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PART 2 HONEYCOMB HOUSING MAZLIN GHAZALI
PART 2 HONEYCOMB HOUSING MAZLIN GHAZALI
PART 2 HONEYCOMB HOUSING MAZLIN GHAZALI
PART 2
HONEYCOMB HOUSING
MAZLIN GHAZALI
Figure 1.1 Houses laid out around a central space to form a small neighbourhood.

Figure 1.1 Houses laid out around a central space to form a small neighbourhood.

Figure 1.1 Houses laid out around a central space to form a small neighbourhood.

Figure 1.1 Houses laid out around a central space to form a small neighbourhood.
Figure 1.1 Houses laid out around a central space to form a small neighbourhood.

Figure 1.2 All houses in the neighbourhood face a communal garden. Figure 1.3 In the

Figure 1.2 All houses in the neighbourhood face a communal garden.

1.2 All houses in the neighbourhood face a communal garden. Figure 1.3 In the quarter- detached

Figure 1.3 In the quarter- detached block, two houses face one courtyard; the other two face a di erent courtyard.

these are common in the fine structure of

and snowflakes

face one courtyard; the other two face a di erent courtyard. these are common in the
face one courtyard; the other two face a di erent courtyard. these are common in the

Figure 1.4 The neighbourhoods can be arranged in an interlocking pattern.

Figure 1.5

A Honeycomb

Precinct

Figure 1.4 The neighbourhoods can be arranged in an interlocking pattern. Figure 1.5 A Honeycomb Precinct
Figure 1.4 The neighbourhoods can be arranged in an interlocking pattern. Figure 1.5 A Honeycomb Precinct
Figure 1.4 The neighbourhoods can be arranged in an interlocking pattern. Figure 1.5 A Honeycomb Precinct
Figure 1.4 The neighbourhoods can be arranged in an interlocking pattern. Figure 1.5 A Honeycomb Precinct

efficiently organized. Without realizing it we a more efficient housing layout contrary to nothing can

efficiently organized. Without realizing it we

a more efficient housing layout contrary to

nothing can be more efficient than terrace

Figure 1.6 Snow ake

housing layout is the more efficient of the two

be cut and streams to be filled. Economics,

Figure 1.6 Snow ake housing layout is the more efficient of the two be cut and
Figure 1.6 Snow ake housing layout is the more efficient of the two be cut and

Figure 1.7 A typical terrace of houses.

Figure 1.7 A typical terrace of houses. Figure 1.8 A typical terrace house layout.

Figure 1.7 A typical terrace of houses. Figure 1.8 A typical terrace house layout.

Figure 1.8 A typical terrace house layout.

Figure 1.7 A typical terrace of houses. Figure 1.8 A typical terrace house layout.
Figure 1.7 A typical terrace of houses. Figure 1.8 A typical terrace house layout.

Figure 1.9 (left) Ground Floor Plan Figure 1.10 (right) First Floor Plan — All terrace
Figure 1.9 (left) Ground Floor Plan Figure 1.10 (right) First Floor Plan — All terrace

Figure 1.9 (left) Ground Floor Plan

Figure 1.10 (right) First Floor Plan — All terrace house designs are variations of this theme.

priced developments. In the first case the

First Floor Plan — All terrace house designs are variations of this theme. priced developments. In
First Floor Plan — All terrace house designs are variations of this theme. priced developments. In

Figure 1.11 Low density terrace house layout with a loose ‘organic’ plan form at Bukit

Figure 1.11

Low density terrace house layout with a loose ‘organic’

plan form at Bukit Jelutong, Shah Alam, Selangor.

can now only afford flats or apartments. This

Figure 1.12 High density clustered terrace houses where communal spaces are created between blocks in Desa Park, Petaling Jaya, Selangor.

density clustered terrace houses where communal spaces are created between blocks in Desa Park, Petaling Jaya,
density clustered terrace houses where communal spaces are created between blocks in Desa Park, Petaling Jaya,
density clustered terrace houses where communal spaces are created between blocks in Desa Park, Petaling Jaya,

Figure 1.13 Arlington Row, Bibury, Gloucestershire in England, built in the 16th century for farm

Figure 1.13 Arlington Row, Bibury, Gloucestershire in England, built in the 16th century for farm workers, was probably the rst such terrace.

in respect of cost and efficiency of land use,

successful history. The first of them can be

end after five

families five centuries later in Malaysia.

of land use, successful history. The first of them can be end after five families five
of land use, successful history. The first of them can be end after five families five

the roads, inviting faster traffic and intruders,

cost and efficiency

• The influence of the built environment on

• The design features of housing that can

• The role of the environment outside the

The Influence of the Built Environment on the Level of Social Interaction

a significant degree on what the place has

the The Influence of the Built Environment on the Level of Social Interaction a significant degree
the The Influence of the Built Environment on the Level of Social Interaction a significant degree

In the early days of urbanization, the Figure 1.14 A national survey dertermined crime was

In the early days of urbanization, the

Figure 1.14 A national survey dertermined crime was the biggest worry.

need or opportunity to socialize. Moreover,

so in this motorized age.

survey dertermined crime was the biggest worry. need or opportunity to socialize. Moreover, so in this
survey dertermined crime was the biggest worry. need or opportunity to socialize. Moreover, so in this

Figure 1.15 Pruitt Igoe was hailed as a shining example of Modern Architecture.

Figure 1.16 Pruitt Igoe, a

3000 unit public housing high-rise development, was demolished only

10 years after its

construction, owing

to social problems.

10 years after its construction, owing to social problems. keep the grounds and the first floor

keep the grounds and the first floor free for

communal corridors on every third floor to

owing to social problems. keep the grounds and the first floor free for communal corridors on
owing to social problems. keep the grounds and the first floor free for communal corridors on
owing to social problems. keep the grounds and the first floor free for communal corridors on

garbage. The mailboxes on the ground floor

were vandalized. The corridors, lobbies,

to walk through, and were covered in graffiti

controlled, and identified with those areas

identified with those

rooms were vandalized, and garbage

fear being identified and caught.

Newman asked himself, was the significance

Newman believed that firstly, design

fear being identified and caught. Newman asked himself, was the significance Newman believed that firstly, design
fear being identified and caught. Newman asked himself, was the significance Newman believed that firstly, design

feelings by dividing larger spaces into zones

Figure 1.17 Oscar Newman in Defensible Space argued for design strategies to change the public spaces around homes from ‘no man’s land’ into ‘shared’ spaces.

argued for design strategies to change the public spaces around homes from ‘no man’s land’ into
argued for design strategies to change the public spaces around homes from ‘no man’s land’ into
argued for design strategies to change the public spaces around homes from ‘no man’s land’ into

Rainwater (1966) and John and Elizabeth

The Role of the Environment

on the Pre-School Child

Rainwater (1966) and John and Elizabeth The Role of the Environment on the Pre-School Child
Rainwater (1966) and John and Elizabeth The Role of the Environment on the Pre-School Child

Figure 1.18 We must design safe playing areas outside the house that are free from tra c hazard and crime, and are suitable for our children of pre- school and early school age.

for our children of pre- school and early school age. private zones friendly to children and

private zones friendly to children and

play. Football fields several minutes away

efficiency of land use is reduced.

sacrificed for economics.

the row housing suffer, because efficiency of

• rectangular plots of land

• narrow frontages, the narrower the better.

• regular façade lines, the straighter the

• rectangular plots of land • narrow frontages, the narrower the better. • regular façade lines,
• rectangular plots of land • narrow frontages, the narrower the better. • regular façade lines,

and every blade of grass is sacrificed for

the more articulated the façade, the more

not fit well on naturally sloping or undulating

sites. It is cheaper to decapitate hills, and fill

valleys and streams to provide relatively flat

platforms for them. Rev up the bulldozer!

the challenge is to find a viable alternative

efficient building type for landed property

valleys are flattened and natural streams

landed property valleys are flattened and natural streams Figure 1.19 The housing layout comprises a hierarchy
landed property valleys are flattened and natural streams Figure 1.19 The housing layout comprises a hierarchy

landed property valleys are flattened and natural streams Figure 1.19 The housing layout comprises a hierarchy

Figure 1.19

The housing

layout comprises

a hierarchy of

public, semi-public, semi private and

private spaces.

It is intended to

give residents a sense of ownership of communal spaces, reduce the dominance of vehicle tra c in the residential areas, and provide green spaces where they are most wanted, in front of houses.

mathematical rules are satisfied. When tiles are fitted together to fill a flat Figure 2.1

mathematical rules are satisfied.

When tiles are fitted together to fill a flat

Figure 2.1 Three types of regular tessellation.

rules are satisfied. When tiles are fitted together to fill a flat Figure 2.1 Three types
rules are satisfied. When tiles are fitted together to fill a flat Figure 2.1 Three types
rules are satisfied. When tiles are fitted together to fill a flat Figure 2.1 Three types
rules are satisfied. When tiles are fitted together to fill a flat Figure 2.1 Three types
rules are satisfied. When tiles are fitted together to fill a flat Figure 2.1 Three types

Figure 2.2 Simple examples of irregular tessellation.
Figure 2.2 Simple examples of irregular tessellation.

Figure 2.2

Simple examples

of irregular

tessellation.

Figure 2.2 Simple examples of irregular tessellation.
Figure 2.2 Simple examples of irregular tessellation.

Figure 2.3

Islamic (Moorish)

Tile Pattern

Figure 2.4 The seemingly complex pattern in Figure 2.3 is achieved by tessellating a single basic tile design.

Pattern Figure 2.4 The seemingly complex pattern in Figure 2.3 is achieved by tessellating a single
Pattern Figure 2.4 The seemingly complex pattern in Figure 2.3 is achieved by tessellating a single
Pattern Figure 2.4 The seemingly complex pattern in Figure 2.3 is achieved by tessellating a single

Figure 2.5 (left) An example of tessellation by Escher. Figure 2.6 (right) Another example by
Figure 2.5 (left) An example of tessellation by Escher. Figure 2.6 (right) Another example by
Figure 2.5 (left) An example of tessellation by Escher. Figure 2.6 (right) Another example by
Figure 2.5 (left) An example of tessellation by Escher. Figure 2.6 (right) Another example by

Figure 2.5 (left) An example of tessellation by Escher. Figure 2.6 (right) Another example by

Figure 2.5 (left) An example of tessellation by Escher.

Figure 2.6 (right) Another example by Kepler.

Figure 2.7 A hexagonal neighbourhood tile comprising housing units, roads and green areas, tesselated from a single tile.

The shape of the individual housing

The complex arrangement made up of

• The shape and arrangement of the

Figure 2.8 The basic neighbourhood tile is tessellated to form the layout of a housing
Figure 2.8
The basic
neighbourhood
tile is tessellated to
form the layout of a
housing precinct.
arrangement of the Figure 2.8 The basic neighbourhood tile is tessellated to form the layout of
arrangement of the Figure 2.8 The basic neighbourhood tile is tessellated to form the layout of

in terms of quality and quantity. Let me first features slow the speed of traffic,

in terms of quality and quantity. Let me first

features slow the speed of traffic, in contrast

Let me first features slow the speed of traffic, in contrast the larger the volume of

the larger the volume of traffic, and the greater

Let me first features slow the speed of traffic, in contrast the larger the volume of
Let me first features slow the speed of traffic, in contrast the larger the volume of

Figure 3.1 The central courtyard in a Honeycomb neighbourhood.

Figure 3.1

The central

courtyard in

a Honeycomb

neighbourhood.

Figure 3.1 The central courtyard in a Honeycomb neighbourhood.
Figure 3.1 The central courtyard in a Honeycomb neighbourhood.
Figure 3.1 The central courtyard in a Honeycomb neighbourhood.

organic the plan, the less efficient the layout

The economic efficiency of a road network

their respectively most efficient forms, the

Land-Use Efficiency

have seen, this is insufficient to foster good

Efficiency have seen, this is insufficient to foster good Figure 3.2 An example of an ‘e
Efficiency have seen, this is insufficient to foster good Figure 3.2 An example of an ‘e
Efficiency have seen, this is insufficient to foster good Figure 3.2 An example of an ‘e

Figure 3.2 An example of an ‘e cient’ theoretical terrace house layout.

Figure 3.3 An example of a theoretical Honeycomb layout.

Figure 3.3 An example of a theoretical Honeycomb layout. most efficient form of layout for repetitive
Figure 3.3 An example of a theoretical Honeycomb layout. most efficient form of layout for repetitive

most efficient form of layout for repetitive

Figure 3.3 An example of a theoretical Honeycomb layout. most efficient form of layout for repetitive
Figure 3.3 An example of a theoretical Honeycomb layout. most efficient form of layout for repetitive

Figure 3.4 (left) 16 Units of Quadruplexes and Duplexes Figure 3.5 (right) 16 Terrace Houses
Figure 3.4 (left) 16 Units of Quadruplexes and Duplexes Figure 3.5 (right) 16 Terrace Houses
Figure 3.4 (left) 16 Units of Quadruplexes and Duplexes Figure 3.5 (right) 16 Terrace Houses
Figure 3.4 (left) 16 Units of Quadruplexes and Duplexes Figure 3.5 (right) 16 Terrace Houses

Figure 3.4 (left)

16 Units of

Quadruplexes and

Duplexes

Figure 3.5 (right)

16 Terrace Houses

Figure 3.6 (left)

5 Units of

Quadruplexes and

Duplexes

Figure 3.7 (right)

5 Terrace Houses

Honeycomb layout makes more efficient use

This is an efficient subdivision with access

is more efficient with less land occupied

More Land-Efficient?

more efficient.

efficient use of land.

with access is more efficient with less land occupied More Land-Efficient? more efficient. efficient use of
with access is more efficient with less land occupied More Land-Efficient? more efficient. efficient use of

Figure 3.8 (left) Cul-de-sac at the end of a row of houses. Figure 3.9 (right)

Figure 3.8 (left) Cul-de-sac at the end of a row of houses.

Figure 3.9 (right)

A shortened cul-

de-sac creates undesirable and uneven lot shapes.

Figure 3.10 (left)

A more even

distribution of lots

is achieved by a cul-

de-sac in a circular lot.

Figure 3.11 (right) Circles do not tessellate, so there are gaps.

as the iron grid can be modified to fit given

results in high land-use efficiency. In the

modified procedures a variety of forms may

Honeycomb housing in its most efficient

most efficient form, i.e. on an iron grid. Just

a variety of forms may Honeycomb housing in its most efficient most efficient form, i.e. on
a variety of forms may Honeycomb housing in its most efficient most efficient form, i.e. on

of the most efficient building form on such lot evidently influence the design of the

of the most efficient building form on such

lot evidently influence the design of the

of the most efficient building form on such lot evidently influence the design of the
of the most efficient building form on such lot evidently influence the design of the

Figure 4.1 The Honeycomb housing lot, subject to the same setback requirements, produces a higher

Figure 4.1

The Honeycomb

housing lot, subject to the same setback

requirements, produces a higher buildable area than

the conventional 60’

x 100’ lot.

Figure 4.2

The Honeycomb

housing lot provides

a wider building

frontage than the conventional 60’ x 100’ lot.

Duplex house

Triplex house

Quadruplex house

• Sextuplex house

than the conventional 60’ x 100’ lot. • • • Duplex house Triplex house Quadruplex house
than the conventional 60’ x 100’ lot. • • • Duplex house Triplex house Quadruplex house

Figure 4.3 A narrow-frontage house on 60’ x 100’ land.

Figure 4.4 A wide-frontage back-to-back duplex on 3200 square feet of land.

narrow-frontage house on 60’ x 100’ land. Figure 4.4 A wide-frontage back-to-back duplex on 3200 square
narrow-frontage house on 60’ x 100’ land. Figure 4.4 A wide-frontage back-to-back duplex on 3200 square
narrow-frontage house on 60’ x 100’ land. Figure 4.4 A wide-frontage back-to-back duplex on 3200 square
narrow-frontage house on 60’ x 100’ land. Figure 4.4 A wide-frontage back-to-back duplex on 3200 square

Duplexes Quadruplexes Triplexes Sextuplexes Figure 4.5 Types of units in Honeycomb Housing

Duplexes

Duplexes Quadruplexes Triplexes Sextuplexes Figure 4.5 Types of units in Honeycomb Housing

Quadruplexes

Duplexes Quadruplexes Triplexes Sextuplexes Figure 4.5 Types of units in Honeycomb Housing
Duplexes Quadruplexes Triplexes Sextuplexes Figure 4.5 Types of units in Honeycomb Housing
Duplexes Quadruplexes Triplexes Sextuplexes Figure 4.5 Types of units in Honeycomb Housing

Triplexes

Duplexes Quadruplexes Triplexes Sextuplexes Figure 4.5 Types of units in Honeycomb Housing

Sextuplexes

Figure 4.5 Types of units in Honeycomb Housing

houses back-to-back in the efficient row

Figure 4.6

Triplex Houses

houses back-to-back in the efficient row Figure 4.6 Triplex Houses
houses back-to-back in the efficient row Figure 4.6 Triplex Houses
houses back-to-back in the efficient row Figure 4.6 Triplex Houses

Figure 4.7 Cluster House with 4 units • The cluster house layout cannot fit in

Figure 4.7 Cluster House with 4 units

• The cluster house layout cannot fit in as

quadriplex or Quarter-D) has both long back-

• The cluster house has two party walls, but

house layout cannot fit in as quadriplex or Quarter-D) has both long back- • The cluster
house layout cannot fit in as quadriplex or Quarter-D) has both long back- • The cluster

Figure 4.8 Cluster houses laid out in rows.

Figure 4.8 Cluster houses laid out in rows. generally, I aim for compact shapes that fit

generally, I aim for compact shapes that fit

generally involve less cutting and filling than

an efficient footprint.

same original slope profile

the terrace house is its efficient footprint. As

and filling than an efficient footprint. same original slope profile the terrace house is its efficient
and filling than an efficient footprint. same original slope profile the terrace house is its efficient

Figure 4.9 Sextuplex Houses flexibility in external layout design, requiring on rather than filled ground

Figure 4.9

Sextuplex Houses

flexibility in external layout design, requiring

on rather than filled ground can save a lot

flexibility.

Detached house green all around

earthworks, though this limits the flexibility

Duplex, triplex

green on three sides

Quadruplex & sextuplex

all around earthworks, though this limits the flexibility Duplex, triplex green on three sides Quadruplex &
all around earthworks, though this limits the flexibility Duplex, triplex green on three sides Quadruplex &

Figure 4.10 Blocks with small footprints can better t a sloping area.

Blocks with small footprints can better t a sloping area. propagation of flora and fauna. Species
Blocks with small footprints can better t a sloping area. propagation of flora and fauna. Species

propagation of flora and fauna.

Species of flora can be pollinated and

small footprints can better t a sloping area. propagation of flora and fauna. Species of flora
small footprints can better t a sloping area. propagation of flora and fauna. Species of flora

not only difficult but it could also be elusive, and financiers, local authorities, various

not only difficult but it could also be elusive,

and financiers, local authorities, various

not only difficult but it could also be elusive, and financiers, local authorities, various
not only difficult but it could also be elusive, and financiers, local authorities, various

addressing the first issue through number

getting approvals was particularly difficult

Ministry officials and officers of the Housing

first issue through number getting approvals was particularly difficult Ministry officials and officers of the Housing
first issue through number getting approvals was particularly difficult Ministry officials and officers of the Housing

Figure 5.1 Location plan of Demak Laut Industrial Estate first phase comprises 5-storey walk-up flats

Figure 5.1 Location plan of Demak Laut Industrial Estate

first phase comprises 5-storey walk-up flats

flats, there appears to be a very good

flat and will require about a metre of fill and

was the Housing Minister, flanked by senior

officials from his Ministry and the Housing

about a metre of fill and was the Housing Minister, flanked by senior officials from his
about a metre of fill and was the Housing Minister, flanked by senior officials from his

Figure 5.2 Planning parameters for housing in Sarawak: road widths, setbacks and densities. ford. It

Figure 5.2 Planning parameters for housing in Sarawak: road widths, setbacks and densities.

ford. It is not sufficient that houses are af

residents find it easy to get to know each

widths, setbacks and densities. ford. It is not sufficient that houses are af residents find it
widths, setbacks and densities. ford. It is not sufficient that houses are af residents find it

Figure 5.3 (left) The Quadruplex/ Sextuplex Courtyard ‘Tiles’

5.3 (left) The Quadruplex/ Sextuplex Courtyard ‘Tiles’ Figure 5.4 (right) The Quadruplex/ Sextuplex Block

5.3 (left) The Quadruplex/ Sextuplex Courtyard ‘Tiles’ Figure 5.4 (right) The Quadruplex/ Sextuplex Block

Figure 5.4 (right) The Quadruplex/ Sextuplex Block ‘Tiles’

Figure 5.5 Laying the ‘tiles’ on the site.

‘Tiles’ Figure 5.4 (right) The Quadruplex/ Sextuplex Block ‘Tiles’ Figure 5.5 Laying the ‘tiles’ on the

Table 1a Product Mix Table 1b Better Product Mix adding Thermal Comfort attic floors for

Table 1a

Product Mix

Table 1b Better Product Mix

adding Thermal Comfort attic floors for fu

mal Comfort attic floor is provided. The

Mix Table 1b Better Product Mix adding Thermal Comfort attic floors for fu mal Comfort attic
Mix Table 1b Better Product Mix adding Thermal Comfort attic floors for fu mal Comfort attic

Figure 5.6 My First Home Type A Sextuplex

Figure 5.7 My First Home Type B Sextuplex

Type A Sextuplex Figure 5.7 My First Home Type B Sextuplex floor of Type A the
Type A Sextuplex Figure 5.7 My First Home Type B Sextuplex floor of Type A the
Type A Sextuplex Figure 5.7 My First Home Type B Sextuplex floor of Type A the
Type A Sextuplex Figure 5.7 My First Home Type B Sextuplex floor of Type A the

floor of Type A

the first floor, are 3 bedrooms and another

bathroom. On the attic floor there is space

to be added later. The total floor area in

On the ground floor of Type B

an en-suite bathroom. On the attic floor are

The total floor area is 1010 square feet.

in On the ground floor of Type B an en-suite bathroom. On the attic floor are
in On the ground floor of Type B an en-suite bathroom. On the attic floor are

Perspective Bonus Loft Floor (Liveable 300 sq ft) Ground Floor (300 sq ft) Upper Floor

Perspective

Perspective Bonus Loft Floor (Liveable 300 sq ft) Ground Floor (300 sq ft) Upper Floor (362

Bonus Loft Floor (Liveable 300 sq ft)

Perspective Bonus Loft Floor (Liveable 300 sq ft) Ground Floor (300 sq ft) Upper Floor (362

Ground Floor (300 sq ft)

Loft Floor (Liveable 300 sq ft) Ground Floor (300 sq ft) Upper Floor (362 sq ft)

Upper Floor (362 sq ft)

Figure 5.8

My First Home Type D Quadruplex

We place the living and dining rooms and a small bathroom on the ground floor.

wet and dry kitchens are provided. Above, on the first floor are 3 bedrooms and another

bathroom. The total area of the two floors is 662 square feet, just above the minimum ac

Thermal Comfort attic floor is added on — with bare finishes for future use, — bringing the

built-up area to 962 square feet. Type C is just a larger version of Type D with a total floor

use, — bringing the built-up area to 962 square feet. Type C is just a larger
use, — bringing the built-up area to 962 square feet. Type C is just a larger

concrete floors and brick walls with mechan

concrete floors and brick walls with mechan
concrete floors and brick walls with mechan

Figure 5.9 Newspaper Splash From left, Assistant Housing Minister Dr. Soon Choon Teck, Mohd Peter

Figure 5.9 Newspaper Splash From left, Assistant Housing Minister Dr. Soon Choon Teck, Mohd Peter Davis, Chief Minister Pehin Sri Abdul Taib Mahmud, Mazlin Ghazali, Deputy Chief Minister Datuk Patinggi Tan Sri Alfred Jabu, and Housing Minister Dato Sri Abang Hj Abdul Rahman Zohari Tun Abang Hj Openg.

(Photo by Je ri Mostapa, Courtesy of Borneo Post, July 19, 2005)

defines how families live and interact, because it is the home environment

defines how families live and interact, because it is the home environment ”
defines how families live and interact, because it is the home environment ”