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Third Generation Soviet Space Systems

Multi-Echelon Antiballistic Missile System

Universal Service Block (DOS-7)

Class: Military. Type: ASAT. Nation: Russia. Agency: MO. Manufacturer: Korolev.
As platforms for operational versions of space-borne weapons NPO Energia designed a
Universal Service Block, based on the DOS-7K space station, in the late 1970's/early 1980's. The
USB was equipped with common service systems and rocket engines. In comparison to the DOS
the USB had much larger propellant tanks to allow substantial orbital maneuvering. The USB
would be equipped with either a laser payload or a weapons bay consisting of ten miniature
rocket homing vehicles.

The Proton launch vehicle would be used to launch a 20 metric ton version of the USB for
experimental flight tests. Operational 30 metric ton vehicles would be delivered to orbit by the
Buran space shuttle. Buran would also bring crews for on-orbit servicing of the USB. For this
purpose the USB had a life support capability of two crew for seven days.

The mass of the military payload depended on the amount of propellant loaded. The laser
payload was heavy with a resulting lower fuel fraction and was limited to use against low earth
orbit targets. The UBM with the rocket homing vehicles had more propellant and could be used
for attack of geostationary orbit targets.

Maximum Diameter: 4.10 m (13.40 ft). Mass: 20,000 kg (44,000 lb).

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© Mark Wade, 1997 - 2008 except where otherwise noted.