Word Formation

brunch from breakfast and lunch. a blend of smoke and fog. flush from flash and gush Urinalysis guesstimate . heliport from helicopter and airport. flurry from flutter and hurry. motel from motor and hotel.Blending portmanteau words • • • • • • • • smog.


and joyous • "burble" could be a mixture of the three verbs 'bleat'. from gallop and triumph Frabjous: Possibly a blend of fair. and 'warble'. fabulous. from chuckle and snort Galumph.• • • • • “slithy” means “lithe and slimy” “Mimsy” is “flimsy and miserable” chortle. 'murmer'. • Frumious: Combination of "fuming" and "furious" .

sonar Biopic.ACRONYMS • Acronyms (acr-o “tip. UNESCO DJ. scuba. MC. Amerind . point” onym “name”) are a special type of blend • • • • Laser. OK Radar.

Yugyugan Every Morning. You Also • Y.N . .B.Love Is Beautiful. Tayo Ang Mga Batang Ayaw Yumaman • L.I . A. M. Every Night. Sila.Kabit Lagi ng Macho Reverse acronyms • ISTAMBAY – Ikaw.Y.E. . .E.KLM .

plane from airplane. • phone from telephone. • Zoo is from zoological gardens • Ad and British advert are transparently based on advertisement • Gin as coming from Genève . flu from influenza.Clipping • quiz from inquisitive.

"water. This compound descends from Old Irish uisce.• Whiskey is a shortened form of usquebaugh. which English borrowed from Irish Gaelic uisce beatha and Scottish Gaelic uisge beatha." and meaning literally "water of life”. "of life." and bethad. Movie Bus Cello Flu fridge .

Eastman is reported to have said that it was “a purely arbitrary combination of letters. Kodak was created by George Eastman.Coinage Blurb is such a word. created in 1907 to refer to the embellished descriptions on the jackets of books. Of the word itself.” . founder of the camera company that bears his name. not derived in whole or in part from any existing word.

” taken over by physicists to mean “Any of a group of sub-atomic particles (originally three in number) conceived of as having a fractional electric charge and making up in different combinations the hadrons. Dacron. invented by wordsmiths within the companies that manufacture these products. • quark.• Nylon. and Teflon are others. which first appears in Joyce’s Finnegans Wake in the phrase “Three Quarks for Muster Mark. Orlon. but not detected in the free state” (OED). • Kleenex . • Frigidaire is a clever coinage for a particular brand of refrigerating device. Kevlar.

panel the walls. e-mail the students. storm the gates. landscape . weather the storm. floor our enemies. try to fish in troubled waters wolf. tower. air our opinions.Functional shift • Or conversions Examples chair a meeting. polish the car.


a Swedish botanist) • cardigan (Earl of Cardigan.Eponymy • new words based on names. an English land agent in Ireland) • dahlia (developed by Anders Dahl. nineteenth century. involve some degree of change in the meaning of the word Examples: • boycott (Charles Boycott. a style of waistcoat that he favored) .

for the Catholic conspirator. William Lynch. November 5. Guy Fawkes Day. 1606. a planter in colonial Virginia.• derrick (the name of a hangman at a London prison in the time of Shakespeare and Queen Elizabeth I) • guy (In Britain. He wrote vividly about his sexual adventures throughout most of Europe) . • lynch (Capt. member of the Gunpowder Plot in Great Britain. infamous for crimes of sexual perversion) • casanova (Giovanni Jacopo Casanova de Seingalt. originated lynch law in 1780) • nicotine (Jacques Nicot introduced tobacco into France in 1560) • sadistic (eighteenth-century Marquis de Sade.