contents

introduction 2
the basics 4

equipment 8

text and abbreviations 20
stitch gallery 22
index 286

resources 288

the basics
Once you have the foundation and a fundamental understanding
of the process, you’re well on your way to creating designs for
yourself and loved ones.

Yarns for knitting

so-called ‘1-ply’ yarn, but this is a misnomer, as at least 2

‘Yarn’ is the general term used for strands of fibre, or plies,

plies, or threads, are twisted together to form yarn.)

which are twisted (spun) together into a continuous thread.

Recommended needle size: 21⁄4 mm–31⁄4 mm.

It encompasses both natural (wool, cotton, etc.) and
synthetic fibres as well as smooth and fancy finishes and

4-ply (Australia/New Zealand 5-ply)

varying thicknesses and textures.

This lightweight yarn works well for lacy garments and is

Knitting yarns are also used for crochet, but crochet also
frequently uses fine and tightly twisted cotton threads
designed specifically for this craft. Most yarns and threads

available in a wide range of colours and various finishes.
Recommended needle size: 3mm–31⁄4 mm.

used for these crafts are categorized according to a scale of

Double Knitting (Australia/New Zealand 8-ply)

sizes, or weights. These categories vary slightly in

This is by far the most popular of the standard yarns. It can

terminology and size, depending on the country of their

be used for babies’, children’s and adults’ garments and is

manufacture. Among the standard weights available in

suitable for most stitch patterns, from lace to heavily-

Britain are the following:

textured. It comes in a vast range of colours and in many

2-ply and 3-ply

finishes, from smooth to fluffy and tweed.

These are very fine yarns, used mainly for babies’ garments

Aran (Australia/New Zealand 12-ply)

and for lacy shawls, and are available in white and a few

Somewhat heavier than double knitting, this is the yarn

other colours. (Very fine Shetland shawls are knitted from

traditionally used for Aran garments. Formerly available only

4 the basics

in cream, it now comes in other colours as well. It makes

KNITTING

CROCHET HOOKS

Recommended needle size: 5–51⁄2mm.

US

metric

US

metric

Chunky (Australia/New Zealand 14-ply)

1

2.25mm

14 steel

.60mm

3.25mm

10 steel

1.00mm

5 steel

1.75mm

warm, durable knits, especially if spun from pure wool.

These thick yarns are generally used for loose-fitting outdoor
sweaters and jackets and can have a smooth or brushed
finish. Recommended needle size: 6mm.

0

2mm

2

2.75mm

3
4

3.5mm

5

3.75mm

6

4mm

7

Choosing yarns and threads
When learning either knitting or crochet, it is especially
important to choose a yarn that feels comfortable in your
hands – one that is slightly elastic and neither slippery nor
so highly textured that it will not move smoothly between
your fingers. A pure wool double knitting or Aran yarn is
ideal for this purpose.
Published knitting and crochet patterns will normally

4.5mm

8

5mm

9

10

5.5mm
6mm

10 ⁄2

6.5mm

13

9mm

11
15
17
19
35

1

8mm

10mm

12.75mm
15mm
19mm

12 steel
6 steel
B/1

.75mm

1.50mm
2.25mm

C/2

2.75mm

E/4

3.5mm

D/3

3.25mm

F/5

3.75mm

G/6

4.00mm

H/8

5.00mm

I/9

J/10

5.50mm

K/10 ⁄2

L-11

1

6.00mm

6.50mm

8.00mm

specify the brand to be used for a project. You can often
substitute a different yarn for the one specified, provided
that you can obtain the same gauge, although substituting a
different type of yarn – a textured yarn for a smooth one –
will obviously produce a different appearance in the finished
item.
When doing your own designing, the only rule
experiment. Try a stitch pattern with different weights and
types of yarn and see the range of different effects you can
create. With practice, you will learn which yarns are likely to
enhance certain stitch patterns, but the occasional happy
surprise will add to the fun of creating a new design.

knit & purl 5

Diamond Brocade

3

Multiple of 8 sts + 1

Drape: good Skill: easy

Row 1 (RS): K4, *p1, k7; rep
from * to last 5 sts, p1, k4.

Row 2: P3, *k1, p1, k1, p5; rep

from * to last 6 sts, k1, p1, k1, p3.
Row 3: K2, *p1, k3; rep

from * to last 3 sts, p1, k2.

Row 4: P1, *k1, p5, k1, p1; rep from * to end.

Size Matters!

Row 5: *P1, k7; rep from * to last st, p1.

If you need to select a needle size for an unknown yarn,

Row 7: As Row 3.

on your needle gauge. Whichever hole it fits through the

Row 6: As Row 4.
Row 8: As Row 2.

Rep these 8 rows.
6 the basics

double your yarn and thread it through the closest size hole
neatest (neither tight nor with gaping spaces around the

yarn) is the best needle size to do your first swatch with.

Feather Rib

2

Cable & Rib

Multiple of 5 sts + 2

Multiple of 9 sts + 5

Skill: intermediate

Skill: intermediate

Drape: fair

Row 1 (RS): P2, *yo, k2tog tbl,
k1, p2; rep from * to end.

Drape: fair

Row 1 (RS): P2, KB1, p2, *k4,

p2, KB1, p2; rep from * to end.

Row 2: K2, *yf, k2tog tbl, p1,

Row 2: K2, PB1, k2, *p4, k2,

Rep these 2 rows.

Row 3: P2, KB1, p2, *C4B, p2,

k2; rep from * to end.

1

PB1, k2; rep from * to end.

KB1, p2; rep from * to end.
Row 4: As row 2.

Rep these 4 rows.

knit & purl 7

Trusted by
needlecrafters
for more than
thirty years

Harmony Guide Knit & Purl
250 Stitches to Knit
Paperback, 81/2 x 81/2, 272 pages
300 photographs, 50 illustrations
978-1-59668-056-2
$22.95 US/$28.95 Canada

Harmony Guide Lace & Eyelets
250 Stitches to Knit
Paperback, 81/2 x 81/2, 272 pages
300 photographs, 50 illustrations
978-1-59668-057-9
$22.95 US/$28.95 Canada

Harmony Guide Cables & Arans
250 Stitches to Knit
Paperback, 81/2 x 81/2, 272 pages
300 photographs, 50 illustrations
978-1-59668-058-6
$22.95 US/$28.95 Canada
October 2007

The Harmony Guides
are your one-stop reference!
Knit & Purl, Cables & Arans, and Lace & Eyelets
are the first titles of this new edition of the series.
Whether you’re a designer or a knitting enthusiast,
the Harmony Guides will keep you in “stitches” for
years to come.
All swatches are shown in contemporary yarns,
beautifully photographed and accompanied by
easy-to-follow charts and instructions.

Inside each book you’ll find:
interweave.com
Interweave Press LLC is distributed to the book trade
in the U.S. and Canada by Independent Publishers
Group.
Interweave Press LLC is also the publisher of 13 craft
magazines, including Interweave Knits, Handwoven,
PieceWork, Spin-Off, and Fiberarts.

-

More than 250 stitches beautifully and clearly
photographed
Tips on using the stitches to design your own
creations
Design consultant Erika Knight brings her considerable market expertise to inform the choice
of classic stitches and to create 25 new stitches
in each book

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