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Facts n figures 1. BrahMos is a stealth supersonic cruise missile that can be launched fromsubmarines, ships, aircraft or land. 2.

BrahMos Aerospace was formed as a joint venture between DRDO (India) and NPO Mashinostroeyenia (Russia). 3. The company was established with an authorized capital of $250 million with 50.5% from Indian side. 4. The name BrahMos is a portmanteau formed from the names of two rivers, the Brahmaputra of India and the Moskva of Russia. 5. It travels at speeds of Mach 2.5 to 2.8 and is the world's fastest cruise missile. 6. Brahmos is a two stage missile with a solid propellant booster engine as its first stage which brings it to supersonic speed and then gets separated. 7. The liquid ramjet or the second stage then takes the missile closer to 3 Mach speed in cruise phase. 8. Under the Navy version Talwar class frigate (INS Tabar and INS Trishul) and Shivalik class frigate (INS Shivalik) can fire the BrahMos. 9. The shiplaunched and land-based missiles can carry a 200 kg warhead, whereas the aircraft-launched variant (BrahMos A) can carry a 300 kg warhead. 10. Brahmos has the fire and forget princip

Cabinet extends mandate of UIDAI ... The ongoing conflict between the Planning Commission and the Home Ministry over issuance of chip-based smart cards to all residents was put to rest on 27th January 2012, as the government cleared the Unique Identification Authority of India s proposal to enroll an extra 40 crore people in 16 States, while the biometrics in other States will be collected under the National Population Register project. The entire process by the two agencies will be completed by June next year. In States, where UIDAI has made good progress where State/UT Governments have given commitments for Aadhaar enrolments and are planning to integrate Aadhaar with various service delivery applications, Aadhaar enrolments through Non-RGI Registrars will move at full speed within the ceiling of 60 crore. Further the NPR enrolment will continue as envisaged, but if in the course of enrolment, a person indicates he/she is already enrolled for Aadhaar, the biometric data will not be captured by NPR. Instead the Aadhaar number/enrolment number will be recorded in NPR and the biometric data will be sourced from the UIDAI. The Cabinet Committee on Unique Identification Authority of India approved commencement of Phase-Ill of

the UID scheme at an estimated cost of Rs.8,814.75 crore which subsumes the earlier approval of Rs.3,023.01 crore that comprises costs for issue of 20 crore Aadhaar numbers through Multiple Registrars upto March 2012 and its printing and delivery. ...................................................................................................................... What is UIDAI? The Unique Identification Authority` of India (UIDAI) was established in 2009 and has been mandated to issue Unique Identification numbers to the residents of India. The UID project is primarily aimed at ensuring inclusive growth by providing a form of identity to those who do not have any identity. It seeks to provide UID numbers to the marginalized sections of society and thus would strengthen equity. Apart from providing identity, the UID will enable better delivery of services and effective governance. What is AADHAR? Aadhaar is a 12 digit individual identification number issued by the Unique Identification Authority of India on behalf of the Government of India. This number will serve as a proof of identity and address, anywhere in India. Any individual, irrespective of age and gender, who is a resident in India and satisfies the verification process laid down by the UIDAI can enroll for Aadhaar. Each Aadhaar number will be unique to an individual and will remain valid for life. Aadhaar number will help the person to provide access to services like banking, mobile phone connections and other Government and Non-Government services in due course. UIDAI Recent Controversy.... UIDAI was constituted by the Government of India in January, 2009 as an attached office of the Planning Commission which has been authorised to collect biometric data, has collected information from upto 200 million residents and has been seeking an extension of its mandate. Whereas the Registrar General of India (RGI) under the Home Ministry has also been tasked to collect biometric data through the National Population Register as proposed in Census 2011 and need to send that data to the UIDAI for de-duplication and generation of Aadhar numbers. The problem had arisen because the Home Ministry felt that the data collected by the UIDAI was not secure, and had not been verified by a government servant. While the RGI has actually visited households, the UIDAI has invited people to come to designated centres, where the data collection has been done by hired organisations. This created a

controversy that which authority is responsible for collecting data so that duplication of work can be avoided and secure data can be obtained.

.. 1. The World Economic Forum is the global community of business, political, intellectual and other leaders of society who are committed for improving the state of the world. 2. The Forum aims at providing member companies, governments and institutions the opportunity to work together to address global challenges. 3. The Forum was founded in 1971 by Klaus Schwab, a German-born business professor at the University of Geneva. 4. Originally named as the "European Management Forum", changed to the World Economic Forum in 1987 and sought to broaden its vision further to include providing a platform for resolving international conflicts. 5. The Forum s headquarters are located on the outskirts of Geneva in a town called Cologny. 6. It has three main governing bodies: Foundation Board, International Business Council, and Managing Board. 7. The Foundation Board, which has overall responsibility for establishing the long term direction and objectives of the Forum, and which is comprised of international public and private sector leaders. 8. The International Business Council, which acts as an advisory body providing intellectual stewardship to the Forum. 9. The Managing Board, which is the in-house management team responsible for the executive oversight and management of the activities and resources of the Forum. 10. The Annual Meet 2012 held recently at Davos (Switzerland) with a theme The Great Transformation: Shaping New Models .

In the wake of Thailand PM Yingluck Shinawatra s India s visit and her being chief guest on R-Day ceremony, what can be the future possibilities strategic and economic association of India with Thailand? And how much successful India will be in strengthening its regional association with South East Asian and South Asian nations with its Look East policy Saffron And National Saffron Mission:

Saffron is a spice derived from the flower of crocus commonly know as saffron crocus. Uses: * Medicinal use in pharmaceutical industry. * Used in perfumes and confetinary. * Used in cooking around the world, to add taste and color. Location: In india it is mainly grown in the state of J&K and confined to the areas of Pampore and Kistawara and other places as well. Production: * In 1990's the total area under saffron was 7000 hectares with an average productivity of 10kg per hectare. Total annual production was around 40 tonnes. * Presently the total area under saffron cultivation has been reduced to 3600 hectares and average productivity has decreased to 2kg per hectare which has brought down the production around 12 tonnes per year. National Saffron Mission: * It is a centrally sponsered scheme launched by govt. of India in nov. 2010 for the state of J&K. * 367 crore rupees have been allocated for this scheme. * As per this scheme 128 tube wells and distribution of 3715 sprinkle sets will be done. * Rupees 25000 per kanal will be given to the formers for replacemet of seedlings and land preparations. * weeders and Hotair dryess are being provided on 50% subsidy.

* vermi composite units are being provided with assistance of 30000 rupees per unit.

Recent government report states that there has been a 400 per cent increase in counterfeit transactions in Indian s financial channels.Even though fake currency problem is not at an alarming level still it is a cause of concern.What are the security features available in our currency.And what are the possible measures that can be taken to curb this menace. Besides the composition of UNSC, what are the reforms which India is seeking in the working methods of the institution? When was NRI voting allowed in India? What are the benefits to India if NRI s vote in the Union and State elections? I feel that to give NRI s the privelege of voting as a means of bringing in more investment from NRI s is not a strong basis. It will further alienate the political class from the common man struggling to survive in this country....

##CARBON CREDIT###

Carbon dioxide, the most important greenhouse gas produced by combustion of fuels, has become a cause of global panic as its concentration in the Earth's atmosphere has been rising alarmingly Carbon credits are a part of international emission trading norms. They incentivise companies or countries that emit less carbon. The total annual emissions are capped and the market allocates a monetary value to any shortfall through trading. Businesses can exchange, buy or sell carbon credits in international markets at the prevailing market price. India and China are likely to emerge as the biggest sellers and Europe is going to

be the biggest buyers of carbon credits **What is carbon credit?*** ***kyoto Protocol: A mechanism under which countries that have been emitting more carbon and other gases (greenhouse gases include ozone, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and even water vapour) have voluntarily decided that they will bring down the level of carbon they are emitting to the levels of early 1990s. A company has two ways to reduce emissions. One, it can reduce the GHG (greenhouse gases) by adopting new technology or improving upon the existing technology to attain the new norms for emission of gases. Or it can tie up with developing nations and help them set up new technology that is eco-friendly, thereby helping developing country or its companies 'earn' credits. India, China and some other Asian countries have the advantage because they are developing countries. Any company, factories or farm owner in India can get linked to United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and know the 'standard' level of carbon emission allowed for its outfit or activity. The extent to which I am emitting less carbon (as per standard fixed by UNFCCC) I get credited in a developing country. This is called carbon credit. ***How does it work in real life? Assume that British Petroleum is running a plant in the United Kingdom. Say, that it is emitting more gases than the accepted norms of the UNFCCC. It can tie up with its own subsidiary in, say, India or China under the Clean Development Mechanism. It can buy the 'carbon credit' by making Indian or Chinese plant more eco-savvy with the help of technology transfer. It can tie up with any other company like Indian Oil , or anybody else, in the open market. ***What is Clean Development Mechanism? Under the CDM you can cut the deal for carbon credit. Under the UNFCCC,

charter any company from the developed world can tie up with a company in the developing country that is a signatory to the Kyoto Protocol. These companies in developing countries must adopt newer technologies, emitting lesser gases, and save energy.