THREE-PHASE ASYNCHRONOUS MOTORS WITH SLIP RING ROTOR

315 LOW VOLTAGE 4-10 POLE VARIOUS DUTY CYCLES AEM DESSAU GmbH FRAME 355 .500 LOW AND MEDIUM VOLTAGE 2-12 POLE VARIOUS DUTY CYCLES .OUR SLIPRING MOTOR SUPPLY IS DIVIDED INTO TWO SECTIONS VEM MOTORS GmbH FRAME 132 .

the speed/current and speed/torque curves can be altered o Slipring motors are switched through their rotor circuit by inserting suitable resistances and then removing them gradually o Motor torque is directly proportional to external resistance o Motor starting current is inversely proportional to the external resistance .SLIPRING MOTOR EXPLAINED o The slipring or wound rotor motor is an induction machine where the rotor comprises a set of coils that are terminated in slip rings to which external impedances can be connected o The stator is the same as is used with a standard squirrel cage motor o By changing the impedance connected to the rotor circuit.

APPLICATIONS o Because a slip ring motor is used primarily to start a high inertia load or a load that requires a very high starting torque across the full speed range. slipring motors are best utilised (but not limited to) the following applications: o Overhead cranes and hoists o Crushers o Mill applications o Mixers .

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ADVANTAGES OF A SLIPRING MOTOR o High start-up torque o Low starting current o Minimal heat build-up on rotor (as heat is dissipated via external resistors ) o Can be stopped & started more often than a conventional induction motor .

the start-up torque can be changed. . which cannot be varied within wide limits. and thus via torque and starting current. In fact the start-up torque can be increased up to the breakdown torque by the very choice of resistor. During start-up the voltage drops down to a value proportionate to the load. depending on the speed of the motor and power output. When turned on directly. as well as during start-up. The fundamental mode of the motor voltage is adjusted via phase control of varying degree. the motor will start up according to its torque characteristic. by varying the resistor steps inside the starter By switching on a starter resistor in any phase of the rotor winding. another starting method must be chosen.COMPARISON SLIPRING MOTOR INDUCTION MOTOR The torque and power input may be varied in The build of the rotor defines the torque curve small increments during the start-up. The start-up resistor is reduced as the supply voltage is applied during start-up and is eventually short-circuited. orient themselves to the inertia of the starting duty and to the starting frequency. the start-up current being a multiple (normally four to seven times) of the nominal current. the number of tapping positions and the definition of the tap resistors. The size of the starter. If the power supply lacks the required capacity.

VEM SLIPRING RANGE .

shaft and design arrangement is fully accommodated by VEM .• VEM manufacture slipring motors as per customer specifications • Duty cycles are S1 continuous rated to S4/S5 short rated (typically designed for crane application) • In the case of a replacement motor your existing bearing.

A typical schematic showing the external resistors in circuit .

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