Rules for Building and Classing Steel Vessels for Service on Rivers and Intracoastal Waterways

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STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS AND
INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS
2007

American *ureau of S/i00ing
2ncor0orated 5y Act of 7egislature of
t/e State of :e; <or= 18@2

Co0yrig/t ! 200@
American *ureau of S/i00ing
A*S PlaEa
1@855 :ort/c/ase Grive
IoustonJ KL 770@0 NSA

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Table of Contents

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STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS AND
INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS
/(,1%,1&
,230456 789 -585:7; *8<2:=73028 .................................................................?
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"B;56 <2: /289030286 2< /;7660<0473028E................................F
CHAPTER 1

Scope and Conditions of Classification ..................11

[See also separately published booklet ABS Rules for Conditions
of Classification (Part 1)]

@."1 G

H735:07;6 789 I5;908J .........................................................G?
[See separately published booklet ABS Rules for Materials and
Welding (Part 2)]

@."1 K

@."1 N

@."1 F

LB;; /2863:B43028 789 %MB0C=583 ......................................GK
CHAPTER 1

General ...................................................................25

CHAPTER 2

Hull Structures and Arrangements..........................35

CHAPTER 3

Subdivision and Stability.......................................129

CHAPTER 4

Fire Safety Measures............................................143

CHAPTER 5

Equipment.............................................................153

CHAPTER 6

Testing, Trials and Surveys During Construction –
Hull........................................................................159

O5665;6 &P635=6 789 H74D085:P......................................?QF
CHAPTER 1

Classification of Machinery ...................................169

CHAPTER 2

Propulsion and Maneuvering Machinery ..............177

CHAPTER 3

Pumps and Piping Systems..................................197

CHAPTER 4

Fire Extinguishing Systems and Equipment .........261

CHAPTER 5

Electrical Installations ...........................................279

&B:R5P6 .<35: /2863:B43028 ..............................................NST
[See separately published booklet ABS Rules for Survey After
Construction (Part 7)]

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Notices and General Information
/(,1%,1&
*83:29B43028....................................................................................................K
TABLE 1

Applicable Editions of Booklets Comprising 2007 Rules ..........5

TABLE 2

Division and Numbering of Rules..............................................5

/D78J5 ,23045 !200$% ....................................................................................Q
TABLE 3

Summary of Changes for the 2007 Rules.................................6

ABS !"#$% '(! )"*#+*,- .,+ /#.%%*,- %0$$# 1$%%$#% '(! %$!1*/$ (, !*1$!% 2 *,0!./(.%0.# 3.0$!3.4% . 5667

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Notices and General Information
Introduction
For the year 2007 edition of the !"#$% '() *"+#,+-. /-, 0#/%%+-. 12$$# 3$%%$#% '() 1$)4+5$ (- !+4$)%
/-, 6-2)5(/7%2/# 8/2$)9/:%, 1997, the Rules have been re-organized and re-formatted for the purpose
of improving their ease of use. In this regard, we advise the users of these Rules of the following
primary changes.
1.

The year 2007 edition is a complete re-print of the River Rules.

2.

A new numbering system was incorporated into the Rules, in accordance with Table 2, which
organizes the requirements into JParts,K JChaptersK and JSectionsK. A comparison of the old
J1997K numbering system versus the new J2007K numbering system is shown in Appendix 1
as a guide map for users who are familiar with the existing Rules.

3.

The 2007 edition of the Rules becomes effective on 1 January 2007. This more desirable
effective date was made possible by appropriately revising the schedule of meetings of the
ABS technical Committees in 1999, and with The Technical Committee meeting during the
month of May, rather than during the previously traditional month of November. It is
intended to continue this practice in order for all future editions of the River Rules to continue
to have an effective date of 1 January.

4.

The effective date of each technical change since 1992 is shown in parenthesis at the end of
the subsection/paragraph titles within the text of each Part. Unless a particular date and
month are shown, the years in parentheses refer to the following effective datesV
;<===> and after
;?@@@>
;?@@C>
;?@@E>
;?@@F>

1 January 2000 (and subsequent years)
12 May 1999
13 May 1998
19 May 1997
9 May 1996

;?@@A>
;?@@B>
;?@@D>
;?@@<>

15 May 1995
9 May 1994
11 May 1993
13 May 1992

5.

The Rule Changes contained in the previously published Notices 1 through 12 to the 1997
River Rules (together with Corrigenda) have also been incorporated into the text of the
reformatted 2007 River Rules. These Rule Changes, together with their effective dates, are
listed for ready reference in Table 3.

6.

Until the next edition of the River Rules is published, Rule Change Notices and/or
Corrigenda, as necessary, will be published on the ABS website – www.eagle.org – and will
be available free for downloading. It is not intended at this time to publish hard copies of
future Rule Change Notices and/or Corrigenda.

7.

The listing of CLASSIFICATION SYMBOLS AND NOTATIONS is available from the ABS
website www.eagle.org/rules/downloads.html for download.

ABS !"#$% '(! )"*#+*,- .,+ /#.%%*,- %0$$# 1$%%$#% '(! %$!1*/$ (, !*1$!% 2 *,0!./(.%0.# 3.0$!3.4% . 5667

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) of text and to avoid the necessity of having to renumber the existing text and associated cross-references. Downloads or may be ordered separately from the ABS Publications online catalog at www. ABS !"#$% '(! )"*#+*.ays Notices and General Information 2007 Part 1V Conditions of Classification (Supplement to the ABS 2007 !"#$% '() 0(-.0$!3. !*1$!% 2 *.B=V5:08J 2< "B..536 /2=C:0608J GSSF "0R5: "B.5 %9030286 2< )22X.eagle. Rules and Guides./> 1-1-1/?. Rules and Guides..CC. 2 The requirements for conditions of classification are contained in the separate.. etc.1 1-1-1/1./>+> Appendix 1-1-A1 or Appendix 1-A1-1 An odd number (1.+2+(-% (' 0#/%%+'+5/2+(-) (2) Part 3V Hull Construction and Equipment 2007 Part 4V Vessel Systems and Machinery 2007 (1J2) Rules for Conditions of Classification – not included Part 1V Rules for Conditions of Classification 2008 (1) Rules for Materials and Welding – not included Part 2V Rules for Materials and Welding 2007 Rules for Survey After Construction – not included (1) Part 7V Rules for Survey After Construction 2007 G(2$%H 1 These Rules are available for download from the ABS website at www. 6.# 3.I/)2 ?>.230456 789 -585:7. 4. as applicable. 3. Catalog. *8<2:=73028 1.%0.+ /#. 5.0!.)$% G +0R06028 789 .1.?.%0$$# 1$%%$#% '(! %$!1*/$ (.. Additional specific requirements are contained in Part 1 of these Rules.) numbering system is used for the Rules. 1.1 1-1-1/?. generic ABS !"#$% '() 0(-./(.org.?. The purpose is to permit future insertions of even-numbered paragraphs (2. 5667 T .%%*.)$% ? . within the Rules and associated process instructions.56 J+4+%+(Part Chapter Section Subsection (see Note 1) Paragraph (see Note 1) Subparagraph Item Subitem Appendix G(2$H 1 G"KL$) Part 1 Part 1. Chapter 1 Section 1-1-1 1-1-1/1 1-1-1/1. check sheets.org. etc.56 Rules for *uilding and Classing Steel Pessels for Service on Rivers and 2ntracoastal Water..+2+(-% (' 0#/%%+'+5/2+(..4% .047V. etc.eagle.?.?.

0$!3... 4-3-2/7. 4-5-3/11.. 4-5-5/5.%%*. 4-3-2/7.1. *8<2:=73028 Change Notice (2007) 1. 4-5-4/3./(.1 General To align the requirements with the Second Edition of IEC 60092-376 JElectrical Installations in Ships – Cables for control and instrumentation circuits 150/250 V (300 V)K.%0.# 3.5.+ /#.0!.56 %''%/1*O% +. based on IACS UR P4.1% ? Y78B7:P GSSF – shown as (2007) (based on the contract date for new construction between builder and Owner) I/)2NI/)/.17. 4-3-2/7. !*1$!% 2 *.. pipe joints and fittings. 5667 .27.9 Marking To add a date of production to the marking for the purpose of traceability. Q ABS !"#$% '(! )"*#+*.. 4-3-2/7. 4-5-4/3.2 Voltage Regulation To align the requirements with IACS UR E13. 4-3-3/7.7. 4-5-4/Table 3 Limits of Temperature Rise for Air Cooled Rotating Machines To clarify the requirements for temperature rise for rotating machines installed outside of machinery spaces.4 Temperature To allow the use of polyethylene. pipe joints and fittings. polypropylene and polybutylene pipes.3 (New) System Design To incorporate requirements to address new designs for electric propulsion systems. 5).19 Testing by Manufacturer – General To provide requirements for testing by manufacturer. 4-3-2/Table 3 (New) Standards for Plastic Pipes – Typical Requirements for All Systems To provide a list of applicable Standards that may be used in testing rigid pipes.3 Type Test To align the requirements with IACS UR F29 (Rev.9 Manufacturing of Plastic Pipes To clarify acceptance of a manufactureres quality system and the involvement of the Surveyor during testing.230456 789 -585:7.3 Plans and Data to be Submitted To outline documentation to be submitted for plastic piping approval.2 Ambient Temperature To clarify the requirements for temperature rise for rotating machines installed outside of machinery spaces.7 and IACS Recommendation 86. O+2#$N1"LP$52 PARK 4 Pessel Systems and Mac/inery 12/2"%N!$K/)Q% 4-2-3/3.7 Hydraulic Lock To provide requirements for the use of an independent steering failure alarm for follow-up control systems in lieu of a hydraulic lock alarm.%0$$# 1$%%$#% '(! %$!1*/$ (.7 and IACS Recommendation 86. 4-3-2/Table 4 (New) Standards for Plastic Pipes – Additional Requirements Depending on Service and/or Location of Piping To provide a list of applicable Standards that may be used in testing rigid pipes. G(.21.5.5 Termination To provide technical details regarding the construction of corrosion resistant flame screens.9 Semiconductor Converters for Propulsion To update and clarify the requirements. 4-5-4/13.)$% K &B==7:P 2< /D78J56 <2: 3D5 GSSF "B. 4-5-5/5.4% .11. based on IACS UR P4. 4-3-2/7.

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. Boilers. Chapters 1. /01 Rules for Materials and Welding (Part 2)..1-03 2 Materials and Welding !"# %&'#(#&'#&) *++. 2+3 4)##-4.'-&. %4 )+ *# 3#2#33#' )+. 2007 21 .!ART !&'( 2* +&(. Pressure Vessels. *3+&5#4./ &01 2. 2 and 3 and Responsibility for Verifying APPENDIF 4 Scheme for the Approval of Rolled Hull Structural Steel Manufacturer APPENDIF 5 Scheme for the Approval of Manufacturers of Hull Structural Steels Intended for Welding with High Heat Input APPENDIF 6 Guide for Nondestructive Examination of Marine Steel Castings APPENDIF 7 Guide for Nondestructive Examination of Hull and Machinery Steel Forgings Rules for Welding and Fabrication CHAPTER 4 Welding and Fabrication APPENDIF 2 Requirements for the Approval of Filler Metals APPENDIF 3 Application of Filler Metals to ABS Steels ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . and Piping APPENDIF 1 List of Destructive and Nondestructive Tests Required in Part 2. %3+&4. #)6.-#) 6+&4%4)4 +2 )"# 2+--+8%&9 :".-#). !"%4 *++.()#34< Rules for Testing and Certification of Materials CHAPTER 1 Materials for Hull Construction CHAPTER 2 Materials for Equipment CHAPTER 3 Materials for Machinery.

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......................................................143 Section 1 Passenger Vessels .......101 Section 6 Weld Design.............65 Section 3 Barges Intended to Carry Dangerous Chemical Cargoes in Bulk.........153 Section 1 Passenger Vessels .161 Section 2 Trials .............................................. Trials & Surveys During Construction – Hull .................................119 CHAPTER 3 Subdivision and Stability ............................................PART Part 3* Hull Construction and Equipment 3 Hull Construction and Equipment CONTENTS CHAPTER 1 General.............................................................................................................................................................................27 Section 2 General Requirements...........................................................41 Section 2 Dry Cargo Barges ..................................................85 Section 4 Towboats ......................................................................................145 CHAPTER 5 Equipment.......................................................................................163 Section 3 Surveys ...........................155 CHAPTER 6 Testing........................165 ABS RUL%S FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING ST%%L 1%SS%LS FOR S%R1IC% ON RI1%RS 2 INTRACOASTAL WAT%RWAYS ! 2007 23 .131 CHAPTER 4 Fire Safety Measures .....................91 Section 5 Passenger Vessels ............................... 159 Section 1 Tank and Bulkhead Tightness Testing .............................................................25 Section 1 Definitions ......................................................................35 Section 1 Tank Barges.............................129 Section 1 Passenger Vessels .............................31 CHAPTER 2 Hull Structures and Arrangements.....................................................................................

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......1 Barges..............28 13 Truss ....................... 31 1.................................................................................................................... 27 3.............................................................................. 32 ABS RUL%S FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING ST%%L 1%SS%LS FOR S%R1IC% ON RI1%RS 2 INTRACOASTAL WAT%RWAYS ! 2007 25 ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 27 5 Breadth ..................................................................PART Chapter 1* General 3 CHAPTER 1 General CONTENTS SECTION 1 SECTION 2 Definitions.........................................................................29 31 Weathertight..................29 General Requirements....................27 3................................ 31 1.............27 11 Baseline .......................27 1 Application .7 Guidance for Repair ...............................................................................................................................3 Workmanship .............32 3...............................27 3 Length .......................................................................................................................................... 31 1............................28 23 Passenger................................................29 35 Units ...............9 Materials Containing Asbestos........3 Self-Propelled Vessels ...........................................27 9 Design Draft ..........................28 17 Block Coefficient (C") ............................................................28 25 Superstructure ......................................................................29 29 Cargo Pump Room .............................................................................27 7 Depth ...........3 Aluminum Alloys.........................................28 21 Oil........................................28 15 Amidships ....................28 19 Double Ended Rake Barge .................................................... 32 3....................................................................................................................................5 Design Consideration.....................................................................................................................................................................................31 1...................................................................28 27 Cargo Area...........................................1 Steel...................................1 General ..............................................................................31 1 3 Materials .. 31 1..................... 31 Scantlings ..............29 33 Gross Tonnage ................................................................................................

..........5 Proportions....................................32 7..............................................................................................................................................................3 Serrated Sections...............................1 General......3 Termination of Structural Members ..............................1 Required Section Modulus ................32 9 26 7..........32 7 Structural Sections..33 9.....33 9.......................33 ABS RUL%S FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING ST%%L 1%SS%LS FOR S%R1IC% ON RI1%RS 2 INTRACOASTAL WAT%RWAYS ! 2007 ........................32 Structural Design Details ............................................................

is the greatest horizontal distance. 5 Breadth The breadth B. in meters (feet).1 Barges L is the distance. 9 Design Draft The design draft '. in meters (feet).3 Self-Propelled Vessels L is the overall distance. is the vertical distance. ABS RUL%S FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING ST%%L 1%SS%LS FOR S%R1IC% ON RI1%RS 2 INTRACOASTAL WAT%RWAYS ! 2007 27 . in meters (feet).PART Section 1* Definitions 3 CHAPTER 1 General SECTION 1 Definitions 1 Application Unless specified otherwise. between the inner surfaces of the side shell plating. For barges of special form such as those having rounded ends or with wells or recesses in the ends. 3 Length 3. the following definitions apply in all cases where reference is made in these Rules. Tables and equations. measured at the middle of L from the base line to the under surface of the deck plating at the side of the vessel. in meters (feet). measured on the centerline between the inside surfaces of the head log plates at each end. between the inside surfaces of the shell plates at each end. measured at the middle of L from the baseline to the deepest design waterline. measured on the centerline. is the vertical distance. the length for the purpose of these Rules is to be specially determined. in meters (feet). 7 Depth The depth D. 3.

2. (closed cup test). in cubic meters (cubic feet).Part Chapter Section 11 3 1 1 Hull Construction and Equipment General Definitions 3-1-1 Baseline The B()*+. 21 Oil As used in these Rules. 25 Superstructure A S0>*/)5/0250/* is a decked structure on the freeboard deck extending from side to side of the barge or vessel.+ refers to petroleum products having flash points at or below 60%C (140%F). 23 Passenger A <())*-:*/ is every person other than the master and the members of the crew or other persons employed or engaged in any capacity onboard a vessel on the business of that vessel and children under one year of age.*-5 6C"7.-* is a horizontal line extending through the upper surface of the bottom shell plating at the centerline. or with the side plating not being inboard of the shell plating more than 0. excluding appendages. is given by C" I #$JLB' where # is the volume of molded displacement. Each end of barges with this configuration is to be considered as the forward end in the application of these Rules. A single laced truss is one having diagonal bracing in only one direction in each space between stanchionsH a double laced truss is one having diagonal bracing in both directions in each space. 13 Truss A T/0)) is a system of internal framing members comprised of top and bottom chords extending either longitudinally or transversely in association with regularly spaced stanchions and diagonals. 28 ABS RUL%S FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING ST%%L 1%SS%LS FOR S%R1IC% ON RI1%RS 2 INTRACOASTAL WAT%RWAYS ! 2007 . 19 Double Ended Rake Barge A D10"+* E-'*' R(3* B(/:* is a barge with similar rakes at each end and fitted with towing bitts arranged in such a manner that the barge in normal circumstances may be towed from either end.04B. the term O. 17 Block Coefficient (C") The B+123 C1*44. 15 Amidships Amidships is the middle of the length L.

29 Cargo Pump Room A C(/:1 <0@> R11@ is a space containing pumps and their accessories for the handling of the cargo.:B5 means that in any sea conditions water will not penetrate into the vessel. 31 Weathertight A*(5B*/5.. gross tonnage is to be determined by the International Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships. the format of presentation in the Rules of the two systems of units is as followsW MKS units (US customary units) ABS RUL%S FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING ST%%L 1%SS%LS FOR S%R1IC% ON RI1%RS 2 INTRACOASTAL WAT%RWAYS ! 2007 29 . MKS units and US customary units. 1969.Part Chapter Section 27 3 1 1 Hull Construction and Equipment General Definitions 3-1-1 Cargo Area The C(/:1 A/*( is that part of a barge that contains cargo tanks. cofferdams and pump rooms adQacent to cargo tanks and also deck areas throughout the entire length and breadth of that part of the barge over the above mentioned spaces. i. Each system is to be used independently of any other system. In chemical and liquefied gas tank barges having independent cargo tanks installed in hold spaces.e. gross tonnage is the national gross tonnage as specified by the country in which the vessel is to be registered. 35 Units These Rules are written in two systems of units. Unless indicated otherwise. slop tanks and cargo pump rooms and includes ballast and void spaces. cofferdams or ballast or void spaces aft of the aftermost hold space bulkhead or forward of the forward-most hold space bulkhead are excluded from the cargo area. For vessels which are engaged in international voyages. 33 Gross Tonnage For vessels in domestic service.

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this steel is to be indicated on the plans. 1. a set of plans showing the following information for each steel should be placed aboard the barge or vessel.1 Steel These Rules are intended for barges and vessels of welded construction using steels complying with the requirements of Chapters 1 and 2 of the ABS R0+*) 41/ C(5*/.-: 6<(/5 27.9 Materials Containing Asbestos !"##$% See 4-1-1J21. Use of steels other than those in Chapters 1 and 2 of the above Part 2 and the corresponding scantlings will be specially considered. adequate buckling strength is to be provided.3 Aluminum Alloys The use of aluminum alloys in hull structures will be considered upon submission of the proposed specification for the alloy and the method of fabrication. 1. 1.(+) (-' A*+'. Where it is intended to use material of cold flanging quality for important longitudinal strength members.(+) (-' A*+'. " Material Specification " Welding procedure " Location and extent of application These plans are in addition to those normally placed aboard which are to show all material applications.5 Design Consideration Where scantlings are reduced in connection with the use of higher-strength steel or where aluminum alloys are used.7 Guidance for Repair Where a special welding procedure is required for the special steels used in the construction. including any low temperature steel and those materials not in Chapters 1 and 2 of the ABS R0+*) 41/ C(5*/. Where it is intended to use material of cold flanging quality. 1.PART Section 2* General Requirements 3 CHAPTER 1 General SECTION 2 General Requirements 1 Materials 1. this steel is to be indicated on the plans.-: 6<(/5 27. ABS RUL%S FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING ST%%L 1%SS%LS FOR S%R1IC% ON RI1%RS 2 INTRACOASTAL WAT%RWAYS ! 2007 31 .

7. Where channel construction is adopted.3 Serrated Sections Serrated sections may be used for girders.1 General 3-1-2 Sections having appropriate section moduli or areas. whichever is less. unless otherwise noted. webs. as illustrated in 3-2-1JFigure 5 and 3-2-2JFigure 5. and breadths not exceeding 6 times their depth. etc. webs. and rolled or built-up sections. whichever is less. but the depth of the member is not to be less than 2 times the depth of any cutout.1 Required Section Modulus The scantling requirements of these Rules are applicable to structural angles. columns or combinations of both. an effective breadth of plating equal to one-half the spacing or 16. the required section modulus is to be obtained solely by the channel. frames and stiffeners. are to be adopted. The cutouts are to be arranged to provide regularly spaced points of contact with the plating sufficient to obtain the welding required. Vessels with other proportions will be specially considered.3 Workmanship All workmanship is to be of commercial marine quality and acceptable to the Surveyor.5] of the unsupported span !. The required section modulus of members such as girders. 3. in accordance with their functions in the structure as stiffeners. the section modulus is to be obtained in the member only. the depth of the cutout should not exceed 50] of the depth of the supporting member. channels. 7 Structural Sections 7. 5 Proportions In general. Welding is to be in accordance with the requirements of Section 3-2-6.Part Chapter Section 3 1 2 Hull Construction and Equipment General General Requirements 3 Scantlings 3. For girders and webs along hatch openings. For bars or shapes which are not attached to the plating. due regard being given to the thickness of all parts of the sections to provide a proper margin for corrosion. Where supporting members are cut out for framing and stiffening members. It may be required that calculations be submitted in support of the resistance to buckling of longitudinals. supporting frames and stiffeners is to be obtained with an effective width of plating basis as described below. is to be used. The required section modulus of frames and stiffeners is assumed to be provided by the stiffener and one frame space of the plating to which it is attached. The Surveyors are to satisfy themselves that all operators to be employed in the construction of barges and vessels to be classed are properly qualified in the type of work proposed and in the proper use of the welding processes and procedures to be followed. It may be required that calculations be submitted in support of resistance to buckling for any part of the vesselZs structure. . bars. 32 ABS RUL%S FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING ST%%L 1%SS%LS FOR S%R1IC% ON RI1%RS 2 INTRACOASTAL WAT%RWAYS ! 2007 . these Rules are valid for vessels having lengths not exceeding 30 times their depth. The section modulus is to include the structural member in association with an effective width of plating equal to one-half the sum of the spacing on each side of the member or 33] of the unsupported span !.

60 in.1.3 The design of structural details. the intersections of members and associated brackets. special attention is to be given to the end taper. Where the end bracket has a face bar.7 Shape and location of air.2 The proportions of built-up members to comply with established standards for buckling strength..1. or lightening holes. . Bracket toes or sniped ends are to be kept within 25 mm (1. .7 Details of the ends. such as noted below. it is to be sniped and tapered not more than 30%. Where members are not required to be attached at their ends. it is to extend into the adQacent transversely framed structure or stop at a local transverse member fitted at about one transverse frame space beyond the last floor or web that supports the longitudinal.7 Shape and reinforcement of slots or cut-outs for internals. against the harmful effects of stress concentrations and notchesW . 9.1.1. Where a strength deck or shell longitudinal terminates without end attachment.1 General 3-1-2 The designer shall give consideration to the followingW 9. `softeninga of bracket toes. . 9. 9. reducing abrupt changes of section or structural discontinuities.1 The thickness of internals in locations susceptible to rapid corrosion.E7 Elimination or closing of weld scallops in way of butts. ABS RUL%S FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING ST%%L 1%SS%LS FOR S%R1IC% ON RI1%RS 2 INTRACOASTAL WAT%RWAYS ! 2007 33 .4 Proportions and thickness of structural members to reduce fatigue response due to cyclic stresses.).) of the adQacent member.0 in.3 Termination of Structural Members Unless permitted elsewhere in the Rules. particularly for higher-strength steels. notches and other harmful stress concentrations.. and the depth at the toe or snipe end is generally not to exceed 15 mm (0.. by using soft-toed concave brackets or by a sniped end of not more than 30°. 9.Part Chapter Section 3 1 2 Hull Construction and Equipment General General Requirements 9 Structural Design Details 9. structural members are to be effectively connected to the adQacent structures in such a manner as to avoid hard spots. drainage.

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. R(*+........A E<0F1+ 2D.....D7@I38.............03*..........................: G N B+*C++5 *'+ #(D+4 ...................(57+8+5*4 3 &/"!$9# 2 Hull Structures and Arrangements CONTENTS SECTION 1 Tank Barges.57IJ51<(6.........................574 .....57 2+K0+53+4 (56 B+56.......................... >G :A R+F P.: !..........4 (56 2*.... T.............? &<54*............................ >- A..................................+ 2+**.........3(*..>: A 2*..................................................6+ 2'+11 ..........03*.............>Q :? $.........>: ? &1(44.....................................<5 L<60104 &(1301(*.....>G :N -: :G...57 ....57 L<8+5* &(1301(*.......................(1 "...................................<54 ...........................*....A E...6+.......: B<**<8 2'+11...............57...... AT -:.........*... >Q :?.....................(8+4.6+..............D7@I38..........A B..@..<5 <@ W*'+.03*...............U:...................<5 .............................................(8+4S M............... A: ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 35 .................>Q :?.(57+8+5*...................A H<(6.......57+...>: A.......................N O*+84 O53106+6 ........ >? G............ >G :G.......................? !..........................................................................57 &<56...5 &<54*.... >Y :N..............................G /011 M...7'* B01D'+(64 ................... H+44 ...........................Z B01D'+(64 ....G )4........>G :G $(5D /+(6 @<..............................!"#$ &'()*+.................................................................: B+*C++5 *'+ #(D+4 ......... A: -:........ >Q :?.............:.(7<5(14 .......57 WX+....................................................................*06.....................................................<54 ..044+4 ......... 23(5*1....... 2+3*............. >? G...............? #(D+ E+3D4.........05D !1(*........AT -:................17+ !1(*....? 2*(53'............<54 .... >A :: P........+440......>Y :N..... >? G.......G )4............................? #(D+4.............+ 2+**.........................: $<) (56 B<**<8 &'<......V <......................:... /011 2*................57 T........................................<5 <@ $(5D B<056(.......... >- H<57................................... >> G......+4 (56 "..64 .>? G...........*.................U:.<5........... >A E+3D (56 $.......<5 L<60104 ...........: E+@......? 2. >: A....41 : "))1............................................ AT 2'+11 !1(*.57 ...............+57*' ..<5..................................... >Y B01D'+(64 .............................3(*...... >N :N..................5.....5(1 2*..............5 *'+ 2+3*........03*0......<5 ....? H<(6.......>A N......................................................................(57+8+5* ................4 ......+440.........................03*0.....V .......................A &<54*................................<54 ............. -..........: "...... >A N..............

................QA A G ?.........................**.................: 2+3*...64 ......(3D+*4 ................AY POMJ#9 Y E<0F1+ 2D........QY R+F P....044+4 ....*..................QA ?............................*' &<5*.........(1 "....................A> POMJ#9 ? "1*+...........................................AA POMJ#9 A $(5D B(......QQ A....5(*...........4 ..............+57*' ..............A: -?.........A> POMJ#9 > M05C(1+ B...................QQ G.......4 (56 2*..............................QA ? 2*..................(57+8+5* ......................5(1 2*....**....QQ E+3D !1(*......QQ G..............................: B+*C++5 *'+ #(D+4 ..5 $(5D B(............................................8+6......................................................................................7+ #+................N B.N R'++1 H<(6+6 2*..7+ ....................................7'* E+3D4 ................A: /(*3'+4 (56 P...........................................................................................QG G...................QY ::..............................7< E+3D4.3(*............*06.......AN POMJ#9 Y" $................................................Q? POMJ#9 :: #(D+ P...................QG G.....<5 L<60104..................................QY ::..............6+...17+ B.......? #(D+4 .(3D+*.574 .......3+8+5* ..05D $<) B+(8 956 &<55+3*....................................................A R(*+..............QN ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 ................<54................................QG :: $........................................7+ ......: M+5+......? #+...........A: B(.......QQ G.................................: L............................A: -:....... 65 : "))1.........Q> Dry Cargo Barges ..............574.........A> POMJ#9 - O5*+..........<5 L<60104 C................................AQ POMJ#9 Q $(5D B(...(3D+* ...............................................57+......57.....? E+3D P.................808 $'..........QY :? 36 -:...............<5 ..............: $<) (56 B<**<8 &'<..........+57*' E+3D4....5@<.A: -A......Q- POMJ#9 :T E<0F1+ 2D...17+ B........................................................3+8+5* ........(57+8+5*.............................G &(...................(8+4S M..................................................................57 ...........QT POMJ#9 N E<0F1+ 2D........(8+4 ..........................................(8.7+....................................................................................-? -A SECTION 2 $(5D 2)(3+4 .(7<5(14 ................................................................................7+...............QG N P..........57...............................................................3D5+44...........G ::..................................<5...............................5........................5 $(5D B(..........5 $(5D B(....(3D+*..............................? 2*(53'.............? 2+3*............................................(54X+....................................Q: POMJ#9 N" $....................A? POMJ#9 : B.........................................A- $"BH9 : B.03*0...................QQ A..A E...................<5.......(*+ B............A: -A.QQ H<57...A: -?...............5@<......7+ .05D $<) $..............7+...................................4+ 956 &<55+3*................................(1......................................................................................................: /(*3'C(Z4.........................X+ ".....? B+*C++5 *'+ #(D+4 ....................................................AG POMJ#9 G $(5D B(...50<04 &<(8...........17+ "571+4 .............

....................... G: O55+...... G? -:........X+4 <@ K ...................................... B(........GQ POMJ#9 Q E+3D B(.............? /(*3'C(Z4 ........X+ ".............. R(*+......*06....................................03*.................................G> POMJ#9 ? "1*+..................<5 <@ E(*(..**....17+ B....G &<5*............7+ #+.......YA ? &1(44..G> POMJ#9 - O5*+....GG POMJ#9 G E+3D B(........................ YY G....................... YN ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 37 ..................................................(54X+................N E+3D P...................Y? POMJ#9 :? R'++1 H<(6.................. QN 2'+11 !1(*.....................................? 2......? #+........GT :G.................G> POMJ#9 > "1*+...................... G- :N................ B(.....+57*' ............7+ ...........*...............................QN :A........................17+ "571+4 ...........574 ....? &<54*........(*+ B......7+ .....................6+ 2'+11 ..............(54X+.............................................................................................................................................5 /<))+.........................................5 /<))+........(1 $(5D4 ........ B(...50<04 H<57...<5...................7< B<[+4 ................*........3+8+5* .............................A H<57...5(1 2*.....57 &0.. G? B(...............................GY POMJ#9 Y /<))+.....:A :G :N B01D'+(64 ......8+6...........574..............57 ...............<54 ...... YQ G.............. G- :N......................5@<....................Z B01D'+(64 ....................................: &<54*..................G E+3DI$...GA POMJ#9 A E+3D B(....5(*..............<5 ......YA A 20F8..............................................7+ .....3(*...........Y> Barges Intended to Carry Dangerous Chemical Cargoes in Bulk..............................................03*.. B<**<84S /(*3'+4 (56 P..G B. B(..: M+5+....................5@<.......5 /<))+......................................*' E+3D'<04+.............*' O5*+7......7+ ...... G- :N........YT POMJ#9 :T E<0F1+ 2D......X+ &'(55+1 &<54*...........: B<**<8 2'+11.........**............................... GT :G......... B(.... GT :G....................5....*06... G: :G............44.....(57+8+5* .................(3D+*..................? $(5D "..G: :N.................7+................57 ...................... G? POMJ#9 : B.Y: POMJ#9 :: E<0F1+ 2D........YA G $Z)+ O (56 $Z)+ OO B(..........A /(*3' &<X+.......................................4 ..............(57+8+5* ......: -: SECTION 3 O55+...:: &(.........5(1 /(*3' &<(8.......<5 (* B......<5 <@ $(5D B<056(..............GN POMJ#9 N /<))+..........................................3+8+5*.......................17+ !1(*.. G: :N........................17+ B.........................................5(*..................................: E+@.............. G- :N.17+ ..............7+ C..........(1 ..N $.........................4+4 ......3(*........... B<**<8 !1(*.........4+ B+(84 .................................G? -:.......<5 <@ W*'+........................ YG G......................(3D+*.........@......... QN :A.............85 : "))1..............................................................7'* B01D'+(64 .................................. YQ G...................................7+4 C...574 ............05D $<) $...........Y- POMJ#9 :- E<0F1+ 2D.....7+ ................YQ G..........................A B..........7+.03*...............................................57...............

..............7'* ...........................................................5(14 ..................N? 2*(53'..........................<5 <@ $(5D B<056(.........N? ::..........N: G E+3D !1(*.......?....NN POMJ#9 : 38 L(*+......................*.................N: ?...................NG -:................................................4 ...........................SECTION 4 Towboats ....................11 /+....................................................: P.......... \++14........................................ 91 : "))1......................NG -:.....574 .F1+ H<(6......: !+....................NG -:.....03*0...............................................<5 .....................................................5 P.................................NQ :N........N> B01D'+(64 .................................................................................................................................<5 <@ W*'+...........................................................57+........57 ............................N- N :: :? :A :G :N -: -? G........................4..........: B<**<8 H<57..NY -?...................NN -?................................A B(..................................5(1 2*.........(8.........: B(..............................................................................................? P1(* !1(*+ \++14 .....................(14...(8+4S M........................5 $055+14......(8.............NY #066+....5(1 R+F4 ........(8+4 .......57.........A #066+...............................................................................NG -:..........57 ....NQ :G..........NQ :G..................................NN.........NY -?..NQ :N............: "..........(8+4......................................................A B...........................................N- G.............................................................................................*06...? 2...................NY $<CF<(* P......57........................N? ::...........*06...................17+ (56 $055+1 !1(*.............N: ? 2*..............A P.......................:TT ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 ..........................................................................NQ E+3D'<04+4 ...17+ "571+4 .....................................(57+8+5*......... H<3(*..................6+ (56 E+3D P.............NQ \++14S 2*+84 (56 2*+......? "))1....................? 2..6+ 2'+11 .........................N- N.........NY -?..............57 ....(57+8+5*................................N #066+............03*.....N> :A..........4 (56 2*...57 ...........G 2*+...................................? &<54*..........NQ :G.......3(*..........................4........: 23(5*1.......? H<57... 2*+84........<54 ........ 2*<3D4.......? &(1301(*+6 H<(6 .........03*............+57*' ........................<54 ............NG -:.............................(8......................................................574...5)<4*4 .............................*06....: -?...............(1 "..........N- P....N> :A.....(8+4........44......................<5...................................3(*............................: 2*............. R(*+................................................N> :A.....:: &<0)1..............? 2........(8...............................7'* B01D'+(64 ..................: B<**<8 2'+11 ....................... W*'+...8............Z B01D'+(64 ..............N: A H<57.....................N: ?................NA 2'+11 !1(*..57 ..N- N...................A &<54*..NA :G...........+57*' E+3D4.....................................................................................N 2*+.N? R+F P..5 P......................G B..................6+...........................

..................N 2*+......................................*....:T? N...............................::: -?...........44....................: B(.........................................................4 ...................F1+ H<(6..........: 2.. :TY 2'+11 !1(*....: 2*.........................................................................? W)+5............+57*' ......... :T? N.........A &<54*.............................<54 ..............57 .............................................................. ::: -?.............. :TG :G....:TG :A.......:TN :N.........6+ 2'+11 .......... :T- G........................ :T> :?...... :T: :...........................................03*.........574.................................: N :: :? /011 M.5(1 2*......:TQ :G B01D'+(64 .SECTION 5 Passenger Vessels................574 ......................................A B............................................................................? ](*.....:T: :................................... ::T :N........<54 ...........G B.................................57.....? 20)+............? &(1301(*+6 H<(6 .... 2'+(....: ". L<8+5* <@ O5+..................? &<54*....4 (56 2*.....................................<5 .....................<5 <@ W*'+...............G 2........03*0..........................5 P.............. "33+44 W)+5...............8.... :T- E+3D !1(*........... R(*+.. :T> ::......................................X...17+ "571+4 .574 .....................@..........101 : "))1...............? P1(* !1(*+ \++14 ...............................*....:T: G A....................................................... :TN :N... :T? N.... :TG :G... H<3(*........................A P.......................................................... :T: ? &1(44..............:T? ::.3(*............... :T? N...57 . ::- -?...............: B<**<8 2'+11....................... ::: -:......<5(1 #+701(*......................................: :N -: -? !........(8.................................................<)<.17+ (56 $055+1 !1(*.........................................5)<4*4 ....+57*' .....? 2.... 2+3*......5 B01D'+(64 ..(8+4.....+57*' E+3D4...........*06..........................................:T> :?................ ::: -?................................<54........A /011 M.... :T: H<57................. ::T E+3D'<04+4 ................A R'++1 H<(6+6 E+3D4 ....................*06.......................... ::T -:.......5 P....................<5......... ::: \++14S 2*+84 (56 2*+..................................::T -:....................G W*'+........... \++14 .6+..............6+............*...............(8+4S M............................ ::: -:............................: B<**<8 H<57.........G 2*+................7'* B01D'+(64 ..............114 <@ "33+44 W)+5....................6+ (56 956 B01D'+(64..... :T? ::.3+ .....(8+4.57+......................................... ::- ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 39 .............................(1 "...............5(14. 2*...? H<57...........: P..................4*....... :TA :A R+F P......... :TQ :G..........A E<<.... :TN :N.......................:T: A 2*.....................(8...... :T- G................57....3(*...(8+4 .............................................................................................................................(57+8+5*....03*0..( .(8............. ::: -?..............................: 2+...*06.....................57 ....... :T> 2*(53'.......................6+...........................<5 L<60104 ..6+............03*............................<54...<5 <@ $(5D B<056(... 2*+84 .........................................: !+........................... :T: A.....57.:TG.........5 $055+14 .5(1 R+F4...........................+ E+3D4.......................... :T? P..........6+ (56 E+3D P.......A B(..........Z B01D'+(64 ..(57+8+5* .......................................................? 2.....4 @<...................? /011 M......................

.:-> $"BH9 -B O5*+....:-T :.::- P..11+* R+16 2..........................:-T $"BH9 :" E<0F1+ &<5*.....:-: $"BH9 :B E<0F1+ &<5*...57...<54 .........5(*...............(14.....G W*'+............................................11+* R+16 2....................: L(*+.....................11+* R+16 2..........................A $++^$Z)+ 956 &<55+3*.. 2*<3D4.....(57+8+5*4.......................................................................................................................a+4 b O53'+4 .......4 ...............................................Z &<55+3*.......8..::N :..@*.........8+*+................::G Weld Design ...5*4 ..........11+* R+164 ...? $++^$Z)+ B<056(..........................................57 b L..............57 (56 "5*.............................::Q POMJ#9 - #066+.......? "))1...........................................................................^H.::A -A.........:-T :.............:-T "1*+......................4..4.....a+4 b L......................................:A !107 R+164 <.....................::N :.::? -A......8+*+...................*....................................................N &<0)1..... _+44+1 P....3(*..574 .........:-T :...............A #066+...11.................................................11+* R+16 2.::- -A. 2*<)4 ................N H())+6 `<...............................50<04 P... $++^$Z)+ &<55+3*................8..........:? WX+........ 21<* R+164 .......................G #066+................................::A POMJ#9 : !(44+57+.57 b O53'+4..............::A -A.....50<04 P..........::N :........................................X+4 ........... 119 : ? 40 #066+........: M+5+.......(8.............................::? -A..:? 20))<....<5...........11.......::N :...........(1...........................<54.............................:: #066+......................:-? $"BH9 -" O5*+.......................-A SECTION 6 -A..:: WX+....**+5* P.....1())+6 956 &<55+3*......................**+5* P.......................a+4 (56 2)(3.4 ...<54..a+4 (56 2)(3...::A -A..................::N :.......................................... $Z)+4.<54.......................................1())+6 2+(84............57 "........:-Q ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 ...................................................

- $.: P. A. 5 Structural Arrangement 5. closed cup test.7+4 3 &/"!$9# 2 Hull Structures and Arrangements 29&$OW] 1 Tank Barges 1 Application The following Rules and Tables apply to barges intended for the transportation of liquid cargoes in bulk in services which require operation in comparatively smooth water exclusively. In vessels with transverse frames.57 Framing may be arranged either longitudinally. longitudinals are to be attached at their ends to develop effectively the sectional area and resistance to bending. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 41 .(8. transversely or a combination of both.1 Between the Rakes A. River Service are to comply with the requirements of this section and other relevant sections of these Rules with the exception that the requirements for cofferdams and gastight bulkhead may be modified.:. River Service is to be assigned to vessels designed for the carriage of oil (See 3-1-1/21) cargoes in bulk. For additional chemical tank barge requirements see Section 3-2-3. or by flanged plates notched over the frames and attached to the shell or deck and the longitudinals. such as in rivers. Vessels intended to carry fuel oil having a flash point above 60°C (140°F).!"#$ 2+3*.:. intracoastal waterways.044+4 Trusses are to be arranged as necessary for the support of the framing. etc. and to receive classification ! A1 Fuel Oil Tank Barge. they may extend either fore and aft or athwartships. At bulkheads. the trusses are to extend fore and aft and be arranged to limit the spans of the frames to a maximum of 4 m (13 ft). Longitudinal frames are to be supported by regularly spaced transverse deep frames formed either by channels extending across the inner faces of the longitudinal frames. 3 Classification The classification ! A1 Oil Tank Barge. With longitudinal framing. and built to the requirements of this Section and other relevant Sections of these Rules. $(5D B(.<5 :.

Special heavy plates are to be fitted to form the head logs and these are to be terminated at the corners of the barge in special heavy castings or weldments.Part Chapter Section 3 2 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Tank Barges 3-2-1 In all vessels where the ratio of L to (D + 1/2 the deck crown) exceeds 20.10d(d) specifies the following double hull dimensions and clearances: " Double Bottom 610 mm (2 ft) measured at right angles to the bottom shell " Wing Tank or Space 610 mm (2 ft) measured at right angles to the side shell.3 B.S.17+ (56 M05C(1+ B. 33CFR157. A typical arrangement is shown in 3-2-1/Figure 11. Similar brackets may be required to be fitted at the gunwales where no gunwale angle is used. stanchions and diagonals may be fitted on the longitudinal frames at regular intervals in association with channel or flanged plate transverses for the support of the intervening rake frames and beams.9 m (3 ft) apart. See 3-2-1/Figure 4. The longitudinal bottom frames and beams are to have intermediate supports obtained by a system of strut angles extending between each corresponding beam and frame to form an effective longitudinal truss. Rakes The bottom and deck framing is to consist of longitudinal bottom frames and beams. a similar arrangement will be required at each main transverse frame and in addition. A minimum clearance of 460 mm (18 in. registry less than 10. intermediate brackets are to be fitted spaced not over 0. For an oil barge of U.000 DWT in service exclusively on inland or limited short protected coastwise routes.(3D+*4 In tanks where the radius at the bilge exceeds 305 mm (12 in. at least one fore-and-aft double laced truss or two single laced trusses are to be fitted on each sideS in the latter case the diagonal bracing in the two trusses on each side should be reversed in direction with each other to provide tension members whether the conditions of load create either hogging or sagging forces.:. attached to the rake bulkheads by effective brackets and to the head log by deep diaphragm plates or by a system of vertical channels which in turn support horizontal stiffening on the head log. 42 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .).) for passage between framing must be maintained throughout the double sides and double bottom. Consideration is to be given to double skin construction as may be required by governmental regulations for certain types of cargoes. As an alternative to the fitting of bilge brackets.5 Double Skin Construction These Rules contain requirements for single skin as well as double skin tank barges. the bilge brackets connecting the lower ends of vertical side frames with transverse bottom frames are to be cut to fit against and support the bilge plate. A. or as an alternative. at least one foreand-aft single laced truss is to be fitted on each side of the centerline and where the ratio exceeds 25. In longitudinally framed vessels. an additional inverted angle or flat bar longitudinal may be fitted as shown in 3-2-1/Figure 3. 5. diagonally or horizontally. The sides of rakes may be framed vertically.? 5. See 3-2-1/Figures 1 and 2.

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 43 .5 /.57 2+K0+53+4 For each cargo loading condition.<54 Normal conditions are those expected during the normal operation of the barge.7< E+54. the barge is assumed to be full with homogeneous cargo. G.3 3-2-1 G. will submerge the barge to the approved limiting draft.?.<X+6 &(.7< Homogeneous cargo is a cargo having a density which.: H<(6. Loading/Unloading Sequences and Bending Moment Calculations For tank barges of 53 m (175 ft) or above in length.*.*. G. It is not to be less than the density of homogeneous cargo or 1. ii) For high density cargo conditions.<54 Bending moment calculations are to be submitted where any of the following conditions apply: i) Where conditions other than homogeneous cargo condition are contemplated.7' E+54.1. See 3-2-1/7. G.:.57 L<8+5* &(1301(*.:. G.*Z &(. a step by step description of the sequence of loading and unloading is to be submitted together with the mass of cargo in each tank at every step. G. when all cargo tanks are completely filled.1 Definitions 7. unless bending moment calculations are submitted for other condition intended for normal operation.3.- /<8<7+5+<04 &(.A. or iii) For any step of loading/unloading as may be required after review of the loading/ unloading sequence required above.?.7< &<56.Part Chapter Section 3 2 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Tank Barges 7 Longitudinal Strength (2001) 7.*Z Approved cargo density is the maximum density corresponding to the limiting draft.- B+56.: ]<.8. including intermediate conditions during loading and unloading.<5 A high density cargo condition is a condition expected during the normal operation of the barge including intermediate conditions during loading and unloading wherein tanks are loaded with cargo having the maximum approved density that is in excess of homogeneous cargo density. loading/unloading sequences and bending moment calculations are to be submitted for review as follows: G.- 7. While in transit.*.57 E. The density of homogeneous cargo is obtained by dividing the cargo deadweight at that limiting draft by the total volume of all cargo tanks.8(1 &<56.? ")).(@* A limiting draft is the maximum draft to which cargo of the specified densities may be loaded.57I051<(6.:.: H.05 whichever is greater.A. Loading Conditions The following definitions of loading conditions are to be understood for the purpose of these Rules.

fp is not to be taken greater than 0.) t = thickness of the deck/bottom plating.95 for non-serrated longitudinals = fE for fE g 0. whichever is greater.6 fE = &2EI/b!2(a + C2st)fyc a = area of longitudinal. in mm (in.5. in N/cm2 (kgf/cm2. in mm2 (in2) @ = (fy /E)1/2 s/t s = spacing of the deck/bottom longitudinals or beams. Beyond the midship 0. 44 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .5L for vessels of 53 meters (175 feet) in length or above is to be not less than obtained from the following equation: SM = Msw/fP cm2-m (in2-ft) where SM = minimum required hull girder section modulus.5 Ltf/in2). in tf-m (Ltf-ft).24/fE for fE f 0.3(b) whichever is less.25 = 1 for @ g 1. in mm (in.5.) b = unsupported length of the deck/bottom transverse beams/frames.) fy = yield strength of the deck/bottom material. fr = kfcabC2 + (a/st)c/b1 + (a/st)cd fy for longitudinally framed deck or bottom = bC2s/b + 0.25 = 0.8 for serrated longitudinals = 0.34 tf/cm2. in N/cm2 (kgf/cm2. scantlings may be tapered to their normal requirements.1 kN/cm2 (1.6 = 1 e 0. lbf/in2) I = moment of inertia of the deck/bottom longitudinal associated with the effective deck/bottom plating in cm4 (in4) C2 k fc L.115(1 e s/b)(1 + 1/@2)2c fy for transversely framed deck or bottom = 2.Part Chapter Section 7. or permissible stress f as specified in 3-2-3/7.44 tf-m for MKS units = L2BD/2025 Ltf-ft for US units = nominal permissible bending stress of 13.25/@ e 1. 8. Ms = a standard still water bending moment = L2BD/5. fp for compressive side. See 3-2-1/7.76 kN-m for SI units = L2BD/56. in mm (in.7 3 2 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Tank Barges 3-2-1 Hull Girder Section Modulus The hull girder section modulus within the midship 0. in cm2-m (in2-ft) Msw = maximum calculated still water bending moment or Ms. B and D are as defined in Section 3-1-1.67 times the reference stress (fr) as specified below. lbf/in2) E = modulus of elasticity.25/@2 for @ f 1.5L.

- 9.5 meters (100 feet).01 mm (0. trunk and trunk side plating between the rakes is to be not less than the greater of 3-2-1/9. the net sectional areas of longitudinal-strength members are to be used in the hull girder section modulus calculation.18 in.14 in.0008L + 0.31 in.:.10 in.) per mm (in.9 3 2 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Tank Barges 3-2-1 Items Included in the Section Modulus Calculation In general.066L + 2.1. $'. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 45 . sides.:. bottom and inner bottom All items are to be continuous or effectively developed at the transverse bulkheads and all other joints. t = 0.1 or 3-2-1/9.: L.Part Chapter Section 7.0008L + 0. the following items may be included in the calculation of the section modulus.).5. For decks and trunks with longitudinal beams.<5 (2001) The thickness of plating is to be not less than what is required for longitudinal hull girder strength (see 3-2-1/7). " With Transverse Beams t = 0. N.3D5+44 The thickness of plating is to be not less than determined by the following equations. &<8). 9 Deck and Trunk Plating 9. " Deck and trunk plating " Shell and inner bottom plating " Deck and bottom girders " Plating and longitudinal stiffeners of longitudinal bulkheads " All longitudinals of deck. trunk.+44.) of frame spacing.808 $'.5 mm (0.5 mm Note N.066L + 3. for L ' 30.5 mm " With Longitudinal Beams t = 0. the thickness of the deck and trunk top and side plating is to be not less than 4.2 below.1 Between the Rakes The thickness of deck. except as required to provide adequate hull girder strength and resistance to buckling.3D5+44 @<. Rake Decks The thickness of rake deck plating is to be not less than 0. The thickness of decks and trunk tops and sides with longitudinal beams and L ' 79 meters (260 feet) need not be greater than 8.0 mm (0.01 in.3 t = 0. In general.1.

F1+ H<(6 The permissible load. 13 Trusses 13.1 Top and Bottom Chords Each top and bottom chord is to have a section modulus. h as defined in 3-2-1/17.2 below. s and ! are as defined in 3-2-1/11.8chs!2 cm3 SM = 0.: !+. 1. Wa = bk e n!/rcA tf (Ltf) where 46 k = 1.3. Where brackets of the thicknesses given in 3-2-1/Table 1 are fitted.83) n = 0. :?.44. in association with the plating to which it is attached. SM.00452 (0.8.0 for rake side frames = distance from the middle of ! to the deck at side.Part Chapter Section 11 3 2 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Tank Barges 3-2-1 Frames Each frame.0041chs!2 in3 where c = coefficient appropriate to the member under consideration and the type of construction employed as given in 3-2-1/Figures 5 through 11 = 1.?. in m (ft) = for rake bottom frames.2 m (4. SM.8chs!2 cm3 SM = 0. not less than obtained from the following equation: SM = 7. h Rake side vertical frames are to be fitted at their upper and lower ends with brackets extending over to the first adjacent longitudinal beam or frame.0 ft) = in way of tanks. in m (ft).0041chs!2 in3 where c. ! may be measured to a point 25k of the extent of the bracket beyond its toe. in m (ft) = for rake deck transverses and longitudinals. of each stanchion is to be obtained from the following equation and is to be not less than the calculated load W given in 3-2-1/13. is to have a section modulus.232 (7. not less than obtained from the following equation: SM = 7.345) ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 . the vertical distance from the middle of ! to the height of the deck at side at the rake bulkhead.3 Stanchions The spacing of truss stanchions is generally not to exceed the depth of the truss. h. Wa. but not to be taken less than he as indicated in 3-2-1/Figures 8 and 9 for bottom transverses and floors on double skin tank barges with void wing compartments s = member spacing in m (ft) ! = unsupported span of the member. 13.

0 where specific gravity of the liquid is 1.07 (0. not less than obtained from the following equation: SM = 7.) A = cross sectional area of the stanchion.Part Chapter Section 3 2 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Tank Barges 3-2-1 ! = unsupported span of the stanchion. nor less than ho. where ho = (2/3)((hs + 10ps) m ho = (2/3)((hs + 2.?.12 kgf/cm2 (1. 15 Web Frames. in m (ft). the scantling head of structural members in tanks is to be obtained from 3-2-1/17.05 or less = specific gravity of liquid where it is in excess of 1 .3.5 n = 1.1 Pressure Setting 0.0 ft h1 is not to be less than the distance to the top of the hatch.2). in m (ft) Diagonals Diagonals in trusses are to have a sectional area of approximately 50k of that of the stanchions. 17 Tank Head for Scantlings Except for stanchions (see 3-2-1/13. SM.03) b = mean breadth of the area supported. where spill valves or rupture disks are fitted in lieu of high level alarms. h. h1 = (ht + 1.7 psi) or Less The scantling head. 17.&(1301(*+6 H<(6 The calculated load for each truss stanchion is to be determined by the following equation: W = nbhs tf (Ltf) where 13. Girders and Stringers Each web frame. h.3ps) ft ( = 1. in cm (in.0 5 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 47 . in cm (ft) r = least radius of gyration. is not to be less than h1. in m (ft) h = distance from the bottom shell at the center of the area supported to the underside of the deck plating at side. s and ! are as defined in 3-2-1/11.8chs!2 cm3 SM = 0.1 or 3-2-1/17/3 depending upon the pressure setting of the pressure-vacuum valve.2 m h1 = (ht + 4..0041chs!2 in3 where c. in m (ft) s = spacing of the stanchions. girder and stringer is to have a section modulus. in cm2 (in2) :?.

in kgf/cm2 (psi) :N.12 kgf/cm2 (1.3p ft where p = 19 Bulkheads 19.6(84 In vessels intended for the carriage of flammable or combustible liquids having flash points at or below 60°C (140°F) (closed-cup test)..? !08) #<<84 Spaces containing pumps.1. general cargo. but in the latter case the piping and pumping arrangements for the high flash point liquid are to be entirely separate from and have no means for connection with the arrangements for handling the low flash point products. in m (ft) ps = relieving pressure of spill valve or rupture disc. 48 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .&<@@+. Spaces containing cargo pumps. or to the top of the trunk at side for tanks within trunks. in kgf/cm2 (psi) Pressure Setting Over 0. except that h2 is to be used in lieu of h1. :N. piping and valves for handling flammable or combustible liquids having flash points below 60°C (140°F) (closed-cup test) are to be completely separated from all sources of vapor ignition by gastight bulkheads.:.4. where fitted.Part Chapter Section 17. bulkheads are to be arranged to provide cofferdams between the cargo tanks and any spaces used for living quarters.1 Arrangement pressure setting of pressure-vacuum valve.7 psi) The scantling head is to be in accordance with 3-2-1/17. h2 = (ht + 10p m h2 = (ht + 2.<5 It is assumed that those responsible for the design of the vessels have assured themselves that the subdivision is such as to ensure sufficient stability in service when the tanks are being filled or emptied. hs = head to the spill valve or rupture disc.: 20F6. where fitted.X.:. or containing machinery where sources of vapor ignition are normally present.3 3 2 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Tank Barges 3-2-1 ht = head from the center of the supported area or lower edge of the plating to the deck at side for tanks outside trunks. :N. steam pumping engines or which are used as tanks for products having flash points not less than 60°C (140°F) (closed-cup test) may be considered as cofferdams for the purpose of this requirement. The gastight bulkheads may be pierced by fixed lights for lighting from outside sources and by pumping engine shafts and control rods. provided the shafts and rods are fitted with efficient stuffing boxes where they pass through the bulkhead. The length of the tanks and the positions of longitudinal bulkheads are to be such as to avoid excessive stresses in the hull structure. Steam driven engines are not considered sources of vapor ignition for the purposes of this requirement.:.

Part Chapter Section 19. a + b where a and b are as indicated in Section B-B of 3-2-1/Figures 8 and 9 = as defined in 3-2-1/11 = for corrugated bulkheads. in m (ft).57 Plating is to be of thickness obtained from the following equation: t = (s h /254) + 1.?. For corrugated bulkheads. 3-2-1/Figures 8 and 9.0041chs!2 in3 where c = 1.8csh!2 cm3 SM = 0. in m (ft) ! The developed section modulus. t = 0..@@+5.?.) = for corrugated bulkheads.3 3 2 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Tank Barges 3-2-1 Construction of Tank Boundary Bulkheads :N. (min.(..) where h = height.20 in. the angle is to be 45° or more :N. t = 5 mm) t = (s h /460) + 0. in m (ft). Efficient arrangements are to be made for draining the spaces above deep tanks. Each stiffener.07 in. where a.? E. is to have a section modulus SM not less than obtained from the following equation: SM = 7.2*. the distance between the supporting members.78 mm (min. and those of trunk top transverse beams are to be effectively attached as shown in 3-2-1/Figure 8a or 3-2-1/Figure 9a.5(7+ (56 ". in accordance with 3-2-1/17 s = stiffener spacing. in accordance with 3-2-1/17. in m (ft) = for corrugated bulkheads. for corrugated bulkheads may be obtained from the following equation.?. SM. s = for flat plate bulkheads. SM = (td2/6) + (adt/2) :N. the greater of dimensions a or c as indicated in Section B-B of 3-2-1/Figures 8 and 9.00 h = height. the spacing of stiffeners. in association with the plating to which it is attached. 943()+ Limber and air holes are to be cut in all parts of the structure as required to ensure the free flow to the suction pipes and the escape of air to the vents. t and d are as indicated in Section B-B. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 49 .57 The ends of stiffeners are to be either bracketed or clipped. in mm (in.: !1(*.

3. a + b where a and b are as indicated in Section B-B of 3-2-1/Figures 8 and 9 = as defined in 3-2-1/19.0041chs!2 in3 where c = 0. (min.57 Plating is to be of thickness obtained from the following equation: t = (s h /290) + 1.A.04 in. is to have a section modulus SM not less than obtained from the following equation: SM = 7.3.57 Each stiffener.069L + 0.2.Part Chapter Section 19.46 h = vertical distance from the middle of ! to the deck at centerline. SM.) where 50 s = stiffener spacing.0 mm (min.20 in. stiffener spacing. t = 0.) L = length of the vessel.000825L + 0. t = 0.02 in.007s e 0.5 mm) t = (s h /525) + 0. 21 Shell Plating 21.A. :N. t = 4.3.@@+5. in m (ft) s = for flat plate bulkheads. (min. The developed section modulus. in mm (in.1 h = vertical distance measured in m (ft) from the lower edge of the plate to the height of the deck at centerline.2 ! Stiffeners on these bulkheads may have unattached sniped ends provided the above value of SM is increased 25k.2*. in m (ft) ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 . in association with the plating to which it is attached. in m (ft) = for corrugated bulkheads.007s e 0. t = 5 mm) t = 0.1 Bottom Shell The thickness of the bottom shell plating throughout is not to be less than determined by the following equation: t = 0.5 3 2 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Tank Barges 3-2-1 Construction of Other Watertight Bulkheads :N. for corrugated bulkheads may be obtained as indicated in 3-2-1/19.) where s = as defined in 3-2-1/19.8chs!2 cm3 SM = 0..5 mm (min.: !1(*.18 in.

007s e 0.1 for the plating of deep tank bulkheads where the spacing of the stiffeners is equal to the frame spacing and the value of h in accordance with 3-2-1/17.06 in.5 mm (0.3 Deck Fittings The structure in way of cleats.).). brackets or doubling plates 25 Barge Reinforcement 25.007se 1. doubling plates or other compensation may be required.3.3 when requested. 21.007s e 1.5 mm L ' 73 m t = 0. 23. L ' 240 ft Bilge Plating Where radiused bilges are used. bitts and chocks is to be suitably reinforced by installation of headers.7 Tank Spaces In way of the cargo tanks the bottom. 21. the bottom thickness is to extend to the upper turn of the bilge.000825L + 0.) greater than the required thickness for side plating.1 Hatchways Hatchways of sufficient size to provide access and ventilation and having substantial oiltight steel covers are to be fitted to each tank.9 Bilge Angles Where angles are used at the bilges or gunwales they are to have a thickness at least 1. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 51 . additional beams.069L + 0.3 3 2 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Tank Barges 3-2-1 Side Shell The thickness of the side shell plating is to be not less than determined by the following equation and not less than 5 mm (0. A design intended for Classification will be reviewed for compliance with 3-2-1/25. A notation lReinforcement Am or lReinforcement Bm will be entered in the Record indicating compliance with all of the requirements for reinforcement A or B in 3-2-1/25.3.069L + 0.Part Chapter Section 21.20 in.5 mm (0. 23 Hatches and Fittings 23. Where openings are located close to the gunwales.) greater than that of the thinner of the two plates joined.04 in.000825L + 0. 21.06 in. L g 240 ft t = 0.0 mm L g 73 m t = 0. Where the radius at the bilge exceeds 305 mm (12 in.5 t = 0. side and bilge plating are not to have less thickness than required by 3-2-1/19.06 in.1 General The following paragraphs are intended to provide for additional protection against contact with locks and river bottom and against other wear and tear damage associated with normal operation with other floating equipment. the thickness of the plating should be at least 1.007s e 0.

Part Chapter Section 25.0 mm (7/16 in. Reinforcement A Reinforcement B Bilge radius for full-length of barge (knuckle plate) tmin = 16. the reinforcement is to apply to the side shell structure in way of cargo tanks and the side.83 m (6 ft) overflow above deck at side.) ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .) tmin = 12.0 mm (5/8 in. Use appropriate Rule coefficients with 1. the reinforced plate thicknesses are to be not less than given in column Reinforcement A or column Reinforcement B.5 mm (1/2 in.) tmin = 16.) Transom side and bottom periphery (picture frame) plates tmin = 16.0 mm (3/4 in. the hull parts to be reinforced are given in the following table.5 mm (3/8 in.22 m (4 ft) overflow above deck at side.3 3 2 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Tank Barges 3-2-1 Reinforcement Where the option for reinforcement in 3-2-1/25.) tmin = 9. as appropriate.5 mm (1/2 in.) tmin = 12.0 mm (5/8 in.0 mm Side shell tmin = 11. bottom shell and deck structural members in wing and rake compartments Use appropriate Rule coefficients with 1. 52 (5/8 in.) All side shell. bottom and deck structure in way of rakes.) Headlog and sternlog plate tmin = 19. Where no wing tanks are fitted.1 is chosen.

Part Chapter Section 3 2 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Tank Barges 3-2-1 TABLE 1 Brackets d ! ) For stiffeners and frames f d 0. mm Plain Flanged Width of Flange mm Not exceeding 455 6.0 63 Over 915 to 1370 11. f in.5 --- --- Over 455 to 660 8. f mm Thickness.5 50 Over 660 to 915 9.5 8.0 9.0 6. mm ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 53 .25d Metric Units Length of Face.5 75 Plain Flanged Width of Flange in. Thickness. Not exceeding 18 1/4 --- --- Over 18 to 26 5/16 1/4 2 Over 26 to 36 3/8 5/16 21/2 Over 36 to 54 7/16 3/8 3 US Units Length of Face.

3) Additional longitudinal 54 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .3) Side frame Floor FIGURE 2 Intermediate Bilge Bracket (see 3-2-1/5.Part Chapter Section 3 2 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Tank Barges 3-2-1 FIGURE 1 Bilge Bracket (see 3-2-1/5.3) Side longitudinal Bottom longitudinal FIGURE 3 Alternative Arrangement (see 3-2-1/5.1.1.1.

3) Deck longitudinal Side longitudinal ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 55 .Part Chapter Section 3 2 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Tank Barges 3-2-1 FIGURE 4 Gunwale Bracket (see 3-2-1/5.1.

75 c = 1.Part Chapter Section 3 2 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Tank Barges 3-2-1 FIGURE 5 Tank Barge A ht for side transverses and stanchions ht for side longitudinals ht for bottom longlos and transverses h for stanchions !/2 ! for deck and bottom transverses b for stanchions CL A s for longitudinals ! for side transverses and stanchions ! for longitudinals s for stanchions and transverses Section A-A Bottom transverse Side transverse Deck transverse c = 1.28 c = 1.08 c = 1.75 h = in accordance with 3-2-1/17 56 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .28 c = 1.08 Bottom longitudinal Side longitudinal Deck longitudinal c = 1.

75 c = 1. Bulkhead longitudinal c = 1.08 c = 1.08 c = 1.00 h = in accordance with 3-2-1/17 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 57 .Part Chapter Section 3 2 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Tank Barges 3-2-1 FIGURE 6 Tank Barge ! for CL bulkhead transverse h for CL bulkhead transverse ! for deck and bottom trans ! for side transverses and stanchions b for stanchions A ht for side transverses !/2 !/2 ht for side longitudinals ht for bottom longlos and transverses h for stanchions A CL s for longitudinals ! for longitudinals s for stanchions and transverses Section A-A Bottom transverse Side transverse Deck transverse C.28 c = 1.L.28 c = 1.08 Bottom longitudinal Side longitudinal Deck longitudinal C.75 c = 1. Bulkhead transverse c = 1.L.

00 c = 1.00 c = 1.08 s for frames Aternate Section A-A Deck beam Side frame c = 1.00 h = in accordance with 3-2-1/17 58 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .Part Chapter Section 3 2 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Tank Barges 3-2-1 FIGURE 7 Tank Barge ! for deck beams ! for side frames A ht for bulkhead stiffeners ht for side frames !/2 !/2 ! for bulkhead stiffeners ht for bottom frames and bottom channels h for stanchions CL A ! for bottom frame b for stanchions ! for stanchions ! for top and bottom chords s for stanchions s for frames Section A-A Bottom frame Truss bottom chord Truss top chord c = 1.08 c = 1.

00 h = in accordance with 3-2-1/17 (Center compartment e liquid cargo) (Wing compartment e void or ballast) ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 59 .00 c = 1.00 c = 1.Part Chapter Section 3 2 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Tank Barges 3-2-1 FIGURE 8 Double Skin Tank Barge A !/2 ht for centerline bulkhead stiffener ht for bulkhead stiffener B B ! for cenerline bulkhead stiffener ! for plate floor in m (ft) between bulkheads CL ht for side frame he floor !/2 !/2 ht for floor ! A a c d b t Section B-B Centerline corrugated bulkhead s for plate floor Section A-A Floor Centerline bulkhead stiffener Deck beam c = 1.00 c = 1.00 Bulkhead Stiffener Side frame c = 1.

Part Chapter Section 3 2 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Tank Barges 3-2-1 FIGURE 8A Trunk Top Beam End Connection A Section A-A A 60 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .

08 c = 1.08 c = 1.75 (Wing compartment e void) (Wing compartment e ballast) h = in accordance with 3-2-1/17 (Center compartment e liquid cargo) (Wing compartment e void or ballast) ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 61 .00 c = 1.08 c = 1.08 c = 1.00 c = 1.Part Chapter Section 3 2 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Tank Barges 3-2-1 FIGURE 9 Double Skin Tank Barge A ht for side transverse !/2 ht for centerline bulkhead stiffener ! B ht for bottom trans and inner bottom longol B ! for plate floor in m (ft) between bulkheads CL h for side longol ht for bulkhead stiffener ! for side trans he for bottom transverse h for bottom longitudinals !/2 A s for longitudinal a s for transverse ! for longitudinal c d b t Section B-B Centerline corrugated bulkhead Section A-A Bottom longitudinal Side longitudinal Inner bottom longitudinal Bulkhead stiffener Centerline bulkhead stiffener Bottom transverse Side transverse Deck transverse Deck longitudinal c = 1.08 c = 1.00 c = 1.28 c = 1.

Part Chapter Section 3 2 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Tank Barges 3-2-1 FIGURE 9A Trunk Top Transverse End Connection A Section A-A A 62 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .

08 c = 1.08 h = in accordance with 3-2-1/17 (Center compartment e liquid cargo) (Wing compartment e liquid cargo or ballast) For side and deck transverses where wing compartment is void. see 3-2-2/Figure 12.75 c = 1.Part Chapter Section 3 2 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Tank Barges 3-2-1 FIGURE 10 Double Skin Tank Barge ht for bulkhead trans (upper span) ht for strut ht for side trans (upper) h for side trans (upper) !/2 b for strut !/2 ! for bulkhead trans (upper span) ht for bulkhead trans (lower span) ! for bulkhead trans (lower span) CL Side transverse Deck transverse Bulkhead transverse c = 1. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 63 .

28 c = 1.Part Chapter Section 3 2 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Tank Barges 3-2-1 FIGURE 11 Rake Framing ! for longitudinals s for transverses and stanchions Depth of barge at side at rake bulkhead A h distance in meters (feet) from bottom of rake at member A ! for transverses b for stanchions ! for stanchions s spacing of rake longitudinals Section A-A Bottom transverse Deck transverse 64 c = 1.08 c = 1.75 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .08 Bottom longitudinal Deck longitudinal c = 1.

an additional inverted angle or flat bar longitudinal may be fitted as shown in 3-2-2/Figure 3. As an alternative to the fitting of bilge brackets. longitudinals are to be attached at their ends to effectively develop the sectional area and resistance to bending. the trusses are to extend fore and aft. the bilge brackets connecting the lower ends of vertical side frames with transverse bottom frames are to be cut to fit against and support the bilge plate.9 m (3 ft) apart (see 3-2-2/Figures 1 and 2).57 Framing may be arranged either longitudinally.:. special consideration is to be given to the introduction of longitudinal bulkheads or trusses.<5 -. Similar brackets may be required to be fitted at the gunwales where no gunwale angle is used. such as in rivers.? B. ?.(8.1 Between the Rakes ?.:. Longitudinal frames are to be supported by regularly spaced transverse deep frames formed either by channels extending across the inner faces of the longitudinal frames.044+4 Trusses are to be arranged as necessary for the support of the framing. With longitudinal framing. transversely or a combination of both.7< B(. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 65 . or by flanged plates notched over the frames and attached to the shell or deck and the longitudinals. etc.(3D+*4 In holds where the radius at the bilge exceeds 305 mm (12 in.). 3 Structural Arrangement 3. In all vessels where the ratio of L to the overall depth of the effective longitudinal material included in the section modulus calculation (see 3-2-2/5) exceeds 20.: P. In longitudinally framed vessels. intermediate brackets are to be fitted spaced not over 0. At bulkheads.!"#$ 2+3*. ?.Z &(. In vessels with transverse frames. a similar arrangement is to be required at each main transverse frame and in addition. intracoastal waterways. they may extend either fore and aft or athwartships.- $. E.7+4 3 &/"!$9# 2 Hull Structures and Arrangements 29&$OW] 2 Dry Cargo Barges 1 Application The following Rules and Tables apply to barges intended for the transportation of general or bulk cargoes in services which require operation in comparatively smooth water exclusively.:.17+ (56 M05C(1+ B.

066L + 2. bilge.1 Section Modulus The required hull girder section modulus.2 m SM = 0.3 3 2 2 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Dry Cargo Barges 3-2-2 Rakes For structural arrangement of rakes.3 Section Modulus with Continuous Coaming Where longitudinal coamings of length greater than 0.19)DL2 cm2-m for L ' 76.14 in. they are to comply with the requirements of 3-2-2/19.005(B + 40)DL in2-ft for L g 250 ft SM = 2.5 mm " With Longitudinal Beams t = 0. sb.0008L + 0.01 mm per millimeter (0.1 Minimum Thickness The thickness of deck plating throughout is not to be less than 0. SM. all bilge.Part Chapter Section 3. and D are as defined in Section 3-1-1. B. 5. side and inner bottom plating. 7 Deck Plating 7. t = 0. 5 Longitudinal Strength 5.066L + 3. bottom. gunwale and other longitudinal angles and frames if continuous or adequately developed at the transverse bulkheads and hopper side and other continuous longitudinal bulkheads may be included.14L are provided. see 3-2-1/5. per inch) of the spacing of the beams.0 * 10-5 (B + 40)DL2 in2-ft for L ' 250 ft where L. The section modulus to the deck or bottom is obtained by dividing the moment of inertia by the distance from the neutral axis to the molded deck line at side amidships or to the base line.3.00455(B + 12. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 . respectively. to obtain the section modulus to the top of the coaming.2 m SM = 0.5 mm 66 t = 0. Such continuous coamings may be included in the calculation of hull girder inertia which is to be divided by the sum of the distance from neutral axis to deck at side and the height of continuous hatch coaming.0008L + 0. 7. at amidships is to be obtained from the following equation: SM = 0.01 in.7.19)DL cm2-m for L g 76.347(B + 12.3 Between the Rakes The thickness of deck plating between the rakes is to be not less than determined by the following equations: " With Transverse Beams t = 0. In calculating the section modulus.10 in.

5 mm but not less than 5. and after all other requirements are met. in m (ft) h Where brackets of the thicknesses given in 3-2-1/Table 1 are fitted.06 in. 7.0 ft) s = member spacing.0 mm t = 0. in m (ft) ! = unsupported span of the member.0 for rake side frames = distance.20 in. Where fitted.1. the vertical distance.). in mm (in. from the middle of ! to the height of the deck at side at the rake bulkhead = for rake deck transverses and longitudinals.00218s h + 0.9 Wheel Loaded Strength Decks Where provision is to be made for the operation or stowage of vehicles having rubber tires. as given in 3-2-2/Figures 5 through 12 = for rake bottom frames. but not less than 0.0 mm (0.Part Chapter Section 7. is to have a section modulus. rake side vertical frames are to have brackets at their upper and lower ends extending over to the first adjacent longitudinal beam or frame. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 67 . SM.7 Cargo Decks (2002) The thickness of plating on which cargo is to be carried is not to be less than determined by the following equations: t = 0. not less than obtained from the following equation: SM = 7. in m (ft).0041chs!2 in3 where c = coefficient appropriate to the member under consideration and the type of construction employed as given in 3-2-2/Figures 5 through 12 = 1. ! may be measured to a point 25k of the extent of the bracket beyond the its toe.8chs!2 cm3 SM = 0. in m (ft).2 m (4.) In vessels regularly engaged in trades where cargo is handled by grabs or similar mechanical appliances. 9 Frames Each frame.04 in.721 m (p/45 ft) p = uniformly distributed deck load. the thickness of strength deck plating is to be not less than 110k of the thickness required for wheel loaded inner bottoms in 3-2-2/19. in tonnes/m2 (lbs/ft2) s = spacing of the beams.5 3 2 2 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Dry Cargo Barges 3-2-2 Watertight Decks The thickness of plating of decks intended to provide tight divisions for protection against damage to the shell is not to be less than that required for ordinary bulkhead plating at the same level plus 1. 7. where h = p/0.00395s h + 1. in association with the plating to which it is attached. it is recommended that flush plating be used in way of the cargo and that increased framing and thickness be provided.2. 1.

in cm (in. not less than obtained from the following equation: SM = 7.&(1301(*+6 H<(6 The calculated load for each truss stanchion is to be determined by the following equation.F1+ H<(6 The permissible load.3 Stanchions The spacing of truss stanchions is generally not to exceed the depth of the truss. s and ! are as defined in 3-2-2/9.00452 (0.3. W = nbhs tf (Ltf) where 11. in m (ft) s = spacing of the stanchions. h. in m (ft) h = distance from the bottom shell at the center of the area supported to the underside of the deck plating at side.1 Top and Bottom Chords 3-2-2 Each top and bottom chord is to have a section modulus. SM.8chs!2 cm3 SM = 0.07 (0.. of each stanchion is to be obtained from the following equation and is to be not less than the calculated load W given in 3-2-2/11. Wa.?. ::.2 below. 68 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .03) b = mean breadth of the area supported. except where indicated otherwise by 3-2-2/Figure 10 or 3-2-2/Figure 11.8.5 n = 1.?. in cm (ft) r = least radius of gyration.0041chs!2 in3 where c. in cm2 (in2) ::.) A = cross sectional area of the stanchion.44. 11. in m (ft) Diagonals Diagonals in trusses are to have a section area of approximately 50k of that of the stanchions.232 (7.345) ! = unsupported span of the stanchion.83) n = 0.: !+. Wa = bk e n!/rcA tf (Ltf) where k = 1.Part Chapter Section 3 2 2 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Dry Cargo Barges 11 Trusses 11.

Where transverse buck frames are formed by channels extending over the inner faces of longitudinal frames. in association with the plating to which it is attached. is to have a section modulus SM not less than obtained from the following equation: SM = 7.@@+5.0041chs!2 in3 where c. t = 0.) ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 69 . (min.04 in.57 The ends of stiffeners are to be either bracketed or clipped.20 in.) h = vertical distance measured from the lower edge of the plate to 1. alternative construction shown in 3-2-2/Figure 4 may be accepted. not less than obtained from the following equation: SM = 7. SM. Where it is desirable to avoid any direct attachment between the channel frames and the shell plating.:. these channels are to be attached at the bilge and deck as shown in 3-2-2/Figure 5.1 Construction of Tank Boundary Bulkheads :A. whichever is greater.2 m (4 ft) above the deck at side. in mm (in. h.3 c = 1.0041chs!2 in3 where 15. t = 5 mm) t = (s h /460) + 0.57 Plating is to be of thickness obtained from the following equation: t = (s h /290) + 1.07 in.?. girder and stringer is to have a section modulus.18 in. 15 Bulkheads 15.2*.78 mm (min. in m (ft) s = stiffener spacing. or to the top of the hatch. in m (ft) ! = as defined in 3-2-2/9 Construction of Other Watertight Bulkheads :A.5 mm) t = (s h /525) + 0. Girders and Stringers Each web frame.0 mm (min.57 Plating is to be of thickness obtained from the following equation: t = (s h /254) + 1.: !1(*.: !1(*. t = 0.) where s = spacing of stiffeners. s and ! are as defined in 3-2-2/9. t = 4. Each stiffener.8chs!2 cm3 SM = 0. :A.:.Part Chapter Section 13 3 2 2 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Dry Cargo Barges 3-2-2 Web Frames.8chs!2 crn3 SM = 0.00 h = vertical distance from the middle of ! to the top of the overflow.. (min.

0 mm L ' 73 m t = Rule Bottom Shell e 0. is to have a section modulus.0041chs!2 in3 where c = 0. In addition.1 Bottom Shell The thickness of the bottom shell plating throughout is not to be less than determined by the following equation: t = 0. 70 t = Rule Bottom Shell e 0.57 Each stiffener. in m (ft) :A. not less than obtained from the following equation: SM = 7.069L + 0.1 for tank bulkheads where the spacing of the stiffeners is equal to the frame spacing and the value of h is equal to the distance from the lower edge of the plate to the under surface of the deck plating at side. 17 Shell Plating The thickness of the bottom. t = 0. in association with the plating to which it is attached. L ' 240 ft ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 ..8chs!2 cm3 SM = 0. (min.) h = vertical distance measured from the lower edge of the plate to the height of the deck at centerline. in m (ft) ! = as defined in 3-2-2/9 Stiffeners on these bulkheads may have unattached sniped ends provided the above value of SM is increased 25k.02 in.20 in.2*. side and bilge plating is to be as required below.007s e 0.3 s = stiffener spacing.Part Chapter Section 3 2 2 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Dry Cargo Barges 3-2-2 where s = spacing of stiffeners. the thickness of plating in these locations is to be not less than as required by 3-2-2/15. in m (ft) Side Shell The thickness of the side shell plating is to be not less than determined by the following equation and not less than 5 mm (0.20 in. SM.) L = length of the vessel.3.04 in.8 mm (min.@@+5.) where 17. in mm (in.007s e 0.5 mm L g 73 m t = Rule Bottom Shell e 1. 17. in mm (in.).?. t = 5 mm) t = 0. in m (ft) s = stiffener spacing.46 h = vertical distance from the middle of ! to the deck at centerline. L g 240 ft t = Rule Bottom Shell e 0.000825L + 0.02 in.

78) + 3. R'++1 H<(6.85 where !/s = 1. the thickness of the plating should be at least 1.78) mm sb + 610 mm t = 0. in m (ft).0 and 0.01sb + 0.: O55+.). n is to be obtained by interpolation W = static wheel load. t = 0.005sb + 0. where sb = spacing of the frames.O55+.) greater than that of the thinner of the two plates joined. sb + 24 in. for intermediate values of !/s. in mm (in. In vessels regularly engaged in trades where cargo is handled by grabs or similar mechanical appliances.01(h e 7) in.05) K = as given in 3-2-2/Figure 13 n = 1. 19 Inner Bottoms.06 in.. in tf (Ltf) a = wheel imprint dimension parallel to the longer edge.) greater than the required thickness for side plating.Part Chapter Section 17. it is recommended that flush plating be used in way of the cargo and that increased framing and thickness be provided.7< . t.5 3 2 2 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Dry Cargo Barges 3-2-2 Bilge Plating Where radiused bilges are used the bottom thickness is to extend to the upper turn of the bilgeS where the radius at the bilge exceeds 305 mm (12 in.) ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 71 .83h e 1. B<**<8 !1(*. Hatches and Fittings 19.:.1 Inner Bottom Plating :N. and after all other requirements are met.1 mm sb f 610 mm t = 0.005sb + (0..3' &(.) where k = 26. sb f 24 in. 17. B<**<8 J56+. !.5 mm (0.7 Bilge Angles Where angles are used at the bilges or gunwales they are to have a thickness at least 1. in mm (in. :N. the height is to be proportionally increased.) h = height to which cargo may be loaded. of the plate panel.0 where !/s ' 2.12 in. Where the density of the cargo exceeds 715 kg/m3 (45 lbs/ft3).57 Where provision is to be made for the operation or stowage of vehicles having rubber tires.83h e 1.0. the thickness of inner bottom plating is to be not less than obtained from the following equation: t = kKn W mm (in.5 min (0.06 in.01(h e 7) + 0.4 (1.01sb + (0. is not to be less than determined by the following equations: t = 0.4 *< F+ &(.57 <5 C'.+6 The thickness of plating.:..

All openings in decks are to be so framed as to provide efficient support and attachment for the ends of the half beams. and a factor of safety of not less than 3.57 Where provision is to be made for the operation or stowage of vehicles having rubber tires. Where openings are located close to the gunwales. :N.9 Deck Fittings The structure in way of cleats. 19. they are in general to be longitudinally stiffened. The coaming plates and stiffeners are to have scantlings as required for decks. bitts and chocks is to be suitably reinforced by installation of headers.5 Hatch Covers :N.7 Continuous Longitudinal Hatch Coamings Where longitudinal hatch coamings of length greater than 0. Special consideration will be given for barges less than 61 m (200 ft) in length or where calculations are submitted to show adequate buckling strength in the maximum expected sagging condition.Part Chapter Section 3 2 2 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Dry Cargo Barges 3-2-2 b = wheel imprint dimension perpendicular to the longer edge. in mm (in.) s = spacing of deck beams or deck longitudinals.25 based on the minimum ultimate tensile strength of the material. this value of t is to be increased by at least 15k. in m (ft).A. doubling plates or other compensation may be required. !. in mm (in. the covers are to be weathertight. E+3D4 For all types of covered barges and for other types which may be noted in the Record as having covers fitted.25 on the minimum ultimate tensile strength of the material.W5 R+(*'+.) Where the wheels are close together.A. 19. Where the hatch cover plate panel is adjacent to the edges of the covers.5 &1<4+6 E+3D /<04+4 Beams and covers for cargo hatches within closed deck houses are to be designed for a load. in mm (in.8 (0.. 19.) ! = length of the plate panel. a combined imprint and load are to be used.1.2 using a k factor of 23.A.? J56+. additional beams. :N.: R. Where cargo is intended to be carried. Where it is not intended to carry cargo on the covers they are to be designed to withstand a load of 171 kg/m2 (35 lb/ft2) exclusive of the weight of the cover itself with a factor of safety of not less than 3.*'. R'++1 H<(6. brackets or doubling plates. 19. 72 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 . of the plate panel. the design load is to be suitably increased.14L are supported by longitudinal bulkheads or deep girders. in kilograms per square meter (pounds per square foot) equal to 220 (45) multiplied by the height of the house.94).3 Hatchways Hatchways or manholes of sufficient size to provide access and ventilation are to be fitted to each compartment. the thickness of the hatch cover plating is to be not less than obtained from 3-2-2/19.

0 mm (7/16 in.5 mm (3/8 in. Where no wing tanks are fitted. Effective means for drainage of these spaces are to be provided.11 Cargo Boxes Cargo boxes.) ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 73 .0 mm (5/8 in.) Deck stringer plate e hopper barge tmin = 11.0 mm (5/8 in.5 mm (3/8 in.22 m (4 ft) overflow above deck at side.83 m (6 ft) of sides and ends of hopper plating tmin = 9. bottom and deck structure in way of rakes.1 is chosen.5 mm (3/8 in.) tmin = 12.) tmin = 9. Use appropriate Rule coefficients with 1.0 mm Side shell tmin = 11.) tmin = 9. bottom and deck structure in way of rakes. flash boards.0 mm (7/16 in. A notation lReinforcement Am or lReinforcement Bm will be entered in the Record indicating compliance with all of the requirements for reinforcement A or B in 3-2-2/21.) All side shell. Reinforcement A Reinforcement B Bilge radius for full-length of barge (knuckle plate) tmin = 16. 21 Barge Reinforcement 21. and adequately bracketed to the deck.0 mm (3/4 in.3 when requested.) tmin = 9.) Lower 1.5 mm (1/2 in. Where no wing tanks are fitted.3. A design intended for Classification will be reviewed for compliance with 3-2-2/21. this reinforcement is to apply to the side shell structure in cargo/void spaces and the side.) tmin = 16.Part Chapter Section 3 2 2 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Dry Cargo Barges 3-2-2 19. bottom shell and deck structural members in wing and rake compartments Use appropriate Rule coefficients with 1.83 m (6 ft) overflow above deck at side.5 mm Headlog and sternlog plate tmin = 19.) tmin = 12. 21. are to be sufficiently strong for their height.) (5/8 in.) Transom side and bottom periphery (picture frame) plates tmin = 16. this reinforcement is to apply to the side shell structure in cargo/void spaces and the side.1 General The following paragraphs are intended to provide for additional protection against contact with locks and river bottom and against other wear and tear damage associated with normal operation with other floating equipment. (3/8 in. the hull parts to be reinforced are given in the following table.5 mm (1/2 in. the reinforced plate thicknesses are to be not less than given in column Reinforcement A or column Reinforcement B as appropriate.3 Reinforcement Where the option for reinforcement in 3-2-2/21. coamings or other structures for retaining deck cargo.

Part Chapter Section 3 2 2 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Dry Cargo Barges 3-2-2 FIGURE 1 Bilge Bracket (see 3-2-2/3.3) Side longitudinal Bottom longitudinal FIGURE 3 Alternative Arrangement (see 3-2-2/3.3) Side frame Floor FIGURE 2 Intermediate Bilge Bracket (see 3-2-2/3.1.1.1.3) Additional longitudinal 74 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .

1.3) ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 75 .Part Chapter Section 3 2 2 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Dry Cargo Barges 3-2-2 FIGURE 4 Alternative Channel Construction at Bilge (see 3-2-2/3.

00 c = 1.70 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .00 c = 0.08 c = 1.70 Bottom longitudinal Side longitudinal Deck longitudinal c = 1.50D h for side transverses !/2 h for side longitudinals ! for deck and bottom transverses h for bottom longitudinals transverses and stanchions b for stanchions CL A s for longitudinals ! for side transverses and stanchions ! for longitudinals s for stanchions and transverses Section A-A Bottom transverse Side transverse Deck transverse 76 c = 1.08 c = 0.Part Chapter Section 3 2 2 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Dry Cargo Barges 3-2-2 FIGURE 5 Deck Barge A h for deck longitudinals and deck transverses = 1.

L.08 c = 0.00 c = 0.70 c = 0.50D h for side transverses !/2 !/2 h for side longitudinals h for bottom longlos and transverses h for stanchions A CL s for longitudinals ! for longitudinals s for stanchions and transverses Section A-A Bottom transverse Side transverse Deck transverse C. Bulkhead longitudinal c = 1.L.08 c = 1.Part Chapter Section 3 2 2 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Dry Cargo Barges 3-2-2 FIGURE 6 Deck Barge ! for CL bulkhead transverse h for CL bulkhead transverse ! for deck and bottom trans ! for side transverses and stanchions b for stanchions A h for deck longitudinals and deck transverses = 1.00 c = 1.70 c = 0.70 Bottom longitudinal Side longitudinal Deck longitudinal C. Bulkhead transverse c = 1.70 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 77 .

00 c = 0.Part Chapter Section 3 2 2 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Dry Cargo Barges 3-2-2 FIGURE 7 Deck Barge ! for deck beams ! for side frames A ht for bulkhead stiffeners h for deck longitudinals and deck transverses = 1.56 c = 1.70 s for frames Aternate Section A-A Deck beam Side frame c = 0.00 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .50D h for side frames !/2 !/2 ! for bulkhead stiffeners h for bottom frames and bottom channels h for stanchions CL A ! for bottom frame b for stanchions ! for stanchions ! for top and bottom chords s for stanchions s for frames Section A-A Bottom frame Truss bottom chord Truss top chord 78 c = 1.00 c = 1.

45 c = 1.00 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 79 .30 c = 1.00 Hopper Side Chord Type D c = 1.20 c = 1.00 Type B c = 1.15 Hopper Side Stiffener Type A c = 1.00 Type A (for !1) Type B Type C Type D c = 2.10 c = 1.Part Chapter Section 3 2 2 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Dry Cargo Barges 3-2-2 FIGURE 8 Hopper Barge h1 !/2 h h h !/2 !/2 !1/2 ! !1 ! ! Type B Type A h h1 !/2 h ! ! Type C Type D Side Frame Type A (for !) c = 1.08 Type C Type D c = 1.

55. c = 0. in m (ft) h = vertical distance from the baseline to the under surface of the deck plating at side.Part Chapter Section 3 2 2 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Dry Cargo Barges 3-2-2 FIGURE 9 Hopper Barge ! Wood or steel d Floors Minimum d = !/24 with wood inner bottom Minimum d = !/30 with steel inner bottom effectively attached to each floor s = spacing of floors. 80 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 . in m (ft) c = 1.00 Where barges are designed exclusively for carrying uniformly distributed dry bulk cargoes and are classed Bulk Cargo Barge.

03bhs W = 0.10 W = 1.50 c = 2.00 c = 1.56 c = 1.00 ! as shown c = 1.07bh2s W = 0. distance in m (ft) between bulkheads !1 h for floors and bottom angles ! for bottom and inner bottom angles CL ! for stanchions b for vertical stanchions Truss floor Bottom angle Inner bottom angle Side frame (for h) (for h1) Bulkhead stiffener Vertical stanchion truss floor c = 1.07bhs W = 1.00 c = 0.Part Chapter Section 3 2 2 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Dry Cargo Barges 3-2-2 FIGURE 10 Double Skin Hopper Barge Rolling hatch covers !/2 h !1/2 h1 !/2 h h2 for inner bottom angles ! for stiffeners ! ! for truss floors.03bh2s 8 tf tf Ltf Ltf where the section modulus is that of the combined section 8 8 whichever is greater whichever is greater ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 81 .

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .50)s1 Ltf s1 = spacing of pillars. in m (ft) Main deck scantlings within house are to be designed for a load in kgf/m2 (lb/ft2) equal to 200 (45) multiplied by the height of the house in meters (feet).715b(h + 0. Scantlings of the deckhouse top are to be designed for a load of 245 kgf/m2 (50 lb/ft2).10 W = 0.30 c = 1.Part Chapter Section 3 2 2 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Dry Cargo Barges 3-2-2 FIGURE 11 Double Skin Hopper Barge with Deckhouse h for hold pillars Deck house h !/2 ! b Center of hatch to center of hatch or breadth supported h !/2 ! for pillars ! ! for plate floor. distance in m (ft) between bulkheads h for floors CL Floor c = 1.00 Side frame Bulkhead stiffener Hold pillar Note: 82 8 where the section modulus is that of the combined section ! as shown c = 1.02b(h + 1.46)s1 tf W = 0.

Part
Chapter
Section

3
2
2

Hull Construction and Equipment
Hull Structures and Arrangements
Dry Cargo Barges

3-2-2

FIGURE 12
Double Skin Hopper Barge

h for strut

h for side transverse
(upper span)

!/2

! for transverses
(upper span)

h for bulkhead transverse
(upper span)

h for bulkhead transverse
(lower span)
b for strut

h for side transverse
(lower span)

!/2

! for transverses
(lower span)

CL
Side transverse
Deck transverse
Bulkhead transverse

c = 1.00
c = 0.70
c = 0.70

(Center compartment e dry cargo)
(Wing compartment e void)

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

83

Part
Chapter
Section

3
2
2

Hull Construction and Equipment
Hull Structures and Arrangements
Dry Cargo Barges

3-2-2

FIGURE 13
Wheel Loading Curves of K

84

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

!"#$

2+3*;<5 ?. B(,7+4 O5*+56+6 *< &(,,Z E(57+,<04 &'+8;3(1 &(,7<+4 ;5 B01D

3
&/"!$9#

2

Hull Structures and Arrangements

29&$OW]

3

Barges Intended to Carry
Dangerous Chemical Cargoes in
Bulk

1

Application
This Section applies to barges intended to carry dangerous cargoes in bulk in services which require
operation in comparatively smooth water exclusively, such as in rivers, intracoastal waterways, etc.
All the applicable paragraphs of other Sections of these Rules are to be considered as requirements,
except where the provisions of this Section are contrary to or in addition thereto. Self-propelled vessels
will be specially considered, taking into account the cargoes carried and the degree of protection proposed.

3

Classification
The classification ! A1 Chemical Tank Barge, River Service followed by the appropriate
notation indicating barge type designation as Type I, Type II, or Type III* is to be assigned to vessels
designed for and specifically fitted for the carriage of dangerous chemicals in bulk, built to the
requirements of this Section and other relevant sections of these Rules, and complying with 46 CFR
Part 151 or other recognized standards.
* Note:

5

Type Designation e See 46 CFR 151.10.

Submission of Data
The following plans, calculations and information as appropriate are to be submitted in addition to
those required by 1-1-4/1 of the Supplement to the ABS Rules for Conditions of Classification (Part 1).
Identification and properties of any dangerous chemical cargo which is intended to be carried on barges
built in accordance with this Section are to be given and are to include chemical composition, specifying
contaminants, density, vapor pressure, boiling point, combustible range, flash point, compatibility
with tank materials and any peculiar characteristics. The temperature and pressure at which the cargo
is to be carried and at which it is to be loaded and unloaded are also to be given. Where the cargo has
been given a hazard rating by a recognized code or other authority, this is also to be stated.
Arrangement plans indicating watertight bulkheads, decks and all openings therein are to be submitted
for review. Additional plans are to be submitted for each condition of loading in which a dangerous
chemical cargo is carried showing specific gravity and maximum cargo weight in all spaces as well as
draft of the vessel in each condition.

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Barges Intended to Carry Dangerous Chemical Cargoes in Bulk

3-2-3

Except as indicated in 3-2-3/7, calculations showing compliance with 46 CFR Part 151 or other
recognized standards are to be submitted for review. Written evidence that the U.S. Coast Guard has
certified the vessel as being in compliance with their Regulations will be acceptable in lieu of
calculations showing compliance with 46 CFR Part 151. Vessels designed to other recognized standards
may be given similar consideration.

7

Type I and Type II Barges with Integral Tanks
Barges of Type I or Type II with integral tanks are to comply with the following requirements.
Submitted calculations showing compliance with 46 CFR Part 151 as indicated in 3-2-3/5 need not
include calculations for those items considered in this Subsection.

7.1

7.3

Definitions
G.:.:

$Z)+ O B(,7+ /011
Barge hull Type I refers to those designed to carry products which require the maximum
preventative measures to preclude the uncontrolled release of the cargo.

G.:.-

$Z)+ OO B(,7+ /011
Barge hull Type II refers to those designed to carry products which require significant
preventative measures to preclude the uncontrolled release of the cargo.

G.:.?

H;8;*;57 E,(@*
A limiting draft is the maximum draft to which cargo of specified densities may be loaded for
a given hull type. A chemical barge may be assigned more than one limiting draft for different
combinations of cargo density and hull type.

Tank Arrangement
G.?.:

&<11;4;<5 !,<*+3*;<5
Tanks containing products which are required to be carried in Type I or Type II hulls (See 46
CFR Table 151.05) are to be located beyond the following minimum distances from the members
as shown.

i)

ii)

From Side Shell and Box End
"

Type I

1.22 m (4.0 ft)

"

Type II

0.91 m (3.0 ft)

From the Headlog (Except Box Barges and Trail Barges)
"

G.?.-

86

Both Types 7.6 m (25 ft)

"33+44 W)+5;57
Each tank is to be provided with a manhole with a cover plate and a minimum clear opening
of 380 mm * 460 mm (15 in. * 18 in.). Access trunks, where fitted, are to have a diameter of
at least 760 mm (30 in.).

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

Part
Chapter
Section

7.5

3
2
3

Hull Construction and Equipment
Hull Structures and Arrangements
Barges Intended to Carry Dangerous Chemical Cargoes in Bulk

3-2-3

Longitudinal Strength (2001)
G.A.:

H<(6;57 &<56;*;<54
The following definitions of loading conditions are to be understood for the purpose of this
Section.

7.5.1(a) Normal and High Density Cargo Conditions (2001). See 3-2-1/7.3.
7.5.1(b) Grounding Conditions. A grounding condition is a condition wherein the forward
rake bulkhead rests on a pinnacle at the water surface with the barge loaded with cargo of
approved density.
G.A.-

/011 M;,6+, B+56;57 L<8+5*
7.5.2(a) Normal Conditions. Subject to compliance with the requirements in Section 3-2-1,
no bending moment calculations are required for these conditions except that those calculations
mentioned in 3-2-3/7.5.1(a) for conditions other than homogeneous cargo are to be evaluated
in accordance with 3-2-3/7.5.3(a) below.

7.5.2(b) High Density Cargo and Grounding Conditions (2001). Bending moment calculations
are to be submitted for these conditions except that where grounding condition bending moment
calculations for homogeneous cargo are not available, the following formula may be used.
Ma = L2Bd/(,k)
where

G.A.?

Ma

=

expected grounding condition bending moment for barges with
homogeneous cargo, in tf-m (Ltf-ft)

L

=

length of barge, in m (ft), as defined in 3-1-1/3.1

B

=

breadth of barge, in m (ft), as defined in 3-1-1/5

d

=

limiting draft, in m (ft)

k

=

L e 10.9 m (L e 35.7 ft), but not to be taken greater than 80.6 m (264.3 ft)

,

=

0.461 m2/tf (5.04 ft2/Ltf)

&,;*+,;<5 (2001)
7.5.3(a) Normal and High Density Cargo Conditions (2001). The hull girder section modulus
is to be in accordance with 3-2-1/7.7.

7.5.3(b) Grounding Conditions (2001). The hull girder section modulus is to be such that the
hull girder stress, -, in the deck or trunk side as obtained from the equation below does not
exceed the permissible stress f or the reference stress fr as defined in 3-2-1/7.7, whichever is
less.

- = M/SM
where

M

=

hull girder bending moment, in tf-m (Ltf-ft), for grounding or overload
conditions

SM

=

as defined in 3-2-1/7.7

f

=

(1 e 0.25P/Po) * (1.09 e 0.00427!/r)Y for deck or trunk top/side with
longitudinals

=

k(0.72 e 0.4Bo/B)Y for deck or trunk top/side with transverse beams

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Hull Construction and Equipment
Hull Structures and Arrangements
Barges Intended to Carry Dangerous Chemical Cargoes in Bulk

3-2-3

P

=

pressure relief valve setting, in kgf/cm2 (psi), or 0.105h (0.455h),
whichever is greater

h

=

design head, in m (ft)

Po

=

0.21 kgf/cm2 (3 psi)

!

=

unsupported span of the longitudinal, in cm (in.)

r

=

i

=

moment of inertia of the longitudinal with deck plating, in cm4 (in4)

A

=

cross sectional area of the longitudinal with deck plating, in cm2 (in2)

Y

=

yield point of the material, in tf/cm2 (Ltf/in2)

k

=

1.0 for barge without trunk

=

0.87 for barge with trunk

Bo

=

width of the transversely framed portion of the deck (if no trunk) or
transversely framed trunk top

B

=

breadth of barge, in m (ft), as defined in 3-1-1/5

i/ A

Deck/Trunk Top Transverses
The moment of inertia in cm4 (in4) of the deck or trunk top transverses, where applicable, with associated
deck plating, is to be not less than Io as given below.

Io = 0.34K(b/!)3(b/s)i
where

K

=

1.0 for transverses without effective end brackets if barge does not have
centerline bulkhead or stanchions

=

0.3 for the transverses without effective end brackets if barge has centerline
bulkhead or stanchions

=

0.19 for the transverses with effective end brackets with or without centerline
bulkhead or stanchions

b

=

unsupported span of the transverses, in m (ft)

!

=

spacing of the transverses, in m (ft)

s

=

spacing of the longitudinals, in m (ft)

i

=

moment of inertia of the longitudinal with deck plating that will satisfy
3-2-3/7.5.3(b)

Where applicable, width of effective deck flange for the transverses is to be taken as b/3 or !, whichever
is less.

88

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Hull Construction and Equipment
Hull Structures and Arrangements
Barges Intended to Carry Dangerous Chemical Cargoes in Bulk

3-2-3

Transverse Beams
The moment of inertia in cm4 (in4) of the deck or trunk top transverse beam with associated deck plating,
is to be not less than Io as given below.

I0 = 0.0367K(t/s)3b4
where

s

=

spacing of the transverse beams, in mm (in.)

t

=

thickness of the deck or trunk top, in mm (in.), that will satisfy 3-2-3/7.5.3(b)

b

=

unsupported length of the transverse beam, in cm (in.)

K

=

coefficient, specified in 3-2-3/7.7

Width of effective deck flange for transverse beam is to be taken as s.

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89

This Page Intentionally Left Blank

!"#$

2+3*;<5

>.

$<CF<(*4

3
&/"!$9#

2

Hull Structures and Arrangements

29&$OW]

4

Towboats

1

Application
The following Rules and Tables apply to self-propelled river towboat type vessels intended for towing
operation in comparatively smooth water exclusively, such as in rivers, intracoastal waterways, etc.

3

Structural Arrangement

3.1

Framing
Framing may be arranged either longitudinally, transversely or a combination of both. Longitudinal
frames are to be supported by regularly spaced transverse deep frames formed either by channels
extending across the inner faces of the longitudinal frames, or by flanged plates notched over the
frames and attached to the shell or deck and the longitudinals.

3.3

Longitudinal Webs
Trusses or non-tight bulkheads extending fore and aft are to be fitted, one on or near the centerline
and one on each side of the centerline. An arrangement of deep girders at the deck and bottom
connected by vertical members will be considered. They are to be arranged so that in association with
auxiliary supporting girders. The spans of the bottom frames do not exceed 4 m (13 ft). Bulkheads
may be offset or stepped in a transverse direction provided sufficient overlap is effected to maintain
their longitudinal continuity.

5

Longitudinal Strength
The required hull girder section modulus, SM, within the midship 0.5L is to be obtained from the
following equation.

SM = 0.764BDL cm2-m

SM = 0.011BDL in2-ft

L, B and D are as defined in Section 3-1-1.
In calculating the actual section modulus, bottom, bilge and side plating, all bilge, gunwale and other
longitudinal angles if continuous or adequately developed at the transverse bulkheads and the continuous
deck plating may be included. Beyond the midship 0.5L, scantlings may be tapered to their normal
requirements at the ends where these are less.

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Hull Structures and Arrangements
Towboats

7

Deck Plating

7.1

Strength Decks

3-2-4

The thickness of strength deck plating throughout is not to be less than 0.01 mm per millimeter (0.01 in.
per inch) of the spacing of the beams, sb.

7.3

Other Locations
The thickness of plating forming the tops of deep tanks, watertight flats, bulkhead recesses and tunnel
tops which may be used for stores space is to be 1 mm (0.04 in.) thicker than required for bulkhead
plating at the same level.

9

Frames

9.1

Bottom Longitudinals
Each bottom longitudinal, in association with the plating to which it is attached, is to have a section
modulus, SM, not less than obtained from the following equation:

SM = 7.8chs!2 cm3

SM = 0.0041chs!2 in3

where

9.3

c

=

1.08

h

=

vertical distance from the longitudinal to the deck at side, in m (ft)

=

for longitudinals in tanks, the vertical distance from the longitudinal to the top of
the overflow, in m (ft)

s

=

longitudinal spacing, in m (ft)

!

=

unsupported span of the member in m (ft). Where brackets of the thicknesses
given in 3-2-1/Table 1 are fitted, ! may be measured to a point 25k of the extent
of the bracket beyond the its toe.

Side and Deck Framing
Each side frame or deck beam, in association with the plating to which it is attached, is to have a
section modulus, SM, not less than obtained from the following equation:

SM = 7.8chs!2 cm3

SM = 0.0041chs!2 in3

where

c

92

=

coefficient appropriate to the type of construction employed as given in
3-2-4/Figure 1 for side frames

=

0.70 for deck beams in dry spaces

=

1.00 for deck beams in way of tanks

=

1.08 for side longitudinals

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Towboats

h

9.5

3-2-4

=

distance, in m (ft), as given in 3-2-4/Figure 1

=

in way of tanks, the vertical distance from the middle of ! to the top of the
overflow, in m (ft), but not less than 1.2 m (4.0 ft) for deck beams

=

1.2 (4.0) for support of decks. For decks on which stores may be carried, h is
not to be taken less than the height of the storage space.

s

=

member spacing, in m (ft)

!

=

as defined in 3-2-4/9.1

Framing in Tunnels
Special consideration is to be given to increasing the framing in way of propeller tunnels or special
types of nozzles. It is recommended that nontight bulkheads and diaphragms be introduced in way of
long tunnels (see also 3-2-4/17.5).

11

Stanchions

11.1

Permissible Load
The permissible load, Wa, of each stanchion is to be obtained from the following equation and is to be
not less than the calculated load W given in 3-2-4/11.3 below.

Wa = bk e n!/rcA tf (Ltf)
where

11.3

k

=

1.232 (7.83)

n

=

0.00452 (0.345)

!

=

unsupported span of the stanchion, in cm (ft)

r

=

least radius of gyration, in cm (in.)

A

=

cross sectional area of the stanchion, in cm2 (in2)

Calculated Load
The calculated load for each stanchion is to be determined by the following equation:

W = nbhs tf (Ltf)
where

n

=

1.07 (0.03) where the stanchion supports bottom structure

=

0.715 (0.02) where the stanchion supports deck structure

b

=

mean breadth of the area supported, in m (ft)

h

=

distance from the bottom shell at the center of the area supported to the underside
of the deck plating at side, in m (ft), for support of bottom structure

=

1.2 (4.0) for support of decks. Where decks are intended to carry stores, h is not
to be taken less than the height of the storage space.

=

spacing of the stanchions, in m (ft)

s

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4

Hull Construction and Equipment
Hull Structures and Arrangements
Towboats

3-2-4

Web Frames, Girders and Stringers
Each supporting girder, transverse floor and stringer with transverse framing, and each main transverse
member with longitudinal framing, is to have a section modulus, SM, not less than obtained from the
following equation:

SM = 7.8chs!2 cm3

SM = 0.0041chs!2 in3

where

c

h

=

1.00 for bottom and side supporting members and for deck supporting members
in tanks.

=

0.70 for deck supporting members in dry spaces

=

for bottom and side supporting members, the distance from the middle of ! to the
deck at side, in m (ft)
"

=

in way of tanks h is to be the vertical distance to the top of the overflow, in m (ft)

for deck supporting members, 1.2 m (4.0 ft)
"

for decks on which stores may be carried, h is not to be less than the
height of the storage space

"

in way of deep tanks, h is not to be less than the distance to the top of the
overflow.

s and ! are as defined in 3-2-4/9.1.
The thickness of floors or transverses is in general not to be less than 5 mm (3/16 in.) and those
under the engines are to be suitably increased.

15

Bulkheads

15.1

Arrangement
Intact watertight collision bulkheads are to be fitted up to the deck in all vessels at a distance of not
less than 0.05L from the stem. Watertight after peak bulkheads are to be fitted. Machinery spaces below
the deck are to be enclosed by transverse bulkheads which are watertight to the deck.

15.3

Construction of Tank Boundary Bulkheads
:A.?.: !1(*;57
Plating is to be of thickness obtained from the following equation:

t = (s h /254) + 1.78 mm

(min. t = 5 mm)

t = (s h /460) + 0.07 in.

(min. t = 0.20 in.)

where

94

s

=

spacing of stiffeners, in mm (in.)

h

=

vertical distance measured from the lower edge of the plate to the top of
the overflow

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Towboats

3-2-4

:A.?.- 2*;@@+5;57
The ends of stiffeners are to be either bracketed or clipped. Each stiffener, in association with
the plating to which it is attached, is to have a section modulus, SM, not less than obtained
from the following equation:

SM = 7.8chs!2 cm3

SM = 0.0041chs!2 in3

where

15.5

c

=

1.00

h

=

vertical distance from the middle of ! to the top of the overflow, in m (ft)

s

=

stiffener spacing, in m (ft)

!

=

as defined in 3-2-4/9.1

Construction of Other Watertight Bulkheads
:A.A.: !1(*;57
Plating is to be of thickness obtained from the following equation:

t = (s h /290) + 1.0 mm

(min. t = 4.5 mm)

t = (s h /525) + 0.04 in.

(min. t = 0.18 in.)

where

s

=

spacing of stiffeners, in mm (in.)

h

=

vertical distance measured from the lower edge of the plate to the height
of the deck at centerline, in m (ft)

:A.A.- 2*;@@+5;57
Each stiffener, in association with the plating to which it is attached, is to have a section
modulus, SM, not less than obtained from the following equation:

SM = 7.8chs!2 cm3

SM = 0.0041chs!2 in3

where

17

c

=

0.46

h

=

vertical distance from the middle of ! to the deck at centerline, in m (ft)

s

=

stiffener spacing, in m (ft)

!

=

as defined in 3-2-4/9.1

Shell Plating
The thickness of the bottom, side and bilge plating is to be as required below. In addition, the
thickness of plating in these locations is to be not less than as required by 3-2-4/15.3.1 for tank
bulkheads where the spacing of the stiffeners is equal to the frame spacing and the value of h is equal
to the distance from the lower edge of the plate to the under surface of the deck plating at side. In way
of deep tanks, h is to be measured to the top of the overflow.

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17.1

3
2
4

Hull Construction and Equipment
Hull Structures and Arrangements
Towboats

3-2-4

Bottom Shell
The thickness of the bottom shell plating throughout is not to be less than determined by the following
equation:

t = 0.069L + 0.007s e 0.5 mm

(min. t = 5 mm)

t = 0.000825L + 0.007s e 0.02 in.

(min. t = 0.20 in.)

where

17.3

s

=

stiffener spacing, in mm (in.)

L

=

length of the vessel, in m (ft)

Side Shell
The thickness of the side shell plating is to be not less than determined by the following equation and
not less than 5 mm (0.20 in.).

17.5

t = 0.069L + 0.007s e 1.0 mm

L g 73 m

t = 0.069L + 0.007s e 1.5 mm

L ' 73 m

t = 0.000825L + 0.007s e 0.04 in.

L g 240 ft

t = 0.000825L + 0.007s e 0.06 in.

L ' 240 ft

Bilge and Tunnel Plating
Where radiused bilges are used, the bottom thickness is to extend to the upper turn of the bilge. Where
the radius at the bilge exceeds 305 mm (12 in.), the thickness of the plating should be at least 1.5 mm
(0.06 in.) greater than the required thickness for side plating. The shell plating in tunnels in way of
propellers is to be increased above the requirements of this Subsection.

17.7

Bilge Angles
Where angles are used at the bilges or gunwales they are to have a thickness at least 1.5 mm (0.06 in.)
greater than that of the thinner of the two plates joined.

19

Deckhouses

19.1

Scantlings
Deckhouses on towboats are to be of adequate construction, consideration being given to their size
and the loads which may be imposed upon them. The plating of the deckhouses is to be not less than
3.5 mm (10 gauge), and where the spacing of stiffeners exceeds 610 mm (24 in.), the plating thickness
is to be increased. Stiffeners are not to be less than 63.5 mm (2.5 in.) in depth and this depth is to be
increased if the length of the stiffeners is over 2.44 m (8 ft). The scantlings of decks and platforms
above the main deck are to be determined from 3-2-4/9.3 and 3-2-4/13 using an h not less than 0.61 m
(2.0 ft) for the first level above the main deck and 0.457 m (1.5 ft) for the second level or higher.

19.3

Sill Height
Openings in exposed positions on the weather decks which lead to spaces below are to have sills at
least 150 mm (6 in.) in height.

96

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Hull Construction and Equipment
Hull Structures and Arrangements
Towboats

3-2-4

21

Keels, Stems and Stern Frames

21.1

Bar Keels
Where bar keels are used, their thicknesses and depths are to be not less than given by the following
equations:

t = 0.52L + 9.5 mm

t = 0.0062L + 0.37 in.

h = 1.06L + 94.5 mm

h = 0.0127L + 3.72 in.

where

21.3

t

=

thickness, in mm (in.)

h

=

depth, in mm (in.)

L

=

length of the vessel as defined in 3-1-1/3.1

Flat Plate Keels
Flat plate keels are not to be of less thickness than required for bottom plating.

21.5

Bar Stems
Where bar stems are used, their thicknesses and widths are to be not less than given by the following
equations:

t = 0.38L + 11.0 mm

t = 0.0046L + 0.44 in.

w = 1.09L + 80.0 mm

w = 0.0131L + 3.15 in.

where

21.7

t

=

thickness, in mm (in.)

w

=

width, in mm (in.)

L

=

length of the vessel as defined in 3-1-1/3.1

Sternposts
Where bar sternposts are fitted, their thicknesses and widths are to be not less than given by the
following equations:

t = 0.52L + 9.5 mm

t = 0.0062L + 0.37 in.

w = 1.09L + 80.0 mm

w = 0.0131L + 3.15 in.

where

t

=

thickness, in mm (in.)

w

=

width, in mm (in.)

L

=

length of the vessel as defined in 3-1-1/3.1

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Towboats

3-2-4

Stern Frames
-:.N.: O55+, !<4*4
Where stern frames are fitted, the thickness and width of the inner post below the shaft boss are
to be not less than given by the following equations:

t = 1.20L + 20.0 mm

t = 0.0144L + 0.78 in.

w = 1.06L + 94.5 mm

w = 0.0127L + 3.72 in.

where

t

=

thickness, in mm (in.)

w

=

width, in mm (in.)

L

=

length of the vessel as defined in 3-1-1/3.1

-:.N.- W0*+, !<4*4
Where fitted, the outer post is to have a thickness not less than that required for inner posts
and a width not less than 80k of that required for inner posts.
-:.N.? 2'<+ !;+3+
The shoe piece is to be as short as possible. The depth is to be at least 10k greater than the
above calculated thickness and the breadth at least 20k greater than the above calculated
breadth. Gudgeons are to have a thickness of 25k of the rudder stock diameter if bushed and
27.5k if unbushed. The depth of gudgeons is to be not less than 75k of the stock diameter.

23

Rudders

23.1

Materials
Rudder parts such as stocks, palms, gudgeons, etc., may be of cast or forged steel or fabricated
sections made from materials complying with the requirements of Chapter 1 of the ABS Rules for
Materials and Welding (Part 2).

23.3

Application
This Section refers to rudders of the balanced or partially balanced type having efficient neck
bearings, with or without lower bearings. Where rudders are of unusual shape or design or are
associated with construction features which make the formulas of this Subsection inapplicable, the
design and calculations are to be submitted for approval. In such cases the design conditions are to be
verified during the trials of the vessel.

23.5

Rudder Stocks
-?.A.: J))+, 2*<3D4
Upper stocks above the neck bearing are to have diameters not less than given by the
following equation:

S = 100 3 AR

98

mm

S = 1.2 3 AR

in.

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

11 Couplings Couplings in rudder stocks or between stock and rudder are to be equivalent to the required diameter of stock. Where the design speed exceeds 16 km/h (10 mph). They are to extend into the bottom bearing a distance of 0. 23. 2*<3D4 Lower stocks are to be equivalent to round bars having diameters obtained from the equation: S1 = 100 3 AR mm S1 = 1.5S1. 23. iii) Lower stocks within built-up is equivalent to the stacks required by the above formula.A. ii) Lower stocks of rudders having no bottom bearings are to be of the full diameter from the top of the neck bearing to the top of the rudder and may be tapered to 0.) 0. -?. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 99 . and may be tapered below this point to 0.253a 4 (a 2 4 b 2 ) 0 for balanced rudders which have efficient neck 12 .2 3 AR in.7S1.Part Chapter Section 3 2 4 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Towboats 3-2-4 where S = diameter of upper stock.75S1 in the bottom bearing. in m (ft) A = area of the immersed rudder surface forward or abaft the center of the rudder stock. the diameter is to be increased in the ratio of the speed to 16 km/h (10 mph).33S1 at the bottom. in m (ft) Where the design speed exceeds 16 km/h (10 mph). in m2 (ft2) The values of R and A to be used are those which give the larger products of R and A./ and bottom bearings = a 4 (a 2 4 b 2 ) for balanced rudders which have no bottom bearings A = area of the immersed rudder surface.. The length of the neck bearing need not be greater than 1. in mm (in. where S1 = R = diameter of lower stock. in mm (in. the diameter is to be increased in the ratio of the speed to 16 km/h (10 mph).9 i) Lower stocks of rudders having bottom bearings are to be the full diameter for two-thirds of the distance from the neck bearing to the bottom bearings.) R = distance from the centerline of the stock to the center of gravity of the immersed rudder area forward or abaft the center of the rudder stock. Rudders Rudders may be of either single or double plate construction and are to have a sufficient number of arms or diaphragms to provide ample stiffness. in m (ft) b = horizontal distance from the center of the lower stock to the center of gravity of A. in m2 (ft2) a = vertical distance from the neck bearing to the center of gravity of A.H<C+.

30 c = 1.15 (for h) c = 2.00 (for h1) c = 1.00 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .00 c = 1.45 c = 1.Part Chapter Section 3 2 4 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Towboats 3-2-4 FIGURE 1 Towboat Framing !/2 ! h h1 !1/2 !/2 !1 !/2 ! Type A Type C h !/2 ! h ! Type B h !/2 ! Type D Side Frame Type A Type A Type B Type C Type D Type E 100 h Type E c = 1.

transverses on all decks are to be fitted at the same vertical plane. life saving appliances.1 Service The following Rules apply to vessels carrying more than 12 passengers exclusively in smooth domestic water. 5 Structural Arrangement 5. River Service is to be assigned to vessels designed and specifically fitted for the carriage of passengers and built to the requirements of this Section and other relevant sections of the Rules. including those for stability. 1. !(44+57+. transversely or a combination of both.1 Framing Framing may be arranged either longitudinally. The requirements for river passenger vessels engaged in an international voyage will be subject to special consideration. the spans of the bottom frames do not exceed 4 m (13 ft). Where longitudinal beams are used on more than one deck. or by flanged plates notched over the frames and attached to the shell or deck and the longitudinals. etc. An arrangement of deep girders at the deck and bottom connected by vertical members will be considered. 3 Classification The classification ! A1 Passenger Vessel. 5.<5 A. such Regulations may be considered under 1-1-4/7. one on or near the centerline and one on each side of the centerline. They are to be arranged so that in association with auxiliary supporting girders.. Longitudinal frames are to be supported by regularly spaced transverse deep frames formed either by channels extending across the inner faces of the longitudinal frames. structural fire protection. intracoastal waterways. _+44+14 3 &/"!$9# 2 Hull Structures and Arrangements 29&$OW] 5 Passenger Vessels 1 Application 1.3 of the ABS Rules for Conditions of Classification (Part 1).3 Longitudinal Webs Trusses or non-tight bulkheads extending fore and aft are to be fitted. such as in rivers. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 101 . Bulkheads may be offset or stepped in a transverse direction provided sufficient overlap is effected to maintain their longitudinal continuity. etc.3 National Regulations Where the flag Administration has Regulations acceptable to the Bureau.!"#$ 2+3*.

Part Chapter Section 3 2 5 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Passenger Vessels 7 Longitudinal Strength 7. in cm2-m2 (in2-ft2) L and SM are as defined in 3-2-5/7.34 tf/cm2 (8.8 times the lowest critical buckling stress of the hull girder structure.016L (4.5 Ltf/in2). which is to be submitted for review. obtained from the following equation.32 e 0.1. scantlings may be tapered to their normal requirements at the ends where these are less. but is not to be taken greater than 0. whichever is greater. Beyond the midship 0.36 + 0.01 (1.5L is to be not less than obtained from the following equations i) or ii). but is not to be taken greater than 0. in tf-m (Ltf-ft). fs = Fm/(2It) where 102 fs = nominal permissible shear stress of 1.03 tf/cm2 (6.32 e 0. I = hull girder moment of inertia at the section under consideration.5 Hull Girder Shear Strength The hull girder nominal shear stress f in the side shell plating. 7.5 Ltf/in2). fp = nominal permissible bending stress of 1. is not to exceed nominal permissible shear stress.1 Hull Girder Section Modulus 3-2-5 The hull girder section modulus within the midship 0. in cm4 (in4) ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .44 * 10-4) C2 L.3 Hull Girder Moment of Inertia The hull girder moment of inertia of the vessel at amidships is to be not less than obtained from the following equation: I = L(SM/33.0048L) for L ' 61 m (200 ft) = 0. fs.033L (7. C1 = 7.5L.8 times the lowest critical buckling shear stress of the hull girder structure.36 + 0. i) SM = Msw/fp ii) SM = C1C2L2B(Cb + 0. as defined below.01L) for L g 61 m (200 ft) = 4. B and Cb are as defined in Section 3-1-1.7) SM = where minimum required hull girder section modulus.3) where I = minimum required hull girder moment of inertia. 7. in cm2-m (in2-ft) Msw = maximum calculated still-water bending moment.

08 h = vertical distance from the keel to the design draft. in m (ft) = longitudinal spacing. in cm (in.01 mm per millimeter (0. = for longitudinals in tanks.1 Bottom Longitudinals Each bottom longitudinal. SM. in cm3 (in3).7 Other Locations The thickness of plating forming the tops of deep tanks. not less than obtained from the following equation: SM = 7. t = 4.01 in. 9.9.0063sb + 1.) 9 Deck Plating 9. in m (ft). bulkhead recesses and tunnel tops which may be used for stores space is to be 1 mm (0.0063sb + 0.0 mm (min.1 Strength Decks The thickness of strength deck plating throughout is not to be less than 0. 9. watertight flats.04 in. (min. m is to be taken about the neutral axis at the section under consideration t = side shell thickness. but not less than 2/3 the distance from the keel to the main deck.5 Wheel Loaded Decks Where provision is to be made for the operation or stowage of vehicles having rubber tires. sb.5 mm) t = 0. 9.04 in. t = 0. in m (ft) s ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 103 .) thicker than required for bulkhead plating at the same level.0041chs!2 in3 where c = 1. in tf (Ltf) m = first moment of area of the material between the point under consideration and the vertical extremity of the effective longitudinal material. 11 Frames 11. per inch) of the spacing of the beams.8chs!2 cm3 SM = 0. the thickness of deck plating is to be not less than that required by 3-2-2/7.Part Chapter Section 3 2 5 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Passenger Vessels 3-2-5 F = maximum still water shear force calculated at the position being considered. the vertical distance from the keel to the top of the overflow.18 in. in association with the plating to which it is attached.) where sb is the stiffener spacing in mm (inches). is to have a section modulus. and after all other requirements are met.3 Superstructure Decks The thickness of superstructure deck plating is to be not less than obtained from the following equations: t = 0.

in m (ft) ! = as defined in 3-2-5/11. the vertical distance from the middle of ! to the deck at side.67 m (2. Where deck loading may exceed 360 kgf/m2. ! may be measured to a point 25k of the extent of the bracket beyond the its toe.01L + 0. in m (ft) " 0.70 for deck longitudinals in dry spaces " 0. not less than obtained from the following equation: SM = 7.3 below. in association with the plating to which it is attached. in m (ft). as given in 3-2-5/Figure 1 " for side longitudinals.0 ft) for main decks.61 m (0. Side and Deck Framing Each side frame or deck beam. h is to be proportionately increased. " 0. the vertical distance from the middle of ! to the top of the overflow. Wa = bk e n!/rcA tf (Ltf) where 104 k = 1.5 = = coefficient appropriate to the type of construction employed as given in 3-2-5/Figure 1 for side frames " 0.98 ft) for rain covers s = member spacing.00452 (0.0041chs!2 in3 where c h 11. " 0.83) n = 0. in m (ft). SM. in m (ft) " in way of tanks.8chs!2 cm3 SM = 0.Part Chapter Section 3 2 5 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Passenger Vessels ! 11.232 (7.1 Framing in Tunnels Special consideration is to be given to increasing the framing in way of propeller tunnels or special types of nozzles.08 for side longitudinals distance. is to have a section modulus. It is recommended that nontight bulkheads and diaphragms be introduced in way of long tunnels. of each stanchion is to be obtained from the following equation and is to be not less than the calculated load W given in 3-2-5/13.30 m (0.1 Permissible Load The permissible load.56 for deck beams in dry spaces " 1.345) ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 . Wa.2 ft) for superstructure decks.3 = 3-2-5 unsupported span of the member.01L + 2. (75 lb/ft2). 13 Stanchions 13. Where brackets of the thicknesses given in 3-2-1/Table 1 are fitted.00 for deck beams in way of tanks " 1.

02) b = mean breadth of the area of the deck supported by the stanchion. the calculated load for each stanchion is to be determined by the following equation.3 Calculated Load :?..3 for the deck supported by the stanchion for each supported stanchion supporting tiers above.03) b = mean breadth of the area supported. = (d e a)/d at the deck supported (d e a)/d at each tier above the deck supported horizontal distance between the stanchion above deck and the stanchion below deck. in cm2 (in2) 3-2-5 Special support is to be arranged at the ends and corners of deckhouses.* Where the stanchions are intended to support bottom structure.3 for the location supported by that stanchion = mean length of the area of the deck supported by the stanchion. in m (ft) h = h1.* Where the stanchions are intended to support deck structure.715 (0.Part Chapter Section 3 2 5 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Passenger Vessels ! = unsupported span of the stanchion. in machinery spaces. in m (ft) b1. whichever is greater s = spacing of the stanchions. = for each supported stanchion supporting tiers above.E+3D 20))<. c2 b3 h3 s3 68: tf (Ltf) where n = 0. = for each supported stanchion supporting tiers above. in m (ft) s1. in m (ft) h = distance from the keel to the design waterline. the mean length of the area supported by that stanchion. 9 W = n bhs 4 . = head defined in 3-2-5/11.. or 2/3 of the distance to the main deck.?. 13. in m (ft) :?. where the summations indicate the sum of the loads from all supported stanchions on the deck immediately above. the calculated load for each stanchion is to be determined by the following equation: W = nbhs tf (Ltf) where n = 1.. c2. c1 5b2 h2 s 2 4 . the same method is to be extended to include the additional supported tiers. subscripts denote the level of the tier above the deck supported by the stanchion under consideration. in m (ft) ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 105 . Where the stanchion supports more than three tiers.. in cm (ft) r = least radius of gyration. in m (ft). In all cases. s2. in cm (in.) A = cross sectional area of the stanchion.. = c... one half the head defined in 3-2-5/11. the mean breadth of the area supported by that stanchion.07 (0. in m (ft) s c = c1.. b2. c7b1h1s1 4 .?.. at ends of partial superstructures and under heavy concentrated weights.: B<**<8 20))<. h2.

Where deck loading may exceed 360 kgf/m2. " 0.00 for bottom and side supporting members and for deck supporting members in tanks = 0.67 m (2.1.2 ft) for superstructure decks.). is to have a section modulus.61 m (0. in m (ft) a P d 15 3-2-5 R = P r (d ) a)/d Web Frames.70 for deck supporting members in dry spaces = for bottom supporting member.01 in. in m (ft) " in way of tanks. SM.5 in. In way of tanks. h is to be proportionately increased. in m (ft) " 0.98 ft) for rain covers s = sum of the half lengths of the supported members. per ft of span).56 in.14 in.01L + 2.1 = 1.125! (1.:.01L + 0.) of depth plus 3. but not less than 2/3 the distance from the keel to the main deck " for side supporting members.Part Chapter Section 3 2 5 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Passenger Vessels d = horizontal distance between the stanchion below deck and next point of support of the girder or transverse supported. the distance from the middle of ! to the deck at side. on decks where stores are carried " 0. in m (ft). and each main transverse member with longitudinal framing.0041chs!2 in3 where c h 15.(8+4 Bottom and side web frames are to have depths not less than 0. per in. in m (ft). Girders and Stringers Each supporting girder. in m (ft) ! = as defined in 3-2-5/11. not less than obtained from the following equation: SM = 7.30 m (0. (75 lb/ft2).0 ft) for main decks.8chs!2 cm3 SM = 0. in m (ft) a = horizontal distance between the stanchion above deck and the stanchion below deck being considered.5 mm (0. Proportions :A. transverse floor and stringer with transverse framing. the vertical distance from the keel to the design draft. the vertical distance from the middle of ! to the top of the overflow. " height of storage space. h is to be the vertical distance to the top of the overflow.: B<**<8 (56 2. 106 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .6+ R+F P. in m (ft). Web thickness is not to be less than 1 mm per 100 mm (0.) but need not exceed 14 mm (0.

Additional transverse watertight bulkheads are to be provided in accordance with 3-2-5/17. from every other main transverse bulkhead and from the aft peak bulkhead.:.5 H+57*' <. per ft of span).5 U:>? @*V . The ends are to be either bracketed or clipped.78 mm (min. the margin line will not be submerged. ii) In tanks. not less than obtained from the following equation.. Each main transverse watertight bulkhead is to be a minimum of 3 m (10 ft) plus 3 percent of the vesselss length from the collision bulkhead._+44+14 J56+. per in.E+3D M. Machinery spaces below the deck are to be enclosed by transverse bulkheads which are watertight to the deck.7 in. 17 Bulkheads 17.5 H+57*' Each main transverse watertight bulkhead is to be a minimum of 10 percent of the vesselss length or 1.(54X+. t = 0. SM = 7.57 Plating is to be of thickness obtained from the following equation: t = (s h /254) + 1.@@+5+.0 mm (0.0 in. per in. is to have a section modulus.2*.) of depth plus 4.1.07 in.1. :G.1 or 3-2-5/17.16 in. SM. Thickness is not to be less than 1 mm per 100 mm (0. in association with the plating to which it is attached. every other main transverse bulkhead and from the aft peak bulkhead. deck transverses and girders are to have depths not less than 0.01 in.1 Arrangement Intact watertight collision bulkheads are to be fitted up to the deck in all vessels at a distance of not less than 0..05L from the stem.?.8 m (6 ft).4+4 i) Outside tanks. in m (ft) :G. deck girders and transverses are to have depths not less than 0.2 below.16 in.?. per ft of span).01 in. M.20 in. in mm (in. Watertight after peak bulkheads are to be fitted.4 Each stiffener.Part Chapter Section 3 2 5 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Passenger Vessels 3-2-5 :A.6+.A 8 U:>? @*V .0041chs!2 in3 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 107 . Thickness is not to be less than 1 mm per 100 mm (0.:.).8chs!2 cm3 SM = 0.0583! (0.: !1(*. t = 5 mm) t = (s h /460) + 0.A .) h = vertical distance measured from the lower edge of the plate to the top of the overflow. whichever is greater.:.+(*+.) of depth plus 4. A watertight shaft tunnel or other watertight space(s) separate from the stern tube compartment is to be provided around the stern gland of such volume that..0833! (1.3 Construction of Tank Boundary Bulkheads :G..) where s = spacing of stiffeners.4 (56 $.: _+44+14 <@ >?. :G. if flooded by leakage through the stern gland. >?.).0 mm (0. 17. from the collision bulkhead. (min.

4 (56 R+F4 17. in mm (in. the depth is not to be less than 2 times the depth of the slots.. (min.3.3.3. where s is the sum of half lengths of the stiffeners supported on each side of the girder or web.) but need not exceed 11.A. Webs and girders are to have depths not less than 0.04 in.: !1(*.).57 Plating is to be of thickness obtained from the following equation: t = (s h /290) + 1. t = 0.6+.Part Chapter Section 3 2 5 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Passenger Vessels 3-2-5 where c = h = 1.0 mm (min. Tripping brackets are to be fitted at intervals of about 3 m (10 ft) and where the width of the face flange exceeds 200 mm (8 in. 17.00 for double bottom tanks.) of depth plus 3 mm (0. The thickness is not to be less than 1 mm per 100 mm (0.A.@@+5+.) where s = spacing of stiffeners.18 in. 17.?. Each girder and web supporting bulkhead stiffeners is to have a section modulus not less than required by 3-2-5/17.75 in. in m (ft) :G.5 Construction of Other Watertight Bulkheads :G.3(b) Proportions. in m (ft) 2/3 = for other tanks. not less than obtained from the following equation: SM = 7.0041chs!2 in3 where 108 c = 0.4 Each stiffener. plus of the distance from the tank top to the top of the overflow.46 h = vertical distance from the middle of ! to the main deck at centerline.5 mm) t = (s h /535) + 0. per ft of span !) plus one-quarter of the depth of the slots for the stiffeners. In general.2*. they are to have depths not less than 0. height from the middle of ! to the tank top.3.3(c) Tripping Brackets.? M. in m (ft) ! = as defined in 3-2-5/11. t = 4. is to have a section modulus.8chs!2 cm3 SM = 0. in m (ft) s = stiffener spacing.12 in.1 :G.0833! (1 in. Where struts are fitted. these are to be arranged to support the flange. per ft of span !) where no struts or ties are fitted..3(a) Strength Requirements. vertical distance from the middle of ! to the top of the overflow. in m (ft) ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .2 for stiffeners.145! (1. SM.) h = vertical distance measured from the lower edge of the plate to the height of the deck at centerline. in m (ft). per in.5 mm (0.46 in. 17.01 in. in association with the plating to which it is attached.) on either side of the girder or web.

3(c) Tripping Brackets.).5 mm (0.069L + 0. per ft of span !) plus one-quarter of the depth of the slots for the stiffeners.? M.) L = length of the vessel.000825L + 0.20 in.007s e 0.000825L + 0.6+. 19.). in m (ft) Side Shell The thickness of the side shell plating is to be not less than determined by the following equation and not less than 5 mm (0.069L + 0.04 in. 19 Shell Plating The thickness of the bottom. The thickness is not to be less than 1 mm per 100 mm (0.) of depth plus 3 mm (0. t = 5 mm) t = 0.) on either side of the girder or web. (min.01 in. L ' 240 ft ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 109 . in mm (in.46 in..3(a) Strength Requirements. In addition.06 in.) where 19.007s e 1. L g 240 ft t = 0.60 and where s is the sum of half lengths of the stiffeners supported on each side of the girder or web.069L + 0.1 Stiffeners on these bulkheads may have unattached sniped ends provided the above value of SM is increased 25k.3 s = stiffener spacing. per in.007s e 1.02 in. in m (ft).3(b) Proportions.1 Bottom Shell The thickness of the bottom shell plating throughout is not to be less than determined by the following equation: t = 0.0 mm L g 73 m t = 0. these are to be arranged to support the flange.5.000825L + 0. Webs and girders are to have depths not less than 0.12 in.007s e 0.2 for stiffeners using c of 0. the thickness of plating in these locations is to be not less than as required by 3-2-5/17. t = 0.20 in. Each girder and web supporting bulkhead stiffeners is to have a section modulus not less than required by 3-2-5/17.5.1 for tank bulkheads where the spacing of the stiffeners is equal to the frame spacing and the value of h is equal to the distance from the lower edge of the plate to the under surface of the deck plating at side. 17. side and bilge plating is to be as required below.4 (56 R+F4 17.5 mm (min.3.5.) but need not exceed 11.3.007s e 0. in m (ft) ! = as defined in 3-2-5/11. 17. :G. t = 0.A.007s e 0.0833! (1 in. Tripping brackets are to be fitted at intervals of about 3 m (10 ft) and where the width of the face flange exceeds 200 mm (8 in.Part Chapter Section 3 2 5 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Passenger Vessels 3-2-5 s = stiffener spacing.5 mm L ' 73 m t = 0.

but is not to be taken as less than 50 m (164 ft) t is not to be taken as less than tm.5 mm (0.8chs!2 cm3 SM = 0. in m (ft).45 h = design head defined in 3-2-5/21.00012L in.10 in.82 ft) L = length of the vessel.5 mm (0.) greater than the required thickness for side plating.56 m (0. as defined in the following equation: tm = 4. 19.57 Plating is to be of thickness not less than obtained from the following equation: t = (3s h ) + 2. in m (ft) h = 0.).1.7 Bilge Angles Where angles are used at the bilges or gunwales they are to have a thickness at least 1.: !1(*. is to have a section modulus. not less than obtained from the following equation: SM = 7.1.) greater than that of the thinner of the two plates joined.5 mm t = (s h /50) + 0.16 + 0. 21 Deckhouses Side structure of multi-tier superstructure is to be designed to effectively withstand racking forces caused by wind loadings. in association with the plating to which it is attached. The shell plating in tunnels in way of propellers is to be increased above the requirements of this Subsection.:.0224L e 0.:.0 + 0. -:. Stiffeners on exterior bulkheads are also to be designed to effectively transmit deck loadings to the main deck.0224L e 1.06 in. where s = stiffener spacing. the thickness of the plating should be at least 1. See 3-2-5/13.01L mm tm = 0.6 ft) s = stiffener spacing. SM. racking calculations are to be submitted to substantiate the design.2*.4 m( 4. in m (ft) ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .5 3 2 5 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Passenger Vessels 3-2-5 Bilge and Tunnel Plating Where radiused bilges are used the bottom thickness is to extend to the upper turn of the bilgeS where the radius at the bilge exceeds 305 mm (12 in. If required.1 Side and End Bulkheads -:. as defined in 3-1-1/3..@@+5+.4 Each stiffener.Part Chapter Section 19. Tween deck pillars and structural bulkheads are to be provided and arranged to effectively transmit deck loadings to supports below. but not less than 1.06 in. 21.0041chs!2 in3 where 110 c = 0. in m (ft) ! = tween deck height or the distance between vertical webs.

in m (ft). 23.5 Bar Stems Where bar stems are used. in m (ft).44 in. this height may be reduced or the sills omitted entirely. Similar consideration may be given where passenger areas contain below-deck access provided it can be shown that flooding of the below deck space into which water could enter through the deck access opening would not adversely affect the stability or trim of the vessel.0 mm t = 0.0062L + 0. w = 1. provided the openings can be made weathertight.3(1 R+F4 Each vertical web supporting horizontal stiffeners on exterior side and end bulkheads.5 mm t = 0.) L = length of the vessel.37 in. is to have a section modulus.1 Bar Keels Where bar keels are used.3 Openings in Bulkheads All openings in exterior bulkheads of superstructures or deckhouses are to be provided with efficient means of closing. and so arranged that they can be operated from both sides of the bulkhead.) h = depth. in association with the plating to which it is attached.*. 21. 23 Keels.52L + 9. their thicknesses and depths are to be not less than given by the following equations: t = 0.) in height.38L + 11. their thicknesses and widths are to be not less than given by the following equations: t = 0. Proportions are to comply with the requirements of 3-2-5/15.0046L + 0. permanently and strongly attached to the bulkhead. Stems and Stern Frames 23.1.15 in.0127L + 3.72 in. 21.5 mm h = 0.3 Flat Plate Keels Flat plate keels are not to be of less thickness than required for bottom plating. and ! is the tween deck height.1.:.2. where s is the sum of half lengths of the stiffeners supported on each side of the web. as obtained from the equation in 3-2-5/21. SM.0 mm w = 0. as defined in 3-1-1/3.3 t = thickness. h = 1. Where these openings lead into passenger areas with intact decks.2i). 21.0131L + 3.06L + 94.? _+. Opening and closing appliances are to be framed and stiffened so that the whole structure is equivalent to the unpierced bulkhead when closed. in mm (in.5 Doors for Access Openings Doors for access openings into superstructures or deckhouses are to be weathertight.7 Sills of Access Openings Openings in exposed positions on the weather decks which lead to spaces below are to have sills at least 150 mm (6 in. in mm (in. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 111 .Part Chapter Section 3 2 5 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Passenger Vessels 3-2-5 -:.09L + 80. where 23.

52L + 9. as defined in 3-1-1/3.0 mm t = 0.5 mm t = 0. the depth is to be at least 10k greater than the above calculated thickness and the breadth at least 20k greater than the above calculated breadth.06L + 94.+3+ The shoepiece is to be as short as possible.09L + 80.? 2'<+). the outer post is to have a thickness not less than that required for inner posts and a width not less than 80k of that required for inner posts.) L = length of the vessel.N.78 in.5k if unbushed. as defined in 3-1-1/3.15 in.0 mm w = 0. in mm (in.3 Stern Frames -?. -?.7 t = thickness. !<4*4 Where fitted. !<4*4 Where stern frames are fitted.N. in mm (in. their thicknesses and widths are to be not less than given by the following equations: t = 0.9 t = thickness. etc. as defined in 3-1-1/3.37 in.. palms.N. Gudgeons are to have a thickness of 25k of the rudder stock diameter if bushed and 27.) w = width. in mm (in.) L = length of the vessel.0062L + 0.. may be of cast or forged steel or fabricated sections made from materials complying with the requirements of Chapter 1 of the ABS Rules for Materials and Welding (Part 2). gudgeons. the thickness and width of the inner post below the shaft boss are to be not less than given by the following equations: t = 1. w = 1. in mm (in.: O55+.0127L + 3.0144L + 0.3 Sternposts Where bar sternposts are fitted.) L = length of the vessel.20L + 20.1 Materials Rudder parts such as stocks. 112 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .) w = width. where 23. where t = thickness.72 in. in mm (in. 25 Rudders 25.0131L + 3.3 -?. w = 1. in mm (in.5 mm w = 0.) w = width.Part Chapter Section 3 2 5 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Passenger Vessels 3-2-5 where 23.W0*+. The depth of gudgeons is to be not less than 75k of the stock diameter.

b and c. b = horizontal distance from the center of the pintles to the centroid of A. -A. 2*<3D4 Upper stocks above the neck bearing are to have diameters not less than given by the following equation: S = 12.2 3 bAV 2 in. In such cases the design conditions are to be verified during the trials of the vessel.H<C+./ A = total projected area of the rudder.: J))+.A. V = design speed. See 3-2-5/Figure 2a. 2*<3D4 <5 _+44+14 C. in m (ft). in m2 (ft2) V = design speed. in mm (in. 25. where S = diameter of upper stock. See 3-2-5/Figure 2a.2 3 RAV 2 in.+3+4 The stock in and below the neck bearing where a top pintle is not fitted is to have a diameter not less than obtained from the following equation: S1 = 12.75S1 at the bottom of the rudder.. the design and calculations are to be submitted for approval. in km/h (mph) The stock diameter is to be adequate for the maximum astern speed. A = total projected area of the rudder.5 Rudder Stocks -A.A.) R = 0.Part Chapter Section 25. in m (ft). and the bush is to be effectively secured against movement. in m (ft).1 3 bAV 2 mm S = 0.3 3 2 5 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Passenger Vessels 3-2-5 Application This Section refers to single or twin rudders of the balanced or partially balanced type having efficient neck bearings. in m2 (ft2) a = vertical distance from the center of the neck bearing to the centroid of A. Where rudders are of unusual shape or design or are associated with construction features which make the formulas of this Subsection inapplicable. in mm (in. with or without lower bearings.1 3 RAV 2 mm S1 = 0. a suitable transition is to be provided. in km/h (mph) The stock is to be of the full diameter for at least two-thirds of the distance from the neck to the bottom bearing and the diameter may be gradually reduced below this point until it is not less than 0. The bearings are to be bushed. See 3-2-5/Figure 2a.) b = horizontal distance from the center of the pintles to the centroid of A.25 3a 4 a 2 4 16b 2 0 12 . ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 113 . Where the diameter of the lower stock in the bottom bearing is less than the diameter of the lower stock at the bottom of the rudder. where S1 = diameter of lower stock.*' 2'<+).

See 3-2-5/Figure 2c. Above the neck bearing a gradual transition is to be provided where there is a change in the diameter of the rudder stock.*' /<.1 3 RAV 2 S1 = 0.4 The stock in way of and below the neck bearing is to have a diameter not less than obtained from the following equation: S1 = 12.) R = a+ A = total projected area of the rudder in m2 (ft2) a = vertical distance from the center of the neck bearing to the centroid of A. See 3-2-5/Figure 2b.2 3 RAV 2 mm in. This upper bearing may be either part of or separate from the rudder carrier. in m (ft). The length of the neck bearing is to be at least 1. !p = vertical distance from the center of the neck bearing to the center of the pintle bearing. Both the upper and neck bearings are to be bushed and the bushings are to be effectively secured against movement. in m2 (ft2) n = !A e !p where !A ' !p = (!A/!p)(!A e !p) where !A g !p !A = vertical distance from the center of the neck bearing to the centroid of A.A.A. -A. An effective upper bearing is to be provided above the neck bearing.05 times the required upper stock diameter.11n 2 4 b 2 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 . See 3-2-5/Figure 2c. V = design speed. in km/h (mph) a2 4 b2 The stock is to be of the full diameter to the top of the rudderS the diameter may be gradually reduced below this point until it is 0. in mm (in. b = horizontal distance from the centerline of the rudder stock to the centroid of A. but in no case is it to be less than 1.1 3 RAV 2 S1 = 0. where 114 S1 = diameter of lower stock. V = design speed. See 3-2-5/Figure 2b. 2*<3D4 <5 _+44+14 C. R = 0.> H<C+. in m (ft). in km/h (mph) 0. in m (ft). in m (ft).). in m (ft).*' 2)(6+ #066+.5S1.? H<C+. in mm (in. 2*<3D4 <5 _+44+14 C. where S1 = diameter of lower stock. b = horizontal distance from the centerline of the pintle to the centroid of A.2 3 RAV 2 mm in.54 The stock in way of and below the neck bearing is to have a diameter not less than obtained from the following equation: S1 = 12. See 3-2-5/Figure 2c.33S1 at the bottom.33n + A = total projected area of the rudder.Part Chapter Section 3 2 5 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Passenger Vessels 3-2-5 -A.

and the vertical extent of the upper stock for a rudder with an upper pintle may be as shown in 3-2-5/Figure 2a. 25. Where adequate positive stops are provided within the gear.3 above. Below this.Part Chapter Section 3 2 5 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Passenger Vessels 3-2-5 The lower stock is to be of the full diameter to the top of the rudder. Where the rudder horn supports an upper pintle gudgeon. structural stops will not be required.5. 25. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 115 .11 Rudder Stops Strong and effective rudder stops are to be fitted.5. 25.7 Rudders Rudders may be of either single or double plate construction and are to have a sufficient number of arms or diaphragms to provide ample stiffness. 25. may be measured from the center of the upper pintle bearing. The bearing is to be bushed and the bushing effectively secured against movement. !A and !p.2 and 3-2-5/25.13 Supporting and Anti-Lifting Arrangements Effective means are to be provided for supporting the weight of the rudder assembly and the horizontal forces on the rudder stock without excessive bearing pressure. the strength of rudder in way of the axis of the stock is to be not less than that of the lower stock required by 3-2-5/25.9 Couplings Couplings in rudder stocks or between stock and rudder are to be equivalent to the required diameter of stock. They are also to be arranged to prevent accidental unshipping or undue movement of the rudder which may cause damage to the steering gear.

00 Type D c = 1.38 (for h1) Type B c = 0.90 Type C c = 1.Part Chapter Section 3 2 5 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Passenger Vessels 3-2-5 FIGURE 1 Passenger Vessel Framing !/2 ! h h1 !1/2 !/2 !1 h !/2 ! Type A ! Type B h Type C h !/2 ! h !/2 ! Type D Type E Side Frame 116 Type A c = 0.00 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .00 Type E c = 1.80 (for h) Type A c = 1.

Part Chapter Section 3 2 5 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Passenger Vessels 3-2-5 FIGURE 2 Rudder Types Upper stock Neck bearing a a Centroid of A Lower stock b b a Rudder on a vessel with shoepiece Neck bearing Upper stock a !A Neck bearing !p Lower stock Lower stock Centroid of A b b Spade rudder b c Rudder on vessel with horn ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 117 .

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Where only the webs of girders. beams. is not to be less than 0. but in special cases where heavy members are attached to relatively light plating. be employed where small fillets are used for attachment to heavy plates. Continuous welding may be substituted for intermittent welding. the weld throat size.) and is not greater than 5 mm (3/16 in.0 mm (1/16 in. the sizes may be modified. the size of the fillets is to be increased by the amount of the opening. are to have at least the disposition and sizes of intermittent or continuous fillet welds as required by 3-2-6/Tables 1A. 1. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 119 . 2A and 2B. Where the opening between members exceeds 2. t. 1. floors and intercostals.3 Tee-Type Boundary Connections Tank boundary connections are to have double continuous welding in accordance with 3-2-6/Tables 1A and 1B. etc. The stem of a non-watertight tee connection is to be scalloped in way of the joint of both members forming the tee. beams and stiffeners are required to be attached to plating. Fillet welds may be made by an approved manual or automatic process. R+16 E+4.). In general the leg sizes of the welds are to be not less than 3/4 times the thickness of the member being attached. Tight boundaries of dry spaces may have intermittent welding on one side in accordance with 3-2-6/Tables 2A and 2B.1 General The actual sizes of fillet welds are to be indicated on detail drawings or on a separate welding schedule and submitted for approval in each individual case.!"#$ 2+3*. it is recommended that the unattached face plate or flanges be cut back. It may be required that special precautions.75 3 &/"!$9# 2 Hull Structures and Arrangements 29&$OW] 6 Weld Design 1 Fillet Welds 1. Spacing between plates forming tee joints is not to exceed 5 mm (3/16 in.<5 Q.7 times the weld leg size. 1B. In general. bulkhead stiffeners. 1.).. w. such as the use of preheat or low-hydrogen electrodes or welding processes.5 Tee-Type End Connections Tee-type end connections where fillet welds are used are to have continuous welds on each side.7 Other Tee-Type Connections Frames.

may be continuous or intermittent and of the size. 1B.). to the thickness of the thinner of the two plates joined.9 3 2 6 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Weld Design 3-2-6 Lapped Joints Lapped joints are generally to have overlaps of not less width than twice the thinner plate thickness plus 25 mm (l. 2A and 2B is to be complied with. 3 Alternatives The foregoing are considered minimum requirements for electric-arc welding in hull construction. Fillet weld sizes may be determined from structural analyses based on sound engineering principles provided they meet the overall strength standards of the Rules. 1.Part Chapter Section 1.5L are to have continuous fillet welds on both edges each equal in size. 120 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 . All other overlapped end connections are to have continuous welds on each edge of sizes w such that the sum of the two is not less than 1. Note 3 of 3-2-6/Tables 1A.7 for tee connections at boundaries. w. the minimum weld area of the end connections based on the throat dimension of the fillet is not to be less than 75k of the sectional area of the channel.15 Plug Welds or Slot Welds Plug welds or slot welds may be specially approved for particular applications.5 times the thickness of the thinner plate. In addition. such welds may be spaced about 300 mm (12 in.11 or 3-2-6/1. 1. Where used in the body of doublers and similar locations. depending on the members to be connected. The Steel Vessel Rules will be an acceptable alternative.) between centers in both directions. 1. w. arrangements and details will be considered for approval. in. but alternative methods.13. For channel members not attached to plating. Both edges of an overlap joint are to have fillet welds which. for stanchions and diagonals.13 Overlapped Seams Overlapped seams are to have welds on both edges of the sizes required by 3-2-6/1. as required by 3-2-6/1.11 Overlapped End Connections Overlapped end connections of longitudinal strength members within the midship 0.

5 To inner bottom or rider plate and clear of engine w t 5.0 3.5 5.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 5.0 3.5 5.5 5.0 3.0 6.5 5.5 5.0 6.0 3.5 8.5 4.5 5.0 To inner bottom in engine room w t 5.5 7.5 4.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.0 3.0 3.5 5.5 5.0 3.5 5.5 8.5 5.0 3.5 5.5 5.5 6.0 3.5 6.0 3.0 3.0 To inner bottom elsewhere w t 5.5 5.0 3.5 5.5 7.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 6.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.5 6.0 7.0 6.0 6.0 3.5 5.0 3.5 5.0 3.5 6.5 5.0 3. inner bottom and longitudinal bulkheads Floors – Single Bottom To center keelson Floors – Double Bottom Solid floors to center vertical keel plate in engine room.5 5.5 4.5 4.5 5.5 5.Part Chapter Section 3 2 6 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Weld Design 3-2-6 TABLE 1A Double Continuous Fillet Weld Sizes – Millimeters For weld requirements for thicknesses intermediate to those shown in the Table use the nearest lower thickness shown in the table.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.5 9.5 8.0 3.0 3.0 5.5 6.5 8.5 5.0 3.0 3. watertight bulkheads e periphery Bulkhead Stiffeners Deep tank bulkhead Frames and Floors To shell in tanks and peaks To shell elsewhere Wide Spaced Frames and Floors To shell.0 3.0 3.5 5.0 3.0 6.5 8.5 5.5 w t 5.0 3.5 5.0 3.0 6.5 5.5 w t 5.0 3.5 5.0 3.0 5.0 4.0 3.5 5.5 w t e e 5.5 5.0 3.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 Non-watertight bulkhead w t 5.0 3.0 3.5 6.5 5.5 4.0 3.0 3.5 5.5 4.5 4. mm Structural Items 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 w t 5.5 5.0 3.5 7.5 5.0 3.5 5.0 4.5 5.0 4.0 3.0 3.0 Solid floors to center vertical keel plate elsewhere and open floor brackets to center vertical keel w t 5.5 6.5 5.0 5.0 w t e e 5.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 4.0 7.0 6.5 5.0 3.5 5.5 10.5 5.5 5.5 6.0 3.5 4.0 3.5 5.5 5.0 3.5 5.5 6.5 6.0 3.0 3.0 3.5 8.5 5.0 3.0 3.0 3.5 5.0 3.5 5.5 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.0 3.5 5.0 3.5 5.5 5.0 3.0 3.5 5.0 w t 5.0 4.5 7.0 7.5 4.0 6.0 5.5 5.0 3.5 5.5 11.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 4.0 3.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 6.0 3.5 8.5 5. Weld Size for Lesser Thickness of Members Joined.0 3.0 3.5 5.5 4.5 4.0 3.0 3.5 5.0 3.0 w t 5.0 3. under boiler bearers ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 121 .5 5.5 5.0 4.5 Watertight bulkhead w t e e 5.0 3.0 3.5 5.5 5.5 7.0 3.5 5.0 3.0 3.5 w t e e e e 5.0 3.5 5.0 8.0 3.0 3.0 4.5 5.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 4.0 3.0 3.5 4.5 5.0 3.5 5.5 5.5 5.0 3.5 Center Girder To inner bottom or rider plate in way of engine and to shell or bar keel w t e e 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.5 5.5 5.0 3.0 5.0 3.0 3.5 5.5 4.5 5.5 4.5 5.5 5.0 3.5 5.5 6.0 5.5 5.5 6.5 5.5 5.0 3.0 7.0 3.5 5.5 5.5 5.0 3.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 4.5 9.5 5.0 3.5 7.0 3.5 4.0 3.5 8.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.0 3.0 3.5 5.0 3.0 3.5 5.5 5.5 4.0 3.5 4.5 8.0 3.5 5.0 3.5 5.5 5.0 5.0 3.0 3.0 5.5 5. deck.5 5.5 5.5 Solid floors and open floor brackets to margin plate w t 5.5 5.0 5.5 Beams Transverse or longitudinal to deck Bulkhead Plating Oiltight.

0 3.5 7.0 3.5 t e 3.0 3.5 5.0 5.0 5.0 3.5 5.5 5.5 5.5 4.0 3.5 5.0 6.5 4.5 5.0 3.0 3.5 5.0 3.5 5.5 3.0 5. mm Structural Items 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 w t 5.0 3.5 3.5 5.0 5.0 5.0 9.0 5.5 3.0 3.0 Intercostals To shell and inner bottom in way of engines w t e e 5.5 5.5 4.0 3.0 3.5 4.0 3.5 5.5 6.0 3.0 Webs to face plates w t 5.0 3.5 To shell and inner bottom elsewhere.0 3.5 5.5 5.0 3.0 3.5 5.0 5.5 3.5 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.5 5.5 6.5 5.5 4.0 7.0 3.0 4.5 4.5 5.5 3.0 5.0 3.5 Foundations To top plates. to floors w t 5.5 5.Part Chapter Section 3 2 6 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Weld Design 3-2-6 TABLE 1A (continued) Weld Sizes and Spacing – Millimeters For weld requirements for thicknesses intermediate to those shown in the Table use the nearest lower thickness shown in the table.0 4.5 5.0 4.5 5.5 4.5 5.5 5.0 3.5 5.0 3.5 5.5 3.0 3.5 w e 5. Webs and Trusses To shell and to bulkheads or decks in tanks 122 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .0 3.0 4. Weld Size for Lesser Thickness of Members Joined.5 5.5 6.0 6.0 3.5 5.0 3.5 5.5 5.0 5.5 5.5 5.0 3.0 3.5 5.5 6.5 5.5 8.0 3.0 3.5 4.0 3. shell or inner bottom for main engines and major auxiliaries Girders.5 5.5 5.5 5.0 5.0 5.5 4.5 5.0 3.0 5.0 3.0 To bulkheads or decks elsewhere w t e e 5.0 3.5 5.5 5.5 8.

Weld Size for Lesser Thickness of Members Joined.28 0. deck.52 0.Part Chapter Section 3 2 6 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Weld Design 3-2-6 TABLE 1B Double Continuous Fillet Weld Sizes – Inches For weld requirements for thicknesses intermediate to those shown in the Table use the nearest lower thickness shown in the table. to floors e 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 7/32 7/32 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 7/32 e 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 7/32 7/32 1/4 1/4 1/4 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 7/32 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 123 .48 0.56 0.24 0. Webs and Trusses To shell and to bulkheads or decks in tanks To bulkheads or decks elsewhere Webs to face plates Intercostals To shell and inner bottom in way of engines To shell and inner bottom elsewhere. Structural Items 0. under boiler bearers Solid floors to center vertical keel plate elsewhere and open floor brackets to center vertical keel Solid floors and open floor brackets to margin plate To inner bottom in engine room e e 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 7/32 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 7/32 e 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 7/32 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 7/32 1/4 1/4 9/32 5/16 5/16 11/32 3/16 7/32 7/32 1/4 1/4 5/16 5/16 3/8 3/8 7/16 7/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 7/32 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 7/32 1/4 1/4 9/32 5/16 5/16 11/32 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 7/32 1/4 1/4 9/32 5/16 5/16 11/32 To inner bottom elsewhere 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 7/32 Foundations To top plates.36 0.60 Beams Transverse or longitudinal to deck 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 7/32 Bulkhead Plating Oiltight.20 0. watertight bulkheads e periphery 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 7/32 1/4 1/4 9/32 5/16 5/16 11/32 Bulkhead Stiffeners Deep tank bulkhead e 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 7/32 Watertight bulkhead e 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 7/32 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 7/32 e 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 7/32 7/32 1/4 1/4 1/4 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 7/32 7/32 1/4 1/4 1/4 Non-watertight bulkhead Center Girder To inner bottom or rider plate in way of engine and to shell or bar keel To inner bottom or rider plate and clear of engine Frames and Floors To shell in tanks and peaks To shell elsewhere Wide Spaced Frames and Floors To shell.40 0.44 0. in.32 0. inner bottom and longitudinal bulkheads Floors – Single Bottom To center keelson Floors – Double Bottom Solid floors to center vertical keel plate in engine room. shell or inner bottom for main engines and major auxiliaries 3/16 3/16 7/32 7/32 1/4 1/4 9/32 5/16 5/16 11/32 3/8 e 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 3/16 7/32 7/32 Girders.

0 Weld size for lesser thickness of members joined.0 mm 300 300 See 3-2-6/Table 1A for double continuous weld See 3-2-6/Table 1A for double continuous weld — 250 250 250 250 — — *300 250 *300 *350 250 300 *350 250 300 *350 250 300 *350 250 300 *350 250 300 *350 — 150 150 150 150 150 150 — 150 150 150 150 150 150 — *300 — *300 250 300 250 300 250 300 250 300 250 300 — 150 150 150 150 150 150 250 250 300 300 See 3-2-6/Table 1A for double continuous welds See 3-2-6/Table 1A for double continuous welds — *250 *250 250 250 See 3-2-6/Table 1A for double continuous welds See 3-2-6/Table 1A for double continuous welds *300 *300 300 300 300 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .5 8 9.5 5.0 8/0 3.5 Structural Items Beams Transverse or longitudinal to deck Watertight Bulkhead Plating – Periphery One side Other side Bulkhead Stiffeners (See Note 5) Deep tank bulkhead Watertight bulkhead Non-watertight bulkhead Center Girder (See Note 6) To inner bottom or rider plate in way of engine and to shell or bar keel u To inner bottom or rider plate and clear of engine Frames and Floors (See Notes 5 I 7) To shell in tanks and peaks To shell elsewhere Wide Spaced Frames and Floor To shell.5 6. under boiler bearers Solid floors to center vertical keel plate elsewhere.5 3.5 4. Length of fillet weld Nominal leg size of fillet w Nominal throat size of fillet t 5 40 4.5 Spacing of Welds S.5 8. mm *300 *300 300 300 300 Continuous weld of leg size of plate thickness less than 2.5 11 12.Part Chapter Section 3 2 6 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Weld Design 3-2-6 TABLE 2A Intermittent Fillet Weld Sizes and Spacing – Millimeters For weld requirements for thicknesses intermediate to those shown in the Table use the nearest lower thickness shown in the table.5 6.5 5.0 6. For double continuous weld sizes equivalent to the intermittent welds see 3-2-6/Table 1A. deck. inner bottom and longitudinal Floors – Single Bottom To center keelson Floors – Double Bottom (See Note 7) Solid floors to center vertical keel plate in engine room. mm 6.5 65 65 65 65 65 5. Weld sizes other than given in the table may be used provided the spacing of welds is modified to give equivalent strength. and open-floor brackets to center vertical keel Solid floors and open-floor brackets to margin plate To inner bottom in engine room To inner bottom elsewhere 124 14 65 9.5 4.

or oil-tight a continuous weld is to be used on one side of the connections.5 8. etc. * Fillet welds are to be staggered. center girder and inner bottom as required for deep tank bulkheads.5 Spacing of Welds S.. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 125 . shelves and stringers. 3 The required welding area of end connections of stanchions and diagonals is not to be less than the following: Notes " Stanchions e 75k of the area of the stanchions " Diagonals e 50k of the area of the diagonal In determining the weld area provided.5 8 9. Side and deck longitudinals in way of cargo spaces in open hopper barges require a matched pair of welds at their ends. u Length of fillet to be 75 mm 1 Where beams. shelves or stringers. and the beams.5 5.5 4. Length of fillet weld based on lesser thickness of members joined.0 Weld size for lesser thickness of members joined. 5 Unbracketed shell and bulkhead stiffeners are to have double continuous welds for one-tenth of their length at each end. 2 Longitudinal frames are to have 150 mm of double continuous welding at their ends and in way of transverses except as follows. mm 6. shell or inner bottom for main engines and major auxiliaries Girders. 6 Where center girders are water. 7 Tank end floors are to be welded to shell.Part Chapter Section 3 2 6 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Weld Design 3-2-6 TABLE 2A (continued) Intermittent Fillet Weld Sizes and Spacing – Millimeters Length of fillet weld Nominal leg size of fillet w Nominal throat size of fillet t Structural Items Foundations To top plates. there is to be a pair of matched intermittent welds on each side of each such intersection.0 8/0 3.5 14 65 9. stiffeners and frames are to be efficiently attached to the girders.5 5. the throat dimension of the fillet is to be used. mm See 3-2-6/Table 1A for double continuous welds — — *250 200 250 *250 225 250 300 225 250 300 225 250 300 225 250 300 225 250 300 — *275 150 *275 150 275 150 275 150 275 150 275 150 275 See General Notes at beginning of Table.5 6. Webs and Trusses To shell and to bulkheads or decks in tanks To bulkheads or decks elsewhere Webs to face plate Intercostals To shell and inner bottom in way of engine u To shell and inner bottom elsewhere.5 65 65 65 65 65 5. to floors 5 40 4. frames.5 6. 4 Brackets generally welded 75 mm on 150 mm centers.5 3. pass through slotted girders. both sides.5 11 12.0 6. stiffeners. Deck longitudinals require 150 mm double continuous welding at ends.5 4.

under boiler bearers Solid floors to center vertical keel plate elsewhere. and open-floor brackets to center vertical keel Solid floors and open-floor brackets to margin plate To inner bottom in engine room To inner bottom elsewhere 126 0.32 0. For double continuous weld sizes equivalent to the intermittent welds see 3-2-6/Table 1B. inner bottom and longitudinal Floors – Single Bottom To center keelson Floors – Double Bottom (See Note 7) Solid floors to center vertical keel plate in engine room. 12 12 See 3-2-6/Table 1B for double continuous weld See 3-2-6/Table 1B for double continuous weld — 10 10 10 10 — — *12 10 *12 *14 10 12 *14 10 12 *14 10 12 *14 10 12 *14 10 12 *14 — 6 6 6 6 6 6 — 6 6 6 6 6 6 — *12 — *12 10 12 10 12 10 12 10 12 10 12 — 6 6 6 6 6 6 10 10 12 12 See 3-2-6/Table 1B for double continuous welds See 3-2-6/Table 1B for double continuous welds — *10 *10 10 10 See 3-2-6/Table 1B for double continuous welds See 3-2-6/Table 1B for double continuous welds *12 *12 12 12 12 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .20 11/2 3/16 Weld size for lesser thickness of members joined. deck.44 0.58 1 1 1 1 1 2 /2 2 /2 2 /2 2 /2 2 /2 21/2 3/16 1/4 1/4 5/16 5/16 3/8 Spacing of Welds S.50 0. Weld sizes other than given in the table may be used provided the spacing of welds is modified to give equivalent strength.26 0. mm *12 *12 12 12 12 Continuous weld of leg size of plate thickness less than 1/16 in. 0. Length of fillet weld Nominal leg size of fillet w Structural Items Beams Transverse or longitudinal to deck Watertight Bulkhead Plating – Periphery One side Other side Bulkhead Stiffeners (See Note 5) Deep tank bulkhead Watertight bulkhead Non-watertight bulkhead Center Girder (See Note 6) To inner bottom or rider plate in way of engine and to shell or bar keel u To inner bottom or rider plate and clear of engine Frames and Floors (See Notes 5 I 7) To shell in tanks and peaks To shell elsewhere Wide Spaced Frames and Floor To shell. in.Part Chapter Section 3 2 6 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Weld Design 3-2-6 TABLE 2B Intermittent Fillet Weld Sizes and Spacing – Inches For weld requirements for thicknesses intermediate to those shown in the Table use the nearest lower thickness shown in the table.38 0.

Webs and Trusses To shell and to bulkheads or decks in tanks To bulkheads or decks elsewhere Webs to face plate Intercostals To shell and inner bottom in way of engine u To shell and inner bottom elsewhere. stiffeners and frames are to be efficiently attached to the girders. 7 Tank end floors are to be welded to shell.26 0.38 0. shelves and stringers.20 11/2 3/16 Weld size for lesser thickness of members joined.58 21/2 21/2 21/2 21/2 21/2 21/2 3/16 1/4 1/4 5/16 5/16 3/8 Spacing of Welds S. in. etc. * Fillet welds are to be staggered. 5 Unbracketed shell and bulkhead stiffeners are to have double continuous welds for one-tenth of their length at each end. 1 Where beams. pass through slotted girders. center girder and inner bottom as required for deep tank bulkheads. to floors 0.32 0.. Length of fillet weld based on lesser thickness of members joined. Deck longitudinals require 6 inches double continuous welding at ends. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 127 . 6 Where center girders are water. Side and deck longitudinals in way of cargo spaces in open hopper barges require a matched pair of welds at their ends. shell or inner bottom for main engines and major auxiliaries Girders. u Length of fillet to be 3 in.50 0. 3 The required welding area of end connections of stanchions and diagonals is not to be less than the following: Notes " Stanchions e 75k of the area of the stanchions " Diagonals e 50k of the area of the diagonal In determining the weld area provided. 4 Brackets generally welded 3 inches on 6 inch centers. 0. shelves or stringers.44 0. frames. stiffeners. both sides. mm See 3-2-6/Table 1B for double continuous welds — — *10 8 10 *10 9 10 12 9 10 12 9 10 12 9 10 12 9 10 12 — *11 6 *11 6 11 6 11 6 11 6 11 6 11 See General Notes at beginning of Table. 2 Longitudinal frames are to have 6 inches of double continuous welding at their ends and in way of transverses except as follows. the throat dimension of the fillet is to be used. and the beams. there is to be a pair of matched intermittent welds on each side of each such intersection.or oil-tight a continuous weld is to be used on one side of the connections.Part Chapter Section 3 2 6 Hull Construction and Equipment Hull Structures and Arrangements Weld Design 3-2-6 TABLE 2B (continued) Intermittent Fillet Weld Sizes and Spacing – Inches Length of fillet weld Nominal leg size of fillet w Structural Items Foundations To top plates.

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....................3 Self-propelled Vessels Under 100 m (328 ft) in Length ....................................135 21 Watertight Doors in Watertight Bulkheads.. Trunks...134 13 Gangway and Cargo Ports Located Below the Margin Line .... 132 Damage Stability..........................133 9 Automatic Ventilating Portlights ......................................................................................................1 Permeability ......................................................................1 Margin Line ............................................................ greater than 20 m (65 ft) in Length....... 131 1...............135 17 Doors..................................................... 131 3........................... 133 5....................131 3........................................................134 15 Openings and Penetrations in Watertight Bulkheads ......141 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL 1ESSELS FOR SER1ICE ON RI1ERS 2 INTRACOASTAL 3ATER3A4S ..141 37 Trim and Stability Booklets .......... Manholes and Access Openings.....141 39 Damage Control Plans................ or Carrying 50 or More Passengers .............136 25 Watertight Doors in Cargo Spaces .... 2007 129 ...........................................1 Vessels Over 100 Gross Tons..................... Tunnels..............................................................PART Chapter 3: Subdivision and Stability 3 CHAPTER 3 Subdivision and Stability CONTENTS SECTION 1 Passenger Vessels..............................................................................................140 29 Miscellaneous ...............134 11 Shell Connections Located Below the Margin Line ..140 31 Watertight Decks......................140 35 Deadweight Survey..................................................................135 19 Shaft Tunnel Door and Doors within Propulsion Machinery Spaces ......................................................3 Extent of Damage .......................131 1 3 5 Definitions ......................................................................................................................140 33 Inclining Experiment.............................................................139 27 Portable Plates....................................................... Duct Keels and Ventilators ....133 5.............3 Deepest Subdivision Draft................................................................................................................136 23 Power-operated Sliding Watertight Doors ...................131 1................................................................ 133 7 Portlights in Cargo Spaces Located Below the Margin Line ................... 131 Intact Stability.....

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0025 P LLK14200M2 LtfKft2) L N length of the vessel........ GM ' PAHKLW tan(T)M ...................1 Vessels Over 100 Gross Tons... except that vessels under 20 m (65 ft) in length....028 P (LK1309)2 tfKrn2 (0......................................... (1) GM ' NbKLKW tan(T)M..... in m (ft).... and carrying between 50 and 150 passengers need only comply with Equation 1.. of these vessels is to be as indicated by the following equations in each condition of loading and operation....... (2) where P N 0..........) below the upper surface of the main deck at side..........1 Margin Line The Margin Line is a line drawn at least 76 mm (3 in.... as defined in 3-1-1K3 A N proTected lateral area of the portion of the vessel above the waterline.............................. of 100 gross tons or less.................................. 2007 131 .............PART Section 1: Passenger Vessels 3 CHAPTER 3 Subdivision and Stability SECTION 1 Passenger Vessels 1 Definitions 1.. Greater than 20 m (65 ft) in Length..... ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL 1ESSELS FOR SER1ICE ON RI1ERS 2 INTRACOASTAL 3ATER3A4S .. in m (ft) W N force corresponding to the displacement of the vessel. or approximately to the one-half draft point... GM.. whichever is less.......3 Deepest Subdivision Draft Deepest Subdivision Draft is the waterline which corresponds to the greatest draft permitted by the subdivision requirements which are applicable...... or Carrying 50 or More Passengers The metacentric height.... 3 Intact Stability 3.. 1.. in tf (Ltf) T N 14° or the angle of heel at which one half of the freeboard to the deck edge is immersed..... in m2 (ft2) H N vertical distance from the center of A to the center of the vesselUs underwater lateral area........

Vessels with Maximum Righting Arm Occurring at an Angle of Heel + 30° These vessels are to comply with 3-3-1K3.49 ft).15 m (0.9 ft-degrees) up to an angle of heel of 40°.15 m-degrees (16.3.3. whichever is less. at each angle of heel the vesselXs righting arm is to be calculated after the vessel is permitted to trim freely until the trimming moment is zero.2 below.1 or 3-3-1K3.15 m (0. or the downflooding angle. if this angle is less than 40°.3 ft-degrees) up to an angle of heel of 30°. iv) An area under each righting arm curve of at least 5.6 ft-degrees).Part Chapter Section 3. For the purpose of demonstrating compliance with 3-3-1K3.72 m-degrees (5. and v) An area under each righting arm curve between the angles of 30° and 40°.3 3 3 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Subdivision and Stability Passenger Vessels 3-3-1 N N number of passengers b N distance from the centerline of the vessel to the geometric center of the passenger deck on one side of the centerline.3.66 ft) at an angle of heel equal to or greater than 30° iii) An area under each righting arm curve of at least 3. whichever is less.6 passengersKtf (24 passengersKLtf) Self-propelled Vessels Under 100 m (328 ft) in Length These vessels are to comply with 3-3-1K3.3.20 m (0. or the downflooding angle. ii) A maximum righting arm (GZ) of at least 0. v) An area under each righting arm curve up to the angle of maximum righting arm of not less than the area determined by the following equationsZ A N 3.72 m-degrees (5.9 ft-degrees) up to an angle of heel of 40°.49 ft).3.3. ii) A maximum righting arm that occurs at an angle of heel not less than 15°.1 3.6 ft-degrees). or between 30° and the downflooding angle. in m-degrees (ft-degrees) Y N angle of maximum righting. in degrees ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL 1ESSELS FOR SER1ICE ON RI1ERS 2 INTRACOASTAL 3ATER3A4S . 3.15 P 0. in m (ft) K N 23.057(30 – Y) m-degrees A N 10.1 or are to have\ i) An initial metacentric height (GM) of at least 0.15 m-degrees (16.2 Vessels with Maximum Righting Arm Occurring at an Angle of Heel > 30° These vessels are to haveZ i) An initial metacentric height (GM) of at least 0. and iv) An area under each righting arm curve between the angles of 30° and 40°. of not less than 1.3. iii) An area under each righting arm curve of at least 5.187(30 – Y) ft-degrees where 132 A N area. or between 30° and the downflooding angle. if this angle is less than 40°.15 m-degrees (10.1 or 3-3-1K3. of not less than 1. 2007 .3 P 0.2 below.

5 m (143 ft) in Length or Greater For vessels 43. 2007 133 . applied inboard from the side of the vessel. stores and baggage spacesZ 60B.3 i) Cargo. tmin N 8.1 Permeability The following uniform average permeabilities are to be assumedZ 5. the following extent of damage is to be assumedZ 5.5 m (143 ft) or more in length.5 m (143 ft) in Length For vessels less than 43.2 Vessels Under 43. in mm (in. 5. the following extent of damage is to be assumedZ 5. Upward without limit. 7 Portlights in Cargo Spaces Located Below the Margin Line Portlights located below the margin line are to be fitted with tempered monolithic glass of thickness obtained from the following equation and are to comply with i). at the level of the deepest subdivision draft. 5. or carrying more than 150 passengers. at right angles to the centerline.3. Extent of Damage 5. applied inboard from the side of the vessel. Upward without limit.3.2(a) Longitudinal penetration.1(c) Vertical penetration. 5. or 10. at the level of the deepest subdivision draft. irrespective of the maximum number of passengers carried. ii) Machinery spacesZ 85` iii) TanksZ 0` or 95`. 5.3.1(b) Transverse penetration.) t N glass thickness. greater than 20 m (65 ft) in length. in mm (in. BK5 where B is the mean of the maximum beam at the bulkhead deck and the maximum beam at the deepest subdivision draft. ii) and iii).Part Chapter Section 5 3 3 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Subdivision and Stability Passenger Vessels 3-3-1 Damage Stability All vessels over 100 gross tons. are to comply with a one-compartment standard of flooding (no damage to any main transverse watertight bulkhead).3. 1.3. 5.2(c) Vertical penetration.0 mm (0.7 m (35 ft) whichever is less. The following assumptions are to be made in determining compliance with the one compartment standard. below. 3 m (10 ft) plus 3` of the vesselUs length.8 m (6 ft) or 10` of the vesselUs length.5 m (143 ft) in length.) ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL 1ESSELS FOR SER1ICE ON RI1ERS 2 INTRACOASTAL 3ATER3A4S . BK5 where B is the mean of the maximum beam at the bulkhead deck and the maximum beam at the deepest subdivision draft.1 Vessels of 43.3. 5. iv) All other spacesZ 95`. at right angles to the centerline. whichever results in the most disabling condition.2(b) Transverse penetration.1(a) Longitudinal penetration.31 in.033d where d N clear glass diameter. whichever is greater.3.) t N 0.3.

Where a valve with positive means of closing is fitted.1 All inlets and discharges in the shell plating are to be fitted with efficient and accessible arrangements for preventing the accidental ingress of water into the vessel. the operating position above the bulkhead deck is always to be readily accessible. Shell doublers or insert plates are to be fitted to compensate for the openings and the corners of openings are to be well rounded. 13 Gangway and Cargo Ports Located Below the Margin Line 13. provided that the inboard valve is situated above the deepest draft and is always accessible for examination under service conditions. they are to be fitted with a device which prevents unauthorized opening. Automatic Ventilating Portlights Automatic ventilating portlights are not to be fitted in the shell plating below the margin line without special approval.5 Machinery space main and auxiliary sea inlets and discharges used in connection with the operation of machinery are to be fitted with readily accessible valves between the pipes and the shell plating or between the pipes and fabricated boxes attached to the shell plating. The valves may be controlled locally and are to be provided with indicators showing whether they are open or closed. 13. ii) Portlights may be fitted in spaces used alternatively for the carriage of cargo or passengers.3 Except as provided in 3-3-1K11. Ports which open inboard are to have portable strong-backs or props in addition to the regular dogs. If accessible during service. each separate discharge led through the shell plating from spaces below the margin line is to be provided with either one automatic non-return valve fitted with a positive means of closing from above the bulkhead deck or with two automatic non-return valves without positive means of closing. The scantlings of the ports are to be equivalent to the scantlings required by the Rules for the hull structure in that location. iii) If cargo is carried in spaces mentioned in ii).5. and means are to be provided for indicating whether the valve is open or closed. 2007 . Indicators showing whether the ports are open or secured closed are to be located in the wheelhouse or main control center. They are to be capable of being effectively closed and secured watertight. 11. but they are to be of such construction as will effectively prevent any unauthorized opening.1 Gangway and cargo ports fitted below the margin line are to be of sufficient strength.Part Chapter Section 9 3 3 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Subdivision and Stability Passenger Vessels 3-3-1 i) Portlights are not to be fitted in any spaces which are used exclusively for the carriage of cargo. 134 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL 1ESSELS FOR SER1ICE ON RI1ERS 2 INTRACOASTAL 3ATER3A4S . Ports should normally open outboard. 11 Shell Connections Located Below the Margin Line 11. 11. the portlights and their deadlights are to be closed watertight and locked before the cargo is shipped.3 Such ports are to be so located as to have their lowest point above the deepest draft waterline.

or access openings are not permittedZ 19 i) In the collision bulkhead below the margin line\ ii) In watertight transverse bulkheads dividing a cargo space from an adToining cargo space or from a permanent or reserve bunker.1 The number of openings in watertight bulkheads is to be reduced to the minimum compatible with the design and proper working of the vessel\ satisfactory means are to be provided for closing these openings.7 Except as provided in 3-3-1K15. provided there is no practical alternative to the fitting of such a second pipe and that. each of which is fitted as required by paragraph d. impair the watertight integrity of the bulkheads. except as provided in 3-3-1K25. 15.3 Valves not forming part of a piping system are not permitted in watertight subdivision bulkheads. where deterioration of such material would in the event of a fire.9 If the forepeak is divided to hold two kinds of liquids. 17 Doors.9. See also 4-4-1K25. the collision bulkhead may be pierced below the margin line by two pipes. 15.4. the safety of the vessel is maintained. is to be fitted in each main transverse bulkhead. apart from the watertight doors to shaft tunnels. having regard to the additional subdivision provided in the forepeak. 2007 135 . The hand gear for operating these doors from above the bulkhead deck is to be situated outside the spaces containing the machinery. All these watertight doors are to be of the sliding type and are to be so located as to have their sills as high as practicable. the collision bulkhead may be pierced below the margin line by not more than one pipe for dealing with fluid in the forepeak. and only two watertight doors where there are more than two shafts. not more than one watertight door.Part Chapter Section 15 3 3 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Subdivision and Stability Passenger Vessels 3-3-1 Openings and Penetrations in Watertight Bulkheads 15. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL 1ESSELS FOR SER1ICE ON RI1ERS 2 INTRACOASTAL 3ATER3A4S . Where two or more shafts are fitted. Shaft Tunnel Door and Doors within Propulsion Machinery Spaces Within spaces containing the main and auxiliary propulsion machinery including boilers serving the needs of propulsion.5 Lead or other heat sensitive materials are not to be used in systems which penetrate watertight subdivision bulkheads. 15. There is to be only one watertight door between the machinery space and the tunnel spaces where two shafts are fitted. provided that the pipe is fitted with a screwdown valve capable of being operated from above the bulkhead deck\ the valve chest being located on the collision bulkhead inside the forepeak. the tunnels are to be interconnected by a passage. 15. manholes. Manholes and Access Openings Doors.9.

5 Watertight door controls.1 Have either a vertical or a horizontal motion\ 136 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL 1ESSELS FOR SER1ICE ON RI1ERS 2 INTRACOASTAL 3ATER3A4S .9 (1##6) Sliding doors are to be hydrostatically tested at the manufacturer with a head of water not less than the height to the deck at center. 21.28 ft) above the sill on the centerline of the door.4. are to be kept as close as practicable to the bulkhead in which the doors are fitted. such distance being measured at right angles to the centerline at the level of the deepest subdivision load line. Remote operating positions are to be at the navigation bridge (or main control station) as required by 3-3-1K23.3 The means of operation whether by power or by hand of any power-operated sliding watertight door is to be capable of closing the door with the vessel listed to 15° either way. the operation of the watertight doors clear of the damaged portion of the vessel is not impaired. 2007 . except as provided in 3-3-1K25 are to be power-operated sliding doors complying with the requirements of 3-3-1K23 capable of being closed simultaneously from the central operating console at the navigation bridge (or main control station) in not more than 60 seconds with the vessel in the upright position.1 Each power-operated sliding watertight door is to comply with the followingZ 23. including hydraulic piping and electric cables.7 All power-operated sliding watertight doors are to be provided with means of indication which will show at all remote operating positions whether the doors are open or closed. 21.1 Watertight doors. The positioning of watertight doors and their controls are to be such that if the vessel sustains damage within one fifth of the breadth of the vessel. Consideration is also to be given to the forces which may act on either side of the door as may be experienced when water is flowing through the opening applying a static head equivalent to a water height of at least 1 m (3.1.1. in order to minimize the likelihood of them being involved in any damage which the vessel may sustain.1.Part Chapter Section 21 3 3 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Subdivision and Stability Passenger Vessels 3-3-1 Watertight Doors in Watertight Bulkheads 21. 23 Power-operated Sliding Watertight Doors 23. as defined in 3-1-1K5. 21. at the location where hand operation above the bulkhead deck is required by 3-3-1K23.5 and. 21.

except the door may be opened for limited periods when absolutely necessary. The associated control. and in addition.Part Chapter Section 3 3 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Subdivision and Stability Passenger Vessels 3-3-1 23. the audible alarm is to be supplemented by a warning sign posted on each side of the door.2 SubTect to 3-3-1K27.3 The electrical power required for power-operated sliding watertight doors is to be supplied from the emergency switchboard either directly or by a dedicated distribution board situated above the bulkhead deck.1.6 Be provided with an audible alarm.1. In the case of remote hand operation it is sufficient for the audible alarm to sound only when the door is moving. 23. The time necessary for the complete closure of the door.94 ft). are taken into considerationZ i) Special consideration is to be given to the strength of the door and its closing appliances in order to prevent leakages\ ii) The door is to be located inboard of the transverse extent of damage (BK5)\ iii) The door is to be kept closed when the vessel is in service.2 m (3.1.1. or any other acceptable form of power. close the door from an accessible position above the bulkhead deck with an all round crank motion or some other movement providing the same acceptable degree of safety. It is to be possible to open and close the door by hand from either side of the door. from the time the door begins to move to the time it reaches the completely closed position. distinct from any other alarm in the area. an intermittent visual signal at the door\ and 23. Additionally.1. is not to exceed 90 seconds with the vessel in the upright position\ 23. Direction of rotation or other movement is to be clearly indicated at all operating positions. in passenger areas and areas of high ambient noise.5 Be provided with controls for opening and closing the door by power from both sides of the door and also for closing the door by power from the central operating console at the navigation bridge (or main control station)\ 23. 23. 2007 137 .4 Be provided with an individual hand-operated mechanism. is to be not less than 20 seconds or more than 40 seconds with the vessel in the upright position. hydraulic power. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL 1ESSELS FOR SER1ICE ON RI1ERS 2 INTRACOASTAL 3ATER3A4S . when operating by hand gear. indication and alarm circuits are to be supplied from the emergency switchboard either directly or by a dedicated distribution board situated above the bulkhead deck. The closure time. 23. normally being limited to a maximum clear opening width of 1. Larger doors may be considered to the extent necessary for the effective operation of the vessel provided that other safety measures.1. including the following.7 Have an approximately uniform rate of closure under power. which will sound whenever the door is closed remotely by power and which is to sound for at least five seconds but no more than ten seconds before the door begins to move and is to continue sounding until the door is completely closed.3 Be fitted with the necessary equipment to open and close the door using electric power.

This operating cycle is to be capable of being carried out when the accumulator is at the pump cut-in pressure.9 As far as practicable. The fluid used is to be chosen considering the temperatures liable to be encountered by the installation during its service. the power systems for poweroperated watertight sliding doors are to be separate from any other power system.5.2 An independent hydraulic system for each door with each power source consisting of a motor and pump capable of opening and closing the door.11 The enclosures of electrical components necessarily situated below the bulkhead deck are to provide suitable protection against the ingress of water. electrical equipment and components for watertight doors are to be situated above the bulkhead deck and outside hazardous areas and spaces.5. 138 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL 1ESSELS FOR SER1ICE ON RI1ERS 2 INTRACOASTAL 3ATER3A4S . For the systems specified in 3-3-1K23. These alarms are to be audible and visual and are to be situated on the central operating console at the navigation bridge (or main control station). The hydraulic system is to be provided with a low-level alarm for hydraulic fluid reservoirs serving the power-operated system and a low gas pressure alarm or other effective means of monitoring loss of stored energy in hydraulic accumulators.2 above.Part Chapter Section 3 3 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Subdivision and Stability Passenger Vessels 3-3-1 23.. closed-open-closed) against an adverse list of 15°.5 Power-operated sliding watertight doors are to have one of the following systems. The power operating system is to be designed to minimize the possibility of having a single failure in the hydraulic piping adversely affect the operation of more than one door.1 A centralized hydraulic system with two independent power sources each consisting of a motor and pump capable of simultaneously closing all doors.. In addition.5.e. 23. 2007 . 23. A single failure in the electric or hydraulic power-operated system excluding the hydraulic actuator is not to prevent the hand operation of any door. there is to be a hydraulic accumulator of sufficient capacity to operate the door at least three times (i. In addition. there are to be for the whole installation hydraulic accumulators of sufficient capacity to operate all the doors at least three times (i.5.7 Control handles are to be provided at each side of the bulkhead at a minimum height of 1. The direction of movement of the handles in opening and closing the door is to be in the direction of door movement and is to be clearly indicated. This operating cycle is to be capable of being carried out when the accumulator is at the pump cut-in pressure. 23.1 and 3-3-1K23. closed-openclosed) against an adverse list of 15°.e. 23. The fluid used is to be chosen considering the temperatures liable to be encountered by the installation during its service. 23. A low gas pressure group alarm or other effective means of monitoring loss of stored energy in hydraulic accumulators is to be provided at the central operating console on the navigation bridge (or main control station).6 m (5. Loss of stored energy indication at each local operating position is to be provided.25 ft) above the deck and are to be so arranged as to enable persons passing through the doorway to hold both handles in the open position without being able to set the power closing mechanism in operation accidentally.

Part Chapter Section 3 3 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Subdivision and Stability Passenger Vessels 3-3-1 23.17 Central Operating Console 23. 2007 139 . 23. Loss of any such power supply is to activate an audible and visual alarm at the central operating console at the navigation bridge or main control station). indication and alarm circuits are to be protected against fault in such a way that a failure in one door circuit will not cause a failure in any other door circuits. 23. such distance being measured at right angles to the centerline of the vessel at the level of the deepest draft. Such doors may be hinged. A red light is to indicate a door is fully open and a green light is to indicate a door is fully closed.17. They are to be fitted at the highest level and as far from the shell plating as practicable. Arrangements are to be such that leakage of water into the electrical equipment located below the main deck will not cause the door to open. control. and a idoors closedj mode which will automatically close any door that is open. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL 1ESSELS FOR SER1ICE ON RI1ERS 2 INTRACOASTAL 3ATER3A4S . When it is proposed to fit such doors. 23.5 above. All watertight doors in the cargo spaces are to be kept closed during navigation and should any of the doors be accessible during the voyage.1 The central operating console at the navigation bridge (or main control station) is to have a imaster modej switch with two modes of controlZ a ilocal controlj mode which will allow any door to be locally opened and locally closed after use without automatic closure. rolling or sliding doors and are not to be remotely controlled. The idoors closedj mode will permit doors to be opened locally and will automatically reclose the doors upon release of the local control mechanism. but in no case is the outboard vertical edge to be situated at a distance from the shell plating which is less than one fifth of the breadth of the vessel.15 A single electrical failure in the power operating or control system of a power-operated sliding watertight door is not to result in opening of a closed door. the number and arrangements are to be specially considered. with visual indicators to show whether each door is open or closed. they are to be fitted with a device which prevents unauthorized opening.17. Short circuits or other faults in alarm or indicator circuits of a door are not to result in a loss of power operation of that door. The indicating circuit is to be independent of the control circuit for each door. 23.13 Electric power. The imaster modej switch is to be normally in the ilocal controlj mode. When the door is closed remotely the red light is to indicate the intermediate position by flashing. Availability of the power supplies is to be continuously monitored at a point in the electrical circuit as near as practicable to each of the motors required by 3-3-1K23.2 The central operating console at the navigation bridge (or main control station) is to be provided with a diagram showing the location of each door.17.3 The arrangements are to be such as to prohibit the opening of any door from the central operating console. 25 Watertight Doors in Cargo Spaces Watertight doors of substantial construction may be fitted in watertight bulkheads dividing cargo between deck spaces.

Duct Keels and Ventilators Watertight decks.Part Chapter Section 27 3 3 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Subdivision and Stability Passenger Vessels 3-3-1 Portable Plates Portable plates on bulkheads are not permitted except in machinery spaces.4 regarding complete closure by hand-operated gear in 90 seconds provided the doors can be closed in a reasonable time.3 Where it is proposed to fit tunnels piercing main transverse watertight bulkheads. provided these doors are closed during navigation except.1.1 Where trunkways or tunnels for piping. 2007 . Trunks.2 m (3. 29. 31 Watertight Decks. The access to at least one end of each such tunnel or trunk-way.94 ft) in clear opening width being substituted for these portable plates. 33 Inclining Experiment A stability test (lightweight survey and inclining experiment) to determine the lightship displacement and center of gravity of the vessel is to be carried out in the presence of a Surveyor. they are to be watertight and in accordance with the requirements of 3-2-5K17. 140 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL 1ESSELS FOR SER1ICE ON RI1ERS 2 INTRACOASTAL 3ATER3A4S . 29 Miscellaneous 29. if used as a passage during service. trunks. in case of urgent necessity. the means of closure at such openings are to be operated by power and be capable of being closed from a central position situated above the bulkhead deck. the doors may be opened at the discretion of the master. duct keels and ventilators are to be of the same strength as watertight bulkheads at corresponding levels. and the arrangements adopted for closing openings in them are to be submitted for approval. these will be subTect to special consideration. Watertight ventilators and trunks are to be carried at least up to the main deck. These doors need not meet the requirements of 3-3-1K23. The Bureau will consider not more than one power-operated sliding watertight door in each main transverse bulkhead larger than 1.5 Where trunkways in connection with refrigerated cargo and ventilation or forced draft trunks are carried through more than one watertight bulkhead. tunnels. is to be through a trunk extending watertight to a height sufficient to permit access above the margin line. The necessary precautions are to be taken in replacing them to ensure that the Toints are watertight. Such trunk-ways or tunnels are not to extend through the first subdivision bulkhead abaft the collision bulkhead. The means used for making them watertight. The access to the other end of the trunk-way or tunnel may be through a watertight door of the type required by its location in the vessel. or for any other purpose are carried through main transverse watertight bulkheads. 29. Tunnels.

a deadweight survey may be performed to determine the lightweight displacement and longitudinal center of gravity. the openings therein with the means of closure and position of any controls thereof. plans showing clearly for each deck and hold the boundaries of the watertight compartments. 39 Damage Control Plans For the guidance of the officers in charge. In addition. provided it can be shown that locating the precise position of the vesselUs vertical center of gravity is not necessary to ensure that the vessel has adequate stability in all probable loading conditions. 37 Trim and Stability Booklets Trim and stability booklets generally will not be required for river service passenger vessels of normal configuration with barge-type hulls.Part Chapter Section 35 3 3 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Subdivision and Stability Passenger Vessels 3-3-1 Deadweight Survey In lieu of an inclining experiment. 2007 141 . ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL 1ESSELS FOR SER1ICE ON RI1ERS 2 INTRACOASTAL 3ATER3A4S . and the arrangements for the correction of any heel due to flooding are to be permanently exhibited onboard the vessel. Vessels of unusual configuration or with ship-type hulls will be subTect to special consideration. booklets containing the aforementioned information are to be made available to the officers of the vessel.

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.......................................23 MBN Class Division..........29 Low Flame Spread Surface........................................................................... 2007 143 ...............................................PART Chapter 4: Fire Safety Measures 3 CHAPTER 4 Fire Safety Measures CONTENTS SECTION 1 Passenger Vessels....................................... 147 5 Main Vertical Tones ........27 Steel Equivalent Material .. 145 3.............................. Deck Coverings.................................. 147 3...............................................................................................................................151 21 Means of Escape .... 146 3...........................................................149 15 Details of Construction.................. 145 3................................. 145 3.........................5 High Risk Service Space................................................19 Standard Fire Test . Varnishes and Other Finishes ............15 Machinery Spaces.......11 Control Stations............................................ 147 3. 146 3...............150 17 Ventilation ............148 9 Stairways W Elevators ..............................149 13 Exposed Surfaces....................... 145 3....................................................21 MAN Class Division...145 3 Definitions ..................................................13 Machinery Spaces of Category A.............................................................................................. Service Spaces and Control Stations ..... 147 3..152 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL 1ESSELS FOR SER1ICE ON RI1ERS 2 INTRACOASTAL 3ATER3A4S ............145 3..145 1 Application ................ 145 3.............................................................9 Corridors .................................... 146 3..............150 19 Miscellaneous Items ................. 146 3...................... 146 3.............................................................................. and Paints........... 145 3...............7 Special Category Space........................................25 Continuous MBN Class Ceilings or Linings ............151 23 Fire Control Plans .............................................................................3 Public Space ..........1 Accommodation Space ...................................148 11 Non-Combustible Materials ....17 Non Combustible Material ..............147 7 Protection of Accommodation Spaces...........................................................................................................................................

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&"-.7 +-89(". are those enclosed spaces above or below the bulkhead deck intended for the carriage of motor vehicles with fuel in their tanks for their own propulsion.+. offices. 3 Definitions 3. are passenger and crew corridors and lobbies. lavatories. cabins.&"-. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL 1ESSELS FOR SER1ICE ON RI1ERS 2 INTRACOASTAL 3ATER3A4S . lounges and similar permanently enclosed spaces. dining rooms.&"-. 2007 145 . are spaces containing emergency sources of power and lighting. hospitals. fire-control rooms.9 Corridors :#88(%#8.-"(&2 :&'-4#8. barber shops. fire-extinguishing rooms. fire-recording stations and control rooms for propulsion machinery when located outside the machinery space. are those portions of the accommodation which are used for halls. 3. lockers and storerooms having areas of 4 m2 (43 ft2) or more. 3. corridors.1 Accommodation Space !""#$$#%&'(#) +.PART Section 1: Passenger Vessels 3 CHAPTER 4 Fire Safety Measures SECTION 1 Passenger Vessels 1 Application These requirements apply to steel vessels.7 Special Category Space +. and workshops other than those forming part of the Machinery Spaces. are those used for public spaces.3 Public Space /012(" +. wheelhouse and chartroom space containing the ship's radio equipment. paint and lamp rooms. into and from which such vehicles can be driven and to which passengers have access. +. pantries containing cooking appliances.&"-. games and hobby rooms. cinemas. The use of other materials may be accepted. 3. provided that they provide an equivalent standard of safety. pantries containing no cooking appliances and similar spaces. 3.11 Control Stations :#)'8#2 +'&'(#). are those used for galleys.5 High Risk Service Space 3(45 6(. 3.

refrigerating.13 3 4 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Fire Safety Measures Passenger Vessels 3-4-1 Machinery Spaces of Category A <&"5()-8. oil fuel units. oil filling stations. 3. +. resembling as closely as possible the intended construction and including where appropriate at least one joint. stabilizing.15 (> Internal combustion machinery used for main propulsion. are divisions formed by bulkheads and decks which comply with the following: 146 (> They are constructed of steel or other equivalent material ((> They are suitably stiffened (((> They are so constructed as to be capable of preventing the passage of smoke and flame until the end of the one hour standard fire test (9> They are insulated with approved non-combustible materials such that the average temperature of the unexposed side will not rise more than 139°C (282°F) above the original temperature. this being determined by an established recognized test procedure which is to be submitted for review. ventilation and air-conditioning machinery. ! are those spaces and trunks to such spaces which contain: 3.Part Chapter Section 3.21 " 5 minutes: 556°C (1033°F) " 10 minutes: 659°C (1218°F) " 15 minutes: 718°C (1324°F) " 30 minutes: 821°C (1510°F) " 60 minutes: 925°C (1697°F) PAQ Class Division C!D :2&. including any joint. generators and major electrical machinery. The standard time-temperature curve is defined by a smooth curve drawn through the following temperature points measured above the initial furnace temperature: At the end of the first: 3.65 m2 (50 ft2) and height (or length of deck) of 2. at any one point. or ((> Internal combustion machinery used for purposes other than main propulsion where such machinery has in the aggregate a total power output of not less than 375 KW.. are all machinery spaces of category A and all other spaces containing propulsion machinery. +.' is one in which specimens of the relevant bulkheads or decks are exposed in a test furnace to temperatures corresponding approximately to the standard time temperature curve. E(9(. Machinery Spaces <&"5()-8.'(12.<&'-8(&2 is one which neither burns nor gives off flammable vapors in sufficient quantity for self ignition when heated to approximately 750°C (1382°F).44 m (8 ft).&"-. The specimen is to have an exposed surface of not less than 4. 2007 . steam and internal combustion engines.&"-.17 Non Combustible Material A ?#)@"#$10. nor will the temperature. boilers. rise more than 180°C (356°F) above the original temperature within the time listed below: ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL 1ESSELS FOR SER1ICE ON RI1ERS 2 INTRACOASTAL 3ATER3A4S .(#). #= :&'-4#8.B-. or (((> Any oil fire boiler or oil fuel unit. and similar spaces and trunks to such spaces. 3.19 Standard Fire Test A +'&)%&8% A(8.

are those “B” Class ceilings or linings which terminate only at “A” or “B” Class Divisions. with the exception that combustible veneers may be permitted provided they meet other requirements in this section (9> A test of a prototype division to a recognized standard to ensure that it meets the above requirements for integrity and temperature rise may be required. ((> They are to have an insulation value such that the average temperature of the unexposed side will not rise more that 139°C (282°F) above the original temperature. established test procedure.29 Low Flame Spread Surface A G#J A2&$. 2007 147 .8-&% +08=&". this being determined to the satisfaction of the Flag State or Bureau by a recognized. rise more than 225°C (437°F) above the original temperature within the time listed below.. :-(2()4. nor will the temperature at any one point. each with the mean length on any deck generally not in excess of 48 m (157. 5 Main Vertical =ones The hull. " 3. ceilings. superstructure. #8 G()()4. CFD :2&.e. by itself or due to the insulation provided.25 Class “B-0” 0 minutes (((> They are to be constructed of approved non-combustible materials and all materials entering into the construction and erection of “B” Class divisions are to be non-combustible. has structural and integrity properties equivalent to steel at the end of the applicable exposure to the standard fire test (i.27 Steel Equivalent Material A +'--2 HI0(9&2-)' <&'-8(&2 is a non-combustible material which.(#). or linings which comply with the following: (> They are to be so constructed as to be capable of preventing the passage of flame to the end of the first half hour of the standard fire test. PBQ Class Division CFD :2&. 3. are divisions formed by bulkheads.is a surface that will adequately restrict the spread of flame. decks. aluminum alloy with appropriate insulation). E(9(. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL 1ESSELS FOR SER1ICE ON RI1ERS 2 INTRACOASTAL 3ATER3A4S ..23 3 4 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Fire Safety Measures Passenger Vessels " Class “A-60” 60 minutes " Class “A-0” 0 minutes 3-4-1 A test of a prototype bulkhead or deck to a recognized standard to ensure that it meets the above requirements for integrity and temperature rise may be required.. and deckhouses are to be subdivided by “A-60” divisions into main vertical zones. 3.Part Chapter Section 9> 3.+. including any joint. Continuous PBQ Class Ceilings or Linings :#)'()0#0.50 ft) with a square area of deck not to exceed 1600 m2 (17222 ft2).

05 m2 (78 in2). Such openings or undercuttings are not to be provided in doors forming a stairway enclosure.3 Stairways and elevator trunks which penetrate more than a single deck are to be surrounded by “A” Class divisions and protected by “A” Class self-closing doors at all levels. these doors may be undercut up to 25 mm (1 in. Self-closing doors are not to be fitted with hold-back hooks.5 The Machinery Spaces of Category A. hold-back arrangements incorporating remote release fittings of fail safe type may be used. 7.1 Corridor bulkheads are to be “A” or “B” Class divisions extending from deck to deck. 9 Stairways F Elevators 9. 7. However. As an equivalent. 9. where a deck is penetrated for the passage of electric cables.). However. High Risk Service Spaces. 2007 . Where continuous “B” Class ceilings and/or linings are fitted on both sides of the bulkhead.Part Chapter Section 7 3 4 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Fire Safety Measures Passenger Vessels 3-4-1 Protection of Accommodation Spaces.1 Stairways which penetrate only a single deck are to be protected at least at one level by an “A” Class Division and self-closing door so as to limit the rapid spread of fire from one deck to another. as to maintain the integrity of the division in which the doors are fitted. 148 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL 1ESSELS FOR SER1ICE ON RI1ERS 2 INTRACOASTAL 3ATER3A4S . pipes and vent ducts. and Control Stations are to be isolated from adjacent Accommodation Spaces and each other by “A-60” Divisions.9 The fire integrity of the divisions between the accommodation spaces and the machinery spaces of other than Category “A” is to be “A-0” Class.3 All doors and frames in such bulkheads are to be of non-combustible materials and are to be so constructed and erected as to provide substantial fire resistance. Stairways are to be constructed of steel or equivalent material. Doors fitted in “B” Class divisions may have a louver in the lower half not exceeding 0. 7.7 The fire integrity of the deck between accommodation spaces is to be steel or equivalent. such penetrations are to be of “A” Class integrity 7. the “B” Class bulkhead may terminate at the continuous ceiling or lining. Elevator trunks are to be protected by “A” Class divisions. Service Spaces and Control Stations 7.

varnishes and other finishes used on exposed interior surfaces are not to be of a nature to offer an undue fire hazard and are not to be capable of producing excessive quantities of smoke or toxic fumes. 11. ceilings and draft stops are to be of non-combustible materials.7 Each accommodation space/public space on board vessels with no overnight accommodations is to be designed with a maximum fire load not to exceed 14. Deck Coverings. linings.5 mm (0.3 The bulkheads.5 Paints. wall and ceiling linings in all accommodation and service spaces and control stations. Vapor barriers and adhesives used in conjunction with the insulation.2 kg/m2 (2. 13. Varnishes and Other Finishes 13.9 For those vessels designed with onboard overnight accommodations.3 Partial bulkheads or decks used to subdivide a space for utility or artistic treatment are also to be of non-combustible materials.1 Ceilings. 2007 149 . the maximum fire load is not to exceed 48.1 The following surfaces are to have low flame-spread characteristics.08 in.Part Chapter Section 11 3 4 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Fire Safety Measures Passenger Vessels 3-4-1 Non-Combustible Materials 11.6 kg/m2 (3 lbs/ft2). bulkheads and insulation except for insulation in refrigerated compartments are to be of non-combustible material.8 kg/m2 (10 lbs/ft2). linings. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL 1ESSELS FOR SER1ICE ON RI1ERS 2 INTRACOASTAL 3ATER3A4S .) within any space other than corridors. linings and ceilings may have combustible veneers provided that the thickness of such veneers does not exceed 2 mm (0. 11.). but they should be kept to a minimum and their exposed surfaces are to have resistance to propagation of flame.06 in. 11.6 kg/m2 (7. This is to provide for 36. stairway enclosures and control stations where the thickness is not to exceed 1. 11. 13. as well as insulation of pipe fittings for cold service systems need not be non-combustible.5 The framing. " All exposed surfaces in corridors and stairway enclosures. 13 Exposed Surfaces. and Paints. and of bulkheads. including grounds and the joint pieces of bulkheads.5 lbs/ft2) for personal effects. Note these veneers are to be included in the fire load calculations discussed above.5 lbs/ft2) for combustible furniture and 12.

the exhaust ducts from galley ranges are to be constructed of “A” Class divisions. OR ((> The ducts are constructed of steel and fitted with an automatic fire damper close to the boundary penetrated and insulated to “A-60” standard from the Machinery Space of Category A and galleys to a point at least 5 m (16. However. operable from within the galley.4 ft) beyond the fire damper. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL 1ESSELS FOR SER1ICE ON RI1ERS 2 INTRACOASTAL 3ATER3A4S .. where the ducts pierce such enclosures. ((> In the vertical direction. trunks. however. Ventilation 17. paneling or linings are to be suitably divided by close fitting draught stops not more than 14 m apart. service or control spaces. etc. fail-safe automatic closing fire dampers with manual operation from within the stairway enclosure (for stairs serving more than two decks) are to be fitted to all ventilation ducts.Part Chapter Section 15 3 4 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Fire Safety Measures Passenger Vessels 3-4-1 Details of Construction In accommodation and service spaces.3 Ventilation ducts in general are not to pass through main vertical zone divisions. are to be closed at each deck. Ventilation ducts are not to serve more than one main vertical zone. In addition. control stations. including those behind linings of stairways. for shutting off the exhaust fans (9> Fixed means for extinguishing a fire within the duct 9> And suitable hatches for inspection and cleaning. such enclosed air spaces. where this is unavoidable. 2007 . Each exhaust duct is to be fitted with: 150 (> A grease trap readily removable for cleaning ((> A fire damper located in the lower end of the duct (((> Arrangements.1 Ducts provided for ventilation of Machinery Spaces of Category A and Galleys are not to pass through Accommodation and Service Spaces or Control Stations. corridors and stairways: 17 (> Air spaces enclosed behind ceilings. with no openings in the duct work within the accommodation. they are to be equipped with a fail-safe automatic closing fire damper which are also to be capable of being manually closed from each side of the division. some relaxation from this requirement will be considered provided that: (> The ducts are constructed of steel and insulated to “A-60” standards throughout the accommodations. 17. Ventilation ducts serving stairway enclosures are to serve no other spaces. with no openings in the duct work within the accommodation. serving both the accommodation and service spaces passing through stairways. service or control spaces. 17.5 Where they pass through the Accommodation Spaces or Spaces containing combustible materials.

19. 21. arrangements are to be made to ensure that the fire resistance is not impaired. 21. 19.1 Where “A” or “B” divisions are penetrated for the passage of electric cables.7 The main inlets and outlets of all ventilation systems are to be capable of being closed from outside the space being ventilated.5 In general there are to be at least two means of escape from each Machinery Space of Category A. or for girders. 2007 151 . pipes.7 The installation of dead end corridors of any length is not permitted. 21.3 Pipes penetrating “A” or “B” Class divisions are to be of approved materials having regard to the temperature such divisions are required to withstand.9 Elevators are not to be considered as forming one of the required means of escape. trunks. 21 Means of Escape 21. 19 Miscellaneous Items 19. ducts.5 In spaces where the penetration of oil products is possible.. and the number of persons normally employed. in ships of less than 1. the surface of insulation is to be impervious to oil or oil vapors. provided due regard is paid to the width and disposition of the space. beams or other structural members.Part Chapter Section 3 4 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Fire Safety Measures Passenger Vessels 3-4-1 17. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL 1ESSELS FOR SER1ICE ON RI1ERS 2 INTRACOASTAL 3ATER3A4S . 19. etc.5 m2 or more in enclosed area. However.000 tons gross tonnage one means of escape may be dispensed with.1 Stairways and ladders are to be arranged to provide ready means of escape to an area of safe refuge.7 All waste receptacles are to be constructed of non-combustible materials with no openings in sides or bottoms.3 There are to be at least two means of escape from each main vertical zone and from each restricted space of 27. 21.

11 Windows or airport assemblies installed adjacent to weather deck egress routes are to have 1/4 inch thick wire inserted glass mounted in substantial metal frames. 23 Fire Control Plans A fire control plan is to be permanently exhibited for the guidance of the vessel’s officers as required by 4-4-1/25. but are to have a minimum tread width of 112 cm (44 in.).19. 21.Part Chapter Section 3 4 1 Hull Construction and Equipment Fire Safety Measures Passenger Vessels 3-4-1 21. 152 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL 1ESSELS FOR SER1ICE ON RI1ERS 2 INTRACOASTAL 3ATER3A4S . 2007 .13 Stairways are to be sized in accordance with recognized national or international standards.

249 (4: .A284 S12*A (4: T'+. E012)3+4* 3 C5A!TER 5 Equipment CONT)NTS S)CTION 1 Passenger 3essels5555555555555555555555555555555555555555555555555555555555555155 6 3 A47'8.*'+: !(AA+49+.843+4*(> C84:2*284A <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 6-- 6<D C(>71>(*284A (4: D(*( <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 6-- 6<9 A47'8. 2007 15$ . -. B+AA+>A <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 6-- 6<- E4C2. G+29'* (4: C(H>+ S2J+ <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 6-K L2M+ S(C249 A))>2(47+A<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<6-K 3<6 L2M+ N(7O+*A <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 6-K 3<3 L2M+ B18PA <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 6-K 3<- R+A71+ B8(*A (4: L2M+ R(M*A<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 6-K 3<D I33+.:A (4: R(2>A <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 6-D ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS .!ART C'()*+.*(H>+ R(:28 A))(.(> <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 6-- 6<3 B+.249 E012)3+4* <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<6-6<6 G+4+.3(> !.8*+7*2C+ A2:A<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 6-K 3<9 !8.88.(*1A <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< 6-D 3<66 G1(.

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T(1F (15 B74F'+(5 T02'*1+// T+/*012 3 C>A!TER 6 Testing. whichever is greater. 2007 1:1 .1 @. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . the bottom shell is to be tested by flooding to the top of the floors or the light waterline. and the balance of the shell plating is to be hose tested. are to be subjected to a hose test. 197 Ra.es or Pea. all watertight bulkheads and the shell plating in rakes not otherwise tested.s Rakes of open hopper type barges are to be filled with water to the light waterline. 195 &t3er ComCartments +ntended for Eiquids Compartments intended for other liquids are to be tested with a head of water to the top of the overflow. 199 JouKle Lull SCaces Between the rakes or peaks.s Tanks intended for liquid cargoes !"# to be tested with a head of water to the top of the hatch or 1. Any alternative proposal no less effective may be submitted for consideration.!ART S+<*0. Decks and hatches which are intended to be weathertight. double bottom and inner skin compartments are to be tested with a head of water to the deck at side unless 3-6-1/1. 1911 S3ell and Jec.22 in (4 ft) above the under side of the deck at side. the following compartments are to be tested. dry spaces in the rakes or peaks are to be filled to the top of the headlog. whichever is greater. 193 Cargo (an. and for all other types of vessels. Trials and Surveys During Construction : Hull SECTION 1 Tank and Bulkhead Tightness Testing 1 Compartments to be Tested 191 @eneral Upon completion of work. This requirement may be modified in the case of passenger vessels and towboats.5 is applicable.s Where not subjected to hydrostatic test in accordance with preceding paragraphs.

checking for leaks by monitoring drop in pressure) is not an acceptable substitute for required hydrostatic or air/soap testing. The pressure in the hose is not to be less than 2. 393 Lose (esting Hose testing is to be carried out under simultaneous inspection of both sides of the joint.Part C3aCter Section 3 : 1 Lull Construction and )quiCment (estingN (rials and Surveys Juring Construction O Lull (an. In such cases the builders are to submit complete particulars of the method proposed to be followed and the means to he adopted for the control of the air pressure.1 kg/cm2 (30 psi). 395 Air (esting Air testing or air testing in association with partial flooding will be accepted in lieu of the foregoing tests.N 0ul.e. Air-pressure drop testing (i. Special coatings may be applied before hydrostatic testing provided all welding at joints and penetrations is visually examined to the satisfaction of the Surveyor before special coating is applied. This may be carried out before or after the vessel is launched.. 2007 . 1:2 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS .3ead and Rudder (ig3tness (esting 3 Testing Details to be Introduced 391 Lydrostatic (esting 3O:O1 Tanks are to be tested with a head of water to the point indicated in 3-6-1/1 for respective compartments.

Upon completion of the trials.33 for the technical details of the steering trials. 3 Steering Trials Refer to 4-2-3/1.0(4/ 3 C>A!TER 6 Testing. the bilge strainers are to be opened. T. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS .!ART S+<*0.1 2.19 and 4-2-3/3. Trials and Surveys During Construction : Hull SECTION 2 Trials 1 Bilge System Trials All elements of the bilge system are to be tested to demonstrate satisfactory pumping operation. 2007 1:3 . including emergency suctions and all controls. cleaned and closed up in good order.

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Chapter 3. 2007 1:5 .(#-. *) 3&44 5#4(-.'*.!ART S+<*0.-2#/. 3 Hull Castings and Forgings For surveys in connection with the manufacture and testing of hull castings and forgings. Trials and Surveys During Construction : Hull SECTION 3 Surveys 1 Construction Welding and Fabrication For surveys of hull construction welding and fabrication. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS . refer to Section 3-2-6 of these Rules and the ABS %&'(# )*" +*. refer to Chapter 1 of the ABS 6&4#.( 5#4('.8+9/ 3 C>A!TER 6 Testing."&/. S7.)*" 7!.<.#"'!4. 5 Machinery. Pumps and Piping Systems For surveys in connection with the manufacture and testing of hull piping.!. .1 3.8 9:!". refer to Part 4.'0# 1.

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..233 Section 4 Fuel Oil and Lubricating Oil Systems and Tanks .................................................................249 Section 8 Other Piping Systems and Tanks .............................................................................................239 Section 5 Internal Combustion Engine Systems....................................................369 Section 6 Specialized Vessels and Services .................................PART Part 4* Vessel Systems and Machinery 4 Vessel Systems and Machinery CONTENTS CHAPTER 1 Classification of Machinery............................................................................................................... Valves and Fittings .............................179 Section 2 Propellers......209 Section 3 Bilge and Ballast Systems and Tanks ..................187 CHAPTER 3 Pumps and Piping Systems .............313 Section 4 Machinery and Equipment .263 CHAPTER 5 Electrical Installations .177 Section 1 Propulsion Shafting..183 Section 3 Steering Gears...................................................................................................389 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 167 ........169 Section 1 General ..............287 Section 2 Shipboard Systems.........................................................................337 Section 5 Specialized Installations .............................171 CHAPTER 2 Propulsion and Maneuvering Machinery .......................................257 CHAPTER 4 Fire Extinguishing Systems and Equipment .........243 Section 6 Cargo Systems ....................297 Section 3 Shipboard Installation .......................................279 Section 1 General ...197 Section 1 General ..........................................................................................................203 Section 2 Piping......................................................261 Section 1 All Vessels ..................................................................245 Section 7 Cargo Transfer Systems for Dangerous Chemical Cargoes ...........................................................................

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.................= >+4+..(1....2........................................................I2.......................... ....................................................=AM B....=LB D*++.................=B K0EE+..............3(1...== !/Q+................................. >+(..BB $.......................=LJ @....................-B !3)348 "......................=L@ =.................................................=LA B.......=L@ =.................................../*+9*3/4...............................................O5......3(12 ............................B= T)+.=LV Steering ?ears 9999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999999 187 = B 178 K1(5+ H+2384........................=A[ B....-= #055+.....=B 6+9'(439(1 D*++.......= >+4+................=@ $............=LL =...(48+I+4*.........=LA B....................................................=LJ J.............=AB B..................................+I+4*2 ........................3(12 . D*++...................... "11 $:)+ /E Y+22+12 ......@ $3) $'39U4+22 ...............................(1........-@ N42*.(42E+....=LL =.-A <1+9*........... &(.......................=A- B.......................................... !............./*+9*3/4 "8(342* &/....=LJ J........=J .............348 >+(..=J 6(*+........ "9*0(*/............=LJ @......................=LV == W+: ... !(22+48+............=A[ B..................+ *'(4 =JM !(22+48+....................................................................348 ...............................348 >+(............A 6+9'(439(1 &/I)/4+4*2 ............O8+(...........................................+48*' #+X03......348 &'(342....J K031*O0) K1(5+2 ...............................................................=LA B...........................=LB J............=LJ A K1(5+ P1(48+ (45 6+9'(432I2 ............... =MM >..................................348O8+(.........=LL =..=AM B........................+( ...................... Y+22+12 T7+....348 >+(.......J D*++................................................=LA B....@ !/Q+...=A= B........................=A !/Q+........=L@ =........................2 ..................=LL =..................................A D*++.................../22 $/42 /...B !1(42 .........=L@ =.........................=A= B.....= K1(5+ $'39U4+22 .................09*3/42 ........................... Z43*2 ..............A K1(5+ $'39U4+22 (* T*'+..................J !/Q+.......=LV =B !....== D'+(7+2 ..........B P3* /E D*052 (45 R0*2 .....................:5..........................................*2 /E D*++..................37+4 D*++................348 >+(.39(1 &/I)/4+4*2 ................................................:348 6/............=L@ =..............................................348 >+(.........=LA B..................................................................=A $.....................2 E/.....=LL =................... #(533 ........=A= B..=LL D*++........... D*/)2 .........=@ <1+9*........................//* P311+*2 ...........= D*05 ".....................=LJ D*052 .................(0139 !3)348 E/..........J @ S(C'*%& 3 J...........=AJ ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .........2 .......@ D*.........................................=A= B.............=LA B...........+I+4*2 E/...../12 .......(*348 N42*.........................................................-J &/4*................=LJ J............../23/4 ......................0I+4*(*3/4 (45 "1(..B !1(42 .......... #+X03....2 .......................................................................... D*/)2..........B K1(5+O......................39(1 !(................................2 ....... ....=AM B..............

5 * 106/(U + 16) US Units 3480/(U + 22. Tube Shaft and Thrust Shaft Diameters For vessels 47. !.24 Tube shafts 1.34 H = horsepower at rated speed R = shaft revolutions per minute at rated speed U = ultimate tensile strength of the shaft material. For tensile strength greater than 80 kg/mm2 (115 ksi)./)0123/4 D'(E*348 4 &.202 * 106 74. mm (in.8) Thrust shafts 59. 3 Line Shaft.5 m (150 ft) in length. The construction of propellers and shafts on vessels exhibiting special design features may be carried out in accordance with other applicable ABS Rules or Guides. Tail Shaft. the least diameter of shafting is to be determined from the following equation: D= 3 KH / R where D = diameter of shaft.8) Tail shafts 1. the shafting is to comply with the applicable requirements of the ABS Rules for Building and Classing Steel Vessels Under 90 m (295 ft) in Length.3 * 106/(U + 16) 5225/(U + 22.314 * 106 81. constructed and tested in accordance with the requirements of this Section. U equal to 80 kg/mm2 (115 ksi) is to be used.) K = as defined in the table below: Line shafts MKS Units 39. For vessels greater than 47. kg/mm2 (ksi).5 m (150 ft) in length and under. prints of the propeller and shafting plans giving design data and material characteristics are to be submitted. Before proceeding with the construction. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 179 ."!$<# 2 Propulsion and Maneuvering Machinery D<&$NTR 1 Propulsion Shafting 1 General Propellers and propulsion shafting for self-propelled vessels are to be designed.!"#$ D+9*3/4 =.

3 is not required where the tail shaft is fabricated of corrosion resistant pitting-resistant alloy unless required by the manufacturer. 180 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 . material with elongation less than 16% in 50 mm (2 in. In general. 995 &onGcorrosive &onG. the Owners of the vessel are to be notified if weld repair of the shaft may be difficult. Material for shafting is to be tested in the presence of a Surveyor. 9 Tail Shaft Propeller-end Design Tail shafts are to be provided with an accurate taper fit in the propeller hub. in general. The key is to fit tightly in the keyway and be of sufficient size to transmit the full torque of the shaft. Ample fillets are to be provided in the corners of the keyway and. couplings or coupling bolts. 7 Tail Shaft Inboard End The inboard end of a tail shaft may be tapered at the coupling to not less than 1.) is not to be used for shafting.Part C4a. but it is not to extend into the liner counterbore on the forward side of the propeller hub.09 times the minimum required line shaft diameter. a fairwater cap filled with suitable sealing material or equivalent sealing arrangement is to be provided at the aft end of the propeller. Line Shaft Bearing Location The location and spacing of line shaft bearings are to take into consideration the effect of these arrangements on the low-speed gear elements. Abrupt changes in shaft diameters at the coupling between tail shaft and line shaft are to be avoided.ter Section 4 2 1 Mac4inery and Systems Pro.eller IorJard (nd Where exposed to saltwater. 2 For dimension of coupling bolts. The fillet radius at the base of the flange is not to be less than one-eighth of the shaft diameter. Special consideration will be given to fillets of multipleradii design.1 and 4-2-1/9.1 times the minimum required line shaft diameter. and the fillet radius at the base of the flange is not to be less than one-eighth of the actual shaft diameter.7 m (150 ft) in length. 4 The thrust shaft diameter is to be determined at the bottom of the collar when it transmits torque. 3 The thickness of line shaft coupling flanges is not to be less than the minimum required diameter of the coupling bolts. For couplings other than flanged couplings integral with the shaft.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery Pro. the diameter is to be increased by 2. The forward end of the keyway is to be so cut in the shaft as to give a gradual rise from the bottom of the keyway to the surface of the shaft. Means are to be provided for sealing the shaft taper in way of the propeller assembly against saltwater in accordance with 4-2-2/13 as follows: 991 Pro. the propeller assembly is to be sealed at the forward end with a well-fitted soft-rubber packing ring and 993 Pro.itting Alloys For vessels under 45. 5 When shafting is exposed to sea water.eller Aft (nd Where exposed to saltwater. the shaft diameter in way of fitted coupling members is not to be less than 1. and the natural frequency of the propulsion shafting. the sealing in 4-2-1/9.ulsion S4afting 4G2G1 Notes 5 1 When a material other than Grade 2 steel forging is used for tail shafts. stress concentrations are to be reduced as far as practicable. see 4-2-1/17. The thickness of the tail shaft coupling flange is not to be less than the minimum required diameter of the coupling bolts.5%. particular attention being given to the fit at the large end of the taper.

ulsion S4afting 11 Propeller-End Bearings 1191 WaterGNuOricated Pearings 4G2G1 The length of the bearing next to and supporting the propeller is not to be less than four times the required tail shaft diameter. and are to prove tight under hydrostatic test of 1. (2009) The thickness of bronze liners to be fitted to tail shafts or tube shafts is not to be less than that given by the following equation: t = T/25 + 5. free from porosity and other defects. if made of two or more lengths.=.) =B. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 181 . oil-lubricated propeller-end bearings fitted with an approved oil-seal gland is to be on the order of two times the required tail shaft diameter. the space between the shaft and liner is to be filled by pressure with an insoluble non-corrosive compound.0 bar (1 kgf/cm2.ter Section 4 2 1 Mac4inery and Systems Pro. except that the length of metal bearings will be subject to special consideration.). Oil-lubricated cast-iron and bronze bearings will be subject to special consideration. (2009) The thickness of stainless steel liners to be fitted to tail shafts or tube shafts is not to be less than one-half that required for bronze liners or 6. All liners are to be carefully shrunk or forced upon the shaft by pressure and they are not to be secured by pins. whichever is greater. the joining of the separate pieces is to be done by an approved method of fusion through not less than two-thirds the thickness of the liner or by an approved rubber seal. in mm (in. 1193 %ilGNuOricated Pearings The length of white-metal-lined. where t = thickness of liner.2 in.Part C4a.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery Pro.) T = required diameter of tail shaft.= K. 15 psi). bronze or other approved alloy.25 in.5 mm (0.D*(341+22 D*++1 C34+. 1397 Iit PetJeen Pearings If the liner does not fit the shaft tightly between the bearing portions./4\+ C34+.1 mm t = T/25 + 0. 1393 '4icQness PetJeen Pearings The thickness of a continuous bronze liner between bearings is to be not less than three-fourths of the thickness t determined by the foregoing equation.. 13 Tail Shaft Liners 1391 '4icQness at Pearings =B.=. 1395 Continuous Iitted Niners Continuous fitted liners are to be in one piece or. 1399 Material and Iit Fitted liners are to be of a high-grade composition. in mm (in.

provision is to be made to resist the astern pull.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery Pro. See Appendix 7-A-11. or an equivalent process.). as defined 4-2-1/3.) D = required diameter of shaft.ulsion S4afting 4G2G1 13911 AfterGend Seal Effective means are to be provided to prevent sea water having access to the shaft at the part between the after end of the liner and the propeller hub 13913 ?lass Reinforced Plastic Coating Glass reinforced plastic coatings may be fitted on propulsion shafting when applied by an approved procedure to the satisfaction of the Surveyor. 17 Coupling Bolts The minimum diameter of the shaft coupling bolts is to be determined by the following equation: d = 0. using mechanical properties of coupling bolt material N = number of bolts fitted in one coupling r = radius of the pitch circle. in mm (in. 13915 Stainless Steel Cladding (2009) Stainless steel cladding of shafts is to be carried out in accordance with an approved procedure. 15 Hollow Shafts The proportions of hollow shafts are to be such that their strength will be equivalent to that required by the equations for the corresponding solid shafts.ter Section 4 2 1 Mac4inery and Systems Pro. “Guide for Repair and Cladding of Shafts” of the Rules for Survey After Construction (Part 7). Such coatings are to consist of at least four plies of cross-woven glass tape impregnated with resin. effective means are to be provided to prevent water having access to the shaft.) Coupling bolts are to be accurately fitted and where couplings are separate from the shaft.57 D3 Nr where d = diameter of bolts at joint. in mm (in. in mm (in. In all cases where reinforced plastic coatings are employed.Part C4a. Provisions are to be made for overlapping and adequately bonding the coating to fitted or clad liners. 182 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .

=. The construction of propellers and shafts on vessels exhibiting special design features may be carried out in accordance with other applicable ABS Rules or Guides.) < CRN C ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 183 . 5 Blade Design 591 Plade '4icQness Where the propeller blades are of conventional design. Before proceeding with the construction.2 t 0.25 = K1 AH 1.eller Material The material of the propellers is to be tested in the presence of and inspected by a Surveyor in accordance with the requirements of Chapter 3 of the ABS Rules for Materials and Welding (Part 2) or to other requirements which have been approved by the Committee. 3 Materials and Testing 391 Pro."!$<# 2 Propulsion and Maneuvering Machinery D<&$NTR 2 Propellers 1 General Propellers and propulsion shafting for self-propelled vessels are to be designed.= P3]+5O!3*9' !./)+11+. prints of the propeller and shafting plans giving design data and material characteristics are to be submitted. !. The finished and assembled propellers are to be inspected by the Surveyor.72 BK mm (in. the thickness of the blades is not to be less than determined by the following equations: J.!"#$ D+9*3/4 -.2 4 &./)+11+. constructed and tested in accordance with the requirements of this Section. 393 Stud Material The material of the studs securing detachable blades to the hub is to be of Grade 2 steel or equally satisfactory material and is to be tested in the presence of and inspected by the Surveyor in accordance with the requirements of 2-3-7/7 of the ABS Rules for Materials and Welding (Part 2).

ellers 4G2G2 where K1 = 915 (41) A = 1.30 Austenitic stainless steel 2.8) A = 1.0/P0.62 7./)+11+. 2 For vessels below 30 m (100 ft) in length with multiple shafts.50 85 0.37 7. in mm/m (in/ft).35 = K 2 AH 1.3P0.7 = pitch at seven-tenths radius divided by propeller diameter. in m (ft) K = rake of propeller blade.27 CF-3 Cast iron 0.35 B = (4900wa/N) (R/100)2 (D/20)3 where 184 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .2 t 0.ter Section 4 2 2 Mac4inery and Systems Pro.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery Pro. corresponding to the design ahead conditions W = expanded width of a cylindrical section at the 0.29 4 Nickel-aluminum bronze 2. multiplied by D/2 (with forward rake.25 = required thickness at the one-quarter radius. consideration will be given to the acceptance of propeller designs on the basis of a review of the manufacturer’s design parameters and guarantee of physical properties and suitability for the intended service.10 8.=.20 25 0.5P0.28 Notes J.50 77 0.30 3 Nickel-manganese bronze 2. with aft rake.10 8.09 BK < mm (in.) a = expanded blade area divided by the disc area D = propeller diameter.0 + (6.7) + 3P0. in mm (in.27 5 Mn-Ni-Al bronze 2.25 radius. or application.25) (Wf L B) t0.30 68 0. &/4*. and all vessels below 20 m (65 ft) in length.10 7.70) + 4. w = material constants from the following table: Representative Propeller Materials OSee Chapter 3 of the ABS Rules for Materials and Welding (Part 2)Q Type SI and MKS Units US Customary Units f w f w 2 Manganese bronze 2.75 68 0. the blade thickness will be specially considered. use plus sign) f.30 68 0./11(G1+O!3*9' !.) H = hp at rated speed R = rpm at rated speed N = number of blades P0.25 B = (4300wa/N) (R/100)2 (D/20)3 C = (1 + 1.66 7.- 1 For propellers of unusual design.13 8.) CRN C K2 = 735 (32.00 69 0. use minus sign in equation. in mm (in.Part C4a. material.0/P0.26 Cast steel 2.25 = pitch at one-quarter radius divided by propeller diameter P0.0 + (6.

in mm (in.6P0.) = H. 793 Iit of Studs and &uts Studs are to be fitted tightly into the hub and provided with effective means for locking. Plade '4icQness at %t4er Radii The blade thickness at any radius is not to be less than given by a straight line relationship between the thickness found from 4-2-2/5. in mm2 (in2) n = number of studs on driving side of blade r = radius of pitch circle of the studs.35 = required thickness at the 0. in mm (in. from propeller drawing W and f are as defined in 4-2-2/5.ellers C = 4G2G2 (1 + 0.). K. 595 PuiltGu. ta.35 f/rn mm2 s = 0.35 radius. but the clearance of the spigot in its counterbore or the edge of the flange in the recess is to be kept to a minimum.35 radius. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 185 . in mm (in) t0. in mm (in. 597 'i.1. D. The nuts are also to have a tight-fitting thread and be secured by stop screws or other effective locking devices. Plades The required blade section is not to be reduced in order to provide clearance for nuts.Part C4a.1 and the tip thickness ta. '4icQness The minimum blade thickness. 7 Studs 791 Stud Area s = 0. The face of the flange is to bear on that of the hub in all cases.35 = pitch at 0.072D in.35 radius. at the tip is to be determined from the following equation where D is the diameter of the propeller in m (ft): ta = 6D mm 599 ta = 0.35 f/rn in2 where s = area of one stud at bottom of thread. P0.ter Section 4 2 2 Mac4inery and Systems Pro. corresponding to the design ahead conditions W expanded width of a cylindrical section at the 0.056W t 02.35 radius divided by propeller diameter. 593 PladeGroot Iillets Fillets at the root of the blades are not to be considered in the determination of blade thickness. f and w are as defined in 4-2-2/5.7. N.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery Pro. a.0018W t 02.25 or 0.) P0.1. R.35) (Wf – B) t0.35 = maximum thickness at the 0.

The recess formed at the small end of the taper by the overhanging propeller hub is to be packed with red lead putty or rust preventive compound before the propeller nut is put on.Part C4a. 11 Key The key is to have a true fit in the hub.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery Pro. When the rubber ring seal is fitted in an external gland. 18S ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .ellers 4G2G2 Blade Flange and Mechanisms The strength of the propeller blade flange and internal mechanisms of controllable-pitch propellers subjected to the forces from propulsion torque is to be at least 1. Clearances between shaft liner and hub counterbore are to be kept to a minimum. the exposed steel of the shaft is to be protected from the action of the water by filling all spaces between cap. Where necessary. Where propellers are fitted without keys.5 times that of the blade at design pitch conditions. 13 Protection Against Corrosion For vessels engaged primarily in saltwater service. a filler piece is to be fitted in the propeller hub keyway to provide a flat unbroken seating for the ring. ample clearance is to be provided between liner and hub. see 4-2-1/9. and the ring is to be sufficiently oversize to squeeze into the clearance space when the propeller is driven up on the shaft. For shape of keyway in shaft. hub and shaft with a suitable material. detailed stress calculations and fitting instructions are to be submitted for review. the hub counterbore is to be filled with suitable material. The propeller assembly is to be sealed at the forward end with a well-fitted soft rubber packing ring. When the rubber ring is fitted internally.ter Section 9 4 2 2 Mac4inery and Systems Pro.

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 187 . 195 PoJer ?ear Sto. Steering gears for passenger vessels which are over 100 gross tons or are intended to carry more than 150 passengers are to be designed. yokes. Steering gears for all other self-propelled vessels are to comply with the following. rods.5. quadrants.s Power gears are to be provided with positive arrangements for stopping the gear before the rudder stops are reached. In general."!$<# 2 Propulsion and Maneuvering Machinery D<&$NTR 3 Steering Gears 1 Steering Gear Requirements for All Type of Vessels 191 ?eneral All self-propelled vessels are to be provided with effective means for steering which is to be capable of putting the rudder from hard over to hard over.2 4 &. or ram rather than by the control system. and cables and all parts of steering gears subject to load from the rudder are to be of materials tested in accordance with the applicable requirements of Chapter 1 of the ABS Rules for Materials and Welding (Part 2).348 >+(. power operated steering gears are to be designed to be capable of putting the rudder from 35 degrees on one side to 35 degrees on the other side with the vessel running ahead at the maximum continuous rated shaft RPM and at the design waterline. D*++. In general.!"#$ D+9*3/4 B. such as from the rudder stock.1 as applicable. 197 Strengt4 Requirements Tillers. tiller. constructed and tested in accordance with 4-2-3/3. 193 Plans Detailed plans and calculations of the steering arrangement are to be submitted for approval. These arrangements are to be synchronized with the position of the gear itself. steering chains.5. steering gears are to be so proportioned as to have a strength equivalent to that of the required upper rudder stock (see 3-2-4/23. Parts in tension or subject to shock (impact) are not to be of cast iron.1 or 3-2-5/25.

1917 (lectrical Parts of Steering ?ears Electrical parts of steering gears are to meet the applicable requirements of Part 4. 1919 'rials The steering gear is to be tested to demonstrate to the Surveyor’s satisfaction that the requirements of these Rules have been met. For wire rope of lesser flexibility. respectively.= $/QG/(*2 (45 $082 From 35 degrees on either side to 30 degrees on the other side in 20 seconds with vessel moored to a dock or the river bank and with the main propulsion engines operating at approximately the full load rack setting. Y+22+12 (45 T*'+.8 mm (1/32 in.. Pressure piping is to meet the requirements of Part 4. the piping is to be tested under working conditions including a check of the relief valve operation. 1911 S4eaves Sheaves are to be of ample size. Chapter 5. the test for towboats and tugs in 4-2-3/1. 1915 Uydraulic Pi. Where a test with the vessel running ahead at full speed is not practicable. the sheave diameters are to be not less than 18 times that of the wire rope. Consideration may be given to other means for proving the adequacy of the steering arrangements and power subject to the satisfaction of the attending Surveyor.5 times the design working pressure.) and the sheave diameter is to be determined on the basis of the wire rope flexibility. After installation in the vessel. in the presence of the Surveyor. 1913 Puffers Steering gears other than hydraulic types are to be designed with suitable buffer arrangements to relieve the gear from shock from the rudder.19. to a hydrostatic test equal to 1. and so placed as to provide a fair lead to the quadrant and avoid acute angles. Sheave diameters for chain are to be not less than 30 times the chain diameter. For sheaves intended to be used with wire ropes.Part C4a. After fabrication. except that the mill tests need not be witnessed by the Surveyor. For 6 * 37 wire rope. the propeller pitch is to be at the maximum design pitch approved for the above maximum continuous ahead rated RPM. =. the radius of the grooves is to equal that of the wire rope plus 0. Satisfactory performance is to be demonstrated under the following conditions.1 may be used. 188 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 . Parts subjected to shock are not to be of cast iron. For controllable pitch propellers.ing for Steering ?ears A relief valve is to be provided for the protection of the hydraulic system. the sheave diameter is to be increased accordingly./)+11+5 Y+22+12 From 35 degrees on either side to 30 degrees on the other side in not more than 28 seconds with the vessel running ahead at the maximum continuous rated shaft RPM. the piping system or each piping component is to be subjected.=A. =.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery Steering ?ear 4G2G3 Steering C4ains Steering chains and wire rope are to be of special quality and tested as required by Sections 2-2-1 and 2-2-2 of the ABS Rules for Materials and Welding (Part 2).=A.!(22+48+. Chapter 3.ter Section 199 4 2 3 Mac4inery and Systems Pro. D+1EO).

+ (1996) The steering gear system is to be designed so that after a single failure in its piping system.33.33.1.Part C4a.1.1. such as tillers. pins.3. instrumentation.- D)+93(1 D*++. tie rods and keys are to be proportioned as to have strength equivalent to that of the upper rudder stock required by 3-2-5/25. All power-operated steering gears for such vessels are to be constructed to the satisfaction of and tested in the presence of the Surveyor as follows: B.348 Vessels having cycloidal. azimuthing or similar type propulsion systems in which the steering is effected by changing the direction of the propulsion thrust are to comply with the provisions in Section 4-3-5 of the Steel Vessel Rules. and pressure cylinders are to be submitted for approval. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 189 .=.= 393 H+2384 i) Capability. Refer to 3-2-5/25. In this respect. rams. one of the power units or mechanical connections to the power units the defect can be isolated so that the integrity of the remaining part of the system will not be impaired and the steering capability can be maintained or speedily regained.7 in. B. including machinery. quadrants. power supplies. 395 SteeringGgear Protection The steering gear is to be protected from the weather.1. Steering gear compartments are to be readily accessible. any approval is to be understood as being subject to compliance with 4-2-3/3. Plans Detailed plans of the steering arrangement.5.onents All steering gear parts transmitting force to or from the rudder. 399 Mec4anical Com. piping systems.=. controls. See 4-1-1/5. The rated torque of the unit is to be indicated in the data submitted for review. The steering gear is to be designed to be capable of: " Putting the rudder from 35 degrees on one side to 35 degrees on the other side with the vessel running ahead at the maximum continuous rated shaft RPM and at the design waterline.ter Section 4 2 3 Mac4inery and Systems Pro. B.B D3481+ P(310.=.5. 397 PoJerGdriven Steering ?ear The steering gear is to be power-operated if the required upper stock diameter is 120 mm (4. and " Meeting the performance requirements in accordance with 4-2-3/3. Handrails and gratings or other non-slip surfaces are to be provided in way of steering gear machinery and controls.) or greater.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery Steering ?ear 3 Steering Gears for Passenger Vessels Over 100 Gross Tons or Carrying More than 150 Passengers 391 ?eneral 4G2G3 All passenger vessels which are over 100 gross tons or are intended to carry more than 150 passengers are to be provided with an approved means of steering.

chain and other mechanical steering systems are to comply with 4-2-3/1.=J.) is not acceptable. or other irregularities.Part C4a.6(*+. Following the test. Material tests for steering gear coupling bolts and torque transmitting keys need not be witnessed by the Surveyor.15. The use of gray cast iron or other material having an elongation less than 12% in 50 mm (2 in.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery Steering ?ear 4G2G3 PoJer Vnits B.11 and 4-2-3/1. A driving engine and connected pump or pumps.33. See also 4-2-3/3. The testing is to be carried out in accordance with an approved agenda and is to include the following as a minimum: 3913 i) The pump and stroke control (or directional control valve) is to be operated continuously from full flow and relief valve pressure in one direction through idle to full flow and relief valve pressure in the opposite direction.9. 190 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .23.B $+2*348 A prototype of each new design power unit pump is to be shop tested for a duration of not less than 100 hours.1 while operating with one or more of the power units. materials for the parts and components mentioned in 4-2-3/3.. 3915 Material B. For upper rudder stock keys.13.&/I)/23*3/4 The steering gear is to be comprised of two or more identical power units and is to be capable of operating the rudder as required by 4-2-3/3.2. 4-2-3/1. see 3-2-5/25. ii) Pump suction conditions are to simulate lowest anticipated suction head. B.=J. The steering gear is to be arranged so that a single failure in one of the power units or mechanical connections to the power units will not impair the integrity of the remaining part of the steering gear. excessive vibration.= >+4+.==.1..==. Mechanical connections to the power unit are to be of substantial construction. An electric motor and its associated electrical equipment and connected pump or pumps. The power unit is to be checked for abnormal heating. B.3(1 $+2* "**+45(49+ Except as modified below.1 are to be tested in the presence of the Surveyor in accordance with the requirements of Chapter 3 of the ABS Rules for Materials and Welding (Part 2).==. ii) Electro-hydraulic Steering Gear. B.ter Section 3911 4 2 3 Mac4inery and Systems Pro. the power unit pump is to be disassembled and inspected in the presence of a Surveyor. iii) Other Hydraulic Steering Gear. An electric motor and its associated electrical equipment. a steering gear power unit is: i) Electric Steering Gear. See 4-2-3/3.3.(1 All parts of steering gears transmitting a force to the rudder and pressure retaining components of hydraulic rudder actuators are to be of steel or other approved ductile material. Mec4anical Steering Steel-wire rope.1.= H+E343*3/42 For purposes of the Rules.

5. 3917 'ransfer An effective means of rapid transfer between power units is to be provided.Part C4a. See the last note of 4-4-1A1/Table 2 of the Steel Vessel Rules. 4-4-1A1/5. 4-4-1A1/3.(1 Hydraulic cylinders and housings of vane-type steering gears are to meet the requirements of 4-2-3/3.2 Regardless of extent of nondestructive testing.= >+4+.+I+4*2 Piping systems are to meet the requirements of 4-3-8/1. For cylinders. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 191 . See 4-2-3/3.-B.3 through 4-3-8/1.3. Such transfer arrangements are also to include the capability to initiate the transfer process manually (i. and may be accepted on the basis of a review of mill certificates by the Surveyor.e. Alternative seal arrangements will be considered where they are shown to be equivalent. see also 4-3-4/1.1. 3923 Pi.11 of the Steel Vessel Rules for plans.33. B. "9*0(*/. The design pressure for steering gear system piping and components subject to internal hydraulic pressure is to be at least 1.ing Arrangement B.25 times the maximum working pressure to be expected in order to satisfy the operational conditions specified in 4-2-3/3.ter Section 4 2 3 Mac4inery and Systems Pro.-=.1 (Equation No.15 for material and material tests.-=. B. casting quality factor is not to exceed 0. 4-4-1A1/7 of the Steel Vessel Rules for design.) in internal diameter need not be carried out in the presence of the Surveyor. arrangements for bleeding air from the hydraulic system are to be provided. Oil seals between moving parts forming the external pressure boundary are to be fitted in duplicate so that the failure of one seal does not render the actuator inoperative. welded or seamless steel parts (including the internal components) of rudder actuators that are not more than 150 mm (6 in.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery Steering ?ear 4G2G3 Material tests for forged.s Power gears are to be provided with stops in accordance with 4-2-3/1.R/4O50)139(*+5 #055+.= >+4+.-B. non-automatic) from the navigation bridge.#+X03.. 3919 PoJerGgear Sto..(1 Piping for hydraulic gears is to be arranged so that transfer between units can be readily effected.15.85. and also 2-4-2/1 of the ABS Rules for Materials and Welding (Part 2) for welding. Where necessary.-=. Such parts are to comply with the requirements of Chapter 3 of the ABS Rules for Materials and Welding (Part 2) or such other appropriate material specifications as may be approved in connection with a particular design. 3921 Rudder Actuators B. and 4-4-1A1/21 of the Steel Vessel Rules for hydrostatic tests.B T31 D+(12 Oil seals between non-moving parts forming part of the exterior pressure boundary are to be of the pressure seal type. B.1. 2).. The arrangement is to be such that a single failure in one part of the piping will not impair the integrity of remaining parts of the system.

After fabrication. the maximum pressure rise is not to exceed 10% of the relief valve setting. a second independent control system will not be required.5 times the relief valve setting.7(b) Installation Test. is to be subjected to a hydrostatic test equal to 1.-B.B Y(17+2 (1996) In general. The tank is to be permanently connected by piping in such a manner that the system can be readily recharged from a position within the steering gear compartment. For vessels with non-duplicated rudder actuators. There are to be two independent control systems provided. piping and cables. B. B.1 and 4-5-6/9. After installation in the vessel. 3925 Controls B.-J. valves are to comply with the requirements of 4-3-2/11. B. With this flow condition.-B.ter Section 4 2 3 Mac4inery and Systems Pro.V D*/.2. steering wheels or steering levers are not considered to be part of the control system. the complete piping system. Control systems comprise transmitters.1 but is not to exceed the design pressure in 4-2-3/3.-B. motor controllers.-B. including a check of the relief-valve operation. Control cables and piping for the independent control systems are to be separated throughout their length.7(a) Shop Tests (2008).23.23.J P31*.(*3/4 A means is to be provided to maintain cleanliness of the hydraulic fluid. See 4-5-2/11. In this regard.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery Steering ?ear 4G2G3 B. 3. hydraulic cylinders and piping. including power units.33. These control systems are to be independent in all respects and are to provide on the navigation bridge all necessary apparatus and arrangements for the starting and stopping of steering gear motors and the rapid transfer of steering power and control between units.25 times the maximum working pressure to be expected in order to satisfy the operational conditions specified in 4-2-3/3. consideration is to be given to the extreme expected ambient conditions in respect to oil viscosity.3.Part C4a. including the power units. hydraulic control pumps and their associated motors.1 times the relief valve setting. B. receivers.@ $+2*348 The following tests are to be performed in the presence of the Surveyor. hydraulic cylinders and piping. Each relief valve is to be capable of relieving not less than the full flow of all the pumps which can discharge through it increased by 10%. The relief valve setting is to be at least 1.(1 (1996) Control system is the equipment by which orders are transmitted from the navigation bridge to the power units. 192 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 . is to be hydrostatically tested at the plant of manufacture to 1. For the purpose of these Rules. each of which can be operated from the navigation bridge. When the control comprises a hydraulic telemotor. The storage tank is to be provided with an approved level indicating system in accordance with 4-3-3/9.= >+4+.33. the isolating valves are to be directly mounted on the actuator. 3.(8+ $(4U A fixed storage tank having sufficient capacity to recharge the complete hydraulic power system including the power unit reservoirs is to be provided. Isolating valves are to be fitted on the pipe connections to the rudder actuator.-B.[ #+13+E Y(17+2 (1996) Relief valves are to be provided for the protection of the hydraulic system. each component of the steering gear piping system.

The angular position of the rudder is to be indicated on the navigation bridge and in the steering gear compartment.!/Q+.I A visual and audible alarm is to be given on the navigation bridge and engine room control station to indicate a low oil level in any power unit reservoir. 3927 *nstrumentation and Alarms The following instruments and alarms are to be provided. #044348 N4539(*/.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery Steering ?ear 4G2G3 In addition to the steering gear control systems required above. B. or remote control circuit. !/23*3/4 N4539(*/.I2 (2000) A visual and audible alarm is to be given on the navigation bridge to indicate an overload condition of the steering gear power unit motor. P(310. "1(.-@. Additionally.-@.&/4*.-J. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 193 .-@. The operation of this alarm is not to interrupt the circuit. except the one in use. Where a three-phase supply is used a visual and audible alarm is to be supplied which will indicate failure of any one of the supply phases.Part C4a. additional control is to be provided in the steering gear compartment. B.-@.[ &/4*.. The audible and visual alarms required are to be of the self-monitoring type so that a circuit failure will cause an alarm condition and they are to have provisions for testing. These controls if electric are to be supplied from the steering gear power circuit from a point within the steering gear compartment.-@. B. if more than one steering station is provided.7../1 D:2*+I H329/44+9* (1998) Means are to be provided in the steering gear compartment to disconnect the steering gear control system from the power circuit when local control is to be used.+ A visual and audible alarm is to be given on the navigation bridge and engine room control station to indicate an electrical power failure in any steering gear control circuit. Such means for disconnecting are to be operable by one person without the need for tools. The rudder angle indication is to be independent of the steering gear control system./1 !/Q+.2 Indicators for running indication of motors are to be installed on the navigation bridge and in the engine room control station.-J. B.ter Section 4 2 3 Mac4inery and Systems Pro.V C/Q T31O1+7+1 "1(. P(310. B.B &/II0439(*3/42 A means of communication is to be provided in accordance with 4-5-6/9.= #055+. and readily visible from the control position. B. B.B 6/*/. B.J 6/*/.+ A visual and audible alarm is to be given on the navigation bridge and engine room control station to indicate a power failure to any one of the steering gear power units. a selector switch is to disconnect completely all stations.-@.

erating *nstructions Appropriate operating instructions with a block diagram showing the changeover procedures for steering gear control systems and steering gear power units are to be permanently displayed on the navigation bridge and in the steering gear compartment. Chapter 5. an audible and visual alarm is to be provided at the navigation bridge in the event the override mechanism fails to respond within a preset period. or " Incorrect position of 3-way full flow valve or similar in constant delivery pump system is detected.@ . b. Alternatively.-@. Additionally.35+ (1999) Steering gear control systems capable of operation in the autopilot mode are to be provided with the means to automatically disengage the autopilot controls when an effort is made to manually steer the vessel from the main steering station at the navigation bridge. except for input received from the steering wheel shaft. if installed. iii) Each steering failure alarm system is to be supplied by a circuit that: a. and c. 6. The alarm is to be activated upon steering gear failure if: " Position of the variable displacement pump control system does not correspond to the given order. and independent of.Part C4a. 194 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .onents (1996) Electrical components of the steering gear are to meet the applicable requirements of Part 4. is independent of other steering gear system and steering alarm circuits. an audible and visual hydraulic lock alarm which identifies the failed system or component is to be provided on the navigation bridge.5 seconds for ordered rudder position changes of 5 degrees. each steering gear control system. B..ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery Steering ?ear 4G2G3 B. 3929 (lectrical Com.ter Section 4 2 3 Mac4inery and Systems Pro.:5. 3931 %. an independent steering failure alarm complying with the following requirements may be provided in lieu of a hydraulic lock alarm: i) The steering failure alarm system is to actuate an audible and visible alarm in the wheelhouse when the actual position of the rudder differs by more than 5 degrees from the rudder position ordered by the follow-up control systems for more than: 30 seconds for ordered rudder position changes of 70 degrees. is fed from the emergency power source through the emergency distribution panel in the wheelhouse. The steering gear electrical circuit is to comply with 4-5-2/11. has no overcurrent protection except short circuit protection.-@. for follow-up control systems.64 where: t = maximum time delay in seconds R = ordered rudder change in degrees ii) The steering failure alarm system must be separate from.L "0*/)31/* T7+. and The time period calculated by the following formula for ordered rudder positions changes between 5 degrees and 70 degrees: t = (R/2.76)+4.(0139 C/9U (2007) Where the arrangement is such that a single failure may cause hydraulic lock and loss of steering.

B. From 15 degrees on either side to 15 degrees on the other side in not more than 60 seconds while running at one-half of the maximum ahead speed or 7 knots. This test may be waived where the steering gear consists of two identical power units with each capable of meeting the requirements in 4-2-3/3. the propeller pitch is to be at the maximum design pitch approved for the above maximum continuous ahead rated RPM.33.BB. special considerations may be given to specified trials with less than full rudder submergence.27 (test may be done at dockside). including transfer of control. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 195 .BB.ter Section 3933 4 2 3 Mac4inery and Systems Pro. For controllable pitch propellers.1 above. including demonstration of the performance requirements as shown below with the rudder fully submerged. and local control. including transfer between power units.L The isolation and automatic starting provisions of 4-2-3/3.23.B The emergency power supply required by 4-5-6/9.1(b) Half Speed Trial. whichever is the greater. Where full rudder submergence cannot be obtained in ballast conditions.3.[ The steering gear controls. From 35 degrees on either side to 30 degrees on the other side in not more than 28 seconds with the vessel running ahead at the maximum continuous rated shaft RPM.BB. 3.BB.@ The storage and recharging system contained in 4-2-3/3. This test is to be met with one of the power units in reserve. Satisfactory performance is to be demonstrated under the following conditions. engine room. and the steering gear compartment.BB.= The steering gear.33. 3.1.J The means of communications between the navigation bridge.- The power units.BB. B. This test is to be conducted with one of the power units in reserve.Part C4a.33.BB. B. B. B.1(a) Full Speed Trial.ulsion and Maneuvering Mac4inery Steering ?ear 4G2G3 'rials The steering gear is to be tried out on the trial trip in order to demonstrate to the Surveyor’s satisfaction that the requirements of these Rules have been met.6 (test may be done at dockside).V The alarms and indicators required by 4-2-3/3. The trial is to include the operation of the following: B. B.3 (test may be done at dockside). Where three or more power units are provided.BB. the test procedures are to be specially considered on basis of the specifically approved operating arrangements of the steering gear system. B.

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.... 206 7..203 3...................................4& ... 207 Piping...........204 7...... 204 7.......... 5667 197 .......0".................................................3 Fuel Oil Suction and Transfer Lines ...............................1 Specifications and Purchase Orders ............................................................................................................. 209 3..........................................................17 Standard Thicknesses..............3 Pipes Near Switchboards................................... 207 7.9 Bulkhead................PART Chapter 3: Pumps and Piping Systems $ CHAPTER 3 '()*+ .............................................1 5 General ..................................................................................1 Test and Inspection of Group I Piping .................................................21 Hose................. 203 1...............................................1 Plans ..........................3 Piping Groups ........209 3.......... '/*/-0 S1+23)+ CONTENTS SECTION 1 General....203 1 3 5 7 SECTION 2 Construction and Installation ...11 Relief Valves .................../(...................... 203 3... 206 7................................................................&0....................................................................... 204 5. 210 ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*.....&&*..7 Molded Expansion Joints . "*1%"& 2 *...................................... 204 Material Tests and Inspection..............................3 Steel Pipe........19 Instruments ......................3 Data ..............7 Hydraulic Power Piping .................1 Protection ..............204 5.. 203 Plans and Data to Be Submitted......1 General Requirements ......... 205 7...... Deck or Tank Top Penetrations................................................................. 207 7...209 1 General ................................................3 Special Materials................ 205 7..........9 All Piping ...........................................203 1.......................................-................... 206 7.....209 3 Pressure Tests............... 205 7.15 Plastic Piping.....................$ 3.............................................................................................................................. 204 General Installation Details...&0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (................................ 209 Metallic Pipes...................................................................210 5.............. 207 7..........5 Expansion or Contraction Stresses .................................................0%"3.............................................. Valves and Fittings ........................+ /$..........13 Common Overboard Discharge.5 Cargo Oil Piping ............................... 210 5..... 209 3........................................................................... 209 3............................ 209 3................................

..........227 9.......... Sea Valve and Overboard Discharge Connections .....216 7..............................210 Plastic Pipes ..........3 Forged or Cast Steel ..........................................230 19 21 198 Copper Pipe ...............................230 15 Welded Nonstandard Valves and Fittings.....................13 Tests by the Manufacturer \ Fire Endurance Testing of Plastic Piping in the Dry Condition (For Level 1 and Level 2)..................1 General.................................................232 Cooler Installations External to the Hull..........................................................1 General..&0..................................................................................&&*.........1 General........................219 7.11 Plastic Compounds .....................................................................9 Manufacturing of Plastic Pipes ...............................................................229 13..................1 9 11 13 General............... "*1%"& 2 *..................................................230 17......................+ /$............................5 Cast Iron....5 Scuppers ........228 11............5 Hydrostatic Test and Identification ........................................228 11.....227 9...1 General...3 Construction ........228 Valves ....5 Group II Piping Flanges..........19 Testing By Manufacturer \ General.........5.....$ 3............................................227 9.............................................232 21............................................................................................228 9...............220 7........................................9 Plastic Pipe...............7 Sanitary Discharges . 5667 .218 7...........................228 11..210 5...........................3 Hydrostatic Test and Identification ...............................231 19................................................................................................................................................4& .......................3 Sea Chests......................................................210 17.............................231 19............................&0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (......223 7.........21 Testing Onboard After Installation .15 Test by Manufacturer \ Fire Endurance Testing of Water-filled Plastic Piping (For Level 3).........................................................229 13....................3 Group I Piping Flanges..........................................231 19.................7 Brass Pipe ........................................................................0"................./(....222 7...................230 17 Flanges ......217 7....................11 Working Pressure and Thickness of Metallic Pipe................7 Installation of Plastic Pipes.................11 Plastic Pipe Bonding Procedure Qualification ................212 7..............................................................................................3 Plans and Data to be Submitted.......................1 General..................232 21.227 9.................................17 Tests by Manufacturer \ Flame Spread ........................................232 ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*.....5 Design ........1 General............212 7..232 21...................................................................223 Material of Valves and Fittings...................................................227 9..........................210 5...229 Pipe Fittings .....................7 Ductile (Nodular) Iron ......5 7 5.212 7..9 Nonferrous....231 19...................5 Nonstandard Fittings .........................230 17..................5 Non-integral Keel Cooler Installations ..........................................................................230 Sea Chests.........213 7.........................3 Integral Keel Cooler Installations......229 13...............0%"3...................................................................................................................

........... 241 3............................................................................... 239 1......................................1 General .........+ /$..................................3 Bilge Piping System ...................... 235 3............. "*1%"& 2 *..........$ 3.......................1 General ..................................237 7.. 241 ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*........... 237 Sounding........................... 239 1..................................................................................................&0...........................................................................238 9..........................0"...............5 Bilge Pumps ......................................................................................7 Valves on Oil Tanks ...................... 240 1.5 Bilge and Ballast Piping .. 233 Bilge Systems for Self-propelled Passenger Vessels...........................................1 3 5 7 9 General .......................... 235 3...............4& .221 Bilge and Ballast Systems and Tanks.221 Fire Endurance Test Stand with Mounted Sample ... Filling and Service Systems........ 5667 199 ..........................5 Control Valves or Cocks.......9 Overflows and Drains.................. 238 9...............................3 Pumps.........................................................3 Manned Barges......................................... 238 9.......&0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (.................. Sounding and Overflow Pipes ....................................................... 240 1...................... 239 1...... 233 1............................................................................................................................ 237 7..... 237 7.........233 1..........5 Gauge Glasses ..........227 General ...........3 Size .........................226 Standards for Plastic Pipes \ Additional Requirements Depending on Service and/or Location of Piping ................................ 237 Vent..................../(................................239 1 3 Fuel Oil Transfer..........212 Fire Endurance Requirements Matrix for Plastic Pipes .................237 5..............3 Oil Filters....................................... 233 1........13 Fuel Oil Injection System .............................................241 3............ 239 1...........................................................................1 SECTION 4 Allowable Stress Values S for Steel Piping ............................................................... 241 3...............................................1 General ....... 236 Bilge Systems for Barges . 237 5.........................................................3 Sounding Pipes ....5 Termination .... 238 Fuel Oil and Lubricating Oil Systems and Tanks................................. 240 Lubricating Oil System ....1 Unmanned Barges ................................5 Protective Features ...........................................................................11 Fuel Oil Purifiers..................235 3.................................224 Standards for Plastic Pipes \ Typical Requirements for All Systems.0%"3....1 General ..........................................................................TABLE 1 TABLE 2 TABLE 3 TABLE 4 FIGURE 1 FIGURE 2 SECTION 3 Fire Endurance Test Burner Assembly.................................&&*...3 Pipes in Oil Tanks ...................................................239 1........233 1 Bilge and Ballast Systems for Self-propelled Vessels ..................

.........................................248 3.........249 3..3 Pressure-Vacuum Venting..................................245 1..............248 3.......SECTION 5 Internal Combustion Engine Systems ......250 9......................................3 Cargo Piping Systems .................................5 Other Piping Systems................................250 7...................................................................................251 11.........3 Dangerous Chemicals ..............................250 9 11 13 200 General......................248 3................................................................250 Venting .............................................1 Capacity ........./(......9 Cargo Oil Piping ..........243 Exhaust Piping ..243 Cargo Systems............................. 5667 ............................................................................0"....1 Open Venting ..........251 11.........3 Service Temperature Below -18°C (0°F) ............................................................................................5 Safety-Relief Venting......... 243 1 3 SECTION 6 Cooling Water System .........................................................................243 1. "*1%"& 2 *.......248 3......................................248 Cargo-handling Systems...............249 3 Cargo Piping Classification .....&&*...0%"3......1 Cargo Pumps ............................3 Cargo Piping for Barge Types II and III .......&0.......................&0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (.............7 Pressurized Gases ................................................................................1 SECTION 7 3.......................................248 7.....................7 Tests ....................249 5 Plans and Data to be Submitted ...................................................250 9.............................................+ /$.......246 1...................252 11.............249 3.....1 Cargo Piping for Barge Type I ................................................................251 Safety-Relief Valves.................................5 Liquefied Gases .....243 1....................................5 Direct Cooling System ...........................247 1.........................................................................................................................................................................................251 9.............................................................................................248 Cargo Transfer Systems for Dangerous Chemical Cargoes........................245 1...........................248 3.................249 7 Materials.9 Inert Gas System Requirements .................................................. 245 1 3 Vessels Carrying Oil in Bulk Having a Flashpoint of 60°C (140°F) or Less ............................................................5 Installation ......................3 Sea Suctions .............................................7 Venting Systems .......................................................246 1.........................................................................4& .....................252 Pressure Vessels ..................$ 3..............................................11 Noncombustible Liquids ......................... 249 1 General ...3 Certification .1 General..............................252 11.................................................11 Cargo Vapor Emission Control Systems .....................243 1...................246 1.....1 General..........253 ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*..............

......... 255 17 Protective Housing.............3 Valves ...................................................................................................&&*................................ 257 1.....................11 Accumulators .........................3 Cargo Pumps ....1 General ......................... 253 15.........9 Pressure Gauges .......................................................................................................................................255 TABLE 1 SECTION 8 Values of C for Use in Calculating Safety-Relief Valve Capacity .................&0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (...4& .5 Pump Wells ....1 Arrangements....256 Other Piping Systems and Tanks .............................................+ /$.................................259 5............... 253 15........... 258 1............... Valves and Fittings ......................................................................./(..........................................................................15 Design Pressure...............257 1.....15 Cargo Transfer..........................$ 3.................................. 253 15.........13 Piping....13 Fluid Power Cylinders ...............0%"3...........0"................................5 Ammonia Piping .....255 21 Fire Extinguishing ...............................................253 15.............................255 23 Salvaging Connections ......5 Piping .7 Pipe Fittings ..............17 Segregation of High Pressure Hydraulic Units in Machinery Spaces............................................................ 257 1............257 1 Hydraulic Piping ...................17 Pipe Joints . "*1%"& 2 *..........255 19 Electrical ............. 257 1.................................... 254 15............................................................................................................................3 Safety Measures ............ 258 1........... 259 5........ 257 1.........................&0............................. 255 15...........................................................................................11 Independent Tank Connections ...........19 Cargo Filling Lines in Tanks ................. 254 15.......... 254 15.....9 Hose..........7 Pump Prime Movers..23 Electrical Bonding ......258 5 Ship Service Ammonia System ....................................................... 253 15...................................... 253 15......................................... 259 5......21 Spillage Containment .......................................... 255 15.......................15 Piping Flexibility Arrangements ............ 258 1........ 259 ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*.............................................................................. 258 3 Liquefied Petroleum Gases ..................................................................1 Compartmentation............ 5667 201 ....................................................................................... 258 1...... 253 15...........................................................................................................................

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Arrangements
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-1 ,#$% S);,$-+ )V;)8, ,#', #/96'<.$; %/%,)=% :#$;# 1-6= 8'6, -1 ' <+$, :#$;# $% $+9)8)+9)+,./
='+<1';,<6)9 '+9 '%%)=7.)9 '+9 :#$;# 9-)% +-, 1-6= 8'6, -1 ,#) 5)%%).^% 8$8$+( %/%,)= I%<;# '% '
;6'+)K '6) +-, ;-5)6)9 7/ ,#$% S);,$-+> &.'+% %#-:$+( ;.)'6./ ,#) '66'+()=)+,% '+9 9),'$.% '6) ,- 7)
%<7=$,,)9 1-6 6)5$):>

1.3

1.5

Valves
1.3.1

General
I+ ()+)6'.B 5'.5)% '6) ,- ;-=8./ :$,# ,#) 6)A<$6)=)+,% -1 LU3U2\FF>

1.3.2

Relief Valves
R).$)1 5'.5)% '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 1-6 ,#) 86-,);,$-+ -1 ,#) #/96'<.$; %/%,)=> E';# 6).$)1 5'.5) $%
,- 7) ;'8'7.) -1 6).$)5$+( +-, .)%% ,#'+ 1<.. 8<=8 1.-: :$,# ' ='V$=<= 86)%%<6) 6$%) -1 +-,
=-6) ,#'+ F0] -1 ,#) 6).$)1 5'.5) %),,$+(>

Piping
&$8$+( $% ,- =)), ,#) 6)A<$6)=)+,% -1 LU3UF\J '+9 LU3U2\J )V;)8, ,#', =$.. ,)%,% +))9 +-, 7) :$,+)%%)9
7/ ,#) S<65)/-6> I+ %<;# ;'%)%B =$.. ;)6,$1$;',)% '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9>

1.7

Pipe Fittings
F$,,$+(% '+9 1.'+()% '6) ,- =)), ,#) 6)A<$6)=)+,% -1 LU3U2\F3 '+9 LU3U2\FJ )V;)8, '% 1-..-:%D
1.7.1

Non-standard Fittings
F$,,$+(% :#$;# '6) +-, ;-+%,6<;,)9 ,- ' 6);-(+$Y)9 %,'+9'69 :$.. 7) %<7[);, ,- %8);$'.
;-+%$9)6',$-+> &.'+% %#-:$+( 9),'$.% -1 ;-+%,6<;,$-+B =',)6$'. '+9 9)%$(+ ;'.;<.',$-+% -6 ,)%,
6)%<.,% '6) ,- 7) %<7=$,,)9 1-6 6)5$):>

1.7.2

Split Flanges
S8.$, 1.'+()% '6) +-, ,- 7) <%)9 $+ %,))6$+( ()'6 %/%,)=%> T#) <%) -1 %8.$, 1.'+()% 1-6 '.. -,#)6
'88.$;',$-+% :$.. 7) %8);$'../ ;-+%$9)6)9>

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

257

Part
Chapter
Section

1.9

4
3
8

Vessel Systems and Machinery
Pumps and Piping Systems
Other Piping Systems and Tanks

4-3-8

1.7.3

Straight-thread, O-ring Connections
S,6'$(#,U,#6)'9B OU6$+( ,/8) ;-++);,$-+% ='/ 7) <%)9 1-6 ;-++);,$-+% ,- )A<$8=)+, %<;# '%
8<=8%B 5'.5)%B ;/.$+9)6%B ';;<=<.',-6%B ('<()% '+9 #-%)%> S<;# ;-++);,$-+% '6) +-, ,- 7)
<%)9 1-6 [-$+$+( %);,$-+% -1 8$8)>

1.7.4

Tapered-threaded Connections
T'8)6)9U,#6)'9)9 ;-++);,$-+% <8 ,- '+9 $+;.<9$+( O9 == O>D> I3 $+> N&SK ='/ 7) <%)9
:$,#-<, .$=$,',$-+% 1-6 ;-++);,$-+% ,- )A<$8=)+, %<;# '% 8<=8%B 5'.5)%B ;/.$+9)6%B ';;<=<.',-6%B
('<()% '+9 #-%)%> T'8)6)9U,#6)'9)9 ;-++);,$-+% '6) +-, ,- 7) <%)9 $+ %,))6$+( ()'6 %/%,)=%B
;-+,6-..'7.) 8$,;# 86-8)..)6 %/%,)=% '+9 -,#)6 %/%,)=% '%%-;$',)9 :$,# 86-8<.%$-+ -6 86-8<.%$-+
;-+,6-.B )V;)8, :#)6) 8)6=$,,)9 7/ LU3U2\F3> S<;# ;-++);,$-+% '6) +-, ,- 7) <%)9 1-6 [-$+$+(
%);,$-+% -1 8$8) )V;)8, :#)6) 8)6=$,,)9 7/ LU3U2\F3>

Hose
T-%) '%%)=7.$)% '6) ,- 7) $+ ';;-69'+;) :$,# LU3UF\Q>2F>

1.11

Accumulators
A;;<=<.',-6% '6) ,- =)), ,#) 6)A<$6)=)+,% -1 &'6, LB C#'8,)6 L -1 ,#) Steel Vessel Rules> E';#
';;<=<.',-6 :#$;# ='/ 7) $%-.',)9 $% ,- 7) 86-,);,)9 7/ %<$,'7.) 6).$)1 5'.5)%> N#)6) ' ('% ;#'6($+(
%/%,)= $% <%)9B ' 6).$)1 5'.5) $% ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 -+ ,#) ('% %$9) -1 ,#) ';;<=<.',-6>

1.13

Fluid Power Cylinders
F.<$9 8-:)6 ;/.$+9)6% '6) ,- =)), ,#) 6)A<$6)=)+,% -1 LUMUQ\3>J>J -1 ,#) Steel Vessel Rules>

1.15

Design Pressure
T#) 86)%%<6) <%)9 1-6 9),)6=$+$+( ,#) %,6)+(,# '+9 9)%$(+ -1 8$8$+( '+9 ;-=8-+)+,% $% +-, ,- 7) .)%%
,#'+ ,#) 6).$)1 5'.5) %),,$+(>

1.17

Segregation of High Pressure Hydraulic Units in Machinery Spaces
T/96'<.$; <+$,% :$,# :-63$+( 86)%%<6)% '7-5) FJ>J 7'6 IFJ>O 3(1\;=2B 22J 8%$K $+%,'..)9 :$,#$+
=';#$+)6/ %8';)% '6) ,- 7) 8.';)9 $+ %)8'6',) 6--= -6 6--=% -6 %#$).9)9 '% +);)%%'6/ ,- 86)5)+, '+/
-$. -6 -$. =$%, ,#', ='/ )%;'8) <+9)6 86)%%<6) 16-= ;-=$+( $+,- ;-+,';, :$,# %<61';)% :$,#
,)=8)6',<6)% $+ )V;)%% -1 220bC IL2ObFKB ).);,6$;'. )A<$8=)+, -6 -,#)6 %-<6;)% -1 $(+$,$-+> F-6 ,#)
8<68-%)% -1 ,#$% 6)A<$6)=)+,B ' #/96'<.$; <+$, $+;.<9)% ,#) 8-:)6 8';3 '+9 '.. ;-=8-+)+,% -1 ,#)
#/96'<.$; 8$8$+( %/%,)=>

3

L/[(3H/3. '326973() G,+3+
N#)6) .$A<$9 8),6-.)<= ('%)% '6) <%)9 $+ ,#) ('..)/B ,#) ;/.$+9)6% '+9 8$8$+( '6) ,- 7) 3)8, $+ ,#)
-8)+ '% 1'6 '% 86';,$;'7.)> T#) $+%,'..',$-+ $% ,- ;-=8./ :$,# LM CFR S<78'6, JO>FM>

258

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

Part
Chapter
Section

4
3
8

Vessel Systems and Machinery
Pumps and Piping Systems
Other Piping Systems and Tanks

>

SK/* S36E/:3 A))9-/, S1+23) !'((+%

5.1

Compartmentation

4-3-8

A==-+$' #'+9.$+( =';#$+)6/ $% ,- 7) $+%,'..)9 $+ ' 9)9$;',)9 ;-=8'6,=)+, :$,# ', .)'%, ,:- ';;)%%
9--6%> T#) 9--6% '6) ,- 7) -1 ,#) %).1U;.-%$+(B ('%,$(#, ,/8) :$,# +- #-.9U7';3 '66'+()=)+,%>

5.3

Safety Measures
T#) 1-..-:$+( %'1),/ =)'%<6)% '6) ,- 7) 86-5$9)9 1-6 ;-=8'6,=)+,% ;-+,'$+$+( '==-+$' #'+9.$+(
=';#$+)6/B $+;.<9$+( 86-;)%% 5)%%).%>

5.5

i)

A+ $+9)8)+9)+, =);#'+$;'. +)(',$5) 5)+,$.',$-+ %/%,)= ;'8'7.) -1 86-5$9$+( ', .)'%, 30 '$6
;#'+()% 8)6 #-<6 7'%)9 -+ ,#) (6-%% 5-.<=) -1 ,#) %8';)

ii)

A %86$+3.)6 %/%,)= :$,# ;-+,6-. -<,%$9) -1 ,#) ;-=8'6,=)+,

iii)

A 1$V)9 '==-+$' 9),);,-6 %/%,)= :$,# '.'6= $+%$9) '+9 -<,%$9) -1 ,#) ;-=8'6,=)+,

iv)

N',)6 %;6))+ 9)5$;)% -8)6'7.) 16-= -<,%$9) -1 ,#) ;-=8'6,=)+,B 1-6 '.. ';;)%% 9--6%>

v)

A+ $+9)8)+9)+, 7$.() %/%,)= .-;',)9 :$,#$+ ,#)%) ;-=8'6,=)+,%

Ammonia Piping
A==-+$' 8$8$+( $% +-, ,- 8'%% ,#6-<(# ';;-==-9',$-+ %8';)%>

ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*,- .,+ /$.&&*,- &0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (, "*1%"& 2 *,0"./(.&0.$ 3.0%"3.4& . 5667

259

T#$% &'() I+,)+,$-+'../ L)1, B.'+3

!"#$

&'()*+,

-.

/0,+

12*034506'034

786*+96

(3:

1;50)9+3*

4
&<"!$1#

4

Fire Extinguishing Systems and
Equipment

CONTENTS
SECTION 1

All Vessels ..........................................................................263
=

>+3+,(? ..............................................................................ABC

C

>DE+,39+3*(? "5*'D,0*8 .....................................................ABC

F

/0,+ 7(G+*8 H+(65,+6.........................................................ABC

I

!?(36 (3: J(*( ..................................................................ABC

K

==

=C

=F
=I

=K

A=
AC

I.=

!?(36 ............................................................................. ABC

I.C

J(*( .............................................................................. ABC

/0,+ !59)6.........................................................................ABK.=

L59M+, DG !59)6 ......................................................... AB-

K.C

$8)+ (3: &()(N0*8 ........................................................ AB-

K.F

#+?0+G O(?E+6 ................................................................. AB-

/0,+ H(036 ..........................................................................ABF
==.=

70P+ ............................................................................... ABF

==.C

&DNQ6 D, O(?E+6 ............................................................ ABF

==.F

H(*+,0(?6 ....................................................................... ABF

<8:,(3*6R <D6+6 (3: LDPP?+6 ...........................................ABF
=C.=

<8:,(3*6........................................................................ ABF

=C.C

<D6+6............................................................................ ABB

=C.F

LDPP?+6 ......................................................................... ABB

!D,*(M?+ 12*034506'+,6 .......................................................ABB
7'5*:DS36 (3: &?D65,+6...................................................ABB
=I.=

O+3*0?(*0D3 /(36 (3: T)+30346 ..................................... ABB

=I.C

T*'+, "520?0(,0+6............................................................ ABI

/02+: /0,+ 12*034506'034 786*+96 GD, H(N'03+,8
7)(N+6 ...............................................................................ABI
=K.=

!,DE060D3 ....................................................................... ABI

=K.C

&(,MD3 J0D20:+ 786*+96............................................... ABI

=K.F

T*'+, /02+: >(6 12*034506'034 H+:059........................ ABK

7+4,+4(*0D3 DG /5+? T0? !5,0G0+,6........................................ABK
!,D*+N*0D3 DG &(,4D 7)(N+6...............................................ABK
AC.=

&(,4D O+66+?6 DG AUUU >,D66 $D36 (3: TE+,............... ABK

AC.C

/02+: /0,+V12*034506'034 786*+96 ................................. ABK

AC.F

/0,+ !,D*+N*0D3 D3 &'+90N(? W(,4+6.............................. ABK

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

261

AF

262

"::0*0D3(? #+;50,+9+3*6 GD, O+66+?6 X3*+3:+: *D &(,,8
!(66+34+,6 ........................................................................AIU
AF.=

/02+: /0,+ J+*+N*0D3 (3: /0,+ "?(,9 786*+96R
"5*D9(*0N 7),03Q?+,R /0,+ J+*+N*0D3 (3: /0,+
"?(,9 786*+9 ................................................................AIU

AF.C

7)+N0(? &(*+4D,8 7)(N+6 ..............................................AIC

AF.F

&(,4D 7)(N+6R T*'+, *'(3 7)+N0(? &(*+4D,8 7)(N+6R
X3*+3:+: GD, *'+ &(,,0(4+ DG HD*D, O+'0N?+6 S0*'
/5+? 03 *'+0, $(3Q6.........................................................AIC

AF.I

T*'+, &(,4D 7)(N+6......................................................AI-

AF.K

7)+N0(? ",,(34+9+3*6 03 H(N'03+,8 7)(N+6 .................AI-

AF.==

"?(,9 786*+96 ..............................................................AI-

AF.=C

>+3+,(? D, 7)+N0(? /0,+ "?(,9 .......................................AIF

AF.=F

!5M?0N "::,+66 786*+9..................................................AIF

AF.=I

!D,*(M?+ &D99530N(*0D3 1;50)9+3* .............................AIF

AF.=K

/0,+ &D3*,D? !?(36..........................................................AIF

$"WY1 =

&?(660G0N(*0D3 DG !D,*(M?+ (3: 7+90V)D,*(M?+
12*034506'+,6............................................................AIB

$"WY1 A

!D,*(M?+ (3: 7+90V)D,*(M?+ 12*034506'+,
YDN(*0D36..................................................................AIB

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

!"#$

7+N*0D3

=.

"??

O+66+?6

4
&<"!$1#

4

Fire Extinguishing Systems

71&$XTL

1

All Vessels

1

General
All vessels are to be provided with fire extinguishing systems and fire protection equipment as outlined
in this Section.

3

Governmental Authority
Attention is directed to the appropriate governmental authority in each case, as there may be
additional requirements depending on the size, type and intended service of the vessel, as well as
other particulars and details. Consideration will be given to fire extinguishing systems which comply
with the published requirements of the governmental authority in which the vessel is to be registered.

5

Fire Safety Measures
Passenger vessels are to comply with the applicable requirements of Section 3-4-1.

7

Plans and Data

7.1

Plans
Before proceeding with the work, the following plans are to be submitted in triplicate together with
supporting data and particulars as applicable. See also 4-1-1/5.

7.3

"

Arrangement and details of fire main systems

"

Foam smothering systems

"

Fire control pans

"

Fixed fire extinguishing systems

"

Fire detection systems

"

Other fire extinguishing equipment and appliances

Data
The number and capacity of fire pumps is to be submitted as well as a list of the fire protection
equipment to be provided.

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

263

Part
Chapter
Section

4
4
1

Vessel Systems and Machinery
Fire Extinguishing Systems and Equipment
All Vessels

9

Fire Pumps

9.1

Number of Pumps

9.3

4-4-1

K.=.=

>+3+,(?
All self-propelled vessels, other than passenger vessels, are to be provided with at least one
fire pump. For vessels over 20 m (65 ft) in length, the pump is to be power-driven. For vessels
20 m (65 ft) in length and under, the pump may be hand-operated.

K.=.A

!(66+34+, O+66+?6
Passenger vessels are to be provided with at least two independently-power-driven fire pumps.
One of these pumps is to be dedicated for fire-fighting duties and available for such duties at
all times. The arrangements of the pumps, sea suctions and sources of power are to be such as
to ensure that if a fire or casualty in any one space could put all the pumps out of action, an
alternative means of providing water for fire-fighting purposes is to be provided. This
alternative means is to be from a fixed independently-driven, power-operated fire pump
which has its source of power and sea connection located outside the machinery space. The
emergency fire pump is to have a capacity not less than 25 m3/hr (110 gpm) and is to be
capable of simultaneously delivering 12 m (40 ft) jet throw from any two adjacent hydrants
located in accordance with 4-4-1/13.1.

Type and Capacity
K.C.=

!DS+,V:,0E+3 !59)6
Sanitary, ballast, bilge or general-service pumps may be accepted as fire pumps. Each pump
is to be capable of providing a full supply of water to the fire hoses whereby at least two
powerful streams can be rapidly and simultaneously directed into any part of the vessel. Each
power-driven pump is to be capable of producing the two streams of water with the throw at
any nozzle being at least 12 m (40 ft). For passenger vessels, the fire pumps required by
4-4-1/9.1.2 are to be capable of delivering for fire-fighting purposes at a pressure of at least
3.1 kgf/cm2 (44 psi) a quantity of water not less than two-thirds the quantity required to be
dealt with by the bilge pumps when employed for bilge pumping. See 4-3-3/3.5.4.

K.C.A

<(3:VD)+,(*+: !59)6
Each hand pump is to have a capacity of at least 1.1 m3/hr (5 gpm) and is to be equipped with
suction and discharge hoses suitable for use in fire-fighting. The hand pump may also serve as
a bilge pump.

9.5

Relief Valves
Relief valves are to be provided in connection with all power-driven fire pumps unless it can be
shown that the arrangements are such as to prevent excessive pressure in any part of the fire main
system.

264

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

Part
Chapter
Section

4
4
1

Vessel Systems and Machinery
Fire Extinguishing Systems and Equipment
All Vessels

11

Fire Mains

11.1

Size

4-4-1

All vessels for which power-driven fire pumps are required are to be fitted with a fire main system,
including fire main, hydrants, hoses and nozzles. The diameter of the fire main is to be sufficient to
ensure an adequate supply of water for the simultaneous operation of at least the two fire hoses
required in 4-4-1/9.3.1.

11.3

Cocks or Valves
Cocks or valves are to be fitted in such positions on the pipes that any of the fire hoses may be removed
while the fire pumps are operating.

11.5

Materials !"99$%
Materials readily rendered ineffective by heat are not to be used for fire mains unless adequately
protected. In order to be considered not Vreadily rendered ineffective by heatW, a component is to be
certified as having passed an applicable recognized fire test, or the material is to have a melting
temperature higher then the test temperature specified in an applicable fire test.

13

Hydrants, Hoses and Nozzles

13.1

Hydrants !"99$%
=C.=.= >+3+,(?
The number and position of the hydrants is to be such that at least two streams of water, not
emanating from the same hydrant, may be directed to any part of the vessel. One of these
streams is to be from a single length of hose not more than 23 m (75 ft) long for 38 mm (1.5 in.)
diameter hose or 15 m (50 ft) long for 63 mm (2.5 in.) diameter hose.
The pipes and hydrants are to be so placed that the fire hoses may be easily coupled to them.
In vessels where deck cargo may be carried, the positions of the hydrants are to be such that
they are always readily accessible and the pipes are to be arranged, as far as practicable, to
avoid risk of damage by such cargo.
Materials readily rendered ineffective by heat are not to be used for hydrants. See 4-4-1/11.5.
=C.=.A !(66+34+, O+66+?6
The requirement in 4-4-1/13.1.1 is to be met for any part of the vessel normally accessible to
the passengers or crew while the vessel is being navigated and any part of the cargo space
when empty, any ro-ro space or any special category space in which latter case the two jets
will reach any part of such space, each from a single length of hose. Furthermore, such
hydrants are to be positioned near the accesses to the protected spaces.
In the accommodation, service and machinery spaces, the number and position of the hydrants
are to be such that the above requirements may be complied with when all watertight doors
and all doors in main vertical zone bulkheads are closed.

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

265

Part
Chapter
Section

13.3

4
4
1

Vessel Systems and Machinery
Fire Extinguishing Systems and Equipment
All Vessels

4-4-1

Hoses !"99$%
The number of fire hoses to be provided, each complete with couplings and nozzles, is to be one for
each 30 m (100 ft) length of the vessel and one spare. This number does not include any hoses
required in any machinery space. For passenger vessels, a hose is to be provided for each hydrant and
in interior locations in vessels carrying more than 36 passengers, fire hoses are to be connected to the
hydrants at all times.
Fire hoses are to be of approved material. The minimum hose diameter for all vessels over 20 m
(65 ft) in length is to be not less than 38 mm (1.5 in.) diameter. For vessels 20 m (65 ft) and under,
19 mm (0.75 in.) diameter hose may be used. The hoses are to be sufficient in length to project a jet of
water to any of the spaces in which they may be required to be used. The maximum length of hose is
not to exceed 23 m (75 ft).
Each hose is to be provided with a nozzle and necessary couplings. Unless there is provided one hose
and nozzle for each hydrant in the vessel, there is to be complete interchangeability of hose couplings
and nozzles. Fire hoses, together with any necessary fittings and tools, are to be kept ready for use in
conspicuous positions near the water-service hydrants of connections.

13.5

Nozzles !"99$%
=C.F.= >+3+,(?
The minimum internal diameter of hose nozzles is not to be less than 16 mm (5/8 in.), except
as indicated in 4-4-1/13.5.2 or 4-4-1/13.5.3. Nozzles for hoses attached to hydrants in the
machinery spaces are to be suitable for spraying water on oil, or alternatively dual-purpose
nozzles. Fire hose nozzles of plastic type material, such as polycarbonate may be accepted
subject to review of their capacity and serviceability as marine use fire hose nozzles.
=C.F.A O+66+?6 =UU >,D66 $D36 (3: Z3:+,
The minimum internal diameter of nozzles may be 8 mm (5/16 in.). For vessels under 20 m
(65 ft) in length, garden type nozzles may be used.
=C.F.C !(66+34+, O+66+?6
Standard nozzle sizes are to be 12 mm (0.5 in.), 16 mm (0.625 in.) and 19 mm (0.75 in.), or as
near thereto as possible. For accommodation and service spaces, a nozzle size greater than 12 mm
(0.5 in.) need not be used. For machinery spaces and exterior locations, the nozzle size is to
be such as to obtain the maximum discharge possible from two jets at the referenced pressures
in 4-4-1/9.3 from the smallest pump. However, a nozzle size greater than 19 mm (0.75 in.)
need not be used.

15

Portable Extinguishers
For all self-propelled vessels and all barges having facilities for 36 persons or more, portable extinguishers
are to be provided in the quantities and locations indicated in 4-4-1/Tables 1 and 2.

17

Shutdowns and Closures

17.1

Ventilation Fans and Openings !2009%
Means are to be provided for stopping ventilating fans serving machinery and cargo spaces, and for
closing all doorways, ventilators and other openings to such spaces. These means are to be capable of
being manually operated from outside of such spaces in the event of a fire. See 4-5-2/17.1.1.

266

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

Part
Chapter
Section

17.3

4
4
1

Vessel Systems and Machinery
Fire Extinguishing Systems and Equipment
All Vessels

4-4-1

Other Auxiliaries !2009%
Machinery driving forced- and induced-draft fans, oil-fuel transfer pumps, oil-fuel unit pumps and
other similar fuel pumps, fired equipment such as an incinerator, lubricating oil service pumps,
thermal oil circulating pumps and oil separators (purifiers) are to be fitted with remote shutdowns
situated outside of the spaces concerned so that they may be stopped in the event of a fire arising in
the space. This need not apply to oily water separators. See 4-5-2/17.1.2.
In addition to the remote shutdowns required above, a means to shutdown the equipment is to be
provided within the space itself.

19

Fixed Fire Extinguishing Systems for Machinery Spaces

19.1

Provision
An approved fixed fire extinguishing system is to be provided for spaces containing any of the following:
i)

Boiler, heater or incinerator of the oil-fired type

ii)

Oil-fuel unit used for the preparation and delivery of fuel oil to oil-fired boilers (including
incinerators and inert gas generators), internal-combustion engines or gas turbines at a pressure
of more than 1.8 kgf/ cm2, 26 psi).

iii)

Internal-combustion engines where the aggregate total power output exceeds 375 kW (500 HP)
and the vessels gross tonnage exceeds 500.

Paint lockers and flammable liquid lockers with a deck area of 4 m2 (43 ft2) or greater are also to be
fitted with a fixed fire extinguishing system.

19.3

Carbon Dioxide Systems
Where a fixed carbon dioxide fire-extinguishing system is installed, the system is to comply with the
following requirements:
=K.C.=&8?03:+,6
Containers for the storage of fire-extinguishing medium and associated pressure components
are to be designed in accordance with Part 4, Chapter 4 of the Steel Vessel Rules. Means are to
be provided for the crew to safely check the quantity of medium in the containers.
=K.C.A 7*D,(4+
19.3.2(a) General. The cylinders are to be located outside the protected space in a room which
is situated in a safe and readily accessible location. The storage room is to be gastight and
effectively ventilated. The ventilation system is to be independent of the protected space. Any
entrance to the storage room shall be independent of the protected space. The access doors to
the storage space are to open outwards.
Where space limitations do not permit the storage of extinguishing medium bottles in a
separate space, the arrangements are to be in accordance with the following:
i)

The door between the storage location and the protected space is to be self-closing
with no hold-back arrangements.

ii)

The space where cylinders are stored is to be adequately ventilated by a system which
is independent of the protected space.

iii)

Means are to be provided to prevent unauthorized release of gas, such as containment
behind a break glass.

iv)

There is to be provision to vent the bottles to the atmosphere in order to prevent a
hazard to personnel occupying the storage area.

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267

Part
Chapter
Section

4
4
1

Vessel Systems and Machinery
Fire Extinguishing Systems and Equipment
All Vessels

4-4-1

19.3.2(b) Cargo Spaces (1 July 2007). Fire-extinguishing media protecting the cargo holds
(see 4-4-1/23.1) may be stored in a room located forward of the cargo holds, but aft of the
collision bulkhead, provided that both the local manual release mechanism and remote
control(s) for the release of the media are fitted, and the latter is of robust construction or so
protected as to remain operable in case of fire in the protected spaces. The remote controls are
to be placed in the accommodation area in order to facilitate their ready accessibility by the
crew. The capability to release different quantities of fire-extinguishing media into different
cargo holds so protected is to be included in the remote release arrangement.
=K.C.C "?(,9
Means are to be provided for automatically giving audible warning of the release of
fire-extinguishing medium into any space to which personnel normally have access. The
alarm is to operate for at least a 20-second period before the gas is released.
=K.C.- &D3*,D?6
The necessary pipes for conveying fire extinguishing medium into protected spaces are to be
provided with control valves marked to clearly indicate the spaces to which the pipes are led.
Suitable provision is to be made to prevent inadvertent admission of the medium to any space.
Automatic release of fire-extinguishing medium is not permitted.
The means for control of any fixed gas fire-extinguishing system are to be readily accessible,
simple to operate and are to be grouped together in as few locations as possible at positions
not likely to be cut off by a fire in a protected space. At each location, there are to be clear
instructions relating to the operation of the system, having due regard for the safety of personnel.
Means are to be provided to close all openings which may admit air to, or allow gas to escape
from, a protected space. See 4-4-1/17.
=K.C.F >(6 [5(3*0*8 !2002%
For machinery spaces, the quantity of carbon dioxide carried is to be sufficient to give a
minimum volume of free gas equal to the larger of the following volumes, either:
i)

40_ of the gross volume of the largest machinery space so protected, the volume to
exclude that part of the casing above the level at which the horizontal area of the
casing is 40_ or less of the horizontal area of the space concerned taken midway
between the tank top and the lowest part of the casing` or

ii)

35_ of the gross volume of the largest machinery space protected, including the casing`

provided that the above mentioned percentages may be reduced to 35_ and 30_, respectively,
for cargo vessels of less than 2000 gross tonnage` provided also that if two or more machinery
spaces are not entirely separate they are to be considered as forming one space.
For cargo spaces, the quantity of carbon dioxide available is to be sufficient to give a minimum
volume of free gas equal to 30_ of the gross volume of the largest cargo space so protected in
the vessel.
For the purpose of these requirements, the volume of free carbon dioxide is to be calculated at
0.56 m3/kg (9 ft3/lb).
An additional quantity of fire-extinguishing medium is to be provided where the volume of
free air contained in the air receivers in any space is such that it would seriously affect the
efficiency of the fixed fire-extinguishing system if released into the space in the event of a
fire.
Where the quantity of extinguishing medium is required to protect more than one space, the
amount of medium available need not be more than the largest quantity required to protect the
largest space.
268

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

Part
Chapter
Section

4
4
1

Vessel Systems and Machinery
Fire Extinguishing Systems and Equipment
All Vessels

4-4-1

=K.C.B >(6 J06*,0M5*0D3 786*+9
The fixed piping system is to be such that 85_ of the gas can be discharged into the space
within two minutes. The piping within the space is to be proportioned to give proper distribution
to the outlets. The number, type and location of discharge outlets are to be such as to give
uniform distribution throughout the space.

19.5

Other Fixed Gas Extinguishing Medium
Consideration will be given to other gas smothering agents where it can be shown that the system is
equivalent to carbon dioxide extinguishing.

21

Segregation of Fuel Oil Purifiers !"99$%
Fuel oil purifiers for heated oil are to be placed in a separate room or rooms, enclosed by steel
bulkheads extending from deck-to-deck and provided with self-closing doors. In addition, the room(s)
is to be provided with the following (see also 4-4-1/17):
i)

Independent mechanical ventilation or a ventilation arrangement which can be isolated from
the machinery space ventilation

ii)

Fire detection system

iii)

Fixed fire extinguishing system capable of activation from outside the room. The extinguishing
system is to be separate for the room but may be part of the main fire extinguishing system
for the machinery space.

iv)

Means of closing ventilation openings from a position close to where the fire extinguishing
system is activated.

If it is impracticable to locate the fuel oil purifiers in a separate room, special consideration will be
given in regard to location, containment of possible leakage, shielding and ventilation. In such cases, a
local fixed fire extinguishing system is to be provided and arranged to be activated automatically,
where permitted, or manually from the machinery control position or from another suitable location.
If automatic release is provided, additional manual release is also to be arranged.

23

Protection of Cargo Spaces

23.1

Cargo Vessels of 2000 Gross Tons and Over
Except otherwise indicated in these Rules, cargo spaces of cargo vessels of 2,000 gross tons and
above are to he provided with approved fixed fire extinguishing systems.

23.3

Fixed Fire-Extinguishing Systems
Fixed fire-extinguishing systems for cargo spaces and pump room of tankers, liquefied gas and special
product carriers will be specially considered. Where the cargo area or pump room of a vessel intended
to carry chemicals is fitted with a fixed system, care is to be taken to ensure that the extinguishing
medium is compatible with the cargoes being carried.

23.5

Fire Protection on Chemical Barges
Chemical barges are to comply with the requirements of Part 151 Subchapter O of Chapter I Title 46
CFR. Where Table 151.05 of 46 CFR indicates that fire protection is required, portable fire extinguishers
are to be provided in accordance with 4-4-1/Tables 1 and 2 of these Rules.

ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007

269

Y+66 There is to be installed throughout each separate vertical or horizontal fire zone. Smoke detectors need not be fitted in private bathrooms and galleys.8034 CB !(66+34+. Automatic Sprinkler. Power for the control panel is to be supplied by the main source of electrical power and the emergency source of electrical power.A O+66+?6 &(.) either: i) A fixed fire detection and fire alarm system of an approved type and complying with the requirements of 4-4-1/25.4 so installed and arranged as to provide smoke detection in corridors.1.5 is to be installed and arranged to protect all service spaces. in addition.C &D3*.4 is to be installed and arranged to provide smoke detection in service spaces. fans (stopped or running). In addition to the automatic sprinkler. /0.1. The control panels at the central control station are to be capable of indicating the positions of the fire doors (open or closed) and the status of the detectors. in all accommodation and service spaces. the controls for remote closing of the fire doors and shutting down the ventilation fans are to be centralized in the same location. sanitary spaces.=. The control panel is to be continuously powered and is to be provided with an automatic changeover to standby power upon loss of normal power supply.1. control stations and accommodation spaces.. control stations where water may cause damage to essential equipment may be fitted with an approved fire extinguishing system of another type. alarms.+ *'(3 CB !(66+34+.2 are to be centralized in a continuously manned central control station.1. Fire Detection and Fire Alarm System 4-4-1 AF. including corridors and stairways. fire detection and fire alarm system of an approved type and complying with the requirements of 4-4-1/25.4 and so installed and arranged as to detect the presence of fire in such spaces` or ii) An automatic sprinkler.. a fixed fire detection and fire alarm of an approved type complying with the requirements of 4-4-1/25.=. The ventilation fans are to be capable of reactivation by the crew at this control station.1.=. control stations and accommodation spaces.6 D.= O+66+?6 &(.6 An automatic sprinkler. fire detection and fire alarm system of an approved type and complying with the requirements of 4-4-1/25.D? 7*(*0D3 GD. including corridors and stairways.1 Fixed Fire Detection and Fire Alarm Systems. such as void spaces. stairways and escape routes within accommodation spaces. AF. 270 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .+ J+*+N*0D3 "?(.96 The fire detection alarms for the systems required by 4-4-1/25.5 and so installed and arranged as to protect such spaces and.8034 HD. also in control stations (except such spaces which afford no substantial fire risk. fire detection and fire alarm system. a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system of an approved type and complying with 4-4-1/25. As an alternative. In addition.Part Chapter Section 4 4 1 Vessel Systems and Machinery Fire Extinguishing Systems and Equipment All Vessels 25 Additional Requirements for Vessels Intended to Carry Passengers 25. AF. etc. and where it is considered necessary. The control panel is to be designed on the fail-safe principle` an open detector circuit is to cause an alarm condition.1.

+ "?(.4(d) Indicating Units.+ J+*+N*0D3 (3: /0. Detectors and manually operated call points are to be grouped into sections.5 m (100 ft).4(c) Control Panel.Part Chapter Section 4 4 1 Vessel Systems and Machinery Fire Extinguishing Systems and Equipment All Vessels 4-4-1 AF.03Q?+. 25. fire detection and fire alarm system is to be capable of immediate operation at all times without requiring action by the crew to set it in operation.1.=. which is to be manned or equipped so as to ensure that any alarm from the system is immediately received by a responsible member of the crew.R /0. The control panel is to be located on the navigation bridge or in the main fire control station.5(b) Alarm.1. 25.5 m (100 ft) and under will be subject to special consideration.1. 25. This alarm sounder system need not be an integral part of the detection system.1.5(c) Indicating Units. Any parts of the system which may be subject to freezing temperatures in service are to be suitably protected against freezing.4(b) Alarm. Any required automatic sprinkler. Suitable instruction for testing and maintenance is to be available.9 786*+96 Where a fixed fire detection and fire alarm system is required.5(a) General. It is to be of the wet type.F "5*D9(*0N 7). 25. If the signals have not received attention within two minutes. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 271 . but small exposed sections may be of the dry type where determined that this is a necessary precaution.9 786*+96 Following are the requirements for automatic sprinkler. AF. One indicating unit is to be located on the navigation bridge if the control panel is located in the main fire control station. an audible alarm is to be automatically sounded throughout the crew accommodation and service spaces. control stations and propulsion machinery spaces. The activation of any detector or manually operated call points is to initiate a visual and audible fire signal at the control panel and indicating units.=. it is to be in accordance with the following: 25.1.+ J+*+N*0D3 (3: /0. A section of detectors is not to service spaces on both sides of the vessel nor on more than one deck. Each section of sprinklers is to include means for giving a visual and audible alarm signal automatically at one or more indicating units whenever any sprinkler comes into operation. 25..1. fire detection and fire alarm systems required for vessels over 30. 25. Such alarm systems are to indicate any fault in the system upon its occurrence. A list or plan is to be displayed at each indicating unit showing the spaces covered and the locations of the zone in respect of each section.+ "?(. Vessels of 30. The system is to be kept charged at the necessary pressure and is to have provision for a continuous supply of water. such an arrangement may be accepted.1.4(a) General. At least one unit is to be so located that it is easily accessible to responsible members of the crew at all times when underway or in port except when the vessel is out of service. Indicating units are to give an indication of fire and its location in any space served by the system and are to be centralized on the navigation bridge or in the in the main fire control station./02+: /0. and it is not to be situated in more than one main vertical zone except that if it can be demonstrated that the protection of the vessel against fire will not be reduced. Clear information is to be displayed on or adjacent to each indicating unit about the spaces covered and the location of the sections. Indicating units are to denote the section in which a detector or manually operated call point has operated.

Means are to be provided to prevent the operation of stop valves by unauthorized persons. 25. A section of sprinklers is not to serve more than two decks nor be situated in more than one main vertical zone except that if it can be demonstrated that the protection of the vessel against fire will not be reduced. The sprinklers are to be resistant to corrosion by marine atmosphere. except that in locations such as drying rooms.12 gal/ft2) per minute over the nominal areas covered by the sprinklers.1.5(g) Pressure Tank.1. The stop valve in each section is to be readily accessible and its location is to be clearly and permanently indicated. The effective area through the valve and pipe is to be adequate to permit the release of the required pump output while maintaining the pressure in the system required in item 4-4-1/25.1. The volume of the pressure tank is to be at least twice that of the required charge of freshwater. An independent-power pump is to be provided solely for the purpose of automatically continuing the discharge of water from the sprinklers. In accommodation and service spaces.5(d). 25.5(i) Test Valve. such an arrangement may be accepted. The pump is to have fitted on the delivery side a test valve with a short open-ended discharge pipe. Each section of sprinklers is to be capable of being isolated by one stop valve only. Arrangements are to such that the air pressure in the tank after the standing charge of water has been used will not be less than the working pressure of the sprinkler plus the pressure exerted by a head of water measured from the bottom of the tank to the highest sprinkler in the system. 25. 272 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 . The pump is to be brought into action automatically upon pressure drop in the system before the standing freshwater charge in the pressure tank is completely exhausted. The water inlet to the pump is to be so arranged that when the vessel is afloat.1. Means are to be provided to prevent the passage of sea water into the tank. the operating temperature may be increased no more than 30°C (54°F) above the maximum deck head temperature. Suitable means of replenishing the air under pressure and of replenishing the freshwater charge in the tank are to be provided. the sprinklers are to come into operation within the temperature range of 68 to 79°C (154 to 174°F).1. The pump and piping system are to be capable of maintaining the necessary pressure at the level of the highest sprinkler to ensure a continuous output of water sufficient for the simultaneous coverage of a minimum area of 280 m2 (3014 ft2) at the application rate required in item 4-4-1/25.Part Chapter Section 4 4 1 Vessel Systems and Machinery Fire Extinguishing Systems and Equipment All Vessels 4-4-1 25. where high ambient temperatures might be expected.1.5(e) Isolation Valves.1.5(h). Sprinklers are to be grouped into separate sections. it will not be necessary to shut off the supply of water to the pump for any purpose other than inspection or repair of the pump.5(j) Water Supply. 25.5(h) Pump and Piping System.1.1. A glass gauge is to be provided to indicate the correct level of water in the tank. A pressure tank is to be provided and contain a standing charge of freshwater equivalent to the amount of water that would be discharged in one minute by the pump referred to in item 4-4-1/25.5(f) Pressure Indication. 25.1. 25.5(h). A gauge indicating the pressure in the system is to be provided at each section stop valve and at a central location. Sprinklers are to be placed in an overhead position and spaced in a suitable pattern to maintain an average application rate of not less than 5 l/m2 (0.5(d) Sprinklers.

+ J+*+N*0D3 (3: "?(.C /0. Suitable provisions are to be provided to drain or pump out water that may accumulate due to operation of the water spraying system. The use of any other fixed fire extinguishing system that has been shown by full scale test in conditions simulating a flowing petrol fire in a special category space to be not less effective in controlling fires likely to occur in such a space will be specially considered.3 4 4 1 Vessel Systems and Machinery Fire Extinguishing Systems and Equipment All Vessels 4-4-1 Special Category Spaces Special category spaces as defined in 3-4-1/3.9 786*+9 i) An approved fixed fire detection and alarm system complying with 4-4-1/25. iii) Portable fire extinguishers suitable for fighting oil fires are to be provided at each vehicle deck level in all spaces where vehicles are carried. AF. AF.A /0. The spacing and location of detectors is to be tested to the satisfaction of the Bureau taking into account the effects of ventilation and other relevant factors. 25. The design and arrangements of this system are to be considered in conjunction with the ventilation requirements.= /02+: /0. gallons) of foam making liquid and one spare tank provided that at least two such units are available on the vessel for use in such spaces.S.Part Chapter Section 25. ii) One portable applicator unit consisting of an air foam nozzle of an inductor type capable of being connected to the fire main together with a portable tank containing at least 20 liters (5 U. The nozzle is to be capable of producing effective foam suitable for extinguishing an oil fire at the rate of at least 90 m3/hr (3180 ft3/hr).4 is to be provided.50)9+3* The following equipment is to be provided in each special category space.1.F.= /02+: /0.+ 12*034506'034 1. The fixed fire detection system is to be capable of rapidly detecting the onset of fire. on both sides of the vessel including at least one extinguisher located at each cargo space access. ii) Manually operated call points are to be provided throughout the special category spaces and one is to be placed close to each exit from such spaces.4 or an approved sample smoke detection system is to be provided. Intended for the Carriage of Motor Vehicles with Fuel in their Tanks All cargo spaces (other than special category spaces) containing vehicles with fuel in their tanks are to comply with the following: AF.+ 12*034506'034 786*+9 Each special category space is to be fitted with an approved fixed pressure water spraying system for manual operation which will protect all parts of any deck and vehicle platform in such space.1. Cargo Spaces.C.C. Extinguishers are to be located not more than 20 m (65 ft) apart. Other than Special Category Spaces.7 are to comply with the following: AF.+ J+*+N*0D3 786*+9 An approved fixed fire detection and alarm system complying with 4-4-1/25.5 i) At least three water fog applicators.C. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 273 .

C /0. 25. Such positions are to have a safe access from the open deck. AF.K.5 are to be protected by a fixed gas fire extinguishing system complying with 4-4-1/19. A fixed high-expansion foam system may be fitted provided it gives equivalent protection.K.Part Chapter Section 4 4 1 Vessel Systems and Machinery Fire Extinguishing Systems and Equipment All Vessels 4-4-1 AF.3 or 4-4-1/25. The closing arrangements are to be operable locally and from the central control station.000 gross tons and above.K.1 is to be provided with at least two suitable water fog applicators.D?6 The controls as required in 4-4-1/17 and the controls for any required fire-extinguishing system are to be situated at one control position or grouped in as few positions as possible.7 Other Cargo Spaces For vessels of 1. a system meeting the requirements of 4-4-1/25.3iii). Such doors are to have power-operated closing arrangements or self-closing doors capable of closing against an opposing inclination of 3. except that the quantity of gas available is to be at least sufficient to give a minimum volume of free gas equal to 45_ of the gross volume of the largest such cargo space which is capable of being sealed.A /02+: /0. 25.8 7)(N+6 Doors. are to have positive closure in case of fire.. each machinery space for which a fixed fire extinguishing system is required by 4-4-1/19.= #+9D*+ &D3*.JDD.C 7D53:034 !0)+6 In addition to 4-3-3/9.K. AF.9 Special Arrangements in Machinery Spaces AF.6 03 H(N'03+.3. and the arrangements are to be such as to ensure that at least two-thirds of the gas required for the relevant spaces is introduced within 10 minutes.1 may be fitted. As an alternative.3 or by a fixed high expansion foam fire extinguishing system which gives equivalent protection.3.F.F LDPP?+6 In vessels carrying more than 36 passengers.+ 12*034506'034 1. 274 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 . AF.5 degrees which may have a fail-safe hook back arrangement. other means of ascertaining the amount of fuel oil in any fuel oil tank will be considered if such means do not require penetration below the tank top and providing their failure or overfilling of the tanks will not permit release of fuel oil. other than power-operated sliding watertight doors. 25.50)9+3* Portable fire extinguishers are to be provided as required in 4-4-1/25. cargo spaces not covered under 4-4-1/25. which are normally accessible to the passengers or crew. other than the main machinery spaces.11 Alarm Systems An approved manual alarm system complying with the requirements of the Administration or a separate alarm system independent of the vesselds fire alarm system is to be installed in all areas. See also 3-3-1/19.A /5+? T0? $(3Q6 Free standing fuel oil tanks are not permitted in defined machinery spaces. AF.F.+ 12*034506'034 786*+9 An approved fixed gas fire extinguishing system complying with 4-4-1/19.3 is to be provided.K. AF.

Part Chapter Section 4 4 1 Vessel Systems and Machinery Fire Extinguishing Systems and Equipment All Vessels 4-4-1 25. etc.. means of access to different compartments. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 275 . is to be fitted to summon the crew. 25. alarm and extinguishing systems. portable fire-fighting equipment and appliances.13 General or Special Fire Alarm A special fire alarm. controls and particulars. and the identification numbers of ventilating fan serving each section. This alarm may be part of the vesselds general alarm system but is to be capable of being sounded independently of the alarm to the passenger spaces. as applicable.15 Public Address System A public address system or other effective means of communication is to be provided throughout the accommodation and service spaces and control stations and open decks. operated from the navigation bridge or fire control station. location. decks. 25. the sections enclosed by VBW Class divisions. controls of fuel oil pumps and valves and ventilation system shut-downs. They are also Class divisions.19 Fire Control Plans A fire control plan is to be permanently exhibited for the guidance of the vesselds officers. of fixed fire detection. 25. a sufficient number of two-way portable radio telephone apparatus are to be available onboard for each member of the fire patrol.17 Portable Communication Equipment For vessels carrying more than 36 passengers. Fire control plans are to be general arrangement plans showing for each deck provision. fan control positions and closing of openings.

5 (10) 9 (20) 13. Fire extinguishers are designated by size where I is the smallest and size v is the largest. for fires in combustible materials such as wood` B. B-II 1 required in vicinity of exit. double the amount to be carried. 1 outside the space in vicinity of exit. or their fuel oil units Internal combustion or gas turbine propulsion machinery spaces Electric motors or generators of the open type Auxiliary spaces containing internal combustion or gas turbine units Auxiliary spaces emergency generators B-II and B-IV 1 required 1 required B-II and B-III 1 for each 746 kW (1000 hp).5 (30) 22.8 (15) 15. 1 required. (May be located in stairways. C extinguisher 2 For outside use. for fires in flammable liquids and greases` C. Cargo Areas Pump rooms Cargo tank areas 276 B-II B-II and B-V 1 required in vicinity of exit. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .5 (50) 45 (100) (2) 6. Service Spaces Galleys Paint or lamp rooms Machinery Spaces Oil-fired boilers: Spaces containing oil-fired boilers. TABLE 2 Portable and Semi-portable Extinguisher Locations Space Quantity and Location (5) Classification Safety Areas Communicating corridors A-II or B-II 1 in each main corridor not more than 23 m (75 ft) apart. See Note 2.8 (15) 2. C-II 1 required in vicinity of exit.5) 9 (2. C-II 1 for each motor or generator unit. See Notes 2 and 3.Part Chapter Section 4 4 1 Vessel Systems and Machinery Fire Extinguishing Systems and Equipment All Vessels 4-4-1 TABLE 1 Classification of Portable and Semi-portable Extinguishers Fire extinguishers are designated by type as follows: A. See Notes 4. Sizes I and II are hand portable extinguishers and sizes III and V are semi-portable extinguishers.5 (10) Notes: 1 Must be specifically approved as Type A. but not less than 2 nor more than 6. 6 and 7.5 (50) 4.) See Note 1 B-II or C-II B-II 1 for each 230 m2 (2500 ft2) or fraction thereof for hazards involved.25 (5) (1) 4. 1 required. Type Size Soda-Acid and Water liters (US gallons) A B B B B C II II III IV V II 9 (2. See Note 4 2 required. B.8 (35) 22. for fires in electrical equipment.5) — — — — — Classification Foam liters (US gallons) Carbon Dioxide kg (lb) Dry Chemical kg (lb) 9 (2. See Notes 5 and 7.5) 45 (12) 76 (20) 152 (40) — — 6.

Part Chapter Section 4 4 1 Vessel Systems and Machinery Fire Extinguishing Systems and Equipment All Vessels 4-4-1 TABLE 2 (continued) Portable and Semi-portable Extinguishers Notes: 1 In general. the B-IV previously required for the protection of the boiler may be substituted. 3 Not required on vessels of less than 300 gross tons if fuel has a flash point higher than 43°C (110°F). 6 Not required for barges less than 100 gross tons. 7 Where foam is used it is to be compatible with cargoes being carried. 4 Not required if fixed system installed. 2 If oil burning auxiliary boiler fitted in space. portable extinguishers in which the medium is stored under pressure are not to be stored in passenger or crew accommodations. 5 If no cargo pump on barge. only one B-II required. ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 277 . Not required where a fixed carbon dioxide system is installed.

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.................................. 290 15......5 Explosion-proof (Flameproof) Equipment......25 Semi-enclosed Space ............................................ 288 3...................................................................... 288 3....................................23 Pressurized Equipment ......3 Class B Insulation ................................................................................................... 289 3............................+-201 CONTENTS SECTION .............((............................................ 291 15......../.......................................... 289 3................5 Class E Insulation .....................................290 17 15.........................................................................................................7 Class F Insulation.. 288 3..............290 13 Materials ........... 291 15................................. 2007 2#9 .....................................0123333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333324# 1 Applications.................. 287 3..287 3 Definitions ....................................9 Class H Insulation ................................................................. 289 5 Plans and Data to Be Submitted.... 290 15....................290 15 Insulation Material.................................29 Short Circuit ...............21 Portable Apparatus .........................291 !"# RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS & INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS .....289 9 Voltage and Frequency Variations...... 288 3........PART Chapter 5.. 290 15...........................289 7 Standard Distribution System ...........................................290 11 Inclination..........-*...........9 Hull-return System ..3 Essential Services.........13 Increased Safety ......................................... Electrical Installations $ CHAPTER & '()*+........ 289 3..........................................................19 Periodic Duty Rating ...................................................................... 288 3................. 288 3....7 Hazardous Area (Hazardous Location) ................27 Separate Circuit ........ 287 3.......287 3..............1 Earthed Distribution System.......... 289 3.....................................................................17 Non-sparking Fan.......................11 Intrinsically-safe ...............31 Short-time Rating .......................................11 Insulation for Temperature Above 180°C (356°F) ......................... 289 3.........1 Class A Insulation . 291 Degree of Protection for Enclosure..................................................... 289 3.....15 Non-periodic Duty Rating ........................ 289 3................................................................. G.....................( /01+..........................

.13 Protection for Motor Branch Circuits.............................307 9...............................................299 7.................303 9........298 Main Source of Power................291 19........5 Protection for Alternating-current (AC) Generators ......1 Wiring ...301 7.........292 TABLE 1 Voltage and Frequency Variations...................293 TABLE 2 Degree of Protection of Electrical Equipment (First IP Numeral)....................................15 Protection for Transformer Circuits.298 3.......295 S6789:10..............................5 Protective Device Coordination .7 Load Analysis ..............................291 21 Clearances and Creepage Distances .................306 9...........300 7..............299 5.....................3 Communication Facilities...........................292 23...................................307 !"# RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS & INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ....................305 9...................298 Emergency Source of Power ..........................298 3.............................................306 9............5 Main Transformers ...........1 Electrical Installation for Ship Services.........................................1 Propulsion ...............................................11 Protection for External or Shore Power Supply ..........................304 9.....................1 System Design .............................................................3 Passenger Vessels.......................................7 Protection for Direct Current (DC) Generators ............292 23 Service Trial ............................... 2007 .................................................................................3 Ship]s Service..9 Protection for Accumulator Batteries .....................................301 9............................................297 1........................291 Plans and Data to be Submitted .. Pilot Lamps and Control Circuits ..............................1 General..................................................294 TABLE 4 Primary Essential Services ....298 3........305 9.......?= 33333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333 29# 1 3 5 7 9 240 Temperature Ratings ....................19 SECTION 2 19.................. S<=>..............3 Hull Return System ......300 7....................................................17 Protection for Meters........................................................................................3 Reduced Ambient Temperature ...............................................298 1..........1 Non-passenger Vessels ..................298 1.......3 Short-circuit Data..............7 External or Shore Power Supply Connection .......................................................................................................................299 Distribution System ...................................................1 Ship Service Distribution System ..............................................................................................................292 23......301 9...................................299 5............3 Protection for Generators ..5 Earthed Distribution Systems ...............................9 Harmonics ....................................................301 Circuit Protection System....................................299 7.293 TABLE 3 Degree of Protection of Electrical Equipment (Second IP Numeral) .........297 1......295 TABLE 5 Secondary Essential Services ..................

3 Generators ...................... 322 5...... 320 Cable Installation ......................1 General Consideration .......3 Protection for Steering Gear Circuit ......1 Lighting System.....23 Battery Room .......................5 Emergency and Interior-communication Switchboard ............................. 325 5........ 314 Equipment Installation and Arrangement..15 Resistors for Control Apparatus ......311 17..... 310 13.....................................................................1 Emergency Stop............ 311 17............... 323 5........... I/=>1221>7:/ 33333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333............................... 319 3............. 319 3......... 2007 24..................15 Mechanical Protection.... 310 15 Refrigerated Space Alarm ...................................................313 1................................................................................................................................................. 308 Lighting and Navigation Light Systems............. Fixing and Bending ...................................... 321 5........ ......21 Magnetic Compasses..............................308 11......................................321 5................1 Power Supply Feeder....................... 314 3.. 320 3. 320 3..... 316 3................ 313 1..11 Distribution Boards...................5 Ship Service Motors .....................................................7 Maintenance Schedule of Batteries..........310 17 Fire Protection Systems....... 322 5.................................................................... 324 5...... 316 3......3 Arrangement of Electrical Equipment...... 320 3......................................................................... 323 5...1 General Considerations ............. 311 S6789:10.. 315 3........................23 Portable Equipment and Outlets ..................................5 Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas ..........................5 Protection for Electric-magnetic Induction...........11 13 SECTION 3 System for Steering Gear .....11 Cable Run in Bunches ......................................... 309 13..........5 Controls..................... Instrumentation.............................7 Accumulator Batteries ...................3 Navigation Light System ...............................................................................................3 Insulation Resistance for New Installation............3 1 Plans and Data to be Submitted ....1 3 5 Booklet of Standard Details...........................17 Lighting Fixtures..................... 320 3. 308 11................... and Alarms ..................9 Support................................................................................................................ 313 1............................................... 313 1................ 308 11.....................7 Joints and Sealing......... 325 5.........25 Receptacles and Plugs of Different Ratings ...............9 Switchboard ...........................................3 Fire Detection and Alarm System................. 326 5...............314 3.......................................................................... 326 !"# RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS & INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS .................................... 326 5............. 319 3..........................13 Deck and Bulkhead Penetrations ............................21 Fiber Optic Cables ........................ 325 5........................13 Motor Controllers and Control Centers......19 Mineral Insulated Cables..................17 Emergency and Essential Feeders .................... 320 3...19 Heating Equipment....309 13.........................

.......3 Self-unloading Controls and Alarms ..............25 7 9 11 SECTION A 5.315 B1C67/.............. for Essential or Emergency Services or Refrigerated Cargoes ................................................1 Equipment ............................................................................................................................................337 3..........337 Rotating Machines .................339 3........................9 Dielectric Strength of Insulation......................................................................................... EDE78?....328 7..................17 Turbines for Generators ...............326 Generators and Motors of 100 kW and Over............27 Sheathing and Structural Insulation..... Distribution Boards.................................................... 2007 ............................................................................0< 1/.../> 333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333 33# 1 Plans and Data to Be Submitted..............327 5..............................7 Overload and Overcurrent Capability ..................................329 9........................................333 TABLE 1 Minimum Degree of Protection ......341 3..............................................329 Installation in Cargo Hold for Dry Bulk Cargoes ........................................................5.................340 3.......7 Portable Cords ..........................329 9..........................................................332 11.......................5 Switchboards..........................7 Non-sparking Fans ...................................33 Cable Junction Box ...........330 11............................338 3........327 Earthing..........3 Permanent Equipment..........................3 Certified-safe Type and Pressurized Equipment and Systems......329 7..........................328 7......29 Splicing of Electrical Cables ..............329 Equipment and Installation in Hazardous Areas....337 1.................338 3...............................326 5........1 General Considerations........13 Construction and Assemblies ......................337 3..337 1................................. etc.....................328 7..........9 Cable Metallic Covering...........................3 Testing and Inspection ....................5 Connections ..........11 Temperature Ratings......11 Lightning Earth Conductors .....5 Insulation Resistance Measurement .........330 11............................ Adjacent Area of Direct Spray and Adjacent Area where Water May Extend .....................1 General........335 FIGURE 1 Example of Protected Area..........5 Paint Stores..............................................341 !"# RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS & INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ...........................................................337 1.....................................15 Lubrication...............335 TABLE 3 Size of Earth-continuity Conductors and Earthing Connections .....3 Generators and Motors Below 100 kW.....................340 3.............................................326 5............339 3..................31 Splicing of Fiber Optic Cables ...............329 7.....................328 7......................................................330 11.......................1 3 242 Paneling and Dome Fixtures ........................1 General............334 TABLE 2 Minimum Bending Radii of Cables.

.......................21 Alternating-current (AC) Generators ............................. Distribution Boards................. 354 9........... Motor Control Centers and Controllers..................................... 356 Cables and Wires.. 349 7.................................................. 356 11........................................................................15 Switchboards..9 Construction and Assembly .........................................................................345 5................................. Chargers............346 7...................7 Dielectric Strength of Insulation.......................... 343 3.. Controllers....3 Construction and Assembly .......................363 TABLE 6 Clearance and Creepage Distance for Switchboards...........17 Motor Controllers and Control Centers.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................1 General ...... Distribution Boards... 348 7... Wiring and Contacts ..........................1 Circuit Breakers...........................3.... 345 5................................................5 Mineral-insulated Metal-sheathed Cable....................................5 Engine-starting Battery. 344 Accumulator Batteries.....................................1 Cable Construction..... 355 11.................................................19 5 7 9 11 13 Diesel Engines for Generators ............... 355 Other Electric and Electronics Devices................................................................354 9.........................................................359 TABLE 2 Dielectric Strength Test for Rotating Machines ............................................................ 2007 243 ...........11 Bus Bars... 346 7............ 351 7.......................................3 Temperature Rise ..................7 Testing ....364 !"# RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS & INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ........................363 TABLE 7 Equipment and Instrumentation for Switchboard..................... 347 7......13 Control and Protective Devices ............5 Insulation Resistance Measurement .................361 TABLE 5 Factory Testing Schedule for Switchboards....................3 Testing and Inspection ................................1 General ..........................3 Fuses .......................................................................................................................................... 355 11........ .3 Portable and Flexing Electric Cables ......356 13..........359 TABLE 3 Limits of Temperature Rise for Air-cooled Rotating Machines.. 358 TABLE 1 Factory Test Schedule for Generators and Motors ' 100 kW (135 hp) ................................. Motor Control Centers and Controllers...................7 Cable Junction Boxes ..360 TABLE 4 Nameplates .5 Semiconductor Converters........... 356 13................. etc................. 350 7.. 346 Switchboards............. 346 5................ 342 3..............355 11..........5 Construction and Assembly .... 347 7..............19 Battery Systems and Uninterruptible Power Systems (UPS) .................. 354 9.............................. 350 7........23 Direct-current (DC) Generators ...................... 354 9............... 358 13...................... 348 7............................. Chargers.... 351 Transformers.....................1 General .............................

........................9 Protection for Earth Leakage................................................ I/=>1221>7:/= 333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333333 3H9 1 3 5 7 SECTION H High Voltage Systems.........386 7....1 Application.........C7127G......5 Order of Control Station Command ............................386 7.........369 1........................................2= 1/.......376 5..................................386 Three-wire Dual-voltage DC System ..3 Neutral Earthing ..........3 Emergency Stopping ..0J7C...............................................365 TABLE 9 Types of Cable Insulation .......5 Propulsion Power Supply Systems.........................381 5........................................................9 Bridge Control Indicators ..392 !"# RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS & INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ...........................................................392 3.......................................................................373 Bridge Control of Propulsion Machinery ....... I..........................................................................379 5........................................................................ 2007 .............389 1..............................11 Electric Propulsion Control .....................366 S8.=333333333333333333333333333333333333 349 1 Oil Carriers...............3 Earthed Distribution Systems ..................380 5..................................382 5...........................................376 3..........C7127G..........383 5...........387 S8............1 3 24A Application..........372 1................17 Machinery and Equipment...............................................................7 Circuit Protection .....................5 Circuit Breakers and Switches – Auxiliary Circuit Power Supply Systems ..........370 1.................371 1...1 Control Capability ....1 Three-wire DC Shipds Generators ...370 1...................................................3 Hazardous Areas......365 TABLE 10 Maximum Current Carrying Capacity for Insulated Copper Wires and Cables.3 System Design .15 Equipment Installation and Arrangement ............................376 5........................SECTION F TABLE 8 Temperature Rise for Transformers...................392 3.............7 Local Control ...........7 Installation of Equipment and Cables ........................................... S........376 3.............................378 5...389 1...................................5 Size of Neutral Conductor .......................9 Cargo Oil Pump Room ....................381 5.........................................................369 1..................................................389 1....1 General..............................................................................376 3..................................................1 General........................390 1............................376 Electric Propulsion System ..........5 Hazardous Areas................................7 Circuit Protection .....................9 Equipment Installation and Arrangement ......11 Machinery and Equipment................................................................................................................==....13 Instrumentation at the Control Station ..387 7....389 1.376 3.391 Vessels Carrying Coal in Bulk .............376 3.........377 5........................................................................................................................5 Installation of Equipment ...........392 3...................19 Dock and Sea Trials ..............3 System Design .............

......1 Application ... 399 9....9 Manually Operated Alarms......................... 399 9................................................................5 Power Supply Through Transformers and Converters ............... 2007 24F ...393 5........ 400 9......................................5 Cargo Vessels Carrying Motor Vehicles with Fuel in Their Tank........................................... 393 5...15 Emergency and Essential Feeders ................7 Interior Communication Systems .....13 High Fire Risk Areas ............................................................ 394 7 Vessels Carrying Hazardous Chemicals in Bulk .................................................... 400 9................................................................................................402 !"# RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS & INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS .................... 393 5.........................3 Emergency Power Supply for Steering Gear ...... 401 TABLE 1 Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas for Oil Carriers ................. 399 9.....................................................................................................403 FIGURE 1 Cables within High Fire Risk Areas .............................5 Location and Type of Equipment............... 401 9..........11 Services Required to be Operable Under a Fire Condition.......3 Ventilation System ...395 9...394 9 Passenger Vessels .... 395 9..1 Emergency Source of Power ......................

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!"%2 *++./ !"# %&'#(#&'#&) *++.)' C.0"../(.. "*1%"& 2 *./0. Systems and Hyperbaric Facilities CHAPTER 12 Offshore Racing Yachts and Sailing Yachts APPENDIW ABS "#$%& '(" )#*$+*.4& .&0%%$ 1%&&%$& '(" &%"1*/% (.PAR$ Part 7* Survey After Construction $ S&'()* A+.&&*.2.'&1. /01 Rules for Survey After Construction (Part 7) %2 )+ *# 3#4#33#' )+..$ 3. 5667 405 .0%"3..-#).+ /$.-#) 5+&2%2)2 +4 )"# 4+--+6%&7 8"9()#32: CHAPTER 1 Conditions for Survey After Construction CHAPTER 2 Survey Intervals CHAPTER 3 Hull Surveys CHAPTER 4 Drydocking Surveys CHAPTER 5 Tailshaft Surveys CHAPTER 6 Machinery Surveys CHAPTER 7 Boiler Surveys CHAPTER 8 Shipboard Automatic and Remote-control Systems CHAPTER 9 Survey Requirements for Additional Systems and Services CHAPTER 10 Steel Floating Drydocks CHAPTER 11 Underwater Vehicles.&0.

97# <&)#&)%+&9--= >#4) 0-9&.!"%2 . .

2007 Rules .Appendix 1 Comparison of the Numbering System of the 1997 Rules vs.

4g 1/1.4c2 1/1.2.1 1-1-4/7.2.5b 1/1.5.7.2b 1/1.5.9ii) 1-1-2/7.13 1-1-2/7.5.1.3.13i) 1-1-2/7.5 1/1.4e3 1/1.3.2iii) 1-1-4/7.2.1 1/1.2.2.2.1.2.1.5.2 1/1.3 1-1-4/7.2./ 1-1-1/1 1-1-1/3 1-1-1/5 1-1-1/7 1-1-2 1-1-2/1 1-1-2/3 1-1-2/5 1-1-2/7 1-1-2/7.2d2c 1/1.5i) 1-1-4/7.4c3 1/1.5 1/1.2.7.2d5 1/1.5i) 1-1-2/7.6a 1/1.6b 1/1.2d2d 1/1. the 2007 Rules !"#$%&''( Part 1 Section 1 1/1.4 1/1.2d2e 1/1.4e1 1/1.3.5 1-1-2/7.1 1-1-2/11.4b 1/1.7 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .7.2.7.5 1/1.2d3 1/1.2.2 1/1.4e2 1/1.5.2d7 408 *"+.2d2 1/1.2.7.2.2 1/1.3 1-1-2/7.7.2d2b 1/1.5.7.4g3 1/1.5a 1/1.5.2d5a 1/1.5 1-1-4/7.13iii) 1-1-2/9 1-1-2/9.5 1-1-4/7.5.3 1/1.Comparison of the Numbering System of the 1997 Rules vs.1 1/1.2.5.2ii) 1-1-4/7.5ii) 1-1-4/7.2c 1/1.6 1/1.4 1/1.2.13ii) 1-1-2/7.2d 1/1.5.3.5.$ Classification.9 1-1-2/7.3 1-1-4/7.5ii) 1-1-2/7.4 1-1-4/7.3.3 1-1-2/9.1 1/1.4c1 1/1.6 1/1.1 1-1-4/7.4e 1/1.5.2.2.4g2 1/1.2.2v) 1-1-4/7.3 1/1.5.5.5.2d5b 1/1.2 1-1-4/7.2.11 1-1-2/7.5 1-1-2/11 1-1-2/11.1 1/1.5.2iv) 1-1-4/7.5.4c 1/1. Testing and Surveys Scope and Conditions of Classification Process Certificates and Reports Representation as to Classification Scope of Classification Suspension and Cancellation of Classification Termination of Classification Notice of Surveys Special Notations Suspension of Class ----------------------------------Lifting of Suspension ------Cancellation of Class ----Classification Symbols River Service Special Rules Special Purpose Vessels Vessels Not Built Under Survey ! AMS Symbols AMS Symbols Rules for Classification Application of Rules Alternatives General National Regulations Other Rules ABS Type Approval Program Type Approval Unit-Certification ----------Product Type Approval Approval on Behalf of Administrations Applicable Uses of Type Approved Products ----Definitions The Terms and Conditions for the use of the ABS Type Approved Product Logo !"#$% -.2.2.6 1-1-4/7.7.1 1-1-2/7.4g1 1/1.2.7.7.7 1-1-2/7.2.9i) 1-1-2/7.7 1-1-4..1.4 1/1.2i) 1-1-4/7.7.9iii) 1-1-2/7.2a 1/1.5.2d6 1/1.4f 1/1.2.2.2 1/1.3 1/1.7.2.7.2d4 1/1.3 1-1-3 1-1-3/1 1-1-3/3 1-1-3/5 1-1-3/7 1-1-3/9 1-1-3/11 1-1-4 1-1-4/1 1-1-4/7 1-1-4/7.4a 1/1.5iv) 1-1-2/7.5iii) 1-1-2/7.4d 1/1.7.3 1/1.4c4 1/1.5.2d2a 1/1.3.7.5c 1/1.2d1 1/1.2 1/1.2.2.1 1-1-2/9.5.

3.1 865 >$.7ii) 1-1-4/7.3 1/1.11.1 23% :$%#"<$ 36 !"#$%1 865 =6+%8<381+8.5 1-1-8/3 1-1-8/5 1-1-9 1-1-10 1-1-10/1 1-1-10/3 1-1-11 3-3-1/1 3-3-1/1.7. .3 1-1-5 1-1-5/1 1-1-5/3 1-1-5/5 1-1-7 1-1-7/1 1-1-7/3 1-1-7/5 1-1-8 1-1-8/1 1-1-8/1. Section 1.2 1/2.5 3-3-2/1 3-3-2/3 New \Generic] Part 7 New \Generic] Part 2 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 409 .3 1/1.$11$.1 3-3-1/3.1 1/1.5.5.1 1/2. Materials and Welding The requirements for \Materials and Welding] in Part 2.4b 1/1.7. barges and specific shipboard arrangements/systems.1 1-1-4/3.15 1/1.5. as specified in Part 7.4 1/1.11 3-3-1/3 3-3-1/3.7.3 3-3-1/3. which now includes consolidated requirements applicable to all types and sizes of vessels.7v) 1-1-4/7.3. Chapter 1.11.3 1/1.4 1/2. Failure and Repair Examination and Repair Repairs Representation Notification and Availability for Survey Attendance at Port State Request Fees Disagreement Rules Surveyors Limitation of Liability Classification.3 1/2. barges and specific shipboard arrangements/ systems. the 2007 Rules !"#$%&''( 1/1.1.3.1 1/1.1.5"67 BC8%+ -D.7.5.2d7a 1/1.7. !"#$% -.1 3-3-1/1.5.2 1/1.$1 23% 40".1 23% :$%#"<$ 36 !"#$%1 865 =6+%8<381+8.$1 23% E8+$%"8.$ ------------------Novel Features Effective Date of Rule Change Six Month Rule Implementation of Rule Changes Other Regulations General Governmental Regulations Carriage of Liquefied Gases Submission of Plans Hull Plans Machinery Plans Additional Plans Conditions for Surveys After Construction Damage.7viii) 1-1-4/7.5.5 3-3-1/1.11.Comparison of the Numbering System of the 1997 Rules vs.5.1c 1/1.1 1/1.$1 23% :0%#$@ A2+$% 9361+%0<+"36 BC8%+ (D.2 1/1. of the 1997 edition of the !0.9.7.1 1/1.7.2d7h 1/1.1. etc. which now includes consolidated requirements applicable to all types and sizes of vessels.7 Part 1 Section 3 Whole Section Part Whole Part 2 *"+.3 1/2.9 3-3-1/1. Testing and Surveys Surveys After Construction The requirements for \Survey After Construction] in Part 1.7iii) 1-1-4/7.811"67 :+$$.1. etc.1.7iv) 1-1-4/7.$11$.7i) 1-1-4/7.9.7.7..11.13 1/1.$1 23% 40".2 1/1.7 3-3-1/1.7ix) 1-1-4/5 1-1-4/3 1-1-4/3.5.7.11 1/1.5"67 865 9./ 1-1-4/7. >8+$%?8@1 were relocated to the generically re-titled ABS !0.2d7g 1/1.2d7b 1/1.11.11.9 1/1. as specified in the Foreword to Part 2.2d7i 1/1.3 1/2.3 1-1-8/1.9.7vii) 1-1-4/7.5.2d7c 1/1.2 1/2.1a 1/1..5"67 865 9.6 1/2.17 Part 1 Section 2 1/2.7vi) 1-1-4/7.5.1 1-1-8/1.3 3-3-1/1.1 1/2. .5 1/2.2d7d 1/1.5.7.4a 1/1.5.2 1/1.1.15.5.2d7e 1/1.5 1/2.811"67 :+$$.7 1/1.7. Section 3 of the 1997 edition of the !0..3 1/1. Testing and Surveys Testing and Trials During Construction F Hull Components to be Tested General Cargo Tanks Other Compartments Intended for Liquids Rakes or Peaks Double Hull Spaces Shell and Decks Testing Details to be Introduced Hydrostatic Testing Hose Testing Air Testing Bilge System Trials Steering Trials Classification.15. >8+$%?8@1 were relocated to the generically re-titled ABS !0.2d7f 1/1.1 1/2.1b 1/1.

1 3/3.1b 3/3.1 3/3.7.5 3/3.4 3/2.3 3-1-2/5 3-1-2/7 3-1-2/7.1c 3/3.3 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .1.17 3/1.1.7.5.5.4 3-1-2/9.3.29 3/1.3 3-2-1/5.7.9 3/1.2 3/3.1.3 3-1-2/1.5 3/1.1.5.19 3/1. the 2007 Rules !"#$%&''( Part 3 Section 1 3/1.1b 3/2.1.1 3-1-1/3.3 3/2.13 3/1.1 3-2-1/7.1 3/2.Comparison of the Numbering System of the 1997 Rules vs.1c3 3/2.2 3/2.3.7.3 3/3.2 3/2.5 3-2-1/7 3-2-1/7.2 3/1.1 3-1-2/3.3.1 3-2-1/7.31 3/1.1 3-1-2/1.2 3/3.3 3-2-1/5.5 3/2.1 3/2.5.5.11 3/1.1a 3/2.7.3.27 3/1.5 3/2.1.3iii) 3-1-2/9.3iv) 3-1-2/9.1.7.1 3/2.1c 3/2.1.7.1 3-1-2/9.1./ 3-1-1/3 3-1-1/3.21 3/1.7 3/2.9 3-1-2/3 3-1-2/3.3 3-1-2/9 3-1-2/9.5 3-1-2/1.1.4 3/3..$ Hull Construction and Equipment Definitions Length Barges Self Propelled Vessels Breadth Depth Design Draft Baseline Truss Amdiships Block Coefficient Double Ended Rake Barge Oil Passenger Superstructure Cargo Area Cargo Pump Room Units Weathertight Gross Tonnage Hull Construction and Equipment General Material Steel Aluminum Alloys Design Consideration Guidance for Repair Materials Containing Asbestos Scantlings General Workmanship Proportions Structural Sections Required Section Modulus Serrated Sections Structural Design Details General ----------------Termination of Structural Members Hull Construction and Equipment Tank Barges Application Classification Structural Arrangement Between the Rakes Framing Trusses Bilge and Gunwale Brackets Rakes Double Skin Construction Longitudinal Strength Definitions Limiting Draft Homogeneous Cargo Approved Cargo Density !"#$% -.5.1 3/2.7 3/1.3 3-1-2/9.25 3/1.1.1.1 3-2-1/5.7.23 3/1.1.3.7.1.1 3/1.1.3.2 3/2.4 3/2.1.2 Part 3 Section 3 3/3.1d 3/2.1 3-1-2/9.1a 3/3.3i) 3-1-2/9.3 3-1-1/5 3-1-1/7 3-1-1/9 3-1-1/11 3-1-1/13 3-1-1/15 3-1-1/17 3-1-1/19 3-1-1/21 3-1-1/23 3-1-1/25 3-1-1/27 3-1-1/29 3-1-1/35 3-1-1/31 3-1-1/33 3-1-2/1 3-1-2/1.1c 410 *"+.1.3 3/2.1 3/1.2 3-2-1/5.3.1 3-1-2/7.1 3-2-1/5.2 3-2-1/7.1c2 3/2.1c1 3/2.3 3-2-1/1 3-2-1/3 3-2-1/5 3-2-1/5.33 Part 3 Section 2 3/2.15 3/1.7 3-1-2/1.3 3/1.1c4 3/2.1.1 3/2.3ii) 3-1-2/9.2 3-1-2/9.1.1.1 3/3.7.1a 3/3.1.1b 3/3.

3.13.1.1 3-2-1/7.1b 3/3.13.5.3 3-2-1/Table 1 3-2-1/Figure 1 3-2-1/Figure 2 3-2-1/Figure 3 3-2-1/Figure 4 3-2-1/Figure 5 3-2-1/Figure 6 3-2-1/Figure 7 3-2-1/Figure 8 3-2-1/Figure 8A 3-2-1/Figure 9 3-2-1/Figure 9A ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 411 ..1 3/3.3.2i) 3-2-1/7.5.2 3/3.3 3-2-1/19.5.2 3-2-1/19.2 3-2-1/7.1 3-2-1/19.1a 3/3.1 3-2-1/23.4 3/3.6.9.7 psi) or Less Pressure Setting Over 0.9.5 3-2-1/15 3-2-1/17 3-2-1/17.2c 3/3.3b1 3/3.13.6 3/3. Girders and Stringers Tank Head for Scantlings Pressure Setting 0.2a 3/5.5 Figure 3/3.3 3-2-1/13.2b 3/3.9a *"+.5.15.$ Loading Conditions Normal Condition High Density Cargo Condition Loading/Unloading Sequences and Bending Moment Calculations Loading/Unloading Sequences Bending Moment Calculations ------Hull Girder Section Modulus Items Included in the Section Modulus Calculation Deck and Trunk Plating Between the Rakes Minimum Thickness Thickness for Compression Rake Decks Frames Trusses Top and Bottom Chords Stanchions Permissible Load Calculated Load Diagonals Web Frames.2 3-2-1/19.6 Figure 3/3.2ii) 3-2-1/7.9.5.1 3-2-1/19.1 3-2-1/19.1c 3/3.1 3/3.15 3/3.5.3b 3/3.2b 3/3.1 3-2-1/25.5 3-2-1/7.12.5.5.13.12 kgf/cm2 (1.2 3/3.17.15.19 3/3.1 3/3.7 psi) Bulkheads Arrangement Subdivision Cofferdams Pump Rooms Construction of Tank Boundary Bulkheads Plating Stiffening Drainage and Air Escape Construction Of Other Watertight Bulkheads Plating Stiffening Shell Plating Bottom Shell Side Shell Bilge Plating 5Bilge Plating Bilge Plating Hatches and Fittings Hatchways Deck Fittings Barge Reinforcement General Reinforcement Brackets Bilge Bracket Intermediate Bilge Bracket Alternative Arrangement Gunwale Bracket Tank Barge Tank Barge Tank Barge Double-Skin Tank Barge Trunk Top Beam End Connection Double-Skin Tank Barge Trunk Top Transverse End Connection !"#$% -.5 3-2-1/21.3a 3/3.3 3/3.13.3b2 3/3.2 3/3.5 3-2-1/21.1 3-2-1/13.3 3-2-1/25 3-2-1/25.1.1 3-2-1/9.6.2 3/3.2a 3/3.2 Figure 3/3.3 3-2-1/19 3-2-1/19.1 3-2-1/7.1 3/3.3.5.19.5.1 3-2-1/9.3 3/3.5.5.3 3-2-1/21.5.5 3-2-1/23 3-2-1/23.5. the 2007 Rules !"#$%&''( 3/3.12 kgf/cm2 (1.6.5.3b3 3/3.2 3/3.2 3-2-1/13.3.6.1.3 3/3.13.3.2 3-2-1/7.3.1 3/3.2 3/3.15.5 3-2-1/19.4 3/3.5.15.3 3-2-1/19.3 3-2-1/7.7 3-2-1/7.5 3/3.1 3-2-1/21.5.8 Figure 3/3.1 3-2-1/13.13.13.3 3/3./ 3-2-1/7.15.3.13.8a Figure 3/3.2iii) 3-2-1/7.5 3/3.13.1 Figure 3/3.2 Table 3/3.1 3-2-1/17.4 Figure 3/3.9.1.1.3a 3/3.Comparison of the Numbering System of the 1997 Rules vs.17.1a 3/3.5.7 Figure 3/3.13.12.11 3/3.2 3/3.3 3-2-1/19.9 3-2-1/9 3-2-1/9.1 3/3.2 3-2-1/9.2b 3/3.9.7 3/3.13 3/3.2a 3/3.3 3-2-1/11 3-2-1/13 3-2-1/13.3b 3/3.1 3-2-1/19.2 3-2-1/21 3-2-1/21.2 Figure 3/3.19.9 3/3.17 3/3.1 3/3.9 Figure 3/3.3 Figure 3/3.12 3/3.1b 3/3.

1.1 3-2-2/15.1 3/4.5 3/4.7 3-2-2/19 3-2-2/19.19 3/4.11 3/4.1a 3/4.7 3-2-2/7.13.1 3/4.2 3-2-2/3.Comparison of the Numbering System of the 1997 Rules vs.5 3/4.9 3-2-2/9 3-2-2/11 3-2-2/11.3 3/4. Girders and Stringers Bulkheads Construction of Tank Boundary Bulkheads Plating Stiffening Construction of Other Watertight Bulkheads Plating Stiffening Shell Plating Bottom Shell Side Shell Bilge Plating Bilge Angles Inner Bottoms.2 3/4.1 3-2-2/15.1 3-2-2/19.9 3/4.17.7 3-2-2/19.3 3-2-2/7 3-2-2/7.3 3-2-2/7.17.4.3.15 3/4.19.2a 3/4.3b 3/4.17 3/4.3.2 3/4.1 3-2-2/11.3.3a 3/4.5.1 3/4.15.6 Figure 3/4.4 3/4.11 3-2-2/21 3-2-2/21.5.5.15.19. the 2007 Rules !"#$%&''( Figure 3/3.$ Double-Skin Tank Barge Rake Framing Hull Construction and Equipment Dry Cargo Barges Application Structural Arrangement Between the Rakes Framing Trusses Bilge and Gunwale Brackets Rakes Longitudinal Strength Section Modulus Section Modulus with Continuous Coaming Deck Plating Minimum Thickness Between the Rakes Watertight Decks Cargo Decks Wheel Loaded Strength Decks Frames Trusses Top and Bottom Chords Stanchions Permissible Load Calculated Load Diagonals Web Frames.1 3-2-2/5.3 3-2-2/19.2 3/4.1 3-2-2/19.3 3-2-2/5 3-2-2/5.1 3-2-2/3.1 3-2-2/7.7 3/4.1.5 3/4.1a 3/4.4 Figure 3/4.1.4 3/4.9.10 Figure 3/3.13 3/4.2b 3/4.1b 3/4.4 3/4.2 Figure 3/4.1.1.3a Figure 3/4.2 3/4.1 3/4.1.5 3-2-2/7.2 3-2-2/11.1b 3/4.17.5 3-2-2/13 3-2-2/15 3-2-2/15.17..15.3 3/4.5 Figure 3/4..1 3/4.2 3-2-2/19.9.13.3 3-2-2/15.7 412 *"+.3 3/4.9.17.3b 3/4.2a 3/4.17.3.15.2 Figure 3/4.3 3-2-2/Figure 1 3-2-2/Figure 2 3-2-2/Figure 3 3-2-2/Figure 4 3-2-2/Figure 5 3-2-2/Figure 6 3-2-2/Figure 7 3-2-2/Figure 8 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .5.3.5 3-2-2/19.1 3/4.2 3/4.2 3-2-2/17 3-2-2/17.2 3/4.11 Part 3 Section 4 3/4.5.3.3 3-2-2/17.5 3-2-2/17.3./ 3-2-1/Figure 10 3-2-1/Figure 11 3-2-2/1 3-2-2/3 3-2-2/3.3 3/4.1b 3/4.13.17.5 3-2-2/19.2b 3/4.13.1c 3/4.1 3-2-2/15.1.6 3/4.17.9 3-2-2/19.3.3 3-2-2/11.13.9.1 Figure 3/4.17.9.3 Figure 3/4.3 3-2-2/3.1 3-2-2/17.1 3-2-2/19.17.1 3-2-2/21.1a 3/4.1 3/4.1 3/4.32 3-2-2/19.13.2 3-2-2/15. Hatches and Fittings Inner Bottom Plating Inner Bottom Plating on which Cargo is to be Carried Inner Bottom Under Wheel Loading Hatchways Hatch Covers Within Closed Deck Houses On Weather Decks Under Wheel Loading Continuous Longitudinal Hatch Coamings Deck Fittings Cargo Boxes Barge Reinforcement General Reinforcement Bilge Bracket Intermediate Bilge Bracket Alternative Arrangement Alternative Channel Construction at Bilge Deck Barge Deck Barge Deck Barge Hopper Barge !"#$% -.4 3/4.1 3-2-2/11.17.4.3 3/4.5.5.2 3/4.1 3/4.1 3-2-2/3.3.

2 3-2-3/7.12 Part 3 Section 5 3/5.5.2b 3/5.15.1 3/5.5.3 3-2-4/13 3-2-4/15 3-2-4/15.5.2a 3/5.1 3/6.15.7.5 3-2-4/15.1 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 413 .3.2 3/5.1 3-2-3/7.1(a) 3-2-3/7.3a1 3/5.5.1 3-2-4/11.1 3-2-4/9.9.15.1b 3/5.3c 3/5.7 3/6.2 3-2-4/15. the 2007 Rules !"#$%&''( Figure 3/4.5.3a 3/5.3c2 3/5.13.2(a) 3-2-3/7.15 3/6.13.3 3/6.3 3/5.2 3-2-3/7.11 3/6.Comparison of the Numbering System of the 1997 Rules vs.2 3/6.7.2 3/6.3 3-2-3/7.2 3/6.1 3/6.5 3/6.7.3(b) 3-2-3/7.2 3/6.$ Hopper Barge Double-Skin Hopper Barge Double-Skin Hopper Barge with Deck House Double-Skin Hopper Barge Wheel Loading Curves of F Hull Construction and Equipment Barges Intended to Carry Dangerous Chemical Cargoes in Bulk Application Classification Submission of Data Type I and Type II Barges with Integral Tanks Definitions Type I Barge Hull Type II Barge Hull Limiting Draft Tank Arrangement Collision Protection Access Opening Longitudinal Strength Loading Conditions Normal and High Density Cargo Conditions Grounding Conditions Hull Girder Bending Moment Normal Conditions High Density and Grounding Conditions Criterion Normal and High Density Cargo Conditions Grounding Conditions Deck/Trunk Top Transverse Transverse Beams Hull Construction and Equipment Towboats Application Structural Arrangement Framing Longitudinal Webs Longitudinal Strength Deck Plating Strength Decks Other Locations Frames Bottom Longitudinals Side and Deck Framing Framing in Tunnels Stanchions Permissible Load Calculated Load Web Frames.7.5.3b 3/5.3 3-2-3/7.1a 3/5.3 3/6.2 3-2-3/7.1c 3/5.5.7.3 3-2-3/7.4 3/6.1 3-2-3/7.7.1 3-2-4/15.13.4 3/6.9 3-2-4/1 3-2-4/3 3-2-4/3.1(b) 3-2-3/7.13.5 3-2-3/7.1 3-2-3/7.1 3-2-4/17.13.2b 3/6.7.5.1.3(a) 3-2-3/7.5.3.7.7.17 3/6.7 3/5.7 3-2-3/7.7.5 3/5.1 3-2-4/7.7.2a 3/6.7.1 3/6.3 3/6.7.9 3/6.13 3/6.2 3-2-4/17 3-2-4/17.3.5.1 3-2-4/15.13.3.1 *"+.1 3/6.3 3-2-4/15.2 3/6.7.1 3-2-3/7.2 3/6.1 3/5.1 3/6.1 3-2-4/15.3 3/5.9 Figure 3/4.3a 3/6.5 3-2-4/17.5 Part 3 Section 6 3/6.3 3-2-4/9 3-2-4/9.7.3 3-2-4/9.3 3/6.1..17.3c1 3/5.7.10 Figure 3/4.3b2 3/5.15.8 Figure 3/4.3.1 3/6.7.7.9.4 3/5.3b 3/6.1.3 3-2-4/17.7.7.2(b) 3-2-3/7.7.5 3-2-4/11 3-2-4/11.5.11 Figure 3/4.13.1 3/6.3b1 3/5.7.5.3.5. Girders and Stringers Bulkheads Arrangement Construction of Tank Boundary Bulkheads Plating Stiffening Construction of Other Watertight Bulkheads Plating Stiffening Shell Plating Bottom Shell Side Shell Bilge and Tunnel Plating Bilge Angles Deckhouses Scantlings !"#$% -.7 3-2-4/19 3-2-4/19.3 3-2-4/5 3-2-4/7 3-2-4/7./ 3-2-2/Figure 9 3-2-2/Figure 10 3-2-2/Figure 11 3-2-2/Figure 12 3-2-2/Figure 13 3-2-3/1 3-2-3/3 3-2-3/5 3-2-3/7 3-2-3/7.1 3-2-4/3.3a2 3/5.

3 3-2-5/7.13.2 3/6.7 3-2-4/23.19.13.2a 3/7.1.2b 3/7.21.19.7 Figure 3/6.3 3-2-5/9.1 3-2-5/7.3.4.3.2 3/7.2i) 3-2-4/23.5 3/6.21.1 3-2-5/1.2ii) 3-2-4/23.3.5 m (143 ft) in Length or Greater Vessels Under 43.1.2 3/7.13.1 3/7.13 3/7.19.1a 3/7.21.5.7 3-2-4/21.3 3/6.1 3-2-4/21.17.7.2 3-2-5/15 3-2-5/15. Girders and Stringers Proportions Bottom and Side Web Frames Deck Girders and Transverses ----Bulkheads Arrangement Vessels of 43.4.4 3/7.2i) 3-2-5/15.3 3-2-4/23 3-2-4/23.21.1 3/7.1 3-2-5/11.5c 3/6.9.5.1 3-2-4/21.1b 3/7..7 3/7.3 3-2-5/13.4 3/6.1 3/7.5.5.1 3/7.2 3-2-5/17.5 3-2-5/9.3a 3/6.21 3/6.7 3-2-5/11 3-2-5/11.1 3-2-5/17.2 3/7.5 3-2-5/13 3-2-5/13.3 3-2-4/21.5a 3/6.1 3-2-5/13.2 3/7.3 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .1.2a 3/7.19.19.13.9 3-2-4/Figure 1 3-2-5/1 3-2-5/1.3b3 3/6.9 3/7.1 3/7.1 3-2-4/23.2 3-2-5/17.3 3-2-5/7 3-2-5/7.21. Stems and Sternframes Bar Keels Flat Plate Keels Bar Stems Sternposts Sternframes Inner Posts Outer Posts Shoepiece Rudders Materials Application Rudder Stocks Upper Stocks Lower Stocks ------Rudders Couplings Towboat Framing Hull Construction and Equipment Passenger Vessels Application Service National Regulations Classification Structural Arrangement Framing Longitudinal Webs Longitudinal Strength Hull Girder Section Modulus Hull Girder Moment of Inertia Hull Girder Shear Strength Deck Plating Strength Decks Superstructure Decks Wheel Loaded Decks Other Locations Frames Bottom Longitudinals Side and Deck Framing Framing in Tunnels Stanchions Permissible Load Calculated Load Bottom Support Deck Support Web Frames.1.3 3-2-5/17.3b 3/6.3 3/6.Comparison of the Numbering System of the 1997 Rules vs.1.1.9.9.5.1.2b 3/7.1 3-2-5/17.3 3-2-4/21 3-2-4/21.2ii) 3-2-5/17 3-2-5/17.3.2iii) 3-2-4/23.3b1 3/6.3 3-2-5/11.5.$ Sill Height Keels.1. the 2007 Rules !"#$%&''( 3/6.11.3 3/7.2 3/7.2 3-2-4/21.1 3-2-4/23.5 3/6.3.3 3/7.1 Part 3 Section 7 3/7.2c 414 *"+.11.11 3/7.2 3/6.5 3-2-4/21.9.21.2 3-2-5/15.7.9./ 3-2-4/19.3 3-2-4/23.19.1b2 3/7.1 3-2-5/17.3b2 3/6.1b1 3/7.5 3-2-5/9 3-2-5/9.2 3/7.13.3.1 3-2-5/9.5.1 3-2-5/13.9 3-2-4/21.13.11.21.1 3/7.9.7.4.13.1 3-2-5/5.1 3-2-5/15.5 m (143 ft) in Length Construction of Tank Boundary Bulkheads Plating Stiffeners Girders and Webs !"#$% -.11.1 3-2-5/15.21.2 3/7.21.1 3/7.3 3/7.1 3/6.4 3/7.19.2 3/7.9.2 3/6.5 3/7.5b 3/6.3 3/7.21.11.1 3/7.2 3-2-4/23.5.1 3/7.3 3-2-5/3 3-2-5/5 3-2-5/5.1b 3/7.5.19.1a 3/7.19 3/6.1 3/6.5 3-2-4/23.3.

23.19.9.4 3/7.9.4 3/7.19.3(a) 3-2-5/17.23.3.3 3/7.3 3-2-5/21.5b 3/7.9.23.1 3/7.1a 3/7.3.1 3-2-5/17.1ii) 3-3-1/3.2 3-2-5/23.2b2a 3/7.1v) 3-3-1/3.13.3.3 3-2-5/25.5.5a 3/7.Comparison of the Numbering System of the 1997 Rules vs.1ii) 3-3-1/3.3 3-2-5/25.1 3/7.5c 3/7.7 3-2-5/23.15.21.23.3c 3/7.21.23.3c 3/7.13.17 3/7.2 3/7.5 3-2-5/23.5 3/7.5 3-2-5/21.17.1 3-2-5/19.3.23.3.1iv) 3-3-1/3.1 3-2-5/23.3(c) 3-2-5/17.23.7 3-2-5/21 3-2-5/21.2c3 3/7.2b 3/7.3 3/7.21.2c1 3/7.4 3/7.19.21 3/7.9 3-2-5/25.3 3/7.13.2 3-2-5/25.13. the 2007 Rules !"#$%&''( 3/7.3c1 3/7.19.7 3-2-5/23 3-2-5/23.13.17. or Carrying 50 or More Passengers ----Self-propelled Vessels Under 100 m (328 ft) in Length Vessels with Maximum Righting Arm Occurring at an Angle of Heel b 30° ----------Vessels with Maximum Righting Arm Occurring at an Angle of Heel + 30° ----- !"#$% -.23.1.2 3/7.3 3-2-5/19.23 3/7.5.5.21.15.5 3-2-5/25.11 3-2-5/25.2 3/7.2 3-2-5/21.23.19 3/7.17.2b1a 3/7.21.19.13.2 3/7.3b 3/7.3b 3/7.5.21.1 3-2-5/21.1i) 3-3-1/3.3 3/7.3c2 3/7.3 3-2-5/25 3-2-5/25.15.23.17.21.21.3a 3/7.3.3 3-2-5/21.2b1b 3/7.23.1iii) 3-3-1/3.2a 3/7.3.6 3/7. Stems and Stern Frames Bar Keels Flat Plate Keels Bar Stems Sternposts Stern Frames Inner Posts Outer Posts Shoepiece Rudders Materials Application Rudder Stocks Upper Stocks Lower Stocks on Vessels with Shoepieces Lower Stocks on Vessels with Spade Rudders Lower Stocks on Vessels with Horns Rudders Couplings Rudder Stops Supporting and Anti-lifting Arrangements Subdivision and Stability Definitions Margin Line Deepest Subdivision Draft Intact Stability Vessels Over 100 Gross Tons.2a2 3/7.15.1b 3/7.2 3/7.1.1 3-3-1/3.5.1 3-3-1/1.52.3.19.2b2 3/7.3.1 3-2-5/21.3 3-2-5/17.21.23.9 3-2-5/23.3.3 3-2-5/23.1b 3/7.15 3/7.13.1 3-2-5/25.3(b) 3-2-5/17.13.3 3/7./ 3-2-5/17.21.5 3-2-5/17.3.1 3/7.13.2c2 3/7.3(a) 3-2-5/17.23.1a 3/7.17.3b 3/7. 3-2-5/17.3(c) 3-2-5/19 3-2-5/19.1 3-2-5/23.19.1 3/7.5.5.7 3/7.$ Strength Requirements Proportions Tripping Brackets Construction of Other Watertight Bulkheads Plating Stiffeners Girders and Webs Strength Requirements Proportions Tripping Brackets Shell Plating Bottom Shell Side Shell Bilge and Tunnel Plating Bilge Angles Deckhouses Side and End Bulkheads Plating Stiffeners Vertical Webs Openings in Bulkheads Doors for Access Openings Sills of Access Openings Keels.1.5.. Greater than 20 m (65 ft) in Length.2b1c 3/7.1 3-3-1/3.1c 3/7.17.2ii) ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 415 .2 3-3-1/3.23.2i) 3-3-1/3.5 3/7.1 3/7.3(b) 3-2-5/17.13.3c3 3/7.21.1i) 3-3-1/3.23.5.4 3/7.17.23.23.4 3-2-5/25.3 3-3-1/3.2b2b *"+.3 3-3-1/3 3-3-1/3.2a1 3/7.2b1 3/7.2b1d 3/7.19.3.7 3-2-5/25.13 Section 3-3-1 3-3-1/1 3-3-1/1.3a 3/7.5 3-2-5/19.1 3-2-5/25.2b1e 3/7.

2(b) 3-3-1/5.23.12d 416 *"+.23.23.8a 3/7.2 3-3-1/23.1.1.23.1.23.8 3/7.11d 3/7.1.3.3.3.23.3.2b2d 3/7.23.23.23.5.23.4c 3/7.3b 3/7.6c 3/7.5.23.3.23.3 3-3-1/21.23.12c2 3/7.3.10 3/7.23.23.8d 3/7. Manholes and Access Openings ----Shaft Tunnel Door and Doors within Propulsion Machinery Spaces Watertight Doors in Watertight Bulkheads ----------Power-operated Sliding Watertight Doors --------------------------------- !"#$% -.4 3/7.3.23.12 3/7.23.12a4 3/7.23.12b 3/7.3a4 3/7.11 3/7.$ ------Damage Stability Permeability --------Extent of Damage Vessels of 43.5 m (143 ft) in Length or Greater Longitudinal Penetration Transverse Penetration Vertical Penetration Vessels Under 43.1iv) 3-3-1/5.23.1i) 3-3-1/5.3 3-3-1/15 3-3-1/15.3 3/7.1(c) 3-3-1/5.12a7 3/7.23.7 3-3-1/15.1 3-3-1/15.23.3a 3/7.7b 3/7.1 3-3-1/21.8b 3/7.1./ 3-3-1/3.2(c) 3-3-1/7 3-3-1/7i) 3-3-1/7ii) 3-3-1/7iii) 3-3-1/9 3-3-1/11 3-3-1/11.23.1 3-3-1/11.23.5 3-3-1/23.23.23.23.5 3-3-1/21.3a3 3/7.9b 3/7.12a 3/7.23.4a 3/7.1 3-3-1/23.3b2c 3/7.1 3-3-1/5.23.23.12a2c 3/7.1.8e 3/7.1(b) 3-3-1/5.6b 3/7.23.23.3 3-3-1/11.3 3-3-1/23.23.3 3-3-1/15.3b1a 3/7.1.2iii) 3-3-1/3.23.2i) 3-3-1/23.11a 3/7.23.3 3-3-1/23.3.2b2e 3/7.23.5 3-3-1/13 3-3-1/13.23.3b1b 3/7.12a3 3/7.3b1c 3/7.23.23.11b 3/7.23.7 3-3-1/23.5 3-3-1/15.12a2 3/7.3b1 3/7.9a 3/7.5 3/7.2iii) 3-3-1/23.1.23.12a2a 3/7.3.1iii) 3-3-1/5.3.3b2a 3/7.1.12a6 3/7.23.23.6 3/7.4 3-3-1/23.3b2 3/7.1ii) 3-3-1/5.2(a) 3-3-1/5.11c 3/7.11e 3/7.2 3-3-1/5.1 3-3-1/23.2ii) 3-3-1/23.3a2 3/7.12a1 3/7.5 3-3-1/23.Comparison of the Numbering System of the 1997 Rules vs.12c 3/7.1 3-3-1/23.23.7 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 ..1. the 2007 Rules !"#$%&''( 3/7.23.7 3-3-1/21.23.23.3 3-3-1/5.7 3/7.8c 3/7.9 3-3-1/23 3-3-1/23.23.2v) 3-3-1/5 3-3-1/5.23.23.23.23.23.9 3-3-1/17 3-3-1/17i) 3-3-1/17ii) 3-3-1/19 3-3-1/21 3-3-1/21.6a 3/7.23.12a2b 3/7.2b2c 3/7.23.6 3-3-1/23.3a1 3/7.23.5 m (143 ft) in Length Longitudinal Penetration Transverse Penetration Vertical Penetration Portlights in Cargo Spaces Located Below the Margin Line ------Automatic Ventilating Portlights Shell Connections Located Below the Margin Line ------Gangway and Cargo Ports Located Below the Margin Line ----Openings and Penetrations in Watertight Bulkheads ----------Doors.4b 3/7.2iv) 3-3-1/3.12c1 3/7.23.23.3b2b 3/7.23.23.23.12a5 3/7.9 3/7.23.7a 3/7.23.1 3-3-1/5.1(a) 3-3-1/5.1 3-3-1/13.23.2 3-3-1/23.3.

27.2f 3/7.17 3-3-1/23.16 3/7.27.4b 3/7.23.27.9 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 417 .15 3-3-1/23.11 3-4-1/3.18 3/7.27. Duct Keels and Ventilators Inclining Experiment Deadweight Survey Trim and Stability Booklets Damage Control Plans Life Saving Appliances Life Jackets Life Buoys Rescue Boats and Life Rafts Immersion Suits and Thermal Protective Aids Portable Radio Apparatus Guards and Rails Structural Fire Protection Application Definitions Accommodation Space Public Space High Risk Service Space Special Category Space Corridors Control Stations Machinery Spaces of Category A ------Machinery Spaces Non Combustible Material Standard Fire Test \A] Class Division ----------\B] Class Division --------Continuous \B] Class Ceilings or Linings Steel Equivalent Material Low Flame Spread Surface Main Vertical fones Protection of Accommodation Spaces.2d 3/7.15c 3/7.2h 3/7.9 3-3-1/23.2k4 3/7.21iii) 3-4-1/3.23.27.27.27.2a 3/7.11 3-3-1/23.29 3-4-1/5 3-4-1/7 3-4-1/7.27.23 3-4-1/3.3 3-3-1/29./ 3-3-1/23.2j 3/7.21v) 3-4-1/3.7 3-4-1/7.12h 3/7.13 3-3-1/23.17.5 3-3-1/31 3-3-1/33 3-3-1/35 3-3-1/37 3-3-1/39 3-5-1/3 3-5-1/3.13i) 3-4-1/3.5 3-4-1/3.27. Trunks.2g1 3/7.4d 3/7.4c 3/7.7 3-5-1/3.23. Tunnels.27.23.2l4 3/7.27.23.27.27.2k3 3/7.1 3-3-1/23.19 3-4-1/3.23.23.2k2 3/7.23.15a 3/7.11 Section 3-4-1 3-4-1/1 3-4-1/3 3-4-1/3.23.1 3-5-1/3.2l 3/7.2k5 3/7.27..23.25.1 3-4-1/3.25.2m 3/7.27.3 3-4-1/3.2g3 3/7.2l1 3/7.27.6 3/7.27.3 3/7.Comparison of the Numbering System of the 1997 Rules vs.12i1 3/7.23i) 3-4-1/3.23.12e 3/7.5 3/7.2l2 3/7.27.4a 3/7.15b 3/7.25 3-4-1/3.12f 3/7.17.21iv) 3-4-1/3. Service Spaces and Control Stations ----------- !"#$% -.23.25.27.23.17 3-4-1/3.27.23.4 3/7.27 3-4-1/3.1 3-3-1/29.27.21ii) 3-4-1/3.27.25.23ii) 3-4-1/3.15 3-4-1/3.25.21i) 3-4-1/3.5 3-4-1/7.27.23.12g 3/7.2 3-3-1/23.1 3/7.19 3/7.27.2k1 3/7.27.1 3/7.2c 3/7.27.2k 3/7.9 3-4-1/3.23.2g2 3/7.27.21 3-4-1/3.3 3/7.17.27.3 3-5-1/3.3 3-3-1/25 3-3-1/27 3-3-1/29 3-3-1/29.2b 3/7.2 3/7.3 3-4-1/7.13 3/7.$ --------Central Operating Console ------Watertight Doors in Cargo Spaces Portable Plates Miscellaneous ------Watertight Decks.12i2 3/7.17 3/7.23iv) 3-4-1/3. the 2007 Rules !"#$%&''( 3/7.2g 3/7.13iii) 3-4-1/3.27.15 3/7.20 3/7.13ii) 3-4-1/3.13 3-4-1/3.2 3/7.23.27 3/7.27.27.5 3-5-1/3.23.9 3-5-1/3.7 3-4-1/3.27.23.27.14 3/7.2e 3/7.27.12i 3/7.23iii) 3-4-1/3.25 3/7.1 3-4-1/7.12i3 3/7.4 3/7.27.2i 3/7.27.2o 3/7.4e *"+.2n 3/7.2l3 3/7.25.

5 3-2-6/1.9 3-4-1/21.13 3-4-1/23 3-5-1/1 3-5-1/1.7 3/7.27..11 3-4-1/21.2 418 *"+.5ii) 3-4-1/17.27.9c2 3/7.2 3/8.27.27.27.27.5 3/7.27.3 3-4-1/11 3-4-1/11.27.11g 3/7.27.10a 3/7.8 3/7.7a1 3/7.1 Figure 3/7.9 3-4-1/13.27.9 3-2-5/Figure 1 3-2-5/Figure 2 3-2-6/1 3-2-6/1.5v) 3-4-1/17.27.1 3-4-1/17.27.27.1 3-4-1/19.1 3-4-1/21.5 3-5-1/1.9c 3/7.13 3-2-6/1.1.27.27.11a 3/7.27.1 3/8.27.9a2 3/7.29.27.3 bullet 3-4-1/13.1 3-4-1/9.11f 3/7.1 3/7.15 3-2-6/3 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .27.1 3-5-1/1.Comparison of the Numbering System of the 1997 Rules vs.29.27.1.9b 3/7.10b 3/7.29 3/7.27.3 3-4-1/17.3 3-4-1/11.7 3/7.27.27.27.10 3/7.27.3 3-4-1/13.7 3-2-6/1.1 3-4-1/11.9c5 3/7.5iii) 3-4-1/17.10d 3/7.3 3-4-1/21. and Paints.7b 3/7.5 3-4-1/17.9 3-2-6/1.6 3/7.27.9 3/7.1ii) 3-4-1/17.8 3/8.27.1 3-4-1/13.27.11 3-2-6/1.12 3/7.29.3 3/7.3 3-4-1/19.1.3 3-5-1/1.9a1 3/7.9c3 3/7.6 3/8.27.27.1.10c 3/7.1 3/8.27./ 3-4-1/9 3-4-1/9.1i) 3-4-1/17.5b 3/7.9d 3/7.27.9c4 3/7.7a 3/7.$ Stairways and Elevators ----Non-combustible Materials ----------Exposed Surfaces.8 3/7.5 3/7.5a 3/7.27.7 3-4-1/19 3-4-1/19.29.7 3/8.9 Figure 3/7.9a 3/7.7 3-4-1/21.1 3-2-6/1.27.5iv) 3-4-1/17.7c 3/7. the 2007 Rules !"#$%&''( 3/7.27.11c 3/7.5 3-4-1/11.7 3-5-1/1.27.27.5 3-4-1/21.5 3-4-1/13 3-4-1/15 3-4-1/15i) 3-4-1/15ii) 3-4-1/17 3-4-1/17.11 3/7.27.11b 3/7. Deck Coverings.6c 3/7.9c1 3/7. Varnishes and Other Finishes --------Details of Construction ----Ventilation ----------------------Miscellaneous Items --------Means of Escape -------------Fire Control Plans Equipment General Berthed Passenger Vessels Environmental Conditions Calculations and Data Anchor Weight and Cable Size Passenger Vessel Framing Rudder Types Hull Construction and Equipment Weld Design Fillet Welds General Tee-Type Boundary Connections Tee-Type End Connections Other Tee-Type Connections Lapped Joints Overlapped End Connections Overlapped Seams Plug Welds or Slot Welds Alternatives !"#$% -.5 3-4-1/19.27.6a 3/7.11d 3/7.6e 3/7.27.1.7 3-4-1/11.3 3-2-6/1.8 3/7.6d 3/7.6b 3/7.1.1.2 Part 3 Section 8 3/8.5i) 3-4-1/17.7 3-4-1/21 3-4-1/21.5 3/8.29.27.11e 3/7.27.3 3/8.4 3/8.1.27.

15 4/1.17.3 4/1.3 4-1-1/19.11 4/1.1.3.15.3a 4/2.3.3.3 4-1-1/17 4-1-1/17.17.9 4-2-2/7 4-2-2/7.3 4/1.2 4/1.1 Table 3/8.3.1 4/1. Tube Shaft and Thrust Shaft Diameters Line Shaft Bearing Locations Inboard End – Tail Shaft !"#$% -.15.9 4/1.17.1b 4/1.5 4-2-2/5.5.17.2 Table 3/8.3.1 4-1-1/3 4-1-1/3.1 4-2-2/5.2(b) 4-1-1/17.1 4/1.3 4/2.5.2 4/2.$ Double Continuous Fillet Weld Sizes – Millimeters Double Continuous Fillet Weld Sizes – Inches Intermittent Fillet Weld Sizes and Spacing – Millimeters Intermittent Fillet Weld Sizes and Spacing – Inches Machinery Equipment and Systems Machinery Equipment and Installation General Gross Tonnage Certification of Machinery Basic Requirements Type Approval Program Non-mass Produced Machinery Details of Certification of Some Representative Products Machinery Plans and Data Details Submissions Oil Fuel Unit Machinery Space Ventilation Units Boilers and Pressure Vessels Turbines.7 4/1.1a 4/2.4 4/1.3 4-1-1/17.2a2 4/2.3 4/2.3 4-1-1/7 4-1-1/9 4-1-1/23 4-1-1/11 4-1-1/13 4-1-1/15 4-1-1/15.1.3.6 4/2.1 4-1-1/3.19.17 4/1.3.6 4/1.7 4-2-2/5.3b 4/2.3.1 4-1-1/5.5 4-1-1/3.3.3. Tail Shaft.1b1 4/1.2d 4/2.2 4/1.3 4/1.5 4/2.3.3 4-1-1/3.19.3.1 4-2-2/5.1 4-1-1/17.2 4/1.2 4/2.3.1 4-1-1/19.1b2 4/1.1 4/1. Engines and Reduction Gears Engine Installation Particulars Tank Barges Engine Exhausts on Tank Barges Starting Arrangements for Propulsion Engines Starting Air System Compressors Containers Diesel Propulsion Diesel-electric Propulsion Starting Batteries Hydraulic Steering Trial General Steering Gear Reduction Gears for Propulsion Materials Containing Asbestos Machinery Equipment and Systems Propellers and Propulsion Shafting 4/2.13 4/1.1.3.1 4-1-1/17.1b 4/2.1 4/1.3.17.3.1 Table 3/8.7 4-1-1/5 4-1-1/5.5.2(a) 4-1-1/17..5 4/2.3.3.19.1 4/1.3 4-2-2/9 4-2-2/11 4-2-2/13 Section 4-2-1 4-2-1/3 4-2-1/5 4-2-1/7 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 419 .2 4-1-1/17.1a 4/1.17.1 4/1.5 4/1.19 4/1.1 4/2.3 4-2-2/5 4-2-2/5.5 4-1-1/21 4-2-1/1 4-2-2/1 Section 4-2-2 4-2-2/3 4-2-2/3.3.Comparison of the Numbering System of the 1997 Rules vs./ 3-2-6/Table 1 3-2-6/Table 1 3-2-6/Table 2 3-2-6/Table 2 4-1-1/1 4-1-1/1.2c 4/2.1.3 4-2-2/5.1 4-2-2/5.1.3.1 4/2.2 4/1.3 Propellers Materials and Testing Propeller Material Stud Material Blade Design Blade Thickness Fixed-pitch Propellers Controllable-pitch Propellers Blade-root Fillets Built-up Blades Tip Thickness Blade Thickness at Other Radii Studs Stud Area Fit of Studs and Nuts Blade Flange and Mechanisms Key Protection Against Corrosion Shafting Line Shaft.1 4/1.2e 4/2.2a 4/2.1 4-2-2/3.5.2b 4/2.2a1 4/2.3.5 4-1-1/19 4-1-1/19.17.1 General 4/2.1 4-1-1/15.3 4/1.1 4-2-2/7.4 4/2. the 2007 Rules !"#$%&''( Table 3/8.5.21 Part 4 Section 2 *"+.2 Part 4 Section 1 4/1.2 4/1.

6 4/3.3 4-2-3/3.1 4-2-3/3. the 2007 Rules !"#$%&''( 4/2.7 4-2-1/13.2.3 4-2-1/13 4-2-1/13.3 4-2-3/3.5 4/3.3ii) 4-2-3/3.2 4-2-3/3.6c2 4/3.9 4-2-3/3.5.5.7 4-2-3/1.5.3i) 4-2-3/3.2.1 4-2-1/13.1.15.5 4-2-3/1.5.7 4/3.9 4/3.4a 4/2.2.11./ 4-2-1/9 4-2-1/9.6a3 4/3.1.1 4-2-3/3.2.1 4-2-3/1.5.1.1.15 4-2-3/1.1.6c 4/2.10a 4/3.7 4/2.1iii) 4-2-3/3.3 4-2-3/1.1 4/3.2 4-2-3/3.2.1 4-2-1/11.21 4-2-3/3.1 4-2-3/1.5.2 4/3.3 4-2-1/13.1.19 4-2-3/1.11c 4/3.6e 4/2.11b 4/3.13 4-2-1/15 4-2-1/17 4-2-3/1 4-2-3/1.11.4c 4/2.6 4/3.2.19.2.2 4-2-3/3.2 4/3.Comparison of the Numbering System of the 1997 Rules vs.4 4/3.5a 4/2.8a 4/3.8 4/3.5 4/2.5 4-2-3/3.5.2.2.15 4-2-3/3.1.2.1 4/3.11a 4/3.1.7 4/3.6 4/2.6b 4/3.5.5.11.5 4-2-1/13.5.10 4/3.1 4-2-1/9.12a 420 *"+.11 4-2-3/3.2.1 4/3.2.$ Propeller-end Design – Tail Shaft Propeller Forward End Propeller Aft End Non-corrosive Non-pitting Alloys Propeller-end Design Water-lubricated Bearings Oil-lubricated Bearings Tail-shaft Liners Thickness at Bearings Thickness between Bearings Continuous Liners Fit between Bearings Material and Fit After-end Seal Glass Reinforced Plastic Coating Hollow Shafts Coupling Bolts Machinery Equipment and Systems Steering Gears Steering Gear Requirements for All Types of Vessels General Plans Power Gear Stops Strength Requirements Steering Chains Sheaves Buffers Hydraulic Piping for Steering Gears Electrical Parts of Steering Gears Trials Towboats and Tugs Passenger Vessels and Other Self-propelled Vessels Steering Gear for Passenger Vessels Over 100 Gross Tons or Carrying More than 150 Passengers General Design Special Steering Single Failure Plans Steering-gear Protection Power-driven Steering Gear Mechanical Components Power Units Definitions Electric Steering Gear Electro-hydraulic Steering Gear Other Hydraulic Steering Gear Composition Testing ----Mechanical Steering Material General Material Test Attendance Transfer Power-gear Stops Rudder Actuators General Non-duplicated Rudder Actuators Oil Seals Piping Arrangement General !"#$% -.17 4-2-3/1.2.1.11.2 4-2-3/3.2.2.13 4-2-3/1.1.2.3 4/3.1.5.19.2.11 4/3.1 4-2-3/3.15.6a 4/2.23 4-2-3/3.5.10b 4/3.19 4-2-3/3.21.1c 4/3.21.1.8 Part 4 Section 3 4/3.2.1.1ii) 4-2-3/3.9 4/3.7 4-2-3/3.5.2.3 4/3.2.4 4/3.23.11.1.2 4-2-3/3 4-2-3/3.5.2.5.5b 4/2.6a 4/3.11.8b 4/3.2.1 4-2-3/3.2.12 4/3.1.1 4-2-3/3.10 4/3.5.4 4/2.13 4-2-3/3.6d 4/2.2.3 4-2-3/3.11.2.17 4-2-3/3.9 4-2-3/1.3 4-2-3/3.6c 4/3.6b 4/2.8 4/3.5 4/3.11 4-2-1/13.1a 4/3..2.6a1 4/3.6a2 4/3.1 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .21.2 4/3.2.2.2.1i) 4-2-3/3.9 4-2-1/13.11.6g 4/2.5.5 4-2-1/11 4-2-1/11.6c1 4/3.6f 4/2.11 4-2-3/1.3 4-2-1/9.4b 4/2.1b 4/3.

7 4-2-3/3.13 4/4.2.6a 4/4.8 4-5-1/1 4-5-1/3 4-5-1/3.1 4/4.29 4-2-3/3.27.2.1 4-5-1/15.17e 4/3.27.Comparison of the Numbering System of the 1997 Rules vs.2 4-2-3/3.33.10 4/4.8 4/4.33.2.2.3.1 4-2-3/3.23.3 4-2-3/3.13 4/4.13.23.3.33.2.17 4/3.14d 4/3.27.23.23.2 *"+.5 4/4.1 4-2-3/3.6 4/4.33.13 4/3.17 4-5-1/3.8 4-2-3/3.2.17a2 4/3.7(b) 4-2-3/3.27.17h Part 4 Section 4 4/4.2.4 4-2-3/3.6 4-2-3/3.13c 4/3.33.3.13 4-5-1/3.2.27 4-5-1/3.19 4-5-1/3.3.12c 4/3.4 4-2-3/3.3.2.33.2.17a 4/3.2.3.17d 4/3.2.2.7 4-2-3/3.17f 4/3.3 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 421 .2.9 4/4.3 4-5-1/3.5 4/4.2.5 4-2-3/3.3.2.33.2.7(a) 4-2-3/3.14h 4/3.3 4-2-3/3.9 4/4.16 4/3.2.7 4/4.3.$ Requirements Valves Relief Valves Filtration Storage Tank Testing Shop Tests Installation Test Controls General Control System Disconnect Communications Instrumentation and Alarms Rudder Position Indicator Power Failure Motor Alarms Control Power Failure Motor Running Indicators Low Oil-level Alarm Hydraulic Lock Autopilot Override Electrical Components Operating Instructions Trials --Full Speed Trial Half Speed Trial --------------Machinery Equipment and Systems Electrical Installations Application Definitions Earthed distribution System Essential Services Explosion-proof (Flameproof) Equipment Hazardous Area (Hazardous Location) Hull-return System Intrinsically-safe Category \ia] Increased Safety Non-periodic Duty Rating Non-sparking Fan Periodic Duty Rating Portable Apparatus Pressurized Equipment Semi-enclosed Space Separate Circuit Short Circuit Short-time Rating Plans and Data to be Submitted Standard Distribution System Voltage and Frequency Variations Inclinations Materials Insulation Material Class A Insulation Class B Insulation !"#$% -.2.9 4-5-1/3.31 4-2-3/3.27.11 4/4.33 4-2-3/3.23.1 4-5-1/3.11 4/4.4 4/4.3 4/4.15 4/4.3.27.10 4/4.12g 4/3.4 4-2-3/3.33.1(b) 4-2-3/3.7 4/4.13a 4/3.29 4-5-1/3.12g2 4/3.12f 4/3.7 4-2-3/3.27./ 4-2-3/3.2.3. the 2007 Rules !"#$%&''( 4/3.25.12 4/4.7 4-5-1/3.2 4-2-3/3.25 4-2-3/3.33.2 4-2-3/3.1 4-5-1/3.2.23.3.13b 4/3.3 4/4.3.25..1(a) 4-2-3/3.14 4/3.3.17c 4/3.12b 4/3.3.17a1 4/3.25 4-5-1/3.6 4-2-3/3.15 4-5-1/3.27.23.5 4-2-3/3.6 4-2-3/3.12e 4/3.15 4/3.2.21 4-5-1/3.2 4/4.21 4-5-1/5 4-5-1/7 4-5-1/9 4-5-1/11 4-5-1/13 4-5-1/15 4-5-1/15.3 4-2-3/3.3 4-2-3/3.2.3.17b 4/3.12g1 4/3.33.2.13.5 4-2-3/3.25.11.2.14f 4/3.2.14a 4/3.16 4/4.14g 4/3.14 4/4.27 4-2-3/3.14c 4/3.2.5 4-5-1/3.3.17g 4/3.2.2.14e 4/3.1 4/4.2.23.12d 4/3.3.1 4/4.2.2.1 4-2-3/3.11 4-5-1/3.2.2.14b 4/3.23 4-5-1/3.2 4-2-3/3.

3.1.3 4-5-2/7 4-5-2/7.2 Table 4/4.1.1iii) 4-5-2/5.21.3.1.1 4-5-1/23.3 4-5-1/21 4-5-1/23 4-5-1/23.3 Table 4/4.2 4/4A4.1.5 4-5-2/7.6 4/4.3 4-5-1/Table 1 4-5-1/Table 2 4-5-1/Table 3 4-5-1/Table 4 4-5-1/Table 5 4-5-2/1 4-5-2/1.2 4-5-1/19.4 4-5-2/7.3.7 4/4A2 4/4A2.1 4-5-1/19.2a4 4/4.1 4-5-2/7.3 4-5-2/7.Comparison of the Numbering System of the 1997 Rules vs.1 4/4A2.1.$ Class E Insulation Class F Insulation Class H Insulation Insulation for Temperatures Above 180°C (356°F) Degree of Protection for Enclosures Temperature Ratings General Reduced Ambient Temperature Environmentally Controlled Spaces --------Rating of Cables Ambient temperature Control Equipment Clearances and Creepage Distances Service Trial Electrical Installations for Ship Services Communication Facilities Voltage and Frequency Variations Degree of Protection – indicated by the first characteristic numeral Degree of Protection – indicated by the second characteristic numeral Primary Essential Services Secondary Essential Services Machinery Equipment and Systems Electrical Installations Shipboard Systems Plans and Data to be Submitted Wiring Systems Data for Wiring Systems Short-circuit Data Protective Device Coordination Load Analysis Main Source of Power Propulsion Shiphs Service Main Transformers Emergency Source of Power Non-passenger Vessels ------Passenger Vessels Distribution System Ship Service Distribution System General Method of Distribution Through-feed Arrangements Motor Control Center Motor Branch Circuit Ventilation System Heating Appliances Circuits for Bunker or Cargo Space Hull Return System General All Vessels ------Tankers Final Subcircuits and Earth Wires Earthed Distribution System !"#$% -.1i) 4-5-2/5.7 4-5-2/7.2 4-5-2/1.5 4-5-1/15.1a3 4/4A4.1 Table 4/4.1i) 4-5-1/19.3 4-5-2/7.1 4-5-2/3.3.6 4/4A4.4 4/4.9 4-5-1/15.3 4-5-1/19.11 4-5-1/17 4-5-1/19 4-5-1/19.1 4-5-2/7.1 4-5-2/1.3 4/4.3 4/4A1.2 4/4A4.1 4/4.7 4-5-1/15.1ii) 4-5-1/19. the 2007 Rules !"#$%&''( 4/4.3.21.3.1.17.2 Table 4/4.2 4/4A4 4/4A4.3.2 4/4A2.5 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .2 4-5-2/7.1a1 4/4A4.1 4/4A1.1.1(a) 4-5-2/7.5 422 *"+.3.2b 4/4.5 4/4A4.13.8 4-5-2/7.1b 4/4A4.5 Part 4 Section 4 Part A 4/4A1 4/4A1..1a 4/4A3.1.2a1 4/4.1.1 4/4A1.13.3 4-5-2/3.1.3.3.3.19 4/4.3 4/4A4.1.1 4/4A4.3 4/4A4.1ii) 4-5-2/5.2 4-5-2/7.13.1(a)i) 4-5-2/7.7 4-5-2/3 4-5-2/3.17.2a3 4/4.1.17.1.1.3.3.1a2 4/4A4.1 4/4A4.3.1.2c 4/4.1 4/4.4 4/4A4.1(b) 4-5-2/7.17.6 4-5-2/7.1.1c 4/4A3.4 Table 4/4.5 4/4A1.3.3 4/4A3 4/4A3.3.2a 4/4.17.3.1.17.5 4-5-2/5 4-5-2/5.1iii) 4-5-1/19.2 4/4A1.1 4-5-2/7.1(a)iii) 4-5-2/7.1.17.2 4/4.13.17 4/4.3.5 4-5-2/1./ 4-5-1/15.1(a)ii) 4-5-2/7.3.2a2 4/4.3.5 4/4.1 4-5-2/5.8 4/4A4.1 4-5-1/19.1 4/4A4.1iv) 4-5-1/19.17.1.1a 4/4A4.1.1b 4/4A3.1 4/4A3.1 4-5-2/1.15 4/4.21 4/4.3 4-5-2/1.3.17.7 4/4A4.

7.1.3.1.1.3(d) 4-5-2/9.3a2 4/4A5.1 4-5-2/9.7.1.5.5 4-5-2/9.$ External or Shore Power Supply Connection General Earthing Terminal Indicators Polarity or Phase Sequence Information Plate Securing of Trailing Cable Harmonics Circuit Protection System System Design General ----------Protection Against Short-circuit Protective Devices Rated Short-circuit Breaking Capacity Rated Short-circuit Making Capacity Protection Against Overload Circuit Breakers Fuses Rating Indication Cascade System (Back-up Protection) General Application Coordinated Tripping ------Protection for Generators General Trip Setting for Coordination Load Shedding Arrangements Provision for Load Sharing Arrangements ----Services not Allowed for Shedding ------Emergency Generator Protection for Alternating-current (AC) Generators Short-time Delay Trip Parallel Operation Instantaneous Trip Reverse Power Protection Undervoltage Protection Protection for Direct Current (DC) Generators Instantaneous Trip Parallel Operation Reverse Power Protection Generator Ammeter Shunts Undervoltage Protection Protection for Accumulator Batteries Protection for External or Shore Power Supply General Interlocking Arrangement Protection for Motor Branch Circuits General Direct-current Motor Branch Circuits !"#$% -.2 *"+.7.3 4/4A5.7.3a 4/4A5.4 4/4A5.5b 4/4A5.7.9 4-5-2/9.2 4-5-2/9.3 4/4A5.1.5.3.7.5./ 4-5-2/7.2(c) 4-5-2/9.11 4-5-2/9.3.2 4/4A5.2(a) 4-5-2/9.4 4/4A4.13.3 4-5-2/9.2 4-5-2/9.1.2 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 423 .13 4-5-2/9.1.3.3.4(b) 4-5-2/9.7.7.7 4/4A5.1.2(a) 4-5-2/9.1.2 4-5-2/9.1.1iii) 4-5-2/9.3 4/4A4.4 4-5-2/9. the 2007 Rules !"#$%&''( 4/4A4.1.3.3.2c 4/4A5.1 4-5-2/7.2 4-5-2/9.1.4 4-5-2/7.7.2a 4/4A5.5 4-5-2/7.1 4-5-2/9.2a 4/4A5.1 4/4A5.7.13 4/4A5.3.3.1.2c 4/4A5.2a 4/4A5.21 4/4A5.3(b)i) 4-5-2/9.3a1 4/4A5.1.3.1.7.1.1.5(b) 4-5-2/9.1.2 4/4A5..1.2 4/4A5.3.5.1 4/4A5.1ii) 4-5-2/9.13.7.7.1c 4/4A5.1.1.3(b) 4-5-2/9.3b1 4/4A5.1.1 4-5-2/9.11.9 4/4A5 4/4A5.5.2(c) 4-5-2/9.11 4/4A5.4b 4/4A5.3 4-5-2/9.5.3.3(b) 4-5-2/9.4 4/4A5.1.2 4-5-2/7.13.9 4/4A5.2b 4/4A5.2(b) 4-5-2/9.4(a) 4-5-2/9.5 4/4A4.5 4-5-2/9.1.1.7.3b2 4/4A5.5 4/4A5.3.1 4/4A5.7.1.5a 4/4A5.5.4a 4/4A5.5 4/4A5.1.2b 4/4A5.3(b)iii) 4-5-2/9.1ii 4/4A5.2(b) 4-5-2/9.11.1.6 4-5-2/7.3d 4/4A5.1 4-5-2/9.1 4-5-2/9.3.5c 4/4A5.3(a) 4-5-2/9.3.3c 4/4A5.1 4-5-2/9.2c 4/4A5.3(a)i) 4-5-2/9.2(b) 4-5-2/9.3.3(b)ii) 4-5-2/9.1.Comparison of the Numbering System of the 1997 Rules vs.7.1.1.1.3.11.2b 4/4A5.7.1.1.4 4-5-2/9.1 4-5-2/9.5(c) 4-5-2/9.2 4-5-2/9.1i) 4-5-2/9.11.13.5.1a 4/4A5.7.5.3.7 4-5-2/7.1.3 4-5-2/7.3.7.2(a) 4-5-2/9.5.3(c) 4-5-2/9.1.1.1b 4/4A5.1i) 4-5-2/9.1.3(a) 4-5-2/9.2 4/4A5.1ii) 4-5-2/9.1 4/4A5.1 4/4A5.7.1.3.3b 4/4A5.1.5(a) 4-5-2/9.7.1.7 4/4A4.1.2 4/4A4.3(a)ii) 4-5-2/9.1.9 4-5-2/9 4-5-2/9.3 4-5-2/9.3.1 4/4A4.2(c) 4-5-2/9.1 4/4A5.1i 4/4A5.3a 4/4A5.3b 4/4A5.3 4/4A5.3.6 4/4A4.7.2 4/4A5.3b3 4/4A5.7 4-5-2/9.1.

3 4/4A5.1 4-5-3/3.1c 4/4A10.1 4-5-2/11.3.1 4/4A10.13.3.1.1b 4/4A10.1.3 4-5-3/3.3.3 Part 4 Section 4 Part B 4/4B1 4/4B1.3 4-5-2/9.15.3.1 4/4A6.2 4/4B2.3 4/4A7.3 4/4B2.3 4-5-3/3.1.$ Alternating-current Motor Branch Circuits Motor Running Protection Undervoltage Protection and Undervoltage Release Protection for Transformer Circuits Setting of Overcurrent Device Parallel Operation Protection for Meters.1.15.1.5.1.5 4-5-2/9.1.1 4-5-2/13.15.7.5.2b 4/4A7.1 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .2 4-5-2/13.1.1 4/4A7.3.1.1 4/4B1.4 4-5-2/9.1 4-5-3/3./ 4-5-2/9.1.1 4-5-3/1.5.1 4/4B2.3b 4/4A7.3 4-5-3/3.1(a) 4-5-2/17.3.5.3 4/4B2.1.1.3.1.1 4/4A7.2 4/4A7.1 4/4A7.1 4/4B2.1.4 4/4B2. the 2007 Rules !"#$%&''( 4/4A5.17 4-5-2/11 4-5-2/11.1 4-5-2/13.3 4-5-3/1 4-5-3/1.3 4-5-2/11.7 4/4B2. 0-50 Volts Navigation Light System Feeders Navigation Light Indicator Protection Emergency and Interior-communication Switchboard Refrigerated Space Alarm Fire Protection Systems Emergency Stop Ventilation System General Machinery Space Ventilation Ventilation Other Than Machinery Space Fuel Oil Units Fire Detection and Alarm System Machinery Equipment and Systems Electrical Installations Shipboard Installation Plans and Data to be Submitted Booklet of Standard Details Arrangement of Electrical Equipment Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas Electrical Installation and Arrangement General Consideration Equipment Location General Equipment in Areas Protected by Local Fixed Pressure Water-spraying and Watermist Fire Extinguishing System in Machinery Spaces Example of Protected Area of Direct Spray and Adjacent Area where Water May Extend Protection from Bilge Water Accessibility Generators Ship Service Motors General Pump Motors Motors on Weather Decks Motors Below Decks Accumulator Batteries General !"#$% -.2(b) 4-5-2/13.3 4/4A7.1.1.2a 4/4A7.4 4-5-2/13.1.4 4/4A7.17 4/4A6 4/4A6.15 4/4A5.3 4-5-2/13.1.1 4-5-2/11.1.2 4-5-2/17.1 4-5-2/13.1.3 4-5-2/11.1.2 4-5-2/9.5 4-5-2/13 4-5-2/13.1.7 4-5-3/3.2 4/4B2.2 4-5-3/3.13.1 4-5-3/3.3 4/4A6.2 4-5-2/13.7.4 4/4A5.1.15.1 4/4B2.3b) 4-5-2/13.5 4/4B2.3 4-5-2/13.1 4-5-2/17.1.5.1.3 4/4B2.1.5 4/4A7.13.2 4-5-3/Figure 1 4-5-3/3.5 4/4B2 4/4B2.3.1.2 4/4A10..3 4/4B1.3a 4/4A7.1.1(c) 4-5-2/17.1 4-5-2/17.2 4/4A5.2(a) 4-5-2/13.3 4-5-3/3.1 4/4A6.4 4/4A9 4/4A10 4/4A10.1 4/4A10.Comparison of the Numbering System of the 1997 Rules vs.3 4-5-2/13.1.1.3.1 424 *"+.5 4-5-3/3.5.3(a) 4-5-2/13.3.1.1.1 4/4A5.1 4-5-3/3.3 4/4A7.1.13. Instrumentation and Alarms Lighting and Navigation Light System Lighting System Main Lighting System System Arrangement Main Lighting System Emergency Lighting System Lighting Circuits Machinery Spaces Cargo Spaces Protection for Lighting Circuits Low Voltage System Systems.1b Figure 4/4B.1.1a 4/4A10.1.1 4/4B2.15 4-5-2/9.13.1(b) 4-5-2/17.5.1.1a 4/4B2.5 4-5-2/13.5 4-5-2/15 4-5-2/17 4-5-2/17.1 4-5-2/9. Pilot Lamps and Control Circuits Systems for Steering Gear Power Supply Feeder Protection for Steering Gear Motor Circuit Short Circuit Protection Undervoltage Release Controls.5.2 4/4A6.5 4-5-3/3 4-5-3/3.5 4/4A5.5 4/4A7 4/4A7.4 4-5-3/3.3 4-5-3/1.1.1.2 4/4A7.1.13.1.

9.2(d) 4-5-3/3.13.1.11.13.2c 4/4B2.1.4 4/4B2.3 4/4B2.17 4-5-3/3.7 4-5-3/5.2 4-5-3/5.6 4/4B3.7.7.6 4-5-3/5.1.3 4/4B3.19 4-5-3/3.2a 4/4B3.9.2a 4/4B2.2d 4/4B2.1(c) 4-5-3/5.9 4-5-3/5.1(f) 4-5-3/5.7.7.7.9.1 4/4B3.1(d) 4-5-3/5.9.2(b) 4-5-3/5.5.11.8 4/4B3.9.7.21 4-5-3/3.25 4/4B3 4/4B3.11.2 4/4B3.1(a) 4-5-3/5.7.11 4/4B2.2 4-5-3/3.7.13.5.2(e) 4-5-3/3. the 2007 Rules !"#$%&''( 4/4B2.3 4/4B2.9 4-5-3/3.1(b) 4-5-3/5.7.2(d)i) 4-5-3/3.13.2f 4/4B2.3b 4/4B2.23 4/4B2.2(b) 4-5-3/3.8 4-5-3/5.1.1b 4/4B3.9.15 4-5-3/3.2e 4/4B2.5.5.4 4-5-3/5.2 4/4B2.13.3 4-5-3/3.23 4-5-3/3.2d1 4/4B2.1a 4/4B3.7.2 4/4B2.3 4/4B3.2(c) 4-5-3/3.2(d) 4-5-3/3.1.7.9.13.5.1 4/4B3.1.2b 4/4B3..7.7.7.1d 4/4B3.5.1.9.5.1.13.2(a) 4-5-3/5.3 4-5-3/3.13.9 4/4B3.7.3c 4/4B2.2b 4/4B2.7.7.13.1./ 4-5-3/3.3 4-5-3/5.7.7.13.13.7 4-5-3/5.1f 4/4B3.1(e) 4-5-3/5.1.9.7.2(f) 4-5-3/3.5.5.13.1 4/4B2.2 4-5-3/3.2c 4/4B2.1e 4/4B3.15 4/4B2.13 4-5-3/3.7.9.7.3 4/4B3.13 4/4B2.13.1.2 4/4B3.11.11.2(c) 4-5-3/3.3 4-5-3/3.11 4-5-3/3.3(c) 4-5-3/3.3(a) 4-5-3/3.5.2(e) 4-5-3/3.2(b) 4-5-3/3.1.7.9.1 4/4B3.3 4-5-3/5.13.5 4-5-3/5.1 4-5-3/5.2e 4/4B2.9 4/4B2.$ Battery Installation and Arrangements Large Batteries Moderate-size Batteries Small Batteries Low-hydrogen-emission Battery Installations ----Battery Trays Identification of Battery Types Ventilation Battery Rooms Battery Lockers Deck Boxes Small Battery Boxes Protection from Corrosion Switchboard Distribution Boards Location and Protection Switchboard-type Distribution Boards Safety-type Panels Motor Controllers and Control Centers Location and Installation Disconnecting Arrangements Device Location Locking Identification Plate Open and Close Indications Indicating Light Circuits Resistors for Control Apparatus Lighting Fixtures Heating Equipment Magnetic Compasses Portable Equipment and Outlets Receptacles and Plugs of Different Ratings Cable Installation General Considerations Continuity of Cabling Choice of Cables Cable Voltage Drop for New Installations Restricted Location of Cabling Means of Drainage from Cable Enclosures High Voltage Cables Paint on Cables Cable Installation above High-voltage Switchgear and Control-gear Insulation Resistance for New Installation Protection for Electric-magnetic Induction Multiple Conductor Cables Single Conductor Cables ------Non-shielded Signal Cables Joints and Sealing Support and Bending Support and Fixing ------------Bending Radius !"#$% -.1 4/4B2.2(d)ii) 4-5-3/3.7 4/4B3.4 4/4B3.9.3(d) 4-5-3/3.2d2 4/4B2.1.9.7.3d 4/4B2.1 4-5-3/5.21 4/4B2.2 *"+.25 4-5-3/5 4-5-3/5.4 4-5-3/3.7.1.3 4-5-3/5.1c 4/4B3.2b 4/4B2.2c 4/4B3.1.2 4/4B2.Comparison of the Numbering System of the 1997 Rules vs.1 4/4B3.5 4/4B3.3a 4/4B2.19 4/4B2.5.3(b) 4-5-3/3.13.9.17 4/4B2.2(a) 4-5-3/3.7.5 4-5-3/5.13.1 4-5-3/3.2d 4/4B2.7.2a 4/4B2.3 4/4B2.2(a) 4-5-3/3.2 4-5-3/3.5.2 4-5-3/5.11.2 ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 425 .5 4/4B3.1 4-5-3/5.2(c) 4-5-3/5.7.1 4-5-3/3.1.9.7.9.7.1 4-5-3/5.7 4/4B3.

9.25 4/4B3.$ Plastic Cable Trays and Protective Casings Installations Safe Working Load Cable Occupation Ratio in Protective Casing Type Testing Cable Run in Bunches Reduction of Current Rating Clearance and Segregation Cable of Lower Conductor Temperature Deck and Bulkhead Penetrations Mechanical Protection Metallic Armor Conduit Pipe or Structural Shapes Emergency and Essential Feeders Location Requirements by the Governmental Authority Mineral Insulated Cables Fiver Optic Cables Battery Room Paneling and Dome Fixtures Sheathing and Structural Insulation Splicing of Electrical Cables Basis of Approval Installation Protection Splicing of Fiber Optic Cables Cable Junction Box ----------------Earthing General Permanent Equipment Connections General Earthed Distribution System Connection to Hull Structure Portable Cords Cable Metallic Covering Lighting Earth Conductors Installation in Cargo Hold for Dry Bulk Cargoes Equipment Self-unloading Controls and Alarms General Monitors Emergency Shutdowns Equipment and Installation in Hazardous Areas General Consideration General Lighting Circuits Cables Installation Permanent Warning Plates Certified-safe Type and Pressurized Equipment and Systems Installation Approval Intrinsically-safe Systems Installation of Cables and Wiring Separation and Mechanical Protection --- !"#$% -.2 4/4B5.5.1 4-5-3/11.9 4/4B4.2 4-5-3/5.9.33.11 4/4B3.1 4-5-3/9.1 4/4B3.3 4-5-3/5.33.1 4-5-3/5.33 4/4B3.3(a) 4-5-3/5.3 4-5-3/11 4-5-3/11.17.3a 4/4B3.29.3 4-5-3/11.3d 4/4B3.3.5.9.29.3 4-5-3/5.5.33 4-5-3/5.3 4-5-3/5.1 4/4B3.1 4/4B3.3 4-5-3/11.3 4/4B4.11.9.17.3.2(b)i) ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 .33.11 4/4B5 4/4B5.17.5.5 4/4B4 4/4B4.3(c) 4-5-3/5.1 4-5-3/5.9 4-5-3/7.3 4/4B3.3.3(b) 4-5-3/5.2 4-5-3/11.33.2a 4/4B7.1 4/4B5.11.1 4-5-3/7.23 4-5-3/5.1 4-5-3/5.1.5 4/4B4.3.3.11 4-5-3/5.2 4/4B3.3 4/4B4.3 4-5-3/7.23 4/4B3.1 4/4B3.3.3(b) 4-5-3/5.33.3.13 4-5-3/5.11.3 4/4B3.3b 4/4B3.5.33.17.29.19 4/4B3.3b 4/4B3.9.9.15 4-5-3/5.3(d) 4-5-3/5.3.9.3 4/4B5.2 4/4B3.3 4/4B7 4/4B7.1 4/4B4.33.33.3a 4/4B3.9.2 4-5-3/11.19 4-5-3/5.33.29.33.Comparison of the Numbering System of the 1997 Rules vs.5.1.5 4-5-3/7.3 4/4B7.1 4/4B4.17 4-5-3/5.3(a) 4-5-3/5.3.7 4/4B4.4 4/4B3.3 4/4B3.15..3.29.2 4/4B7.9.13 4/4B3.2 4/4B3.33.3 4-5-3/7.11. the 2007 Rules !"#$%&''( 4/4B3.1.4 4/4B7.3 4-5-3/5.1 4/4B7.1 4-5-3/5.33./ 4-5-3/5.31 4/4B3.3c 4/4B3.2(b) 4-5-3/11.15.3 4/4B7.5 4-5-3/7 4-5-3/7.1.2 4-5-3/5.3.1 4-5-3/5.11.3 4-5-3/9.17 4/4B3.1 4/4B5.15 4/4B3.25 4-5-3/5.1 4/4B7.2 4/4B3.2b 4/4B7.3.33.3c 4/4B3.1.1 4/4B3.2b1 426 *"+.2 4/4B7.33.1 4/4B7.21 4/4B3.4 4-5-3/5.2 4-5-3/7.2(a) 4-5-3/11.2 4/4B3.15.31 4-5-3/5.29 4/4B3.3(c) 4-5-3/5.3.1 4-5-3/11.2 4-5-3/9.29.3.33.1 4-5-3/9.9.3.29 4-5-3/5.11.27 4/4B3.33.3 4/4B3.1 4-5-3/11.2 4-5-3/5.1 4-5-3/7.4 4-5-3/11.7 4-5-3/7.1.11 4-5-3/9 4-5-3/9.2 4-5-3/5.1.2 4/4B4.3.2 4-5-3/5.15.27 4-5-3/5.21 4-5-3/5.1.

3.7.1 4-5-4/3.1 4/4B7.7.1c 4/4B7.7.5.2d 4/4B7.3.1.1.Comparison of the Numbering System of the 1997 Rules vs.1 4-5-4/1.3(c) 4-5-4/3.3c 4/4B7./ 4-5-3/11.5.3 Table 4/4B1 Table 4/4B2 Table 4/4B3 Part 4 Section 4 Part C 4/4C1 4/4C1.3 4/4C2.5.2(e) 4-5-3/11.3h *"+.1v) 4-5-3/11.5.2d 4/4B7.3c 4/4C2. Distribution Boards.3. etc.7.1.3(g) 4-5-4/3.2(d)ii) 4-5-3/11.1.1.3.2b2 4/4B7.7.1iv) 4-5-3/11.7.2 4/4C2.7 4/4B7.3(a) 4-5-4/3.1 4/4B7.5 4/4C2 4/4C2.2 4-5-3/11.1.7.2c2 4/4B7.2(d) 4-5-3/11.5 4-5-3/11.1.1.5.3.3.7.2f 4/4B7.5. for Essential or Emergency Services or RMC Certification Rotating Machines General Application Certification on Basis of an Approved Quality Assurance Program References Inclination Insulation Capacity of Generators Power Supply by Generators Protection for Generator Circuits Protection for Motor Circuits Installation Protection Enclosures and its Selection !"#$% -.3.3 4-5-4/3.2(b) 4-5-3/11.2 4-5-4/3.2b3 4/4B7.3 4-5-3/11.2c 4/4B7.7.3(f) 4-5-4/3.1 4-5-3/11.2(d)i) 4-5-3/11.1.1e 4/4B7.2(d)i) 4-5-3/11.3.2(d)iii) 4-5-3/11.1d 4/4B7.5.2d3 4/4B7.3g 4/4C2.5.5.5.3.2(c) 4-5-3/11.3d 4/4C2.3.3.1(a) 4-5-3/11.2d2 4/4B7.1i) 4-5-3/11.3.3.2d2 4/4B7.1.3 4-5-3/Table 1 4-5-3/Table 2 4-5-3/Table 3 4-5-4/1 4-5-4/1.7.2(f) 4-5-3/11.3(h) ABS RULES FOR BUILDING AND CLASSING STEEL VESSELS FOR SERVICE ON RIVERS 2 INTRACOASTAL WATERWAYS ! 2007 427 .7.7.2c3 4/4B7.7.1.1iii) 4-5-3/11.2a 4/4B7.1 4/4C1.3.2(b)iv) 4-5-3/11.3 4-5-3/11.3(e) 4-5-4/3.1a 4/4B7.1.2 4/4B7.1.3b 4/4C2.7.2(c)ii) 4-5-3/11.3 4-5-4/1.5.7.3.2e 4/4B7.3 4/4C1.1 4-5-3/11.3iii) 4-5-3/11.7.7.7.2(c) 4-5-3/11.5.7.3.1 4-5-4/3.1.3i) 4-5-3/11.7.3.5 4-5-4/3 4-5-4/3.2(d)ii) 4-5-3/11.2(d) 4-5-3/11.7.2b4 4/4B7.2(b)ii) 4-5-3/11.3ii) 4-5-3/11.1.1.1.2(c)iv) 4-5-3/11.1(b) 4-5-3/11..3(b) 4-5-4/3.7.1 4/4C2.5.7.3f 4/4C2.7. the 2007 Rules !"#$%&''( 4/4B7.2 4-5-3/11.3.1a 4/4B7.3.$ ------Sub-compartment Termination Arrangements ----Identification Plate Replacement Pressurized Equipment Paint Stores General ----------Open Area Near Ventilation Openings Enclosed Access Spaces ------Non-sparking Fans Design Criteria Air Gap Protection Screen Materials Impeller and Its Housing Electrostatic Charges Acceptable Combination of Materials --------Unacceptable Combination of Materials ------Type Test Minimum Degree of Protection Minimum Bending Radii of Cables Size of Earth-continuity Conductors and Earthing Connections Machinery Equipment and Systems Electrical Installations Machinery and Equipment Plans and Data to be Submitted Generators and Motors of 100 kW and Over Generators and Motors Below 100 kW Switchboards.5.7.7.5.2(a) 4-5-3/11.3a 4/4B7.2(c)iii) 4-5-3/11.1b 4/4B7.7.2d1 4/4B7.2 4/4B7.3 4/4B7..5 4/4B7.2c4 4/4B7.3a 4/4C2.7.1.3(d) 4-5-4/3.5.5.7.5.7.2c1 4/4B7.3e 4/4C2.1.3 4/4B7.2d1 4/4B7.3.2c 4/4B7.7.7 4-5-3/11.1.3b 4/4B7.2(c)i) 4-5-3/11.5.5.5.1.1b 4/4B7.2b 4/4B7.7.1ii) 4-5-3/11.1.2(b)iii) 4-5-3/11.5.1 4/4C2.

19.1(e) 4-5-4/3.13.2 4/4C2.2 4/4C2.19.17.3 4/4C2.2 4/4C2.11.13.9.2 4-5-4/3.7.3 4-5-4/3.2 4-5-4/3.1 4/4C2.1(a)ii) 4-5-4/3.1(a)iii) 4-5-4/3.19.1 4-5-4/3.9.1 4-5-4/3.6 4/4C2.1b 4/4C2.7 4/4C2.3.17.3.1c 4/4C2.17.9.13 4/4C2.11.19.11.2(c) 4-5-4/3.6.9. Frame and Pedestals Shafts and Couplings Circulating Currents Rotating Machines Insulation of Windings Protection Against Cooling Water Moisture-condensation Prevention Terminal Arrangements Nameplates Lubrication Turbines for Generators Operating Governor Transient Frequency Variations ----Frequency Variations at Steady State Overspeed Governor Exhaust Steam to the Turbines Extraction of Steam Power Output of Gas Turbines Diesel Engines for Generators Operating Governor Transient Frequency Variations ------Frequency Variations at Steady State Emergency Generator Prime Movers Overspeed Governor Alternating-current (AC) Generators Control and Excitation of Generators Voltage Regulation Voltage Regulators Steady Conditions Short Circuit Conditions Parallel Operation Reactive Load Sharing Load Sharing !"#$% -.3 4-5-4/3.9.19.7 4/4C2.15.3(a) 4-5-4/3.8 4-5-4/3.3.6.19.13.2(a) 4-5-4/3.2 4-5-4/3.15.9 4-5-4/3.1 4/4C2.2 4-5-4/3.15.11.7.13.11.3 4-5-4/3.2b 4/4C2.1(a) 4-5-4/3.1 4-5-4/3.3 4-5-4/3.19.1a2 4/4C2.17.1b 4/4C2.9 4/4C2.2a 4/4C2.2 4-5-4/3.5 4/4C2.7.11.21.11.7.19.1b 4/4C2.19.2c 4/4C2.17 4-5-4/3.4 4-5-4/3.6.21.2(b) 4-5-4/3.3.17.4 4/4C2.7.17.19.1 4-5-4/3.21.21 4-5-4/3.1d 4/4C2.4 4/4C2.3a 4/4C2.15 4-5-4/3.2 4-5-4/3.1a2 4/4C2.7 4-5-4/3.15.$ Testing and Inspection Applications Machines of 100 kW and Over Machines Below 100 kW Special Testing Arrangements Insulation Resistance Measurement Overload and Overcurrent Capacity AC Generators AC Motors Over-current Capacity Overload Capacity Overload Capacity for Synchronous Motors Dielectric Strength of Insulation Application Standard Voltage Test Direct Current T