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Body Systems Project Counts as Two Test Grades

Due date---- Oct 18th

In this project, you will develop a booklet on the human body systems using the guidelines below. Follow directions. You must put the information in the order given. There should be a separate page of each lettered item. The project must be placed in a 3-ring binder with each system separated by a divider. Cover: Create a unique cover with your name, block, and Fall 2012. Cover must be on the outside of the binder. Drawings/diagram: All are to be hand drawn to the best of your ability on plain white paper, labeled, and colored with crayons or colored pencils. I prefer colored pencils. No magic markers, pens, or markers of any kind are to be usedpoints will be deducted. No points will be deducted for artistic ability. Describe/discuss sections: These are to be in paragraph form, complete sentences, and handwritten. Highlight listed terms within the paragraph. Check your spelling and grammar. Points will be deducted to misspellings and grammar mistakes. I. Skeletal system: p. 921-925 a. Diagram and label the following joints: hinge, gliding, ball and socket, fixed. b. Describe/discuss the following terms: axial and appendicular skeleton, cartilage, osteocytes, red and yellow marrow, ligaments, tendons. c. Discuss the following: osteoporosis, arthritis, scoliosis, and sprain. Muscular system: p. 926-931 a. Diagram how the biceps and triceps work together. b. Describe/discuss the following terms: skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, smooth muscle, voluntary muscle, involuntary muscle, myofibril. c. Describe how muscle contraction occurs, make sure to include the terms- actin, myosin, relaxed, and contracted in your description. d. Describe/discuss the following terms: muscle cramp, muscular dystrophy, atrophy. Skin: p. 932-936 a. Draw a cross section of the skin and color it. Label the following: epidermis, dermis, hypodermis, hair, hair follicle, sweat pore, sweat gland, sebaceous gland, nerves, blood vessels, muscle, and fat. b. What is artificial skin and how is it used? c. What is skin cancer and how can it be prevented? Digestive system: p. 978-984 a. Diagram and label the complete digestive system from mouth to anus. b. Describe/discuss what happens in each organ that makes up the digestive system. Include all of the following: mouth, pharynx, esophagus, epiglottis, stomach, small intestine, pancreas, liver, gall gladder, large intestine, anus. c. Describe/discuss the function of the villi in the small intestine. d. Describe/discuss the following terms: appendicitis, indigestion, ulcers, and gallstones. Circulatory system: p. 942-955 a. Diagram the pathway of blood from the heart to the lungs and back and then to the body and back to the heart. Label the following, heart, lungs, aorta, vena cava, pulmonary arteries and veins, systemic arteries and veins.










b. Diagram the heart showing the chamber and valves. Label each chamber and valve. Place large arrows to show how blood travels through the heart. c. Describe/discuss the following terms: arteries, veins, capillaries, plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells, hemoglobin, antibodies, antigens, platelets, lymph. d. Describe how blood clotting occurs. Respiratory system: p. 956-963 a. Diagram and label the respiratory system including all parts form the mouth to the alveoli. b. Describe/discuss what the following organs/structures do in the respiratory system: nasal cavity, mouth, pharynx, trachea, larynx, bronchi, bronchioles, and alveoli. c. Describe/discuss the following terms: pneumonia, asthma, bronchitis d. Describe/discuss how changes in air pressure in the lungs allow you to breathe. Excretory/Urinary system: p. 985-989 a. Explain how urine is removed from the body. Which organs does it pass through before finally leaving the body? b. Explain the role of your kidneys in the excretion process. What are nephrons and what do they do? What is urea? c. Describe/discuss the following terms: kidney stones, kidney failure, and bladder infection. Nervous system: p.0897-914 a. Diagram and label a neuron. b. Diagram and label the parts of the brain. c. Describe/discuss the following terms: motor neuron, sensory neuron, interneurons, dendrite, axon, cerebrum, cerebellum, medulla, synapse, spinal cord, reflex, and neurotransmitter. d. Describe/discuss the 5 senses. e. Describe/discuss the following terms: cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and encephalitis. Endocrine system: p. 997-1008 a. Draw and outline a human body and place the endocrine glands in the appropriate location and label the glands. b. Prepare a table that list each endocrine gland, the hormone it secretes, and the hormones function. (See figure 39-2 on p. 998 for help. c. Describe/discuss the following terms: hormones, hypothalamus, diabetes, and goiter. d. Describe/discuss negative feedback control. Reproductive system: p. 1009-1024 a. Describe/discuss the following terms: testes, sperm, ovaries, eggs, oviduct, uterus, ovulation, menstruation, fertilization, embryo, placenta, zygote, umbilical cord, fetus, amnion

Grading rubric Original cover------ 10 points Drawings in color, labeled, and on white paper-------10 points Paragraphs in complete sentences with correct spelling and grammar usage-----10 points Each lettered section------10 points (35 total for 350 points) If you do not do the section that is minus 10 points, less than 10 points will be deducted for missing parts (will vary based on what you left out) You grade will be based on a total of 380 possible total points.