WATER CONSERVATION IN INDONESIA

DIAN DWI KARTIKASARI

Erasmus Mundus 2011 Warsaw University of Life Sciences

INDONESIA – COUNTRY DESCRIPTION

INDONESIA .

Java.Indonesia  Indonesia is located in the tropical belt.Country Description . Borneo. consist of 17. there are 5 big islands : Sumatera. Celebes and West Irian  There are two season in Indonesia .508 big and small islands. May to October is dry season and October to April is rainy season  Second world’s longest coast line (81. is the largest and widest archipelago country in the world.000 km) .

.  Estimate population in 2006 was 220 million.Country Description . representing the fourth largest country in the world  With the population growth rate was 1. the total population was 206 million.49 percent.Indonesia  Based on demography survey in 2000.

WATER RESOURCES .

WATER RESOURCES Indonesia gets uncountable natural abundance in the form of high rainfall Total territory of 1.9 million km2 and has an average annual rainfall of 2 700 mm .

WATER RESOURCES 278 mm infiltrates and percolates as groundwater ANNUAL RAINFALL 2 700 MM 1 832 mm flows as runoff or surface water + 2 100 mm .

WATER RESOURCES Water Storage 13% 0.04% 21% lake dam and reservoir rivers inland swamp/polder 65% .

Annual Water Demand and Estimated Natural Basic Discharge in 2020 Unit : MCM Source : DPP .

FACING PROBLEMS .

Drought.FACING PROBLEMS Lack of upland/upstream land management. Bogor Flood. Sulawesi Province . Critical land. Jakarta.

FACING PROBLEMS Extreme climatic change Climate Change Effects Sea Level Rise Ocean Warming Increased Temperature Increased Rainfall Impacts on Indonesia Disappearing Small Islands Salt Water Intrusion Decline in Fisheries Harvest Loss of Biodiversity Increased Fire Risk Increased Disease Risk. Range Floods and Land Slides Increased Evaporation Increased Tropical Storms Changes in Planting Season Drought. Food Security Transport Vulnerability Food and Water Scarcity .

FACING PROBLEMS The disappearing of small Island within 2005 – 2007. 24 small islands disappear. the location: 3 island in Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam (NAD) 3 island in Papua 5 island in Riau 2 island in west sumatera 7 island in the coastal area of Jakarta (source: Ministry of Oceanary & Fishery) .

FACING PROBLEMS The Disappearing of Coastal Land Jakarta Coastal Region in 2050 .

. Water functions such as lakes/rivers tends to decrease along with an increasing rate of soil erosion creating siltation and shallowing processes.FACING PROBLEMS Erosion .related degradation.

with a 55% rate in drinking water from wells.FACING PROBLEMS The Availability of Safe Water Water samples in Jakarta in 1992 reveal a 73% rate of coliform contamination. Some of the more common water contaminations likely to face are : Iron Manganese Hydrogen Sulfide .

Provision of adequate urban-rural infrastructure: to provide sufficient urban and rural drainages as well as waste water and solid waste management . and to control land use in order to minimize run-off Integrated water resources management: flood control measures have to implemented base on the unity of a river basin ecosystem from the spring down to river mouth based on one river one integrated plan.What is being done Land use planning: to support revision of land use planning that minimize runoff.

Water Treatment Systems .

Typical Whole House System .

Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage Household Water Treatment Source Protection Safe Storage sedimentation Filtration Disinfection .

Keep animals away by using fences around the water source Line wells and boreholes (provide a sanitary seal in the top 2 to 3 meters) .Source Protection Locate latrines down hill and at least 30 meters away from water sources.

Water quality can be improved by allowing it to stand undisturbed long enough for larger suspended particles to settle out by gravity.Sedimentation Settling. including those that cause turbidity .

plastic or any other waterproof.Filtration Bio sand Filter Water treatment is carried out by the sand inside the filter. The filter container can be made of concrete. rust-proof and non-toxic material .

boiling kills or deactivates all bacteria. . viruses. and one of the most effective methods for treating water.Disinfection Boiling Boiling is considered the world’s oldest. most common. protozoa (including cysts) and helminths that cause diarrheal disease. If done properly.

Safe Storage Safe Storage and Handling .

www.org Household Water Supply and Treatment Systems www.fao.org .org Overview of Indonesia Water System And Policies.REFERENCES Indonesia Contextual Analysis in Water Supply and Sanitation Sector.org Water Resources Management Towards Enhancement of Effective Water Governance in Indonesia www.waterdialogues.expat.or.worlwaterforum5.oecd. www.id Land and water resources development in Indonesia www.

THANK YOU  .

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