Insurance - Definition The contract of Insurance is a promise of compensation for certain potential future losses in exchange for a periodic

payment [known as premium]. Insurance is intended to protect the financial well-being of an individual or a company or any other entity in case of unexpected loss. An agreement to the terms of an insurance policy creates a contract between the insured and the insurer. In exchange for the premiums paid by the insured, the insurer agrees to pay the policy holder a certain sum of money upon the occurrence of a specific event or on maturity. In most cases, the policy holder pays part of the loss (called the deductible), while the insurer pays the rest. Examples include health insurance, car insurance, life insurance, disability insurance, and business insurance. Main principles of Insurance: Utmost good faith Indemnity Subrogation Contribution Insurable Interest Proximate Cause Utmost Good Faith (Uberrimae Fides) It is the duty of the client to disclose all material facts relating to the risk being covered. A material fact is a fact that would influence the mind of a prudent underwriter while deciding whether or not to accept a risk for insurance and on what terms. This duty to disclose operates at the time of inception, at renewal as well as at any point mid term. Indemnity When the event that is insured against occurs, the Insured will be placed in the same monetary position that he/she occupied immediately before the happening of the event. In the event of a claim the insured must: Prove that the event occurred Prove that a monetary loss has also occurred Transfer any rights that he/she may be having for the recovery from another source to the Insurer, if he/she is fully indemnified. Subrogation With regards to insurance, subrogation is a feature of principle of indemnity and therefore only applies to contracts of indemnity and hence does not apply to life assurance or personal accident policies. It aims to prevent an insured to recover more than the indemnity that he receives under his insurance (where that represents the full amount of his loss) and enables the insurer to recover or reduce the loss. Contribution The right of an insurer to call on other insurers similarly, but not necessarily equally, liable to the same insured to share the loss of an indemnity payment i.e. a travel policy might have an

This means that the loss should be directly credited to an insured peril without any break in the chain of causation. The insurer then has the right to call on any other insurers liable for the loss in order to share the claim settlement Insurable Interest If an insured wants to enforce an insurance contract before the Courts he must have an insurable interest in the subject matter of the insurance. In case of non-marine insurances. which means that he benefits from its preservation and suffers from its loss. Proximate Cause An insurer is liable to pay a claim under an insurance contract only if the loss that gave rise to the claim was proximately caused by an insured peril. The principle of contribution permits the insured to make a claim against one insurer. . it is necessary for the insured to have insurable interest when the policy is taken out and also at the date of loss giving rise to a claim under the policy.overlapping cover with the contents section of a household policy.

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