the bottom. m — Raspberry Canes sliould have their points assuming that the old fruiting canes were removed in the autumn and the young The canes of growths tied to stakes or wires. transplanted Peas do much better than otliers. 18th and 19th . It is a good plan to sow fairly thick. Cabbage. shrubs should be brought to a tlie exception of Conifers and Hollies. have the opposite effect. the bushes lieing kcjit being cutr. The wettest month was Hardy Fruits. Roses on walls and pillars that have had their worn out old w'ood removed in the autumn will only require the points After primings have of their growths removed.July. open by having tlie old branches reCordon Gooseberries should be closely spurred-in to the base buds. Hugh Dickson. Spinach. — Itccoidx l. — Sow — — ^ The Weather Vrom Rain .sowing. and the bushes kept well open. and keep a level tlie strongest.

Vegetables.S. DUBLIN Established 70 years Phone: Dublin 1721 (two lines) . Great Chelsea 23 GOLD MEDALS for Flowers. '• •SUTTON S GARDEN SEED CATALOGUE for 1922 will be posted free on application.H. The numerous awards gained during the past year include-^ THE SHERWOOD CUP for the H Most Meritorious in addition to M at the R. ^JfJon^i Seed Growers and Merchants READING EDMONDSONS FOR Garden Seeds Seed Potatoes Garden Implements 10 EDMONDSON BROTHERS DAME STREET.LU! !£l! •jm *Z^ sn^ in M AN UNBROKEN CHAIN OF SUCCESS T>URING 1921. ^ad/^ Exhibit Show. etc.

mmonu & Sons.VI IRISH GARDENING of Ireland. presiding.S.. of the Royal Horticultural Society The monthly meeting Council was held at the offices. have published their catalogue of vegetable and flower seeds for 1922. Edmondson. \Vm. draft of a schedule for an autiuun . Dahlias. of tlie excellence associated with this well-known and old-established firm. Mr.hi iieii. Dublin. but as Very Reliable in every respect. There is no lack of variety in both sections. as usual. The list of both flower and vegetable seeds include the best and most satisfactory of the older varieties. but also to the excellent stocks of herbaceous and other plants that he carries. was submitted You can rely upon Abol The high standard of excelattributed to lence always associated with the name Abol may be their the fact that the makers have at command knowledge gained by many years practical experience as actual growers. Anthony C. W. and it is.Gladiolus receives piomineiice. new varieties found to be superior after trial. and a culCertificate for a finely-flowered plant of tural Lj/caste Sl. The populai. Every brew Abol is Noncarefully poisonous Insecticide tested in our own gardens besale. Catalogues. showing a distinct break from the type also e.t25. are &c. 5 Moleswoith Sti'eet. and liHiiiiniiiinlliiiMiniiiiillMiiMiniiiniiliiniillinnMniMiiiHiiiinirinlllllHliiMiiHMiMniMrniMitlMiiiriliniililitlltTlllirMMiMniMiiiintiir)itiiMiMliiiiiiMiiMiMtMnuiiriiinnnniiMiiriniiMiiiiiniii^ THE WELL-KNOWN DUTCH BLLBHOUSE OF ANTHONY Fine coloured and C. W. and included. . have issued an excellent list of vegetable and flower seeds for 1922.. free on application I CARRIAGE PAID NO CHARGE FOR PACKING Fruin Tlw Rtv. F. Blackroek. Dru.O. of Dawson Street.us. of 10 Dame Street. Streeter.xhibited at the meeting. Messrs. I. HAROLD MAYALL. and it was decided to ask Loid Iveagh's kind permission for the use of the covered court and the grounds at Stephen's Green for August IStli and 16th. Fertilisers and Garden Sundries offer a wide selection. in addition to ten guinea.show. Straffan Gardens. Kent. icj2i.. Lupinus. and approved. Ardlui Gardens. Michaelmas Daisies. Cotter wrote offering a further sum of . and in acknowledging this liberal offer it was resolved to ask Mr. Iris. Harold Maynll. fore it is passed for for full Write particulars and free treatise on garden pests. Shaw. van der Schoot's Bulbfarms and Nurseries. especially Phlox Decussata. being awarded a cultural Certificate for a vase of improved rriniuht oliconini and a plant of Fiimula inalaroides. recommending this firm not only as The Very Reliable Bulb Farm. can not only testify to the very high standard in which everything on this very extensive farm is organised. and the best standard sorts find a place with the latest and best of the newer introductions. Cotter for any ideas or suggestions he could make in The the way of arrangements for a competition. and Sweet Peas Abol Kills Insects and Mildev/ on Roses Good indoor strains of are a special feature. Gloxinia. Roses. Delphiniums. Tilsdfii House. In the flower seed section hardy and half-hardy annuals are numero. and a dish of home-grown Oranges staged at the meeting. D. Mr. I I | | | | | | | December.s already presented by him for prizes for Matron's Fingal'lian Potato. in addition. Dublin. together with Gladiolus and Begonias. Cntiibrook. VAN DER SCHOOT catalogue of bulbs for Spring etc. From personal inspection while on a visit to Holland o( Mr. Messrs. Chrysanthemum Maximum. and. Dublin. Gladioli. Colonel Sir Frederick \V. Anemone have no hesitation in Japonica. Mr. Prinuila. on the 10th ult. Established 1830 Largest Bulb and Perennial Farms in Holland fully descriptive Plantingi Perennials- Roses. was awarded a Certificate for an exhibit of Snowdrops and Orchids.. Baker.td.. | HILLEGOM iiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiHiiiiiii IIIIIIIIIIIHIIIIIIIIIIIIIIllltlllltlllMllllllltllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllMIIMilllllllllllllllllllll HOLLAND iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiir. as compiled by the si'hedule conunittee.

"LETHORION" IMPROVED METAL CONES Eegistersd No. or used for dipping. Price. new varieties of Beans. dealers in Sundries . Rowan are nothing if not enteiprising. it is up-to-date in all that appertains to the others in General Fertilising Properties and Staying Powers Analysis on Application Sold in Tins. The well-known Chester strains of vegetaliles and flowers are as potent as ever in the world of horticulture. 3/9 and 7/- Sach . Rowan & Co. Zinnias. . 2/3. Seedsmen and Florists' Sundries and Tohaccii Preparations Free of Duty. list Vll of Ask Your Nurseryman or Seedsman For the following Well Messrs. 7/. Among Vegetables Known and Highly Efficient Horticultural Preparations. of Capel Street. 3/3 tins.500 Mo. together with up-to-date labour-saving appliances. Dickson. Sales are largely increasmg. 1/6.. I. For small greenhouses up to 1. A pleasant green shade is given to the In packets.each. it is sufficient to mention Exceeds all that Messrs. 21 /- I cwt.ited Extr. there is a marvellously fine range of colours. to 2. Tins..Merchants and Manutaclurers of Nurservmen.IRISH GARDENING no bulb or conn for spring planting is moTe worthy of attention from both amateur and professional gardeners. and to those whose duties include farm management the last page of the catalogue will proive valuable and suggestive.. 1 /3 each. For Fumigating in Grcenhousca. 62/6' . In new antirrhinums. and we heartily commend it to our readers. 1/9 each. 6'-. THE CHEAPEST INSECTICIDE OF THE DAY "NIQUAS" (NON-POISONOns> IMPROVED A Conce. (The only genuine original and improved article) For Greenhouses.each for 300 Joseph Bentley.. pint. there are flower. &c. 39/- to 5 tins. . and 4/.597 destroy Insect Pests. ^. sired.ooo cubic feet. 2'9 each tins. . new and improved varieties. glass. STANDEN'S MANURE (Established over 35 Years) Long known in Ireland. Peas. Carriage paid on 20/orders and upwards. combined with other valuable ingredients. 14. No. its value will be at once appreciated. issued their newseason's seed catalogue some time ago. Sole Manufacturers 1/6 for 100 feet of glass. SUMMER CLOUD" SHADING Registered Trade ELLIOTT'S Mark No. 3. For frames and •'lean-to's" up to i. HULL I CORRY 6 To be obtained from ail Sole Manufacturers : Co. Needless to say.ct ol Quassia. 62. have favoured us with a copy of their new catalogue of flower and vegetable seeds. 20 tins. and their " get up " of the list of seeds and the general catalogue will bear co*mparison with anything produced in Ireland or Great Britain. ten gallons. 120/'I gallon sufficient for 8o gallons of water. . A large and coniprehensivr sundries is included.ire well represented along with new varieties of Schizanthus. and there is no further trouble. 2/7 each. Limited Horticultural BARROWON-HUMBER . Sunflowers.{ cwt. A special line is made of Bee Hives and fittings. Dublin. gallon. Prices^-Half-pint. In tins sufficient for jj 1 This preparation is for destroying Daisies and other weeds on lawns and at the same time stimulating the growth of the grass. 1/6. embracing the most wonderful range of colours in these popular carly-fluwering herbaceous plants. Price. For a well secured house of 2. 11/-. t^nlloits of Wash. five gallons. Concentrated Alkali (winter wash) No.629. 12 40 eaoh 8 tins.11/- . 2. The Candle attached to each Cone only needs lighting.. If one tin is tried as a sample. Of novelties in flower seeds we note that a feature is made of the new race of Regal laipins. feet. 9d. and effective Insecticide for syrmgmg and dipping. for AiiriculluraJ and Horticultural Purposes. while Sweet Peas . 3/9 half-gallon 36/-.000 cubic feet. They To BENTLEY'S are most efficacious.. Chemical Works Ltd. Vegetable and Flower Garden. whilst no possible injury to vegetation can result from its use. Messrs. A highly effective and most popular non-poisonous Winter FOWLER'S LAWN SAND • Wash for fruit and forest trees of every kind. forming a cheap. while the general list of vegetable seeds contains all that could be deVarious garden sundries are offered.500 cubic feet. 3/9. It can be applied with syringe or pump. of Chester. Price. Yz cwt. &c. safe. lOd. and the list is kept up to high-water mark by the inclusion of Cheaper in Bulk. 3/1 each 2'11 eaoh. each. Verbenas. quart. |t destroys all Insect Pests mtesting Trees and Plants. too. CauliMelons. 1/4. Bags.itr. twenty gallons..

fil. W. and Sae Brood. . 31/6.xhihit. Clucas. 42 - Exhibition Collection. No. Laing & Mather. Merit.. ^l^Bs COLLECTIONS Finest Quality and Best Value ^IBBj. No. IVIaincroi' Potatoes. North Circular Road. sent by Barr. sent by Messrs Veitch. 56 Early Wonder. 4 Abbey Square. Agriculture and Technical Instruction for Ireland. and are invarialily interesting. . Barr. COLLECTIONS of VEGETABLE SEEDS upwards. 1 1 3. and tlie current number is no exception. E. Post Free. sent by Barr. Tlieir e. Nos" 44-46. . Clucas.. and the prices quite reasonable. sent by Messrs. iVIajestic. sent quantity. Sown. Hiijldfi Coin III r ml rd. W. Longkeeper. and we commend it to allotment holders and others who require a variety of seeds in luoderati' Summer Award Hiuhly of Cabbages. Dobbie. The catalogue is very well got up. Airnid of Merit . and in view of the importance of the honey industry. after trini at Wisley. Commended. Gardening. Barr. a'?-35. Messbs. -. ale in tlie haliii of issuing a very interesting catalogue of seeds. N<>. Bath. G. 2-6. In the leaflet under notice ample directions are given for the treatis This the subject of heallet issued by the Department of — ment of affected stocks. sent by Wiblott. sent by Finney. McGRATH. n/-. Dobbie.—"Nos. Kerr's Pink. Farmer and Backhouse. Mall. No. Kinoiieiin Foul Brood. Nos. Dwarf Fast of All. sent AH. .. Brunswick. Airard of Merit. sent by Messrs. by Rice. WEBB & SONS. 21 Carriage Paid. Autumn Exhibitor. 5 '-. sent by Barr. Earliest of Glory of Enkhuizen. North CORK. Nos. sent by Messrs. Factor. The leaflet deals with . Ally. Dobbie. 48 (revised). The following awards have been made by tlie by Barr. together with (liriTtiniis ^ for treatment. of Codsall.30. P. Hein's Model. sent liy Messrs. it contains a very useful selection of vegetable and flower seeds.iinericon Foul Brood.— 'So. Mr. 41. Illustrations of all three forms are given. 'Veitch. !(. 10 6. 7 6. 24 finest 6/3/10/14/. :Ht. G. 0(1.— 'Ho. 103. Ijittle Queen. 59. No. Holmes. The disease is a notifiable one under the Bee Pest Prevention (Ireland) Act. Nos 101. Carter. No. 8 3. Carriage Paid. Clucas. Irish King. Dobbie. King Edward.' Pnad Foul Broo(d or Bee Pest. sent by Sydenham. • <PfE\i^ 12 finest 12 . (i. sent liy Barr. Paragon Drumhead. Holme. . sent by Messrs. sent by Carter. seed specialists. C'liarniingly illustrated in colours. DUBLIN. .s Nos. sent by Messrs. I'p-to-Date. Reorcsented bv *^ ' W" "OURKE. LTD. sent by Barr. Dwarf Drumhead (Gibsonli. — 35. Bakkes. 37. The firm has acquired a reputation for quite a iiuniber of strains. Ellam's Earlv. Trials at Wisley. <'^''- STOURBRIDGE. Farmer & Backhouse. 120 GOLD MEDALS IN 6 YEARS <^n\^'^ Mention Irish WEBBS' GARDEN CATALOGUE FOR 1922. No. Barr (grown also as 42. 13/6. 1908. Barr. No. Dobbie. No. sent by Messrs. 21 - upwards COLLECTIONS OF EXHIBITiON SWEET PEAS. 62.s have l)een frequently seen at DuVilin flower shows. 62. No. sent by Barr. Farmer & Backhouse. beekeepers should make themselves acquainted with tlie nature of the various diseases with a view to their prevention and ultimate eradication. containing 30 of the finest Varieties to grow for Show purposes. fi9-74. and in hardy plants they occupy a prominent position. Council of the Koyal Horticultural Society to the undermentioned subjects. No. Carter. No. COLLECTIONS OF FUOWER SEEDS at 3 6. 7-10. Sutton. Winningstadt from Sydenham. No. Wolverhampton. 27. Special at 5 9. vin fRfSH GARDENING Cabbagks Si'RiiNc. 104. 18 finest named named named varieties smaller packets varieties varieties . sent by Rice.

but are smaller and less than 4 inches in The diameter. with the approach of IW. . I /= per doz. London. each. ist size. Decorative... Gladstone. America. an excellent article sliowing the progress that has been made in re-establishing the Bee Industry in Norfolk. French and Persian. form a perfectly round flower.. Copies of the leaflet may l)e obtained on application to the Secretary.. as. consisting of three or fo'ur rows of flatly-expanded rays somewhat irregularly arranged and surrounding a golden disc similar to that of the singles.. . the centre forms a golden disc. Single Dahlias have a single. large .. and of a different colour.. SmaU-flowered Puony. . . large each. . Write for Catalogue 12/7/6/. stocks iiiipurtance is — —— — . Brigid . Mignoii Single-flowered. LLEENSLAG..." V. regular outer ring of flatly-expanded rays which overlap more or less at their edges. will begin to move.. Class VIII. For Show purposes Single Dahlias should not exceed three inches in diarieter. but the plants do not exceed IS inches in height. CL. 2/per doz.. in ID Anemones. large .iSS IV.. I_illum auratum. PREYDE & London Office : 90-91 BULB GROWERS.. and VI. First Ouulily Guaranteed. . Class Vll. Queen Alexandra Pseonies. /= per doz.. Similar to Classes V. tine mixed per 50 ( St. • . tigrinum.. I2/= per 50 f uigens. where In this connection we would mention tliat there is in the January number uf the Journal of the Ministry of Agriculture. in the finest mixture per 100. 6/= per 50 per 100 Lily of the Valley in clumps of 25. In Anemone-flowered Dahlias the outer ring of flattened rays surrolmds a dense group of tubular flowers. and it is of tliat disease is known early attention be given or suspected. ... I /3. .. C'L. I'oeon ij-jiuwcred..iiSS nuuked " Publications. Upper addressed F-etters so Merrion Street. ... Lilium Henryi.. broad and overlapping so as t'j Class VI. fine mixed Anemone per doz. CHEAPSIDE LONDON. V. speclosum rubrum.. Hingle-floireied. C'L. Carriage Paid on Orders of £1 otherwise I 6 extra.. longer than the ordinary disc florets of the single-flowered class. Ireland.—Dwarf Pseony-flowered. 5/6 6/6 3/6 8/= 30/6/= 10/. speciosum album. io/= . need not be stamped...iSS 1. 2/3 each 3/per doz.—VuUeiette.only) ray florets sho^uld be smooth. Cl. . longiflorum giganteum. Spiraeas. flowers are in essentials like those of Class v.from tlie outer.. BULBS leading varieties ... each. CO. Department of Agriculture and Technical Instruction.4 J . Flowers similar in all respects to Class I. orange.vss IX timely. GARDENING. (See also Cactus-flowered. per doz. and the eight (. Flower-heads like Class but centre-filled n SPRING //.. large .) Class II. QUEEN STREET. Class XV. a ring of florets (the ' collar ") with deeply-cut petals generally of a different coloiu. but the envelopes should be CoUerette Dahlias liave an outer ring of flat rays as in Singles.. brilliant scarlet Ranunculus... Turban. 10/.— IRISPI The matter spring. per 100. '" per ICO ( de Caen. per doz. Terms All Large Bulbs. somewhat recurved at the tips. . each. 8d. 20/12/. . Dublin. The Peeony-flowered Dahlias have large flowers Dahlia Classification. and only about half their lenglli. . but not exceeding 2 feet 8 inches in height.. where stocks had been wiped out by disease. GETTING YOUR 1 GOODWILL order tu introduce ourselves to orders for our first-class Bulbs. large .C.. per doz. you and to secure your regular we are making the following RECORD BARGAIN OFFERS:— 100 Gladioli. . each. large Cash with Order. and just within this and surrounding the goUh'U disc.liieiiione-flou-ered. HOLLAND E.

feet in height. not. or scarcely overlaj^ping at their more or less recurved margins. Semi-double. ruinijoii. with one.) Class Small. Barnham.. but smaller. space required. Class XIII. Single. J. in everything but height.—Shoa-. Jones. but flower less than 4 inches in diameter.e. are all guaranteed true and are productions of the higliest percentage in quantity and quality alike | I Send postcard for booklet.. This is CTOod stocks of Fruit Trees.xteiisive 12 GRAND and varied stock to strong.. almost globular. inches in diameter. Dwarf Cactus. Fully double (without yellow disc) rays regularly arranged with margins incurved so as to form wide-mouthed tubes with their mouths lengthened and tips generally pointed.. offer in Award of Merit VARIETIES CATALOGUE FREE a most valuable list g-iving information as to the soil and position required.. Roses. The name was suggested by Mr. and forming a cup-shaped flower with a golden disc. to X. period of flowerinjf. \ I McHattie's Scotch Seeds DEVELOP HARDY PLANTS They These seeds have become popular by the fact that they are made up into popular price packeta. outline of all it contains a complete the strains together with special and interesting cultural directions I McHATTIE & Co. (This new class has been formed to contain the "Decorative" Dahlias intermediate in form between those in Classes VIII. The Barnham Nurseries. which had each fully floret tipped with white or striped with a different colour. Cactus. with open rays. Florets long. and MUe For Class XII. tubular. which does not exceed 3 feet. This class includes tlie Class XVI. generally narrow. . more or less regular. The counterpart of Class XV.— — — — IRISH GARDENING. with several rows of spreading florets surrounding a central disc. ALPINE PLANTS HARDY PERENNIALS E. rowonly of spreading florets around a centra! disc. SiiKill-fluircied l>ecorufi re.healthy plants. — ((() (h) (t) Xll. H. Ornamental Trees and Shrubs Catalogues on application. CuineUia-fiuweied.s'fo /•. Show purposes the flowers Pompon X. and other useful hints. but smaller. Ltd. Class IX.\ss Dahlias should not exceed 2 inches in diameter. thiu. with their margins recurved. witli margins incurved. often twisted. short. s^^S ^S!. of Ijike Class VIII. with two or four rows of rays. with short tubular rays. with florets all alike. The counterpart of Class VIII. spreading.—. heig:ht. There are three sub-classes . heads smaller. . but not exceeding :i old " Fancy " Dahlias. wiry stem is characteristic of this class. and blunt Fully double. Class XV. Diniif Vecoixitire Ddhtidn. Class XIV. iiiiil without a yellow disc i. Cl. centre florets like outer. A long. over at mouth. and XIII. — — Willi ray Huiets doulilc. Sussex |iiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiitjiiiiiiiiniMiiNiriiiiiitiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiMiuiiiiiiiniiMiiiNiiiiiiiiii[iliiiiiiii]iiii^ I Pocket Edition Catalogue.^..ji Double. and the " Show " and " Pompon " Dahlias in Classes XII. Class XI. CHESTER | .

.iiia \ Rynu. Dromua. Death One to the Weeds etc. : iHE P!?5nT. .:.. 20'.ar 'rer r. Advertisements and other business matters must be addressed S = = = — = = — — Bes Flower Teletrrams i Coals ALSO Gas Coke.." S and Telephons No. gallon of Hoyte's Weed Killer makes 20 galls.^ THE ONLY BEE PAPER IN IRELAND •• ." The Manager. Post Free. _. Editorial. copy and photographs should be addressed to " — The Editor. Hoyte 16 . . DUBLIN ^iilllillllllilllllllllilllllillllliillliiiillllllillliilllllllllillllliliLH j*'Irish ^ = = ~ S — = = S S AN Offices Gardening'' MONTHLY St. _^ .1. leticis re- Business Communications. 6d. t 1 1/3.per annunii post free. Printed.. Also at Malahide. for in Ulllclal Organ of the Irish sjMi Alllllated Beekeepers' As^ociii'jons. Breeze Prompt and rarefui attention & to Slack Orders.. 1 gall.. Illustrated Bound on the Best Terms for Authon Editors. i. Secretaries and others by FALCONER Printer d* Booh^Pindtr \ 53 Upper Sackville St. Drives.n?!> " By the Eflitor 'Irish line ' ^'iirnal.— All " garding Subscriptions. DUBLIN. - at.. LOWER SACIIVILLE ST. "--American Bce-K:2s. ]'' .^. lLLUSTRATi. Tins charged 11.-' "(I IRISH BEE JOURNAL {ESTABLISHED 1901). 2/6. 10 gaUs. itii' _uver.'r. Walks. & McDonald DUBLIN Balbricgan 14 D'OLIER STREET.-. DUBLIN . 5 galls. of solution for spraying Garden Paths. 84* ^iiiiiiiiiiii|iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitiiitiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii!iiiiii:i BOOKS Reports. Monthly 2d. Skerries " DONALD..„„.D — 53 Upper Sackville Dublin Subsoriptions— 6'. All Editorial Communications. <ii! :<tra and allowed tPtiirneH. 1-itropo." 'l-'hf ' 1 r-i. \i. Limited :: 01 all III.. Pdmphlets and TransacUom and Published..'iaijh 150 ." j ! BEE-KEEPING Every Bee-Kcepcr MADE PROFITABI-E who desires success should read THE Rcr--.

TtTlTX-TPD IM^IITI . Bulb Growers and Seedmerchants. Power & V II /^rVXIL"T> Co. Wm..^ POWER WATER FORD ':i'f:- Seeds and Trees of every description FOR Garden and Farm : iiiiiiiitMiininitiiiHiiiiiiniiittii Bulbs for : Garden and Greenhouse CATALOGUES FREE. Waterford Nurserymen.

. (Illustrated) Hardy Annuals . 40 Rare Garden Fe. . a Dalkey .i ^ mm i^i^f^ . 1922 SIXPENCE rdening Contents PAGE PAGE Some Aromatic Pleints^ and. ^i^. m *ff^ The Month's Work Al Award of Garden Merit 4S MiSi ^. 40 Some Antirrhinums Primroses and Polyanthus .IL... ^^^^ikA PP. y. Old Forms Hollyhocks of Poiyanthiis .. 37 38 The Earliest Daffodil (Illustrated) ' . 43 Notes from Rostrevor Planting Evergreens .i. Shrubs . 43 . Greenhouse Cree . Garden Allotments 46 .i ior the Rock 44 45 Vegetable Notes 41 41 . The 45 Forsylhias 45 Gladioli Some Alpines in .

_ rstutfs .Department of Agriculture and Technical Instimotion for Ireland i- eeo!!.

h. In boxes lo fumigate l.Miscellaneous RICHARD G. 10. Makers: — Dublin. sorts of Dutch liulbs excellent quality.-= ESSEX THE BEST AND ALL HAND ^L-^DE CHEAPEST Artistic Fern have Pans and Bulb Bowls and Sizes required. SMYTH. CO. Royal Potteries. 0/ alt — CHRYSANTHEMUMS Gcneml varieties CiitalngKCS of all t/te Icadini.000 cubic fe«t {for tender foliagpd Plants). iw-n ready. Used by all the leading Sweet Pea growers as a preventive and cure of Streak.r. WELLS & COMPANY WI MERCHANTS there is one kind of advertising which lends itself more than any other to artistic resuhproducing illustration it is the advertising of Seeds. Septi'!iui>'n and Florists. . St. Mussel Scale. produce very beautiful Line.. riACKNEY. Doncaster KEITH. LO\0Orsl. FLOWER AXD BOG GARDENS J. from Florists.. 4/6. at and Flower Roots moderate prices. 1/2. in Prices will gladly be sent on application. DESIGNS & LAYS OUT LAWKS & PLEASURE GROUNDS. DUBLIN LISSE. late ripcninj. f. and for We this purpose- IRI5H PHOTO- -ENGC/IMNG 50 Middle Abbey <^" LtP. ERST H AIM.000 cubic feet (fer ordin1 /9 aiT Placls).s. &c. White Fly and all Pests infestiii. or direct MORRIS. ani WELLS' CATALOGUE OF state Quantities ^'Carriage Paid" quotation. ''^ : Vi. LITTLES Fruit Tree Begonias. post free.* better the results. Biilwell. from Nurserymen. Veldhuyzen van Zanten Wholesale Bulb Grower McM. MOUNT HENRY. &c. For Red Spider. . . 10. LITTLE & SON. Nottingham CHRYSANTHEMUMS NOW READY Post free on application To SEED W. on Gooseberry Trees. Twiy and Bud. LUXFORD «& CO. milling Ma. CONSTRUCTS PERGOLAS & PLANTS WATER. SHEERING NURSERIES HAR LO W. CROUNO APPARATU5 REQUl«tO Vlf. List— FREE Ltd.ouo cubic feet. NO d^^s^s^ BURNS ON THE. DALKEY. Black Spot. .'- Holland and other a Speciality.? Plants under Glass. Pesticide. or urite lor Price RICHARD SANKEY & SON.s .Siuft" Spraying Fluids All Assure the Prog^ressive l-iuii Cirower of Clean Healthy Trees in Branch. Ltd. jfio^s. Darlington & Sons. F. &c. Tone. ROCK. 6/Obtained of all pritwipal eacli. followed by Good and Plentiful Crops. — Antipest. THEY ARE Ltd. Section^ M. Gladiolus. Seedsmen. on Apple and other Fruit Trees..500 cubic feet. For Blight. SURREY TF S% ^«m AUTOSHREDS AUT[ !N DEATH to l^eaf- The more you Colour blocks illnslratc the <*^^SP'.

ground vai-ielies in strong roots. Greenhouse.v£. Dorset. printed in English. Roses. 40/. iiai'l. and can be had post free on application. BATH IIIIIIINIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIlMllllllltllll . McHattic's Scotch Seeds DEVELOP HARDY PLANTS These seeds^have become papular by the fact that they aie m. result of price. Hanging Baskets. &c. 25 yds. in September last. Ltd.loo.ill contains a complete the strains together with special and it Carnations. i For Exhibition. JONES' selection. mixed.: :: PROTECT YOUR BUDS FROM FROST AND BIRDS. = If we have served you well ^ Please tell your Friends = = not We want everyone interested = us. by u8 to the Royal Gardens. DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE-GUIDE OF very fine unnamed. Bedding-.z: Telephone 154. = 1= in gardening to know = = ABOUT If CATALOGUE FREE a most valuable list g-lving" information as to the soil and position required period of flowering. Cheaper kind kept Ketablished 120 >cars in stock Alex.S. oilcl and by 1 yd. They ought will teU to be AND ARE which can be produced. Violets.one each of the varieties for which I was awaviled the Gold Medal of the K. (ippliciifioii. 10/6. | j = HAWLMARK. DUBLIN ^ iri H.S.. by 3 yds. Dickson & Sons. 10/-. or will make special selections at 10/-.'''" GOLD MEDAL. Barnham^ Sussex germination. 15/. post free. heii^ht. Ryecroft Nurseries.13 Maxwell* Beale.E. onilinf of .. Also list of Novelties for 1922. 61 DAWSON ST. iiiiiitiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiMiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiMniiiiiiirniiiniiiiiiHij BEGONIAS Illustrated Cataloirnc free. The Dorset Nursery. SEED 26 5 = and per packet Pocket Edition Catalogue. CHRYSANTHEMUMS (Catalogue free. 20/-. La France and Princess of Wales. all colours. Gloxinias. by 2 yds.y || \\ fl GOLD MEDAL MICHAELMAS DAISIES 1 shall . 3/6 25 yds. 30 '-. small mesh. de up into popular price packets. containing full list of all the best antl up-to-date varieties in all sections. Polyanthus.and 20/. 7/.and 50/. choice named Oilier Spefialities— Send postcard for booklet.yL'ffS£ffy. 15/-. V. J. Our catalogue you all about them. .'jU NANCY and RARE & PLANTS A SPECIALITY FRANCE Catalogue No. Blue Primrose.. Waterproof Garden Nets.25 yda. GASSON & SONS ij?{|'. H. Michael- interesting cultural directions mas Daisies. 6/- 12 12 very tine Alpine Herbaceous Plants . Awarded 56 Gold Medals. GOLD MEDAL PERENNIAL If PHLOX you want the best try U. As supplied Carr. Lewisham. Any length or width supplied. J JONES. J."suls^\. named varieties. space required. Bi'oadstoiie. . . . = ^^ ALPINE Extensive This is PLANTS offer in HARDY PERENNIALS and varied slock to strong. &c. U. tree on application be pleased to supply for 63/. The the Moderate in combined the best efforts of three generations of specialists. = ~ ^ « ^ = = r::: Famous Of Hawlmark Seeds tested = = ^ ~. many other good plants from POST FREE Violet Runners. lell Good stocks of Ornamental Trees and Shrubs CtttidogHcs oil Fruit Trees. They are all guaranteed true and are productions of the higliesi percentage in qu:intity and quality aliku | DELPHINIUMS from oiir SEEDS and PLANTS unsurpassed Gold Medal Collection. 3/6 doz. Cyclamen. 25/.healttiy plants.. 20/-. 25/-.per dozen.! llintlllMIIIIIIII CHESTER BLACKMORE and LANGDON. McHATTIE & Co.. Telegrams: Hawlmark. Best setectefl dressed. NEW LEMOINE & SON . Ltd. 195. sI^S 'h"!. = ^ = = The Barnham Nurseries. 12 very Cataloj^ue of the above and tine new varieties. 12 extra tine uamed.London... and other useful hints.per doz.

IRISH GART^ENING.

Ill

lllinilllllltlllllllllllMIIIIIIII.MIIIMIIIIIIIKIIIIIII |||l||||l|lllllir£

THOMSONS ^P GROWNWELSH« ROSES MANURES
BEES'
It

.*-

Indispensable

in

the Garden.

"JiE

CELEBRATED
Moderate
in Price

Tlioroughly
iiiarUet for tlie

to

I'orcign-Groun Roses were equal Hoine-Grown, tliere would be no Brilisli product, because Foreign-

sustainingleading to
'=/»

and ot
Highest
Quality and

vigorous,

/

healthy,
fruitful

and

Analysis

growth.

are the direct result nf many .vears practical experience in all brandies of Horticulture, and .after over 10 years on the market, still hold lirst place in the estiniatiijii of Horticulturists all over the world for quality and results.

Our Manures

Grown stocks cost less to buy, tiiough they invariably prove dearer in tile end. Many do not survive tiie first WiiUer many are rubbisiiy sorts wrongly bearing well-iinown names. Tiierefore, the few wliich survive, cost several times as much as Bees' Guaranteslcd M'elsh-Grovvn. Reared on Bees' wind-swept farmlands in North Wales, these Roses are able to withstand the most rigorous climatic conditions when transplanted to any part of the British Isles. Try any of the following
;

lbs.,

Vine, Plant and Vegretable Manure unrivalled for all £;ardeu crops -1 cwt 32/-; 5B lbs, 17/-; 28 lbs., 9/6; 14 5 6; 711)S.,3/- ; this, 1,6.
.
;

collections

:

Special Top-dressin§: Manure, an excellent stimttlant— 28 lliS.,9,6 56 lbs ,17,14 lbs,, 5 6; 7 lbs., 3,';

"A
'"

"

Collection, 24 Collection, 24
tion,

good Roses for General
-

Purposes, 40

carriage paid.

r}W~

Wiifr for

cfti'

BooUft—po^t, fn'conrequesi
SOLE M/VKERS

"^li

B

'

good Roses for Exhibicarriage paid.

Sold by

Nurserymen and Seedsmen everywhere,
I

40

-

Wm. Thomson

&

Sons, Ltd., Clovenfords, Scotland

"K
'

" Collection, 12 best cultivation, 18
'

Roses for general
-

carriage paid.

S

Collection, 6 Roses suitable for trellis, pergola, pillar, etc, 12/- carriage paid.

Write

To-day enclosing

THE LINCOLN
:

PEA
; . . .

3d. stamps for Bees" Illustritted Seed or Rose and

66S
181 B MILL ST.

" Your Another customer writes us Lincoln Pea has again been a success have grown 223 lbs. from a quart
I

Plant Catalogue, post free on request.
•.illllllltlllillllliillllliiiiiiiiirii

LIVERPOOL.

all

my

friends are delighted with

it."

Price

1/9

pint, post

paid

;

12/- peck,
=:I1IMIIIIIIIIII|L=

Carriage paid, passenger train.

T. M.

LINCOLN & CO.
::

SEEDSMEN

BOSTON, LINCS.

I I

GIANT SWEET PEAS
SPECIAL OFFER FOR 1922
following Sweet Peas are a very choice of the Giant Waved or Frilled Type (four-flowered under good cultivation), representing a wonderful range of colour suitable for garden effect, for cutting in abundance, also superb for exhibition. All strong growers, giving good stems.

How does your Garden Crow ?

I I

The

selection

You must
karve
IVIcKexizie's SeeclSx
to give a satisfied answer.
Great Brunstaicl- Sfrfpt Duhll.n for The first step Only a postcard 1 free Catatog^ie.

I I

i
I I
=

The 50 Choicest Varieties 40 „ 30 24 18 12
Post free

-

22/6 17/6

126
10/6
8,'-

5/6

=
I

|
Zd., given

BOOKLET,
Write
in
for

'^

Bow

to

f
1
I

ivith

grow Sweet Peas," price each order when asked for.

free

Catalogue giving details of all the finest Sweet Peas existence, the choicest Flowers .nd Vegetables for 1922-

| ^ i
|

Send to-day

to

!
=

HENRY ECKFORD,
(Dept. 69),
iiiiiiiiiiiiiii

l^ll];,^!^
iiimm

to

Garden contentment.

WEM, SHROPSHIRE
mill

| |

^iiiiiiiiiiiiii

mil

mimimii

miimiT'

BY APPOINTMENT

TO HIS MAJESTY THE KING

MACKENZIE
Registered Office and Works,
Iron

& MONGUR
BALCARRES STREET. EDINBURGH SLATEFORD ROAD, EDINBURGH
8

LIMITED

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ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS AND IRONFOUNDERS
Foundry

LONDON GLASGOW

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121

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HOTHOUSES, HEATING, ELECTRIC
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W. RICHARDSON s Co
SPECIALISTS
IN

THE

MANUFACTURE OF ALL KINDS

HORTICULTURAL
BUILDINGS,
ALSO

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Plans and of cost

Estimates prepared

free

Large

Catalogue of photographic views of Horticultural Buildings free on application

DARLINGTON
(LONDON OFFICE:
Albert Mansions. 92 Victoria
St.,

S.W.I)

a

IRISH
A VOLUME
X\II
No. 194

GARDENING
JOLRXAI. DE\'OTED TO THE
APRIL
1922

MONTHLY

AD\'ANCEMEXT OF HORTICL'LTL RF, ,VND ARBORICULTURE L\ IRELAND

Editor -J. W. Besant

Some Aromatic
I

Plants and Shrubs*
makes a stouter procmnbent bush, and is rejjresented by green, and gold, silver, and tri-coloured variegated forms. Of reputed species, T. nticanx, T. Zipjus, and T. lunreolatus are prostrate carpets of erect, wiry, green foliaged stems. T. eric-ifolius is taller, with loose, erect branches, T. erertus and T. strirtiis are rigid bushes the former round and the latter fastigiate, and like a dwarf juniper. T. (jflonitissimus is one of the best, bearing a profusion of pink flowers on large, loose heads. T. hirsutvs is a small woolly tuft, and T. Herhaharona is a creeper, smelling strongly of Caraway

ON.SIDERING
to
(jur

gardens

liow visitors appreciate

sprigs of sweet-snie!liiig plants " to take home with
is surprising how these plants are L'Kiwn average in the LMrilen. Of smaller shrubs, Kosi-mary, Lavender, and Tliynie are quite common, and, of larger shrubs, the Bay and tlie Myrtle are most frequently met with. But many other

them."
few

it

of

seeds.

])lains

with

age are rarely found except in gardens," and one regrets that many more of them are not generally grown. A considerable number are evergreen, and one appreciates these in the dull winter months; others, in addition to their aroma, have the added charm of beauty of flower. The following list does not claim to be exhaustive, but it contains most of the aromatic-foliaged plants to be found in cultivation. In addition to the common Lavender, with its var. ncnnililac flowers, there is a dwarf form compacta, with deep blue flowers; var. alha, with white flowers, and var. ('riappenlmll, eonipact, with deep lavender flowers. One also occasionally meets with L. stwrhds, with larger flowers, L. dentdta, with fringed foliage, and L. lunatn, with wonderful woolly foliage, and not very hardy. Of Rosemarys, there is the type, a floppy bush. Var. sirirta a compact, upright It. officinalis. form. Forms with gold and silver variegated foliage, and the delightful var. prostrata, which hugs the surface of rocks, and is rarely out of

aromatic foli" old-fashioned

The Origanum.s " Marjorams " are fragrant herbs, mostly with pretty flowers. O. Dictarnnus "Dittany" with drooping pink flow-ers, O. pulvlinnn sub-shrubby with silver leaves and pink flowers, 0. vtilijare uuieum, and 0. hybri(luiii are possibly the pick, and all these are hardy. But in certain favoured localities near the sea and elsewhere under glass (in winter) one meets with one of the most fragrant of all shrublets a low bush of light grey-green foliage, woody stems, and inconspicuous flowers. This is known in Ireland as " 0. species." It is not, alas fully hardy; but every portion of it green or dry is deliciously aromatic, and I prefer it to

— —

'

Lavender

Mentha
known.

household use. well " peppermint "—is M. ratundifolia—" pineapple mint "—
for

piperita

has also a silver variegated form. J/. 7^e(,|.i <>.)— tiny caipeter from Corsica has an even stronger odour of peppermint. Mellissa officin(iU.i—" Balm "—is nearly related

flower.

var. rrispa, with curled foliage. There are many Salvias, not all aronuitic or hardy; but two of the

The common Sage, SaU-ia officiiudis, has golden and tri-coloured variegated forms, and a form,
kinds, .V. candelohrum and Rosemary-scented Sage) are hardy
.'>'.

to Cahtmiiitlia, of which C. alpiiui and C. (irandifiora are wiry creepers with purple flowers. Micromeria " pepper nettle " has a rather and M. .1/. croaticu, M. rjra'ca, pungent odour.

Boutjlasi are

all

worth growing.

One must not overlook the old-fashioned Bergamot, Monurda didijma, with its crimson, scarlet,
This is frequently disappearing or rose flowers. from gardens, from the failure of its possessor to realise that Moiwnla feeds only on the surface: it soon exhausts the surface soil, and needs constant replanting in fresh soil.

shi'ubby
(the

Gregii
in

most

Ilyssopiis offcinalis—ihe common hyssop— has blue and, more rarely, red or white, flowers. The Thymes give us many interesting small plants. Of the common Thyme, T. viduans, there Of T. sei-pylluin " wilcl is also a variegated form. Thyme," there are forms with white, purple, and scarlet flowers, the last— var. coccineus, is particaiho larly attractive. These are all prostrate mats, and lilacis var. lanuginosus, with woolly foliage

gardens.

Anthemis.—lhe

Chamomiles

have

pungent

pink flowers. Var. c-/f/iorfon(S— the

vci liena-scented

thyme-

rather than aromatic foliage, but the Artemisias —" wormwoods "—are often intensely aromatic. A. C'amphorata and A. Geiiipi are good examples. Mi/rrhis odoratu—" Sweet Cicily "—is crown most herb gardens; it has pretty fern-like foliage and white flowers; but Chrysanthemum halsamifa " Costmary "—which was once largely gro\vn seen. for its green". sciMited foliage, is now rarely

m

dark purple. grown to . reiifi'm. pale. sanguinriun . Ph. or are just bursting into flower Danriiiii. is in good bud. from Dalmatia.s T((/i((ccfHm. near Falmouth.¥. sinensis. and C. l)ut this grows into a good-sized tree. Winteri. Giraldi. 1). tiiaijiwli:tfl<irn. new. Fuclisid excoiiicata. iiepideiisis. I and . tree Liiiinix naJjitis is the hardiest. Berberis out. but rare. where there are very many of them. pride of place must be given to " lemonwell-known ritiiodoTd— the Lippia scented Verbenrt. is C : C Of shrubs. from Yunnan. Ho^''^'- MuHIiAV HORNIBROOK. the last-named (the Almond tree and yielding good fruit) is by far the best. rosy-lilac. such as 7'. Caii/Iopsis pauciflora. ilb/rira. The Xatuiekis " Savorys Thymes. are fairly ^'. another species which was introduced as Ph. Nor do I know of any absoThe Bay lutely hardy aromatic-foliaged shrub. and has not yet opened. the '"antiful TAiiiieliii urdiimtiin should l)e grown. about equally hardy." Gale "—is the best known. B. and all laden with iliat I masses lata. seems later than usual. is On the other hand.-.V. — " — are bushes akin of S. one of the rarliest of the genus. like some of the other plants just mentioned. rosy-mauve. but has not yet oi)ened. an evergreen climber from New Zealand.— 38 — IRISH GARDENING /(/icd. T). adenanthum and rule are two snuxll-growing kinds with very silvery foliage. Exochurda giandiriridissiina Forsyfliia susjiensa. slightly tinted with rosy-i)ink. f<as. niucli earlier than usual. it has a cousin. wliite. the to fragrant moiifiiiin foliage with purple or lilac flowers. becoming a small orange. are also showing up well. nvtans.t.si. Drimys aromatiru. Osmantlnis DeJavai/ii. l)ul licaltliy plants of it will l)e found in favoured . F. priiinosa.lohn Ross of BladensInirg at Rostrevor and of Mrs. The best display of them have seen is at Tregothnan. . and P. Notes from Rostrevor. which ordinarily displays bright red trusses about this time. fhi/mlira. Atnyydolus are now in Moom.— The Tansies T. extremely floriferous and striking in early spring. and P. looking ever so much better when grown outside than when under glass. are in a very few days. his charming plant is e. and there are two otlier interesting species— J/. Allied to PhadodendroiX is Cassandra calycubita. and it failed outside once or twice.ilmost tree-like dimensions. red. Bibes ijordonianum. the earliest of the genus. and covered with small white flowers. moreover.^. indirisa.1/. C. of large bright flowers. is quite as desirand will show its conspicuous white blossoms able. Of All these genera are normally aromatic. C. but now seems established in a sheltered corner. akin Ill to the Camomiles. white. . Piiiei. golden corymbs. and make small and ks variety tivation. now in bloom. where climatii' have pli'iisiiig white. to the I Among Caiiii'tlid immediately by A. Ph. Armandi. one must draw attention to certain new Chinese primula species. WiUinotfiu. r(//o- Phododendron liippopli. Cidycotume infesta. oleifolium. pale yellow. Syringa (jiraldiana. and is well worth growing.xtieinely rare. It was not supposed to be very hardy. and producing panicles of . all of which liave foliage emitting a strong odour of pineajii'le. but is not true to that name.i(ifi(ix offirhude. Ph. Ph. and a form of Ph. those which are not.iuall. hiiesren. iiiiilacoi(1es. ])ink-mauvc scented fiowers with a yellow eye. Edjeicortliiu clirysantha. — . XanTo this list may tliorrhiza apiifolia. I'. shows no sign of doing so this year. titiinraiirnsi. yellow and fragrant. are not more extensively planted in favotu'cd disfollowed be almost liipoiiica. a large and interesting shrub from New Zealand. Siinonii.s.: Ci/donin joponicn. tree. aimata. The Mvrtles are less hardy. and have nuieh recommend them. Hart at Wuodsidc. Fnrrexti. new. 111 They seem to be hardy. be added Keiskei. yellow. arboreuni which. tricts.iardcns like those of Sir . while Ph. ShephenHi. F. nivalis. as well as Pieris japonira. Liiiiki. One often wonders why these lieautiful evergreen shrubs. The Myi-inis—' Gales. ciilifinn fruits. another new species. aromatic plants T. another evergreen from China. there are several varieties of the Common Myrtle. decuireiix are both in fine bloom. B. I'niitus divariP. flora.iiiides. bright yellow. coloiata.1." which unfortunately is not hardy everywhere. Acacia dealbata and . M. dark purple at the base inside the corolla. i. Ijastly. inovpinciise. flmibiindn : . The following. T'cjn' — and M. conmion in culfrom the Mediterraare nean. ffide—" Sweet . spicafa. ijhibiesceiiK. Chinatis Campanula isophylla in Rock at a Fissure of Natural Dalkey. li. many plants recently introduced into his country is Buddleia officinalis.the new This last 1'. waxy conditions permit. pink. P. ('. varying in the size and shape of leaf and colour of the fruit. and P.

Sieboldii. anfairtica. and the curious Heidark purple. Synth i/ris i/ahici folia. Lasfni'a pseudn-mas and some of its varieties are very attractive. maijelln nira. and is now covered with tassels of red flowerets on white pedicels.t. are too well known to require comment. szovitsianum. ]kn-alliu ranariensis. assumes a general rosy appearance. C. Lomaiia alpina. . red outside. The new growth of Pupiihis halsaiiufeni is nearly yellow. yellow. uiann are now at Violets. R. Pteris fienndd.i:onia Zealand. having handsome arching evergreen fronds . Nearly all the I'liofiiiiax are remarkable for their red shoots. so also the well-known Lithospentiuin prostnitum. The pretty Aplopappus inilrhellus is beginning to show its blue-purple daisies. should also be noted. As at tlie fall of the leaf we look to autumn colouring. and il is them. but before like lace-work— such. the young bushes are brilliantly red. Tree-Fern from New be associated with laige shrubs. . ]\'oodn'ardia radicans. and wortli trying in a mild district.\lFR. it is hoped. Cychimen (Atkinsoni). bicolor. so in spring we are attracted by the young growth which marks the birth of a new season. and Slioitin dentinilafa. Pseiido-nanissus). soon. and by some Iiix leficuh. develops large rosy-carmine buds. but there are many others now still dormant. 10 to 12 feet high. are dark brown. be added Anemone fuUjenn. 1 on some tliciii The most may is interesting I'itto. Dublin. the Ostrich Feather Fern. upright.\. lAicilliii'. seem to succeed in this climate. with pink fiowers in a few weeks' time. Eerns are not at the present moment at their best. they have' a somewhat stiff habit which contrasts we'll with others that are not so conspicuous. lavyofiileuiii. Scilla sibirica. ('. A few words close with erect racemes of wliite flowers like Lily-ofhe-Valley. niunifnni. later on.IRISH GARIJEI^JING species is 39 of fli. with long and more Asplcnium look proper time. become acclimatised to our weather conditions.-i the proper time of wild plant gaidcn.ius-siniense. and may. Lasinra erytlirosoiii. it has a very beautiful white flower. P.n. The plants just mentioned are among those that have not died down this winter. jMrtrosiflcros liiruhi. nenlecni-dloidrs Piischl-iiiin tum. imderneath varnished red. . which were followed almost at once by the Daffodil {X. also Cyrtofatratum.sporum paucifloniin hi a-iccdyj-. gradually changing to greygreen on the upper surface of the leaf.so also Ciocns rernii. nepaleiisis maxima are two upright shrubs. I'oli/sfii-Jtum setosum. BHIaidicrii. Fortunei. The numerous British Ferns and all their wonderful varieties.i. flowers. Piiniidn venifovmis. as well as Miiscmi J}iifiyoides. Hare's foot fern. iiiiiniiius. M. for instance. of B. Pohiiiti<hum acrostiL. moreover. those on the former . amcricaniim. .V. niiniii j)i<h. rliuides. it is a handsome.^LKEY. variuhiUs is producing bloom. SelaijineJla amd'na is a Fern-Ally. and Stiuthiopfeiis ijeiniiinica. Tulipn kaufmaiitheir best.some 8 teet in length. graceful fronds. which seems likely to develop into a small tree it bears tiny l)lossoms. especially P. the latter seems much the best of the two. with a conspicuous yellow midrib. however.iia has lieen in of the garden hybrids. which is now on the point of opening. D. Coiiaiid siniai and one received here as (. C/ieiranilius (l'(inya) Menziesii. Vuccinium amo'iiu in and of Leucotliof ('iit<\sli:i:i is also pleasing.va iji- iliiiifea. iniifloni.tmunda claytoniana. perliaps. is small and suited to a rock garden. while the half-hardy and handsome CalreiAaria fiichs'urfoUa is on the point of opening. and. not so. Jiulhocodium vernum. little plant. like each other in some respects. O. a L. that are almost more effective than when the flower actually opens. Gentiana acaiilis. for instance.\ lONGlFUHA Co. lirodinn its . as buUiifei nm.i one of tlie best aiu] it sliniljs at the present time. to these notes. and Pteris liingifolia. Pa'onia Cumhessedesii. leirulata and /'. Erythronhnn Dens-canu. The Dog-tooth M . Polypodiuni pvuvera. which is fairly hardy. splendid bloom. P. To iiiodactyluH tuherosus. is worth growing.'. sardensis. is literally most attractive of covered nllrartii. it has been outside now for some winters. well set off by the li^ht-brown pedicels. a new and rare species introduced by Miss Geoghegan from Minorca. those of liliddddendion xino-grunde. L. iHliiuiotiid). Chionodo. the under-leaf formed of sulphurcoloured tomentum.41 t'LIKTON. Cotyledon roseata. but appearance and the to add much to the these may ihirlciim tS.1. the colour taken by the young shoots is to be seen on a larger number of plants. <lni-i<Js<j)iiiiita {crenafu-seniitu) The spring dress of t'atueUia ruspidata. also 1'. The more common Xarrifisi are earlier than usual. Onorlea sensihilis. Of the latter it may be sufficient to note Adianttim pedotum. turning through many shades into green. ('. cyclamineus and A'. . yellow within. which appears to be hardy in very good shelter. and the yellow are beginning to show their K.40. of Kuoiij/mux prnduhis (fimhi iatus). to revive into life. green and C. t. and even C. and has very neat foliage. and the swelling buds of Salix hypateuca become bright crimson. As the season advances. This last plant. which grows and spreads well in peat.

Jiinryi." say forty or fifty years. watch the plants carefully all sunmier. Luina better known as Eur/enia apiruJiifii.." This is a Jackin-the-Green single with white flowers. AV. and compare them with the legacy of beauty which is ours to-day. Ulinmniis alateriius rdriegatiis liaphiuwith charming silver variegated leaves. Sunlight is essential for their wellbeing. Finally. Myrtles. and for these April will be found an excellent month to procure plants for immediate planting. Taxus. Others are Osmantlnis Vnrtuvni. the better kinds of Privet such as Ligustnnii luckluiii. and this is best achieved by the groiuid is moist encourage immediate root action. or that will bloom for such a lengthened period. that plants raised from seed sown in heat will bloom in the summer. are they diverse in colour from pure white and yellow. Wealth of Beauty siiiluble usually choose Experienced i)l. when planting is done in April. and when we bear in mind how easily they may be raised and perpetuated. I'ratiii. two varieties that marked a — new departure in Antirrhinums. and whilst they will give splendid results if planted in soil of a loamy character. I'here is just a" danger. as so much of it does in Ireland. etc. In other cases pulverise the soil thoroughly and enrich with leaf soil or rotten manure if necessary. . and so prevent as much Many as possible. whilst some are so dwarf that they are frequently to be seen in window boxes. I'KW subjects have been appreciated more for tluir value for beautifying a garden.es or for single specimens. A Correction. and in all other respects they present no real obstacles. now in flower. will grow in soil that cannot by any means be termed rich. ranging from liny plants of a few inches high to giants of 15 to "20 feet. 0. and used as edging plants in a garden. AjlAR. In many cases the rarer kinds are grown in pots by nurserymen. so that they can be moved at almost any season. PhiUi/rrdiis. *^f t^^ ^* Primroses and Polyanthus. as represented by Bonfire and Sunset. Rhododendrons. and to some extent almost as a perennial. Needless to say. B. radicans. yellow in the centre. L. to salmon and crimson and gold. able to go back " in their mind's eye.lNTHE. Conifers succeed splendidly from spring planting. TilNOETiS IjEA. often to be foinid blooming almost as well in a closed in garden of a town.40 IRISH GARDENING Planting Evergreens. the cultivation of these very charming plants in a garden is not difficult at all. We know. but may be reared from seed sown in the open ground in May. and in addition to this may be propagated from cuttings taken in late autunni and inserted in a cold frame in sandy soil. M. We know of no plant which may be grown as an annual. or biennial. or marked with so many imijrovements during this last twenty years. such as the common Myrtle. — and in a state to before the plants become established. Prumnopitys. may be able to appreciate more fully the work of the raisers of new varieties during the years. Healthy young Hollies do well as a rule wiien planted in spring. Many planters prefer April with its " growing atmosphere. " pure white " should read " pine white. at either season tliero is generally very little check to the plants. iKiiiifoViiiiii. Azaran and many others. Fitzroya. and its variety inrint'tna. provided seed pods are not allowed to form. and call to recollection the limited sorts then in cultivation. too. that is so lavish with its flowers. and the beautifid (>. and in mild districts. but take care not to bury the roots too deeply. Large specimens should be secured against swaying is not after all a matter for surprise that they should be so often met with. Myitus communia. we also know that they are not dependent on heat for their raising. as in that in the open country. that a dry spell may come on transplanting when and warm tor every Garden. and topdress the plants when they show signs of poverty. lepis Delacouri. last sentence. Anlirrhinums : A. Culture. so. When as have Antirrhinums the Snapdiagons. some being tall and suitable for the back of a border. and most plants of that family. and deter them That Antirrhinums in their mission of beauty. from richest pink and apricot to deepest flame. For massing in beds in colour scheme. otiiers of medium height of service for beds. form the beds on the surface. and guard against any appearance of suffering from lack of water. Enoityinus japoiiicus. it — Present D. 0. the present month is a good one for planting. L.w Sorts. for there is no better way of settling the soil about the roots. helped w-ith a little rotted or artificial manure. and surely there are no more beautiful evergreens than many of the species and varieties of this marvellous genus. evaporation from the leaves. Picea and Pinus may still be i^lanted early in the month. Podocarpus. Rhododendrons in great variety. well prepared soil is essential to success and no efforts should be spared to make the soil suitable for the plants. and the fine species of Abies. Saxegothea. Dacryduim. they will give a good account of themselves it planted out in ordinary garden soil well dug and fairly well drained. Cepluilotaxus. too. E. hence their great worth to the town gardener. Many other evergreens can also be planted this month for instance. require peat or leaf-mould. if the soil is dry water thoroughly. one comes to consider their all round capabilities. also the many species and varieties of Cupiessus. In the second last paragraph. then avoid the mistake of digging out the staple soil and filling in with peat. and if the soil contains lime. and whether tor hedge purpo. Keteleeria. and in the ease of valuable sijecimens this should be guarded against by timely mulching of the surface soil over the roots with rotten manure or leaves. by wind. (irrnata.. and how few indeed are their needs. The great aim is to retain the leaves as long as possible. Vehtvayi. Athrotaxis.uitfis weather in (_)ctolier or April for moving evergreen When the work is carefully done trees or slirubs. Those who ar(. As varieties to-day differ in point of haliit. is common knowledge. we know of no plant that serves us so well. we should be surprised w'ere they not popular. Plant firmly." and with the whole summer to complete and consolidate the growth before winter sets in again. it will even be necessary in some cases to syringe the specimens daily to retain a more or less moist atmosphere about the plants. and others. I'liotiitids of several species. As we have hinted. so long as they are continuously relieved of — theii s))ent blossoms.

Foituuei (jfronnilis. and adorns the villa garden equall. the main branches giving rise to smaller secondary growths whicli bear inniuiierable golden-yellow flowers in April. and quite as fine as the forms of (Tandncensis or Leiiiuhiei. A fair supply of moisture is essential. The soil for is the flowering shnilis of late March and early April none is more attractive than the Forsythias. continues uninterruptedly until the flower spikes are developed. flowers. suspensa.shoots considered as the type. It is one of the Mr.SVholdii). under normal conditions. Lupins. /''. From these. It has been customary in the past to speak of. Sunilowers. when the flowers are over. covering it with two inches of the soil removed. But the herbaceous border no means make evergreens. remove it to the depth of nine inches and place a couple of inches of rotten manure in the bottom. siispensii. I should choose the slender form of F. despite tlie heat ancl drought of last sujnmer.'<i ma the last-named being the least ornamental of the three. F. The slender-growing pendu- planting . For many years practically only three species were known namely. herbaceous plants. Gladioli. such Xanceinnas. with immense golden-yellow. Nevertlieless. nuist considt a good catalogue and select the colours most preferred. growth. and — — already the surface is becoming warm hence growth begins at once.lournal can supply all the best varieties. they are not seen to the same advantage as on the leafless shoots of the others described. media have of late years become popular in These are: F. If t were limited to three of the best. a particularly floriferous variety of extraordinary beauty. of late ii. Foiiuiiei. intermedia. owing to the green colour of the shoots and to the leaves being retained to some extent through mild winters. F. It is quite impossible to give anything purportIntending planters ing to be a list of the best. The prinnilinus hylirids are not quite so robust in growth. which forms stouter branches and is of more erect. . This species does not requiie the annual cutting back of the branches after flowering. which is an advantage in the case of F. the flowers are paler in colour. a. The stiffer form. garden soil. They are easily propagated by cuttings of halfripe young . iiitcniiedid is a reputed liyl)rid between F. and Gciidavetisis. ChUdsii. F. siispensa Fortunei. B. Gladioli should be ])lantecl about four to five inches deep. The nurserymen and seedsmen advertising in this . these growths are cut hard back to the main shoot. but the tendency now is to blend them all. The Gladiolus is a plant for everybody. and may lie planted closer and nearer the front of borders and slirid)beries. deeply-worked soil to develop fully and show their true beauty. the Gladioli jiush up and llnwer from August onwards. Planted in fair-sized groups of anything from six to a dozen corms or more. but it certainly benefits from an occasional thinning out Three new forms of interof the older shoots. is of value in being later in flowering. where its wreathed w-ith golden-yellow There is a very fine a rare picture. F. IRISH GARDENING. moist. if the soil seems rather poor. and constitution. Ernest Wilson. but. such as grows vegetables. leafless bery. r'niiH-i. For the herbaceous border Gladioli are excellent. Some of the newer varieties. Heleniunis. riridis-frnm hence the specific name. j^irholdii. most distinct of the Forsythias. Gladioli made a beautiful display in the autunm. black shoots. may be made gay by planting groups of various-coloured Gladioli in the open spaces between the shrubs. improved . and we now have thousands of beautiful varieties. Forsytlua suspensa is represented by two forms. hence the addition of thijiouijlihj decayed manure is beneficial in light soils that are liable to dry out during a prolonged drought. with Shrubbery borders. given this. . iiiteniiedia. viridi'ssiina. to whom only place for them. resulted already in great improvements in form. B. however. too. their tall spikes of handsome flowers blend l. and the other called F. not so ornamental as any of the foregoing. and a shrub of singular beauty. . Fortunei (lirocaulis. that have inherited the yellow colour of the " Maid of the Mist " {G.flowers abundantly produced. It forms in time a nmch-braiiched shruli. itiferinedia i-itrU'tii(i.. Gladioli may be planted between then when the faded lloweis of the herbaceoiis plants are cut over.o sunmier and autiunn. so that it is hardly po-ssibly to distinguish the This is all to the good. on which are borne large clear yellow flowers.s a general rule. such as of Delphiniums. when many herbaceous j)lants were hard put to it to develop their flowers. April is probalily the best mouth autumn-flowering Gladioli. iiiieniiedid spertahilis. where the lieautiful golden-yellow flowers come early and are borne in profusion. suspensa and the green-steunued F.>eautifully with the tilled Asters. In the latter case. iiitennedia sj}ectiihilis. Gladiolus as a garden plant is proceeding apace. and the corms should be in at least nine inches apart to allow for the development of the leaves and flower spikes. and has dark brownish. even six inches light soils. is well adapted for growing as an isolated specimen or in a shrid)preferably branches. F. although. Where beds of one kind of herbaceous plants are grown. and.A. or " bedding " plants satisfactorily will grow Gladioli well. and is admirably adajjted for growing against a wall.-' well with the large iniblic park. and. and F. one forming long thin pendulous . then place the corms and fill in the remainder of the soil. and has original races. No extra-spei'ial soil is required for the growth of Gladioli. secondary growths will be inoduced which will hang out from the wall and flower throughout lous form their lengtli . liy among variety of F. Fdi-fiinei. Forsythias like a good. a robust. and every year sees the production of new and remarkably lich golden-yellow flowers. Ordinary well- is sonii'times called F. in the writer's opinion. . vigorous grower. as Leiaaiiiei. Paeonias for early summer flowering. The evolution of the colour. and F. no shrubs are easier to manage or more consistently satisfactory. is liy &c. F. suspensa (F.ul to recognise certain garden races of Gladioli. nitermediii densifloia. It is named F.sorts. . A sufficient number of main shoots to cover the allotted space should be trained against the wall. F. introduced from China our gardens owe so imich. piitauVinus) are of handsome proportions. gardens.— The Amonu Forsythias. and will be succeeded by others during the summer.shoots iir July.

In large gardens much dependence is placed on so-called bedding plants accommodation and a considerable requiring certain amount of artificial heat to produce plants suitable for planting out in . are Wliere.IRISH GARDENING the face of tin. realises the value of hardy annuals gardens large or small. but if rain comes they close up. be propagated by careful diviA well-grown sion Avhilst the plant is at rest.LA is still Somewhat rare in rock gardens. although self-sown seedlings from the type have appeared in most cases yards away from the parent plant. They -linuld have a good root-run and lime in the soil. though well grown specimens are fre|iu-ntly seen in cottage windows. but it hybridizes with 'very silver and aizoon in the garden. it is damp and not cold that is so fatal to many tender sunloving plants. however. many kinds of spring flowering plants can be raised in the previous summer and planted in the autumn. and so there is little or no break in the display. The advantage of bedding plants lies in the fact that they can be put in immediately spring flowering plants are over. which follow spurs. and if broken the rosette will not develop. Consequently arrangements must be made to have space vacant at that time for the reception of the OxALis ENNEAPHYi.IFTON. which are somewhat brittle. If larger it is difficult to get them into a satisfactory position without injury to the leaves.stitf. atmospheric changes so long as the sun . and it is di-sirable to keep the seed pan on the chance of irctting a second or even a third crop from it. The Italian ('cniipanulu Uoplij/lla is somewhat li-ndei'. Tlie plant shown in the illustration measures 9 inches in diameter. Hardy annuals. and it should therefore be given a position where the contour of the ground or adjacent rocks will shade it from the sun during the hottest part of the day.split up.l^ liNN'K. say about the size of a shilling. The flower spike is . clothing the UXAI. so that it IS no use relying on seed that has not been proticted against fertilization from other plants. although its culture is not difficult. and la<-ks the gracefulness of the fine forms of . mark it nut at once as a Suxifiiujt apart from all others. when most spring flowering plants are approaching the heyday of their beauty. without any heat at all.Tune. Lark- narrow leaves. Not every one in Hardy Annuals. The variety rosra has blooms that are flushed with a delicate pink. but the latter is essential. lunuifoJia I'nfortunately ii found in its magnificent rosette. and on that account is not very often seen i[ gardens.rock as if clinging to it. . It loves sun and . Tall kinds. comes freely from seed. — The flowers are sensitive to seed. if to lie sown Avhere they are to flower. and with prodigal pi-ofusion tor several weeks. Here it flourishes in an almost \rrtical fissure in the natural rock (granite). Here it has an eastern aspect at the bottom of a slope. but otherwise it is a " good doer. and with many people tire chief beauty of S. and amongst choice plants it is pre-eminent for beauty. and rocks on the south and east partially screen it from midday on. Dublin. It does not seem to increase so rapidly as the type. herbaceous perennials grown. It can. Harper Scaife. and jjroduces no offsets. beautifully encrusted. was a glorious sight.A KOSIJA AT (_'l. such as iMratcm aplrmlms. ('(ityUilati pi/rdinitlalis. and the general effect of the beds or borders will be very much improved. .T. IrnujifoliK with any of the big silvers. A vertical position will be found to be the secret of success with ma.U'in LI.S. Malopc grandiflora . however. where it never gets sun-baked. Co. The seedlings sliould l]e put into their permanent (juarters whilst still small. confusing f>. The size of the rosette thickly packed with long. Chrysanthemums of .ny plants that usually prove difficult or impossible on the flat or on a gentle slope. rosette of Siij-ifrfKja lomftfolUi on the perpendicular face of tlie rock work is one of the most striking There is no risk of objects -in the rock garden. DaLKEY. It is not usual now to have empty beds or borders in April since. It ripens seed fairly well." Like the type it comes from the Falkland Islands. it will be found a convenient and useful plan to supplement the display by sowing hardy annuals between them. and icceives no attention save an occasional search for — woodlice during l^ast summer it an extra spell of dry weather.shines they are open. Some Alpines in a Dalkey Garden. must be sown in early April. rock with a long sheet of large dazzling white flowers in constant succession. and is one of a batch raised trom seed some of the seed may not germinate until the second or even the third year.1 dry place. on the other hand. but so far I have not succeeded in raising it from gathered seed. It it dies after flowering.but will .

ine several times at intervals of a fortnight or so until the plants show signs of flowering. dfcply-worVcd soil if they are to show their true . a cheaper way still is to give the glass a coat of whiting. and dwarfer kinds from six to nine inches. the house is rendered more temperate. D. of course. Sow the seeds thinly and watcli them carefully as they grow. Mignonette. is to encourage the growth of creepers over the roof. The reason is not tar to seek. and want renewing after a time. Sweet Peas and so on. a Daffodil in flower is very welcome so welcome that one is not inclined to be too critical as to its qualities as a — florist's flower. preferably just after a shower. to creepers being allowed to ramble over GBEENHOtrsES These are all hai-dy annuals and can lie sown in the open ground.st horticultural establishments. but this is largely a matter for the grower. WlLLBROOK.should be done at at least two operations. There is no comparison between plants grown at a reasonable distance apart and those feft to fight with each other the whole summer through. and many others may lie sown. in genial weather. . Dublin. Apart from this. and the weather often uninviting. Tall growing kinds should stand at least a foot a part at the last operation. They have to do much in a short time. Escholtzia. at least a foot deep. particularly orna° mental-leaved plants like Coleuses. need a partial shade during the summer months from the fierce rays of the sun. Thin out immediately the seedlings begin to crowd each other. It was raised at Baskin Hill. tiffany. There are several ways of affording a screen. the fact is that hardy annuals.— IRISH GARDENING the "star" type. In fact the latter will succumb long before the well thinned-out plants are half finished flowering. to two gallons of water. and the labour of watering is reduced. require good. for e. It . Frederick Tymons. In this case let the soil be well broken as deeply as possible. either by the use of canvab or latli blinds. that I know is the " Eev. Open spaces in shrubberies may be utilised. Many packets of seed are bought every spring and more or less carefully sown. Linarias. indoors. and this may be d. and they cannot "do it satisfactorily from a garden point of view in two or three inches of poor siu'face soil.soil looks in fine order for sowing. In. while t->wards the front a great variety of Clarkias. if the subjects growing therein are to attain anything like a degree of perfection. and was well known for the skill with which he grew Tulips. Break up the soil." W'hich was open in this garden on the 2nd February. Cleinaiises. and when the seedlings are finally thinned out water with nitrate of soda. Blinds are a source of expense. 43 Greenhouse Creepers. but the results are not always satisfactory. Frederick Tymoxs. therefore. and nothing that fluous growth of creeping will tend to darken a place . and produces many white a roof is very gloomy The Earliest Daffodil. which not only gives the necessary sliade to the plants on the stages below. may occupy positions from the middle to the back of the border. who was a noted and'successful gardener. like most other things. by the Rev. too. that most capricious plant Visa yrandi flora.x-ample. not a few plants are suitable. nor in the pleasin-e it Photo hy Mi^^ '^ T- -V'"c'-- gives. For the purpose of natural shading." insomuch that during a spell of dull weather too much light is excluded. and one which is more in keeping with a greenhouse. in early April. and dust with soot if slugs are troublesome.tFFODiL Rev. but if the soil is dry. Godetias.should be allowed to remain. and. or trumpet Narcissus. but there is no variation in the welcome it receives. some years being much longer in the stalk. Shirley Poppies. B. and enrich it with decayed manure. are liable to make a house at times.beauty and be worth the trouble. the surface . Co. but contribute beauty to the house by the blossoms they furnish.uid the great objection to almost any kind of " wash " is that it is a " fixture. oz.the early spring w'hen flowers are scarce. Frederick Tymons. just after a refresliing April shower. water first with prn'e water and then with the nitrate." The true condition of the soil is not properly considered. amongst them being Ind'ivisa lohata is a rapid grower. This charming Daffodil varies in height. useful for indoor work. Coreopsis. Auriculas. . Lininiis. Phacelia. -1- that they. A judicious use of the knife is the remedy for superplants. This is an operation far too often neglected. The great objection. and the seeds are " hastily put in. It is often difficult for owners of small gardens to obtain small quantities of manure. and conservatories contaiuin" flowering and foliage plants. Love-in-a-Misi. Too often. who should take care that the foliage does not become too thick by permitting all and sundry shoots to ramble at will. From the photograph it can be seen that i* is evidejitly a form of Xaichsus Piinccps. The earliest true Daffodil. and manj^ a suburban front garden might be gay all through the summer by using hardy annuals only. or by applying on the glass from within some of the various preparations sold at mo. Another arrangement.

South France. about them. liittnmurnrin or . It grows in the south Tyrol near to the Lake of Garda. The Jackmanni group offers many that may be brought into requisition Of for indoor culture. . Lady Caroline XeriUe. rounded and opposite. It likes the full sun and the I never found it elsecracks of a wall or rock. and which I saw in abundance near Genoa in the Ligurian Alps. It is of easy culture.ididutii iii-iii(iriim. I very often saw other kinds under its name. and for the attraction such creepers are when in blossom. Mrs. Plants like Heliotropes and Fiirhsias are not often regarded in the light of climbers. It wants full sun and crevices in non-chalky rocks. Italy. A'. and resembles an HymcnophyUiitn Tiinhridgense. Here it succeeds well in moraine. It grows in old walls and crevices of rocks (limestone) in the south of France. ijlandulosuat. but if one is prepared to train thein for this. distinct and has its sporangia on the underside of the segments as have all the Asplenia. with large blossoms. . I had the explanation of the failures in my cultures at Floraire. rapid of growth. It roughly resembles stiff grass leaves twice or thrice forked. Passioji floirers. to the Val d'Pesio north side of the famous Col di Tende. not exceeding 15-20 centimetres high. and the whole of a glandular nature.s.4. selecting be done to few subjects for serving both as a shade for other occupants of the house. Tiirhomanes or even with . Cetirncli. as few subjects show neglect sooner by shedding of the leave. for the Rock a delicate jewel. hard.idiaiifunt-iiiiiruni with oval and pointed seg- ments. the segments very obtuse. and must. especially in cold houses. violetthese. etc. narrow. seen from a greenhouse above one's head. It has a slender habit. Mornntn. and northwards to near Avignon. and the practice of standing large pots containing such plants on ashes or cocoa fibre has something to commend it. . plum. There is unich to be said for planting creepers intended for indoor growing in pots. . and is considered as a hylirid between . and so when I saw this and the same with Chcilanthes odora that the life of the plant recedes to the rhizome in the liottest months of the year. Mercaston.4. viz. We — becomes darkened by them.V.I. and rarely found I went ten years ago it true in botanic gardens. It is a calcifuge plant and must lie grown in peat summer and cannot be found . as does also Diplacus (iluti1WSUS. . Trichomanes l:)y its shorter and broader fronds. Plumhaiio cajiensis. but when so grown the duty of watering is one which must not be lost sight of. and can be grown in the same way as . mauve. alba-white. but ruider no circumstances ought they to be allowed to grow to the extent of impeding light so necessary to other plants that should.4. carmine-red. the equivalent of the Parsley Fern {AUosurus crispus) on the granite.but its segments are broader-pointed. as star-like Ijlossunis that are wonderfully attraetive. and if needful can be taken out of doors at intervals. peering out of their deep green leaves.4.Isplriiiuiu serpei'tiiinm is a very distinct form of . The foliage is its its dies off coniijletely in summer. are amenable to training on a roof. Perhaps no creep- ing plant quicker gets out of bounds once pruning I'ohea scandens is another plant is neglected. a Much may enhance a greenhouse by grows frequenlly with . sometimes I found patches three feet broad.is a delightful thing growing in large broad patches forming Viig colonies of dark green. but only on the south side of the Alps (very seldom here and there in the warmer valleys of the north side). and when found in the Jura it is on erratic stones brought there in the glacial period. deex^ shining green on the upper side and silvery white beneath. come finer so grown. violet-blue. as then they are under more control.4. deeper green than the type it is a rare fern which has recently been found near Klosters in the Grison (Switzerland). fronds 1() cent. then tried giving it a rest of some months and the result was wonderful not a plant lost again. Vell^'n. riride. where than on granite. obviously. with a pink or brownish rachis.Isphniuiii septentrionalr (Forked Spleenwort) is well known in England. making dwarf if one does not know There are two XofhorMn'nas exactly where it is. "walls. . The fronds are stiff. however. always in damp places (watered from lielow) in rocks. just like . and is found in In the highest mountains of granitic formation. It is. deep green above and covered on the underside with rough scales. — the whole Alpine chain it always grows iri primi- tive locks. lioboi Loid Xeville. the alternate segments larger. the Lanuginosa group. Cheilanthrs adorn (frnijruiis) is Some Many Rare people Ferns Garden. with its parts slightly saw-toothed. Ileniyii. which makes a suitable subject for training on the rafters under a greenhouse roof.Asplcnium acutum is near to . useful as a climber in a greenhouse. Its thick rootstock is dense and hard. in the same region. and has scarcely any fructifications.Y.4. That the Alps. or in peaty soil with a little chalk added. ance. and there found it in great abund- ask tufts of light green. niimulus-like coloured though more fi-equently met with as decorative plants in pots. blossoms.Isplenimn glandulosum (. and " bide one's time. Italy. lavender-white. one Ha7ihury.Ispli'tiiiiih III riiianicum the last-named.44 Those belonging to IRISH GARDENING. pale lavender. are very beautiful. but whoever takes them in hand must be prepared to prune and thin out the long trailing growths. otherwise the house soon unique seat on the north side of centre of dispersal is in the Balkans. three or more dentations. or stony slopes of N. are some of the members of this interesting section of Clematises." they make beautiful subjects so grown. may mention Gipsy Queen. and then you may not find it at all where you foimd it abundantly in spring. Madame Edward Andre. growing in full sun in the rockery. it rests in ing to India. . as a consequence. and . . Then there is that beautipale-blue flowering plant. rrtrasclin^) grows in old walls or on limestone rocks in the Mediterranean region. are very beautiful on the roof of a house. . it takes a rest. Andersoni purple. Rope. It has been found in Easter Oestenath ( ?) and in the Abruzzi (.1. forming broad tufts of rich green.4. m-? about ferns they see at Floraire. and are astonished never to have heard Will you allow me to write a few lines of them. and evergreen.Jackmanni. with its twining growth and orangeAhutilons. It is a densely tufted plant. its segments being tjroad and large. north of Italy and extendI>ike . and. I found it much easier here than AUosurus crispus. It differs from . Maronta aind . be kept under proper control. as a rule.-idiautuin-niiinnn.1.S. have the first consideration.. high. with its white ful counterpart. It is to the limestone ebonlis. Planting. Italy). Asphiiiiiin fissurn is the most delicate and finely cut of our European ferns. septentrionalr and . quite in a sunny position. but darker brown.1.

hocks. least. we submit. common al one over this country. extinct here. Kirkbride. gathered. It mostly occurs in old plants which have occupied the really between rows of Potatoes There is no real gain in robbing the for one crop l)y introducing at a later date something else which will deprive it of fertility. what is the cause? Their height is such that it is not always convenient to accommodate them in moderate-sized gardens to any extent. fliQ littoral and in Corsica. delicate in texture with ovate lanceolate fronds. Parkinson calls these " the Franticke or Foolish Cowslip. with its many weeks' absence of rain. now hardly exist in these same gardens. high) in forms dense tufts of shining green are arrow-head shape. and the huskes of the flowers bigger than any of the former. and known as " rust. just where the small flower stems branch out. and is certainly no encouragement for a repetition imity to another crop for example. localities the long season of drought in 1921 had a most disastrous effect upon Winter Greens of all kinds. M<iniHt:r. Disease has also been known to perpetuate itself when propagation has been effected by cuttings or of the practice. not only around the flowers. Is it a fact that they are grown less now than they used to be. and very thick. vvp must plant it in a perpendicular position on the nature at foliage. Experience corroborates this. Cohrevon. surely Gardeners last year of all others demonstrated it. and the stumps should therefore be pulled up when the crop has been Mercaston. But we fear that we must admit of another explanation why these stately beauties are now so seldom seen." The Jackanapes forms are those with leaves. for Winter " Hollyhocks : A Vanishing Race. more swelling-out in the middle. that they did were. as it were ribbes. high. except double lilac." The forms I have seen had very large green leaves about the 'I HE time I'll ntiii'jijii all — The fronds side of the pot in which we make a hole the roots.INDERR Le. and wants sun and a hot pnsition in a wall or rockery. Winter Greens. which doe somewhat resemble men's hose. though apparently the best. and the flavour is rather delicate. and therefore needs plenty of room in which to grow. f:a(jiHatum) dwarf and small (not exceeding 10 cent. The best way of all is. to practically treat as biennials instead of perennials.. double primroses of all colours. Vegetable Notes. It belongs to ilie Mediterranean region. or Jack-an-apes on Horseback. Cinire Tiour)iiula will not stand very much frost. old yellow auriculas.li. are described by Parkinson " The flowers are folded or crumpled at the thus edges. them W. Carlisl'. Xuthoiliina Amaranthe.sli iiml Old Forms Polyanthus — Reply to Velhva (lanrujinoxa) is a litllr jewel of 10-20 cent." That was the opinion of one who used to grow them well. but is liardy in En}:. but their imposing spikes are so particularly attractive that it is worth while even to plant a few. the Pantaloon. H. liage. however.The In Necessity Culture. adverse seasons.-un. A very old writer— I cannot trace whom says that I'antaJoons are forms " having green leaves about the blossoms. but also at the top of the main (lower stem. to give winter green food every ounce of support. is only one of tlie forms of these. etc. The bedding craze does not explain the loss either. soil intended — same portion of ground for years. but seldom that the one under notice is asked for or even It is. The rest of the southern ferns are but curious. Last year. 01 old garcli'iis. they seemed to go off during. but on none more so than Brussels Sprouts. and they are becoming so because so few understand them. proved that Winter Greens planted between other things did very little good. is it when all the old-fashioned flowers of the border. nearly all the leaves are It is edible.st luoteet Irisli in winter. but forming small tufts of greyisli foliage. and tooke the name of Gallegaskins from thence. one of the most offered for sale. T. again. coming to its Unlike other cabbest condition about October. quile villose and woolly with its stem not creeping as in . Cumberland.\. during the late seventies and eighties.HUSH GARDENING III- 45 of in liiiir-frtT it lurks ill lull it . Stokmonth. and if so.V. double auriculas." GaU'ujimkins. lli-ir wi' iiiu. at Florairc. unhampered by any other crop. and as much room as possilVle. Floraire. and that it is unreasonable to expect this when they are planted in close prox- many Hollyhocks are a vanishing race. are beginning to realise the fact more and more that Winter Greens to give the best results must lie grown by themselves on well cultivated and well manured ground. or. If ever the necessity arose for growing a supply of green vegetables for use during winter in as liberal a manner as possible. but now. and have become little more than masses of suckers. it has pained me to note the disappearance of so many of the grand old species and forms once common. The only safe plan in off-shoots from old plants. Fifty years ago th(> gardens of the farmers and cottagers in this district were full of these. apparently. whicli are sometimes variegated with the same colours as the flowers they encompass. placed winter in In such a position a shady place and it and insert grows freely if : protected against frost." unfortunately spreads with great rapidity once it has presented itself. and crumpled on the sides of the huskes. and prevent the proper growth of the vegetable first planted. Almost any kind of Brassica can be purchased it is time to plant out in spring. and we have no hesitation in saying it is largely because of disease which plays havoc amongst plants left too long The disease prevalent in Hollyto themselves. very S( olopciuh-iiim Tloniionitis iSc. neither must those who are unacquainted with it expect a cabbage with a good Katlier is it of a lieart like the spring sorts. not a cabbage to " cut and come again " whicli sprouts after the first cutting. however. in other words. As a fancier of — J. Jack-in-the-Greens. . It is common in Corsica. keeping Hollyhocks free from disease is to be at the trouble to replant with fresh plants every other year. flowers. gardens. 1 think. Portugal Cabbage (Couve Trouchudi). Whatever the reason the Primula nivalis. l)ranching habit. Geneva. useful vegetables of early autumn. it grows on shady rocks in two parts of Here.

at this time of the year.? no remedy. for the main crop varieties 26 inches between the rows and 15 inches l)etween the sets will prove satisfactory. Smaller seed from weak plants cannot be expected to produce a good crop. and from now onwards Lettuce and other salads can be sow-n in small quantities at intervals of a fortnight to keep up a succession. one of the staple foods of the country. and while a very tine condition of soil is not essential. When purchasing tlie seeds it is important for amateurs to note to what height the different Peas grow. It is often recommended to sow Beet during May. The . of course. Rake the surface down finely.iflowers and Broccoli. be sown. and I find it far more satisfactoi'y to sow these beds in drills when annuals are used. It is fortunate for us that the Potato. and quiiiters from time to time. Experiments have shown that tubers about the size of a hen's egg generally prove the most profitable for planting purposes.5 sowing may be done with confidence. and any which are larger may be cut if desired with plenty of buds on the tuliers. Peas. and during the spring months this benefit is quickly apparent. Cornflower. 28 lbs. The crop growls best in a light. Old Dahlia roots may be divided as soon as sufficient growth has been made to enable this to be done. The tubers should be planted immediately after cutting. the most useful herbs are a v ell liiauured. Mignonette. and kept on a sheltered part of the allotment. best plan is to at snown. The seeds may l)o sown about one inch deep. but is frequently sown too late. The tall varieties can be sown with convenience to separate varieties of Potatoes. and. Polyanthus and Primroses to flower next year should also be sown now. there is once uproot iheiii. The depth to plant is from 4 inches to (i inches. In the warmer districts is French and Runner Beans at — — quite suitable. if possible. The seeds often decay if sown too early in damp ground. If. however. A small quantity now growing — Allotments. and draw drills one foot apart. Onions planted out last month will also A good deal has been written one time and another relating to the advantages which plants derive from lioeing. Sowings of now soil . all that is necessary is to scatter the artificial manure over the dung when planting. H. and hoeing frequently avoids endless labour later on.be many of the winter green made in an open position. Globe Beet can. the more shallow depth Ijeing suitable for nitrate of soda these plants. with the buds about 4 inches below the surface. sown now. which is easily propagated by division. A dressing of lime or soot is desirable to prevent slugs from eating the plants. Sweet Peas which have been raised in pots or boxes may be planted wdien the soil is fit. a good friable tilth is necessary. Oliver. Too much care cannot possibly he taken in the preparation of the ground for carrots.4ui. obtain good-sized flowering plants the seeds should be sown during this month. . When once disease Jia. For roots of medium size 12 inches betw-een the drills is sufficient. flower border on a plot is usually of a rectangular it not so easily killed. One ton of manure is a fair dressing for a plot of standard size. crops may in — ground that contains no fresh manure. By doing this the flat appearance of the plot is broken and the Peas have plenty of light to develop. Apart from these general exceptions most seeds of vegetables can be sown this month. then it is advisable to sprinkle the cut . The autumn phrnted Cabbages are strongly. but unless one has the surplus seed to risk sowing.seeds are best sown in boxes. A dwarf Pea wliich requires little or no staking. the work can be carried forward expeditiously. and C. The Candytuft. superphosphate. In allotments not newly-broken up. The period for pUxnting extends from tlie middle of Marcli until about the same time in May. Generally speaking. but weed seeds are now. The Sweet William is a poind ar To biennial.surfaces with quicklime. Little Marvel can be recommended. Sow seeds of Marrows. of is useful as a stimulant for The hoe should also be run through the Shallots and Potato Onions when the green tops are visible. muriate of potash. Place one seed in a small pot. For the larger kinds the drills may be 15 inches apart. can be grow'ii in sucli a variety of soils. but it is during tliis month that the bulk of the work is done. etc. Where Potatoes have been boxed for sprouting. liut in the north it is quite safe to sow it towards the end of April. These manures may be mixed together a few days jirevious to planting. The tubers may then lie replanted. this manure should be siipidemented witli artificial manure.se — shape. The following artificials are recommended tor a plot with an area of . if no other accommodation is available. Thyme. farmyard manure is sure to be beneficial.40 They need fiesli IRISH GARDENING.— Apart from Mint. when the weeds are larger and benefit wdth hoeing. Carrots. the Potatoes have only recently been obtained jirevious to planting it may lie found necessary to cut large tubers to obtain a sufficient number of sets. and tlie the jJlanis and burn it can be done. Winter Greens. 7 lbs. AruiL is the month for planting Potatoes. The Hardy Annuals may lie sown now. The hoe should be kept working between the rows to encourage their growth and to keep down weeds. may be Mkrcaston.'iOO square yards. These young plants are often cut with wind if planted too early. herbs are easily raised from seeds which These They are certainly wortliy of good culture and of painstaking care when we remember how conspicuously beaatiful tliey are. G. If this is not done. The ajiplication is quite simple. A whole host of suitalile tilings include such fine plants as Clarkia. and a good cropper. Marrows. germinating in numbers. into lieavy soil. and — often safe to sow the end of the inontli. but from now onward. and should be scattered along the drills. The seeds 3oon germinate. Sweet and Pot Marjoram. Sulphate of ammonia. trenelied soil. 7 lbs. and if this is iiiiserved it is possible to keep the disease at bay. however.. The Flower Border. Cabbages. warm soil which has previously been well manured. it is advisable to defer growing these crops until May. All lumps should be broken up during the mixing process. Herbs. This crop may be sown as often now and whenever the soil is suitable. the most unsuitable being a heavy clay soil. burning the soil too if Sage. Wood ashes and l)urnt garden refuse are useful for forking is an ordinary dwellinghou. The land should liave fair preparation before planting. at heavy land. Not only is the soil kept open.

Ground that was well manured for the previous crop and left rough over the winter is most suitable. But if the Early Christmas Sprouting variety is . also the cuttings or primings which have better to graft late than too early. In the earliest houses the fruit will be swelling rapidly. H. The spaces between the trenches should be utilised for sowing Lettuce and Radish. coiiit. and keeping Avoid overplenty of moisture in the house. with four feet spaces between them. Borecole. and if there is apply an ini?ecticide and syringe forcibly As soon as the on the under side of the leaves. Asparagus and Si-routing Kales are also most Work under Glass. the points pinched out so as to throw some of the energies of the plant into the side shoots.should suffer from dryness. Damp the planto early morning and at noon. Melons. Cucumbers should be encouraged to grow by applying a light top-dressing of soil and maniu'e. and plant out in showery weather in their permanent beds. Beans. Gardener to Viscount PowersK. etc.sown it will . Turnips and Peas. require ders and it they watering give a good soaking of tepid water.'rs should be kept fre- quently damped down with Eneourage uiamue water. lime or bone meal should be forked Onions. Celery.. they will now be ready for planting out in properly prepaied ground. Tread the ground very firm and plant out at least one foot apart if large bulbs are required. The first batch of Strawberries Give the plants plenty of will now be colouring. A good.. Eniiiskeny. A dressing of soot. Hand lights form a good protection until fear of frost has disappeared. in to give the fruit all the sun and air possible. a north wall.IRISH GARDENING JlocOOOoooo 47 KiTCHEN Garden. "Vegetable Marrows.l)e found at least six — weeks earlier. Co.— As the berries are seen to be swell- ing again after the stoning period. should be ready to hand. and shade from the hot sun. Tomatoes sliould be planted in their fruiting pot or boxes.3. Carrot. loam. Strawberhies. The operation of thinning is always best done early and late in the day or on dull day. The young seedlings of Cabbage. The Pears and Plums should have first attention. first signs of maturity are noticed ventilate freely on all fine days and cease syringing the trees. Sow seed in small i)ots in a compost of leaf soil and — — kinds of grapes to make. particularly in the case of Attend to the thinning as the grapes Muscats. Peaches. The main crop should be sown as soon as a suitable time offers. Lee. soon as INERIES. imt leave plenty of room for top-dressing. or It is been laid in luider tended for scion. Earth up Potatoes as required. and the shy setters should lie left until it is seen which berries are fertilised by their taking the lead. — now Onions have been sown under and pricked off into boxes. or. and they should have a position where they would have full advantage of the sun. and are now in- . Harden off Caiiliflnwer and Brussels Si^routs in Irames. A good layer of well-decomposed farmyard manure should be dug into the bottom of the trenches and left rough until planting time. go out of bloom. useful greens to grow. when the ground is wanted for spring planting. and make successional sowings of Ijcttuce. Don't forget that useful variety the Purple-sprouting. Full sowings of Broccoli to form a succession should be made. \V. Keep the roots well spread out and well firmed. — Wluii — — — Hardy Fruits.r|@)r ooOOOoO' i5y Mr. Sow in heat early this month for planting out early next month. Plants planted in houses and frames should have their growths trained out at regular intervals. Sow the intermediate varieties in rows one foot apart and thin out to about nine inches apart. strong binding material and grafting wax. and thus obtain an early set. About the end of the month 5eed can be sown outside on heaps of nianru-e on which beds of soil have been prepared.P. The trenches should be prepared in advance of i)lanting out time.5 when the temperature is cool. This operation should be performed at intervals not all at one time. and connnence with the free setters. Wirklow. such as Hamburg's first. Plant. a light dressing of superphosijhate or kainit will answer. They should be two feet wide and a foot deep. Cauliflower. sharp knife. wood ashes. late crowding the foliage. but early this month generally gives good results. Increase the quantity of moisture to the roots as the days lengthen.xls twice every day. the soil should be deep. failing these a few branches of evergreens should be laid by for protection at night. and if fruit is required at au early date. warm days the paths and bordi. General Work. Whip or tongue grafting or crown. Salsify and Chicory should also be sown in similar soil. See there is no trace of fly or red spider. and friable. and innnediately after another watering On of weak liquid manure. Sow plenty of Drumhead and small varieties uf Savoy. sown last month should be pricked off for ijlantiug in their permanent quarters later on. or clay mixtiu'e.sbudding will require constant attention in late liouseo. and harden off before planting out. The situation should be quite open and the groinid thoroughly enriched with good. When Onion seedlings in cold frames are a couple of inches high they should also be planted out. and as soon as they have germinated keep them near the glass to ensure sturdy growth. The grafting of fruit trees should now be done. a sliglitly higher tem- perature should be main- Examine the bortained. It is a conunon complaint that this vegetable comes in too late in the sjiring. fine.? in frames should be kept growing without a check and at no jjeriod of growth . well-rotted farmyard manure. failing these. glass in heat in previous to ])lanting.vigorous growth by syringing the r. Avoid too rank a soil for planting. and there being a favourable crop it will be found best to remove The slioots should be well tied the smaller fruit. air. as growth is earlier with them than with Apples. Di. JooOOOoooo yocooo9oooo33 ZlllZll&j The Month's Work r\„oooooooooo.

and is. Crocus Toiufisiiiianus flowers. Migmonette. Nigella. On the scion make two corresponding cuts. excejrt the one I hold the most beautiful of all. or where tlie The stock and scion are of equal dimensions. such as the Silver Saxifrages. pale on a pencilled with blue beautifully lilac ground. the edge of garden. leaf-soil and sand. a pure white. which will in the least with the flowers that are to follow after. and is the most reliable and showy of all the autumn-flowering species. This is the most suitable for worlving young stoclis. — Crown or Kind Gr. the most remarkable of which are the var. later-flowering variety. the the Royal Horticultural Society gave the of Garden Merit to ''/•. glohosus. 1922. with ordinary care increase rapidly in any well-drained British gaiTheir only enemies are field mice and den. The only attention they require is an occasional replanting when they become too thick. Whip or Tongue Grafting. and seed should be sown as soon as ripe in the open to germinate with the growth of the cornis in the spring. Plants that boxes and pots and are well hardened off should be planted out in their permanent positions. Tomasinianus C. as at in July. moss. especially wliere roots are exposed through the winter's rains. but some comments upon these two plants may be of value. top-dressing of lime or wood ashes will destroy — drifts of lavender violet. Aitihisotiii and the type var. it is buffetall reasonable calculated to withstand In its typical form it is ings of autumn. No Dutch Crocus. the the wide woodland walk and the field A strong and vigorous flower. Annuals should be sown in quantity in prepared borders tor cutting. Lawns should be rolled and swept when the Graiss seed sown on any bare surface is dry." is so tender and pleasing in shade. Both are good doers and will. F. in the stock to correspond with that of the scion. Flower Garden and Pleasure Grounds. A few varieties that are always popular are The Shirley Poppy. and bind it lightly in position and cover with wax or clay. and which. Tie in vcit firmly. H. and push it down until its cut surface is covered by the bark of the stock.)rd February. Stocks and Larkspurs. with the addition of some lime or old mortar rubble crushed up. It will grow under light shade and in the open. iiudiflorus. some plants. African and French Marigolds.5 which Mr. but there is a deep purple variety. is scarcely known in the nurseryman's catalogues. great drifts of which form one of February with not interfere the beautiful autumn features its of Wisley. Award At their of Garden Merit. which is rather starrv in shape. Fork plenty of lime and wood ashes in the ground they are to occupy. but does not prove quite so happy as many in the grass. The grafts should be left with three or four buds for future growth. ccinus. and then with a second take out a small wedge. Miss Jekyll (Love in the Mist)." with flowers marked at the tips with a darker blotch. scion is prepared by making a long slanting cut Next make an upward cut at the basal portion. Rockeries. Tlie scion sliould then be inserted. in the open and in the light shade of shrubs and trees. unless it be C. Council of meeting on 2. Ehves in the East (for while C.. the other tones the browns. . into Persia). and is proper for the herbaceous border and the lighter shrublicry. and about the tune of the old Dutch yellow Crocus. The scion is cut in A slit is the same manner as tor whip grafting. See that the bark fits firmly to the sides of the scion. grassy bank and the rock garden. just before most forms of ('. Wisley.soil for most alpine plants is made up of loam. collected by Mr. perhaps. . The one brightens the garden the early spring. and a particularly pleasing one called " pictus. A patches.so freely and pheasants. Award spcciosus stretches away into Armenia and. though so abundant in easily accessible native home. Autumn-rooted runners that is now making growth should be planted in a wellmanured piece of ground with plenty of leafmould. and then cover with wax or clay to keep out the air. When closed the flowers of most forms are of various shades of grey. Make a slanting cut downards in the stock. The plants may be planted 15 inches apart for the single varieties and the doubles 9 inches Give them a damping in the apart each way.(». Aifahir iutennedidte. cut down the bark of the .^tock about three inches. in colour and season between var.akting. Toiiuisininiuix and to C xpccKjsim. and flowering later than the tyjie. and some white and grey form.. and therefore preferable to the better known pure white form. It i5hould be planted in August or September. it may be left alone for years. but varies nuich in colour and size. are the methods most ruminoiily adopted in private gardens. ('. Its best place is on the higher parts of the rock garden where it may seed down and gl&dden the early days of dull m during the sunmier.s October. a bluer. Chtttenden. of a clear and delicate colour described l^y Maw as sapphirelavender. and by Bowles as amethystine-violet. " Margot. Asters. Plants will need top-dressing now. Bowles has raised which are still rare but beautiful in their blue pencilling on a white groiuid. have wintered in SweIet Peas.1. iMCdtcrci rufea splcmlens (Rose Mallow). spcciosus should be planted It will grow in short grass where. It is a variable plant. Both produce seed . Van Tubergon's var. Aitchisonii. reds and yellows of the dying year.48 IRISH GARDENING rind giaftiug. the giant of the species. It has a slender grace that niost of the Dutch forms of C.'locus Toiiiasinlanus does well in many places at Wisley. The general grounds for the making uf this award have been set out in an earlier note. below an apical white spot. evenings and pull off the runners that appear Violet. is more Western in its distribution. (. Phai'elia campanularia. when open. and a munber of names have been given to more or less distinct forms. and a few little patches of Matliiohi liirvinis (Night-scented Stock) in any odd corner for its perfume. A good . spiiinxus flowers in September and Cro(». and make certain that there is a union of tlie bark at least on one side. moss raked out with an iron rake. i-enius lack. are better for a top-dressing of the above. as a rule. Carefully lift the bark wdiere the cut was made and insert the end of the scion. especially perhaps in the colour of the liuds. and every — year will give stretches of blue among the green of the grass and the brown of the falling leaves without any further care. — — nndtiply by the formation of so many small conns that so long as their foliage is allowed to remain until it becomes brown (about the end ol April) permanence and increase are assured. J.

Wells. DUBLIN Established 70 years Phone: Dublin 1721 (two ^JiitiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiMJiiiiriiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii iiiiiiiiiiHiiiiiiifiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitiniiiiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiii lines. . Kaye Aster Amellus King George King of the Belgians „ „ .. Mens .' 3 „ 1 27 ALL FREE BY POST = Descriptive Cntalngiie free oti application ^ | = Scud for Descriptive Catcilogttc. rseries W... MERSTHAM SURREY "^l Hardy Plant :: I C. = Carnation Growor I SAFFRON -r( ENGELMANN WALDEN | Ir.. post free.. Anita Ballard Robinson..iiiililiillil!iiiiiiiiiiiiliiiiiiiiilliiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiillliiili. Carnations I Why pay high railway rates? d- Campanula Fleur'de Neige Telham Beauty „ Erigeron Mertsham Glory Delphinium Mrs.i I 12 GRAND I = 1 i Parcel I Award of Merit VARIETIES 8. . 5 2 1 Post li Collections i INCH POTS . V.C..'^iiitiiitiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiNiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitiiiriiiiiniiiiiiiiiiuiiiiiniiliiiiHiii|iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiMiHiiiiiiiiiiM iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiimHtiir IedmondsonsI FOR Garden Seeds Seed Potatoes Garden Implements 10 EDMONDSON BROTHERS DAME STREET. 2 2 PLANTS OUT OF 2 2 1 Geum Borisii .. nil I liiiiiiiN liiiiiiiii n l!inMiiiiiitiiiMii[iiiiiJiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiMiiHiiiiiiiiiiiiii>niiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii>MiiiiiMiii)iiiiiiiiiiiiii |. „ Phlox Aubrey Alder Poterium Obtusum . 20 50 100 in 20 varieties •-.. H. 15/" in 50 in varieties 2 100 varieties 35/" 70/" of each for 25/> 47/6 2 „ 60. riiiiiiiiniiniMiiniiiiiMniiiMiHiiiiiiiiiitiitMiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii: .. 2 2 1 6 TRY MY s = . Junr.

" Summer. Paddock 1 Wood. A vote of thanks was accorded to Mr. are Willi. grasses and cereals. Messrs. certificates Sole proprs. to whom cultural lence always associated with the name Abol may be attributed to the fact that the makers have at their command knowledge gained by many years practical experience as actual growers. Vegetables..— VI IRISH GARDENING of Ireland. Cotter's offer of prizes for Mahon's Fingallian Potato. Abol Limited. Cotter's approval. D." What can be done "Fruits. Earlsfort Terrace.^'. for a floral display .\m foi I'uweh & renowned farm seeds Co. notably the Western M^olth Grass. a vote of thanks with certificate being voted to Mr. Catalogues.. Write for full particuiarsa n d free treatise on garden pests. Meath.' will be held in the covered court. Dublin. Straffan House. were awarded for Violets. 6th. Their new catalogue of farm seeds issued last month contains a fine selection of root seeds. V..L. Swedes and Yellow Turnips are well In addition to the known tliroughout Ireland. and classes decided on. K. which.. iniiinr fimi plena. subject to Mr. Mary's Abbey. B. Montgomery.. Trim.. Judges were appointed . H. ^ ^ I " Manuring for etc. yielding a heavy crop the first season. as well as flower and vegetable seeds. Belfast = . on af>pIication to I ^lllllllllillllll lllllllllllinilllllllllllllllllllllllillMIIIIIIIII1IIIIIMIIIItllllllMIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII1IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIMIIItllllll~ = The Chilean Nitrate Committee. by kind pernii. 56 Beitring.. standard varieties and species of pasture grasses and clovers several novelties are introduced. | I I every I The following are some of the chapters : | | Amateur" I " I How to begin. and is therefore important : I you read it. Their special strains of Mangolds.\TERFORr).P." tables etc.set up by Mr. Streeter. on thr You can rely upon Abol o{ Mr. \V.uid final arrangements made for the spring show. April 5th and Further consideration was given to Mr. V. W. Kent." in the Fit." "What can " be done [ | f j | I I I I in the Spring. Kills Insects and IVIildew on Roses HIIIJINIllllllMlllllllllllllllNilllillllllllllllllllllllMMIIMIIllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllillllllllllNlllliNlllllllllMllllllllilllillllllllM I I '^Successful E THIS i pamphlet gives full instruc- | | | tions for making a success it of your Gardens for Garden.~sion of 10th ult. for specimens of Xdicixstin miiiiiiiiix and . a robust annual variety of Rye Grass. Co. 25 Chichester St." // wii/ be sen/ to yoi/. " " Keeping the Garden "Flowers and Lawns. 5 Moleswoitli Thk llic C'uuiicil held :i( Slieet. Kiklare. A. F. irmtis tDiti post ffec. and mfrs. Co. the Secretary being directed to thank Mr. The high standard excel- the Earl \)f Iveagh. \v. Barton.(s Royal Horticultural Society luonllily iiiccluig . highly reeonnnended for spring sowing. Cyclamens and Dendrobiums. Montgomery presiding. Cotter for his very generous offer. A.if the offices. St.

IRISH GARDENING
American Sweet Clover (Melilotus alba) is reeonimended for good early ijasturage, and has Subtergiven good results when suwn in May ranean Clover is reeouiiiirnded for sandy soils. Wheat, Oats and Barley too are offered, and the best varieties of early, second early and maincrop
;

Vll

Ask Your Nurseryman or Seedsman
For the following Well

Potatoes.
culturist.

This

list

should

l)e

seen by every agri-

Known and Highly

Efficient Horticultural Preparations.

Reviews.
Thu
Vol.
lluilicuiturul Socidi/,* recently to hand, is, like all former issues, full of interest to gardeners. Though less bulky than usual several interesting articles are included, together with reports on important These include Rasptrials carried out at Wislcy. berries, Strawberries, Dahlias, Sweet Peas, Maincrop Culinary Peas and Maincrop Potatoes.
Joiiiniil
lit

thi:

I'lit/iil

THE CHEAPEST INSECTICIDE OF THE DAY
(NON-POISONOUSi

XLVll. Part

I,

NIQUAS" IMPROVED

A

outlined with an introduction from Mr. W. K. Dykes, followed by an outline of the system proposed by the Iris Committee. Contrilintions from the Wisley T-aboratory include a summary of Apple Pollination investigations and Pollen Carrying Agents in Orchards. The Winter Study of b'ruit Trees, by A. E.
is

The much needed

classification of

garden Irises

combined with other valun cheap, safe, and eHective Insecticide and dipping. It destroys all Insect Pests infesting Trees and Plants, whilst no possible in)my to vegetation can result from its use.
Extr:ict of Quassia,

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able ingredients, forming
for syringing

It

can be applied with syringe or pump, or used

*'or

1/9; quart, 3/- hilf-gallon, 4'9; gallon, 8 6; I'vu gallons, 16/-; three gallons, 21/five gallons, 32/'ten gallons, 56/Half- pint,
pint,
;

Prices

dipping

11;

;

1

gallon sufficient for 8o gallons of water.

Price

(to

Nun-Fellows)

5s.

STANDEN'S MANURE
(Gstablisbed over 35 Years)

BENTLEY'S
(winter wash)

-1
most

Exceeds

all

others in General Fertilising Properties and Staying

Powers
Sold in Tins,

Analysis on Application 9d., 1/6, 3/-, 6/- each. Bags, cwt., 24/cwt. 45/\'z
;

H

cwt.,

13/6

I

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in

Greenhouses.

"LETHORION"

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A

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Wash
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No.
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/ins ^itfftcicnt for

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For frames and ''lean-to's" up to i,ooo cubic feel. Trice. lOd. eacli. For small ifreenhouses up to 1.500 cubic feet.
Price,
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gallons of Wosli.

/3 each.
to 2,500

No.
1

3.

to 5 tins, 3 3
tins,

12 40

each 2/11 each;

tins, 2 7 each.

8 tins, 3 1 each 20 tins, 2 9 each; Carriage paid on 20 ;
;

For a well secured house of 2,000 cubic feet. Price, 1/9 each.

FOWLER'S LAWN SAND
This preparation is tor destroying Daisies and other weeds on lawns and at the same time stimulating the growth of If one tin is tried as a sample, its value will be the grass. at once appreciated. Sales are largely increasmg.
Tins, 1/6, 3/- and 5 '6 each
•,

orders and upwards.
Soh' Mtuiufaclurcrs

Bags, i/ cwt,,

10/-;

Joseph Bentley, Jose
II

Ltd.
HULL

%

cwt.,

19/-

;

I

cwt.,

35^-

Chemical Worl<s

I

BARROW-ON-HUMBER BARRO
Ill

SUMMER

ELLIOTT'S

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Mark No.

SHADING
14.639.
article)

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Pi
I

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LOO K
iood Cotton ^Lu.iIlgs, sjnall mesh, fur .liardeu iifis. puiiltry runs and lemiis t-ourls. 20.v<Is. bv 1. 1< 6il -m.vds. by 1, 5s.; 20ycls. by ?, 5s.: 40y.as. hy'2, 10s.; ami any Iciiirtli cr widtii reqviirod. If lines top and Ijoltuni, 1<l. per yard extra fur 2 lines, 81b. parrels (tritl Icn^lbs. foi bush proipclii'n. 4s Cariiaffn paid, rnsb wiiii unlei
;

For Greeiihouses. A pleasant green -^IkilIc is given to tlie glass. In packets, 1/6 for loo feet of glass, and 3/6 each for 300 feet.

CORRY 6
To be obtained from
all

Sole Manufacturers

:

Co.,

Limited
Sundries

Merchants and Maiiuiacturcrs o( Nurserymen, Seedsmen and Florists' Sundries and Tohacc<» Preparations Free oi' Duty, lor .\^rJcultural and Horticultural Purposes.
Dealers
in Horticultural

J.

M.

BREHDS,

Net Shop, Rye, Sussex

Vlll

IRISH

GARDENING
nuui of the Agricultural Organisation Society, contributes a preface.

Bunyard, F.L>., presents a lascinuting subject in quite an uncommon aspect, and one deserving of more attention. Notes on the Origin of the Moss Kose, by Major Hurst and Mabel S. S. Breeze, B.Sc., will be of intense interest to Rosarians who lake an interest in the past history of this charming type of rose. Various other Notes, Abstracts and Reviews complete an interesling volume.

The enormous growth of Agricultural Co-oi3erative Societies in this country during recent years and their value to the industry make the issue of this book most opportune.

Canada.
Dkpartment

New
Sir Paul

Books.

Dukes, who was Chief of the British Secret Service in Soviet Russia for a consideralile time after the frontier had been closed, is about to publi.sh through Messrs. Williams & Norgate a volume of his experience and observations. Under many disguises, rendered possil)le by his intimate knowledge of the country, he lived the life of the people and observed v/hat was taking
place.

Entomological AoRicuLTuiiii Bkanch Division of Foreign Pests Suppression Amendment to the Regulations under THE Destructive Insect and Pest Act.

or

At one time passing as an employee of the Extraordinary Commission for the .suppression of the counter-revolution, at another as a soldier of the Red Army, he saw Soviet Russia from the inside, while his adventures in escaping arrest and crossing and recrossing the frontier were intensely exciting.

7th, Hi22 (P.C. 2i)4i, the following insect pests are added to Section 18 of tlie Regulations under the Destructive Insect and Pest Act, which contains a list of the destructive insects, pests and diseases. Section 18. The destructive insects, pests and diseases to which the said Act shall apply include

Amendment ^'o. 13 (.Vo. 1 of 1922). By Order in Council, passed on February

the

— following —
:

Japanese Beetle

(Poisillia

japonica Naon).

Mexican Bean Beetle (Epilachna corrupta muls). Sweet Potato Weevil (Cylas formicarius Fab.V Satin Moth (Stili)notia salicis Linn).
Cumiiit (tiiU M'ltr (Eriophyes ribes Nalepa). Hazelnut Blister Mites (Eriophyes avellanea Nalepa) and (Eriophyes vermiformis Nal.).

"

Agricultural Co-operation in England .4Nd Wales," io the title of a volume by W. H. Warman, which Messrs. Williams & Norgate will publish in Mr. TiPslie Scott. K.C., M.P,, Chaiia few davs.

Arthur Gibson,
Dominion EntomohK/ist.
(>ttaw:i.

Feb.

14,

1922

LH

=

ESTABLISHED 1832. TELEPHONE 3351

(Private Branch Exchange).

TELEGRAMS— " BROOKS," DUBLIN

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WATERFORD Seeds and Trees of every description FOR Garden and Farm : iiiiiiiiiiiinilDiiiiiitiiiHiiitiiini Bulbs for : Garden and Greenhouse CATALOGUES FREE. . Waterford Nurserymen. Power & Co. Bulb Growers and Seedmerchants. Wm..

52 . he Flowering Crabs (Illustrated) . .50 . Some of the Lester Shrubby Veronicas . f-fiS. The Yew Walk Allotments at Mount Wilson. 57 Window Single Boxes and Baskets for the 53 . 60 w^ssm^f^^im' '^. A Fine Hardy Arum (Illustrated) . -^ . 56 56 56 Rock-edged Borders Putting (Illustrated) 52 52 .' T r . New Plants Gladioli — An Appreciation Out Poison Berries . . 49 53 54 56 Variety in ments Summer Bedding Arrange.. . Diplacus glutinosu* • -51 .fiSEQl MAY. . . King's County (Illustrated) . 1922 mine SIXPENCE Irish OardenlnS Contents PAGE ^ PAGE Geraniums with Beautiful Foliage . Wallflowers Stocks for Winter and Spring Blooming . 57 58 Chrysanthemums myosotidiflora Garden • • 53 Anchusa -53 The Month's Work Spring Flower Show .A^fiBan Jiito.

Care and Treatment Premium Bulls. 40. of Basic Slag. WireworruB. 41. 8. Sheep Scab. Out of Print. 22. 89.Department of Agriculture and Technical Instruction for Ireland LIST No. Poultry Fattening. Pasture Grasses. 19. 51. 5. . 13. The Black Currant Mite. 8. 23. 36. . Charlock (or Preshaugh) Spraying. 11. 8. 29. OF THE DEPARTMENT'S LEAFLETS No „ „ The Warble Fly. 87. 9. Rearing and Fattening of Turkeys. Flax Growing Experiments.. The Use and Purchase of Feeding Foot Rot in Sheep. Fluke in Sheep. Potatoes. The Use and Purchase Swine Fever. Winter Fattening of Cattle. Intensive and Semi-Intensive PonltryKeeping. Prevention of White Scour in Calves. Blackleg. and Management in Calves. 47. 21. 60.. „ „ „ „ „ Mangels. 1. Early Potato Growing. 17. Turnips. Poultry Parasites— Fleas. 13.. 10. Timothy Meadows. Milk Records. Oats. Dishorning Calves. 16. Experiments—Barley. 18. 33. and Winter Egg Production. Portable Poultry Houses. 27. Calf Rearing. . 38. f Stuffs. 7. 46. Contagious Abortion in Cattle. Profitable Breeds of Poultry. Fowl Cholera. 44. 2. 48. The Turnip Fly. 24. Mites. Black Quarter.. 42. Field „ . Liquid Manure. 81. The Liming of Land. Breeding and Feeding of Pigs. 35. 49. or Blue 30. 20. 26. 43. Meadow Hay. :— Gapes. 1. Permanent The Rearing Chickens. Prevention of Potato Blight. 84. The Leather-Jacket Grub. Haymaking. 14. 32. 15. Quarter. 25. Foul Brood or Bee Pest. Celery Leaf-Spot Disease or Blight. 28. 45. of " Husk " or " Hoose " Ringworm on Cattle. Diseases of Poultry of Manures. fLice. Flax Seed. . 62.

CONSTRUCTS PERGOLAS & PLANTS WATER. Veldhuyzen van Zanten Wholesale Bulb Grower McM. — ^132. posl free. Gladiolus. StiifH' sorts of Dutch Uulbs and Flower Roots excellent quality. h. Makers: . PHONE. Mussel Scale. Black Spot. from Florists. and Bud. 6/Obtained of all principal each. froDi MORRIS.. Antipest. Section* M. O W. LITTLE THEY ARE & SON. ^c.— For Blight. and this purpose cubic . Sweet Pea growers as a preventive and cure o\' Streak. at moderate prices. & Sons. Lint— FREE &. 1/. Ltd. LONUOIN. followed by Good and Plentiful Crops. on Apple and other Fruit Trees.hs. Nottingham Bulwell. Prices will glatlly be sent on application.uoo Tone. DESIGNS & LAYS OUT LAWNS & PLEASURE GROUNDS. lo fumigate l. WELLS & COIVIPANV MERSTHAWl. Pesticide. SMYTH. Used by all the leading. CO.All Holland and other a Speciality. Begonias. SURREY (l 'H^ F there is one kind of advertising which lends itself more than any other to artistic resultproducing illustration it ^^>0T0 SHRfo^ is the AUTO-SHREDS EUTAIN DEATH to l. The more you Colour blocks illiislratf the better the results. CHRYSANTHEMUMS NOW READY Post free on application W.or direct I'arief ies no-.000 cubic fett (for tender foliag^d Plants). KEITH. in LITTLE'S Fruit Tree Spraying Fluids Assure the Progressive Fruit Grower of Clean Healthy Trees in Branch.6afmining Maggots.500 cubic feet. 0} all CHRYSANTHEMUMS General Catalogues of all Ihe leadhur Nurserymen.S . 50 Middle Abbey Dublin. Sei'dsmetiand Florists. Ltd. Twig.r. Seedsmen. advertising of Seeds. Darlington APPARATUS REguiACD "At^KINhY.v readv.. 10. . and or WELLS' CATALOGUE OF Stale Qumitities " Carriage paid" qnoUidon.M W. HA THE BEST AND ALL HAND ^L\1)K SHEERING NURSERIES R L. late ripenint. 2.— For Red Spider. DUBLIN J. f. ESSE X CHEAPEST Artistic Fern hare Pans and Bulb Bowls ami Sizes required. on Gooseberry Trees. very beautiful Line. NO p'.000 cubic feet (ft r ordin1 /9 aiy Plants). 4 /6 10. ii'C. SON. White Fly and all Pests hifesting Plants under Glass.- Miscellaneous RICHARD G.UBLIN IRISH PHOTO St. Doncaster LUXFORD & CO. Ltd. LISSE.. DALKEY. urite for Price RICHARD SANKEY Royal Potteries. for We produce In boxes feet. FLOWER AND BOG GARDENS MOUNT HENRY. &c. ROCK.

9. MOSS. every Building Requisite TIMBER. 6 9 12 6 10 18 distinct . 21/9 36. distinct var. Also stocked in the regular box sizes BROMAS " for general household for and estate purposes of "VALENTINE" " hay barns. All (ibuve Carriage and Packing paid No.6.'. ELLIS & Co. „ . 33 .. BRICKS.. PAINTS. 50 Dissolves Quickly in Cold Water. „ . 2. 5.. sufficient for ^f Please send for Catalogue of over lOO different varieties tj.6 . post free. including 10 1922 var. Dublin . V. 7 1b. IRONMONGERY. 1 2. 1. postage Bd. carri ige jaid on Drum o 2. GARDEN WALKS. 1 oz.^ lilllflllNlllllilllllilllllllMlillllllllllr^ ^ TELEGRAMS— " BROOKS. I Cut to dimensions. post free Compound Extract of Quassia Tobacco I'int. No other manure necessary.. Awavdeil OoM Medal Aiiulo-Anierieaii Kxhibition. Asbestos-Cement Roofing Slates & Flat Building Sheets for inside Rot proof & damp proof.- „ . ct 32 6 50 in 50 vars 65/. 2. lists. Silverhall ISL. and BROOKS mil THOMAS & LTD. 17 6. On rail Tonbr dge. Plastic Repair BROMASTITE .. Perpetual Flowering Carnations 12 plants in 12 var.— KillsDaisies etc and fertilises the grass. newest Types. 56 lb. BOILERS Also . allowe-t ^^"hen returned. 2 6: quart. CO. 2 5 i>er lb. Please ask for GREENHOUSES And GARDEN FRAMES.G. ROADS. | I HORTICULTURAL GLASS.6 6.l^llllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll^ t = (( ALLWOODir in Prices. . " Compound for repairing leaky roofs and cracked glass. Ltd. !. GLASS PAINT " &c.. 4.EAVORTH miiiiiiiiiiiiii' I Xnrsery ^ MIDDLESEX % ' (Dept. 2 6. sufficient .. jiost free.6 6. 1/6 ^.-." DUBLIN liilllllllllll!! 1 ESTABLISHED 1832. 24 in 24 vars. the addition of - 7. . TONBRIDOE. 3.-.. Perpetual Border Carnations 6pla. gallons A. Lawn Sand.. iiost free Insecticide.tlloii... and only needs ing 6 1922 var. TELEPHONE 3351 (Private Branch Exchange).. galls . also for General Repair Work. SLATES. „ 15. Bronze Mechil Royul Ilnrlicuitiiral Society. post free. Sackvillc Placc..Carriage Packing paid = = ^ ^ = = := M . etc.. eominmnil iis the liquid. 21/. - THE ACME CHEMICAL f CO. ON CARRIAGE DRIVES.— ga'lon 5..-.'-. sufficient for 1 •gallon of water. Now No. 1/- 25~ 50 1"U 150 . KENT. etc. And heating plants. doubles the life galvanized iron. I.s not separate 1 lb.. Mixesinstantly with water and doe. 13/-. Plant varieties. ^.. packed and delivered at your railway station.. „ 1922 . & outside walls. PETREX " for conservatories. '^. &c. iiiiiiiiit!!iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii. to 8TZE OF TINS make 12. X. i BUILDERS' PROVIDERS. "DEAUTITE" " .s of water Extract of Quassia Insecticide.. 1 — 1 lb.Carriage d: Packing paid Soluble Paraffin. . 23 distinct var. \\'atfr.tsin6vars.) I'iut. does not flake off. . 4. includ- POWDER WEED Tile ^n\i\e elieiniL-al KILLER. 3. Arsenate of Lead (Paste) for de. 10. Tins free.. . 2/3.stmying all leaf eating insects... "ACME" = « Great Reduction Col. 5/6 7/6 12 6 WEED KILLER DESTROYS WEEDS.. .

. Mriiiiiiiriiittiirriiitij 18lB MILL ST. 6 Roses for All I'lLrposes.success of vour garden is ensured. Carnations.. terproof dressed.. beautiful nii. \Vrite for Bees' Catalogues of Seefls. 3/6 J 25 yds. etc. GASSON & SONS ''rye.100. by Girden Nets. 6/6.Medal Roses. containing dozens of coloured plates and hundreds ot lifedike phnto-|iietures. Roses. Lists free also " Lnstructions in Fruit Bottling" isiliich is Alpine & Herbaceous Plants . 10/6. and covers them up. J. Great saving of seeds and practically no thinning out." sl-ssex.. Forms a drill. Mode rale Prices. J. and = 60 CONDUIT STREET. 20/-. an. . 9/-. Dorset. Perpetual fl. Flowering Shrulis for Town or t'uuntrv. Ltd. Complete Cianlen 'I'ool Set. R. BroadstODe.is^s for arches. sows the seeds. N LJ R P* ^ "^ ^ ^^ r% ^ CELEBRATED UNRIVALLED GARDEN CROPS * " " «JP SOLD BY ALL SEEDSMEN & NURSERYMEN . 12 Roses for All Purposes. 1/-. 3/6 doz.. Oaly I | British IVlade (triple tested and guaranteed) Roses. Cheaper kind Established 120 years liept in stock Ca-r. reduces labour to minimuin.s. 17/6. you not only insure yourself against loss. 19 /-. POST FREE Violet Runners. 18/-.^ha. Beesiau Lupins. by 3 yds. Profit.) Mm 6 Bees' Free Garden I Insurance. well and strongly made.\I1 (/arriagc Paid. iiiMiiiiMiuiiiiiiiijiiiiiiiiiiiiiiMii>iiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiiiiriiiiini iiiiiiiiiiiiimil iiinMiiiiiMinMiiiitiNii LIVERPOOL."i/rj. by ua to the Royal Gardens.. La France and Princess of Wales.^^ i^tasss. 6 Roses for Exliihition. 12 '-. 4/6. § the Catalogues. . Leather. 8/-.| — Ill iiiiiiiiiiiriiiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiiii)iiiiiiiiitiiitiii. 11 /6. oiled and yd. :5fl I : not a to\Simple for anyone to a lifetime use will sow a thimbleful of seeds the right distance apart without bacl<-breaking work. 6 Roses tor Buttuiilloles. MCKENZIE & Sons. Hardy Clematis in Pots. Double-edged Saw. 6 packets of Seeds value 1 /-. If v(m send 6d. Hardy Animal Flowersfor Border or Cutting. DUBLIN Maxwe 1 & Beale. Test these— . Double 'i'eii-week Stocks.ntestei) By 18 6 ea?h without baudlc Carriage 1/extra.'''' Fruit Baskets and Punnets DESCRIPTIVE CATALOGUE-GUIDE OF . est s:lectei W. | Three Huxiused Per Cent. = I I Three Implements in one. 50 seeds each. Ladies' and Gents'. 7/-. Fruit Iresi. \Vr!/c fir r/lHstrahd List l. 10/6. real giants.. Oriental Poj. buying Bees Gii. 12 Prize Cactus l)Mhlia. Varieties " All-the-Year-Round " Vegetables. Fruit Netting H. 25 yda. 25/. A Boon to all 6 15 8 8 12 6 12 Rauibler R. etc. ". require to take out for Yor insurance of your garden. Canvas. Trade supplied. 18/-. 10/-. fine sorts. recent novelties. 11 /-3. 25 yds. 1 /9 8 pkts. W. The Dorset Nursery. 5 '6.\uy Icnglh or width supplied.)r Cutting. C Gold . Hardy Azaleas. 5/-. border or pota. 5/-. ^rriiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiliiiiiiiiirililliiiiiiirliiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiKtiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiMKii^ I I The ^' Triumph No. etc. BEE HIVES AND ALL APPLIANCES Fruit PROTECT YOUR BUDS FROM FROST AND BIRDS. 9 Michaelmas llaisies. 12 Beesian Sweet Williams. everv one a gem. LIMITED Work | Warstone Parade Works. Garden Gloves. mixed shades. 1 12 pair. GAUNT & SON. 9/-.\ed shades. Large Stocks. but tht. THOMSON'S FOR ALL M A. 7. Write to-dav ^ NOW— Lest You F. you will receive besides ^Sia.to you when vou send in your order. GREAT BRUNSWICK ST.l a voucher w another 1/. . ^' | I IMPROVED I E SEED SOWER (ProvisJODally protected. All orders executed in Will last — — = | = i = rotation. Manufacturers of Swords and Small Accurate Metal | = Establislwii ^oo years.G. a most interesting and profitable hobby THOS. Plants. small mesh.uget. throughout.. Plants. a policyyou All ciun't llio • " Jireil to do is to FOLLOW a policy.iiiitMiiiiitiiiiiiiitiitiiiiiiiiiitiiii^ IRISH GARDENING.iiic-. post free. Packing free Gaidetiers Hardy Flowers l. by 2 yds.\s supplied i Preserving Bottles Protecting I'aid. Birmingham. Seeds. ISpkts.

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with dull green leaves. parks. v. The fruit is very small. upright flowers in clusters. It is one of the first and best to flower here. Botanical e. atrusdnijuinea has the rich colouring the its very sweet perfume adds to its charms. A tall thin tree. coniiKiiui. A native of Japan. It is a pity it is not planted more frequently in gardens. name — — great attraction is in the autumn. make it a landmark in the garden. P. in April.\i)loration of the past twenty years in China has shown that many Crabs and come from Crabs which were called Japanese have their origin in the wilds of China. is widely spread in Nature from Siberia. in instance. they make a novel dessert. has beautiful scarlet and orange fruits produced in wonderful profuse clusters. paler when open. Mains corona lia is a short -trunked. when the branche. hanging from the lower side of the branches. came. HuUiana and the double variety Paikiiiiinii (garden origin) are no less beautiful than fldi-iliiDuhi. Each fruit is a perfect little apple. It seldom fruits well in Ireland. Yunnanensis was introduced in 1901. the ideal tree for the front of a shrubbery. it deserves a place in the gardens of those who appreciate fragrant flowers. America. The leaves keejj their purple colour till the autumn. it came to Europe by N. the Himalayas. mains. I'. on the slender drooping branches. its trees. and again. .vDY Crabs. which grows into a tree 40 feet high. spectabilis and some form of P. the beautiful Siberian Crab. when the beauty. but lias later been found in Western China. 7'. IlaUiiiiui first came from Japan. of rniorigin. 7«'H. The East Wecst. in. Boiled whole in syrup and bottled.s laden with scarlet and yellow fruit. Its pink blossoms. also a small tree. damson-like shining fruits formed on some but were soon swept off by birds. A. they have a pleasant flavour. Biiujo. P. is surmised to be a hybrid between P. /'. 7'. Torhujo is The name Toringo means Cliinese Apple. are as sweet as violets. most satisfactory tree puts forth its blossoms in fair or foul weather. losecoloured bud opens into delicate pink flowers as big as a shilling.s is considered to be the parent of the sweeter apples. from N. May and The familiar and beautiful mendier of the Pyrus family Pi/rus mains floiihunda. two inches across. There are two distinct forms Sylvestiis and Mitis. «!. always at a high altitude. its shorter than fruit-stalks those of Sylrestiis. It has long oblong leaves and bunches of small fruits. covered with white blossoms. Tliey need more sunshine. The variety Miti. and remain fresh for weeks. iniiliix the crab apple of the hedgerows is the parent of cultivated garden apples. In spring they can hold their own with any fiowering. In'l920. and hedgerows. The deep. of its l)ranches. W. It opens early here (Glasnevin). corona ria. known the first as it opens. other varieties is runidisiarii known in nurseries as the Paiadise stock. It has a double flowering form. liright rose colour in the bud. from Japan. Var.— — IRISH VOLUME xvn No. its twigs are very woolly. they make a second show of colour that is both l)eautiful aie and useful. with white flowers in corymbs and reddish fruits. This never-failing. but they do not flower so profusely. Its suggests. America in 1905. The finest of all Cralis. downy on both sides. to Manchuria and Eastern China. Sometimes called Mains fragrans.w fruits. for well-made jelly is crab-apple delicious. As they fade they get white. pyramidal in shape. Oah />P« 'iL the Crabs are doubly useful to the gardener. wide-spreading tree. 195 GARDENING MAY '9-2 A MONTHLY JOURNAL DEVOTED TO THE ADVANCEMENT OF HORTICULTURE AND ARBORICULTURE IN IRELAND EDI70R-J. raised by Mr. John Duiniie. showing in twigs and leaves. flowers in June. m. III.s(. Long rosy buds. Zvnii is a small pyramidal tree. tree. Laden branches for table or room decoration are very pleasing. but the blossom is short-lived and the fruit not so atti'active as many other Crabs. It has been found since in many localities in China. brownish yellow to red. BESANT The Flowering By AS ornamental trees Jj. but the Japanese have sent out uuiny beautiful varieties. Among later. when its abundant bright yelli. flowers varying from pale pink to deep rose. Pjjins harciifa. five or six in a cluster. P. It was discovered by Dr. Holmes near Lichfield.s— the Iowa Crab— is closely allied to 1'. It is a distinct graceful habited tree. is only . and borne in clusters on very slender stalks. Henry in Eastern Szech'uan. becoming paler P. Moore.

It is largely used in Japan as a stock on which to graft imported varieties of the European apple. Some of us remember the days of Pelargonium. This is one of the most useful and distinct of all the flowering (as distinct from Its habit of vigorous growth. Bit}rio. All Crabs fruit regularly. and now promises to form a good specimen in a few years. the Oregan Crab. more and more that to have a beautiful garden one is not bound to provide a greenhouse for the propagation of sidijeets so tender. It is little known in cultivation now. upright of the Chinese introductions. paler Ijeneath.. but a what slowly Here at at first. rose-coloured double flowers. by the plentiful crop of cherry-like little which in the autumn hang on the trees long after the leaves have dropped. It used to be considered correct to grow almost the same class of plants in the beds and borders year after year. Fortiuiately. a native of W.s.iea are connnon in w^ayside thickets. with an edging. a big tiee with erect branches. and ripens about the end of October. pointed at the tip.is. looks beyond the mere effect produced by following a pattern of plants set out with geometrical exactitude to the greater beauty and usefulness of subjects that. /'.t Thei fern.MALiTY in summer bedding. Perhaps the it is not jjlanted is the attraction those brilliant red apples have for those to whom colour in the hedgerow means less than a crab apple in of both are collected. flowers from end to end. indeed.s/. as was practised close on lialf a century ago. Yellow globose fruits. . fruiting) Crabs. Scheiderlceri comes into flower quite three w-eeks later than P. This little-known Chinese tree is a very distinct species.ipertdJiilis and P. mahif Silieiilrclu'ii. . It dislikes the knife. and if cut wliile the buds are just opening will hist a fortnight. with comparatively little trouble. upon line at tlie same height. the interest of this tree is in its rich red colour. 31ii(jdebunjen. Hupeh it and its form ru. P. to beautify luid few would advocate attempting It is being recognised a garden on such a plan. no autunm beauty of fruit. deep. out. lowbranching tree. leaves. A native of Japan. with leaves. hut this fact seems insufficient reason for giving it such a dreadful name. w'reathed in blossoms. there is a distinct charm about a garden in which a variety of subjects enter largely into the arrangements. even the young wood when cut. sharply-toothed.stays in flower a long time. (" Golden Feather") and Happily. stems. It is a hybrid between flinUiiinda and. Introduced from Siberia. it is very beautiful in Spring when covered with its large white flowers.. the effect being increased by the purple calyx and the reddish tint of the unfoldIt . specfaliilh. open in May. P. and used reason the mouth. is quite un- — known. flurUnnuhi. Theifem is widely distributed in the true. after all. a small. It has larger and deeper-coloured flowers than P. an inch The fruit across. Xiedziretzhi/iuia is considered to be only a colour sport from P. ftonbiinda X P. with flowers for the adornment To tliousands to-day actual bedding of his home. almost a thing of the past. They seem to like lime. P. Many people who used to . downy long. should any transgress this law. Pale rose flowers often semi-double. and flowers in great profusion from the middle of April well into May deep rosy-red. wine-coloured.s which open P. long egg-shaped red and yellow fruits. bearing handsome clusters of large. such plants were jMiiched back until they conformed to ideas crude and cramped. covered the following May with clusters of fi to 10 large Branches a yard long. shining green leaves. can be cut for house decoration without any danuige to the tree. This is one of the largest and best of the Malus group. flowers. paling towards the end of its season. This hybrid is called P. which brings them into the list of flowering trees that do well in County Dublin.^is was raised in the Magde- — Inirg district of Germany from a cross between P. It has a variety pendiilu — with graceful weeping branches. Variety in Summer Bedding ments. shoots from 3 to 4 feet in one season. The leaves rigid branching spurs on the trunk.iniioi. or even two. In Western mountainous regions of China. —This is one of the gems A small. and shares its peculiarity of having fruits marked with white dots. because in Hardy Perennials and Hardy . one plant in this garden is upright. there is sure to be much to delight the eyes. with stiff spreading branches. rosy in the bud. branches. The flowers are two inches across. — only ]>lanted in their cpiarters for a sliow of — at the . distinct among all other Crabs in cultivation by the excessive development of thick. P. however. Xieihu-etzkyana has resulted ni a iiappy blend of purple foliage and verv dark red flowers with the graceful floiilmnd'a habit.-iiiieiisis. the Sikkim Crab. perhaps. white flowers. Crabs are not very fastidious as to soil. FoR. mnlus Prattii. IRISH GARDENING The leaves tea. mains. They germinate freely. In flower it is one of the finest of the crabs. so that at wliatever period one may visit it during summer. spectiiljilis Kiiidu is probably a hybrid between P. and are oval. Fynis si>ect(ibilis. twigs.\nnuais they have all that they desire to bring about gayness and to provide them with blossoms in plenty for cutting. West Brighton Gem. It is described as being of purely Inishy habit. P. siJcctabilU and P. rii-ukiris. P. and stands frost with more indifference than -most of its tribe. generally speaking. tree. The average gardener to-day MoiiiiiiN lon. spi'ctdliilis. so rivalled . line Ni/. and are cultivated occasionally. that have to be |)repared and hardened Viefore they can be finally of iitiip}iin Pyicthium liibbon Grass. which are white disc-like blossoms. rose-tinted white flowers. Arrange- and was sent out by Spath of Berlin. set in painful uniformity. are even mori' effective.best a few months' duration. so thoroughly is the tree permeated with red colouring matter Pyrut: mnhi. as one formerly understood it. and it has pale pink flowers less round in shape than those of the bushy plant. but Glasnevin May frost is often deadly. is now. It ha. mains (dasyphylla). as a beverage Hence its Pyrus iSaiijeiifi was named in honour of the great systematic botanist of the Arnold Arboretum near Boston. P. Tt is very hardy. in. pninifolia is a small tree with white flowers in April.S'iA-/. it grew someimproved with some aiteiition to feeding. rather like P. which is drunk as a substitute for name. P. and come P. those days have gone. America. and the sportive yellow Calceolaria. and tliat will furnish him year by year. shows Ijright red right through.ipples. . purpurea. dried. the ing leaves! fruit is small. is pear-sliaped a curious dark red colour with paler dots. in.

but the annual expense of plants which have to be reared under glass some months in the year has led many to tin-n to other subjects of a more enduring character.4Nts. a greenhouse plant deserving of wider culture. It would be foolish to condemn in a wholesale fashion tri-coloured Pelagoniums. provided anyone will study them. it has now become quite common to see many faun'liar annuals like Nigellas Calliopsis. Vt. Hardy plants provide a perfect treasury of blossoms. . Propagation is effected by cuttings of half-ripened wood in sandy soil in a propagator. but for enhancing the beauty of the home. but unfortunately it is little known.IRISH GARDENING go to iuiiiieuse trouble.borne over a long period. Campanulas. Poppies. often hold one spell-bound by their simple beauty. and not . J. and yield a loveliness that is not for the garden only. Helianthu. Of perennial growth. Lychnises and' Starworts.'ius. To us that seems tn be a 51 almost a pure orange. There is an old saying which runs thus " Distance lends enchantment to the view " in these days it is not distance but variety of plants in a garden that firings joy and pleasuie and tho. that to have a panorama of flowers. nothing can pos.st greenhouse plants. but present day conditions all point to less formality in gardening. from spring days to the chilly autumn hours. Many borders are in these days brighter much earlier than they used to be in the tinie of bedding plant regime. and sown about borders containing them. Rudbeckias.i little exijense annually.— One good feature about some of our hardy plants is thai one may have flowers Ivefore bedding subjects have become established in their summer quarters. twinin" habit. The colour of the flowers is not by any means coninion among. not unlike those of a Mimulus. are plrus magdeburgensis in the koyal botanic Gardens. to have a display of summer bedders have long since abandoned that idea. meets all its requirements. One was almost led to believe by the bedding plants put out in May in suburban gardens that other subjects would not thrive. Dublin. once so much in vogue for edging purposes and for carpet-bedding arrangements. Doronicums bring their golden rjioouis in April and May. Diplacus glutinosus.bell-glass.3ib'ly conipete with Hardy Perennials. especially during the summer months exude a sticky or " gunimv " substance hence its second appellation. they form pleasing additions to any greenhouse.se we have noted are not the least charni: iiig. Polyanthuse. possessing a straggling. 'and plant with a view to coiitinuitv of flowering. Plants summer may also be employed in beds or window boxes. arid to a decided encouragement in subjects that follow each other in succession. very freely . Delphiniums Phloxes. The narrow dark green leaves. it needs but treatment accorded to the ordinary occupants of a greenhouse. with a little sharp sand. and find amongst perennials and annuals a beauty and variety the like of which they never appreciated as they do to-day. Popular Pl.IXDERS Le. in their prime. decided advantage. Godetias.oam and leaf-mould. and if the plants can be trained over wire supports. where miscellaneous flowering plants are grown to succeed with Viplacus filvtinn.beauty and are now often quartered 011 borders wdiere. outside in the with good effect. W This is I. M]iums.s and Foreet-mcix'ots and Wallflowers contribute a splendid stait to summer . We have long been conseious of the fact. to^iame a few.ses! Trolliuses. Pseonies and Pyret!ii-uius follow on closely. but we luive liv<'d to see that not only ui ihose gardens but in the very heart of towns 'that many hardy subjects have proved a success. LiNDERS Lea.\. and we submit it has cnutiibuted not a little to their popularity. or under a . Calendulas. or given a lead towards the rafters. Lavateras. and others that linger with us when the autuuni frosts have disfig\n-ed those that are tender. The flowers. or to shut out o'f our purview Alternantheras or Lobelias.

North County Dublin. and even the proximity of a sheltering shrub or overhanging branch may give the new addition a chance of establishing and becoiuing hardy and The nurse plant. where limestone or sandstone is to be found. ancl the rapidity with which new species are introduced from temperate coinitries makes it imperative to test their suitability for our gardens at once. with white foliage and even whiter flowers. of enthusiastic gardeners part of their pleasure in trying new plants. On a corner of one of the raised lieds. may have As the never regarded Gladioli very seriously. stones which form the steps on the approach. Ceiasfhim t(/mentosum ("Snow in Summer ").. Now and again one comes across such borders." One such a trailing is to be found in Sedum siKithvlifohum subject. not infrequently obtained from a local quarry. that once planted and established will go for years w'ithout requiring much attention." will grow on dry banks and between stones. A VERY large number derive no little — — May. and it was that tall-grow'ing subjects luvd for the most part been excluded. or of no value. Primroses and Forget-iue-Nots bring the spring days nearer." for every stone had to be carried and wedged into i)lace before soil could be brought or planting thought of. or to obscure the view. In like posiPittosporums have estabtion. when patience is where trouble is not counted Putting out Ne-w Plants. where it has flourished ever since. is the Valerian." on page the means iiiactical article from the 41 of Irish G. Trailing Veronicas. and must have involved a deal of labour at the time. with flowers of brightest blue. and sorts like pusilla and pulla protrude their innumerable miniature bells from out their And wild compact growths of tender stems. but the I later. so as not to interfere with each (jther. and the tender Vilninnnn (^^onsider well. able to do without protection. with yellow flowers. wind their shoots round oak stumps driven in the ground to help to retain the walls. and the old CandyHelianthemums the tuft I he lis semperfiicns. with its warm sun and growing atmo- Fireball. There is a natural disposition to choose sunny positions for plants thought to be tender. with its violet-blue flowers. up to now. the retaining walls of the little terraces opportunity has been taken to make use of crevices and odd corners to plant bulbs. can be removed if a duplicate quently — the various forms of dwarf Campanulas are most useful. facing east or north. and deiuonstrated how be derived. and it gives those partictdarly interested in plants of lowly garden entranced much beauty may In ciniiUry gaixlens is making borders and prociunhent growth an opportunity to show what ran l)e done in growing subjects. with the beauty of foliage and blossoms. was merely a. For planting about rocks and stones Rosy Gem. Clematis Aitiuindii in failed miserably until transferred to a north w'all. writer tritely puts it. but. Thrifts.4rdening. of inspiritig some who. common enough on old walls in villages. it is situated on a hill side.\lKTir. but fre. so that the borders have had to be banked up with stone to prevent the soil falling away. Init the plants have softened down the rough places. lished. is usually suitable for putting out any plant with pretensions to hardiness. the decision between sun and shade makes" the difference betw-een failure and success. It is a garden in which time has been willingly given. Many that are suspected of being tender are grown for a year or so in pots. like the " Snapdragon. something to be admired. Ultimately it becomes necessary to put them to the final test by planting outside. . raised above ground level. with plants set out at equal distances. Tides can be given. those of a dwarf and trailing habit being planted. visitor Id the home. ruber is the true perennial species.— IRISH GARDENING Rock-edged Borders. profusely borne in summer.soil. Many evergreens of reputed tenderness do much better Here.\STON. and to-day the whole presents solidity and security. never fails to give a good account of itself. It is an old-fashioned plant. plants have a fair chance of establishing themselves and lipening their growth before w-inter returns. In a dry summer like last it suffered not a little from the fact that the soil is of a sandy nature. It is a fewyears since this garden was first made. neatness in the inattei. Gladioli I —An Appreciation. and I also noted the wide range of subjects employed. and overhang the ledges with their myriad blossoms. with the summer in front of them. you see borders edged with rough pieces of stone. situation. find a home (Armerias). It is to be feared that some of us are losing sight of plants that once were " old-tiiue favourites. and. red and white flowers from out their cushion-like growth are very pleasing in May and June. and to-day it is an exemplification of the old adage. may establish themselves in such a position only precocious growth the following to ije coaxed into spring. this garden is a ]iii'In ture in its early spring and summer beauty. sphere. exercised and very nnicli. Sun Roses find a home in many corners. One thing struc-k me ])articularly. " nothing withoiu labour. and the less it is disturbed the better. and their crimson. is to be seen blooming side by side with mussini. and Appeninuiu are well represented. and it would be difficult tc conceive a greater show of blossoms day after day for so many weeks' duration as these plants furnish. " the Gladiolus is a plant for garden equally overvlxidy. instead of geometrical exactitvide. Conditions then are such as to encourage innnediate growth. me. flowers have taken possession in a portion of this Peering out of the flag hill-side rock garden. Golden Queen. and. the smoky blue flowers of Nepeta Another plant in this garden. and kept as cool as possible in order to acclimatise them. but being situated in a south aspect. pen be of TRUST that the " B. Qeranium (rrandifiuium (Crane's Bill). too. as so much depends on the and aspect of a garden. so that from spring's earliest days to the close of autiuim there is something to charm. The edges of these borders are fringed with boulders and sandstone. One such garden is in my mind as I write. are little known. perishing by a sudden spring frost. w-here other plants would scarcely exist. in shaded positions. then. V. and adorns the villa . but that Many plants is not always a correct conclusion. before finally deciding on the No trial position for a doubtfully hardy plant. B. May finds it all aglow with Aidjrietias and Aralns. Few people nowadays are content to go on growing the same plants year after year.of not always considered. several tender riKjosiim. straight lines.

" because. venonly of late years that the may — — Window^ Boxes and Baskets ing them. and they need little attention afterwards when Once staking has been doiie. Time was. or long before these are half grown. in 53 ture an opinion. on many occasions. Verbenas and Petunias. hairy. GARDENING. inyoso'tiiUfliira is a good subject for semi-shade. some exhibitors only saw beauty who ' . for the rather singidar that amongst the thousands plant early-flo\yering Chrysantlremums in their garden. other varieties were comparatively little known or appreciated. it is private grower has awakened from liis lethargicstate concerning this one of the most beautiful of bulbous plants as apart from the scarlet Brenehleyensis. With us it usually blossoms in advance of Ompholode." If I — . when given room to grow. and more than once have lieen cognisant of our mistakes in this direction. and prejudice concerning them has died away. concerning certain Palargoniums grown fifty years and more ago because of tlieir pretty foliage. In the days when the Single forms were first introduced growers of Chrysanthemums for exhibition did not take kindly to them at all. perhaps. which rise to 9 inches or 1 toot. so it seems to me. Jolni Woolnian. . or box. As Gladioli increase in numbei' each year." are seldom. crushed . the flow'ers come before the leaves. It is — Furnish- a flower through the telescope of size. considering their worth for table decoration when cut. this Borage attracted considerable attention at a recent Royal Horticultural Show in London.-< vernd and nitido. again one comes across them in large estabLishaiedtSi' where. These flowers. May and . It W'Oidd scarcely be correct to say. If we must make it that — no means a new or very uncommon plant. if ever. Perhaps the early-fiow-ering sorts of this section only require to" be better know-n to be appreciated: indeed. a fully-grown plant. Xathdlie. W. are produced on elegant. with white disc. airy sprays. LlNDEES Le. once the pride of the " fancy. and all that one need do is to lift the corms before frost can i-each them. — — Geraniums with Beautiful Foliage. for general decorative purposes. large sprays of pure white lacy petals. bright crimson red. indeed. where the plants are grouped. A. I look upon them as a good investment. where they could be seen to their fullest advantage. as. I am sure of this. of "which Flower of Spring may be cited as an example. which are put to similar use. salmon apricot. Bosamund Hall. and keep them in a cool. except to say that corms may be planted as late as May.sorts. heart-shaped leaves are developed. growing the " baby " corms of the first season in a bed to themselves the next. T. and would suggest to those who have not hitherto tried them in their borders to do so tliis year. like little Forget-me-Nots. We have in mind late-struck cuttings of ivy-leaved Pelargoniums and Fuchsias. especially in beds on well-kept lawns. r. Fasriniition deep golden yellow. but. but the' foliage disappearing in autumn.strawberry. Possibly. the highly-coloured tricolour Pelargoniums. when " Geraniums " with beautifnl foliage were prized very much for bedding purposes.paik.1. MUlniijht Hun. clear and large flowers. It ihe truth lie told. is What one should aim at. Quantity rather than. of the white-edged .I. terra cotta. bronze. Altiinrhani Yellow. and ceased to be. Anchusa Though l>y myosotidiflora. them so admirably in the article referred to that it is inrnecessary to add anything further in this direction. cream. if possible. the ground appears to be covered by a haze of azure. LiNDERS Single It is Le. and in such numbers that. Fire King. the Singles are not nearly so much employed as one would expect them to be.INDERS Le. so much so indeed tliat societies are springing u]) every year for the furtherance of the growth of " B. A nice selection will be foiind in the follow-ing SimpUrify. at the moment. crimson. for. and now'here does it look better than in colonies beneath deciduous trees. a confession. and in many quarters interest in tliem is very keen. . and will furnish delightful spikes in early autuuni. pale rose. dry place until the following year. not always the plants specially grown for window boxes and for lianging baskets that make the liest display. that will serve us in either capacity during the summer. Carrie Lii.*. A. : W. as they are amenable to training and trailing if only the start is made w-ith young plants. made better stuff than we imagined they would do l)y the beginning of June. as a grower of them. The W.ifortl.— II^ISH well witli tlie large piiljlu. if we look round. DoUy Thurpe. To an extent this is also true of another favourite the Heliotrope and amongst seedlings we liave in mind. so that in most societies provision is now uuide for the inclusion of Singles in the schedules. The spikes are becoming popular for table decoration. Bronze Queen.\. quality of blossoms. but the interest is mild in comparison to that shown by our American cousins. Happily. We may find many subjects.June are the best months for planting them out.some of us have realized the futility of cramming into the restricted space of a basket. But no one can shut his eyes to the fact that a great change has been brought about. they jiije grown in pots for indoor decoration. pink. now and. the " oddsand-euds " of seed pans and striking pits plants which were either too small or not good enough for Ijedding out. suffused with peach. had Chrysanthemums Garden. the Singles are very charming. No sooner have these begun to go off than the big. met with out-or-doors in any quantity. in so far as exhibitors are concerned. that " they tlieir day. With the exception." has dealt with the culture of Gladioli. but it is smnmer time before they have attained their full size. who devote considerable space to their culture. however. Xiohe. shading to amber. and consequently. both of which are eminently suited to culture in either baskets or boxes. for not only is it a very early bloomer (February to April). the dainty sprays of charming Single Chrysanthemums were regarded as somewhat inferior. as well as Thumbergias the latter an extremely pretty greenTiouse annual specially suited for baskets suspended from a roof. very tew are grown in these days. the most part. and appraise them at their full value. we must admit has been. In habit it is imlike most others of its tribe. and then replant. we know that to-day much com^ petition and keen interest is evinced in this very beautiful and useful class.

not in the liardest weather. and it may be layered. but well-drained site. and T. closely hugging the lines of the surface. Crystal Palace Gem. they were too slow of growth to l)e really profitable. and early-flowering Chrysanthemums gave us new ideas in regard to the planting of Contemporary witli the day beds and borders. imlike Zonals. fashions change in the matter of plants. and a trailing variety. there are reserve plants in the frame. iltatliamica. T'. intermediate — . and for bedding out serve the purpose. for r. that it was not necessary to pot them very often. and they were recognised mostly by named varieties. bluish-grey in the foliage. T liad a look round the garden. and produced in closelypacked spikes at the tips of the branches. The flowers are white or purple.54 Galium. Mercaston. Some of the Lesser Shrubby Veronicas. so slow. pinieleiiides is a shrublet of aliout one foot. and similar sorts. cuttings. IRISH GARDENING liaps reasons for decline in interest of sorts like Lady Mrs. dark-green leaves.s prospered here for a while and then gone-off. Hiilkeunu. Before attempting to round up and present in some sort of order even a few of the confusing members of the mighty tribe of Veronica. However. in the tender glaucous green of its oval-pointed leaves and the way in which it creeps over the rock-face. Beauty of Lauderdale. Rather siisceptible to wintry \isage is this one. Like most of its kin. but who is there who shall tell " tother from whicli " when even the experts don't all agree ? To be accurate. and produces its bluelavender flowers in the later summer. I well remember houses in nurseries devoted exclusively to these beautiful-leaved Pelargoniums. there is a distinct charm about V. She ha. we have never lost a plant of T'. I believe the latter to be the larger of the two. nurseries send out as Lyalli a plant which is bigger in all its parts than their " CatarractEe. chathamica. inasmuch as they were slow of growth. and take Then. not profitable to cultivate. is a poor half- dead thing. Hulkedna shall be forgiven and re-planted unto seventytinies-seven if need be. lest they should be retarded in the autumn when it was time to re-pot. again. it was the general perpetuate Verbenas by means of practice to among all her lovely sisters. indeed. with leathery. though many. the i-reine-i1e-Ia-nenie of growers of a former generation. Though not comparable to the foregoing. were to several causes. A couple of Veronicas of somewhat distinguished appearance and undoubted merit are T'. perhaps most. as Verbenas are raised from seed sown in the greenhouse just like other half-hardy annuals. The blossoms are of a lilac-purple. with the small oval leaves often tipped or edged with red. it strikes very I'eadily from cuttings. this Lyalli probably an Albeit. and decided that the safest way out of an obviously tedious task would be to take some of the species and varieties just as they appeared to me in the said peregrinations and report upon them. Pollock. and few would take the risk of turning them out of pots for bedding purposes. them liack to the greenhouse. Lijalli and Catarractx. and when massed on a rocky ledge or large pocket at about the height of the eye. Annuals are grown very much more than was formerly the case. but more often in a spring frost. most exquisitely beautiful per- There appears to be many forms differing slightly in colour. /(irdiufidHd. this species is very effective. of tricoloured Pelargoniums. bigger also than either of the " true specimens one sees in the domains of the wise. Rather lesser more inclined to the prostrate in stature and habit is T'. but the small grower never really took to them. also reddened at the edges. In the first place a tale must be told of failure. To-day there is no occasion for this. may be attrilnited These. Though reputedly not quite hardy. as. It seems to like a cool.

hard and thick. rounder and much less indented. CatarmctiK. and an excellent subject for an old wall. whereas those of the latter are nnich The large. Herfovi. They are so easily propagated that it is easy ta keep in reserve cuttings of any which appear tender. and whilst they are resistant to drought they do not mind our wet winters. are a deep green. the smoother and more golden asfori. Johnson.ratiUs a most graceful way. are among the most lovely of this fascinating race. which terminate in also a true alpine Speedwell. which breaks away into something more akin to a bushy in a fresh moss green. Whittali. and cupiessnides. with grey-green foliage. and in this respect they are not unlike those of that other very desirable little species. creeping shrubling. I believe I am right in saying. plant of about nine inches high. V. bushy little identity. for the brilliant azure blossoms. very formal in the and steely set of its uncompromisingly rigid some others whose chief foliage. came to us under the name of T'. into the interstices of which it will root. above which rise the pale yellow anthers. a delightful subject for a fairly high. A. The true V. sujatalis " needs no bush to those who have ever seen it. the leaflets being more expanded. though closely crowded. Another first-rate blue. but of a more deep-toned blue set-off with vermilion anthers. a wee little shrub with four-sided liranches of leaves which turn inwards at the tips. dryish spot. is 1'. standing out from the stems.IRISH GARDENING form between tlie two— is a fine thnig. flowers can be seen to full advantage. together with points of difference lie in the tinting of the leaves. is also a delightful plant for a place near the eye. f:artcorniuides (piopinqua) and Haastii we have again the more open type of foliage. with blossoms of the same size as those of the above (half-inch across). the colour verging to a more golden hue and the small blossoms blue instead of white. After this manner. This will winter in safety. eporridea. T. and with a pure white eye set in an iris of crimson. In T'. branch and flower. . not absolutely hardy. Ijut its flowers are too small to add to the genera! it effect. This is quite a lowly plant. and where 55 tightly-packed clusters of little dowers. toothed. where its pretty white. smaller than Lyalli in leaf. Both of these appear to enjoy rather cool summer treatment. Practically every one of the above Veronicas areThe great surpassingly easy in any free soil. so as to clasp the stem. regular and abundant bloomers. T. delicately lined with violet. almost a perpetual bloomer. and the loose-habited branchlets sprawl about in The leaves of V. some quite common. and thus is form a drooping mat of charming effect. hardly six inches. sa. may be distinguished from the true Lyalli by its which are narrow and very sharply leaves. majority of them are sun-lovers. which grow their leaves in a more or less scale-like manner. like an improved Hectori. or what usually passes for it— a tiny. Among these is V. the prostrate lycopodioides. but beyond that I am entirely ignorant as to its It is also a sub-shrubby. " The sub-shrubljy V.. or pinky-white. which affects a four-sided arrangement in a more pleasing green. Armstrongii looks flowers being a pale blue. Much after the same style as the last may be mentioned a whole set of Veronicas. white. with its rounded. and most of them come to the flowering stage very quickly. N. also. Near to the foregoing comes T'. purple-veined flowers in both of these and the form alluded to are l)orne in a most elegant fashion on airy sprays rising clear of the foliage from the terminal leaf axils. satureoides. Wales. and perfectly hardy. carnosula. BidwiUu. the tiny little Cypress T'. polished stems. the thick fleshy leaves.

Though a bog-plant. can be regarded as quite complete without some of them. " we must sow seeds of Wallflowers. I believe. but. and rose purple and ruliy. If they will but do this and sow the seed as advised. MiNiJiisiNG W. and as delightful in fragrance as they are flagging time. we . for . leaf-mould. In these two sections alone we may have a variety of colour from purest white. that the ending of the blooming season with these old-time flowers. the fessional average man with his little house. but it is never a very satisfactory i^rocedure. We have several secticms of stocks to-day which may l)e sown in June in light soil -in a cold frame or on a sunny border. a perfect ganuit of colour. and old cow manure with a vertical field drain pipe set in near by to be filled up with water occasionally during spring and earlj giecnhouscs. in magnificent and sweetly-scented spikes. lifting every plant with a ball of soil. so as to ensure as little root disturbance as possible." for surely they are the sweetest flowers of spring.have in present-day varieties in comparison to those our forefathers knew the old blood-red and yellow Oastle. and the perfume emitted at the time of flowering is most sweet. lemon and apricot. but without the latter's stench. These stocks can.4. When is the best time to sow seed of Wallflowers May. of for a growth and delaying opening — — ! — ! beautiful. T. the East Lothian. almost stemless. not always true to colour Now we have them in delightful shades of orange. brown and primrose. and for spring blooming. certainly no later than the middle of June.J. fragrant spikes. Indeed. whilst the progardener realises their worth. . when a pinch of guano or Clay's fertiliser will improve them. should also be the season when seed ought to be sown. using good friable loam. stocks. when they may be lifted and potted. sending up from its almost leafless base in spring a large and elegantly-formed spathe in a real Caltha yellow. or spent hops and rotted manure. and with so little expense ? Mercaston.some reason not easily understood. leaves these delightful fragrance-bearers rigidly alone Is not this very remarkable considering how very easily they may be reared and grown. too. came down and have . and anticipating their loveli- ness this year. and their fragrance is such that no garden. Japan. as in October they can be removed direct to the greenhouse. for they practically need no more to secure their free flowering. Heiiufi/ of Xice. ^ "Wallflowkrs need no recommendation. In this compost the plants will thrive. This striking. The long ])eriod in which winter and spring flowering stocks remain in bloom should in itself be an inducement for folks who have greenhouses to include a few of them at any rate in their arrangements. retarding of flower buds. We say. It is a bog-plant.st v\^eh may be mentioned. among. forget sow Poison Berries Glasgow Corporation heavilv in W. strange to say. and need very little by way of stimulants for months. and raise every" spring Ten Week Stocks from seed. of course. may be partly submergecl in soil or ashes in a sunny position. Jinie. Still rare in our gardens. allied to the "Skimk Cabbage" {Hymithjcarpus fotithts). May I suggest to readers who have looked upon stocks solely in the light of garden blossoms to consider them from the standpoint of winter flowers for the greenhouse. we must not another season. ordinary liorder over a deeply-laid bed of peat. as to thousands of people they have a charm. To Save trouble in carrying water during summer.. pale yellow.any reduction so far as they are concerned. A. and will prosper iii^ any rich. afterwards potting them on until a six-inch sized pot is reached. it seems hardly just to associate it with that unsavoury species. winter and early spring does not always find much bloom in evidence. and mauve and crimson. We may be disposed on the score of economy. It has been giown successfully in a. — Wallflowers The Sweetest Flowers of Spring. What a heritage. in July? What has experience taught us in the many years we have grown them? That July is soon enough? Becidedly not We rather believe in the method we have long practised. fleshy leaves of a peculiar glaucous green. but the trifling cost of seed of a collection of Wallflowers will not admit of . however small. Wallflowers for TiE. in a situation open and sunny. getting them into their final quarters in autumn. for there is no need to burden a frame with them at all. we resolved that. they will have a reward. as others are telling themselves. — ! Thinking of them. be pricked out in beds in the garden and grown there until autumn. where spring blossoms are catered for.•56 IRLSH GARDENING- A Fine Hardy Arum For little Stocks cold for (Lysichiton kamtschatcense). blossom "is followed by the luscious. We know how simple are their requirements jiist to sow the seeds in groimd well dug. or. often resulting in sunnner. t'lay. [nNDERS the Court city of fathers Session. this subject is not fastidious.ATERiNG. Winter and Spring Blooming. for Lysichiton is a noble and beautiful plant. cool loam provided its roots can reach water or wet soil. In sucli circumstances it is well to consider what may be grown in sunnner with a view to flowering in the dark days of the year. tropical-looking foliage consisting of rounded. should lose "sight of stocks that come to their beauty stage in late autvunn and winter if provision "is made to give them house accommodation and just a suggestion of warmth. rose. The better plan is to pot them on when large enough into six-inch pots from the bed where of foliage and. after receiving their final potting. when many other flowers are gone. It has long been somewhat of a puzzle to me why people who have greenhouses. as some do. to come what may. and to prick them out with what space we can give each plant. which is May. Sowing and Growing. then. they have been pricked off. in soil free of any manure. for winter flowering. this splendid Aroid is conijjaratively common as a native of many parts of British Cohunbia and. or ni houses where very heat can l)e given. perhaps to restrict our purchases of bulbs for — — spring flowering.

Tradition says that the trees forming the avenue are 600 years old. is unique in this country or in the British Isles. and from a few plants one may through the medium of cuttings work up a stock very soon. it is supposed that in long-ago times monks lived at Momit Wilson. and planted the walk and garden. and similar plants from the open market. Sprouts. One tree was struck by lightning in 1916. I have used it with good effect for some years as a base for beds of May flowering Tulips. found them of a sweet savour." noticed in medical plants plot fruits of the Belladonna. fourteen of those luifortunate young children died some hours later. whose aspect is susread that produces bearing. and standing dryness better than most plants. employed liy the administration to weed the " manvaises herbes.\n\ is possibly the best known of the genus. in a small plot of medical plants in the 57 Glasgow Botanic Garden. Edenderry. and forms the southern boundary to the garden. and is allied to the Sage family. If the plot is already free of this disease. and it contains a warninir. raised liy the father of a boy of seven years who lost his life thi-ough having eaten some berries from a plant of Atropa belludonna. and those interested in Tulips should bear it in mind.IRISH GARDENING iigain come down heavily in the Lords. (3n the other hand. or Cat-mint. and not purchase plants. Allotments.'io Irish Yews 17 on one side and 18 on the othei-. are purplish blue in colour. upon maturity. resendile lilack cherries. P. . which is a disease. Xipi-fit in ussiiii makes a very pretty edging for a border of hardy plants. It is composed of . but — jiart of it is still living. but club-root is extremely difficult to cure on a plot once it is introduced. Sometimes the plants are attacked by the Cabbage Root-fly. we think. B. numerous fnuts whicii. King's Co. as cuttings taken almost at any time during the summer and planted in a little sandy soil will root in about ten days. and as the walk has been the same for the 240 years during which the place has been in the family it is thought that the age estimate is about correct. N. as he wished to remove it to America. ^o designated from the fact that its foliage is aromatic. and within the last few years. Paris. and are svirrounded with narrow foliage of grey green. It is one of the easiest things to propagate. elegant its despite Iiect. in a defended action." It is a moving story. . No winter seems to kill it. and being distinctly whitish in colour. as it stood. children are sometimes deceived /)y them. S. It is the Yew Walk at Mount Wilson. this unhappy incident. The flowers are plentifully borne. (Occasionally the plants are attacked by both pests. if the plot is diseased. now in ruins. it being characterised by the roots of the plants being swollen and often tapering to a point. and ate a pretty large quantity of them. but the presence of club-root is fairly easily determined. may — The walk runs due east and west. Edenderry. an insect which is perhaps not quite so troublesome. belongs to a section of hardy perennials of a dwarf order. Mercaston. forming an avenue 8(1 yards long and about 18 feet wide. Before these ])lants are taken away the roots should always be examined. evidently contemporary with those forming the walk. As the fine old Monastery of Monasteroris. The trees are 5S feet high. Some years ago an American gentleman offered the late Mr. The chief pest to bo feared is club-root.4KEK.Vrppffj mnsf. Newsom a big sum of money for the Yew Walk. King's County. has excited not a little curiosity amongst iovers of rock plants. which is also centuries old. and should they appear fleshy or swollen such plants should be rejected. better results may be obtained from purchased jilants which are clean. Hardy to a degree. in 1842. Thk Ykw Walk at Mount Wilson. The Yew Walk at Mount Wilson. recall the much worse it In connection with be profitable to related in a comIjendious work on the Jardin des Plantes. published by Cnrmer. and are so interwoven that a heavy shower will scarcely damp the ground underneath. or plants can be divided in the autunm. and contains two very fine specimens of the Irisli Yew. ^ ^ The Nepeta. we have in this prostrate growing subject one that will accommodate itself to most environments. and the branches meet overhead. case. Cauliflowers.1. as infection takes place It is always wise when in the seedling stage. . Amateurs King's County The accompanying photograph illustrates something which. is only about one mile distant. much the safer way is to sow seeds. There one may " Belladonna. . and blooms for months together. and tlu' old cuiidoyees of the Jardin des Plantes will tell you that during the Revolution some little orphans from the Hospice of Pity. but his offer was declined. and allotment-holders are large purchasers of Cabbages.

\ns. to ial<e sowing seeds of any of the Cabbage family good lime into the seed-bed liefore sowing. If the grapes cari^ful are showing colour fumigating is necessary and not the use of the syringe. as it some. Garden Swedes should he sown during this month. Climbing French Beans are most productive. and tect the tops . Pansies and Violas are easily propagated. The seeds may be in a double line. so that they can he warmed by the sun. If this is not done sufficiently early. Maincrop 15eet is usually sown in May. Vegetable Marrow. dust frequently with lime or . Long White or the most useful sorts to grow. and the seeds sown in drills about one inch dee)). Examine the borders of suceessional houses at least once weekly. The ground must. as the large leaves Wv ^^^^_ INES. and then each alternate plant can be drawn as soon as the roots can be used. and the flowers are inferior in size and substance. soil is then moist. have been well prepared and manured. and in cold districts the first sowing need not be made until the end of the month. If the weather is dry. the risk of decay being then reduced. except.. A good can be done by earthing-up with soil if danger is suspected. also Lobelia. Small Early Carrots can be thinned-out little — weather. Quantities is The these plants.8 IRISH GARDENING.sunny times is in hot. The plants may later on be thinned out to six inches apart. closing the houses early.soot to keep away slugs. Oliver. The plants can be grown equally well on the level ground. transplanting dry water freely. and tlie plants are more easily drawn out without excessive injury to the roots. The Flower Garden. the rows should l)e two feet apart. Red Sjjidcr has not been troidilcsoiue this season. When the seedlings appear above the grotmd. Wood-ashes from the garden fire are useful to rake into the surface soil. the result is weak and poorlygrown crops. After thinning-out it is beneficial to give the crops a dusting of soot. It sliould be understood French Beans are veiy tender. and produce a continuous supply initil late in the autumn. Parsnips may be left up to nine inches apart. H. A convenient method is to sow the seeds in double lines. Thinning and Transplanting. But where spider has obtained a hold prompt measures for its destruction must be adopted. If given an open situation and good land.sow the seeds. W. Stocks and Asters raised in greenhouses should be transplanted into shallow boxes. Seedlings of annuals should be thinned early. Wicklow.P. move all cold manure from outside borders. After being planted they quickly" become established in their new quarters. If the " dwarf top " garden kind is used. These may l)e planted in the open ground at the end of this month or the beginning of next. Bkktdoot. The flowering season is sliortened when the plants are overcrowded. — It is recommended to sprinkle a superphosphate of lime in the drills. Gardener to Viscount Powerscourt. — nnich better when done in showery weather. as the bloom on the berries is Reliable to be more or less damaged by liquids. Long Green are Swede Turnips. and the seeds from six to eight inches apart. they soon germinate and require thinning-o>it. This crop is easily cultivated. — . From the middle until the end of the month is a good period to sow this Bean. and liquid manure should be applied at every alternate watering. Geraniums. and when three or four inches apart. about nine inches wide. I have formed the conclusion that the seeds of this crop are frequently sown too deep. For the large kinds the rows may be fifteen inches apart.. ' — and one where Jhere are easily is shelter. A good sunny position should be chosen. and a free circulation of air when the weather Before they show. make small hillocks of good soil and . This crop nuiy now be sown. but a good bed should be made up. H. Wlienever it is possible. The seedlings readily transplant during showery weather. Tlie whole of the late varieties should be planted as soon as possible. That' tiresome job also— carrying water— is thus avoided. frequently grown on heaps of manure. previous to . give a good watering after thinning. Turnips are a good example of the necessity for early thinningout of seedling plants. Inside borders will take a great quantity of water aftei. of course.soon as the seedlings are large enough they should be transplanted. For late houses the remarks as to thinning. Early White Turnips can be finally thinned to four inches apart. G. but l)ecause such heajjs provided should be thoroughly syringed nr luniigated at once. Scarlet Runners. Early varieties when they show signs of ripening should have plenty of air. and in order to have the fruit highly coloured should have the shoots tied in and the fruit fully exposed to the sun.signs of is bright ancl warm. Potatoes. if this work was not done last month. — In above the ground.some districts early varieties are it will be essential to i)ro- if frost at night is tlie rule. Tlie rows of the dwarf varieties need not be so far deal — apart as above. These Beans require nnich the same treatment as that given for dwarf kinds. If plants have not already been raised. fifteen inches between the rows will be siiffii-ient. and that for early sowing it is only necessary to just cover the seeds. As . Every advantage should l)e taken of sun heat to increase the ventilation early in the day.— Towards the end of the month Wallflowers may be sown in drills. Peaches. stopping and tying given in ]n-evious months will apply. The seeds shoiUd lie sown very thinly. sturdy plants will he formed by autumn.sowing. and then to run a cultivator or Dutch hoe between the rows. of cOOOooocooc<'^rii"0*'oooooocooooooo(t^o<>ooJoooo — The Month's Work 3 0OOO009OOOc(2^0000 00000O00 0aCO©c'j^f^00O'>0000O0Ol 00000000 0«>oO\^^Oo©Q^qQOOOOOOflOOOO^^tJ<'OoOOOOOOOOcl By Mr. and similar summer flowering plants will soon appear in the open flower markets. not that the plant requires large quantities of manure.the vines are in full foliage. When more than one row is sown. that stakes must be provided. Eiiniskerry. Co. Lee. Take the young flowerless shoots from the centre of the plants and firmly dibl)le them in sandy soil. — Where of signs early Vines show they insect pests destroyed by cold or rough wind. Marrows were a suital)le medium for the roots and lilieral sujiplies of moisture. K. French Be. disbudding.

— All plants in pots that are not ripening fruit should be freely syringed. when the roots come to the surface they shotild have a topdress of a good fibry loam. Dahlias and Gladioli may be planted out in properly prepared beds or borders. This crop requires plenty of space and generous rich soil. and can be grown closer than the long varieties. Keep the houses at all times as dry as possible. Seakale plantations should have their growths thinned one apiece. syringed. The disbudding of Peaches and Nectarines requires to be done gradually. Lettuce and Mustard and Cress for succession. and should never suffer from want of water. and earth-up Potatoes as they require it. Globe Beet is the earliest.. and the houses damped down at Tie in the shoots where they shutting-up time. Make a sowing of these in the open early this month. Onions and Carrots which. — Autumn sown plants that are . Wallflowers. friable In late houses the trees should bo gathered. sown last month. The weather having b-. Dress out to . Sweet William. Strawberries. the more profitable will they be. Instead of mulching the plants it is a good plan to cover the surface of the ground with good.bearing should have a good spread of foliage. outwards or towards the wall. until late in the month. The ground should now get a good hoeing between these iilants when the soil is dry. This crop requires a very rich soil. Onions and Beet transplant very well. Kun the hoe lightly between the growing crops to encourage growth. veiitilatcd and dry atmosphere to aid setting. it growing for makes — treatment. Plant out Vegetable Marrows growing in pots. If not already done sow Broccoli and Savoys. Retain the most favourably placed shoots. In cutting the shoots care should be taken not to injure the crowns. and avoid overcrowding. in fact the lights can be taken completely off where the crops are being used. grass lawn mowings answer very well. Radishes. The stronger the plants are and the earlier they are put out into their fruiting quarters. STR. — Sow the main crop in deeply-dug. It is a great advantage when they are grown on shelves for the pots to stand in saucers. Continued wintry weather necessitates watchfulness to the blossoms of fruit trees. Allow the plants to remain about one foot to eighteen inches apart. Bedding-out will now be the primary item in this department for the month. under ordinary circumstances. Sow Broad Beans at intervals to meet the probable demands. or in boxes for planting out at the end of the month. Continue to sow Turnip. Tomatoes. soil.stem. Hoe out the suckers. As soon as the seedlings are large enough thin out to the required distance.-^Plants now coming into full . or in reserve beds. and should be grown in trenches with plenty of cow-manure dug into bottom.xt year's crop. — — — CucuMBERS. — Flower Garden and Pleasure Grounds. etc. Primroses.splant Cabbage. and water with manure water twice weekly. All ripening fruit should have plenty of air to bring up the flavour to the highest pitch. and tie in the growths left as they require it. so that the temperature rises to about 85 degrees to 90 degrees. Celery for late crops can be pricked out into frames. Peas. the plants firmly staked and disbudded to one . Allow i^lenty of ventilation. Parsnips. To keep up a regular supply . Topdress plants in fruit with a rich soil. with a mixture of sulphate of potasli or superphosphate. \A'ax-pod or Butter Beans are also worthy of a place in the garden. Tom-4Toes.ajies. dry soils. Assist Tripoli Onions by waterSow a good breadth of ing with liquid manure. Any blanks in the rows should be filled up at the time of thinning. pinching out the growing points about two joints At tills period keep a wellbeyond the fruit. thick brown paper. growing in frames. moderately rich from manure applied to the previous crop. and plants should be well hardened off in preparation. utilising the spaces Ijetween the rows for Spinach. as the plants draw and transplant better when the ground is moist. If the plants are planted out in beds.successional sowings should be made in light. Manure water should be applied. at the same time syringing the plants. Discontinue watering with manure water when they start to colour. French Beans. Raspberries require mulching on light. Aubrietia and Arabis used for spring bedding should be divided up and planted arovnid fruit breaks. leave only enough to take the place of fruiting wood imless it is found necessary to extend the well trees. are sufficiently advanced.en very unfavourable. Raspberries. Sweet Peas. In the event of dry weather setting in before the transplanted seedlings have taken to the soil. Where spring liedding is carried out the beds will not be ready Polyanthus. Afford water to Carrots.. In all instances a growing bud should be retained at the base of the present year's fruiting wood. — Hardy FaniTS. etc. — Kitchen G. and a growth retained on the level with Remove all shoots growing or above the fruit. light' compost as the roots appear on Shut up the houses with sun heat the surface. They will not then require watering until the croiJ ing. Myosotis. This operation should be done in showery weather. for filling the beds again in the autumn. Fe. Plant out Brussels Sprouts two feet apart in lines three feet asunder. especially to plants over one year old. Silene and Brompton Stocks should also be sown now for spring bedding. Before the trusses of bloom get too far advanced straw should be carefully placed under the leaves and between the plants. which so profitable. only leave the required number of strong ones for ne. If plants are strong and well hardened-off they may be planted out against walls with a southern aspect about the end of the month. Canterbury Bells and other biennials should be sown in drills one foot apart. Cauliflower. and will now require plenty of water. Dress the ground with lime between and under the growth of the plants to keep away slugs. Tran. Topdress the plants with a good. is 5( Beet. Where tall stakes cannot be had Runner Beans may be pinched to any re- — quired height. Hardy To get the Annuals will require thinning out. These should have every attention in the process of setting by daily impregnations. be hardeiied-off previotis to planting out.twBKRHihs.\EnEN.Asparagus beds with salt during showery weather. Douglasii. liest results they should have plenty of room to develop. Plants for outside planting should Climbing French Beans are well worth their continuous cropping. Scarlet Kunners. Melons. would have required thinning have only just appeared above ground. Maintain a good moisture by syringing the walls and foliage. they should be watered with a fine rose can.IRISH GARDENING npeiuug the borders should have a good waterand the surface of the trees well nudehed. Limnanthes. Radish.

Barton. Kilmacunagh. Extensive and tastefully arranged group of — . Primulas and Polyanthus. W. single. Prize List. and was awarded a gold medal. Incomparabilis (Div. 1st prize. Twelve jians. Mrs. Heri'nitage. AV. Mr. Mrs. Parr. — Isl -Srd. 2nd. Nolan. varieties Daffodils. or Ivbizoniatous Plants. 2nd. distinct. Arum Lilies. distinct.— 1st AVisdom Hely. Tuberous. Sutton House.T. Bray. J. Ijicjuid manure may be given if buds are showing colour. Tiiuitv Hall.L. Ray. prize. Alpines and Hardy Fh^wers Besant and P. Narcissus. — 1st prize. Butler. McEnnery. Hardy Cut Flowers. Gninne-ss. A. Bedford. Robertson. collection of 6. . collection of 9. pans. single stem. W. Barton. McEnnery. 1st prize. 80 St. — spring flowers. six pots. 6 vases. Hyacinths. Rathdrimi. 2nd. McEnnery. Thornhill. Captain Ryall. — Leeks. but the effect of their absence was not so noticeable owing to the extensive and tastefully set group of spring flowers arranged by Mr. ls( jnize. Wisdom Helyi 2nd. Mrs. 2nd. Mrs. 1st prize. 2nd. and decidedly the best yet contributed to the Did)lin fixture. 2nd. Captain Rvall.)— 1st prize. Woodside. A. Newlownmountkennedy. Oakland. Cut Flowers. rose. single and dotible. Glennuiroon. Daffodils Rev. Mrs. A Challenge Cup. Plants Messrs. Calceolarias. Herbaceous. were lacking. Hardy Shrub Flowers. Butler. Dundrum. Another feature of interest was the fine collection of Alpines. 1st prize.. Robertson. Hardy Shrub F'lowers. Thos. varied and very interesting collection of Alpines from Miu'ray Hornibrook. Fruit and Vegetables . stand of 12 blooms.6o IRISH GARDENING Schizanthus. Sprinkling them overliead after a warm day is much appreciated l)y the plants until they eomtheir Ray. McEnnery. Knapton. Specimen of Tricoloured Thyme. Straffan House. grown in open. Hon. B.3rd. Captain Riall. almost a new class for Dublin. Mrs. — Carnations. Butler. E. Barton. Kelly. Robertson". collection of 12. Straffan. Narcissus. Streeter. Murray Hornibrook. Streeter. Narcissus. . Howth . Montrose. — 1st prize. plotholder.— Major Kelly. Butler. Parr. each distinct.30 A. Certificate. Co. H. A. Lionel Richardson. Mrs. 12 vases. however. Roses. Primula Oboconica. — : — and Kearney.' flowers of the long-continued spell of chilly weather. — — — — — — — — — W. Butler. 1st prize. Murray Hornibrook. The canopy of ivy trailing overhead and tlie fine array of fiowers staged beneath gave the place the appearance of a conservatory. Mrs. Straffan. In view of the dismal weather conditions prevailing. Narcissus. gardener to Mr. — Vote of Thanks. 1st prize. D. Jameson. highlv commended. . Miss Cunningham. C. — 1st prize.30 varieties. This was the centrepiece of the pictine. collected by Mr. Knapton. D'Olier. W.- Spiraeas.'ird. prize. 1st prize. E. * Iiixh Times report. Mrs. Dalguise. T. T. 1st prize. Old Conna Hill. Major Seagiave. . court attaelied to the Earl of Ivea<ih's residence. Reid. Twelve pots or Alpine Plants. W. Ray. Jameson. C. Mrs. disclosed the effect upon sprint. ener to B. A. W. H. Mrs. Wilson in Formosa. twelve distinct medium cupped varieties. Narcissus. :iid. Pearson and F.— 1st prize. any variety. 12 vases. Anonymous. jjrize. 1st Alpine Plants. three. C. Dartry Road. 2nd. Hardy Cut Flowers. A. III. W. Hardy Ciit Flowers.3rd. "Spring In Flower Show. Donnybrook. J. Abbeyleix. Primroses.L. collection of 12. Freesias. unless the ground was heavily manured previous to planting. Ray. 2nd Right Hon. Abbeyleix. collection of 24. — 1st prize. Kilty- — Mignonette. C. Mrs. 30 vases in Silver Medal. 2nd. Duthie and W. : — Messrs. growing strongly should be firmly staked. Six pots. Bray. 1st prize. A considerable numlier of blanks in the entry liook. W. reflected the" zeal of this The following acted as hard-working official. T. Stillorgan. Lionel Richardson. Butler. Ray. Simpson. Mrs. — 1st prize. 1st prize. W. the site proved an ideal one. Narcissus. Hardy Cut Flowers of Bulbous. 1st prize. — — — — Specials. 1st prize. F. judges Messrs. II. 1st prize. Mrs. single. MontAward of Merit. — 1st prize. Dublin. 2nd. Major Kelly. Wisdom Hely. J. Rathgar. presented by Lady Nutting. Trumpet (Div. 1st prize. Extensive. Robertson. I. B. Tulips. Narcissus. euvered collection of cut blooms. vases. Vases Trumpet Daffodils. Stillorgan.) 1st prize. Tyndall. single stem. Silver Medal. six distinct large Truni])et varieties. table decoration. McDuff and Mrs.— 1st prize. arranged bv Mr. G. mence to flower. Charming Wealth the of Colour. Kennedy. Hely. Robertson. : — : R. The general arransements made by the Secretary. La Rathdrum. . 2nd. Roljortson. H. Guiirness. Right Hon. C. in flower. 2nd ]>rize. H. — 1st prize. Mrs.— 1st prize. Parr. — — — Vaughan Hart. McEnnery. mon. Robertson.— Gold Medal. gard- Touche. Butler. — Group of Cinerarias from Major Kelly.— First-Class Certificate to the Marquis of Headfort. D. White. C. Monkstown Deutzias. and growth tied out. Hyacinths.— Special McEnnery. Donnybrook. 1st prize.1. C. Rhododendrons. H. E. 2nd. . Kildare.— First-Class Kilmacunagh. Priestown House. Plants. A. the scene being a charming one.jrd. which usually constitute a feature of this event. Lionel Richardson. Stephen's Green. twelve distinct large Trumpet varieties. Major Kelly. McEnnery. Waltersland. — : — Knocklinn. Abbeyleix. 2ntl. Knapton. Barri (Div. Kiltymon. W. the Royal Horticultural and Arboricultural Society of Ireland opened their Spring Show. Hon.— First-Class Certificate. 2nd. W. Major Specimen of the new Pieris taiwanensis. Polyanthus. Miss Hart. . Trade exhibits.) 1st prize. E. 1918. Knowldin. single stem. Major Seagrave. Specimen of Magnrjlia Campbellii from Mrs. Wisdom prize. Robertson. E. R. 2nd. for .

ligiit jiiiil. deep soon as 12 ol criinsi'ii: less tlian one variety at 2/. . in (if -M. -iTiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiinMiiiiniiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiKiMiiiiiM 12 GRAND Award of Merit VARIETIES .iliti.— cf s UPERSEED NAPDRAGONS ANTIRRHINUM SEED ® PLANTS that gained us 13 IMPSONS' Awards of Merit from Strains and 10 Highly trials.st.iw. AufOre. r. Lady Roberts. wiiitc tnlir. white tulte: Victory. contains full particulars ui above: Sweet Pea bv Mr 1: V. 111111111111111111111 iiiiiiiiiiti iiiriiiiiiiiiiiii Seedsmen.e se. rail Seeds of 1 1 Tall. tiipisLin: Electra.l. . salmon terra-cotta.'lit: Cardinal. Our Prince.!ni ground. while tuhe. 1920. orange aud yetleiw. jieacli jiink. fiery terra-eittla. H. BIRMINGHAM jf.dozen). whit.lube: The King:. SPRING SOWN TRANSPLANTED PLANTS from BOXES-Unlcss other WIS.'. ^<jft rn-e-|)ink. White Queen. dirp yell. 200.Special rates for above pnces)... post free Seed Li. 5 Dwarf varieties from 6d. -Afterglow..\ki. 1 /4 per dozen TALL VARIETIES. Commended at the Royal Horticultural Society's Wisley.. Cash with order (which nuist he addeil to the plants.ld: Prima Donna.^. white tnl)e: The Fawn. 1/-. old g.. 1/6.dispatelied eailv liardeiicd oti ready for planting. oi^ni^v tin. MEDIUM VARIETIES. not less than C of any one variety named. pure printrose.: Golden Cem. Carriage extra Src lielow.ur other sp. Morning Clow Improved.-ll. 22 Medium. oranp'-scaiirt.-..-Esme.. Roseum Superbum. *c. ...'iinl . per packet..' tube. box and packing up to 2i more than 24 and less than ino. box packing anil charged at cost. white tulie: Fascination.-^. twelve varieties for 5 -..-^. 25 or more of any one variety at S/ti per ioo.iCLitui.. Carriage. 3/-. glowing carmine: Crimson King. Warrior..irlet. Amber Queen.. Plants for May delivery should novo be booked. SIMPSON & SONS.-^. When Cash charges will lie does not accompany order.ay. Sybil Eckford. Yellow Kingr. Carmine Queen. self peach pink.Fi'lton: Sweet Pea Plants.ur i-eueral Colour Schemes uji-tn-ibTt. apricot pink on ere.ri. white. tbi'se «ill b. apricot and old '.iiauiie-Kcailet..iustruete. riiiy (range. on application. Bonfire. free Six varieties for 2/9 .iw.ri. ilflicate pijik.- W. deep y. whitt.. List .

Abol Limited. 12o. l)eset the path of every beginner.ii'" | . in order to ensure that it possesses .11 those properties which have g-ained for Abol such a high reputation. process he has amassed a fund of knowledge no other way." Summer. free.." i "Flowers and Lawns. a practical rose grower and He writes with an organiser of proven aliility. Write for Guide to Garden Pests— gratis and post. also Poses for JJerorotions. 1.some of the chapter. Ltd. there is little room for criticism. etc. Kyrle & Gt. This new and comprehensive work is from the pen of Mr. Beltri[ig'.— VI IRISH GARDENING Reviews. net. and mnfrs. and none is oflered for sale unless it has successfully passed all the various stages of examination." Keeping the Garden "Fruits. as well as in the manufacture of preparations for the prevention and cure of insects and diseases. but on the important questions of Suih teen their ['reiiaratioii..rhihitinfi . Paddock Wood.. making common-sense observations as tri the necessary modifications required in treatment. author writes as one who knows. ^ ^ // Ku7/ he se/i/ io yoit^ i. iM.s : | | I every Amateur" I = = e E ^ 1 = 1 :i: I I I " in How to begin." "What can " " be done I | | | | the Spring. how to solve the problems every therefore. Tlie autlior is a well-lvnown writer. The chapters are full. Kent.A. W. G. Plantinij (iiid The rnm'ing." tables etc. be is wisely not dogmatic. Other important chapters are those on I'lOpit'jiiUdu." What can be done in the Fit. 25 Chichester HIIIIIIIIIIIIII! St. and has enol)tainable in co\mtered all the difficulties and obstacles that He has learnt. and while considering and discussing all the details. and in the nine* Tlie their makers of Abol have at command knowledg^e chapters included in the Encyclopaedia he has set out in a lucid form the manifold aspects It is not possible in a comparaof rose growing. Belfast ii. W." post free. tively brief review to discuss the details of each chapter. Sole proprs.ra//'s mid I " Manuring for etc. Of Nurserymen. ^ = = = I The following are . first-hand knowledge of liis subject. 156 Published by Vickery. Init not too long. Ml ^>llirillMll[lllllllllltlllMlllllltlllllllMIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIMIIIIIINIinilllllIlllllillllllllIIIIIIIIIIIIIIMItllllllllllllllllllllllinilll!£ ^^ j j I "Successful E THIS I I pamphlet gives full instruc- | | | | tions for making a success it of your Gardens for Garden. Every brew of Abol is tested on actual pests.. 4 (Id. Seedsmen. and pointing out the essentials. grower finds from time to time.1. Henslow... and is therefore important : you read it. Fl. gained aspect. and allows for differences in soil. The Rose Encyclopaedia. T. on appiicafion to I I iiiiiiiiimdiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiii?: -TiiiiiiiiiiJiiiiii iniiniiiiiiMiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiniiiiitiiiiMiiiiiiiitiiiiiiiiMiiiiniiiiiiiiMHiMi = The Chilean Nitrate Committee. and has ad\anced through all the stages from tyro to the In the skilled producer of high-class flowers. Marlborough Street. London. Co. and the author is never wearisome. Vegetables. Pesis and Spmyinti. Manures. situation and (Did by years of practical experience as actual growers.

or used ^or dipping . efficacious. If one tin is tried as a sample.. Vaiiiiirs oiitl Garden Ormiinriiti(tioii. 13/6 I For Fumigating Largest Sale Xearly 50 per cent more ^ powerful than any other The most effect^ the most lasting. whilst no possible injury to vegetation can result from its use. article) (The only genuine original and improved niiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii!iiiiiiiiiiiiiii!iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii r^ For Greenhouses.5 suggested for the various beds are eminenlly useful. i cwt. . Sales are largely mcreasmg. .500 cubic feet.. 4s. 2s. 1/1 4 '9 . we think. poultry runs and tennis conrls. Prices^Half-pint. two five gallons. 62. and 3/6 each for 300 feet. 10s. sharing together the heritage of the earth. and in- gallon siitficitnt for 8o gallons of water.Herclianls Sole Manufacturers : Co. gallons. Seeiisineii and Florists' Sundries and Tobacco PreparationsFree of Duty. My'ds. and Ilahifx. nnA there is no further trouble. ^ ^ = = ^ = ^ of Permanently destroys moss and every form weed on lawns of every description = . Price. for syringing It able ingredients.} . email mesh.1 IRISH GARDENING lioxcs iions.500 '9 each.i A ^NO>I-POISONOUSi IMPROVED Concentrated Extract uf Qunssia. for L-urden nets.\o. lor A^'ricultural and Horticultural Purposes.597 - . by'i. XIX THE CHEAPEST INSECTICIDE OF THE DAY (i NIQUAS" . . VI iok/t Oluss. Carriage paid on 20 Soil' 6 each orders and upwards 3 /... 1 6. 4 9- 2S lbs. 3'. quart. '4 cwt. rasli witli ciidev i-lood 1/6 given to the glass. 21/gallons. gallon. The author in the opening chapters comments uuich on the Rose as the national flower of England. Powers i Weed ! Destroyers ! i ^ ^ Er Analysis on Application 9d. . 1 /3 each. 6/. on the whole. 35. Rye. that by far the greatest number of the best varieties of England's National flower should have been raised in Ireland..icli Cone They are most . c"t.: 4nyds. 5s. the Rose. contains a descriptive list of all the best Roses at present in commerce. parcels odd lenptlis. r cwt. 2nvds. Bags. For frames and "lean-to's" up to 1. per yard extra for 2 lines.. ^ ^ = = = To destroy Insect Pests. j Bentley's Daisy Killer | = = LAWN SAND No. combined with other valu- cheap. [or bush prrilpction. 8 6. For a well secured house of 2.. 19/- .000 cubic feet. 3. and while some of the plans are.'- (I tills '- . Net Shop. page 221 (212 in " Contents ') deals with I'fan^ niiJ Plaiitino Sclifmrs submitted by many of the leading conniiereial rose growers. will yet remain bound together by common interests. Chapter XVIII. :ts value will be at once appreciated. '4 cwt - Mannfac/uri'rs ^ . I 32/- ) ten 1/9. by 2. | = = Clieniical Worl<s HULL | I BARROW-ON-HUMBER :: SUMMER CLOUD' SHADING Registered Trade ELLIOTT'S Mark No. three gallons. and any lont'tli or width required. 6d. Price. I in Greenhouses. Ask Your Nurseryman or Seedsman For the following Well Known and Highly Efficient Horticultural Preparations. forming can be applied with syringe or pump. and generously It refers to the great Rose specialists of Ireland. Tlic Candle attached to only needs lighting. '2 twt. - . the most economical. they are. 1 (o 2. A pleasant green shade CORRY 6 .v 1. Sc'lc(Th<> Ifosr Groirpr's Calinuhtr. lOd. 10. 90 24 galls POWDER to 25) S = 4 11/6. 14 is 629. in these days especially. b.). 56 14 'g. Thistle and Shamrock. and over 25/6 per cwt. S tins 22 S 12 tins = 20 tins 52 6 40 tins 102 6 ive. I. all •'OPEDS. 5s. STANDEN'S MANURE (Established over 35 Years) Exceeds nil others in General Fertilising Properties and Sta^'ing BENTLEY'S Sold in Tins./-.md 5 6 each . bv 1. For small greenhouses up to 1. Limited Sundries " and Manut'aciurers uf Nurserymen. Piice. 175. 24/cwt. "LETHORION' IMPROVED METAL CONES Registered No. 1 '6. Sussex To be obtaiued from Dealers iu Horticultural .000 cubic feet. In packets.. Nratlv liniind . I Joseph Bentiey. Ltd.: 2'lyds. ^ = CONCENTRATED (Liquid to 80) = 6 galls. Let us hope that in the new era now dawning. 56/pint. 16/-. 3/-. and effective Insecticide and dipping. 47 12 galls. . 27/6 lbs. tins. He rightly gives well deserved praise to British nurserymen for their work in improving the Rose.' - . Caniaci' paid. 2. each.each. Tins. especiChapter ally as the colours are usually grouped. e. for loo feet of glass. I 14 ^ = = rr Ei FOWLER'S LAWN SAND This preparation is tor destroying Daisies and otlier weeds on lawns and at the same time stimulating the growth of the grass. is strange. 4 cwts. If lines top and bottom. lbs. No. mineeessarily elaborate. It destroys all Insect Pests infesting Trees and Plants. suggestive and original the lists of varietie. LOOK Cotton . and fulfilling its own destiny. each living its own life. 81b. Id. 45/. and in Poetry tind The Buse contributes a rousing poem from his own pen.Nettings.-uicl )irofiisrly illustratrd. Bags. 8/-. sate.half-gallon.

140. except on Sunday. Chira Cup. sent by A. 199.sent by J. 137. Mauve Star. sent by ^X. 190. Narcissus. I'ornmrndrd. 22. Broadstone. A. * Ellis & Co.. No. Burrell. sent by Dobbie. 13. 156. Treseder. 49. Leda. Burrell. the number by J. No. ('oiiiiiiended. and was cordially received by the public. No. 15. liittle Jim. sent by Ladhams. . Orange Sun. B. Lisette. Defiance. 97. sent by J. Ladhams. 10. Scheepers. Glow. Cheal. No. sent by Dickson & Robinson. No. 177. Ho. de Dunsen. . H. Pigmy Canary Bird". Mrs. sent by Krelago. 64. No. sent by Dobbie. have kindly favoured us with a copy of their catalogue of flH/iii/iiis Alhroodii varieties. and in many instances. 196.\tiu ArRitAN Marigolds." by the same author. specialists in Lavender. No. Those who have' not yet grown the hardy THanthMS Alhroodii varieties should give them a trial. Surrey Star. Albin. Chiswick. No. 188. rAirendei-s. Anthony C.sent by Barr. sent by J. sent by Dickson and Robinson. Holland. . by John Long. sent by J. Attraction. sent by Dobbie. sent by A. sent by J. nursery at Sutton Coru-t. 12. 197. 168. sent by Dobbie.=ent by C. the work we cordially recomuiend to our readers. sent by Dobbie. in full flower will be about from April 25th till the first week of May. any of our readers who send for this catalogue We will not be disappointed. 17. Bishop Crossley. — sent sent Barr: No. No. Verona. Tommy Laing. Turner. . liad- Merit. No. sent by B. Street (Liverpool from London Boat-trains Station) for Harwich rvui every night at 8. Turner. sent by Dobbie. Hussar. 78.. Ltd. Hayniarket. . Lemon Queen. Turner. Invitation- Nancy.30. . sent by C. Hiklegarde. and has recently acquired an additional Messrs. Cheal. 213. No. 115. all the best plants of the outdoor garden are included. 13. Burrell No. 61. No. for :i copy of the catalog. No. Burrell. " The Governor's Romance. Iliijlihj — No. Y. Suse. sent by J. sent by J. 219. sent by C. No. Mr. The well-known Dutch BuIIj House of Anthony C. sent by C. 220. Duchess. Merlin. sent by Dobbie. Jean Kerr. — No. Silver King. 16. Dahlias. Treseder. sent by J. Turner. Dorset. Bianca. 25. Catalogues. 95. No. The Dorset Nursery. etc. the author is specially qualitied to wi'ite a novel which contains a rich vein of humour throughout. sent by R. and are now growing acres of Carnations. Hardy "We have examined it. sent by Dobbie. 45. 193. Edina.ilili/ Shirley Beauly. sent by J. No.sent by Barr (identical)." is by the popular author. sent by J. van der Schoot.32. Mina Holt. — No. 127. Pigmy Golden. sent by Dobbie. 179. White Star. Commended. Cheal. No. 2. No. No. van der Schoot will always be at your service for further information. White Cloud. Turner and No. Orange Prince. Cheal.. Rose Princess. 19. No. Hetty. No. Queen of Whites. 131. Cheal. Bath. H. Airard 38. H.sent by J. hams.rifiuinis. Argos. sent by Dobbie. No. c. sent by Dobbie. and as a preliminary . Messrs. 66. 14 Norris Street.. Atlee Burpee. Burrell. 42. together with a list of perpetual border Carnation. La Grosse Bete. No. No. Waverley. 129. Carter. tent by Dobbie. and the steamer arrives Hook of Holland about 6 o'clock in the morning. sent by J. as in Cumpamihis. Chenango. . Turner. Charlotte. Burell. No. O. Scheepers. Bath. — No. Elus & Co. sent by J. No. Dickson. London. 2. sent . Cambria. sent by J. 24. 185. sent by W. Tall" Orange. The following awards have been made by the Perennial Lobelias. . 205. vin IRISH is GARDENING one 42. Momine Fhints. etc. Peggy. 68. sent by Dickson & Robinson. Coccinous. 4. . Padre. tcrleaved with apt advertisements. No. sent by C. No. No. Burrell. No. Silverhall Nursery. Prince of Orange." No. No. Nelson's Xarifa. 142. New Irish Hunting Novel This new book. Turner and No. net. 27. — No. Heiith)). hardy plant lover. sent by J. No. Courage. Rosie. No. sent by J. sent by W. Cheal. sent by Dobbie. No. Nos. No. Mrs. Southampton.\rtnd (if Council of the Royal Horticultural Society to the undermentioned subjects after trial at Wisley. tions. sent B. sent by B.f Mrrit. Isleworth. Aria. Our Annie. 37. No. sent by J. No. sent by C. 13. No. 40. A great horsewoman and hunting enthusiast herself. Orpheus. sent by C. Hii. 217. sent by J. 191. Scheepers. 41. 70. Burell No. Turner No.sent by A. sent by J. 225. French by liy .send to Messrs. 29. 203. No. Cyril. No. No. No. No. Golden Ball. 113. entitled " Hounds. No. Lolah. v. Turner. Krelago. 'V. Iliad. Treseder. sent by W. Linnet. 194 Nerissa. Felicia. —No. No.itrard of Mrrit. sent by Dobbie. 166. Cheal No. Apricot. As befits of species and varieties is astoni. liy I Ladhams. have sent us a copy of their extremely interesting catalogue of Herlxtceous and Alpine I'lanis. Price 9s. No. Cheal. Treseder. No. informs us that the best time to see Hyacinths. No. Dickson. Cominrnded. Bonella. Ladysmith. No. Mountaineer. 20. Hillegom. 52. 223.shing. Ladas.. Crimson . Cheal. Burrell. Dickson. No.A. No. quite a nmuber of interare convinced that esting forms are offered. 212. 187. No. King 33. sent by J. . 138. sent by W. Tulips. Pauline. Bath. No. sent by Dickson & Robinson No. Cheal. Burrell. sent by C.sent by Godfrey. No. No. sent by Barr. No. Cheal. etc. Extra Dwarf Orange. sent by J. Cheal. A. F/pgion of Honour. Enchantress. Dwarf Gold-Striped.38.? and the better known indoor perpetual flowering This catalogue is of great interest to the kinds. and Wine. No. 18. of all kinds. 20. 12. 57. 202. Electra. Tliiihhj Coiiimriided. Dobbie. . sent bv R.37. sent by C. No. ! Wisley Trials. Burrell. Peronne. Reginald Cory. African Primrose. M. 15. sent by C. and has a compelling Published love interest giving zest to the story. sent by J. Pearl. of the Autumn. Maxwell & Beale. 186. No. 19." 161. sent by Dobbie. 76. Women. making a point of propagating from selected cuttings so at to keep up the purity and vigiur of the stock. 44. sent by J. Prince of Orange. was published only last year. Flag. Forester Paton. Toreador. R. No. . No.— 'No. . 175. sent by J. Mrs. Turner. sent by C. No. 5. No. sent by J. Nars. Turner. as well as to the grower of the The firm specializes in Carnaindoor varieties. No. 227. sent by Webb. and find the collections admirably anaiiged and selected with care. sent by J.

and oftentimes for fourteen hours in a single day." letters. and has done most excellent service. Ltd.I HOP 502T and 5028 " ELECHOSE. and under my control. and." Immediate Deli^veyy 'Electric' Has braided Each ply is tr'oiri Stoclc- Hose in itself * Electric' made 500 feet in Hose LOOK FOR THE 'Electric' plies. Prices ELECTRIC HOSE 198/200 Westminster Telegrams : ® RUBBER CO. consider it to be very high-class quality. WILL NOT KINK every Write us for Particulars. so far as I can iudg'e.\t the end of the season I can detect no which signs of wear "In 1913 you supplied me with 60 feet of Electric hose. is good ior my hose is used. Telephones : Bridge Road. more REFUSE the pressure than any other and is Hose." *- . and as good to-day as is . and many others besides. This ' ' sufficiently long-. London. ?nd in perfect condition. LAMB. SUBSTITUTES on the market. LONDON. may he seen at our offices. it is just as good to-day as almost as g'ood as when first when I first commenced to use it. when yon supplied it I seven years ago. . iiiiihiiKiimiiiiiMii measured and marked foot. and is ' ' stant use since it was received. S.. ( the follu-ii<ing extracts from unsolicited testimonials fiom users of " Electric Hose."' 15 ** ' years more. In a nutshell this covers a piece of hose which is 15 years' old. and so far as I can see. was necessary its to and add it hose htis been in con- to of length a piece another make hose. and it gives me much pleasure to inform you that it has given every satisfaction.E." & ' I & pleasure in & have <S> I have a piece of your Electric' Iiose in my g^arden which was not stating that in 1912 vou supplied me with a considerable quantit}" of Electric hose." a & ' & & ' writing to say the hose procured from you early last 1 am that season was in constant use throughout the sum mer. has had 15 years' service. to invest I shall certainly advise mv in committee ' ' Electric hose only for the various Public Gar- dens ill our boiough. is still in use. kinking is out of the ordi[iary been question. Is lengths up Brand many :: a Hose to without a join Stands 50 per cent. further. and the old piece ot Electric remains in perfect condition. and Samples. This has been done three times. and. "In ' iqoG I put a piece of hard when Electric' hose in use in g-arden and it has in constant service." used.Why You We Rend Should Buy ^^Electric^^ Hose The original holds good rectified are the Originators of long length corrugated Rubber Hose and many years ago errors imitators are making to-day.

crowded and weakened before they get too tall. Phipps. should be rigorously thinned out. Tallaght. Over-crowding is the conunonest cause of disappointment with hardy annuals. &c. the shoots are is allowed td become a tangled mass before this done the final result is never satisfactory. or heavy rains breaking or bending the The stakes should be seen as little as posand as few of them used as is co'mpatible with proportion of them should. and Districts shoots. L. Rudbeckias. in spite o'f the cold In the case of climbing or rambling perennials. such as the perennial Peas. early important. The central shoots for become overa large shoots. if they are well thinned out from over-crowded old in hand in time. Yours never fails. if latifolius. B. be removed leaving only as safety.. including Phloxes.s to the hardy (lower border and heralds the approach of summqr. 1922. and only a few of the outer sho'ots reach anything like their full Drummondii. Established clumps of these and many others. Co Dublin. and all such later flowering kinds. Fixtures. undulatua. become congested. want of light. sown early in April. should warmer weather ensue. and if the work is taken and a few clumps done occasionally. Glenellen. according to height. During this month hardy annuals. and here the importance of early thinning is equally urgent. The Hardy Flower May Border. So. are growing apace. Hon Sec. will require attention. Tymon Lodge.— IRISH GAEDENTNG hopeless to expect good results from stools. sible. L. but. they become a feature of the garden. the task is not laborious. therefore. too. brings its quota uf flower. Many other perennials. Show July Society. while. A. Cottage and Darwin Tulips will soon be showing flower. Miltown Your Weed Killer is the only one ever tried that is any use. This season many plants are distinctly later than usual. weather of April. Terenure. and Pyrethrunis and Lupins are fast developing their leaves. It is 22ncl— 'I'ereuure Horticultural Bushy Park. Heleniums. Smith's "Perfect' Patent Nothing Powder MARVELLOUS INVENTION like it WEED KILLER . and the shoots of Delphiniums. L. with other plants that ultimately require stakes they should be provided before there is any danger of wind development. Creaghe Creache i — Howard. . Michaelmas Daisies. Solubl TESTIMONY Enniscorthy. The Powder Weed I Killer got from the best I you last month is ever used. ever seen before. six inches to one fo'ot or fifteen inches apart. astonishing all with their beauty and the length of time they remain in flower. L((thi/rus gnindifloius. many as Early attention to such details ensures satisfaction during the can develop normally into healthy. staking is L. well-flowered summer and autiunn. perennial Sunflowers.

Paper cover. . Skerries Telegram* "DONALD. Post Free. 1 gallon of Hoyte's Organ of the Irish and Affiliated Beekeepers' Asaociatioas. Limited ST. postage. 4d. Tins charged extra and allowed for when returned. 3s..! BEE-KEEPING MADE PROFITABLE Bverr Bee-Keeper who desires success should read THE IRISH BEE JOURNAL (ESTABLISBBD 1901). All letters regarding Subscriptions. 150 illustrations. 49." The best book 2n0 pages. Mt <> •• <> 14 D'OLIER STREET. Dromod. per Aonum. 20/in full Europe. By Sole Alaiers Hoyte 16 ^t>tp. . HlllllllllllllllllllllillllllllililllllllllllilllllllllllllllllliillllllliiiF.briccan Telephone No. Lough Rynn." . THE ONLY BEE PAPER Received with approval enthusiastic IN IRELAND Killer makes 20 galls. All Editorial Communications. postage. LOWER SACKVILLE DUBLIN ^llllllllllllllllllililllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllliillilllllLH »»»»»»» »»»»»» •i 1 • I "Irish Gardening"! AN ILLUSTRATED MONTHLY = = = = Offices AGRICULTURAL GROUND ROCK —53 — Upper Sackville St. Irish Beb Journal..-»-<>- & Son. Drives. Paths. 1 of the brightest in the VfoT\d"-Qleanings {American). DUBLIN.' Business Communications..ahide. THE PRACTICAL BEE GUIDE. Dublin Subscriptions — 6/- psr annum. 11/3. 2s. . copy and photographs should be addressed to "The Editor. Linen cover. 5 galls. " "The Manager. of solution for spraying Garden Homo and "One "Ono Abroad. 4d. iFrom the on the subject yet published. 10 galls. 2/6. the Editor "Irwh Bee Journal. ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ." = *. Mai. post free. Office.|. Official Death One to the Weeds Weed etc. and of all newsagents.. < " Flower Also at I & McDonald and Bai. Walks. S S = S S = = Editorial. Advertisements and r= other business matters must be addressed -= — ^ = = S = = ALSO liUMP ROCK SALT DUBLIN . of the liveliest and best Apiarian Journals in all gall.^^ ^ ^^ j| . 6d.. ^^. Send postcard for and congnitulatlons at Specimen Copy free."-4merican Bee-KeeperMonthly td.

Bulb Growers and Seedmerchants. ..POWE WATER FORD Seeds and Trees of every description FOR Garden and Farm : niHiiniiiniiiDiiniiiniitiiiiiiii Bulbs for : Garden and Greenhouse CATALOGUES FREE Wm. Power & ^ Co. Water ford Nurserymen.

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