a2RetroSystems

lardware íor De·elopers and Lnthusiasts











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©a2RetroSystems
inío¸a2retrosystems.com


Disclaimer of All Liability

1his card was designed and built íor hobby` computing purposes only. It is strictly
íorbidden to use it to launch spy satellites, track ICBM missiles or air traííic control paper
airplanes. la·ing said that you can use it íor whate·er you want so long as you don`t bug me
about it. It`s your problem not mine.

Warranty and Return Information

\ou may return the Uther Interíace card íor any reason within 90 days oí recei·ing it. 1his
should allow you enough time to e·aluate it`s compatibility with your system. I guarantee
your Uther Interíace card to be íree oí deíects under normal usage íor a period oí one year
írom the date you recei·e the product. 1his means that ií the card íails, and you ha·e treated
it properly, I will repair, replace, or reíund your money at my discretion, to be determined by
me on a case by case basis.
Ií you want to return the product under warranty, please contact me ·ia L-mail to discuss
return arrangements. Include your name and the serial number írom the sticker on the back
oí the card. It is your responsibility to get the product you are returning back to my door. I
will not be responsible íor lost shipments. Please choose shipping methods and insurance as
you deem necessary.

Copyrights and 1rademarks

Apple is a registered trademark oí Apple Computer, Inc

1he original text is this manual is copyright oí a2retrosystems.com

Iníormation ,screenshots, pertaining to Contiki is Copyright oí Adam Dunkels.

Copyright ,c, 2001, Adam Dunkels.
All rights reser·ed.

Redistribution and use in source and binary íorms, with or without modiíication, are
permitted pro·ided that the íollowing conditions are met:
1. Redistributions oí source code must retain the abo·e copyright notice, this list oí
conditions and the íollowing disclaimer.
2. Redistributions in binary íorm must reproduce the abo·e copyright notice, this list oí
conditions and the íollowing disclaimer in the documentation and,or other materials
pro·ided with the distribution.
3. All ad·ertising materials mentioning íeatures or use oí this soítware must display the
íollowing acknowledgement:
1his product includes soítware de·eloped by Adam Dunkels.
4. 1he name oí the author may not be used to endorse or promote products deri·ed írom
this soítware without speciíic prior written permission.
.
1able of Contents

Hardware Installation ....................................................................................................... 4
Introduction................................................................................................................... 5
Networks........................................................................................................................ 6
Cables ............................................................................................................................. 7
Slots ................................................................................................................................ 8
Supported Models.......................................................................................................... 9
II+............................................................................................................................. 10
//e ............................................................................................................................ 11
IIgs............................................................................................................................ 13
Software............................................................................................................................ 15
Contiki .......................................................................................................................... 16
Getting around Contiki Menus and Programs.......................................................... 17
Desktop ........................................................................................................................ 18
Contiki reference ......................................................................................................... 21
Contiki Menu........................................................................................................... 21
Applications ............................................................................................................. 21
Web browser ........................................................................................................ 22
Lmail .................................................................................................................... 23
I1P Client............................................................................................................ 24
Directory App....................................................................................................... 25
Run Program........................................................................................................ 25
About Contiki....................................................................................................... 26
Configuration....................................................................................................... 27
DHCP Client........................................................................................................ 28
Memory stats........................................................................................................ 28
Processes.............................................................................................................. 29
1elnet.................................................................................................................... 30
Web Downloader ................................................................................................. 31
Iire Screen Saver ................................................................................................. 32
Plasma Screen saver ............................................................................................ 32
IRC client ............................................................................................................. 33
Calculator ............................................................................................................. 34
Command shell .................................................................................................... 34
Additional Contiki Info........................................................................................... 35
Marinetti....................................................................................................................... 36
Index............................................................................................................................. 37
Contact Info ................................................................................................................. 38
Credits .......................................................................................................................... 39

Hardware Installation
1
1
Introduction


\elcome to the Uther Lthernet card installation guide.

Ií you ha·e installed Apple II interíace cards beíore you may not need to reíerence much oí
this iníormation ,but please gi·e it a quick read o·er,.

Ií you ha·e not installed a Apple II card or it has been awhile since you ha·e done so then
please read the iníormation o·er careíully beíore proceeding.

1he next 3 sections co·er general iníormation about Networks, Cable types and Apple II
slots.

\ou will ha·e recei·ed a card like the one in the pictures below.







1o back oí computer




Iront Back
Networks







1he íollowing sections will guide you through connecting your Uther Lthernet card to your
Lthernet de·ice ,hub or switch, and to your Apple II computer.
Lthernet lubs and Switches

1here are generally two types oí Lthernet attachment de·ices a·ailable. 1he hub` and the
switch`. A hub runs at either 10Mbs ,megabits per second, or 100Mbs. A switch runs at
either 10Mbs or 100Mbs but you can mix de·ice speeds on the same switch ií it supports it.

Uther is a 10Mbs de·ice so you need a 10Mbs hub or a switch with a port that is 10Mbs
capable.



Cables

1here are generally two types oí Lthernet cables a·ailable. 1here are plain cables or hooded
cables. Lither will do but a hooded cable is preíerred. 1o use a hooded cable it is
recommended that you pull the hood back. 1he hood will be used as an anchor.



IIGURL J.3 No lood Cable







IIGURL J.4 looded Cable






Pick one end and gently pull back the hood, away írom the connector ,see lig 1.4,.



Slots

Uther should be compatible with any regular Apple II slot ,note: but not the IIe AUX or
IIgs memory slots,. Please note that the Uther card is a íull width slot card and may touch
the neighboring card to the right ií you are not careíul. Please use a piece oí mylar to protect
the next card and Uther ií required.

\e are making the assumption that you are already íamiliar with the general practice oí
installing and remo·ing Apple II peripheral cards. Please take the regular precautions,
disconnect the power supply beíore continuing and obser·e proper static discharge
procedures.

Cards designed íor regular apple II slots are always inserted with the component side away
írom the power supply. Please check the pictures in the appropriate section íor the
computer that you are installing your Uthernet card in ií you are at all unsure what way to
plug the card in..

Supported Models

II+ (requires 6S02A)



//e



IIgs


II+ ,currently requires a 6502A - 2Mhz,

Due to the rear openings on the II-, the preíerred slots íor Uther placement are 2 or 4. 1his
will pro·ide the best cable alignment.

1he card is compatible with any slot but should be installed so there is no strain on the card
or the connector.

1he card is installed with the component side to the right ,away írom the power supply, and
the solder side to the leít the same as all other Apple II plus cards. 1hat would position the
Lthernet jack íacing to the back oí the computer.


IIGURL J - S Insert the Cable IIGURL J - 6 Cable is set



IIGURL J - 7 Insert the card IIGURL J - 8 Check placement



IIGURL J - 9 Make sure card seated properly. 1his one is not correct. \ou will notice
that the íront end oí the cards is not pushed all the way down.

//e - unenhanced or enhanced

Due to the rear openings on the ,,e, the preíerred slots íor Uther placement are 1, 4 or 5.
1his will pro·ide the best cable alignment.


1he card is compatible with any non AUX slot but should be installed so there is no strain
on the card or the connector.

1he card is to be installed with the component side to the right and the solder side to the
leít, the same as all other Apple IIe cards ,with the exception oí the IIe AUX slot cards,.

1hat would position the Lthernet jack íacing to the back oí the computer.

Please note there are two styles oí Apple IIe cases and the newer style is slightly more
diííicult to get the card situated correctly.



IIGURL J - J0 1hread the Cable IIGURL J - JJ Seat the Cable






IIGURL J - J2 Insert the card IIGURL J - J2 Bend the cable






IIGURL J - J3 Seat the card IIGURL J - J4 Check placement







IIGURL J - JS Seat hood back IIGURL J ÷ J6 Anchored
and use a anchor


IIgs - R0M01 & ROM03

Due to the rear openings on the IIgs, the preíerred slots íor Uther placement 3, 4 or 5. 1his
will pro·ide the best cable alignment

1he card is compatible with all slots except the Memory slot and should work pro·ided the
slot is set to your card in the Apple IIgs Cntrol panel. 1he exception to that would be slot 3
or Slot 4 which can ha·e the onboard íunction enabled ,·ideo or mouse, and it should not
conílict with Uther.

Please note that the Uther card may conílict with long memory cards in slot ¯ oí the IIgs.

IIGURL J - J7 1hread the Cable IIGURL J ÷ J8 work the
hood through






IIGURL J - J9 Insert the Cable IIGURL J ÷ 20 Seat the Card



IIGURL J - 2J Check placement IIGURL J ÷ 22 Seat the hood






IIGURL J - 23 Anchored IIGURL J ÷ 24 Done


Software
2
2
Contiki


Contiki is an open source, highly portable, networked, multi-tasking operating system íor
memory-constrained systems written by Adam Dunkels. It has been ported to many
diííerent hardware platíorms, one oí which is the Apple II. Oliver Schmidt is the Apple II
port maintainer and has worked ·ery hard to make Contiki a íunctional system on our
platíorm..

Contiki has the concept oí a desktop like GS,OS, \indows, or MacOS. On the Apple II it
makes use oí the ProDOS operating system and has support íor ethernet de·ices.

1here is currently two ·ersions oí Contiki íor the Apple II íamily. 1he 40 Column ·ersion
which requires a Apple II- ,6502A or better, and the 80 Column ·ersion which requires a
enhanced ,,e ,or better, with 80 col card.

Contiki is currently distributed on 2 - 140K diskettes. 1here is a primary disk which contains
the main programs and a supplementary disk which contains extra programs. \hile Contiki
is distributed on 2 - 140K ·olumes it can be copied to larger media ,800K disk or lD,.

Program updates will typically be distributed as updated disk images. 1he wget application
will allow you to download updated Contiki OS disk images or íiles directly írom
http:,,www.a2retrosystems.com,downloads.htm and store it to 5.25 disk. No additional
DSK transíerring soítware like AD1 is required. Contiki does it all íor you.

In order to get started, boot the primary disk and we will take a quick tour oí the desktop
and two applications required to get you up and connected to the internet.


Getting around Contiki Menus and Programs

low to switch between items on desktop·
press ·1AB· to mo·e íorward, ·control-a· to mo·e backward

low to acti·ate items on desktop, or "open" them·
press ·LN1LR·

low to get to Contiki menu in upper leít corner·
press ·LSCAPL·

Once you are there, you can press the RIGl1 or LLl1
arrow key to go between CON1IKI menu, the "desktop" menu, or menus
íor any running programs

Cycle windows:
control-\

Select up ,mo·e cursor to pre·ious item,:
control-A

Select down ,mo·e cursor to next item,:
·1AB·

Acti·ate Selection ,highlighted cursor item,:
·return·

Delete a character
Delete key or control-D
Desktop

1he Desktop is the largest area oí the screen when you boot. 1here are icons on the desktop
which represent programs that can be run. 1hese will open up windows on the desktop írom
which you can switch between them ,pro·ided you ha·e enough memory,

1here is a white bar at the top oí the screen, the menu bar. It includes:

1,"CON1IKI" menu - upper leít corner

2,menus oí any currently running programs,

3,"PROGRAM S\I1ClLR" menu - upper right corner. 1his menu is labeled
"DLSK1OP". It allows you to choose what is on 1OP oí the desktop.



Ií you installed your Lthernet card in slot 4 and you use DlCP then you should be able to
skip to the section on using DlCP. Ií you installed in a slot other than 4 and,or use a static
IP address then you should continue with these instructions.

Press escape to open the Contiki menu, Arrow down to the Directory App and press enter.
A list oí programs will be presented. Select the ConíigLdit program.



1AB to the slot entry widget and change the slot ií required. Ií using DlCP then 1AB
directly to sa·e & Close and hit Lnter

Ií you are using a static IP address then 1AB to the IP address inío and change the entries
then 1AB to sa·e & Close and hit Lnter.


DHCP: Ií using static IP skip this step otherwise let`s run the DlCP application. DlCP is
not auto started on Contiki and it also does not currently support auto-renewal oí the IP
address lease. \e could run the DlCP app írom the directory application or we could use
the Run` íacility to run a program directly írom a disk. Press LSC to bring up the menu
and then arrow down to Run Program`



type in dhcp.prg and 1AB to the Load button, then press Lnter.



lit Lnter on the request Address button and your DlCP ser·er should return the IP
address iníormation íor your network.

Once the IP address inío is íilled in then 1AB to the x` and hit Lnter to close the window.
1o test your connecti·ity press LSC and then Lnter to select the \eb Browser application.
lit Lnter twice to load the deíault URL and you should see the Contiki \eb site load up in
the browser.

Contiki reference

\hat íollows is a description oí the programs a·ailable on the Contiki Desktop and how to
use them.

Contiki Menu:

Press Lscape and the Contiki menu will open.
Pressing the Up and Down arrows will allow you to mo·e through the options within the
Contiki menu. \ou can also press leít,right arrows to mo·e to the Desktop menu, or to the
menus oí other programs running. lor now, stay in Contiki menu.

Scroll down the list with up,down arrows. lighlight the desired option, and press ·return·
to acti·ate it.

Applications


lrom the main menu or desktop icons you ha·e the option to:

Primary Disk

\eb browser ,Browse the internet,
Lmail ,Send an email,
ltp client ,1ransíer a íile ·ia l1P,
Directory ,Launch a program,
Run Program ,Run a contiki binary program .PRG,

Other programs you can Launch or Run are:

About Contiki ,Version, website iníormation,
Coníiguration ,Coníigure Contiki options,
Dhcp client ,Automatically obtain IP address írom hub,
Memory stats ,Used,íree memory,
Processes ,Like the 1ask manager, you can kill process,
1elnet ,Simple telnet program,
\eb Downloader ,Download Disk images or íiles ·ia l11P,
lire Screen Sa·er ,llames,

Supplemental Disk

Irc client ,Internet Relay Chat program,
Calculator ,Calculator.,
Command shell ,Run shell, like a unix command prompt,
Plasma Screen Sa·er ,Plasma,


Web browser

|BACK| button will go to the pre·ious page you ·iewed
|DO\N| button will scroll down the webpage you are ·iewing.
lighlight the address entry area, press backspace to delete the current address, type in the
address oí the page you want to ·iew, and press ·RL1URN·
|S1OP| button stops a page írom loading
|GO| button goes to address entered in address entry area
·1AB· will allow you to highlight the next link in the page
·control-A· will allow you to highlight the pre·ious link on the page
·return· will open the selected link. Just like clicking on a link




Lmail

1he email application is only capable oí sending email not recei·ing it. It also does not
currently work with authenticated email systems

enter your name, email address and your outgoing mailser·er
highlight |Ok| and press ·return·



compose mail
enter address oí person you are emailing in the 1O entry area ,one address only,
CC entry area allows you to send a "carbon copy ,one address only,
Subject entry allows you to enter a subject oí your email
Below the subject is the body oí your message. 1ype your message in here
lighlight |send| and press ·return· to send your message




I1P Client

1he l1P client works well but currently has some limitations. 1he local and remote
directories are not scrollable and you can only download íiles not upload them.

l1P client shows local íiles on leít, Remote íiles on the right. Local íiles are the íiles which
are on your machine. Remote íiles are íiles on the machine you are connected to.

|Connection ...|



Lnter your l1P ser·er name, username and password
Press tab to highlight |CONNLC1|
Press enter to connect with the machine you want to send,recei·e íiles to,írom.



Directory App




1AB cycles íorward between programs ,C1RL-A cycles backwards, hit Lnter to run a
program. Ií Auto exit is On` then the directory app will close else it will stay open. Auto-exit
should be leít on in order to successíully launch large programs.
Reload can be uses to reíresh the list oí Apps.



Run Program



Lnter the program name to run ,programs end in .PRG, screensa·ers in .SAV and dri·ers in
.DRV,. 1AB to the load button and press enter to run the program.




About Contiki

website is listed, press ·return· when |close| is highlighted to
close the window.





Configuration

Background - Press Space ií you want your desktop to be black
- Press X ií you want a grey desktop
Screensa·er - Preíered Screen Sa·er Module
1imeout - low long beíore it comes on
LAN slot - \here is your card plugged in·
LAN Dri·er - Speciíy Uther.dr·

Ií you are using DlCP you can skip o·er the next 4 items. Ií you are using a static IP
address then you will need to íill in these íields.
IP address - \ou speciíy the IP address oí your U1lLR card.
Netmask - Speciíy netmask.
Gateway - speciíy gateway.
DNS Ser·er - "domain name ser·er"

MAC address - change this only ií you ha·e multiple Apple II contiki systems. 1his ·alue
should be unique íor each Contiki system on the same ethernet segment.

|Sa·e and Close| - to sa·e your settings and close the coníig editor
|cancel| - close coníig editor without sa·ing changes





DHCP Client

1his allows you to get an IP address automatically írom your internal network de·ice or
your ISP.
select |Request address| and it will attempt to obtain an IP address automatically.

Note: there is currently no way to ha·e the IP address renewed when the lease runs out.






Memory stats

|Update| will reíresh the memory statistics
|Close| closes the program








Processes
1his will show a numbered list oí programs that contiki is currently running.
Kill Process entry area: lighlight this, type in the number oí the
process you want to end,

press ·return· and |Ok| will be highlighted. Press ·return· again to
end the selected process.
|Update| will update the list oí processes
|Close| closes the processes program



1elnet

highlight "lOS1" option, and type in the name oí your telnet host
Change POR1 to reílect proper port settings
1ype in your message to send, and press return with |SLND| highlighted





Web Downloader

1he web downloader is typically in·oked when the web browser hits non html content It
can also be run manually írom the directory app or the run command.








Iire Screen Saver





Plasma Screen saver


IRC client

1ype in the name oí your IRC Ser·er,
Press ·1AB· to highlight IRC Nickname
1ype in your IRC Nickname
press ·tab· to hightlight |Connect|
and press ·return· to start IRC




Calculator








Command shell

1ype · and return íor lLLP list
RUN - start program
exec - start program and exit shell
ps - show processes
kill - kill process
ls - display directory. Like CA1 or Catalog command
quit - quit shell




Additional Contiki Info


Contiki uses two ProDOS directories:

1. The directory containing CONTIKI for:
- menu - run program...
- directory
- configedit - save

This means that the content of the supplemental disk has to be copied to the same directory
as the of content of the primary disk to make it accessible.

2. The current PREFIX directory for:
- ftp
- wget
- shell (ls command)

Both relative and absolute path names may be used in file name entry fields.

If the PREFIX is empty it uses the volume directory of the last accessed device (like
BASIC.SYSTEM does).

This means that setting the PREFIX to empty on a single drive system before launching Contiki
allows you to save downloaded files to any ProDOS 8 floppy currently in the drive without
having to enter paths or volume names.
Marinetti

Marinetti requires a de·ice dri·er and a compatible Link Layer dri·er in order to work with
an Lthernet card. ARP support is also not built into Marinetti. 1hese soítware components
are currently under de·elopment.
Index

C
Calculator · 3, 21
Command shell · 3, 21
Coníiguration · 3, 21
Contiki · 3, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 27, 35
D
Desktop · 3, 18, 21
DlCP · 3, 18, 19, 20, 27, 28
Dhcp client · 21
Directory · 3, 19, 21, 25
E
Lmail · 3, 21, 38
F
lire Screen Sa·er · 3, 21
ltp client · 21
I
IP · 18, 19, 20, 21, 27, 28
Irc client · 21
K
key · 17
M
Memory stats · 3, 21
P
Plasma Screen Sa·er · 21
Processes · 3, 21
R
Run Program · 3, 20, 21
S
slots · 5, 8, 10, 11, 13
T
1elnet · 3, 21
W
\eb browser · 3, 21
\eb Browser · 20
\eb Downloader · 3, 21

Contact Info



Website: http:,,www.a2retrosystems.com

Lmail: inío¸a2retrosystems.com

Iorum: http:,,www.a2retrosystems.com,phpbbs,
Credits

loremost, I would like to thank my íamily íor gi·ing me the time and space to let me
indulge in my lobby`.

I would like to thank the íollowing people, who pro·ided ·ery important assistance in many
íorms írom moral support to product suggestions, hardware,inío loans, picture taking, user
guide,web site íeedback and beta testing ,B,


Oli·er Schmidt ,B,
1im laynes
Andrew Roughan ,B,
Richard Jackson
Robert Steinmetz
Bill Garber ,B,


1hanks also to

Pontus Oldberg ,www.in·ector.nu - supplier oí the IP Dragon module,
Adam Dunkels creator oí the Contiki Desktop OS and 1lL ,the íinal ethernet,



A íinal special thank you to Oli·er Schmidt íor all the hard work he has done to support
Adam Dunkels Contiki on the Apple II platíorm. \e ha·e talked` o·er email about
Contiki and Lthernet íor almost two years now. I most likely would not ha·e come this íar
on this project ,producing and selling a product, ií I hadn`t had Oli·er to talk with all along
the way.


:O, Glenn

1hank \ou íor buying a2RetroSystems products!

Lnd Page

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