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Family Planning Acceptor

Interpretation and Analysis The data gathered shows that 55% of the families in the community do not use any family planning method. And only 44% is using different types of method in controlling reproduction. If the families in the community will still be engaged in sex without using any family planning methods, there will be a rapid increase in the population for the next years to come and thereby could cause poverty.

Review of Related Literature Economic studies, especially the experience in Asia, show that rapid population growth and high fertility rates, especially among the poor, exacerbate poverty and make it harder for the government to address it. Empirical studies show that poverty incidence is higher among big families. Smaller families and wider birth intervals could allow families to invest more in each child s education, health, and nutrition and eventually reduce poverty and hunger at the household level. ( Poverty in the Philippines , Asian Development Bank, 2004) According to the economists, which include Solita Monsod, Gerardo Sicat, Cayetano Paderanga, Ernesto M. Pernia, and Stella Alabastro-Quimbo, "rapid population growth and high fertility rates, especially among the poor, do exacerbate poverty and make it harder for the government to address it," while at the same time clarifying that it would be "extreme" to view "population growth as the principal cause of poverty that would justify the government resorting to draconian and coercive measures to deal with the problem (e.g., denial of basic services and subsidies to families with more than two children)." They illustrate the connection between rapid population growth and poverty by comparing the economic growth and population growth rates of Thailand, Indonesia, and the Philippines, wherein the first two grew more rapidly than the Philippines due to lower population growth rates. They stressed that "the experience from across Asia indicates that a population policy cum government-funded (family planning) program has been a critical complement to sound economic policy and poverty reduction." (2008) Having one of the highest birthrates in Asia, the Philippines' population grows at around two percent every year. But with inflation at a 17-year-high and 40 percent of the nation's 90 million people living below the poverty line, she believes that we cannot afford the current growth rate economically and is sponsoring a bill for a comprehensive family planning program, called the Reproductive Health Care Act. (Philippine Rep. Edcel Lagman, 2008) The Women s Health Safe Motherhood Project 2 reports As the 2003 NDHS reveals, the actual total fertility rate (TFR) of 3.5 is higher than wanted fertility of 2.5, and unmet family planning need exists for one out of five women (19.8%). The 2005 Family Planning Survey shows that this continues to

be the case, with 20.1% total unmet need, of which 10.9% is for spacing births and 9.2% is for limiting births, need to make a decision on family planning is done during pregnancy. (Maglaya, 2009)

Family Planning Method

Interpretation and Analysis From the 44% of the families using birth control methods, artificial family planning has the highest percentage wherein 53% of the whole population is using this technique. And the remaining 47% families are using different types of method wherein only 9% of those are using the permanent family planning technique. People in the community find artificial family planning method as affordable, safe and unhampered, they do not use other methods because of the fear on side effects and infertility. Only 313 people among 738 of the population have finished their secondary education and therefore they do not have adequate knowledge about the advantages and misconceptions of the use of different family planning methods.

Review of Related Literature According to the article entitled, Procreative Rights and Reproductive Wrongs, "Access to contraceptives is free and unrestricted" and that a proposed law is pushing an open door for it (Francisco Tatad, 2008). They say that these family planning items are available to the citizens and many local government units and NGOs provide these for free. Echoed by a Business Mirror editorial, the poor can afford condoms since they can pay for other items such as cellphone load (Congressman Teddyboy Locsin, 2008). Opponents also argue that Philippine government is not a welfare state, and taxpayers are not bound to provide for all the wants and desires of its citizenry, including their vanity needs, promiscuous actions and needs artificially created by elitist, imperialist and eugenicist forces; nor should taxpayers pay for drugs that are objectively dangerous (carcinogenic) and immoral. A non-government organization for women's health, stated that the most common reasons why women with unmet need in the Philippines do not practice contraception are health concerns about contraceptive methods, including a fear of side effects. 44% reported these reasons in 2008. The second largest category of reasons is that many believe they are unlikely to become pregnant 41% in 2008. Their specific reasons include having sex infrequently, experiencing lactational amenorrhea (temporary infertility while nursing) and being less fecund than normal. (Likhaan, Demographic Surveys 2008) Based on the ideal number of children, the resulting mean ideal number of children in the Philippines is 2.8 children. Less educated women and those belonging to poorer households would choose to have

more children thereby they do not comply with family planning methods. The mean ideal number of children for women with no education is 5.0 as compared to 2.7 for women with college or higher education; and 3.5 for women in the lowest wealth quintile as compared to 2.6 for those in the highest wealth quintile. (2008 National Demographic and Health Survey, Carmelita N. Ericta)

Health Insurance
Interpretation and Analysis Among the 382 families being surveyed, 222 of them or 58% do not have health insurance of any kind. And only 160 or 42% of the families had act in accordance to health insurance. Phil. Health is the most commonly used health insurance, for every 160 families, 112 of them submit on it. Most of the families in the community do not comply with health insurance because of the payment that they should carry out every month and they have the fear to be rejected if they are not qualified for that particular insurance. Thereby, most of them may not have support system and assurance or security on their health needs for the future sickness that they may have. Phil. Health is most commonly used because this is affordable, sustainable and known to be a progressive health insurance in our country. Review of Related Literature Individual insurance is a type of health insurance that is purchased by a single person or family. This type of insurance typically requires a health questionnaire to be completed as well as undergoing a medical examination. An insurance company can then assess the risks posed by the individual. An insurer can deny the applicant or issue a policy that has coverage limits or a high deductible. All types of insurance whether group or individual have various types of payments that need to be made such as a deductible or coinsurance. A deductible is the amount that an individual must pay before additional expenses are covered. A higher deductible that is selected will result in a lower cost for a health insurance plan. Coinsurance is the amount an individual must pay before the insurance plan will pay the rest. The typical coinsurance amount for an individual is about twenty percent with the insurer paying the remaining eighty percent. -Cameron Easey, eHow contributor, 2011

PhilHealth is a government corporation ensuring sustainable, affordable and progressive health insurance for Filipinos. All regularly employed Filipinos have Phil. Health accounts primarily because law requires all employers to pay part of the monthly contributions of their employees to Phil. Health. As a National Health Insurance Program, Phil. Health ensures discounts for members hospital expenses in any accredited hospital anywhere in the Philippines. Types of PhilHealth membership includes: employed membership, individually paying membership (fully paid by voluntary member) and lifetime membership (paying a lump sum amount to cover lifetime membership). -Rianne Hill Soriano, eHow contributor, 2011

The poor have poor health because they do not have the resources to afford the basic requisites of health; they are not covered by health insurance; and they do not have the capacity to effectively transact or negotiate with the health care system which seems to be more responsive to the needs of those with the necessary financial resources. (Maglaya,2009)

Potential Problems y Malnutrition y Lack of Support System y Rapid Population Increase y Risk for STD Existing Problems y Poverty y Poor educational attainment y Economic al Problems