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Finger Lakes Times Friday, September 6,1985 3

Photos show the Titanic broken apart on ocean floor
(The Los Angeles Times) W O O D S ^ H O L E , Mass. - The U.S. and French scientists Who found the sunken luxury liner Titanic headed for home port here early Thursday, exhausted and elated after an all-night underwater photography probe showed that the supposedly " u n s i n k a b l e " ship had apparently broken apart on the Atlantic Ocean floor. "Initially, they said it was int a c t , " said N a n c y Creen, a spokesman at the Woods Hole Oceanograpfiic Institution, which announced the f i n d this week. " N o w , they're f i n d i n g there was m u c h more damage than they thought. One thing they're not seeing is the stern of the s h i p . " Shelley Lauzon, information director for the non-profit marine research institution, said Thursday morning that the scientists had worked all night and had produced "spectacular" undersea color video pictures and more than 12.000 color and black and white photographs of the ship's b o w and nearby debris. She said that the photos, include details <>* dishes, luggage, chamber pots, p l u m b i n g , coal and five cases of w i n e " i n perfect c o n d i t i o n " on the ocean floor. l a u z o n said that the 47 scientists and crew members aboard the research vessel Knorr held a special memorial service Sunday o n the fantail of their ship for the 1,513 victims of the notorious maritime disaster. The Titanic, the largest and most luxurious liner of its time, struck an iceberg and sank o n its maiden transatlantic voyage on April 14,1912. Some survivors later said that the 882-foot-long, 45,000-ton ship appeared to break in two when boilers exploded as it sank. Dr. Robert D. Ballard, chief scientist aboard the Knorr, previously had said that the first of four distinctive raked, yellow and black smokestacks was missing and that the exploding boilers had b l o w n a gaping hole in the ship's side. O n Thursday, Knorr's crew confirmed that the Titanic appeared to have split in t w o and that the stern had not been f o u n d . In a ship-toshore telephone interview with ABC's " G o o d M o r n i n g America," Ballard warned against attempts to salvage the 73-year-old wreck, which rests upright near a deep trench on a boulder-strewn field about 13,000 feet under water. " T h e y ' d have to salvage it in several places," Ballard said. "It's not intact. I don't see the point of it. I can't believe it has any commercial value. It seems such a bad thing to do. It's a gravesite and memorial for 1,500 souls." Lauzon said that the Knorr left the search site, about 370 miles southeast of Nova Scotia and 500 miles south of Newfoundland, early Thursday morning. She said that the Knorr is expected to return to this scenic Cape Cod port by 1 p.m. Monday. The U.S. Navy owns the Knorr, and is chief financial backer for the current tests of a special unmanned underwater TV a n d sonar probe. In-, stitution officials emphasized that! the scientists had gone to the suspected site of the Titanic to test the new system for ocean mapping and exploration. 0 The expedition's success was n o accident, however. A two-footlong, hand-painted scale model of the Titanic dominates Ballard's conference table here And the 43year-old oceanographic geologist has studied the sinking forjyears,, reading every book and report o n ' the ship, according to longtime friend and colleague Skip Marquet. "Bob is a dreamer," Marquet said.

nfig taKes Tt on th eroacT WiTrTrri ob \\ e k i tch e n s
(Newsday) If it seems like you can't get away from fast-food restaurants, you may be right. Burger King, not content to wait for business to c o m e to it, is going after customers w i t h a fleet of 20 mobile, fully equipped kitchens that it plans tCLuJeploy at schools and businesses in South Florida and at military bases overseas. At Florida International University's campus in M i a m i , the restaurant will actually f o l l o w students around during the day, meeting them at classes for breakfast, on the commons for lunch and at their dormitories for dinner and late snacks. O n weekends, it w i l l appear at soccer games. The creator of Burger King's rolli n g restaurants, Stephen Finn^sees that test project as the beginning of a national rollout. The vice president and general manager of the mobile restaurant division said that talks are under way with M i a m i ' s schools and with several other, unidentified colleges. Florida International University hopes the mobile units w i l l ease cafeteria crowding at the rapidly growing campus. Ron Arrowsmith, the university's vice president for administrative affairs, said 4hat nutrition should not be a problem. "This is a supplement that gives the student a choice," Arrowsmith said, " a n d we're going to assume he's going to require vegetables and he's going to have enough sense to use the cafeteria once in a while." Arrowsmith and officials at the Dade County School System, which also is looking at the mobile restaurants, cited nutritional studies that found fast-food diets healthy. Qi more concern has been the flood of calls from competing vendors seeking a piece of the action. Dade County is particularly worried about jeopardizing federal lunch subsidies. The attraction, said assistant superintendant James Fleming, is that students in adult evening courses c o u l d leave work, grab a bite to eat and run into class. Fleming said that high schools might also be interested, especially because students make a mad dash during their 32-minute lunch break to o f f - c a m p u s fast-food restaurants. O n e youth was killed recently in a traffic accident as he rushed to l u n c h . For Burger King, the advantages are a high profile and maybe high profits; it says one mobile unit serving a military base takes in as much as a regular fixed restaurant. But W i l l i a m Maguire, an analyst at Merrill Lynch in New York, said that the achievement w i l l be more in rriaTkeTmg than in money. "It's not really designed to make a lot of money," he said. "It's a good marketing ploy, but a small o n e . "

Man turns body into 'laboratory'
NEW YORK (AP) Rob Sweetgall covered 11,208 miles in 354 days, walking on back roads and highways through each of 50 states to promote walking as a means of cardiovascular fitness. " I t was an emotional experience," Sweetgall said Thursday as he walked the final mile cross the Brooklyn Bridge into Manhattan. The 37-year-old former DuPont chemical engineer said that along the way he lectured on the virtues of physical fitness to some 125,000 school children, including a sixstudent school in Baker, Mont. The shoe and clothing promoters w h o sponsored Sweetgall s trip say it was the longest solo walk compTefedinTess than a year. In addition to the cause, Sweetgall also dedicated his body to science. He interrupted his walk eight times during thp ypar rn fly back to the University of

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Walk for the Health of It

\ Chemical engineer travels almost 12,000 miles on foot j ^ J f e v through 50 states in one year to promote walking for health.

Death row inmates caught in a vise grip, says judge
WASHINGTON-^! Death row inmates are being squeezed in a "pernicious vise g r i p " by inexp e r i e n c e d t r i a l lawyers and inadequate time to head off their executions. Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall says. Marshall, who is opposed to capital punishment under all circumstances, says the Supreme Court has contributed to a misconception that those on death row are manipulating the legal system and thwarting justice through lengthy appeals. "Contrary to popular perceptions, all capital defendants have not spent years filing frivolous claims in federal courts," Marshall said. " W e simply cannot allow this inaccurate view to blind us to reality." There are more than 1,500 inmates on death rows nationwide, and the pace of executions has increased recently. There have been 15 executions this year and 47 since • the Supreme Court reinstated capital punishment in 1976. Marshall said the problem often begins with the inadequacy of trial lawyers w h o , despite good intentions, are not familiar with the special rules that apply to death penalty cases. "They inevitably make very serious mistakes," he said. For example, m a n y lawyers are unaware certain issues are pending before appeals courts and they fail to raise them at the trial, Marshall said. They also neglect to mention mitigating circumstances weighing in the defendant's favor when he is being s e n t e n c e d , Marshall continued. As a result, court rules bar those issues from being raised when the defendant appeals, Marshall added. He said the defendant seeking post convict i o n — r e l i e f is—thtrs"caught in an increasingly pernicious vise g r i p " — squeezed on one side by an . inexperienced lawyer and on the other by the Supreme C o u r t ' s increasingly "rigidi> doctrines" limiting issues that can be raised on appeaiT^ Several justices have denounced tactics of some lawyers who file repeated last-minute appeals to head off executions.' Marshall said those attacks are unfounded. "The court has not yet recognized that the right of effective (legal) assistance must encompass a right to counsel familiar with death penalty jurisprudence at the trial stage," he satoV

Flew to Alaska and Hawaii

UPI Graphic

Massachusetts Medical School where doctors poked, prodded, dunked and otherwise probed his body to get information on the effectsof his walk. " H e literally turned his body into a walking laboratory/' saiH fir James Rippfe^ a c a r d i o l o g i s t

overseeing the project, who added the final results of the tests w o u l d take at least a year to complete. ^ T h o u g h Sweetgall was without backup^n-support teams, h e says ~Re~was never really alone. About 2,500 Americans traveled short distances with him along the way, including a 3-year-old boy w h o

Marshall's comments were walked six-tenths of a mile by his prepared for delivery in a speech in side. Hershey, Pa., to judges o f the 2nd Sweetgall said his trip was equal U.S. judicial circuit encompassing to running 430 marathons or 1.2 federal courts in Connecticut, New marathons daity for 364 c o r t Y o f k a n d V e f m o n t s e c u t i v e d a y s . Using his stride^s^ "jpecth were releasedfiere7 average speed and the number of steps per mile, he estimated he "The Supreme Court has endorstook a total of 20 million steps ed, and the states and courts have implemented, a scheme in w h i c h capital defendants receive less time to present their cases to the courts than non-capital defendants," Marshall contended. _— He said condemned men and women are not getting the chance to raise on appeal issues that could spare their lives. "People w h o face the ultimate sentence (must) receive the same opportunity to present their best case to the court that non-capital defendants receive," Marshall said. " U n t i l the Supreme Court w i l l make that guarantee, others must work w i t h i n the existing system to provide that opportunity."

Parents want AIDS victim expelled, students disagree
SWANSEA, Mass. (AP) - Junior high school students in this small seaside community have rallied around a popular classmate stricken with AIDS, but many parents say school officials should expel the boy, w h o was allowed to attend class w i t h o u t his condition being disclosed. "He's just the same thing as a regular k i d , e x c e p t he has problems," said Joseph Sousa, 13, a sjxth-grader at Case Junior High School, which confirmed Thursday that an eighth-grader with AIDS has been attending classes at the 625student school since Aug. 27. " I think it's g o o d he's allowed to come to s c h o o l , " Sousa said. " I ' m not scared to go near h i m . " Many parents, however, said Thursday that they wanted school Superintendent John E. McCarthy to expel the AIDS victim, who contracted the ailment during treatment for hemophilia. School officials said they h a d ' been swamped with calls and visits from parents alarmed that their children might catch the deadly disease and angry that they were not told of the case before classes began. O n e father withdrew his t w o children from school Thursday, principal Harold Devine said. " I think parents should have been told before school so they could have taken a v o t e , " said Eleanor Costa, whose 14-year-old daughter attends the school. " T h e y don't know for sure how it's spread It's dangerous. It's death. "Before school started, they sent us all notes saying kids with a fever or strep throat needed a doctor's note before coming to school. A n d here they're not taking any precao^ tions with AIDS." But McCarthy said he decided to allow the boy, whom officials would not identify, to attend school on advice from experts at the state Department of Public Health and the national Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta w h o told him the disease cannot be spread through typical classroom contact. AIDS, or acquired immune deficiency syndrome, is an affliction in w h i c h the body's immune system becomes unable to resist disease. It is transmitted mainly through sexual contact a n ^ e x p o s u r e to 4nfected blood or blood products. ( Most of the victims have been \ homosexual men. " W e d i d the right thing," McCar- / thy said. "It was the right m e d i c a f decision and the logical thing to do. ... Cod help us for that k i d . " The boy's condition was kept a secret from everyone except Case teachers to protect his privacy, McCarthy said. The teachers supported h i m , he said. "We do not want this student ostracized,' he said. "Confidentiality is the l a w . " Most parents found out about the pupil through a newspaper article Thursday, but students at the school said it was generally known that the boy had AIDS. "Everyone is really good friends with him. He's real popular. He's real quiet," said Denise Ondrick, j ! 4 , an eighth-grader. "They say it's not catchy. I know I'm not going to get it. I think he can come here."


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