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A lot of people are familiar with the term mood disorder, however very few people actually know specifically what one is and how to spot one, and more importantly how to distinguish the different and varying types of mood disorders. This post is going to talk about what mood disorders actually are. A mood disorder is also known as an affective disorder, and is a type of mental health problem. Mood disorders are not concentrated to one gender, age or type of person and they can occur in almost anyone including children. It is often noted that in children the worst kind of mood disorders are seen, but this isn¶t always true. Adults can have mood disorder problems, with much more damaging consequences than the ones found in children. The root cause of mood disorders isn¶t fully understood, however many scientists have attributed mood disorders to an imbalance of certain brain chemicals that are technically known as neurotransmitters. However sometime it is not due to this imbalance, and in these cases the cause of mood disorders falls on substance and drug abuse and traumatic life events. The most common and frequently discussed type of mood disorders include major depression, bipolar disorder and dysthymic disorder. Each one of these main types of mood disorder has their own distinctly different characteristics, so need to be dealt in different ways. Therefore there is no one way or quick fix for mood disorders. The major and most notable symptoms of a mood disorder include immense and ongoing feelings of sadness and despair. Feelings of hopelessness and helplessness are also common. Another feeling that is common in mood disorder sufferers is inadequacy. Along with this comes feelings of guilt, followed swiftly by suicidal thoughts and behaviour patterns, and this is where mood disorders can take a very nasty and frightening turn.
Depression may be described as feeling sad, blue, unhappy, miserable, or down in the dumps. Most of us feel this way at one time or another for short periods. True clinical depression is a mood disorder in which feelings of sadness, loss, anger, or frustration interfere with everyday life for weeks or longer We all go through ups and downs in our mood. Sadness is a normal reaction to life¶s struggles, setbacks, and disappointments. Many people use the word ³depression´ to explain these kinds of feelings, but depression is much more than just sadness. Some people describe depression as ³living in a black hole´ or having a feeling of impending doom. However, some depressed people don't feel sad at all²they may feel lifeless, empty, and apathetic, or men in particular may even feel angry, aggressive, and restless.
It's not just a warning sign that the person is thinking about suicide: it's a cry for help. Depression and suicide Depression is a major risk factor for suicide. or sex. But the more symptoms you have. restless. Reckless behavior. study. Loss of interest in daily activities.Whatever the symptoms. You ve lost your ability to feel joy and pleasure. Significant weight loss or weight gain a change of more than 5% of body weight in a month. back pain. Anger or irritability. and physically drained. Your tolerance level is low. or even violent. especially waking in the early hours of the morning. or remembering things. interfering with your ability to work. or oversleeping (also known as hypersomnia). The deep despair and hopelessness that goes along with depression can make suicide feel like the only way to escape the pain. and stomach pain. and worthlessness are intense and unrelenting. Either insomnia. aching muscles. social activities. Self-loathing. if any. making decisions. No interest in former hobbies. It¶s important to remember that these symptoms can be part of life¶s normal lows. Loss of energy. reckless driving. Your whole body may feel heavy. so take any suicidal talk or behavior seriously. relief. Thoughts of death or suicide are a serious symptom of depression. You harshly criticize yourself for perceived faults and mistakes. and even small tasks are exhausting or take longer to complete. Common signs and symptoms of depression y y y y y y y y y y Feelings of helplessness and hopelessness. Sleep changes. or dangerous sports. with little. that's when it's time to seek help. and everything and everyone gets on your nerves. Concentration problems. When these symptoms are overwhelming and disabling. Feeling agitated. Feeling fatigued. Trouble focusing. sluggish. but there are some common signs and symptoms. compulsive gambling. A bleak outlook nothing will ever get better and there s nothing you can do to improve your situation. An increase in physical complaints such as headaches. sleep. Signs and symptoms of depression Depression varies from person to person. and the longer they¶ve lasted²the more likely it is that you¶re dealing with depression. hopelessness. Types of depression . The feelings of helplessness. Appetite or weight changes. pastimes. Strong feelings of worthlessness or guilt. You engage in escapist behavior such as substance abuse. the stronger they are. depression is different from normal sadness in that it engulfs your dayto-day life. eat. Unexplained aches and pains. your temper short. and have fun.
but they last a long time (at least two years). However. when overcast days are frequent and sunlight is limited. Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) There¶s a reason why so many movies and books portray rainy days and stormy weather as gloomy. is characterized by cycling mood changes.´ However. The different types of depression have unique symptoms. Light therapy. In fact. Or you may think that your continuous low mood is ³just the way you are. hyperactivity. seasonal affective disorder is treatable. even if your symptoms have gone unrecognized or untreated for years. also known as manic depression. a condition known as ³double depression. you feel mildly or moderately depressed. you may feel like you¶ve always been depressed. which can include impulsive behavior.´ If you suffer from dysthymia. Some people also experience major depressive episodes on top of dysthymia. the switch from one mood extreme to the other is gradual. the treatments for bipolar depression are very different. Major depression Major depression is characterized by the inability to enjoy life and experience pleasure. When depressed. The symptoms are constant. rapid speech. Seasonal affective disorder is more common in northern climates and in younger people. major depression typically lasts for about six months. This type of depression is called seasonal affective disorder (SAD). often helps relieve symptoms. but more commonly. ranging from moderate to severe. there are many things you can do to support your mood and reduce the risk of recurrence. Depression causes and risk factors . Bipolar Disorder: When Depression is Just One Side of the Coin Bipolar disorder. and effects. antidepressants can make bipolar depression worse. a person with bipolar disorder exhibits the usual symptoms of major depression. Some people experience just a single depressive episode in their lifetime. These chronic symptoms make it very difficult to live life to the fullest or to remember better times. although you may have brief periods of normal mood. major depression is a recurring disorder. mild depression) Dysthmia is a type of chronic ³low-grade´ depression. a treatment that involves exposure to bright artificial light. Left untreated. However. Dysthymia (recurrent. Some people get depressed in the fall or winter. dysthymia can be treated.Depression comes in many shapes and forms. causes. Typically. and little to no sleep. The symptoms of dysthymia are not as strong as the symptoms of major depression. More days than not. with each manic or depressive episode lasting for at least several weeks. Knowing what type of depression you have can help you manage your symptoms and get the most effective treatment. Like depression. Episodes of depression alternate with manic episodes.
It takes time to feel better. there may also be psychotic symptoms. If you have diabetes. you take insulin. making treatment straightforward. psychological.Some illnesses have a specific medical cause. relationships. If you have appendicitis. and coping skills matter just as much²if not more so²than genetics. In other words. Experts believe that depression is caused by a combination of biological. treatments for depression include: y y Medications called antidepressants Talk therapy. Treatment In general. and is not simply cured with medication. called psychotherapy If you have mild depression. MEDICATIONS FOR DEPRESSION Drugs used to treat depression are called antidepressants. and social factors. such as hallucinations and delusions. you may only need one of these treatments. you have surgery. certain risk factors make you more vulnerable to depression. If you are suicidal or extremely depressed and cannot function you may need to be treated in a psychiatric hospital. But depression is more complicated. your lifestyle choices. Depression is not just the result of a chemical imbalance in the brain. However. but there are usually day-to-day improvements. People with more severe depression usually need combination of both treatments. Causes and risk factors for depression y y y y y y y y y y Loneliness Lack of social support Recent stressful life experiences Family history of depression Marital or relationship problems Financial strain Early childhood trauma or abuse Alcohol or drug abuse Unemployment or underemployment Health problems or chronic pain If depression is very severe. CHANGES IN MEDICATIONS .
Causes . However. It may also help treat depression in those who have psychotic symptoms. Your doctor may recommend changing your dose or switching to an alternative drug. Types of talk therapy include: y y y Cognitive behavioral therapy teaches you how to fight off negative thoughts. Talk to your doctor about all the medicines you take. Psychotherapy can help you understand the issues that may be behind your thoughts and feelings. Never stop taking your medications without first talkingt o your doctor. Joining a support group of people who are sharing problems like yours can also help.Sometimes. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) uses pulses of energy to stimulate nerve cells in the brain that are believe to affect mood. You will learn how to become more aware of your symptoms and how to spot things that make your depression worse. Light therapy may relieve depression symptoms in the winter time. it is usually not considered a first-line treatment. The "mood swings" between mania and depression can be very quick. Women being treated for depression who are pregnant or thinking about becoming pregnant should not stop taking antidepressants without first talking to their doctors. Ask your therapist or doctor for a recommendation. There is some research to suggest that it can help relieve depression. Bipolar disorder Bipolar disorder is a condition in which people go back and forth between periods of a very good or irritable mood and depression. medications that you take for another health problem can cause or worsen depression. You'll also be taught problem-solving skills. OTHER TREATMENTS FOR DEPRESSION y y y Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is the single most effective treatment for severe depression and it is generally safe. and help you learn how to deal with them. TALK THERAPY Talk therapy is counseling to talk about your feelings and thoughts. ECT may improve mood in those with severe depression or suicidal thoughts who don't get better with other treatments.
People with bipolar disorder type II have never had full mania. It usually starts between ages 15 . there is no clear cause for the manic or depressive episodes. People with bipolar disorder type II or cyclothymia may be wrongly diagnosed as having depression. but it occurs more often in relatives of people with bipolar disorder. A mild form of bipolar disorder called cyclothymia involves less severe mood swings. In most people with bipolar disorder. . Instead they experience periods of high energy levels and impulsiveness that are not as extreme as mania (called hypomania). These periods alternate with episodes of depression. People with this form alternate between hypomania and mild depression. Types of bipolar disorder: y y y People with bipolar disorder type I have had at least one manic episode and periods of major depression. bipolar disorder type I was called manic depression. In people with bipolar disorder II.25.Bipolar disorder affects men and women equally. The exact cause is unknown. It can include the following symptoms: y y y y y y y y Easily distracted Little need for sleep Poor judgment Poor temper control Reckless behavior and lack of self control o drinking. In the past. The following may trigger a manic episode in people with bipolar disorder: y y y y Life changes such as childbirth Medications such as antidepressants or steroids Periods of sleeplessness Recreational drug use Symptoms The manic phase may last from days to months. the symptoms of mania are similar but less intense. and/or drug use o Poor judgment o promiscuity o Spending sprees Very elevated mood o Excess activity (hyperactivity) o Increased energy o Racing thoughts o Talking a lot o Very high self-esteem (false beliefs about self or abilities) Very involved in activities Very upset (agitated or irritated) These symptoms of mania occur with bipolar disorder I.
including any medical problems you have and any medications you take Watch your behavior and mood Note: Drug use may cause some symptoms. The health care provider may do some or all of the following: y y y y y y y Ask about your family medical history. even with treatment. or making decisions Eating problems o Loss of appetite and weight loss o Overeating and weight gain Fatigue or lack of energy Feeling worthless. Treatment Periods of depression or mania return in most patients. such as whether anyone has or had bipolar disorder Ask about your recent mood swings and for how long you've had them Perform a thorough examination to look for illnesses that may be causing the symptoms Run laboratory tests to check for thyroid problems or drug levels Talk to your family members about your behavior Take a medical history. or guilty Loss of pleasure in activities once enjoyed Loss of self-esteem Thoughts of death and suicide Trouble getting to sleep or sleeping too much Pulling away from friends or activities that were once enjoyed There is a high risk of suicide with bipolar disorder. Patients may abuse alcohol or other substances. Sometimes the two phases overlap. remembering. However. hopeless. which can make the symptoms and suicide risk worse. The main goals of treatment are to: y Avoid moving from one phase to another . Drug abuse may be a symptom of bipolar disorder. Signs and tests Many factors are involved in diagnosing bipolar disorder. it does not rule out bipolar affective disorder.The depressed phase of both types of bipolar disorder includes the following symptoms: y y y y y y y y y y Daily low mood or sadness Difficulty concentrating. Manic and depressive symptoms may occur together or quickly one after the other in what is called a mixed state.
and make sure the patient takes medication correctly. People with bipolar disorder are more likely to have manic or hypomanic episodes if they are put on antidepressants. Doctors are still trying to decide the best way to treat bipolar disorder in children and adolescents. and knowing what to do when they return Family members and caregivers are very important in the treatment of bipolar disorder. Because of this. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) uses high-frequency magnetic pulses to target affected areas of the brain. ECT is the most effective treatment for depression that is not relieved with medications. They can help patients find the right support services. It is most often used after ECT. Important skills include: y y y y y Coping with symptoms that are present even while taking medications Learning a healthy lifestyle. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) may be used to treat the manic or depressive phase of bipolar disorder if it does not respond to medication.y y y y Avoid the need for a hospital stay Help the patient function as well as possible between episodes Prevent self-injury and suicide Make the episodes less frequent and severe The health care provider will first try to find out what may have triggered the mood episode. ECT uses an electrical current to cause a brief seizure while the patient is under anesthesia. Patients who are in the middle of manic or depressive episodes may need to stay in a hospital until their mood is stable and their behavior is under control. including getting enough sleep and staying away from recreational drugs Learning to take medications correctly and how to manage side effects Learning to watch for the return of symptoms. Family treatments that combine support and education about bipolar disorder (psychoeducation) may help families cope and reduce the odds of symptoms returning. The provider may also look for any medical or emotional problems that might affect treatment. Programs that offer outreach and community support services can help people who do not have family and social support. Other drugs used to treat bipolar disorder include: y y Antipsychotic drugs and anti-anxiety drugs (benzodiazepines) for mood problems Antidepressant medications can be added to treat depression. Parents should consider the possible risks and benefits of treatment for their children. . antidepressants are only used in people who also take a mood stabilizer.
People who don't respond to antidepressant medication become in reactive depression. Endogenous depression directly affect on life style. It is considered to be genetic in origin. For example problem in relationship. Is There is Relationship Between Endogenous Depression and Reactive Depression Reactive Depression Reactive depression specifies that depression from some event or some stress occurring. Some people feel sick without any sign of emotional change. One of the main causes of endogenous depression is chemical imbalance in brain. It it is sometimes hard to tell whether a patient is responding to treatment or naturally coming out of a bipolar phase. There is not exact cause or specific reason or event that depression is endogenous. But endogenous depression appears to come from nowhere. This type of depression is heredity means that it passes to children because of genetic factor.Getting enough sleep is very important in bipolar disorder. It is biological depression so it is characterized by sleep pattern. Sleeping problems because of worry. Some people say that this type of depression gives respond to antidepressants medication. Endogenous Depression It has no exact cause of depression not even specific event. But don't worry this type of depression is treated by medication. y y y A patient with bipolar disorder cannot always tell the doctor about the state of the illness. and loss of interest in activity. Treatments for children and the elderly are not well-studied. loss of love one. A lack of sleep can trigger a manic episode. Patients often have trouble recognizing their own manic symptoms. Changes in mood with bipolar disorder are not predictable. Joining a support group may help bipolar disorder patients and their loved ones. Endogenous means 'coming from within' and such depression were thought to be due to biochemical changes within the body. changing job or anything that directly affect on our life. . Endogenous Depression Endogenous depression is not type of depression rather it is biological depression. although there is still very little understanding of what triggered them. poor concentration. But this condition is rarely happen. Therapy may be helpful during the depressive phase. death of closed one. People who don't respond to medication are also called as endogenous depression.
Depression is not something to ignore or shy away from getting help for. sadness. Sometimes endogenous depression is also called as unipolar depression. Thus it common type of depression and it happen to 6% of women and 3% of men. It is extremely important for family members to ensure that persons suffering from depression endogenous get proper professional help. they will over time. a change in eating habits.Feeling tiredness. the symptoms may become more severe in nature. have a change in sleeping patterns. Stress along with other traumatic circumstances can also influence the onset of this condition but in most cases the patient will not be able to associate any particular event with the advent of the disorder. Several cases of untreated endogenous depression result in suicide. While treatments may not seem to work at first. Causes Since endogenous depression is a genetic mood disorder. mainly because afflicted persons feel depressed for no particular reason and ultimately feel totally helpless and hopeless. they need to consult a therapist so they can get the help they need. It is important for anyone who wishes to work through their depression to be open and honest with their therapist so that the therapist can have a clear understanding about what the patient needs. Symptoms A person who suffers from endogenous depression will often exhibit similar symptoms as someone suffering from any other type of depression. the therapist can be sure to choose the right medication and/or other treatments that would best work in the patient¶s favor. The symptoms of endogenous depression range from mild to more severe and not all patients exhibit the same symptoms. Endogenous depression can affect people of all age groups and most patients realize that they¶re suffering from the disorder only after the symptoms are manifested. they then finally contemplate ending their lives. Like most other forms of depression the symptoms of endogenous depression are classified into 4 distinct categories. Untreated. In this type of depression most of people think about suicide. show fatigue. this mental condition can cause severe problems for the affected person and his or her loved ones. Treatment Like any other type of depression. Unipolar depression happens to 50% of depressed people. The person could appear anxious. sleeping pattern change are all symptoms of endogenous depression. Family and friends should also ensure that persons suffering from depression are encouraged to engage in activities which keep them occupied and . With the proper information. If anyone thinks they might be suffering from depression. memory problem. If the patient is suffering from an underlying health concern or any accompanying mental health illness. endogenous depression is treatable. have low self-esteem and even sudden mood changes. hopelessness. patients predisposed to this form of depression generally develop the condition when the chemical imbalances in the brain become more severe.
as well as yoga and meditation. . These will help calm and relax them on a long-term basis. If possible.interacting with people. affected persons should also try and enroll into an exercise routine.
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