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hl=es&q=mRNA+del+COX-2&btnG=Buscar&meta=lr%3Dlan g_es Glosario Biologa Molecular A Abbe condenser: condensador de Abbe abdominal tap: paracentesis Abel's bacillus*: Klebsiella ozaenae abscess: absceso absolute chemical activity: actividad qumica absoluta absolute chemical potential: potencial qumico absoluto absolute error: error absoluto absolute lethal concentration: concentracin letal absoluta absolute temperature: temperatura absoluta absorbance: absorbancia absorbed concentration: concentracin absorbida absorbed dose: dosis absorbida absorptance: absortancia absorption: absorcin absorption coefficient: coeficiente de absorcin absorption factor: factor de absorcin absorption spectrum: espectro de absorcin absortance factor: factor de absortancia abstract: resumen acceleration: aceleracin acceptor site: centro aceptor accreditation: acreditacin accuracy: exactitud ACE*: peptidil-dipeptidasa A acetaminophen*: paracetamol acetate kinase: acetato-cinasa acetate thiokinase*: acetil*CoA-ligasa acetoacetate: [cido acetoactico ms ion acetoacetato] acetoacetato acetoacetic acid*: [cuando en realidad hace referencia a cido ACETOACTICO ms ion AC ETOACETATO] acetoacetato acetoacetic acid: cido acetoactico acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase*: acetil-CoA-C-acetiltransferasa acetokinase*: acetato-cinasa acetone: acetona acetyl activating enzyme*: acetil*CoA-ligasa acetylcholinesterase: acetilcolinesterasa acetyl-CoA C-acetyltransferase: acetil-CoA-C-acetiltransferasa acetyl-CoA C-acyltransferase: acetil-CoA-C-aciltransferasa acetyl-CoA carboxylase: acetil-CoA-carboxilasa acetyl*CoA ligase: acetil*CoA-ligasa acetyl*CoA synthetase*: acetil*CoA-ligasa acetyl-coenzyme A: acetil-coenzima A N-acetylgalactosamine-4-sulfatase: N-acetilgalactosamina-4-sulfatasa N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfatase: N-acetilgalactosamina-6-sulfatasa N-acetylglucosamine-6-sulfatase: N-acetilglucosamina-6-sulfatasa N-acetyl-*-glucosaminidase: N-acetil-*-glucosaminidasa *-N-acetylglucosaminidase: *-N-acetilglucosaminidasa *-N-acetylglucosaminidase: *-N-acetilglucosaminidasa *-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminide *-1,4-galactosyltransferase*: *-N-acetilglucosaminilg licopptido-*-1,4-galactosiltransferasa N4-(*-N-acetylglucosaminyl)-L-asparaginase: N4-(*-N-acetilglucosaminil)-L-asparr aginasa *-N-acetylglucosaminylglycopeptide: *-N-acetilglucosaminilglicopptido-*-1,4-galac

tosiltransferasa N-acetylglucosaminylphosphotransferase*: UDP-N-acetilglucosamina*enzima lisosmica N-acetylglutamate synthetase*: aminocido-N-acetiltransferasa N-acetylglutamate transferase*: aminocido-N-acetiltransferasa *-N-acetylhexosaminidase: *-N-acetilhexosaminidasa N-acetyllactosamine synthase*: 1. *-N-acetilglucosaminilglicopptido-*-1,4-galacto siltransferasa 2. lactosa-sintasa N-acetyllactosaminide *-2,3-sialyltransferase: N-acetilactosaminida-*-2,3-sialil transferasa N-acetylneuraminate lyase: N-acetilneuraminato-liasa N-acetyl-neuraminic acid aldolase*: N-acetilneuraminato-liasa achromatic condenser: condensador acromtico achromatic spindle: huso acromtico Achromobacter iophagus collagenase*: colagenasa microbiana Achromobacter proteinase I*: lisil-endopeptidasa acid-base balace: equilibrio acidobsico acid ceramidase*: ceramidasa acid-fast: cidorresistente acid-fast stain: tincin de cidorresistencia; tincin de Ziehl-Neelsen *1-acid glycoprotein: *1-glicoprotena cida acid maltase*: glucano-1,4-*-glucosidasa acidosic*: acidtico acid phosphatase: fosfatasa cida acid phosphomonoesterase*: fosfatasa cida ACIF test: prueba inmunofluorescente de anticomplemento ACP*: fosfatasa cida acrosin: acrosina ACTH*: 1. [sustancia endgena] corticotropina. 2. [frmaco] corticotrofina actinomycin D*: dactinomicina activated Christmas factor*: factor IXa de la coagulacin activated protein C: protena C activada activator: activador active site: centro activo activity: actividad activity coefficient: coeficiente de actividad activity (radionuclide): actividad (radionucleido) actual: real acute-phase protein: protena de fase aguda acyl-activating enzyme*: 1. acetil*CoA-ligasa 2. cido graso de cadena larga*CoA-l igasa acyl-CoA dehydrogenase: acil*CoA-deshidrogenasa acyl-CoA synthetase*: cido graso de cadena larga*CoA ligasa acyl-CoA oxidase: acil-CoA-oxidasa acyl dehydrogenase*: acil-CoA-deshidrogenasa acylsphingosine deacylase*: ceramidasa ADA*: adenosina-desaminasa adaptor tRNA: tRNA adaptador addition mutation: mutacin por adicin adenine: adenina adenine phosphoribosyltransferase: adenina-fosforribosiltransferasa adenosine: adenosina adenosine deaminase: adenosina-desaminasa adenosine 5'-diphosphate: 5'-difosfato de adenosina adenosine 3'-5'-phosphate: 3'-5'-fosfato de adenosina adenosine 5'-phosphate: 5'-fosfato de adenosina adenosine 5'-triphosphate: 5'-trifosfato de adenosina adenosinetriphosphatase: adenosinatrifosfatasa adenovirus: adenovirus adenylate cyclase: adenilato-ciclasa adenylate deaminase*: AMP-desaminasa

adenylate kinase: adenilato-cinasa adenyl cyclase*: adenilato-ciclasa adenylic acid deaminase*: AMP-desaminasa adenylosuccinase*: adenilosuccinato-liasa adenylosuccinate lyase: adenilosuccinato-liasa adenylosuccinate synthase: adenilosuccinato-sintasa adenylpyrophosphatase*: adenosinatrifosfatasa adenylylcyclase*: adenilato-ciclasa ADH*: alcohol-deshidrogenasa ADH*: vasopresina adherence assay: ensayo de adherencia adiuretin*: vasopresina adjuvant: adyuvante adrenal: suprarrenal adrenal cortex: corteza suprarrenal adrenal gland: glndula suprarrenal adrenaline: adrenalina adrenaline*: [cuando en realidad hace referencia a adrenalina ms ion adrenalinio] adrenalinio adrenalinium: [adrenalina ms ion adrenalinio] adrenalinio adrenalin oxidase*: amina-oxidasa (flavinfera) adrenocorticotropic hormone*: corticotropina adsorption: adsorcin adsorption chromatography: cromatografa de adsorcin aerogenic: aerognico Aeromonas proteolytica neutral proteinase*: aeromonolisina aeromonolysin: aeromonolisina aerosol: aerosol aerotolerant: aerotolerante aetiology: etiologa affinity chromatography: cromatografa de afinidad affinity constant: constante de afinidad agar: agar agar diffusion test: prueba de difusin en agar agarose: agarosa agglutination: aglutinacin agglutinin: aglutinina Agkistrodon serine proteinase*: venombina A AIDS: sida airborne transmission: transmisin area ALA dehydratase*: porfobilingeno-sintasa alanine: alanina alanine aminopeptidase*: alanila-aminopeptidasa de membrana alanine aminotransferase*: alanina-aminotransferasa alanine dehydrogenase: alanina-deshidrogenasa alanine*glyoxylate transaminase: alanina*glioxilato-transaminasa *-alanine*oxoglutarate transaminase*: 4-aminobutirato-transaminasa alanine transaminase: alanina-aminotransferasa ALAT*: alanina-aminotransferasa albumin: albmina albuminaemia*: 1. concentracin de albmina en plasma 2. concentracin de albmina en su ero albuminuria*: [con el significado de] 1. concentracin de albmina en orina 2. excre cin de albmina en orina alcohol dehydrogenase (NADP+): alcohol-deshidrogenasa (NADP+) alcohol dehydrogenase [NAD(P)+]: alcohol-deshidrogenasa [NAD(P)+] alcohol dehydrogenase: alcohol-deshidrogenasa alcohol oxidase: alcohol-oxidasa aldehyde dehydrogenase [NAD(P)+]: aldehdo-deshidrogenasa [NAD(P)+] aldehyde monooxygenase*: alcanal-monooxigenasa (unida a FMN)

aldehyde oxidase: aldehdo-oxidasa aldehyde reductase*: alcohol-deshidrogenasa aldehyde reductase (NADPH)*: alcohol-deshidrogenasa (NADP+) aldimine: aldimina aldoketomutase*: lactoilglutatin-liasa aldolase*: fructosa-bisfosfato-aldolasa aldolase 1*: fructosa-bisfosfato-aldolasa aldolase A*: fructosa-bisfosfato-aldolasa aldolase B*: fructosa-bisfosfato-aldolasa aldose 1-epimerase: aldosa-1-epimerasa aldose mutarotase*: aldosa-1-epimerasa aldosterone: aldosterona algorithm: algoritmo ali-esterase*: carboxilesterasa aliquot: alcuota alkaline phosphatase: fosfatasa alcalina alkaline phosphomonoesterase*: fosfatasa alcalina alkanal monooxygenase (FMN-linked): alcanal-monooxigenasa (unida a FMN) allele: alelo allele displacement: sustitucin allica allele replacement: sustitucin allica allele-specific oligonucleotide probe: sonda oligonucleotdica especfica de un alel o allelotype: alelotipo allergen: alrgeno allergy: alergia allosteric enzime: enzima alostrica allowable maximum imprecision: imprecisin mxima tolerable allowable maximum inaccuracy: inexactitud mxima tolerable ALP*: fosfatasa alcalina alpha-fetoprtein: *-fetoprotena ALT*: alanina-aminotransferasa alternative pathway: va alternativa alveolus: alvolo amber codon: codn mbar amber mutation: mutacin mbar amebae: ameba amidophosphoribosyltransferase: amidofosforribosiltransferasa amikacin: amikacina amine oxidase*: amina-oxidasa (flavinfera) amine oxidase (copper-containing): amina-oxidasa (cuprfera) amine oxidase (flavin-containing): amina-oxidasa (flavinfera) amine oxidase (pyridoxal-containing)*: amina-oxidasa (cuprfera) amino acid: aminocido amino-acid N-acetyltransferase: aminocido-N-acetiltransferasa amino-acid arylamidase*: alanil-aminopeptidasa de membrana D-amino acid oxidase: D-aminocido-oxidasa L-amino acid oxidase: L-aminocido-oxidasa aminoacylhistidine dipeptidase*: X-His-dipeptidasa 4-aminobutyrate transaminase: 4-aminobutirato-transaminasa aminoglycoside: aminoglicsido 5-aminolevulinate: [cido 5-aminolevulnico ms ion 5-aminolevulinato] 5-aminolevulina to *-aminolevulinate dehydrase*: porfobilingeno-sintasa 5-aminolevulinate dehydratase*: porfobilingeno-sintasa *-aminolevulinate dehydratase*: porfobilingeno-sintasa 5-aminolevulinate synthase: 5-aminolevulinato-sintasa 5-aminolevulinic acid: cido 5-aminolevulnico 5-aminolevulinic acid*: [cuando en realidad hace referencia a cido 5-aminolevulnic o ms ion 5-

AMINOLEVULINATO] 5-aminolevulinato *-aminolevulinic acid*: [cuando en realidad se hace referencia a cido 5-aminolevu lnico ms ion aminolevulinato] 5-aminolevulinato *-aminolevulinic acid dehydrase*: porfobilingeno-sintasa *-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase*: porfobilingeno-sintasa aminomethyltransferase: aminometiltransferasa amino-oligopeptidase*: alanil-aminopeptidasa de membrana aminopeptidase M*: alanil-aminopeptidasa de membrana aminopeptidase N*: alanil-aminopeptidasa de membrana ammonia: amonaco ammonia*: [cuando en realidad hace referencia a amonaco ms ion amonio] amonio ammoniemia*: 1. concentracin de amonio en plasma 2. concentracin de amonio en suer o ammonium: [amonaco ms ion amonio] amonio amniotic fluid: lquido amnitico amniotic fluid cells (cultured): clulas (cultivadas) de lquido amnitico amount: cantidad amount of substance: cantidad de sustancia (amount of) substance concentration: concentracin de (cantidad de) sustancia (amount of) substance content: contenido de (cantidad de) sustancia (amount of) substance flow rate: caudal de (cantidad de) sustancia (amount of) substance fraction: fraccin de (cantidad de) sustancia (amount of) substance rate: caudal de (cantidad de) sustancia amoxicillin: amoxicilina AMP aminase*: AMP-desaminasa AMP deaminase: AMP-desaminasa ampere: ampere amperometry: amperimetra ampicillin: ampicilina amplification: [en biologa molecular] amplificacin amplimer: amplmero AMP pyrophosphorylase*: adenina-fosforribosiltransferasa amygdalase*: *-glucosidasa amygdaline exudate: exudado amigdalino *-amylase: *-amilasa *-amylase: *-amilasa *-amylase*: glucano-1,4-*-glucosidasa amylasemia*: 1. concentracin de *-amilasa en plasma 2. concentracin de *-amilasa e n suero amylasuria*: 1. concentracin de *-amilasa en orina 2. excrecin de *-amilasa en ori na amyloglucosidase*: glucano-1,4-*-glucosidasa amylo-1,6-glucosidase: amilo-1,6-glucosidasa amylopectin*: *-dextrina-endo-1,6-*-glucosidasa amylophosphorylase*: glucgeno-fosforilasa amylo-(1,4 _ 1,6)-transglucosidase*: 1,4-*-glucano-6-*-glucosiltransferasa amylo-(1,4 _ 1,6)-transglycosylase*: enzima ramificadora del 1,4-*-glucano ANA*: anticuerpos antinucleares anabolism: anabolismo anaerobe: anaerobio anaerobic bacilli: bacilo anaerobio anaerobic chamber: cmara anaerobia anaerobic culture: cultivo para anaerobios anaerobic gram-negative coccus: coco anaerobio gramnegativo anaerobic gram-negative rod: bacilo anaerobio gramnegativo anaerobic gram-positive coccus: coco anaerobio grampositivo anaerobic gram positive rod: bacilo anaerobio grampositivo anaerobic incubation system: sistema anaerbico de incubacin anaerogenic: anaerognico

anal mucus: muco anal analyser: analizador analysis: anlisis analytical chemistry: qumica analtica analytical curve: curva analtica analytical function: funcin analtica analytical instrument: instrumento analtico analytical intercomparison: intercomparacin analtica analytical interference: interferencia analtica analytical interferent: interferente analtico analytical method: mtodo analtico analytical performance characteristic: caracterstica analtica analytical portion: porcin analtica analytical procedure: procedimiento analtico analytical process: proceso analtico analytical radiochemistry: radioqumica analtica analytical range: intervalo analtico analytical run: serie analtica analytical specificity: especificidad analtica analytical system: sistema analtico analyser: analizador androstenedione: androstenodiona aneuploidy: aneuploida angiotensin: angiotensina angiotensin I*: proangiotensina angiotensin II*: angiotensina angiotensin I-converting enzyme*: peptidil-dipeptidasa A angiotensin-forming enzyme*: renina angiotensinogenase*: renina anhydrase carbonic*: carbonato-deshidratasa annealing: fijado, emparejamiento, anillamiento o hibridacin anti-antibody: antianticuerpo antibiogram: antibiograma antibiotic: antibitico antibody: anticuerpo antibody anti cardiolipin: anticuerpo contra la cardiolipina antibody anti-core: anticuerpo contra el ncleo antibody anti-Jo-1 antigen: anticuerpo contra el antgeno Jo-1 antibody anti-Ku antigen: anticuerpo contra el antgeno Ku antibody anti-La/SS-B antigen: anticuerpo contra el antgeno La/SS-B antibody anti-Ro/SS-A antigen: anticuerpo contra el antgeno RoSS-A antibody anti-Scl-70 antigen: anticuerpo contra el antgeno Scl-70 antibody anti-Sm antigen: anticuerpo contra el antgeno Sm anticoagulant: anticoagulante anticoding strand: cadena intranscrita anticodon: anticodn antidiuretic hormone*: vasopresina antifungal: antifngico antigen: antgeno antigenic determinant: eptope antihemophilic globulin*: factor VIII de la coagulacin antimessenger RNA: RNA antisentido antimicrobial: antimicrobiano antimicrobial diffusion agar method: mtodo de la difusin en agar del antimicrobian o antimicrobial diffusion disk test: prueba de la difusin en disco del antimicrobia no antimicrobial dilution agar method: mtodo de la dilucin en agar del antimicrobiano antimicrobial susceptibility test: prueba de la sensibilidad antimicrobiana antimicrosomal antibody: anticuerpo antimicrosmico

antimitochondrial antibody: anticuerpo antimitocondrial antimycobacterial: antimicobacteriano antinuclear antibody: anticuerpo antinuclear *2-antiplasmin: *2-antiplasmina antisense RNA: RNA antisentido antisense strand: cadena antisentido antiseptic: antisptico antiserum: antisuero antiserum avidity: avidez de un antisuero antistreptolysin 0: antiestreptolisina O antitermination: antiterminacin antithrombin III: antitrombina III antitoxin: antitoxina *1-antitrypsin: *1-antitripsina antiviral: antivrico apolipoprotein (a): apolipoprotena (a) apolipoprotein A-I: apolipoprotena A-I apolipoprotein B: apolipoprotena B apolipoprotein B-48: apolipoprotena B-48 apolipoprotein B-100: apolipoprotena B-100 apolipoprotein E: apolipoprotena E apoptosis: apoptosis arabinose: arabinosa arbitrary kind of quantity: tipo de magnitud arbitrario arbitrary standard: patrn arbitrario arbovirus: arbovirus areic: arico arginase: arginasa arginine: arginina arginine amidinase*: arginasa argininosuccinase*: 1. argininosuccinato-liasa 2. argininosuccinato-sintasa argininosuccinate lyase: argininosuccinato-liasa argininosuccinate synthase: argininosuccinato-sintasa argininosuccinate synthetase*: argininosuccinato-sintasa arginosuccinase*: argininosuccinato-liasa arginosuccinate synthetase*: argininosuccinato-sintasa argipressin: argipresina arthropod: artrpodo arylsulfatase: arilsulfatasa arylsulfatase A*: 1. arilsulfatasa 2. cerebrsido-sulfatasa arylsulfatase B*: N-acetilgalactosamina-4-sulfatasa arylsulfatase C*: esteril-sulfatasa aryl sulfotransferase: aril-sulfotransferasa ASA synthase*: argininosuccinato-sintasa ASAT*: aspartato-aminotransferasa ascitic fluid: lquido asctico ascorbase*: L-ascorbato-oxidasa ascorbate: [cido ascrbico ms ion ascorbato] ascorbato L-ascorbate oxidase: L-ascorbato-oxidasa ascorbic acid: cido ascrbico ascorbic acid*: [cuando en realidad hace referencia a cido ascrbico ms ion ASCORBAT O] ascorbato asparaginase: asparraginasa asparaginase II*: asparraginasa asparagine: asparragina aspartate: aspartato aspartate aminotransferase*: aspartato-aminotransferasa aspartate transaminase: aspartato-aminotransferasa aspartic acid: cido asprtico aspartylglucosaminidase*: N4-(*-N-acetilglucosaminil)-L-asparraginasa

aspartylglucosylaminase*: N4-(*-N-acetilglucosaminil)-L-asparraginasa aspartylglucosylamine deaspartylase*: N4-(*-N-acetilglucosaminil)-L-asparraginas a aspergillopepsin A*: aspergilopepsina I aspergillopepsin F*: aspergilopepsina I aspergillopepsin I: aspergilopepsina I aspergillopeptidase A*: aspergilopepsina I Aspergillus nuclease S1: nucleasa S1 de Aspergillus Aspergillus oryzae aspartic proteinase*: aspergilopepsina I assay: 1. ensayo. 2. valoracin. assay*: 1. procedimiento. 2. mtodo assigned value: valor asignado assimilation test: prueba de asimilacin assistent: 1. ayudante. 2. adjunto. 3. auxiliar AST*: aspartato-aminotransferasa at rest: en reposo atomic absorption*: espectrometra de absorcin atmica atomic mass: masa atmica atomic mass constant: constante de masa atmica atomic mass unit: unidad de masa atmica atomic number: nmero atmico atomic weight: peso atmico ATPase*: adenosinatrifosfatasa ATP monophosphatase*: adenosinatrifosfatasa attachment: insercin attenuance: atenuancia attenuation coefficient (linear): coeficiente (lineal) de atenuacin auramine-rhodamine stain: tincin con auramina y rodamina autoantibody: autoanticuerpo autoclave: autoclave automation: automatizacin autonomus replicating sequence: secuencia de replicacin autnoma autoradiograph: autorradiografa autotroph: auttrofo auxotroph: auxtrofo Avogadro constant: constante de Avogadro Avogadro number: nmero de Avogadro awamorin*: aspergilopepsina I axerol*: retinol axerophtal*: retinal axerophtol*: retinol azlocillin: azlocilina azotemia*: 1. concentracin de urea en plasma 2. concentracin de urea en suero aztreonam: aztreonam B B. atrox coagulant enzyme*: venombina A B-cell: linfocito B B lymphocyte: linfocito B bacampicillin: bacampicilina Bacillus thermoproteolyticus neutral proteinase*: termolisina back mutation: mutacin restauradora bacteremia: bacteriemia bacteria: bacterias bacterial luciferase*: alcanal-monooxigenasa (unida a FMN) bactericidal: bactericida bactericidal activity test: prueba de la actividad bactericida bacterial cast: cilindro bacteriano

bacteriocin typing: tipificacin con bacteriocinas bacteriology: bacteriologa bacteriophage: bacterifago bacteriostatic: bacteriosttico bacterium: bacteria bacteriuria: bacteriuria band: banda band granulocyte: neutrofilocito no segmentado; neutrfilo no segmentado band neutrophil: neutrofilocito no segmentado; neutrfilo no segmentado band neutrophilocyte: neutrofilocito no segmentado; neutrfilo no segmentado band shift: desplazamiento de banda banding pattern: diagrama de bandas Bang's bacillus*: Brucella abortus barbiturate: [cido barbitrico ms ion barbiturato] barbiturato barbituric acid: cido barbitrico barbituric acid*: [cuando en realidad hace referencia a cido barbitrico ms ion BARB ITURATO] barbiturato Barton's bacillus*: Bartonella bacilliformis base: base base pairing: apareamiento de bases base quantity: magnitud de base base unit (of measurement): unidad de base (de medida) baseline: 1. lnea de base 2. situacin basal basophil: basofilocito; basfilo basophilocyte: basofilocito; basfilo batch culture: cultivo discontinuo batch operation: operacin por grupos batroxobin: batroxobina Battey's bacillus*: Mycobacterium intracellulare Bayes' theorem: teorema de Bayes BCG*: Mycobacterium bovis (avirulento) becquerel: becquerel bed side test: determinacin junto a la cabecera del paciente Beer-Lambert-Bouguer law: ley de Beer-Lambert-Bouguer Bence Jones protein: protena de Bence Jones bentiromide: bentiromida benzidine test*: determinacin de sangre en heces benzoylcholinesterase*: colinesterasa between-day imprecision: imprecisin interdiaria between-run imprecision: imprecisin interserial between-subject biological variability: variabilidad biolgica interindividual between-subject biological variation: variacin biolgica interindividual bias: error sistemtico bicarbonate*: [sustancia endgena] hidrogenocarbonato BICARBONATE: [frmaco] bicarbonato bile: bilis bile acid: cido biliar bilirubin: bilirrubina bilirubin ester: bilirrubina esterificada bilirubin non-esterified: bilirrubina no esterificada binding capacity: capacidad enlazante binding site: centro de unin bioassay: bioensayo; bioanlisis bioavailability: biodisponibilidad biochemical profile: perfil bioqumico biochemical quantity: magnitud bioqumica biochemistry: bioqumica bioelectronics: bioelectrnica biological chemistry: bioqumica biological fluid: lquido biolgico

biological half-life: semivida biolgica biological plausibility: verosimilitud biolgica biological quantity: magnitud biolgica biological reference interval: intervalo de referencia biolgico biological variability: variabilidad biolgica biological variation: variacin biolgica biometry: biometra biopsy: biopsia biosafety: bioseguridad biosensor: biosensor biotechnology: biotecnologa biotin: biotina biotinidase: biotinidasa biotin*[propionyl-CoA-carboxylase (ATP-hydrolysing)] ligase: biotina*[propionilCoA-carboxilasa (hidrolizante de ATP)]-ligasa biotin-[propionyl-CoA-carboxylase (ATP-hydrolysing)] synthetase*: biotina*[propi onil-CoA-carboxilasa (hidrolizante de ATP)]-ligasa biotinylation: biotinilacin biotype: biotipo biotyping: biotipificacin bisphosphoglycerate mutase: bisfosfoglicerato-mutasa bisphosphoglycerate phosphatase: bisfosfoglicerato-fosfatasa bisphosphoglycerate synthase*: bisfosfoglicerato-mutasa bisphosphoglyceromutase*: bisfosfoglicerato-mutasa biuret: biuret blank: blanco blank value: valor del blanco blastoconidium: blastoconidio bleeding time: tiempo de sangra blood: sangre blood agar: agar-sangre blood count: hemograma blood culture: hemocultivo blood film: extensin sangunea blood type: grupo sanguneo blood urea nitrogen*: 1. concentracin de urea en plasma 2. concentracin de urea en suero blot: transferencia (por adsorcin) blotting: transferencia por adsorcin blunt end: extremo romo body fluid: lquido biolgico body weight*: masa corporal bone marrow: mdula sea Bordet-Gengou's bacillus*: Bordetella pertussis Bothrops atrox serine proteinase*: venombina A bowing effect: efecto de arco box: secuencia bradikinin: bradicinina brain heart infusion agar: agar-infusin de cerebro y corazn branched-chain *-keto acid dehydrogenase*: 3-metil-2-oxobutanoato-deshidrogenasa (lipoamida) branching enzyme*: enzima ramificadora del 1,4-*-glucano branch migration: prolongacin del apareamiento break and reunion model: modelo de rotura y reunin breast: mama brightfield microscopy: microscopa de campo claro bromelain*: bromelana de tronco bromocriptine: bromocriptina bronchial brushing: raspado bronquial bronchial lavage: lavado bronquial

broth: caldo buffer: tampn buffer capacity: capacidad tamponadora buffy-coat: capa leucocitaria BUN*: [con el significado de] 1. concentracin de urea en plasma 2. concentracin de urea en suero bupropion*: anfebutamona burst: rfaga butyrylcholine esterase*: colinesterasa C cachet: sello calcemia*: 1. concentracin de calcio en plasma 2. concentracin de calcio en suero calcidiol: calcidiol calcifediol*: calcidiol calciferol*: ercalciol calciol: calciol calcitonin: calcitonina calcitriol: calcitriol calcium: calcio calcium ion: ion calcio calciuria*: 1. concentracin de calcio en orina 2. excrecin de calcio en orina calibrated flask: matraz aforado calibrated loop: asa calibrada CALIBRATED PIPET: pipeta aforada calibration: calibracin calibration curve: curva de calibracin calibration function: funcin de calibracin calibration material: material de calibracin calibration standard: patrn de calibracin calibrator: calibrador Calmette-Guerin's bacillus*: Mycobacterium bovis (avirulento) canavanase*: arginasa candela: candela cap: remate capacitance: capacitancia capneic incubation: incubacin capneica capnophilic: capnoflico capsid: cpsida carbamazepine: carbamazepina carbamoyl-phosphate synthase (ammonia): carbamol-fosfato-sintasa (amonaco) carbamyl phosphate synthetase*: carbamol-fosfato-sintasa (amonaco) carbenicillin: carbenicilina carbohydrate: glcido; carbohidrato carbohydrate assimilation test: prueba de la asimilacin de glcidos carbohydrated antigen 15-3: antgeno carbohidratado 15-3 carbohydrated antigen 19-9: antgeno carbohidratado 19-9 carbohydrated antigen 50: antgeno carbohidratado 50 carbohydrated antigen 125: antgeno carbohidratado 125 carbonate dehydratase: carbonato-deshidratasa carbon dioxide: dixido de carbono carbon-dioxide*ammonia ligase*: carbamoi-fosfato-sintasa (amonaco) carbon monoxide haemoglobin: hemoglobina-monxido de carbono carbonic anhydrase*: carbonato-deshidratasa carboxycathepsin*: peptidil-dipeptidasa A *-carboxylase*: piruvato-descarboxilasa carboxylesterase: carboxilesterasa carboxypeptidase A: carboxipeptidasa A carboxypeptidase B: carboxipeptidasa B

carboxypeptidase C*: carboxipeptidasa de tipo serina carboxypeptidase P*: carboxipeptidasa de tipo serina carboxypeptidase Y*: carboxipeptidasa de tipo serina carboxypolypeptidase*: carboxipeptidasa A carcinoembryonic antigen: antgeno carcinoembrionario carnitine O-acetyltransferase: carnitina-O-acetiltransferasa carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase: carnitina-O-palmitoiltransferasa carnosinase*: X-His-dipeptidasa carotene oxidase*: lipoxigenasa carotenoid: carotenoide carrier: portador carrier-culture: cultivo portador carry-over: contaminacin cassette: casete cassette mechanism: mecanismo de casete cast: cilindro (urinario) castor oil: aceite de ricino catabolism: catabolismo catabolite activator protein: protena activadora del catabolismo catalase: catalasa catalase test: prueba de la catalasa catalyst: catalizador catalytic activity: actividad cataltica catalytic activity concentration: concentracin de actividad cataltica catalytic activity content: contenido de actividad cataltica catalytic activity flow rate: caudal de actividad cataltica catalytic activity fraction: fraccin de actividad cataltica catalytic activity rate: caudal de actividad cataltica catalytic centre: centro cataltico catalytic concentration: concentracin cataltica catalytic content: contenido cataltico catalytic flow rate: caudal cataltico catalytic fraction: fraccin cataltica catalytic rate: caudal cataltico catecolamine: catecolamina cathepsin A*: carboxipeptidasa de tipo serina cathepsin C*: dipeptidil-peptidasa I cathepsin D: catepsina D catheter: catter causation: 1. causalidad. 2. etiologa CBC*: hemograma cDNA clone: clon de cDNA cDNA library: genoteca de cDNA CEA*: antgeno carcinoembrionario cefaclor: cefaclor cefadroxil: cefadroxilo cefalexin: cefalexina cefaloridine: cefaloridina cefamandole: cefamandol cefazolin: cefazolina cefixime: cefixima cefmenoxime: cefmenoxima cefmetazole: cefmetazol cefonicid: cefonicido cefoperazone: cefoperazona cefotaxime: cefotaxima cefotetan: cefotetano cefoxitin: cefoxitina cefradine: cefradina cefsulodin: cefsulodina

ceftazidime: ceftazidima ceftizoxime: ceftizoxima ceftriaxone: ceftriaxona cefuroxime: cefuroxima cell: clula cell count: 1. concentracin de clulas. 2. medida de la concentracin de clulas. 3. re cuento de clulas cell culture: cultivo celular cell line: lnea celular cellobiase*: *-glucosidasa cellular plasminogen activator*: activador del u-plasmingeno cellulase: celulasa Celsius degree: grado Celsius Celsius temperature: temperatura Celsius centrifugal force: fuerza centrfuga centrifugal radius: radio centrfugo centrifugation: centrifugacin centrifuge: centrifugadora; centrfuga cephalexin*: cefalexina cephaloridine*: cefaloridina cephalosporinase*: *-lactamasa cephradine*: cefradina ceramidase: ceramidasa ceramide trihexosidase*: *-galactosidasa ceramide trioxidase*: *-galactosidasa cerebroside-sulfatase: cerebrsido-sulfatasa cerebroside sulfatase*: arilsulfatasa cerebrospinal fluid: lquido cefalorraqudeo cerebrum: cerebro certificate value: valor certificado ceruloplasmin*: ferroxidasa cervical mucus: moco cervical cervical pool: contenido cervical cervix: cuello uterino cestode: cestodo CF test*: prueba de fijacin del complemento CFU*: partcula formadora de colonia; unidad formadora de colonia CG*: coriogonadotropina chain reaction: reaccin en cadena chain terminator: finalizador de cadena chair: 1. presidente. 2. coordinador chairman: 1. presidente. 2. coordinador chairperson: 1. presidente. 2. coordinador channel: canal Chantemesse-Widal's bacillus*: Shigella dysenteriae de tipo 1 chaperone: chaperona chaperonine: chaperonina characteristic: caracterstica Charcot-Leyden crystal: cristal de Charcot-Leyden charge: carga charged tRNA: tRNA cargado charge number: nmero de carga Chauveau bacillus*: Clostridium chauvoei CHE*: colinesterasa check list: lista de comprobaciones chelation: quelacin chemical analysis: anlisis qumico chemically defined culture medium: medio de cultivo qumicamente definido chemically incomplete defined culture medium: medio de cultivo qumicamente indefi nido

chemical pathology: bioqumica clnica; qumica clnica chemical potential: potencial qumico chemiluminiscence: quimioluminiscencia chemotherapeutics: quimioterapia chemometrics: quimiometra chi: ji chi square test: prueba de la ji al cuadrado; prueba de la *2 chitinase: quitinasa chitodextrinase*: quitinasa chlamydospore: clamidospora chloramphenicol: cloranfenicol chloramphenicol O-acetyltransferase: cloranfenicol-O-acetiltransferasa chlorhexidine: clorhexidina chloride: cloruro chlorine: cloro chlorine*: [con el significado de] cloruro chlorpheniramine*: clorfenamina chlorpromazine: clorpromazina cholecalciferol*: calciol cholecystokinin*: pancreozimina cholesteremia*: 1. concentracin de colesterol en plasma 2. concentracin de coleste rol en suero cholesterin*: colesterol cholesterol: colesterol cholesterol acyltransferase*: esterol-O-aciltransferasa cholesterol desmolase*: colesterol-monoxigenasa (escisora de la cadena lateral) cholesterol 20,22-desmolase*: colesterol-monoxigenasa (escisora de la cadena lat eral) cholesterolemia*: 1. concentracin de colesterol en plasma 2. concentracin de coles terol en suero cholesterol esterase*: esterol-esterasa cholesterol 20,22-lyase*: colesterol-monoxigenasa (escisora de la cadena lateral ) cholesterol monooxygenase (side-chain-cleaving): colesterol-monoxigenasa (esciso ra de la cadena lateral) cholesterol oxidase: colesterol-oxidasa cholesteryl ester synthase*: esterol-esterasa cholic acid: cido clico choline esterase I*: acetilcolinesterasa choline esterase II (unspecific)*: colinesterasa choline kinase: colina-cinasa choline oxidase: colina-oxidasa choline phosphatase*: fosfolipasa D cholinesterase: colinesterasa cholinesterase*: acetilcolinesterasa chondroitin ABC eliminase*: condroitina-ABC-liasa chondroitin ABC lyase: condroitina-ABC-liasa chondroitinase*: 1. N-acetilgalactosamina-4-sulfatasa 2. N-acetilgalactosamina-6 -sulfatasa 3. condroitina-ABC-liasa chondroitinase ABC*: condroitina-ABC-liasa chondroitinsulfatase*: 1. N-acetilgalactosamina-4-sulfatasa 2. N-acetilgalactosa mina-6-sulfatasa 3.N-acetilglucosamina-6-sulfatasa 4. iduronato-2-sulfatasa chondrosulfatase*: N-acetilgalactosamina-4-sulfatasa choriogonadotropin: coriogonadotropina choriomammotropin: coriomamotropina chorionic gonadotrophin*: [sustancia endgena] coriogonadotropina chorionic gonadotrophin: [frmaco] gonadotrofina corinica chorionic somatomammotropin*: coriomamotropina chorionic villi cell : clulas de las vellosidades corinicas chorionic villi cell (cultured): clulas (cultivadas) de las vellosidades corinicas

chromatogram: cromatograma chromatograph: cromatgrafo chromatography: cromatografa chromophore: cromforo chromosome analysis: anlisis cromosmico chromosome banding: bandeo cromosmico chromosome jumping: desplazamiento rpido sobre el cromosoma chromosome paints: representaciones cromosmicas chromosome set: dotacin cromosmica chromosome walking: desplazamiento sobre el cromosoma chymotrypsin: quimotripsina *-chymotrypsin*: quimotripsina chymotrypsin A4*: quimotripsina chymotrypsin A and B*: quimotripsina cianocobalamin: cianocobalamina ciclosporin: ciclosporina CIE*: contrainmunoelectroforesis ciprofloxacin: ciprofloxacino circulating antibody: anticuerpo circulante cistron: cistrn citrase*: [citrato-(pro-3S)-liasa] citratase*: [citrato-(pro-3S)-liasa] citrate: [cido ctrico ms ion citrato] citrato citrate aldolase*: [citrato-(pro-3S)-liasa] citrate condensing enzyme*: citrato-(si)-sintasa [citrate (pro-3S)-lyase]: [citrato-(pro-3S)-liasa] citrate (si)-synthase: citrato-(si)-sintasa citric acid: cido ctrico citric acid*: [cuando en realidad hace referencia a cido ctrico ms ion citrato] cit rato citridesmolase*: [citrato-(pro-3S)-liasa] citritase*: [citrato-(pro-3S)-liasa] citrogenase*: citrato-(si)-sintasa citrulline: citrulina citrulline-aspartate ligase*: argininosuccinato-sintasa citrulline phosphorylase*: ornitina-carbamoiltransferasa CK*: creatina-cinasa CK-BB*: creatina-cinasa 1 CK-MB*: creatina-cinasa 2 CK-MM*: creatina-cinasa 3 clarithromycin: claritromicina classical pathway: va clsica clavulanic acid: cido clavulnico clearance: depuracin clearance of inuline: depuracin de inulina clearing factor lipase*: lipoprotena-lipasa cleavage: escisin clindamycin: clindamicina clinical analysis: anlisis clnico clinical assay: ensayo clnico clinical biochemistry: bioqumica clnica; qumica clnica clinical chemistry: bioqumica clnica; qumica clnica clinical immunology: inmunologa clnica clinical laboratory sciences: ciencias de laboratorio clnico clinical microbiology: microbiologa clnica clinical pathology: ciencias de laboratorio clnico clinical performance characteristic: caraterstica semiolgica clinical pharmacology: farmacologa clnica clinical toxicology: toxicologa clnica clone: clon

clonidine: clonidina cloning: clonacin closed circle DNA: DNA circular cerrado closed reading frame: marco de lectura cerrado clostridiopeptidase A*: colagenasa microbiana Clostridium histolyticum collagenase*: colagenasa microbiana Clostridium oedematiens *- and *-toxins*: fosfolipasa C Clostridium welchii *-toxin*: fosfolipasa C clot: cogulo clot-retraction time: tiempo de retraccin del cogulo cloxacillin: cloxacilina cluster: [en estadstica] agrupacin coagglutination test: prueba de la coaglutinacin coagulase test: prueba de la coagulasa coagulation: coagulacin coagulation factor I*: fibringeno coagulation factor II*: protrombina coagulation Factor VIIa: factor VIIa de la coagulacin coagulation Factor VIII: factor VIII de la coagulacin coagulation Factor IXa: factor IXa de la coagulacin coagulation Factor Xa: factor Xa de la coagulacin coagulation Factor XIa: factor XIa de la coagulacin coagulation Factor XIIa: factor XIIa de la coagulacin cobalamin: cobalamina cobaltinitrite*: hexanitrocobaltato(III) cocaine esterase*: carboxilesterasa coding strand: cadena transcrita codon: codn codon bias: preferencia codnica coefficient: coeficiente coefficient of variation: coeficiente de variacin coenzyme: coenzima coenzyme A: coenzima A cofactor: cofactor cognate sequence: secuencia cognada cognate tRNA: tRNA cognado cohesive end: extremo cohesivo cohort: cohorte cold-sensitive mutant: mutante criolbil colicin typing: tipificacin con colicina; colicinotipia colistin: colistina colony: colonia collagenase*: colagenasa microbiana collagenase A*: colagenasa microbiana collagenase I*: colagenasa microbiana colloidal: coloidal colloid osmotic pressure: presin coloidosmtica Colomiatti's bacillus*: Corynebacterium xerosis column: columna column chromatography: cromatografa en columna column packing: relleno de la columna commensal: comensal commensal microorganism: microorganismo comensal communicable: 1. contagioso. 2. transmisible comparatively: relativamente competitive immunoassay: inmunoanlisis competitivo competitive inhibition: inhibicin competitiva complement: complemento complement component: componente del complemento complement fixation: fijacin del complemento

complementary deoxyribonucleic acid: cido desoxirribonucleico complementario complementary DNA: DNA complementario complementary ribonucleic acid: cido ribonucleico complementario complete blood count: hemograma complex: complejo complex locus: locus complejo compliance: cumplimiento; observancia component: componente composite transposon: transposn compuesto computerized: informatizado; computadorizado concatemer: concatmero concentration: concentracin concentration gradient: gradiente de concentracin condenser: condensador condensing enzyme*: citrato-(si)-sintasa conductance: conductancia conductivity: conductividad conductometry: conductimetra conference: 1. congreso. 2. reunin. 3. simposio confirmatory test: prueba confirmatoria conical flask: matraz de Erlenmeyer; erlenmeyer conidiophore: conidiforo conjugated *: [con el significado de] esterificado conjugation: conjugacin consensus sequence: secuencia de consenso consensus value: valor consensual constant: constante content: contenido contents: [de un documento] ndice continuous flow: flujo continuo continuous method: mtodo continuo continous operation: operacin continua contour clamped homogeneous electric field electrophoresis: electroforesis de ca mpo elctrico homogneo de contornos limitados contraception: anticoncepcin contraceptive: anticonceptivo control group*: [con el significado de] 1. grupo de referencia 2. grupo testigo control material: material de control convalescent serum: suero de convaleciente convenor: coordinador Coombs' test: prueba de Coombs copper: cobre coproporphyrin: coproporfirina coproporphyrinogenase*: coproporfiringeno-oxidasa coproporphyrinogen oxidase: coproporfiringeno-oxidasa copy DNA: DNA complementario core: [de un virus] ncleo corticoliberin: corticoliberina corticosterone 18-hydroxylase*: corticosterona-18-monoxigenasa corticosterone methyl oxidase I*: corticosterona-18-monoxigenasa corticosterone 18-monooxygenase: corticosterona-18-monoxigenasa corticotrophin*: [sustancia endgena] corticotropina corticotrophin: [frmaco] corticotrofina corticotropin: coticotropina corticotropin-releasing factor*: corticoliberina cortisol: cortisol cortisone reductase*: 3*( 20*)-hidroxiesteroide-deshidrogenasa cos end: extremo cos cos site: centro cos cosmid: csmido

cot value: cot coulomb: coulomb coulometry: culombimetra count: 1. cuenta 2. recuento counterimmunoelectrophoresis: contrainmunoelectroforesis counterstain: contracoloracin countertranscript: contratranscrito counting chamber: 1. cmara de recuento. 2. hemocitmetro; hematmetro cover slip: cubreobjetos C peptide: pptido C CPK*: creatina-cinasa CPS*: carbamol-fosfato-sintasa (amonaco) CPS I*: carbamol-fosfato-sintasa (amonaco) C reactive protein: protena C reactiva creatinase: creatinasa creatine: creatina creatine kinase: creatina-cinasa creatine phosphokinase*: creatina-cinasa creatininase: creatininasa creatinine: creatinina creatinine*: [cuando en realidad se hace referencia a creatinina ms ion creatinin io] creatininio creatinine clearance*: depuracin de creatininio creatinine deaminase: creatinina-desaminasa creatininemia*: 1. concentracin de creatininio en plasma 2. concentracin de creati ninio en suero creatininium: [creatinina ms ion creatininio] creatininio cresolase*: monofenol-monoxigenasa CRF*: corticoliberina cross-hibrydization: hibridacin por cruzamiento cross match: prueba de histocompatibilidad cruzada crossed immunoelectrophoresis: inmunoelectroforesis cruzada crossing-over: entrecruzamiento crossover fixation: fijacin entrecruzada cross reaction: reaccin cruzada crotalase*: venombina A Crotalus adamanteus serine proteinase*: venombina A CRP*: protena C reactiva cryoglobulin: crioglobulina cryoprecipitable protein: protena crioprecipitable crystal violet* stain: tincin con cloruro de metilrosanilina CS*: coriomamotropina CSF protein content*: concentracin de protena en lquido cefalorraqudeo CSF sugar*: concentracin de glucosa en lquido cefalorraqudeo culdocentesis: culdocentesis culture: cultivo culture medium: medio de cultivo cut-off point: valor discriminante cutting enzyme: enzima cortadora cutting sequence: secuencia de corte cybrid: cbrido 3',5'-cyclic AMP synthetase*: adenilato-ciclasa 3'-5'-cyclic-nucleotide phosphodiesterase: nucletido-3'-5'-cclico-fosfodiesterasa cyclooxygenase*: prostaglandina-endoperxido-sintasa cyclosporin*: ciclosporina cyclosporin A*: ciclosporina cyclosporine*: ciclosporina cylindruria: cilindruria cyst: quiste cystathionase*: cistationina-*-liasa

*-cystathionase*: cistationina-*-liasa cystathionine *-lyase: cistationina-*-liasa cystathionine *-synthase: cistationina-*-sintasa cysteine: cistena cysteine desulfhydrase*: cistationina-*-liasa cystine: cistina cystine desulfhydrase*: cistationina-*-liasa cytidine deaminase: citidina-desaminasa cytidine 5'-diphosphate: 5'-difosfato de citidina cytidine 5'-phosphate: 5'-fosfato de citidina cytidine 5'-triphosphate: 5'-trifosfato de citidina cytidine: citidina cytochemistry: citoqumica cytochrome: citocromo cytochrome a3*: citocromo-c-oxidasa cytochrome aa3*: citocromo-c-oxidasa cytochrome-b5 reductase: citocromo-b5-reductasa cytochrome-c oxidase: citocromo-c-oxidasa cytochrome oxidase*: citocromo-c-oxidasa cytochrome P-450scc*: colesterol-monoxigenasa (escisora de la cadena lateral) cytogenetics: citogentica cytology: citologa cytometry: citometra cytopathic effect: efecto citoptico cytopathology: citopatologa cytosol aminopeptidase*: leucil-aminopeptidasa cytosine: citosina D 2-D-electrophoresis*: electroforesis bidimensional dark-field microscopy: microscopa de campo oscuro daughter-strand gap repair: reparacin por recombinacin Davaine's bacillus*: Bacillus anthracis debranching enzyme*: 1. *-dextrina-endo-1,6-*-glucosidasa 2. isoamilasa decadic absorbance: absorbancia decimal decadic attenuance: atenuancia decimal decay constant: constante de desintegracin decolorizer: decolorante decontamination: descontaminacin defective phage: fago defectuoso definitive host: husped definitivo definitive measurement procedure: procedimiento de medida definitivo definitive method: mtodo definitivo definitive value: valor definitivo degree: grado degree of dissociation: grado de disociacin dehydroepiandrosterone: deshidroepiandrosterona deiodinase*: ioduro-peroxidasa deleterious mutation: mutacin deletrea deletion: delecin denaturating gradient gel electrophoresis: electroforesis en gel desnaturalizant e con gradiente denaturation: desnaturalizacin density: densidad deoxyadenosine: desoxiadenosina deoxycorticosterone: desoxicorticosterona 11-deoxycortisol: 11-desoxicortisol deoxycytidine: desoxicitidina deoxyguanosine: desoxiguanosina

deoxyguanylate kinase*: guanilato-cinasa deoxyribonuclease I: desoxirribonucleasa I deoxyribonuclease II: desoxirribonucleasa II deoxyribonuclease S1*: nucleasa S1 de Aspergillus deoxyribonucleic acid: cido desoxirribonucleico deoxyribonucleotide: desoxirribonucletido deoxyribonucleic acid: cido desoxirribonucleico deoxyuridine: desoxiuridina dephosphophosphorylase kinase*: fosforilasa-cinasa depletion: 1. agotamiento. 2. reduccin. 3. disminucin deprivation: 1. privacin. 2. deshabituacin derepression: desrepresin derived quantity: magnitud derivada derived unit: unidad derivada dermatophyte: dermatofito 20,22-desmolase*: colesterol-monoxigenasa (escisora de la cadena lateral) destabilizing protein: protena desestabilizadora detectability: detectabilidad detection limit: lmite de deteccin detector: detector detergent: detergente determination: determinacin dexametasone: dexametasona *-dextrin endo-1,6-*-glucosidase: *-dextrina-endo-1,6-*-glucosidasa dextrin 6-*-D-glucosidase*: amilo-1,6-glucosidasa N,N'-diacetylchitobiosyl *-N-acetylglucosaminidase*: manosil-glicoprotena- endo-* -N-acetilglucosaminidasa diacylglycerol lipase*: lipoprotena-lipasa diagnosis: diagnstico diagnostic sensitivity: sensibilidad diagnstica diagnostic specificity: especificidad diagnstica diakinesis: diacinesis dialysis: dilisis diamine oxidase*: amina-oxidasa (cuprfera) diamino oxhydrase*: amina-oxidasa (cuprfera) diaphorase*: 1. citocrom-b5-reductasa 2. dihidrolipoamida-deshidrogenasa dicloxacillin: dicloxacilina dicyclomine*: dicicloverina diethylpropion*: anfepramona difference scale: escala de diferencias differential blood count: recuento diferencial leucocitario; frmula leucocitaria differential count: recuento diferencial leucocitario; frmula leucocitaria differential diagnosis: diagnstico diferencial differentation medium: medio de diferenciacin diffraction grating: red de difraccin diffusion coefficient: coeficiente de difusin digitoxin: digitoxina diglyceride lipase*: lipoprotena-lipasa digoxin: digoxina 7,8-dihydrobiopterin synthetase*: sepiapterina-reductasa 22,23-dihydroergocalciferol*: (24S)-metilcalciol dihydrofolate reductase: dihidrofolato-reductasa dihydrolipoamide S-acetyltransferase: dihidrolipoamida-S-acetiltransferasa dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase: dihidrolipoamida-deshidrogenasa dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase*: dihidrolipoamida-deshidrogenasa dihydropteridine reductase: dihidropteridina-reductasa dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (NADP+): dihidropirimidina-deshidrogenasa (NADP+ ) dihydrotachysterol3*: dihidrocalciol dihydrothymine dehydrogenase*: dihidropirimidina-deshidrogenasa (NADP+)

dihydrouracil dehydrogenase (NADP+)*: dihidropirimidina-deshidrogenasa (NADP+) 1*,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol*: calcitriol 24(R),25-dihydroxycalcidiol*: 24(R)-hidroxicalcidiol 1*,25-dihydroxyergocalciferol*: ercalcitriol diiodothyronine 5-deiodinase*: tiroxina-desiodinasa *-diketonase*: fumarilacetoacetasa diluent: diluyente diluter: diluidor dimension (of a quantity): dimensin (de una magnitud) dimensionless quantity: magnitud adimensional dimorphic fungi: hongo dimrfico dipeptide hydrolase*: peptidil-dipeptidasa A dipeptidyl aminopeptidase I*: dipeptidil-peptidasa I dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase I*: peptidil-dipeptidasa A dipeptidyl-peptidase I: dipeptidil-peptidasa I dipeptidyl transferase*: dipeptidil-peptidasa I diphenylhydantoin*: fenitona diphosphoglycerate mutase*: bisfosfoglicerato-mutasa 2,3-diphosphoglycerate mutase*: bisfosfoglicerato-mutasa 2,3-diphosphoglycerate phosphatase*: bisfosfoglicerato-fosfatasa diphtheria toxin: toxina diftrica diphtheroide: difteroide diploid: diploide diplotene: diplotena dipstick: tira reactiva dipyrone*: metamizol direct agglutination test: prueba de la aglutinacin directa direct bilirubin: bilirrubina esterificada direct fluorescent-antibody test: prueba directa del anticuerpo fluorescente direct fluorescent-antigen detection: deteccin directa del antgeno fluorescente direct immunofluorescence test: prueba directa de inmunofluorescencia direct wet mount: preparacin en fresco direct repeat: repeticin directa directed mutagenesis: mutagnesis dirigida discrete flow: flujo discreto discrete transport: transporte discreto discrimination threshold: umbral discriminante disease: enfermedad disinfectant: desinfectante disinfection: desinfeccin disintegration constant: constante de desintegracin disjunction: disyuncin disopyramide: disopiramida disorder: alteracin; trastorno dispase*: aeromonolisina dispenser: dispensador dispersed repeat: repeticin dispersa displacement analysis: anlisis por desplazamiento dissociation constant: constante de disociacin distribution coefficient: coeficiente de distribucin distribution constant: constante de distribucin divergent promoter: promotor divergente DNA amplification: amplificacin de DNA DNA damage: lesin del DNA DNA-directed DNA polymerase: DNA-polimerasa dirigida por DNA DNA-directed RNA polymerase: RNA-polimerasa dirigida por DNA DNA ligase (ATP): DNA-ligasa (ATP) DNA ligase (NAD+): DNA-ligasa (NAD+) DNA melting: fusin del DNA DNA mutagenic repair: reparacin mutgena del DNA

DNA nucleotidylexotransferase: DNA-nucleotidilexotransferasa DNA nucleotidyltransferase (DNA-directed)*: DNA-polimerasa dirigida por DNA DNA nucleotidyltransferase (RNA-directed)*: DNA-polimerasa dirigida por RNA DNA packaging: empaquetamiento del DNA DNA polymerase *, *, **: DNA-polimerasa dirigida por DNA DNA polymerase I, II, III*: DNA-polimerasa dirigida por DNA DNA repair: reparacin del DNA DNA repair enzyme*: 1. DNA-ligasa (NAD+) 2. DNA-ligasa (ATP) DNA restriction: restriccin del DNA DNA sequence polymorphism: polimorfismo de una secuencia de DNA DNA topoisomerase: DNA-topoisomerasa DNase*: desoxirribonucleasa I DNase I*: desoxirribonucleasa I DNase II*: desoxirribonucleasa II Dderlein's bacillus*: Lactobacillus acidophilus domain: zona donor site: centro donador dopamine *-hydroxylase*: dopamina-*-monoxigenasa dopamine *-monooxygenase: dopamina-*-monoxigenasa dormancy: letargo dosage effect: efecto de la dosis dose: dosis dose-effect curve: curva de dosis y respuesta dose equivalent: dosis equivalente dot blot: transferencia en mancha double helix: doble hlice double diffusion test: prueba de la doble difusin double-minute: minicromosoma double strand: cadena doble double-strand break repair: reparacin por recombinacin double-stranded DNA: DNA bicatenario down mutation: mutacin lentificadora down-promoter mutation: mutacin lentificadora downstream: en direccin 3' down time: periodo improductivo doxycycline: doxiciclina DPNH methaemoglobin reductase*: citocromo-b5-reductasa drift: deriva drug: 1. frmaco; medicamento. 2. droga de adiccin dry chemistry*: 1. qumica en fase slida. 2. reactivos en fase slida dry medium: medio seco Ducrey's bacillus*: Haemophilus ducreyi duodenal contents: contenido duodenal duplex: dplex dysgonic: disgnico E Eberth's bacillus*: Salmonella typhi E. coli DNA ligase*: DNA-ligasa (NAD+) E. coli exonuclease III*: exodesoxirribonucleasa III ECA*: peptidil-dipeptidasa A ectoparasite: ectoparsito editor: director (de una edicin) effective concentration: concentracin eficaz effector: efector effluent: efluente effusion: derrame eflectance: eflectancia EIA*: enzimoinmunoanlisis

electric capacitance: capacitancia elctrica electric charge: carga elctrica electric conductance: conductancia elctrica electric conductivity: conductividad elctrica electric current: corriente elctrica electric current density: densidad de corriente elctrica electric field strength: fuerza del campo elctrico electric mobility: movilidad elctrica electric resistance: resistencia elctrica electric resistivity: resistividad elctrica electroblotting: electrotransferencia por adsorcin electrode: electrodo electrode potencial: potencial de electrodo electrodialysis: electrodilisis electro-endosmosis: elctroendsmosis electrogravimetry: electrogravimetra electrokaryotipe: electrocariotipo electrokinetic potential: potencial electrocintico electrolysis: electrlisis electrolyte: electrlito electromotive force: fuerza electromotriz electron microscope: microscopio electrnico electron microscopy: microscopa electrnica electron-transferring-flavoprotein dehydrogenase: flavoprotena-deshidrogenasa tra nsferidora de electrones electronvolt: electronvolt electrophoresis: electroforesis electrophoretic karyotipe: cariotipo electrofortico electrophoretic mobility: movilidad electrofortica electroporation: electroporacin electropulsation: electropulsacin element: elemento elementary charge: carga elemental ELISA: elisa elixir: elixir elongation: elongacin eluate: eluato eluent: eluyente elution chromatography: cromatografa de elucin elution curve: curva de elucin emergency: urgencia emergency laboratory: laboratorio de urgencias emittance: emitancia empyema: empiema ENA*: antgeno nuclear extrable encapsidation: encapsidacin encode: codificar end-labeling: marcaje terminal endo-*-N-acetylgalactosaminidase*: glicopptido-*-N-acetilgalactosaminidasa endo-*-N-acetylglucosaminidase*: manosil-glicoprotena endo-*-N-acetilglucosaminid asa endo-N-acetylneuraminidase*: endo-*-sialidasa endocervical mucus: moco endocervical endoenzyme: endoenzima endogenote: endogenote endo-1,4-*-glucanase*: celulasa endoneuraminidase*: endo-*-sialidasa endonuclease S1 (Aspergillus)*: nucleasa S1 de Aspergillus endoparasite: endoparsito endopeptidase K: endopeptidasa K

endoproteinase Asp-N*: peptidil-Asp-metaloendopeptidasa endoproteinase Glu-C*: glutamil-endopeptidasa endoproteinase Lis-C*: lisil-endopeptidasa endo-*-sialidase: endo-*-sialidasa enhancer: intensificador enolase*: fosfopiruvato-hidratasa enoxacin: enoxacina enrichment culture: caldo de enriquecimiento enrichment medium: medio de enriquecimiento enteral nutrition: nutricin enteral enterokinase*: enteropeptidasa enteropeptidase: enteropeptidasa enteroinvasive: enteroinvasor enterotoxigenic: enterotoxignico enterotoxin: enterotoxina enthalpy: entalpa entitic: enttico; entsico entity: entidad; ente entropy: entropa entry exclusion: bloqueo de entrada entry site: centro aceptor enzyme : enzima enzyme activity: actividad enzimtica enzyme electrode: electrodo enzimtico enzyme immunoassay : enzimoinmunoanlisis enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay: elisa eosin-methylene blue agar: agar-eosina-cloruro de metiltioninio eosinophil: eosinofilocito; eosinfilo eosinophilocyte: eosinofilocito; eosinfilo epidemiology: epidemiologa epigenetic: epigentico epinephrine*: [sustancia endgena] 1. adrenalina. 2. adrenalinio epinephrine: [frmaco] epinefrina epitope: eptope Epstein-Barr virus: virus de Epstein-Barr equatorial plate: placa ecuatorial equilibrium constant: constante de equilibrio Erlenmeyer flask: matraz de Erlenmeyer Ermengen's bacillus*: Clostridium botulinum error: error erythrasma: eritrasma erythrocyte: eritrocito erythrocyte sedimentation rate*: eritrosedimentacin erythromycin: eritromicina erythropoietin: eritropoyetina erythrosedimentation: eritrosedimentacin esculin agar: agar-esculina essential trace element: oligoelemento ESR*: eritrosedimentacin esterase*: carboxilesterasa estradiol-17*: estradiol-17* estradiol 17*-dehydrogenase: estradiol-17*-deshidrogenasa ethanol: etanol ethanolamine kinase: etanolamina-cinasa ethosuximide: etosuximida ethylenediaminetetraacete: etilendinitrilotetracetato; etilendiaminotetracetato ethylenedinitrilotetraacetate: etilendinitrilotetracetato; etilendiaminotetracet ato eugonic: eugnico eukaryotic: eucariota

examination: 1. examen 2. exploracin excision: escisin excitation: excitacin excitation energy: energa de excitacin exclusion chromatography: cromatografa de exclusin exodeoxyribonuclease III: exodesoxirribonucleasa III exoenzyme: exoenzima exogenote: exogenote exo-1,4-*-glucosidase*: glucano-1,4-*-glucosidasa exon: exn 3'-exonuclease*: exonucleasa esplnica 5'-exonuclease*: fosfodiesterasa I exo-*-sialidase: exo-*-sialidasa exotoxin: exotoxina exo-1,4-*-xylosidase*: xilano-1,4-*-xilosidasa expectoration: esputo experimental standard desviation: desviacin tpica experimental expression: expresin extended DNA: DNA expandido external quality assessment: evaluacin externa de la calidad external quality control: control externo de la calidad extinction* : [con el significado de] absorbancia extracellular fluid: lquido extracelular extractable nuclear antigen: antgeno nuclear extrable exudate: exudado F F-duction: F-duccin facultative anaerobe: anaerobio facultativo factor: factor factor XIIIa*: protena-glutamina-*-glutamiltransferasa fcal culture: coprocultivo fces: heces false negative: negativo falso false positive: positivo falso farad: farad Faraday constant: constante de Faraday fastidious anaerobe: anaerobio exigente fasting: en ayunas fatty acid: cido graso fatty acid thiokinase (long chain)*: cido-graso-de-cadena-larga*CoA-ligasa FBC: hemograma completo fecal culture: coprocultivo feces: heces feedback: retroaccin fermentation: fermentacin fermentation test: prueba de la fermentacin ferricyanide*: hexacianoferrato(III) ferritin: ferritina ferrochelatase: ferroquelatasa ferrocyanide*: hexacianoferrato(II) ferroxidase: ferroxidasa Feseri's bacillus*: Clostridium chauvoei fetal hmoglobin: hemoglobina fetal fetal Hb: hemoglobina fetal *-fetoprotein: *-fetoprotena FIA*: fluoroinmunoanlisis fibrin: fibrina fibrin degradation products: productos de degradacin de la fibrina

fibrinase*: plasmina fibrinogen: fibringeno fibrinogen split products: productos de la degradacin del fibringeno fibrinogenase*: trombina fibrinoligase*: protena-glutamina*-glutamiltransferasa fibrinolysin*: plasmina fibroblast: fibroblasto ficain: ficana ficin*: ficana Fick's bacillus*: Proteus vulgaris field inversion gel electrophoresis: electroforesis de inversin de campo en gel fill-in reaction: reaccin de relleno filter flask: matraz de filtracin filter hybridization: hibridacin sobre filtro filtration: filtracin fimbriae: fimbria fingerprint: huella fingerprinting: obtencin de la huella gentica firefly luciferase*: photinus-luciferina-4-monooxigenasa (hidrolizante de ATP) fission: fisin fistula: fstula flagellar stain: tincin flagelar flame atomic absortion spectrometry: espectrometra de absorcin atmica de llama flame atomic emission spectrometry: espectrometra de emisin atmica de llama flame photometry*: espectrometra de emisin atmica de llama flanking sequence: secuencia flanqueadora flavin mononucleotide: mononucletido de flavina flavin-adenine dinucleotide: dinucletido de flavina y adenina Flexner's bacillus*: Shigella flexneri floccose: flocoso flow: flujo flow cytometry: citometra de flujo flow injection: inyeccin en flujo flow rate: caudal fluconazole: fluconazol fluorescein: fluorescena fluorescence immunoassay: fluoroinmunoanlisis fluorescence polarization immunoassay: fluoroinmunoanlisis de polarizacin fluorescent-antibody test: prueba del anticuerpo fluorescente fluorescent stain: tincin fluorescente fluorometry: fluorimetra flush end: extremo romo flux: flujo FMN reductase*: NAD(P)H-deshidrogenasa (FMN) folate: folato folic acid*: [con el significado de] folato follicle-stimulating hormone*: folitropina follicle-stimulating-hormone-releasing factor*: foliberina follitropin: folitropina fomite: fmite food-borne illness: enfermedad transmitida por alimentos footprint: impronta footprinting: obtencin de la impronta force: fuerza formaldehyde: formaldehdo formate: formiato formate*tetrahydrofolate ligase: formiato*tetrahidrofolato-ligasa formimino-L-glutamic transferase*: glutamato-formiminotransferasa formiminotetrahydrofolate cyclodeaminase: formiminotetrahidrofolato-ciclodesamin asa

formimino*THF cyclodeiminase*: formiminotetrahidrofolato-ciclodesaminasa formyltetrahydrofolate synthetase*: formiato*tetrahidrofolato-ligasa formyl*THF synthetase*: formiato*tetrahidrofolato-ligasa forward mutation: mutacin directa FPIA*: fluoroinmunoanlisis de polarizacin fractile: fractil fraction: fraccin frame-shift mutation: mutacin del marco de lectura free*: [con el significado de] 1. no unido a protena 2. no esterificado free energy: energa libre free fatty acids*: cidos grasos no esterificados frequency: frecuencia frictional coefficient: coeficiente de friccin friction factor: factor de friccin Friedewald's formula: frmula de Friedewald Friedlander's bacillus*: Klebsiella pneumoniae fructaldolase B*: fructosa-bisfosfato-aldolasa fructoaldolase*: fructosa-bisfosfato-aldolasa *-fructofuranosidase: *-fructofuranosidasa fructokinase: fructocinasa fructosamine: fructosamina fructose: fructosa fructose-bisphosphatase: fructosa-bisfosfatasa fructose-bisphosphate aldolase: fructosa-bisfosfato-aldolasa fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase B*: fructosa-bisfosfato-aldolasa fructose-1,6-bisphosphate triosephosphate-lyase*: fructosa-bisfosfato-aldolasa fructose 1,6-diphosphatase*: fructosa-bisfosfatasa fructose diphosphate aldolase*: fructosa-bisfosfato-aldolasa fructose 1,6-phosphatase*: fructosa-bisfosfatasa fructose 1-phosphate aldolase*: fructosa-bisfosfato-aldolasa fructose-6-phosphate kinase*: 6-fosfofructocinasa *-fructosidase*: *-fructofuranosidasa frusemide*: furosemida FSH*: folitropina FSH-RF*: foliberina FTA: anticuerpo fluorescente antitreponmico *-L-fucosidase: *-L-fucosidasa full blood count: hemograma completo fumarate hydratase: fumarato-hidratasa fumarylacetoacetase: fumarilacetoacetasa functional test: prueba funcional fungus: hongo fungemia: fungemia furosemide: furosemida G Sect G galactokinase: galactocinasa galactosamine-6-sulfatase*: N-acetilgalactosamina-6-sulfatasa galactose: galactosa galactose 1-dehydrogenase: galactosa-1-deshidrogenasa *-galactose dehydrogenase*: galactosa-1-deshidrogenasa galactose epimerase*: UDP-glucosa-4-epimerasa galactose oxidase: galactosa-oxidasa galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase*: 1. UTP*hexosa-1-fosfato-uridililtran sferasa 2. UDPglucosa*hexosa-1-fosfato-uridililtransferasa galactose-6-sulfate sulfatase*: N-acetilgalactosamina-6-sulfatasa

*-galactosidase: *-galactosidasa *-galactosidase: *-galactosidasa *-galactoside *-2,3-sialyltransferase: *-galactsido-*-2,3-sialiltransferasa *-galactoside *-2,6-sialyltransferase: *-galactsido-*-2,6-sialiltransferasa galactosylceramidase: galactosilceramidasa galactosylgalactosylglucosylceramidase: galactosilgalactosilglucosilceramidasa *-galactosyl hydrolase*: *-galactosidasa galley proof: galerada gamma GT: *-glutamiltransferasa gapped DNA: DNA incompleto Gartner's bacillus*: Salmonella enteriditis gas chromatography: cromatografa en fase gaseosa; cromatografa de gases gas-liquid chromatography: cromatografa gas-lquido gas sterilizer: esterilizador por gas gastric contents: contenido gstrico gastric juice: jugo gstrico gastricsine: gastricsina gastrin: gastrina gene: gen gene bank: genoteca gene coupling: apareamiento gnico gene deletion: delecin gnica gene disruption: interrupcin gnica gene dosage: dosis gnica gene library: genoteca gene manipulation: manipulacin gnica gene tagging: marcado gnico gene targeting: reconocimiento gnico gene tracking: seguimiento gnico genetic background: contexto gentico genetic code: cdigo gentico genetic code degenerescence: redundancia del cdigo gentico genetic engineering: ingeniera gentica genetic load: carga gentica genetic marker: marcador gentico genetic transfer: transferencia gentica genetics: gentica genome: genoma genomic library: genoteca genmica genomic mismatch scanning: rastreo genmico de malapareamiento genotype: genotipo gentamicin: gentamicina gentiobiase*: *-glucosidasa germ*: microrganismo germ tube test medium: medio para la prueba de la germinacin gestational protein: protena gravdica GFR*: caudal de filtracin glomerular GGT*: *-glutamiltransferasa GH*: somatotropina Ghon-Sachs bacillus*: Clostridium septicum GH-RF*: somatoliberina Gibbs free energy: energa libre de Gibbs Giemsa stain: tincin de Giemsa glandular kallikrein*: calicrena hstica globulin: globulina glomerular filtrate: filtrado glomerular glomerular filtration: filtracin glomerular glomerular filtration rate: caudal de filtracin glomerular glomeruli: glomrulos GLP*: buenas prcticas de laboratorio

glucagon: glucagn 1,4-*-glucan branching enzyme: enzima ramificadora del 1,4-*-glucano glucan 1,4-*-glucosidase: glucano-1,4-*-glucosidasa 1,4-*-glucan 6-*-glucosyltransferase: 1,4-*-glucano-6-*-glucosiltransferasa 6-glucanohydrolase*: *-dextrina-endo-1,6-*-glucosidasa glucemia*: 1. concentracin de glucosa en plasma 2. concentracin de glucosa en suer o glucoamylase*: glucano-1,4-*-glucosidasa glucocerebrosidase*: glucosilceramidasa glucoinvertase*: *-glucosidasa glucokinase: glucocinasa glucokinase*: hexocinasa gluconate kinase*: gluconocinasa gluconokinase: gluconocinasa glucophosphomutase*: fosfoglucomutasa glucosamine-6-phosphate isomerase (glutamine-forming)*: glutamina*fructosa-6-fos fato-transaminasa glucose: glucosa glucose 1-dehydrogenase: glucosa-1-deshidrogenasa glucose oxidase: glucosa-oxidasa glucose oxyhydrase*: glucosa-oxidasa glucose-6-phosphatase: glucosa-6-fosfatasa glucose-6-phosphate 1-dehydrogenase: glucosa-6-fosfato-1-deshidrogenasa glucose-6-phosphate isomerase: glucosa-6-fosfato-isomerasa glucosephosphate isomerase*: glucosa-6-fosfato-isomerasa glucose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase*: UTP*glucosa-1-fosfato-uridililtransfer asa glucose phosphomutase*: fosfoglucomutasa glucose tolerance test: prueba de tolerancia a la glucosa *-glucosidase: *-glucosidasa *-glucosidase: *-glucosidasa glucosidosucrase*: *-glucosidasa glucosuria*: [con el significado de] 1. concentracin de glucosa en orina 2. excre cin de glucosa en orina glucosylceramidase: glucosilceramidasa *-glucuronidase: *-glucuronidasa glucuronosyltransferase: glucuronosiltransferasa glutamate: glutamato glutamate*cysteine ligase: glutamato*cistena-ligasa glutamate decarboxylase: glutamato-descarboxilasa glutamate dehydrogenase: glutamato-deshidrogenasa glutamate dehydrogenase*: glutamato-deshidrogenasa [NAD(P)+] glutamate dehydrogenase (NADP+): glutamato-deshidrogenasa (NADP+) glutamate dehydrogenase [NAD(P)+]: glutamato-deshidrogenasa [NAD(P)+] glutamate formiminotransferase: glutamato-formiminotransferasa glutamate formyltransferase*: glutamato-formiminotransferasa glutamic acid: cido glutmico glutamic-alanine transaminase*: alanina-transaminasa glutamic-aspartic transaminase*: aspartato-transaminasa glutamic dehydrogenase*: 1. glutamato-deshidrogenasa 2. glutamato-deshidrogenasa [NAD(P)+] 3. glutamato-deshidrogenasa (NADP+) glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase*: aspartato-transaminasa glutamic-pyruvic transaminase*: alanina-transaminasa glutaminase: glutaminasa glutamine: glutamina glutamine*fructose-6-phosphate transaminase: glutamina*fructosa-6-fosfato-transa minasa glutamine phosphoribosylpyrophosphate amidotransferase*: amidofosforribosiltrans ferasa glutamine-pyruvate aminotransferase*: glutamina*fructosa-6-fosfato-transaminasa

*-glutamylcysteine synthase*: glutamato*cistena-ligasa *-glutamylcysteine synthetase*: glutamato*cistena-ligasa glutamyl endopeptidase: glutamil-endopeptidasa *-glutamyltransferase: *-glutamiltransferasa glutamyl transpeptidase*: *-glutamiltransferasa *-glutamyl transpeptidase*: *-glutamiltransferasa glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase: glutaril-CoA-deshidrogenasa glutathione S-alkyltransferase*: glutatin-transferasa glutathione S-aralkyltransferase*: glutatin-transferasa glutathione S-aryltransferase*: glutatin-transferasa glutathione peroxidase: glutatin-peroxidasa glutathione reductase*: glutatin-reductasa (NADPH) glutathione reductase (NADPH): glutatin-reductasa (NADPH) glutathione synthase: glutatin-sintasa glutathione synthetase*: glutatin-sintasa glutathione transferase: glutatin-transferasa glutethimide: glutetimida N-glycanase*: pptido-N4-(N-acetil-*-glucosaminil)asparragina-amidasa O-glycan peptide hydrolase*: glicopptido-*-N-acetilgalactosaminidasa glycated hemoglobin*: glicohemoglobina glycemia*: 1. concentracin de glucosa en plasma 2. concentracin de glucosa en suer o glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase: gliceraldehdo-3-fosfato-deshidrogenasa glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NADP+) (phosphorylating): gliceraldehdo -3-fosfato-deshidrogenasa (NADP+) (fosforilante) glycerate dehydrogenase: glicerato-deshidrogenasa glycerate phosphomutase*: bisfosfoglicerato-mutasa glyceric dehydrogenase*: glicerato-deshidrogenasa glycerol dehydrogenase: glicerol-deshidrogenasa glycerol kinase: glicerol-cinasa glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NAD+): glicerol-3-fosfato-deshidrogenasa (NA D+) glycerol-3-phosphate oxidase: glicerol-3-fosfato-oxidasa glycerophosphatase*: 1. fosfatasa cida 2. fosfatasa alcalina *-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase*: glicerol-3-fosfato-deshidrogenasa (NAD+) glycine: glicina glycine decarboxylase*: glicina-deshidrogenasa (descarboxilante) glycine dehydrogenase (decarboxylating): glicina-deshidrogenasa (descarboxilante ) glycine synthase*: 1. aminometiltransferasa 2. glicina-deshidrogenasa (descarbox ilante) glycogenase*: 1. *-amilasa 2. *-amilasa glycogen phosphorylase: glucgeno-fosforilasa glycogen phosphorylase kinase*: fosforilasa-cinasa glycogen synthase: glucgeno-sintasa glycogen synthetase*: glucgeno-sintasa glycohemoglobin: glicohemoglobina glycolaldehydetransferase*: transcetolasa glycopeptidase*: pptido-N 4-(N-acetil-*-glucosaminil)asparragina-amidasa glycopeptide *-N-acetylgalactosaminidase: glicopptido-*-N-acetilgalactosaminidasa glycopeptide N-glycosidase*: pptido-N 4-(N-acetil-*-glucosaminil)asparragina-amid asa glycoprotein 4-*-galactosyl-transferase*: *-N-acetilglucosaminilglicopptido-*-1,4 -galactosiltransferasa O-glycosidase*: glicopptido-*-N-acetilgalactosaminidasa glycosuria*: [con el significado de] 1. concentracin de glucosa en orina 2. excre cin de glucosa en orina glycosylated hemoglobin*: glicohemoglobina glyoxalase*: lactoilglutatin-liasa glyoxilate reductase: glioxilato-reductasa

glyoxylate reductase*: glicerato-deshidrogenasa gonadoliberin: gonadoliberina gonadorelin: gonadorelina gonadotropin: gonadotropina gonadotropin hormone*: gonadotropina gonadotropin-releasing factor*: gonadoliberina gonococcus*: Neisseria gonorrhoeae GOT*: aspartato-aminotransferasa GPT*: alanina-aminotransferasa Gram-negative: gramnegativo Gram-positive: grampositivo Gram stain: tincin de Gram granulocyte: granulocito gratuitous inducer: inductor gratuito gravimetry: gravimetra gray: gray gross mutation: mutacin voluminosa growth factor: factor de crecimiento growth hormone*: somatotropina growth hormone-releasing factor*: somatoliberina *GT*: *-glutamiltransferasa *-GTP*: *-glutamiltransferasa GTP cyclohydrolase I: GTP-ciclohidrolasa I guanase*: guanina-desaminasa guanine: guanina guanine aminase*: guanina-desaminasa guanine deaminase: guanina-desaminasa guanine phosphoribosyltransferase*: hipoxantina-fosforribosiltransferasa guanosine: guanosina guanosine 5'-diphosphate: 5'-difosfato de guanosina guanosine-5'-monophosphate kinase*: guanilato-cinasa guanosine 5'-phosphate: 5'-fosfato de guanosina guanosine 5'-triphosphate: 5'-trifosfato de guanosina guanylate kinase: guanilato-cinasa H haem: hemo haem synthase*: ferroquelatasa haem synthetase*: ferroquelatasa haematology: hematologa haemeprotein: hemoprotena haemoglobin: hemoglobina haemoglobin A1 *: glicohemoglobina haemolysis: hemlisis haemolyzed blood: sangre hemolizada Hageman factor*: factor XII de la coagulacin Hageman factor (activated)*: factor XIIa de la coagulacin hair: pelo; cabello hair penetration test: prueba de la penetracin capilar hairpin: horquilla hairpin loop: horquilla half-life: semivida Hanks buffered salts solution: solucin tamponada de sales de Hanks Hansen's bacillus*: Mycobacterium leprae haploid: haploide haplotype: haplotipo hapten: hapteno haptoglobin: haptoglobina HDL-colesterol: colesterol de lipoprotenas de alta densidad; colesterol de HDL

heat capacity: capacidad trmica heat shock: choque trmico heat sterilization: esterilizacin por calor HeLa cell: clula HeLa helix-turn-helix: hlice-vuelta-hlice helminth: helminto helper: auxiliar hem: hemo hem synthase*: ferroquelatasa hem synthetase*: ferroquelatasa hemacytometer chamber: cmara hemocitomtrica hemagglutination: hemaglutinacin hemagglutination inhibition: inhibicin de la hemaglutinacin hemagglutination inhibition test: prueba de la inhibicin de la hemaglutinacin hematology: hematologa hematoxilyn and eosin stain: tincin con hematoxilina y eosina hemeprotein: hemoprotena hemoglobin: hemoglobina hemoglobin A1 *: glicohemoglobina hemolysis: hemlisis hemolyzed blood: sangre hemolizada Henderson-Hasselbach equation: ecuacin de Henderson-Hasselbach henry: henry heparan-*-glucosaminide N-acetyltransferase: heparn-*-glucosaminida-N-acetiltrans ferasa heparan sulfamatase*: N-sulfoglucosamina-sulfohidrolasa heparan N-sulfamidase*: N-sulfoglucosamina-sulfohidrolasa heparan N-sulfatase*: N-sulfoglucosamina-sulfohidrolasa heparan sulfate sulfatase*: N-sulfoglucosamina-sulfohidrolasa heparin: heparina heparinized blood: sangre heparinizada heparinized syringe: jeringuilla heparinizada hepatic clearance: depuracin heptica hepatitis A virus: virus de la hepatitis A hepatitis B virus: virus de la hepatitis B hepatitis C virus: virus de la hepatitis C hepatitis B core antigen: antgeno nuclear de la hepatitis B hertz: hertz heteroduplex analysis: anlisis heterodplex heteroduplex mapping: cartografa heterodplex heterogeneous immunoassay: inmunoanlisis heterogneo heterogenote: heterogenote heteropycnosis: heteropicnosis heteroscedaticity: heterocedasticidad heterothroph: hetertrofo heterozygote: heterocigoto hexaclorophene: hexaclorofeno hexokinase: hexocinasa hexokinase I*: hexocinasa hexokinase D*: hexocinasa hexokinase type IV*: hexocinasa hexosaminidase*: *-N-acetilhexosaminidasa hexosediphosphatase*: fructosa-bisfosfatasa hexosephosphate aminotransferase*: glutamina*fructosa-6-fosfato-transaminasa hexosephosphate isomerase*: glucosa-6-fosfato-isomerasa hexose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase*: UDP-glucosa*hexosa-1-fosfato-uridililtr ansferasa HGF*: glucagon high-performance liquid chromatography: cromatografa en fase lquida de alta eficac ia; cromatografa de lquidos de alta eficacia

high-pressure liquid chromatography: cromatografa en fase lquida de alta eficacia; cromatografa de lquidos de alta eficacia hippurate test: prueba del hipurato histaminase*: amina-oxidasa (cuprfera) histidase*: histidina-amonaco-liasa histidinase*: histidina-amonaco-liasa histidine: histidina histidine ammonia-lyase: histidina-amonaco-liasa histidine *-deaminase*: histidina-amonaco-liasa histochemistry: histoqumica histocompatibility test: prueba de histocompatibilidad histology: histologa histone: histona histopathology: histopatologa HMG-CoA lyase*: hidroximetilglutaril-CoA-liasa holocarboxylase synthetase*: biotina*[propionil-CoA-carboxilasa (hidrolizante de ATP)- ligasa homeobox: homeosecuencia homocarnosinase*: X-His-dipeptidasa homoduplex: homodplex homogeneous immunoassay: inmunoanlisis homogneo homogenote: homogenote homogentisate 1,2-dioxygenase: homogentisato-1,2-dioxigenasa homogentisate oxygenase*: homogentisato-1,2-dioxigenasa homogentisicase*: homogentisato-1,2-dioxigenasa homology: homologa homoscedasticity: homocedasticidad homoserine deaminase*: cistationina-*-liasa homoserine dehydratase*: cistationina-*-liasa homovanillic acid*: 4-hidroxi-3-metoxifenilacetato homozygote: homocigoto Hormann's bacillus*: Corynebacterium pseudodiphtericum hormone: hormona host cell: clula hospedadora host computer: ordenador central hot spot: punto caliente housekeeping gene: gen de mantenimiento HPLC: cromatografa en fase lquida de alta eficacia; cromatografa de lquidos de alta eficacia human immunodeficiency virus: virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana; virus del si da human leukocyte antigen: antgeno leucocitario humano human menopausal gonadotropin*: urogonadotropina humidophilic: humidoflico hyaluronate lyase: hialuronato liasa hyaluronidase*: 1. hialuronato-liasa 2. hialuronoglucosaminidasa 3. hialuronoglu curonidasa hyaluronoglucosaminidase: hialuronoglucosaminidasa hyaluronoglucosidase*: hialuronoglucosaminidasa hyaluronoglucuronidase: hialuronoglucuronidasa hybridization: hibridacin hybridoma: hibridoma hydrogen carbonate: hidrogenocarbonato hydrogenion*: ion hidrgeno hydrolisis: hidrlisis 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase: 3-hidroxiacil-CoA-deshidrogenasa *-hydroxyacyl dehydrogenase*: 3-hidroxiacil-CoA-deshidrogenasa hydroxyacylglutathione hydrolase: hidroxiacilglutatin-hidrolasa S-(hydroxyalkyl)-glutathione lyase*: glutatin-transferasa 3-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase: 3-hidroxibutirato-deshidrogenasa

*-hydroxybutyric acid*: 1. cido 2-hidroxibutrico. 2. 2-hidroxibutirato 24(R)-hydroxycalcidiol: 24(R)-hidroxicalcidiol 25-hydroxycholecalciferol*: calcidiol 5-hydroxyindolylacetate: [cido 5-hidroxindolilactico ms ion 5-hidroxindolilacetato] 5-hidroxindolilacetato 5-hydroxyindolylacetic acid: cido 5-hidroxindolilactico 5-hydroxyindolylacetic acid*: [cuando en realidad hace referencia a cido 5-hidrox indolilactico ms ion 5-hidroxindolilacetato] 5-hidroxindolilacetato 3-hydroxyisobutyryl-CoA hydrolase: 3-hidroxisobutiril-CoA-hidrolasa 21-hydroxylase*: esteroide-21-monoxigenasa 17*-hydroxylase*: esteroide-17*-monoxigenasa 11*-hydroxylase*: esteroide-11*-monoxigenasa 11*/18-hydroxylase*: esteroide-11*-monoxigenasa 4-hydroxy-3-methoxymandelate: [cido 4-hidroxi-3-metoximandlico ms ion 4-hidroxi-3-m etoximandelato] 4-hidroxi-3-metoximandelato 4-hydroxy-3-methoxymandelic acid: cido 4-hidroxi-3-metoximandlico 4-hydroxy-3-methoxymandelic acid*: [cuando en realidad hace referencia a cido 4-h idroxi-3-metoximandlico ms ion 4-HIDROXI-3-METOXIMANDELATO] 4-hidroxi-3-metoximand elato 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylacetate: 4-hidroxi-3-metoxifenilacetato 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylacetate acid: cido 4-hidroxi-3-metoxifenilactico hydroxymethylbilane synthase: hidroximetilbilano-sintasa hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA lyase: hidroximetilglutaril-CoA-liasa hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH): hidroximetilglutaril-CoA-reductasa (NADPH) 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase: 4-hidroxifenilpiruvato-dioxigenasa 17*-hydroxyprogesterone aldolase: 17*-hidroxiprogesterona-aldolasa 17*-hydroxyprogesterone C-17/C-20 lyase*: 17*-hidroxiprogesterona-aldolasa hydroxyproline: hidroxiprolina (R)-20-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase*: 3*( 20*)-hidroxiesteroide-deshidrogenasa 20*-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase*: estradiol-17*-deshidrogenasa 3*(or 20*)-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase: 3*( 20*)-hidroxiesteroide-deshidrogenasa 3*-hydroxy-*5-steroid dehydrogenase: 3*-hidroxi-*5-esteroide-deshidrogenasa 3(or 17)*-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase: 3( 17)*-hidroxiesteroide-deshidrogenasa 17*-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase*: testosterona-17*-deshidrogenasa (NADP+) 17*,20*-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase*: estradiol-17*-deshidrogenasa 3*-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (B-specific): 3*-hidroxiesteroide-deshidrogenasa (B-especfica) hyperglycemic factor*: glucagn hypertonic: hipertnico -ica hypha: hifa hypophysis: hipfisis hypthalamus: hipotlamo hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase*: hipoxantina-fosforribosiltransf erasa hypoxanthine oxidase*: xantina-oxidasa hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase: hipoxantina-fosforribosiltransferasa I ICSH*: lutropina identification process: proceso de identificacin identification system: sistema de identificacin L-iditol 2-dehydrogenase: L-iditol-2-deshidrogenasa iduronate 2-sulfatase: iduronato-2-sulfatasa L-iduronidase: L-iduronidasa illuminance: iluminancia imidodipeptidase*: X-Pro-dipeptidasa imipenem: imipenem immersion lens: objetivo de inmersin

immersion objective: objetivo de inmersin immersion oil: aceite de inmersin immune: 1. inmunitario -ia 2. inmunolgico -ica immune adherence: inmunoadherencia immune complex: inmunocomplejo immune response: respuesta inmunitaria immune system: sistema inmunitario immunoadsorbent column: columna inmunoadsorbente immunoassay: inmunoanlisis immunoblot: inmunotransferencia immunoblotting: inmunotransferencia immunochemistry: inmunoqumica immunodiffusion: inmunodifusin immunodiffusion radial: inmunodifusin radial immunoelectrodiffusion: inmunoelectrodifusin immunoelectrophoresis: inmunoelectroforesis immunoelectrophoretic precipitation: precipitacin inmunoelectrofortica immunofixation: inmunofijacin immunofluorescence: inmunofluorescencia immunoglobulin: inmunoglobulina immunoglobulin A: inmunoglobulina A immunoglobulin D: inmunoglobulina D immunoglobulin E: inmunoglobulina E immunoglobulin G: inmunoglobulina G immunoglobulin M: inmunoglobulina M immunology: inmunologa immunoperoxidase assay: prueba de la inmunoperoxidasa immunoprecipitation: inmunoprecipitacin immunoradiometry: inmunorradiometra IMP*aspartate ligase*: adenilosuccinato-sintasa impedance: impedancia IMP pyrophosphorylase*: hipoxantina-fosforribosiltransferasa imprecision: imprecisin imprecision profile: perfil de imprecisin in-growth: crecimiento infiltrante ingrowth time: tiempo de recuperacin (medicina nuclear) in situ hybridization: hibridacin in situ in vitro: in vitro in vitro diagnostic medical device: dispositivo mdico para diagnstico in vitro in vivo: in vivo inaccuracy: inexactitud incidence: incidencia inclusion body: cuerpo de inclusin India ink: tinta china India ink mount: preparacin con tinta china indicator electrode: electrodo indicador indigenous flora: flora indgena indirect agglutination test: prueba indirecta de la aglutinacin indirect bilirubin: bilirrubina no esterificada indirect fluorescent-antibody test: prueba indirecta del anticuerpo fluorescente indirect hemagglutination test: prueba indirecta de la hemaglutinacin indole: indol inducer: inductor induction: induccin infection: infeccin infectious waste: desechos infecciosos influence quantity: magnitud influyente infusion: infusin inhibin: inhibina inhibition: inhibicin

inhibitory concentration: concentracin inhibidora inhibitory quotient: cociente inhibidor initiator site: centro iniciador inorganic phosphorus*: [con el significado de] fosfato no esterificado inorganic pyrophosphatase: pirofosfatasa inorgnica inosine 5'-diphosphate: 5'-difosfato de inosina inosine 5'-phosphate: 5'-fosfato de inosina inosine phosphorylase*: purina-nuclesido-fosforilasa inosine 5'-triphosphate: 5'-trifosfato de inosina inpatient: paciente hospitalizado input rate: velocidad de procesamiento insert: inserto insertion mutation: mutacin por insercin instertitial cell-stimulating hormone*: lutropina instrument: instrumento instrumental dependability: seguridad instrumental instrumentation: instrumentacin insulin: insulina insulin-like growth factor I: factor de crecimiento insulinoide I insulin-like growth factor II: factor de crecimiento insulinoide II intact parathyrin*: paratirina intercalating agent: agente intercalable interchangeability: intercambiabilidad interference: interferencia interference filter: filtro interferencial inter-individual biological variability: varibilidad biolgica interindividual inter-individual biological variation: variacin biolgica interindividual interlaboratory imprecision: imprecisin entre laboratorios interlaboratory quality control: control de la calidad entre laboratorios intermediate host: hospedero intermedio internal energy: energa interna internal quality control: control interno de la calidad international normalized ratio: razn normalizada internacional internacional standard: 1. patrn internacional. 2. norma internacional international unit: unidad internacional interspersed repetitive sequence: secuencia repetitiva intercalada interrupted mating: acoplamiento interrumpido interstitial collagenase: colagenasa intersticial interval scale: escala de intervalo intervening sequence: secuencia interpuesta intestine: intestino intracellular fluid: lquido intracelular intra-individual biological variability: variabilidad biolgica intraindividual intra-individual biological variation: variacin biolgica intraindividual intron: intrn intron splicing: eliminacin de intrones inuline: inulina invasive procedure: procedimiento cruento inversion loop: lazo de inversin invertase*: *-fructofuranosidasa iodide peroxidase: ioduro-peroxidasa iodinase*: ioduro-peroxidasa iodotyrosine dehalogenase*: ioduro-peroxidasa iodotyrosine deiodase*: ioduro-peroxidasa ion exchange chromatography: cromatografa de intercambio inico ion par: par inico ionic activity: actividad inica ionic activity coefficient: coeficiente de actividad inica ionic strength: fuerza inica ionized calcium*: ion calcio

iontophoresis: iontoforesis iron: hierro irradiance: irradiancia isoaccepting tRNA: tRNA isoaceptor isoamylase: isoamilasa isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP+): isocitrato-deshidrogenasa (NADP+) isoelectrical point: punto isoelctrico isoelectrofocusing: isoelectroenfoque isoenzyme: isoenzima isoform: isoforma isolation medium: medio de aislamiento isoleucine: isoleucina isomaltase*: oligo-1,6-glucosidasa isoniazid: isoniazida isopropyl alcohol: 2-propanol; alcohol isoproplico isoproterenol*: isoprenalina isopycnose: isopicnosis isoschizomer: isoesquizmero isotonic: isotnico isotope: istopo isovaleric acid CoA dehydrogenase*: isovaleril-CoA-deshidrogenasa isovaleryl-CoA dehydrogenase: isovaleril-CoA-deshidrogenasa isovitamin D3*: (5E)-isocalciol isozyme: isoenzima iteron: itern IU*: unidad internacional K Knocked out L L form: forma L labelling: marcado laboratory medicine*: ciencias de laboratorio clnico laboratory test: 1. procedimiento de medida 2. procedimiento analtico 3. anlisis 4 . prueba analtica 5. prueba de laboratorio 6. magnitud lacked blood: sangre hemolisada lacrimal fluid: secrecin lacrimal *-lactamase: *-lactamasa lactase: lactasa lactase*: *-galactosidasa lactate: [cido lactico ms ion lactato] lactato D-lactate dehydrogenase: D-lactato-deshidrogenasa L-lactate dehydrogenase: L-lactato-deshidrogenasa lactate 2-monooxygenase: lactato-2-monooxigenasa lactate oxidase*: lactato-2-monooxigenasa lactic acid: cido lctico lactic acid*: [cuando en realidad hace referencia a cido lctico ms ion lactato] lac tato lactic acid dehydrogenase*: 1. D-lactato-deshidrogenasa 2. L-lactato-deshidrogen asa lactophenol mounting solution: solucin de montaje de lactofenol lactose synthase: lactosa-sintasa lactotropic hormone*: prolactina lactotropin*: prolactina lactoylglutathione lyase: lactoilglutatin-liasa lag phase: fase de latencia lagging strand: cadena discontinua lambda*: [con el significado de] microlitro

laminar flow: flujo laminar lampbrush chromosome: cromosoma plumoso lane : calle lariat: lazo latex agglutination test: prueba de aglutinacin con ltex latex fixation test: prueba de fijacin con ltex LCR*: reaccin en cadena por la ligasa LD1*: isoenzima 1 de la L-lactato-deshidrogenasa LDH*: L-lactato-deshidrogenasa LDL cholesterol: colesterol de lipoprotenas de baja densidad; colesterol de LDL lead: plomo leader sequence: secuencia gua leading strand: cadena adelantada leaky mutation: mutacin parcial lecithin*: 3-sn-fosfatidilcolina lecithinase A*: fosfolipasa A2 lecithinase C*: fosfolipasa C lecithinase D*: fosfolipasa D lecithin*cholesterol acyltransferase*: fosfatidilcolina*esterol-O-aciltransferas a lecture: conferencia; disertacin length: longitud leptotene: leptotena lethal concentration: concentracin letal leucine: leucina leucine aminopeptidase*: leucil-aminopeptidasa leucine transaminase: leucina-transaminasa leucyl aminopeptidase: leucil-aminopeptidasa leucyl peptidase*: leucil-aminopeptidasa leukocyte: leucocito leukocyte elastase: elastasa-leucocitaria level: nivel level*: 1. concentracin. 2. contenido LH*: lutropina LH/FSH-RF*: gonadoliberina LH-RF*: luliberina library: biblioteca lidocaine: lidocana ligand: ligando ligase chain reaction: reaccin en cadena por la ligasa ligation: ligacin light microscope: microscopio ptico lignocaine*: lidocana lignoceroyl-CoA synthase*: cido graso de cadena larga*CoA-ligasa likelihood ratio: razn de verosimilitud limit dextrinase*: 1. *-dextrina-endo-1,6-*-glucosidasa 2. oligo-1,6-glucosidasa limit of detection: lmite de deteccin Limulus test: prueba del Limulus lincomycin: lincomicina lineality range*: intervalo analtico linear absorption coefficient: coeficiente de absorcin lineal linear attenuation coefficient: coeficiente de atenuacin lineal linear decadic absorption coefficient: coeficiente de absorcin decimal lineal linear decadic attenuation coefficient: coeficiente de atenuacin decimal lineal linearity: 1. rectilinealidad 2. linealidad lineic: lineico -ica lineic absorbance: absorbancia linica linkage: ligamiento linked gene: gen ligado linker: ligador

linking number: nmero total de vueltas lipase*: triacilglicerol-lipasa lipemia*: 1. concentracin de lpido en plasma 2. concentracin de lpido en suero lipid: lpido lipoamide dehydrogenase*: dihidrolipoamida-deshidrogenasa lipoamide reductase (NADH)*: dihidrolipoamida-deshidrogenasa lipoate acetyltransferase*: dihidrolipoamida-acetiltransferasa lipophosphodiesterase I*: fosfolipasa C lipophosphodiesterase II*: fosfolipasa D lipoprotein (a): lipoprotena (a) lipoprotein lipase: lipoprotena-lipasa lipotropic hormone*: lipotropina lipoxidase*: lipoxigenasa lipoxygenase: lipoxigenasa lipoyl dehydrogenase*: dihidrolipoamida-deshidrogenasa liquid chromatography*: cromatografa en fase lquida; cromatografa de lquidos liquid culture medium: medio de cultivo lquido liquid enrichment medium: medio lquido de enriquecimiento liquid-gel chromatography: cromatografa lquido-gel liquid-liquid chromatography: cromatografa lquido-lquido liquid-liquid extraction: extraccin lquido-lquido liquid scintillation counter: contador de centelleo lquido lithium: litio lithium ion: ion litio litocholic acid: cido litoclico liver: hgado liver cell (cultured): clulas hepticas (cultivadas) locus: locus lod score: lod Lffler's bacillus*: Corynebacterium diphteriae logit: logit lomefloxacin: lomefloxacina long-chain-acyl-CoA dehidrogenase: acilo de cadena larga-CoA-deshidrogenasa long-chain-fatty-acid*CoA ligase: cido graso de cadena larga*CoA-ligasa longitudinal comparision: comparacin longitudinal loop: asa Lowenstein Jensen medium: medio de Lowenstein-Jensen lozenge: pastilla LPH*: lipotropina LRF*: luliberina Lugol's solution: solucin de Lugol luliberin: luliberina lumen: luz luminiscence: luminiscencia luminiscence immunoassay: luminoinmunoanlisis luminoimmunoassay: luminoinmunoanlisis luminometer: luminmetro luminous flux: flujo luminoso luminous intensity: intesidad luminosa lupus anticoagulant: anticoagulante lpico luteinizing hormone*: lutropina luteinizing hormone-releasing factor*: luliberina lutropin: lutropina lux: lux lymphoblast: linfoblasto lymphocyte: linfocito lysine: lisina lysine and ornithine broth: caldo con lisina y ornitina lysine dehydrogenase: lisina-deshidrogenasa lysine hydroxylase*: procolgeno-lisina-5-dioxigenasa

lysine iron agar: agar con hierro y lisina lysine-ketoglutarate reductase*: sacaropina-deshidrogenasa (NAD+, formadora de L -lisina) lysine:*-ketoglutarate reductase*: sacaropina-deshidrogenasa (NAD+, formadora de L-lisina) L-lysine oxidase: L-lisina-oxidasa lysine,2-oxoglutarate 5-dioxygenase*: procolgeno-lisina-5-dioxigenasa lysine*2-oxoglutarate reductase*: sacaropina-deshidrogenasa (NAD+, formadora de L-lisina) lysis: lisis lysogenic: lisognico -ica lysosomal carboxypeptidase A*: carboxipeptidasa de tipo serina lysosomal elastase*: elastasa leucocitaria lysosomal *-glucosidase*: glucano-1,4-*-glucosidasa lysozyme: lisozima lysyl endopeptidase: lisil-endopeptidasa lysyl hydroxylase*: procolgeno-lisina-5-dioxigenasa M MacConkey agar: agar de MacConkey macroconidia: macroconidia macroglobulin: macroglobulina macromolecule: macromolcula magnesium: magnesio magnesium ion: ion magnesio magnitude: cuanta major histocompatibility complex: complejo principal de histocompatibilidad malate dehydrogenase: malato-deshidrogenasa malic dehydrogenase*: malato-deshidrogenasa maltase*: *-glucosidasa maltase-glucoamylase*: *-glucosidasa mammatropic hormone*: prolactina mammatropin*: prolactina mannitol salt agar: agar con manitol y sal mannose: manosa mannose-6-phosphate isomerase: manosa-6-fosfato-isomerasa *-mannosidase: *-manosidasa mannosyl-glycoprotein endo-*-N-acetylglucosaminidase: manosil-glicoprotena-endo-* -N-acetilglucosaminidasa Mantoux test*: prueba de la tuberculina manual: manual manufacturer: fabricante mapping: 1. cartografa. 2. aplicacin (matemtica); funcin (matemtica) marketing: mercadotecnia mass: masa mass concentration: concentracin de masa mass fraction: fraccin de masa mass rate: caudal de masa mass number: nmero de masa mass spectrometer: espectrmetro de masas mass spectrometry: espectrometra de masas massic: msico -ica mating: apareamiento matrix: matriz matrix metalloproteinase I*: colagenasa intersticial maximal allowable error: mximo error tolerable MC antigen: antgeno MC mca*: anticuerpo monoclonal McFarland nephelometer: nefelmetro de McFarland

mean: media (aritmtica); promedio mean lethal concentration: concentracin letal media mean life: vida media mean time: tiempo medio measles virus: virus del sarampin measurement: medida; medicin measurement procedure: procedimiento de medida measurement range: intervalo de medida measuring curve: curva de medida measuring function: funcin de medida measuring instrument: instrumento de medida measuring interval: intervalo de medida measuring system: sistema de medida mechanization: mecanizacin meconium: meconio median: mediana median effective concentration: concentracin eficaz mediana median lethal concentration: concentracin letal mediana medical device: producto sanitario megakaryoblast: megacarioblasto megakaryocyte: megacariocito melanocyte-stimulating hormone*: melanotropina melanotropin release-inhibiting factor*: melanostatina melanotropin-releasing factor*: melanoliberina melibiase*: *-galactosidasa membrane alanyl aminopeptidase: alanil-aminopeptidasa de membrana membrane aminopeptidase I*: alanil-aminopeptidasa de membrana meperidine*: petidina mephobarbital*: metilfenobarbital messenger ribonucleic acid: cido ribonucleico mensajero messenger RNA: RNA mensajero mesurand: mesurando meta-analysis: metanlisis metabolism: metabolismo metabolite: metabolito metamyelocyte: metamielocito metanephrine: metanefrina metaproterenol*: orciprenalina metaphase plate: placa metafsica methaemoglobin reductase*: citocromo-b5-reductasa methanol: metanol methemoglobin: metahemoglobina methenamine-silver stain: tincin con metenamina y plata methicillin*: meticilina methimazole*: tiamazol methione: metiona L-methioninase*: metionina-*-liasa methionine: metionina methionine adenosyltransferase: metionina-adenosiltransferasa methionine *-lyase: metionina-*-liasa methionine synthase*: 5-metiltetrahidrofolato*homocistena-S-metiltransferasa method of measurement: mtodo de medicin methotrexate: metotrexato 3-methoxyadrenalin: 3-metoxiadrenalina 3-methoxyadrenalin *: [cuando en realidad hace referencia a 3-metoxiadrenalina ms ion 3-metoxiadrenalinio] 3-metoxiadrenalinio 3-methoxyadrenalinium: [3-metoxiadrenalina ms ion 3-metoxiadrenalinio] 3-metoxiad renalinio 3-methoxynoradrenalin: 3-metoxinoradrenalina 3-methoxynoradrenalin *: [cuando en realidad hace referencia a 3-metoxinoradrena

lina ms ion 3-metoxinoradrenalinio] 3-metoxinoradrenalinio 3-methoxynoradrenalinium: [3-metoxinoradrenalina ms ion 3-metoxinoradrenalinio] 3 -metoxinoradrenalinio methyl red test: prueba del rojo de metilo methyl-cisteine*: mecistena methylcellulose*: hipromelosa 2-methylacetoacetyl-CoA thiolase*: acetil-CoA-C-aciltransferasa methylbutyrase*: carboxilesterasa methylcrotonoyl-CoA carboxylase: metilcrotonol-CoA-carboxilasa methylcysteine synthase*: cistationina-*-sintasa methylene blue*: cloruro de metiltioninio methylene blue stain: tincin con cloruro de metiltioninio methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase (NADP+): metilenotetrahidrofolato-deshid rogenasa (NADP+) 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (FADH2): 5,10-metilenotetrahidrofolatoreductasa (FADH2) methylergonovine*: metilergometrina methylglutaconyl-CoA hydratase: metilglutaconil-CoA-hidratasa methylglyoxalase*: lactoilglutatin-liasa methylketone: metilcetona methylmalonyl-CoA epimerase: metilmalonil-CoA-epimerasa methylmalonyl-CoA mutase: metilmalonil-CoA-mutasa methylmalonyl-CoA racemase*: metilmalonil-CoA-epimerasa 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (lipoamide): 3-metil-2-oxobutanoato-deshid rogenasa (lipoamida) 5-methyltetrahydrofolate*homocysteine S-methyltransferase: 5-metiltetrahidrofola to*homocistena-S-metiltransferasa meticillin: meticilina metmyoglobin: metamioglobina metrological sensitivity: sensibilidad metrolgica metrological specificity: especificidad metrolgica metrological variability: variabilidad metrolgica metrology: metrologa metronidazole: metronidazol metyrapone: metirapona mezlocillin: mezlocilina MFR*: melanoliberina MHC*: complejo principal de histocompatibilidad Michaelis constant: constante de Michaelis miconazole: miconazol microagglutination test: prueba de la microaglutinacin microalbuminuria*: [con el significado de] 1. concentracin de albmina en orina 2. excrecin de albmina en orina microbial collagenase: colagenasa-microbiana microbiology: microbiologa *2-microglobulin: *2-microglobulina micrometer: micrmetro micronuclei formation test: prueba de formacin de microncleos micropipette: micropipeta micropipette with positive displacement: micropipeta de desplazamiento positivo microscope: microscopio microscopy: microscopa microsequencing: microsecuenciacin microsomal aminopeptidase*: alanil-aminopeptidasa de membrana microtiter plate: placa de microvaloracin microtiter well: pocillo de microvaloracin midstream urine: orina del chorro medio MIF*: melanostatina milk: leche minimum lethal concentration: concentracin letal mnima

minocycline: minociclina minute chromosome: minicromosoma misdivision: maldivisin mismatch: malapareamiento mismatch repair: reparacin de un malapareamiento missense mutation: mutacin sustitutiva mite: caro mitochondiral deoxyribonucleic acid: cido desoxirribonucleico mitocondrial mitochondiral ribonucleic acid: cido ribonucleico mitocondrial MLC test*: prueba del cultivo linfoctico mixto mobile phase: fase mvil modifier: modificador Moeller's bacillus*: Mycobacterium phlei molal: molal molality: molalidad molar: molar molar absorption coefficient: coeficiente de absorcin molar molar absorptivity: absortividad molar molar concentration: concentracin molar molar conductivity: conductividad molar molar decadic absortivity: absortividad decimal molar molar heat capacity: capacidad trmica molar molar linear decadic absorption coefficient: coeficiente de absorcin decimal line al molar molar mass: masa molar molar volume: volumen molar molarity*: concentracin de sustancia mole: mol mole fraction: fraccin de sustancia molecular absortion spectrometry: espectrometra de absorcin molecular molecular biology: biologa molecular molecular dispersion spectrometry: espectrometra de dispersin molecular molecular fluorescence spectrometry: espectrometra de fluorescencia molecular molecular genetics: gentica molecular molecular hybridization: hibridacin molecular molecular luminiscence spectrometry: espectrometra de luminiscencia molecular molecular mass: masa molecular molecular pathology: patologa molecular molecular weight: peso molecular moment of inertia: momento de inercia monitoring: monitorizacin monoamine oxidase*: amina-oxidasa (flavinfera) monoblast: monoblasto monobutyrase*: carboxilesterasa monoclonal antibody: anticuerpo monoclnico monocromator: monocromador monocyte: monocito monophenol monooxygenase: monofenol-monoxigenasa monophenol oxidase*: monofenol-monoxigenasa monophosphatidylinositol phosphodiesterase*: 1-fosfatidilinositol-fosfodiesteras a Morax-Axenfeld's bacillus*: Moraxella lacunata morbid entity: entidad morbosa Morgan's bacillus*: Morganella morganii motility: motilidad motility medium: medio para motilidad moxalactam*: latamoxef MSH*: melanotropina MSU: orina del chorro medio mucin: mucina

mucinase*: 1. hialuronato-liasa 2. hialuronoglucosaminidasa 3. hialuronoglucuron idasa Mueller-Hinton medium: medio de Mueller-Hinton multicopy plasmid: plsmido multicopia multiparametric analyzer*: multianalizador multiple crossing: cruzamiento mltiple multiple drug abuse: politoxicomana multiple-well plate: placa de pocillos mltiples multiplex polimerase chain reaction: reaccin en cadena por la polimerasa mltiplex multisite mutation: mutacin multicntrica mumps virus: virus de la parotiditis; virus de las paperas mung bean nuclease*: nucleasa S1 de Aspergillus mupirocin: mupirocina muramidase*: lisozima muscle: msculo muscle phosphorylase a and b*: glucgeno-fosforilasa MUTAGENIC: mutgeno mutagenic repair: reparacin mutgena MUTAGENICITY TEST: prueba de mutagenicidad mutarotase*: aldosa-1-epimerasa mutation: mutacin mutation rate: frecuencia de mutacin mutation site: centro de mutacin muton: mutn mycetoma: micetoma mycolysin: micolisina myelin basic protein: protena bsica de la mielina myeloblast: mieloblasto myelocyte: mielocito myoadenylate deaminase*: AMP-desaminasa myoglobin: mioglobina myokinase*: adenilato-cinasa myophosphorylase*: fosforilasa myrosinase*: tioglucosidasa N N. crassa nuclease*: nucleasa S1 de Aspergillus NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase*: citocromo-b5-reductasa NADH-dependent methaemoglobin reductase*: citocromo-b5-reductasa NADH peroxidase: NADH-peroxidasa NAD(P)H dehydrogenase (FMN): NAD(P)H-deshidrogenasa (FMN) NADPH:*4-3-ketosteroid-5*-oxidoreductase*: 3-oxo-5*-esteroide-4-deshidrogenasa NAD+ pyrophosphorylase*: nicotinamida-nucletido-adenililtransferasa nafcillin: nafcilina NAG*: N-acetil-*-glucosaminidasa nail: ua Na+/K+-exchanging ATPase: ATPasa intercambiadora de Na+ y K+ nalidixic acid: cido nalidxico nasal mucus: muco nasal nasal secretion: secrecin nasal natremia*: 1. concentracin de ion sodio en plasma 2. concentracin de ion sodio en suero natriuria*: 1. concentracin de ion sodio en orina 2. excrecin de ion sodio en orin a near care point testing: determinaciones junto a la cabecera del paciente necrosis: necrosis negative predictive value: valor predictivo de un resultado negativo negligible: insignificante; despreciable neomycin: neomicina

nephelometric immunoassay: inmunoanlisis nefelomtrico nephelometry: nefelometra Nernst equation: ecuacin de Nernst netilmicin: netilmicina Neumann's bacillus*: Klebsiella pneumoniae neuraminidase*: exo-*-sialidasa neurotransmiter: neurotransmisor neutral 17-*-hydroxysteroid oxidoreductase*: testosterona-17*-deshidrogenasa (NA DP+) neutral protease*: aeromonolisina neutral sphingomyelinase*: esfingomielina-fosfodiesterasa neutralization test: prueba de la neutralizacin neutrophil: neutrofilocito; neutrfilo neutrophil elastase*: elastasa leucocitaria neutrophilocyte: neutrofilocito; neutrfilo Newcastle disease virus: virus de la enfermedad de Newcastle newton: newton niacin*: cido nicotnico niacinamide*: nicotinamida nick: mella nick translation: traslacin de mellas nicking-closing enzyme*: DNA-topoisomerasa Nicolaier's bacillus*: Clostridium tetani nicotinamide: nicotinamida nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide: dinucletido de nicotinamida y adenina nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate: dinucletido fosfato de nicotinamida y adenina nicotinamide mononucleotide: mononucletido de nicotinamida nicotinamide-nucleotide adenylyltransferase: nicotinamida-nucletido-adenililtrans ferasa nicoumalone*: acenocumarol nitrate assimilation medium: medio de asimilacin de nitrato nitrate reduction medium: medio de reduccin de nitrato nitrate reductase*: nitrato-reductasa [NAD(P)H] nitrate reductase [NAD(P)H]: nitrato-reductasa [NAD(P)H] nitrocellulose filter: filtro de nitrocelulosa nitrofurantoin: nitrofurantona nitroprusiate*: nitrosilpentacianoferrato (III) Nocard's bacillus*: Salmonella typhimurium noise: ruido nominal scale: escala nominal non-coding strand: cadena intranscrita non-competitive immunoassay: inmunoanlisis no competitivo non-competitive inhibition: inhibicin no competitiva non-esterified phosphate: fosfato no esterificado noncompliance: incumplimiento (teraputico) nonfermenter: no fermentador nonnutrient agar plate: placa con agar sin nutrientes non-repetitive DNA: DNA no repetido non-selective enrichment medium: medio de enriquecimiento no selectivo non-selective isolation medium: medio de aislamiento no selectivo nonsense mutation: mutacin sin sentido non-specific cholinesterase*: colinesterasa nonsporeforming bacillus: bacilo no esporulado noradrenaline: noradrenalina noradrenalin*: [cuando en realidad hace referencia a noradrenalina ms ion noradre nalinio] noradrenalinio noradrenalinium: [noradrenalina ms ion noradrenalinio] noradrenalinio norepinephrine*: [sustancia endgena] 1. noradrenalina. 2. noradrenalinio norepinephrine: norepinefrina

norfloxacin: norfloxacina normal values*: valores de referencia (de la poblacin sana) northern blot: transferencia northern nortriptyline: nortriptilina nosocomial: nosocomial; hospitalario nosographic sensitivity: sensibilidad nosogrfica nosographic specificity: especificidad nosogrfica nosologic sensitivity: sensibilidad nosolgica nosologic specificity: especificidad nosolgica nosology: nosologa novobiocin: novobiocina nuclear deoxyribonucleic acid: cido desoxirribonucleico nuclear nuclear ribonucleic acid: cido ribonucleico nuclear nuclease P1*: nucleasa S1 de Aspergillus nuclease S1*: nucleasa S1 de Aspergillus nucleic acid: cido nucleico nucleoside: nuclesido nucleoside-diphosphate kinase: nuclesido-difosfato-cinasa nucleoside-monophosphate kinase*: nuclesido-fosfato-cinasa nucleoside-phosphate kinase: nuclesido-fosfato-cinasa nucleoside phosphorylase*: purina-nuclesido-fosforilasa 5'-nucleotidase: 5'-nucleotidasa nucleotide: nucletido nuclide: nucleido null mutation: mutacin completa number concentration: concentracin de nmero number content: contenido de nmero number flow rate: caudal de nmero number fraction: fraccin de nmero number of entities: nmero de entidades numerical taxonomy: taxonoma numrica numerical value: valor numrico nutrient: 1. nutriente; nutrimento. 2. nutritivo nutrient agar: agar nutritivo nutrient broth: caldo nutritivo O obligate anaerobe: anaerobio obligado occult blood in fces: hemoglobina en heces ochre mutation: mutacin ocre OCT*: ornitina-carbamoiltransferasa ocular micrometer: micrmetro ocular oestradiol-17*: estradiol-17* oestradiol 17*-dehydrogenase: estradiol-17*-deshidrogenasa ofloxacin: ofloxacina ohm: ohm oil-immersion lens: objetivo de inmersin en aceite oleandomycin: oleandomicina oligocopy number plasmid: plsmido con pocas copias oligo-1,6-glucosidase: oligo-1,6-glucosidasa oligoglucan-branching glycosyltransferase*: 1,4-*-glucano-6-*-glucosiltransferas a oligonucleotide fingerprint: huella oligonucleotdica oligoprobe: oligosonda N-oligosaccharide glycopeptidase*: pptido-N 4-(N-acetil-*-glucosaminil)-asparragi na-amidasa OMP decarboxylase*: orotidina-5'-fosfato-descarboxilasa oncofetal antigen: antgeno oncofetal oncogen: oncogn

oncovirus: oncovirus opale mutation: mutacin palo open circle DNA: DNA circular abierto open reading frame: marco de lectura abierto operating characteristic curve: [en estadstica] curva de eficacia operator: operador operon: opern ophio-amino-acid oxidase*: L-aminocido-oxidasa OPRT decarboxylase*: orotato-fosforribosiltransferasa opsonization: opsonizacin optical density*: absorbancia optochin test: prueba de la optoquina ordinal scale: escala ordinal organism: [en microbiologa] microrganismo ornithine: ornitina ornithine-*-aminotransferase*: ornitina*oxocido-transaminasa ornithine carbamoyltransferase: ornitina-carbamoiltransferasa ornithine carbamyl transferase*: ornitina-carbamoiltransferasa ornithine decarboxylase: ornitina-descarboxilasa ornithine decarboxylase test: prueba de la ornitina-descarboxilasa ornithine ketoacid transaminase*: ornitina*oxocido-transaminasa ornithine*oxo-acid transaminase: ornitina*oxocido-transaminasa ornithine transcarbamylase*: ornitina-carbamoiltransferasa orotate phosphoribosyltransferase: orotato-fosforribosiltransferasa orotidine-5'-phosphate decarboxylase: orotidina-5'-fosfato-descarboxilasa orotidine-5'-phosphate pyrophosphorylase*: orotato-fosforribosiltransferasa orotidylic acid phosphorylase*: orotato-fosforribosiltransferasa orotidylic decarboxylase*: orotidina-5'-fosfato-descarboxilasa orotidylic pyrophosphorylase*: orotato-fosforribosiltransferasa orphon: orfn orthogonal pulse field agarose gel electrophoresis: electroforesis de campo orto gonal pulsante en gel de agarosa osmolality: osmolalidad osmometry: osmometra osmotic coefficient: coeficiente osmtico osmotic concentration: concentracin osmtica osmotic pressure: presin osmtica osteocalcin: osteocalcina otic exudate: exudado tico outlier value: valor aberrante outpatient: paciente ambulatorio output rate: rendimiento ovary: ovario overhanging end: extremo saliente overlap hybridisation: hibridacin por superposicin overlapping end: extremo superpuesto overlapping sequence: secuencia superpuesta overnight: durante la noche oxacillin: oxacilina oxalate: [cido oxlico ms ion oxalato] oxalato oxalate decarboxylase: oxalato-descarboxilasa oxalate oxidase: oxalato-oxidasa oxalic acid: cido oxlico oxalic acid*: [cuando en realidad hace referencia a cido oxlico ms ion OXALATO] oxa lato oxaloacetate transacetase*: citrato-(si)-sintasa oxalosuccinate decarboxylase*: isocitrato-deshidrogenasa (NADP+) oxidase test: prueba de la oxidasa oxidation-fermentation test medium: medio para la prueba de oxidacin-fermentacin 3-oxoacid CoA-transferase: 3-oxocido-CoA-transferasa

oxoisomerase*: glucosa-6-fosfato-isomerasa oxolinic acid: cido oxolnico 5-oxoprolinase (ATP-hydrolysing): 5-oxoprolinasa (hidrolizante de ATP) 5-oxoprolyl-peptidase*: piroglutamil-peptidasa I 3-oxo-5*-steroid 4-dehydrogenase: 3-oxo-5*-esteroide-4-deshidrogenasa oxygen: oxgeno oxygen saturation: saturacin de oxgeno oxyhaemoglobin: oxihemoglobina oxymyoglobin: oximioglobina oxytetracycline: oxitetraciclina P pachytene: paquitena packaging: empaquetamiento packed column: columna preparada PAGE*: electroforesis en gel de poliacrilamida palindrome: palndromo palmitoyl-CoA synthase*: cido-graso-de-cadena-larga*CoA-ligasa pancreas: pncreas pancreatic carboxypeptidase A*: carboxipeptidasa A pancreatic carboxypeptidase B*: carboxipeptidasa B pancreatic DNase*: desoxirribonucleasa I pancreatic DNase II*: desoxirribonucleasa II pancreatic elastase: elastasa pancretica pancreatic elastase I*: elastasa pancretica pancreatic kallikrein*: calicrena hstica pancreatic ribonuclease: ribonucleasa pancretica pancreatic RNase*: ribonucleasa pancretica pancreatopeptidase E*: elastasa pancretica pancreozymin: pancrozimina PAP*: fosfatasa cida prosttica papain: papana Papanicolaou stain: tincin de Papanicolaou papaya peptidase I*: papana papillomavirus: papilomavirus paracentesis: paracentesis parallelism: paralelismo parasite: parsito parasitology: parasitologa parathormone*: paratirina parathyrin: paratirina parathyroid: paratiroides parathyroid hormone*: paratirina parenteral nutrition: nutricin parenteral paronychia: paroniquia partial pressure: presin parcial partially completed medium: medio semipreparado *-particle: partcula * particle counter: contador de partculas particle counting immunoassay: inmunoanlisis particulomtrico particular property: propiedad particular particular quantity: magnitud particular partition coefficient: coeficiente de reparto pascal: pascal passive hemagglutination test: prueba de hemaglutinacin pasiva passive immunodiffusion test: prueba de inmunodifusin pasiva patch repair: reparacin por escisin pathlenght: paso de luz pathobiochemistry: bioqumica clnica

pathogen: patgeno pathologic entity: entidad patolgica pathologist: anatomopatlogo pathology: 1. patologa. 2. anatoma patolgica pathophysiology: fisiopatologa patient: paciente P5C dehydrogenase*: pirroln-5-carboxilato-reductasa PCR: reaccin en cadena por la polimerasa peak: concentracin mxima peak level: concentracin mxima pedigree: rbol genealgico peer group: grupo de comparacin; grupo comparable peer review: [de un artculo cientfico] revisin por expertos pefloxacine: pefloxacina pellet: sedimento penetrancy: penetrancia penicillin G*: bencilpenicilina penicillin V*: fenoximetilpenicilina penicillinase*: *-lactamasa Penicillium citrinum nuclease P1*: nucleasa S1 de Aspergillus pentagastrin: pentagastrina pentose: pentosa pepsin*: pepsina A pepsin A: pepsina A pepsin C*: gastricsina *-peptidase*: X-Pro-dipeptidasa peptidase D*: X-Pro-dipeptidasa peptidase E*: alanil-aminopeptidasa de membrana peptidase P*: peptidil-dipeptidasa A peptidase S*: leucil-aminopeptidasa peptide: pptido peptide-N4-(N-acetyl-*-glucosaminyl)asparagine amidase: pptido-N4-(N-acetil-*-glu cosaminil)asparra-gina-amidasa peptidyl-Asp metalloendopeptidase: peptidil-Asp-metaloendopeptidasa peptidyl-dipeptidase A: peptidil-dipeptidasa A peptidyl dipeptidase I*: peptidil-dipeptidasa A peptone broth: caldo peptonado percolation: percolacin performance: 1. prestacin 2. funcionamiento performance characteristic: caracterstica de funcionamiento performance standard: norma de funcionamiento performance status: estado general perfusion: perfusin pericardial effusion: derrame pericrdico pericardial fluid: lquido pericrdico period: periodo peritoneal fluid: lquido peritoneal peroxidase: peroxidasa peroxidase test: prueba de la peroxidasa Pfeiffer's bacillus*: Haemophilus influenzae pH: pH pH-meter: peachmetro pH-metry: peachimetra phage: fago phage typing: tipificacin con fagos pharmaceutical form: forma farmacutica pharmacokinetics: farmacocintica pharyngeal exudate: exudado farngeo phase-contrast microscopy: microscopa de contraste de fases phaseolin*: carboxipeptidasa de tipo serina

phasmid: fsmido phenobarbital: fenobarbital phenobarbitone*: fenobarbital phenolase*: monofenol-monoxigenasa phenol sulfotransferase*: aril-sulfotransferasa phenotype: fenotipo phenylalaninase*: fenilalanina-4-monoxigenasa phenylalanine: fenilalanina phenylalanine 4-hydroxylase*: fenilalanina-4-monoxigenasa phenylalanine 4-monooxygenase: fenilalanina-4-monoxigenasa phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase: feniletanolamina-N-metiltransferasa phenylpyruvic acid: cido fenilpirvico phenytoin: fenitona pheromone: feromona phosphate*: [con el significado de] fosfato no esterificado phosphate : [cido fosfrico ms ion fosfato] fosfato phosphate acetyltransferase: fosfato-acetiltransferasa phosphate buffer: tampn de fosfato phosphatemia*: 1. concentracin de fosfato no esterificado en plasma 2. concentrac in de fosfato no esterificado en suero phosphatidase*: fosfolipasa A2 phosphatidolipase*: fosfolipasa A2 3-sn-phosphatidylcholine: 3-sn-fosfatidilcolina phosphatidylcholine*sterol O-acyltransferase: fosfatidilcolina*esterol-O-aciltra nsferasa 1-phosphatidylinositol phosphodiesterase: 1-fosfatidilinositol-fosfodiesterasa phosphatidylinositol phospholipase C*: 1-fosfatidilinositol-fosfodiesterasa phosphaturia*: 1. concentracin de fosfato no esterificado en orina 2. excrecin de fosfato no esterificado en orina phosphoacylase*: fosfato-acetiltransferasa phosphodiesterase*: nucletido 3'-5'-cclico-fosfodiesterasa phosphodiesterase I: fosfodiesterasa I phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (GTP): fosfoenolpiruvato-carboxicinasa (GTP) phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase: fosfoenolpiruvato-carboxilasa phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase*: fosfoenolpiruvato-carboxicinasa (GTP) phosphoenolpyruvate kinase*: piruvato-cinasa phosphoenol transphosphorylase*: piruvato-cinasa 6-phosphofructokinase: 6-fosfofructocinasa phosphofructokinase I*: 6-fosfofructocinasa phosphoglucoisomerase*: glucosa-6-fosfato-isomerasa phosphoglucomutase: fosfoglucomutasa phosphoglucomutase*: fosfoglicerato-mutasa 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase*: fosfogluconato-deshidrogenasa (descarboxilant e) phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (decarboxylating): fosfogluconato-deshidrogenasa (descarboxilante) phosphogluconic acid dehydrogenase*: fosfogluconato-deshidrogenasa (descarboxila nte) 6-phosphogluconic carboxylase*: fosfogluconato-deshidrogenasa (descarboxilante) 6-phosphogluconic dehydrogenase*: fosfogluconato-deshidrogenasa (descarboxilante ) 6-phosphogluconolactonase: 6-fosfogluconolactonasa phosphoglucose isomerase*: glucosa-6-fosfato-isomerasa 2-phosphoglycerate dehydratase*: fosfopiruvato-hidratasa phosphoglycerate kinase: fosfoglicerato-cinasa 3-phosphoglycerate kinase*: fosfoglicerato-cinasa phosphoglycerate mutase: fosfoglicerato-mutasa phosphoglycerate phosphomutase*: fosfoglicerato-mutasa phosphoglycerokinase*: fosfoglicerato-cinasa phosphoglyceromutase*: fosfoglicerato-mutasa

phosphohexoisomerase*: 1. glucosa-6-fosfato-isomerasa 2. manosa-6-fosfato-isomer asa phosphohexokinase*: 6-fosfofructocinasa phosphohexomutase*: 1. glucosa-6-fosfato-isomerasa 2. manosa-6-fosfato-isomerasa phosphohexose isomerase*: glucosa-6-fosfato-isomerasa phospholipase A2: fosfolipasa A2 phospholipase C: fosfolipasa C phospholipase D: fosfolipasa D phospholipid: fosfolpido phospholipid*cholesterol acyltransferase*: fosfatidilcolina*esterol-O-aciltransf erasa phosphomannose isomerase*: manosa-6-fosfato-isomerasa phosphomonoesterase*: 1. fosfatasa cida 2. fosfatasa alcalina phosphopentoisomerase*: ribosa-5-fosfato-isomerasa phosphopyruvate carboxylase*: fosfoenolpiruvato-carboxicinasa (GTP) phosphopyruvate hydratase: fosfopiruvato-hidratasa phosphoriboisomerase*: ribosa-5-fosfato-isomerasa phosphoribosyldiphosphate 5-amidotransferase*: amidofosforribosiltransferasa phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate synthetase*: ribosa-fosfato-pirofosfocinasa 5-phosphoribosyl 1-pyrophosphate synthetase*: ribosa-fosfato-pirofosfocinasa phosphoric acid: cido fosfrico phosphoric acid*: [cuando en realidad hace referencia a cido fosfrico ms ion fosfat o] fosfato phosphorus: fsforo phosphorus*: [con el significado de] fosfato no esterificado phosphorylase: fosforilasa phosphorylase kinase: fosforilasa-cinasa phosphosaccharomutase*: glucosa-6-fosfato-isomerasa phosphotransacetylase*: fosfato-acetiltransferasa phosphotriose isomerase*: triosa-fosfato-isomerasa photinus-luciferin 4-monooxygenase (ATP-hydrolysing): photinus-luciferina-4-mono xigenasa (hidrolizante de ATP) photocell: fotoclula photometer*: [con el significado de] espectrmetro photometry*: [con el significado de] espectrometra photomultiplier: fotomultiplicador physiological variation: variacin fisiolgica physiology: fisiologa physiopathology: fisiopatologa PIF*: prolactostatina pill: pldora pinworm: 1. Enterobius vermicularis 2. oxiuro piperacillin: piperacilina pipet: pipeta pipette: pipeta pituitary: 1. hipfisis 2. hipofisario -ia pituitary gland: hipfisis pivampicillin: pivampicilina planar chromatography: cromatografa planar planning: planificacin; planeamiento; proyecto plasma: plasma plasma cell: plasmocito plasma kallikrein: calicrena plasmtica plasma level*: concentracin plasmtica plasma renin activity*: 1. concentracin de masa de renina en plasma. 2. concentra cin cataltica de renina en plasma plasma thromboplastic antecedent*: factor XI de la coagulacin plasma thromboplastic cofactor*: factor IX de la coagulacin plasmablast: plasmoblasto plasmacyte: plasmocito

plasmalogen synthase: plasmalgeno-sintasa plasmid: plsmido plasmid-mediated antibiotic resistance: resistencia a los antibiticos mediada por plsmidos plasmin*: fibrinolisina t-plasminogen activator: activador del t-plasmingeno u-plasminogen activator: activador del u-plasmingeno platinum calomel electrode: electrodo de calomelano de platino plattelet: trombocito; plaqueta pleomorphic: pleomrfico pleural aspiration: puncin pleural pleural effusion: derrame pleural pleural fluid: lquido pleural point mutation: mutacin puntual polarizing microscope: microscopio de polarizacin polarography: polarografa poly A: poli A poly A tail: extremo de poli A 1,4-*-poly-N-acetylglucosaminidase*: quitinasa polyacrylamide gel: gel de poliacrilamida polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis: electroforesis en gel de poliacrilamida polydeoxyribonucleotide synthase (ATP)*: DNA-ligasa (ATP) polydeoxyribonucleotide synthase (NAD+)*: DNA-ligasa (NAD+) poly-*-glucosaminidase*: quitinasa polylinker: poliligador polymerase chain reaction: reaccin en cadena por la polimerasa polymorphism information content: contenido informativo del polimorfismo polymorphism rate: frecuencia de polimorfismo polymorphonuclear neutrophil: neutrofilocito segmentado; neutrfilo segmentado polymorphonuclear neutrophilocyte: neutrofilocito segmentado; neutrfilo segmentad o polymyxin*: polimixina B polymyxin B: polimixina B polynucleotide 5'-hydroxyl-kinase: polinucletido-5'-hidroxil-cinasa polynucleotide kinase*: polinucletido-5'-hidroxil-cinasa polynucleotide ligase*: DNA-ligasa (ATP) polynucleotide ligase (NAD+)*: DNA-ligasa (NAD+) polynucleotide phosphorylase*: polirribonucletido-nucleotidiltransferasa polyol dehydrogenase*: L-iditol-deshidrogenasa polyphosphorylase*: glucgeno-fosforilasa polyribonucleotide nucleotidyltransferase: polirribonucletido-nucleotidiltransfer asa poly(*-2,8-sialoside) *-2,8-sialosylhydrolase*: endo-*-sialidasa poly(*-2,8-sialosyl) endo-N-acetylneuraminidase*: endo-*-sialidasa polytene chromosome: cromosoma politnico polyvinyl alcohol: alcohol polivinlico pool: mezcla pork tapeworm: 1. Tnia solium 2. tenia porphobilinogen deaminase*: hidroximetilbilano-sintasa porphobilinogen synthase: porfobilingeno-sintasa porphyrin: porfirina positional cloning: clonacin posicional positive predictive value: valor predictivo de un resultado positivo postreplicative recombination repair: reparacin por recombinacin posreplicativa potassemia*: 1. concentracin de ion potasio en plasma 2. concentracin de ion potas io en suero potassium: potasio potassium*: [con el significado de] ion potasio potassium ion: ion potasio potential: potencial

potential difference: diferencia de potencial potentiometry: potenciometra power: potencia PP-ribose-P synthetase*: ribosa-fosfato-pirofosfocinasa P-protein*: glicina-deshidrogenasa (descarboxilante) practicability: practicabilidad prealbumin*: transtiretina precipitation test: prueba de la precipitacin precipitin: precipitina precipitin line: lnea de precipitacin precision: precisin predictive value of a negative result: valor predicitivo de un resultado negativ o predictive value of a positive result: valor predicitivo de un resultado positiv o pregnancy test: prueba de embarazo Preisz-Nocard's bacillus*: Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis prekallikrein: precalicrena premessenger RNA: RNA premensajero premetrological variation: variacin premetrolgica preservation medium: medio conservante PRESERVATIVE: conservante pressure: presin pressure flow: flujo por presin pre-uroporphyrinogen synthase*: hidroximetilbilano-sintasa prevalence: prevalencia previtamin D3*: (6Z)-tacalciol PRF*: prolactoliberina primary sample: muestra primaria primary standard: patrn primario prime plasmid: plsmido primero primer: cebador primer extension: prolongacin del cebador primidone: primidona primosome: primosoma principle of measurement: principio de medicin prion: prin PRL*: prolactina proangiotensin: proangiotensina probe: sonda probit: probit procaine esterase*: carboxilesterasa procedure: procedimiento procedures manual: manual de procedimientos process: proceso procollagen aminoprotease*: procolgeno-N-endopeptidasa procollagen N-endopeptidase: procolgeno-N-endopeptidasa procollagen-lysine 5-dioxygenase: procolgeno-lisina-5-dioxigenasa procollagen peptidase*: procolgeno-N-endopeptidasa procollagen-proline dioxygenase: procolgeno-prolina-dioxigenasa procollagen protease*: procolgeno-N-endopeptidasa procollagen N-proteinase*: procolgeno-N-endopeptidasa procollagen type III: procolgeno de tipo III proctase B*: aspergilopepsina I prodrug: profrmaco proenzyme: proenzima; zimgeno proficiency testing: ensayo de aptitud progesterone: progesterona progesterone reductase*: 3*-hidroxi-*5-esteroide-deshidrogenasa prognosis: pronstico

program: programa PROGRANULOCYTE: progranulocito prolactin: prolactina prolactin release-inhibiting factor*: prolactostatina prolactin-releasing factor*: prolactoliberina prolidase*: X-Pro-dipeptidasa proline: prolina proline dehydrogenase: prolina-deshidrogenasa proline dipeptidase*: X-Pro-dipeptidasa proline hydroxilase*: procolgeno-prolina-dioxigenasa proline oxidase*: prolina-deshidrogenasa proline,2-oxoglutarate 4-dioxygenase*: procolgeno-prolina-dioxigenasa prolymphocyte: prolinfocito promegakaryocyte: promegacariocito promegaloblast: promegaloblasto promonocyte: promonocito promoter: promotor promoter screening vector: vector de deteccin de un promotor pronase*: micolisina pronormoblast: pronormoblasto proof-reading: correccin de galeradas; correccin de pruebas (de imprenta) property: propiedad prophage: profago prophylaxis: profilaxis propionyl-CoA carboxylase: propionil-CoA-carboxilasa proplasmacyte: proplasmocito propranolol: propranolol prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase: prostaglandina-endoperxido-sintasa prostaglandin G/H synthase*: prostaglandina-endoperxido-sintasa prostaglandin synthase*: prostaglandina-endoperxido-sintasa prostate specific antigen: antgeno especfico de la prstata prostatic fluid: lquido prosttico prostetic group: grupo prosttico protaminase*: carboxipeptidasa B protein: protena *-protein*: DNA-topoisomerasa protein binding: unin a protenas proteinase B*: aspergilopepsina I proteinase K*: endopeptidasa K proteinemia*: 1. concentracin de protena en plasma 2. concentracin de protena en sue ro protein-glutamine *-glutamyltransferase: protena-glutamina-*-glutamiltransferasa proteinuria*: [con el significado de] 1. concentracin de protena en orina 2. excre cin de protena en orina protein xylosyltransferase: protena-xilosiltransferasa prothrombase*: factor Xa de la coagulacin prothrombin: protrombina prothrombinase*: factor Xa de la coagulacin protirelin: protirelina protocollagen hydroxilase*: procolgeno-prolina-dioxigenasa protocollagen lysyl hydroxylase*: procolgeno-lisina-5-dioxigenasa proto-oncogen: protoncogn protoporphyrin: protoporfirina protoporphyrinogen oxidase: protoporfiringeno-oxidasa prototroph: prototrofo prozone effect: efecto prozona PRPP synthetase*: ribosa-fosfato-pirofosfocinasa pseudocast: seudocilindro (urinario) pseudocholinesterase*: colinesterasa pseudo leucine aminopeptidase*: alanil-aminopeptidasa de membrana

PSP*: fenolsulfoftalena PTH*: paratirina publisher: editor puff: abultamiento pullulanase*: *-dextrina-endo-1,6-*-glucosidasa pulse-fiel electrophoresis: electroforesis en gel con campo pulstil purine-nucleoside phosphorylase: purina-nuclesido-fosforilasa purulent: purulento pus: pus PVA*: alcohol polivinlico pyocin: piocina pyocin typing: piocinotipia pyogenic: pigeno pyridoxal: piridoxal pyridoxine: piridoxina pyrimidine nucleotidase*: 5'-nucleotidasa pyrimidine-5'-nucleotide nucleosidase: pirimidina-5'-nucletido-nucleosidasa pyrimidine-specific 5'-nucleotidase*: 5'-nucleotidasa pyroglutamase (ATP-hydrolysing)*: 5-oxoprolinasa (hidrolizante de ATP) pyroglutamate hydrolase*: 5-oxoprolinasa (hidrolizante de ATP) pyroglutamyl aminopeptidase*: piroglutamil-peptidasa I pyroglutamyl-peptidase I: piroglutamil-peptidasa I pyrrolidone-carboxylate peptidase*: piroglutamil-peptidasa I 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase: 1-pirroln-5-carboxilato-deshidrogenasa *1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase*: pirroln-5-carboxilato-reductasa pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase: pirroln-5-carboxilato-reductasa pyruvate : [cido pirvico ms ion piruvato] piruvato pyruvate carboxylase: piruvato-carboxilasa pyruvate decarboxylase: piruvato-descarboxilasa pyruvate decarboxylase*: piruvato-deshidrogenasa (lipoamida) pyruvate dehydrogenase*: 1. piruvato-deshidrogenasa (citocromo) 2. piruvato-desh idrogenasa (lipoamida) pyruvate dehydrogenase (cytochrome): piruvato-deshidrogenasa (citocromo) pyruvate dehydrogenase (lipoamide): piruvato-deshidrogenasa (lipoamida) pyruvate kinase: piruvato-cinasa pyruvate oxidase: piruvato-oxidasa pyruvic acid: cido pirvico pyruvic acid*: [cuando en realidad hace referencia a cido pirvico ms ion piruvato] piruvato pyruvic carboxylase*: piruvato-carboxilasa pyruvic decarboxylase*: piruvato-descarboxilasa pyruvic dehydrogenase*: 1. piruvato-deshidrogenasa (citocromo) 2. piruvato-deshi drogenasa (lipoamida) pyruvic oxidase*: piruvato-oxidasa Q Q-enzyme*: enzima ramificadora del 1,4-*-glucano qualitative analysis: anlisis cualitativo qualitology: cualitologa qualitometrics: cualitometra quality: calidad quality assessment: evaluacin de la calidad quality assurance: garanta de la calidad quality audit: auditora de la calidad quality control: control de la calidad quality management: gestin de la calidad quality policy: poltica de la calidad quantitative analysis: anlisis cuantitativo quantity: magnitud

Quellung test: reaccin de Quellung queuine: queuina quiescent: en reposo quinidine: quinidina R rabbit ileal loop test: prueba del asa ileal en conejo rabies virus: virus de la rabia rad: rad radial immunodiffusion: inmunodifusin radial radial partition fluorimetric enzyme immunoassay: fluoroenzimoinmunoanlisis de pa rticin radial radiant energy: energa radiante radiant excitance: excitancia radiante radiant flux: flujo radiante radiant intensity: intesidad radiante radiant power: potencia radiante radioactive tagging: radiomarcado radioactivity: radiactividad radioallergosorbent test: prueba de radioalergosorbencia radioimmunoassay: radioinmunoanlisis radioimmunosorbent test: prueba de radioinmunosorbencia radioisotope: radistopo; istopo radiactivo radionuclide: radionucleido random acces: acceso aleatorio random access analyzer*: analizador de acceso directo random error: error aleatorio random priming: cebado aleatorio randomization: aleatorizacin; distribucin al azar range: intervalo ranking: clasificacin rapid identification system: sistema de identificacin rpida RAST*: prueba de radioalergosorbencia rate of conversion: velocidad de transformacin rate of reaction: velocidad de reaccin ratio: razn ratio scale: escala racional *-ray: rayo * RBC*: eritrocito RBC cast*: cilindro hemtico reactant: reactante readability: lectura mnima reading: lectura reading frame: marco de lectura reading frameshift: desplazamiento del marco de lectura readthrough: translectura ready-to-use medium: medio preparado reagent: reactivo reagent strip: tira reactiva reagents kit: equipo de reactivos reagin: reagina receiver-operating characteristic curve: [en semiologa] curva de rendimiento diag nstico receptor: receptor recipient cell: clula receptora recombinant DNA: DNA recombinante recombination repair: reparacin por recombinacin recombinational hot-spot: punto caliente de recombinacin recombinator: recombinador

recombinogenic element: recombinador recovery: recuperacin rectilinearity: rectilinealidad red blood cell*: eritrocito red cell: eritrocito reference distribution: distribucin de referencia reference electrode: electrodo de referencia reference individual: individuo de referencia reference laboratory: laboratorio de referencia reference limit: lmite de referencia reference material: material de referencia reference method: mtodo de referencia reference population: poblacin de referencia reference procedure: procedimiento de referencia reference range: intervalo de referencia reference sample: muestra de referencia reference value: valor de referencaia reflectance spectrometry: espectrometra de reflectancia reflection factor: factor de reflexin refractive index: ndice de refraccin refractometry: refractometra regulator gene: gen regulador regulon: reguln relative atomic mass: masa atmica relativa relative density: densidad relativa relative error: error relativo relative inaccuray: inexactitud relativa relative molecular mass: masa molecular relativa relative quantity: magnitud relativa relaxed circle: DNA circular relajado relaxing enzyme*: DNA-topoisomerasa release factor: factor de terminacin release splicing: eliminacin de intrones reliability: fiabilidad rem: rem remove (to): eliminar; extraer renal calculus: clculo renal renal clearance: depuracin renal renal tubule: tbulo renal renaturation: renaturalizacin renin: renina repeat: repeticin repeatability: repetibilidad replacement vector: vector por sustitucin replication: replicacin replication fork: horquilla de replicacin replicon: replicn replicon fusion: fusin de replicones REPORT: informe reporter gene: gen indicador representational difference analysis: anlisis de diferencias representativas repression: represin reproducibility: reproducibilidad reptilase*: venombina A reservoir: depsito residence time: periodo de permanencia resistance: resistencia resistance transfer factor: plsmido de resistencia resistivity: resistividad resolution: resolucin

respiratory syncytial virus: virus respiratorio sincitial restricted transduction: transduccin restringida restriction enzyme: enzima de restriccin restriction fragment length polymorphism: polimorfismo de la longitud de los fra gmentos de restriccin restriction mapping: cartografa de restriccin restriction site: centro de restriccin result: resultado resuscitation medium: medio de reanimacin reticulocyte: reticulocito retinal reductase*: alcohol-deshidrogenasa [NAD(P)+] retinene*: retinal retinene1*: retinal retinol: retinol retinol-binding protein: protena enlazante de retinol retriever vector: vector recuperador retroposon: retrotransposn retrotransposon: retrotransposn reverse mutation: reversin reverse transcriptase*: DNA-polimerasa dirigida por RNA reverse transcription: transcripcin inversa reverse triiodothyronin: triiodotironina inversa reversion: reversin revertase*: DNA-polimerasa dirigida por RNA RF*: factores reumatoideos Rh factor: factor Rh rheumatoid factor: factor reumatoideo RIA*: radioinmunoanlisis riboflavin: riboflavina ribonuclease I*: ribonucleasa pancretica ribonucleic acid: cido ribonucleico ribonucleoprotein: ribonucleoprotena riboprobe: ribosonda ribose: ribosa ribose-5-phosphate isomerase: ribosa-5-fosfato-isomerasa ribose-phosphate pyrophosphokinase: ribosa-fosfato-pirofosfocinasa ribosomal ribonucleic acid: cido ribonucleico ribosmico ribosomal RNA: RNA ribosmico ribosome-bindig site: centro de unin al ribosoma ribosylthymine 5'-diphosphate: 5'-difosfato de ribosiltimina ribosylthymine 5'-phosphate: 5'-fosfato de ribosiltimina ribosylthymine 5'-triphosphate: 5'-trifosfato de ribosiltimina ribosylthymine: ribosiltimina ribozyme: ribozima rifampicin: rifampicina rifampin*: rifampicina risk factor: factor de riesgo RIST*: prueba de radioinmunosorbencia RNA-directed DNA polymerase: DNA-polimerasa dirigida por RNA RNA nucleotidyltransferase (DNA-directed)*: RNA-polimerasa dirigida por DNA RNA polymerase*: RNA-polimerasa dirigida por DNA RNA polymerase I, II, III*: RNA-polimerasa dirigida por DNA RNA processing: maduracin del RNA RNase*: ribonucleasa pancretica RNase A*: ribonucleasa pancretica RNase I*: ribonucleasa pancretica RNP antigen*: antgeno ribonucleoproteico robotry: automtica robustness: robustez ROC curve: [en semiologa] curva de rendimiento diagnstico

roentgen: rntgen rolling circle: crculo rodador room temperature: temperatura ambiente rotational frequency: frecuencia rotacional routine examination: examen sistemtico run: serie runaway plasmid: plsmido autorreplicable run off: prueba de transcripcin (no iniciada) run on: prueba de transcripcin (iniciada) S Sabouraud agar: agar de Sabouraud saccharase*: *-fructofuranosidasa saccharogen amylase*: *-amilasa saccharopine dehydrogenase*: sacaropina-deshidrogenasa (NAD+, formadora de L-glu tamato) saccharopine dehydrogenase (NAD+, L-glutamate-forming): sacaropina-deshidrogenas a (NAD+, formadora de L-glutamato) saccharopine dehydrogenase (NAD+, L-lysine-forming): sacaropina-deshidrogenasa ( NAD+, formadora de L-lisina) Sachs bacillus*: Clostridium septicum safe: inocuo safety: 1. seguridad. 2. inocuidad safranin: safranina salicylate: [cido saliclico ms ion salicilato] salicilato salicylic acid: cido saliclico salicylic acid*: [cuando en realidad hace referencia a cido saliclico ms ion SALICI LATO] salicilato saliva: saliva salivary: salival Salmonella-Shigella agar: agar para Salmonella yShigella salt tolerance test: prueba de tolerancia a la sal sample: muestra sampler: muestreador sampling: muestreo sandwich immunoassay: inmunoanlisis en sndwich sarcosine: sarcosina sarcosine dehydrogenase: sarcosina-deshidrogenasa sarcosine oxidase: sarcosina-oxidasa satellitism test: prueba del satelitismo saturation: saturacin saturation fraction: fraccin saturante scale: escala scanning electron microscopy: microscopa electrnica de barrido Schmitz's bacillus*: Shigella dysenteriae de tipo 2 Schmorl's bacillus*: Fusobacterium necrophorum Schottmller's bacillus*: Salmonella schottmuelleri scintillation: centelleo scintillation counter: contador de centelleo scintillation detector: detector de centelleo scintillator: contador de centelleo screening: 1. cribado 2. deteccin precoz sealase*: DNA-ligasa (ATP) secondary standard: patrn secundario secretin: secretina secretion: secrecin sediment: sedimento sedimentation: sedimentacin sedimentation coefficient: coeficiente de sedimentacin

sedimentation velocity*: eritrosedimentacin segmented neutrophil: neutrofilocito segmentado; neutrfilo segmentado segmented neutrophilocyte: neutrofilocito segmentado; neutrfilo segmentado selective acces: acceso selectivo selective enrichment medium: medio de enriquecimiento selectivo selective isolation medium: medio de aislamiento selectivo selenite broth: caldo con selenita selenium: selenio self-cloning: autoclonacin self-replication: autorreplicacin self-splicing: autoeliminacin de intrones semeiologic value: valor semiolgico semeiology: semiologa semen: semen, esperma seminal fluid: semen, esperma seminal plasma: plasma seminal sense codon: codn traducible sense strand: cadena homosentido sensitivity*: [con el significado de] 1. lmite de deteccin 2. detectabilidad sensor: sensor sepiapterin reductase: sepiapterina-reductasa sequencing: secuenciacin sequencing primer linker: esplnquer sequential acces: acceso secuencial sequential immunoassay: inmunoanlisis secuencial Sereny test: prueba de Sereny series: serie serine: serina serine carboxypeptidase II*: carboxipeptidasa de tipo serina serine sulfhydrase*: cistationina-*-sintasa serine-type carboxypeptidase: carboxipeptidasa de tipo serina sermorelin: sermorelina serum: suero serum level*: concentracin srica serum kallikrein*: calicrena plasmtica severe: grave sex hormone-binding globulin: globulina enlazante de las hormonas sexuales sexually transmitted disease: enfermedad de transmisin sexual SGOT*: aspartato-aminotransferasa SGPT*: alanina-aminotransferasa Shiga's bacillus*: Shigella dysenteriae tipo 1 Shiga-Kruse's bacillus*: Shigella dysenteriae tipo 1 shock: choque shotgun cloning: clonacin al azar shut-down state: estado de desconexin parcial shuttle vector: vector transportador sialidase*: exo-*-sialidasa sialyltransferase*: N-acetilactosaminida-*-2,3-sialiltransferasa 2,3-sialyltransferase*: *-galactsido-*-2,3-sialiltransferasa 2,6-sialyltransferase*: *-galactsido-*-2,6-sialiltransferasa sideremia*: 1. concentracin de hierro(II+III) en plasma 2. concentracin de hierro( II+III) en suero siemens: simens sievert: sivert sign: signo signal: seal silencer: lentificador silent mutation: mutacin imperceptible simple strand DNA: DNA monocatenario single hit: impacto nico

single site mutation: mutacin puntual single strand DNA: DNA monocatenario single-stranded-nucleate endonuclease*: nucleasa S1 de Aspergillus sinigrase*: tioglucosidasa sinigrinase*: tioglucosidasa sisomicin: sisomicina site-specific recombination: recombinacin especfica de una secuencia sizing column: columna de exclusin molecular skin: piel skin fibroblast (cultured): fibroblasto (cultivado) de la piel skin fibroblast: fibroblasto de la piel slant agar culture: cultivo inclinado slide: 1. portaobjetos. 2. diapositiva slide agglutination test: prueba de la aglutinacin en portaobjetos slide culture technique: tcnica del cultivo en portaobjetos slot: ranura slot blot: transferencia en ranura smear: [en microscopa] extensin sodium: sodio sodium*: [con el significado de] ion sodio sodium ion: ion sodio sodium pump*: ATPasa intercambiadora de Na+ y K+ solid culture medium: medio de cultivo slido solubility product: producto de solubilidad solvatation: solvatacin solvent: disolvente; solvente somatoliberin: somatoliberina somatomedin: somatomedina somatorelin: somatorelina somatostatin*: factor de creciemiento insulinoide somatotropin-releasing factor*: somatoliberina somatropic hormone*: somatotropina somatropin: somatotropina Sonne's bacillus*: Shigella sonnei Sonne-Duval's bacillus*: Shigella sonnei sorbitol dehydrogenase*: L-iditol-deshidrogenasa southern blot: transferencia southern spike: potencial de accin spacer DNA: DNA espaciador spacer RNA: RNA espaciador species: especie specification: especificacin specific activity: actividad especfica specific conductance: conductancia especfica specific gravity*: densidad relativa specific heat capacity: capacidad trmica especfica specific volume: volumen especfico specificity: especificidad specimen: espcimen spectinomycin: espectinomicina spectral bandwidth: anchura de banda espectral spectrometer: espectrmetro spectrometry: espectrometra spectrophotometer*: espectrmetro spectrophotometry*: espectrometra spectroscopy: espectroscopa specular refletance: reflectancia especular speed: velocidad sperm: esperma; semen spermatozoid: espermatozoide

sphingomyelin: esfingomielina sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase: esfingomielina-fosfodiesterasa spinal fluid: lquido cefalorraqudeo spindle: huso spiramycin: espiramicina spleen: bazo spleen exonuclease: exonucleasa esplnica spleen phosphodiesterase*: exonucleasa esplnica spliceosome: espliceosoma splicing: eliminacin de intrones splicing site: zona de unin exn-intrn splinker: esplnquer split gene: gen discontinuo spore: espora sporicide: esporicida sporozoite: esporozoito spray: aerosol; pulverizador spreading factor*: 1. hialuronato-liasa 2. hialuronoglucosaminidasa 3. hialurono glucuronidasa sputum: esputo SRF*: somatoliberina ssDNA: DNA monocatenario SS agar: agar SS stab culture: cultivo por picadura stability: estabilidad staff: plantilla; personal staggered cut: corte en bisel stain: tincin standard: 1. patrn 2. norma 3. estndar standard deviation: desviacin tpica stand: puesto stand-by state: estado de reposo starch hydrolysis test: prueba de la hidrlisis del almidn start-up time: periodo de arranque stat: determinacin urgente state of the art: [de algn objeto o actividad] 1. estado actual 2. panorama actua l stationary phase: fase estacionaria statistic: estadstico statistics: estadstica STD*: enfermedad de transmisin sexual steady state: 1. estado estacionario. 2. equilibrio dinmico steam sterilization: esterilizacin por vapor Steers replicator: replicador de Steers stem bromelain: bromelana de tronco stem cell: hemocitoblasto sterile: estril sterilization: esterilizacin steroid cytochrome P450*21-hydroxylase*: esteroide-21-monoxigenasa steroid 17,20-desmolase*: 17*-hidroxiprogesterona-aldolasa steroid 20,22-desmolase*: colesterol-monoxigenasa (escisora de la cadena lateral ) steroid 18-hydroxylase*: corticosterona-18-monoxigenasa steroid 21-hydroxylase*: esteroide-21-monoxigenasa steroid 17*-hydroxylase*: esteroide-17*-monoxigenasa steroid 11*-hydroxylase*: esteroide-11*-monoxigenasa steroid 11*/18-hydroxylase*: esteroide-11*-monoxigenasa steroid *-isomerase: esteroide-*-isomerasa steroid 17,20-lyase*: 17*-hidroxiprogesterona-aldolasa steroid 20,22-lyase*: colesterol-monoxigenasa (escisora de la cadena lateral)

steroid 21-monooxygenase: esteroide-21-monoxigenasa steroid 17*-monooxygenase: esteroide-17*-monoxigenasa steroid 11*-monooxygenase : esteroide-11*-monoxigenasa steroid 5*-reductase*: 3-oxo-5*-esteroide-4-deshidrogenasa steroid sulfatase*: esteril-sulfatasa sterol O-acyltransferase: esterol-O-aciltransferasa sterol esterase: esterol-esterasa sterol-ester synthase*: esterol-O-aciltransferasa steryl-sulfatase: esteril-sulfatasa STH*: somatotropina sticky end: extremo cohesivo stimulon: estimuln stock: 1. existencias 2. reserva stoichiometric number: nmero estequiomtrico stomach: estmago stool: heces stool culture: coprocultivo stop codon: codn finalizador storage: almacenamiento strain: cepa strand: cadena stratification: estratificacin Streptomyces griseus neutral proteinase*: micolisina stress: estrs stringency: rigor strobila: estrobilo Strong's bacillus*: Shigella flexneri Stuart factor*: factor X de la coagulacin Stuart transport medium: medio de transporte de Stuart submandibular kallikrein*: calicrena hstica submaxillary kallikrein*: calicrena hstica subspecies: subespecie substance: sustancia substance concentration: concentracin de sustancia substance content: contenido de sustancia substance flow rate: caudal de sustancia substance fraction: fraccin de sustancia substance rate: caudal de sustancia subtherapeutic level: concentracin subteraputica substrate: sustrato subtilisin: subtilisina succinate*CoA ligase (GDP-forming): succinato*CoA-ligasa (formadora de GDP) succinate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase: succinato-semialdehdo-deshidrogenasa succinate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase [NAD(P)+]: succinato-semialdehdo-deshidrogen asa [NAD(P)+] succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase*: succinato-semialdehdo-deshidrogenasa succinic thiokinase*: succinato*CoA-ligasa (formadora de GDP) succinyl-CoA synthetase*: succinato*CoA-ligasa (formadora de GDP) succinylcholine*: suxametonio sucrase*: sucrosa-*-glucosidasa sucrase-isomaltase*: 1. oligo-1,6-glucosidasa 2. sucrosa-*-glucosidasa sucrose agar: agar-sacarosa sucrose *-glucohydrolase*: sucrosa-*-glucosidasa sucrose *-glucosidase: sucrosa-*-glucosidasa sulbactam: sulbactam sulfadiazine: sulfadiazina sulfamethazine*: sulfadimidina sulfamethoxazole: sulfametoxazol sulfatase*: arilsulfatasa sulfation factor*: somatomedina

sulfisoxazole*: sulfafurazol sulfite oxidase: sulfito-oxidasa sulfocyanide*: tiocianato sulfoglucosamine sulfamidase*: N-sulfoglucosamina-sulfohidrolasa N-sulfoglucosamine sulfohydrolase: N-sulfoglucosamina-sulfohidrolasa sulfoiduronidate sulfatase*: iduronato-2-sulfatasa sulfokinase*: aril-sulfotransferasa sulfur granule (Actinomyces): grnulo de azufre (Actinomyces) supercoil: superhlice supercoiled DNA: DNA superhelicoidal superhelical DNA: DNA superhelicoidal superhelical turn: vuelta superhelicoidal superhelix: superhlice superoxide dismutase: superxido-dismutasa suppository: supositorio surface tension: tensin superficial surfactant: (agente) tensoactivo surrepressive mutation: mutacin superrepresiva surrogate genetics: mutagnesis inversa swab: hisopo; torunda surrogate marker: marcador indirecto sweat: sudor symptom: sntoma symptomatology: sintomatologa synaptonemal complex: complejo sinaptonmico syndrome: sndrome synergetic: sinrgico -ica synergism: 1. sinergia. 2. potenciacin synergy test: prueba de la sinergia synovial fluid: lquido sinovial synthetic enzyme analogue: enzima sinttica synzyme: enzima sinttica syrup: jarabe system: sistema systematic error: error sistemtico system of measurement: sistema de medicin T T3*: triiodotironina T4*: tiroxina T-cell: linfocito T T lymphocyte: linfocito T tablet: comprimido tachysterol3*: tacalciol tailing: prolongacin Tamm-Hofsfall proteinuria: proteinuria de Tamm-Hofsfall tandem repeat: repeticin en tndem tapeworm: cestodo Taq DNA polymerase*: DNA-polimerasa dirigida por DNA target: diana target value: valor asignado taxonomy: taxonoma TDM: monitorizacin farmacoteraputica technique: tcnica teicoplanin: teicoplanina tellurite reduction test: prueba de reduccin de la telurita temperate phage: fago atenuado TEMPERATURE: temperatura template: molde

terminal addition enzyme*: DNA-nucleotidilexotransferasa terminal deoxyribonucleotidyltransferase*: DNA-nucleotidilexotransferasa terminal transferase*: DNA-nucleotidilexotransferasa terminator: terminador test: 1. prueba 2. ensayo 3. anlisis 4. examen 5. exploracin test tube: tubo de ensayo testicle: testculo testing laboratory: laboratorio de ensayo testosterone: testosterona testosterone 17*-dehydrogenase (NADP+) : testosterona-17*-deshidrogenasa (NADP+) testosterone isomerase*: esteroide-*-isomerasa tetracosactide: tetracosctida tetracycline: tetraciclina tetrahydrofolate aminomethyltransferase*: aminometiltransferasa tetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase*: dihidrofolato-reductasa tetrahydropteroylglutamate methyltransferase*: 5-metiltetrahidrofolato-homocisten a-S-metiltransferasa tetrathionate broth: caldo con tetrationato tetrazolium tolerance: tolerancia al tetrazolio Thayer-Martin agar: agar de Thayer-Martin theofibrate*: clofibrato de etofilina theophylline: teofilina therapeutic drug monitoring: monitorizacin farmacoteraputica therapeutic index: ndice teraputico therapeutic level: concentracin teraputica therapeutic range: intervalo teraputico thermal conductivity detector: detector de conductividad trmica thermodynamic temperature: temperatura termodinmica thermolysin: termolisina thermosensitive mutation: mutacin termosensible thiaminase: tiaminasa thiaminase II*: tiaminasa thiamine: tiamina thiamphenicol: tiamfenicol thin-layer chromatography: cromatografa en capa fina thioglucosidase: tioglucosidasa thioglycolate broth: caldo con tioglicolato thioltransacetylase A*: dihidrolipoamida-S-acetiltransferasa *-thionase*: cistationina-*-sintasa thoracentesis: toracocentesis threonine: treonina threonine: treonina thrombin: trombina thrombocyte: trombocito; plaqueta thrombokinase*: factor Xa de la coagulacin thromboxane-A synthase: tromboxano-A-sintasa thromboxane synthase*: tromboxano-A-sintasa thymidine 5'-diphosphate: 5'-difosfato de timidina thymidine kinase: timidina-cinasa thymidine 5'-phosphate: 5'-fosfato de timidina thymidine 5'-triphosphate: 5'-trifosfato de timidina thymidine: timidina thymin*: timopoyetina thymine: timina thymonuclease*: desoxirribonucleasa I thyrocalcitonin*: calcitonina thyroid: glndula tiroidea thyroid-stimulating hormone*: tirotropina thyroliberin: tiroliberina thyropexin: tiropexina

thyrotrophin*: tirotropina thyrotropic hormone*: tirotropina thyrotropin: tirotropina thyrotropin-releasing factor*: tiroliberina thyroxine: tiroxina thyroxine binding globulin: globulina enlazante de la tiroxina thyroxine deiodinase: tiroxina-desiodinasa thyroxine 5-deiodinase*: tiroxina-desiodinasa ticarcillin: ticarcilina tick: garrapata time resolved fluoroimmunoassay: fluoroinmunoanlisis de resolucin tarda tinidazole: tinidazol tissue carboxypeptidase A*: carboxipeptidasa A tissue carboxypeptidase B*: carboxipeptidasa B tissue kallikrein: calicrena hstica tissue plasminogen activator*: activador del t-plasmingeno tissue polypeptide antigen: antgeno polipeptdico hstico titration: valoracin TM*: medio de transporte tobramycin: tobramicina tocochromanol-3*: 5,7,8-trimetiltocotrienol *-tocopherol: *-tocoferol tolbutamide: tolbutamida tolerance test: prueba de tolerancia total blood*: sangre total calcium*: calcio total error: error total total protein*: protena toxic level*: concentracin txica toxicology: toxicologa toxin: toxina TPHA*: prueba de hemaglutinacin para Treponema pallidum trace analysis: 1. anlisis de oligoelementos 2. anlisis de elementos traza trace element: 1. oligoelemento 2. elemento traza traceability: trazabilidad tracer: trazador trailer sequence: secuencia remolque training: adiestramiento; aprendizaje transfer ribonucleic acid: cido ribonucleico transferente transferability: transferibilidad transaminase A*: aspartato-transaminasa transaminasemia*: 1. concentracin de alanina-aminotransferasa en plasma 2. concen tracin de alanina-aminotransferasa en suero 3. concentracin de aspartato-aminotran sferasa en plasma 4. concentracin de aspartato-aminotransferasa en suero transcript: transcrito; transcripto transcription: transcripcin transcript mapping: cartografa del transcrito transducer: transductor transducing phage: fago transductor transfer: transferencia transfer factor: factor de transferencia transfer RNA: RNA de transferencia transferability: transferibilidad transferase: transferasa transferrin: transferrina transformant: transformado transgenic: transgnico -ica transglutaminase*: protena-glutamina-*-glutamiltransferasa transketolase: transcetolasa translation: traduccin

translational feedback regulation: retrorregulacin traduccional transmission: transmisin transmission factor: factor de transmisin transmittance: transmitancia transphosphoribosidase*: 1. adenina-fosforribosiltransferasa 2. hipoxantina-fosf orribosiltransferasa transponible: transponible transport: transporte transport medium: medio de transporte transport number: nmero de transporte transposable element: elemento transponible transposon: transposn transtyretin: transtiretina transudate: trasudado transversal comparison: comparacin transversal *,*-trehalase: *,*-trealasa trend: tendencia TRF*: tiroliberina triacethyloleandomycin*: troleandomicina triacylglycerol lipase: triacilglicerol-lipasa tributyrase*: triacilglicerol-lipasa triglyceride: triglicrido triglyceride lipase*: triacilglicerol-lipasa triglyceridemia*: 1. concentracin de triglicrido en plasma 2. concentracin de trigl icrido en suero 1*,24R,25-trihydroxycholecalciferol*: calcitetrol triiodothyronine: triiodotironina trimethoprim: trimetoprima trimethylamine oxidase*: trimetilamina-N-xido-reductasa trimethylamine-N-oxide reductase: trimetilamina-N-xido-reductasa triosephosphate dehydrogenase*: gliceraldehdo-3-fosfato-deshidrogenasa triosephosphate dehydrogenase (NADP+)*: gliceraldehdo-3-fosfato-deshidrogenasa (N ADP+) (fosforilante) triose-phosphate isomerase: triosa-fosfato-isomerasa triosephosphate mutase*: triosa-fosfato-isomerasa triphosphatase*: adenosintrifosfatasa triple sugar iron agar: agar con hierro y tres azcares triterpenol esterase*: esterol-esterasa Tritirachium alkaline proteinase*: endopeptidasa K triethanolamine*: trolamina troleandomycin: troleandomicina trophozoite: trofozoito troponin T: troponina T trough: concentracin mnima trough level: concentracin mnima true cholinesterase*: acetilcolinesterasa true negative: negativo verdadero true positive: positivo verdadero true value: valor verdadero trueness: veracidad trypsin: tripsina *- and *-trypsin*: tripsina trypsinogen kinase*: aspergilopepsina I trypticase soy broth: caldo con tripticasa de soja tryptophan: triptfano tryptophan 5-hydroxylase*: triptfano-5-monoxigenasa tryptophan 5-monooxygenase: triptfano-5-monoxigenasa trypsin: tripsina TSH*: tirotropina tube agglutination test: prueba de aglutinacin en tubo

tuberculin test: prueba de la tuberculina tumor marker: marcador tumoral tumor suppresor gene: gen oncosupresor turbidimetric immunoassay: inmunoanlisis turbidimtrico turbidimetry: turbidimetra turnaround time: 1. tiempo de entrega 2. tiempo de respuesta turnover: 1. recambio metablico 2. ciclo metablico twisting number: nmero de vueltas helicoidales two-dimensional gel electrophoresis: electroforesis bidimensional en gel type I DNA topoisomerase*: DNA-topoisomerasa typing: tipificacin tyraminase*: amina-oxidasa (flavinfera) tyramine oxidase*: amina-oxidasa (flavinfera) tyrosinase*: monofenol-monoxigenasa tyrosine: tirosina tyrosine aminotransferase*: tirosina-transaminasa tyrosine decarboxylase: tirosina-descarboxilasa tyrosine 3-hydroxylase*: tirosina-3-monoxigenasa tyrosine 3-monooxygenase: tirosina-3-monoxigenasa tyrosine transaminase: tirosina-transaminasa U UDP-N-acetylglucosamine*lysosomal-enzyme-N-ACETYLGLUCOSAMINEPHOSPHOTRANSFERASE: UDP-N-acetilglucosamina*enzima-lisosmica-N -acetilglucosaminafosfotransferasa UDPgalactose 4-epimerase*: UDPglucosa-4-epimerasa UDPgalactose*glucose galactosyltransferase*: lactosa-sintasa UDPgalactose*glycoprotein galactosyltransferase*: *-N-acetilglucosaminilglicoppti do-*-1,4-galactosiltransferasa UDPglucose 4-epimerase: UDPglucosa-4-epimerasa UDPglucose*glycogen glucosyltransferase*: glucgeno-sintasa UDPglucose*hexose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase: UDPglucosa*hexosa-1-fosfato-u ridililtransferasa UDPglucose pyrophosphorylase*: UTP*glucosa-1-fosfato-uridililtransferasa UDP glucuronyl transferase*: glucuronosiltransferasa ultracentrifugation: ultracentrifugacin ultracentrifuge: ultracentrifugadora; ultracentrfuga ultrafiltration: ultrafiltracin ultrasensitive*: [con el significado de] 1. con una gran detectabilidad 2. con u n lmite de deteccin muy pequeo unbound: no unido uncertainty (of measurement): incertidumbre (de medida) unified atomic mass unit: unidad de masa atmica unificada unit (of measurement): unidad (de medida) untwisting enzyme*: DNA-topoisomerasa unwinding protein: protena desenrolladora up mutation: mutacin aceleradora up promoter mutation: mutacin aceleradora upstream: en direccin 5' uracile: uracilo urate : [cido rico ms ion urato] urato urate oxidase: urato-oxidasa urea: urea urea hydrolysis test: prueba de hidrlisis de la urea urease: ureasa uremia*: [con el significado de] 1. concentracin de urea en plasma 2. concentracin de urea en suero urethral exudate: exudado uretral uric acid: cido rico uric acid*: [cuando en realidad hace referencia a cido rico ms ion urato] urato

uricase*: urato-oxidasa uricemia*: 1. concentracin de urato en plasma 2. concentracin de urato en suero uridine: uridina uridine 5'-diphosphate: 5'-difosfato de uridina uridine kinase: uridina-cinasa uridine 5'-phosphate: 5'-fosfato de uridina uridine 5'-triphosphate: 5'-trifosfato de uridina uridyl transferase*: UDPglucosa*hexosa-1-fosfato-uridililtransferasa urinalysis: anlisis de orina (con tiras reactivas) urinary cast: cilindro urinario urinary kallikrein*: calicrena hstica urinary plasminogen activator*: activador del u-plasmingeno urinary sediment: sedimento urinario urinary stone: clculo urinario urine: orina urine culture: urocultivo urine sediment: sedimento urinario urobilinogen: urobilingeno urocanase*: urocanato-hidratasa urocanate hydratase: urocanato-hidratasa urokinase*: enzima activadora del u-plasmingeno urolith: clculo urinario uroporphyrin: uroporfirina uroporphyrinogen-III cosynthase*: uroporfiringeno-III-sintasa uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase: uroporfiringeno-descarboxilasa uroporphyrinogen I synthase*: hidroximetilbilano-sintasa uroporphyrinogen-III synthase: uroporfiringeno-III-sintasa UTP*glucose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase: UTP*glucosa-1-fosfato-uridililtrans ferasa UTP*hexose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase: UTP*hexosa-1-fosfato-uridililtransfe rasa V vaginal contents: contenido vaginal vaginal secretrion: secreccin vaginal valine: valina valine*isoleucine transaminase*: valina*3-metil-2-oxovalerato-transaminasa valine*3-methyl-2-oxovalerate transaminase: valina*3-metil-2-oxovalerato-transam inasa valproic acid: [frmaco] cido valproico valproic acid*: [cuando en realidad hace referencia a cido valproico ms ion valpro ato] cido valproico value: valor van de Kamer test: determinacin de lpido en heces vancomycin: vancomicina vanilmandelic acid*: 1. cido 4-hidroxi-3-metoximandlico 2. 4-hidroxi-3-metoximande lato variable: variable variable-focus condenser: condensador de foco variable variance: variancia vasopressin: vasopresina vector: vector velocity: velocidad venombin A: venombina A venom exonuclease: exonucleasa de veneno venom phosphodiesterase*: exonucleasa de veneno venous blood: sangre venosa Vero cell: clula Vero versus: 1. contra 2. frente a 3. comparado con

vertebrate collagenase*: colagenasa intersticial very-long-chain acyl-CoA synthase*: cido graso de cadena larga*CoA-ligasa very-long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase*: cido graso de cadena-larga*CoA-ligasa vial: vial Vincent's bacillus*: Fusobacterium fusiforme viral oncogene: oncogn vrico viral transport medium: medio de transporte de virus viremia: viremia virion: virin viroid: viroide virus: virus viscosity: viscosidad vitamin: vitamina vitamin A*: [con el significado de] retinol vitamin A1*: retinol vitamin A acid*: cido retinoico vitamin A1 acid*: cido retinoico vitamin A alcohol*: retinol vitamin A1 alcohol*: retinol vitamin A aldehyde*: retinal vitamin A1 aldehyde*: retinal vitamin D*: [con el significado de] calciol vitamin D2*: ercalciol vitamin E *: [con el significado de] *-tocoferol VLDL cholesterol: colesterol de lipoprotenas de muy baja densidad; colesterol de VLDL VMA*: 1. cido 4-hidroxi-3-metoximandlico. 2. 4-hidroxi-3-metoximandelato Voges-Proskauer test: prueba de Voges-Proskauer volatile fatty acid: cido graso voltil volt: volt volume: volumen volume flow rate: caudal de volumen volume fraction: fraccin de volumen volume rate: caudal de volumen volumic: volmico -ica volumic mass: masa volmica volumetric flask: matraz aforado volumetric pipet: pipeta aforada volumetry: volumetra vortex: vrtice vortex mix: mezcla vorticial VP*: vasopresina V8 proteinase*: glutamil-endopeptidasa W western blot: transferencia western X xanthine oxidase: xantina-oxidasa xenobiotic: xenobitico -ica X-His dipeptidase: X-His-dipeptidasa X-Pro dipeptidase: X-Pro-dipeptidasa xylan 1,4-*-xylosidase: xilano-1,4-*-xilosidasa xylitol dehydrogenase*: L-xilulosa-reductasa xylobiase*: xilano-1,4-*-xilosidasa xylose: xilosa D-xylose: D-xilosa D-xylose 1-dehydrogenase: D-xilosa-1-deshidrogenasa

L-xylose 1-dehydrogenase: L-xilosa-1-deshidrogenasa D-xylose 1-dehydrogenase (NADP+): D-xilosa-1-deshidrogenasa (NADP+) xylose-lisine-deoxycholate agar: agar-xilosa-lisina-desoxicolato *-xylosidase*: xilano-1,4-*-xilosidasa L-xylulose reductase: L-xilulosa-reductasa Y zeta potential: potencial zeta zidovudine: zidovudina Ziehl-Neelsen stain: tincin de Ziehl-Neelsen zinc: zinc zinc-finger: dedo de zinc zygotene: cigotena zymogen: zimgeno; proenzima