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lab, we are studying the uniform acceleration of an object rolling down a ramp, the acceleration due to gravity of a free falling object, and what kinds of measurement uncertainties there are, as well as how to calculate the percent of error in an experiment. In this lab, we used multiple different objects and technologies in order to learn about and figure out these different objectives. In doing so, we successfully were able to find each of the three objectives we originally were trying to find. When calculating the percent error, we found a 4.08% error in our second experiment, which we were able to attribute to accidental errors in measurement.
we calculated the percent of error using: The purpose of this experiment is to study uniform acceleration.Introduction: In the lab Uniform Acceleration we used a pool ball. If we find the lengths of each strip. Next. we analyzed the free fall acceleration of an object over time using a picket fence timing strip. After finding this information we learned how to identify different kinds of errors (systematic. find acceleration due to gravity. and a padded box to catch the picket fence strips. We . and a computer stopwatch in order to study uniform acceleration by rolling a ball down a ramp. errors. and to learn about measurement uncertainty. a meter stick. computer interface system. After finding these calculations. a plank with guides. and random) and how to apply them to our experiment. a plank with guides. we can get a calculation of velocity and acceleration as the strip passes through the photogate in free fall. and to learn how to calculate the percent of error. then we can calculate the average velocity and acceleration of the ball as it travels down a ramp. we used a pool ball. accidental. Apparatus and Procedure: For the first part of our experiment where we analyzed uniform acceleration of a ball rolling down a ramp. a photogate. and a computer stopwatch to analyze and calculate our data. If we know the spacing between marks at a certain time interval. and the timing between each strip. a meter stick.
and let go of the timing strip.decided on one-second intervals and started the computer stopwatch. The physical setup for this lab looked as follows: For the second half of our experiment where we analyzed the free fall acceleration of an object over time. After getting used to the time interval we marked the starting position of the ball. and a padded box to analyze and calculate our data. we started the program. After each second interval. we used a picket fence timing strip. and let it go. a photogate. Holding the picket fence timing strip right above the photogate sensor. We recorded the distance between each mark at each second. we placed another marker in the position the ball was at during that second. We repeated this step multiple times until we had each second interval position in exactly the right place. time graph as well as a velocity vs. time graph using an Excel spreadsheet. the computer interface system. the computer . Once the timing strip fell through the photogate and to the ground. After collecting all of this information. we created a position vs.
and a calculator.program DataStudio calculated the velocity and acceleration of the picket fence timing strip in free fall over time. time graph and insert a line of regression to calculate the slope. This program allowed us to create a position vs. Next we used all of our information we had collected. The physical setup for this lab looked as follows: . to calculate the percent of error in our experiment using the equation above.
and the velocity is increasing over time. We input the distance in centimeters at each second into the spreadsheet to create the position vs. the regression line tells us that the motion of the ball is increasing at a constant velocity.78 These are the graphs that were formed on Excel after collecting and inputting the data collected in the first half of our experiment. and the graph is representative of this. The distance and time intervals between each of the marks tell us that the acceleration of the ball traveling down the ramp is constant. The first graph increases exponentially. time graph we created.Results and Discussion: Position vs Time 100 80 Position (cm) 60 Series1 40 20 0 0 2 Time (s) 4 6 Velocity vs Time 30 25 Velocity (cm/s) 20 15 10 5 0 0 2 4 Time (s) 6 Series1 y = 5. time graph. .89x + 0. These graphs came out pretty accurate. Looking at the data on the velocity vs.
89x+.78 and A=5. and the regression line hits each point.The second graph increases at a constant velocity. In this first experiment. we know that there could have been accident error. so it is also representative. Although our graphs are very near accurate.89cm/s. . time graph tells us that the position increases at a constant rate. there is always room for more accurate measurements. The acceleration is also constant. The velocity vs. This is shown by V=5. Our measurements in this experiment were not 100% accurate. Accidental error is human error in measurement.
. We find that the position vs. time graph increases exponentially and the velocity vs.93 +/. Possible ways we could have come to this percentage would be accidental errors in measurements.05m. The slope of the regression line on the velocity graph was 8.22 m/s. and the acceleration of the picket fence in free fall.4. time graph increases at a constant rate.. we use the equation listed above and find our percent of error to be 4. The acceleration graph gives us the mean to be 9. In order to change this if we were to do the experiment again. Once we found these values. consistent measurements throughout each trial. the graphs show us position vs. time. we were able to calculate the percent error in our experiment. we could run more tests until we achieved accurate.When measuring the length of the black strips on the picket fence.08%.7. time. In order to calculate this. Upon collecting and inserting data. This value also represents the average acceleration on the free falling object. velocity vs. The standard deviation is found to be 0. we find them to be .
we were able to calculate each of these using the different objects and technologies provided for us. and measurements of uncertainty. and percent of error in our experiment was proven correct once we collected all of the necessary data. Our hypothesis that we would be able to measure acceleration. velocity.Conclusion: After studying the uniform acceleration of an object rolling down a ramp. the acceleration due to gravity of an object in free fall. .