ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind

ISLAM GOD’S FINAL
MESSAGE TO MANKIND
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by Abdul Hameed Dogar

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ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind

Copyright © 2009, Islamic Foundation, Villa Park, Illinois, USA All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording, or otherwise) without prior written permission of the Copyright owner and the Author 2

ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind

table of contents
PReface ............................................................................................................................ V IntRoDUctIon .................................................................................................................... VI cHaPteR 1 Divine Guidance is the only solution for current crisis ...............................................1 cHaPteR 2 Is Religion a thing of the Past? ......................................................................................6 (A) CONCEPT OF ORIGINAL SIN AND CHRISTIAN SCHEME OF SALVATION...............8 (B) ISLAMIC CONCEPT OF SALVATION.....................................................................12 (C) ISLAM REJECTS CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE OF ATONEMENT FOR SINS THROUGH BELIEF IN THE DEATH OF JESUS (pbuh) ON THE CROSS ................12 (D) CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE OF TRINITY .....................................................................12 (E) HOLY QUR’AN REJECTS TRINITY AND DIVINITY OF JESUS (pbuh) .....................16 (F) ASCETISM AND MONASTIC LIFE..........................................................................16 (G) SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE ...............................................................19 (H) OBSCENE AND OFFENSIVE TEACHINGS IN THE BIBLE .....................................22 (I) NEW TESTAMENT INSULTS JESUS (pbuh) ...........................................................23 (J) CONCLUSIONS ....................................................................................................25 cHaPteR 3 essential features of true Divine Guidance ................................................................26 cHaPteR 4 Islam is the only Hope for the future...........................................................................28 cHaPteR 5 Islam on brotherhood and equality of Mankind ..........................................................46 3 I

ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind

cHaPteR 6 Islam on Justice ............................................................................................................. 49 cHaPteR 7 Islam and War ................................................................................................................ 54 cHaPteR 8 Islam offers friendship, cooperation and Peaceful co-existence ............................60 cHaPteR 9 Islam for freedom and against forced conversion of Religion . ...............................65 cHaPteR 10 Importance of belief in life after Death .......................................................................68 cHaPteR 11 Possibility of life after Death........................................................................................73 cHaPteR 12 life after Death is necessary........................................................................................79 cHaPteR 13 essential Ingredients of belief in life after Death ................................................... ...85 cHaPteR 14 the Purpose of Man’s life ............................................................................................88 cHaPteR 15 Islamic concept of God .................................................................................................91 cHaPteR 16 Qur'anic arguments about the existence of one true God (tawheed) ....................102 cHaPteR 17 Why Muslims believe that Holy Qur'an is the book from God ..................................125 cHaPteR 18 Why Muslims believe Mohammed (pbuh) is the Messenger of God .........................158 4 II

ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind

cHaPteR 19 Islam strongly Rejects theory of evolution ..............................................................250 What is the Theory of Evolution...................................................................................250 Islamic Response to Theory of Evolution .................................................................. 251 Miracles & Phophesies of the Prophets of God ......................................................... 251 (1) An Example from the Life of Abraham (pbuh) ................................................... 251 (2) Some Examples from the Life of Moses (pbuh) ................................................ 252 (3) Some Miracles of Jesus (pbuh) ........................................................................ 253 (4) Miracles & Predictions of Some Other Prophets .............................................. 253 (a) Example of Prophet Noah (pbuh) .............................................................. 254 (b) Example of Prophet Hud (pbuh) & His People ‘Ad..................................... 254 (c) Example of Prophet Saleh (pbuh) & His People Thamud ........................... 255 (d) Example of Prophet Lot (pbuh) & His People............................................. 256 (e) Concluding Remarks ................................................................................ 256 Islamic Concept of the Creation of Man ................................................................. 258 (a) Story of the Creation of First Man (Adam, pbuh) ........................................... 258 (b) Story of the Creation of the Human Race, the Progeny of Adam (pbuh) ......................................................................... 260 (c) The Deception of Evolution .......................................................................... 262 cHaPteR 20 explanatory translation of surah 'al-fatiha' (first chapter of Qur’an) .....................270 aPPenDIX a Islamic concept of salvation ......................................................................................271 aPPenDIX b Islam Rejects christian Doctrine of atonement of sin through belief in the Death of Jesus (pbuh) on the cross .......................................................276 III 5

ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind

aPPenDIX c Holy Qur'an Rejects trinity and Divinity of Jesus (pbuh) ............................................... 279 aPPenDIX D a christian Minister's conversion to Islam by Jerald f. Dirks ...................................... 284 aPPenDIX e Priests and Preachers entering Islam ............................................................................ 290 ((( aPPenDIX f

Dialogue between Islam & christianity............................................................................296 A Discussion of Religious Dogma Between Intellectuals & Scholars from the Two Religions that Resulted in Conversion to Islam of All Members of Christian Delegation...................................................................................................................... 296 bIblIoGRaPHY ................................................................................................................... 298

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Illinois. but I did study the Holy Qur’an with exegeses (or commentaries and explanations) and I have studied books on the biography of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) written by some great luminaries of Islam. The other thing which was emphasized by all the Prophets was that the basic message of all the Prophets was the same. All these prophets or messengers repeatedly declared two things in unmistakable terms: One of the things they all declared was that they were mere human beings. God sent more than one hundred twenty-four thousand Messengers and Prophets all over the world at different times of history with Adam (pbuh). different fundamentals. There is a great turmoil and bloodshed going on all over the world and there is desperate need to stop it. clear.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Preface I do not claim to be a scholar of Islam because I did not attend any religious educational institute or seminary although I did study up to 10th grade in a Parochial school. and guide the readers to a better understanding and make this book fruitful for the purpose it is written. some even worship their own Prophet as God. different beliefs. I pray to Him to accept this humble service. I thank God for enabling me to make this humble attempt despite my own limitations. There is a great confusion and misunderstanding about Islam despite the fact that Islam is basically the same religion as preached by Adam (pbuh). possessing no super human power of their own except as what God temporarily granted them in the form of miracles and that they were commissioned to convey the Guidance of God to the people. I realized that there is a great need for an accurate account of this religion. our humanity is one and our religion is one. the first man as His first Messenger and with Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) as His last Messenger. I do not claim that this book is the most comprehensive exposition of Islam. and logical. Islamic Foundation Villa Park. the Old Testament and the Torah (The Soncino Chumash—The Five Books of Moses with Haphtaroth). yet it is precise. these Messengers or Prophets had to be pure human beings. Whenever the people deviated from this Original Message. I therefore acknowledge my limited and finite knowledge of Islam. But today we find that the followers of different Prophets have different religions. More over after the 9/11 incident in 2001. then why is this bloodshed? It must stop and I am quite confident that InshaAllah (God willing) it will stop if we succeed in guiding the people towards the True Divine Guidance sent by God through His Messengers and if all the people truly and sincerely follow this Divine Guidance. I was driven to write this book for following reasons: I learnt in my high school years that our God is one. God sent Prophets to invite them to the Original Divine Way. and our religion is one. Abdul Hameed Dogar Director.to serve as practical examples to mankind of what they were inspired to preach. This is of course in addition to the study of the scriptures of other religions—primarily the New Testament. USA Muharram 1431 January 2010 7V . Jesus (pbuh) and all other Prophets sent by God. Moses (pbuh). there has grown greater interest in the West to know more about Islam. It is known fact that an example is better than precept. and we all are the children of the same one couple Adam and Eve. When our God is one.of flesh and blood.

usurping the rights and properties of others. Another great religion has a concept of life after death. One of his most important teachings is that our present life is not be-all and end. man changed the religion itself according to his own passions and desires. in the life and teachings of Mohammed (pbuh). disgust. appealing to common sense and reason. It embodies guidance from the Creator and Sovereign of the universe for leading peaceful life on earth. and we are accountable to Him in the Life Hereafter for the use of all our faculties and His bounties. and in accountability before a Just and Impartial God. are free from myths and superstitions. They do not believe in Resurrection. and Sustainer of the universe. they introduced the concept that their prophet has atoned for their sins. This corruption of religion fuels enormous injustice. But as religion is also primarily a discipline. We can find this Guidance in the most complete. the followers of a very famous and old religion have intentionally and deliberately taken this concept out of the teachings of their religion. but the followers of that religion. Resurrection. and none else. who alone is the Creator. his teachings are most rational. Maintainer. We are very fortunate that God’s Guidance to man for peaceful living on earth. there can be no peace in this world.all. man did not appreciate it. and any accountability before God. in which there will be neither any intercession nor any atonement by anyone for anyone. exploitation. It not only permits the fulfillment of all natural demands of mankind in a disciplined way. But unfortunately. nor do they believe in Heaven and Hell. Without a strong belief in this concept of life Hereafter. fair and impartial. In disregard of the teachings of their prophet and the teachings of earlier prophets. plan. A large part of humanity has deserted it. As a result of this Judgment. needing no amendments and modifications. Religion is being exploited for self-interest and personal motives. wars. The interested parties marshal their resources for wrong publicity and for mobilization of fear. are universal and practical for all the people for all the times. who is His Last and Final Messenger to the entire mankind. or perversion. Day of Judgment. and up-to-date form. corruption. hatred. in the Day of Judgment. the God-given religion of man has fallen apart and is dying. many others are only giving it a lip service and are on their way to say it goodbye. God will send the guilty ones to the Hell which is a place of indescribable tortures and miseries. For that end the true religion is sometimes branded as violent and its followers as extremists. Because of this perversion. He alone is the Superpower. Instead of getting disciplined and changed by the religion. The purpose of our life is that He and He alone is to be obeyed. and killings of innocent people. corrupted it so much that they rendered this concept meaningless. corruption. which He revealed to all His Apostles and Messengers is still present intact without any slightest change. Life After Death. and served. Our objective in writing this book is to remind ourselves and all the people of the world that God Almighty. which is going to be very thorough. against the teachings of their prophet. persecution. T 8VI . but also makes their fulfillment very rewarding and meritorious. with practical examples for all important aspects of our life. and He will send the others to Paradise which is a place of eternal happiness and bliss beyond description and imagination This concept of life after death and punishment in Hell for evil deeds is a great deterrent against evil and reward with entry into Paradise is a great motivation of doing good deeds and avoiding evil. worshiped. comprehensive. This concept of life after death is so important that we have devoted four chapters to this subject. for all times after him.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Introduction rue religion is the most precious asset of man. Resurrection. and do openly and secretly. and the Day of Judgment and our thorough accountability before God for everything we think. without any shareholders and partners. they will not be punished by God in the next world. and tempering. In addition to being most authentic and reliable. Both the above groups feel that no matter whatever evil they do in this world. are very simple and easily understandable. but to believe in Life After Death. and resurgent self-pride and arrogance. say.

This is the result of man’s utter forgetfulness of God. in discussions and debates on political ethics. God and His guidance cannot be mentioned in the classroom. and a diminished sense of security. But since science turned its back on God and His guidance. such as television. There is violence and bloodshed everywhere. particularly from their mothers. and methodology of reason. has a dominant influence on children’s morals and behavior. single mothers. Secularism. in most cases. materialism. rapes. child molestation. and in the whole world. disorientation. robberies. societal morals. with no regard for the fundamental ethical precepts that have been the driving force behind the progress of civilization for centuries. Once. and hence forgetfulness of all absolute moral values and their suppression by the belief that material progress and self-gratification are all that matter. Or people spend their time getting brainwashed by television and other harmful media. They worry about the effects of modern education on their children. make others homeless. usual conversations in the modern workplace. are attacking weaker nations to usurp their material resources. deviant sexual groups that have been hated for centuries are not only accepted. Rather.” All the powers and faculties with which God has endowed man are being used for the destruction of mankind. and destroys others and himself. work. sending children to school guaranteed a structured. drug abuse. However. alcoholism. loss of respect for parents and elders. and social well-being is destroyed. In the past. and peer pressure. and homes focus on money. Today. and they have no time to spend with their children to teach or pass on moral values. both parents work. under one pretext or another. in our country. Today. murders. People are sucking other’s blood. unrelenting suicide rates. children grow up as atheists or secular. radio. We witness today a marked society-wide shift in the values that measure truth and quality. entertainment. the outside environment. whether at home. or town hall. Today. and moral flaccidity. same sex marriages. community centers. paganism. Today the world is in turmoil. abuses. God-fearing. evaporating family values. public morality is being shattered. Most of the people in the world today have one or more of the following traits: 1 . such as declining moral values and standards. and make children orphans and women widows. The present generations seldom discuss or deliberate these subjects. today parents are concerned about the failures of “modern” education. As a result. The forefathers of the present generation spent much of their free time. Moreover. productive. Strong nations. it has given a decent burial to peace and tranquility. parents rightly worry that they are losing control of their children. even if this “way of life” harms. and effective education. in our community. Today. sky-rocketing divorce rates. nurturing. and racism flourish. In the present times. Family and traditional values are being viciously attacked and branded as obsolete. children are being taught they should be their own authorities on questions of morals and values. crime rates.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind CHAPTER 1 Divine Guidance is the Only Solution for Current Crisis T here is no doubt that science and technology have brought great material progress and prosperity. and humanity-loving people to join hands with us in our attempt to rescue humanity and to restore peace in our homes. We appeal to all God-believing. everyone has a “right to his own opinion and his own way of life” as long as he is “comfortable” with it. political correctness. and violence in schools. illegitimate children. and thus kill innocent people. children learned most of their moral teachings at home from their parents. but actually encouraged out of complacent liberalism. Today. Mankind is at the brink of self-destruction. The gift of modern civilization is moral bankruptcy in the form of soaring crime rates. the Internet. sex. The legacy of these and countless other changes has been widespread social turmoil. and escalating drug abuse. or alcohol. The strong devour the weak because “Might is Right” rather than “Right is Might. and the epidemic of AIDS. community center.

but has also provided the necessary guidance for our spiritual. which. (viii) They do not know the true purpose of their lives and the mission of man on earth. they will not be punished no matter what they do. The truth is that this entire universe has a Creator and He is only one. since He is not racist and has no leanings or preference for any particular human group. they completely divorce God from all affairs of the state. On the other hand. its rationale. it is outdated or not good for them. aggression and exploitation. Their viewpoint is never impartial. no accountability before God. weakness. Details of Life After Death. They do what the majority decides—God has no say in that. and since He is the Most Just and Impartial. ways of life. nation. race. Arguments and proofs of the existence of this Almighty God are provided in Chapter 16. They all contribute in various degrees to creating. It is 2 . wars. Most Merciful. Since God is over and above human passions. material. and perverted that it is of no use or benefit. religion or belief in God is one’s personal affair. leading to the happiness and welfare of man. (ii) They believe in many gods and even worship idols made with their own hands. Most Compassionate. deficiency. possibility. their race. nationality. observation. oppression. (iii) They believe in one God who is the Creator of man and the universe. class. imperfect. perfect. tribe. Since God is above all needs. according to their wisdom. and to treat them any way they want. but they also believe that a saint or holy man will intervene on their behalf. country. and He is the Most Wise. and constitution. and Most Kind. and no Life After Death and that this life is the be-all and end-all. (vii) They believe that they are the chosen people of God. to subjugate people anywhere in the world. and supporting all evils. Since God is All-Knowing. moral. It needs no improvement. a true and comprehensive concept of God is provided in Chapter 15. Since God is Most Loving. or state. mistake. and they have the God-given right to capture any land. and the purpose of man’s life is discussed in Chapter 14. since He does not entertain any grudge or animosity against any class of human beings. guidance given by Him is the most beneficial. social. ideologies. or amendment. They devise their own systems. and therefore may not be beneficial or practical for all people at all times. His laws are Most Just and Impartial. All these beliefs. political. or financial status. and flawless.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (i) They do not believe in God or Creator of the world. that there is no Resurrection. affording equal opportunities to all human beings for material progress and spiritual excellence. importance. and experience is in the best interest of their community. because all people other than their own race are meant to serve them and are inferior to them. They have separation of religion and state. (v) They believe there is Life After Death and accountability before God. (iv) They believe that this life is the only life. (vi) They believe that they are superior to other people because of the color of their skin. or due to the loss of Divine Guidance. and necessity are provided in Chapters 10 through 13. the code of life given by Him is the best. the law made by Him is free from any self-interest. and social requirements. and other fields of man’s existence. (ix) They believe that God has not prescribed any way of living for man and has not given any comprehensive guidance in the spiritual. The All-Merciful and Compassionate God has not only made elaborate arrangements for our physical needs. but their concept of God is so poor. country of birth. wander. every man-made law entails self-interest and bias and suffers from a limited vision or outlook. Or. change. or that they are “chosen” people. and He is well aware of the nature and needs of man. conflicts. and ignorance. if God did provide guidance. moral. and He is free from any shortcoming. nation. economic. or individual (except on the basis of obedience to Him). As far as the Life Hereafter is concerned. no Day of Judgment. No matter how sincere human beings may be in making laws. and philosophies are the result of man’s forgetfulness. Thus. or that when someone has atoned for their sins. country. He has not left us in darkness to grope. it is both possible and necessary. they can never attain a truly balanced approach of justice and dignity. promoting. injustice. and stumble.

is necessary. but is entirely different from us. or we will not be able to make the best use of the product. if you entrust an airplane to a person who does not know how to fly it. Look at the color problem. the Creator of the human body. and blunders. the noble course. Even before the baby steps into this world. for example. God arranges not one. far from knowing others. is important for man. the fate of man is not likely to be different from that of the airplane entrusted to a person who does not know how to fly it. He arranges for all its physical needs in advance. It was only on May 17. A question may be asked: “Has God really provided such guidance? If so. do not even know themselves well enough? When such novices assume the role of law-makers. and food he needs. he is in his mother’s womb. water. loss. They could not even study under the same roof in the same school or college. but two canals of milk to feed 3 . there has been no peace or tranquility. heat.S. Now consider our own selves. how could the world of a human being—who has an extremely complicated psychology. But even now there are many people who have not realized the truth of this assertion and still stand for segregation. Caring. or other machinery. It is evident that wherever man-made laws have been enforced and followed. there is no doubt that you will soon come to grief. after subjecting hundreds of thousands of people to indiscriminate segregation. It would be instructive to refer here to an example. is not a human being like us. The Shari’ah gives the simplest and shortest approach to reality and its disregard leads to utter waste and failure (for details. and saves man from error and blunder. Compassionate. and treasures in the earth for its food. light. he has tried to fly an airplane about whose mechanism and working he knows little or nothing. Supreme Court ruled that color discrimination in universities was unjust and against the principle of equality of man. and such men try to run human life. God is so Loving. water. This is how the human mind has dealt with this problem. instead of the Laws of God. we will damage the machinery. The reason why man has turned his world into a veritable hell is that. such as a car. and tortured for the “crime” that their skin was black. God. This is a case of a machine made by a human being. the case of a human being. God arranges for him the air. every one of which has many problems and difficulties—be ruled and run by men who. like a curious child. If a machine made of lifeless materials cannot be used without full knowledge of its nature and working. and these affairs have been improperly managed leading to violence and bloodshed. such as air. and Merciful that before bringing any animal into this world. while unguided reason has succeeded only in touching the fringe of it after centuries of waste. It shows the right path. After committing heinous blunders for centuries. If we disregard the manufacturer’s instructions. Islamic Law (Shari’ah) has always declared this discrimination unjust. For a time biology was used to sanction color discrimination. 1954 that the U. When. All the powers and faculties with which God has endowed men are being used for the destruction of mankind rather than for its welfare and progress. Separate laws were administrated for whites and blacks. see Chapter 5). a sewing machine. oppression and injustice. where is it?” The answer to this question is an emphatic “Yes!” Guidance is possible. and wherever man’s affairs have been run by men in disregard of the Divine Commands. has also sent instruction booklets called Scriptures and Divine “engineers” called Messengers and Prophets for education and training. Thousands of human beings were coerced. whose life has countless aspects and facets.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind not possible for them to shake off their feelings of love and ill-will and to come out with an equitable and balanced social order that ensures the well-being of all without any distinction or bias. On the other hand. as a baby. It is extremely important for us to strictly follow His instructions if we want to make the most of ourselves. This is the clear truth which Islamic Law (Shari’ah) told to man more than fourteen centuries ago. man came to the view that such discrimination is unjust and should be abolished. and has actually been provided by God as discussed below. For two centuries the courts upheld the differentiation in the United States. Who is the maker of human machinery. God. gagged. and after degrading men and corrupting human society. along with the item we also get an instruction booklet prepared by its manufacturer. When we buy a product. For example. Take. The world has not yet been able to adopt a rational and human approach towards people of color.

. verse 78 tells us: “O. it is God Who guides or reveals to the baby how to handle his food when he first feeds himself with his mother’s milk. and abiding revelation addressed to all mankind and for all times was granted in the seventh century of the Christian era: “Say (O. Abdullah B. the revealed guidance was either lost or corrupted through human negligence or interpolations. God. God has given him faculties that have not been given to animals. or legislative body. God provides him that food and the teeth to eat it. Mohammed). The Qur’an. speak. We cannot believe that our Beloved God.. Amr B. and sleep. And God puts so much love in the mother’s heart that she is on call twenty-four hours a day. God provided this necessary guidance through His Messengers and Prophets who were raised in many communities at different times in the history of mankind. Verse 158). of them there are some whose stories We have relayed to you and others whose stories We have not relayed to you. God has blessed man with intellect.” (Holy Qur’an. Suhail from Europe. obedience to the Law of God is not optional. Those who do this. and the ability to think.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind him with the best child food. Chapter 40. Khalifa Al-Kalbi with a letter to Caesar. Hudhafa Sahmi with a letter to Khusro Perwez. mankind. government. Moreover. Time after time. Prophet. Who is so Caring. Wahb Al-Asadi with a letter 4 . and Who makes such elaborate arrangements for all our physical needs on such a large scale would be so careless or indifferent that He would not guide us to the proper use of our faculties. nation.” The Messengers and Prophets mentioned in the Bible are only those who were sent to one particular community or area. discover. O. and new prophets with fresh Dispensations were sent and humanity continued to advance from infancy to maturity. and invent. None of the subjects of the All. but also the Master. Unlike other animals. when man’s civilization reached the stage of maturity—when vast empires and extensive travel routes were established both on land and sea. commit acts of rebellion against God and are bound to be severely punished by God sooner or later. Sovereign. whether individual. is the One Whose Law is the Law of the universe and for mankind. showing us the right and wrong way of living our lives and the purpose of our lives. read. His command alone is worthy of obedience. freedom of choice and action. comfort. He preached his message not only to all the tribes of Arabia but also sent emissaries or messengers with letters to all the rulers of the neighboring countries in the sixth year of Hijra inviting them to Islam. verse 28 3 ) Chapter 21. Shuja B. but there are many more who are not mentioned in either the Bible or the Qur’an. Abu Balta with a letter to Muqauqis. Again. wisdom. Ummayya with a letter to Nagus. And when the child is a little older and needs different kind of food. a perfect. the king of Rome. Chapter 7.. including mankind. and also those who follow such man-made laws. final. God is not only our Creator and sustainer. He also has moral and social facets. and Law-Giver. At last. We have sent many Messengers before you. If you happened to own a piece of property. I am Messenger of God to all of you. Loving. write. the king of Abyssinia (Ethiopia). country.Powerful God. We are mere subjects in His vast kingdom. verse 19 2 ) Chapter 34. but obligatory for man. see the following verses of the Qur’an: 1 ) Chapter 6. being the Master and the Ruler of the entire universe. and thus humanity was practically ready to become one family—instead of sectional guidance. For other references to this. That is what the right to property entails. you would naturally like to see it managed according to your desires.” Some of these Messengers and Prophets are mentioned in the Bible and some are mentioned in the Qur’an. Hatib B. verse 107 4 ) Chapter 25. community. man’s needs are not merely material. Verse 47 tells us: “A Messenger was sent to every nation or community. Chapter 10. we find persons like Billal from Africa. the king of Iran. and Sulman from Asia (Iran). the ruler of Alexandria. has the right to arrogate to himself the position of a sovereign ruler and make laws for the people according to his own whims and caprices. The Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) sent Dihya B. Ruler. family. The Qur’an. learn. verse 1 Among the companions of the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). and call upon the subjects of God to follow those laws instead of the Law of God. plan. sacrificing her rest.

and the most comprehensive form for all times and for all peoples. At one time. practically assuring noncompliance. but the basic truths of belief in one God. However. complete. Thus. which were imposed on the Jews for their repeated transgressions and were lifted from less rebellious later generations. Islam teaches that while the basic creed conveyed through revelation never changed. always knew best when and where to command what. Other examples include the dietary restrictions of the Jews and the washing of new cooking vessels in a river before use. Just as a child receives instruction in life appropriate to the various developmental stages of maturity and responsibility. and presented the guidance of God in its final.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind to Harith B. and Salit B. Verse 40 tells us: “Mohammed is God’s Messenger and the seal [last] of all prophets. nor were any of the prophets founders of separate religions.” The guidance given to him is the last Divine Book called the AlQur’an. Thus certain restrictive subsidiary laws were imposed on certain communities as punishments and were lifted from subsequent. Laws and rituals have been a variable element that suits the times and circumstances. a belief in Life After Death. such new commandments were withheld from previous revelation. All the prophets have been presenting one and the same religion from God from the very beginning. a man could marry two sisters. a life of obedience to His commands in this world. Mohammed (pbuh) is the last of this chain of messengers. Earlier revelation of such commandments would have placed a burden upon mankind greater than it could have borne. The sending of these letters shows that the message of the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). Noah and his people were allowed to eat all kinds of animals before boarding the ark. but later this practice was forbidden. from the first day. Allah was selective and gentle in weaning the human race on the restrictions of revelation. Everyone knows that rebellion against authority invites punishment. According to the Islamic viewpoint. but later certain restrictions were applied. On the other hand. a person can readily conceive that the Almighty. Jesus. The Qur’an reminds the reader repeatedly that its basic message is the same as given to Abraham. Amr with a letter to the chiefs of Yamana. mankind may not have been able to handle certain commandments and prohibitions at earlier stages in revelation. A typical example is the restrictions of the Jewish Sabbath. and for every tribe and country. Moses. revealing the essentials of creed with consistency from the very beginning but imposing restrictive commandments in appropriate stages. Chapter 33. certain new restrictions were added. whether a parent ordering a disobedient child. The Qur’an. perfect. laws subsidiary to the creed may have been changed according to a Divine Plan which dictated progressive modification in prohibitions and commandments. Islam did not claim to be a religion taught for the first time by Mohammed (pbuh). such as the abolition of alcohol. or a government imposing laws upon a rebellious population. forbids eating pork. Islam like the Judaic. The natural consequence of disobedience is the tightening of commandments and the application of penalties. the ruler of Syria. the sons and daughters of Adam were initially allowed to marry. In the Old Testament. nations. among others. for every human being. Mohammed (pbuh) is not a founder of any new religion. The Qur’an proclaims itself to be a reminder and reviver of eternal truths contained in former scriptures that are either forgotten or perverted by their followers. The Qur’an says that this has been the creed of all the inspired prophets. and all the prophets who preceded Mohammed. a boss commanding a disrespectful employee. is for the whole world. less rebellious. Abu Shimr Al-Ghassani. The originality of Islam lies in the fact that it taught the world what the world had forgotten or perverted. Peace be upon them all. possessing Divine Wisdom surpassing all human cognition. Knowing the weaknesses of creation as none but the Creator can. Only later was this incestuous practice forbidden. and Mohammed (pbuh) is also presenting this same religion. 5 . and our accountability and responsibility for our actions before God on the Day of Judgment in the Hereafter have been constant elements of all revealed religions. many other Jewish dietary restrictions were eliminated in the law of the Holy Qur’an. for Allah delayed certain restrictions until mankind developed the individual refinement and social maturity to be capable of satisfying the law.

it was natural for those honest minds for whom Christianity had failed as a religion to turn to newer versions of Christianity or to do away with all religion. The insignificant part of the teachings of Jesus Christ that had reached them had been further lost through distortions and interpolations. labored under a serious disadvantage from the very beginning. It is unreasonable to condemn every religion based on experience with one religion. But a Perverted Religion is! estern nations. exposing the superficialities and hypocrisies of the rigid legalists and worshippers of the letter of the law. The spirit of the times goes against religious thought. a pure heart full of love was the essence of a true religion. He had neither time nor opportunity to grapple with the manifold moral and cultural problems of his nation. Jesus found that Judaism which. and prosper happily in an atmosphere free from fear. the only religion—of civilization. oppression. On the one hand. Many people question whether religion can meet human needs in today’s world of science and technology. What little was still left after that was lost in the dogmatic quarrels of the clergy. relevant only to the historical experiences of the West. Christianity. The assumption. There is no doubt that Jesus both deepened and broadened the essential spiritual attitude towards life. is a proposition worth an honest investigation. develop. called Aakhira. economic. Therefore. external observations. It is necessary to examine all other religions. They never had the good fortune to possess an unpolluted source of Revealed Knowledge or an uncorrupted fund of Divine Wisdom. Since. historically speaking. with its perverted Christianity. and exalt W 6 . a pleasing paradise. But it is a spirit born and bred in the West. from Abraham (pbuh) downwards. and cultural life of the Jews to whom he was sent. the church and science. was suffering an eclipse and had degenerated into a religion of rigid and lifeless rituals and ceremonies. The ministry of Jesus lasted for only three years. which was left to itself to find out by a long process of trial and error the rights and duties of man in the various spheres of life. and is entirely irrelevant to Islam. and make the everlasting world to come. No such excuse is. The high and broad principles of spiritualized morality that he inculcated are a leaven that should perpetually reform. Jesus grew up in the shadow of the Roman Empire. however. Because the Middle Ages in Europe saw bitter hostility between the church and free thought. and the church and the intellectual world. and exploitation. Jesus did not have the power to stand before the then powerful Roman government and challenge its secular laws. and empty legalism from which the spirit had departed. due to intensive long-sustained propaganda. had produced great prophets. For him. valid for Muslims. they can be understood and excused on the grounds of their experiences with their own religion. this condemnation without a hearing has been happening. Nevertheless. and culture. He therefore embarked upon his mission by preaching and practicing love of God and man. If Western thinkers turn against religion.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind CHAPTER 2 Is Religion a Thing of the Past? INTRODUCTION True Religion is Not a Thing of the Past. it was generally assumed that Christianity was the best religion—nay. social. the West thinks that all religions are a hindrance to society and incapable of solving our problems. civilization. that Christianity as practiced in the West today or as it has been practiced in so many countries for so many centuries is the best religion. with reference to Islam. which succeeded the Muslims in the stewardship of the world. the entire pagan legacy of ancient Greece and Rome had fallen to their lot. Western nations tried to compensate for the lack of the light of heavenly guidance with the learning of the Greeks and the Romans. so they are not condemned without a hearing. as discussed in Chapter 4. If the purpose of religion as love is properly understood and followed. most of what was left of the religious teachings of Jesus Christ was devoured by Roman paganism. On the other hand. we can get a just world order wherein one can live. Jesus confined his teachings to this vital mission and left aside the political. purify.

Jesus is reported to have said that he had not come to undo the Law and not an iota of Law can be changed (Matthew 5:17). Jesus did not form any new community other than that of the Israelites and followers of Mosaic Law. that the present day enlightened man cannot accept them. declared independence from Mosaic Law. The founder of the church was St. In addition. the New Testament was created many centuries later. These dogmas are incomprehensible and so irrational. These are the product of pagan creeds and mysteries for which no basis can be found in the true teachings of Jesus or in the teachings of any of the great Israelite prophets. the Jewish rabbis declared the followers of Christ to be heretics and excommunicated them. it is definitely not a “thing of the past. everything else would be added unto it. For he will not speak of his own messag—on his own authority—but he will tell whatever he hears (from the Father. there is a lot of internal evidence in the Bible that disproves a divine origin. and unperverted religion sent by God. Paul. There is a great truth embodied in this idealism. His essential conviction was that once people realized the Kingdom of Heaven within their souls. nor did he designate his followers by any distinctive name. Soon the process of alienation began on both sides. His mission was to revive the true religion of Moses and the religion of those prophets who came before and after Moses. 16:12. At the same time. covering only about three years of his ministry. Destiny had left the accomplishment of this practical task to another great prophet who would demonstrate in every sphere of life how the synthesis of law and love can improve all institutions and human relations. After the departure of Jesus. Neither Jesus nor Buddha grappled with practical problems.” These Christian dogmas are discussed below. It is these dogmas. Therefore. pure. (e) The religion of Jesus has been altered and misrepresented. The followers of Christ gradually began to call themselves Christians and drifted more and more away from the true teachings of Jesus and Moses. and salvation through belief in the death of Jesus (pbuh) on the cross. nor to grasp them now. political. and a considerable part of that material has become suspect. so against common sense and reason. such as Islam. Jesus did not come to found a new religion. The present versions of the Bible are the writings of the Christian and Jewish priests and they are not all divine. But when he the spirit of truth comes. he will guide you into all the truth. the Original Sin. Many Christian scholars and seminarians openly acknowledge that: (a) Gospel records in many places do not present Jesus as he really was. his early followers did not consider themselves to be separate from the Israelite community. They worshipped in the Temple of Jerusalem along with other Jews.13). Was not Jesus uttering a prophecy about Mohammed (pbuh) when he said in very clear words: “I have still many things to say to you. While the church was established soon after Jesus lived. Likewise. Paul. one of the followers of Jesus. The Gospel texts are neither the writing of Jesus nor were they written under his command. In addition to historical accounts of the Bible. (b) Many of the “original” readings of various biblical texts are in sharp contrast to what most Christians read in the current Bible. the divinity of Jesus. but human nature and human relations that are the resultants of it demand that a God-commissioned great teacher should demonstrate how these idealistic generalities are to be applied to moralize and spiritualize the complicated patterns of human existence. He was a Jew like other Jews. although gradually some of this information is being incorporated into newer and better translations.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind human hearts and improve human life in all its various spheres. but you are not able to bear them or to take them upon you. (d) There existed many early churches and Christian movements that never accepted the concept of a triune God -head.” As for a true. These Christians invented irrational dogmas and a creed under an influence that was foreign to the spirit and outlook of Jesus. holding that faith in Christ alone was all that one needed for salvation. But he created just a ripple in the stream of his nation’s life and then disappeared. We have scant material about the life of Jesus. these teachings shut the door to all material progress and scientific advancement. he will give the message that has been given to him) and he will announce and declare to you the things that are to come” (John. (c) The formation of the early “mainstream” church was shaped by geopolitical considerations. 7 . and they did not adopt any distinctive symbol or name. Jesus himself followed the Mosaic Law and so did his followers. they did not develop into an independent group. the perverted religion of Jesus (pbuh). a rabbi like other rabbis. He had no opportunity to demonstrate to his people how to apply this attitude to social. and all other religions invented by man that are condemned by modern man as a “thing of the past. and economic problems.

even though it was only Adam and Eve who committed this sin. but the entire human race until Doomsday will also suffer eternal punishment in Hell for this Original Sin. (10) Similarly.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (A) CONCEPT OF ORIGINAL SIN AND CHRISTIAN SCHEME OF SALVATION According to this dogma that was never preached by Jesus (pbuh): (1) The first-ever sin. Moses. it would have been trumpeted by Jesus everywhere again and again. without any doubt or ambiguity. there is no salvation unless you believe that Jesus died on the cross for your sins. committed by Adam and Eve under God-given freedom. by giving the sacrifice of his pure blood. Adam and Eve will suffer eternal punishment in Hell for their sin. Now suppose you are deputed to warn the people about the danger in time. rather. (3) This inherited sin is so deeply rooted in the nature of man that no human being can save himself from the consequences of this sin by virtuous living or by obedience to God. the only begotten son of God (according to their faith). the most important teachings are: (1) There is only One God (2) Belief in life after death and in our accountability before God on the Day of Judgment Each of these beliefs has been repeated over a hundred times each in the Qur’an. 8 . and take a loudspeaker to announce the danger and try your best to make sure that everyone gets the message loud and clear. there is no salvation for all the people who were born and died before the death of Jesus. due to failure of this dam. only that portion of humanity can be saved that believes in this vicarious atonement. because on the acceptance of this depends salvation. Had this been among the teachings of Jesus.” But this cruel dogma makes these innocents fuel for the fires of Hell. If you do not understand the language of the people of the town. (7) No matter what you do. even all the children who die in infancy go to eternal punishment in Hell because they die without the belief in the death of Jesus on the cross. for of such is the kingdom of heaven.” For example. Jesus. no amount of virtuous living or obedience to God can guarantee salvation. it was invented by the church three to four centuries after Jesus lived. Suppose. (6) Jesus volunteered himself for this sacrifice. Jesus said about children: “Let them come unto me. (5) God so loved the world that He sent His only begotten son to die for our sins on the cross. Comments (a) This dogma is the most basic. then you will ask someone who knows their language to help you to announce: “O people! A flood is going to kill you. and food. David. Leave your homes and run to a safe place. including their true followers) because they all did not believe in the death of Jesus on the cross. was the only one whose blood was pure because he did not inherit original sin. including great messengers and prophets (Noah. Isaac. this town is going to be completely submerged and many inhabitants will die if they do not leave the town before the flood hits. However. there will be no salvation for you. (8) After this act. What will you do? You will forget your rest. think of a town near a riverbank with a dam upstream. and thousands more. Abraham. (4) God wanted the sacrifice of a pure blood for the remission of this sin. fundamental. too. (9) Thus. and important in the Christian faith. Jesus never preached this doctrine. Jesus atoned for the sins of all mankind. was not forgiven by God. (2) Not only Adam and Eve. Jacob. for the rest. and thus. But there is not a SINGLE clear or explicit statement by Jesus in any of the four Gospels wherein Jesus says: “I have come to die for your sins and if you do not believe in my death on the cross. sleep.” Is that not what you will do? So why did not Jesus trumpet his message of salvation? He did not because he never preached it! In Islam.

His stern sense of justice and His love for man should be satisfied by nothing less than the blood sacrifice of Jesus (His only son. love. thereby divorcing morality from religion. then worshipping such a God would not make the worshipper just and merciful. All we are expected to do is to sincerely strive for good and to avoid sin to the best of our ability. Ought not the Christians feel grateful or obliged to the Jews for having put Jesus on the cross and thus provided for their salvation? If the Jews had not manipulated to put Jesus on the cross. and determination to carry out the will of God as revealed to us through His prophets. just. compassion. Stalin. remorse. It contradicts the Bible itself. there would be no salvation for Christians. But Christian dogma changed this outlook entirely and based salvation not on moral living. in spite of his complete innocence. Jesus atones for misdeeds that were not committed by him. Like all the great Israelite prophets. all Law was repudiated by his followers. and justice (Qur’an.” (Deuteronomy. However. cruel. To demand blood sacrifice as a price for forgiveness shows a complete lack of mercy. (h) God gives His commands with due regard for our capacities and natural limitations. should allow himself to be punished to atone for the sins of mankind. it is not the life and teachings of Jesus. and the rest will be forgiven by the Merciful God. After Jesus. If His justice and mercy have dictated all this. you will not be forgiven and you cannot escape the eternal punishment of Hell. neither shall the father bear the iniquity of the son: the righteousness of the righteous shall be upon him. but to check evil and to reform or purify the sinner. If Jesus had died from a sickness or natural cause. It is akin to a physician breaking his own head to cure the headache of his patient. according to their belief) who. when the church introduced the dogma that assured Christians atonement 9 . And “The soul that sinneth. they were the embodiment of mercy. According to the dogma of Original Sin. This presumes all humanity had to be born tainted and sinful—the first act of peculiar justice of God. but the Christian dogmatists who invented the doctrine of Original Sin made the God of Jesus so cruel. 24:16).ready to forgive them without demanding any compensation from them or from any other person on their behalf. as the doctrine of Original Sin represents an unjust. 57:27. Those who sincerely repent find God ever. If He punishes a person for his faults and sins. How could a Just and Merciful God blame and punish a person for something he did not do? Morality rests on the responsibility of an individual for his own actions. revengeful. and any other cruelest of the cruel.. and forgiving. forgetting what Jesus was believed to have said about the scrupulous observance of all Law both in letter and spirit.” (Ezekiel. it is not for His satisfaction as this dogma states. but they cannot atone for the evils committed by others. it is not for His benefit. but on the belief in an irrational dogma. (g) If God prescribes a law and demands obedience. but it is also immoral. God is so unforgiving and stern that no matter how much you repent and ask forgiveness for the Original Sin that you did not even commit. unjust. Our moral purification in this world does not necessarily mean complete freedom from all failings.. as the following passages show: “The fathers shall not be put to death for the children. (c) According to this irrational doctrine. The concept of Original Sin is not only patently unjust but also biblically unsupportable. and cruel God. such a God could not ask His creatures to be just and merciful. because no sensible person with a true and correct sense of justice can stomach this irrational and cruel dogma. Jesus emphasized moral living as the only demand of God. How then could Jesus atone for the sins of humanity? Those who sacrifice for a good cause set noble examples for others. revengeful. 5:82-83). but his death that is important for salvation. (e) Denial of this dogma is tantamount to heresy and the number of heretics in this respect is increasing every day. but repentance. Then the remedy that is worse than the disease: the remedy lay in the murder of the most innocent of all creatures. (i) According to this doctrine. persistent struggle against evil inclination. and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon him. (d) There is an implicit message in this dogma that God did not have the power to forgive the sin of Adam and Eve or the power to forgive the sin of mankind inherited from Adam and Eve. but were inherited by mankind as a result of the first sin. Hitler. 18:20). Tamerlane.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (b) Jesus taught that God is loving. Because the early Christians were the true followers of Jesus. neither shall the children be put to death for the fathers: every man shall die for his own iniquity. To use a Christian idiom. God is meant to serve as an ideal of human conduct. and irrational. and unforgiving that He is more so than Genghis Khan. everyone must bear his own cross. What is necessary to wash away sin is not blood. there would have been no salvation for the Christians (j) Moreover. The son shall not bear the iniquity of the father. (f) This doctrine is not only unjust. but for the benefit of mankind. it shall die.

and orphans. Probably this is why the Christian West committed so many atrocities in Africa and Asia. 3:34-35. abolished this Law entirely after the alleged crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus (pbuh). St. Jesus (pbuh) said: “Do not think that I have come to do away with or undo the Law and the prophets. For through the Law comes the knowledge of sin” (Romans. Paul and not Jesus. and all earlier prophets. 6:12. 5:19). by: (o) According to the teachings of Jesus. 5:28-30 (2) Mark. 11:42. 12:50. 19:1719. Also see the following verses for more on Jesus following the Law and Commandments of God: Matthew. “Whoever then breaks or does away with or relaxes one of the least important of these commandments. They pray for health. Mark. 5:16. 5:32. or success in the Hereafter. (1) Matthew. Mark. strictly followed the Mosaic Law. Paul who used to persecute Jesus (pbuh) and his followers. 5:18). 12:57 (III) If you happen to do wrong or commit a sin. 11:2-4. 15: 10. repent before God and ask His forgiveness. (l) Didn’t Jesus receive part of the sin himself through his mother? (m) Were all the prophets before Jesus sinners? Was God angry with them. 5:6-7. 9:43-47 (3) Luke. (II) Being righteous and doing good deeds as commanded by Jesus in the following verses: 10 . a place in Paradise. as shown by the following excerpts: “. 5:17). protection from Hell. killed thirty million people in World War I and fifty million in World War II. enslaved millions of Africans.. the way to salvation is not through belief in the death of Jesus on the cross. Luke. 5:9.. I have come not to do away with or undo. love. 18-3. following the Law has nothing to do with our salvation and therefore the Law can be ignored. See the following references. 10:17-19. They do not mention in these prayers guidance from God for a straight path. Although even today many Christians pray. 2:17. and made millions of people homeless. 8:39. (k) What is so strange about this whole issue is that the Original Sin and God’s anger with the human race due to this Original Sin remained hidden from all previous prophets and Jesus until the church discovered it after the Crucifixion. John. Luke. and relief from various miseries in this world. Moses (pbuh). until the sky and earth pass away and perish not one smallest letter nor one little hook [identifying certain Hebrew letters) will pass from the Law until all things (it foreshadows) have been accomplished” (Matthew. himself being a Jew. forgiveness of sins. and following His Law and Commandments as referenced in “N” above.not a single human being will be made righteous in God’s sight through observance of the Law. 11:25-26. but (I) Leading a life of obedience to God at all times in all matters and affairs. 6:12-15. committed genocide of the Native Americans. Despite all this. usurped their resources. too? And still God chose these prophets to guide mankind? (n) According to this dogma. St. but to complete and fulfill them” (Matthew. wealth. 5:22-26. Jesus lays great emphasis on the Law and states that there is no salvation without following the Law. For emphasis by Jesus on repentance of our sins before God and asking Him for forgiveness. 10:25-28. their prayers or supplications are limited to benefits in this world. and some on a daily basis. Jesus (pbuh). widows. shall be called least important in the Kingdom of Heaven. it emboldened the followers to commit any crime without fear of punishment for their actions by God in the next world. safety. However. 13:3-5. (p) Most Christians follow St. see the following references: Matthew. I tell you. 5:20. Paul invented a new religion and completely changed the teachings of Jesus (pbuh). 3:20). “For truly. but he who practices them and teaches others to do so shall be called great in the Kingdom of Heaven” (Matthew. and teaches men so.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind for all their sins and guaranteed them salvation merely through belief in the death of Jesus on the cross. Also see comments in “O” and “P” below.

in his own words. but both cannot be followed simultaneously because they contradict each other as discussed below: Paul is a self-exposed hypocrite: “Although I am free from everyone. 21:23-26). In other words.. anyone who feeds on milk is inexperienced in the matter of righteousness. “Christ has ransomed us from the curse of the Law in as much as He became a curse for us. “to win a larger number” of followers. Therefore let us leave behind the elementary teachings of Christ and advance towards maturity” (Hebrews. I have enslaved myself to all of them in order to win a larger number.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind “. and not the followers of Jesus) is that they should forget the old Law. although not lawless toward God but committed to Christ’s Law. He believes with such certainty that he trembles—how are you different from him?” The defining feature of a righteous person is “. You do well. 21:21-22). ‘Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree’’ (Galatians. giving it a new form. 1:19). which according to him. 2:26). James also advised Paul to “repent and purify himself of sacrilege. “the Pauline Christianity. the followers of a new religion. The main ambition behind all this was. for it is written. he said the people should follow his teachings. so faith without works is dead also” (James. he dishonored them by arguing that Jesus (pbuh) gave immature and defective teachings to his followers. and not by faith only” (James.” TEACHINGS OF JESUS DISHONORED Paul not only distorted the teachings of Jesus Christ (pbuh). which we preach that if you confess with your lips the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead. with salvation easy and effortless. 9:3 -9) were not of Divine origin. you will be saved. “Faith Without Works is Dead. For with the heart one believes so that he is made righteous and with the mouth confession is made for salvation” (Romans.. in order to win those who are without Law” (1 Corinthians. For by works of the Law no person will be justified” (Galatians. James admonished Paul for his blasphemous teachings and warned him of the meeting of the assembly to decide his punishment (Acts. To the Jews I behave as a Jew to win Jews. and start enjoying worldly pleasures restricted and prohibited by earlier commandments. “You believe that there is one God. but only through faith in Christ Jesus. 5:13). James the Apostle. Paul abolished the Law that was followed and preached by Jesus (pbuh) and corrupted the whole religion. Why? Because: “For as the body without the spirit is dead. 3:28).. 2:24). what Paul really says to his followers (most of those who call themselves Christians are Paul’s followers. James (2:14-26).. are mature and complete: “Of course. we have believed in Christ in order that we might be made righteous by faith in Christ and not through works of the Law. Instead. Paul’s religion is made very attractive. But solid food is for the mature person. and start living by the new religion of their own desires. “It is the message of faith. but were a convincing ploy of Satan. Satan had played a similar game with Jesus (pbuh) when he took 11 . To those who are without law I am as without law. 2:16). “For we come to the conclusion that a man is justified by faith without the works of the Law” (Romans. Modern words might read more like. to those under the Law as one who is under the Law. saying. and that they were not worth following. for he is an infant. to gain those who are under the Law. “You believe in God? So what? So does Satan. 3:13). Some people think that the light that Paul saw and the voice that he heard on his way to Damascus (Acts.that a man is justified by works.a person is not made righteous through the works of the Law. head of the church and brother of Jesus taught that faith alone was not sufficient for salvation (Galatians. 9:19). walk orderly and keep the Law before it is too late” (Acts. although I am not under the Law. Paul changed the Christianity of Jesus (pbuh) to such an extent that he appears to be teaching: Follow Jesus or follow Paul. for those whose faculties have been trained by practice to distinguish between good and evil. whose inconvenience people have suffered and tolerated for too long. Even the demons believe—and tremble!” (James 2:19). 10:9).” contains a passage in which James sarcastically compares those of faith but lacking good works with demons.

but your knowledge saved you. Satan is very cunning. a large number of Unitarians (who deny the Trinity) and intellectuals were killed throughout the history of Christianity. I’m your lord (God). He was extremely thirsty. and another of the Holy Ghost. Pakistan. This makes Christian’s monotheism full-fledged polytheism. and of the Holy Ghost is all one. why have three? The biblicists concede that the very concept of Trinity is beyond rational comprehension. as far as human understanding is concerned. Abdul Qader said: “O. it was the claim of deity for Jesus that led to this doctrine of the Trinity. Even Paul admits: “.” (2 Corinthians.” Later. (C) ISLAM REJECTS CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE OF ATONEMENT FOR SINS THROUGH BELIEF IN THE DEATH OF JESUS (pbuh) ON THE CROSS There is no atonement by anyone for anyone. the glory equal.. therefore. from your deception. and a learned person). “The Father is God. not deceived by Satan. Satan misled and deceived our father Adam and many other people. I’m so much pleased with your great worship and obedience to me that I now lift all the prohibited commands from you and make everything permissible for you. Abdul Qader. you want to deceive me again (by creating in me a false pride of being superior.” Hearing this. He quenched his thirst and thanked God. nor God the Son. (D) CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE OF TRINITY The doctrine of triune God or three headed God as stated by the Athanasian Creed is as follows: There is one person of the Father. and the Holy Ghost is God.” He further added. nor God the Holy Ghost is an attribute.” Upon hearing this.” The whole light disappeared in smoke and a voice came: “I have misled dozens of people in this desert. clever. “It is a mystery. out of His Mercy. But the godhead of the Father. Satan. So Paul was not sure whether it was an angel of light or Satan who talked to him. “God does neither command nor does He like evil. when someone asked Abdul Qader Jilani how he recognized that it was Satan. the majesty coeternal.” When you ask the Christians. Rather. (B) ISLAMIC CONCEPT OF SALVATION The Only Correct Road to Salvation is Correct Faith and Righteous Deeds See Appendix A for a discussion of this topic. Paul was openly persecuting and killing the followers of Jesus (pbuh). who once was in a barren land where there was neither water nor food.. 4:810). arrogant. they say. another of the Son. otherwise you are not a good Christian. of the Son. See Appendix B. Jesus (pbuh). This dogma makes God out of Jesus. Bandar Road. he replied: “from Satan’s words. the cursed one. It is not my knowledge but my God who saved me.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Jesus (pbuh) up on a very high mountain (Matthew. There is not a single explicit statement by Jesus in the 12 . For example. get away from here. they are definite persons and. Karachi. From this light came a voice saying: “O.” (“Fayuze Yazdani.” They have no answer. so why does He expect us not to use it when it comes to worshipping Him? This is why after the promulgation of the doctrine of the Trinity. the Son of God is God. published by Madina Publishing Co. Comments: Christian dogmatists say that Christians should believe in the Trinity as a matter of faith.. but one God. I now lift all the prohibited commandments and make everything permissible for you. God gave us a brain and intellect to think and reflect. Suddenly a cloud came and it began to rain. 11:14-15). and mischievous. but after this vision.. However. being a Messenger of God. Before this vision. In reality. But neither God the Father. the cursed one..Satan himself transforms into an angel of light. are mutually exclusive individuals. was under the protection of God and was. once there was a pious and Godfearing Muslim. Abdul Qadar Jilani. In this cloud he saw a light that extended all the way to the horizon. If there had been three attributes of the same God. If they are all the same. Abdul Qader said: “May God protect me from you O. Paul started destroying Christianity from within by contradicting the concrete and accepted teachings of Moses (Moses) and Jesus (pbuh).” 1964. Christian monotheism would be understandable.

there are dozens of references in the Gospels that contradict the divinity of Jesus. ‘My father. and in a certain place. 2 Kings. (4) The condition of Jesus on the night he was to be arrested is described in the Gospel of Matthew: “Then Jesus went with them (his disciples) to a place called Gethsemane. slept. was born like any other child. and those who are part of this business have a vested interest in keeping it going. However. After my presentation. while I go over yonder and pray. God is eternal and uncreated. he began to show grief and distress of mind and was deeply depressed. and not just those miracles mentioned in the Gospels. and was then overpowered by his enemies. only God is Perfect and Infallible. Some Christians say that Jesus is God because he was born without a father. Then he said to them. let this cup pass away from me nevertheless. permission. ‘Hear. the priest who had invited me took me aside and said: “I. Sometime back. he threw himself upon the ground on his face and prayed saying. drank. regardless of when or where it occurred—whether before or after the Incarnation or at the beginning of creation—it nullifies the claim that Jesus is God. and you should worship me.. God created Jesus without a father).’ And going a little further. and we also believe that the creation of Jesus is just like the creation of Adam. We Muslims believe in the virgin birth of Jesus (i. but also flagrantly blasphemous. This doctrine runs counter to the concept of God given in the Old Testament. the Red Sea (Exodus 14:22). O Israel: The Lord Our God is One Lord’. and remained dead for three days. baptized. which are not even entioned in the Gospels. ‘Sit down here. God gave different miracles to different prophets.’ And with him Peter and two sons of Zebedee.” On the other hand. but also in those miracles mentioned in the Holy Qur’an. ate. and not through any personal divine power of any prophet or of Jesus. It is a great insult and humiliation to God to believe that He lived as a child in the womb of a woman for nine months. and that he even brought the dead to life. the vast majority of Christians are well-intentioned people. not what I will but as you will and desire. 13:21). ‘What! Are you so utterly unable to stay awake and watch with me for one hour?’ Again a second time he went away and prayed. and there are many others like me. do not believe that Jesus was God. rested.. No sensible person who believes in one True God can stomach this polytheism. It is an utter mockery of the oneness of God. ‘My soul is very sad and deeply grieved. but they do not have the time to study what is really in the Bible. and there are many others like me. If Jesus was ever created. But these miracles were performed by the will. do not believe in the Original Sin. 2:22). We Muslims believe in the various miracles of Jesus. I was invited for a presentation on Islam by a church in a suburb. 2 Kings.” (20:17) (3) Jesus says: “Why do you call me good? There is no one good except God alone” (Mark 10:18.” (Mark. Another well-known example is the miracle of Moses splitting the ocean. your 13 .ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Gospels wherein he says: “I am God. and to my God and to your God’. 12:28-29) (2) Jesus says in the Gospel of John. so that I am almost dying of sorrow. used the washroom. Stay here and keep awake and watch with me. This is a big business. and he told his disciples. ‘I am ascending to my Father and to your Father. at a certain time. and everyone else is fallible and imperfect). who was created without a father and mother. “But go to my Brethren and tell them. if it is possible.” After that he said: “I. was circumcised. 4:34. was subject to fear and other emotions. The Christian notion of godhead is not only deeply mystifying.e. The New Testament states: “Jesus of Nazareth. There are other Christians who say that he is God because he performed many miracles. (1) Jesus was asked: “Which commandment is first and most important of all?” Jesus answered: “The first and principal one of all commands is. Luke 18:19) (i. killed.” Promoters of Christianity generate millions of dollars in donations annually. even bringing the dead to life as described in the Old Testament (1 Kings. if this cannot pass by unless I drink it. This doctrine is a clear proof that the founders of traditional Christianity have painted Jesus and his creed in colors drawn from the pagan paint box. and power of God. wept. Jesus was born to a certain woman. ‘My father. your Creator. GOSPELS REJECT TRINITY AND DIVINITY OF JESUS (pbuh) The verses below prove that the Gospels reject the Trinity and the divinity of Jesus (pbuh). 17:22.’ And he came to the disciples and found them sleeping and he said to Peter.e. a man attested by God” (Acts.

” And: “Which of you. he prayed more earnestly. will give him a stone? Or if he asks for a fish.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind will must be done. about the last day: “But of that day and hour no one knows not even the angels of heaven. Luke 8:45. 26:36-44). like any other person: “Jesus cried with a loud voice. If Jesus (pbuh) is God. “I am God. n 14 .” (Matthew. and failing me in my need?)” (Matthew. (12) After Jesus had gone indoors. nor under his control. ‘Be gone Satan! For it has been written. and Him alone shall you serve’’ (Matthew. Our Christian friends are never tired of parroting that Jesus (pbuh) came into the world expressly to offer himself as a willing sacrifice to atone for mankind’s sins. If that was true. Jesus (pbuh) says: “Ask and it will be given to you.” verses. 5:30-32. “forsaking” and “abandoned” by Jesus (pbuh) shows that the situation was neither as anticipated by him. If Jesus (pbuh) did pray as the Gospels say.’ And again he came and found them sleeping. I can do it. These are not the words of a man who willingly died for our sins. if you will prostrate yourself before me. knock and the door will be opened to you. one wonders why God would permit death to overtake Him when He had the power to save Himself? Or. 4:8-10). the God-man. and do homage and worship me. whom did he worship? And why? Did he pray to himself? (9) Jesus’ knowledge was limited. and prayed for the third time. asked him privately. as documented in the following n When Jesus was rejected in his own country or city. 6:5). the door will be opened. he said: “A prophet is not without honor except in his own country and in his own house” (Matthew. Eli. and his sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground. 27:46). The use of the words. if his son asks for bread. (7) When Jesus was put on the cross. and there he prayed” (Mark. When Jesus entered Jerusalem the whole city was stirred and asked: “Who is this?” The crowd answered: “This is Jesus. One does not cry in desperation and does not express displeasure when one’s wishes are being fulfilled. 7:7-10) And Jesus (pbuh) did ask earnestly. So leaving them again he went away. 4:157). And he (the devil) said to him (Jesus). as repeated in Luke (22:44): “And being in anguish. need an angel to strengthen him (Luke. then his prayer was accepted and God saved him from suffering and humiliation on the cross. his disciples. nor the son. leaving me helpless. you shall worship the Lord. he could have said. why have you abandoned me. long before daylight. “Why couldn’t we drive it out?” He replied: “This kind can come out only by prayer. the Prophet from Nazareth in Galilee. (8) “In the morning. He says.46). will give him a snake?” (Matthew. your God. did God commit suicide? Muslims believe that Jesus was never crucified (Qur’an.” Can anyone imagine that God would answer a prophet’s plea for rescue with a short weekend on a cross instead? If Jesus (pbuh) is God.’ Then Jesus said to him.” Note: If Jesus was God. my God. 24:36). Note: God helps others. using the same words” (Matthew. why did he hesitate and pray for the reversal of the fate prescribed for him? And why did Jesus (pbuh). 1:35). For everyone who asks receives. 22:43)? (5) Jesus says that only God should be worshiped and served: “Again the devil took him (Jesus) up on a very high mountain. 13:57). (6) “Jesus says that God alone is God” (John 5:44). ‘These things are taken together I will give you. There are so many discrepancies in the description of the crucifixion and resurrection that it makes the doctrines of crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus (pbuh) unreliable (also see the Gospel of Barnabas). Note: God’s power is permanent. he cried and he asked God for help. he who seeks finds. and does not need any help from anyone. but only the Father” (Matthew. Lama Sabachthani?’ (My God. (11) “He was not able to do even one miracle there” (Mark. (10) Jesus says: “I lost my healing power because someone touched my clothes” (Mark. ‘Eli. (13) Jesus refers to himself as a prophet in the Gospels and people call him a prophet. seek and you will find it. forsaking me. he got up and went out to a deserted place. and to him who knocks. He does not lose it. 21:10-11). and showed him all the kingdom of the world and the glory.

13:33. then there must have been a time when the Eternal Father preexisted.. “I and father are one. 9:6. Ibraham is my son.” For example: “Blessed are the makers and maintainers of peace. 6:14. 7:16). n “Now when the Pharisee who had invited him [Jesus] saw it. 2 Chronicles. 6:15.” (John. 19:28.. created. Solomon is my son. ‘My doctrine is not mine. 26:24. n In the Gospel of John (14:24). 24:19. Jesus says: “. And: “But love your enemies. n “This is because I have never spoken on my own authority or of my own accord or self-appointed.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind n “And although they (priests and Pharisees) were trying to arrest him [Jesus] they feared the throngs.. so He later created Jesus? Since God is Eternal. 7:40). (Exodus. n “Jesus answered them and said. is my first born son. 2:7). in which Jesus says he and his disciples are one or they are one with God. “I preach the same thing that father wants me to teach or which he reveals to me.. n Referring to Jesus. 10:16). 4:23-24. 6:35). If Jesus (pbuh) was the son of God in the literal sense.” Also see John. 4:22. (19) The proof that the Christians provide for the divinity of Jesus is that Jesus said. 7:16. you deny the Bible and the Gospels.. Also in the Old Testament. and the teaching which you heed and hear is not mine but [comes] from the father who sent me. because they regarded him as a prophet” (Matthew. 31:9. 2:18. the Old Testament says Moses is God: “Then the lord said to Moses. John. 15 . because he is kind to the ungrateful and wicked” (Luke. Behold. The Creator and His creation are not the same. and you will be sons of the Most High. and 17:23. 5:9). n “For I have come down from heaven. 22:7-10).” If you equate Jesus to God.My food is to do the will of Him who sent me. Jeremiah. 17:9. for you have one master [leader]. if this man were a prophet he would surely know who and what sort of woman this is who is touching him. 5:30).. and lend to them without expecting to get anything back. who is in heaven. then there must have been a time when Jesus (pbuh) did not exist. 28:6. 1 Chronicles.” (16) Jesus refers to himself again and again in the Gospels as a “son of man” (Matthew. 7:39.. 6:38). 12:49). people say “A great prophet has appeared among us” (Luke. (15) In the Gospel of Matthew (23:9-10) Jesus says: “And do not call anyone [in the church] on earth father.. Mark. but the Gospels explain what he means by the “son of God. 3:38. for they shall be called the sons of God” (Matthew. And you must not be called master [leader]. 7:39. 2:28. 20:34-36. It is obvious that the son of man can only be a man.He who rejects me rejects Him who sent me” (Luke. If Jesus (pbuh) was created of the Father. for you have one Father. for she is a notorious sinner” (Luke. but the will of Him who sent me” (John. 4:44. but the Father n “. The Old Testament even refers to David as the begotten son of God (Psalms. n “. I do not seek my own will but the will of the Father who sent me” (John. 7:16). for it will never do for a prophet to be destroyed away from Jerusalem. he said to himself. but His who sent me”’ (John. Matthew. do good to them.. and Luke. is my first born son. and so cannot be partners in divinity. 17:21. Then your reward will be great. God says: “Israel is my son. not to do my own will. not God. 26:45. (17) The Gospels refer to Jesus as the Messenger of God as documented in the following verses: Who has sent me has Himself given me orders what to say and what to tell” (John. in fact.. 4:34).” No doubt he refers to himself as the son of God. 8:20..” etc. n Jesus says about himself: “Nevertheless I must continue on my way today and tomorrow and the day after that. 31:20. 26:64). Jesus (pbuh) cannot be considered to be partners in God-head if he was. 17:11.” which really means. According to this “proof” that Jesus is God. 24:27. Also see Luke. Jesus does not refer to himself even once as God or the “begotten son of God.” (18) Throughout the four Gospels.” (Luke. n “I can of myself do nothing. 21:46). 17:22. Jesus (pbuh) says: “The father is greater and mightier than I am. the Christ. 17:12. 23:9. 8:28). (14) In the gospel of John (14:24).

11:41-42). but only in isolation 16 . (20) Jesus thanks God and acknowledges that the power of performing miracles has been given to him by God and is not his own. As this was the only conception to which they had been exposed or accustomed to. self-denial. and which played a prominent role in turning people away from Christianity. 1984): “More than half of England’s Anglican bishops say Christians are not obliged to believe that Jesus Christ was God. the thinkers among the Europeans could not reconcile themselves to a humanized god-father. John. according to a survey published today. 17:1-2. Some Christians have started preaching that belief in the divinity of Jesus is not essential to being a true Christian. ( f ) To possess property of any kind is a sin for a religious person. curbing of desires. The criterion of moral excellence is to live as a poor ( g ) The withdrawal from pleasures and all material comforts. 7:1). European thinkers instinctively shrank from the concept of God as presented in the teachings of the church. for the “world” and “religion” were to them incompatible spheres of human life. As a result. leaving many parishioners wondering who to believe. and his children. 11:25-27. (F) ASCETICISM AND MONASTIC LIFE Another dogma invented by the church after Jesus. ( c ) Those who perform religious service in the church should not marry. becoming atheists. The prevalent view was that the path of salvation lay not through the rough and tumble of life. since no one could be expected to travel in two boats at the same time. secularists. ( h ) Worshipping saints replaced the ancient deities. After a period of enlightenment. Therefore. his sisters. Every man was forced to choose one or the other. Frequently. and irreligious. is life-negating asceticism and repudiation of the world. they began to reject the very idea of God. Nazis. Thus it divided life into two compartments—the religious and the secular. One should remain chaste. they thought that every religion was like that. He also thanks God for various favors of God. nationalists. According to the London Daily News (June 25. and torturing the body by different sorts of harsh disciplines is a climax and a proof of a person’s spirituality. agnostics. Celibacy is superior to matrimonial and mundane life. ( d ) The bond of marriage between man and woman is a filthy thing. Images of Christ and Mary began to be worshipped instead of God. his brothers. a wedge has been driven between those who select one or the other of these modes of life. This philosophy dichotomized human life into spirit and flesh. the two groups were at loggerheads with one another.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind I make you as God to Pharaoh [to declare my will and purpose to him) and Aaron your brother shall be your prophet” (Exodus. Although there is no scriptural authority for clerical celibacy—the marriage of priests being explicitly recognized in the Old Testament—reformers based their arguments on the doctrine that no man can serve two masters. (Matthew. He who is bound to the world by permanent ties would become enslaved to the world. if not the majority opinion of the higher ranks of their own clergy. Once the intellectual shackles of the Middle Ages were broken. communists. Its salient features are: ( a ) Sexual urge is of the devil and a hindrance to spiritual life. and with it they rejected every religion. ( b ) The ideal Christian is one who becomes a monk (or nun) and does not marry. but of bishops. (E) HOLY QUR’AN REJECTS TRINITY AND DIVINITY OF JESUS (pbuh) See Appendix C for a discussion of this topic. ( e ) One who seeks love of God should break off all relations of human love that bind him in the world to his parents. Chastity means that one should strictly abstain from sexual relations even between husband and wife. John. person and ascetic.” Noteworthy is the fact that this is not the opinion of lay clergy.

to make new inventions and discoveries. Islam commands action. because of its political and cultural supremacy. aggression. rather. COMMENTS ON ASCETICISM AND MONASTIC LIFE Islam rejects and condemns the ascetic view of life. Those who performed this assignment to His satisfaction will be sent to Paradise. Thus.. which embodies the true teachings of all the prophets. The rest will be sent to Hell. repudiates asceticism as a source of spiritual wellbeing and rejects the dichotomy of human affairs into spiritual and temporal. and followed them with Jesus son of Mary and gave him the Gospel and put in the hearts of those who followed him. Forced by this dichotomy to choose between the “world” and “religion. it is a complete way of life based on a unique concept of man’s place in the universe. loss of faith. and serve Him. to enforce His law upon himself and that portion of His creation that falls under his jurisdiction. obey. compassion and mercy. capable. exertion. For more details see “Islamic Concept of Worship” in Chapter 4.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind from the social. rather. and fame could be of interest to intelligent. to inundate the entire world.” (2) Islam. which is now threatening. One day. David. man has to be very actively involved in the affairs of this world and not sit aloof 17 . The place for the growth of the spirit is in the midst of life and not in solitary places of spiritual hibernation. to bring progress and prosperity. We did not prescribe it for them. is the representative of God on earth — His vicegerent or deputy. after death. a place of eternal happiness and bliss. economic. and the other messengers who preceded him. but it also gave birth to the faithlessness and agnosticism of modern Europe. to try to the best of his capacity to eradicate evil. (5) Islam. but teaches us how to make proper use of both. Morality appeared to vanish from the conduct of public affairs. according to Islam. and ambitious persons. and capabilities to discharge this duty. (4) Islam does not scorn wealth and power. is not a religion in the general sense. The state eventually revolted against the church and made itself free from all obligations to it. not inaction.. to explore new things. Man. (1) This asceticism was the result of the perversion of the teachings of Jesus. None of the biblical prophets preached this life negating asceticism. talent. and He has put all things on earth at his disposal. injustice. This hideous schizophrenia not only divorced what was called “worldly” from the benefit of spiritual wisdom. we all shall be brought back to life for judgment concerning the assignment given to us in this world. riches. The present wave of gross materialism. By withdrawing themselves from the pursuit of virtue.” a large number of the most able people dissociated themselves from the rigors and constraints of religious and ascetic life. to work to the best of his ability to promote good. establish peace. and exploitation.. acceptance of responsibility and doing one’s duty instead of shrinking selfishly from these duties. a place of eternal miseries and tortures. as though He is videotaping us or we are on candid camera. and political problems of worldly pursuits. but monasticism they themselves invented. No concept of religion that barred the gates to material progress and acquisition of power. giving him the power and authority to use them to manage the affairs of and to rule on earth on His behalf according to His will. not outside of it. and moral debasement can be seen as a direct consequence of the division between spirit and matter affected by older civilizations. and proposes a set of methods and processes for the spiritual development of man by living in this world. (6) God is watching us all the time. The only purpose of creating man and sending him to earth is to work for and act on this assignment. Solomon. Moses. (3) It is wrong to think that religion demands withdrawal from the world for remembrance of God. not indolence. and make the Law of God supreme (not man-made law). it commands us to discipline them. Jesus’ message was basically the same as that of Abraham. Islam tells the world that every worldly affair undertaken with sincerity to please God and in accordance with the code of morals revealed by Him through His Messengers is meritorious in the sight of God. Islam does not teach us to annihilate our desires.) This assignment is to worship. oppression. 57:27: “After them (Noah and Abraham) We sent Our Messengers one after the other. God says in the Holy Qur’an. such men frustrated the integration of secular and religious affairs. to make earth a better place to live. God has given man the necessary potential. (A comprehensive discussion of the purpose of life of man is given in Chapter 14. to create constructive and beneficial changes on earth. and thus establish the Kingdom of God on earth. They invented it themselves in order to seek Allah’s goodwill . and thus to serve the Creator in the best possible way and thank Him most profusely. which is a true religion of mankind.

but also that God wishes people to enjoy it. 7:32). one’s station will be determined entirely by one’s righteousness and justice. films. (8) Islam wills us to be a community of the “middle way:” “And it is thus that We appointed you be the community of the middle way. novels. For Allah does not like those who go to excess” (7. or to deprive him of the good things of this worldly life. All the clean and beautiful things created are meant. Now. within the limits that serve the interests of both body and soul. or starvation. Fashion houses. This is an important argument which the Qur’an advances in the refutation of false creeds. This transgression could be committed either way: by making the lawful unlawful or by making the unlawful lawful. (9) God says in the Holy Qur’an: “Children of Adam! Take your adornment at every time of prayer and eat and drink without going to excesses. every constructive talent. if there is any religion or ethical or social system that forbids those things or considers them an insurmountable barrier to man’s spiritual growth. The general principle is to satisfy your nature. An appreciation of this argument would help one understand the Qur’anic line of argumentation. and shall be exclusively theirs on the Day of Resurrection. There is nothing sinful in this.. so that you might be witness before all mankind and the Messenger might be a witness before you. it has an intellectual orientation which itself is proof of it not having been prescribed by God. “[O Mohammed ask them]: Who has forbidden the adornment which Allah has brought forth for His creatures or the good things from among the means of sustenance?’ Say: ‘These are for the enjoyment of the believers in this world. and activity is nourished and encouraged to grow and play its part in society. As for the unfaithful—those who were disloyal to God even though every fiber of their being was nourished by the sustenance provided by Him—they will have no share whatsoever of those bounties in the next life. There. pictures. it pleases Him that man should appear in good. even those who are disloyal to God are granted respite to mend their ways and are therefore not denied His worldly bounties. But the next life will be totally different. Thus. and magazines are at the forefront of this campaign of promoting nudity. all people are being tested in this world. aptitude. for the believers in this world. It is a community that keeps in balance the two extremes of materialism and spiritual asceticism. (7) We have body and soul and we have to satisfy the genuine needs of both in such a way as to uplift the spirit and enhance the quality of human life. misery.31). As for sin. On the contrary. while animal beauty is that of nudity. But the finest of all is the garment of piety” (Qur’an. therefore. 7:26). It treats man as a balanced combination of body and soul and allows him the opportunity and means to satisfy them both in moderation. ability. for they are God’s faithful subjects.. working on his personal spiritual uplifting without any interest in what is happening around him. 18 . people are told the opposite. Furthermore. these bounties are at times lavished upon them even more abundantly than on God’s faithful servants. While performing prayer. decent dress and enjoy the clean food provided for him by God. Within this framework of balance and moderation. etc. They also imply certain rules that make life easy and help to raise human standards materially and spiritually. Human beauty is that of clothing and cover. These two verses prove the principle of moderation in Islam. God’s bounties in the next life. Since it is God Himself Who has created all good and pure things for man. God does not want to subject man to want. people are required not only to cover the private parts of their body. In this verse. attributing the word “adornment” to God means that it is not only legitimate. Hence. They establish man’s right to enjoy food. but also should wear decent clothing. or at least have a shabby appearance while worshipping. Human beings today are sinking into the depth of ignorant reaction that sends them down to the level of animals.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind somewhere in a jungle. At the time of worship they should not only be clothed and free from indecency. The Muslim community occupies the middle ground in its beliefs and outlook on life. but without exaggeration. However.” (Qur’an 2:143). clothing. it consists of transgressing the bounds set by God. “O children of Adam! Indeed We have sent down to you clothing to cover your nakedness and garments which provide protection and adornment. The directive to pray in a proper and decent dress is aimed at refuting the misconception entertained by ignorant people through the ages that man should worship God either nude or semi-naked. drink. This limitation applies to clothing and adornment. but also to wear clothing that serves the two-fold purpose of covering the body and of giving one a decent appearance. in principle.. Still another point of interest derived from the Qur’anic verse is that Islam calls upon people to enjoy the good things in life rather than be satisfied with only the essentials. with a view to testing those disloyal to God. and it is fidelity to God that makes one deserve to enjoy things which are God’s. In fact. do We clearly expound Our revelations for those who have knowledge’’ (Qur’an. it obviously could not have been His intent to make them unlawful. will be for the faithful alone. Islam calls upon people to look forward to a better standard of living.

ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind to a decent and dignified life. To attain this objective, one has to work more, produce more, and exercise initiative and enterprise. This all leads to the development of the economy and the progress of civilization. The result is peaceful and honest competition worthy of God’s appreciation. This meaning is emphasized by the verse that says that the good things in life are provided for the believers, and that the believers shall not be punished for this enjoyment on the Day of Judgment. The reference to the believers in this verse is intended to signify that believers know God’s restrictions and abide by His rules. (10) A fundamental principle of Islam is that “there are rights upon you of your own self.” Three persons came to the house of the Prophet’s wives asking about the Prophet’s acts of worship. When they found out, they said: “Where do we stand in relation to the Prophet? God has forgiven him all his sins, both the early and late ones.” One of them said: “I will spend my nights in prayers.” Another said: “I will fast the whole year.” The third said: “I will never marry.” When the Prophet (pbuh) was told about the decisions of the three persons, he said: “By God, none of you could be more fearful of Allah (swt) than myself. Yet I fast and break the fast; I pray part of the night and sleep the rest, and I marry. Whoever rejects my way of life does not belong to me”. (Hadith Book, by Imam Bukhari). There are rights upon us of our own selves, our families, and our children. Islam does not believe in suppressing even sexual desires; it enjoins man to control and regulate these desires and to seek fulfillment in marriage. It forbids him from both self-persecution and total self-denial, and permits him, nay, bids him, to enjoy the rightful comforts and pleasures of life and remain pious and steadfast in the midst of life and its problems. To seek spiritual elevation, moral purity, nearness to God, and salvation in the life to come, it is not necessary to abandon this world. Instead, the trial of man lies in this world and he should remain in its midst and follow the way of Allah (swt) here in it. The road to success lies in following Divine Law in the midst of life’s complexities and not outside of them. Islam forbids all those practices, activities, and things that are injurious to man’s physical, mental, or moral existence. It forbids the consumption of alcohol, intoxicating harmful and habit forming drugs, blood, flesh of pig, beasts of prey, poisonous and unclean animals, and the carcass, for all these have undesirable effects upon the physical, moral, intellectual, and spiritual life of man. While forbidding these things, Islam enjoins upon man the use of clean, healthy, and useful foods and products, and asks him not to deprive his body of such foods, or of proper rest and sleep, for man’s body, too, has a right upon him. (11) Charity is another field where moderation is required. According to Islam, charity should not lead the donor to become destitute himself, which puts a limit on charity. “Make not thy hand tied [like a niggard) to thy neck, nor stretch it forth to its utmost so that thou become blameworthy and destitute” (Qur’an, 17:29). “[The true servants of God are] those who are neither extravagant nor miserly in their spending but keep the golden mean between the two.” (Qur’an, 25:67). Muslims should have such a sense of balance and moderation that they should not shrink from spending when it is genuinely needed, and they should abstain from spending when it is not truly needed or is not justified, such as for show, out of vanity, on sheer luxury, or for sinful purposes. The Prophet (pbuh) said: “It is wrong for a man to give away all his wealth to become a burden on the community.” [Hadith Book by Imam Bukhari). By saying this, the Prophet (pbuh) aimed to show that charity should not cause poverty, which in turn damages the structure of society. Another verse upholding the principle of moderation says: “Give to the near of kin his due [i.e. charity] and also the needy and the wayfarers. Do not squander your wealth wastefully; for those who squander wastefully are Satan’s brothers and Satan is ever ungrateful to his Lord.” (Holy Qur’an, 17:26). A further note is necessary before concluding this discussion of Islamic moderation in charity. Under special circumstances and in the service of specific public or community interests, Islam allows certain people—the great, truly generous, and highly placed—to exceed the proper percentage in charity to the extent of giving up all their wealth.

(G) SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE
(1) Traditional Christianity in Europe opposed free thought, was oppressive, intolerant, tyrannical, and divided into many sects, thus producing disputes, persecution, and wars. (2) Christianity remained a persecuted religion until the Roman King Constantine converted to Christianity in the 4th Century, when Christianity became a state religion. After this, all Europe was gradually Christianized by force.

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ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (3) Since the word of God as revealed to Jesus was lost, the church took the liberty of proclaiming its own modified version of the teachings of Jesus. (4) Present day orthodox Christian creed passed through conflicting versions that were enforced through an oppressive organization of the Christian church and through the council and authority of devout Byzantine or Roman emperors. (5) Christian dogma was enunciated, supervised, supplemented, and defended through the organization of the church in close collaboration with the administration of the empire. (6) Persons who dared to oppose the decrees, definitions, or religious authority of this organization were subjected to depositions, anathemas, excommunications, exile, and death. (7) If a man with a conscience refused to conform to these man-made practices of the church, or simply sought improvement in the conditions of society (independent of the church), he was likely to be persecuted or burned as a heretic. (8) The tyrannical persecution committed by the church to impose conformity with church teachings is horrifying even in its narration. (9) The inculcation of hatred for human beings who dared to differ in religious interpretations was sanctioned by the additional virtue of having one’s sins remitted if one was as barbarous as the church wanted him to be. (10) Christianity was based upon revelation, but what had, in fact, been revealed? No one seemed to know, or rather— even worse—everyone seemed to know that his own version was the only correct one. (11) The theory of salvation in this and the other world was linked with the authority and control of the extremely intolerant and thoroughly aggressive priests of a particular church. The sacraments could only be administered through these authorized priests. (12) The necessary medium of bishops for proper communion with God prevented a direct relationship between the one indivisible God and His creatures. (13) The church became a shroud drawing, a veil around the genuine teachings of Jesus to prevent them from reaching the people under its dominion. (14) Historical Christianity, drifting away from the original teachings of Jesus, gradually built for itself a special idea of revelation, so that its faith continued to be and still continues to be perpetually exposed to the challenges of reason and science. Christianity has still not succeeded in extricating itself from these numerous intellectual attacks. (15) As the revelation of God has already been converted into a “mystery,” no guidance can come from it. At best, it is referred back to the church and its rituals or to one’s misguided conscience. (16) If the individual is free to change his mind from time to time, so is the church free to change its laws, doctrines, and practices. (17) The flexibility of interpretation, if on certain occasions was intended to preserve the domination of Christianity in European society, also became the basis of numerous conflicts between different sections of the Christian community, because God’s grace at different times and in different contexts comes to be differently interpreted by different people. (18) As such, the Christianity split into many different sects. (19) Disagreements on doctrines and practices created a rift in the Catholic church during the period from 1378-1417 A.D., when there were three rival Popes. This ended at the Council of Constance. This Council saw the rise of the Consigliore Theory (the doctrine that the ultimate authority in the church rests upon the General Council, and not on the Pope). In 1437, the Pope denunciated the Council and again became the supreme head of the church. (20) After this reformation, the church started committing serious abuses. It sold important positions in the church and indulged in corrupt financial practices. An office of priesthood could be purchased with money or a worldly favor. (21) Medieval church was like an international state reaching across national boundaries into the life of every local

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ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind community. It could pronounce the sentence of death. If people attempted to leave Christianity, they were likely to be burned alive. The church was supported by involuntary contributions through tithes and taxes. (22) Privileges of priests were protected by exempting them from trial in civil courts. The church could impose control on dissident individuals. (23) Apart from the purely “religious” forms of authority claimed by the church against its dissidents, it could also exercise political power by supporting one ruler or king against another, and thus continued to be an important instrument of power in Europe. (24) People were disgusted with the excesses of the clergy and wished to revert back to the teachings of Jesus. But they were persecuted for trying to preach or follow any form of worship that was independent of the Church of Rome. (25) The struggles for liberty of conscience culminated when Martin Luther protested against the dispensation of indulgences of the church and finally broke away from the church. (26) Martin Luther supported the new nationalism by advocating German control of German ecclesiastical matters and urged recognition of the authority of civil rules; made an uncompromising attack on the papacy; denied the authority of the priesthood to mediate between God and man; and rejected sacraments. (27) Religious differences within the Christian church, therefore, have been the basis of modern nationalism, too.

(28) When the conflict between Protestant Reformation and the Roman Catholic Church had become acute, a temporary understanding was reached through the Peace of Augsburg (1555). But this peace demonstrated that it was not an individual’s freedom of conscience that gave him the right to believe what he wanted, but the Prince’s decision as to the religion of people living under his control; and all church property held by abbots or bishops was to be forfeited by them if they changed their faith. (29) Religion thus became a national affair, particularly in Protestant countries. Once the authority of the Church of Rome had come to be questioned on the grounds of freedom of conscience, the way opened for the establishment of national Protestant churches in other European countries. (30) All these national Protestant churches, in their turn, became tyrannical in preventing any departure from their authority or from their own brand of national Protestant faith. (31) Even a slight modification by Protestant reformers to the teachings of a Protestant sect brought such severe wrath that the Remonstrants were denied the church and their leaders were persecuted and exiled. Survival of any independent form of belief was impossible under any Christian church, whether Catholic or Protestant. (32) Thus there was civil war in almost every Christian country in Europe, and the experience of orthodox Christianity under a new dispensation had equally demonstrated that it was not possible for people of different religious professions within the Christian world to exist peacefully together. A natural shift towards a separation of the state from the church was inevitable. This is the basis of modern secularism. (33) Secularism, thus, is only an escape from the dreadful experiences of Europe in its effort to implement the teachings of the orthodox version of Christianity within the context of its society. It is an escape from the irreconcilable claims of individual conscience and priest craft, and the claims of rival churches within the same community. In addition, the scientific revolution overturned the church’s beliefs about the universe and man. The lesson from the long history of Christian society in Europe has been that it is not easy to carry church and state together because the very foundation on which the edifice of the church has been raised is itself questionable. (34) The revolt against Christian dogmatism and authoritarianism resulted in the modern sociopolitical ideologies that separated the state from the church, or it altogether denied the truth of religion. Thus it was the problems within Christianity that led to the doctrine of the separation of church and state. Had the church taken fresh inspiration from the original spirit of religion (which is always progressive and was finally revealed in the message of Islam, which was available in Europe at the time), and had it readjusted itself to new scientific and historic advancements, it might not have been separated from the state. Unfortunately, the church confined itself to the fulfillment of its own narrow interests and ignored the light of Islam available next door. This led to the separation of church and state in the entire West, where Christianity was and is the dominant religion. Taking away from God the authority to legislate any state law is denial of the Sovereignty of God, and is an act

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ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind of great rebellion. No ruler or state tolerates rebellion; maximum punishment is given to the rebels. God’s punishment to His rebels is going to be eternal and severe in the Hereafter. Those who divorced God from state affairs did so from ignorance created by the perverted teachings of Christianity, but ignorance of law is no acceptable excuse. Such problems are not created by the teachings of Islam as given to Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) because: (a) These teachings are preserved in the original form in the language in which they were revealed and are most authentic. (b) They are most comprehensive and up-to-date. (c) These teachings include all the basic teachings of all the earlier prophets, including Jesus, Moses, Solomon, David, Jacob, Isaac, Abraham, and others. (d) These Islamic teachings are available all over the world and are easily accessible through modern technology. (e) No excuse for the separation of religion and state will be accepted by God. Further discussion on this is presented in Chapter 1, “Divine Guidance is the Only Solution,” and Chapter 3, “Essential Features of True Divine Guidance.”

(H) OBSCENE AND OFFENSIVE TEACHINGS IN THE BIBLE
There are some good teachings in the Bible—both the Old Testament and the New Testament. However, the Bible is far from being a complete code of life for man. Even in the field of morality, the guidance provided by the Bible is hopelessly inadequate and sometimes even immoral. There are some glaring discrepancies and contradictions; certain statements do not appeal to reason or common sense; certain statements are contrary to scientific truth or realities. The Old Testament maligns the character of those very people who are God’s Messengers. The Book accuses them of heinous sins, such as polytheism, sorcery, fornication, deceit, and treachery. There are tales of naked drunkenness, incest, and whoredom, which no man or woman of modesty and integrity could read to his or her mother, much less to their own children. Let alone prophets and messengers of God, even an ordinary believer who is a decent human being will not do so. Below are some examples of these obscene and offensive teachings: (1) About Noah (pbuh), a prominent and famous Prophet (Messenger) of God: “Noah a man of the soil, proceeded to plant a vineyard. When he drank some of its wine, he became drunk and lay uncovered inside his tent. Ham, the father of Canaan, saw his father’s nakedness and told his two brothers outside” (Genesis, 9:20- 22). (2) About Lot (pbuh), a Prophet of God and nephew of Abraham (pbuh): “Lot and his daughters left Zoar and settled in the mountains, for he was afraid to stay in Zoar. He and his daughters lived in a cave. One day the older daughter said to the younger, ‘Our father is old, and there is no man around here to lie with us, as is the custom all over the earth. Let’s get our father to drink wine and then lie with him and preserve our family line through our father.’ That night they got their father to drink wine, and the older daughter went in and lay with him. He was not aware of it when she lay down or when she got up. The next day the older daughter said to the younger, ‘Last night I lay with my father. Let’s get him to drink wine again tonight, and you go in and lie with him so we can preserve our family line through our father.’ So they got their father to drink wine that night also, and the younger daughter went and lay with him. Again he was not aware of it when she lay down or when she got up. So both of Lot’s daughters became pregnant by their father. The older daughter had a son, and she named him Moab; he is the father of the Moabites of today. The younger daughter also had a son, and she named him Ben-Ammi; he is the father of Ammonites of today” (Genesis, 19:30-38). (3) About Judah, the great grandson of Prophet Abraham (pbuh), grandson of Prophet Isaac (pbuh), and son of Prophet Jacob (pbuh), and the great grandfather of Prophet David (pbuh), Prophet Solomon (pbuh), and Prophet Jesus (pbuh): The Old Testament (Genesis, 38:12-30) says that Judah committed adultery and incest by sleeping with his widowed daughter-in-law named Tamar, and that Perez and Zerah were born to Tamar after this incestuous fornication with her father-in-law Judah. According to the Third Book of Moses (Leviticus, 20:12), both Judah and Tamar should have been put to death, but they were not. Nobody is or should be above the law, but it seems that there are different standards for different people in Christianity. The Bible says: “A person begotten out of wedlock shall not enter into the assembly of the Lord; even to his tenth generation shall his descendants not enter into the congregation of the Lord” (Deuteronomy 23:2). David is the ninth generation of Perez, who was born out of wedlock (Matthew, 1:3-6). (4) About David (pbuh), a great Prophet and great grandfather of Jesus: David committed adultery with Bathsheba, the

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ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind wife of his neighbor, Uria, who became pregnant with Solomon, and then David (pbuh) manipulated to get her husband Uria killed (II Samuel, 11:2-27). According to Leviticus (20:10), both David and Bathsheba should have been killed, but were not. Thus, accordingly, Solomon (pbuh) was not only the tenth generation of illegitimacy through Perez, but also the first generation of illegitimacy through David (pbuh) and Bathsheba. The Holy Qur’an, on the other hand, speaks very highly of David and Solomon, and tells us they were pious, God-fearing, and obedient servants of God and His prophets. (5) About Solomon (pbuh), a Prophet of God who is the builder of the famous temple (or the house of worship) in Jerusalem, who is highly praised in the Old Testament, and who is considered a hero both by the Jews and the Christians: Solomon became an idol worshipper out of his love for his pagan wives (King, 11:1-8). Also, anyone who reads the entire Book of Solomon’s “Song of Songs” will not find a shred of God’s guidance for righteousness; on the other hand, it is all about romance and describes the hidden parts of a woman’s anatomy and has strong immoral sexual overtones. (6) The Old Testament describes the story of an incestuous rape by a brother (Amnon) of his half sister (Tamar). Both are the children of David, the great grandfather of Jesus (2 Samuel, 13:10-14). (7) In 1985, a pamphlet was published in South Africa entitled, “Candid Outbursts—Freedom of Love and Sex.” The Publication Control Board of South Africa banned this pamphlet’s publication when the Board saw its sexual contents. However, the Board did not recognize that the excerpts published in the pamphlet were quotes from the Bible (New International Version, Ezekiel, 23:1-24). This chapter contains such obscene material that we feel ashamed even to reproduce it here. For more references in the Bible concerning insults and the humiliation of God’s chosen people, and about prostitution and other obscene material, see the following: (a) Proverbs, 7:10-22 (b) Judges, 16:1-31 (c) Isaiah, 20:3-4; 23:16 (d) Ezekiel, 16:17-37 (e) II Samuel, 16:14-23 (f) Jeremiah, 29:20-23 (g) Hosea, 1:2-3; 4:14 (h) Isaiah, 23:16 (i) Hosea, 4:14 Comments These are all tales full of lies about these great prophets of God. The mission of prophets is to set practical examples of their teachings for their followers and to serve as role models. Our question is: What is the wisdom in relaying this type of story? What is the lesson these tales convey? Can this be a book of guidance? Can it be a revelation from God? Is this the truth that leads people to the straight path, the path of obedience to God? No wonder the author of Jeremiah bewails, “How can you say, ‘We are wise, for we have the law of the Lord,’ when actually the lying pen of the scribes has handled it falsely?” (Jeremiah, 8:8). So this is the Old Testament wherein one of its authors says that not all the Book is from God, but it has been corrupted by the “false pens of scribes” and is therefore an unreliable source for the word of God.

(I) NEW TESTAMENT INSULTS JESUS (pbuh)
There are many verses in the Gospels that insult and degrade the personality of Jesus (pbuh). We, as Muslims who know the status of Jesus (pbuh), are startled and offended at the incidents narrated in the Gospels. We believe that these allegations about Jesus (pbuh) are the result of distortions and interpolations in the Holy Book, which make the existing New Testament an unreliable source of the word of God. (a) The New Testament presents Jesus (pbuh) as a person who lost faith in his Creator, questioning Divine Decree with the words: “My God, My God, why have you forsaken me?” (Matthew, 27:46). It also presents Jesus (pbuh) as a coward or a timid person. There are many examples in the history of mankind that demonstrate that righteous men and women endured equal or greater sufferings, persecutions, and death on the path of what they believed to be obedience to Almighty God. There are innumerable stories of such martyrs who died with more honor, dignity, boldness, and courage than Jesus (pbuh). The Gospels want us to believe that Jesus died questioning (with his last

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ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind words) the decree of his Creator. This shows that either the Gospels quoted the wrong man or the words attributed to Jesus (pbuh) are not true. In either case, the New Testament is not trustworthy. (b) It is unbelievable that Jesus should be disrespectful to his own mother when he rebuffed her, as if she was not one who: “...does the will of my Father in Heaven...” or “....hear[s] God’s word and put[s] it into practice...” (Matthew, 12:48-50; Mark, 3:31-35; Luke, 8:20-21). Jesus (pbuh) is represented as cruel and as a usurper of the properties of others, as when Jesus (pbuh) was feeling hungry, he went to a fig tree with the hope that he might get some fruit. As it was not the season for fruit he was disappointed. At this, Jesus (pbuh) cursed and the tree withered (Matthew, 21:18- 19; Mark, 11:12-14).

(c)

The lack of figs was no mistake or fault of the tree. Jesus’ disappointment was, according to the above representation, due to the ignorance of Jesus because it was not the season for fruit. Instead of feeling ashamed of his own ignorance, Jesus is represented as a person of such a low character that he did not hesitate to curse even a lifeless tree without any fault of its own. Moreover, this fruit tree was not the property of Jesus. Fruit trees were, and still are, valuable assets in those areas. To destroy someone else’s property without any fault of the owner does not behoove a good person, much less a prophet who is supposed to be a model for his followers. (d) Jesus (pbuh) preached in Matthew (5:44): “... Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you.” But the Gospels present Jesus (pbuh) as a person who has no regard for his own teachings. In Matthew (12:34) Jesus (pbuh) calls people: “You brood of vipers, how can you who are evil say anything good? For out of the overflow of the heart the mouth speaks.” In Matthew (23:25-27), Jesus (pbuh) calls some people hypocrites: “Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You clean the outside of the cup and dish, but inside they are full of greed and self-indulgence. Blind Pharisee! First clean the inside of the cup and dish, and then the outside also will be clean. Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You are like whitewashed tombs, which look beautiful on the outside but on the inside are full of dead men’s bones and everything unclean.” And in John (10:8): “All who ever came before me were thieves and robbers, but the sheep did not listen to them.” Is that practicing brotherly love? Loving others does not accord with calling names. (e) The Bible represents Jesus (pbuh) as a wine drinker and wine maker. Christians boast that the Bible is the best book of morality in the world, but unfortunately, nowhere does it prohibit the three gateways to nearly all crimes and sins: wine, gambling, and shameful, exciting displays of physical beauty. Wine, in fact, forms a necessary element of the Holy Communion, and the first miracle of Jesus (pbuh) as recorded in the Gospels was the converting of water into wine (Luke, 7:33-34; John, 2:1-11). (f) The Gospels present Jesus (pbuh) as a racist and a very rude person. We find Jesus (pbuh) abusing a woman who has no fault: “And behold, a woman who was a Canaanite of that district came out and with a (loud, troublesomely urgent) cry begged, ‘have mercy on me, O Lord, son of David! My daughter is miserably and distressingly and cruelly possessed by a demon!’ But he did not answer her a word. And his disciples came and implored him, saying, ‘Send her away, for she is crying after us.’ He answered, ‘I was sent only to the lost sheep of the House of Israel.’ But she came and kneeling, worshipped him, and kept praying, ‘Lord, help me!’ And he answered, ‘It is not right—proper, becoming or fair—to take the children’s bread and throw it to the little dogs.’ She said, ‘Yes, lord, yet even the little pups eat the crumbs that fall from their (young) master’s table” (Matthew, 15:22-27; Mark, 7:26-27). Is this the morality of Jesus (pbuh) as a spiritual head who is to serve as a model, that if a person begs something from you which you can afford to give, then instead of giving, you should not even show courtesy? (g) “When they were getting near to Jerusalem, to Bethphage and Bethany to the Mount of Olives, He sent ahead two of His disciples, and instructed them, ‘Go into the village in front of you, and as soon as you enter it you will find a colt tied which has never been ridden by anyone, unfasten it and bring it (here). If anyone asks you, “Why are you doing this?” Answer, “The Lord needs it, and He will send it back here presently.” So they went away and found a colt tied at the door out in the [winding) open street, and they loosed it. And some who were standing there said to them, ‘What are you doing, untying the colt?’ And they replied as Jesus (pbuh) had directed them, and they allowed them to go” (Mark, 11:1-6; Luke, 19:30-35). An ordinary righteous person under this situation would have done the following: (i) (ii) He would ask the owner: “Can we borrow or rent your colt for a certain time—hours or days?” The owner may or may not agree. If the owner agrees, then he would ask the owner how much is to be paid to him.

24

and its teachings are simple. also struggle with declining membership. the worldwide Anglican Communion is facing a possible schism over the election of a gay bishop by American Episcopalians—a move opposed by Anglican conservatives. in one case. easily understandable. twothirds of the practicing Christians in Britain will be over 65 and easily outnumbered by practicing Muslims. Many churches are empty and falling into disrepair— a burden on church coffers. Two stories of conversion of American Christian priests to Islam are in Appendix D and Appendix E. Also. Historian R. appealing to common sense. making each sect oppressive.C. people of all professions and intellectual levels.K. and corrupted by their followers. all other religions brought by various prophets and messengers of God are now mere legends of the past. deserting the Law of God. as discussed in Chapter 3. people started deserting Christianity. Ensor says: “No one will ever understand Victorian England who does not appreciate that among highly civilized countries it was one of the most religious that the world has ever known. For more comprehensive treatment of the beauty and charm of Islam. free thought. 13). pubs. (iii) Innumerable Christian sects coming into existence. By then.” The eight percent of British Christians who go to church is projected to fall to two percent by 2040. Mainstream Protestant churches in the U. and. the Christian scheme of salvation through belief in the death of Jesus (pbuh) on the cross. intolerant. distorted. The two clergymen exchanged rings and vows last month in London. according to a new study by Christian Research. Critics say the Church of England is so loose on doctrine that one scarcely has to believe in God to belong. such as the concept of Original Sin. 25 . and some European countries.S.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (J) CONCLUSIONS Because of: (i) (ii) The loss of the original message of Jesus (pbuh).” Because of the virtues of Islam. Some states. with the exception of the religion of Islam as preached by Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). Britain’s iconic cathedrals are now museums. Callum Brown. leading to statements contrary to scientific truths and historical realities. and tyrannical. 2008. and scientific development. rational. and its reasoning is scientific and progressive.’ a spokesman for the Anglican body said. Britain was a nation steeped in piety. The Church of England is not alone. (iv) The lack of essential features of True Divine Guidance in the perverted teaching of Jesus (pbuh). and rationality. according to the Sunday Telegraph” (June 15. The invention of irrational dogmas and creeds by the church. Islam is the fastest growing religion in the world because it is free from myths. ambiguities. see Chapter 4: “Islam is the Only Hope for the Future. the Christian Doctrine of Trinity. and superstitions. a historian at the University of Dundee in Scotland. have legalized gay marriages. Some have been deconsecrated and converted into apartments. In addition. knowledge. a training academy for circus performers. (vi) The distortion of and interpolation in the original Message of God. see Appendix F “Dialogue Between Islam & Christianity: A Discussion of Religious Dogma Between Intellectuals & Scholars from The Two Religions That Resulted in Conversion to Islam of All Members of Christian Delegation. and insults to God’s Messengers. ministering to tourists rather than souls. (vii) Advancement in education. especially in Third World countries. obscene and immoral teachings. 2006 p. The Chicago Tribune has published the following news: “Vows Dispute: A wedding like ceremony between two male priests broke the church of England’s rules ‘in just about every respect.” Today.” In conclusion. which shut the door to material progress. persecution. and even Christian preachers and priests. Section 1). and wars. On the other hand. because they have been changed. The Chicago Tribune in the World section reported: “Fading Faith: The Decline of Christianity in Europe” (May 11. says: “Britain is showing the world how religion as we have known it can die”. and producing disputes. are entering Islam. with each sect claiming that its own version of Christianity is the only true one. (v) Contradictions and discrepancies in the Bible. and the life-negating dogma of asceticism and monasticism. The decline is all the more striking because a century ago.

and by whom? Was the message recorded faithfully in its entirety without change? If there was more than one writer. These tell us how much that religion agrees with man’s ultimate needs. (D) THE RELIGION SHOULD COVER ALL ASPECTS OF HUMAN LIFE Divine guidance is for human life in its entirety. 26 . T (A) ITS TEACHINGS SHOULD BE AUTHENTIC There should be strong historical evidence to prove without a shadow of doubt that the existing teachings of a religion are exactly the same as were delivered by the messenger or prophet of that religion and have not undergone any changes. as the people advance in knowledge and wisdom. should also motivate and energize the believers to work for a successful worldly life. We live in a time of science and enlightenment. The followers of such religion will not prosper in the material world or. skepticism. and superstitions. the majority desert their religion. and international relations. A religion that does not satisfy these criteria will remain the religion of only those people who are illiterate.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind CHAPTER 3 Essential Features of True Divine Guidance here are many religions in the world. God sent only one religion. The followers of such a religion will remain backward and oppressed. and lack common sense. did they write the same thing? Were there contradictions among the writings? Are the statements and assertions made in these books in agreement with historical and scientific facts? (B) BASIC BELIEFS AND DOCTRINES OF A RELIGION SHOULD BE LOGICAL The fundamental beliefs and doctrines of a religion should be intellectually justifiable. and judgment. However. they will soon stray from the influence of their religion. acceptable to wisdom. and action. A true religion cannot exist in isolation from society. it will not solve our problems and may even worsen them. The differences are man-made. The basic creed should be simple and easily understood. contradict one another. wisdom. political. their hollow doctrines and notions crumble. How did the Messenger of God deliver the message to the people? Was it delivered verbally or in written form? Or both? Was it dictated to another to write? If it was delivered only verbally. As a result. spiritual and material. if they do. Following are the acid tests for a true religion. both physical and spiritual. naive. not Godmade. national. economic. of reason and philosophy. when and where was it written. mysteries. as believed and practiced by different groups. and leave it only to a small group of believers and professional preachers to follow. did someone listening at the time write it down while the message was spoken? If not. religious and worldly. appealing to common sense and reason. These religions. All of them cannot be right. and their spiritual system that is the basis of their personal and national morality starts caving in. only paying it lip service. The followers of each of these different religions are convinced that their religion alone is the true religion. while in peace and at war. (C) THE TEACHINGS SHOULD LEAD TO WORLDLY PROGRESS A true religion. legal. A religion that does not prepare its followers for successful life in this world limits its influence only to spiritual and moral values. Some religions of this kind have hindered progress in worldly affairs and followers had to desert their religion to progress in the material world. Our acceptance or rejection of any particular religion must be guided by our experience and our reason. power of determination. and will not be able to progress and prosper because of their lack of vision. and free from myths. ambiguities. How can we determine which religion is true and which is not? If we follow a false religion. nor can its adherents be true believers unless they practice their faith in their social. in addition to providing a strong foundation for a high caliber moral structure. the foundations of their faith shake.

the final version of the religion of Islam as preached by Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) is the only religion that meets all of these criteria. it is not by what he says. 27 . (G) CONCLUSION As discussed in the next chapter. of his actions and utterances. We need precedents for waging war and making peace. religion is meant to teach us the obligations we owe to God and our rights and duties with reference to our fellow beings. and shall always remain. between man and his Creator. (F) GUIDANCE SHOULD BE AVAILABLE IN THE FORM OF PRACTICAL EXAMPLES IN THE LIFE OF THE MESSENGER OF GOD The mission of a Messenger of God is not merely to convey the message verbally. social relationship has been. it is important that every detail of his private and public life. but by who he is and what he does. the pivot of civilized existence. We require practical examples of those who have had these experiences and can demonstrate solutions rather than those who have nothing to offer except sweet words. for feeling loneliness and companionship. If a religious man ever affects the lives of others spiritually. but sent a man with every Divine Book. for living with anger and in forbearance. and for every problem we may face. The ineffectiveness of mere sermons is a commonly accepted fact. The basic and general principles should keep pace with the needs of the time and should not become out of date or obsolete. and on the other hand.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (E) TEACHINGS SHOULD BE UNIVERSAL AND PRACTICAL A true religion has general universal rules and principles that are good and practical for all times and places. So that a Messenger of God may serve as a comprehensive guide in all the practical affairs of life. That is why God did not send merely a Book. is accurately documented and faithfully preserved to our day. for communion with God and social relationships with our fellow beings. The primary role of a religion is to unfold the relationship. on the one hand. of all the existing religious in the world. but also to put the message into practice. for leading our life in affluence and poverty. between man and man. for living as married couples and celibates. In the life of man. and hence every religion must seek to regulate it. In short. for behavior in victory and defeat. leaving the details of their application to be determined by the processes of time and by the emergence of individual problems. This shows the people by example and practical demonstration how to implement ideals in actual life situations.

gave birth to thousands of noble souls who went forth to far off corners of the world to preach and teach principles of religion. and consolation. a new faith. or telephone. The people of Arabia of those days were illiterate. one religion. captivating manners. remolding the souls of various races. It is up to man to choose a path of virtue or of wickedness. steadfastness. learning. both good and evil. joy. civilization. He brought in the greatest. sincerity. he laid the foundation of one of the brightest civilizations the world has known. economically. He showed man the right way and the wrong way and gave him the freedom of choice. uncultured. man had directed his whole intelligence and behavior to the acquisition of material wealth. which transformed society in the seventh century. and an incomparable military general. With camels and horses as the only means of transportation during his lifetime. and power. and civilization. clear.. or cruelty. When it came to the concept of God and His relationship with man and the world in particular. The need for a rational. The only virtue lay in the pursuit of pleasure.D. and material and spiritual progress. a new light. and the most comprehensive and all-embracing revolution in the world. The Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). Islam spread within a century over half of the earth. The Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) is the most influential man in the entire history of mankind. Hindus had made a separate god for every attribute of God. was socially. press. Springing from a land and a people. such as the radio. and of false religions based on legend and mythology. T 28 . happiness had become identified with the satisfaction of worldly desires. The Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) corrected this by preaching that God is only one. an illustrious politician. one civilization. and deeply engaged in inter-tribal warfare. The liberal and revolutionary aspects of Islam and its Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). arts. a wonderful reformer. and moral strength. a judge of the highest eminence. Followers of Zoroaster had made two gods—one for everything good and righteous and another for the bad and evil. rational teachings. and building a whole new world—the world of Islam. He gave to humanity a new life. the world was full of erroneous beliefs and philosophies. He appeared on the stage of history as a unique philosopher. there was miserable confusion’. a new society. These forces brought not only a new ideology. previously unnoticed. and consistent system of beliefs is quite apparent when we study those dark periods of human history when there was no such system. are still today amongst the most potent forces at work for the betterment of humanity. television. unruly. who was commissioned by God as his Messenger to mankind in the year 610 A. ousting long-established perverted religions. abolishing all color distinctions. When Islam emerged. Very little of it was true or even rational. They further believed that there is a perpetual struggle between these two gods. but by his selflessness. and one form of government. Yet this unlettered man from a desert brought together. the scattered inhabitants of twelve hundred thousand square miles. within twenty-three years of his Prophethood. A nation that had not produced a single great man for centuries. He accomplished this feat not through any worldly lure. and politically a man without any worldly might. He achieved this without the help of the mass media. while His attributes are countless and inseparable from God. To the sad and suffering humanity he brought comfort. morals. fame. Unaware of any ultimate purpose. and a new culture. under the influence and guidance of the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). He is the greatest benefactor of mankind. They provided the impetus for a new age of culture. shattering great empires. and thus had an army of countless gods. This led to confusion in man’s understanding of the world and of his own position and role within it. oppression. one law. He brought them all under one banner.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind CHAPTER 4 Islam is the Only Hope for the Future INTRODUCTION he rise of Islam is perhaps the most amazing event in human history. The Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) reformed this concept by preaching that there is only One God who is the Creator of everything. one culture. a great leader. but inspired the energy and confidence that radically altered man and the society in which he lived. God created man to be innocent with a pure nature and the potential for virtue and evil. the most beneficial. a renowned molder of culture and civilization.

love was lawless.” (Holy Qur’an. and the Holy Ghost) and a large number of smaller gods in the form of saints. and Merciful. making the Jews hard-hearted. Mosaic religion had become a creed of legalism. 21:18-21). he walks and talks. The indiscriminate massacre of enemies inculcated in the Old Testament was one extreme. fasts. Love of God took possession of his being. which after Paul had claimed the suppression of Law by Love. popes. 32:22-30.He regrets and feels grieved at His own actions. The Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) not only removed all these contradictions and misconceptions about God. and extreme nonviolence. Mosaic Law inflicted the death penalty even for the insignificant mistakes of people and small offenses. Genesis. 6:6-7). there is nothing like Him nor anyone is of His match. prays. and anger. A comparison of Mosaic Law with Islamic Law as given in the Holy Qur’an or as promulgated by the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) shows that in almost all cases Islamic Law is the more humane and the more liberal. He is All-Powerful. The Prophethood of Mohammed (pbuh) made a clean sweep of the existing order of the world. He does not need anything and everyone else needs Him. killing young and old. The New King James Version by Thomas Nelson Publishers. and was either actively engaged in persecuting heretics or in finding salvation in ascetic denial of the world and mortification of the flesh. but also gave a detailed. Society cannot be held together without law and justice. the pleasure of God became the everlasting thirst of the human heart. so that the aggressor becomes ashamed of his conduct and is conquered by love. nor He is begotten. drinks. his followers had made three major gods (god the father. Islam also gave a legal system designed to promote man’s legitimate liberties. children and women. a disobedient son could be killed (Deuteronomy. he is born and he dies. their scripture makes contradictory statements about God. comprehensive. Their concept of God was degrading. He is defeated by a man in a wrestling duel. sleeps. and priests. For example. Man’s desires and longings centered on a new objective. (Genesis. Also. god the son. He is cruel and merciless in ordering the children of Israel to destroy many towns and villages. but travelers and people in poor health or who are physically weak are excused from fasting. The Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) rectified this perverted concept of God by saying: “Say: He is Allah. fear. In general. Chapter 112) Judaism was the same as Christianity. From God of the entire universe. Jesus preached love. rather than enchain life. fasting for a month is prescribed for all. The Holy Qur’an has declared that its mission is to remove chains and halters from the body of humanity to grant it legitimate liberty within. Jesus and Mohammed (pbuh) both reprimanded them for having made religion devoid of love and depleted of spirit. (Holy Bible. Their god eats. the Jews had made a tribal God who loves Jews more than the rest of mankind or who gives preferential treatment to the Jews because of their race. ritualism. as it had caused the revolt of Jesus against it! It offers a heap of innumerable laws and rituals that are callous. Invincible. All-Knowing.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Christianity. Totally yielding to the enemy and attempting to love him was the other extreme. It was only 29 . This is irrespective of their morals and behavior and whether or not they obey His commands. and depleted of any inner spiritual attitudes. In one case. takes away your clothing. insulting. Jesus taught his followers not only to love their friends. law was loveless. and is subject to emotions. On the other hand. was focused on the determination of the nature of the Trinity. what the Qur’an calls “the limits of God. nor can life be refined and spiritualized without love. He is overpowered by his enemies. or drives you in forced labor. He walks and talks like a human being. and all animals and leave alive nothing that breathes (Deuteronomy. his knowledge is limited. but also to love their enemies. He preached to resist evil not with force. and humiliating to the All-Powerful and All-Knowing Creator of the universe. He does not beget. and he comes in human form to live like a human being among the people. To remedy this disease. and in the other case. he cries in pain and calls for help. the One and Only Who is Unique. mercy and kindness to God’s creatures became the prime objective of his endeavors. cruel. but to yield to the aggressor who slaps your face. From the concept of one true God preached by Jesus. On the one hand. desires. New York). forgiveness. if not still worse. and stern justice that was untempered with mercy. rests. 20:13). uses the washroom. and correct concept of God with convincing arguments and rational explanations that we do not find in any earlier scripture (see Chapters 15 and 16). Islam adopted the middle path of inculcating justice tempered with mercy.” For instance.

and modes of endeavor should all be completely subordinate to Islam. obedience. kindness. It is a panacea for all the ailments of mankind and is the only hope for the future. and those who surrender to God are called Muslims. not a sub-god. Egypt. Christians themselves do not understand it. without reservation. but we do not worship him.” 30 . David. is present in its original form today and is easily accessible everywhere. and confusing that people are not mentally or intellectually capable of understanding it. It will remain valid for all times. if and when it blazes. the entire spiritual inheritance of the Muslims is preserved in its pristine purity. sustaining their spirits. Moreover. or perverted this guidance. Persia. Adam. the whole of his being to His will. and rational. is so irrational. is still available to Muslims without the least pollution. one who lives in peace with God. They taught the lessons of human dignity and the brotherhood of man. That day will be a day of reckoning for the nations of the world. and all other messengers and prophets of God and their true followers surrendered to God and are therefore all Muslims. the rejection of cruelty and indecency. the merits of virtuous living.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind after the advent of the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) that the countries that submitted to Islam adopted the pursuit of spiritual values as a way of life. and unquestioningly obey him. He is a human being. which. and under all circumstances. This creed also tells us that Mohammed (pbuh) is not a god. interaction with other people. With the solitary exception of the followers of Islam. rather. God does not accept the splitting of human life into separate compartments. The Muslims love him intensely. (A) DIVINE GUIDANCE IS THE FOUNDATION OF ISLAM The Islamic way of life is not invented by man. This submission is at all times. will burn down the whole structure of ignorance. compassion. a chain of religious redeemers and reformers has been continually operating among them. God says in the Holy Qur’an: “Believers! Enter wholly into Islam [surrender to God]” (Chapter 2. Noah. Man’s outlook. and materialism. clear. perfect. it is Muslims and Muslims alone. not even an auxiliary of God. therefore. Verse 208). altered. but is revealed and prescribed by God and demonstrated in great detail through His Messenger Mohammed (pbuh). Their primary ideals are rigidly opposed to a religious conception of life. The light of the apostolic teachings has departed from their hearts. Lessons learned from previous religious reform movements among the various nations preclude the possibility of religion bringing a fundamental change in their outlook. The message of Mohammed (pbuh) is for all people for all times. some governed by the teachings of Islam and others exempt. Moses.” This creed is simple. Isaac. and Spain thousands of souls undertook the search for higher and tender virtues. A full record of the life and traditions of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) and of the lives of his companions. Jesus. They possess a spark which. If there is anyone who can stand up to the challenges of paganism. and they call it a “mystery. Now compare this simple doctrine to the Church dogma of the Trinity (which was never preached by Jesus). and sought to bring about the kingdom of God on earth. and is kind and considerate to his fellow human beings and lives in peace with them. Those who rebel against His sovereignty and usurp it for themselves should be opposed. conflicting. Abraham. Islam is an eternal plan. behavior. During this period. and service. A Muslim is. secularism. and the grace of humility and modesty. Syria. which holds the understanding of the memorable rise of Islam. but set apart from the rest of humanity by virtue of his apostleship and inborn morality. and I bear witness that Mohammed (pbuh) is His servant and messenger. intellectual pursuits. God alone is the true Ruler and Sovereign and is in charge of the whole universe. corrupted. Islam is not a new religion. nourishing their souls. In Arabia. Islam also means peace. In contrast. and most comprehensive form was revealed to the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). Turkistan. North Africa. easy to understand. as discussed earlier. it began with the life of man on earth. people forgot. in all affairs. Iraq. Islam stands for complete submission to God. God demands that man should submit. This message (Islam) which in its final. in all places. In Islam alone one sees a ray of hope. and guarding them against a relapse into ignorance. By virtue of their religion. highly respect him. lost. innumerable men of God preached love of the Lord. The passage of time has severed their connections with the real origins of their spiritual inspiration. the acquisition of Divine knowledge. and offer to the world an alternative plan of life. Muslims are the moral guardians of mankind and they will return to their duty when they awake from sleep. complete. But every time God sent this guidance. all the communities in the world have lost touch with their heritage of Divine guidance. but rather a servant of God. The basic creed of Islam is: “I bear witness that there is only One God who alone is worthy of worship.

What form this consultation takes and how this principle is implemented are matters that can be adapted to the prevailing conditions of any particular place. local councils. His Magnanimity. then reliable. the people who win representative positions by suppression. and His Complete Knowledge of what exists around us. these laws embrace all the requirements of human societies. In a domestic affair. This religion satisfies all the requirements for true Divine Guidance as discussed in Chapter 3. importance. The principal injunctions stipulated by Islamic jurisprudence are the general percepts of Islamic legislation. Verse 159). by expending wealth. On the contrary. This means that the Islamic laws are the most perfect. or the population of a city or a nation. ( 2 ) The person who is entrusted with the responsibility of conducting the collective affairs should be appointed by the common consent of the people. competent. In other words. and shortcomings of human beings. or committees. and future. weaknesses. Necessity. Chapter 3. His Perfection. Thus there is great latitude and flexibility. and 31 . Islamic law does not include detailed provisions for small matters. large or small. as is the case with man-made laws. of the past. and. or by promising some position). it bears the mark of His omnipotence. situation. or by misleading people cannot be regarded as enjoying this confidence. This is a definitive statement that leaves the Muslim community with no doubt that mutual consultation is central to conducting all collective affairs. and the multiplicity and diversification of human needs. An important outcome of this perfection is that Islam is a panacea for all the ailments of mankind. present. Whatever is beyond God’s guidance is error. and most beneficial for all mankind. or all those people whose rights and interests relate to collective matters. and it is not possible to consult all of them. enacting legislation for the details and smaller issues within the Islamic principles of jurisprudence. When a matter concerns the whole family and the children are grown up. If it concerns a tribe or a fraternity. Some principles follow. or fraud. or modification to suit advancing societies. alteration. ( 3 ) Such a person should remain at the helm of affairs only as long as the people want him or her to remain in that position. (Obviously.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind God says in the Holy Qur’an: “Say (O’ Mohammed) surely God’s guidance is the only true guidance and we have been commanded to submit ourselves to the Lord of the entire universe” (Chapter 7. progress in science and technology. Verse 28. and excellence of Divine Guidance were emphasized in Chapter 1. subject to change due to inevitable social evolution. This determines the unique source to which every Muslim should turn for guidance in all affairs. suiting the present and the future alike. most impartial. These positions should not be awarded on ( 5 ) Positions of responsibility should be entrusted only to those who are honest. Such man-made laws are. trustworthy. ( 1 ) If it concerns a large number of people. they also should be consulted. again and again. even when the interests of only two persons are involved. ( 4 ) The people who are appointed as advisers to the head of the state should be those who enjoy the confidence of the nation. temptation (by offering money or favor. and this consent should be their free consent and not obtained through coercion. The Islamic concept is thus confined to this one source. these laws are always susceptible to modifications in social evolution. the Qur’anic injunction concerning democracy directs believers to conduct their affairs by consultation among themselves (Chapter 42. space. not taking anything from anyone else. and is the only religion that satisfies these requirements. by practicing falsehood and fraud. Because of the elasticity and universality of the God-Given and God-Inspired laws. and time. they all should have full freedom to express their opinions. according to any agreed-upon method) can be made a party to the consultation process. For example. all man-made laws bear the limitations.) capable of carrying out the burden of such positions or public offices. regardless of time. Verse 71). and none other than He can guide. but it achieves its goal by giving the Divine Statutes in elastic general terms and provisions. These laws do not become outdated and do not need any change. trustworthy. virtues. accordingly. it is left to the jurists and legislators to build the legal structure on these foundations and in accordance with these broad regulations. Since Islamic law is God-made. or diversified conditions and circumstances. husband and wife should act by mutual consultation. it stands unchanged and uncorrupted by human hands. and authorized representatives (individuals. qualified. societal evolution. deception.

and every incident. It is necessarily subject to the bounds that God Himself has set by His legislation. clan. Verse 59) According to these general principles. and is also subject to this fundamental principle: “It is for God to give a decision in whatever you may differ. This historicity of Islam. freely talked about his private life. ( 6 ) The people should be kept fully informed of how their public affairs are conducted. Everything about his life. In addition to these seventy companions. its scripture. Judaism. or bribery (Holy Qur’an. and to find out the way of implementing it so as to fulfill its requirements rightly.” and “If there arises any dispute among you about anything. and its Teacher is the first basic characteristic of Islam as a religion—a characteristic that is denied to all other religions. have been meticulously preserved and handed down from generation to generation. Not only among all the prophets. and died 632 A. which is so detailed that even the minutest events of his private life are to be found there. 32 . His wives. important or insignificant. there were many people in Madina who prayed behind the Prophet (pbuh) five times a day and in the larger gathering on every Friday for ten years. and so accurately as those of the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) and which have been preserved so carefully and reliably. Verse 58). more importantly. There were 30. there are none before or since the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) about whose life history so many books have been written. habits. and customs. They should also have the full freedom to check and protest an error. The biography of no other human being is so well preserved as that of the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). there were occasions when much larger numbers gathered around him. No biography of any great man can offer such richness of detail reported by hundreds of his contemporaries to the generation that followed. connections. The Prophet (pbuh) gave definite instructions to his followers that whatever they saw him doing and heard him saying. to God to Whom he or she is answerable on the Day of Judgment. but in the entire history of mankind.000 during his farewell Pilgrimage. in public or private. A group from among these seventy people was always in attendance of the Prophet (pbuh) so that nothing escaped their attention while others were temporarily away to earn their livelihood. For example. so thoroughly. including Christianity. Every person who holds public office or has other public responsibility must realize that this position or responsibility is a trust for which he or she is responsible not only to the people but. All of them had the opportunity to observe his actions.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind the basis of friendship. and Buddhism. whether he was among them or alone. From the day he was born to his last day on the earth we possess a record of his life and activities. great or small.000 in the battle of Tabuk and 100. Muslims can hold consultations in matters concerning Islamic law with a view to determining the correct meaning of a text or a verse. critics. Chapter 4. Moreover. Mohammed (pbuh) is the most historical. In the entire history of mankind. and if they do not see the needed change.D. (7) This consultation is not independent or autocratic. but they cannot hold consultations in order to give an independent judgment in a matter that has already been decided and settled by God and His Messenger. and had the opportunity to ask questions of him. That Islam has safely preserved not only the life story of its Prophet (pbuh). refer to God and the Messenger. admirers. relationship. the comprehensiveness of information about the Holy Prophet’s (pbuh) life is so astounding in its dimensions that it forms a unique phenomenon of human history. About 70 of his companions dedicated their lives to Islam and lived close to his house in the courtyard of the mosque so they could learn all about him. color.” (Holy Qur’an. He lived and died in full light of history (born 570 A.D. of his teachings and his struggle. race. and others than of any other religious or historic person. or a deficiency. but also everything even remotely connected with him is simply a marvel of Islam. Hinduism. (B) THE TEACHINGS OF ISLAM ARE MOST AUTHENTIC & COMPREHENSIVE Of all the Messengers of God. leading prayers or conducting wars. as a consequence. should invariably be brought to the notice of others. followers. ten thousand companions accompanied him when he traveled to conquer Mecca.). weakness. in the mosque or in the battlefield. from the closet of his sleeping chamber to the market place. Chapter 4. of his personality and character. there is none whose details of life and whose daily activities (all of what he said and did) have been recorded in such a great detail. Indeed. More books have been written in the most languages about the life history of the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) by friends. they must be able to change their rulers. foes.

” MacMillan Publishing Co. Christians believe that the New Testament is Divinely inspired and is the most authentic and most reliable source of the teachings of Jesus and his life history. It cannot even be said with certainty when and where a certain prophet was born. and information from human sources are so intermingled with the text of their scriptures that their Divine characteristic is lost.. New York. pointing the way to be followed in different situations and circumstances. 68 H / 687) (d. 59 H / 678) (d. It is the one Book that is memorized from cover to cover by millions of people. additions to the originally revealed principles. Umar Jabir B.000 companions of the Prophet (pbuh) who have transmitted some sayings or acts of the Prophet (pbuh) to others. it is the Message of God in the words of God that He revealed to him in Arabic. all Divinely revealed Books that historically precede the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). ‘Abd Allah Anas B. in some way or another.220 1. The life histories of the earlier prophets have been so mixed with fiction that it has become impossible to get an accurate and authentic account of their lives. in teaching and preaching Christianity. which started with the life of the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) continues to this day and will continue forever. Thus we are one hundred percent sure that the teachings of God given to Mohammed (pbuh) stand uncorrupted and unchanged. 73 H / 692) (d. a living language that millions of people know. and who spent their entire lives. Interpolations. rather.560 1. Their lives have become tales and legends. have come to the following conclusion after long research and study: “Eighty-two percent of the words ascribed to Jesus in the gospels were not actually spoken by him” (see “The Five Gospels by the Jesus Seminar. 78 H / 697) (d.286 1. 93 H / 711) (d. after education. understand. A group of 72 Christian scholars of the New Testament who attended Christian theological schools (most of whom hold Doctors of Divinity or equivalent degrees). 58 H / 677) (d. and what guidance he gave to mankind. The reason for this is that the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) not only verbally delivered the message but also dictated it as and when it was revealed to him by God. The fact that this Book has survived all the ups and downs of so many centuries and has remained intact. This practice of memorizing the entire Qur’an. one finds the life of the Prophet (pbuh) before him. and no trustworthy record is available anywhere. If you compare two copies of the Holy Qur’an from two different locations anywhere in the world you will not find the slightest difference. At this time he also asked his companions to memorize it. The Qur’an is not the Message of God produced in the words of the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). nor is there anyone who has memorized any other divine book. Thousands of Muslims all over the world today can recite the entire Qur’an without looking at the book. There is no other divine book dictated by any prophet to whom it was revealed. People have corrupted. Even the followers of these earlier prophets admit that they do not possess the original books.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind History records the lives of about 11. 1993). and speak. God says in the Qur’an: “Indeed We have revealed this Book and indeed We shall protect it (against any corruption or change)” (Chapter 15. Malik Abu Said Al Khudri (d. and that their existing books contain materials and quotes ascribed to their prophets that those prophets in fact never uttered. If all the printed copies of the Qur’an were to be unfortunately destroyed today. 33 . They are authentic and reliable.660 2. the Book would remain.374 2. The names of some of the companions and the number of traditions they transmitted are given below. where and how he lived. But there are hundreds of Christian scholars and Christian researchers who deny that. without the slightest distortion of even a single word. 74 H / 693) 5. Verse 9). One shining example of this reliable and careful preservation is that the entire Qur’an was not only written down during the life of the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) but was also completely memorized by a larger number of his companions. may be considered a testimony to its Divine Source. People living today and those who will come tomorrow can seek guidance from the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) with full confidence for all aspects of their lives and learn lessons from his example.170 The moment one enters the fold of Islam.630 1. Take. and are present in their original form exactly as they were revealed. the case of Christianity. for example. even in periods and commas. Abbas Aisha ‘Abd Allah B. Abu Huraira Abd Allah B.

knowing. because of its charm. The Qur’an’s teachings are simple. With the passage of time. are only two examples of the mostly elite white Britons who have converted to Islam.S. and why we should believe in Life After Death and in the Day of Judgment. and who follow someone or something blindly are worse than animals. and in doing so. right from wrong.200 white converts to Islam in Great Britain. during the Russian attack on Afghanistan. The Qur’an itself is the greatest intellectual miracle for today and forever. people either forget them or begin to question their authenticity. despite deliberate lies. The Qur’an awakens in man the faculty of reasoning and exhorts him to use his intellect. son of Lord John Birt (former Director General of the BBC). it is the fastest growing religion. as well as signs spread throughout the Universe and within human beings themselves (see Chapter 16). and rational. about four thousand U. The Qur’an does not merely command us to believe in something. so that Satan may try to mislead mankind. and reality from myth. granddaughter of former Prime Minister Herbert Asquith. and understanding. According to an authoritative study carried out by the Sunday Times (Feb. there are now 14. It is for the same reason that God has given Satan freedom and respite until the end of time. it is only then that they should decide to accept the Truth and reject falsehood. Reliance on sentimentalism and emotionalism shifted to reasoning. it repeatedly appeals to reason and denounces those who do not use their reasoning faculties. only those people who actually see the miracles are convinced by them. Despite that. During the first Gulf War. and rationality. According to this Sunday Times report. pondering. appealing. But it also admits that the truth of the principles established by revelations may be judged by reason. and having done so. and appealing to common sense and reason. a new era started—the era of reasoning and enlightenment. easily understandable. simplicity. thousands of Russian soldiers converted to Islam. gives convincing arguments about the existence of God. Revelation. and are free from myths. superstitions. Similarly. The Qur’an says: “Indeed the worst kind of beasts in the sight of God are the people that are deaf and dumb. false publicity.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (C) ISLAMIC TEACHINGS ARE RATIONAL AND APPEALING The teachings of the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) are very simple. why we should believe that the Qur’an is the Book revealed by God. it is also for this reason that God has endowed man with all the faculties necessary to make an intelligent choice. When people are convinced and their hearts testify that whatever has been taught by the Prophets of God is indeed true and all beliefs opposed to it are false. verse 22). The Holy Qur’an recognizes revelations as a source of knowledge higher than reason. the affluent. those who do not use their God-Given intellect to distinguish truth from falsehood. why we should believe that Mohammed (pbuh) is the Messenger of God. the downtrodden. and propaganda by the media against Islam and Muslims. There are examples of Christian priests and bishops who went to Muslim countries to convert Muslims to Christianity. soldiers converted to Islam. celebrities. He has left man to face the test: to choose the path of Faith and submission or unbelief and sin. This is why God has planted in man’s nature the twin urges to do good and evil and has opened for him both paths: the path of piety and that of sin. God did give different miracles to different prophets to help them in carrying their messages. and Emma Clark. God likes people to use their intellect and to recognize the Truth with the help of the signs in His Book. but it also gives convincing reasons and arguments as to why we should believe in it. and understanding. 2004). People of all professions and all intellectual levels. attraction. Jonathan Birt. Hundreds of the total 6. The Qur’an. Nowhere in the world today is Islam in a dominant position as a system of life. According to the Qur’an. With the revelation of the Qur’an. and ambiguities. but themselves became Muslims once exposed to unbiased and true Islamic literature. These teachings are rational. Because of these virtues of Islam. Furthermore. Again. 22. for example.236 verses of the Qur’an emphasize reflecting. and the oppressed alike are attracted to Islam. it is spreading at a greater rate than any other religion in the four corners of the world. and 34 . it is for the same reason that God has instituted Prophethood. However. and do not use their reason and common sense or wisdom” (Chapter 8. deducting. reflecting. and a tradition of calling people to the Truth and righteousness. convincing. some of the country’s top landowners. That is why Islam does not give much importance to physical miracles—these miracles force a person to accept something without being intellectually satisfied. why there is only one God.

He is a better example than any other spiritual guide. Today. In contrast. with expressions of dismay and regret. and free health care. We do not find such guidance or models in the life of any other prophet. His life is so rich in practical demonstrations that hardly any problem arises in the lives of individuals. For example. There have been cruel fanatics in the history of every religion. but by who he is and what he does. but persecution and torture in the name of religion that has been practiced by Christians with all conviction and sincerity is unparalleled in the history of intolerance and fanaticism. Italy. Western Christianity is fighting a losing battle against Islam. the beautiful teaching of Jesus that the essence of spirituality is nonviolence and love. and maybe one Muslim to one thousand Christians are working to convert others. for instance. but we have to know when it turns into arrogance. but also because he put them into practical form and demonstrated their utility in all spheres of life. and appealing to reason and common sense. We have to know how to balance our duties towards God with our duties towards people. without military and economic weapons. communities. but not everyone can live up to them. and seeks his guidance in the struggles and conflicts of life. Vicious. their descendants converted to Islam. these same Tartars converted to Islam and became the torchbearers of Islam. Muslims do not have such assets and resources. but these missionaries still did not succeed in Christianizing Africa. The spread of Christianity in Europe was by force. ten Africans go to Islam and it shall not be long before Africa becomes overwhelmingly Muslim. 35 . Islam has succeeded immensely in Africa without any political power. Then look at the religious wars and persecutions of Christians by Christians. and their application to the various spheres of life is left to this individual’s own judgment. is left to the individual. after the Tatars completely smashed the Muslim empire. political. politeness is a desirable moral value. On the other hand. For more than a century. The reason for this spectacular and amazing success of Islam is that its teachings are simple. cruel. and egotistic individuals wreak havoc with principles when their interpretation. against this all-out campaign. that for every one African convert to Christianity. In the Middle Ages. and nations on which the guidance of the Prophet (pbuh) is not available. Thus. Muslims lost the battle. They spend probably one-thousandth of the money spent by Christian churches. Some Christian missionaries themselves state. Similarly. the military. and elsewhere. it is not by what he says. but we have to know when politeness turns into weakness. But if he has received from his exemplar only broad moral and spiritual ideas. firmness is a desirable attribute. Similarly. The actions of a person demonstrate the feasibility and practicality of his teachings. If a religious man ever affects the lives of others. free education. and economic domination of the continent of Africa has backed the organized efforts of a large number of Christian missions that are financially supported by the proselytizing zeal of prosperous Western nations. This is not only because he presented exalted ideas and beautiful ideals. and without a single organized mission. and appealing philosophies. we have seen how good qualities such as love can turn humans into the very opposite. but by the shape those principles take in their conduct. rational. such as jobs. A distinguishing feature of the life of the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) is that there is nothing he preached and demanded from others that he did not practice himself. as well as their application. but Islam won the war. attractive concepts. Excruciating tortures were invented by the Inquisition in Spain. Human beings do not judge each other by the principles that they announce or preach. desires to imitate him. after the Crusaders took over Palestine. Take. to the extent that even enemies are to be loved. Anybody can enunciate any number of fanciful notions. The sincere follower of every great prophet holds his spiritual guide as an example.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind the offspring of senior establishment figures have embraced Islam after becoming disillusioned with Western values and the wishy-washy teachings and standards of contemporary Christianity. there is a greater risk that his judgment will be twisted by personal interest and prejudices. despite the fact that various Christian denominations spend billions of dollars every year to convert people to Christianity by luring poor people with material benefits. (D) ISLAM PROVIDES PRACTICAL EXAMPLES The Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) probably is the only prophet whose followers take him as a model for their entire lives. and in other parts of the world by colonization and exploitation.

a poor person. Throughout his prophetic life. The very first revelation to the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) was: “Read in the name of your Lord who created man from a blood clot. and forgiveness if one never had an opportunity to pardon anyone? In the life of a man. for living as married couples and celibates. for leading our lives in affluence and poverty. a husband. a politician. pondering. Read and your Lord is most generous who taught man by the pen” (Chapter 96. man. for living with anger and in forbearance. These were recorded in the Hadith books. or for the issues pertaining to family life. a judge. and philanthropy of a person mean if he is not blessed with anything to spare? Similarly. he cannot be an ideal model for a husband. The Hadith books. (E) ISLAM’S EMPHASIS ON EDUCATION AND SCIENCE—ISLAM LEADS TO MATERIAL PROGRESS AND PROSPERITY Islam is a religion of nature. We require practical examples of those who have had these experiences and can demonstrate solutions rather than those who have nothing to offer except sweet words. and shall always remain. and for every problem we may face. a son. and of his message and teachings with practical examples. there is a model for a person of every walk of life—a father. for behavior in victory and defeat. but we do assert that the record of their lives and activities as it exists today throws no light on these aspects of their lives. neither comprehensive nor practical enough for all the times and for all the people in the world. a conqueror (in conquest). a leader. One of the prayers taught to the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) in the Qur’an by God is: “O’ Mohammed say. The primary role of a religion is to unfold the relationship between man and his Creator. for feeling loneliness and companionship. His guidance is most comprehensive and practical and of universal application. either offered voluntarily or in response to the inquiry of a questioner. Hadith is the implementation and amplification of the fundamental principles enunciated in the Qur’an. and hence every religion must seek to regulate them. a reformer. and the world. for a loving father. the pivot of civilized existence. or be changed. and multifarious situations arose that needed to be dealt with in the best possible manner. a person in defeat. 36 . Lord increase me in knowledge” (Chapter 20. in general. a preacher. an educator. religion is meant to teach us the obligations we owe to God and our rights and duties with reference to our fellow beings. a military leader and commander. benevolence. and reflection on the various natural phenomena. for communion with God and social relationships with our fellow beings. a teacher. a soldier. a trader or a businessman. It tells us how the Prophet (pbuh) met every challenge and dealt with changing circumstances in light of his principles. How can one be taken as a model of mercy. because all the previous prophets were sent only for their own people and for a certain time. We need precedents for waging war and making peace.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind How can one forgive his enemies unless he has first subdued them? What do charity. but is also a record of the struggle of the Prophet (pbuh) to uphold and promote his cause against formidable odds. Verses 1-4). it leads not only to spiritual progress but also to material progress and prosperity. We do not find these in the life of any prophet other than the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). In other words. The Holy Qur’an not only offers the fundamentals of Islamic religious faith and its views about God. Their teachings were of a temporary nature. Verse 114). kindliness. a guide. Islam lays great stress on knowledge and education. individuals brought before him their problems for advice. if a person did not marry and had no children. The history of Muslims bears testimony to this. (2) The ink of a scholar is more sacred than the blood of a martyr. and between man and man. an economist. This perhaps was the planning of God. and an orphan. In the life examples of the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). but let them gradually disappear. The Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) has said: (1) Seek knowledge from cradle to grave. a worshiper. It does not mean that the other prophets lacked these qualities. and after the Qur’an is to a great extent the best source for the biography of the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). But the Qur’an is not an encyclopedia of all the major and minor events of his life. The Qur’an has repeatedly emphasized the value of thinking. a rich person. social relationships have been. become lost. a head of a state or ruler. are considered a record of the Prophet’s (pbuh) advice. therefore Allah (swt) did not preserve them.

Worship is not confined to specified prayers and rituals that are to be performed on particular occasions. Thus.e.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (3) Seek knowledge even if you have to go to China. History of the Arabs. astronomical and geographical works written in Arabic than in any other human tongue. that centers of learning and universities sprang up throughout the empire of Islam and Muslims became pioneers in all branches of science and knowledge at a time when Europe was experiencing the Dark Ages. For example. The Muslims humanized science and the spirit of God was breathed into it. Islam does not seek to crush our natural desires nor does it leave them uncontrolled and unrestricted. published by R&R Clark. and luxury. Earning our livelihood is not only permissible and desirable. including wealth. science and technology started in Europe as a revolt against the clergy and the church. Arabs did not create this civilization alone. and made millions of woman widows. nor does He allow us to let them go wild and uncontrolled.” In the fulfillment of their national or personal interests. Islam dominated the world for five hundred years by its power. historical. Muslims controlled science based on the ethical principles of Islam. that Muslims in very early history took vigorous strides towards the expansion of knowledge and the advancement of the sciences. Ltd. Scientific developments in the West therefore lack spirituality and kindness. It was the Muslim’s advances in science and the diffusion of knowledge that ignited the beginning of our contemporary progress in science and technology. It has spiritualized all aspects of human existence. therefore. (10th Ed. (F) ISLAMIC CONCEPT OF WORSHIP Islam is a religion of nature.. Rather. Islam disciplines and guides these natural desires along the right channels. It was and still is the work of people of many different faces and tongues. The Islamic concept of religion as a complete way of life has considerably and uniquely widened the scope of worship. culture and intellectual progress for the whole of the civilized world. brought together under Islam into one spiritual and unique community. and wants Muslims to fulfill genuine simple needs and spend their surplus on promoting others’ well-being and relieving the needs and suffering of fellow human beings. in Chapters XL and XLI of his book. Islam has. (4) Seeking of knowledge is an obligatory duty of every Muslim male and female. The Muslim state so patronized and encouraged the pursuit of study and scientific research. conferred on science something of the sanctity of worship. Science was subordinated to Islamic law in order to ensure that the tremendous power of science is used for human and constructive purposes. In contrast. but is also an obligation. to use the phrase of the Qur’an. 1970). extravagance. We can earn as much money as we want. medical. and due to the realization that man is God’s vicegerent on earth. and not for the purpose of gaining power. provided that: 37 . Islam enriched these treasures and brought them to Western Europe. with the exception of the Far East. Islam is against squandering. Instead. and its superior civilization. The deterioration and decline of the Muslim nation began after the people deserted Islamic principles and teachings. Islam was able to widen the intellectual horizon of the Middle Ages and make a profound impact on European life and thought. It was due to this emphasis of Islam on learning and knowledge... of Arabs and other Muslims). God who put sexual urges in human beings neither wants us to crush those feelings. he says: “No other people made as important a contribution to human progress as did the Arabs—for centuries Arabic was the language of learning. made millions of children orphans. its learning. since the church strictly opposed science in Europe and the clergy severely persecuted and killed many scientists. Every action that is taken with the intention of pleasing God and without breaking his commandments is an act of worship for which man will be rewarded. In a nutshell.” He furthermore says: “ From the ninth to the twelfth century there were more philosophical. Edinburgh. A renowned British historian extensively discusses the contribution of Islam (i. are a blessing if they are rightly and justly acquired and used. Heir to the scientific and philosophical treasures of the Greeks. they have used science mercilessly and indiscriminately. He wants us to satisfy them within the marriage bond and not outside of it. made millions of people homeless. religious. Worldly goods.” However. The time spent in doing this is time spent in worship. The western societies have turned science into a “god. and killed millions of innocent people.

leave our home. and devotion to God—even during our worldly pursuits—and this is the very essence of worship. face adversity. we cannot say: ‘We worked hard. we cannot earn even a penny by robbing. enter the restroom. mount an animal or enter any means of transportation. and physical exercise so as to enable us to shoulder the responsibilities that have been placed upon us by God as His agent or vicegerent on earth. enjoying innocent recreation. or theater. and all other worldly actions that satisfy man’s physical needs and even yield sensuous pleasures are all acts of worship if they are performed with the intention of pleasing God within the legitimate means. directly or indirectly. sneeze. or morally. start eating. violence. leave the mosque.’ It is God Who gave us faculties to earn. sleep. songs. eating. For example. at all times. it teaches us. or with mental disability. God-conscience and to perpetually remain in the state of submission. It is an act of worship to keep ourselves in good health by providing ourselves with proper food. receive displeasing news. or its pleasures. and restrictions imposed by God. look in the mirror. television programs. drinking. indeed God does not like those who exceed the limit” (Chapter 7. Again. Thus it is possible that a man may advance spiritually even when he is fully enjoying the pleasures of worldly life. physically. enter a town. enter the mosque. (4) “When you hear call for (Friday) prayer come for prayer. its comforts. Islamic concept is that God is the real Owner or Master of all that we earn. begin our travel. This includes clubs and hotels that provide dancing or other forms of obscene entertainment involving the mixed participation of men and women. finish drinking. Verse 201). intend to do something. be they poetry. it’s our money and we can spend it wherever we want. alcohol. it becomes easy for him to render obedience to God continually and to direct all his attention to seeking Divine pleasure. his heart will be in communion with God by virtue of the purity of his intentions and by being completely attached to the service of God. or other such goods that are harmful to human health and morals. we cannot earn any money by selling drugs. which He has created for His servants? And the things clean and pure. Verse 32). For example. or lewdness. get sick. leave the bed. and when you finish your prayer. (2) “Say who has forbidden the beautiful gifts of God. handicapped. nonetheless. it is God Who provides us with opportunities for work.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind ( a ) We do not hurt other people financially. When a person knows that even enjoyment and pleasure can become acts of worship merely by virtue of purity of intentions and motives. leave the rest room. We can spend a reasonable amount on all our genuine needs. pictures. We have to render an accounting of every penny to God. sleeping. we pray every day when we: wake from sleep. to not attribute to earthly life the exaggerated value that modern civilization attributes to it. there are many other daily supplications for different occasions that we face every day. obedience. and we only become custodians of our earnings. (5) “Seek the abode of the Hereafter in that which God has given you and neglect not your portion of this world” (Chapter 28. or by fraud. indecency. (3) The Qur’an teaches us to pray “Our Lord. In addition to five daily obligatory prayers in Islam. The Holy Qur’an says: (1) “Eat and drink but do not exceed the limit or be extravagant and wasteful. rest. fiction. go and earn your livelihood” (Chapter 62. (b) After earning money. lying. Verse 77). Verse 31). and so on. finish eating. take off our clothing. nor can we spend on prohibited items such as those mentioned above. hear another person sneezing. The reason is that during all this enjoyment. immorality. which He has provided for sustenance” (Chapter 7. For he knows that devotion to God does not necessarily mean abandonment of worldly life. but we can neither be spendthrifts nor wasteful. We cannot make money by investing in such activities or businesses that promote. put on our clothing. There are many who are without jobs. Similarly. limits. stealing. start drinking. give us the good in this world and the good in the Hereafter” (Chapter 2. This world and its pleasures are not an end in themselves but a means to the end. marriage. This enables us to be. receive pleasing news. see the light of dawn. 38 . we could have been born blind. While Islam is not a religion of self-denial. Verses 9-10). cheating. including those means employed to awaken sexual passions. Similarly. which is the pleasure of God.

” (That is. friendship. A comprehensive treatment of this subject is given in Chapter 6. Respect for human life and dignity is one of the fundamentals of Islam. say. citizens and aliens. and many others). justice. oppression. and cooperation among different peoples and nations. and tyranny. and it envisions a peaceful world wherein each person’s dignity and freedom is protected equally. If. a hundred people came to a stage and they all made the 39 . However. peace would already reign supreme in our community of nations. and with the same fundamental message. with a common lineage of high and low. or law anywhere in the world that guarantees absolute impartial justice to all as does Islam. God rewards him for that. We all are children of one couple. progress. Therefore. and employers and employees. tranquility and rest in them” (Chapter 30. rest and sleep. compassion. cannot but love to be a Muslim. if properly followed. blacks and whites.” (b) “A believer who is possessor of strength is better and dearer to God than a believer who is weak. rulers and the ruled. laborers and capitalists. friends and foes. (G) ISLAM STANDS FOR BROTHERHOOD AND EQUALITY OF MANKIND The Islamic principles of the unity of God and the unity of mankind are the two natural foundations for building peace. All these Messengers were sent by the same One God. This subject will be discussed in greater detail in Chapter 5. and corruption. and are therefore all like brothers and sisters. white and colored. According to the teachings of Islam. (H) ISLAM’S UNIQUE CONCEPT OF JUSTICE There is no other religion. Muslims and non-Muslims. Abraham. This golden teaching of Islam. and any other distinction. government. Adam and Eve. Noah. cooperation. nationality. sympathy. it wants peace. race. and peaceful coexistence. The subject of war in Islam is discussed in Chapter 7. Islam is a religion of peace. If only all nations of the world had learned to accept the teachings of Islam. Islam is strongly opposed to the killing of innocent people. verse 21). and who were sent to people all over the world at different times in history (such as Jesus. one is this that He created for you your spouse so that you may find peace. (J) ISLAM EXTENDS HAND OF PEACEFUL CO-EXISTENCE Islam offers friendship. greed. and respect among us and not enmity. servants and masters. therefore. Similarly your family has a right upon you. Islamic law of justice is so fair and impartial that it treats all people alike: relatives and strangers. it places all men on the same plane of humanity. or discrimination.” (c) “Your body has a right upon you. The Prophet (pbuh) said: (a) “Even when a person affectionately puts a piece of food in the mouth of his wife in order to strengthen bonds of matrimonial love. hatred. injustice. in all such activities and projects that are virtuous and beneficial to humanity and other creatures on earth. Anyone who cherishes peace and admires its essence and value. Solomon. therefore provide your body with proper food. cooperation. and is not a victim of selfishness. regardless of a person’s religion or creed. but it does mean the absence of oppression. Together they create a bond of brotherhood between human beings—that of one Lord and one father. Islam does not like war. We are equal irrespective of our skin color. fulfill your duties towards your family. will eliminate conflicts and develop cordial relations leading to peace and tranquility. the rich and the poor. exploitation. there should be love. system. brotherhood.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (6) “And among the signs of God. descent. but actually practices equality and brotherhood of mankind. Oneness of God is the spiritual principle of human equality. nobody is a true Muslim unless he or she believes and respects all Messengers and prophets who came before the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). Moses. Islam commands Muslims to cooperate with everyone. persecution. Islam not merely preaches. peace in Islam does not mean the absence of war. these are all acts of worship for which you will get reward from God). language. (I) ISLAM IS A RELIGION OF PEACE One of the greatest misconceptions or allegations concerning Islam is that it is a religion of terrorism. David. injustice. the strong and the weak. and tolerance.

agent. by Sayyid Abul-A’la Mawdudi. then you deny all of them. More details of this aspect of Islam are given in Chapter 8. what type of life is that? Answers to these and other related questions as given by Islam are provided in Chapters 10 through 14. As discussed in Chapter 9. a law. justice. a “nation. and legal and cultural. The teachings of Islam are very scientific. and their spiritual and ethical ideals and outlooks were other-worldly and aimed at personal salvation. modern. to work for God’s pleasure. and virtue may flourish. Since. national and international. you actually accept all of them. (L) ISLAM IS A COMPLETE WAY OF LIFE Islam is not a set of dogmas. peace and war. Islam does not divide life into watertight compartments. mythological beliefs. to enforce the Divine Law in that cross-section of world affairs whose management has been entrusted to man. to suppress and eradicate evil and disorder in all their forms. Broadly speaking. a way of life. and to foster those virtues which are liked by God and which He desires should prevail in this world. (K) ISLAM ANSWERS ALL QUESTIONS Islam has answers to all the questions that have been perplexing the mind of man for ages: (a) Who created this world? (b) Who sent me here? (c) What is the purpose of my life? (d) Am I free to do anything I want? (e) Am I responsible or accountable to anyone for my actions and behavior? (f) Is death the end of my life? (g) What happens after death? (h) If there is life after death. individual and social. Leicester. an excellent reference is The Islamic Way of Life.K. according to Islam. to create and maintain conditions where peace. it is man’s obligation to be actively involved in all affairs of this world. Islam extends the hand of cooperation (worship. there is no dichotomy in Islam between the temporal and the spiritual. but it is a complete and comprehensive way of life that gives guidance for all aspects of life: moral and material. (M) FORGIVENESS IN ISLAM The Islamic way of life consists of a set of rights and obligations and every Muslim is enjoined to live up to them. and spiritual teachings of Islam. social. U.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind same statement. Islam (which represents the true teachings of all the Messengers of God) is against celibacy and monastic life and has been from its very beginning a civil society with all the necessary civil laws but revelational in origin. published by the Islamic Foundation. political and economic. political. and political order. Some religions began as orders of monks having nothing to do with the affairs of the world. and is strictly against forced conversions. and if you accept the statement of any one of them. or mere rituals. these rights and obligations are of four kinds: 40 . progressive. and service to one God) to the followers of previous religions. These religions never formulated any ideals of a social. Islam gives complete freedom to the followers of all other religions to practice their religion.” and a “state” with a system of jurisprudence that is continually evolving for the administration of this world and the satisfaction of human needs under the sovereignty of our Creator. and relevant for all times. man is the Khalifa (vicegerent. To learn about the broad and basic principles of the moral. Islam is a faith. or representative of God on the earth). and if you deny any one of them. economic. economic. obedience.

(2) His own rights upon himself. He is so prone to forgiveness that no matter how sinful a person may have become. One is that of a man who lost his camel in the middle of a desert. He does so because that act had merely the form or appearance of goodness. merciful. and forgiving God of mankind very cruel. it is rather due to the grace and benevolence of God. He punishes whole families and groups ruthlessly for real and imaginary sins. unjust. whenever God rewards a man for his good acts.” the discussion below is limited only to this aspect of these rights and obligations. and is ready to replace his former disobedience with obedience. similarly. If God refuses to accept an act of apparent goodness. in His mercy. and was not motivated by the desire to please God. (3) The rights of other people upon him. These two types of forgiveness are discussed below. Since the subject here is “Forgiveness in Islam. no matter how great a criminal he is. is an invention of perverted Christianity. Since He is Wise. All these rights and obligations are part of the Islamic law called Sharia ‘ah. this is one of the most misleading doctrines invented by human imagination. God’s mercy encompasses him if only he sincerely repents and turns to God. There is no doubt that God. God is neither callous nor merciless. which relieves the offenders from the consequences of these sins. The Qur’an. Nor is there any reason for even the most rabid disbeliever to despair. it would mean that a sinner would never have the opportunity to have his repentance accepted. and unforgiving (refer to “Original Sin” in Chapter 2 for more details). clarified. He does so because the good was done with purity of intention and for the sake of pleasing God. When a sinner repents and turns to God. and traditions. If it were true. repents of his disobedience. The Qur’an refutes the doctrine that certain consequences necessarily follow from sins and that man must in all cases bear them. are interrelated with His wisdom. provided he recognizes his error. (2) Man’s forgiveness to man. The Prophet (pbuh) fully illustrated this by two examples. He is even more joyous than this owner of the camel who suddenly finds 41 . Sharia ‘ah has made provisions for forgiveness. tells man that reward for good actions and punishment for bad ones rest entirely with God. It is a mechanistic view of reward and punishment and thus prevents and discourages the sinner from trying to improve. and then only reluctantly. which every person is obliged to fulfill. In the same way that God punishes man for those sins which he commits with rebellious boldness and which whet his appetite for more sin rather than lead him to repentance. He does not use His powers arbitrarily. however. In fact. It is entirely up to Him to reward a good act or not. It cannot even be conceived that God would want to punish people just for the fun of it. and elaborated by His last Messenger Mohammed (pbuh) through his words. It is only when people exceed all reasonable limits and exercise no restraint in their wickedness that God punishes them. Likewise. There is no need for the criminal to despair of God’s grace and mercy. hence. on the contrary. God pardons those sins which are followed by genuine repentance and readiness on the part of the sinner to reform. Forgiveness in Islam falls under two major categories: (1) God’s forgiveness of our sins. This invention makes the loving. (4) The rights of those powers and resources which God has placed in his service and has empowered him to use for his benefit. inspires more terror than love. God has full authority to punish man for his sins or to pardon him. But sin. as something that enters the soul and is inherited from Adam downward by every child that is born. He has no enmity toward His own creatures. as presented in the Old Testament. for God’s love and compassion for His creatures is immense.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (1) The rights of God. God’s grace and mercy. The reward that one receives for good acts is not the natural consequence of those acts. God’s Forgiveness of Our Sins One of the great services that Islam rendered to humanity is delivering it from the unnecessary and imaginary terror of sin. which have been ordained by God in the Holy Qur’an and have been explained. Sharia‘ah (the Islamic code of Law) has discussed these rights and obligations exhaustively. actions. punishment for evil deeds is not a natural and unalterable consequence of man’s acts. If we happen to violate these rights or fail to fulfill our obligations.

Adam (pbuh). the opportunity for repenting and seeking pardon is available only as long as one is not in the throes of death.” The Holy Prophet (pbuh) said. which is ever willing to forgive sinners. Had God not created this compassion for children. there is no sin which I have not committed. The second example is perhaps even more moving. But man’s deeper desire is to regret his mistakes and seek pardon from God with a contrite heart. the door of repentance and return remains open to man at every moment. God forgives all sins. If one remembers that it is God Who planted love and compassion for children in the hearts of parents it is quite easy to grasp the extent of God’s love and compassion for His creatures. nor did it arise from fear of disapprobation. Both the Qur’an and the Hadith (Traditions of the Prophet. however. Her motherly compassion overwhelmed her to such an extent that she would grab any baby she could lay her hands on. so much so that if my sins were to be distributed over the people of the whole world. would clasp him to her bosom. all my life has passed in sin. “Have you embraced Islam?” He said. or should he repent after having fallen into sin. or inherited sin. did not involve faintheartedness. God substitutes good deeds for bad ones. It is not possible to do so in the Hereafter. “Yes. who have wronged their own souls (committed sins). man’s own desires. pbuh) make it clear that one may repent and seek pardon during the present life. The doctrine of forgiveness of sins was one of the most bounteous gifts of Islam to mankind. Surely. “O Messenger of Allah. and start suckling him. parents may. There are many verses in the Qur’an on the subject of repentance and God’s forgiveness and mercy. do not despair of God’s mercy. and the promptings of the devil. in fact. it is about all your crimes and errors” (Ibn Kathir). Repentance was sanctified as one of the acts of devotion due to God. No one bears the burden of another. and multiplies his reward as many times as He pleases. the term for doing good comes to an end. The Prophet (pbuh) added: “God is even more merciful to His servants than this woman is to her child” (Sahih Muslim. One was a woman whose infant child had been left behind. she would make every possible effort lest they slide into it. He is the All-Forgiving. The Prophet (pbuh) declared that sins are but temporary deviations from the right path inherent in the nature of man. He came before the Holy Prophet (pbuh) and said. and that Mohammed is the Messenger of Allah. at-Tawbah. For a child is indeed one of the greatest causes of parents’ discomfort and annoyance. he finds the door open. Only one thing follows that event—God’s Judgment (reward or punishment). everlasting. and are brought about by ignorance. they would all be doomed. “I bear witness that there is no god but Allah.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind his lost beast in a moment of total despair (See Sahih Muslim. For as soon as a person reaches the frontiers of death. his repentance is of no avail. God’s magnanimity to those who turn to Him for forgiveness is endless. Ba’ad fil Hadd `Ala at-Tawbah. All-Merciful” (Chapter 39. “Is it about all my crimes and errors?” The Holy Prophet (pbuh) replied. When a man becomes certain that he is on the verge of breathing his last. which showed the innate nobility of his nature. Is there any way for my forgiveness?” The Holy Prophet (pbuh) asked him. They said that rather than throwing her children into a fire. To be broken in spirit by a sense of guilt and to seek forgiveness shows the innate goodness of human nature and attracts the mercy of God. God will accept his repentance and will forgive him for his slips. but was a bold and daring step taken by the first man. he said. We quote below only a few verses. When he maintains the right path thereafter. God has not made man’s original sin a curse that chases him and his off spring. the Qur’an speaks with such alluring charm that one wonders whether God loves best those who seek His forgiveness after deviating from the path of virtue. He is forgiving and of great mercy. mistake. An incident about an old man has been related in the Traditions. How profound a change it brought on the prevailing atmosphere of gloom and depression is illustrated by the fact that the Holy Prophet (pbuh) came to be known as the “Apostle of Repentance. This gospel of hope and good tidings was a revolutionary message to a despondent humanity condemned forever by the guilt of original sin and past misdeeds. `Umar (ra) told of a time when a few prisoners of war were brought to the Prophet (pbuh). at-Tawbah.” Repentance. “Go back. Even in this life. 42 . When the Prophet (pbuh) saw the woman in such a state of mind he asked his companions whether they thought she would cast her children into fire. Allah is All-forgiving and has the power to change your evil deeds into good deeds.” He asked. Should he remember after a slip or a lapse of memory. Baab Sa’at Rahmatu Allah). Some reflection may help one to appreciate that it is God Who has created compassion in the hearts of parents for their children. Traditions 1-8). “O. My servants. Describing the clemency of God. have been quite inimical to them. for there is simply no permanent. The companions replied in the negative. So forcefully did the Holy Prophet (pbuh) preach the virtue of repentance that even those who seemed irredeemably sunk in sin turned in repentance to God and attained a sublimity of spirit that was envied by others. By the grace of God. Verse 53).

Eventually. the Almighty. do righteous deeds. If we die without asking or achieving forgiveness. they will be surely punished. In proportion to the harm done to these plaintiffs. whether or not he had the opportunity to repent for his mistakes. financial. (2) Someone else does wrong to us. if necessary and possible. One of the attributes of God mentioned in the last verse above is that He is “Forgiver of sin and Acceptor of repentance. Thus.” 43 . He is stern in punishment and is highly Bountiful. But one should remember that the concession of forgiveness of errors without repentance only refers to those believers who are free from defiance and who committed sins due to human weakness and not due to persistence in pride and sin. as already mentioned. These lessons are explained in the following verses of the Holy Qur’an: “If you take retribution. (2) We may forgive that person. Infinitely Merciful” (Chapter 25. his charity. Man’s Forgiveness of Man Forgiveness between man and man has two aspects: (1) We wronged others. believe. (3) We not only forgive that person. all the troubles. or any other kind. at the end. The revelation of this book is from Allah. “But. his fasting. a person commits errors as well as good acts. That is why the mention of forgiveness of sins has been made separately from the acceptance of repentance. offer our apology. indeed that is best for the steadfast. so that the people who have led lives of sin should not despair. his pilgrimage. hardships. I am He that forgives those who repent. and compensate them for the harm or damage we may have afflicted them. God is Most Forgiving. Verses 1-3). mental. then we will have to pay a very heavy price in the Hereafter on the Day of Judgment. be it physical. without doubt. When we happen to wrong other human beings. but also return the evil with good. Verse 70). but should reform themselves with the hope that if they refrain from their behavior even now they could still be redeemed by Allah’s mercy. There is no deity besides Him. God will give them a quantity of good deeds from those earned by the defendant in this world. psychological. and who are then on true guidance” (Chapter 20. so his good acts become the means of forgiveness for his mistakes. the Forgiver of sin and Acceptor of repentance. To Him shall all return” (Chapter 40. Verse 82). then do so in proportion to the wrong done to you. and calamities that afflict man and cause him grief in the world serve as penance for his mistakes. but this revenge should be equivalent to the harm done to us and not more. He will be demanded a compensation for those victims for the harm done to them. then we have three choices: (1) We can take revenge. All those persons whose rights were violated by a man in this world who died without asking for forgiveness from his victims will stand as plaintiffs in the court of God on the Day of Judgment. the All-Knowing.” This attribute brings hope. “Ha Mim. diseases.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind “[Those who commit various evils. however. it is essential that we ask for their forgiveness. such a person could end up in Hellfire despite his daily prayers. But If you can bear such conduct with patience. One should understand well that forgiving of sins and accepting of repentance are not necessarily one and the same thing. then these plaintiffs will give the defendant an equal amount of their own evil deeds. and in most cases Allah forgives sins even without the repentance. If someone does wrong to us.] Different. this defendant will have no good deeds and all that will remain with him will be his own evil deeds and the evil deeds of those persons whom he wronged in this world. Likewise. [God will not only forgive their evil deeds but also] God will replace their evil deeds by good deeds. will be the case of those who repent and believe and do good deeds. For example. and his other virtuous deeds. When all the good deeds of the defendant are doled out to the plaintiffs and still there are some who have not yet been compensated.

nor feel distressed by their evil plans. (N) NO PRIESTHOOD IN ISLAM In Islam. For all intents and purposes. with all its majesty. therefore. No wonder many people felt God could only be approached through powerful intermediaries and intercessors. with whom you had enmity. establish the Salah. who spend out of what We have given them as sustenance. it refutes many misconceptions about God. who. And even if a subject succeeds in conveying his pleadings through a courtier. God. The only way for their subjects to reach them is through the auspices of their favorite courtiers. and that which is with Allah is better as well as more lasting. Nourisher. You will see that he. when they are angry. Guardian. That is for those who have believed and put their trust in their Lord. The recompense of evil is a like evil. It does this by emphasizing two facts: God is extremely close to His creatures and He answers their prayers. these rulers are often too arrogant to directly respond to such pleadings. when they are oppressed. and always open to all. seek refuge in Allah: He hears everything and knows everything” (Chapter 41. such as that He is far away. who obey their Lord. and Who knows the secrets of his heart and is nearer to him than his jugular vein? One of man’s most persistent faults is that he has conceived God to be similar to those worldly rulers who immerse themselves in lives of ease and luxury in their grand places. Verses 36-43). Allah (swt) does not like the wrongdoers. and conduct their affairs by mutual consultation. It was. goodness and evil are not equal. cannot be held blameworthy. Who has known him before his birth. Verses 34-36). Verses 126. the omnipotent Lord and the absolute Master of this vast universe. his reward is with Allah. God’s court. has become your closest friend. the one who practices patience and is forgiving. God. So much so that God hears and responds even to the prayer that remains within the innermost recesses of the heart. whether relating to birth or death. Who watches and listens to him at all times and places. by verbally expressing those prayers or addressing them to Him without uttering a single word. forgive. And those who avenge themselves after they have been wronged. Since God was often conceived in the image of such worldly rulers.. God answers the prayers of all His creatures directly. Moreover. they are well beyond the direct access of their subjects. considered necessary to grease the palm of the religious functionaries who supposedly enjoyed the privilege of conveying a man’s offerings and prayers to the One on high. For such people there is a painful torment. according to which no ritual. This misconception has given rise to institutionalized priesthood. this should not make them feel that God is remote from them. The only way that a person’s prayer could reach God and be answered by Him was to approach Him through one of the holy men. And if you feel an incitement from Satan. Who wields 44 . Everyone can address their prayers to God both in public and in private. and Sustainer. these indeed are works of great courage and resolution” (Chapter 42. This misconception gave birth to a pantheon of small and large deities and intercessors who are supposed to act as intermediaries between man and God. is just around everyone’s corner. What is the good of a mediator between man and his Maker. then whoever pardons and seeks reconcilement. This is one aspect of the function of a courtier—to communicate to a ruler the pleadings of his subjects and to communicate to the subjects the response of the ruler. But none can attain to this quality except those who endure with patience. many people fell prey to the false belief that God is well above the reach of ordinary human beings. and do not grieve over them. no doubt. Thus. can be performed without the active participation of the priests. who refrain from gross sins and indecencies. However. is merely a provision for the transitory life of this world. Everyone can whisper to Him the innermost desires of their hearts. and does not answer their prayers if they directly approach Him. He is so close to each and every person that whenever any person so wishes he can communicate with his Lord. altogether withdrawn from human beings. is transcendent. God is not distant from his people. and He needs no intermediate. Islam does not therefore need clergy. “Whatever you have been given. Everyone will find Him just next to him. Who is his Care-Taker. and yet He is extremely close to every person. church priests.128). “And O Prophet. close to one’s threshold. who. or sacraments. Islam strikes at the root of this ignorant system and totally demolishes its intellectual infrastructure. On the contrary. Repel evil with what is best. This belief spread further because many clever people found it quite profitable to propagate such a notion. and none can attain to this rank except those who are men of great good fortune. for blameworthy indeed are those who oppress others and commit excesses in the land without any right. help and defend themselves. Provider. For surely Allah is with those who hold Him in fear and do good” (Chapter 16.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind “(O Mohammed!) So bear with patience and your patience is only because of the help of Allah. Even though people can neither see God nor subject Him to any other form of sense perception. Such rulers are normally far removed from their subjects.

” There is no papal equivalent in Islam.” This belief in our accountability for all our actions before Just and Impartial God and punishment and reward in the Hereafter according to our actions is a powerful inducement to practice virtue and a deterrent against evil. His function is nothing more than to synchronize prayer by providing leadership in the recitation and rituals.” One of our most common supplications is: “Our Lord. “Islam has no church. rational. and even Christian preachers and priests. and superstitions. the government. 45 . And to our Lord shall we be sent back. For a more comprehensive discussion about this. but this word Imam means nothing more than “somebody who goes out in front”—in other words. and are scientific and progressive. Congregational prayer is led by an Imam. and that can be fulfilled by any adult member of the congregation. In these five daily obligatory prayers. However. When we go to visit the relatives of a deceased Muslim. You are the Master of the Day of Recompense. We can deceive our parents. and the state. He is watching and listening to us at all times and in all places. we would like to state that with the exception of the religion of Islam as preached by the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). but we cannot hide anything from Him.” While reading the Holy Qur’an. Because of the virtues of Islam. people of all professions and intellectual levels. give us the good in this world and the good in the next world. Islam is the fastest growing religion in the World because it is free from myths. at the peak of which are scholars who serve to define answers to religiously challenging issues. H. Wells says. appealing to common sense and reason. protect him (her) from the Hellfire. All Muslims pray five times every day. relatives. distorted. teachers. Those who worship. Muslim. are entering Islam. no sacramental system. when we say: “Our Lord. (O) ISLAM TEACHES ACCOUNTABILITY BEFORE GOD FOR ALL OUR ACTIONS One of the basic and most important teachings of Islam is that we are answerable to God on the Day of Judgment for all what we do and say. and preachers. easily understandable.” Those who do not live according to His guidance and commands will be thrown into hell. a leader of the prayer. (P) CONCLUSIONS In conclusion. scholarship does not necessarily imply any greater closeness to God than that of a simple and pious. and because its teachings are simple. all other religions brought by various Prophets and Messengers of God are now mere legends of the past.” And the New Catholic Encyclopedia says. We have provided two stories of conversion of American Christian priests to Islam (see Appendix D and Appendix E). On the other hand. for we could have never accomplished this (by ourselves). and serve Him according to His guidance will be rewarded by eternal life in paradise. and almost no liturgy. friends.G. or that we are on “candid camera. because they have been changed. we say: “Glory be to Him Who has subjected these (means of travel) to our use. though uneducated.’ There are men and women occupying different levels on the steep slope of religious knowledge. “Islam to this day has learned doctors. and of God’s punishment and recompense according to our actions. and corrupted by their followers. children. and give him (her) a place in Paradise.” When we ride (for travel). is so close to human beings that they can always approach Him without the intercession of any intermediaries. we say: “Praise be to God who gave us life after death (sleep is sister of death) and to Him is the Resurrection. and can put to Him their prayers and requests directly. no priesthood. This is a position that does not require any particular office or appointment. the Muslims remind themselves at least 32 times of the Day of Judgment after Resurrection. The Imam is not ordained and does not administer sacraments.” When we wake up from sleep. our most common prayer is: “May God forgive the sins of the deceased. the police. You can say ‘we dial direct and do not go through an operator. ambiguities. but it has no priests. One can say that we are continuously being videotaped by Him. which is a terrible place. obey. see Chapters 10 through 13. There are no intercessors between man and God. it is impossible to read a few pages without being reminded about life after death and about our accountability before God on the Day of Judgment in the Hereafter.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind all power and authority.

persecution. The Holy Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) was the first to demolish narrow visions of geographical. Muslims practice and demonstrate this equality and brotherhood during five daily prayers and during weekly Friday prayer held in every mosque around the world. except in piety. color. It is not that in the beginning there were many couples who gave birth to different populations in the different regions of the world. language. and out of these two spread many men and women [on the globe]. Verse 70 (Surah Bani-Israeel) “We have made all the children of Adam [i. color. and not on race. The entire human race is like one household. One and the same God has created all. in fact.” These verses command all mankind to reform the great evil that has always caused universal disruption in the world: prejudices due to race. Superiority in the eyes of God depends on one’s fear of God. I 46 . sympathy. when Muslims of all colors. Islam is a colorblind and race-blind religion. not hatred. cooperation. without any differences. the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) said: “0 people. racial. as does Islam. There is no superiority for an Arab over a non-Arab or for a white colored over a black colored. and financial status. In these prayers. we all stand and pray before God.e. or political characteristics. country. and exploitation. God created all people from Adam and Eve. Verily the noblest among you is he who is the most pious. from all walks of life. that ye may know each other [not that ye may despise each other]. and made you into nations and tribes. race. shoulder to shoulder. Never before Islam has any movement abolished social and class distinctions altogether and practiced complete equality. all have been made from one and the same substance. and he taught the lessons of broad-mindedness and international brotherhood to the world-at-large. As reported by Baihaqi and other books of Hadith. piety.” The following three verses from the Holy Qur’an demonstrate this further. all human beings] respectable and dignified. country. and political nationhood. verily your Lord is one and your father is one. All have been created in one and the same way. or for a black-skinned over a white-skinned. (2) In this process of creation. and respect between us. We are all equal and like brothers and sisters to each other. In the verses referenced above. or descent.e. color. there is no basis whatsoever for the divisions and distinctions that mankind has engaged in because of false notions and selfishness.e. the household of Adam. Verse 1 (Surah An-Nisa) “O mankind! Fear your Lord and keep your duty to Him who created you from a single being [i. and Adam was made of clay. compassion. enmity. and nationality. God draws our attention to the following: (1) All of mankind shares together in a single kinship because all humans originate from the same male and female. descent. It is not that some people have been made from some pure and superior substance and some other people from some impure and inferior substance. And Allah has full knowledge and is well acquainted [with all things]. We also demonstrate this brotherhood and equality and the universality of Islam once every year.” Chapter 17.. addressing over one hundred-thousand of his followers at the time of Haja-tul-Widah (Farewell Pilgrimage). Adam and Eve). language. and all are the offspring of the same one parents. irrespective of our nationality. Eve]. preferences. Therefore.e. branches of one initial race that started with one mother and one father. and obedience to God. nationality. All of you belong to Adam. as equals. and therefore we all are children of the same parents (i. from all trades and classes. all races found in the world are. Verse 13 (Surah Al-Hujurat) “O mankind! We created you from a single [pair] of a male and a female. and from every corner of the globe assemble in Makkah for the annual pilgrimage.” Chapter 4.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind CHAPTER 5 Islam on Brotherhood and Equality of Mankind slam considers the whole of humanity to be one family and treats all mankind as one community. Chapter 49. economic. there should be love. Verily the most honored of you in the sight of Allah is [he who is]the most righteous of you. or priorities on the basis of color or race. or social. Adam] and out of it He created its mate [i. We are told that all mankind has one origin and that all people are the flesh and blood of each other.

new codes of law made.S. but this discrimination has assumed the worst forms of hatred. The Negro Bilal became a peer of the aristocratic Quraysh. and environments. They thought that the life. intertribal. the discrimination between one’s own people and others is not only confined to showing greater love and cooperation to one’s own people than to others. and new moral principles framed. or can be. The treatment that the Europeans meted out to the Native Americans and to the weak nations of Asia and Africa had the same underlying concept. So much so that nations and empires have made these distinctions a permanent way of life and practiced them for centuries. It is acknowledged by all eminent historians and sociologists that no other culture. is jeopardized by its inhuman prejudice. and country. Besides interfaith justice. enmity. they would have spared themselves all those grievous mistakes under which 47 . should be closer in affinity to each other than to those living in remote regions. and following the better way of piety and righteousness. contempt. so that there may be a strong bond of brotherhood. it was natural there should be differences of colors. between man and man is that of moral excellence. Professor Toynbee. The oppression of African Americans in the United States and the racial segregation of South Africa could never have arisen in a Muslim domain. religious or secular. new religions invented. He could have created many men and many women at the outset and paired them together. and compassion among us. A similar discrimination gave birth to the caste system among the Hindus. (7) Instead of starting all mankind from one soul. and all other human beings came to be regarded as inferior and unclean. and thus the Shudra Hindus were cast into the depths of disgrace and degradation. speaking the same language. But God created her from the first man. geographical region. one can easily judge how stupendous and devastating is the error for whose reform these verses of the Qur’an were revealed. and ways of living among people due to differences in climate. Democracy. Then. sympathy. The birth of a person in a particular country. weather. property. was successfully curbed by Islam. (9) If God had wanted. on this very basis. and even in the practice of their religious rites looked upon non-Jews as inferior to the Jews in rights and ranks. (6) The only basis of superiority and excellence that there is. which is magnified in modern times in national pride and prejudice. He says that the Anglo-Saxon race is the worst criminal race in this respect. and honor of all those who had been born outside the frontiers of their own country and nation were lawfully theirs and that they had the right to plunder and take them as their slaves and exterminate them if needed. instead of creating her from the first man. The atrocities committed against the colored people in Africa and the U. by the white race is well known.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (3) With the spread of this one initial race on the globe. and international justice. or tribe is only accidental. nation. people discriminate on the basis of their birth in a particular family. and eternally hostile tribes of Arabia were welded into fraternity by common belief and a common way of life. Islam also inculcated interracial. The Jews. says that the Islamic world community shall continue to be an exemplar for the rest of the humanity because it freed humanity from one of its greatest curses. born in the East or the West. love. is valuable and worthy on account of his personal merit. If what was manifested by the racism of Nazi Germany and the concept of the superiority of the Nordic or Aryan race in World War II is kept in view. so man cannot say that a woman is inferior to man. and tyranny. Such a man. The real thing that makes one person superior to another is being more God-conscious. whether he is black or white. whatever his race. (4) It is also natural that those living in the same region. And a man who is the reverse of him in character is an inferior person. But God created us all from one soul. where the people of one color look down upon the people of other colors. regarded the children of Israel as the chosen people of God. Tribal pride. the famous British historian. if God wanted. mercy. as well as Christianity. according to which the superiority of the Brahmins was established. (5) This natural difference cannot and should not become the basis of any superiority of one people over the other. and sharing the same culture. if people had originated from different parents instead of one and the same parents. New philosophies have been propounded for it. some might have claimed superiority over others saying that they descended from couples that were made from superior material. Had mankind appreciated this fact. tribe. features. or that one nation takes preference over another without any other reason. languages. has ever succeeded in overcoming racial or color prejudice to the extent that Islam has succeeded. nation. avoiding evil. In addition. He would have created the first woman directly from the earth as He created the first man. race. (8) Despite that. or nation whose people have a particular color or speak a particular language. which determines the rights and privileges of human beings by the pigmentation of their skin.

They had forgotten that man and woman are two mutually complementary human beings.D. Man’s arrival in this world is thus the result of a will other than his own. Prior to his arrival. To symbolize this global feeling of universal brotherhood. granting social equality and equality of opportunity to their own citizens. It is the only will that can influence human life in any way it wishes. It is the only will which has the right to define for man his source of life. (12) In the very beginning of the verse of Surah Al-Nisa (Qur’an. he had no definite existence and no will with which to decide whether to enter this world or not. and the organ of Devil. 4:1). together with all the rights to which their humanity entitles them. Man would not have coined such absurdities about women. and repudiate the color bar. and can best manage his affairs. knows everything about man. Women were deprived of their human status and all human characteristics. which implies that if we fail to live by the guidance provided by Him. and to lay down values and standards for man. then the goal of international and interfaith brotherhood shall draw near. which God wants mankind to implement. but it is an exemplar for other nations and religious communities. to promulgate laws and regulations for human life. When they become fraternal to this extent and leave off racial and caste prejudices. Islam is the religion of the future. they prostrate in obedience to one God. The risks of its destruction have multiplied in direct proportion to the high degree of its unification. groundless belief that temporarily took hold of man’s mind. I was shocked when I received a letter from a man who holds a Ph. rulers and the ruled. Also see Chapter 18. modern technology has annihilated distances. By creating woman from man. each part of which complements the other. Unless humanity accepts this concept. and this new creation on earth begins with one family of male and female and not with male and male nor with female and female. do women have souls just like men?” The reason for such a query was that he wanted to confirm if Islam has a similar concept of women as what he had been learning from the perverted teachings of Christianity. When mankind realized his gross mistake and set about correcting it. Islamic fraternity is not coextensive with the whole of humanity. Man came into this world after a period of time when the world existed without him. and the world has shrunk into a single village. For example. all having discarded their distinctive robes. When they do this. The only way we can get rid of this racist mentality is by following the Islamic concept of unity of human origin. they will become socially healthy and well-integrated. branding them as the source of impurity. for no other reason than an absurd. as discussed above. one whereby women were left without any checks or controls. Garbed in simple and identical sheets. it cannot devise a way for living together on such a universal scale. 48 . yellow. They are not identical individuals. rich and poor. and brown. men and women. When nations have succeeded in overcoming these invidious distinctions. asking me. (10) These verses also suggest that family is the cornerstone of human life. they refer to one constitution. 2001.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind women have long suffered. God has told us that they both share a single nature. To this will alone people must refer whenever they differ over anything. CONCLUSION In conclusion. (11) These verses remind us of our origin and of the fact that we belong to our Creator who has established us on this earth. we find that the other extreme was adopted. but a pair. as discussed here. then a severe punishment is waiting for us in the Hereafter. white. The only difference is in their abilities and the roles they have to play. God warns us to fear Him. its future belongs to Islam. the origin of evil. Islam made the pilgrimage to Mecca. The only way to live in peace is to liquidate the mentality that splits humanity into various racial groups. In other words. This close proximity of various nations and communities to each other is explosive in nature. a pillar of the faith and a duty for every Muslim who can afford the journey. This will that has brought man into this world outlined for him his way of life and gave him the ability to deal with the universe. black. after the events of September 11. the Creator of one humanity. It is an international and inter-racial gathering of about half a billion individuals. “According to Islamic teaching. The Divine Constitution brings mankind back to this elementary fact after it has strayed far from it.

a violation of justice. There are many verses in the Qur’an that stress the importance of justice. Many people do not have a clear and right concept of justice. However. All such cruelties happen in the name of justice during peace time. rendering it incapable of seeing any Divine Guidance. If the sinner repents. then more and more black dots are formed on his heart. and he is incapable of seeing any spiritual light. If. God seals such a heart. personal likes and dislikes. but also by a large number of clergy. and moral human crisis.” The Inquisition in Spain and Italy and other places in Europe tortured nonconformists who were believed to be heretics fit to be fuel for the fires of Hell. Then ultimately. They were mutilated and burned without any remorse because it was considered to be just and even merciful for the soul of the sinner. from the outset. but more importantly. a stage is reached when his entire heart is covered with black dots. To these sinners. There will never be viable peace in this world without following these God-given principles. Many a persecuted victim of perverted notions of justice has uttered the cry: “0 justice! What injustice is perpetrated in thy name”? If a code of laws. nor it is to serve the interests of any one. reforms. and benefits and harms accruing from justice. like the Hindu code of Manu. Given below are some selected guiding principles from the Holy Qur’an to solve the current spiritual. and governments. it is not a problem for many people to be just. not only by the white economic exploiters and self-seeking politicians. and gives up this sin. In a way. spearheaded by Serbs and Croats with the tacit complicity of major world players. or fear of harm] or even though it may 49 . Also considered a just act was the genocide of the Bosnians in the mid-1990s. then the differential treatment is falsely stamped with justice. we human beings face a real test of our morality when we face conflicting emotions such as love and hatred. the enforcement of such laws is. racial domination and segregation in South Africa under apartheid was considered legitimate. a black dot is formed on his heart. There are many countries in the world today wherein the spirit of nationalism and patriotism is so strong and dominant that their perverted definition of justice is: “Every possible action irrespective of its harm to others is just and right so long as it is in the interest and welfare of their country.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind CHAPTER 6 Islam on Justice I slam has laid great emphasis on justice. Even the most unjust systems in human history have claimed to be based on justice. Such is the case of these people. broad daylight looks like a pitch-dark night and vice versa. he continues to commit more and more sins. social. we have a distorted concept of justice and laws are made according to that perverted conception. war distorts the concept of justice still further. however. making every immoral and cruel act just. Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) has said that when a man commits a sin. For example. The persecution and holocaust of the Jews was justified by the Nazis as an act of just retribution because as an alien non-Aryan minority they had not identified themselves with German nationalism. by communities. benefit. nations. Under normal circumstances. countries. Verse 135 (Surah Al-Nisa) “O you who believe! Be always steadfast and firm in upholding equity and justice. and hence had no right to economic and professional dominance that was disproportionate to their numbers. not merely by individuals. But if instead of repentance. bearing witness to the truth for the sake of God [not for the sake of any one else. is based on caste and class privilege. then that black spot is washed away. in reality. virtue looks like a sin and sin like a virtue. free from all desires and considerations] even though it may either be against yourselves or against your parents or against your close relatives or even though it may be against a rich person [from whom you may expect a favor. below are only four of these verses: Chapter 4. The right of every person to get his due and the obligation to give others what is due to them is the basis of justice.

and forbids all that is shameful. is a tough standard of self-restraint. impartial. it is obligatory for believers to stop that injustice using all possible ways. community. Verse 5:8 requires him to be just. that is nearer to God-fearing and fear God. and to support the victims of injustice. ( 7 ) This means that whenever and wherever injustice is committed. Verse 8 (Surah Al-Maida) “O you who believe! Be steadfast for the sake of God and bear true witness with justice and never let the hatred or enmity of anyone incite or seduce you to do injustice. communities. whether they are individuals. and morality. ( 1 2 ) There is no faith or system on earth that guarantees absolute justice to detested enemies in the same way as this ( 1 3 ) It is this fairness that prevents aggression and oppression anywhere on earth. under all conditions. ( 1 0 ) Verse 4:135 places a Muslim firstly in opposition to himself and secondly against his feelings towards his parents. Act justly. means. ( 11 ) Furthermore. with strict impartiality and without being affected by any self-interest or affected by feelings of love. hostility. and whenever you judge among people. Verse 58 (Surah Al-Nisa) “Indeed God commands you to deliver whatever you have been entrusted with to their rightful owners. evil [all that runs counter to reason] and oppressive. mercy and compassion. He exhorts you [repeatedly] so that you might bear [all this]in mind. treating all people equal: relatives and 50 . religion. or governments.” Comments on Verses 4:135 and 5:8 In these two verses. ( 8 ) The mission of all messengers. prophets. indeed. and resources. or fear. God enjoins justice. So do not. tribe. nations. follow your own desires and lusts lest you deviate from justice. benevolence (kindness) and the doing of good to kith and kin. hatred. including the use of force if necessary and possible. Indeed God is All-Hearing. as follows: ( 1 ) To be firm and steadfast in doing justice. and at all times. ( 9 ) The true sense of justice and bearing witness to truth is that every holder of a right should be given his or her due. to judge with justice. with peace coming in its wake. tolerance. ( 3 ) To maintain justice in its absolute sense and to bear witness to truth in every situation. for God is their caretaker. ( 5 ) To uphold justice so that nobody inflicts injustice on anybody. ( 6 ) To stop the perpetrators of injustice from inflicting injustice. ( 4 ) To uphold and establish justice themselves. If you distort [the truth] or decline to do justice. then. a better protector of them than you and has a better knowledge of what is good for them). then know that God is indeed well aware of all that you do [and will severely punish you in the Hereafter]. nation. responsibility is put on all believers. and motherland. and scriptures was to make every human being adopt justice as his or her hallmark within his or her circle of influence or control. relatives. in full.” Chapter 4. All-Seeing. excellent is the counsel that God gives you. This. Surely God is well aware of all what you do [and will severely punish you in the Hereafter if you deviate from Justice]. and bear true witness despite any feelings of hatred. or prejudice towards anyone. so that justice prevails in the world. Surely. ( 2 ) To establish justice.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind be against the poor (whom you may be tempted to favor out of sympathy. Verse 90 (Surah Al-Nahl) “Surely.” Chapter 5.” Chapter 16. and to see that others do the same.

( 2 3 ) In recapitulating. would transform this bloodthirsty and wicked world into a society of virtuous people which. so that they may think. and the reminder that God (powerful. witnessed any such standard put into practice and becoming a reality. but peace. would become a paradise now. Muslims and non-Muslims. rich and poor. nor ever since. fear of eternal punishment in Hell provides a great deterrent. blacks and whites. They need to look to this divine system of justice and reward so that they are able to overcome all temptations and impediments to following God and the law ordained by Him. to appear as witness shall not be avoided if witness is needed to help the victim of injustice to have his or her usurped rights returned. servants and masters. citizens and aliens. honest. the killing of innocent people. the strong and the weak. ( 2 5 ) It is in the best interest of the people of the world to realize that science and its progress can take them to all sorts of frontiers. ( 2 0 ) The secret to successfully transforming these golden principles into a practical system lies in the teaching at the end of these two verses. and visit the depths of oceans.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind strangers. fully implemented in the daily life of the Muslim community. in turn. but as a practical and functioning system. the laborer and the capitalist. camp on stars. not as some unproven theory. ( 1 5 ) The witness shall be true and factual. ( 2 2 ) This reward provides encouragement to follow the Divine Law and reduces to insignificance all the hardships faced by believers. ( 1 6 ) Those who hold the reins of authority and dispensation of justice in their hands shall treat both parties to the case before them equally and equitably. except during the shining periods in history when Islam was practiced as a way of life. ( 1 9 ) History gives us numerous cases and examples that testify that these duties and commandments outlined by God in these verses were transformed into a practical system. They were not mere ideals to which homage was paid. This is a reward to compensate good believers for what they miss of the luxuries and riches of this life when they fulfill their obligations. Verse 4:135 ends with the reminder that God Almighty is All-Aware of what you do. as the saying goes. When they act in accordance with these principles. mighty) is aware of what you do. whether for or against anyone. and dispassionate study of this Book before making any statement. They left their mark on life practices to the extent that people felt that this was the only way to live. Out of sympathy for those who misrepresent this book of God. demonstrated the feasibility of this high standard of justice by setting up practical examples and bequeathing this message to posterity. stop. Also. preach. On that Day. or any evil in any shape or form anywhere? There is a great gulf between what this wonderful book really is and what the enemies of Islam are working hard to project. the lion and lamb drink from the same water trough. Near the end of Verse 5:8 is the instruction to observe the fear of All-Powerful God. which should be the real end product of all modern technology and efforts is something that they would fail to find on far away stars or in ever-new inven- 51 . the employer and the employee. God will reward believers by sending them to Paradise and will punish the disbelievers by sending them to Hell. or else be prepared to stand in the witness stand to prove their allegations against Islam and God on the Day of Judgment and suffer the consequences of their lies. much sooner than the promised Paradise of the Hereafter. ( 1 4 ) Similarly. the great harbinger of this message. but a reality that believers should practice in their daily lives. or be prepared to face the consequences. Can such a book teach. and deter. friends and foes. we feel obliged to inform them that it is in their own interest to make a sincere. They can climb the skies. ( 2 1 ) The concluding statements of these two verses alert believers to focus all their attention to the supreme subduing power of Almighty God and the ultimate reckoning of the fateful Day of Rewards and Punishments (more clearly addressed in many verses in the Qur’an). ( 1 8 ) The history of mankind has never before. ( 2 4 ) The principles of universal justice by one and all enunciated through these verses form part of the many distinctions of the Glorious Qur’an. ( 1 7 ) These were not mere recommendations or ideals. if adopted and put into practice. nor were they just individual examples. Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). the Glorious Qur’an has declared the establishment of justice and fairness as the very purpose of a universal order in the world and proposed a unique system which. rulers and the ruled. or condone terrorism.

” which comprises two independent truths. however. sympathy. generosity. sacrifice. such advocacy has only a minimum effect on their lives. and liberality to relatives. motivates no one because it lacks proper support.” and. courtesy.” which literally means. tolerance. every human claim to progress stands humbled. Comments on Verse 16:90 In the first part of this verse. (1) The first and foremost principle is “justice. and the fear of God’s punishment for our injustice and oppression. purity. mutual accommodation. but such advocacy is one thing and practicing these principles in reality is another. is in some respects even more important for man’s social life than justice. It is not the call itself that is most important. ( 3 1 ) Thousands of people may call for justice. Two. nor will it ever be. political.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind tions. three principles have been enjoined that provide the basis for the sound ordering of human society: justice. All such rights are granted with sincerity and without any discrimination or distinction. is too wide to bridge. This principle of “benevolence” goes a step further than the principle of “justice. giving to others more than their due. in the message brought by the unlettered and unschooled Prophet of Arabia fourteen hundred years ago. our accountability before a Just and Impartial God. If “justice” is the foundation on which the structure of human society should be based. The true value of religion’s call on people to implement its principles comes from the influence that religion exercises over people. tolerance. Perhaps such a cold-hearted and stark society might be able to avoid internal conflicts.” It broadly embraces all good acts. and what reward it can promise to those who work hard to implement these principles. but what is the practical outcome? The fact is that they know by nature that the advocacy comes from people like them. Everyone pulsates with the crucial sense of individual responsibility before God on the Day of Judgment. mutual consideration. Indeed. and satellite-borne world from the blessings of genuine peace on earth. and of the Divine system on the other. economic. ( 2 9 ) People may advocate for certain principles. But when a call is made only by a certain person. love. ( 3 0 ) Another instrumental factor is people’s understanding that there is an ultimate arbiter who judges the net result of the efforts they put into practicing these principles. and insistent upon. liberation. At the end of the day. One. clear and true as ever. (2) The second principle is “benevolence. The guarantee of universal peace can be delivered by nothing but the belief in the Hereafter. Fear of God is more effective than the combined powers of government and law. Abandoning such a valuable teaching would deprive the modern progress-claiming. It is not merely that people should be told to implement certain principles. but more important is where this call comes from. but rather the power behind the call. self-denial. who share with them the same degree of ignorance and weakness and who have similar prejudices of their own. what authority it has over people’s minds. such as politeness. People may listen to others advocating for certain ideals. that there be balance and right proportion among human beings in respect to their rights. high-flying. and being content for oneself with a little less than what one is entitled to. ( 2 8 ) There is a great gulf between a system devised by God to be implemented in human life and man-made systems. and cultural. “to do good. it is often the case that people do not put into effect the principles themselves that they call on others to adopt. then “benevolence” represents the beauty and perfection of that structure. ( 2 7 ) Peace in the world has never been achieved through penal codes. Their call. hence. and what kind of authority it has over consciences and feelings. “Justice” wards off the bitterness of discord and disharmony from human life. ( 2 6 ) Day by day. forbearance. benevolence. we have to ask what support such a call has. social. No society can be sustained merely on the principle that every member of it should be jealously watchful of. and so on. that every person be granted all the rights to which he is entitled: moral. legal. receiving every bit of his right and be willing to grant others exactly what is their due but absolutely no more. the astonishing discoveries of science confirm the most perfect power of Almighty God and clearly demonstrate the state-of-the-art mastery of His creation that has no match. It is here. thanks to the application of justice as 52 . “Benevolence” adds pleasure and sweetness to human life. Before the skill and range of such creativity. The gap between the effects on people’s lives of these man-made systems on the one hand.

The needy members of a family have a prior claim to receive assistance from their relatives. sacrifice. without any considerations for personal. or national interests. deserving and are capable of carrying out the burden of such positions or public offices and not on the basis of friendship. clan. (3) In the last sentence of this verse. color. To put it conversely. trustworthy. i. bribery. “benevolence. 53 . Comments on Verse 4: 58 (1) Entrust positions of responsibility only to those who are honest. gratitude.” when it is applied to one’s relatives. community. connections. etc. there is a warning that if you do not follow His guidance then surely.. but also that one should recognize that one’s wealth ought not to be spent exclusively on oneself and one’s immediate family.” This is a corollary of the former principle.e. such a society will be utterly devoid of such life-giving and life-sustaining values as love and compassion. will punish you in the Hereafter. “Indeed God is All-Hearing and All-Seeing”. and at all places. magnanimity. Other members of the family also have a share in it. a society in which some people are immersed in luxury while other members of their family remain without even the basic necessities of life is an unhealthy society. qualified. the prosperous members of a family are required to assist their own relatives in need first before assisting any other person. (2) Judge. This consists not only of sharing one’s joys and sorrows with one’s kin and in helping and supporting the fulfillment of their legitimate desires within permissible limits. God’s law requires rich persons to take care of the needs of their relatives and not to leave them without proper food and clothing. false recommendations. and goodwill for others. race.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind elaborated above. God Who is watching and hearing you at all times. relationships. However. According to the Qur’anic standard of judgment. and it is only after this that they have a claim of assistance from others. (3) The third principle enunciated in this verse is “liberality to kith and kin.

in some cases. under certain circumstances. without any material consideration and solely to please God. Respect for human life and dignity is one of the fundamentals of Islam. peace in Islam does not mean the absence of war. and envisions a peaceful world wherein each person’s dignity and freedom is protected equally. it permits war and. it is the duty of believers to help restore justice for all. (b) Wherever mankind is subjected to repression. but rather to establish the form of justice that God decrees equally for enemies and friends alike (see Chapter 6). it is the duty of the righteous to go to their rescue. (a) For the welfare of mankind as a whole. discrimination. It is just like the need for a surgeon to amputate a gangrenous limb of an otherwise healthy person. and directs Muslims to extend friendship and goodwill to all. (B) OBJECTIVES OF WAR IN ISLAM War has no purpose acceptable to God other than fighting for peace that is based on justice. which is considered in Islam as something in the way of God. However.600.”(Hadith reported by Ibn Masood in “Mishkat”. Fighting in Islam must be undertaken only under the following circumstances. Towards that end. (d) Islam wants Muslims to oppose those forces that either forcefully prevent them from living in obedience to God or force them to live in obedience to those other than God. dominance. brotherhood. regardless of religious. Since Islam is a religion of nature and is a practical religion. justice.) Fighting should be undertaken for the sake of God and never for a purpose that may be defined by human desires or motivations. Islamic Jihad is nothing but a perpetual struggle in the cause of justice. to listen to it. race. the absence of oppression. material aggrandizement. It may be mentioned that the total number of casualties on both sides in the battles fought by the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) were about 1. Islam stresses the importance of mutual help and respect. or nation of people dominance over another. Islam’s view is that the purpose of peace agreements is not to perpetuate a state of conquest by keeping the defeated in constant deprivation and humiliation. and tyranny. to gain new markets. 54 . Striving for the liberation of the oppressed people from the hands of the oppressors is an important duty of Muslims. equity. Depending upon resources and strength. Peace is the goal and objective of Islam. and justice in human society. War should not be pursued for glory. injustice. (c) Whenever a tyrant or oppressive power emerges and prevents people from upholding Islam. Any agreement made at the end of a war would contradict the Islamic spirit if it were based on tyranny and oppression. To not resist oppression is only assisting the oppressor to oppress more. ethnic. Islam does not like war. Islam preaches and practices a rational and humane doctrine of war. the most beloved person with God is the one who gives good treatment to his family or creation.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind CHAPTER 7 Islam & War (A) ISLAM IS A RELIGION OF PEACE The very word “Islam” means peace. or racial background. or seeks to prevent them from knowing about Islam. It should not be pursued to give one class. and tolerance. Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) has said: “The entire creation is like the family of God. an unending endurance to dislodge tyrants and establish peace. rather. But some of the wars waged by Muslim rulers during the course of history have not been Islamic wars. or to control raw materials. Islam is a religion of peace. and human brotherhood and the victory entitles the victor to one right only: prevention of aggression and injustice. the Muslim community should secure for all the freedom to know the truth. and exploitation. and to have the choice to accept it freely or reject it. Islam preaches peace and has had to fight for it. or the usurpation and annihilation of what constitutes the rights of people as brethren in one human family. equity. To bring down a tyrannical social system and establish an order based on justice and fairness. it makes war obligatory. but loves peace. Only those wars in which Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) and his immediate followers engaged for the sake of making Islam secure and rooting out religious persecution were Islamic.

ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (e) Islam does not allow Muslims to interfere with the faith. But it does not recognize their right to administer state affairs in a manner detrimental to the ideology of Islam or to demand the continuation of such practices that are against the interest and welfare of the people at large. But with his sincerity. we present a brief background on what led to the use of the sword by Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). (C) MOHAMMED (pbuh) WAS COMPELLED TO FIGHT Before discussing the various commands in the Qur’an concerning war. at the age of 40. uninterrupted. The only alternatives left for the Muslims were either to give up their faith or stand up and wage a war at the cost of their lives for their religious liberty. Then later. although at that time the Muslims were heavily outnumbered by the pagan forces of all Arabia. devotion. and Islam started spreading under the shadow of the sword of his enemies. rituals. Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) was socially. and serve one True God. His people. the disbelieving people of Makkah were not prepared to leave the Muslims alone and let them live in peace even in Madinah. The second category consists of those commands that relate to situations occurring after the war has actually started. behaviors. to widows and orphans. At this time. All the various statements and ordinances concerning war in both these categories are complementary and cannot. as God commanded them to restrain and not to use force even to defend themselves (Qur’an. He (pbuh) was six years old when his mother also passed away. Some of his followers were tortured to death by the pagans to terrorize others into rejecting Mohammed (pbuh). 55 . against whom they were urged to take up the sword. Then Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) and his companions were forced to flee from their homeland to another town. ideology. the Most Honest. They were deprived of all worldly goods and of the means of securing their daily bread. 2:190193). who was bent upon exterminating them completely. 22:39). and moral strength. a couple of months before his birth and left no property for him. family life when. and his life became a life of miseries and tortures. captivating manners. in which hundreds of emigrants were still homeless and unsettled. and every conceivable torture and cruelty was perpetrated on them. and sacrifices for the people. turned against him. It allows them perfect freedom of religious beliefs and permits them to live according to their faiths and creeds. economically. and social customs of people of other faiths. At the age of 25. God first permitted the Muslims to fight (Qur’an. One by one his persecutors succumbed to his spiritual and moral power. However. His father died at the age of 25. this new community. be correctly understood unless they are considered as parts of one integral whole. for twelve long troublesome years in Makkah. Madinah. His community had given him the titles of “The Most Truthful. steadfastness. No movement in history can show as much spirit of sacrifice and tolerance as Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) and his companions did. and politically a man without any worldly might. could hardly afford the weapons needed to equip its soldiers for war. There the enemy. God Almighty appointed him as His Messenger. and to settle finally and forever whether Islam or the un-Islamic creed of the pagans would remain in Arabia. he started winning converts. 4:77). which was about two hundred miles north of Makkah.” and he (pbuh) was the most respected and most beloved person in the community because of his service and help to the poor and needy. and because of his excellent morals. In addition. dealings. Qur’anic injunctions concerning war fall into two categories. married. sufferings. This continued. obey. Islam gives full opportunity to the people of other faiths of peace and tranquility to make progress and prosper. and displays such magnanimity towards them as has no parallel in the history of the world. It provides opportunities for the development of a free personality to the members of other communities in accordance with their own heritage and beliefs. He and his followers showed unparalleled patience and perseverance against heavy odds. who were pagans and idol worshipers. He was living a very happy. This entire period of twelve years of prophet hood at Makkah was extremely nonviolent. For example. God enjoined fighting (Qur’an. therefore. Mohammed (pbuh) married a woman who was 40 years old and had been widowed twice. The hostile critics of Islam have made a serious mistake in taking this verse out of context and propagating this verse to be a sanction for the indiscriminate killing of nonbelievers. rational teachings. attacked the small Muslim settlement in Madinah. He and a handful of his followers were very severely persecuted by all possible means. commanding him to invite mankind to worship. The first category consists of those commands that are issued prior to the start of war. Verse 191 of Chapter 2 of the Holy Qur’an is valid only within the context of the hostilities already in progress.

and behaviors toward each other are not the same as they would be if there were no hostilities between them. they take this verse out of its context and offer it as textual proof of Islamic intolerance or fanaticism. Those who take them for friends are indeed the wrongdoers. If he had lived longer. the Prince of Peace. humility. Later. brothers. Perhaps more wars have been waged by Christian nations among themselves and against non-Christians than by any other group of humanity. 22:26). take it and also bag. There are different verses of the Qur’an that deal with different situations. those who have been unjustly expelled from their homes only because they said. or national. Verse 39 (Surah Al-Hajj) “Permission to fight back is hereby granted to the believers against whom war is waged and because they are oppressed [before this revelation for 12 to 13 years Muslims were persecuted very severely and were not allowed to fight even for self defense]. their attitudes. So it is the height of prejudice and perversity that the Christian writers and fundamentalists project Islam as an intolerant religion. When normal. I have come not to bring peace but a sword’ (Matthew 10:34). The verses embodying this follow.’” In this verse it is only permission to fight in a just cause. said or did nothing more than what Jesus. as actually happened in the Battle of Badr. feelings. and as to religious persecution and intolerance. Jesus’ ministry (prophethood) only lasted about three years.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind When two groups or communities are engaged in hot or cold war. it is quite possible he would have used the sword. Hostility and suspicion are so pervasive that everyone has to be on their guard. For example. Islam. Chapter 22. but they do not understand why the hand of friendship should not be extended to the People of the Book on the best of whom the Qur’an has showered so much praise for their honesty. It was truly later that Muslims were commanded to fight against oppression. fathers. During these periods of high tension. when Christianity was able to wield worldly might. When the antagonism is ideological. and who were supposed to be inspired by him or the Holy Ghost to wage righteous wars and Inquisitions. ‘But now let him who has a purse. “Then he [Jesus. is reported to have said in the Gospels: “Do not think that I have come to bring peace upon the earth. They can understand why the idolatrous Arabs are to be shunned. Islam gives the following instructions in the Holy Qur’an: Chapter 60. even individuals of one group cease to have normal relations with the individuals of the other group. and godliness. In fact God loves the just. certainly God has power to grant them victory. people are enjoined to be good and kind to one another irrespective of differences in creeds or ways of life. in the absence of hot or cold war. ‘Our Lord is God (Allah). peaceful conditions that make friendly coexistence possible are established. They forget that this temporary injunction of avoidance refers to groups in war conditions.’’ (Luke. in this respect. no religion can ever beat the Christian record. compared to Prophet Mohammed’s (pbuh) twenty-three years. Verse 8 (Al-Mumtahinah) “God does not forbid you to be kind and equitable towards those who have neither fought against you because of your religion nor driven you out of your homes.” (D) QUR’ANIC INJUNCTIONS CONCERNING WAR This section quotes the various verses of the Qur’an concerning war. pbuh) said to them [disciples). Holy Qur’an. 56 . the dividing point ceases to be racial. justified by the teachings of Christ and sanctified by the high pontiffs who considered themselves to be the inheritors of his love and truth. and sons may find themselves in opposite camps. history shows how much sword it used. The historical situation never developed during his life to put his conviction to the test or to unfold the actual implications of his doctrine. familial. and let him who has no sword sell his mantle and buy a sword’. He only forbids you to take for friends those who fought you on account of your faith and drove you out of your homes and backed up others in your expulsion. When Jews and Christians read a verse in the Qur’an advising Muslims involved in group clashes not to develop intimacies with them.

not in order to start it. Verse 60 (Surah Al-Anfal) “Make ready for an encounter against them all the forces and well-readied horses you can muster that you may overawe the enemies of Allah and your own enemies and others besides them of whom you are unaware but of whom Allah is aware. but to keep their enemies from disturbing the peace. then Allah is sufficient for thee. put them to death. Chapter 4. This is deterrence for the enemy.” Holy Qur’an. Verse 32 “Whosoever kills a human being unless it be [in punishment] for murder or for spreading mischief on earth. Chapter 8. then you may seize them and slay them wherever you find them.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Holy Qur’an. And if they would deceive thee. All-Merciful [you should also be forgiving and merciful]. but if they attack you. and children who. Chapter 2. God is All-Forgiving. and he who saves a life shall be as if he had given life to all mankind. It is against these that we have granted you a clear sanction. Chapter 4.” Holy Qur’an. ‘Our Lord deliver us from this habitation whose people are oppressors. as well as from their own people. plunge into it headlong. Verses 90-91 (Surah Al-Nisa) “If they leave you alone and do not fight against you and offer you peace. it means he has no respect for human life. If all people have this 57 .” Holy Qur’an. being weak. and raise for us. such shall be the recompense of those who deny the truth. out of your grace. Verse 39 (Surah Al-Anfal) ”And fight with them until there is no more persecution. Chapter 4.” Thus Muslims are ordered to be ready for war. Verse 76 (Surah Al-Nisa) “Those who believe [Muslims] fight in the way of God and those who reject the faith fight in the cause of evil. Verse 83 (Surah Al-Qasas) “As for the abode of the Hereafter. And do not fight them near the sacred mosque unless they attack you there.” Holy Qur’an. You will find that there are some others who wish to be safe from you.” Holy Qur’an. incline thou also to it. it shall be as if he had slain all mankind. He it is Who supported thee with His help and with the believers. Chapter 28. Verse 75 (Surah Nisa) ”Why should you not fight in the way of God for the sake of those helpless men. Chapter 8.” This means that when a person kills any human being. then Allah does not permit you to harm them. [though killing is bad] persecution is even worse than killing. have been oppressed and are crying out. Chapter 8. Lo! He is the Hearer. one who will help us’.” ` Holy Qur’an. But if they desist or stop hostility—behold. (E) HOLY QUR’AN ON KILLING OF INNOCENT PEOPLE Holy Qur’an. and trust in Allah. Verse 190-193 (Surah Al-Baqarah) “Fight in the cause of God [not for personal needs and desires but in the cause of ethical principles ordained by God] against those who wage war against you but do not commit transgression or exceed the limits for verily God does not love the transgressors and [such people who wage war against you] slay them wherever you confront them [in combat] and drive them out from wherever they drove you out. Chapter 5. and raise for us out of your grace a protector.” Holy Qur’an. We [God] have reserved it for those who seek neither glory nor corruption in the earth. women. the ultimate good is [only] for those who are God-fearing and righteous. If such people neither leave you alone nor offer you peace nor cease their hostilities against you. the Knower. but who whenever they have any opportunity to cause mischief. Verses 61-62 (Surah Al-Anfal) “And if they incline to peace.

the Christian subjects of Muslim states who did not join or abet the fanatical invading hordes were living peacefully with their Muslim neighbors. Islam firmly established inter-faith justice. except through the due process of law. (F) HOLY QUR’AN ON FULFILLMENT OF TREATIES Holy Qur’an. the second Khalifah. If Muslims living in a non-Islamic state are persecuted and seek help from the Islamic state or its citizens. in which a person was compelled to accept Islam at the point of the sword. it shows that he has respect for human life and if all people have this attribute of love and respect. then the whole human race will come to an end. Verse 72 (Al-Anfal) “And should they [who live in a non-Muslim land] seek help from you in the matter of religion.” Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) has said: “Among all the sins. Surely God loves the God-fearing and pious. 58 . Chapter 6. but it would be risky to pray inside this church for fear that Muslims. This help should be rendered without violating international obligations and with due regard for the requirements of moral propriety. Verse 151 “Do not kill a person.” The above verse makes it clear that Muslims living outside the Islamic state have no political bond with the Islamic state. it is incumbent on you to provide help unless it be against a people with whom you have a pact. if a person saves a single life. Chapter 8. but he did not spread Islam by the sword. the Muslims are expected to act scrupulously. built the political power of Islam by making it secure against Persian and Roman imperialism. which Allah has made sacred. This verse. Justice lies in conceding to others what you consider to be right and just for yourself. the greatest sins are to associate someone or something with God and to kill human beings. There is not a single instance in the life of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh).” Holy Qur’an. nor have backed up any one against you. Let me go out to pray.” Islam did not teach its followers to be unjust to other faiths. he might pray there. or in the campaigns that followed. `Umar wished to go out. The Patriarch said that the church was also a house of prayer. `Umar was invited by the Patriarch to pay a visit to the Church of Holy Sepulcher. it is incumbent upon the latter to help the persecuted Muslims. A historical incident in the life of `Umar illustrates convincingly Islam’s attitude towards other faiths.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind attribute of hard-heartedness. “A Muslim could pray anywhere. Islam has always lived in peace with other faiths. Even if all the Muslims living in a non-Muslim state are massacred. While helping one’s brethren-in-faith. Beware! God is cognizant of all that you do. While in Jerusalem. Islam had set an example not only of tolerance. Even when crusading Europe was hurling its mad might on the Muslim world. but also of active defense of the rights of other faiths. no Muslim state can unjustly shed the blood of a single non-Muslim citizen living within its boundaries in retaliation. does emphasize that those Muslims are not free of the bond of religious brotherhood. Holy Qur’an. may in the future make an attempt to convert this church into a mosque on the plea that their chief had offered prayers here. `Umar replied. because it is against Islamic law.” If a non-Muslim state oppresses its Muslim citizens. however. Verse 4 (Surah Al-Tawbah) “Those pagans (or non-believers) with whom you have made treaties and who have not violated their treaties. forgetting the injunctions of Islam. If the Islamic state happens to be bound in a treaty relationship with a nation that inflicts wrong on Muslims. When the time came for prayer. then all of humanity will be saved. `Umar. He protected other faiths along with Islam so that all could enjoy complete religious liberty. However. the oppressed Muslims will not be helped in a manner which is inconsistent with the moral obligations incumbent on the Islamic state as a result of that treaty. fulfill your treaties with them till the end of their term. Chapter 9. all earth and every place is holy ground for that purpose. it is not permissible for any Islamic state anywhere in the world to retaliate against its own non-Muslim subjects.

10:34.” We can quote many more references concerning unimaginable cruelties committed under the command of God in the Old Testament on people and animals. (4) Muslims have been prohibited from taking anything from the general public or from a conquered country without paying for it. we quote from the Bible. and donkey. and let him who has no sword sell his mantle and buy a sword’. under the command of God. infant and suckling.” 59 . In Joshua. and wounded soldiers who are not fit to fight or are not actively fighting. ox and sheep. (1) Islam has drawn a clear distinction between combatants and noncombatants and strictly prohibits the killing or harming of noncombatants. harm the property of anyone not fighting. and even the animals. According to our belief. If it were a question of the pot calling the kettle black. people in places of worship. young and old. however. sheep. irrespective of the behavior of the enemy. both man and woman. and therefore inerrant. spoil cultivated fields. But now we move on to the New Testament. But here seems to be a case of the black kettle calling the white china-pot black. 15:3 states: “Now go and smite Amalek. or gardens. unforgiving. 6:17-21.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (G) LAW OF WAR AND PEACE IN ISLAM The rules that Islam has ordained to make a war civilized and humane are in the nature of law and are to be followed by Muslims in all circumstances. Joshua killed many kings and completely destroyed the populations of many countries covering large areas. such as children. (H) REFERENCES FROM THE BIBLE CONCERNING WAR Deuteronomy. In Matthew. but kill both man and woman. God is not cruel. nobody could object: a black kettle could not be any blacker if the pot did not call it so. old people. (2) Prisoners of war should not be killed and should be treated kindly. crops. and unjust. do not spare them. Joshua. 22:36 states: “Then He [Jesus] said to them. under the command of God. and also (his provision) bag. as presented in the following references of the Bible. as most Jews and Christians believe that the Bible is one hundred percent the word of God. or slaughter cattle. ox. I have not come to bring peace but a sword. (3) Islam commands Muslims not to pillage. Moses. women. I Samuel. plunder. and utterly destroy all they have. the Israelites utterly destroyed.” Luke. camel and donkey. However. or destroy residential areas. that guidance has been corrupted and the existing versions of the Bible do not represent true revealed guidance. It seems appropriate to quote from the Bible the relevant rules of war. 20:11-17 shows indiscriminate killing of everything that breathes—human beings young and old. because it is white. Jesus says: “Do not think that I [Jesus] have come to bring peace upon the earth. and many other Israelite prophets. It may. 10:28-41 tells us that. ‘But now let him who has a purse take it. be mentioned that while we strongly believe that God revealed His guidance to Abraham. David. all that was in the city. even without war.

making streets free of drugs. 4:136. Isaac. You are welcome to your religion and I am welcome to mine’. and similarly loves.” (Also see: Holy Qur’an. our blood relative. and to God we have surrendered ourselves’. Isaac. Muslims are instructed to believe not only in all the Jewish and Christian prophets. Jacob (Israel). of our religion. in all such deeds that are virtuous and beneficial to humanity and other creatures of God. This principle. the cornerstone of Islamic faith. and honors Moses. but also as Muslims. such as the eradication of poverty and homelessness. in fact. or because it is in our personal or national interest. which was enunciated by Moses. Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) has said that even if your brother (or father) is committing an aggression or evil. for anyone who is really a lover of truth. Abraham. To make no distinction between the prophets means not to hold some of them to be right and the others to be wrong. prostitution. projects intended to restore justice and peace. not only as citizens of that country. believe even in the prophet in whom they claim to believe. In other words. Thus. All the prophets sent by God invited men to the same truth and to the same way. it is necessary that he should recognize all of them to be its bearers. neither will you worship what I worship. they really mean that they do so out of deference to their forefathers. discrimination. from our tribe. for they have not grasped the nature of that universal “Straight Way” (al-sirat-al-mustaqim). and other prophets preceding Mohammed (peace be upon them all). etc. and the other prophets. as no other religious community has such a cosmopolitan nature of belief. perfect guides and models of God’s guidance and of exalted behavior for their own people and in their own times. or country. not only should you not cooperate with him. but you should stop him from doing it. Their religion. respects. and hostility. nor are you worshippers of Him whom I worship. open-minded. Jacob. and homosexuality. consists of 60 . Cooperation and Peaceful Coexistence Holy Qur’an on Cooperation “Cooperate with one another for virtue and piety and do not cooperate with one another for the purpose of evil and aggression” (Qur’an. 87:16-19) In all these verses. We make no distinction among any of them. and were sinless. saving children from violence. I shall never worship what you worship. the Muslims should cooperate with everyone. According to our belief. When such people claim to follow a prophet. 4:150-152. in fact. we should not cooperate with someone because he or she is our friend. all these prophets of God were without fault or flaw. and honors Jesus. Holy Qur’an. race. to join and actively participate in all social projects or other welfare works.” Holy Qur’an. Chapter 109 (Surah Al-Kafirun) “Say: ‘0 you who deny the truth I do not worship what you worship. alcoholism. but also the prophets of all other nations and communities. Jesus. The Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) and his companions always forged such relations with non-Muslims. respects. bias. Those who believe in one particular prophet and disbelieve in others do not. not to recognize some to have been the recipients of divine revelation and the others not. 5:2). This is an essential requirement of being a true Muslim. Ishmael. makes the Muslim community unique.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind CHAPTER 8 Islam Offers Friendship. regardless of his or her religion or creed. No person can be a true Muslim unless he loves. Verse 136 “Say: ‘We believe in God and in what has been revealed to us and to Abraham. and in what all prophets (raised anywhere in the world) have been given by their Lord. and their descendents and in what was given to Moses and Jesus. cooperative. Irrespective of the country in which Muslims live. This principle makes the Muslim community most tolerant. and free from prejudice. Chapter 2. 42:13-15. environmental protection. it is our duty. 3:84. Muslims are called upon to acknowledge and declare an overall unity and universality of faith and the unity of all prophets and Messengers all through the ages. Hence.

The Qur’an also refers to Jesus as the “word of God.” born of the sinless Virgin Mary. is highly praised in the Qur’an and. Muslims believe not just in the Holy Qur’an.. the Christians not only reject the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). speak very highly of him. such as those given to Jesus. but are never tired of speaking ill of him in the most disparaging manner. that we shall not take from among ourselves any lords besides God. God raised him up to Him. Ltd. A Cohen. and authorities.” Abraham (pbuh) Abraham (pbuh) is very important. This exactly is the religion preached by Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). the mother of Jesus. obedience. which was preached by all the prophets of God. devotion. Let us go back to him. Verse 64 (Al-Imran): “0. and a common link among Judaism. but they also believe in all divine books given to various prophets before Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). some of which are not mentioned even in the Gospels. and created Eve without a mother. 61 . rather than sincere adherence to the directives of any prophet of God. and Jesus (May peace be upon all of them). as well as the Holy Qur’an. Muslims believe that God created Jesus without a father. Moses. The Holy Qur’an mentions the various miracles of Jesus. Muslims also believe that instead of letting Jesus die in humiliation on the cross. Dr. and service to God and God alone. Due to its ignorance about Islam. called Islam. and in all affairs and matters. Abraham. and service.” It was this religion. the Muslims hold her in such high esteem that many Muslim parents have named their daughters after her (one of my aunts and one of my granddaughters carry this name). who unreservedly surrenders himself to God and undertakes to live his life in accordance with the guidance that has come down from Him. and Islam. just as God created Adam without a father and mother. Joseph. It may be mentioned that the Jews believe that the revelation of God does not or cannot come to anyone who is not from the children of Israel. Jacob (Israel). “The Soncino Chumash—The Five Books of Moses. religious leader. that we shall worship none but God. While Muslims believe in Jesus as “the Messiah” (Christ or Christos is only a Greek translation of the Aramaic and Hebrew word. (Deuteronomy 17:15. including all the Israelite prophets: Isaac. that we shall not associate any partners with Him. and to other prophets. page 1085. Nothing brings out the contrast between Islam and Christianity so much as a comparison between the Islamic attitude towards Jesus and the Christians’ attitude towards Mohammed (pbuh). as explained above. strong. Islam is the appellation which characterizes the above-mentioned belief and outlook which constitutes the core and kernel of the religion of all the prophets who have appeared from time to time among different peoples and in different countries since the very beginning of human life. called Islam in the Arabic language. and the only object of worship. All the followers of these religions accept Abraham as their patriarch and feel very proud to be associated with him. spiritual guide. and that it was his mission to have none associated with God in His attributes. the West has known Islam mostly as an enemy and a threat. as a result. polytheistic elements made inroads into Judaism and Christianity. David. John the Baptist.worship and blind imitation of inherited customs. Islam is an Arabic word that means complete surrender. Moses. The scriptures of Jews and Christians attest that Abraham was strongly monotheist and that his religion was the complete surrender or submission and obedience to God and God alone at all times. at all places. Messiah) and as a great prophet of God. The Arabic word “Muslim” signifies he who bows in obedience to God. and love and revere him. The Holy Qur’an gives more space to Mary than the New Testament does. Mary. and that he will come again before the world ends. under all circumstances.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind bigoted ancestor. David. Later. Chapter 3.” by Rev. who acknowledges God alone as his Sovereign. and most respected personality of the followers of these major religions. London. Holy Qur’an. Christianity. Jewish and Christian scriptures. rights. and therefore both strayed from the way of Abraham (pbuh). Abraham is the common ancestor. Solomon. and Master. People of earlier revelation (People of the Book): Let us get together and come to an agreement on what is common between us and you. published by The Soncino Press. Lord. 1962. God commands Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) in the Holy Qur’an again and again: “follow the religion of Abraham.

a right religion.” (Qur’an. B. We bestowed good upon him in this world. if man’s guidance depends on following Judaism or Christianity. 87:19.” (Qur’an. Chapter 2.90. I. He said: ‘Indeed I am going to appoint you a leader of the people. Follow. and in the Hereafter he shall certainly be among the righteous. 16:122-123) “Say: Whatever Allah has said is true. Verse 124 “Recall when Abraham’s Lord tested him in certain matters and when he successfully stood the test. helpers. It was only after these had been completed successfully that he was able to establish his worthiness to serve as the religious guide and leader 62 . 6:161. these did not exist. as well as the characteristic features and elaborate body of laws and regulations associated with them.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind GOD COMMANDS Mohammed (pbuh) AND HIS FOLLOWERS AGAIN AND AGAIN TO FOLLOW THE WAY OF ABRAHAM (pbuh) “He [Abraham] rendered thanks to Allah for His bounties so that Allah chose him [for His favors] and directed him to the right way. This is a prayer to God for Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) and its translation is: “O’ our Lord. 42:13-14.” (Qur’an. God Made Him the Leader of Mankind Because of his Complete Surrender to Him Holy Qur’an. 2:130) “Say: As for me. my Lord has guided me on to a straight way. Indeed You are worthy of all praise and of highly respectable status. we beg you to bestow Your blessings both in this world and in the Hereafter on Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). and his followers. then. 3:68) Abraham was neither a Jew nor a Christian. O’ our Lord. As for Christianity. emerged during the third or fourth century. also see 6:84.” STATUS OF ABRAHAM (pbuh) IN ISLAM There is no other person in the entire history of mankind who is so much loved. then how can Abraham and other prophets and righteous people be accepted as having been rightly-guided even by the Jews and Christians when they were born several centuries before the birth of Judaism and Christianity? If they were rightly-guided. the way of Abraham in total devotion to Allah. 3:95) “There is for you an excellent example [to follow] in Abraham and those with him. it came into existence long after Jesus (pbuh) lived. Both Judaism and Christianity. since.’ When Abraham asked: ‘And is this covenant also for my descendants?’ The Lord responded: ‘My covenant does not embrace the wrongdoers. 60:4) “And who. it rather depends on adopting the universal way to truth that has guided and inspired men throughout the ages. we give below the Qur’anic perspective of Abraham (pbuh). Since many non-Muslims are not aware of the real position of Abraham (pbuh) in Islam. the Muslims make this supplication many times daily. revered. and followed by so many people as is Abraham (pbuh). would be averse to the way of Abraham? For it is We Who chose Abraham for Our mission in this world. and surely in the world to come shall be reckoned among the righteous. indeed You are worthy of all-praise. and followers as You bestowed blessings on Abraham and his followers. in the sense of the body of dogmas and theological doctrines that characterized it. from whom did they receive their guidance? Obviously. his companions. his companions. we beg You to exalt both in this world and in the Hereafter the status of Mohammed (pbuh).’’ At various places. in their times. admired. He was not one of those who associated others with Allah in His Divinity. and was not of those who associated others with Allah in His divinity. So man’s rectitude does not depend on those characteristics that led to the rise of Jewish and Christian particularisms. The question that naturally then arises is that. Islam has taught Muslims a supplication which is considered very important and rewarding. Then We revealed to you: Follow the way of Abraham with exclusive devotion to Allah. his helpers. unless he be weak of mind. He was not one of those who associate others with Allah in His divinity. Therefore. as You exalted the status of Abraham and his followers.” (Qur’an. their source of guidance and inspiration was neither Judaism nor Christianity. the way of Abraham who adopted it in exclusive devotion to Allah. the Holy Qur’an enumerates the severe tests through which Abraham (pbuh) passed.” (Qur’an.C.

and did not waver for a second in his belief in the oneness of God. It was because of this that he was appointed the religious leader and guide of the whole world.” (Qur’an. There is no conceivable object of man’s love and attachment in the world that Abraham (pbuh) did not sacrifice for the sake of truth. true. exclusively devoted to Him. But he submitted to God under all circumstances. and from Syria and Palestine to various parts of Arabia. there is no conceivable danger (which instinctively frightens man) that Abraham did not encounter for the sake of God. inviting people to serve and obey God. Ishmael. The religious leadership of all mankind after Abraham (pbuh) will go only to those descendants of Abraham who follow the way of Abraham (pbuh). From the moment when the truth was revealed to him to the moment he died. his son Isaac to Syria and Palestine. and strong faith in the oneness of God that he even staked his life on that. Likewise. Abraham was a Community by Himself God says: “Indeed Abraham was a whole community by himself. Lot. Verses 83-90 (iii) Chapter 21. lived in Arabia.” (Qur’an. to Transjordan. II. One of these. and he professed such a pure. III. to Arabia. 4:125) Abraham (pbuh) is distinguished in Muslim theology with the title of “Close Friend of God. and presently this Prophet [Mohammed] and those who believe in him. and follows exclusively the way of Abraham whom God took for an intimate friend. He sent his nephew. his life was a continuous tale of sacrifice and suffering for the cause of God. 16:120) He single-handedly performed a task that was stupendous enough to have been performed by a whole community. all being steeped in unbelief. And he was never one of those who associated others with God in His Divinity. This verse also refutes the contention of the children of Israel that by virtue of their descent from Abraham (pbuh). IV. The 63 . Abraham’s (pbuh) progeny descended in two branches. Verses 72-73 (iv) Chapter 29. he journeyed for many years from Iraq to Egypt. Verse 27 (v) Chapter 38. this does not mean that he was immortal. does good.” The Qur’an makes it clear that the exalted status of Abraham was not something that was to be given to anyone merely for physical or blood relations. The following references in the Holy Qur’an confirm this: (i) Chapter 4. He was himself obedient to God and he followed the teachings received from Him. He was the fountainhead of the present monotheistic tradition. and certainly not to evildoers or to those who are disobedient to God. Abraham (pbuh) is God’s Intimate Friend “And whose way of life [religion] could be better than that of he who submits his whole self to God. Abraham (pbuh) stood out as the sole standardbearer of Islam.Verse 54 (ii) Chapter 6.Verses 45-47 (vi) Chapter 57. obedient to God. and constantly strove to spread it and make all human beings live in obedience to it.” (Qur’an.” However. and his eldest son. Verses 26-27 At the very outset. God made them “leader of men” or that they are God’s “chosen people. Later he appointed deputies in various regions to carry on his mission. For when there was not a single Muslim on earth. Allah is the Guardian of the men of faith.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind of all mankind. 3:68) The true mission of Abraham (pbuh) was to invite people to obey God and to mold the entire system of individual and collective life according to Divine Guidance. the children of Ishmael. He was thrown into fire but he remained steadfast and firm. Abraham (pbuh) is the Father of Prophets of God There are many references in the Holy Qur’an that tell us that a large number of prophets and Messengers of God were the descendants of Abraham. “Surely the people who have the best claim to a relationship with Abraham are those who followed him in the past.

there arose a great number of prophets. either lost their formal identity and became assimilated with them or remained separate from them ethnically but identified with them religiously. With this proclamation. this branch took Jerusalem as the center of its mission. The other branch consisted of the children of Isaac. David. As said earlier. his offspring came to be known as the children of Israel. Thus leadership now naturally devolves on those who follow Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). Since Jacob was called Israel. This is the Messenger for whose advent Abraham and Ishmael had once prayed (Qur’an. and.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Quraysh and other Arabian tribes belonged to this branch of Abraham’s line. his descendents were appointed to this world leadership not because of blood relationship. Even those Arabian tribes that were not related to him by blood identified themselves with Abraham. At the time when decadence flourished. Qiblah of truth-loving people. When the children of Israel abandoned Abraham’s (pbuh) way of life and became incapable of carrying out the mission of Abraham (pbuh). Later. In this branch. It fell down due to Noah’s flood. Since in the past it had been the center of the mission of Abraham (pbuh). and Jesus. Jacob. who was a descendant of Abraham (pbuh) through his eldest son Ishmael. Joseph. who accepted their faith as a result of preaching. 2:127-129). Abraham had to pass through many tests and trials and he had to make many sacrifices to establish his worthiness for the leadership of the world. which was given to the children of Israel. 2:125-127). in fact. but it also carries with it a great responsibility and is not a bed of roses. So it was proclaimed that from then on the center of God’s true religion would be the place from which the message of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) had radiated. Jacob. John. Isaac. the branch of Isaac from the Abraham (pbuh) family gave birth first to Judaism and subsequently to Christianity. Solomon. but because they followed Abraham’s way. accepted Jerusalem as the. It is the first house of worship constructed on earth. The Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). Muslims face towards Ka’aba when they pray. To enable the Muslims to acquit themselves creditably of the duties laid upon their shoulders as the bearers of this mission. is indeed a position of great honor and respect. Prophet Abraham and his eldest son. In the time of Solomon. Qiblah (direction in which all worshippers of God were required to turn in their prayer). Actually. all the Messengers. The way propounded by this Prophet (pbuh) is exactly the same as that by Abraham. Ishmael. God entrusted Abraham’s (pbuh) mission of guiding the world to this branch of Isaac. Qiblah until God duly proclaimed the removal of the Jews from their position of leadership. Jerusalem maintained its central position for all devotees of God and remained the. Prophet Mohammed’s (pbuh) followers also confirm the truth of all those designated in the past to serve as God’s Messengers. Makkah in Arabia. The leadership of the world. there was reasonable ground for the decision to change the. reconstructed it from its original foundations (Qur’an. The same wisdom and guidance that was earlier sent down to the Israelites has now been made available to the Ishmaelites and they decided to greet it with faith and gratitude. Qiblah. Jerusalem remained the center of the mission of Islam and the. 64 . for example. since they had been influenced in varying degrees by his religious ideas. they were given necessary directives in the Holy Qur’an. they were deposed from this position of leadership and God transferred this world leadership to the other branch of Abraham (pbuh). Ishmael. to Mohammed (pbuh). Other peoples. This proclamation of a transfer of leadership naturally called for the proclamation of a change in the direction of prayer. Ka’aba is a building in Mecca that was originally constructed by Adam for the worship of God. As long as the Israelites held the reins of the world’s religious leadership. After the death of Abraham. and they call mankind to the same message that all those Messengers preached earlier. Moses. Jerusalem ceased to enjoy its central position. as well as his followers.

or to face annihilation. and powers. we find that Christianity. That is the reason that the Qur’an does not give much importance to physical miracles. undoubtedly the most enlightened view of life in the world. and emotions are held. and the responsible position he is afforded to be the judge of his own actions. because miracles force a person to conversion without being intellectually or rationally satisfied.” Islam looks at religious faith as a matter of conviction. (1) Chapter 2. God hears all and knows all. the last revealed religion before Islam. It resorts to no coercive means or physical miracles that confound the mind or that are beyond the human ability to rationalize and comprehend. but were also used against Christians who would not accept the official doctrine sanctioned by the emperor. By the same token. which some authoritarian and oppressive ideologies and regimes. threats. such as communism. their duty is to give the good news of the benefits of the Hereafter to those who will accept the message and give warning of the dangers on the Day of Judgment to those who reject the message. feelings. despite all their inherent shortcomings. Verse 256 (Surah al-Baqarah) “There should be no compulsion in religion. Freedom of belief also implies the freedom to express and propagate one’s belief without fear of threat or persecution. People in these countries are given the choice only to adhere to the secular state systems. He adopted the same brutal means his predecessors had used against Christian minorities. takes the lead in declaring this most fundamental principle. He who rejects false deities and believes in God has indeed taken hold of a most firm support that never breaks. or pressure of any kind. reasoning. and Master of the world. This Islamic approach stands in total contrast to that of man-made systems and regimes. intellect. It addresses the human mind. Sovereign. which do not allow for a belief in God as the Creator. Chapter 88. explanation. Islam. Faith is never a matter of coercion or compulsion. and the whole human conscious being. which uses the full force of its colossal machinery. thought.” This reflects the honor God has reserved for man. the innermost human nature. otherwise. before anyone else. It deploys facts. establishing a most sensible human and social system. (2) Holy Qur’an. common sense. under such regimes. Islam addresses the human being in totality. The right way is henceforth distinct from wrong. has been deprived of the right to choose and live in ways other than according to what is dictated by the state. once the basic facts are provided and explained. It teaches its adherents. While conveying the message of Islam. laws. These were not restricted to subjects who did not convert to Christianity. In contrast. have denied mankind. was imposed by force after the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great made Christianity the official religion throughout his empire. the freedom he is granted to choose his beliefs. that freedom is hollow and meaningless. Prophet] exhort or remind them [of punishment and reward for their actions on the Day of Judgment in the 65 . Modern man. Verses 21-22 (Surah Al-Ghashiyah) “And so [O. the high regard in which man’s will. emotions. Islam never seeks converts through compulsion. Islam came to declare and establish the great universal principle: “There shall be no compulsion in religion. To achieve this conviction. To deny anyone this right is to deny him or her their humanity. that they are forbidden to compel others to embrace Islam. which. Quoted below are some verses from the Holy Qur’an that support this. The right way is henceforth distinct from error. Freedom of belief is the most basic right that identifies man as a human being.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind CHAPTER 9 Islam for Freedom and Against Forced Conversion of Religion T here are many verses in the Qur’an in which God enjoins Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) and the Muslims again and again that their duty is only to convey the message of Islam to the people and not to forcibly convert anyone to Islam. Islam is so rational and appealing that anyone who listens to the message with an open mind cannot resist the temptation of conversion. Examples of this are manifest in many places in the world today. and persuasion. impose their beliefs and policies by the force of the state and deny their opponents the right to dissent or even to live. Here lies the essence of human emancipation.

We know very well what they (the non-believers) say. Verses 54-55 (Surah Al-Muddathir) “Nay. we have not sent you. Chapter 73. Verse 22-23 (Surah Al.” (5) Holy Qur’an.” (9) Holy Qur’an. they shall be put in the fire of Hell to live therein forever’. (3) Holy Qur’an.” (7) Holy Qur’an. It is for the guidance of mankind and comprises the truth. this Qur’an is an admonition. admonish with this Qur’an every such person who fears My warning (that they will be punished in the Hereafter).ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Hereafter]. He who follows guidance will do it for his own good. if a person does not listen to reason. Therefore. Chapter 50.” He has given man freedom of choice. Verse 41 (Surah Az-Zumar) “We have revealed to you [Mohammed] the Book. But He willed otherwise. take heed. Let him who wills. let him take a path [of obedience] to his Lord. this [Qur’an] surely is an admonition so let him who wills.” That is. your task is only to remind them. you are not there to coerce or force them to believe.” (6) Holy Qur’an.” (11) Holy Qur’an. take heed. He could have made all of you a single nation (with one religion). to be a keeper over them: your only responsibility is to convey the Message.Jin) “Say [O Mohammed]: ‘If I were to disobey God. Chapter 79.”’ (8) Holy Qur’an. Verse 15 (Surah Al-Isra or Bani-Israel) ”He who follows the right way shall do so to his own advantage and he who goes astray does so to his own loss [He does no favor to God or to His Messenger]. Verse 29 (Surah Al-Insan) “Surely. Chapter 39.” (12) Chapter 5. As for those who disobey God and His Messenger. 0 Prophet. Chapter 64. Chapter 42. You [0 Mohammed] are not responsible for them and are not guardian over them. Verse 45 (Surah Qaf) “O Prophet. you are only a warner [about the consequences of disobedience of God] to those who get warned. leave him alone. Verse 48 (Surah Ash-Shura) “Now if they [the non-believers] turn away [in spite of your proper presentation of the Message].” (10) Holy Qur’an. (13) Chapter 17.” (4) Holy Qur’an. and you are not there to compel them to believe. Chapter 74. and he that goes astray will himself suffer the loss. My mission is only to deliver what I receive from God and make His messages known. Verse 19 (Surah Al-Muzzammil) “This book [Qur’an] is an admonition (reminder) so whoever wills. Verse 48 (Surah Al Maidah) “If God wanted. Chapter 76. no one can protect me from Him. Prophet Mohammed. but if you turn away from obedience you should know that the only responsibility of Our Messenger is to convey the truth clearly and plainly. Verse 45 (An-Naziat) ”O. Verse 12 (At-Taghabun) “Obey God and obey the Messenger [Mohammed]. nor can I find any refuge besides Him. Chapter 72.” 66 .

] So will you now [O’ believers] force the people to become Muslims?” The verses of the Holy Qur’an quoted above clearly show that the propaganda by the enemy of Islam of: “Islam was spread by the Sword. went to Muslim countries where all of them were received with open arms. It is a well-known fact that under the Muslim occupation of Spain. instead. Egypt. the Ottoman administration gave very high positions to the Christians and Jews. October 5. or (3) to leave Spain. Morocco. Verse 99 (Surah Yunus) “If it had been the will of your God that all the people of the world should be believers. “by the sword. There is no evidence whatsoever of any attempt by the Muslim government to impose Islam on the non-Muslims in any of these countries. Lebanon. Chapter 10. while the Christian world persecuted the Jews and tried many times. progress. Muslims cannot say Azan (call for prayers) on a loudspeaker. Hundreds of thousands of Jews refused to abandon their faith and. a journalist. In the Middle East. In Muslim Toledo in Spain. Algeria. poets (in Arabic). all the people of the world would have believed. Christians were in the majority in Palestine despite the fact that it had been under the occupation of Muslims for about four centuries. but in most of the Christian and Western countries. Starting from Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). Nigeria. These Spanish Jews settled all over the Muslim world. the Muslims (Ottoman Turks) ruled European nations such as Greece. Salmon ibn-Gabriol and Juddah Halevi. church bells ring freely anytime in the day or night. and all of them were completely free to practice their own religions. Palestine. a former member of Knesset. Sudan. but the Muslims did not make any attempt to convert the inhabitants. Jews were ministers. Romania. Chapter 80. the Muslim government did not force the inhabitants of any of these countries to become Muslims. Somalia. and Europe. Chapter 17. and a leader of Gush Shalom). Ethiopia. Hungary. a philosopher. Maimonides wrote a great philosophic work called Mishneh Torah (Second Law). from Morocco in the West to Iraq in the East. which has protected the Jews for fifty generations. (2) to be massacred.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (14) Holy Qur’an. from Bulgaria of the Ottoman Empire and Turkey in the North to Sudan in the South. Albania.” is a big lie invented and promoted in Europe during the great wars against the Muslims. Similarly. Serbia. In fact. After the Spanish Inquisition was introduced (1478).” (15) Holy Qur’an. where Muslims have been ruling for almost fourteen centuries. Libya. Nowhere were the Jews persecuted in the Muslim lands.” to get them to abandon their faith (See the article by Uri Avnery in Media Monitors Network. On the contrary. followers of all non-Islamic religions enjoyed complete freedom to practice and follow their religions. This type of environment was possible only because the Holy Prophet (pbuh) enjoined on Muslims: “There is no compulsion in religion. But this. let him who wants. Bulgaria. The best-known Jewish scholars in Muslim Spain included two poet philosophers. and Muslim scholars worked together and translated ancient Greek philosophical and scientific knowledge into Arabic. accept it. rabbi. Christian. when the Muslims lost Spain to the Christians.” (16) Holy Qur’an. and Moses Maimonides. Jordan. the Jews were expelled (1492) and the Muslims were forcibly converted to Christianity (16th century) or expelled (1609). 2006. onwards for over one thousand years. Jewish. in some of these countries. Tunis. 67 . Uri Avnery is an atheist Jew. the Muslims and the Jews were given three options: (1) to become Christians. and scientists. and prosperity under the Muslim rule that they did not enjoy anywhere else until almost now—it was the golden period of their history. It may also be mentioned that in almost all Muslim countries. [But He has given you freedom of choice so that you may accept it if you are intellectually satisfied and reject it if you are not satisfied. Verses 11-12 (Surah Abasa) “Surely this [Qur’an] is but an admonition. and even gave high positions to non-Muslims in the government. Verse 54 (Surah Bani-Israel) “We have not charged you [O Mohammed] to be an overseer over them.” On the other hand. and physician. Every honest Jew who knows the history of his people cannot but feel a deep sense of gratitude to Islam. the Jews of Spain enjoyed such peace. When the Crusaders conquered Jerusalem in 1099 (and massacred its non-Christian inhabitants indiscriminately). Syria. etc. Africa. and other European countries. Iraq. Muslim government was the most powerful in the entire world and ruled over a large part of Asia. there are large populations of non-Muslims in countries such as Turkey.

or destroy an innocent country or nation. but someone has atoned for their sins or they have accepted someone as their savior who has promised to save them. who were raised in different parts of the world throughout the history of mankind. communities. (4) There is life after death. and they often behave worse than wild beasts. they do not hesitate to usurp the rights of others. In this chapter. liars. but even if there is. aggression. the necessity of life after death. Belief in our accountability before God on the Day of Judgment after Resurrection is so important that it has been an integral part of the teachings of all the Messengers of God. and exploitation using all the possible fair and foul means and resources at their disposal. and the fear of eternal punishment and torture in Hell is a great deterrent against evil. Belief in the Life Hereafter builds a character that is radically different from the character of the deniers of the Hereafter.” they will not be punished for their actions no matter what they do. leading to the destruction of human morals. All these people. and there is no life of any kind after death. opportunity. those who do not believe in their accountability before God have no morals or character. morality and immorality. These people inevitably develop such a strong materialistic outlook of life that for them. dishonest. Whenever we do anything. family. (2) There may or may not be life after death and Heaven and Hell. are so blinded by greed and lust. material progress. so long as it is in their personal. enjoyments. and they commit 68 . or nations. or national interest. we discuss only the importance of belief in the Life Hereafter. The root cause of all the evils in this world is that today most people either do not believe at all in life after death and their accountability before God. and unreliable. all their endeavors are geared towards their personal aggrandizement and material benefits. (3) There is life after death. and then in the following chapter. whether they are individuals. power. they do not care even if they have to massacre innocent people. and self-interest. community. They will not be prepared to undertake any good act if they have no hope of thereby gaining some worldly benefits. It is said that a tree is known by the fruit it bears. and authority. or make a recommendation to God. In the next chapter we discuss the possibility of life after death. or national interest. These people are like angels. These people hold one of the following views: (1) Life in this world is the only life. community interest. make children orphans. and ability. since they are the “chosen people. make women widows. and will save them from the punishment of God. L GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF DENIERS OF HEREAFTER Since for deniers this world is the be-all and end-all. prosperity. Since these people have no fear of God’s punishment for their evil deeds.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind CHAPTER 10 Importance of Belief in Life After Death INTRODUCTION ife after death is both a possibility and a necessity. but their saint or someone who is close to God will intervene on their behalf. to commit injustice. are meaningless. corrupt. For those who strongly believe in life after death and the Day of Judgment. there are two and only two conditions which have to be satisfied: It is necessary for us to do it and it is possible for us to do it. good and evil. the promise of eternal bliss and happiness in Paradise is a great incentive for a virtuous life. or their belief is so weak or so corrupted that it provides neither a deterrent against evil nor any motivation for virtuous living. oppression. On the other hand. that whenever they have power. These deniers of the Hereafter are. Their real ambition is to gain more and more pleasures. in general. make millions of people homeless and refugees. nor will they be keen to avoid any wrong act if it is not harmful to their interests in this world. truth and falsehood.

ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind fraud. and no argument that could stop a man from evil appeals to them. It is only the fear of God (who is watching all the time. Without a strong conviction in the Life Hereafter and accountability before God. nations or governments that are led by people who do not have fear of God and who do not believe that they have to appear before God one day to pay the price of their injustices are so overpowered and blinded by their national interest or by their hostility against some other nation or country that they surpass all savage beasts in barbarity and cruelty. leading to armed conflicts and devastating wars. To believe that stiffer laws can change the mindset of criminals is a myth and a futile idea. and capabilities to invent guns. Blind appetites gain control over them. Even the parliamentarians and legislators who are supposed to make laws to keep society free from dishonesty and corruption can be purchased like goods in the political market. and unjust. atom bombs. friends. brains. they become slaves to these appetites. evil. there will never be peace and security or freedom from tension. Man can develop true and enduring honesty only when he fears God and sincerely believes in the Hereafter. This is the type of morals all over the world of those people who do not feel responsible before God for their actions. and they adopt an attitude and behavior worse than animals. helicopters. tanks. and threats to human freedom and dignity in the world. and allies. that the blood of their race or their citizens or their allies is very sacred and valuable. hatred. This breeds discontent. Different lobbying groups purchase the different legislators and decision-making representatives or officials. carpet bombs. terrorism. The beast only uses its claws and teeth. Without belief in accountability and responsibility before God for his actions and without fear of God’s severe punishment for evil committed by him. and that of other races or countries has no value whatsoever. human rights. according to impartial laws of justice anywhere in the world or as ordained by God. As a nation. so then he would not be dependent on its being useful or useless in this world. hydrogen bombs. but man uses his God-given intellect. or other law enforcement agencies cannot catch them. and enmity among individuals. engaged only in devising more immoral and unjust ways and means for grabbing the property of the weak. No word of advice moves them. but man resorts to the massacre of his own kind. and another for others. and morality—one for their own people. A wild beast preys upon its victim only for the sake of food. and be constant in it. missile bombs. or even appreciating genuine human feelings. It does not resort to general massacre. freedom. and that other people are not even human beings.” he would never practice honesty on those occasions when dishonesty would seem to be “the best policy” for his interests. Their minds remain. Even if such a person might practice honesty in some of his less important dealings in view of “honesty is the best policy. oppression. at all places) and of His punishment that can stop a person from committing crimes. liberty.” but as a duty and obligation. For example. injustice. towns. time and again. and entire countries that 69 . They have two different standards of justice. they would not have done it. their concept of justice and righteousness is that whatever is in the interest or welfare of their own nation is most just and right even though it may be morally wrong. and countless other destructive weapons to commit genocide and the ethnic cleansing of villages. relatives. for then he would regard honesty not merely as “a policy. democracy. communities. the civilized word for bribery is lobbying. In civilized countries. but worse than even a beast. and nations. because these people will not hesitate to commit crimes so long as they are certain to escape being caught. cheat people. bomber airplanes. and have many more similar traits. this superior and most honored creature of God reduces himself to the lowest of the low and behaves not only like an animal. so long as they are sure that the police. They are so obsessed with self-interest that they cannot think of pursuing any higher or nobler end in life or striving for lofty aspirations. inhumane. It is well known that some powerful governments assassinate democratically elected INNOCENT heads of some poor or weak nations using covert means when they think it is in the interest of their government to eliminate that INNOCENT head of state. They fabricate more and more lies and cook more and more arguments to justify their unbridled exploitation and the injustices they commit. which spoil all harmony in life. These selfish and power-intoxicated nations have demonstrated. the government. day and night. Had these people believed that because of their killing of an innocent person they would stand as criminals before God on the Day of Judgment and would be condemned to the most severe eternal punishment.

This type of atrocity cannot be expected from those who have fear of God’s punishment on the Day of Judgment. its police force. nobody should take any step that will result in an eternal life of miseries and tortures in Hell. oppression. and double standards occurred in Algeria. but were believers in God and in biblical prophets. Mothers are forced to drink their children’s blood.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind are populated by people of God. They think that neither obedience to God is of any advantage nor disobedience of God is of any harm. we should pluck out that eye or cut that hand or foot off and throw it away. being children of one and the same common great grandparents (Adam and Eve). making people homeless. The cruelty committed by the majority community in India on the minority community surpasses the barbarity of the wildest beasts. The same is also the case with other evil traits. despite that. we feel morally obliged to earnestly try our best to save them from the punishment of God in the Hereafter. out of love. and making women widows. and hatred. In the course of only one century (from 1680 to 1786). There are many more examples of injustice. traffic in the slave trade continued for a long time. aggression. according to the estimate of the British authors. brothers. and concern for the welfare of all the people of these countries. The African ports where the Africans were brought from the interior and put onto ships came to be known as the Slave Coast. in order to quench the fire of his revenge. However. and double standards. barbarianism. This happened in Bosnia with the tacit approval of major world powers. Another example of deception. deception. it may be mentioned that all those European countries were also God-believing and Bible-believing who raided Africa on a large scale. 9:47). Therefore. Looking with lust at the opposite sex. in general. oppression. Then. for which punishment is Hell according to Jesus. This type of behavior is not surprising from people or nations that do not believe in accountability before God in the Hereafter or in severe punishment for these types of actions. After the occupation of America and the West Indies. Those who die without repentance and reformation will surely face severe eternal punishment. are members of one household. All those countries or nations that were involved directly and indirectly in such barbarous acts claim that they themselves are the most civilized people. sympathy. but man invents such painful methods of torturing men like himself as cannot even be imagined by a beast. but. The beast only kills or inflicts a wound. which is going to be very severe. Human beings are buried alive. none else. He kills children in front of their parents. The Indian government brags of being the greatest democracy in the world. that God alone is the Superpower. in particular. cruelty. is not such a serious sin as compared to the sins of injustice. such as an eye or a hand or a foot. All that we can do is inform all these. and He also is the Most Forgiving. even the belief in God and in His Messengers is meaningless. Another example is that of Gujarat in India. who are human beings like himself. because it is better to enter Paradise without that part of the body than for the whole body to burn in the everlasting fire of Hell (also see Mark. the total number of free people who were captured and enslaved for the British colonies amounts. In the interest of his country. all the self-appointed champions of democracy went into full gear to crush this democratically elected government. When the majority of Algerian people democratically elected a government. and transported them to their new colonies. whose responsibility is to protect the citizens. 9:45. participated in the genocide and ethnic cleansing of its own citizens. or fire with residents still in them. aggression. Those Native Americans who somehow survived this genocide were confined to reservations. compassion. The treatment they meted out to these unfortunate people was worse than that given to animals. Jesus says in the Gospel of Matthew (18:8-9) that if any part of our body makes us commit a sin. grabbing the property of innocents by force. who are our brothers and sisters in humanity. and are like brothers and sisters. and their policy-makers. missiles. captured free men. put them in bondage. It is well known that the early settlers who came to the United States were not atheists. man sometimes degrades himself so low as to force the women of his perceived enemy to march out in naked processions. mercy. Homes are destroyed by tanks. they hunted down the Native Americans like animals and systematically destroyed them. 70 . bombs. each woman subjected to rape by tens of men in front of her parents. are flesh and blood of each other. 9:43. There is not a single cruelest-of-the-cruel wild species in the world that may equal this human barbarity. lies. killing innocent people. His door for forgiveness is open for those who repent and reform. All people in the world. Again. and husband. fury. making children orphans. to 20 million. For those who do not believe in accountability before God.

They endure all losses and hardships that accrue to them as a result of strictly confining themselves to fair and honest means. money. Their objective in life is to work for the pleasure of God and thereby get eternal bliss and happiness in the Hereafter. remaining steadfast against all fears.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind In the year 1790. GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THOSE WHO BELIEVE IN LIFE HEREAFTER Those who believe in the Hereafter are peacemakers. one on top of the other. They adhere to justice. he will certainly be misled and go astray. spurning all advantages that ensue from adopting unfair methods. If a man disbelieves that he is to be raised back to life after death and has to render an account of his deeds before God. forgiveness. desires. and lusts. 75. or people from their own tribe. and whoever has adopted righteousness has done so because his righteous deeds have issued from his belief in the Hereafter. their relatives. and keep their society as pure and clean as possible. race. justice. No power can turn them away from their righteous objective. the one who disbelieves in the Hereafter under the evil influence of Satan. They are truthful in their speech and honest in their dealings. These unfortunate Africans were thrust into the holds like cattle and many of them were chained. They keep. generosity. 71 . That is why the artifice of Satan that ensnares man is that he makes him heedless of the Hereafter. aggression. and they do not waste their time. They strive for the establishment of justice and the eradication of oppression. mercy. they are prepared to wait to the very end of their worldly life to enjoy the reward of their sacrifices. The ships that were used for transporting the slaves were small and filthy. and of other such traits as preached by Jesus (in the Sermon on the Mount) in the Gospels according to Matthew and Luke. whether with the help of material progress and prosperity in this world or without it. or forgeries. They do not indulge in lies. compassion. their attention focused on their goal. and exploitation. deceptions. can never be induced to withdraw from the cash bargain being made in this world only due to the apprehension that it might cause loss in some later life. resources. honesty. They keep their own lives pure and clean. They restrain their passions and desires and are lured neither by the prospect of material benefits nor by the pleasures attendant upon disobedience of God. all the time. All this makes the truth explicit that nothing in this world other than belief in the Hereafter can ensure man’s adherence to the right way. energies. They are the embodiment of love. and fair play in utter disregard for all temptations. It may be mentioned that this leads to man’s happiness in this world also. and potential on useless or unproductive activities that may not help them directly or indirectly to achieve that goal. The Western writers themselves state that at least 20 percent of the total number of people who were captured for slavery perished while being transported from Africa to America. refusing to succumb to enticements. truth. The one who escapes this satanic enticement can never agree that he should sacrifice the interests of his real everlasting life to the interests of the transient life of the world. friends. self-sacrifice. property. enduring all hardships in their way. They stick to justice even if it hurts them. faculties. fraud. or religion. to wooden shelves where they could hardly move because they were only eighteen inches apart. It has also been estimated that the total number of people who were captured for slavery by the various European nations during the heyday of the slave trade was at least one hundred million. or some suspicion about it. and shunning the unlawful.000 human beings were captured and sent for slave labor in the colonies. righteousness. and other material things. There is no contradiction between their actions and sayings. but are always on their guard lest they may commit an evil for which they may be held responsible or accountable before God. They can be neither cowed nor purchased by any inducement. these things can only become a means for achieving the goal and not the goal itself. help others to do the same. and if they fell ill or were injured. for he will never be able to develop in himself the sense of responsibility that alone can make him adhere to the right way. They are not materialistic. They are not heedless and they do not lead a carefree life. They were not given proper food. Whoever has gone astray in the world has gone astray only due to the denial of the Hereafter. With their eyes always focused on God’s good pleasure and the abiding reward of the Hereafter. On the contrary. country. free from all moral corruptions. They are never hypocrites. truthfulness. even at the cost of their lives. selflessness. honesty. no attempt was made to provide them medical treatment. or at least entertains doubts about it. The goal of their life is not to have a lot of wealth. virtue.

but if others wrong us. Being reformers. They allow no consideration to prevent them from carrying out the directives of God. and good works. or national interest. as well as those which one man entrusts to another because of faith and confidence.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind They try to excel in piety. they do not subject them to wrong in return. Likewise. They always respond to the commands of God positively even if these commands go against their personal opinions and conceptions. They speak with justice in anger and happiness. or conceited. and blood ties.” Rather. 72 . Keeping and fulfilling both these kinds of trust and promises is a necessary characteristic of a believer in the Hereafter. They are gentle and clement by nature. they ward off evil with good. convenience. They do not shed the blood of innocent people. They keep their trust and honor their promises. Even when others tell lies against them. they still refrain from being unjust. saying: “If others do well. They are instinctively disposed to righteousness. righteousness. and if people mistreat them. they give to those who deny them. their principle is that if people do well to them. They do not follow the ways of others. they do well to others. and exploitation. These people never feel proud. and they forgive those who wrong them. they still speak the truth about them. They resort to war only for the moral and social reform of the world—to restore freedom and human dignity. They obey the commands of God even at the cost of their lives. they remain honest. The dominant characteristic of their lives is obedience to God. or are not in consonance with their loyalties and friendships. arrogant. They abhor evil and they spend freely to help the poor and needy in the way of God. preaching. And they only do so when the opposing forces make it impossible to bring about reforms by means of persuasion. “Trust” implies those trusts which God has entrusted to people. They do not wage war for self-interest. oppression. they fulfill the rights of those who deprive them. we will also wrong them. or to accumulate worldly benefits. are contrary to their interests. or other peaceful means. family interest. “promises” implies those promises which man makes to God as well as those that one man makes to another. If they are wronged by others. community interest. property. and to remove injustice. Remembrance of God is the very breath of life for them. we will also do well to them. and habits. Instead of engaging in evil. these people focus their attention on their goal—the reform of the world—and not on material benefits. No matter how dishonest others might be in their dealings with them.

000 times that of the earth.000 miles (1. the earth. All power and authority rests with Him. He created everything with a single word and with His will alone. Planets that are millions of times larger than our earth are moving in space like tiny balls. its diameter is 865.006. He creates whatever He wants and destroys whatever He pleases. our entire solar system is located in a corner of only one galaxy. stars thousands of times brighter than our sun are shining in space. Its temperature is 14. He can do anything and everything. and they believe that the number of galaxies is in the billions. In spite of shining 93.393. and gas held together by gravity. The largest stars have diameters that are about 1. None of these stars and planets deviates from its course. the sustenance of animal and plant life on earth. which is about 5. under an allpowerful law ordained by an All-Powerful Planner and Designer. A light year is the distance that light travels in a year. Nothing happens without His command. none can stand in His way. the temperature on some parts of the earth hits 140 degrees Fahrenheit because of the sun’s radiation.000 miles away from earth. He does whatever He wants. dust.300. The sun is about 93 million miles (150 million kilometers) from the earth. and its mass is about 333. it may be said that the universe seems to be starting from nowhere and ending nowhere.000 degrees centigrade.46 trillion kilometers). Decisions of all matters rest with Him alone. Large galaxies have more than a trillion stars and small galaxies have fewer than a billion. As for its heat. Scientists say that there are more than two hundred billion stars. and in connection with. All these huge bodies are floating or swimming in space in their own orbits with their own assigned speed. The speed of light is 186. This shows the vastness of the part of the universe that has so far been observed and explored by man. He can do it again and again and more and more without losing any of His strength. A galaxy is a system of stars. and man can look at it with the naked eye only at the risk of losing his eyesight. we are struck with wonder and amazement at its expanse and beauty. When we look above in the sky. 73 . (B) RESURRECTION OF MAN IS EASIER THAN CREATION OF HEAVENS God says in the Noble Qur’an (79:27-33) that the creation of man and his resurrection after death is much easier and simpler than the creation of the heavens.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind CHAPTER 11 Possibility of Life After Death (A) GOD IS ALL-POWERFUL AND CAN DO EVERYTHING God has power and control over everything.282 miles per second. its light and brightness is dazzling. The volume of the sun is about 1.88 trillion miles (9. There is no difference for Him between the creation of an atom and the creation of the seemingly infinite universe. and the various things created for. we have no means to estimate and judge. There is nothing difficult or impossible for Him.000 times that of earth.000. Astronomers have photographed millions of galaxies through telescopes. His power is unlimited and infinite. To sum up. As to how vast is the entire universe of God. The sun is only a medium-sized star. they do not strike or fall on each other and have no perceptible support.000 ki1ometers) —109 times the diameter of the earth.000 times as large as the sun’s. If He so wills. Galaxies range in diameter from a thousand to half a million light years.

it starts a process of continuous production of new cells. and flesh. knowledge. Does He not then have power to bring the dead back to life?” Holy Qur’an. Chapter 86. of which there are millions in every gush. male and female.” Holy Qur’an. A part of this food that man eats is converted to waste.” Holy Qur’an. which is full of wonders much greater than those met by man throughout his life. which has no will or intellect.” If one reflects with a perceptive mind and sees with open eyes how existing things came into being. (Qur’an 23:12. It is a creature without support. Surely He [the Creator] has the power to bring him back to life. HE CAN CREATE AGAIN Holy Qur’an.” Holy Qur’an. Chapter 22. It is charged with the task of making every group of the newly produced cells specialize in 74 . But as soon as it settles in the womb. This shapeless and powerless creature. Verses 4-7 “For every soul there is a guardian who watches over it. if you have any doubt about Life After Death. he will discover how the willful decision of an All-Powerful God is connected to the manner in which every single human being comes into existence. We surely have the power to shape and restore in perfect order even the very tips of his fingers. This implies that there is a guardian appointed by God to look after that moist germ and to guide it through its remarkable journey. knows exactly what it needs and what it is doing. you should know that we first created you of earth. Chapter 75. and then brought him forth as quite a different creation [from the embryo]. can he not resurrect the dead? Man starts his journey from the earth. is hardly visible under the microscope. it proceeds to search for its food. Let man reflect on his origin. These seeds extract their necessary food from the soil to grow into different types of plants. Let man then reflect from what he is created. Verse 3 “Does man think that We cannot resurrect him after death and assemble his bones again? Indeed we can. power. then. then of a lump of flesh. then reflect on the end product—what he becomes—and then ponder on the wide gulf between his origin and the end product. or will. Once it is sure of the availability of food. God Almighty moves that shapeless and powerless fluid along its remarkable and impressive journey until it is shaped into its magnificent ultimate form. then man will neither have any power of his own nor any helper. then clothed the bones with flesh. shaped or shapeless [we are telling you this] so that we may make the reality plain to you. then changed the sperm drop into a clot of blood and the clot into a piece of flesh then turned the piece of flesh into bones. hair. Chapter 23. quoted above) provides it with guidance. quoted above). These plants provide food to man either directly or through animals (their meat and milk) and birds. The one fertilizing cell. and of him He made two sexes. Chapter 75.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (C) ONE WHO CREATED MAN. then of a clot of blood. He is created of gushing fluid which issues forth from between the loins [or backbone] and the chest [breast] bones. as well as the manner in which he passes through the stages of his growth and development. think that he is to be left to himself to go about at will? Was he not once a [mere] sperm drop which is emitted [in the mother’s womb]? And thereafter became a germ-cell. On that Day the hidden secrets are held to scrutiny. Then God formed [created] him and fashioned his limbs in proportion. God Almighty who brought into existence such a wonderful person from nothing. when a farmer puts seeds into the ground. Verse 12 “We created man from an extract or essence of wet earth then turned him into a sperm drop in a safe place. and will to enable it to know its way. and a part becomes the “gushing fluid” that the Qur’an references. then of a sperm drop. Verses 36-40 “Does man. reason. The guarding hand watching over it (Qur’an 86:4. The guarding hand of God provides it with the necessary ability to convert the lining of the womb around it into a pool of blood to supply it with fresh nourishment. Verse 5 “O people. a part becomes bones.

it endeavors at the same time to preserve its shape and particular features so that it turns be a human eye and not the eye of any animal. This living person created from lifeless or dead ingredients is blessed with a body of unique structure and endowed with wonderful powers and abilities. or on the arm. destination. forces the forming cell out of its set course. tastes. Even children of the same parents have differences in features. Or consider an egg. It is beyond the scope of this work to trace these wonders. Those cells entrusted with the task of forming the eye know that the eye must be in the face. despite the fact that any of these localities is a suitable place for forming an eye. and we ourselves are living 75 . But this matter is not simple: it involves a high degree of specialization. The same applies to every major part of the human structure. It is His power alone to give some couples boys only. There is a great variety in the creation of the human race—every child is different from another. but they all constitute evidence of elaborate planning and organization and bear the stamp of All-Powerful God’s guarding. the watching guardian. helping. Is this miracle in any way less wonderful than raising the dead back to life? In addition to human beings. healthy or sick. which most of us eat every day. whether in shape or qualities. or power of its own? It is God who taught it to design and produce what all mankind can never design or produce. The food that we eat is made from lifeless ingredients (sodium. each having its particular function in the general set up. and knowledge to this insignificant cell. and every nerve is unique and dissimilar to every other. potassium.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind building a part of the magnificent structure of the human body. fingerprints. and shows its way. If the first cell charged with making the eye was taken off course and planted in any of these localities. Every little cell proceeds. and there are some couples who get no children at all. it simply goes to the exact spot specified for the eye. temperaments. This is merely a quick glance at a few parts of the remarkable journey that transform the gushing liquid into the communicative human being. Hence. both boys and girls. and whether that child is going to be very intelligent. still to others. The slightest error in designing that eye. which has no reason. a second group gets busy in producing the muscles. No power in the world can have any influence on the matters mentioned above except All-Powerful True God. breathing chicken. For mankind cannot design an eye or a part of it if they are charged with this task. ability. So who has endowed this power. and that it cannot be located in the abdomen. and a fourth group the lymphatic system. etc. But there is indeed a great multitude of wonders in the physiological functions of the various organs and systems. what type of faculties he or she is to have. For a more comprehensive discussion of the powers of God. as the substances themselves which make up the bodies of living beings are absolutely without life.g.) and does not contain anything that has the power to generate the properties that characterize man. When we keep it at a certain temperature for a certain period of time. and function. knowing its way. on the foot. and guiding hand. Who has then told this cell that this structure needs its eye to be in that particular spot? It is God. will. For every bone. or whether it will come out alive or dead. normal or handicapped. carbon. seeing or blind. etc. it learns to break into specialized subdivisions. looks after it. while an insignificant group of cells in the human body can accomplish this great mission. Again. oxygen. All the cells work individually and collectively within a framework set for them by certain elements functioning inside the cell. As we witness that God is performing all these miracles perpetually in front of our eyes.” Chapter 16. which is airtight and watertight. it would have fulfilled its mission and made an eye there. nitrogen. blue. looks. who is to be made beautiful and who is to be made ugly. or black eyes). Furthermore. One group starts to produce the skeleton. style of speech. brown. The structure is accurately planned and has a wide range of functions. see “Qur’anic Arguments about Tawheed. But when it sets out on its mission. hydrogen. which preserve the general characteristics of the species and the distinctive traits of the parents and forefathers. These elements are known as the genes. every muscle. God is bringing into existence countless animals by bringing life from dead matter. as every group of cells proceeds to fulfill its appointed task in building this structure. who guides it. it endeavors to make it an eye of a human being whose forefathers had certain features and characteristics that distinguished their eyes (e. blood types. He decides what type of features the child is to get. When the eye cell divides and proliferates in order to form the eye. feelings. It is like a small white castle. emotions. calcium. voice. it is God Almighty who decides whether it should be a male or female. a third group starts making the nervous system. the egg cracks and becomes a live.. to other couples girls only.

” The Qur’an does not mention his age.” Holy Qur’an. and many other places we know not where? And how can we say that the same God cannot gather its constituent parts together once again? In this world. would it be possible to bring all the countless particles together and combine them to be recreated as the same human bodies once again? Their doubt is dispelled by God. the eyes. today He has set one particular measure for our sight. hands. So much so that we will be able to hear and see things that we cannot hear and see here. Today. We already know that He created Adam without father and mother. 50:4). then Ishaq (Isaac). we find the following statement of Prophet Abraham (pbuh) in Chapter 5 of the Holy Qur’an: “I am very thankful to my God who granted me in my old age first Ismail. Resurrection. Holy Qur’an. earth. He created Eve without mother and He created Jesus without father. and God knows where a particle is” (Qur’an. by gathering its countless particles together from the air. Chapter 24. Again. Verse 5 “On that Day [of Judgment] We shall seal their mouth while their hands will Speak to Us and their feet will [also speak and] bear witness to all their misdeeds. when their son Ishaq [Isaac) was born. why do we not then learn the lesson that the same God who by His power is causing these miracles to take place day and night can also cause the miracle of life after death. Prophet Abraham (may peace and blessings of God be upon him) was in his nineties and his wife Sara was practically of the same age. But this is not the only measure that He has for us. in the first instance. as foretold by the Noble Qur’an? The deniers of the Hereafter say that all human beings will become dust after death and scatter away in particles. they ask. eyes. despite the fact that Sara was barren.” Holy Qur’an. and limbs do not possess the power of speech. water. Verse 36 “You shall not follow [anyone blindly in those matters] of which you have no knowledge. Verse 4 “On that day [of Judgment] the earth shall report whatever she had witnessed on her surface. Similar is the case of Yahya (John. surely the use of your ears. ‘Allah who gives the faculty of speech to everything has made us speak: He it is Who has created you in the first instance and unto Him you are [now] brought back’. indeed my Lord listens to supplications. And they will ask their skins: why did you testify against us? Their skins will reply. make the body in which we at present exist. and they even become part of some other animals and birds. the Baptist) who was born when both his parents were very old. Chapter 36. On the Day of Resurrection. is recorded in God’s register. saying: “Every particle wherever it is. feet. Chapter 17. How did God. He shall change it absolutely. their ears. All these things show that His power is unlimited. their eyes. hearing. Chapter 41. and He has the power and ability to change them. and Heaven by the same power. Verse 24 “[People should not forget that] on the Day of Judgment their own tongues. but according to the Old Testament of the Bible. He can also use any method not known to us. God who has given the power of speech to our tongue today is not powerless to cause our every limb and every part of skin on our body to speak by His command on the Day of Resurrection.” (In other words. and the heart all these shall be questioned on the Day of Judgment. because she did not give birth to any child in her youth and this was the first baby born to her. Chapter 99. and their skin will [speak and] testify to their misdeeds. which is through conception of woman from the union of man and woman.” Holy Qur’an.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind evidence of it in the world.” Holy Qur’an. Verses 20-22 “Finally when they reach there [for accountability on the Day of Judgment]. and other faculties. How then. our skin. Again. Hell. the earth is videotaping all that we do and say.) 76 . their own hands and their own feet will testify against their own misdeeds. God has devised one method of our creation.

and sends down water from the sky and revives the earth after it is dead.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Today we all live to a certain age and then die.. He has power over everything. Verse 9 “.. Verse 33 “. Verse 65 “And God sends down water from above and thereby He revives the earth after it lay dead: In this behold there is a message indeed for those who [are willing to] listen. In arid regions with high temperatures. that you see the land lying dry and barren but as soon as We send down rain water upon it. that a young man could never be old and he could stay young forever and ever. luxuriant vegetations [the same way you will be brought to life]. has the power to resurrect you after death. . Chapter 22. And [remember] it is God who sends forth the winds so that they raise a cloud where upon we drive it towards dead land and thereby give life to the earth after it had been lifeless even thus shall resurrection be!” The argument in these verses is that God. that he could never become sick. Verses 5 “O. the same All-Powerful God can make other laws for our life. Tomorrow. it stirs to life and swells and brings forth every kind of life. Verily He is the One Who will revive the dead. youth are changed into old age according to the biological laws made by God. He can make another law to control our life. under which every old man may become young as soon as he enters Paradise and may stay young and healthy eternally.. Chapter 36.” Holy Qur’an. The barren tracts of land 77 . if you have any doubt about the resurrection [life after death] you should know . and in the ships that speed through the sea with what is useful for mankind and in the waters which God sends down from the sky.” Holy Qur’an. giving life thereby to the earth after it had been lifeless. Today. and [yet] they have a sign [of our power to create and to resurrect] in the lifeless earth which we make alive and out of which We bring forth grain whereof they may eat . there are messages indeed for people who use their reason.. A certain law ordained by God also controls this living and dying. who produces fine vegetable life by combining lifeless soil of earth with lifeless water from the sky. He can make another rule for us. Today we can endure punishment only to a certain extent. and causing all kind of living creatures to multiply thereon .” Holy Qur’an. Chapter 30.” Holy Qur’an. we cannot imagine that an old man could return to youth. we cannot survive if the punishment is increased beyond it. Chapter 2. . Chapter 30. Indeed there are Signs in this for those who use their reason.. Holy Qur’an. We do not see even a blade of grass. under which we may never die.. Tomorrow. in the creation of the heavens and of the earth. Verses 24 “And of His Signs is that He shows you lightning.. with no trace of plant or even insect life. arousing both fear and hope. Today. under which we will be able to suffer much more severe punishment endlessly and death would not come to us. then the tokens of Allah’s Mercy: how He revives the earth after it is dead. Chapter 16. God has also made this rule. we witness an instructive spectacle every year when the earth turns altogether barren and lifeless.” Holy Qur’an. Chapter 35. even if we were given the severest punishment. and the succession of night and day. Verse 164 “Verily... (D) GOD WHO REVIVES THE DEAD EARTH WITH WATER HAS THE POWER TO RESURRECT THE DEAD Holy Qur’an. Verse 50 “See. Tomorrow. people.

is manifest proof of the possibility of life after death. with the very first shower of rain. grass sprouts up and the insects of the earth return to life. we too will sprout up from the earth just as the vegetation and insects sprout up? 78 . and the land previously lying barren starts blooming and blossoming. In the burning deserts of Arabia it is not conceivable that the roots of grass and the insects of earth would survive such long periods of drought.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind seem altogether dead. In this connection it may be said that in many parts of Arabia sometimes it does not rain at all for many years. Every dead root is resurrected. as if they were a large graveyard. all lifeless seeds that were lying scattered by the wind and birds become living plants. which takes place every year right before our eyes. innumerable insects. Similarly we see flying bugs that lose their wings after a while and start crawling. every trace of which had been destroyed by the heat. how can we deny that when God wills. make their appearance again from the earth. Likewise. In spite of this. This process of the resurrection of the dead. However. even for four years or more. when a little rain falls. verdant life begins to pulsate all over. When we cannot deny such express observation. Often we see with rain in summer that mosquitoes come into existence from nowhere.

clouds. marry. and everything created has a rational objective and purpose. To rekindle or rejuvenate and strengthen this inborn God- 79 . the evaporation of water from oceans. He and only He has the right and authority to assign any purpose of life for man and to make rules. or steward. regulations. and the status of man. We do not come into this world in vain. thoughts. As a vicegerent of God. Both our life (birth) and our death have a purpose. the alternations of night and day. The unique order and regularity with which the wonderful systems of this world are functioning before our eyes (such as the movements of the sun and the earth. we are the most honored and superior creature of God on earth. and plan. and transform all its energies and resources for the fulfillment of God’s will and pleasure. (II) Our Life Has A Purpose In this wonderful system of the universe. write. no prejudice or discrimination on the basis of race. A kingdom where there is no subjugation of man by man. useless. aggression. Thus we do not come into this world just to eat. but also necessary. creed. To fulfill these terms of Divine vicegerency. acquire knowledge and every kind of information. or consume ourselves in pastimes leading to no worthwhile results. 2:30). and wisdom behind it. or financial status. What it means is that God. gave him the ability to read. and peace on earth. a reason. drink. and made him the most intelligent creature on earth. everything in it has a purpose behind it. language. kill our time in mere sports and entertainments. and for a certain purpose. God created man in the best shape. (I) God is Wise One of the many attributes of God is that He is Wise (Al-Hakeem) and whatever He does. the most appropriate feet to walk on. in fact. think. as some misguided people believe and preach. the Lord of the Noble Throne” (23:115116). Since God is the sole Creator and Sustainer. and then just be dead and forgotten. develop. futile. freedom. because it is a demand of reason.) and the wisdom and good reasons which clearly underline them. representative. etc. Lord and Master. testify to the reality that this world is not a meaningless and useless toy house where the great drama of life is being presented at random for millions and millions of years. agent. and intentions. or exploitation of anyone by anyone. there is always wisdom in it and a purpose behind it. develop. truth and falsehood. different seasons. justice. We are not the condemned creatures of God. He gave man an erect stature. Moreover. and myth and reality. obey. no oppression. right and wrong. ponds. and codes of life for the life of man on this earth. color. which is a treasure-house of great capabilities. God gave man the ability to understand.] Do you think that you will not come back to Us [for accountability in connection with the purpose for which you were created]? God Almighty is far too exalted [to do anything that is purposeless]. The word “khalifa” means vicegerent. and establish the kingdom of God on earth. gave him the ability to deduce results from the body of acquired information and the ability to research. for a certain period of time. and has given him a free hand to use. and structure. Sovereign and Ruler of the entire universe and everything in it. its each component has a law underlying it. enjoy. Therefore. and serve Him and Him alone. It is. equal opportunities for all. lakes. the role. and invent. and rain in the atmosphere and then comes back to earth. This term amply highlights the purpose. and without wisdom? God brings us here into this world at a certain time.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind CHAPTER 12 Life After Death is Necessary Life Hereafter is not only possible. and morality. God has sent man as His Khalifa on earth (Qur’an. we have to work for His pleasure. and a wonderful brain. at a certain place. equity. a serious and wise system of the highest order whose every particle testifies that it has been created with great wisdom. Neither is our life without a purpose nor is our death without a purpose. He gave man a moral sense and the power of discrimination by which he distinguishes between good and evil. nationality. As God says in the Noble Qur’an: “Do you think that you were created without any purpose? [You have been created for a specific purpose. human dignity. that changes into vapors. form. in which the law of God and not man-made law is supreme. a talking tongue with the ability to speak and express his ideas. Rather. worship. He is the true King! There is no god but He. in His exalted wisdom. how can only the creation of a unique being like man be purposeless. we have to be actively involved in the affairs of this world instead of renouncing this world and living as monks and nuns. trustee. discover. the most suitable hands to work with. and where there is justice. everything that happens has a purpose. carry out His commands. has handed over the earth’s affairs and destiny to man as His agent or trustee.

e. God even subjected the heavenly bodies. Who created wisdom and He bestowed it on man. The animal only fulfills the fixed demands of its instinct. and authority. it is a demand both of reason and of justice that those who earnestly try to perform this duty to the best of their ability should be rewarded and those who do not should be punished. can never ignore. which means after death. but man has been blessed with the power of choice and authority. But man is more than a mere animal. efforts. When a man entrusts his wealth.. The purpose of the creation of those things that do not possess conscious and intellect is fulfilled in this very physical life. it does not invent a religion. for it could not be held responsible for any of its acts. Therefore. Since man has been appointed as the agent of God. it would be understandable. he must be responsible to fulfill this purpose. and whose actions entail moral consequences that do not exist only until the end of life but continue to register their moral effects even after death. what he should reject and what he should accept. contrary to other creatures.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind given morality. it would be right and reasonable if they were destroyed after they had reached the end of their life term. and he may make whomever he likes his gods or rebel against Him. and endowed him with enormous powers. would forget about man after all this and never call him to account? Furthermore. for this is the basic requirement of the factor under which. man has not been created to be irresponsible and unanswerable as has been the animal. The animal has been created without the power of choice and authority. generation after generation. to enjoy the fruit of this successful performance of this office of vicegerency or suffer punishment for its failure. If he is responsible. cannot be destroyed like plants and animals after it has fulfilled the function of its physical existence. Thus. whose activities are not confined only to the physical world. and time. Why the animal will not be resurrected is quite understandable. for they have not been granted any powers or authority for which they might have to be called to account. But a creature who possesses intellect. God sent Messengers or prophets to all parts of the world at different times in the history of mankind. This calls for resurrection after death and the Life Hereafter. it does nothing that could be called good or bad. property. despite the limited nature of his wisdom. if it perished to annihilation. (III) Necessity of the Hereafter Since man has been created for a purpose without which his entire life is a failure. and what should be his objective in life. it does not make anyone its god. a nexus that even a man. Can one believe that God. He also gave man freedom of action and choice and the ability to make decisions and form opinions by which he selects his own course of action. God has granted man the authority to appropriate everything created by Him. Along with all these capabilities and powers. consciousness. He has even been given the freedom that he may acknowledge his Creator and serve Him if he so likes. Indeed. There is no question of morality about what the animal does. but are also moral in nature. it would be surprising if there were no life after death. so that it should deserve a reward or punishment. and reject Him. i. it does not enforce good or bad ways of life that would influence others. the time for reward and punishment should come at the expiration of this period of assignment. he must be accountable for this assignment. after death. it is not life after death that should be a surprise. There is a manifest difference between man and animal. he has been endowed with special faculties and with the freedom of choice and will. such as the sun and the moon. decides how he should employ his faculties. or business to anyone. to laws to benefit man. but the acts of man are necessarily characterized by good and evil. Who created man. Furthermore. charged him with this huge world with its immense resources. Hence. Should a man who killed an innocent person or persons and then immediately fell victim to a sudden accident never be punished for the crime of the murder he committed? Do you really feel satisfied that a man who sowed corruption in the world with consequences for mankind for centuries after him should himself perish like an insect or a grasshopper. he must at some stage give an account of his life to God. if he pleases. There is a logical nexus between the bestowals of trust and calling the trustee to account. will Himself be devoid of it? Can one seriously entertain the proposition that God. another life after death is needed. and should never be resurrected to account for his misdeeds that affected the lives of hundreds of thousands of human beings 80 . Whatever good or evil he has committed by his own free will and choice. The most suitable time for rendering this account is when all the activities of man come to an end. it does not use its intellect to propound a philosophy. he must reap the reward or suffer the punishment justly and equitably. and he is practically using this authority in the world. Obviously. sooner or later he calls him to account for it. and therefore does not need to be resurrected to account for its life. it does not become a god for others.

and that he should never be questioned as to how he has used the powers of his heart. and moral demand of giving authority. Holy Qur’an. 81 . no rewards. On this very basis in every society of the world a system of the courts is established in one form or another and the services and works that are considered as commendable are also rewarded in one way or another. and body. if the Godhead should be such a lawless kingdom. Likewise. 68:35-36). or even if the crime is revealed. and has been granted moral sense to distinguish good from evil. or nations should be punished. and has the freedom of choice. tribal. if he is not rewarded or punished according to his moral acts. and those who work for good. and no punishments for human acts negates both God’s wisdom and His justice. The only rational. and injustice should be punished. Chapter 68. goodness and peace. Verses 35-36 “Are we to treat those who are obedient as we treat the guilty? What is wrong with you? How ill you judge?” Is it reasonable and fair that both the pious and the wicked should be treated alike in the end? Is this concept satisfying. sometimes people are punished. If he is not held accountable. God forbid. This is clear proof of the fact that there is a necessary relationship between morality and the law of retribution. position. Verse 21 “Do the evil-doers think that We shall treat them like those who believe and do good deeds and make their life and their death alike?” Holy Qur’an. The one who gains benefits by committing all kinds of excesses and enjoys sinful pleasures in life would be a wise man. the one who leads a pious life in the face of all kinds of hardships in the world and endeavors to reform people would be a foolish person. Man’s intellect and his nature assert positively that evil ought to be punished and good rewarded. is a creation like an insect and has no right to be rewarded for his good acts? It is against wisdom and common sense to think that a creature like man should have been given intellect. the culprit is so influential and powerful that he cannot be punished. aggression. There is no government in the world that treats criminals and law breakers or rebels in the same way as peace-loving. jailed. God says: (What do the disbelievers think?) “Shall We treat those who submit or surrender to Us the same way as We treat those who are guilty [who disobey and rebel]? What is the matter with you? What kind of judgment do you make?” (Qur’an. and patriotic citizens. There is no law or government in the world that can punish every crime and reward every good act. and the powers to exploit things to his advantage. establish justice. mind. or how he has used the vast means placed at his disposal to work in the world or the power and authority granted to him to employ the countless creatures of God to his advantage. those who reject the truth and act according to their own whim deserve to be duly punished for their unrighteous conduct. and remove aggression should be rewarded. logical. be then left free in the world to behave as he pleases. and if he also is destroyed at the conclusion of his physical life like the creatures which have been given no freedom of will and choice. (1) It is a demand of both justice and reason that those who commit evil. family. and then reward or punish him on the grounds of whether he used the powers and authorities given to him in the right way or the wrong way. power. Chapter 45. right from wrong. and devotion to Him deserve to be fully rewarded for their righteous conduct. that the pious person should not get any reward for his piety and the wrongdoer should not receive any punishment for his evil? Obviously. no accountability.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind after him? Do you think that the man who struggled throughout his life for the cause of truth and justice. or the culprit escapes punishment because of insufficient evidence. law. communities. and the entire order of the universe becomes a blind order. and even executed based on the testimony of false witnesses. and suffered hardships for their sake. Further. Everyone knows that in this world most crimes remain hidden. then his creation would inevitably be altogether futile and a Wise Being cannot be expected to indulge in a futile exercise. and power to further their personal. the idea of no Hereafter.abiding. obedience. Those who accept God as their one and only Lord and truly live in service. Those who use their wealth. sense. which man cannot possibly deny. or national interests by exploiting the weakness and poverty of other individuals. and responsibilities to man in this purposeful system of the universe is that he should be called to account by the One who granted him this position and rank and blessed him with those powers.

ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Now, if it is admitted that in this world there are countless such crimes that remain completely unpunished (to say nothing of punishing them fully and adequately), and there are also countless such virtues that are not rewarded at all (to say nothing of rewarding them fully and adequately), there is no alternative but to acknowledge the Hereafter, because that is the only right time for accountability. (2) Judgment will be passed not only on the apparent and superficial act of what a man did, but the secrets hidden in his heart also will be brought out to show the intentions and motives under which a man did what he did. Therefore, real and complete justice cannot be rendered anywhere except in the court of God. Secular laws of this world also admit, in principle, that a person should not be punished merely on the basis of his apparent act, but his motive also should be seen and examined. But no court of the world has the means to accurately ascertain motives and intentions. This can be done only by God. He alone can examine the underlying motives behind every physical act of man, as well as make the decision as to what reward or punishment he deserves. Again, judgment will not be passed merely on the basis of the knowledge that God already has about intentions and motives, but on Resurrection Day these secrets will be exposed and brought out openly before the people, and after a thorough scrutiny it will be shown what was the good in it and what was the evil. (3) A question may be asked why this accountability cannot be held in the present life of the world. And why is its right time only the second life after death? And why is it necessary that this accountability be held only when all mankind has passed away from this world and when all the previous and succeeding generations have been resurrected and gathered together? The first reason is that man is accountable for his whole life’s work. Therefore, the right time of his accountability should necessarily be when his life’s work has come to an end. The second reason is that man is responsible for all those effects and influences that his acts produce on the lives of others, and those influences and effects do not come to an end with his death, but continue to influence others for ages after him. Even the doer of the act does not himself know what effects and influences his act has on the world, to what extent they spread, and for how long these effects and influences lasted. This secret, too, will be revealed on Resurrection Day and will be fully examined as to the consequences of the seed that a person sowed in the world, what fruit it bore, and for how long it affected the later generations, for better or for worse. Each individual, group of people, or community will be held responsible for leaving behind an evil legacy for future generations. Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) has said: “He who introduces a misleading innovation which does not please God and His Messenger shall be held guilty for the sins of all those who follow that innovation without lessening in the least the burden (of sins) of those who followed the innovation. As long as the evil effects of that sin continue, their sins will be continually added to his account.” (“Explanation of the Holy Qur’an,” by S.A. Maududi, 29: 12-13; and Hadith Book by Imam Bukhari). The same principle applies to good deeds that an individual or a group commits. The reward for the heritage of goodness left behind by our predecessors from the earliest times inevitably goes to the credit of those individuals or groups of the past who have continually transmitted that heritage to posterity down to our times. If our own generation takes good care of that heritage, enriches it, and passes it on to the coming generations, it also deserves due reward for that. As long as our good acts leave a trace of good influence on history and continue to cast a good influence on people, we will reap the benefits of those acts. Take another case: Suppose a person writes a book for the guidance of mankind. As long as people continue to get a benefit from this book and are motivated by this book to do good deeds, the writer will continue to get rewards after his death, maybe for hundreds of years. Or an individual or a group who constructed, say, a school or any other building for the general benefit of the public, those people who contributed money and/or time towards the construction will continue to be rewarded after their death, maybe for many years, as long as that building continues to serve its purpose and benefit people. Appreciation of this concept should dispel the ideas of those who believe that people can be fully rewarded or punished for their deeds within the confines of this worldly life. Likewise, such an appreciation should also dispel the views of those who believe that the transmigration of souls alone can ensure full justice to all people. Such people have blundered because they have neither grasped fully the nature and consequences of human acts, nor the nature and requirements of perfect justice. It is obvious that the consequences of an individual’s acts are not visible during his lifespan. Instead, human activities, both good and evil, influence the lives of countless people belonging to countless generations. One cannot, therefore, be brought to justice during one’s own lifetime, since only a small part of the consequences of those acts have yet come to the surface. Moreover, the limited possibilities available in the present world are quite inadequate for bringing people to justice. Just consider the hideous crime of someone who pushes us to world war or to explode an atom bomb. The catastrophic consequences of such a crime would affect the lives of billions of people through the ages. Is there any punishment—physical, spiritual, or material—that can be deemed even remotely proportionate to that crime? Likewise, no worldly rewards, however valuable, can adequately recompense for the noble services rendered by a philanthropist that will benefit numerous people for thousands of years.

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ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Having viewed the question from this angle, one readily concludes there must necessarily be life in the Hereafter, such that full justice can be meted out to everyone. Here all human beings are brought together, their full records are made available, and the reckoning is made by God Himself whose knowledge embraces literally everything. Additionally, people should be granted an unlimited span of life and infinite possibilities should be made available for receiving compensation. Those who subscribe to the doctrine of the transmigration of souls fail to realize that eternal life is needed to mete out recompense to people for the deeds they commit during their relatively brief spans of life. If one were to believe in the unending cycle of life and death, it would become impossible to reward or punish anyone for his actions, for each span of life would go on accumulating endlessly. The arrears would never be cleared. (4) From the outset of man’s existence, there have been countless differences among human beings about what constitutes the truth. These differences have led to divisions within races, nations, and families. They have also given rise to different creeds, cultures, and societies based on a diversity of views. Millions of people have had such strong feelings about their religious doctrines that they have staked their lives, wealth, honor, and everything that they value so as to defend and promote them. On numerous occasions in history, fierce conflicts have broken out between the adherents of different religious views, each religious group doing its best to destroy the other completely. Yet those who were vanquished or obliterated refused to give up their religious positions. Reason demands that, at least at some point, man should be in a position to know for sure the extent to which each of the doctrines was true or false, and to know who are the people who followed the right way and who deviated from it. It seems impossible that the truth will even become indisputably clear to all in the present world. Hence, there has to be another life to fulfill this human requirement. Life after death is not only a requirement of reason, but is also a moral requirement. A great many people have been party to the differences mentioned earlier. Some of them were suppressors and wrong-doers. Some people made sacrifices, while others subjected them to these sacrifices. In addition, everyone adopted, according to his lights, a moral philosophy and attitude that affects—for good or bad—the lives of billions, even trillions, of other people. Now, a time must come when the moral consequences of these attitudes should be visible in the form of reward or punishment. If the present world is not constituted so that the true and full moral consequences of man’s actions can become known, then there must be another world to ensure that this is so. (5) What is most conspicuous in the long record of the history of mankind is the constantly recurring phenomenon of the rise and fall of nations. This rise and fall seems to be tied up with certain moral factors. The way certain nations have encountered significant falls and have suffered destruction clearly indicates that man in this universe is under a dispensation in which blind physical laws do not predominate. Instead, a moral law is also in operation. The result is that the nations that maintain a given minimum level of adherence to moral principles are granted a temporary respite. However, once a nation falls perceptibly below that minimum level, it meets its tragic end and is made a lesson for future generations. Every nation that denied the Hereafter in the past necessarily (inherently) became criminal, immoral, unjust, oppressive, and corrupt, which in turn brought about its complete destruction. This is a consistent pattern of human history, and the ruins of past civilizations testify to the vital relationship between belief in the Hereafter and good conduct. Belief in the Hereafter provides the right direction to human uplift and its denial, being contrary to reality, leads to its derailment. Historical records show that nations that engage in criminal behavior, and which became enmeshed in injustice, oppression, and corruption, are always destroyed. The occurrence and repetition of these events at regular intervals leaves no doubt whatsoever that retribution is permanent, a full- fledged law that operates in human history. This universe is not governed by forces that are blind and impervious to facts; it rather functions in accordance with a wise and immutable law of just reward and punishment, which deals with nations purely on the moral plane. This universal law has no room for a state of affairs in which immoral and corrupt nations are given free rein. This law does not allow those nations that exceed a certain limit of iniquity and high handedness to survive. For when that happens, some invisible but powerful hand appears and removes them from the pinnacle of their glory and casts them into the abyss of disgrace and degradation. There is a lesson from the past for all the current big powers, that there is a limit to the oppression, aggression, injustice, cruelty, and arrogance that God tolerates. If they exceed that limit, then they will meet the same end as did the Pharaohs of the past. Moreover, were one to carefully reflect upon the different forms of punishment that visited these different nations of the world, one would also realize that those punishments only partially accord with the requirements of justice and retribution.

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ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Certain generations committed aggression and oppression, and reaped a full crop of worldly advantages and disappeared without punishment in this world. Were total justice to be meted out, it would be necessary to do a great deal more. For the punishment that struck the nations of the world in the past struck only those generations that lived at the time the punishment visited them. But there are generations of men who sowed the wind of wickedness but disappeared when that wind developed into a whirlwind. The consequences of their evil deeds were faced by the generations that followed after them. It is obvious, in this case, that the real culprit escaped retribution. Also, this punishment fails to provide any relief to those upon whose dead bodies the tyrants had risen to the heights of their worldly glory. This demands belief in the next life wherein full justice is done to all. Now, if we are able to grasp the inner workings of this universe by our study of history, this should lead us to the conclusion that the unfulfilled requirements of justice call for a new order of existence to be brought into being. It is only then that those transgressors and wrong-doers who escaped divine punishment in the worldly life can be duly punished, and their punishment will be much more severe than that suffered by the evil-doers punished in this world.

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ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind

CHAPTER 13
Essential Ingredients of Belief in Life After Death
(1) This world is not everlasting, but will come to an end at an appointed time known only to God. (2) Death is not the end of our life, but, in fact, is a gateway to another life, which is eternal and everlasting. (3) God is watching all people at all times and places. We can deceive parents, children, friends, police, and government, but not God. God is keeping a complete record of all the actions and behavior of all people, along with the intentions and motives behind all that they do and say, including their impact on others and the legacy they leave behind for future generations. Not an atom’s weight of good or evil done by a person is left unrecorded in his conduct book, which he will see on the Day of Judgment. (4) Man is not a born sinner. He comes into this world as an innocent person endowed with freedom and potential to do good and evil, and with the ability to become either an obedient servant of God or His rebel. A person becomes a sinner only when he himself breaks the law of God after he is mature enough (when he is twelve or fourteen years old) to discern right from wrong. (5) Our God is loving and forgiving, and He forgives a sinner whenever the sinner sincerely repents. (6) After the end of this world, God will create another world in which He will resurrect, at one and the same time, all the human beings ever born on earth. God alone knows the time for that resurrection. (7) Everyone is personally responsible for all his actions and is accountable before God on the Day of Judgment in the next world. No one can expiate the sins of anyone else. Those who lived a life of obedience to God and worked for His pleasure will be rewarded by Him by sending them to heaven or Paradise. Those who spent their earthly life in disobedience of God and incurred His displeasure by committing sins and evils will be punished by Him by sending them to hell. (8) The disbelievers, idolaters, and hypocrites will not get any reward for their virtuous deeds in the Hereafter; any reward they deserve from virtuous deeds they will receive here in this world only, with no reward in the next world. (9) Again, an evil will be punished to the extent that the evil has been committed. But the good deeds of believers will be rewarded much more generously than they actually deserve. In some places in the Qur’an, it is stated that a good act will have a ten-fold reward for it, and in others that God will increase the reward of the good act as much as He pleases. (10) The Qur’an also says that if believers abstain from major sins, their ordinary sins may be forgiven. Righteous believers shall have an easy reckoning, their evils will be overlooked, and they will be rewarded according to their best deeds. The good and bad deeds of believers will be weighed. All those believers whose good deeds outweigh their bad deeds will enter Paradise. God will pardon whatever they might have committed because of human weaknesses, and remove every trace and mark of the errors from them before admitting them into Paradise, absolutely free from any evil that may cause them embarrassment. (11) Those who enter Paradise will be with the righteous from among their forefathers, spouses, and descendants. If the children have been following in the footsteps of their forefathers in faith, they will be joined with them in Paradise, even though they might not deserve, on the basis of their deeds, the same high rank which the elders have attained on the basis of their superior faith and deeds. This joining will not be of the nature of occasional visits and meetings; they will be lodged permanently with their loved ones in Paradise. In order to be joined with their offspring, the parents will not be lowered and reduced in rank, but rather the rank of the children will be enhanced and exalted. This is in respect to those children who, on reaching maturity, voluntarily decided to affirm their faith of their own free will and followed in the footsteps of their righteous forefathers. As for those children of believers who might have died even before reaching maturity, they will be admitted to Paradise automatically (because they are innocent) and will be lodged along with their parents to be a comfort to their parents’ eyes.

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ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (12) Life in heaven is so good and beautiful that nobody has ever seen anything like it or heard of anything so good, nor can anyone even imagine how good it is. There will be no worry, no sickness; people will always remain young and will never die. They will get anything and everything that they desire and even more. (13) In Paradise, human ears will remain secure against idle and frivolous talk, lying, backbiting, slander, invective boasting and bragging, taunts and mockery, and satire and sarcasm. It will not be a society of foul¬mouthed indecent people who will throw mud at each other, but a society of noble and civilized people free of such frivolities. (14) Life in hell will be too miserable to describe. People therein will dwell in fire and boiling water and will be in terrible shape. The fire of hell is of a much higher temperature and of a stronger intensity than fire in this world. Their food will be extremely bitter, choking, and with obnoxious odor, and for drinking they will get only boiling and very dirty liquid. These people will wish they could die to relieve themselves of the pain and sufferings, but neither will they be able to die nor will the sufferings be lightened for them. In that agony they will cry at the top of their voice: “Oh our Lord, this pain in hell is unbearable, please take us out from here so that we may do good works other than those which we had been doing.” To this cry, God’s response will be: “Did I not grant you on earth life long enough so that he who would could take a warning? Besides, I sent messengers to warn you about the outcome of your disobedience. Now taste the fruit of your deeds, here there is no helper for the wrong doers” (Qur’an, 31:33). Their sufferings will continue unabated. Whenever the Prophet (pbuh) talked to his companions about the punishment of hell, his companions would bitterly cry. I pray myself and enjoin the reader to pray to Merciful and Compassionate God: “Oh our God! We implore You to give us insight and vision leading to strong belief in Your guidance, and enable us to do works which may please You and thus protect us from hellfire on the Day of Judgment, and cover us with Your mercy.” (15) God’s judgment for sending people to heaven or hell will be very fair, just, impartial, and thorough: (a) Everyone will be responsible for his own actions and none will carry the burden of another person. There will be no atonement by anyone for anyone. Moral guilt is non-transferable. On the Day of Judgment, justice shall be meted out to each according to his due. (b) Parents, children, spouses, brothers, sisters, and other relatives and friends will not be of any help. There will be neither attorney nor adviser. No intercession, recommendation, nor any ransom shall be accepted, and there will be no bargaining. (c) We all are answerable to God for every moment of our life as to how we used it. Did we spend our time in acts of obedience to God or disobedience? In doing good for people or in harming them? In promoting good or evil? In doing something productive, useful, and beneficial to ourselves or humanity, or in doing something harmful and destructive? Or did we just waste away the time in idle talk and useless and unproductive activity? How much time did we spend in various activities, good or bad, permissible or prohibited? (d) We are going to be asked about every penny that we earned, whether it was earned by legal means, as allowed by God, or by prohibited means. We can earn as much money as we want, so long as we do not hurt others financially, physically, morally, mentally, psychologically, etc. For example, we cannot earn by stealing, robbing, cheating, committing fraud, lying, exploitation, or usurping the rights of other people. As Muslims, we cannot open or run a liquor store, nor can we help anyone in any way directly or indirectly in the production, transportation, sale, or promoting of liquor, because it affects the health and morals of other people. The same applies to drugs, intoxicants, and other harmful products that affect the health and morals of other people. Similarly, one cannot run any business or show that may create violence or immorality, or harm others in any way. (e) Again, we are answerable to God for every penny as to where did we spend it. A person cannot say that since he worked hard to earn it, it is his money and he can use it wherever he wants. The Islamic concept of property is that God is the real master of everything, and we only become custodians of the money that we earn. A custodian can use things in his custody only according to the permission of the owner. It is God who gives us the faculties to earn and provides opportunities for work. There are some who are born blind (or become blind) and there are others who are born with a defective brain, become insane, or become incapacitated or handicapped. Again, there are many people in the world who do not have the opportunity to earn enough money to survive or to support their families. We can spend a reasonable amount of our income on ourselves and to support our families, but we cannot be spendthrift, luxuriant, or wasteful. Nor can we spend on prohibited things such as

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ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind liquor, drugs, or intoxicants, or on promoting evil, injustice, cruelty, etc. Those who are above the poverty line are expected to spend a part of their wealth on those who are below the poverty line, and also on projects of public benefit and social welfare, as enjoined by God. (f) We are answerable to God on the Day of Judgment as to how we used the various faculties or parts of our body—our brain, heart, eyes, ears, tongue, hands, feet, private parts, etc. For example, we cannot take a lustful look at the opposite sex and cannot have evil thinking, evil hearing, evil seeing, evil talking, or hurt others with our hands or other parts of our body. (g) Judgment will not be passed only on the apparent and superficial as to what a man practically did, but also the secrets hidden in their hearts will be brought out to see what were the intentions and motives behind what a man did. (h) As said earlier, the judgment is going to be thorough, fair, and impartial. Since there are too many attractions in the world, we are likely to forget our accountability before God on the Day of Judgment. In order to remind us of our accountability in the Hereafter and train us for our assigned mission in this world, Islam has prescribed certain spiritual courses or exercises called the Pillars of Islam. These Pillars remind us of the basic creed of Islam (there is only one God Who alone is worthy of worship, obedience, and service, and Mohammed (pbuh) is His Servant and Messenger), praying five times daily, charity by the rich to help the poor and the needy, fasting for one month to develop discipline and self-control, and going on a pilgrimage to Mecca once in a lifetime, which rejuvenates faith and has many other benefits. These Pillars are very important, meritorious, and rewarding. But pillars of a building, though very important, are not enough by themselves. The real thing is the building which they support. Suppose, for example, there is a man who in his life on this earth prayed five times a day, gave charity every year, fasted for one month every year, and went on a pilgrimage to Mecca. But when he stands before God on the Day of Judgment, there are many claimants or plaintiffs demanding compensation for the various harms done to them by this person. God will justly compensate the various plaintiffs by transferring due amounts of the good deeds of this person (which he had earned through five daily prayers, fasting, pilgrimage, etc.) from his record book of deeds to the various claimants. In case all the good deeds of this person are finished before all the claimants are compensated, then God will compensate the outstanding claimants by relieving them of their sins in proportion to the harm done to them by that person and by transferring these sins to the account of that person. In other words, this person will now bear the burden of the sins of all those plaintiffs whom he harmed in this world, and who were not compensated by him by giving them his good deeds. An example from the life of Imam Abu Hanifa beautifully and vividly illustrates how the morals and behavior of a person are molded by the belief in such a thorough accountability in the Life Hereafter before a Just and Impartial God. It is reported that Imam Abu Hanifa—a great scholar—was once in a market when a man who probably knew him started cursing him, using bad, abusive, and annoying language. Abu Hanifa listened to him quietly without saying a word in response. Finally, the man cooled down, finished cursing, and went home. In those days, there was no paper currency. Imam Abu Hanifa later took a handkerchief, put some coins in it, and went to that man’s home. The man opened the door, and he asked Abu Hanifa: “What can I do for you?” Imam Abu Hanifa replied: “By cursing me the other day and using abusive language, you transferred some of your good deeds into my account, for which I am very thankful to you, and as a way to thank you, I’ve brought this small gift for you. Please accept it.” The man became very ashamed and later became Imam Abu Hanifa’s follower. This is the type of character built by belief in our accountability.

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as a matter of chance. and value system that is entirely different from that of a man who believes in life after death and who feels answerable for all his words. There was a tree. and sustainers. or Almighty God. The Muslim lived on the other side of a river and had to cross this river to reach the place of debate. a strange thing happened. when I want to do it. conduct. one year. and capable these people may be.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind CHAPTER 14 The Purpose of Man’s Life E veryone who is serious about life must ask the following most important questions. or did someone create it? If it was created by someone. neither by philosophers nor by scientists. and must know the correct answers to these questions: (1) What is this whole universe wherein I live? How did this world come into existence? Did it come into being by itself. then it made itself into planks. your employer asks you about your progress. what type of life is it and what will happen to me after death? Knowledge of the correct answers to these questions is very important. This conclusion is very simple and obvious. At the end of your one year. no matter how learned. you fool around or spend your time in other activities. and that we are not answerable to anyone for our activities. This tree cut itself. or is there only one? Who is He? What is He like and why did He create it? (2) Who am I? Where do I come from? Who brought me here in this world and for what purpose? What is the true purpose and meaning of my life or the mission of man on earth? Can I do what I want to do. behavior. our life is still a waste if we do not try to fulfill this purpose. or assume a wrong purpose of our life. a person who believes that this life is the only life we have. say. thoughts. Once there was a debate between a Muslim and an atheist. actions. How could a tree cut itself without a person to cut it. your employer sends you out of town for an assignment for a period of. This universe has not come into existence by itself. They fixed a place. lifestyle. even if we know the purpose of our life and know it correctly. If we do not know the purpose of our life and why we came in this world. Furthermore. on the bank of the river. then our whole life becomes a waste and a disaster. You go there. wise. to whom the universe and all that is in 88 . The correct and reliable answers to these questions cannot be given by man himself. then how could this big universe come into existence without a maker?” The atheist had no answer. or instead of doing the assignment. What progress can you report when you did not even know your assignment or you failed to do it? Similarly. The Muslim said that there was no boat available to cross the river. will have in this life an attitude. but you do not know what your assignment is. then how many are these creators. and the atheist was very upset because of the delay. and how could that cut tree make itself into planks and then a boat without the presence of a person to do that? This is a big lie. This has occurred through selected human beings we call prophets or Messengers. but it has a Creator called Allah. Supposing for example. and the atheist was to give his argument for the non-existence of Almighty God. and behavior. maintainers. you are late. he said. While he was waiting for the boat. and then he got into that boat and crossed the river. that there is no life after death. This Creator or Maker. The Muslim was to provide proof of the existence of the Creator. The Creator of the universe and man has Himself furnished answers to these questions out of His Mercy. These answers are discussed below. then these planks automatically joined themselves in the form of a boat. He arrived late for the debate. and then to crown that you are telling a big lie. The atheist said: “In the first place. or you forget it. and time for the debate. the way I want to do it? Can I live in any way I want to? Am I responsible and answerable to anyone for my conduct and behavior? (3) What is the status of man in this universe? What is his relationship to his Creator? (4) Where do we all go from here? Is death the end of my life or is there another life after death? If there is. date.” The Muslim said: “If this little thing could not happen without the presence of a person or a maker.

in fact. 89 . too. potential. and does not possess powers or authorities of his own. reflection. and there is none other. below. For example. and the power to exercise his latent potentialities. but Allah (swt) is the real owner of everything and man does not really own anything. has given him the necessary potential. Allah (swt) has the absolute right. he behaves independently or rebels against Allah (swt). He must always be Powerful and will never lose His power. or make any rules and regulations for him. to manage the affairs of and to rule on earth on His behalf. He must be Self-sufficient. the Islamic concept of Almighty God —His essence. his own. In a nutshell. His qualities do not change and they last forever. The purpose of Allah (swt) in appointing man as His Khalifa is to test man as to whether after getting God-given power. then He. talent. When we explain this purpose of man’s life in the light of the Holy Qur’an. The maker of the universe has to be Eternal. This high position. Even man’s own body and the faculties with which he is endowed are not. If He is All-knowing. power. we come to the conclusion that it consists of the following: (a) To believe that Allah (swt) is man’s Lord and Sovereign. (6) The only purpose for the creation of man and sending him to earth is to work for and act on the assignment given to him as the Khalifa or vicegerent of Allah (swt). His attributes. Man’s appointment to this position is a great favor from Allah and amounts to the declaration of man’s greatness. A Khalifa is one who exercises delegated powers on behalf of his supreme authority. He neither loses nor acquires new qualities. the ability to distinguish between good and evil. Thus Allah has bestowed upon man a kind of autonomy with the capacity for cognition. however. Man is only a trustee. (3) Allah (swt) created all things on earth for the use and benefit of man. respect. is to worship. freedom of choice and volition. then all His attributes and qualities must also be eternal and everlasting. His rights. depending on nothing. (1) Allah (swt) is the Creator and man is His creature. and has put all things on earth at his disposal.” Similarly. and authority to command man to do anything. nothing outside of Him causes Him to continue to exist. and freedom of choice on earth. also brings with it an important responsibility and contradicts those who say that man is a condemned creature of God. (b) Man is not entitled to consider himself independent in this world and must live in this world with the realization that he is not totally free to determine his own behavior. obey. or a steward created to serve God. “Islamic Concept of God. (2) Allah (swt) is the Master. and capabilities to discharge this duty. and is the only Lord and Sovereign. it asks you to look above. and man is His servant. and His powers and authorities—is discussed in Chapter 15. but only God’s deputy. (5) Allah (swt) has appointed man as His Khalifa (deputy or vicegerent) on earth. though man is the most superior creature of Allah on earth. and into yourself and reflect. i. rather. If the Creator is Eternal and Everlasting. then His existence will have no end and He will be Eternal and Everlasting. give any law. having no Creator for Him. honor. will have a beginning and an end and will need a maker. but are a trust from the Lord. Qur’anic reasoning for the existence of Almighty One True God or Creator is discussed in Chapter 16. He must always remain All-knowing.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind it owe their existence. having no beginning and no end. man uses them according to the will and pleasure of Allah. “Qur’anic Argument About the Existence of One True God. standards of right and wrong must be taken from the Sovereign. if He is Powerful. This assignment. or after getting this position. Man is thus not the master. He must always remain Wise. must be of a different nature from all that has been created and must be outside of it. This is because if He is of the same nature as the created things are. If He does not depend on anything to exist. Man has no absolute rights to determine the course of his own conduct—the course of conduct has been laid down by the Lord.” Here we discuss only the relationships of man with Allah (swt).e.. and high status. etc. (4) Allah (swt) is the Absolute Ruler and man is His subject in His kingdom. and man has no right to disobey or object. in a nutshell. and understanding. except only those which are delegated to him by the real master. a caretaker. If He is Wise. The Noble Qur’an gives many arguments for the existence of God Almighty. authority. and serve Allah (swt). according to His will. using it according to his own personal will and desires or according to the will and pleasure of someone other than Allah (swt). These relationships are given below. His qualities are absolute. giving him the power and authority to use them for his benefit.

and to serve Him of his free will. and preserved. even if it is a hundred years long. The Holy Qur’an also contains additional guidance which was not provided by earlier Messengers. perfected. and through him guidance for mankind has been completed. and make earth a better place to live. perfect. it is a special assignment of the followers (Ummah) of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) to carry the Message of God to the rest of mankind by words. on his return to Allah. man must return to Allah (swt). (i) Thus to emerge successfully from the test prescribed by Allah (swt) and to achieve His pleasure constitutes the real success. supreme good. sayings) of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). declaring who has succeeded and who has failed. a temporary term and is meant to test man. Also. With the coming of the Holy Qur’an. (h) Should man follow any other way—although he is free to do so—he would experience the evil effects of corruption and disorder in this life and would be consigned to eternal grief and torment when he crosses the borders of the present world and arrives in the Hereafter. to act in this world in the consciousness that earthly life is merely a period of trial. On the other hand. Muslims should set a practical example or model and establish the Kingdom of God on earth by establishing a human society in which the Law of God is Supreme. (d) Life in this world. in fact. to obey Him. irrespective of whether a man is rich or poor in this world. and thus serve the Creator in the best possible way and thank Him most profusely.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (c) Only Allah (swt) is entitled to claim absolute obedience. (g) If man chooses to adopt the right way of life—and in this choice he is free—he will enjoy peace and contentment in this world and will be assigned. and the ultimate objective of human life. the abode of eternal bliss and happiness known as Paradise. and no other Prophet is to come after him. actions. (j) (k) The only reliable. Other sources of knowledge can be employed only as auxiliaries and aids to it. and deeds. as we are living in the 21st Century today. Some teachings of earlier Messengers have been incorporated without any modification. man is given the right and authority to use all the resources and treasures of the earth. and most comprehensive source of knowledge for this purpose present today is in the form of the Holy Qur’an and the life history and Sunnah (traditions. for which man has been placed and invested with this honor and authority. and the power and capabilities to explore new things and make new inventions and discoveries. service. It is just like. and there is equality and justice for all and peace on earth. (e) After the end of this earthly life. Who will judge him on the basis of his performance. 90 . but none of them deserves to be treated as its substitute. (l) Since Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) is the last prophet or Messenger. bring progress and prosperity. To that end. we have to follow the current constitution and not the constitution which was written 200 or 300 years ago. Every other way is wrong. complete. is. the life of man in this world. he is a successful person. but if he fails in that test. and worship. Thus. his life is a failure. while other teachings of earlier Messengers have been modified to make them universal or practical for all nations and for all times. all previous divine books stand superseded. Life after death is eternal and never ending. is not more than the twinkling of an eye compared to eternal life in the Hereafter. The real source of guidance and knowledge for the success of this mission is found in the guidance furnished by Allah (swt) through His prophets or Messengers. if he passes the test in the Hereafter. latest. actions. make constructive and beneficial changes on earth. (f) The right way for man is to follow the guidance revealed by Allah (swt) through His Prophets and His divine books. and to keep his eyes focused on the ultimate objective—success in Allah’s final judgment. and man’s obligation in this world is to worship Him. A person may be a millionaire in this world. The Qur’an is the Final Message from God Almighty to mankind.

and His actions. authorities. He is not bound by time and place. but everybody else needs Him. In the entire universe. “God. (3) God does not have any shareholders or partners. after creating heaven and earth in six days. (12) Allah is Holy and Perfect (Subhan’ Allah). He was there. We reject those who believe that God. no children. (4) He begets not. When there was nothing. (11) Allah does not get tired or need rest. He was not born and will never die. (6) In Arabic we call Him Allah. of His status. The English word. This means that His personality (essence). rested on the seventh day. He always was and always will be. His rights. He knows everything about us. He does not change. deteriorate. He created everything with a single word and with His will. He is nearer to us than our jugular vein. or age. not three. 91 . like Him. or who resembles Him in His attributes. not composed of many parts or components. Allah does not do anything that He may have to regret. If He so wills. (10) Allah needs neither sleep nor slumber. and masculine and feminine. and no relatives (also see Chapter 16 on Tawheed). drink. or make any waste. (15) Allah is nearer to us than anything else. He has no parents. not more. never was. He does not acquire His attributes. (14) Allah is with us at all times and in all places. weaknesses. mistakes. deficiencies. (9) Allah does not eat. (7) Allah has no beginning and no end. Allah is self-sufficient. and never will be. and to receive all that one would need. but the word “Allah” has no plural or gender. there is none. and everyone else is imperfect and fallible. This is the personal name of the Creator of the universe and was used by the Arabs long before the time of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). (8) Allah does not need anything.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind CHAPTER 15 Islamic Concept of God (1) Muslims believe in God (swt) (2) God is only One. When everybody dies. nor does He ever lose them. “Allah. and all His acts are full of wisdom and are best planned. He alone is perfect and infallible. He does not grow. and His actions are all free from partnership (shirk). and powers from any source. He is One in essence. shortcomings. not two. He is the first and the last. This is not correct. (13) Allah is All-Wise (Al-Hakeem). All His attributes are eternal and personal. and evils. nor is anyone His match. There is no difference for Him between the creation of an atom and the seemingly infinite universe. Some people (who follow a perverted religion) believe that Allah regretted the creation of man when man committed sin. Nothing on earth can fully comprehend the wisdom of His acts. nor anybody resembles Him. His commands. nor any blessing or honor that comes from any other than Him. To surrender wholly in obedience to God is a prerequisite of the belief in the unity of God. nor was He begotten.” The word “god” has singular and plural. He is the sole recourse. the only place of support where one need go to rid oneself of all troubles and pain. He can do it again and again and more and more without losing any of His strength. (5) There is nothing like God.” is a poor or imperfect translation of the Arabic word. There is no perfection that does not belong to Him. He is ever existing. His powers and authorities. He is the Creator of all majestic beauty. since He is Perfect. He is so perfect that nothing can be added to His perfection. The belief in the unity of God requires shunning polytheism. His attributes. He will still be there. neither anything.

Everything is within His sight. the very existence of the universe and the things in it point to the existence of their Creator. He has power and control over everything. He listens to all that we say. and how we are going to die. He knows with infinite detail whatever has happened in the past. whether we say it aloud or we say it in our hearts. gives power to some and weakness to others. the law and order present in nature and in things around us. He is the Ever. in all places and at all times. say. He does not listen through ears like we do. our parents.Dominating One Who has surrounded all His creation from without and within with His irresistible power. and when. darkest. nor can anybody deceive Him by telling lies. There is no sound whatsoever that can escape His hearing and attention. and valor to some and fear to others. and all other people. etc. He does not receive it from any other source. such as in the movement of the sun. His remembrance includes the preservation and protection of His creation from all harm and disharmony. and appropriate action taken. His power is unlimited. or representative (Khalifa). Even a thing as small as an atom’s particle cannot escape His knowledge. insects. and the earth. and all there will be until the end of time. (20) Allah is All-Knowing. Others know only as much as He permits or reveals to them. Nothing big or small anywhere in the heavens or earth is hidden from Him. There is nothing difficult or impossible for Him. but also what is in our minds and what is in our hearts. We do not know what He knows. for all is registered. the creation of life from lifeless things. 92 . He remembers and keeps in His memory all that we do. Greatness is His exclusive right. and the Greatest of all. (18) Although we cannot see Allah with our eyes. (21) Allah knows all the secrets of heaven and earth.. He can do anything that He may want to do. He knows our intentions and whatever is deep in our hearts. the Most Exalted. where. where. Nobody can conceal anything from Him. agent. where. the moon. He watches us even when we are in a dark and lonely place and nobody else can see us. He listens to (hears) everybody in every place and at all times. what. and who is going to be born. Allah created us in the best form and made us the most superior creatures on earth. all point to the existence of a being Who controls all this. His knowledge is eternal. and death and decay. He is listening to us while we are talking here. (25) Nobody can do any harm to Him or plan a scheme against Him. animals. and we may not understand why. He gives riches to some and poverty to others. He is seeing not only what is on the outside of us. (26) It is Allah who created us. the changing of days and nights. (19) We cannot see Allah. while He sees and knows the whole. (22) Allah does not forget anything. In addition. and the signs around us and in us. His greatness stretches from the beginning until the end. Allah is the only One who knows all. one as clear as the other. we cannot listen to Him with our ears. He knows everything we do. we cannot touch or feel Him with our hands.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (16) We cannot feel Allah. and girls. No power can prevent Him from enforcing His will. and what will happen tomorrow and in the future. birds. (23) Allah is the Most High. but all is heard by the All-Hearing One at one and the same time. He is the One who raises His creations to honor and fame. We often say: “Allahu Akbar. and at the same time He listens to all the other children. No leaf grows on a tree or falls from a tree without His knowledge.” which means Allah is greater than we can imagine. He sees all that was in the past. and Who can degrade them to the lowest of the low. boys. Everything that exists has its Creator. (17) Allah is All-Hearing. and all other creatures wherever they may be in the world. which may be in the deepest. and when we are going to eat tomorrow. Nothing can escape Him. His vicegerent. we strongly and firmly believe in His existence because of His innumerable creations. men. His knowledge is personal. all there is now. His eyes are different from ours. for we can see only what is in front of us. (24) Allah is the most powerful of all. hidden corners of the universe. whether we do it in the open or in private. Thus. This hearing is not in vain. the meaning understood. the Most Majestic. nor do we have the ability to measure Him. and think at all times. He knows when. what is happening now. keeping in His Divine protection all that there will be. He is beyond our comprehension and imagination. and not condemned creatures as some perverted religions preach. women. but He is watching us all. He is the only One who remembers all that was and all that is. He is aware of the hidden inner occurrences in everything.

(36) Allah is the best Ruler and the underlying rule in His governance is mercy. He has given us many things to use. see around us. He brings rain and sunshine. riches and poverty. No person can escape His grip.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (27) It is Allah who made the earth and everything on and in it. and loves cleanliness and clean people. but also one’s mother and father. Only Allah has the right and authority to make rules and regulations for our lives and to make all the laws for us on this earth. security. Nobody can do any harm to a person whom He may want to protect or help. Any individual. without being asked. and life and death. none can stand in His way. Allah’s sustenance is both physical as well as spiritual. He can change the rich to poor. without limits. Allah creates the sustenance of each of His creatures before He creates them. However. family. If one has any. All power and authority rests in Him. Perfecter. not wrath. Provider. He is the donor of all without conditions. drink. but belongs to Allah. He created everything in it for a rightful purpose. He wants us to remain clean. He created the universe for a rightful purpose. husband or wife. This is because Allah is the real Owner or Master. 93 . but we have to work to achieve and contain our sustenance. beautiful. freedom to the trapped. but is also the Nourisher. We should therefore seek only His help when we are in trouble and approach nobody else. or nation that makes laws repugnant to the laws of Allah is a rebel and a usurper. (33) None can escape His punishment. Originator. and beneficial was created by Allah. (35) He creates whatever He wants and destroys whatever He pleases. He is King of kings and Ruler of rulers. even our tongues. feet. (32) Nothing happens without His command. light. (30) Allah is the Master and Owner of everything and everybody. everything that we use. sustenance and other resources. He changes night into day and day into night. the healthy to sick. He provides nourishment. He wants us to use all these things only according to His will and not as we wish. but they all are His property. Success and failure. eyes. and gratitude belong to Allah and Allah only. community. physically and spiritually. No one can take away the sustenance destined for each element of His creation. health and sickness. the happy to sad and depressed. (31) Allah is the Sovereign Lord and the sole Ruler of the whole universe. (34) He gives anything to anybody He wants and takes away anything from any person He wants. unpolluted. But He creates everything with a rightful purpose. victory and defeat. children to those who are barren. and Protector. without asking any benefit or return. (38) Allah is clean. honor (respect) and disgrace. no matter how prosperous or beneficial these laws may appear. He made the sun. ears. He gives money or sustenance to the poor. This means we must work hard to the best of our ability and capacity and at the same time pray to Allah for His help and guidance. He is the One and only One Who provides peace. possess. from the smallest necessity to the greatest fortune. (37) Allah helps only those who help themselves. happiness and sorrow. everywhere. and we are only the custodians of these things. Maintainer. or can possibly think of belongs to Allah. admiration. For whatever is good. He is the Most Praiseworthy. and Designer of the whole world and of everything in it. He designed everything in a precise way. and most comprehensive spiritual sustenance present today is the Holy Qur’an and the life of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). He is the bestower of everything to the one who is in need. Everything is in His grip. the moon. Thus. and knowledge to the ignorant. He created us for a rightful purpose. are all in His hand. air. He brings life from the dead (lifeless) and the dead from the living. None inherently possesses any good quality. He is the One and only One Who is praised by all existence. and blessings. (28) He is not only the Maker (Creator). group. Physical sustenance is not only food. and all other parts of our bodies are also the property of Allah. and always. His kingdom extends over the heavens and earth and everything in between and anywhere else. There is nothing outside of His kingdom and jurisdiction. the stars. Anything and everything that we claim or say is ours is actually not ours. abundance and scarcity. legs. giving everything to everyone. Guardian. But the only pure. joy. and many other things that are unknown to us. In Allah alone is vested all authority to declare things lawful and unlawful. to the ones who cannot ask and work for their own sustenance. luck and misfortune. (29) All the good praise. He provides spiritual sustenance in the form of divine guidance through his Messengers or prophets. thanks. He does whatever He wants. it is given by Allah (swt). In fact. All that we call natural laws is also included in material sustenance. and clothing. heat. Even one’s possessions and knowledge are part of one’s sustenance. and children as well. health to the sick. hands.

Allah has made obligatory upon Himself to shower His mercy on His creatures. or psychologically. and leading them to clear light and a higher life. Similarly. if we feel that by having certain worldly or material things (a good job. being Loving. while His justice and punishment are reserved for those who swerve from His plan and go out of His scheme. In short. Remembering Allah means that in our behavior and in our dealings with other people. say. there is nothing secular or un-Islamic for us. not just at the places of worship). and our whole life will become meaningless. (40) Allah is most loving and compassionate. all-embracing. Whatever mercy we see in another being.). we should not break His law and make sure that we make the best use of them to serve Allah and to achieve His pleasure. One part of these hundred parts of mercy He has put in this world.e. He restores our strength and energy after we are tired. He provides for the needs and requirements of all people. a proof of the unlimited mercy of Allah. are subjected to laws by Allah to serve us. Merciful. both in this world and in the Hereafter. service. then the entire time spent in the pursuit of these activities is time spent in worship of Allah. food. but gives them opportunity after opportunity to change. or resort to stealing or deceiving. protecting them. Our inborn qualities are the signs and examples of His grace and majesty. Kind. sleep. through rest. comfort. (45) Out of His mercy and kindness.. and we should never forget Him. nor do we harm others financially. All that He orders us to do is for our welfare and good. prosperous. His mercy is universal and all-pervasive. He provides sustenance even for animals. He arranges (provides) for our food. or make someone else the object of our worship. While earning our livelihood. Similarly. and universal. and other things even before our need arises. drink. preserving them. birds. but is bestowed upon him by Allah (swt). and provide all kinds of attention to our families. etc. so long as we do not break the law of Allah. (43) If we fail to obey Him or follow His command. Allah wants us to remember Him not only in mosques (i. He provides milk for us in the breast of our mother before our birth. does not expect us to do anything that we cannot do. Allah’s mercy in this world has many forms and shapes. we must not break His law. and has made us responsible to feed. the most Compassionate. which are part of the universe. (41) All things created in the world by Allah are designed to serve humankind. even the entire time spent in earning our livelihood is time spent in worship of or in service to Allah. and all other creatures. His love for us is more than the love of parents for their children. and peaceful life. and in the use of all our faculties and possessions (body. that mercy is only limited. whether they are good or bad. His mercy goes even before the need arises for His creatures. acquiring modern scientific knowledge and technology. He never commands any indecency. and whether they obey Him or not. He does not punish immediately His rebellious and disobedient people. emotionally. and worship. Thus. morally. guiding them.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (39) Allah is the most Merciful. protect. He forgives our mistakes and sins without punishment or revenge whenever we repent and ask for forgiveness. His mercy and compassion are unlimited and cover everything and everybody—all mankind. There are one hundred parts of the mercy of Allah. the most Tender. We should always be hopeful of His mercy and never be disappointed. He sends guidance for us so that we may fulfill the purpose of our life and we may lead a happy. and All-Knowing. then we shall be ungrateful. or making new inventions. but at all times and in all places. (42) Allah created human beings to worship Him. Him alone. When we are babies and have no teeth. etc. Allah’s mercy prevails over His anger. and obey Him. He has revealed divine books for the guidance of humankind. and no one else. so that he may become a source or means of nourishment and happiness for another creature. etc. and the most Kind. He arranges milk for us. such as love in the hearts of parents for their children so they take care of them. time. Allah expects us to build a righteous conduct. believers and non-believers. The presence of this mercy in that being is. a decent house. think. When we are growing. and loves those people who are loving and compassionate. The remaining ninety-nine parts of His mercy will be displayed by Him on the Day of Judgment. 94 . so long as our intention is to please Allah and we do not break His law. Even the sun and the moon. He puts love in the hearts of our parents so they take care of us. or in any of His sublime qualities. When we are too small to take care of ourselves. and it is not his personally. money. if we do it considering that Allah has made obligatory upon us to provide proper care and nourishment to our body. All that we do. serve Him. He gives us teeth and different kinds of food that are suitable for our growth and health. in itself. going to school is an act of worship if we feel that a learned and educated person can serve Allah better than an illiterate person. Similarly. He gives rewards for our good actions. a car. the wicked and the good. He does not forbid us from anything that is good for us. we can serve Allah better. There is none whose mercy is so unlimited. We shall not fulfill the very purpose for which we have been created. telling us the purpose of our creation. He forbids us only from those things that are harmful or not good for us. physically. or associate someone else with Allah in His obedience. which His creatures in this world show towards each other. and plan is considered acts of worship. Allah’s mercy is close to those who do good deeds. (44) Allah. This is the purpose of our creation.).

wealth. It is below His dignity and status to come in a human body and live on earth. not out of personal revenge. and He answers all our prayers at all times and in all places. Allah does not accept his repentance. Again. He listens to them. He rewards them in this world. community. and serve Allah.” (48) Allah is most forgiving. and worries. He wants us to stop evil. He can do anything we cannot do because we are only human beings. and does not need any intermediary. society. Allah accepted their prayer after about 2. we should repent immediately.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (46) He sends this guidance through selected human beings called Messengers or prophets. they are for sure going to be punished in the life after death for their rebellion and acts of disobedience to Allah (swt). or nation from that evil. we should not hesitate to repent again. despite their disobedience and rebellion against Allah. sometimes Allah (swt) does not give us the same thing that we ask for. He prefers that we should endure it with patience and should not only forgive. and show us how we should worship. being a superhuman. For example. provided we repent. 95 . cannot be a model for us. and that. but sometimes this acceptance of our prayer is not immediate. and punish the evil-doer if necessary. we can retaliate only to the extent that we were wronged. (52) He listens to our prayers and requests directly. If a person repents after seeing the symptoms of his death. For example. When we raise our hands before Him for help. provided we do not rush and give up asking. We should never be disappointed in His mercy. This does not mean that Allah likes them or they are the favorites of Allah. we should ask forgiveness from him first before we ask forgiveness from Allah. Allah (swt) does this to justify His severe punishment for them. however. He is not only the Forgiver of mistakes and Acceptor of repentance. if one comes to Him purely as a supplicant. material things of this world. except as a matter of absolute grace from Him. then his righteous deeds automatically become the means of washing away his sin or sins. but after a while. too. the problems that a believer faces in his life. people would have said: “Our Prophet or Messenger. His Prophet. or any other sin. we should approach (request) Him directly and not through any other media. he needs repentance to be forgiven. but if we do retaliate. community. This means that if we happen to commit the same sin again. He loves those who forgive. we ask Him to forgive us the sin we committed. all become atonement for his sins and mistakes. No one can influence Him or get his recommendation accepted. a descendent of Abraham (pbuh) and Ismail (pbuh). but gives something better than that. permits us to retaliate.500 years. and we do not commit that sin again. sickness. But He also wants us to nip the evil in the bud. It is a great sin to believe that God comes (or came) to earth as a human being to live among us as a human being. and always accepts our prayers in one of the following forms. but also overlooks our sins. Once we realize our mistake. If God had come by Himself in the form of a human being or had sent some angel or any other superhuman. Similarly. There is not a thorn that pricks a believer that does not become atonement for his sins. prosperity. if a believer happens to commit a sin out of human weakness and he is also doing righteous deeds. when He made Mohammed (pbuh). if we have to ask Him for forgiveness of our sins or we want something else. and comforts and pleasures of this life to those people who ignore and disregard His message and even rebel against Him. He should not be conceived in the image of worldly rulers who cannot be reached without intermediaries. (53) Allah (swt) likes that people call upon Him for help. (49) Allah forgives again and again and He loves to forgive. So. Prophet Abraham and his son Ismail prayed to Allah to raise a prophet from among their children. so that it may not engulf the whole society. Allah (swt) catches such people suddenly and often at a time when these people are at the peak of their happiness. use force for that. If someone does wrong to us. for example. Repentance means that we feel sorry and ashamed before Allah over the wrong we have done. All non¬believers need repentance for the forgiveness of all their sins. Only unbelievers and misguided ones despair of His mercy. There is nothing that He does not forgive. This is because Allah does not forgive us unless the person harmed has first forgiven. or nation. He often forgives many sins of believers even without repentance or without their asking for forgiveness. But we should not unnecessarily delay our repentance. He. because He forgives again and again. (47) These prophets and Messengers guide us by their teachings. if a believer commits sins deliberately. If we have done wrong to someone. but repel evil with what is best. present practical examples. and he is a superhuman. hard times. He feels ashamed to return them empty. He does not come by Himself in the form of a human body to live on earth and guide us. (50) Since Allah (swt) is most forgiving. (i) Allah (swt) accepts prayer in this world. However. Even if they continue enjoying this life until they die. (51) Sometimes Allah (swt) opens the doors of progress. obey. but out of our desire to protect the individuals.

for pleasing people. family.” (Holy Qur’an. country. All godly qualities and divine attributes belong to Him. He will reward us only for those good actions that we do purely for the sake of Allah. no matter how good these actions may appear. 7:31). month. He loves those who are generous and spend on the poor and on other good causes. They may be from any race. selfish. Allah takes steps larger than the step of man to be closer to him. or region. with the potential to do both good and evil. He likes that we ask Him again and again. Allah does not accept the prayer of a person whose body has been nourished from prohibited or forbidden illegal food and/or the clothes which he is wearing have been purchased with money earned by illegal or prohibited means. Allah never gets fed up by our asking. or by such other means prohibited by Allah. there are certain places where Allah may be more responsive to our prayers than in other places. fasting and charity. (59) All greatness is His exclusive right and therefore He does not like those who are arrogant and haughty. People become sinners only when they themselves break His laws. (58) Allah is a friend to those believers who obey Him. There is no chosen race to Him. or those who are spendthrifts. intoxicants. rich or poor. Similarly. He will like us more than those who are not obedient to Him. (56) Allah likes moderation and does not like those who go to extremes. He says: “Eat and drink without going to excess. ƒ Foods prohibited by Allah are pork. race. (iii) Sometimes He stops some forthcoming calamity or misfortune. He therefore does not like anyone behaving in a godly manner towards any other person or group. He does not like celibacy. Allah created all people innocent and sinless. He wants us to get married. He likes moderation or the middle course. and they hold back for the sake of Allah. or narrow-minded people. There are also certain times in the day. If we are good and obedient to Him. they make enemies for the sake of Allah. All these acts are acts of worship. He does not like stingy.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (ii) Sometimes He reserves its reward in the next world. It is entirely up to us whether we should commit sin or not. if someone happens to commit a sin. and considers them arrogant people. or year when Allah accepts prayer more readily. Any person who demands obedience to himself from others naturally puts himself in the wrong position. which is wrong. and play a very active role in the affairs of this world. Prohibited food means one or both of the following: ƒ Food purchased with money earned illegally. such as stealing. He will not reward any person for those actions which are performed for show. if we do them without breaking His law and stay within the limits set by Him. race. cheating. All people are equal in His eyes. they spend for the sake of Allah. He does not like those who do not ask for help. or to earn the favor (to be in the good books) of anybody else. In fact. (57) Anyone who remembers Allah will not be left helpless and unprotected. (i. or ancestry. and with a free will. or to please Allah. whether they are black or white. he is forgiven by God and he becomes like a person who never committed that sin. or nation than others. robbing. (54) Allah is generous and likes generosity. He does not want us to renounce this world.e. (60) Allah will reward us for our good actions in the Hereafter according to our intentions. have children. through interest or usury. (55) One of the signs of perfect faith in Allah is that people make friends for the sake of Allah. because Allah is the Lord of all. If a person tries to get close to Allah. 96 . Again. While people get annoyed when we ask them something again and again. for fame. If he repents his sin. (62) Allah is impartial. tribe. exploiting. (61) Some people believe we are all sinners by birth. alcohol. it does not mean he is condemned forever. He has only one moral code for all. When in prayers and worship. He likes humble and obedient people. He does not favor people because of their skin color. and harmful and habit-forming drugs. He does not have greater interest in any individual. He looks towards our hearts and our actions. what is sin and what is not). He takes upon Himself the responsibility of telling us what we should and what we should not do. The prayers of a person who is a victim of an aggression or injustice are accepted by Allah more promptly.

The length of our life on this earth compared to the length of our life in the next world is like the twinkling of an eye or the amount of water that a finger dipped in an ocean will gather. He is the best Judge. and deeds of the recommended. Allah has ordained for us certain obligations and rights towards each other. etc. and appropriate things. except with His permission. and nobody else will sit with Him to judge mankind. This means that the recommender has knowledge of the life. we are answerable to Allah (swt) as to how we earn every penny (by legal or illegal means) and where we spend it. Adam and Eve.) and in all the divine books given to them. compared to all the water of the ocean. with Adam as the first prophet and Mohammed (pbuh) as the last prophet. He therefore wants us to live like members of one household. and everyone is accountable for the trust put under him. The mission of all these prophets was to correct and explain the divine teachings received by them and demonstrate. This permission. but there are many more not mentioned in these books. Some of these prophets are mentioned in the Holy Qur’an and some in the Bible. but will be the Master of the Day of Judgment. Hell is a place of burning fire. from one set of parents. We should therefore try to pay more attention to life after death. We believe in all these prophets (Moses. a place of miseries and torture. hands. We should be more concerned as to how we are going to live in the everlasting life after death. (64) We are answerable to Allah for all our actions and deeds. Thus. with basic teachings the same and common to all prophets. every father will be questioned as to how he has fulfilled his obligation towards his children. No one can intercede with Him or make any recommendation to Him. will be tied to four conditions: (a) Only the person allowed will be able to speak or recommend and none else. but He will not ask us whether or not we have taken our rights from others (i. and lead a life of obedience to Him. our time. and our life. Abraham. which is only a few seconds compared to life after death. but is Master of the Day of Judgment and is also merciful. Paradise is a place where people will have all sorts of comforts and pleasures. Some prophets were not given any book. etc. We also believe that all the people who believed in their prophets were true believers. or Muslims. for their followers. The only way to lead a happy life here and a happy life after death is to follow the guidance of Allah. Allah is not bound to punish him.e.). (67) Allah (swt) made this life of ours on earth temporary and short. where they will live forever.. but made life after death permanent and everlasting. There are many more prophets who were sent to other communities in the world. but He is not answerable to anybody for His actions. He can recommend only the one allowed by Allah. Allah has put in our custody certain things. they came to revive the message of earlier prophets. by practical examples. Similarly. legs. whether others have fulfilled their obligations to us). He will also ask us how much we have translated the knowledge of Din into our actions. ears. as we call them. having sympathy. He will punish the disbelievers and others who did not obey Him by sending them to hell. (66) Judgment belongs to Allah (swt) alone. The head of state will be questioned about his subjects. Only the actions of believers (or actions with faith) will help on that day. 97 . it is not necessary or obligatory for Allah (swt) to accept the recommendation. rather than to life in this world.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (63) Allah created all people equal. (d) Despite all this. (68) We believe that Allah (swt) sent prophets or Messengers to every community of the world at different times in history. The teachings of these prophets were evolutionary. We all are therefore like brothers and sisters to each other. and cooperation with each other. actions. every wife will be asked about her household and child-rearing responsibilities. feet. we are answerable to Him as to how and where we use our body (eyes. The minimum qualification of the recommended person is that he is a believer. He will bring back to life all people and will reward those who obeyed Him by sending them to Paradise (heaven). rather than the temporary life of this world. The prophets mentioned in the Bible are only those who were sent to a particular community. He will not merely be the judge. compassion. He can forgive anyone He wants. Jesus. if at all given. intellect. just. (c) The person allowed to intercede or recommend will say only right. Although Allah commands us to believe in all the earlier prophets. our various faculties. His judgment in sending us to heaven or hell will be fair and impartial and will be based purely on merit or on His mercy. Since He is not merely a judge. tongue. love. (b) Such a person cannot recommend any person he wants. He wants us to follow and obey only Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). (65) One day after death. every person who assumed or was appointed for a particular job will be accountable to Him. This means that if someone is found guilty on the basis of witness testimony against him. He will ask us on the Day of Judgment whether or not we have carried out those obligations towards others.

they vary in rank and status. or from a cruel dictator. (69) Although Allah sent innumerable prophets and Messengers. sometimes we think that a certain thing is harmful to us. nor were complete or comprehensive enough. With the coming of the Holy Qur’an.” (John. left the mission of Prophethood incomplete. (71) We believe that only Allah knows best what is good for us and what is not. This fear of Allah (swt) is not a paralyzing dread in the negative sense of the term. The teachings of none of the earlier prophets were of universal nature. and follow His commandments and the law as described in the Qur’an and explained and exemplified by Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). from an evil person. and Jesus says very clearly that he was sent only for the children of Israel. He leads astray only the ones who want to go astray. running away from sin towards virtue. nor to grasp them now. perfected. therefore there is no model for us in their histories. nor to take them upon you. All the scriptures other than the Holy Qur’an that are present today are a mixture of the word of God and the word of man. but also there are thousands of people who memorize it every year all over the world. It is not only in written form. (b) We do not know much about the life history of earlier prophets. which leads to the pleasures of Allah (swt). We sometimes think that a certain thing is good for us. (a) All the previous divine books (scriptures) have either been lost or corrupted by man. guidance for mankind has been completed. do righteous deeds. to be completed and fulfilled by Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). this Book is present today in its original form without any change. But when He. This fear of Allah implies rejection of evil. To Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). who was the last Jewish prophet and who is the most prominent prophet immediately preceding Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). The most important prophet preceding Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) was Jesus (pbuh). He is reported to have said to his disciples in the Gospel of John: “I have still many things to say to you. (73) Allah (swt) loves those who fear Him. but it may actually be harmful for us. and what we know about them is shrouded in mystery and is not authentic. or unless we love Him more than anything else. For He will not speak His own message. which is the latest and the last edition of the Divine Scriptures. (70) We believe that anyone whom Allah (swt) leads astray cannot be guided by anyone. it binds us with Allah. that makes us run away from the object of fear or hide from it. but you are not able to bear them. and there will be no more prophets or Messengers after him. None of the earlier Messengers claimed that he was the last Messenger. 16:12-13) (d) Allah himself has promised to protect the divine Book given to Mohammed (pbuh) from interpolation or corruption by human hand (Holy Qur’an. It is the fear of offending Him or doing anything that may displease Him.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind get guidance for our life only from the Book given to him. Jesus. Consequently. and take him as the model for our entire life for the following reasons. 15:9). (c) The guidance for mankind has been completed and perfected through Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). Allah gave the following four special qualities that were not given to any other prophet: (a) Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) is the last and the final prophet or Messenger. but actually it may be good for us. Jesus appointed twelve disciples and he instructed them to go only to the twelve tribes of the children of Israel. love Him. This one fear drives away all 98 . but will tell whatever He hears (from God). and then to practice virtue. including our life. and preserved. (c) The teachings of all the earlier prophets were only for their own people and only for a certain time period. At the same time. with some higher than others. and embracing of righteousness. It is the state of mind with an intense desire to discriminate between good and evil. such as we have from a wild animal. He will guide you into all the Truth. All previous divine books stand superseded and rendered null and void with the coming of the Qur’an. and not to go to others. On the contrary. the Spirit of Truth comes. (b) He is the prophet for the entire human race. (72) We believe that we cannot really please Allah and make Him happy with us unless we are prepared to sacrifice or spend for His cause what is most dear and beloved to us. Furthermore.

A person who is afraid of Allah (swt) does not have to fear anybody or anything. and are respectful. (74) Allah (swt) loves those who repent. and this videotape will be played to us on the Day of Judgment. and how we spent that earned income. Thus. the ruler according to his deeds and the ruled according to their deeds. Our first test is whether or not we believe in Him without seeing Him. (78) Allah (swt) loves those who struggle hard with all their abilities and resources (physical. do unto others as they wish for themselves. Our test in riches and in plenty is whether or not we are grateful to Him. are steadfast. Poverty tempts one to doubt and to complain. then the next test is whether or not we obey Him. whether or not we are steadfast on the path of obedience to Him. (84) Allah (swt) is continuously videotaping our entire life. if you show more zeal in your job when the supervisor is watching you than when the employer or the supervisor is absent. are honest. (77) All people are like the family of Allah. are true to their word and fulfill their promises. are patient. who overlook the faults of others instead of criticizing and backbiting. whose mission is to mislead man and take him away from the path of obedience to the path of disobedience. not even death. whether they are made with Allah or with people. The devil does not have the power to compel or force us. (85) Allah (swt) has appointed two angels for every human being to record whatever he or she does or says. On the other hand. everyone will be judged according to his deeds: the poor according to their deeds and the rich according to their deeds. etc. arrogant. (79) Allah (swt) makes the misdeeds of transgressors seem fair to them. (83) Allah (swt) will enable the various parts of our bodies to tell on Judgment Day and give witness about us as to what kind of acts they were asked to perform. boastful. or friends. (82) Allah (swt) makes this life as a test for us. if you are an employee. To elaborate on the last point. by making us rich and poor. bear true witness even if doing so hurts them. The riches of this world tempt one to revolt and become arrogant. as well as the freedom to choose. (75) Allah (swt) does not like those who disrupt peace. He tests our faith by putting us in both good and bad situations. If we believe in Him. through the death of dear ones due to accidents. by giving us something and by taking it away. how we spent every moment of our life. Thus. if we commit any evil. He has given us the power of discrimination.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind other fears and makes a person fearless. who are treacherous. and true believers from hypocrites. on the Day of Judgment. it is our own fault. (80) Allah (swt) likes those who are truthful. a person who is not afraid of Allah is afraid of everything and everybody all the time. and Allah (swt) likes those who are good to His family. forgive others. and hardships is to exercise patience and remain steadfast. He loves those who are pious. He has also taught us to opt for good and escape from evil. peace-loving. are strong yet humble. by putting us in hunger. and our test in poverty. Allah does not like those who are haughty. (86) Allah (swt) has manifested His attribute as Creator of the evil in the devil or Satan. have sweet tongues. In this modern 99 . and look down upon others. thirst. if you stretch your break beyond fifteen minutes. and according to the terms of your contract. how we earned our livelihood. the employer allows you a fifteen-minute coffee break. Another purpose in testing people with prosperity and adversity is so that people might come back to the path of obedience to Allah. Although Allah has created evil as well as good. are trustworthy. (81) Allah (swt) does not put upon us any burden of responsibility that is more than we can handle. their relatives. or who create chaos and disorder on earth. Each of us comes here to show our true self. but can only tempt us by deceiving us. treat their parents well. are persevering. Similarly. The angel on the right side records good deeds. and peacemakers. In this way. or the failure of our efforts. are helpful to others. intellectual. giving false hopes and expectations. (87) Allah (swt) punishes people only after His message has reached them and they have disregarded it. He cannot force us. and the one on the left side records bad deeds. and financial) to work for His pleasure and to carry out His commands. fear. Allah also separates the people of strong faith from those of weak faith. you are not giving full measure or you are breaking your promise or contract. and whether or not we are prepared to sacrifice each and every thing for His pleasure. do not steal. persecution. do not kill innocent people. build instead of destroy. whether or not we control our passions and desires. (76) Allah (swt) likes those who prefer to give rather than receive. and give full measure when they weigh.

(101) Allah (swt) may forgive any sin on the Day of Judgment (even if a person dies without repenting for that sin). Allah created angels from light. and cannot imagine. it is for Allah to decide whom the true message of Allah (Islam) has reached. and when the appointed time for death comes. (88) Allah (swt) does not punish people so long as they continue to ask for forgiveness from Him for their sins. all that will make only as little a difference in the treasure of Allah (swt) as a pin or needle will make when it is dipped into the ocean and taken out. including themselves. (103) If all the people on the surface of earth reject Allah (swt). and the jinn from fire. (by a voice. When a person continues to ask Allah forgiveness of his sins. Allah will open for him the way to get out of all problems. 100 . (96) Things that Allah (swt) has for the believers in the next world are much better than what we have in this world. We shall get whatever we desire. (93) Allah (swt) has promised the believers that they will be victorious and will have the upper hand. by His command. He does not postpone it. He has ninety-nine beautiful names. He is self-sufficient and self-contained. (107) If all the human beings and the jinns from the beginning of this world gather together in a big open field and pray to Allah. (97) Allah (swt) has appointed the place and time for the death of everybody. and scientific achievement. (100) Allah (swt) is with those who are steadfast. or light from Him. never heard of. He speaks either through sudden inspiration (secret instruction). or He sends a Messenger (an angel) who. (92) Those who struggle in the path of Allah will be shown the ways leading to Him. and they are innocent creatures incapable of disobeying Allah. (99) Allah (swt) created man from dust. (106) If all the trees on earth were pens and the sea were ink. A person who cries out of fear of punishment by Allah will not enter hell. with seven more seas yet added to it. (95) Allah (swt) is the perfect artist who gives everything the most unique and beautiful form and the most perfect shape. reveals whatever He wills. (98) Allah (swt) rotates or changes good and bad days.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind age of technology. (108) Allah (swt) will (or can) bring the end of this universe in the twinkling of an eye. (89) All beautiful names belong to Allah (swt). and will fulfill his needs in a way he least expects. then Allah seals their heart and they cannot gain any truth. (90) Allah (swt) does not break His promise. which no one knows. but He will not forgive the sin of associating partners with Him. Allah’s supreme qualities would not be exhausted. They should prefer Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) over everything. and controls the final destiny of individuals and nations. (91) Allah (swt) does not speak to any mortal man face-to-face. (104) Favors of Allah (swt) are so numerous that they cannot be computed. (102) When people commit evil or go astray knowingly and persistently. He has things that we have never seen. as it were) from behind a veil. (94) Allah (swt) commands the believers to have maximum respect for Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). (105) Allah’s mercy overpowers His anger. education. it makes no difference to Him. and should not raise their voice above the voice of the Prophet (pbuh). Allah (swt) may give all of them whatever they requested. Both these creatures have freedom of choice and are responsible to Allah for their actions and conduct. guidance.

(118) Remembrance of Allah (swt) brings peace and contentment to believers.given intelligence for these purposes and blindly follow the wrong path are worse than animals. has four components. c) The third component of the Tawheed concept is that by virtue of His Godhead. and all the other forms of worship. and to distinguish truth from falsehood. a small army can win a battle against a larger army. but to know Him. Similarly. (117) With Allah’s grace. bowing and prostrating. b) The second component of this concept is that there are certain attributes of Godhead that are present only in that One Being. and He will also ask the people to whom Messengers were sent. (112) Those who work for the cause of Allah (swt) are helped by Him and their footsteps are made firm. and many human beings. and to make laws for the regulation of human life. providing devotional greetings. the power to benefit or harm people in a supernatural way. (114) Guidance given by Allah (swt) is the only true guidance for man. to fulfill needs of people and rescue them from distress. vowing offerings in His name. (111) Only Allah (swt) knows when the last day is and He wants to keep it a secret. to recognize Him. Such authority belongs to God alone. not to make weapons for the destruction of humankind or for committing other evils. and neither is He begotten. only God has the rightful authority to determine what is lawful and what is unlawful. He is One and Only. 101 . (116) Allah’s help comes to believers. For example. (113) Those who spend in the path of Allah (swt) to please Him will be rewarded many times more than what they spent. He begets not. Nobody shares with Him in this essence of divinity. In the same way. God possesses a certain authority that no one else has or shares with Him. but often only when He has thoroughly tested them. d) The fourth component of the unity concept is that by virtue of His Godhead. (119) Allah (swt) will ask all the Messengers on the Day of Judgment whether they conveyed His message to the people and what was their response. Allah says that those human beings who do not use their God. calling Him to rescue one from afflictions and misfortune. and reverence are exclusively the right of Allah. to respond to their prayers. slaughtering animals and making any other offerings in thanksgiving for His grace. benevolence. but gives us convincing arguments for all that He wants us to believe. He has no parents. This means that mathematically or numerically. to protect them. no one except Allah deserves to be loved to the exclusion of all other attachments or to be held in such awe that one always fears His wrath and dreads the violation of His command. the beasts. no children. He has certain rights over us that no other being has or can share with Him. (121) Allah (swt) does not want us to have blind faith in anything. a) The first component of this concept is that God is One in essence. which is the most important attribute of Allah (swt). right from wrong. Allah may not punish him for that. and no relatives. to make or mar them—all this power belongs to Allah only and none share with Him this authority. (115) Decisions on all matters rest in the hand of Allah (swt). and in acknowledgment of His Over lordship.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (109) Everything in the heavens and the earth bows down before Allah (swt): the sun and the moon. both openly and in private. the stars and the mountains. (120) The concept of Tawheed. (110) If a person says things against Allah (swt) or commits evil under compulsion. For example. He gave us intellect. adoration. standing in awe and reverence with folded hands. the trees. and good from evil. to serve Him. and recognizing anyone other than God as possessing it is tantamount to associating others with God in His authority.

and convincing. Mohammed (pbuh) is the Messenger of Allah (swt). To understand this quiet language of the universe. very rational. one has to make a little effort to use his God-given intellect. and between truth and falsehood. about its Creator. and lessons. and reflect on everything in the world. The first section quotes verses from the Holy Qur’an. and the other sections give their implications. but it also tells us why we should believe that God exists and why there is only one God. There is no other religion in the world that lays so much emphasis on the use of our intellect and reason. ponder. be said that the Holy Qur’an does not spoon-feed. knowing. and serving Almighty God. explanations. Similarly. The Holy Qur’an does not merely say that we should believe in God. superstitions. expecting the reader to probe and explore their comprehensive meanings. we shall (Insha-Allah) study the arguments given by the Qur’an about Tawheed. and ambiguities. i. however. between right and wrong. it gives convincing arguments as to why we should believe that the Holy Qur’an is the Book from Allah (swt). The Holy Qur’an says that those human beings who do not use their God-given intellect for this purpose. are worse than animals.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind CHAPTER 16 Qur’anic Arguments about the Existence of One True God (Tawheed) INTRODUCTION slam is very simple. with a silent tongue. and everything in it is telling us. and follow others blindly. Man has been made an intelligent creature solely for the purpose of recognizing. It may. and that there is life after death. Islam appeals to both common sense and reason. easily understandable. The Qur’an gives us convincing arguments for everything it commands us to believe. In this lesson. The Holy Qur’an invites us again and again to look around. This entire universe is like an open book. deductions. It often makes brief but very meaningful statements. the One True Almighty God. Allah (swt) has enabled man to differentiate between good and bad.. This lesson is divided into the following fifteen sections. conclusions. free from myths.e. and implications. Section I: Section II: Section III: Section IV: Section V: Section VI: Section VII: Section VIII: Section IX: Section X: Section XI: Section XII: Section XIII: Section XIV: Section XV: Some References in the Holy Qur’an Belief in the Existence of God Almighty Ingrained in the Nature of Man Man’s Helplessness Signs Above — in the Heavens Signs in the Atmosphere Signs in Rainfall Signs in the Relationship Between the Sun and the Earth Signs in Day and Night Signs in Water Section Signs in the Earth Section Signs in Life Signs in Plant and Animal Life Signs in Man Signs in Reproduction Why Believe in God and Only One God Having No Partners I 102 .

Then. in the vessels which speed across the sea carrying the things which are of profit to men.’ At that time you invoke Allah alone. And it is He Who has set up the stars for you so that you may find your way in the deep darkness of the land and the sea. the Merciful. it is He Who has ordained the night for rest and determined the time of the rising and the setting of the moon and the sun. Verse 40-41 (Surah A1-An’aam) “Ask them to consider deeply and answer. Chapter 7. in the water which Allah sends down from the heaven thereby quickening the earth after its death. Verse 95-99 (Surah A1-An’aam) “Allah is the splitter of the seed and the fruit-stone. Behold! We have made Our signs clear for those people who possess knowledge. Who makes the night cover the day and then the day follows the night swiftly.’ Behold! how We present Our signs over and over again in different ways before them so that they should understand reality.’Who rescues you from perils in the darkness of the land and sea? Who is He Whom you implore humbly and invoke secretly [at the time of affliction]? [To Whom do you make this promise. Chapter 6. Verse 57-58 (Surah A1-A’raf) “And it is Allah Who sends winds as harbingers of the good tidings of His mercy.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind SECTION I SOME REFERENCES IN THE HOLY QUR’AN (1) Holy Qur’an. And it is He Who created you from a single soul and provided for each of you a dwelling place and a repository. And He it is Who sent down rain water from the sky and thereby caused every kind of vegetation to grow. all these things have been determined by the same All-Powerful and the All-Wise One.” (2) Holy Qur’an. in the scattering of every kind of animal in the earth.” (5) Holy Qur’an. yet each has its distinct quality. the moon and the stars. though their fruits resemble. the Compassionate.” (3) Holy Qur’an. all of which are under His command. it is He Who brings forth the living from the dead and the dead from the living. Verse 54 (Surah A1-A’raf ) “In fact. yet you associate other partners with Him’.” (6) Holy Qur’an. Verse 63-64) (Surah A1-An’aam) “O Mohammed ask them. He drives them on to some dead land. if you speak the truth.” Say. if He pleases. It is Allah Who does all these things: where. when they gather up heavy clouds. and in the courses of the winds and the clouds pressed into service between heaven and earth. and makes the rain fall upon it and brings forth many kinds of fruits [from the same 103 . Chapter 7.” (7) Holy Qur’an. Full of blessings is Allah. and then sat upon the throne of His Kingdom. (To guide) those who use their reason (to this truth) there are many signs in the creation of the heaven and the earth. We have made these signs clear for those who are men of understanding. Chapter 2. He removes the distress for which you had cried to Him. your Lord is Allah alone. Chapter 6. you forget those whom you had set up as His partners. the Lord of the universe. do you invoke any other than Allah? Answer. ‘when some great misfortune befalls you. from you and on such occasions. then are you being misled? He causes dawn to appear out of the curtain of the night. or the last hour approaches you. Chapter 6. Note it well: His is the creation and His is the Sovereignty. Behold! How they bring forth fruit and how the fruits ripen. Chapter 6. and then with it produced green fields and trees and from them brought forth close growing grain and from the blossoms of the palm trees brought forth laden sheaths of clustering dates and vineyards and olive groves and gardens of pomegranates. Who created the heavens and the earth in six days. there is no god but He. ‘Allah delivers you from that and every other affliction.” (4) Holy Qur’an. Verse 65 (Surah A1-An’aam) “Say. ‘He has the power to bring a scourge on you from above you or from beneath your feet or to split you into discordant factions to make you taste the violence of one another.] “We will be grateful if You rescue us from this affliction’. in the constant alternation of night and day. Who created the sun. there are indeed signs in these things for those who believe. Verses 163-164 (Surah A1-Baqarah) “Your God is One God.

Surely there are great signs in these for those who reflect upon them. Thus do We present Our signs over and over again for those people who intend to be grateful. And thereby He grows for you crops and olives and date palms and vines and different kinds of many other fruits. And provided therein means of sustenance for you and for many other creatures for whom you do not provide. and by stars too. and We send down each thing in an appropriate measure.” “It is He Who has subjected the sea to your service so that you may get fresh flesh from it to eat and bring out of it articles of ornament. yields rich produce by Allah’s permission and the soil that is poor yields nothing but poor produce. And in the many things of different colors He has created for you in the earth. and He covers the day with the veil of night. while they are wrangling about Allah. it may be that you learn a lesson from this observation. and caused to grow therein every kind of vegetable in balanced measure. and fixed immovable mountains in it. glorify Him in awe of Him.” (9) Holy Qur’an. and gave to the day its light. The soil that is rich. In this there are many signs for those who make use of their common sense. Chapter 15. and you see that the ship plows her course through it. There is not a thing whose treasures are not with Us.” (8) Holy Qur’an. and made the rivers flow on it. Verse 12-13 (Surah Ar-Ra’d) “It is He Who makes the lightening flash before you to fill you both with fear and with hope: it is He Who raises clouds laden with water. He has done all this so that you may seek of His bounty and show gratitude to Him. they are directed aright. He has created in pairs every kind of fruit. Verse 67 (Surah Younus) “It is He Who ordained the night for you to repose in it. He has placed landmarks to direct people.” (11) Holy Qur’an. corn fields and groves the date palm with single or double trunk. Verse 10-17 (Surah An-Nahl) “He it is. The fact is that His plan is very effective. Chapter 13. which you wear.” (12) Holy Qur’an. there is indeed a sign for those who learn lessons from them.” “And it is He Who has spread out the earth. Chapter 16.” “And behold! There are different regions on the earth. then He sat Himself upon the Throne of His Kingdom: He subjected the sun and the moon to a law. Verse 53 (Surah An-Nahl) “Whatever blessing you enjoy it is from Allah alone. But no sooner does He relieve you of your distress than some of you begin to associate others with Him [in gratitude for this favor].” “He has driven mountains firmly into the earth lest it should turn away from its usual course along with you.” (10) Holy Qur’an. The thunder glorifies Him with His praise and the angels. He lets loose thunder bolts and [often] smites with them whomsoever He wills. Chapter 16. close to one another: there are vineyards. He makes His signs plain: may be you are convinced of meeting your Lord. Chapter 13. All are irrigated with the same water.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind dead land]. Chapter 610. Indeed there are signs in this for those who listen [to the message]. run to Him for help. Everything in this universe is running its course to a fixed term. which provides drink for you and brings forth fodder for your cattle. Surely there is a great sign in this for those who ponder. then. And Allah alone is directing the whole affair. to show ingratitude for Allah’s favor. Look! This is how We bring forth the dead from the state of death. Verse 19-21 (Surah Al-Hijr) “We stretched out the earth and set firm mountains upon it.” 104 . with your supplications. too.” “He has subjected to your service the day and the night and the sun and the moon: likewise are subjected all the stars by His command. He has caused rivers to flow and made natural ways so that you may be directed aright. yet We make some more tasteful than others.” (13) Holy Qur’an. Verse 2-4 (Surah Ar-Ra’d) “It is Allah Who raised up the heavens without such pillars as you could see. when you have a hard time. Most surely there are many Signs in all these things for those who use their common sense. Who sends down water for you from the sky. you.

you should know that We first created you of clay.” (20) Holy Qur’an. but We have made the sun its pilot.’” (16) Holy Qur’an. tell them that if there had been other deities [Allah] besides Allah. and before Him you shall be gathered. ‘Our Lord is He Who has given a distinctive form to everything and then guided it aright. Verse 78-80 (Surah Al-Mu’minun) “It is Allah Who has endowed you with faculties of hearing and seeing and given you mind to think.” (15) Holy Qur’an. Chapter 20.” (19) Holy Qur’an. Chapter 22. And you see the land lying dry and barren. We roll it up little by little towards ourselves. And We make those [sperm-drops].” 105 . Had it been so. then a spermdrop. it stirs [to life]. Chapter 17. Verse 5-6 (Surah Al-Hajj) “O people. shaped or shapeless. Verse 45-48 (Surah Al-Furqan) “Have you not seen how your Lord lengthens out the shadow? Had He willed. Verse 18 (Surah Al-Hajj) “Do you not see that everything in the heavens and the earth bows down before Allah? And so do the sun and the moon and the stars and the mountains and the trees and the beasts and a large number of the people and even a large number of those who have deserved the torment. and controls the alternation of the night and the day. Do you not understand this?” (21) Holy Qur’an. every deity would have become an independent ruler over its creation. It is He Who has scattered you in the earth. but you do not show any gratitude. And there may be among you one who is recalled earlier and one who is returned to the most abject age so that he should know nothing even after knowing all he could. It is He Who gives life and ordains death. Verse 18 (Surah Al-Mu’minun) “And We sent down water from the sky in due measure and lodged it in the earth: and We are able to take it away as We will. [We are telling you this] so that We make the reality plain to you. He would have made it constant. Who has no partner in His sovereignty. He to Whom belongs the Sovereignty of the heavens and the earth. they would have tried to override one another. Who has sent down Al-Furqan to His servant so that it may be a warning to all mankind. Verse 50 (Surah Taha) “Moses replied. Chapter 25.” (23) Holy Qur’an. moreover. which remain in the womb for a fixed period. Verse 1-2 (Surah Al-Furqan) “Highly blessed is He.” (17) Holy Qur’an. then [as the sun climbs up]. as they assert. then of a lump of flesh. Chapter 22. Verse 91 (Surah Al-Mu’minun) “Allah has taken none as offspring and no other deity is a partner with Him. then [We nourish you] so that you may attain your full youth. This is so because Allah is the Truth. Chapter 23. Allah does whatever He wills. Chapter 23.” (18) Holy Qur’an. then We bring you forth as a child. And the one whom Allah degrades and disgraces has none to make him worthy of honor. if you have any doubt about life-after-death. Who created each and everything and then ordained its destiny. Chapter 21. Who has taken no son. they would surely have tried to find a way to (dethrone) the Master of the Throne.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (14) Holy Qur’an. but as soon as We send down rain water upon it. Chapter 25. Chapter 23. Verse 42 (Surah Bani-Israel) “O Mohammed. in that case. Verse 22 (Surah Al-Anbiya) “Had there been other deities [Allah] than Allah in the heavens and the earth. and swells and brings forth every kind of luxuriant vegetation. both [the heavens and the earth] would have gone out of order.” (22) Holy Qur’an. then of a clot of blood.

” “And it is He. then from him He caused two kinds of kindred. and Who relieves him of his affliction? And [Who is it Who] makes you vicegerents on the earth? Is there besides Allah any other god [to do this]? How little you reflect. Chapter 30. Verse 86 (Surah Al-Namal) “Do they not perceive that We have ordained the night for them to have rest in it. and created love and mercy between you. and set in it firm mountains and placed barriers between the two bodies of water? Is there besides Allah any other god (who is His associate in these works)? Nay. Surely in this there are many signs for those who pay heed. Verse 54 (Surah Al-Furqan) “And it is He. Likewise. then behold. your Lord is All-Powerful. Chapter 27. Verse 78-80 (Surah Ash-Shuaraa) “Abraham said. Chapter 27.” 106 .’” (28) Holy Qur’an. Chapter 26. Who drives the winds to be the harbingers of His mercy.” “Of His signs is this that He has created you from dust. Chapter 25.” “And of His signs is your sleep by night and by day and your seeking of His bounty (during the day). Verse 7-8 (Surah Ash-Shuaraa) “And have they never looked at the earth [and seen] how We have created in it a variety of fine vegetation in abundance? This surely has a sign.” (24) Holy Qur’an. and the day as the time to return to life.” “And Who is it Who originates the creation and then reproduces it? And Who provides you sustenance from the sky and the earth? Is there besides Allah any other god [who is partner in these works]? Say. Surely in this there are many Signs for those who reflect. Bring your proof if you are truthful. Chapter 26. shall be taken out [of the state of death]. you too. then He it is Who guides me. and quench the thirst of many of His creatures from among beasts and human beings. Who gives me food and drink.” (26) Holy Qur’an. and gives life to the earth after its death. you are human beings who are multiplying (on the earth). Verse 61-64 (Surah An-Namal) “And Who is it Who made the earth as a place of rest and caused in it rivers to flow. but most of these people have no knowledge. and made the day bright? Surely in this there are many signs for those who believe. and Who sends the winds as harbingers of His mercy? Is there besides Allah any other god [who does this]? Far exalted is Allah above what they associate with Him. but most of them would not believe.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind “And it is Allah Who has ordained the night as a garment for you and the sleep as a repose of death. Who created human beings from water. by blood and by marriage. then He sends down pure water from the sky so that He may revive the dead land.” “And of His signs is this that He has created for you spouses from your own species that you may find peace with them.” “And Who is it Who shows you the way in the darkness of the land and the sea. ‘My Allah is one Who created me. Surely in this there are many signs for the learned.” “Who is it Who listens to the oppressed one when he invokes Him.” (27) Holy Qur’an.” (25) Holy Qur’an. Verse 19-25 (Surah Al-Rum) “He brings out the living from the dead and the dead from the living.” “And of His signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth and the diversity of your tongues and colors. and Who gives me health when I am ill’.” (29) Holy Qur’an.

yet most people are not thankful.” (36) Holy Qur’an.” (31) Holy Qur’an. Verse 29 (Surah Luqman) “Do you not see that Allah causes the night to pass into the day and the day into the night? He has subjected the sun and the moon. Who shaped you. and Who provided you with pure things. Chapter 31.” “Another sign for them is the night: We remove the day from above it. they invoke Allah making their faith pure for Him alone. and made the day bright. Chapter 40. Verse 61-67 (Surah Al-Mu’min) “It is Allah Who made the night for you to rest in it. All-Knowing God. And the sun: runs its set course: that is laid down by the decree of the Almighty. He set mountains in the earth lest it should tilt away along with you. which they eat. There is no god but He. Whence then are you being deluded? Likewise were all those people deluded. All praise is only due to Allah. Lord of the Universe.” “It is Allah Who made the earth a resting place for you and the sky a canopy over it.” 107 . Neither is it possible for the sun to overlap the moon. Highly blessed is Allah.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind “And of His Signs is this that He shows you the lightning.e. and He sends down rainwater from the sky and thereby gives life to the earth after its death. The same Allah [Who has done all this for you] is your Lord. and shaped you so well. for fear as well as for hope.” (33) Holy Qur’an. Chapter 31. each voyaging [in its course] until an appointed time. nor for the night to outstrip the day. who denied the Revelations of Allah. the Creator of everything. Verse 32 (Surah Luqman) “And when a wave [in the sea] covers them like the mountain. sincerely His. Chapter 40. Chapter 36. Verse 10 (Surah Luqman) “He created the Heavens without pillars that you could see. We made gardens of date palms and grapes in it and caused springs to gush out of it so that they may eat fruits thereof. Verse 21-22 (Surah As-Sajdah) “Even in this world We shall make them taste [one or the other] lesser torment before that greater torment.. Verse 13 (Surah Al-Mu’min) “It is He Who shows you His Signs and sends down for you sustenance from heaven. but only such a one learns lessons [from the observations of these Signs] who turns to Allah again and again. And [do you not know] that Allah is aware of whatever you do?” (32) Holy Qur’an. The fact is that Allah is highly bounteous to the people. Chapter 32. And the moon: We have determined stages for it till it again becomes like an old dry palm branch. We gave it life and produced grain from it. and sent down rain water from the sky and caused a variety of bounteous vegetation to grow in it.” (34) Holy Qur’an. He scattered all kinds of animals on the earth.” (35) Holy Qur’an. It is not their hands which have made all this. Call upon Him alone. Do they not then give thanks? Glorified is He Who created in pairs all species. whether of vegetable kingdom or of their own [i.” “And of His Signs is this that the Heaven and the Earth stand firm by His Command. He is the living one: there is no god but He. making your Deen [code of life]. and they are covered in darkness. then as soon as He summons you out of the earth. Lord of the Universe. Surely in this there are many Signs for those who use their common sense. Verse 33-40 (Surah Yaseen) “The dead land is a sign for these people. you shall come out at one call. And who could be more wicked. Chapter 31. The same Allah [Who did all this] Is your Lord. may be they desist [from their rebellious attitude]. than the one who is admonished by the Signs of his Lord and he spurns them? We shall certainly take vengeance on such criminals. Each is gliding in its own orbit.” (30) Holy Qur’an. human] kind. or of those things of which they know nothing.

With this water We revive a dead land. do not upset the balance: weigh with equity and do not give short weight. [and observed] how We made it and adorned it and how there is no flaw in it? And We spread out the earth and set mountains in it and caused to grow in it every kind of good-looking vegetable. and in the provisions that Allah sends down from heaven. though some one of you is recalled earlier. then makes you to grow further to reach old age. Chapter 41. And in your own creation and in the animals. so that when you sit on them. [How can I do this] when clear signs have come to me from my Lord? I have been commanded to submit to the Lord of all creation. you may remember your Lord’s favor. Verse 3-5 (Surah Al-Jathiyah) “The fact is that there are countless signs in the heavens and the earth for those who believe. then from a clot of blood. Chapter 45. Therefore. piled one over another. You already know well your first creation. Verse 10 (Surah Ha-Mim As-Sajdah) “He set mountains over the earth [after its creation] and bestowed blessings on it.” “He has set the earth for all creatures. then from a sperm. Chapter 43. Verse 6--11 (Surah Qaf) “What! Have they never looked up to the sky above them.” (38) Holy Qur’an. whereby He revives the earth after its death. then He delivers you as an infant. Indeed He knows everything and has power over everything.” (37) Holy Qur’an. And from the sky We sent down blessed water whereby We produced gardens and harvest grain and tall palm trees laden with clusters of fruit. Verse 1–10 (Surah Rahman) “The Most Merciful [God] has taught this Qur’an. and provided in it means of sustenance adequately according to the needs and demands of all those who ask. there are signs for those who affirm faith. Chapter 42.” (40) Holy Qur’an. He raised the heaven high and set the balance. And Who made ships and animals as conveyance for you to ride on their back. and say.” (41) Holy Qur’an.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind “0 Prophet tell the people. and variety of corn with husk as well as grain. then He makes you to grow up to attain full strength.” “He it is Who created you from dust. Who sent down water from heaven in due measure and revived thereby the dead earth—even so shall you be brought out from the earth.” (42) Holy Qur’an. Chapter 56. He gives both sons and daughters to whom He wills and makes barren whom He wills. And in the difference of the night and day.” (43) Holy Qur’an. This is done so that you may reach an appointed time and may understand the reality. and sons to whom He wills.” (39) Holy Qur’an. or do We? If We so 108 . all bow down in worship. and the stars and the trees. This is the arrangement to provide food for the servants. Verse 58–73 (Surah Al-Waqiah) “Have you ever considered the sperm drop that you emit? Is it you who create the child from it. Verse 49-50 (Surah Ash-Shura) “To Allah belongs the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth: He creates whatever He wills: He gives daughters to whom He wills. otherwise we could not have brought them under control’. or. He it is Who created man and taught him speech. Chapter 55. `Glorified is He Who has subjected them to us. with all kinds of tasty fruits in abundance and palm trees with sheathed fruit. there are many signs for those who use their common sense. Verse 10-13 (Surah Az-Zukhruf) “He it is Who made this earth a cradle for you and made in it paths for you so that you may be guided to your destination. such also will be the resurrection [of the dead from the earth]. whom Allah is scattering [all over the earth]. `I have been forbidden to worship those whom you invoke instead of Allah. and in the circulation of the winds. The sun and the moon adhere to a schedule. or are We the Creators? We have decreed death to be your common lot and We are not helpless from this that We may change your forms and create you in another form that you do not know. Chapter 50. All these things are eye openers and object-lessons for every servant who turns [to the truth]. Who created all these pairs. Why don’t you then take heed?” “Have you ever considered the seeds that you sow? Is it you who cause them to grow into crops.

or are We its Creator? We have made it a means of remembrance and a provision of life for the needy. Then let man at least consider from what he is created. blazing lamp. and made your sleep for rest. Do you feel secure that He Who is in the heaven would not cause you to sink underground.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind pleased. and set a bright. Thus do We deal with the culprits. Verse 1-7 (Surah Al-Mursalat) “By the winds which are sent in succession. and the mountains are thrashed into dust. Then why don’t you become grateful?” “Have you ever considered the fire that you kindle? Is it you who have created its tree.” (48) Holy Qur’an. Chapter 67. then split [them] asunder. Verse 1-4 (Surah Al-Ala) “(O Prophet) glorify the name of your Lord. and the time of the Messenger’s appointment comes. Chapter 78. We could turn these crops into chaff.” 109 . So walk about on its chest and eat of God’s provisions: to Him you shall return on Resurrection. we are laden with debt’. and established above you seven strong heavens. so We are excellent Possessors of power! Woe on that Day to the deniers [of the truth]!” “Have We not made the earth a receptacle both for the living and for the dead. and rained water from the clouds in abundance that We may produce thereby corn and vegetables and thick gardens?” (47) Holy Qur’an. Verse 6–16 (Surah Al-Naba) “About what are they inquiring? Is it about the great news concerning which they are at variance? By no means! They shall soon know! Yes. Verse 4-7 (Surah Al-Tariq) “There is no soul without a Guardian over it. We could make it bitter. as an excuse or as a warning: That which you are being promised must necessarily happen. and the night a covering and the day for seeking livelihood. And what do you know what the Day of Decision is? Woe on that Day to the deniers [of the Truth]!” “Did We not destroy the former peoples? Then We shall follow them up with those of latter day. and given you sweet water to drink? Woe on that Day to the deniers [of the truth]!” (46) Holy Qur’an. [that Day it shall happen]. Chapter 86. and the earth may start rocking suddenly?” (45) Holy Qur’an.” “Then. then infuse [the hearts] with the remembrance [of God].” (44) Holy Qur’an. by no means! They shall soon know!” “Is it not a fact that We have made the earth a bed and set the mountains as pegs and created you as pairs [of men and women].” “Have you ever seen with open eyes the water that you drink? Is it you who causes it to rain from the clouds. and the heaven is rent asunder. Verse 15-16 (Surah Al-Mulk) “He it is Who has subdued the earth to you. He is created form a spurting fluid that issues forth from between the backbone and the breast bones. and lift up [the clouds] and scatter them. or do We? If We so pleased. Chapter 87. and set in it high mountains. Who set a destiny and showed the way. when the stars become dim. and kept it lodged in a secure place for an appointed term? Behold! We had power to do this. Who created and proportioned. Who caused vegetation to grow. Woe on that Day to the deniers [of the Truth]!” “Did We not create you out of a mean fluid. which then blow tempestuously. the Highest. Chapter 77. and you would then be left lamenting ‘We have incurred penalties! Ah. For what day has all this been deferred? For the Day of Decision.

and that it was precisely because of this preaching that they (his people) had been engaged in unnecessary violent conflict with him. This was a turning point in Ikrimah’s life. and the true nature of man is again exposed when man experiences intense fear.” Even though the atheist may apparently be firm in the denial of God Almighty. a polytheist. atheists and polytheists come across occasions in their lives when their heart from within says: “There is somewhere some weakness in the creed that I have adopted. his heart at one time or another hears the true testimony. or he becomes so low that he starts worshipping and serving many gods. and sailed from there towards Abyssinia. then he abandons all false gods and turns to One Almighty God for help. but still do not succeed. or monotheism. and only His help can solve their problem. This true and pure human nature gets rusted. they have no time for the serious study of this subject. When he was on his way back. son of Abu-Jahal. Otherwise. This shows that deep down in the heart of man. This opened the eyes of Ikrimah. people began calling on their gods and goddesses.” The man said: “What (or why) Insha-Allah? Money is in my pocket and the cattle market is just around the corner. without any effort at all or without much effort. and from a blade of grass to the creation of man. and their goal in life is pursuit of material things and enjoyment in this life. he will start following a way that is opposed to his nature. the money is stolen.” But since they are not serious about religion. then Ikrimah. He was walking down a road to the annual cattle fair in the town where people buy and sell cattle.” Anyhow. he not only remained true to his word by becoming Muslim. The Holy Qur’an says in Surah Ar-Rum (30:30) that all human beings have been created so that it is in their nature to believe that none but one Allah is their Creator. fled to Jeddah. He stopped at the store of his friend near the entrance to the cattle fair. This rust. whose heart cried out to him that if there was no effective helper for them in that situation.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind SECTION II BELIEF IN THE EXISTENCE OF GOD ALMIGHTY INGRAINED IN THE NATURE OF MAN Belief in the existence of One True God. The man replied that he was going to the cattle fair to buy a cow. The man in the store said: “You should say Insha-Allah (God Willing) I am going to buy a cow. a pick-pocket cut his pocket and stole his money. no matter how deeply he is submerged in his polytheism. Similar things happen with all atheists and pagans. could not come into existence without an All-Wise Designer. feels his heart sometimes cry out: “Those whom you have adopted as deities cannot be God Almighty. Similarly. is removed. or covered with a layer of ignorance. SECTION III MAN’S HELPLESSNESS `Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) once said: “I recognized the existence of Allah by the failure of my efforts. His friend asked him where he was going. is ingrained in the nature of man. or layer of ignorance. Likewise. When man faces an extraordinary calamity. their inner nature starts declaring that the real power lies in the hands of One True God (Allah). and that man should remain steadfast to this nature. But sometimes we get something as a surprise. and Deity. This testimony states that this wonderful and wise system that extends from a particle of dust to the galaxies. which threatened to capsize it. This shows that there is someone who is controlling our affairs. how could there be one elsewhere? He also recalled that this was precisely what the Prophet (pbuh) had constantly told people. Probably you have heard the story of a man somewhere in the East. Even under normal situations. their belief in Tawheed (One True God Almighty) exists. he would go straight to Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) and place his hand in his. It is reported that when Makkah was conquered by the Prophet (pbuh). At first. his boat ran into a severe storm. During the voyage. Thereafter. sad and disappointed. for He alone could save them. they began to feel it was time to call upon God Almighty alone.” 110 . When reliance on all hopes and expectations is cut off. binding himself in allegiance. due to hostile environments and wrong upbringing. when this man was roaming in the cattle market looking for a suitable cow. man either becomes so arrogant that he denies the very existence of God Almighty. when the storm grew even worse and the passengers were sure that the boat would sink. we are told that even the staunchest Russian atheists and communists started calling upon Allah for help when they were in the trenches in World War II and German bombs were falling all around them. Later. He made up his mind then and there that if he survived the storm. Lord. or is face-to-face with a frightening death and all human and material sources of help are cut off.” Sometimes we work hard to achieve something. but spent the rest of his life struggling for the cause of Islam. As a result of this. his friend asked him “Where is the cow?” The man said: “Insha-Allah.

000. or how he or she is going to die. it may be said that the universe seems to be starting from nowhere and ending nowhere. and the clouds. As for its heat. the temperature on some parts of the earth hits 140 degrees Fahrenheit because of the sun’s radiation. and man cannot cause the desired amount of rainfall. its diameter is 865. Its temperature is 25. and its mass is about 333. In spite of shining 93 million miles away from earth. Large galaxies have more than a trillion stars and small galaxies have fewer than a billion. as well as to communities and nations. our places of comfort and rest. nor can we stay in this world as long as we want. SECTION IV SIGNS ABOVE—IN THE HEAVENS When we look above in the sky. Man is so helpless that he can neither cause a favorable wind to blow for himself. This Sovereign can turn this principal means of his life into ruin for him whenever He so likes.000. and gas held together by gravity. A light year is the distance that light travels in a year.000 ki1ometers)—109 times the diameter of the earth. and our sun is one of the stars.000 times as large as the sun’s. even by a second beyond the time He decided. heavy rains. and properties in an instant.000 degrees centigrade). if his time of death appointed by God has not come yet. and man does not have the power to prevent or avert any of His decisions. they cannot succeed. On the other hand. However shameless. at one time or another (and other natural phenomena). its light and brightness is dazzling. The fastest jet would take a million years to fly that far. It is the only star close enough to the earth to look like a ball.393. and takes us away when He wants. and there is nothing we can do to stop it. remind him that a Mighty Sovereign is ruling over him. Man gets the feeling that there is another power who is controlling his destiny and who is ruling this universe. Even if the whole world joins to kill a man.300. which is about 5.000) stars. Scientists say that there are more than 200 billion billion (200. in plane crashes. the moon. 111 . we are struck with wonder and amazement at its expanse and beauty. Similar is the case of tornadoes. These calamities remind man that everything is not in his hand. called meteoroids or meteors. thousands of people die in automobile accidents.88 trillion miles (9. The things that we can see with the naked eye are: The sun. and volcanic eruptions. Astronomers have photographed millions of galaxies through telescopes. We do not come into this world of our own choice. our entire solar system is located in a corner of only one galaxy. nor any other than He can delay our departure.000 degrees Fahrenheit (14. and the real power is in the hand of that Sovereign. The speed of light is 186. innumerable stars. and they believe that the number of galaxies is in the billions. A galaxy is a system of stars. we have no means to estimate and judge.000. into our graveyards without notice. even if all the powers of the world join together to do so. which can lead to famine. Nobody knows when. and man can look at it with the naked eye only at the risk of losing his eyesight. from time to time.000. But even this great distance is only one-billionth the distance to the farthest stars. obstinate. This All-Powerful Being sends disasters and calamities to individuals. none can keep him alive. Quite often. dust. floods. Galaxies range in diameter from a thousand to half a million light years. Planets that are millions of times larger than our earth are moving in space like tiny balls. This shows the vastness of the part of the universe that has so far been observed and explored by man. stars thousands of times brighter than our sun are shining in space. and no power can stop Him. The sun is about 93 million miles (150 million kilometers) from the earth.200.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind A wind storm.000. and a hurricane destroy people.000 times that of earth. and stubborn he may be. The largest stars have diameters that are about 1. To sum up. where. All those men or beings who are made deities and worshipped cannot ward off their own deaths. Once in a while there is a drought. Neither any physician.000 times that of the earth. Despite the most modern technology and advancement in science. The nearest star after the sun is more than 25 million million miles (40 million million kilometers) away. and there is nothing we can do to stop it. the wind does.282 miles per second. a tornado. if his time has arrived. nor can he prevent a disastrous cyclone from blowing on himself. There is someone else who brings us here when He wants.46 trillion kilometers).000. earthquakes turn our dwellings. The sun is only a medium-sized star. homes. The volume of the sun is about 1. sometimes shooting stars.000 miles (1. As to how vast is the entire universe of God. in sinking boats and ships. The other billions of stars are so far away that they appear to be no more than pinpoints of light—even through powerful telescopes.

It begins as a crescent. Each is gliding in its own orbit. verily Allah is Almighty and All¬Wise. Likewise. The movement of these heavenly bodies in their orbits is similar to the floating or swimming of something in a fluid.”(Holy Qur’an. and seasons only because no change takes place in the rule that has been laid down for the rising and setting of the sun. The Qur’an says. Its diameter is about 2. But the moon would still move in orbit around the sun. The moon travels with an average speed of 2. nor for the night to overstep the day. 31:27). the Qur’an says: “Neither it is possible for the sun to overtake the moon. When it is impossible even to count all the things found on the earth only. implying that all stars and planets are moving. They do not strike or fall on each other. and is the brightest object in the sky at night. It seems pertinent to quote here a verse from the Holy Qur’an: “And if all the trees on earth were pens and the sea (were) ink. The moon’s mean distance from the earth is 238. It only reflects light from the sun. “The sun and the moon adhere to a schedule. The moon has no light of its own. under an all-powerful law ordained by an All-Powerful Planner and Designer. and they have no perceptible support.”(Holy Qur’an. Here Allah’s “words” mean His creative works and the manifestations of His power and wisdom. the estimation of the phases would not be possible. Neither can the day start before its appointed time nor the night come before its appointed time. a. which is an earth year. with seven more seas yet added to it. the movements of the moon around the earth and the sun have been subjected to an unalterable law that has made the moon a universal calendar. This has been happening for millions of years with great regularity. 36:40). for. which protects the earth against the continual daily bombardment of innumerable meteors darting towards the earth at a speed of 30 miles per second. Again. the moon would no longer orbit the earth. Although the verse is referring only to the sun and the moon.857 miles. We are able to calculate and measure time. The moon is earth’s nearest neighbor in space. All these huge bodies are floating or swimming in space. All the pens that can be made from all the trees of the world and all the ink that can be provided by the oceans of the world. cannot perhaps help prepare even a complete list of all the creations in the universe. 55:5). announcing the lunar date every night to the whole world with perfect regularity. If the earth or its gravitational pull were to disappear. Also.” (Holy Qur’an. actually it refers to all the stars and planets. it is a powerful law and unalterable system that binds the great system together. wisdom. and no change has ever occurred in the phases of the moon. None of these stars and planets deviates from its course. and completes one such trip around the earth in about 29 and one-half days. These planets and stars are moving in their own orbits. which is about one -quarter the diameter of the earth. and creative works. destructive cosmic rays from above cannot reach us. The moon’s visibility goes on changing throughout the month. and 400 times smaller than that of the sun. c. If the movement of the moon were not bound in a system. 112 . The moon also travels with the earth as the earth circles the sun every 365 and one-quarter days.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Another very visible thing for us in the sky is the moon. b. dates. which are replenished by seven more oceans. its mass one-eighty-first that of the earth. The gravitational pull of the earth keeps the moon in its orbit. and then goes on waxing everyday until it becomes the full moon on the fourteenth of the month. no animal or plant could survive on earth. The surface gravity of the moon is one-sixth of that of the earth. d. with their own assigned speed.300 miles per hour around the earth in an elliptical path called an orbit. in their own orbits. That is. not to speak of all the manifestations of Allah’s power. days. Without this arrangement.This verse says the following: The sun does not have the power that it should draw the moon into itself or enter its orbit and collide with it. how can one bring into writing all the creations found in this limitless universe? Can such a vast universe come into existence by itself? SECTION V SIGNS IN THE ATMOSPHERE Our earth is enveloped by about a five hundred-mile thick layer of air called the atmosphere. and its volume one-fiftieth that of the earth.160 miles. Then it starts waning every day until at last it returns to its original shape of the crescent. because they are the most prominent heavenly bodies. the words of Allah would not be exhausted. That is why we can always calculate exactly in what phase the moon is going to be on a particular day.

As this mass of warm air carrying a large amount of vapor moves upward. who caused them to combine in the proper ratio at the beginning to produce oceans of water. Usually. objects can be seen clearly through air. Can this all be just accidental. Water is constantly evaporating from oceans. and are breathing air this very minute. It merely changes its form and moves from place to place— changing sometimes into solid states. vegetation. we cannot see air. and plant life. and can pump water. The circulation of the winds implies the circulation of different kinds of winds at different times. We have to breathe air to live. sometimes into gas. and sometimes as part of plants. It is also noteworthy that the air is not just inert in the atmosphere. The evaporated water. cannot be seen. Air offers resistance to any motion. but it blows occasionally in different ways. and at different heights. sometimes it blows softly and sometimes strongly. and other water surfaces. air pressure. earth. all rainwater has at one time or another come primarily from the ocean. but under a law and a system. and who now stops them from coming together 113 . shrewd Planner. temperature. The great store of water. which fall back to different regions of the earth. sometimes it stops blowing and sometimes it starts blowing. nor do the sun. and it is this density that keeps balloons that are lighter than air high above the earth. which go on increasing and decreasing according to the changing conditions and relationships between the earth and the sun. All these facts proclaim that these arrangements have not been made haphazardly by some blind nature. These clouds are driven by wind from place to place and from one level to the other. and it is His power that causes it to function regularly. Most sounds come to us through the air. These vapors condense back into very tiny droplets of liquid water. can turn windmills. Water in the form of vapors or gas is also present in the air. We feel air when wind blows and offers resistance. and flows upward. air resistance. Air has density. Designer. But a person can live only at most about ten minutes without air. sometimes a dry wind blows and sometimes a moist wind. and sometimes it brings the rain and sometimes it drives away the clouds. which the Creator set down at the time of creation of the earth to fill its various needs. the world would be silent. The wind is also deeply related to coolness and heat. etc. Air weight. This air resistance keeps birds and airplanes up in the air. sometimes it assumes the proportions of a storm. sometimes as part of animal and human bodies. because sound could not reach our ears. there could be no living plants or animals on the earth. What deserves attention is not only that above the surface of the earth there is a thick atmosphere that contains all those elements needed by living beings for breathing. The total amount of water on the earth never changes. such as snow and ice. has neither decreased by a drop nor increased by a drop. Then the Controller of this phenomenon creates conditions in the atmosphere that enable these tiny droplets to join together to form raindrops. If there were no air. water. All-Merciful. and animals have separate controllers. which causes the change of the weather. Air can move sailboats across oceans. such as steam and vapor. even though it may be a thousand miles away. ponds. It mixes with other gases in the air. The atmosphere also provides the required gases that sustain human. Inevitably. and Creator? SECTION VI SIGNS IN RAINFALL Let us now consider the phenomenon of rainfall. and air pressure. People have stayed alive more than a month without food. humidity. These different kinds of winds do not blow without a purpose. the wind has a deep relation to seasonal changes and the distribution of rain. Air is made up of a mixture of gases that we cannot see. The question is. Because it is transparent. and more than a week without water. according to a pre-ordained law. air movement or circulation. The rate of evaporation depends upon wind movement. Both these gases are present in the atmosphere. Thus. air. and it is His Wisdom that has established this system for a great objective. on different parts of the earth. which we see as clouds or fog. or behind this all is there the secret hand of an All-Powerful. and air compression are important properties. it strikes a colder mass of air.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Without air. Furthermore. animal. We breathe air all the time. Air resistance and air pressure decrease as we go higher and higher above the surface of the earth. but also that this thick covering has kept the earth’s population safe from many of the heavenly calamities. lakes. Sometimes a cool wind blows and sometimes a hot wind. One God alone is the Creator of them all. just as water resistance helps things float on its surface. Today it is well known that each tiny molecule of water is made up of one atom of oxygen gas and two atoms of hydrogen gas. rivers. The most important gases in the air are nitrogen and oxygen. but they do not combine to make more water. which testifies that this arrangement is based on perfect wisdom and is serving great objectives. called water vapor. as well as from plants. because it is transparent.

As a result. and its composition been split at some point? Allah. It falls on the earth under a well-planned scheme in a measured quantity. it does not fall on the earth all at one time. the entire world has been made up of one and the same substance continuously. and Controller. without any difference or disparity. Sunlight warms the earth. This proves that One God alone is the Creator of this whole universe and its Master. if I like to bring you back to life to subject you to accountability before Me. Again. and its movement around the Sun. air.295. Sometimes the earth would be too hot for life to exist. and they are functioning according to the same laws. or attract clouds towards one’s own land and compel them to rain. development. etc.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind to produce an extra drop? Then. The earth’s atmosphere traps the sun’s heat and lets its light through to the surface of the earth. 114 . in fact. and turns them into dry. or avert an impending storm. if the continuity and coherence of the universe between the earth and the galaxy had been broken somewhere. Thunderclouds each holds an average of 100. who causes oxygen and hydrogen to remain combined in the water vapor. The question is. Ruler. The astronomers of the present age have observed a galactic system that they have named Source 3G. which fall year after year for ages. different regions have different average rainfalls. nor so far away that they may die from cold.” 50:6. whether it is mankind. the wonderful order of the universe is so coherent and firm. This is not only a proof of the possibility of the Hereafter. how did the concept of any weakness in My power enter your mind. I would not be able to do so!” (“Explanation of Qur’an. animals. This Creator put both the heavens and the earth in his service. even in gaseous state? Have the atheists and polytheists (who believe in independent deities for water. and two hundred inches of it in the next year. nor be detected by the instruments that man had made after understanding the laws working on the earth and its surroundings. but also a proof of Tawheed. its distance from the earth. and survival of animal and plant life on earth— neither so close that the sun may burn them. that there is no crack or cleft in it. and its composition so perfect. and thus provides protection from water storms? SECTION VII SIGNS IN THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE SUN AND THE EARTH In spite of its amazing vastness. Khalifa). This can be understood by an example. Who spreads or distributes the rainfall over different places in different times in such a way that it becomes beneficial on the whole for the products of the earth? Who deprives some parts of the earth of rainfall almost wholly. and spinning of the earth around its own axis. It does not happen that an area may have two inches of rainfall one year. and the heat it creates cannot easily pass through the atmosphere into space. otherwise. Let us now turn to the relationship of the sun with the earth. and sometimes it would be too cold. The Creator has put the sun at such a distance from the earth that it is ideally suited for the growth. wellplanned. or effect a variation in its distribution over vast areas of the earth. They think that its rays that are now reaching us might have left it more than four thousand million years ago. sustenance. and in some other areas sometimes causes famines to occur and sometimes torrential rains? No one has the power to change the general average rainfall of a country. The possibility of the development of life on earth is due to the steady flow of heat and light from the sun. The existence of everything on the surface of the earth. These rays reaching the earth from a distance of four thousand million light years and detected by man-made instruments. expressly points to the fact that from the galaxy to the earth. that after the respite of your test is over. and survival of man before He even created man and put him on earth (as His representative or agent. Who prevents this huge volume of water in the thundercloud from falling at once on a localized area.000 tons of water. Too strong sunlight can burn the skin. the rays could neither reach us here. barren deserts. depends upon the sun—its heat. by Maududi). it would cause destruction and ruin. with due regard for the needs and the benefits of all life on the earth. the earth is warmed by the sun. One and the same kinds of forces are working in it. Were it not so. How could it be possible for the rays to reach the earth from such a distant source. The Creator of the universe made a very wise. when water evaporates. If the sun’s heat and light were to vary significantly. its light. and I will discuss the earth later.) any answer to these questions? Moreover. or create clouds. although there is a large volume of water in the atmosphere at all times. life would be endangered. and its continuity breaks nowhere. and very sophisticated arrangement for the existence. alludes to this reality and puts this question before man: “When you cannot point out even a small breach in this system of My Universe. or plants. Let us first consider the contribution of the heavens.

Sunlight evaporates water from rivers. nor is it haphazard and irregular. create four different climatic seasons on most parts of the earth—spring. lakes. Similarly. or night. this movement of the earth brings sunlight (day) and darkness (night) to different parts of the earth in its own revolution. autumn.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Life also depends on the sun for food. and shelter. and the inclination or tilt of the earth’s axis. The day cannot pass and the night cannot fall until the sun hides behind the earth. which is used by human beings and animals for breathing. is. and different minerals. If there were no spinning of the earth around its own axis. plants release oxygen. which in turn are eaten by larger animals. The alternation of night and day also is one of those realities that man does not regard as worthy of much attention. not only does the spinning of the earth on its own axis follow a certain law. the result of placing the earth at a particular distance from the sun. We usually call the time when the sun is shining on our part of the earth day. and then differences in air pressure. summer. and rainwater (created by winds) in rivers is used for generating hydroelectric power. and what is the wisdom in the passing of the day and in the falling of the night. we can calculate very precisely. and even the form and appearance of inorganic substances would be much different from what they are now. or day. and the time when our part of the earth is dark or turned away from the sun. the earth’s part facing the sun would have perpetual sunlight. and vegetation. so much so. animals. animal. which is essential for human. no plant or animal life could survive on earth—one face of the earth being too cold and dark. if he considers how the day passes and how the night falls. from the earth’s motion around the sun. the exact times of sunrise and sunset at all places for all days in every year. Then the deep relationship that exists between the alternations of day and night. no life could be possible on this planet. or there were perpetual night on one side of it and perpetual day on the other. following such a well-defined pattern and law that we can compute very accurately and precisely the time of sunset and sunrise on any part of the earth at any time of the year. Some plants are eaten by animals. with the arrangement that the different parts of the earth should continue coming successively before the sun and hiding from it at definite intervals. that despite varying lengths of the day and night throughout the year. and the other side of the earth would have perpetual darkness. which results in the formation of clouds. only because it is a phenomenon of daily occurrence and experience. but also its movement around the sun. SECTION VIII SIGNS IN DAY AND NIGHT The spinning of earth around its own axis in front of the sun is neither in vain. he will himself realize that this is an obvious sign of the existence of an All-Powerful and All-Wise Allah and of His being One and Only One. Wind generated by sunlight is used to power windmills. sunlight is used in power generation in various ways. Air moves from high pressure areas to low pressure areas. clothing. and the duration of daylight. night. and plant life. it also spins on its own axis and makes one complete round in 24 hours. Wind movement in itself is also the result of sunlight. which first causes the uneven heating of the earth’s atmosphere. 115 . The existence on the earth of men. causing wind and changes in the weather. The great regularity that is found in the alternations of day and night is not possible unless the sun and the earth are bound in one and the same relentless system. While the earth travels through space around the sun. up to a fraction of a second. If the distance of the earth from the sun were a little longer or a little shorter. Solar furnaces use mirrors to focus sunlight to heat water in boilers. in fact. In this process. These clouds are carried and dispersed by wind to different parts of the earth for rain. when one season ends and the next one begins on any part of the earth. and winter—bringing changes in temperature. and the other creations on the earth. or if the alternations of day and night were much faster or much slower. In addition. at all places on earth. and the other face too hot and bright. The length of daylight and night changes during the year in all parts of the world. The changing position of the earth in relation to the sun. weather. and oceans. As said earlier. As a result of this. whereas. and even of water. clearly point to the fact that this system has been established deliberately by an All-Powerful Being with perfect wisdom. Energy from sunlight helps the formation of plant food by combining with carbon dioxide from the air and water from the soil. Astronomers can tell exactly. People use both animals and plants for food. or sometimes the day would appear suddenly and sometimes the night without any regularity. Solar energy cells provide power for artificial satellites and spacecraft. air.

Water is one of our most valuable natural resources. paper mills. or chemical processing. It takes 1. The salt in the ocean was carried there from the land in a water solution. chemical plants. Among the wonderful properties that Allah has created in water is that no matter what different substances are dis- 116 . and even muscles are eighty to ninety percent water. washing. Every home uses a large amount of water daily. the water carries these substances to the ocean or an inland lake. A normally healthy person can live only seven to ten days without water. While we benefit by rest at night and the opportunities afforded by day. and Merciful Planner and Creator? Water has the quality of dissolving many substances. Water is the all. A good water supply is one of the first items to be considered in the location of a factory. Salt is one of these substances. be just accidental? Is it justified to say that the various qualities of water that permit its use for various useful purposes are the result of mere chance? Does it not prove. This water is so essential for life that a loss of less than twenty percent of it will result in a painful and horrible death. There is a powerful hand of a Shrewd Designer working behind this scheme of consumption of water for the sustenance and development of plant and animal life. it dissolves some of the earth’s substances. Can the existence of water. and which are not hidden from anybody. and oceans is used for the transportation of freight in boats and ships. Every time water runs over a ground surface or seeps through the ground.e. and made the day bright. the civilizations failed. in the land of Saba. Who has established the relationship between the sun and the earth precisely to meet our requirements and needs? This cannot be a mere accident. so that we could work for our livelihood with greater ease and facility. Master. has been provided in the night. Minerals necessary to plant growth can be taken from the soil only when dissolved in water. we are justified in saying that the production of one pound of beef takes fifteen or more tons of water. and all other planets. water is probably the most important substance for human life. but also for bathing. These two signs (i. Eventually. which cannot be a characteristic of the blind forces of nature. civilizations have sprung up along. such as chemical bromine. The valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers once supported a great civilization. it is sucking water out of the ground with its roots and allowing it to evaporate through its leaves. do we not think that it is a system devised by an All-Wise Being. Wise. the sun. and planning.important solvent in construction work and in manufacturing processes. for it clearly manifests purposefulness. or even vanished. which makes it very beneficial for animal and plant life. It can only be a system established by One Creator. There are many other materials besides common salt that are found in bodies of water. cleaning. etc. making steam. to produce one pound of food. the night has been made dark so that. The bodies of living animals and plants contain more water than any other substance. water courses. Without water. the existence of an All-Knowing. This is possible because of the ability of water to float things and not allow them to sink. not only for drinking. If we consider the amount of water used by the plants that cows eat.— use a great deal of water for cooling. Who is ruling over the earth. From the time a plant starts to grow until it dies. metal magnesium. and office buildings use water for air conditioning. Many stores. and Disposer. The darkness that is needed for the peace and rest of our body. and the light that is needed for earning a livelihood has been provided in the day. cooking. the moon. Water in rivers. without any shadow of a doubt. no animal or plant life can survive. are such that we observe them at all times and whose benefits we are enjoying every moment. Science and medicine rely heavily on chemical processes that use water as a solvent. Throughout the course of history. man (even many animals and birds) may enjoy a peaceful sleep more easily. hotels. lakes. About three-fourths of the surface of earth is covered with water. nor the work of many gods. night and day).000 pounds of water. apparently because the climate changed and much of the land turned to desert. When the water supply failed. and followed. Almost every modern factory—steel mills. in view of its structure. and washing dishes and clothes. All-Powerful. and potash. The same happened in the southern part of Arabia. A large amount of electricity or energy is generated from water through hydroelectric or water-powered plants with electric and steam generators. dye works. on average. wisdom. Blood is ninety percent water. which is so important for life on this planet. which largely disappeared.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Again. Over two-thirds of the human body is water. SECTION IX SIGNS IN WATER Next to the air we breathe. textile mills. brass mills. protected from light.

If there were vibrations in it. oceans. Since time immemorial. it will be noted that there is a very close relationship between the diverse interests and purposes of man and the diversity that characterizes the different regions of the world. On the other hand. particularly the mountains. he is always in fear of losing his way. and there they flourish and multiply. man would have been confined to the same area where he was born. Then the vapors that arise from the oceans would contain the sea salt (or other dissolved materials). by virtue of which sweet. In this regard. play a very important role in bringing rainwater. man could not survive by drinking that water. but also in their color. and the chemical and mineral deposits that are hidden under their surface. Man has spread on the earth by means of these natural paths. and has the potential to grow and support the plants year after year for millions of years. In addition. How can a man with common sense claim that this wise or useful property in water has come about by itself under some blind law of nature or as a matter of chance? This characteristic. the dissolved substances also would evaporate along with the water vapors. which would make the soil saline and uncultivable wherever it rained. The creatures that could be sustained by saltwater were created by Him in the sea. there are natural landmarks in the form of mountains. The variation and diversity thus found abounds in wisdom and leads to countless benefits. We move about on it with satisfaction. Man recognizes the true importance of these landmarks. and then serves as a source of water supply and irrigation in the form of rivers. The surface of the earth is not completely level. casual. especially in desert regions. springs. and planning behind their creation. man also realizes their significance on sea-bound voyages. Of the numerous benefits of these landmarks. for landmarks are not evident here. If the mountain ranges had been created erect. and there are no vibrations or jerks whatsoever. characteristics. which are largely devoid of them. passes in the mountains and rivers in the hills and plain regions are natural paths that have been provided on the surface of the earth. If it did not possess this property. which is most important for animal and plant life on earth. oceans. so that it may become a means of sustenance for His creatures. God has arranged for man’s guidance. wind movement. Their creation is not haphazard. moon.000 miles an hour. and it manifests its power sometimes in the form of volcanic eruptions. provides a clear proof of the fact that Providence has endowed water with this property thoughtfully and deliberately. uniform. and man is always aware that he can stray. We live on it and do not at all feel that this globe is suspended. Rather. lakes. it leaves behind all the dissolved materials. etc. potentialities. valleys. Let us disregard for a moment the benefits inherent in this diversity with respect to other species of creation. without crevices. will. and we are hanging from it with our head pointing downward. and flat like the surface of an ocean or a big desert. called soil. Thus. canals. wisdom. and there were no rivers and streams. Nevertheless. spinning on its own axis at a speed of 1. plains. even in the desert and on the sea. component elements. nor has it been devised by many gods jointly. Its interior is so intensely hot that it can melt stones. this system of the earth is not functioning haphazardly.000 miles an hour and revolving around the sun at a speed of 66. but there is one All-Powerful and All-Wise Creator who has made all these things. such as we experience during an earthquake. rivers. it is a very well planned system for the support of human and animal life that depends upon plants grown by the earth. smooth. and forests. the produce which they yield. rivers. Let us reflect on earth more deeply. but the careful and benevolent planning of the All-Wise Creator. lakes. pure water is distilled from salty seas and falls as rain. and never think that we are riding on a vehicle moving faster than a bullet. and simply consider the benefits that accrue to human beings. these natural landmarks. SECTION X SIGNS IN THE EARTH Like the heavenly bodies — the sun. with due regard for the needs and requirements of His creatures. The result of all this is manifest in the growth and influence of human culture and civilization. is soft and suitable for the growth of plants. properties. he created this property in water that at the time of vaporization it should leave behind all its dissolved materials. These regions differ in many respects. man has found his way with the help of the stars. life could not exist here. when it changes into vapor (under the effect of heat. not only in their configuration. Then. forests. As a result. and stars — our earth is also suspended in space without any support. and before making the arrangement of rainfall for its supply. Again. one is that they help man to identify his path and destination. But in spite of that. 117 . deserts. and wells. the Creator has made it so tranquil that we sleep on it in full peace. In addition. There is a purpose. Various regions of the world differ from one another despite their contiguity. it is not accidental that the top layer of earth.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind solved in water. and accidental. More importantly. and the water could not help grow any vegetation. But the creatures that He created on the land and in the air stand in need of sweet water for their sustenance. and humidity).

Another manifestation of the same phenomenon is that plants of every volume. No links have so far been discovered between any two species. its Enforcer and its Fashioner. SECTION XI SIGNS IN LIFE Let us consider the question of the creation of life itself. At the most. its pressure would increase. lakes.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Just under the earth’s surface. all those minerals and chemicals which are essential to the growth. height. and snow on the mountains. life does not exist just in one form. it would leave no room for any other plant to grow. smooth fortress completely enclosed. which can hear and see. Furthermore. Planner of Creation. All attempts made so far to produce life out of inanimate matter experimentally in the laboratory have met with utter failure. It is quite evident that someone has fixed the 118 . so consistently that no Darwin could ever give any rational explanation of this great variety of life. which is the basic constituent of the living cell. Therefore. and survival of vegetable and animal life have been provided in abundance. the earth would be too hot to live on and survive. when all the elements essential for its creation combine together accidentally in the right proportion. the earth has been endowed with an appropriate gravitational pull. except the existence of the creative design of one All-Powerful and All-Knowing One True God. A great store of water has been arranged on the earth in the form of oceans. springs. Man has not been able to discover the secret of life—what life is. underground water and channels. if the gravitational pull were a little stronger. and among the existing animals also there is no such evidence. If this pull were not as strong. and growth potential have a certain limit that they may not exceed. by which it keeps the water. but in an innumerable variety of forms. it would be too cold to live. If the earth was too far from the sun. and water are provided from above by the sun and atmosphere. Can we produce this egg artificially (without the hen). our earth is located at a distance from the sun that is suitable for its population. and men and animals would be shorter in size but heavier in weight. Man has so far discovered more or less a million species of animals and two hundred thousand species of plants on the earth. Who has endowed life in all its countless forms. except by saying that it is the result of the Creator’s will. suitable temperatures. even now. However. yet if the mathematical law of chance is applied to it. Any number of any species that exist is found with the distinctive features of its own species. it could not stop the air and water from escaping. the land cannot sustain any kind of life. which melts and flows down in the form of rivers. since the universe represents a well-thought-out design of the All-Wise and All-Powerful Creator. which would make movement difficult. These species of animals and plants are very clearly and absolutely different from one another in their constitution and special characteristics. SECTION XII SIGNS IN PLANT AND ANIMAL LIFE There are innumerable plants on the surface of the earth. rivers. development. and all other things found on it attracted to it. command. All these species have been maintaining their distinctive features since the earliest known time. and design. Keep it at a certain temperature for a certain period of time. evaporation would become difficult and rain impossible. On the other hand. and completely airtight. Furthermore. Besides. by combining those elements in a laboratory which constitute the egg? The answer is no. It is like a small. the inevitable fact is that it is the All-Wise Designer. and every story that is invented and announced from time to time about the discovery of some missing link is destroyed by the facts themselves. diameter. the admitted scientific fact is that the mere arrangement of inanimate matter by itself cannot bring about life. Atheists assume. the atmosphere would be denser. If the distance were shorter. It would also so much increase the temperature that life here would become difficult. comes out of it. how and from where it comes. the possibility of this occurring is zero. aeration. Life in itself. we witness that the growth of each plant stops at a certain point. is a miracle that cannot be explained scientifically. unscientifically. what has been created is DNA. light. and suddenly its walls begin to crack and crumble and something alive (a chicken). Necessary heat. that life comes into existence automatically. having no door or window. This is the essence of life. So far. The whole record of fossils is without such a precedent. which might have broken up the form of characteristics and constitution of one species and might be struggling to attain the characteristics and constitution of another species. air. the cold would increase and less area on earth would be habitable. but not life itself. All these plants have such a capacity for growth and multiplication that if one plant were to flourish unchecked. Wherever these natural sources do not exist or the top soil is too hard. Consider the egg of a hen.

and season. but also provide vitality and pleasure to life? And who has made the arrangements that these measureless granaries should go on coming out from the earth endlessly. from the beginning of life until its end. and condiments (to mention a few). 15:19). no matter how hard they may be (like date stones). are so delicate. “And the earth—We have stretched it out and have cast on it firm mountains and have caused to grow in it everything well-measured” (Holy Qur’an. light. The upper layer of the earth. but tasty. plant life will begin stirring within it.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind shape. do not possess any sign of life. Thirdly. It applies to all creatures on the earth. and whether they are minerals. life here could not have come into existence. and providence working behind it. whether it is air. and in water. 15:21). a relationship was established between the sun and earth so as to provide the proper temperature and suitable seasons for the vegetation. heat. temperature. These young plants. but also for the satisfaction of his taste. As soon as man was created. called soil. foliage. Provision for the creation of countless species was made in the soil and it was so made that it should fulfill the requirements of food. becomes a means of rainfall. and regards this as very ordinary. that with the mere touch of fingers they may break. and how much and what kind of food would be required for their nourishment? 119 . and every species demands a different kind of food. In short. split and germinate under a well-planned scheme and environment. milk. not only for the development and nourishment of his body. All these substances. and every form of energy found in the universe should exist strictly according to the measure and within the limits determined by the planner. water. and many other needs of the innumerable animals and men who were to be brought into being after vegetation on the earth. Fourthly. Plant seeds. every species in existence. honey. meat. and vine. which protects it against calamities from the sky. and possesses gases that are necessary for the life and growth of vegetation. day and night. Secondly. plant. but at the same time are strong enough to crack the soil crust to come out. but there is a great wisdom. planning. How did it become possible for plant life to emerge from the lifeless earth? If one looks into it. Who has provided in such abundance water. Man eats the products of the earth. plants. corn. It is also evident that all this was done with perfect precision. medicine. shelter. but rich in vitamins that are essential for the proper development and nourishment of the human body. or animals. individually as well as in every sort of combination. water. remain inorganic. and output of each and every tree. stale. not rotten. vegetables. or cold. but health-giving. and their supply should never fail? There are countless species of living creatures in the air. After arranging the suitable conditions. power. on land. when buried in the ground. so that food elements could dissolve in water and be absorbed by the roots. could know how many different kinds of creatures would be born on this globe. has many such substances that can serve as food for vegetation. except One True All-Knowing Creator. and where they would be born. A definite measure and limit has been determined for whatever exists. This layer was made soft so that the roots of the plants or vegetation could spread in it easily and suck food. fruits. which not only add relish to food. not bitter and tasteless. he found a vast table laid out with a large variety of pure food that is not poisonous. and stinking. With the provision of these main factors (which. a system of irrigation was arranged on the earth in different ways. That Allah creates everything with perfect precision and in a well-measured manner is not confined to plants. but good smelling. The question is. the coming to life of vegetation becomes possible. Consider the reality of the earth. But if he considers seriously. at the time of coming out of the ground. it has been determined from on high that every object. clothing. Who. “There is nothing except that its treasures are with Us and We do not send it down except in a known measure” (Holy Qur’an. the seed of each species of the vegetation was so constituted that as soon as it receives favorable soil. The substances of which it is composed do not possess any power of their own for growth. the atmosphere was arranged around the earth. in themselves. not full of lifeless drugs. and thus. air. he will see that the growth of rich crops and lush green gardens from the dry earth and the flowing in it of the springs and rivers is not a simple thing that might be happening of itself. are combinations of countless other factors). one will see that there are some important factors without whose provision beforehand. size.

ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Or just consider fire or heat. each comprising billions of members having different food requirements. vegetation. The substances in it that become the means of your food are not provided by you. some elements can be combined with others and some cannot. and vegetation. air. air. and the accord and harmony between its characteristics and the countless needs and demands of innumerable creatures. They can reflect upon its superb organic structure. and directed towards self-fulfillment. an angel. All this is the manifestation of Allah’s power and providence. and design of an Almighty. with such a deep and wise system. not a single particle of food can be produced. or the spirit of a pious man? Let them take any species of animal or bird they like. The One who has created everything also makes provision for the sustenance of His creation. Only a man of mean intelligence could suppose that all this happened. and harmonies and relationships of the vegetation with respect to the needs and requirements of animals and human beings. could be produced and should continue to work with such regularity for millions of years. All-Wise Designer. then he cannot help testifying to the truth that this great workshop of the world is the creation of One and Only One Almighty. The combination of these that can combine result in various compositions. human life could not be much different from animal life. looked after. The power of growth of the soil was not granted by you. If man considers the structure and mutual relationships. or that there is the possibility and interference of more gods than one. birds. without a Wise Being. variety. it cannot be imagined that such a comprehensive and universal plan. and then this fire opened ever-new avenues to industry and invention for man. keeping in view the finest details. If each of these had a separate god. No sensible person can imagine that these universal. and can only be. instead of eating it raw like the animals. All-Powerful Creator. and harmony. water. without the wisdom. harmonies. Then. Only because of fire did man learn to cook food for eating. This same wise and subtle arrangement points to the fact that this cannot be the work of many gods. Unless there is the right kind of coordination and harmony between the heat. Another noteworthy sign is that things exist in pairs. and is functioning only under His care and control. have been determined. The seed that you sow is not made capable for growth by you. Without this. how strictly each one is fitted into the framework of the discipline devised for 120 . and the result of the combination of this and other countless pairs that Allah has created among countless of His creations. according to which the right kind of coordination. proportion. and by whose coming together ever new things come into being in the world. Can anyone conceive that this wise system could come about just accidentally without the intelligent planning and design of an All-Wise Creator? And can anybody in his senses imagine that in this system there could be any hand of a jinn. which we use every day. and is happening. sun. the laws of nature causing it to grow and flourish. e. only a fool would conclude that all this happens automatically. provided for. and seasons with respect to vegetation. They will notice how its instinctive urges are in complete conformity with its natural requirements. and relationships of the soil. in such abundance and within such easy reach that the members of no species ever go without food. The land in which cultivation is done was not made by you. There is certainly a wise plan underlying it. light. the work of One God. water. water. animals. how marvelously well-determined are the limits within which it lives. The capability in every seed that from it should sprout up the tree of the same species of whose seed it is has not been created by you. air. The process for changing this cultivation into blooming crops that is working under the soil and of arranging the required kind of weather and air and water above it does not owe anything in any way to your planning skill. all-embracing relationships could be a mere accident. The Creator has arranged the means of sustenance for each species. so in the supply of the provisions for you also human effort has nothing more to do than that the farmer should sow the seed in the soil. This Creator says: “Just as in your own creation human effort has nothing more to do than that your father may cast the sperm in your mother. how can you then have the right to pose yourself as independent of Him. Pairs here does not imply only pairs of men and women among human beings and of males and females among animals. or serve another than Him as your deity?” There exist on this earth millions of animal and vegetable species. the different forms of cooperation. coordination. knowledge. the negative and positive charges in electricity are the matching partners of each other and their mutual attraction causes wonderful things to happen in the world.. and the diverse substances of the earth. how tremendously efficient is the system under which each living creature is protected. but also countless other things that the Creator has made as matching partners of each other. From the balance. They will also observe how wonderfully adequate are the arrangements for providing it with nourishment. when you have come into being only by His act of creation and are being sustained by His provision. and abundance of creation found on earth. This is. and mankind. Who is the Creator and Lord of the earth. For example. the various elements and factors supporting it. The agencies of the earth and sky that combine and work together in this system are varied and countless. power.g.

Then We created you and gave you a fine body with most appropriate limbs created on a pattern best suited to make them properly serviceable. You did not create this erect stature. the one who is to be eliminated by miscarriage does fall prey to miscarriage. The one who is to die in infancy does die in infancy. this thing is so small that it cannot be seen without a microscope. and the atmosphere. but autumn as well. fruit. At the start of conception or pregnancy. Out of these millions of human seeds only one seed is used to make a woman pregnant by combining this seed with an egg cell produced in her body. When a farmer puts seeds in the ground. The one who is to reach maturity or old age does reach that age. are signs for those who reflect.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind it. Obviously many masters and gods could not have. The semen that comes out of the body of a man contains millions of human seeds (sperm). in such a manner that its sex. Who created man with this wonderful body to function in the world. the sun. then how did a prophet. He renders the same vegetation pale. or other plants) is the second step towards human life. who are concerned merely with the satisfaction of their lusts and desires. and accept it as the maker and destroyer of our destiny? And how 121 . This insignificant thing turns into a living child in nine months in the womb of the mother. and its faculties and capabilities should be determined therein. and with physical and mental powers of a high caliber. even if he is given the best medical attention and treatment in the best hospitals by the best doctors. its bodily structure. when He decided to bring him into being. makes a first move for the creation of a human being —for the creation of you and me.. as well as indirectly (through the meat of animals and birds raised on the produce of the earth). can perceive nothing significant in these phenomena. In this third step. rice. was the All-Wise. flesh. when this seed becomes a plant (wheat. He causes lush green vegetation to grow. procreation. Their Maker and Creator. and. and black. SECTION XIII SIGNS IN MAN If one were to observe carefully the creation of the human species. one would perceive innumerable signs. But only those who make proper use of their intellect can be led by means of these signs to an understanding of reality.Merciful. human waste. this talking tongue. a star. uninfluenced by any external factor or agency. these eyes and nose and ears. which is a treasure-house of great capabilities. that an All-Powerful Being is controlling our life and death. nor were these created by your mother and father. as Allah (swt) says in the Qur’an: ‘We had provided for you such a safe and peaceful place of rest even before your creation (in the womb). whether or not he is the child of a king. vegetable. no one here should be involved in the misunderstanding that he will only experience spring and will never see autumn.” The creation of a wonderful thing like life from the lifeless substances of the earth. and how very smooth is the operation of the whole system of birth. even through highly dangerous conditions in which death should be certain. etc. Even if such a harmony and accord would have come to be at a given moment. The one who is to die in a particular stage of life does die in that stage. a saint. it would not have lasted for long. then its developing inside the mother’s womb from the time of conception until delivery. Those who live like animals. the food that our parents eat turns into hair. produced with their help and satisfying the needs of the great variety of creatures living on the earth. the freshness of which pleases the heart. On the one side. then the coming into being of a marvelous creation like man from the microscopic germ of the sperm. Are not all these things pointing to the truth that the ultimate control of our life and death is in the hand of an Almighty Sovereign? And when the reality is this. in a way. To put in plain words.our parents eat these directly. by any device. or a planet become worthy of our worship and service? When did a creature attain the rank that we should pray to it. and part of it turns into such liquid that has the potential for producing human beings. blood. its mental qualities and characteristics. its division into male and female. All. an angel. or between animal and plant life. bones. and death. which is then blown about by winds and swept away by floods. In the third step. and the passing of life through its several stages in the womb of the mother from conception to childbirth. After a certain predetermined period. Thus. its form and appearance. dry. He does not only bring about spring. these hands and feet. on the other side. nor had a prophet or a saint or a god the power to create them. You witness both the manifestations of His power. Almighty Sovereign. the fourth step in the creation of human life starts in the womb of a woman. sometimes he. this brain. the proliferation of the human race by procreation. arranged and produced the perfect harmony and accord between the soil. corn. Therefore. Then. when a seed from a man’s body joins with an egg cell from a woman’s body.

iron. and the fulfillment of his needs. Again. we come to the inevitable conclusion that all these have been designed by the True. sodium. and whether the child is going to be very intelligent or have below average intelligence. every child is different from the other. etc. He has created such effective antidotes that they have not yet been fully encompassed by human knowledge. beautiful. Then. These two creatures are complements and not antagonists to each other. normal or handicapped. both men and women. fingerprints. with its own distinctive form. seeing or blind. and to other couples no children at all. In this process of creation. Another thing to be considered is that every human being is created from a sperm or cell. feelings. It is also the plan and design of the All-Powerful Creator that He create males and females (boys and girls) in the world in due proportion. though both man and woman belong to the same genus. milk is produced for it in the breast of his mother. voice. and poisons. and it 122 . sentiments and emotions. From the first day of his life until his death. nor have any of the characteristics that are present in human beings. Rather. passion and desires. healthy or sick. even the children of the same parents have differences in features. is a different model and the Creator gives personal attention to each individual He creates. they are same species having important common human characteristics but different physical structures and psychological traits. gases. Ever-Living Designer. For it is He Who decides whether it should be male or female. such as carbon. etc. emotions. feet. No matter how much we try to mix these elements in a laboratory. rather. a most appropriate. All these elements neither have any life in them. development. Again. and some unseen power teaches it to suck it and swallow it. for the protection of human life against all sorts of diseases.. for his development. He has also endowed him with all those powers and abilities that are needed to use these means for his development and survival and given him all necessary guidance for every sphere of life. and characteristics. The Creator has placed in the constitution and makeup of every animal and plant species such a wonderful mechanism that they continue to produce through their countless members an endless race exactly. Now let us consider its reproduction. Sometimes they are quite different from each other. temperaments. pronunciation. or too many boys or too many girls. style of speech. to other couples girls only. which are treasurehouses of great capabilities. SECTION XIV SIGNS IN REPRODUCTION This chapter has been about the beginning of creation. and the ability to subjugate other large and powerful creatures. prohibitions. and self-made laws without question? If we consider the different stages of a child’s birth. and shaping of the child in millions of factories (women’s wombs) every day. seeing beings. protection. potassium. the Creator has provided in the world around him all the necessary means required for every stage of his life. If these natural arrangements had not been made. nose. When this all-pervading Mercy and Providence of the Creator supports and sustains man at all times and in every way. There is a great variety in the creation of the human race. Billions and billions of people come into this world. which help make him a living being. calcium. hands. guidance. or alive or dead. looks. Then he gets life from “dead things. the ability to walk and talk. with eyes. there is no power in the world that can have any influence on the matters mentioned above. nature. what type of faculties he or she is going to get. the ability to stand erect. even a thorn-prick would prove fatal. It is not like a mold wherein you put the material and you may produce innumerable but identical products. there could be no greater folly and ingratitude on the part of man than that he should bow down before others than Allah and seek their help in need and trouble. with wisdom and intellect.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind did a human power have the status that we should obey its commands. and survival. blood type. The Creator of man has not become unconcerned with him after creating him. we can neither create a sperm nor an egg. or girls and no boys. which are developed in human bodies and become hearing. sustenance. it is only His decision to give some couples boys only. containing dead matter. except One All-Powerful True God. The moment a human child is born. It does not happen that He creates boys and no girls. and brains. germs. Even twins who develop in the same womb at the same time are not identical. He has also taken the responsibility of making arrangements for his guidance. and well-proportioned body to function in this world. but every human being. still to others both boys and girls. He decides what type of features the child is to get. or vice versa. and lets him alone to seek other supporters for help. ears. who is to be made beautiful and who is to be made ugly.” like food. tastes.

even a single grain of barley might have emerged. but also for its proper and perpetual functioning. or a jinn has any hand in this work. which can be seen with effort only through a powerful microscope. no unbiased person. with all the distinctive features and hereditary characteristics of its species. and then looks at the extremely delicate and complex physiological system and the subtle intricate process by which the procreative seed of every member of every species produces a member of the same species. 123 . one species may have turned out a specimen of a different species. In the former situation. is necessary for the perfect harmony. SECTION XV WHY BELIEVE IN GOD AND IN ONLY ONE GOD HAVING NO PARTNERS In all the previous sections I gave arguments about Tawheed (Oneness of the Creator) in detail. Similarly. This element for the survival of the species and its procreation is contained in a part of a cell of every plant. First. In no climate and in no region has it ever happened that from a whole production of wheat. The same is the case with animal and men. coherence. an angel. These facts destroy the very basis of an atheist’s denial of God. started working just accidentally. which alone. If there were a multiplicity of gods. and of a polytheist’s creed of polytheism. or that such order could emerge without there being anyone’s will behind it. and its every member is distinguished in its special features from the members of all other species. This tiny engineer directs the whole development of the plant precisely and definitely on the way of its own distinctive species. he would have certainly tried to place himself on God’s Throne. one cannot conceive for a moment that such a fine and subtle system could come into being by itself. and this concurrence. and the rest are subordinate to Him. have in turn produced only wheat. This thing stands in need of an All-Wise Designer. a huge factory of reproduction is functioning everywhere. even by a mistake. then only two alternatives would be possible. therefore. These laws clearly point to the existence of an All-Pervasive Power. It is no less obvious that such a well-ordered system cannot operate if there is none to operate it. one of the gods is the True God. wheat. which is so perfectly ordered. it is likely that there would be clashes and discordance at every step. from the members of every species. that in these millions and millions of tiny seeds. is found in a small portion of its tiny self. a Wisdom immune from every error. How can there be an order without there being someone who established it? How can there be a law without a sovereign to enforce it? How can there be wisdom without someone who embodies it? How can there be knowledge without a knower? Above all. and has since been working automatically. Only a foolish person can think that a saint. with all its underlying wisdom and order. he would struggle to become the sole master of the entire universe. God’s unity is based on the premise that the universe constitutes one integrated system that is subject to a colossal body of laws. Details of the attributes of God Almighty and the implications of Tawheed are discussed in Chapter 15. That is why all the plants that have emerged from a grain of. having some common sense. it is simply inconceivable that several deities who are independent and sovereign would always concur on all matters. and then keep on functioning by itself in millions and millions of the members of different species. For if several deities existed. can ever say that this huge workshop of production and reproduction. how can one even conceive of creation without a Creator? To think. It needs an administrator Who is at once Wise and Ever-Living and Self. is either rank irrationality or incurable obduracy. (Also see Chapter 11.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind never has happened. countless other members of the same species. “Possibility of Life After Death”). Had there been any other who shared with God His Godhead. say. that each of them is God and that they are independent of the others. I give below a brief summary as to why we believe in the existence of God Almighty Who has no partners or shareholders. could have come into being on its own. not only for its beginning. uniformity. Who is watching and guiding the work of these workshops. but have had some of His powers delegated to them. that this vast universe. Every plant has been so endowed with the capability of procreating its species that the new generation possesses all the distinctive characteristics of its own species. which is constantly bringing into existence. And when a god became aware that things were not going his way. If one considers the microscopic germ of procreation. It is obvious that such a system can operate only if it is subject to the will of no more than One Being Who effectively controls it. a prophet. anywhere in the world. Second. The observations of modern genetics in this regard present wonderful facts. and balance that characterize the workings of this vast universe.Subsistent. as we all know. None has been created just for once. but on an inconceivably large scale.

term of existence. for which the mode of guidance meant for voluntary life is not suitable. a kind of freedom has been transferred to man. The second kind of guidance is for his intellectual and conscious life. unless the immense forces of the heavens and the earth collaborate to bring this about. and everything is happening according to that plan. characteristics. or the work of many Creators. He determined beforehand what would be the function of a certain thing in the world. according to its capacity. Still another kind of guidance is for vegetables. even had the faintest suspicion of divinity. which correspond to two different capacities. Anyone who has made any serious effort to reflect on the universe can never escape the conclusion that it is under the firm control of One God alone. by which the eyes of man. but for it the Creator had a full plan before Him. heart. Then there are two different kinds of guidance for man. it would suffice to turn their heads.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind However. only an ignoramus or an utter fool believes that such a universe is governed by a variety of independent or semi-independent gods. not to speak of his senses. independent of his will. obtain food from wherever Allah has created it for them. according to which they take root and spread in the earth. Even an atheist is compelled to concede that different kinds of animals possess some sort of inspirational knowledge that man cannot obtain even through his instruments. shape.” Part I. This is the guidance under which all physical and mental changes pertaining to childhood. the sun. kidney. choices. air. and taught the method of performing that function. making it impossible for them to be satisfied with anything other than becoming lord of the universe. ear. such is the mettle of creatures that. giving it due order and proportion. branches. Another kind of guidance is for water. This means that creation has not come about without a pre¬conceived plan. no beauty and inner coherence among the many things existing in the world. produce stems. He created everything in the universe. For more arguments about the existence of Creator please see Chapter 19—”Islam Strongly Rejects Theory of Evolution under Islamic Response. One kind of guidance is for the earth. But it is not credible that the Creator Who has arranged guidance for everything in this universe. is an express sign of the truth that some Wise Designer is its Creator. but the Guide. Now. It is God who taught the fish to swim and the birds to fly. and the solid and mineral elements. and they are performing the services for which they have been created. form. He has taken the responsibility to give guidance to whatever He has created in a particular capacity to fit its nature and to guide it in the way suitable for it. stomach. by which each child learns to suck milk spontaneously at birth. youth. And this destiny Allah has set for everything in the universe. maturity. and for that purpose what would be its size. the creation of everything in the world. Thus. brain. Still another kind of guidance is for the countless species of animals of the land and water. whatever was created was created to perform a certain function. Such a scheme for anything is its “destiny” (Taqdir). limitations. and gave every creature the best conceivable form and shape. veins. and that it is simply out of the question that anyone could share any of His powers with Him. In other words. and even his consciousness. existence. qualities. potentialities. man may offer whatever arguments and excuses he may like. That is. liver. too. the moon. and fulfill the function which has been appointed for each of them. light. and gave whatever He created the right proportion and balance. and arteries all are performing their respective functions. and old age go on taking place in man. and for the entire universe as a whole. without man being conscious of it or his will having anything to do with the functions of these organs. but might not have made any arrangement to show what is the right way of using his choices and what is the wrong way. nothing was just created and left to itself. For turning away from this last kind of guidance. and functioning. Also He determined when it should come into being. sprout up from its layers. were any invested with some of God’s powers. He is not merely the Creator. and the extent of all other things concerning it and what opportunities and means should be provided for its survival. and the stars and planets. let us consider the alternative that there were gods other than the One True God to whom some of God’s powers had been delegated. from the earth to the heavens. haphazardly. This being the case. 124 . nerves. leaves. One kind of guidance is for his animal life. and when and how it should cease to be after completing its part of the work or playing the role assigned to it in the overall scheme of things. rather. intestines. for in this sphere of life. there grows neither a blade of grass nor a grain of wheat. lungs. his nose. the wonderful manifestations of which are clearly visible in the life of the animals and in their works. and fruit. and this guidance they are following in performing their role. if that were not the case. Had the creation of the countless things in the universe been the result of a chance accident. there could be no order and balance. It is quite evident that in this universe in which we have been placed. and for each member of the species. might have set for man the destiny that he may appropriate numerous things in His world freely. blossoms. the nature of which is absolutely different from the guidance for unconscious life.

for He is Most High. pious. Verse 51 (Holy Qur’an): “It is not fitting to grant any [mortal] human being the favor that Allah should speak to him [face to face] except by [1] inspiration. and virtuous man of their society (see Chapter 18). He himself says that he is not the author of this book. Lord of the Worlds. or I have been enjoined this. or wahi. no further evidence is required. honest. If he had claimed the authorship of Qur’an. Most Wise. [3] or by the sending of a Messenger [Angel Gabriel] to reveal. This continued in Prophet Mohammed’s (pbuh) later life also. Most of the revelation of the Qur’an was by the third method mentioned above. Holy Qur’an. It could not be expected of such a man that he would forge a lie and attribute it to God. the wife of the Prophet Mohammed. All such things relate to the first kind of revelation. Method 2: On the occasion of the miraj (ascension). and the divinely inspired traditions (Ahadith Qudsi) mostly belong to this category of revelation. Traditions mention many visions in which he was given some teaching or informed of something. or I have been forbidden this. but revealed by God to Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). In several authentic traditions. righteous. Method 3: As for the third kind. the way mention has been made of the commandment of the salat five times a day and the Holy Prophet’s (pbuh) making those submissions again and again. [2] or from behind a veil. who. and in the Qur’an also a vision of his has been clearly mentioned (Holy Qur’an. EVIDENCE 1 TESTIMONY OF MOHAMMED (pbuh) The Holy Qur’an was presented to the people as the Book from God by Mohammed (pbuh). the Trustworthy (Qur’an. 26:192-195). Besides. a similar type of dialogue took place between Allah (swt) Almighty and His servant Mohammed (upon whom be His peace and blessings). the Holy Prophet (pbuh) was honored with the second kind of wahi. No one in history has ever attributed to someone else his 125 . before and after prophethood. After this testimony by Mohammed (pbuh) himself. Explicit and implicit evidence in the Qur’an proves that God Himself is the author of this book. the Qur’an itself testifies that it was conveyed to the Holy Prophet (pbuh) through Angel Gabriel. I give below the various types of evidence that the Holy Qur’an is the Book that originated with God and that it is not a book of human origin or of any other origin. what Allah wills. pbuh) has stated that revelation in the beginning came to the Holy Prophet (pbuh) in the form of true visions (The two books of Hadith by Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim). with Allah’s permission. by Maududi). clearly shows that at that time. Both the Qur’an and the Hadith confirm that the Holy Qur’an was revealed to the Prophet (pbuh) by the following three methods. trustworthy.” (“Commentary on Holy Qur’an. 28: 27). it would have enhanced his position and status. 2:97. and nobody would have raised any objection to his claim.” 42:51-52.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind CHAPTER 17 Why Muslims Believe that Holy Qur’an is the Book from God INTRODUCTION T he Holy Qur’an is the Book not of human origin. or I have been informed of this and this. in his entire life.” Method 1: A’ishah (ra. Chapter 42. several traditions also mention that the Holy Prophet (pbuh) said: “I have been inspired with such and such a thing. as had taken place between Allah (swt) and the Prophet Moses at the foot of Mount Tur.. was well known in his community as the most truthful.

you should turn to God and seek His pardon. USA. But this is not true. appearing suddenly and vanishing abruptly. EVIDENCE 2 ALTERATIONS IN MOHAMMED’S (pbuh) OUTWARD APPEARANCE. A’ishah stated: “Whenever Revelation came down on the Holy Prophet (pbuh) while he was riding on his she-camel.” (Hadith Book of Bukhari). and most superb writings. But he could not. to her parents. As an example. I have received such and such report about you. to A’ishah (rau). If you are innocent. Soon after this statement of the Prophet (pbuh). a companion of the Prophet (pbuh). the Prophet (pbuh) said to A’ishah (rau): “O A’ishah. God pardons him” (see S. Maududi’s Translation of the Holy Qur’an. Nasai). the she-camel would be forced to rest her chest on the ground and could not move until the Revelation was over. The Prophet (pbuh) completed his own investigation and found A’ishah (rau) completely innocent. I hope God will proclaim your innocence. we know that there are many writers who resort to claiming for themselves what other people have written. Conversation stopped as if in moments of absence of mind. in the book “Islam the Straight Path. he would have and could have produced any part of the Qur’an whenever he wanted or needed it. he (Mohammed. In the presence of the Revealer Spirit. by Maududi). Al-Azher University.” 53:5. Someone may say that by attributing the Qur’an to divine origin. Tirmidhi. Abd Allah Draz.” by Md. nor bring them into being when he earnestly desired to receive a message. disobeys God. and to the believers. In another tradition. and anyone who disobeys him.” (For more reference about the above. by hypocrites of Madinah. EVIDENCE 3 MOHAMMED (pbuh) COULD NOT PRODUCE ANY PART OF QUR’AN OUT OF HIS OWN WILL If Mohammed (pbuh) were the author of the Qur’an.A. When a servant of God confesses his sin and repents. then. Cairo. There was silence. and the rumors continued for about a month. because even with God as the author of this book. Finally. one day. On the other hand.. the Prophet (pbuh) did not receive any revelation. There was nothing voluntary about these phenomena. tangible. New York. pbuh) would have found it easier to win people’s obedience for his commandments. Malik. Mohammed (pbuh) claims that anyone who obeys him obeys God. says: “I have seen the state of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) receiving Revelation during intense cold. His body relaxed as if in sleep. I felt such a great pressure of the weight on my knee that I thought it would break. Muslim. There were occasions in his life when he went through very hard times that required an immediate answer or revelation. sometimes after an interval. and audible signs of the mysterious accompanying phenomena that made evident the real source of the Qur’an and opened the eyes of truth-seekers. This scandal spread through the whole city of Madinah.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind own finest thoughts. The Prophet’s (pbuh) contemporaries were objective witnesses of the visible. there is a case of a false accusation of adultery against his wife. and he had to desperately wait for a long time. giving a clear verdict of her purity and faithfulness (Qur’an.” page 23. after which the people with him would listen to the wonderful text from the Prophet (pbuh). 126 . in which her complete innocence was declared. the Prophet (pbuh) sought a revelation. 24:11-12). which caused great distress and anguish to the Prophet (pbuh). 24:11). and a mysterious buzz was heard around him—as in a telephone conversation where the one listening is the only one who can hear distinctly enough to understand. “The Origin of Islam. but there was no revelation. the mysterious phenomena would come. A’ishah (rau). 1958). A’ishah. AND PECULIAR PHENOMENA AT THE OCCASION OF RECEIVING REVELATION Zaid bin Thabit. On many occasions. for the Prophet (pbuh) could neither avoid them when they came. see “Commentary on Qur’an. Despite the passage of time. This is unheard of. the wife of the Prophet (pbuh). (Article. OTHER SYMPTOMS. Professor. the Prophet’s (pbuh) inspired face was illuminated. If you have committed a sin. like a mirror. and drops of precipitation started falling from his forehead” (Hadith books by Bukhari. Revelation started coming to the Prophet (pbuh). but it was not given. ideas. narrates: “Once Revelation upon the Prophet (pbuh) came down in a state when the Prophet (pbuh) was resting his knee upon my knee. published by The Ronald Press Co.

(i) “May God pardon you. Even though the Prophet (pbuh) was aware of the falsity of their excuses. Such an attitude is not only wrong in principle. revelation to Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) was suspended for a time. the Prophet (pbuh) could not bring any revelation. first of all. but this was necessitated by the same expediency as underlies the peace and stillness of the night after bright day. Therefore. Some of them said that the fountainhead from where the revelation came had dried up. and none of you could have saved him” (Qur’an. This. for the latter had used exemption to disguise their hypocrisy. your nerves could not have endured it. It is inconsistent with the spirit of true faith.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Had the matter been up to him. sympathy and concern for the offender. 9:113) If a person prays to God for someone’s pardon. rather. and would indeed have cut his life-vein. wife of Abu Lahab. It is significant that the verse in question does not say that Muslims should not seek pardon for those who ascribe divinity to any other than God. the hypocrites asked the Prophet (pbuh) to exempt them from jihad.” (Qur’an. [Prophet]! Why have you granted them permission [to stay at home] before you come to realize who was speaking the truth and before you come to know the liars.” EVIDENCE 4 THERE ARE VERSES IN THE QUR’AN THAT REPROACH.A. a man who had never lied to other mortals. The Prophet (pbuh) thought that he probably committed some error. which requires sincere devotion. because of which his Lord had become angry with him and had forsaken him. even though they happened to be their near of kin. would not lie to God: “Had he dared to attribute (falsely) some sayings to Us. Despite these taunts and jeers of the enemy on the delay of revelation. it implies. but leaves one’s loyalty open to doubt. 127 . absolute love. 9:113). However. Some other pagans of Makkah said that his Lord had become angry with him. We would indeed have seized him by his right hand. as if to say: “If you had continuously been exposed to the intensely bright light of revelation. is quite a different matter. Had they not been exempted. Thereupon God revealed Chapter 93 of the Qur’an. said to Mohammed (pbuh): “It appears your Satan has forsaken you” (see S. The verse. 69:44-47). 93:3). This delay provided an opportunity for his opponents to taunt him. AND CRITICIZE MOHAMMED (pbuh) Quoted below are verses from the Holy Qur’an that run contrary to what Mohammed (pbuh) preferred or expected. Maududi’s Translation of the Holy Qur’an. in the early part of the prophet hood. what would have prevented him from producing such a verdict earlier to protect his own honor and the honor of his wife? He could have attributed that verdict to divine revelation in order to silence those who continued to spread such rumors. did not meet with the approval of God. 9:43) Proffering excuses. CENSOR. after it has been made clear to them that they are destined for hell. it will transpire that these actions of the Prophet (pbuh) were criticized by these revelations of the Qur’an. an interval was given in order to afford you peace and tranquility. But to sympathize with and love those who have indulged in open rebellion and to consider that rebellion pardonable.” (Qur’an. Such an attitude towards an offender who is otherwise faithful is one matter. (ii) “It is not befitting for the Prophet and believers to pray for the forgiveness of those who associated partners with God. their deliberate abstention from jihad would have revealed the hypocrites’ true colors. To quote another example. From the perusal of these verses. (Qur’an. characterizes it as something unbecoming of the Prophet (pbuh) and believers. Umm Jamil. and loyalty to God. True faith requires that we should consider God’s friends as our friends. which clearly shows that the bringing of revelation was not in his power. he granted them an exemption. and God’s enemies as our own enemies. Mohammed (pbuh). and a belief that the offense is pardonable. however. and the Prophet (pbuh) was told that his leniency towards the hypocrites was not well-placed. consoling him that revelation had not been stopped because of some displeasure. Other pagans started saying that Mohammed (pbuh) had been forsaken by his Lord. which caused the Prophet (pbuh) to be deeply distressed and grieved. and hence deserted him.

and instructions we now find in the pure life of the Holy Prophet (pbuh). The worldly obligations that one owes to one’s kinsmen—whether they are believers or unbelievers—must be fulfilled. There cannot be any other reason of mentioning this thing in the Qur’an. they are wholly based on truth. and they should include nothing that may be in disagreement with divine will. much less to say of another man. whose reverence and respect Allah (swt) Himself has enjoined as a necessary part of the faith of His servants. swt) wants to acquaint believers with the correct manner of reverence for the Prophet and for others. that the powers to prescribe the bounds of the lawful and the unlawful.” It may. That is why the lives of the prophets have been kept under close supervision by Allah (swt). the sick. or to consider their crime pardonable. whether that inspiration is embodied in the Qur’an or imparted to him secretly. he made a thing declared lawful by Allah (swt) unlawful to himself only to please his wives.” (Qur’an. that in any society. Likewise. It is noteworthy that the words of the verse are: “It is not fitting for the Prophet (pbuh) and the believers to pray for forgiveness for those who associated partners with Allah (swt). may deviate from divine will. nor could be. Whenever any act that deviates from Divine will. In such matters. compassion. neither the intention of making mention of it in the Book of Allah (swt) was. can declare something lawful or unlawful only if he receives an inspiration from Allah (swt) to do so. any discrimination between a believer and a non-believer is out of the question. those in distress—the needy. Who may commit no error. It has been stated in this Surah that at one time during his sacred life. 66:1) This verse shows the following: First. but also through the excellent example of the Prophet (pbuh). not God. are in complete conformity with divine will. All-Merciful. why do you make for yourself unlawful that which Allah has permitted for you? [Is it because] you seek the goodwill of your wives? Allah is All-Forgiving. irrespective of their religious faith. so that Islamic law and its principles should reach people in their absolute purity. as such. the position of a prophet is very delicate. and the orphans—must be helped. but included in the book that the entire Ummah has to read and recite forever. However. 66:3-5).” The expression seems to say to people: “Your religious commitment and your conscience should be so sensitive about such matters as to make you instinctively feel that it is not befitting for you at all to sympathize with the rebels of God.” (Qur’an. even the Prophet (pbuh) is not authorized to declare anything made permissible by Allah (swt) unlawful by himself. also have not been made secretly. not even a most trivial one. is sympathy that interferes with and prevents one from fulfilling one’s religious obligations. Obviously. but it assumes the status of law when experienced by a prophet.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind What is thus suggested is that the believers themselves should have such loyalty to God and sincerity that it prevents them from entertaining any sympathy for those who have rebelled against Him. A minor incident experienced by an ordinary man in his life may not be of any consequence. it has been rectified immediately. concerning which there is nothing on record in the nature of criticism or correction from Allah (swt). The Prophet (pbuh). and we can draw guidance from them with full confidence and peace of mind. Second. but because he is a perfect representative of divine will. not only through the Divine Book. Respect of the Prophet (pbuh) has not been enjoined because he is infallible. 33: 37) (iv) “O Prophet. and nothing has been delegated even to the Prophet (pbuh) of Allah (swt) himself. fearing [what] people [may think]. the injured. and Allah (swt) has not permitted 128 . and then Allah (swt) severely reproved for their errors those very wives of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) whom He Himself has declared as mothers of the faithful and worthy of the highest esteem and honor (Qur’an. So far as human sympathy is concerned —consideration. The fourth thing that we learn from this discourse is about the Holy Messenger (pbuh) himself. be clarified that the kind of sympathy that is forbidden those who have rebelled against God. so that none of their acts. it gives us complete satisfaction that whatever actions. which was not only corrected but also recorded. Third. has emanated from a Prophet. and the administration of the warning to the wives. whereas it is God alone whom you should fear. not to speak of any other man. that when the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) is checked on a minor thing. the permissible and the forbidden. are entirely and absolutely in the hand of Allah (swt). It also is obvious that no Muslim has lost respect for them in his heart after reading this Surah of the Qur’an. and affection—far from it being forbidden. it is praiseworthy for a believer to possess such attributes. The Prophet (pbuh) is a prophet. that Allah (swt) wanted to degrade His Messenger (pbuh) and the mothers of the faithful in the eyes of the believers. (iii) ‘‘You were hiding within yourself something [which God had commanded you] that God was sure to bring to light. and this automatically follows from the above-mentioned point. this criticism of the Prophet (pbuh). commands. Then. than that Allah. however.

ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind any of his errors to pass by unnoticed. This gives us the satisfaction that the noble pattern of life left by the Prophet (pbuh) wholly and fully represents the will of Allah (swt) Likewise, the companions or the holy wives of the Prophet (pbuh) were human, not angels or superhuman. They could make mistakes. Whatever ranks they achieved became possible only because of the guidance given by Allah (swt), and the training imparted by Allah’s (swt) Messenger (pbuh) that had molded them into the finest models. Whatever esteem and reverence they deserve is on this very basis, and not on the presumption that they were infallible. For this reason, whenever the companions or wives of the Prophet (pbuh) happened to commit an error during the life of the Prophet (pbuh), they were corrected by the Holy Prophet (pbuh). As has been mentioned at many places in the Hadith, some other errors were mentioned in the Qur’an, and Allah (swt) Himself corrected them, so that Muslims might not form an exaggerated notion of the respect and reverence of their elders and great men, which might raise them from humanity to the position of gods and goddesses. If one studies the Qur’an carefully, one will see many instances of this. (v) “He frowned and turned away his face because there came up to him the blind man. And what would make you know that he might reform, or heed the admonition, and admonishing might profit him? As for him who is indifferent, to him you attend, though you would not be responsible if he did not reform. And the one who comes to you running, of his own will, and fears, from him you turn away. By no means, this is but admonition. Let him who wills accept it.” (Qur’an, 80:1-12) These verses were revealed in the early part of the mission of the Prophet (pbuh), when Islam was facing hard times in Makkah. The rich and influential people of Makkah were using their wealth, power, and influence to check the advancement and spread of Islam, and to stop people from accepting it. The Prophet (pbuh) thought that acceptance of Islam by these powerful and influential people would remove all the impediments from the path of Islam in Makkah, and would thus open the way for the rapid spread of Islam, not only in Makkah, but also in the rest of Arabia. Once these powerful and influential chiefs of Makkah were sitting in the Holy Prophet’s (pbuh) assembly, and he was earnestly engaged in trying to persuade them to accept Islam, at that very point, a blind man named Ibn Umm Maktum approached him to seek an explanation of some point concerning Islam. The Holy Prophet (pbuh) disliked his interruption and ignored him. There upon these verses were revealed. The style of this first sentence is elegant and subtle. Although in the sentences that follow, the Holy Prophet (pbuh) is directly addressed, which by itself shows that the act of frowning and turning aside had issued forth from him, the discourse was opened in a manner as though it was not he, but someone else who had so acted. By this style, the Holy Prophet (pbuh), by a subtle method, has been made to realize that this was an act unseemly for him. Had somebody familiar with his high morals witnessed it, he would have thought that it was not he, but some other person who had behaved in that manner. The real point that the Prophet (pbuh) overlooked in the preaching of Islam on that occasion, as mentioned here, is: “As for him who is indifferent to him you attend .... And the one who comes to you running, of his own will and fears (Allah, swt), from him you turn away.” God first reproved Mohammed (pbuh) on his indifference to the earnest seeker of truth and guidance, and then Allah (swt) told him what should really be his focus in preaching Islam. One should not see whose becoming a Muslim would be of greater benefit for Islam and whose becoming a believer could not be of any use in its propagation, but one should see who is inclined to accept the guidance and reform himself, and who is least interested in this precious bargain. The first kind of man, whether he is blind, lame, crippled, or an indigent mendicant, who might apparently seem incapable of rendering any useful service in the propagation of Islam, is in any case a valuable man for the preacher of the truth. To him, therefore, he should attend, for the real object of this invitation is to reform people, and the apparent state of the person shows that if he were instructed, he would accept guidance. As for the other kind of man, the preacher has no need to pursue him, no matter how influential he is in society. For his attitude and conduct openly proclaim that he has no desire for reform, therefore, any effort made to reform him would be a mere waste of time. If he has no desire to reform himself, he may not. The loss would be his; the preacher would not at all be accountable for it. Such a great principle could never have been the product of any earthly factor or factors. It could only have had one source: God. (vi) “It behooves not a Prophet to take captives until he has sufficiently suppressed the enemies in the land. You merely seek the gains of the world, whereas Allah desires [for you good] of the Hereafter. Allah is Almighty, All-Wise. Had there not been a previous decree from Allah, a stern punishment would have afflicted you for what you have taken. So eat that which you have obtained—for it is lawful and clean—and fear Allah. Surely Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful” (Qur’an, 8:67-69).

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ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind This revelation came after the battle of Badr, when the Muslims took some prisoners of the enemy combatants. Before this battle, God had revealed in 47:4 that after you have crushed the enemy in the battlefield and broken their back, then you can take prisoners of war, and after that you have the choice to either show them favor (i.e., set them free without any compensation) or accept ransom. This was the background under which the Prophet (pbuh) consulted his companions, and then took the action that is criticized in the above Verses 8:67- 69. Let us reflect on these various verses of the Holy Qur’an quoted in i through vi above, and the reproach they contain. (a) The reproach and criticism of Mohammed (pbuh) in these verses is clear evidence that if the Qur’an had been made up by Mohammed (pbuh), he would not have included any such verses in it. After all, he was but a man, and men by nature resent being criticized, and are inclined to believe that they are immune from error. There is no human doctrine whose author is self-critical or does not try to convince us of its wholesomeness. Hence, the mere fact that these reproving verses were revealed and transmitted, intact, to Mohammed (pbuh), and to Mohammed’s (pbuh) followers, confirms the fact that the Qur’an is truly Allah’s (swt) original speech, and provides us also with evidence as to Mohammed’s (pbuh) integrity and honesty in delivering the message. Had they been the expressions of Mohammed’s (pbuh) remorse, feelings of guilt, and sorrow when he realized his mistakes, would he have spoken about himself in such a strongly reproachful manner? Would he not have preferred to keep quiet in order to maintain respect for his own views and orders? Indeed, had the Qur’an been the product of his own conscience, he would have excluded some parts of it. And, had he wished to exclude any part of it, then such verses would have been the first to be so excluded. But the Qur’an is God’s own revelation, and Mohammed (pbuh) could not suppress any part of it. No person other than the Messenger of God would announce in public this self-reproach, and include it in the Holy Qur’an to be recited by all future generations (Muslims and non-Muslims), until the end of this world, that he had been censured so strongly for his slips. (b) The mere fact that these and many other reproving verses are included in the Qur’an proves the originality of the Qur’an and confirms Allah’s (swt) promise to preserve it intact, and guard it from corruption, as is stated in the verse: “Lo! We, even We, reveal the Reminder, and lo! We verily are its Guardian.” (Al-Hijr, 15:9) (c) Mohammed (pbuh) is the most honest man. The existence of these reproaching verses in the Qur’an also proves that, had Mohammed (pbuh) been in any way dishonest or had any doubt about the divine message, he would have concealed these verses without anyone knowing about them or suspecting them. As an honest person, he received and did not conceal the verses.

EVIDENCE 5
MARKED DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DICTION AND STYLE USED IN QUR’AN AND DICTION AND STYLE USED BY MOHAMMED (pbuh) IN HIS OWN SPEECHES AN LECTURES
Mohammed (pbuh) expressed himself on a great many subjects, as well as recited to people many times verses from the Qur’an. Thus, his discourse was divided into two categories: (1) The Qur’an (2) The Prophet’s (pbuh) own ordinary discourse The fact that the discourse which the Prophet (pbuh) referred to as God’s speech—the Qur’an—was so very different in language and style from his own discourse, even though both were verbalized by him, was evident even at the time when the Prophet (pbuh) lived in the midst of his compatriots, and is still evident today. Furthermore, given that a great many of the Prophet’s (pbuh) statements and addresses to his people are extant in the works of Hadith, one cannot fail to notice that the language and style of these utterances are very different from that of the Qur’an. The difference is so pronounced that anyone who has the least sense of language and literature cannot dare to say that both the Qur’an and the material preserved in the collections of Hadith are the work of the same author. The question is, has a man in the world ever had the power, or can he have the capability to converse in two absolutely different styles, consistently, for years at a stretch, without it ever becoming known that the two separate styles are, in fact, of one and the same person ? It is possible that one may succeed in such affectation temporarily, but it is not at all possible

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ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind that, for twenty-three years continuously, a person should have different diction and style when he recites the revelations from Allah (swt), and a wholly different diction and style when he speaks in his personal capacity.

EVIDENCE 6
NO WHERE IN QUR’AN PERSONAL FEELINGS OF MOHAMMED (pbuh) ARE REFLECTED
Mohammed (pbuh), while leading and guiding the Islamic movement, met with different sorts of conditions. Sometimes he became the target of ridicule, humiliation, and severe persecution by his fellow countrymen and the people of his own tribe and clan. Regarding this persecution of Mohammed (pbuh), see Chapter 18. Quoted below are some of these events in the life of the Prophet (pbuh). (a) Mohammed (pbuh) and all his companions and supporters, including the entire clan of Bani Hashim, were totally boycotted by all the non-believers of Makkah. These boycotters decided not to have any business, social dealings, intermarriage, visits, or even verbal contact with any of these boycotted people until Mohammed (pbuh) was given to them to be killed. All these boycotted people remained in a narrow valley called Shib of Abu Talib, which was blocked by the Quraish from every side, so that no supplies or necessities of life could reach the besieged people. This boycott lasted for three years, and broke the back of the Muslims and their supporters, so much so, that at times they were forced even to eat grass and the leaves of trees, and to drink the juice of boiled skin. Their children cried with hunger. After three years, some Meccan leaders pitied the Muslims and lifted the siege. Soon after the siege was lifted, Abu Talib, the uncle of the Prophet (pbuh), who was his great supporter against the Quraish, died because of the impact of this boycott. Three months after the death of Abu Talib, Khadijah (raa), the wife of the Prophet (pbuh), who was his great moral supporter and adviser, also died. (b) Because of this new situation, the Prophet (pbuh) went to Taif with high hopes of establishing himself there, but he met with failure after failure, and he was pelted with stones and chased out of Taif. Physically he was bleeding, and mentally he was very much hurt. This was the worst day in his entire life. (c) When there is a case of false, vulgar, and obscene accusations by the hypocrites of Madinah about A’ishah (raa), the wife of the Prophet (pbuh), and the bitterness which this caused the Prophet (pbuh). (d) Sometimes, his companions were so harshly treated that they were compelled to emigrate from the country. Sometimes, enemies plotted against his life. Sometimes, he, himself, had to leave his home and city. Sometimes, he had to fight wars successively, in which he experienced defeats as well as victories. Sometimes he overcame his enemies, and the same enemies who had persecuted him came before him humbled. Sometimes, he achieved such power that few people in the world have been able to achieve. Under all such conditions, a person’s feelings obviously cannot remain the same. When, on these different occasions, the Prophet (pbuh) spoke in his personal capacity, his words and speeches carried the clear impression of his personal feelings, which naturally arise in the heart of a man on such occasions. But the discourses that were heard from him as Allah’s (swt) revelations on these different feelings (of personal grief and bitterness, one after the other, or of happiness, power, and victories), are wholly devoid of human feelings. At no place can even an acute observer and critic point out the play of human feelings in them. Had the Qur’an been the word of Mohammed (pbuh), it would have reflected in some degree the state of mind of the man who was the subject of these afflictions and grievances.

EVIDENCE 7
QUR’AN IS A MIRACLE AND IT IS IMPOSSIBLE FOR ANYONE OTHER THAN GOD TO PRODUCE SOMETHING OF ITS KIND
There are many aspects of the inimitability and uniqueness of the Qur’an. It is a miracle in its language, literary style, eloquence, and excellence; in its teachings, knowledge and wisdom; in its method of expression, its impact on listeners, and the revolution that it brought and can bring in the world.

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ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (A) QUR’AN’S CHALLENGE TO THE ARABS IN PARTICULAR, AND TO THE ENTIRE WORLD IN GENERAL, TO PRODUCE ANYTHING LIKE IT STANDS UNRESPONDED AND WILL REMAIN SO When Mohammed (pbuh) claimed his Messengership of Allah (swt), he presented the Holy Qur’an as the one and the only witness, or proof, of the truth of his claim, saying: “If you think that the Qur’an is not the Book of Allah (swt), and that I have invented it or it is a man-made book, then the Qur’an challenges you to make a book like it.” This challenge was repeatedly given in three stages. In the first stage, the challenge was to produce a book like the Holy Qur’an. When there was no response, the challenge was to produce only ten chapters like those of the Qur’an. Still there was no response. Then the challenge was to produce only one Surah, or chapter, like one Surah of the Qur’an. These challenges were made in the following verses of the Holy Qur’an. (i) Challenge to produce a book like the Qur’an. Holy Qur’an, 17:88 “Say: Surely, if all mankind and the jinn [i.e. visible and invisible creatures] were to get together to produce the like of this Qur’an, they will never be able to produce the like of it, even though they helped one another as best as they could.”

Holy Qur’an, 52:33-34
“Do they say: ‘This man has forged this Qur’an.’ The fact is that they do not want to believe. Let them then produce a discourse like it if they are true in what they say.” (ii) Challenge to produce ten Surahs only, instead of an entire Qur’an.

Holy Qur’an, 11:13
“Do they say: ‘He has invented this book himself?’ Say: If that is so, bring ten Surahs [chapters] the like of it of your composition, and call upon all you can other than Allah to your help. Do so if you are truthful.” (iii) Challenge to produce only one Surah instead of 10. It may be mentioned that there are some Surahs of the Qur’an that have only three verses, some have only four verses, and some only five verses, and so forth.

Holy Qur’an, 2:23-24
“If you are in doubt as to what We have revealed to Our Servant, then produce one Surah comparable to it and call upon all your supporters, other than Allah, if what you say is true. But if you fail, as you will certainly, then guard yourselves against fire, the fuel of which is men and stones. It has been prepared for disbelievers.” In the two verses that precede the ones above, i.e., 2:21-22, God says that, “It is He alone Who has created the earth as a resting place for you, and the sky a canopy, and sent down water from above with which He brought forth fruits for your sustenance....” The point of argument here is that just as no one other than God can create the heavens and the earth, and can bring water from above and grow fruit, etc., because these are the works of God, similarly the Holy Qur’an is the work of God, and thus cannot be produced by anyone other than God.

Holy Qur’an, 10:37-39
“This Qur’an could not have been devised by anyone other than God. It is a confirmation of [revelations] that went before it, and a full explanation of God’s Book, about which there is no doubt. It certainly comes from the Lord of all the worlds. If they say: ‘He has invented it,’ say, ‘Produce, then, one Surah like it, and call for help on all you can other than God, if what you say is true.’ Indeed they disbelieve what they cannot grasp, particularly since its inner meaning has not become clear to them. Likewise did those who lived before them disbelieve. But see what happened in the end to those wrongdoers.” “This Qur’an could not have been devised by anyone other than God.” What is negated here is the very possibility that the Qur’an could ever have been fabricated or authored by anyone other than God. This is much more comprehensive and emphatic. Such unique characteristics of topic and expression, such perfection of order and harmony, such completeness of the

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ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind faith it preaches and the code for human life it lays down, such a thorough concept of the nature of God head, as well as the nature of life, human beings, and the universe could never have been designed by anyone other than God. Only He is able to combine all this, because He is the One who knows the beginnings of all things and their ends, the apparent and the hidden. No one else can devise a system that is perfect, free of shortcomings, and based on perfect knowledge. “It is a confirmation of revelation that went before it.” It confirms all the revelations and scriptures given to earlier Messengers. It confirms the original faith outlined by those messages and the good things they advocated. It is also: “a full explanation of God’s Book.” It is the same book, outlining the same message preached by all earlier Messengers. There may be differences of detail in these messages, but the basic principles are the same. The Qur’an explains God’s Book fully, making clear all the methods and means of goodness, and how these are to be fulfilled and followed in human life. The faith is the same, and the basic substance is the same, but the methods of goodness and the legislation outlined are given each time in a degree of detail that suited human progress and development. When mankind came of age, people were addressed by the Qur’an as adults. They were no longer addressed by physical miracles that defy human intellect. Moreover, it is a book: “...about which there is no doubt. It certainly comes from the Lord of all the worlds.” This is an assertion that the Qur’an could never have been fabricated or attributed falsely to God. It is indeed a revelation by “the Lord of all the worlds.” Having stated the truth about the Qur’an, the Surah speaks of a certain possibility: “If they say: ‘He invented it’.” (Qur’an, 10:37). In other words, if Mohammed (pbuh) is alleged to have invented it, let them then mobilize their resources and invent a single Surah like it, if they can. “Say: ‘Produce, then, one Surah like it, and call for help on all you can besides God, if what you say is true’.’’ The challenge is permanent, as is their inability to meet it. It continues for the rest of time, and no one will ever be able to meet it. Anyone who appreciates the strength, beauty, and artistic expression of the Arabic language will recognize that the Qur’anic style is unique, and that no human being could produce anything similar to it. So will those who study human social systems and legal principles. If they study the system laid down in the Qur’an, they will realize that its approach to the organization of the human community is absolutely unique. It enacts appropriate regulations for all aspects of human life, while at the same time allowing a sufficient degree of practicality and flexibility to meet any type of development. That is a task too great to be undertaken by a single human mind or by the minds of any group of human beings in a single generation or throughout human history. The same applies to those who study human psychology and methods of influencing people, on the one hand, and the Qur’an and the way it addresses the human mind, on the other. It is not merely the incomparability of the Qur’anic style and mode of expression; instead, the absolutely miraculous nature of the Qur’an is easily recognized by experts in diverse disciplines, such as language, society, law, and psychology. Those who are adept at using artistic expression, and have insight into fine literary styles, are better able to appreciate the miracle of the Qur’an in this particular aspect, while experts in the different disciplines of sociology, law, and psychology are able to appreciate its superior treatment of their subject matters. Each will appreciate better than anyone else the miracle of the Qur’an in their respective disciplines. Although it is practically impossible to describe this miracle and its true dimensions, I shall continue this discussion about this inimitability of the Qur’an. The Prophet (pbuh) and the Holy Qur’an criticized and condemned the gods of the pagan Arabs, and insulted and humiliated their forefathers by saying that they were ignorant and misled, and even hurt their tribal sense of honor, dignity, and ego by predicting that they would never be able to take up this challenge. Despite all these insults, humiliations, incitements, and the enragements of the pagan Arabs, who fancied themselves for their eloquence, who considered themselves the masters of Arabic language, poetry, and prose, whose power and skill of oration enjoyed a great renown and fame throughout Arabia, who considered non-Arabs as “The Dumbs,” and among whom there were present such famous Arabic eloquent writers, poets, and litterateurs who would hang their poetry on the door of Ka’bah to challenge the entire Arabia to match their writing or poetry, not a single contender came forward to face the challenge of the Qur’an. All these famous orators, eloquent writers, and poets found themselves powerless, helpless, and incapable of facing the challenge of the Qur’an. This is a clear admission of their helplessness and an acknowledgement that the Holy Qur’an is the Word of Allah. This also establishes the fact that the Holy Qur’an is an evident miracle of the Prophet (pbuh). This challenge still stands. The miracle, too, lives on, and shall live to the end of the world. History tells us that the infidels of Makkah opposed Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) and his message (i.e., the Holy Qur’an)

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ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind tooth and nail. As discussed in Chapter 18, they severely persecuted Mohammed (pbuh) and his companions, including their own relatives and dear friends who had accepted Islam. In this process, they sent these Muslims into exile, first to Africa (Ethiopia), and then to Madinah. They attacked the Muslims and fought many battles, killed them and themselves were killed, and sacrificed their wealth and resources, their comforts and peace. They sacrificed their very lives for the purpose of obliterating Islam. The Holy Qur’an provided them an easy chance of accomplishing their objective or goal. Instead of suffering all these hardships, all these eloquent litterateurs, poets, and orators (who were in large number among these Arabs) had to do was just prove that Holy Qur’an is not the Book of God or Book revealed by God. This would have been the end of Islam and the mission of Mohammed (pbuh), and would have relieved them of all their worries, hardships, and problems without being killed and killing others. If, according to them, Mohammed (pbuh) is the author of this book, they are also human beings, so they should also be able to produce something like this. But they did not do it, because they could not. Had they the ability to do it, they would have definitely done it. Humans were helpless to produce the like of it at the time when it was sent down and are likewise helpless even today. Nothing of it could ever be proved wrong in any age, nor can anything of it be proved wrong in the present age. Falsehood can neither attack it from the front, nor from the rear, nor defeat it. It is generous and beneficent in the sense that the more a person goes on trying to gain guidance from it, the more guidance it goes on giving him, and the more he follows and obeys its commands and instructions, the more he continues to be blessed with good things of the world and the Hereafter. There is no limit to its benefits and advantages, no time when a man may become independent of it, and when it may cease to be beneficial and useful for him.

(B) QUR’AN IS THE HIGHEST AND MOST PERFECT MODEL OF THE LITERATURE OF THE LANGUAGE IN WHICH IT WAS REVEALED
No word and no sentence in the entire book is substandard. Whatever theme has been presented in it has been presented in the most appropriate words and in the most suitable style. One and the same theme has been presented over and over again, but every time in a new style, avoiding the defect of repetition everywhere. The entire book, from the beginning to the end, is set in the choicest words, like chiseled and polished gems, that cannot be replaced. The discourses are so impressive that no one who knows the language, even if he is a disbeliever, can help being moved to ecstasies on hearing them. Even after 1,400 years, this book is still the model of Arabic literature, and no other Arabic book can approach it in literary excellence, not to speak of equaling it. Not only this, but also this book has so controlled the Arabic language, that even after the passage of fourteen centuries, the standard of this language’s beauty and eloquence is the same that had been set by it; whereas in such long periods, other languages change out of recognition. No other language of the world has remained in the same state in so far as its spelling and diction, idiom, rules of language, and usages are concerned. But it is only the power of the Qur’an that has held the Arabic language in place; each idiom of it is still in use in Arabic literature; its literature is still the standard literature of Arabic; and in writing and speech the same language is still regarded as good Arabic that had been used in the Qur’an 1,400 years ago. Is there any man-made book in any language of the world that bears the same characteristics? The literary form of the Qur’an is neither that of poetry, nor that of rhythmic or non-rhythmic prose, nor that of the Prophet (pbuh) himself, nor that of any common man. The ascendant power of the Qur’an penetrates the soul, as discussed later (see Chapter 18). The language of the Qur’an reflects neither the usual softness of the townsman, nor the roughness of nomadic Arab. It reflects the right measure of the sweetness of the former and the vigor of the latter.

(C) ELOQUENCE AND UNIQUE STYLE OF QUR’AN
The eloquence and flawless style in which the Qur’an was couched captivated the senses of the Arabs and resulted in the conversion of many of them. The most authentic and widely-circulated tradition about `Umar’s acceptance of Islam is as follows: When `Umar set out to kill the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh), on the way he met someone who was aware of what `Umar intended. This person asked `Umar to first set his own house in order; the stranger was alluding to the fact that `Umar’s own sister and brother-inlaw had already embraced Islam. Upon hearing this, `Umar rushed to his sister’s house. His sister, Fatimah bint al-Khattab, and his brother-in-law, Sa’id ibn Zayd, were at that moment studying a scroll (sahifah) of the Holy Book under the direction

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the father-in-law of Abu Sufyan and the father of Hind. another tribal chief. who had kept himself hidden throughout the various exchanges. and even resorted to beating Sa’id ibn Zayd. Despite all this. in no uncertain terms.). some of them had the honesty to say so in public. are reported to have stealthily crept in the darkness of night to the house of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) to hear him reciting the Holy Qur’an. both his sister and brother-in-law advised `Umar. the enemies of Islam became worried about the huge crowds that would assemble there for the annual pilgrimage and would be likely to fall under his spell. of all persons. in spite of this admission. Even the vilest enemies of the Holy Prophet (pbuh). agreed that `Utbah should try to dissuade Mohammed (pbuh) from his course. she obtained a solemn promise from him that he would not tear it into shreds. as Abu Jahl confessed in so many words. These events took place shortly after the migration of some of the Prophet’s companions to Abyssinia (5th year of prophethood/615 C. and some accepted Islam.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind of Khattab ibn Aratt. but only after he had washed himself properly. the brother of the blessed companion. but now that their rivals had produced a prophet. Vol. they had been successfully competing with the tribe of Banu `Abd Manaf in all possible virtues. for. `Umar sought out the Prophet (pbuh) and in this way accepted Islam. I believe God has chosen you to spread the message of His Prophet (pbuh). they considered the possibility of putting him down as one of the soothsayers. they suggested that they could tell the pilgrims that the Holy Qur’an was (May Allah (swt) forgive us for reporting a blasphemy) only the ravings of a lunatic. however. the eldest and the wisest among them.E. and they referred the problem to Walid ibn Mughirah. Khattab ibn Aratt. Then. 135 . causing a skull injury to Fatimah’s head. 342-6. though in private. the Prophet) pray yesterday: ‘O God! Strengthen Islam through Abu Jahl or Umar ibn al-Khattab. turn to God. saying: “Should you like. the tribe of the Holy Prophet (pbuh). He immediately began to interrogate them both. (For the story of `Umar’s acceptance of Islam. he finally advised them to accuse the Holy Prophet of being a sorcerer who employed his black arts in separating sons from fathers. they would immediately know that the allegation was not true. pp.e. `Umar took a bath and then began to read the scroll. came out and said: “By God. Immediately thereafter. When his sister tried to protect her husband. `Umar exclaimed: “What a remarkable discourse!” On hearing this. there is not a single man among you who knows more about Arabic poetry than me. Next they thought of dismissing him as a mere poet. Walid said: “By God.) As a matter of fact. Accordingly. `Umar also ruthlessly attacked her. could not give up the ways of their forefathers. while others.” This happened after Hamzah embraced Islam. But Walid could foresee that when the pilgrims heard the Holy Prophet (pbuh) speaking with such lucidity and eloquence. Jalal al-Din al-Suyati has reported. approached the Quraish chiefs. Before Fatimah agreed to show `Umar the scroll. and accompanied by Khattab ibn Aratt. Unais. that they had embraced Islam and were determined to adhere to it. Sirah. in his `Al-Khasa’is al-Kubra’. But Walid feared that they would again discover how false the imputation was. and. for I heard him (i. see Ibn Hisham. for they had full confidence in him. Exactly the same was the impression made by the Holy Qur’an on many other people. a number of incidents that illustrate the point. Inscribed on it was Surah Ta Ha. they could not come up with something to match it. by God. Their tribal chiefs wanted to find an effective stratagem to prevent such a situation from arising. She also subsequently told him that he could touch the scripture. Abu Dharr. and to have been so entranced by the Word of Allah (swt) that they could not tear themselves away from the place until dawn. Nadr ibn Harith. I will call on Mohammed (pbuh) and try to persuade him to desist preaching. `Umar had nonetheless overheard his sister and brother-in-law reciting something. I find in his speech a kind of sweetness and grace which I have never found in the speech of any poet or of any eloquent man. that the Holy Qur’an was inimitable. was so moved by the sight of his sister’s profuse bleeding that he asked her and her husband to show him what they had been reciting. 1. To begin with. like Akhnas ibn Shariq. When the Holy Prophet (pbuh) and the Holy Qur’an began to attract the attention of people even outside Makkah. As he read through this Surah. Abu Jahl himself. the Quraish chiefs were seriously perturbed. And.” After a good deal of thought. particularly their hostility to Banu `Abd Manaf. They. a tribal chief. `Umar. and Qais ibn Nasibah of the Banu Sulaim tribe. O `Umar!” `Umar needed nothing more to persuade him that he should embrace Islam. or sufficiently overcome tribal rivalries. ‘Utbah ibn Rabi’ah. and would only turn against the accusers. Abu Sufyan. Yet they continued to be stubborn in their denial. Although Fatimah had hidden her copy of the scripture as soon as she saw `Umar approaching. and wives from husbands. As’ad ibn Zurarah. the most renowned among the contemporary Arabs did admit. Because the number of the Prophet’s (pbuh) companions continued to grow..’ So. regardless of how he treated them. who expressed similar views— for example. In summing up his own impression of the Holy Qur’an. the Quraish chiefs.

his dominion will be your dominion.” When `Utbah joined them. When Fudhail heard these words. 57:16-17). his prestige will mean your prestige. Now it is up to you to do what pleases you. 293-4. When Fudhail heard Verses 20-21 (below). We have shown you the Signs clearly. but always left some money with them. he was completely changed. took a . he not only came back to Islam. telling him to start reciting the Holy Qur’an as soon as the caravan entered the jungle wherein Fudhail looted the caravans. but after listening to the recitation of the Qur’an. say: ‘I have warned you of a thunder like the thunder that overtook ‘Ad and Thamud. While `Utbah made these offers.” He then recited some verses from Surah Ha Mim al-Sajdah and `Utbah listened to the Prophet (pbuh) in rapt attention. In terms of pedigree you come from a noble family. 41:13). the Qari started reciting the Qur’an Chapter 57. You brand our deceased ancestors with unbelief and error. like a person who is in a deep sleep and awakened by a loud explosion. Sirah. he would not rob him at all. `Utbah visited the Prophet (pbuh) and said to him: “0 my nephew! You know well the position you enjoy among us. ‘Utbah put his hand upon the Prophet’s mouth. pp. and long ages passed over them and their hearts became hardened and today most of them are sinners? Know it well that Allah gives life to the earth after its death. This is not the one he went to meet Mohammed with. Then the Prophet (pbuh) said: “Listen to me now.’ There is another incident reported by Ibn Masud. Luckily. instead of taking guards with him. At the end. they asked: “0 Abu al-Walid! What were you able to do?” To this he replied: “By God! Today I have listened to something I have never heard before. published by Islami Kutab Khana. But even while committing these crimes. then even those chiefs of the polytheists who were in the forefront of the opposition to the Holy Prophet (pbuh) could not resist falling down in prostration. Another interesting story is of the impact of the Qur’an on a Muslim who had transgressed and gone astray. he was severely shaken up. Verses 16 and onwards: “Has not the time yet arrived for the believers that their hearts should melt with the remembrance of Allah and should submit to the truth sent down by Him. in which he says that Chapter 53 is the first chapter of the Holy Qur’an in which the Holy Prophet (pbuh) publicly recited before an assembly of the Quraish (and according to Ibn Maduyah.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Accordingly. when he recited the verse requiring the performance of a sajdah (prostration) and fell down in prostration. Vol. nor magic. the Prophet (pbuh) listened silently. By God. the Prophet (pbuh) said: “Abu al-Walid! Have you finished. may be that you use your common sense” (Qur’an. 1. You speak ill of their faith and their deities. you will not be held guilty of his murder. The tradesman. nor soothsaying. When the Prophet (pbuh) was reciting Ha Mim al-Sajdah and reached the verse: “But if they turn away. you have listened to what I have to say. Whatever I have heard from him is bound to come about. When the Prophet (pbuh) recited Verse 38 of this Surah. Meanwhile. Urdu Bazar.” (Holy Qur’an. which he displayed in the form of mercy and compassion. In his early life. some people advised him to take some police or guards with him for protection from robbery by Fudhail on the way. but became a leading pious man. the Qari continued his recitation of the Qur’an.Qari (reciter of the Holy Qur’an) with him. If he found that someone he was planning to rob did not have much money. In the reports brought together by Bayhaqi regarding this event there is some additional information. Pakistan). and assigned him to the lead camel of the caravan. in the Ka’bah) where both believers and disbelievers were present. If some other Arabs defeat him.” They replied: “Abu al-Walid! You too have fallen prey to his spell!” (Urdu translation of Ibn Hisham. pleading mercy for his people. he resorted to dacoity and robbery of caravans between the towns of Marv and Moward in Khurasan (Central Asia). when a trader was leaving the city of Marv for Moward.” `Utbah took his leave of the Prophet (pbuh) and returned to the Quraish chiefs. His name was Abu Ali Fudhail Bin Ayadh. who knew that Fudhail was a god-fearing robber. he prostrated himself before Allah (swt) and then said to `Utbah: “0 Abu al-Walid. if he establishes his dominance over Arabia. it is neither poetry. he would not rob them completely. Leaders of the Quraish! Listen to me and let him alone.” Then `Utbah made many offers to the Prophet to dissuade him from preaching Islam. Once. they exclaimed: “By God! Abu al-Walid’s countenance is totally changed. when the caravan reached the jungle where Fudhail was waiting in ambush. 136 . However. When he had finished his long list of offers. for others will be responsible for it. Lahore. confirming that he had spoken his mind in full. So why have you brought down such a calamity on your people? You have caused division in the whole community. or do you have something else to say?” To this he replied in the affirmative. and while robbing the rich ones. he had some fear of God. and they should not be like those who were given the Book before them. As he approached them.

enjoyed the company of many great and pious Muslims. and you see it turn yellow. Its example is of vegetation after a shower of rain. he sincerely and extremely regretted his acts of robbing and looting. the first time ever that Friday prayers had been held on board. There were also 120 foreign passengers. Consequently. These phrases filled her with awe. She shook our hands warmly and said in broken English that she was profoundly touched by the discipline and spiritual calm of our prayers. prepared for those who have believed in Allah and His Messengers. This is a common feature. it achieves a standard of excellence that surpasses anything that men of letters recognize as the zenith that can be attained by any human being. which delighted the tillers. Below are only two examples. or sermon. 137 . and became a great pious Muslim himself.” (D) QUR’AN USES THE FEWEST POSSIBLE WORDS TO EXPRESS UTMOST RICHNESS AND COMPREHENSIVE MEANINGS Another essential element of the Qur’anic style is that it uses the fewest possible words to express ideas of utmost richness and comprehensive meaning. remained there as a servant at Makkah. They were overjoyed by this. I delivered the khutbah. or vice versa. in the middle of the ocean. which is clearly noticeable throughout the Qur’an. which He bestows on whomever he wills. but we were driven to show our religious feelings when we saw a missionary exercising his mission with the passengers. It was as if the imam was deriving his speech from the Holy Spirit. It combines artistic beauty with precision in a way that makes it impossible to replace one word with another.’ That was how they viewed our prayers.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind “Know it well that the life of this world is nothing but a sport and pastime.” they later explained. The captain. and the overall feeling it generates. and Allah’s bounty is immense!” (Qur’an. Then he went to Makkah. When Fudhail heard Verses 20-21. it covers them in the fullest. facilitated our task and allowed any of the crew and other workers. finest. 57:20-21). the hidden essence of god. and not only renounced them. while many of the foreign passengers were watching nearby. and made them happy. One particular lady. an Englishman. and does not allow the needs of fine style to overshadow those of precise meaning. In fact. and a show and boasting among yourselves and a rivalry in wealth and children. The whole thing was truly remarkable. most vivid and accurate way. Therefore. She then asked which language the `priest’ was speaking. “When the prayer was over. in their experience.fearing in him overpowered him. many of the non-Muslims congratulated us on a `successful service. to join the prayer. He even approached us. Nevertheless. but also returned the looted money to all those whom he knew and could locate. reportedly once accompanied then-President Gamal Abdul Nasir to a meeting with the Soviet leaders. she could not control her feelings. then it becomes straw. Contrary to this. Qari Abdul Basit saw four of them shedding tears. as it was. the vastness of which is like the vastness of the heavens and earth. She also said that although she could not understand a word of what was being said. then the same ripens. rhythm. Here is his personal experience in his own words: “We were seven Muslim passengers traveling on board an Egyptian ship across the Atlantic to New York. Nasir asked him to recite the Qur’an before the top Soviet leaders. by Sayyid Qutab. in the life to come there is severe torment and forgiveness from Allah and His good pleasure. In this respect. God knows that we were not that keen on the prayer itself. and her eyes were full of tears. She said that certain phrases or sentences which he used were different from the rest of his speech. This is Allah’s bounty. It occurred to us to hold Friday prayers on board.” Quoted here is another similar example from commentary on the Holy Qur’an. strive in rivalry with one another in hastening towards Paradise. We reflected on what she said and concluded that she meant the Qur’anic verses quoted in the khutbah and recited during the prayer. connotations. The famous Egyptian reciter. but we made sure to explain this point to her. Qari Abdul Basit. They were more clearly musical with an even more profound rhythm. none of whom was a Muslim. During a break in the meeting. `We don’t know what it was. the style. all of whom were Nubian Muslims. When he finished the recitation. as the lady did not understand a word of Arabic. `but there was something touching in those words. maintaining at the same time a perfect harmony between the words it uses. was particularly touched. the language had a remarkable musical rhythm. and led the prayers. The life of this world is nothing but illusion. She simply could not imagine that prayers could be led by a layman. provided that they were not on duty at the time. In the Shade of the Qur’an. She then added something that was a great surprise to us all. Sayyid Qutab went on a scholarship to the United States in 1950 to undertake research to determine the best means of developing education in Egyptian universities. The words of the Qur’an move even those people who may not know a word of Arabic. who we were later informed was a Christian from Yugoslavia fleeing from the oppression of Tito’s Communist regime.

struggle. ad infinitum. while you [O’ Prophet]. As for those who have refused to believe in Our Revelations. 2. “Nay! I swear by this city [of Makkah. the city of Makkah and the hardships being faced therein by the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace). it is one word which declares God to be above all attributes that we can imagine. The Christians say that Jesus (pbuh) is the son of God.’ Does he think that no one has seen him? Have We not given him two eyes. It is a substantive word.” This means: “Say: He is God the One God upon Whom depends all and Who depends upon none. He does not give birth nor is He born of anyone). wa lam ya kullahu Kufowan Ahad. First. and would still be incomplete. Allah us-Samad. He hath no father nor a son (Literally. and of the world in relation to man. and a tongue and two lips.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (1) The first example is Chapter 112 of the Holy Qur’an. The whole universe is full of this He. and now it rests upon man’s own effort and judgment whether he chooses the path of virtue and reaches felicity. Philosophers have been trying to explore the nature of reality. but here he has been created to pass through the rigors of toil.” The theme of this chapter is to explain the true position of man in the world. 138 . Mohammed: His Life and Doctrines) The word samad in the original requires nine words in English. that no matter what one does. and here it is. have been made lawful [for persecution and suppression] in this city. He has to be born in the body of man or some other being. It is as if the whole literature of philosophy had been condensed into seventeen words of Arabic. a vast subject is compressed into a few brief sentences. He Is. wherein even animals are living in security and peace]. where he might have been born to enjoy life. Does he think that no one will have power over him? He says.” so to say. no nouns that are not known to the Arabs. The whole chapter is a commentary or explanation of the word Huwa or “He Is. which could hardly be explained in a thick volume. the future of man depends on his toil and struggle.” (Wollaston. except the simplest ones. “He is what He is. It is a declaration of the truth of Islam and a refutation of all rival creeds. ‘I have squandered heaps of wealth. and it is a miracle of the Qur’an that a complete ideology of life. every man can understand this short chapter. one cannot make any other language to reach it. And like unto Him there is none. He Is. The translation of this chapter is given below. something which no human being can escape. or feeding on a day of hunger a closely related orphan or a poor one lying in the dust. and even then it is not fully translated. If this theme is read with Verse 39 of Surah An-Najm (Laisa lil-insan-Jilla ma sa’s: “There is nothing for man but what he has striven for”). it becomes plain that in this world. has been abridged most effectively in the brief sentences of this short chapter. This refutes man’s misunderstanding that he is all in all in this world. wa lam Yu lad. that We have indeed created man in toil.” one becomes free from all vexatious troubles of the human soul. The Qur’an says “No” to this fanciful theory. They shall have a fire covering them all around. see. and when one realizes the existence of this He or the truth that “He Is. on whom be peace] and by the children he begot. above all our imaginings and above all the apprehensions of our senses. and the whole universe becomes a manifestation of He Is. and that there is no superior power to watch what he does and to call him to account. and the state of the children of Adam. they are the people of the left hand. And I swear by the father [Adam. This chapter refuses that as being inconsistent with the nature of reality. which may be transliterated as: “Qul Ho Allaho Ahad. effort and striving. These are the people of the right hand. easily comprehensible words with no verbs. Similarly. and yet so deep in meaning that no man can ever condense the nature of reality in shorter compass. God is Samad or Unique. lam Yalid. The Hindus believe that God comes incarnate in the bodies of men (a doctrine which the Christians also borrowed from the Grecian Aryans). in Chapter 90 of the Holy Qur’an. have been cited as witness to the truth that this world is not a place of rest and ease for man. From the most illiterate Bedouin of the desert to the highest philosopher. and shown him both the highways [of good and evil]? Yet he has not ventured to scale the steep pass. and hardship. Add to all these beauties the fact that the diction of the original Arabic is so marvelously interwoven with its sound. One becomes an electron moving around this universal nucleus of He. and yet no one can exhaust its deep meaning. A commentary on these seventeen words would require thousands of words. or adopts the path of vice and meets with doom. In fact.” The word “He” is not a pronoun in this chapter. And what do you know what the steep pass is? It is the freeing of someone’s neck from slavery. and then besides he should be of those who have believed and enjoined upon one another steadfastness and enjoined upon one another compassion [for God’s creatures]. has also provided for him the means to judge. and to tell that God Who has shown to man both the highways of good and evil. and one of the Names of God. and there is none like unto Him nor is He born. In order that God may become incarnate. in seventeen short. and follow them.

Each aspect and each fact to which the text refers is given its full and appropriate space. (E) SINGLE STATEMENT OF QUR’AN OFTEN PROVIDES MORE THAN ONE MEANING This main feature brings about another distinctive characteristic of the Qur’an. All-Knowing. for scaling which man has to exercise self-restraint. It is that he should give up spending for ostentation. On the contrary. it is pointed out what wrong criteria of merit and greatness he has proposed for himself in the world. There is no ambiguity or confusion among different meanings. the same statement is quoted in different contexts.” (Qur’an. The next moment.’ Indeed. Thus. we see him again receiving instructions concerning their answer: “Say: ‘I bear no such witness.’ Say: ‘He is but One God. squanders heaps of wealth. [He will say]: ‘O you company of jinn! A great many human beings have you seduced. but the people also admire him for it enthusiastically. and opened up before him both the highways of virtue and vice: one way leads down to moral depravity. Maududi’s Translation of the Holy Qur’an. the end of those who follow the wrong way is the fire of hell from which there is no escape. Introduction to Chapter 90). Allah (swt) has explained what the steep road is. and. he should believe in Allah (swt) and His religion.’’ (Qur’an. The person who. the other way leads up to moral heights. unless God wills it otherwise. immediately we see the Messenger questioning his people: `Will you in truth bear witness that there are other deities beside God?” (Qur’an. ‘O you company of jinn and humans! Have there not come to you Messengers from among yourselves who related to you My revelations and warned you of the coming of this day?’ They will reply: ‘We bear witness against ourselves. 6:19) (iii) Note also the frequent switch of tense or address often employed in the Qur’an. 139 . and it is an easy way pleasing for the self. this is an account of certain events. and you spread corruption in the land.known. Then Allah (swt) says: “We have given man the means of knowledge and the faculties of thinking and understanding.’ The life of this world has beguiled them. and should be compassionate to the people.A.” (see S. display. for ostentation and display. How can people express the following ideas in the same way as the Qur’an? (i) “And We brought the Children of Israel across the sea. but Pharaoh and his legions pursued them with tyranny and aggression. because of that which they do.’ (Qur’an. one which enables a single statement to provide different meanings that run side by side. and with what motives and intentions he spent it.” (Qur’an. But it is followed immediately with a direct remonstration brought up as though it were taking place right before us: “Only now? But before this you were rebelling [against Us]. I disown all that you associate with Him. which is steep like an uphill road. and pride. (F) QUR’AN HAS ABILITY OF EXPRESSION WHICH NO HUMAN EXPRESSION CAN APPROXIMATE The Qur’anic method of expression is also distinguished by its ability to paint pictures in a way no human expression can approximate. your Lord is Wise. In this manner do We cause the wrongdoers to be close allies of one another. and to Him I surrender myself’” (Qur’an. where you shall remain. as in the following passage: “On the day when He shall gather them all together. and should spend his wealth to help the orphans and the needy. This feature is well. so that you may become a sign to those who will come after you.’ He will say: ‘The fire shall be your abode. should participate in the construction of a society that fulfills the demands of virtue and righteousness patiently. not only himself prides upon his extravagances. but on each occasion it fits the context perfectly. taking one of the many moral concepts of ignorance held by man as an example. Then. whereas the Being Who is watching over his deeds sees by what methods he obtained the wealth and in what ways. 10:92) (ii) ”Say: ‘What is weightiest in the testimony?’ Say: ‘God is witness between me and you. It is man’s weakness that he prefers slipping down into the abyss to scaling the cliff.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Then. But today We shall save only your body.’ Those who were their close friends among human beings will say: ‘Our Lord. Up to this point. 6:19) So far. as if it were only meant to express the particular issue in question. This Qur’an has been revealed to me that I may thereby warn you and all whom it may reach. The end of those who follow this way is that they become worthy of Allah’s (swt) mercies. with each given its fair share of clarity. and we have now reached the end of our term which You have appointed for us. Pharaoh said: ‘I have come to believe that there is no deity other than Him in whom the Children of Israel believe. 10:91-92) This is then followed with a concluding comment on the scene itself: “For a great many people do not heed Our Signs. But as he was about to drown. this is an instruction received by God’s Messenger. joining the company of believers. by following which man can ascend to the heights. we have enjoyed each other’s fellowship. 6:19). and only requires brief mention for people to appreciate it. Anyone who tries to imitate it sounds confused and incoherent. 10:90).

K.. and taunted the Muslims to this effect: “Look! The fire. 30:2-4). while they remain unaware. but he will certainly fail. The believers in One God. Minimum Words”. inspiring rhythm and perfect coherence. the book uses the information provided in the Qur’an. we. the Iranian armies overran Jordan. “I shall not give protection to the Emperor until he is brought in chains before me. This is Allah’s promise: Allah never breaks His promise.” These were the conditions when this chapter of the Qur’an was sent down. were striving to preserve their existence against the pagans under the command of the chiefs of the Quraish. On the one hand. and the author uses the Qur’an itself throughout to testify to its Author. which could not have been available to anyone but God. which was an ally of the Byzantine Empire. In Asia Minor they beat and pushed back the Romans to the Bosphorus. the All-Merciful. they shall be victorious. and the pagans of Makkah were delighted. Emperor Heraclius sent an envoy to Khusrau . The Romans have been overcome in the neighboring land. as the British historian Gibbon says.. and the Christian believers in revelation and prophethood are being routed everywhere.” (Qur’an. let alone one that has any degree of artistic beauty. Quoted below are only some prophesies of the Qur’an. Leicester. but most people do not know. And so it is that your Lord would never destroy a community for its wrongdoing. For more discussion and examples of the eloquence of the Qur’an.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind So they will bear witness against themselves that they were unbelievers. By 619 A. and the Holy Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) is a true Messenger of Allah.worshippers of Iran are winning victories. and The Qur’an An Eternal Challenge. as well as afterwards. and in it a prediction was made. and reached the frontiers of Egypt. but two predictions: first. even seven to eight years after this prediction 140 . Palestine. London. Its style is thus totally different from any human style. and gives up obedience to his crucified god and adopts submission to the fire. Allah’s is the authority before. the Emperor became so depressed by defeat that he decided to leave Constantinople and shift to Carthage (modern-day Tunis). and the whole of the Sinai Peninsula. in 615 A. and the conflict had reached such a stage that. the Romans shall be victorious. EVIDENCE 8 PROPHESIES OF THE QUR’AN The prophesies of the Qur’an are so numerous that people have written voluminous books on this subject.D. And it will be the day when the believers will rejoice in the victory granted by Allah” (Qur’an. by Muhammed Abdullah Draz. another conflict of far greater historical consequences was going on in Makkah. but Khosrau replied. see The Miracles of the Qur’an by Shaykh Muhammed Mitwalli al-Sharawi. a substantial number of Muslims had to leave their homes and take refuge within the Christian kingdom of Habash. It contained not one. In those very days. To this end. Chapter 4. the Sassanid victories against Byzantium were the talk of the town. and second. Anyone who wishes to argue about this can try as hard as he wishes to produce something like it. In short. saying: “The Romans have been vanquished in the neighboring land and within a few years after their defeat. Likewise. and in 61’7 A.god. Apparently.” The prediction made in these verses is one of the most outstanding evidences that the Qur’an is the Word of Allah (swt). will exterminate you and your religion.. under the leadership of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). they captured Chalcedon (modern-day Kadikoy) just opposite Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul). the Romans were losing more and more ground every day. Within a year after this victory. the idol-worshippers of Arabia.D. there were a handful of Muslims who were being beaten and tortured in Makkah. published by Dar-al-Taqwa. and even until eight years after this prediction there appeared no chance of their victory and domination. there was not even a remote chance of the fulfillment of either prediction in the next few years. On the other hand.” At last. published in 2001 by The Islamic Foundation. U. U. Mim. this entire latter book beautifully discusses the inimitability of the Qur’an.. God Almighty. Lam. And it will be the day when the believers will rejoice in the victory granted by Allah. the Muslims also shall win a victory at the same time.D. (A) PROPHESY ABOUT THE VICTORY OF EASTERN ROMAN (BYZANTINE) EMPIRE AGAINST THE IRANIAN EMPIRE The opening verses of Chapter 30 of the Holy Qur’an are: “Alif. and within a few years after their defeat. Ltd. saying that he was ready to have peace on any terms. He will be totally unable to come up with any meaningful piece of writing. Allah helps whomsoever He wills: He is the Almighty. In those days. In fact.. 6:128-131) There are numerous similar examples in the Qur’an. they shall be victorious. the whole of Egypt had passed into Sassanid hands and the Magian armies had reached as far as Tripoli.K. Chapter 9 named “Broadest Meaning.

which the Qur’an has termed as “the supreme victory. The Byzantine forces continued to press the Iranians hard. and ravaged the principal fire-temple of Iran. with the result that most of the Arab polytheists accepted Islam. He took the camels before the Holy Prophet (pbuh). The next year. In 629 A.. Introduction to Chapter 30). in 624 A. the emperor himself went to Jerusalem to install the “Holy Cross” in its place. he entered Azerbaijan and destroyed Clorumia. II. gave up all the occupied Roman territories. Not to speak of gaining domination. According to another tradition. who ordered that they be given away in charity. His death occurred in a pitiable state. and in the same year the Holy Prophet (pbuh) entered Makkah for the first time after Hijrah. 111:1-3 “Broken were the hands of Abu Lahab. as the Holy Prophet (pbuh) migrated to Medinah. His wealth and whatever he earned did not avail him of anything.D. they hired some Negroes who lifted his body and buried it. (B) PROPHESY FOR MISERABLE END OF ABU LAHAB In Chapter 111 of the Qur’an. p. Heraclius started his counterattack in 623 A. When the news of the defeat reached Makkah. he asked the church for money. Great are the powers of Allah (swt)! This was the year when the Muslims achieved a decisive victory at Badr for the first time against the pagans. would even survive. and covered it up with earth and stones. fearing contagion. but represents a person’s utter failure in his aim and object for which he has exerted his utmost effort. were killed in the Battle of Badr. At last. the conditions were such that no one could even imagine that the Byzantine Empire would ever gain an upper hand over Iran (Gibbon. and the people of his house left him to himself. The heirs of Ubayy bin Khalaf lost their bet and had to give a hundred camels to Hazrat Aby Bakr Siddiq. to perform the Umra-tul-Qada’. After this. but instruction given that the prize should be given away in charity and should not be kept for personal use. according to one tradition.” “Broken hands” does not imply breaking of the physical hands. and started preparations to attack Iran from the rear.. Darrah. most of the big chiefs of Quraish.. the bet was allowed to be accepted from the belligerent disbelievers.. Thus. and Pope Sergius lent him the church collections on interest.D. but by then it was forbidden. For this. restored the True Cross.A. because the bet had been made at a time when gambling had not yet been forbidden by the Shari’ah. they had a pit dug and threw his body into it by pushing it with wood. reached opposite to Ctesiphon. when people began to taunt his sons. They captured the royal residence of Dastagerd. pressing forward. as hostile to Islam as was Abu-Lahab. Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. and he was doomed to utter failure.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind of the Qur’an. and then.D.D. the prophecy of a miserable end of Abu-Lahab was made about seven or eight years before the fulfillment of this prophecy. Qubad II.” (see S. He became afflicted with malignant pustules. from Armenia.D. via the Black Sea. in a bid to save Christianity from Zoroastrianism. Emperor Heraclius set off quietly for Trabzon from Constantinople. and Ubayy bin Khalaf bet Hazrat Abu Bakr ten camels that the Romans would not become victorious within three years. Hazrat Abu Bakr spoke to Ubayy again and bet a 100 camels that the Romans would become victorious within 10 years. Maududi’s Translation of the Holy Qur’an.” and in this very year Khosrau’s son. the birthplace of Zoroaster. make the bet for ten years and increase the number of camels to a hundred. no one could have any doubt about the truth of the prophecy of the Qur’an. A few days later.) they dealt them the hardest blow. Modern Library: New York. both the predictions made in Surah Rum were fulfilled simultaneously within the stipulated period of ten years. and eighteen of his sons were executed in front of him. the capital of Iran in those days. When these verses of the Qur’an were sent down. he himself died in prison.D. Abu-Lahab was so shocked that he could not survive for more than seven days. His utter failure became manifest when the religion that he had tried his utmost to impede and thwart was accepted by his own children. in an internal revolt. In 622 A. When the Holy Prophet (pbuh) came to know of the bet. Vol. In 628 A. his daughter.’788). Holy Qur’an. Abu-Lahab indeed had exerted his utmost effort to defeat and frustrate the message of Islam presented by the Holy Prophet (pbuh). he said: “The Qur’an has used the words bid’i sinin. no one could hope that the empire. migrated from Makkah to Madinah and embraced 141 . the disbelievers of Makkah made great fun of them. No one came near his body for three days after his death. under the circumstances. Therefore. But hardly seven or eight years after the revelation of this Surah. and the word bid’ in Arabic applies to a number up to ten. and in the decisive battle at Nineveh (627 A. Khosrau Parvez was imprisoned. Certainly he shall be cast into a blazing fire. and made peace with Byzantium. This was the year the peace treaty of Hudaibiya was concluded. until the body decomposed and began to stink. Therefore. First of all.

and free of distortion.” Qadi Yahya ibn Aktham. and he went away. and bought them from me. the narrator of this event. I learned my lesson that this book is protected. I am. This is irrefutable testimony to the fact that this Qur’an is the word of God and He is the One who guaranties its preservation and that Mohammed is His Messenger. factors. By his looks. I calligraphed three good-looking manuscripts of the Qur’an. the same person returned as a Muslim and made a very distinct contribution in the court meeting on the subject of Islamic jurisprudence. I faced a problem. he seemed to be an elegant person. by the Divine help he got the opportunity to perform his Hajj in the same year. It is only through God’s grace that the Qur’an has remained intact. however. Then. suffering no loss or change. believed. indeed. I calligraphed three manuscripts. which is greater than all situations. They bring a good price. When the meeting was over. on the conquest of Makkah. this promise to preserve the Qur’an intact sounded like a mere promise. Its text has remained exactly as it was revealed by God. and manners. and it is We who shall preserve it intact. both his sons ‘Utabah and Mu’attab came before the Holy Prophet (pbuh) through the mediation of Hazrat ‘Abbas. He said: “Yes. I took these manuscripts to the synagogue. I calligraphed three manuscripts of the Torah. indeed. in which case he could hope to have the best possible treatment from him. It will remain pure. But when I went out to sell them. He was accustomed to patronizing occasional debates on intellectual issues at his court. he would quietly return the manuscript to me. Ma’mun called for him and asked him if he was the same person who had come the year before. Then after a year. at the fulfillment of God’s promise to preserve the Qur’an. Imam Al-Qurtubi authentically reported an event from the court of `Abbasi Khalifah. in which I made some additions and deletions of my own. keeping it pure from change or distortion. dress. In spite of all their attempts. He said that he was not willing to leave the religion of his forefathers.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Islam. without the intervention of a superior power. To test him.” “From this episode. despite all the determined efforts of its enemies to destroy it. and took them to the church.” This is a prophecy by God that the Holy Qur’an will remain intact.” He said: “When I went back from here. complete with my additions and deletions. Ma’mun asked him to become a Muslim. I decided to do some research on contemporary religions. and circumstances. after the passage of many centuries. It so happened that a Jew came to attend one of these debates. there is no reason to disbelieve it. which he confirmed. After the session was over. they have been unable to achieve their goal. Ma’mun called for him and asked him if he was an Israelite.” Ma’mun asked: “At that time you had refused to accept Islam. The diehard enemies of Islam tried to introduce some new sentences in the Qur’an and delete some existing sentences or words. providing a challenge to every would-be perpetrator of distortion. At the time of the Prophet (pbuh). because this is confirmed by the Qur’an. Every buyer I went to would take the manuscript. I write books and sell them. Tell me what makes you accept Islam now. 142 . The Power. which was his religion too. we see a great miracle testifying to the fact that it is God’s Book. and took an oath of allegiance to him. his address during the debate was eloquent and intellectually bright. First. This is not due to any lack of motive. He said: “Surely. then. look into it to determine if it was correct or not. Ma’ariful Qur’an’. have loved dearly to alter its text if that were at all possible. When we look today. After that. I embraced Islam. unaffected by falsehood. has preserved this book. as quoted by Maulana Mufti Muhammed Shafee in his commentary on the Holy Qur’an. This time I wanted to make a test. The matter ended there. I am a scribe.” Yahya ibn Aktham asked about the ayah (verse) he had in mind. Then. to whom he related this event. suffering no change of even a single sentence or a single word. I did the same things with the Injil. Below is an interesting episode about the preservation of the Holy Qur’an. Al-Ma’mun. and when he would notice the additions or deletions. but failed. and protected by Allah (swt) Himself. Today. There he met Sufyan ibn `Uyainah. where the Christians were pleased with these manuscripts. after all these great events and long centuries. therefore. It is. (C) PROPHESY IN QUR’AN TO PRESERVE QUR’AN Holy Qur’an. The Jews found them interesting and bought them. of course with the usual additions and deletions of my own. the enemies of this religion have not been able to change the text of the Qur’an or distort it. They would. a great miracle confirming the indisputable fact that it is God’s revealed Book. for the unbelievers of the present times. where all scholars were welcome. says that. this is how it should be. We see that the circumstances and situations that it has endured over the centuries could not have left it intact. I tried the same thing with the Qur’an. 15:9 “It is We Ourselves who have bestowed this reminder from on high. But try as hard as they might.

In addition to that. seniors and children. This also leads us to the ruling that the practice of people who publish translations of the Qur’an only in a foreign language and give it the name. even if there is no word included that is from outside the Qur’an. The promise to protect the Qur’an includes the protection of hadith (sayings and actions of the Prophet. This is the reason why. and there has been neglect on the part of Muslims in all areas of religious matters. Before them. It means: “You have been sent to explain the meaning of what has been revealed for them. if a person were to borrow different words and sentences from the Holy Qur’an and write an article or treatise. these books were lost through distortions and alterations. Instead. And when we know that Qur’an is not the name of the words of the Qur’an alone. English Qur’an or Urdu Qur’an.” Now. blessed people in whose hearts and minds the Holy Qur’an lives protected. not a single change in one tiny dot or case mark could be made. This tells us that the Qur’an is the exclusive name of the particular divinely revealed Book. Then how can it be possible that only the words of the Qur’an remain protected. over fourteen hundred years have passed since the blessed age of the Holy Prophet (pbuh). One who says that the Hadith of the Rasul of Allah (swt) is not absolutely protected is really saying that the Qur’an is not protected. male and female. who would promptly apprehend the error. yet the continuous arrangement of memorizing the Holy Qur’an all over the world stands firmly established. Today. The reason is that Qur’anic meanings and subjects appear in other books as well.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind He said: “When the glorious Qur’an mentions the Torah and the Injil.16:44. Pharaoh said: ‘I have come to believe that there is no deity other than Him in 143 . too. but they are not called the Qur’an. but that its meanings. as well as the meanings of the Qur’an in that they remain protected against alteration or distortion. In every period of time. though it was completed later. the Jews and Christians have been entrusted with the responsibility of protecting the Torah and Injil. There are people around who would like to deceive the whole world by saying that the treasure of Hadith present in the authentic books is not trustworthy. all learned people agree that the Qur’an is neither the name of the words of the Qur’an alone. First of all. the Hadith of the Rasul) go to waste? (D) PROPHESY ABOUT SAVING THE BODY OF PHARAOH Holy Qur’an. old and young. And that is why Mohammed (pbuh) said: “As for me. Similarly. but Pharaoh and his legions pursued them with tyranny and aggression. for there would be many people. because it was documented much later than the blessed age of the Holy Prophet (pbuh). is not permissible at all. because they are not the words of the Qur’an. Their protection is something which Allah (swt) has taken upon Himself. And it is obvious that the meanings of the Qur’an are the same as the Holy Prophet (swt) was sent to teach—as pointed out in the Qur’an.” And this is what the verse: “Teaches them the Book and the wisdom” (3:164) also means. Thus. despite thousands of efforts made by enemies. the words and meanings of which are simultaneously protected. when the Jews and Christians did not fulfill their duty of protecting them. because the process of protection and documentation of Hadith had already started within the age of prophethood itself. pbuh). This is contrary to the case of the Holy Qur’an. not even the highest of religious scholars could dare recite a single letter of the Qur’an wrong. then. there are millions of Muslims. when Allah (swt) Himself arranged to have it remain protected. 15:9). then the responsibility of protecting the Qur’an taken upon Himself in this verse by Allah (swt) covers the total protection of the words of the Qur’an. the Books of Allah’’ (Qur’an. he used a set of his sayings and doings as the medium of instruction for his community. I have been sent as a teacher. no one would call this by the name of the Qur’an. even this assumption is not correct. As a matter of principle. a combination of both is called the Qur’an. while the meanings of the Qur’an (that is. always present on the scene. But as he was about to drown. for example. because that is not the Qur’an. and this very set of his words and deeds is known as the Hadith. there it says: ‘That is. the Hadith of the Rasul of Allah (swt) is really the explanation of the Qur’an and the meaning of the Qur’an. 10:90-92 “And We brought the Children of Israel across the sea. are a part of it. about which Allah (swt) has said: “And We are there to protect it” (Qur’an. their subjects are essentially Qur’anic. 5:44). and as for Islamic writings. nor its meanings alone. when the Holy Prophet (pbuh) was sent to explain the meanings of the Qur’an and to impart education to people.

Lying on the western coast of the Sinaitic peninsula. uneaten by sharks or other sea creatures. for a great many people do not heed Our Signs’. It may be that when others see your body. Lot.]. showing stubbornness. and they will all show their backs.’ Only then did I realize that this was the defeat that had been foretold. as if to say: “When the other nations have been punished for adopting disbelief.’ [But God said] ‘Only now? But before this you were rebelling [against Us]. which presents clear and strong evidence of the truth that the Holy Qur’an is the Book of Allah (swt) and Mohammed (pbuh) is His Messenger. “But today. the exact place where the Pharaoh’s dead body was found afloat on the surface of the sea is known. (Refer to the Commentary of the Holy Qur’an by S. and denying the truth. 1 Holy Qur’an. but also that Islam will stay forever. Even the very survival of this small group of Muslims was at stake. 10:92).ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind whom the Children of Israel believe. or is there any exemption for you in the Divine Books? Or do they say. no one could imagine that within only the next seven years. and you spread corruption in the land. it was found to be coated with a layer of salt. were given at Makkah when Islam was in its early period and Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) had only a few followers who were being very severely persecuted. PREDICTION NO. why would you not be punished. be they evident in the great universe or within their own selves. Furthermore. there were conspiracies to kill the Prophet (pbuh). “a great many people do not heed Our Signs” (Qur’an. the tables were going to be turned. if you adopted the same attitude and conduct? For you are not a special people in any way.” This is a specific prophecy that was made five years before the hijrah. I give below only five predictions under this topic. Ibn Abu Hatim). At that time. and firm promises for happy news in the future. no one could imagine how such a revolution would take place in the near future. etc. Maududi.A.” (Ibn Jarir. and to Him I surrender myself. his embalmed body still lies in the museum of Cairo. that a group of them had already left the country and taken refuge in Habash. A pupil of Hazrat.” This is a great prophecy of the Qur’an. A warm spring. and the rest of the believers lay besieged in Shi’b Abi Talib. His body would remain intact. These prophesies of the Qur’an. they will take heed and realize that defying God and His warnings brings certain doom. but would be saved so that his end would be known to all and sundry: “So that you may become a sign to those who will come after you. If the name of the Pharaoh who died by drowning was Minpetah. But when in the Battle of Badr. ‘We are a strong host. 10:92). Located a few miles away. 54: 43-45) 144 . `Abdullah bin `Abbas. we shall defend ourselves?’ Soon shall this host be put to rout. Under such conditions. I wondered what hosts it is that would be routed. (E) PROPHESIES FOR BRIGHT FUTURE OF ISLAM AND ITS FOLLOWERS God’s prophecy is that not only will the Holy Qur’an stay forever and will never be wiped out. saying that the hosts of the Quraish who waxed proud of their strength would soon be put to rout by the Muslims. it is presently known as the Mount of Pharaoh (Jabal Fir’awn).” The address here is directed to the Quraish. It would not be allowed to drift with the waves. Even to this day. nor they consider their significance. is also still called the Bath of Pharaoh (Hammam Fir’awn). and the Muslims will become very powerful one day. situated in its vicinity. 54:43-45 “Are you disbelievers [the Quraish of Makkah] better [than the previous communities of Noah. and were being starved by the Quraish boycott and siege. They do not turn to them with open hearts and minds. when Sir Grafton Elliot Smith removed the bandages from the mummified body of this Pharaoh. Such was the helplessness of the Muslims. This is clear proof of his death by drowning at sea. We shall save only your body” (Qur’an. as has been established by current research.” The fact is. the pagan Quraish were routed and they were fleeing from the battlefield. I saw the Messenger of Allah (swt) in his armor rushing forward and reciting this verse: `Sayuhram-al-jam ‘u yuwallun-ad-dubur. although there are many more. Abu Zanimah is identified as the precise spot at which the Pharaoh’s dead body was found. In 1907. Saleh. so that you may become a sign to those who will come after you. has related that Hazrat `Umar used to say: “When this verse of Surah Al-Qamar was sent down. But today We shall save only your body.

(ii) The great blessings of prophethood and the Qur’an. intelligible. Both of his sons died in childhood.) These blessings are in different forms and shapes. It was under these conditions when Allah (swt) said: “We have granted you Kauthar (abundance). your foolish opponents think that you are ruined and deprived of the good things that you enjoyed before Prophethood.” which means: “0! Mohammed. eventually such a world-wide community would come into being. (iv) This blessing is also manifest in the Prophet’s (pbuh) Sunnah (way of life) throughout the centuries. and the millions upon millions of hearts that will cherish his example and memory until the day of resurrection. 2 The pagan Quraish of Makkah said to Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) that if they joined the Prophet (pbuh) and accepted the religion. because his male children who could perpetuate his name were dead. swt. by his preaching and Sunnah. In fact. When he dies. Who had made him the standard-bearer of the Qur’an. not to speak of Makkah. Likewise. God made the Prophet (pbuh) too powerful a ruler to be challenged by anyone in the whole of Arabia.(Refer to the commentary of Chapter 108 of the Holy Qur’an by S. Maududi. Maududi. They believed that the message that he presented was such that. (iii) The blessing of the exaltation of his renown. this included the blessing of Tauheed and of such a system of life whose simple. this is exactly what happened. and saying: “His line has come to an end. Within a few years. God revealed in Verse 85 of Chapter 28: “(0 Prophet!) Surely He Who has ordained the Qur’an on you will bring you to the best end: Say to them: ‘My Lord knows best who has brought true guidance and who is in clear error’. and there would be no one in posterity to remember him when he died. God told His Prophet that the Almighty. because of which the Holy Prophet’s (pbuh) blessed name as been exalted throughout the world for the last 1400 years and will continue to be exalted until the resurrection. therefore his memory will perish and you will be rid of him. The pagans of Makkah rejoiced at the Prophet’s (pbuh) bereavement of his sons. some of which are described below.” . would not allow him to be ruined. but the fact is that We have favored you with such blessings. which are plentiful.A. which are the fountainhead of knowledge and wisdom that were granted to him. There was no precedent in the whole of Arabia’s history where any single person had acquired such a level of eminence and power that none in Arabia could rival him. 3 Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) had two sons and three daughters. in the life of millions upon millions of people who follow in his footsteps. was prepared to listen to it. he has no son to succeed him.” By way of an answer. and comprehensive principles had the potential to spread throughout the world and to continue to spread forever afterwards. (v) The blessing that. rational. failure and disappointment would be his lot as long as he lived. (i) Matchless moral qualities. and unending. except for a handful of people. and noble-charactered people in any one nation. they had never before accepted any single person as their sole political and religious authority. natural. God would place him in a position of eminence far beyond the imagination of his compatriots. no religion could maintain its hold in the face of the Prophet’s (pbuh) religion.” (Refer to the commentary of Chapter 108 of the Holy Qur’an by S.A.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind PREDICTION NO. in the far-flung corners of the earth. 145 . has the highest good in it as against every other nation of the world. They believed he was cut off from the community and had become utterly helpless and powerless. no one in all of Arabia. and rich. which became the standard-bearer of truth in the world forever. which the Holy Prophet (pbuh) was blessed with. they would meet a miserable end. therefore. Rather. and can claim to have produced the greatest number of pious. In answer to this. The Arabs had never gathered around one single individual. PREDICTION NO. overflowing. now he is cut off from the root. in the life of millions upon millions of people who pronounce his name with respectful affection. peace and blessings) had been completely ruined. unlimited. congratulating each other. and his trade ruined. virtuous. even when corrupted and deprived.) His enemies thought that Mohammed (upon whom be Allah’s. and which.

although attempting to enumerate these would. or introduced new things. and by God.) Second is the River Kauthar. This promise is not just confined to this world. al-Jatash (thirst. thirst!) on every side. Maududi. PREDICTION NO. when there will be the cry of al-Jatash.(Refer to the commentary of Chapter 108 of the Holy Qur’an by S. The blessings of these in the Hereafter are described in various books of Hadith. give only the passing feeling of a great reality. and soon your Lord shall give you so much that you shall be pleased. He has also warned those of his followers who deviated from his way.” Tabarani in Awsat and Baihaqi in Addala‘il have related. and told us that Kauthar also implied them. First is the Fountain of Kauthar. He said: “This is a Fountain at which my ummah will assemble on Resurrection Day. The Holy Prophet’s (pbuh) community will gather together before him at the Fountain and it will quench their thirst. What the Holy Prophet (pbuh) said about the Fountain of Kauthar follows. This pleased me much. 146 . There are over fifty companions of the Prophet (pbuh) who have reported many more details from the Prophet (pbuh) about the Fountain. during his very lifetime. At that juncture.” And: “I shall be there before you and shall bear witness on you. The blessing is also manifest in various and manifold phenomena.” (Refer to the commentary of Chapter 108 of the Holy Qur’an by S.A.A. Mohammed (pbuh) himself will be the first to arrive. and there was not even a remote chance of success. I am seeing my Fountain even at this time. Allah (swt) said to His Prophet: “Do not at all grieve at the hardships of the initial stage. Your power and glory. natural progeny who have spread throughout the world.” This good news was given by Allah (swt) to the Holy Prophet (pbuh) at a time when he had only a handful of Muslims with him.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (vi) This blessing is also manifest in the goodness and prosperity which have accrued to the human race as a result of his message. will continue to grow. A large number of the Hadith have been reported about this river from him. (viii) The blessing that. and which reaches those who know and believe in him and those who do not. Hazrat Fatimah. The candle of Islam was flickering only in Makkah. Kauthar also implies two other great blessings that Allah (swt) will bestow on Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) in the Hereafter. your honor and prestige. the entire nation was hostile. (vii) The blessing that the Holy Prophet (pbuh). and whose only mark of distinction and pride is that they trace their descent from him. and your influence will continue to spread. and the one who is deprived of it will never have his thirst quenched. 4 Holy Qur’an. and will occupy the central position. Maududi. which he will be granted in Paradise. every later period of life will be better for you than the former period. We had no means of knowing these. which he will be granted on Resurrection Day in the Plain of Assembly. therefore the Holy Prophet (pbuh) himself gave us news of them. effected certain changes.) He also said that the water of this Fountain is whiter than milk and sweeter than honey. that they will be deprived of drinking the water of this Fountain. The Fountain will be granted to him on Resurrection Day. through such a large number of reporters that there remains no doubt about their authenticity. 93:4-5 “And surely the later period [of your prophethood] is better for you than the earlier part. These are the blessings that the people have seen and witnessed as to how abundantly Allah (swt) has blessed His Holy Prophet (pbuh) within the world. and storms were brewing all around to blow it out. although on his being deprived of his male offspring his enemies thought he would be lost to posterity. the one who drinks from it will never thirst. at best. that the Holy Prophet (pbuh) said: “All the victories which would be attained by my Ummah after me were presented before me. Then Allah (swt) sent down this word. but also granted him from his one daughter. on the authority of Ibn ’Abbas. Allah (swt) not only blessed him with spiritual offspring in the form of Muslims who will continue to exalt his name in the world until resurrection. In addition. witnessed his invitation and message attain the highest success and prepare a community that would have the power to dominate the world. but it also includes the promise that the rank and position you will be granted in the Hereafter will be far higher and nobler than the rank and position you attain in this world.

and could never imagine that they could also be found among the people responsible for running worldly affairs —in the politics of rulers. from the southern coasts. The message of the Qur’an was so dominant and overwhelming that it spread into vast areas.” Here it is proclaimed that God will bestow upon the Prophet (pbuh) an exalted position in both the present world and the next. which other systems had no idea of how to treat. wherever it reached. Maududi). came under his control. they did not succeed. there. This revolution so raised the common people in the society created by it in respect to morality. where polytheists and followers of earlier scriptures had tried their utmost to keep their false creeds and slogans aloft until the last. 5 Holy Qur’an. which they deny. and they themselves will yield to it. to the Red Sea in the west. lack of legal rights and equality 147 . for example. moral. morals. cleanliness. too. Then the nonbelievers will realize that what they are being told today. (F) PROPHESY ABOUT SPREAD OF ISLAM Holy Qur’an. It will be a position of eminence. 41:53 “Soon shall We show them Our Signs in the World around them. PREDICTION NO. “Commendation of Mohammed (pbuh) by God in the Holy Qur’an” in Chapter 18).e. and purity. 93:45. as well as in themselves. This will be the exalted position of the Prophet (pbuh) in the present world. that even the select people of other societies seemed to be much inferior to them. character. intellectual. until it becomes clear to them that this Qur’an is indeed the truth. in the work of the tax collectors. and the honor and fame of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). is absolutely true.” In this prophecy. and Europe. For the time was not far off when the whole world would reverberate with tributes paid to the Prophet (pbuh). separation between men on the basis of color. and acts were revolutionized. and these by all and sundry. Whichever power clashed with it was doomed to destruction. or if they did try to treat them. La ilaha illAllah-u. the glory and extent of what He will give him in the Hereafter cannot be imagined.A. elicited what was best in man and suppressed what was worst in him. and their beliefs. For the first time in the history of Arabia. Mohammed-ur-Rasul-Allah (swt) (i. to the Syrian frontiers of the Byzantine Empire and the Iraqi frontiers of the Persian Empire in the north. and all Arabia. first. in the chambers of justice. in the wars and conquests of the commanders of forces. S. the Qur’an tells the nonbelievers that. their hearts also were conquered. and language. and its followers subdued one country after the other. Allah (swt) gave His Messenger so much in the world. Then the movement started by the Holy Prophet (pbuh) gathered such power that it spread over a large part of Asia. the Prophet (pbuh) will be the object of everyone’s praise. This revolution developed and nurtured the moral excellences that previously the world could hope to see only in hermits and meditating recluses.” (See Explanation of the Holy Qur’an. and its influence reached every corner of the world. There he will enjoy a position of unique privilege. Africa. this land became subject to one law and rule.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind saying: ‘The Hereafter is far better for you than the world. cultural. economic. there is only one God Who is worthy of worship. an additional prayer for you. race. and social revolution whose influence. and one that will evoke universal appreciation and praise. classification of men within a society and discrimination among them. and put him on the broad highway of scientific research and rational thought and action. It took man out of the labyrinths of superstition and whim. they will soon see with their own eyes that the message of the Qur’an has spread in all the adjoining lands. and from the Persian Gulf in the east. The slogan. possibly your Lord will raise you to an honored position. This conquest brought with it a great religious. This forms an integral part of the “exalted station” mentioned in this verse. in that God will accept his intercession. There is no precedent in human history for a nation sunk in paganism to completely change in only 23 years. It will be in sharp contrast to the situation at that time when the Prophet’s (pbuh) opponents heaped every kind of derogation. abuse. For additional prophesies of the Qur’an about the bright future of Islam. country. political. and slander upon him. It treated and cured the diseases of collective life. 17:79 “And rise from sleep during the night as well. obedience and service and Mohammed (pbuh) is the Messenger) reverberated throughout the land. also see “Commentaries” in the section of this book.. People not only bowed their heads in obedience. These diseases are. This prophecy was fulfilled during the lifetime of the Holy Prophet (pbuh). and in the commerce of big businessmen. As for the next world.

such signs as will make manifest that the teaching of the Qur’an is the very truth. peace in place of bloodshed and anarchy. hostility.’ We have accepted a firm covenant. Many generations have passed. America. yet these Signs of God are so numerous that man has never comprehended them fully. (G) PROPHESY ABOUT CHRISTIANS (ETERNAL HATRED AND ENMITY BETWEEN DIFFERENT CHRISTIAN SECTS) Holy Qur’an.300 years and how the Jews are treating the Muslims in Palestine. too. when God will make clear to them what they have done. The other meaning of this verse is that Allah (swt) will show the people in the external world around them. it was in regard to this very issue that deviation crept into the history of Christianity. No doubt. how the Muslims treated the Jews during the past 1. These were the signs that the very generation before. even when they had attained domination. As already stated. ‘We are Christians. We have given rise among them to enmity and hatred to last until the Day of Resurrection. Therefore. and quarrels over political. and this will go on happening until Resurrection Day. as the non-Muslims have been in all periods of history. When it was forgotten. and after that until today. piety in place of wickedness. and social issues. from those who said. have forgotten much of what they had been told to bear in mind. A person who has eyes can himself see how Muslims behaved towards Hindus during their eight -hundred-year-long rule in India and how the Hindus are now treating them after they have attained power. use of liquor and all other intoxicants and injurious and habit-forming drugs. and enmity broke out between the numberless sects and churches of Christianity. prevalence of crime. Their wars against each other have caused great bloodshed. economic. and Europe. they will suffer the punishment of the Hereafter. and their negligence of what He commanded them to do. 148 . but they. displayed such high morals as could never be attained by those people who represent themselves as leaders of civilization and culture. disputes over religious supremacy. No precedent can be found from any period of the history of the Muslims of the tyrannical treatment that has been meted out by the European nations to the subdued nations of Africa. They have fought each other because of conflicts over principles of faith. They will continue to flare up until the Day of Judgment. knowledge in place of ignorance. 5:14 “Likewise. Yet. barbarism in wars. the first item in their covenant is to believe in God’s Oneness. but their hostility and their wars have not subsided. when they will be shown a clear image of what they have done in this life.” This is the blessing of the Qur’an.’ We have accepted a firm covenant. This is all a natural result of their violation of their pledges to God. and it is this first item that they abandoned shortly after Jesus (pbuh) Christ had been raised by God. Moreover. the external world is the same as man has seen in the past. disrespect of agreements in international relations. to whom the Holy Prophet (pbuh) had recited this verse for the first time. without giving practical credence to their claims. old and new. Allah (swt) has been constantly showing those Signs. from those who said: ‘We are Christians.” This mode of expression tells us that they simply professed to be Christians. In Arabia itself this revolution brought about order in place of chaos. man has met with many new Signs. Asia. and other such diseases. purity and culture in place of filth and indecency. turn to Chapter 10. even during their downfall. and are even today. the degeneration of women and the deprivation of their basic rights. and made them leaders of the world. The Muslims. as well as in their own selves. Ancient and modern history has witnessed much conflict. and brotherhood and love in place of long-standing feuds. It is this central clause in their covenant that became the forgotten part of what they had been enjoined. God tells us that their enmity and hatred will continue until the Day of Resurrection.” This verse begins with a particularly significant description: “Likewise. All this gives factual endorsement to what God tells us in His Truthful Book. as stated by the One Who always says the truth. It made a nation from people who could not dream of anything beyond chiefship of their tribe. deprivation of fundamental human rights. For some details of these cruelties. government unresponsive to criticism and unaccountable to its people. “Importance of Belief in Life After Death. nor will he ever be able to do so. These deviations and fights among different Christians are discussed in greater detail in Chapter 2. The essence of their covenant was to believe in God’s Oneness. and enmity among those who claim to be Christians.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind in practical life. In every age. which has so humanized Muslims that they could not become so tyrannical. justice in place of tyranny and injustice. and his own self also is of the same nature as it has been in every age. every deviation became possible. saw with their own eyes.

and that Allah’s knowledge encompasses all. which serve as beds and cradles for the creatures living on them. revealed many generations prior to the development of the big bang theory. but also the very basis from which He caused all life to originate in and from. 149 . and We made every living thing of water? Will they. there are many among them that are inhabited. which is inhabited by man. STATEMENT 1 (BIG BANG) Holy Qur’an. [This you are being told] so that you may know that Allah has power over everything. The verse seems to suggest that this universe was initially one huge mass that was later separated into different parts. which. not believe[that We created all this and Mohammed is Our Messenger]?” Two facts that are beyond human perception are mentioned in this verse. This short sentence states a great crucial fact.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind EVIDENCE 9 SCIENTIFIC STATEMENTS IN THE QUR’AN Strictly speaking. 65:12 “Allah is He Who created seven heavens and of the earth also their like. so has Allah (swt) made and set other earths also in the universe. as He has created several heavens. is take up the Qur’anic text and try to fit it to any astronomical theory. The Holy Qur’an is a constitution for the regulation of human life on earth. We certainly do not know how the heavens and the earth were parted. “Of the earth” means that just as this earth. for a time. In other words. The most we can say is that the astronomical theory of the big bang that is accepted today is not in conflict with the general import of this Qur’anic statement. sometimes the Holy Qur’an refers to universal facts that are not known to man. (For instance. What we will not do. then. Similarly. We accept this as an absolute certainty. science means knowledge that has been soundly established. STATEMENT 2 Holy Qur’an. but like the earth. 24:45). 42:29 below). the countless stars and planets seen in the sky are not all lying desolate. Scientists shower praise on Darwin for having identified that water was the first environment where life began. We accept astronomical theories that are not in conflict with this general fact mentioned in the Qur’an. However. We do not seek an endorsement of the Qur’an through human theories.” “Also their like” does not mean that He created as many earths as the heavens. simply because it is stated in the Qur’an. so that the earth and other heavenly bodies were given shape as separate entities. explain a phenomenon or a series of phenomena only to be abandoned later. Moreover. It does not include the theories. however. The same point is made elsewhere in the Qur’an: “And God has created every living being from water” (Qur’an. when needed to strengthen the faith of man. is serving as bed and cradle for the creatures living on it. there are clear pointers in the Qur’an to the effect that living creatures are not found only on the earth. The Qur’an announced this fact centuries ago—much before Darwin. It seems that God not only made water a means of life. but also in the heavens. But the Qur’an does not go into the details. then We tore them apart. It means that He has also created several earths. 21:30 “Did the believers [in the teaching of the Prophet] not realize that the heavens and the earth were one solid mass. or ripped one from the other. because the Qur’an states only what is certain. sometimes the Qur’an does make a scientific statement. see Qur’an. which are left for human minds to work out. His Command descends among them.

This is a clear pointer to the fact that life does not only exist on the earth. From the moment of the big bang. As the balloon inflates more and more. whether you like it or not. He said to the heaven and the earth: ‘Come into being. as becomes obvious from the sentences that follow. and new and ever new manifestations of our creation are appearing in it at every moment.’” Two things need to be explained here: First. “heaven” means the whole universe. STATEMENT 4 Holy Qur’an. which keeps them apart. What type of life there is on other planets we do not know. 41:11 “Then He turned to the heavens. but We are expanding it continuously. Scientists of the modern age describe the same thing as nebulae.’ They both said: ‘We come in submission. Second. “smoke” implies the initial and primary stage of matter. before creation. 55:19-20 “He has given freedom to the two great bodies of water (seas) so that they may meet. dustlike condition before the formation of the universe. like the surface of a balloon that is being inflated. and He has set a barrier and an insurmountable obstruction between the two. 51:47 ‘We have built the heaven with Our Own might and We are expanding it.” Holy Qur’an. in which it lay diffused in space in a shapeless. the universe has been constantly expanding. Yet there stands between them a barrier which they do not transgress. any two points on the surface of the balloon get farther and farther from each other.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Holy Qur’an. STATEMENT 5 Holy Qur’an. the matter of which the universe was built lay diffused in a smoke-like nebulous form. the huge universe that We have created is not a finished work. “turning to the heavens” means that Allah (swt) turned to the creation of the universe.” “In both” means both the earth and the heavens. and the stars and galaxies are constantly moving away from each other. This phenomenon of expansion of the universe can be compared with a balloon that is being inflated. 25:53 “And He it is Who has joined the two seas: one sweet and palatable and the other salty and bitter.” 150 . In other words. and the same also is their view of the beginning of the universe—that is. Modern research observations and calculations carried out by means of modern technology in the 20th century have revealed that the universe is constantly expanding. He can gather them all together whenever He wills. which was only smoke at that time. the earth. but on other planets as well.” That is. STATEMENT 3 Holy Qur’an. 42:29 “Among His Signs is the creation of the heavens. which He has scattered in both. and living things.

Principles of Oceanography. Among the elements. meaning implicit in the verse. near Bahrain. and has placed a barrier between two masses of water? Is there any god associated with Allah [in these tasks]? Nay. He writes that he found springs of sweet water under the salty water of the sea and drew drinking water from them for his fellow sailors. surface tension prevents them from mingling with one another. Davis. they used the water of the same springs of the Persian Gulf as drinking water. too. Also. Even among lifeless substances. of their own [i. human] kind. some can be combined with others and some cannot be. just as if a thin wall were between them (Richard A. no matter what. and has caused rivers to flow in its midst. In more recent times. that they meet and yet do not intermix. this was revealed in the Qur’an. Caused by the difference in the density of their waters. This verse identifies this wondrous manifestation of God’s omnipotence as evidence of His Unity. The whole system of the universe is functioning on the principle that certain things are complementary and match certain others. 9293). and their combination brings into being countless new forms and combinations.” This happens whenever a large river flows into the sea. for the fact is that a thing becomes productive only after it has combined with its matching partner. mentions in his work. STATEMENT 6 CREATION OF EVERYTHING ON THE PRINCIPLE OF PAIRS Holy Qur’an. But there is an additional. 43:12 “(He) Who created all these pairs. This spring of sweet water cannot be gulped down by the waves of salty water. The Holy Qur’an says here that everything is created in pairs. there are springs of sweet water under the sea. a Turkish admiral of the 16th century. The basic composition of matter itself has become possible due to the close affinity between positive and negative electric charges (electron and proton). 27:61 “Who is it Who has made the earth a place of resort. The combination of these that can combine results in various compositions. that is. when the Arabian American Oil Company began drilling oil wells in Saudi Arabia. p. including things that human beings do not know at pres- 151 . until the wells in the vicinity of Dhahran were dug. one such place in the Persian Gulf.. Procreation among animals also is due to the combination between the male and female. Sayyidi ‘Ali Ra’is. or of those things of which they know nothing. The coming together of man and woman is the cause of man’s own birth. Din Mills. Mir’at al-Mamalik. Ontario: Addison Wesley. when different things combine with one another. from which people have drawn upon for ages. where the sweet water remains separate from the salty water of the sea. or oceanography. has only very recently been discovered by oceanographers. whether of the vegetable kingdom. There are springs of sweet water at several locations in different seas. No matter how bitter and salty the ocean of human society may become. Nothing here is so unique as may have no match. everything in the world has been created on the principle of pairs.” the waters of neighboring seas do not mix. during a period when there was little knowledge of physics. a variety of compounds come into existence.” That is. 51:49 “And We have created everything in pairs. although more subtle. 36:36 “Glorified is He Who Created in pairs all species. Man also knows that the law of sex is working in vegetation. This property of the seas. and causes wonderful things to happen in the world. God can always produce a righteous group of people in the same manner that He can produce a spring of water in the depths of a salty ocean. It is interesting that. but most of them do not know.” Holy Qur’an. and has placed upon it firm mountains.” Holy Qur’an.e.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Holy Qur’an. Because of the physical force called “surface tension. surface tension.

one with the other. then We clothed the bones with flesh. 40:67 “He it is Who created you from dust. If you consider it deeply.” We have come to know now that only one single spermatozoon that penetrates the ovum is required for fertilization out of the several million produced by man. rotten clay like the potter’s.” or “the best part of a whole. then from a sperm. 0 Jinn and men. and the caul or membrane enclosing the fetus. then We made the clot into a lump (mudgha). which wonders of your Lord’s power will you deny?” 152 . then We made this drop into a clot of congealed blood. giving you one form after the other. then He makes you to grow up to attain full strength.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind ent and may discover later. then He delivers you as an infant. then He causes him to be begotten out of the quintessence or the highest essence of a humble fluid. STATEMENT 7 EMBRYOLOGY IN THE QUR’AN Holy Qur’an. Without that partner. Both ovum and sperm are gently extracted from their environments in the process of fertilization. Holy Qur’an. and He gave you ears. contains in itself such complexities and finenesses of wisdom and workmanship. So. you will yourself come to the conclusion that everything in the world has a partner and nothing becomes productive without combining with its partner. The members of each pair being a perfect match for each other and the coming into being of new things with their combination itself is an explicit argument of the Creator being One and only One. then from a leech-like clot of blood. the womb. that an objective observer can neither regard it as the result of an accident. then We made the lump into bones.” HUMAN BEINGS CREATED FROM `SULALAH (Quintessence of Fluid) Holy Qur’an. is a reality that testifies expressly to the necessity of the Hereafter. 39:6 “He shapes you in your mother’s womb.” The fluid refers to both male and female germinal fluids containing gametes.” “the essence. and then We caused it to grow into another creation.]” Holy Qur’an. then We placed it in a safe depository. 23:12-14 ‘We created man of the extract of clay. This law of pairs. means “quintessence. and the Jinn from the flame of fire.” The Arabic word used here. Thus Most Blessed is Allah (swt). which is the basis of the existence of the entire universe.” [The three dark veils are the belly. yet you are seldom grateful. with such great wisdom. this world would be absolutely fruitless. under three dark veils. 32:7-9 “He began the creation of man from clay. the best of all those that create. sulalah. The creation of the whole universe on the principle of pairs. 55:14-16 “He created man from dry. Sulalah also means “gentle extraction from a fluid. and the existence of all things in the world in couples. eyes. That one spermatozoon out of several million is referred to in the Qur’an as sulalah. and heart. then He shaped him and breathed into him of His Spirit. nor can he believe that many different gods might have created these countless pairs and matched their members. and there exist such harmonies and mutual relationships between the members of each pair.” Holy Qur’an. so how can the life of the world be without a match and partner? Its match and partner necessarily is the Hereafter. then We made him into a drop of life-germ.

man did not even know that he comes into being when the sperm germ and ovum combine.” That is. and could do all this with impunity? Holy Qur’an. 75:3 “Does man think that We shall not be able to put his bones together? Why not? We have even the power to shape and restore his very finger tips. until you attained full youth and then old age.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Holy Qur’an. and you were developed from one state to another constantly. About that God under Whose power you are so powerless. 86:5-8 ”Let man then reflect on what he is created of: he is created of gushing fluid that issues from between the backbones and the chest bones. how could you have taken it into your head that you could commit any insolence against Him. Probably the reason for this is that each human being has his or her own special fingerprints. a part of man existed in the form of a microscopic germ in a sperm-drop of the father. In the beginning. the initial cell that comes into being by the combination of the two at the time of conception is such an insignificant thing that it can be seen only through highly powerful microscopes. what will be his size and stature. He would have made you blind. Now both have been observed by means of powerful microscopes. what will be his form and figure. and a part in the form of a microscopic ovum in the mother. We showed him the way. only fingertips are mentioned. you would not have been born as a living child. and therefore We made him capable of hearing and seeing. 96:1-2 ‘Read (O Prophet) in the name of your Lord. Before birth. not even worthy to be mentioned? Indeed. Holy Qur’an. Had He so willed. you lay in the form of sperm and ovum separately in the loins of your father and mother. 153 . although a beginning of his being as a man had been made. 71:14 “Although He has created you in successive stages. we created man from a drop of mingled sperm in order to try him. or a cripple in your mother’s womb. or made you mentally deficient. not resembling anyone else’s. He could have destroyed you at any time by causing you to fall victim to a sudden accident.” Holy Qur’an.” This means that the world existed long before man came on the scene. “Mingled” means the female ovum has to be fertilized with the male sperm before man is born.” Holy Qur’an.” Of all the parts of the body. indicating that our Lord is the Most Superior Creator of everything. Even after your birth. Then the two were combined by the power of Allah (swt) and you were conceived. Had He so pleased. but even now no one can say how much of man exists in the father’s germ and how much in the mother’s ovum. Then. but allowed another person to be conceived in your place. Then you came out as a child from your mother’s womb. deaf. and what will be his capabilities and personality. you were gradually formed into a perfect human form and endowed with all those capabilities that you need to function as a man in the world. Had He so liked. could regard Him with every treachery and ingratitude. This is the meaning of the sentence that at that time he was not yet a thing worthy of any mention. nor that even if a man emerges from this humble beginning. He would not have allowed you to be conceived. could rebel against Him as and when you pleased. dumb. 76:1-3 “Has not there been a long period of time when man was nothing. you lay wholly in the power of Allah (swt) at all times. While passing through all these stages. He has brought you to the present stage after passing you through different stages of creation and phases of development. For long ages. Allah is well able to bring him back [to life]. and no one seeing it at first sight can claim that it is a man taking shape. whether to be grateful or ungrateful. Who created man out of a clot of congealed blood” hanging like leech-like substance. Then for nine months in the womb of your mother.

a mother-in-law blames her daughter-in-law for having delivered female children only and no male child. Dongri. Similarly. Has He not then the power to give life to the dead?” Here. hanging blood clot. If any were to blame. Sometimes.77:20-24 “Did We not create you out of a mean fluid. and not her daughter-in-law. then from it He made two kinds.” Here there is also a hint. it is mentioned that it is the sperm that comes from man that is responsible for the gender of the fetus. whether female or male. and if it is a Y. “Qur’an and Modern Science: Compatible or Incompatible?” by Dr. which is emitted [in the mother’s womb]? Then he became a clinging. Who created you.) germinate. or leechlike. again. and kept it lodged in a secure place for an appointed term? Behold’ We had power to do this. she should blame her own son for that. a group of Arabs collected all these verses concerning embryology in the Qur’an. The farmer puts seed into the field. Holy Qur’an. proportioned you. sprout.bearing sperm. If it is an X-bearing sperm that fertilizes the ovum. Gender determination occurs at fertilization and depends upon the gender chromosome in the sperm that fertilizes an ovum. 56/58 Tandel Street (North). fashioned you. so approach your tilth when or how ye will. and put you together in whatever form He pleased?” COMMENTS ON ABOVE VERSES IN LIGHT OF LATEST SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AN DISCOVERIES These comments are from the book. Keith Moore. then a professor emeritus of embryology and former chairman of the 154 . as We are excellent Possessors of power’ Woe on that day to the deniers [of truth]!” Holy Qur’an. And know that ye are to meet Him (in the Hereafter). wheat.” Holy Qur’an. respectively. 23:78 “It is Allah (swt) who has endowed you with the faculties of hearing and seeing. then the fetus is a male. it is man who puts the seed (for male or female) into the womb of a woman (the field). translated them into English. male and female. the fetus is a female. but do some good act for your souls before hand. which makes this seed grow and develop until delivery (sprouting). etc. then God formed him and fashioned his limbs in due proportion. 53:45-46 “And it is He indeed who created the pair of male and female from a sperm-drop when it is emitted [by man into the womb]. The gender of the child. 2:223 “Your wives are as a tilth unto you. Holy Qur’an. Islamic Research Foundation. Zakir Naik. and give (these) good tidings to those who believe. 75:37-40 “Was he [man] not a mere sperm-drop.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind GENDER DETERMINATION The gender of a fetus is determined by the nature of the sperm and not the ovum. when God says that the relationship between man and woman is like the relationship of a farmer and his field. what has beguiled you concerning your Lord. and has given you heart [or brain] to think. 82:6-8 “O man. and fear Allah. Holy Qur’an. the gracious.” Holy Qur’an. and presented them to Dr. and grow into a plant. depends on whether the twenty-third pair of chromosomes is XX or XY. but you do not show any gratitude. Mumbai—400 009 India.”) In the early nineties. the field or the earth makes the seed (whether it is corn.

This book was the recipient of an award for the best medical book written by a single author.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Department of Anatomy at the University of Toronto. besides meaning a congealed clot of blood. while the male gonads (testicles) continue their descent before birth to reach the scrotum through the inguinal canal. the third edition of the same book. Dr. which means a minute quantity of liquid. he wrote. 53:46. He was asked to give his opinion regarding the information present in the Qur’an concerning the field of embryology. This is mentioned in several verses of the Qur’an. HUMAN BEINGS CREATED FROM NUTFAH (Minute Quantity of Liquid) The Glorious Qur’an mentions no less than eleven times that the human being is created from nutfah. and is used as a textbook of embryology in the first year of medical studies. Professor Moore said: “If I was asked these questions thirty years ago. and does not conflict with them in any way. Noting that the information contained in the Qur’an and hadith was in full agreement with the latest discoveries in the field of embryology.” Dr. 76:2. between the spinal column and the eleventh and twelfth ribs. these organs receive their nerve supply and blood supply from the abdominal aorta. It has been translated into several major languages of the world. in Canada. the reproductive organs of the male and female. Keith Moore answered about eighty questions dealing with embryological data mentioned in the Qur’an and hadith. and 80:19. Even in the adult. 40:67. He added that there were. There was also no mention of this information in modern writings and studies on embryology. in fact. which has been translated as “clot of congealed blood. proclaims: “These hadiths. during the 7th medical conference in Dammam. 35:11. 23:13. begin their development near the kidney. After carefully examining the translation of the Qur’anic verses presented to him. and compared what he observed with a diagram of a leech. I would not have been able to answer half of them for lack of scientific information. including 22:5. the testicles and the ovaries. 86: 5-7). a few verses on whose scientific accuracy he could not comment. He is one of the highest authorities in the field of embryology. sayings of Mohammed (pbuh). (“This is the Truth”. from the Qur’an. in 1982. Dr. there exist statements in the Qur’an shown centuries later to be valid. Saudi Arabia.” Dr. Dr. Later they descend. which is in the area between the backbone (spinal column) and the ribs. The Qur’anic word is `alaq &. after the descent of the reproductive organs. 155 . chairman of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Baylor College of Medicine. for a copy. he studied the initial stage of the embryo under a very powerful microscope in his laboratory. It is clear to me that these statements must have come to Mohammed (pbuh) from God or Allah (swt). Even the lymphatic drainage and the venous return go to the same area (Qur’an. which support knowledge in the Qur’an having been derived from God” (The reference for this statement of Dr. however. could not have been obtained on the basis of the scientific knowledge that was available at the time of the writer (7th century). because almost all of this knowledge was not discovered until many centuries later. Moore said: “It has been a great pleasure for me to help clarify statements in the Qur’an about human development. 36:77. 16:4. Keith Moore had no knowledge as to whether or not an embryo in the initial stages looks like a leech. also means something that clings. It follows that not only is there no conflict between genetics and religion (Islam). but.” The word alaq. Keith Moore had earlier authored the book. 18:37. India. To check this out. This proves to me that Mohammed must have been a Messenger of God or Allah (swt). as referenced above. Joe Leigh Simpson. 75:37. Moore said that most of the information concerning embryology mentioned in the Qur’an is in perfect conformity with modern discoveries in the field of embryology. In 1981.”) In embryonic stages. The female gonads (ovaries) stop in the pelvis. he acquired more information on embryology. religion (Islam) may guide science by adding revelation to some of the traditional scientific approaches. He could not say whether the statements were true or false.. and he was astonished at the striking resemblance between the two! In the same manner. in Houston. After acquiring new knowledge from the Qur’an. The Developing Human. contact the Islamic Research Foundation. Joe Leigh Simpson is the videotape.. i. One such verse says: “Lord created man out of a clot of congealed blood” (Qur’an 96: 2). since he himself was not aware of the information contained therein. which was hitherto not known to him.. a leech-like substance. Dr.e. or a trickle of liquid that remains after emptying a cup.

Both of these explanations are scientifically correct. Zaker Naik’s book). Thus the fetus has a well-protected dwelling place. This was known as the perforation theory. Maupertuis propagated the theory of biparental inheritance. 156 . Hence the embryo acquires the appearance of a blood clot. and could not show a clear picture. the three veils of darkness mentioned in Verse 39:6 of the Qur’an refer to: 1) The anterior abdominal wall of the mother 2) The uterine wall 3) The amnio-chronic membrane. supported firmly by the back muscles. Professor Keith Moore took a piece of plaster seal and made it into the size and shape of the early stage of fetus and chewed it between his teeth to make it into a mudgha. FETUS PROTECTED BY THREE VEILS OF DARKNESS According to Professor Keith Moore. God states that man is created from a small quantity of liquid. in the 18th century. the fetus clings to the wall. firmly fixed (well-established or lodged). and microscopes were invented centuries after the time of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). The alaqah is transformed into a lump for which the Qur’an uses the word mudgha. and is the head of the Department of Anatomy and director of the Daniel Institute at Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia. for which the Arabic word qararin makin is used. Professor Johnson laughed and admitted that the first microscope invented could not magnify more than ten times.. which means.400 years ago. which can be put in the mouth like gum. as in its very early stages. in recent times. The uterus is well-protected from the posterior by the spinal column. Later. quoted earlier in this chapter. The teeth marks resembled the somites. This small quantity of fluid is made into alaq (meaning “something which clings). He compared this with the photographs of the early stage of a fetus. EMBRYONIC STAGES In Verses 23:12-14. He was asked to comment on the verses of the Qur’an dealing with embryology.” and also something that is tacky and small. During this alaq stage. “something that is chewed (having teeth marks). Hamm and Leeuwenhoek were the first scientists to observe human sperm cells (spermatozoa) using a microscope.S. The bones are clothed with intact flesh or muscles (lahm).” It also means a leech-like substance.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Science has confirmed. The embryo is further protected by the amniotic sac containing the amniotic fluid. Then Allah (swt) makes it into another creature. The third meaning of the word alaq is a blood clot. acquiring its blood supply from the mother through the placenta. it was thought by De Graf and others that the fetus existed in the miniature form in the ovum. Professor Marshall Johnson is one of the leading scientists in the U. which spans the third and fourth week of pregnancy. Both descriptions are scientifically acceptable. which are the early formation of the spinal column. in addition to acquiring the appearance of a leech. When scientists discovered that the ovum was bigger than the sperm. that only one out of an average of three million sperms is required for fertilizing the ovum. He said that the verses of the Qur’an describing the embryological stages cannot be a coincidence. the blood clots within closed vessels. On being reminded that the Qur’an was revealed 1. They thought that a sperm cell contained a miniature human being that grew in the uterus to form a newborn. This mudgha is transformed into bones (izam). Later he said: “I see nothing here in conflict with the concept that divine intervention was involved when Mohammed (pbuh) recited the Qur’an” (Dr. and also appears to resemble a leech in shape. which is placed in a place of rest. In 1677. He said it was probable that Mohammed (pbuh) had a powerful microscope. It also behaves like a leech (bloodsucker).

if an incision is made in the embryo and the internal organ is dissected. Consider the Qur’anic Verses 32:7-9. If we describe it as an incomplete creation.e. then out of a leech-like clot. Similar embryological stages of human development have been described in Verses 75:37-40 and 82:7-8 quoted above. etc.. and provide elegant scientific descriptions that are comprehensible and practical. 157 . partly formed and partly unformed. since it identifies stages on a numerical basis. then out of a morsel of flesh. SENSE OF HEARING AND SIGHT The first sense to develop in a developing human embryo is hearing. stage II.” Scientifically. it will be seen that most of them are formed. Thus. the modern classification of embryonic development stages that is used throughout the world is not easily comprehensible. the sense of sight is developed. if we describe the embryo as a complete creation. These are based on different phases of prenatal development. Subsequently. the retina becomes sensitive to light. Keith Moore. EMBRYO PARTLY FORMED AND PARTLY UNFORMED At the mudgha stage. 76:1-3. is it a complete creation or an incomplete creation? There is no better description of this stage of embryogenesis than the Qur’anic description. then we are only describing that part which is already created. 22:5 ‘“We created you out of dust. i. The fetus can hear sounds after the twenty-fourth week. So. “partly formed and partly unformed. the Qur’anic description matches the discoveries of modern embryology. then out of sperm. then we are only describing that part which is not yet created.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind According to Dr.” as in the following verse. while the others are not yet completely formed. According to Professor Johnson. In all these verses. we know that at this early stage of development there are some cells that are differentiated and some cells that are undifferentiated—some organs are formed and yet others unformed. stage I. and by the twenty-eighth week. The divisions revealed in the Qur’an are based on distinct and easily identifiable forms or shapes that the embryo passes through. the sense of hearing is mentioned before that of sight. Holy Qur’an. and 23:78 quoted above.

However. His integrity is beyond any doubt. The name of a person proclaiming his life mission is certainly a very rare phenomenon. surprisingly enough. and truthful. or country.” which was rather a rare name (The word “Mohammed” means “praised one”). is “Mahmood” (the Praiseworthy). cheated. He specially creates him for this tremendous responsibility. thanked Him. who. his grandfather took him to the house of God in Makkah (Ka’bah). To do this. committed adultery or fraud. equips him with excellent qualities. saying: “Are you not the same who lied.” and.” which is mentioned in the Holy Qur’an. endows him with the best capabilities of head and heart necessary for the performance of his mission.” or “the most glorified. nation. “hamad. He is free from all corruption. Nobody could raise a finger about the morals or character of any Messenger of God concerning his life before prophethood. when God wants to send His Messenger to a certain community. There is. as was customary in that Arab society. He does not pick anyone from the street at random. based only on what he says or claims is not wise. the eldest son of Prophet Abraham. this was destined to be Prophet Mohammed’s (pbuh) life mission. On the seventh day. It is also a strange coincidence that Prophet Mohammed’s (pbuh) father’s name was “Abdullah. His conduct is exemplary. if there is no evidence of truthfulness or honesty in his life. and named the baby “Mohammed. This chosen person does not lie and is straightforward. etc. and protects him from all sins from the very beginning of his life. the Lord of Heavens and Earth. They were the descendants of Ishmael. Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) said that “Abdullah” is the best name that a man can have.” One of the names of God. He is a model personality for all to emulate. The Quraish was the most noble of the Arab tribes. after hearing the name “Mohammed. Ahmad. thus. On the contrary.” meaning “the most praised. trustworthy. Nor does He appoint anyone for this mission as a part-time worker who. then trusting him for the future. The word “Ahmad” is a superlative degree of the word meaning “praised one.” which means “to glorify God. the best rule is to review the record of his entire life to date. If the person concerned is found to have been absolutely truthful and trustworthy in the past.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind CHAPTER 18 Why Muslims Believe Mohammed (pbuh) is the Messenger of God EVIDENCE 1 Prophet Mohammed’s (pbuh) Exemplary and Spotless Character and Morals Before Prophethood W hen any office or rank of responsibility needs to be given to a person. 158 .” asked him why he did not name the baby according to the customs of his forefathers (the Quraish generally named their children after a deity). When God appoints someone as His Messenger. He was from the most noble branch of the Quraish—the clan of Hashim.” Prophet Mohammed’s (pbuh) other name is “Ahmad. is free to do whatever he wants. a predetermined will running throughout the life of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). it is necessary to assess the qualifications and capabilities of the candidate. and morals. The grandfather replied: “I want him to earn the praise of Allah in heaven and of Allah’s people on earth. Immediately after the birth of Mohammed (pbuh). These are the prerequisites of prophethood. He has excellent virtues and qualities. attributes.?” Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) was born to the noblest family of the Arabs. They had the purest genealogy and the most respected place in all Arabia. after working for a certain time.” which means “the servant of Allah” (and not the servant of any idol of Arabs). the same can be expected from him in the future. so that people should not feel any hesitation or difficulty in accepting a prophet as the Messenger or Prophet of God when he is actually appointed to this position by God. honest. prayed to God. Mohammed’s (pbuh) grandfather invited the chiefs of Quraish to feast. and Mahmood) originate from the same word. All three names (Mohammed.

he always follows the principles of justice and fair play. he hates all worship of any creature besides God. He talks politely and never uses obscene or abusive language. He helps orphans and widows. He is the very embodiment of modesty. he is so clear-minded and possesses such a pure soul that he regards nothing in the heavens and the earth worthy of worship except the One True God.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind His mother’s name was “Amina. in his translation of the Holy Qur’an: Introduction to Chapter 111 of the Holy Qur’an. and with whom he spent his youth and early manhood. he was commanded by God to preach the new faith openly. The Holy Prophet (pbuh) then climbed up a mountain known as Safa. and is foremost in bringing about reconciliation. in the midst of a society which is immodest to the core. the Prophet (pbuh) said.” Even his enemies deposit their costly belongings with him for safe custody. In the third year of his prophethood. and refused to do so even in his childhood.A. He keeps aloof from the feuds of his tribe. and start with his own tribe and relatives first. he never touches alcohol and never indulges in gambling. he asked Mohammed (pbuh) to wait for a while. there shall descend on you a grievous penalty. The following description about Prophet Mohammed’s (pbuh) early life is given by S. in a loud voice: “If I inform you that a big army of an enemy is advancing (on the other side of the mountain) to attack you. The entire nation calls him “the Truthful and the Trustworthy. faith.” which means “a woman who is safe. safety.” The word “Amina” originates from the root “aman. or to a diamond in a heap of dead stones. and does not partake in the offerings made to idols. Brought up in an idolatrous society. but he never entered into any dishonest transaction. Instinctively. He never tells a lie. Described below are some examples of his characters prior to his prophethood. (Published by The Islamic Foundation. may be likened to a beacon-light brightening a pitch-dark night. his home town. Surrounded on all sides by heartless people. you have never lied. His people are uncouth.” “If so. “ameen” (trustworthy). He has such a charming personality and winsome manners that he captivates the hearts of those who come into contact with him. who.” which comes from the word “haleem.K. He does not bow before any created thing. In his dealings with people. People rushed to the foot of this mountain to find out what was so serious a matter. became a follower of the Prophet (pbuh). 1981. honesty.) (2) Witness about his Trustworthiness in his Promise or Commitment `Abdullah ibn Abi Hamzah. He is hospitable to travelers. the towering and radiant personality of this man. Even his worst enemies never accused him of telling a lie on any occasion whatsoever during his entire life. and unclean. would you believe me?” All of them said in one voice: “Of course we will. you are always truthful. “I tell you that unless you declare that there is no god but Allah (One True God).” which means peace. and he equitably fulfills his trust. Mohammed (pbuh) consented to wait. He harms no one. Those who deal with him in business have full confidence in his integrity. protected. Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) started preaching secretly. In brief.) He is entirely different from the people among whom he was born.” meaning forbearance. He called the people in the same manner in which the Quraish used to rally people at the time of crisis. after the advent of Islam. related that once in the course of making a deal with Mohammed (pbuh). because there was something still left in its finalization. but `Abdullah forgot for three days to come 159 .” (S. in the midst of such a corrupted and dark environment. He remained engaged in business and trade for years. Born and bred among a people who regard drunkenness and gambling as virtues. he himself has a heart overflowing with the milk of human kindness. Then. security. aesthetic outlook. he goes all out to suffer hardships for the sake of others. Abul A’la Mawdudi in his book. Living among those for whom war is their bread and butter. uncultured. U.. instead. he is such a lover of peace that his heart melts for the people when they take up arms and cut each other’s throats. and “amanat” (trust) also come from this root. Towards Understanding Islam. (1) Witness about Truthfulness At the beginning of his mission. or content. The whole nation is unanimous in testifying to his truthfulness. or one who is safe). The name of the Prophet’s (pbuh) foster mother (the woman who nursed him) was “Haleema. but personified in him is the highest culture and the most refined.” said the Prophet (pbuh). or trustworthiness. in Makkah. The words “momin” (a believer. Maududi.

Harithah ibn Sharahil. you may stay with me.” by Adil Salahi. Thus. then that will be it (you don’t have to pay me anything). Your reputation has been established for a long while that you feed the hungry and help those who are in need.. Mohammed (pbuh) took Zaid by his hand.” in this chapter.” by Adil Salahi.” (“Mohammed Man and Prophet. (“Mohammed Man and Prophet. the people of Bani Qain bin Jasr raided their camp. plundered their goods. and probably changed it as they traveled. Hazrat Khadijah (rau). I would not disappoint someone who chooses me.” For another example of his trustworthiness before his prophethood. because he knew that the boy would have been sold as a slave. Hazrat Zaid included. as one could have expected under the circumstances. U. and together they went to where the people of the Quraish used to meet. published by the Islamic Foundation. then. whom Allah after a few years would appoint as a prophet. `Abdullah added that Mohammed (pbuh) did not scold him.” That was the formal method of adoption practiced in Arabia. (4) Witness of Mohammed’s (pbuh) Intelligence and Wisdom Because of his honesty. When Zaid was eight years old. as the only trusted person in the community. and I inherit him. the old master of this city. I am also reminded of him. a nephew of Hazrat Khadijah (who later married Mohammed. published by the Islamic Foundation. 1995). where Mohammed (pbuh) declared: “Bear witness that this boy is my son. and your tribe?” Zaid replied: “I have seen certain things with this man. signifying his integrity. and that he was a great humanitarian. your slave. Hakim brought him to Makkah and presented him to his aunt. But if he chooses to stay with me.” Mohammed (pbuh) replied: “What would you say if I made you a better offer?” They asked: “What sort of proposal?” He said: “I will call Zaid and give him a choice. U. he found Zaid in her service. Long is my sorrow. They sold Zaid at the fair of Ukaz. his mother took him along to her parents. On the third day. (3) Witness about his Excellent Morality Zaid was the son of Harithah bin Shurahbil.” Mohammed (pbuh) called Zaid and asked him: “Who are these two?”Zaid said: “This man is my father. He was asked to arbitrate in many disputes. a person of the Kalb tribe. Afterwards. “An Example of Unmatched Honesty and Trustworthiness. As was the habit among the Arabs.K. His buyer was Hakim bin Hizam. He could not forget his son. a branch of the Tay tribe. Su’da bint Thalabah. your home.. unselfish love of people. he found Mohammed (pbuh) still waiting for him on the promised spot. located in 160 . you may go with them. they came to the Holy Prophet (pbuh) and made this passionate appeal: “You are the grandson of `Abd al-Muttalib. by God. If he chooses to go with you. to request you to be benevolent and to agree to sell him to us. near Ka’bah. Reciting such poetry at gatherings and bazaars was the surest method for news to travel in Arabia at that time.” At this point. I am reminded of him by the sun when it rises. he expressed his sorrow in highly moving poetry: “I wonder would you ever come back? My dearest wish would then have come true. this fortunate boy entered the service of the best of men. near Taif. and this is my uncle. Travelers mentioned such poetry as they heard it. as a young bachelor he was given the title of Al-Amin (the most trustworthy).” Zaid unresistingly said: “I will stay with you. because he was sure that Zaid would come to no harm in the company of Mohammed (pbuh).. when his father and uncle came to know that their child was in Makkah. sincerity. When the wind blows. little is my hope. Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) was 35 years old when the Quraish resolved to rebuild Ka’bah (Allah’s house. and his mother. pbuh). and truthfulness from his childhood. We have come to you on account of our son. he inherits me. and his memory comes back to me when the sun goes down.” They said: “Your proposal is more than fair. and took some prisoners. On their way. His father said: “Zaid. you have kept me waiting for three days. see the section. or. When the Holy Prophet (pbuh) married Khadijah. Zaid’s father was pleased by this outcome of his mission. if you wish. was from the Bani Ma’n. and was so impressed by his good manners and conduct that he asked Khadija to give Zaid to him. You are the son of the great master of his people.” Mohammed (pbuh) said: “I am giving you the choice: if you wish. You and your people are neighbors of God in this blessed city..ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind back to him.K. do you prefer to remain a slave over rejoining your parents. Ka’bibn Sharahil. 1995). and I will never leave him to go anywhere. purity of conduct. Zaid’s father felt his loss very painfully.” This came as a shock to the two men. and said only: “You put me to much trouble.

At last. each contesting for the honor of placing the stone in its place. There he pondered over the degradation of his nation and the world-at-large. the Cave of Hira. which people call the universe? What is life. the powerful were suppressing the powerless. in the nearby mountain. or he will arbitrate. placing the Hijr-i-Aswad on it. made a proposal which was accepted by all. This proceeding satisfied everyone.” It so happened (or it was God’s will) that Mohammed (pbuh) was the first man to enter the MasIidi-Haram the next morning.” The Apostle (pbuh) examined the whole case and resolved the dispute in this manner: He took a sheet and. He found everything around him to be out of harmony with his soul. and in seclusion he prayed to God according to his knowledge and wisdom. would give one the impression that it was really meant for deep meditation. In this way. from the lowest of the low in morality to the highest of the high in spirituality. The filth of immorality and indecency prevailed all around. but he could find no way to cure the malady.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind the middle of the Masjid Al-Haram). what is death? What am I to believe? What am I to do?” Privacy and detachment from the impurities of life were two indispensable prerequisites for Mohammed’s (pbuh) soul to come into close communion with the Unseen Power that lies behind all aspects of existence in this infinite universe. 161 . and mankind in general. He did believe strongly in the existence of One God. In the east corner of Ka’bah. but retired to a cave. but he wanted to know more about Him. EVIDENCE 2 Mohammed’s (pbuh) Zeal for Search of Peace Within and Without Mohammed’s (pbuh) zeal for peace is reflected in his anxiety to raise his community in particular. high up on the mountain. He said: “Let the first man who enters the sanctuary (Masjid-al-Haram) tomorrow morning decide this matter. the oldest and the most respected among the chiefs. the Apostle (pbuh) set a clear example of his intelligence and wisdom before his people. Abu Ummiya bin al Mughira. The community was engrossed in idolatry and polytheistic customs and practices. A visit to a lonely and almost abandoned hill cannot but give quite a shake-up for a moment to an honest. negotiable only by a natural but difficult and winding pathway. tribes were subjecting one another to surprise attacks. and searched his mind for the truth. This anxiety was weighing him down. which lasted for four or five days. What is most significant. is that when this young man could spare time from his business and household work.” It is reported in Musnad Ahmad that on seeing him.” When they had done that. until the time came to put the sacred black stone back in its proper place. wickedness and corrupt practices were rampant in society. and carry it to its laying place. At the sight of him. The work of construction of Ka’bah continued peacefully. said to the chiefs of the tribes: “Hold the edges of the sheet. This stone is from the time of Prophet Abraham (pbuh). Despite his happy married life. This grieved the Holy Prophet (pbuh). His people were deeply sunk in ignorance and barbarism. there is a black stone called Hijr-i-Aswad. Daggers were on the point of being drawn and great bloodshed seemed imminent. the people shouted “The trustworthy has arrived. A visit to the cave. He retires in a cave outside Makkah in his spare time Mohammed (pbuh) was in search of that light or power with which he might change the corrupt and immoral world around him into a new and better place. The Cave of Hira is more than one thousand feet high outside of Makkah. the people shouted: “He is trustworthy. and is considered to be very sacred. Jabal-un-Noor. and sometimes the war of vengeance continued for a hundred years at a stretch. girls were being buried alive. There was clearly a wide moral and intellectual gap between him and the people of Makkah. He would meditate and reflect on the universe around him and about its Creator. This gap continued to increase as the years went by. he did not spend it in useless pursuits or in indolence. He might have pondered in this cave: “What am I? What is this unfathomable thing I live in. we agree. Lo! He is Mohammed. the Apostle (pbuh) lifted the stone and laid it in its place. Then strife broke out among the chiefs. and its remedies. his heart was restless over the evils that were rampant among his people.

This cave was a perfect place for retreat. and that Almighty Allah (swt) could not ever mean any harm to one who was by nature so good. he was also exposed to snakes. He would take his food and water with him. even in adverse circumstances. 28:86). You are helpful to all and sundry.” Being mature. though flat. has taught man that which he knew not. reported by Bukhari. You provide for the destitute.” Whereupon. scorpions. he narrated the whole incident to his wife. has created man from a clot. She is reported. Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous. and the Revelation of the first five verses of Sarah Al-Álaq (Surah 96). Maududi. Maududi. The entrance narrows at the top and is about six or seven feet high. the light of revelation suddenly burst upon him. by Allah (swt). to have said: “No. on good authority. He was meditating in this cave when. as the Prophet (pbuh) himself narrated: “The angel embraced me and pressed me so hard that I reached the limit of my endurance. With only a bottle of water and a few cookies in my bag. The ceiling slopes down as you go inside. so kind. He was shaken and frightened by the enormous responsibility of prophethood of Allah (swt) given to him by Allah (swt). I wonder how Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) could sleep.) EVIDENCE 3 Mohammed (pbuh) Neither Aspired for Prophethood. Verily. one has to climb right to the top of the mountain and descend a short distance down the other side. but does not easily accommodate two persons standing to pray. 162 . slow. The rocky floor of the cave. The Light Comes It was now the fortieth year of Mohammed’s (pbuh) life. nor was he Aware that he Would be Appointed Prophet After this initial encounter with Gabriel. a glorious angel (Gabriel) appeared to him in the form of a man and said to him: “Read!” Since Mohammed (pbuh) did not know how to read. you do good to your near relations. Unexpectedly. in experience. never will Allah (swt) put you in any awkward situation causing discomfiture. I had the opportunity to visit this cave. trembling and shivering. cover me. his zeal to find a way out of the total darkness that enshrouded his people—and thus find a peace within and a peace without—kept him coming to this cave again and again. but this was an act of grace by your Lord” (Qur’an. So she was the first to believe and she was his first supporter. coming from a proverbially doubting wife. and so God-fearing as he was.” After a while. and fatiguing. I could not make it to the top without a couple of rest stops. and uphold the cause of the right. and even sit.A. return home when it was finished. Who has created (all that exists). The cave is small. Khadijah (rau). especially when he could not carry with him a rug or carpet—it was hard enough to climb this mountain with only water and food for a few days or a week. Who has taught by the pen. Addressing the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). is an eloquent testimony not only to her own deep insight into men and matters. entertain the guest. The climb is steep. calm and self-possessed. He went home and cried out: “Cover me. where there is a little opening that ensures good light and ventilation. and wild animals. saying: “I fear for my life. Her statement. (S. He certainly did not aspire to the role that was later assigned to him. until it becomes very low towards the end. one night. but also to her implicit faith in Allah (swt) Almighty and the personal character of her husband. in his translation of the Holy Qur’an: Introduction to Chapter 96 of the Holy Qur’an. and then released me and said: ‘Read! In the Name of your Lord. for a long time on this uneven and hard floor. and go again and meditate.”’ Mohammed (pbuh) recited these very verses after the angel who thereafter left. the Prophet (pbuh) came down the mountain. he replied: “I do not know how to read. Then he released me and said: ‘Recite’ and again I said: ‘I am not a reader. It is almost at the top of the hill—to reach it. when the initial fear diminished.A.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind reflective person in search of his soul. In addition to loneliness in the pitch-dark nights outside the city of Makkah.’ Then the third time he embraced me as before. with an entrance that is wide enough for one person to get in comfortably. consoled him by saying that it could not be a devilish prank. Despite all these hardships. other poisonous insects. Thus Khadijah (rau) sums up succinctly her own estimation of her husband—a real and remarkable tribute to a husband. perhaps.” (S. Then he released me and said: ‘Recite!’ I said: ‘I cannot read!’ and again Gabriel embraced me hard until I was exhausted. is so uneven that I felt very uncomfortable sitting on this floor during my prayers in the cave. God says in the Holy Qur’an: “You had not entertained any hope that scriptures would be given to you. dangerous. Khadijah (rau). He will find in the awesome serenity of its solitude an irresistible challenge of the majesty of the Creator. in his translation of the Holy Qur’an: Introduction to Chapter 96 of the Holy Qur’an). meditating. Mohammed (pbuh) would go to this cave and remain there for weeks.

honesty. and friends could have said that he was engaged in preparations leading to his prophethood. straightforward person. while I get ready to receive offerings from your would-be devotees. He would have come down the mountain with gusto. that no one who was familiar with the earlier part of his life would even have imagined them. was kind to his relatives. started a revolutionary movement. So extraordinary were Moses’ accomplishments after assuming his prophetic mission. This report of the incident depicts the graphic impact that an extraordinary event naturally produces in a simple. He was a person who relished solitude. that he was waiting for the Angel Gabriel to come. and that God would not subject a person like him to distress and suffering. After hearing the details of the incident. this man suddenly rose with a world-shaking message. It also needs to be pointed out that no one is more knowledgeable about the mental state and thoughts of a man than his wife. or that he was poised to initiate any activity aimed at religious or moral reform. and was hospitable to his guests. when he was suddenly summoned by God and appointed as a prophet. and his interests and concerns. helped the poor. Not even his close relatives. no one had ever heard him use such words and terms. instantly proclaiming that he had been appointed a prophet. the idea never even crossed his mind. Had his wife. known that her husband was preparing himself to assume the role of a prophet. I wish I were younger and would live until the day your people expel you. It was a life characterized by a concern to keep his word and to discharge his obligations. nor that special diction which they later heard from his lips. had he been thinking that he must somehow obtain that position. Mohammed (pbuh) was stunned by the incident. Waraqah Ibn Nawfal.” The Prophet (pbuh) asked: “Will my people expel me?” He said: “Yes. expounded a full-fledged philosophy of life. He was trembling. On the contrary. ‘Bab Ba’ad’ al Wahy ilaa Rasul Allah Sallallahu calayhi wasallam’). Had Mohammed (pbuh) been anxious to become a prophet. neighbors.” But what Khadijah had seen during the fifteen years of their companionship was enough to convince her that Satan would not approach a person of his character and nobility. who belonged to the People of the Book. They knew about his occupational activities. therefore. and chastity. the whole of his life was an open book for them. Until then.” (Hadith Book of Imam Bukhari. he was simply an honest trader engaged in earning his livelihood in a straightforward and lawful manner. and for its compassion and tenderness. had he been deliberating and concentrating his thoughts in anticipation of an angel’s arrival. came forth with a piece of literature that had no parallel. Nevertheless. In fact. In this respect. none of his activities gave the faintest idea that he was seized with a passion to solve societal problems. No one had heard him speak about the subjects that later became the focal points of his discourse. he would have gleefully jumped up and down when Gabriel appeared in the Cave of Hira. there was nothing in it that foretold that this noble man would become a prophet. It was a life conspicuous for its decency.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Then Khadijah (rau) took him to her cousin. to espouse any cause. after that transforming moment in the Cave of Hira. al-Imaan’. ‘K. she would not have said what she did. Nor had he desired or tried to become a prophet. so that he could concentrate on devotion and worship. that what her husband had seen was true. Go out and proclaim it. and set about promoting a system 163 . the subjects on which he dwelt. Moses (pbuh) was on his way to Egypt. EVIDENCE 4 Mohammed (pbuh) All of Sudden is a Completely Changed Man After Revelation Until the day before this transforming moment. his situation was similar to that of Moses. He lived a normal and a happy life with his family. But lo and behold. no one has come with a message of the kind that you have brought without arousing the enmity of his own people. he was filled with fear. his manner of discourse. for its service to God’s creatures. she would have said something like: “Why should you worry? You have received what you have been looking forward to for so long. who was a learned and noble man. But what happened was something totally different. The Makkans were familiar with his life until the time he came down from the Cave of Hira with a message. Something identical happened with the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). She instantly knew. Khadijah. indeed. He had never risen to preach any idea. It was a life replete with truthfulness. and work for a successful execution of the venture. that he had indeed been endowed with prophethood. No Plans or Ambitions This narration is explicit in that Mohammed (pbuh) was completely unaware that he would be appointed as a prophet and entrusted with a great mission. trustworthiness. Waraqah said: “He who came to you was the same Namus (angel with a special mission) who came to Moses. or to support any movement. On the contrary.

The Quraish were virtually the leading tribe of the Arabian Peninsula. Every conceivable torture and cruelty was perpetrated on him. the result of deliberate preparation and conscious effort. and revelation from their counterfeit versions. What this truthful and honest man had experienced was a fact rather than a fantasy. did we not tell you? He was going to claim something big!” But history is a witness. k. how could he have concealed his preparations from those around him. Those very people who used to greatly admire and respect him turned against him. morality. Therefore. but uninterruptedly for thirteen long troublesome years in Makkah. The whole of Arabia was incited against him. he could easily distinguish genuine prophethood. and this continued. All this was far too big a change to be. she accepted without the least hesitation that it was indeed Allah’s own angel who had come to him with Revelation. gave them a central position in the midst of all Arabian tribes and clans. leaving him no time to operate or continue his trade. there would have been many in Makkah who would have said: “See. Waraqah Ibn Nawfal’s reaction was the same. it also becomes obvious how pure was the Holy Prophet’s (pbuh) life and how sublime was his character before prophethood. nor was it the outcome of the Prophet’s (pbuh) chimerical play of his inner self. from those among whom he spent his days and nights? Had his life gone through those stages of preparation. namely. and had spent the whole of his life observing what happened around him. He was much older than Mohammed (pbuh). and it could not have been a product of his conscious mind. but he was not given respite even there. Besides the religious and social reasons. At last he was exiled. during this long period of married life. the situation was similar to that of Moses (pbuh): a simple and good. and were taken by the Quraish as an insult to their so-called religion (paganism/ idol-worshiping) and to the ways of their forefathers. She had. From this narrative. The Makkan unbelievers accused the Prophet (pbuh) of many things. As a pious and learned Christian. a new cultural and social system. the Quraish left no stone unturned in opposing and persecuting the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). (Hadith book by Imam Bukhari. The transformation that came about was so great that no amount of gradual preparation could have produced it. and an altogether new kind of literature.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind of ideas. thus they would lose that important position. His teachings were a death-blow to the old customs and their wrong ways of life. a new philosophy of life. and civilization. found him to be such a generous and noble man that when he told her of his experience in the Cave of Hira. and the House of Allah. He was tormented in various ways in his abode of refuge. And if he was indeed preparing for this. scripture. that is why Waraqah Ibn Nawfal did not hesitate to conclude that this had not come about by Satan’s spell. To accept a new faith meant to abolish all the past customs. power. she was fifty-five years old at the time this event took place and had been the Holy Prophet’s (pbuh) life companion for 15 years. (3) He was leading a happy life with his family. EVIDENCE 5 Persecution of Mohammed (pbuh) and His Steadfastness Before God designated Mohammed (pbuh) as His Messenger: (1) He was a fairly prosperous trader. he said that Mohammed (pbuh) had been visited by the same angel who brought Revelation to Moses (pbuh). In addition. by himself.natured man who had never thought of prophethood had suddenly gone through the extraordinary experience that heralds such a mission. Khadijah (ra) was no young lady. No weakness of the husband can remain hidden from the wife. It was not possible for him to produce. For him. al-Masjid al-Haram. He was persecuted and hounded continuously 164 . his brother. whatever money he had. al-Imaan. Ka’bah in Makkah. As soon as Waraqah heard the details of what had happened in the cave. he spent on his new mission. After prophethood. They were considered the most respectable and the trustees of the House of Allah. there were political reasons as well behind the hostile treatment by the Quraish toward the Holy Prophet (pbuh). but none accused him of this. and authority that they had held for centuries. The location of the great mosque. he spent his entire time in preaching the Message of God. Hence. (2) He was held in high esteem by his people.in-law. not for a day or two. psychologically speaking. He was a relative of the Prophet (pbuh). a new ideology. Baab Kayf Kana Baad alWahy ila Rasul Allah Sallallahu calayhi wa Sallam).

have social dealings. His reply fell like a bombshell upon the deputation of the leaders of Arabia. and posted it inside the Ka’bah.” It is also recorded that once Abu Jahl. he remained firm in his mission like a rock. “History of the Prophet. and inflexible in his purpose and stand. we will amass for you as much as you wish. (Hadith books by Imam Muslim and Imam Bukhari). With the exception of Abu Lahab. Also. India. despite using all sorts of persecutions and enticements. Attempt to Bribe the Prophet (pbuh) Seeing the failure of their mission. which drafted an agreement of a total boycott of Muslims and their supporters—the entire clan of Banu Hashim. the Prophet’s (pbuh) uncle.” by Ibn Hisham. surely God will decide between you and me. cast it around the neck of the Holy Prophet (pbuh). however.” by Dr. I would not abandon it until God makes me victorious or I perish therein. A meeting of all the opposing chiefs in Makkah was called early in the seventh year of Mohammed’s (pbuh) prophethood. and the wicked fellow cried: “0 people. The ringleaders of Makkah adopted every method to tyrannize the Holy Prophet (pbuh) and his few companions. visit. and His Supporters to Starve Them to Death When the non-believers of Makkah failed to stop Mohammed (pbuh) from his mission. Should you accept it. paid no heed to them. New Delhi. 1980. Once the Prophet (pbuh) was walking around Ka’bah. A loud laughter arose among the infidels. the staunch enemy of the Prophet (pbuh).” (“Mohammed the Final Messenger. 1998. Abu Talib’s own brother. India. I have been commissioned by God as a Warner to mankind. They wrote down their resolution on a scroll.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind for a full eight years there. and then told him: “Spare me and yourself.” The Prophet (pbuh). but they were disappointed. They said: “If you want to possess wealth. Once. Majid Ali Khan. Under the combined pressure of Makkan chiefs. pbuh. I deliver His message to you. Abu Talib sent for Mohammed (pbuh) and told him what the leadership had said. He was resolute. The Prophet (pbuh) remained unmoved. and many books of Hadith). do not be taken in by his words. In the meantime. you shall have felicity and joy in this life and eternal bliss in the Life Hereafter. the Quraish leaders tried to bribe the Prophet (pbuh) by offering him all the worldly glory they could imagine.”(“Muhammad the Final Messenger. They thought they had played their trump.” Abu Talib said. and in his every round a band of mischief mongers headed by Abu Jahl made sarcastic remarks and laughed. or even have verbal contact with any of the members of the Bani Hashim or Bani Abdul-Muttalib clans until Mohammed (pbuh) was given to them to be killed. This added an air of solemnity to the resolution. Abu Bakr arrived at the spot and pushed Uqbah back. and many books of Hadith). Mohammed (pbuh) said: “0 my beloved uncle! By God. he pulled it hard. twisted it so as to choke the Prophet (pbuh). pbuh. The terms were extremely tempting for any human mortal. It is narrated that once. but they had no significance in the eyes of the Great Prophet (pbuh). The Prophet (pbuh) was profusely bleeding. you shall have the hand of the most beautiful maiden of your own choice. The Holy Prophet (pbuh) said: “Pray! I want neither wealth nor power. be on your guard. Should you reject the Word of God. The tribal chiefs gave Abu Talib a grim warning that either he should stop his nephew. firm. He suffered it all. This man wants you to abandon the worship of Lat and Uzza (the two main idols of the Arabs). Abu Talib and all the 165 .” by Dr. Despite all kinds of persecution. and when all efforts to remove the protection of Abu Talib from the Prophet (pbuh) were unsuccessful. when the Prophet (pbuh) was preaching: “There is no god save Allah. New Delhi. Put not a burden on me that I cannot bear.” a man followed him and ruthlessly pelted stones at him. Mohammed (pbuh) was ridiculed on every occasion. if they were to put the sun in my right hand and the moon in my left on condition that I abandon my mission. but did not budge an inch from the stand he had taken. all the Muslims and non-Muslims of these two clans supported Abu Talib. Uqbah turned his sheet into a rope. inter-marry. threw dust on his sacred head and shouted: “0 people. they were not to conduct any business. Total Boycott of Mohammed (pbuh). If you have a fancy for beauty. Pressure from Abu Talib Then these Makkan chiefs sent a group of their representatives to Abu Talib. and when Mohammed (pbuh) prostrated on the ground.” Hearing this. Majid Ali Khan. “History of the Prophet. or be prepared for sufferings. we are prepared to swear allegiance to you as our overlord and king.” by Ibn Hisham. dirt was thrown at him. “0 my nephew! Go and preach what you please. while he was praying in Ka’bah. His Followers. Uqbah brought the dirty entrails of a she-camel and placed them on his back. which made it much harder for anyone who cared for the Muslims or wished them well to contravene them. Once. and his path was strewn with thorns and filth. If you aspire to win honor and power.” But all on the condition that he abandon his mission. Also. he is a liar. published by Islamic Book Service. when the Prophet (pbuh) was prostrating while praying near Ka’bah. for by God I will never forsake you. Under this agreement. published by Islamic Book Service. they realized that there could be no meeting ground between them and the Muslims.

because he could not afford an animal to ride. and even if they did not accept Islam. from either side of the road. that at times they were even forced to eat grass and the leaves of trees. and wounded. or to the enemy who has been given control over my affairs? But if Your wrath does not fall on me. and which controls all affairs in this world. This boycott. and would pledge that he himself would buy that merchandise so that they would not suffer any loss. After the death of Abu Talib. Mohammed’s (pbuh) uncle had been a great protection against the hostilities of the entire Quraish. Zayed Ibn Harithah. he decided to go to Taif. there is nothing for me to worry about. and so they intensified the persecution of the Prophet (pbuh) and his followers. When their children cried from hunger.” (Hadith Book by Imam Muslim). 166 . When he was leaving the city. but plainly gave him notice that he should leave their city. and approached all of the chiefs and nobles of the Bani Thaqif and talked to them about his mission. as well as in the Hereafter. so his servant. until he became broken down with wounds and his shoes filled with blood. You are the Lord of the helpless and the weak. and my insignificance before mankind. she gave away all her wealth in the service of Islam and lived a poor life. He stayed at Taif for a few days. the chiefs of Thaqif set on him a crowd of teenagers and servants who chased and stoned him for a long way. which illuminates the heavens and repels darkness. and drink the juice of boiled hide. Abu Talib’s health deteriorated so much that he died soon after the lifting of this siege. “I seek protection in the light of Your Countenance. also passed away. carried him on his shoulders. This siege lasted for three years. Thus. The Hashemites (members of Banu Hashim. And there is no power nor resource but Yours alone. After some deliberation. for they feared that his preaching might “spoil” their younger generation. Zayed ibn Haritha. but like the rest of the Quraish clans. The Quraish had blocked Shib of Abu Talib from every side.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind members of Bani Hashim and Bani Abdul-Muttalib withdrew to a valley. Mohammed (pbuh) became unconscious. O Lord of mine! Into whose hands would You abandon me? Into the hands of an unsympathetic distant relative who would sullenly frown at me. the wife of the Prophet (pbuh). He went on foot. At last. many of them decided to cut their losses and withhold the support that they had previously extended to Mohammed (pbuh) on the basis of tribal loyalty. whenever Abu Lahab noticed any of them approaching the marketplace or a trading caravan. But even at that time. the paucity of my resources. a part of which was already eaten by insects. clan of Quraish tribe) were aware of the high price they paid for protecting Mohammed (pbuh). their cries reached far and wide. Then they went and brought everyone back to their homes. and helped his cause financially. Mohammed (pbuh) was weary. Because of this new situation. She wholeheartedly cooperated with the Prophet (pbuh) in his mission. His wife’s great moral support and mature advice had been a great solace to the Prophet (pbuh) in the most critical times. during which they suffered indescribable miseries. and the Quraish heartlessly gloated. His only companion on this trip was his faithful servant. exhausted. so much so. the Quraish had a free hand. Only during the Haj season were they allowed to come out and buy some articles of necessity. Khadijah (ra). but confident of the help of his Lord. May it never be that I should incur Your wrath. the Prophet (pbuh) started exploring new avenues in his search for support. or that You should be wrathful to me. Her death disrupted his home life. Prophet’s Trip to Taif Due to lack of food during the boycott. Three months after the death of Abu Talib. You are the Most Merciful of all those who show mercy. some of the Makkan leaders took pity on Banu Hashim. At a time when the whole world seemed to have turned against him. When the time came. “O Allah! To You alone I make complaints of my helplessness. using the following heart-melting and memorable words. about sixty-six miles from Makkah. he would call out to the merchants. He went to Taif with the intention to invite the chiefs of Taif to Islam. Due to loss of blood. so that no supplies of any kind could reach the besieged people. With his death. which continued uninterrupted for three years. he turned to his Lord for help. exhorting them to announce forbidding prices on their merchandise. But they not only refused to listen to him. as his outside life was shattered by the death of his uncle. he was compelled to leave Taif. they might at least be persuaded to allow him to work for his mission there peacefully. the majority of the Hashmites were still holding to their pagan beliefs. and broke the agreement hanging in the Ka’bah. and were thus confined within a narrow pass called Shib of Abu Talib. broke the back of the Muslims and the Bani Hashim.

. and the people of Madinah. which was to be totally different from the stage that was coming to a close. For the implementation of this evil plan. Only those who were forcibly detained by the Quraish. perplexed as to how he would face the people of Makkah. All these eleven men were armed with swords and were advised to strike Mohammed (pbuh) all at one time. and those who were not physically able to take this trip.the Prophet’s tribe. he went to stay for a few days at Nakhlah. On the occasion of Hajj. His counter. and hence. They realized that soon Mohammed (pbuh) would also go beyond the reach of their influence. Shortly afterwards. a much larger group came. he thought. First. The Prophet (pbuh) himself stayed on in Makkah. Al-Ba‘ulh). his close friend Abu Bakr. God opened the heart of some people of Madinah to Islam. He would organize himself. 167 . The Quraish were aware that if Mohammed (pbuh) could establish a new base for his faith. Kitab al-Maghazi. but I expect that Allah will create from their seed those who will worship none but Allah. Security of the caravan routes was crucial for the perpetuity of the pagans’ prosperous economic life. It commanded the commercial routes leading to Makkah... the majority of Muslims left Makkah for Madinah. He said: “God has promised you a new home and new brethren. and then return with force to settle accounts with them. would be still further emboldened against him after hearing what happened to him at Taif. expressed their willingness to face the hostility of the entire world in the cause of Islam. the One.. would be forced to accept the ransom money instead of fighting). They kept vigil all night long. pledged their support at what is called the first pledge of Aqabah.. The Prophet’s (pbuh) experience in Taif was the most excruciating torture that human beings could endure. waiting to kill him the moment he left his house early in the morning. even if he was an enemy. who. secretly. Madinah. and in the second pledge of Aqabah. at a secret meeting in the darkness of night. along with the Prophet (pbuh). a conference of all the chiefs of the various tribes and clans in Makkah was called to discuss the matter urgently. and Hadith Book by Imam Muslim. physically as well as mentally. God had guaranteed his protection until he had completed his mission. God’s help came. To guard against revenge from the Prophet’s (pbuh) clan on the murderer. He looked up and saw Gabriel in front of him. In the eleventh year of the Prophethood.” (Hadith Book by Imam Bukhari. their tribe stood to lose its dominant position in Arabia. Unanimous Decision of Quraish to Kill Mohammed (pbuh) After Mohammed (pbuh) successfully passed this severest test. He then came to the Cave of Hira and sent word to Mut’im bin Adi seeking his protection. so that they would not be stopped by the non-Muslims of Makkah. enjoyed the most advantageous strategic position. where he was called to God’s presence and witnessed the Reality with his own eyes. Then later. and his cousin Ali (raa). In this meeting. and after detailed talks. Therefore. these eleven sturdy men put a siege around the house of the Prophet (pbuh) after sunset. waiting for God’s permission to leave. and then announced from the back of a camel that he had given protection to the Prophet (pbuh) . (so that no single tribe is held responsible. Mohammed (pbuh) Forced to Migrate from Makkah to Madinah But Mohammed (pbuh) was God’s Messenger. it was decided that the assassination of Mohammed (pbuh) would be the best solution.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Grieved and heartbroken when he returned and reached near Qarn al-Manazil.plan was to take all precautionary measures. I would overturn the mountains from either side upon these people. Under the Arab custom. a larger deputation of twelve men came. a full-fledged political agreement was arrived at. and the Banu Hashim. the prospective headquarters of the growing Islamic movement. he was to start his journey to Madinah. The Prophet (pbuh) moved with maximum urgency and extra care. he felt as though the sky was overcast by clouds. peeping now and then through a hole in the door to make sure that he was still in his bed. This agreement marked the beginning of a new stage in the history of Islam. they decided to make this act the joint responsibility of all the tribes and clans by picking one strong man from every tribe. a deputation of six men from Madinah came to the Prophet (pbuh) and pledged their support. later called the Ansar. The pagans of Makkah were deeply worried about their entire pagan and economic structure. were left behind. who called out: “Allah has heard the way your people have responded. Dhikr al-Malaaikah. Within a few weeks.” The Holy Prophet (pbuh) replied: “No. and so Mut’im accepted and sent his sons to go armed and bring the Prophet (pbuh) to Ka’bah. He has. So the Angel Gabriel came to him and told him not to sleep in his bed that night.” His followers in Makkah abandoned their homes and belongings and started to leave in small groups. he was honored by the Ascent to Heaven. no one seeking protection could be refused.” Then the angel of the mountains greeted him and submitted: “If you like.would not be able to fight all these tribes. the Prophet (pbuh) advised his followers in Makkah to immigrate to Madinah. Instead. You may command him as you please. The following year. Nasa‘ee. After this. Action had to be taken without wasting any more time. therefore sent this angel in charge of mountains.

An Example of Unmatched Honesty and Trustworthiness Despite all this hostility of the people of Makkah to Mohammed (pbuh) and his message. trusting that God would look after him. Horsemen. he gave Ali all the things that people had kept in his custody and directed Ali to deliver them to their respectful owners the next morning. towards a cave in one of the numerous mountains surrounding Makkah. Thus the spider’s web. about returning their entrusted valuables—the valuables of those who were thirsty for his blood and whose swords were hanging over his head—before he left his house. They then went to see Asma. It was a miracle of God that first He brought the chasers so close to the cave. Riyadh. published by Dar us Salam. Thus. and the Prophet (pbuh) came out of his besieged house. infantry. you are the most sacred spot in the sight of God. attempting desperately to make him divulge the secret of this disappearance of the two fugitives. and to their utter surprise. The Quraish men waiting to kill the Prophet (pbuh) felt reassured. and declared: “By God. The Will of God and his life’s mission demanded this sacrifice. When the chasers saw the spider’s web at the entrance. He then went straight to Abu Bakr. Moreover. beat him brutally. They were waiting for the zero hour. and tracers of tracks scoured the country all around Makkah. Abu Bakr whispered to the Prophet (pbuh): “If any of them bends and looks into the cave. Although Madinah is to the north of Makkah. Saudi Arabia. and where he had made the call to truth.” (“Mohammed the Benefactor of Humanity. putting some dust over all their heads. God assigned a spider to weave a web at the entrance to the cave. Ibn Hisham 1/487). assured him full security under God’s protection. Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) was so concerned. because when they looked through a hole in the door they saw someone sleeping in the Prophet’s (pbuh) bed. It is also reported that a pigeon laid eggs at the entrance of the cave after Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) and Abu Bakr moved into the cave. and told him that no harm would come to him. which is the weakest thing. The Prophet (pbuh) told Ali to sleep in his bed and cover himself with a green mantle.” by Badr Azimabadi. he cast his eyes at Ka’bah. (“Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum Biography of the Noble Prophet. they even reached the entrance of the cave where the Prophet (pbuh) and Abu Bakr were hiding. New Delhi. and then diverted their attention away from the cave. The Prophet (pbuh) realized that the people of the Quraish would be chasing him. even in that critical hour. and thus showed that they simply could not challenge God. the Prophet (pbuh) and his companion headed south. He was leaving that day those streets and lanes that he had frequented since his childhood. who had prepared two camels for their journey to Madinah.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind and he set out on his way to Madinah with extreme caution. When he saw the enemy very close. the planning for migration was carried out in high secrecy. Before leaving Makkah. certain that he would find it safe whenever he wanted it. 1/96. The Prophet (pbuh) had started planning for this hijrah (migration) long before it actually took place. Abu Bakr’s daughter.” by Safiur Rahman Al-Mubarak Puri. [“Authenticated Miracles of Mohammed. and he willingly offered it. The Quraish announced a reward of one hundred camels for anyone who could capture the Prophet (pbuh) or his companion. What is amazing in this situation is that they did not realize that a person of such honesty and integrity would not lie to God. Delhi. While at her door. proved to be stronger than a fort. Also quoted in Rahmat al lil Alameen. No one received more information than what was actually needed 168 . the greatest benefactor and sympathizer of humanity was made homeless. but here also their attempts were in vain. and confined him there for an hour. when someone came and informed them that the Prophet (pbuh) had already left. and was leaving Makkah. 9:40). Abu Jahl slapped the girl so severely that her earring broke. found Ali to be the person lying in the Prophet’s (pbuh) bed. because of which he suffered abuse and tortures. the city he had loved so much. They rushed in. They blocked all the streets leading out of Makkah. Once. 1999). There in the Cave of Mount Thawr. published by Markazi Maktaba I Islami Publishers. he went south. God is with us. they had no doubt whatsoever of his integrity and honesty. but to no avail. At the time of this siege. He was also leaving that center of spirituality where he had prostrated thousands of times and prayed for the well-being of his people.” by Naeem Siddiqui.” (Holy Qur’an. dead or alive.. he is sure to find us. they concluded that the presence of this web at the entrance of the cave showed that nobody had entered the cave. they stayed for three days. and placed heavily armed surveillance at all the major exits. Sleep overpowered all the would-be assassins. India. Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) and his cousin Ali were in the house. They brought Ali to Ka’bah. published by Adam Publishers & Distributors. and therefore they did not bother to look into the cave. It is reported that as soon as Mohammed (pbuh) and Abu Bakr entered the cave. so in a bid to out-maneuver them.” The Prophet (pbuh) reassuringly answered: “Do not worry. India). Anyone who had something precious would entrust it to Mohammed (pbuh). and I would have never left you if I was not forced to leave. and walked right through them.

This may justly be called the first written constitution of the world. 1995). Needless to say. The temptation of a large reward could incite anyone to try to stop them from migrating. in fulfillment of the Prophet’s (pbuh) promise. I asked the Prophet (pbuh) to write me a note which would serve as a token that he would recognize at a later date. chasing them. once they were caught by Suraqah bin Malik. a scout and well-built man who was induced by the big reward of a hundred camels. and hiding and resting in the day. The Prophet (pbuh) established a special bond of brotherhood between the immigrants from Makkah and the Muslims of Madinah. which I used at the time of the conquest of Makkah to gain access to the Prophet (pbuh) and declare my acceptance of Islam. This man of faith. Mohammed (pbuh) and Abu Bakr (ra) commanded their servant to bring them their camels for escape. In this constitution. This is Suraqah’s own story of events: “As I was riding fast. As the horse pulled his sinking legs out. During this journey. When they reappeared fully in my view.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind by him. He planned for the removal of the footprints of those who would visit him in the cave. taking a totally unfamiliar route. published by the Islamic Foundation. might have been a source of grave danger to these four travelers. any group of travelers in the desert. On the third day. and I rode on. my horse tumbled and I fell down. other pagan tribes of Arabia. after seven days. He asked Abu Bakr to write me the note. I told everyone I met that I was sure Mohammed (pbuh) did not go that way. however. has given us. by this promise. for which a written agreement was made. the Daughter of Abu Bakr (ra). Their guide. They stopped. therefore.’ I did not answer. No Peace Even After Migration to Madinah But the people of Makkah. therefore. legal.” by Adil Salahi. three major attacks were 169 . who would stay in his bed. started their journey of about three hundred miles to Madinah. The night that the leaders of the Quraish decided to kill him. and this small caravan of four left on the fourth day for Madinah. with Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) as the first head of that state. As I approached them a third time. and I rode on. and he had also prepared animals for riding. by appointing a shepherd to bring goats and sheep.K. Amer Ibn Fuhayrah. The Prophet (pbuh) was ahead of the Quraish in his plans for migration. A man chased by his own people.. I was not deterred. It is worth noting here that when the Muslim armies overran the Persian Empire. anyone else in his position would have been fully preoccupied with his own safety. and his entry into the city was similar to that of a king into the capital after a great victory. I went back and met several people chasing him in that direction. Traveling at night. Then he acted to knit the Jews of Madinah and the Muslims into a special system. I wondered how this could happen to me. and judicial authority was given to Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). Still I persisted. The Prophet (pbuh) called me and said: ‘What would you say. “Having taken the note. The servant. however small. he fostered firm and close relations among the Muslim community. I. Thus. Umar. I saw that they were followed by a column of smoke. the final political. managed to bring three camels (the third camel for himself). After his arrival in Madinah. the second Caliph. with the Overlordship of God and Divine Law of fundamental importance in the organized society of Madinah. I realized that there was no way I could overpower Mohammed (pbuh). a few years after the death of the Prophet (pbuh). At that moment. shouted to them and asked them to stop. who would accompany him. The Quraish’s frantic chase had somewhat died. Within the first five years of his migration to Madinah. While most people gave up the chase. who would deliver his food and drink at the place of hiding. and who would bring him news of the activities of the Quraish while he was hiding. a feeling of what it means to be absolutely certain of the truthfulness of one’s faith and its eventual victory. and the Jews of Madinah did not let the Prophet (pbuh) be in peace. This constitutional agreement laid the foundation of an Islamic state and Islamic system of life. was promising complete and total victory over a great empire. Abdullah Ibn Urayqit. Asma. with a huge reward on his head. my horse tumbled and I fell down for the second time. I set off to return home. my horse’s front legs sank into the sand and I fell down. Suraqah. but not completely. and I would not do them any harm. he had everything well-prepared—he had decided on the place where he was going to hide.” (“Mohammed Man and Prophet. U. This caravan of four. brought them some provisions—food and water—for the trip. the Prophet (pbuh) wasted no time in tackling the major problems in building the first Islamic state. they reached Quba. a suburb of Madinah. Almost everyone in Arabia was fully aware of their flight and the reward offered for handing them over to the Quraish. The Prophet (pbuh) was given a warm welcome by the people of Madinah. the promise was given in the most unlikely circumstances. also joined them. even after his migration to Madinah. He had appointed a guide for the journey from Makkah to Madinah. called in Suraqah and gave him Khosaru’s bracelets to wear. when Mohammed’s (pbuh) intelligence reported that the Quraish had called off the hunt for them in the vicinity. I assured them that I simply wanted to speak to them. if you were to wear the bracelets of the Emperor of Persia?’ I said: ‘Khosaru Ibn Hormuz?’ He said: ‘Yes.

In contrast.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind launched on the Muslims by these enemies. not only in the land of Arabia. and thus finish Islam once and for all. In response to all these sufferings. and joined the other fighters around the Prophet (pbuh) for his protection. Utbah bin Abi Waqqas pelted him with stones. causing a cut in the forehead. From the Makkans. including some top leaders. Umm Ammarah. and far inferior in equipment. drew her sword. the Quraish losses amounted to seventy dead. In a moment. in the third year of the migration of the Prophet (pbuh). She shot a number of arrows until she herself was wounded. a number of other Muslims joined the circle around the Prophet (pbuh). Revenge was. When the Muslims suffered defeat. the Prophet (pbuh) said: “My Lord. had been on the battlefield since the morning to give water to the Muslim fighters to drink. and marched to Madina under the command of Abu Sufyan. He himself sustained serious injuries. religious hostility had now mingled with personal rancor. the battle went well for the Muslims. for in the hearts of the Makkans. He only narrowly escaped. In the beginning. a Muslim woman from Madinah. The Prophet (pbuh) learned about this pending attack of the Quraish. the Quraish forces were crushed by the Muslims. and they were so determined and desperate to defend him that they formed an impregnable barrier between the Prophet (pbuh) and the enemy. which wounded his lower lip and broke two lower front teeth. therefore. The battle took place near the mount of Uhad. Ali Ibn Abu Talib held the Prophet’s (pbuh) hand while Talha Ibn Ubaidilah lifted him. Seizing this opportunity. Before the start of the battle. The Prophet (pbuh) was unable to rise again. and in order to maintain it. the Makkans had also realized that their prosperity depended to a great extent on their prestige. and the Prophet (pbuh) fell into one of the holes dug and designed by the Makkans to be used as traps. who had 170 . the catchword all over Makkah. another Makkan. Amr then hit the Prophet (pbuh) on the shoulder with his sword. This injury to the Prophet (pbuh) caused him pain for a whole month. which was less than one-fourth the size of the Quraish army and was also very poorly equipped. forgive my people. 7/373). The cleft was undefended. the Holy Prophet (pbuh) could expect nothing but an intensification of the struggle. as quoted in the Book of Hadith. Abdullah bin Shihale. rare bravery and sacrifice in protecting the Prophet (pbuh) from the enemy. and the Makkans concentrated their efforts on killing him. then the closest followers of Jesus (pbuh). Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) lost some of his eminent companions. Fath Al. was a great humiliation for the Quraish that they neither expected nor could tolerate for long. and thus mustered an army comprised of three thousand men. One of the stones hit him on the face. First Attack by Makkans In the first battle.” (Page 268 of Biography of the Noble Prophet by Safi ur Rahman Mubarak Puri. The objective of these attacks was to kill Mohammed (pbuh). Fourteen Muslims fell as martyrs in the battle. managed to hit him on the forehead. for they have no knowledge. As a consequence. Moreover. They shielded the Prophet (pbuh) with their own bodies and used their chests to protect the Prophet (pbuh) against the enemy arrows. which took place at Badr in the second year of migration (called hijrah). however. the Prophet (pbuh) appointed some archers to guard the opening of a certain key location.Bari. and mobilized his force of seven hundred fighters. as compared to the Quraish army. and all burned for revenge. the pagan Makkans managed to enlist the support of two well-known tribes. which is about four miles from Madinah. Amr Ibn Qamiah succeeded in hitting him on the helmet or mask. and seventy taken as prisoners. This totally changed the situation. He gave these archers strict instructions that no matter what happened. which penetrated into his holy cheeks. therefore. But when the archers saw that the Muslims were winning. The Muslims showed unprecedented. if we accept the statements in the Gospels as true. They were determined to crush the commonwealth of Islam once for all. Second Attack by Makkans To be soundly beaten by a force that was just one-third their number. At the end of the day. she threw down her water jug. they must in no uncertain measure regain what they had lost at Badr. the Kinannah and Tihanah. these archers deserted their positions and joined the main Muslim army. Emissaries were sent to all the tribes to make common cause against the rising faith that was threatening to sweep away the idolatry and the corrupt practices that were common. the bulk of the Makkan cavalry attacked the Muslim forces from the rear. but in the whole of the then-known world. despite a strong circle of defense by Muslims around him. despite the fact that their number was three times the Muslim fighters and they were far better equipped than the Muslims. they were not to leave their posts.

therefore. if only he would leave off preaching his religion and spreading his message. Looking at all these persecutions of and sufferings by Mohammed (pbuh). All these hostile elements forged an alliance with the Quraish to wipe out the Muslims in Madinah. Mark. but the entire united front of all the enemy tribes had made their final assault against Islam and had failed. Even before the enemy could reach Madinah. Matthew. it may be mentioned that the Muslims were only seven hundred who fought against three thousand idolaters. 22:54-61). The siege was prolonged for more than twenty-five days and it was winter season. God sent a severe windstorm. small attacks from different other tribes continued for a while. on the other hand. 2/590). Why? Was he to gain. This was a correct assessment of the situation. finding the battlefield completely empty. They could not stand these severe natural disasters attacking them. the Aws and the Khazraj. Meanwhile. he went back home. water. Sa’d Ibn Ubadah and Sa’d Ibn Mu’adh. Islam started spreading rapidly. But he chose to refuse the tempting offers. leaving the enemy in disarray. for which they had not come prepared. When the Muslims awoke in the morning. Luke. A number of leading personalities of the two Ansar tribes. ease or plenty? Was he playing for some higher material gains. and bear tortures of the soul and torments of the body with equanimity for years? One has to ponder over it deeply to find an answer. in any way. Third Attack by Makkans The Muslim army’s setback in the battle of Uhud that resulted from the error of the archers appointed by the Prophet (pbuh) boosted the morale of the Arab pagans. until he was inside his home. The supply of food. Then. the Prophet (pbuh) came to the mosque in a similar manner. he decided to dig a ditch around Madinah. fellow-feeling. now you will take the offensive!” (Hadith Book by Imam Bukhari. The Prophet (pbuh) then asked the wounded among his companions to stay in their homes and tend to their wounds. said: “The Quraish will never be able to attack you after this. The Makkan army chiefs were almost certain that they had killed Mohammed (pbuh). When Bilal called for the Maghrib prayer. 26:56. and kindheartedness towards his fellow beings than that a man may ruin his own happiness for the good of others. Can anyone ever imagine a higher example of self-sacrifice. lost twentyfour men. there was not a single enemy soldier to be seen on the battlefield. Mark. who were much better equipped than the Muslims. at the time of the test. which marched towards Madinah under the command of Abu Sufyan in the month of Shawwal (the tenth lunar month) in the fifth year of the Prophet’s (pbuh) settlement in Madinah. and. He leaned on his two companions. if those people became pious and righteous? Why was it that he cared not a bit for riches or luxury. one might ask for what did he suffer all those hardships? His nation offered to accept him as their king. kingship or glory. which hit the camp. accompanied by thunder and lightning. they had to lay a long siege in winter. for they feared that the Quraish might decide to mount a raid on his home during the night. This was a miracle of God for the Prophet (pbuh). Four of them were those who had migrated from Makkah and the rest were from Madinah. and to suffer for his cause instead. they raised a strong army of ten thousand men. and the hypocrites so much that they began to entertain the hope that they would soon be able to exterminate Islam and the Muslims completely. so that the attackers could be physically prevented from engaging the Muslims in an open fight. He himself went home. But despite these attacks. In addition to the cold and darkness. When all these tribes mobilized their forces. After consultation with his companions. Not only the Quraish. the Jews.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind witnessed all his miracles. When the prayer was finished. so that these blessings sank into insignificance in comparison with them? Were those gains so tempting that he could elect to go through fire and sword. he realized that his companions were no match for the large army of their enemies. This kind of defensive stratagem was unknown to the Arabs. 14:66-72. but could not dismount without assistance. However. and forage was becoming more and more scarce every day. 14:50. they believed they had achieved their objective and decided to return to Makkah. spent the night in the mosque guarding the Prophet (pbuh). and to lay all the riches of the land at his feet. The Holy Prophet (pbuh). 69-74. Thus. suddenly one night. They left the battleground during the night and returned to their homes. The Muslims lost seventy martyrs in this battle. while those very people for whose betterment he is 171 . When the Prophet (pbuh) received intelligence of this new threat. the Muslims regrouped and perused the Makkans to make sure that they would not come back to attack again. deserted Jesus and even disowned him with an oath (Matthew. the enemy tents were blown away. he got the trench dug in the most vulnerable locations in six days. The Quraish.

when conquerors subdue their old enemies. between whom and you there was enmity. torture. The objective of Mohammed (pbuh) in his march on Makkah was not the conquest of Makkah. blockaded him in the campaign at al-Khandaq. did not let him live in peace even in his exile. These atrocities take the form of revenge. from the day man started his life on earth. 21:107). This building in Makkah. killing. From a brief description of the conquest of Makkah given below. but not by the victors. so as to avoid any bloodshed. the Qur’an mentions it as proof on various occasions. you just order him and he will bring the two mountains of Taif together. or force. the idea of vengeance or retaliation was far from the mind of the Prophet (pbuh). and its traces were obliterated. he should refuse to refrain from striving for their well-being? This is an irrefutable proof of the prophethood of Mohammed (pbuh). Courts are formed for war crimes committed by the vanquished. The city that housed the most ancient temple built for worshipping God alone must always remain a cornerstone in the structure of Islam. Majid Ali Khan. As the Messenger of God. At another place in the Holy Qur’an. When Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) came. Angel Gabriel came to him and said: “Herewith is the angel in charge of mountains. Following that. Hence. India. Repel [the evil] with one which is better. On the other hand. As mentioned earlier. fought him at Badr and at Uhud. 1998).” by Dr. published by Islamic Book Service. even in his exile. when he was stoned until he fell unconscious. It collapsed during the flood of Noah. and as such. and so on. Hence. revenge for personal injuries. for Makkah to remain an un-Islamic city was unthinkable. banish him. in the battle of Uhud. looting all valuable things. and the service of God as many people as he possibly could. in spite of this all. called Ka’bah.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind striving his utmost should stone him. Mohammed (pbuh) was not merely a human being. which was established for the worship of only One True God. without any bloodshed. One of his special virtues was that he was an embodiment of mercy and was most forgiving. the first house (of worship) appointed for mankind was that at Bakkah (Makkah). and the summary execution of war criminals. maybe tomorrow their children will” (“Mohammed the Final Messenger. particularly those who worked tooth and nail to persecute. the first man and the first Messenger of God. inflicted on him and on his companions all kinds of injury and harm. The Holy Qur’an says: “The good deed and the evil deed cannot be equal. In the case of conquest of Makkah. as a base where Muslims would always enjoy total security. Normally. and that. and to make this link felt by every Muslim in every age. he prayed: “O my Lord! Forgive them for they do not know!” (As already quoted at the end of battle of Uhad). New Delhi. but to conquer or win 172 . he decided to capture Makkah secretly. He was a living example of the teachings of the Holy Qur’an. obedience. crushing and destroying everything and every living being. then verily he. Similarly. it is shown that this was a unique event in the entire history of mankind. plotted to exile him and kill him. this building. but not as a mercy for the world” (Holy Qur’an. on his way back. theft. EVIDENCE 6 Conquest of Makkah—An Unmatched Example of Magnanimous Forgiveness Makkah is the spiritual headquarters of the religion of men. The Prophet (pbuh) never took any revenge on anyone for any personal harm done to him. full of blessing and guidance for all the world” (3:96). despite the fact that the people of Makkah persecuted Mohammed (pbuh) and his companions for twenty years. abuse him. his mission was to bring into worship. he was endowed with special virtues and a special mission. they invariably commit atrocities immediately after their victories. was originally constructed by Adam (pbuh). if these people do not believe. Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) was very keen to bring about the total transformation of Makkah from a pagan city that was profoundly hostile to Islam to the spiritual headquarters of Islam and its solid base forever. and give him no quarter. rape. incited the Arab tribes to rise against him. housed hundreds of idols and was under the control of the pagans of Makkah.minded person can deny. on his trip to Taif. which no reasonable and fair. it was rebuilt by Prophet Abraham (pbuh) on the same foundations (Qur’an.” The Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) said: “No. when his whole face turned bloody and two teeth were broken by the Quraish. God says in the Qur’an: “Verily. For Makkah to be a Muslim city was to establish a strong link between Islam and the former divine religions. 2:127). and kill them. but also the Messenger of God. [will become] as though he was a close friend” (4:34). God says: “And We have sent you [0 Mohammed]. compulsion. and would even then tear him apart if only they had the power.

pointing out to them the utter futility of offering any resistance to such a large army.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind the hearts of the people of Makkah who were his sworn enemies. that when he came to see the Prophet (pbuh). and many others. 33:2). 173 . and Trenches.” by Adel Salahi. I have extended my protection to this man on account of the urgent need of this hour of the night. (e) The Quraish. fulfills the prophecy of Prophet Moses (pbuh): “He came with ten thousands of holy ones” (Deuteronomy. and forced him and his companions to leave their residences in Makkah and go into exile to save their faith and lives. Umar recognized Abu Sufian. Presented here is only one example in the life of the Prophet (pbuh). His house was made a haven of safety for anyone who wished to enter his house and stay there. Al-Abbas said to the Prophet (pbuh): “0 Prophet of Allah (swt). Abu Sufian is a proud man. all those who were present on the occasion recommended the Prophet (pbuh) to kill him. to name but a few.” (“Mohammed Man and Prophet. because he is the one who prevailed over his enemies.) You might have heard the preachment “Love thy enemy. along with Al-Abbas. for their part. They sent Abu Sufian. Had Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) been an ordinary commander or leader of any victorious army or nation. Mohammed (pbuh) said: “0 Abbas. The Prophet (pbuh) ordered that each man should light a separate hearth for cooking. felt gravely apprehensive ever since the Muslims arrived at Zahran. he prayed to Allah (swt) to enable him to take the people of Makkah by surprise. whoever remains in his own house shall also be secure. (b) Before leaving Madinah for Makkah.” After this. Abu Sufian was not only pardoned all his crimes. and thus had the opportunity to demonstrate it. “History of the Prophet” by Ibn Hisham. Budayl bin Warqa. and there he accepted Islam. However. When the Prophet (pbuh) heard that one of his commanders. This was to give the impression to the Quraish that the Muslim army was much greater than it really was. and said: “0 Prophet of God. to reconnoiter the field and assess the danger. That is the reason why: (a) He kept his plan of marching towards Makkah so secret that even his wife did not know. While he was passing by the camp of Umar (raa). (c) With a view for securing a complete news blackout concerning his march on Makkah. Returning to Makkah.” At this. in Evidence 7. (f) The Prophet (pbuh) ordered all his commanders and solders not to fight. Al-Abbas intervened. which he did not want. and how many times had he tried to root out Islam and kill the Prophet (pbuh)? He was such an arch-enemy of Islam. he chose an unfamiliar circuitous route from Madinah to Makkah.000 strong.” but you have never seen a practical example of how the enemy is loved. the relative of Khadijah. pious. (d) The Prophet (pbuh) encamped at Marr-uz-Zahran. and thus they might choose not to put up any resistance. indeed! Whoever enters the house of Abu Sufian shall be secure. or harm any person. Also. The word “conquest” has the connotation of military confrontation involving bloodshed. kill. the Muslim army of 10. The people whose life the Prophet (pbuh) was so keen to spare were the same people who repeatedly plotted to kill him. which confused the patrol parties of the Quraish. and to escape persecution. This Abu Sufian is the same man who was the leader of the Quraish armies against the Muslims in the battles of Badr. Abu Sufian would have paid dearly for his past hostility to the cause of Islam. They came to heights above the Muslims’ camp to survey the situation. and devoted followers of Mohammed (pbuh) was suddenly in the vicinity of Makkah. except in the life of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). Abu Sufian remarked: “I have never seen in my life such a great army as this. Sa’ad Ibn Ubadah. This. he went to the camp of the Prophet (pbuh) in the company of the Prophet’s (pbuh) uncle AlAbbas. was threatening revenge. incidentally. he replaced him with his son. and were very much impressed at seeing the whole desert lit up with fires of the camps in the darkness of the night.Abbas to the Prophet’s (pbuh) camp the next morning. but there are many more that will be quoted later. and rushed to the Prophet (pbuh) and asked the Prophet’s (pbuh) permission to kill Abu Sufian. Abu Sufian informed the people of Makkah of the great strength of the Muslim army. How many Muslims were killed because of him. but he was sent to his people with a position of honor. take this guest to your tent and bring him over in the morning. and victory for the Muslims could be achieved without bloodshed. Uhad. God-fearing. not far from Makkah. and while they wandered about elsewhere.” Abu Sufian was brought by Al. Would you not grant him some privilege?” The Prophet (pbuh) answered: “Yes. and whoever enters the mosque shall be secure. so as not to give them any opportunity to prepare for battle. and Hakim bin Hazam. unless they were attacked.

It was a pronouncement of very great significance. who singlehandedly shattered all confederacies.. and We have made you nations and tribes that you might know one another. those of race. He has no partners. the Holy Prophet (pbuh) marched into Makkah peacefully. Herein was sounded the death knell of the doctrine of polygenism. We have created you of a male and a female. e.g. If lower aims had gradually sapped the higher. This address epitomizes beautifully the essence of Islam. on this day does God sweep away all the pride of the pagan days and all notions of superiority by birth. there was nothing left in Makkah that could have thwarted him.. color. we should now have seen the effect. There was no ceremony. 1876). some obstinates amongst the Quraish and Banu Bakr. was so humble that he lowered his head so much in thanksgiving. or other celebration. There is none to share His power and sovereignty. All the armies of Muslims entered peacefully. or rank.” says Bosworth Smith. and the use made by each of his recovered power. Humanity could not have regained its lost dignity if these were not broken. Two of the Muslims were martyred by the arrows aimed by them. and no wanton revenge”. When he was entering the city. grandeur. There were no proscription lists. Verily the noblest of you with Allah (swt) is the most God-fearing of you. Elder & Co. ascribing multiple ancestry to mankind and the idea of castes or classes forming a barrier to common humanity. and helped His servant. The Sermon of Victory When the Prophet (pbuh) victoriously entered Makkah. and Adam was made of clay. to satiate his lust. along with the idols of stone and clay. Verily Allah (swt) is All-Knowing Aware” (Qur’an.” He followed the sermon with a quote from the Qur’an: “0 human kind’ Verily. side by side with that of Marius of Sullah into Rome. all the proud privileges. and established the brotherhood of mankind (see also Chapter 5). creed. under Safwan. and Ikramah (bin Abu Jahl). Yes.” by Bostworth Smith. Suhail. and prayer to Allah (swt) that his forehead touched the seat on the animal he was riding. at all events. social and political. Unlike other conquerors. and the leaders of the enemies fled. (“Mohammed and Mohammedanism. the Prophet (pbuh). All mankind is descended from Adam. which the clever amongst the human race had forged in order to keep it in perpetual bondage. are here this day under my feet. “There is no deity but Allah (swt). to glut his revenge. gratitude. It is a proclamation of the Oneness of Allah (swt). except that of Khalid bin Walid. no plunder. The only exceptions are the custodianship of Holy Ka’bah and the office pertaining to the supply of water to the pilgrims. Now would have been the moment to gratify his ambition. “He would now. the outrages that proceeded. wealth. but on one’s conscious adherence to the commands of Allah (swt). which was meant not only for the Makkans who assembled there. All are equal. struck at the very root of all kinds of false distinctions. Is there anything of the kind? Read the account of the entry of Mohammed (pbuh) into Makkah. shot at the Muslims with arrows. The Holy Prophet (pbuh). There is none worthy of worship except He. in his declaration. There is no distinction between man and man. rather than ambition for pomp. asked the Muslims to respond. the Creator and Sustainer of the universe. Compare all the attendant circumstances. and language. no beating of drums or music. published by Smith. He is the sole Sovereign and Master of the universe. Entry into Makkah The next morning. all the old claims for blood and revenge. “If he had worn a mask at all. this conquest meant only one thing: the supremacy of the Great Lord. have thrown it off. on his triumphant entry into Makkah. Similarly. but for all mankind. The idols of caste.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind To Mohammed (pbuh) and his followers. the Prophet (pbuh) also Imprinted Upon the Minds of the People the Concept of the Brotherhood of Mankind This concept strikes at the very root of all types of man-made distinctions. he gave the following sermon. Had the Prophet (pbuh) had any of such worldly ambitions. therefore. and we shall then be in a position better to appreciate the magnanimity and moderation of the Prophet of Arabia (pbuh). and completely sweeps away all kinds of hierarchical privileges of life. and color were also destroyed. O Quraish. The Holy Prophet (pbuh) was sent to the world to break all kinds of chains. Hadhrat Khalid. He fulfilled His promise. because they are descendants of the same parents. the inveterate enemies of Islam. Superiority of one over another in this vast brotherhood does not depend on nationality. A small fight took place. 49:13). or his moderation had been directed by his selfish interest. 174 . and power.

and the Prophet (pbuh) had prophesied that a day would come when: “The key will be in my hand one day and I will entrust it to whomsoever I like..” “The Pride of Mankind. But since Mohammed (pbuh) was sent as a mercy to the entire world. Having said that. who was the custodian of the key of Ka’bah. It may be mentioned that this Uthman Bin Talha. of Muslims in battle array.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Tribe. and knocked down each idol with his bow.) 175 .” The Prophet (pbuh) said: “There is no charge against you. and his supporters to death by imposing a complete economic and social boycott which lasted for three years. that will be the day of the true dignity of the Quraish. not that of power. The Holy Prophet (pbuh) actually deserved the titles: “Best of Humanity. There all of the Quraish stood totally under Mohammed’s (pbuh) hand. reciting a verse from the Holy Qur’an: “And say.” It is not a victory of man’s self glory. every evil suffered was forgotten.e. ignoring the request of Hazrat Ali for custody of the key. and hatred against others. (“Mohammed the Final Messenger. published by Islamic Book Service. Allah (swt) gave him complete power over his enemy. 17:81). the Prophet (pbuh) said to Uthman Bin Talha: “Take it forever. who had covered his passage with thorns. until the resurrection. arrogance. the key of Ka’bah continues to be in the hands of the descendants of Uthman Bin Talha.” According to another report. Mohammed (swt) cast off the practice of recompense for blood. When the Prophet (pbuh) entered Ka’bah. every injury inflicted was forgiven. thereby giving to all mankind and all future generations the most perfect example of goodness. he chose to forgive. It touched the deepest chord of the human heart in the audience. and all of you are free.” by Dr. race. for you and for your progeny. but they should have none of the imperialistic design that we find in the aggressive nationalism of the past and the present—a nationalism based upon feelings of vanity. not a victory of man’s selfishness. published by Islamic Book Service. New Delhi. and other hostile people who had been the most active in attempts to crush Islam—those who broke his teeth. Taking vengeance on account of murder had great significance in Arabia. 1998). and also saw that its walls were painted with pictures of angels and prophets. but of sincere and constant service to mankind and its Creator. keeping the poor victims lying on burning sand.” by Dr. but also said: “If any person takes the key of Ka’bah from Uthman Bin Talha or his descendents. The Prophet (pbuh) erased all the pictures from the walls of Ka’bah. On this occasion. who were not satisfied with anything less than taking his life. he found three..hundred and sixty idols in it. Majid Ali Khan. and also those who used to burn Muslims’ chests with hot irons. and a general amnesty was extended to the population of Makkah” The Prophet (pbuh) then sent for Uthman Bin Talha. the event was preserved in the memory of future generations and would not rest in peace. was the same person who had once refused to open the door of Ka’bah for the Prophet (pbuh). totally subject to his command. Truth [i. If any member of a family happened to be killed by someone. and magnanimity. stood at the ready. nobility. his companions. 1998. indeed. All these thousands of men. but of humility. The Prophet (pbuh) said: “Do you know what treatment I am going to mete onto you?” They said: “You are a noble brother and a son of a noble brother.” And the Prophet had said: “No. In the hour of triumph. polytheism] has vanished. and nation are convenient labels by which their differing characteristics are known.” The Prophet (pbuh). Surely! Falsehood is ever bound to vanish’’ (Qur’an. truthfulness. and sometimes even on burning charcoal.400 years. When the Makkans heard this. Majid Ali Khan. and ushered in a new era of peace and tranquility in its true perspective in Arabia. under his feet. they could not believe it at first.” and “The Mercy for Nations. from whom the Prophet (pbuh) got the key of Ka’bah. he will be cruel. He got the key from him and opened the Ka’bah door. Islamic monotheism or this Qur’an] has come. India. who made his whole face bloody. not only gave it to the same Uthman bin Talha who recalled what he had once said. who had more than once attacked him in his place of exile.” Despite the passage of over 1. their very life depended upon the first word emerging from his lips. India. Indeed. New Delhi.e. who wounded him in the face. and falsehood [i. but of man’s selflessness and his perfect realization of Allah’s (swt) Grace and Mercy at every step of his life. May God forgive you” (“Mohammed the Final Messenger. who had made his feet bleed while preaching. who tried to starve him. the Prophet (swt) looked at the audience and saw before him the mighty chiefs of the Quraish.” whereupon Uthman had said: “That will be the day when all the people of the Quraish have been killed. waiting for that one word to instruct them to wipe out the whole of Makkah and its people within minutes. Stanley Lane Pool had said: “The day of Mohammed’s (pbuh) greatest triumphs over his enemies was also the day of his greatest victory over himself.

will illustrate that these pledges were given in a very relaxed atmosphere. This general amnesty by the Prophet (pbuh) to the people of Makkah was very effective in achieving his objective of winning the hearts of his former enemies. the Prophet (pbuh) asked all those Muslims who had migrated from Makkah to Madinah. he said: “Truly. 110:1-3). They very keenly observed the Muslims praying in congregation and admired their discipline and their dedication. etc. What is he saying?” She continued to abuse him. the house of Abu-Sufian) will be safe. and loved their children. and that their loyalty to Islam was much stronger than their loyalty to their own tribes. and whoever remains in his own house will be safe. not to claim any property which they abandoned in the cause of Allah (swt) when they migrated from Makkah to Madinah. but the people of Makkah themselves realized that they had been in the wrong for too long. (c) These pagans of Makkah noticed that. and that the right course for them was to acknowledge their mistake and make amends. people started converting to Islam. and people gathered there. 176 . and beneath him. with a complete freedom of choice and without any coercion whatsoever. although the members of the Muslim community belonged to different tribes. Other factors which played a role in this mass conversion are given below: (a) They were very much impressed by the high standards of morality. and discipline which the Islamic teachings had developed in the followers of Mohammed (pbuh).ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind When Uthman Bin Talha heard this. Thus.” When Hind heard this. but Abu-Sufian quietly said that it was no use talking like that. you are a Prophet of God. For the first time in their lives. whoever enters my house (i. made by their own hands. they discovered that the religion of Islam was much more profound and sublime than their pagan beliefs that led them to worship idols of stone and wood. then in a mass conversion. (b) They also noticed with keen interest how strictly and faithfully the followers of Mohammed (pbuh) were obeying his commands and instructions. The conversion of Hind. protected their properties. Blind hostility gave way to sober reflection. which opened door for the mass conversion of the Quraish to Islam. No one was forced to convert to Islam. when they reflected on the meanings of the various verses of the Qur’an that they heard. and they began to reflect calmly over the blessings and appeal of Islam.e. They saw great spiritual and moral revolution through Islam in the lives of Muslims. whoever does not raise his sword against the Muslims will be safe. This magnanimity of the Prophet (pbuh) not only disarmed all opposition. Abu Sufian made the proclamation: “Whoever enters the precincts of Ka’bah will be safe. but also awakened the Makkans to the call of truth which the Prophet (pbuh) had preached. Mohammed (pbuh) not only did not take revenge and spared their lives. behavior. This was far more than they had hoped. and cried out: “O Banu Kinana! Kill this man. and that their love and respect for Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) was much greater than for anybody or anything else. first on a small scale.. For example. (d) (e) Because of these various reasons. there was a strong bond of brotherhood among them. and who were present at the fall of Makkah. On hearing this. all Muslims strictly obeyed him when he commanded them not to loot any property and not to hurt anyone in retaliation for any harm done by them in the past. the people of Makkah were able to listen to the Qur’an without any bias. They started entering into the fold of Islam not by ones or twos. but also guaranteed their safety.. the wife of Abu-Sufian. but in crowds (Qur’an. This process of embracing Islam consisted of making a pledge to the Prophet (pbuh) to obey Allah (swt) and the Prophet (pbuh) as best as one could. all the immigrants gave up their claims to their abandoned properties in Makkah. Umar ibn al-Khattab accepted the pledges on behalf of the Prophet (pbuh). Similarly. the Prophet (pbuh) sat at the Al-Safa Hill. Their minds were agitated and their consciences were stirred. The people of Makkah also learned more about Islam through their interaction with their Muslim relatives who had immigrated with the Prophet (pbuh). she pulled out the moustache of her husband.” The Prophet then said: “Today is the day of generosity and trust”. To accept these pledges of embracing Islam.

and they said: “O Messenger of Allah (swt)! Whatever we have said is due to our attachment to Allah (swt) and His Apostle. he gave a general pardon. All that was required of anyone to be safe was to stay at home. the same Abu-Sufian said to the Prophet (pbuh): “You are indeed very generous. Forgive the past. When he was killed. and that his message came first. camels. along with their satellites. 177 . Their apprehension was not out of place. and she was able to comment on every item in the pledge required of women. and not to harm any person. were planning to attack the Prophet (pbuh) in Makkah.” by Adil Salahi.K. and assured them with the following words: “O Ansar! Have you entertained such thoughts?” They replied in the affirmative.) No one could have tolerated this insolence. and that they were doing it under complete freedom. but she was exploiting the most forgiving nature of the Prophet (pbuh). without any degree of coercion. to his companions. and center of worship.” The Prophet (pbuh) continued outlining the terms of the pledge: “And not to commit adultery. since we cannot afford your separation” (“Mohammed Man and Prophet. This incident shows how relaxed the people were when they were pledging to enter Islam. and tried to eat it raw.” Abu-Sufian. the faces of the Ansar gleamed with joy. U. opened his stomach. took out his liver.” Hind said: “I used to take some money from Abu-Sufian. and may God forgive you. and you have proved to be the best of friends.” He continued: “And not to steal. Upon this. nor even the holy sanctuary itself could dissuade Mohammed (pbuh) from honoring a pledge.” On hearing this.K. where stood the sanctuary. 1995). I did not know whether that was permissible or not. Later. sheep. The Love of the Ansar for the Prophet (pbuh) The citizens of Madinah. who had gathered around Mohammed (pbuh).ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind for no one could confront the Prophet (pbuh) now. Immediately. published by the Islamic Foundation.” Hind had lost her father and brother at the battle of Badr. nor native city. once a person showed his willingness to live with the new situation. His word given at the conclusion of the Covenant of Aqabah was to be honored in exemplary faithfulness and loyalty. would an honorable woman be an adulteress?” When the Prophet (pbuh) stated the next pledge: “And not to kill your children. also “History of the Prophet. At this. when the Prophet (pbuh) was still in Makkah.” Hind said: “You are certainly asking us to give you more than you asked of the men. the Holy House of God. indeed. He dispelled their fears. entertained the fear that. The Prophet (pbuh) was very generous in giving this booty to the people of Makkah in general.” (Umar ibn al-Khattab chuckled merrily at this comment. and then you and your companions killed them at Badr. Victor in his own home-town. I would never stay here.” by Ibn Hisham). she hid her face so that he would not recognize her. he might choose to stay there. the pagan Arab tribes were defeated. Pardon was not difficult to arrange. the Holy Prophet (pbuh) remarked: “Bear this in mind. May my parents be sacrificed for your sake. etc.. and to Abu-Sufian in particular. her husband.” The Prophet (pbuh) said: “Then you are Hind bint `Utbah?” She answered: “Yes. little by little. Nevertheless. However. To win everyone over to Islam. the Prophet (pbuh) did not forget for a moment the fact that he was a Messenger of God.” by Adil Salahi. the atmosphere was relaxed. she disfigured him. U. and you were the most honorable of foes. When the Prophet (pbuh) said to the Makkan women: “Pledge to me that you will not ascribe divinity to anyone other than God. She feared that he might want to avenge his uncle’s death. Evidently. I am the servant and the Apostle of Allah (swt). and took revenge by arranging the killing of the Prophet’s (pbuh) uncle at the Battle of Uhud. as the Lord had given him victory over his native city. I will live with you and die with you. Now she came to the Prophet (pbuh) to pledge her loyalty to Islam. who was present. behind his back. neither relatives. and have migrated to Madinah at His command. he got news that the tribes of Hawazin and Thaqif. revelation came upon him and apprised him of the thoughts of the Ansar. and the Muslims acquired a large amount of riches in the form of silver. it was quite likely that the Prophet (pbuh) would now make Makkah his capital. (“Mohammed Man and Prophet.” Hind said: “Messenger of God. 1995.” she said: “We reared them from when they were young. and the occasion proved to be just what the moral teacher needed. until they grew up. May God reward you with His best blessings. Even those who had committed an unpardonable crime were given a free pardon if they came to Mohammed (pbuh) and regretted their earlier misdeeds.. goats. His top priority was to win each and every person to the cause of Islam. I fought you. no matter how hostile he/she had been to him. The Prophet (pbuh) then continued with the other terms of the pledge. published by the Islamic Foundation. or to the cause of Islam. The battle took place at Hunayan. said: “Whatever you have taken in the past is yours. and I have made peace with you. Top Priority At the height of his victory.

now accepted Islam. paganism was quite dead in Makkah. in whose names the chiefs made their living. He was destroying their idols. and obligatory charity by all those Muslims who are above a certain income level. particularly in the hot climate of Arabia. As she did so. Said ibn Zayd was sent to destroy another main idol. published by the Islamic Foundation. (“Mohammed Man and Prophet. Its guard asked Amr. and some of Mohammed’s (pbuh) most committed enemies.. fighting was in their blood. Swiftly he set out at the head of twelve thousand troops—10. there were some very powerful Arab tribes that did not give up their opposition to Islam. than he decided to put a stiff resistance to the invading army. when unexpected news halted him. U. No sooner did he receive this news. Khalid ibn al-Walid was dispatched as the head of a detachment of thirty horsemen to the valley of Nakhlah to destroy the idol known as Al-Uzza. before it made any headway. and sent missions to all quarters inviting them to adopt Islam. when he saw him approaching: “What do you want?” Amr told him that he wanted to destroy Suwa. show them your anger.” by Adil Salahi. He used that time to define the way to Islam. U. and the guardian tried to persuade him not to do so for his own safety.000 recruited locally. the Prophet (pbuh) was keen to win over the very person who was contemplating his assassination on the day of fall of Makkah. The Arabs had not been subject to a king or a ruler for ages. 1995).000 that accompanied him from Madinah and 2. praying five times every day. Amr said to him: “You are still as ignorant as ever. However. and many clans came forward of their own accord to become the servants of Islam and followers of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). Now he ordered that no one in Makkah should keep an idol in his home. she said: “We were deceived by you. which was worshipped by the tribes of Madinah before they became Muslims. The Holy Prophet (pbuh) was informed that the tribes of Hawazin and Thaqif had formed a powerful opposition. to which all his energies were directed.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Indeed. After the victory of Makkah. and Mohammed’s (pbuh) peaceful policy paid off. The path was now cleared for them to come forward freely and accept Islam. and destroyed the home where the idol was kept. where he destroyed its idol. Its removal opened the avenues of rapid progress for Islam. Islam was imposing discipline. published by the Islamic Foundation. Also. 1995). Suwa.” but Al-Uzza was nothing more than a statue. He was considering preaching to the people. Its custodian was shouting at the top of his voice: “Al-Uzza. Mohammed (pbuh) had vindicated his prophetic claim. and were mobilizing some other tribes against the Prophet (pbuh) and his followers. which represented their deities. became devout and fervent Muslims. which is quite hard. Mohammed (pbuh) was not an impractical idealist. Within a few years. as Makkah was the stronghold of the leadership of the days of ignorance. Manat. Already mentioned is the fact that he ordered the removal of all the idols from in and around Ka’bah. besides.. seeking their blessings. He wanted the city’s change of character to be complete. Khalid carried out the Prophet’s (pbuh) orders. Amr ibn al-as was sent with the detachment of Muslim forces to Hudhayl.” by Adil Salahi. and show him the benefits of leading an Islamic life. their economic dependence on them. and all idols were broken. The Prophet’s (pbuh) actions in Makkah suggest that he would have been prepared to sit with every individual to explain the message of Islam to him personally. There was no union or discipline among various tribes of Arabia. It was the habit of the people of Makkah to have in their homes idols that they would touch whenever they went out or came back. or their fear of their religious and social dominance. Moreover. and the majority of the people of Makkah became Muslims.K. Thus. there were many other reasons why the pagan Arabs disliked the Prophet (pbuh). 178 . But this conquest had been achieved without bloodshed. Many of the clans that hesitated to accept Islam because of their alliance with the Quraish.” (“Mohammed Man and Prophet. The Prophet (pbuh) was keen to win every single individual.” The Prophet (pbuh) also sent several expeditions to the surrounding area to remove and break all the idols.. One of the objectives that God had sent Mohammed (pbuh) was to bring about union and discipline in Arabia. He took care to remove all appearances of idolatry from every place in Makkah. The people of Makkah carried out that order. By conquering Makkah. The Messenger of Allah (swt) stayed in Makkah for nineteen days. the marks of idolatry were removed from Makkah and the surrounding area. which meant restraints such as fasting for one month from dawn to dusk. Hind binte `Utbah took an axe to break her idol. He believed in practical idealism.K. the greatest obstacle to the spread of the mission of truth was removed. the biggest idol in the whole district. just as it has been in the blood of some of the tribes in Afghanistan. so he treated them as human beings to whom God’s Message was addressed. and. like Ikrimah and Suhayl.

and he returned to Madina with the Ansar and the Muhajirin to attend to other matters that were brewing in the North of Arabia. that other people take away sheep and goats. This. The booty which fell into the hands of the Muslims that day consisted of: 1) 28. and Allah (swt) made you brothers? Were you not indigent. the Ansar replied: “Very true. with the idea that their presence would restrain them from fleeing. The speech reflects that the real value of life is in love. who holds my soul in His hand.000 pieces of silver 4) 6. and property behind. They grumbled among themselves. When others left you (O. the tribes of Hawazin and Thaqif. Malik b Awf al-Nasari. camels. but only to acquaint them with the generosity of Islam. the Holy Prophet (pbuh) called them to a tent made of leather. They fled.. we helped you. but Allah (swt) gave the Prophet (pbuh) victory. Mohammed (pbuh) was not only a Messenger of God.000 sheep 3) 4. and inquired of the matter. I will tread along the path of the Ansar. children.” Then the Holy Prophet (pbuh) said: “O Ansar! It will be just if you replied in this way: when others rejected you (O Prophet!). The convincing speech of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) to the Ansar removed their unfounded misunderstanding about him with regard to his generous grants to some Quraish and Bedouin tribes.000 prisoners This booty was distributed to the Muslim army. marched against Makkah and encamped themselves in the valley of Hunayan. or the shorter pilgrimage. and when everyone was satisfied and happy. we accepted you.” The Holy Prophet (pbuh) continued: “But you do not like. only to make them more inclined towards Islam. and Allah (swt) gave you prosperity?” On every question. the Ansar were deeply moved. particularly the youth. performed Umra. In this distribution. and cattle with them to the field. Under the advice of their chief. He who has the love of his people has something more than wealth can buy.” Then the Holy Prophet (pbuh) clarified that the Makkans were new converts to Islam. Allah (swt) and His Messenger have been very kind to us. This gave a feeling of resentment and discontent among the Ansar from Madinah. “love thy enemy” can be carried into effect. was the story of the Conquest of Makkah. published by the Islamic Foundation. along with their satellites. in brief. and whatever they got was not given as their right. if all the people go one way. (“Mohammed Man and Prophet. and Maadh bin Jabal as a religious teacher of the Makkan people. and you take home Mohammed (pbuh).” On hearing the grumbling of the Ansar. but the wisest and most beloved of men. the Messenger of Allah (swt)? By Allah (swt). 1995). and said: “The Holy Prophet (pbuh) has been partial to his own kinsmen. Mohammed (pbuh) returned to Makkah.000 camels 2) 40. and not in wealth.” Hearing this. saying: “We need only Mohammed (pbuh). They wept so much that their beards were wet with tears. he made this historical speech to the Ansar: “O Ansar! What new thing have you found in your hearts? Were you not misguided. they brought all their females. When he found the statements to be true.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind The Battle of Hunayn With four thousand warriors. the Prophet (pbuh) was very generous to the soldiers from Makkah (the new converts). and they sobbed loudly. we gave you shelter. When you were poor (O Prophet!). It was a very tough battle for the Muslims. and they would fight to death in their defense. All this discussion took place at Jirana. and Allah (swt) gave you guidance? Were you not the enemies of one another. appointed Attab bin Usaid his deputy over Makkah.” by Adil Salahi. The Muslims attacked them so fiercely that the enemy forgot all their plans and their boasts. U. Our swords are red with blood.K. but the Quraish are loaded with booty. leaving their women. Prophet!) in distress. He showed people how the saying. children. O Ansar. while the Ansar (helpers) take another. 179 .

Below are a few more examples of Mohammed (pbuh) loving his enemy. which is named al-Multazam. but he refused and told her that he was now a Muslim. but. “ The Prophet asked him again: “What have you been saying to yourself? Fudalah answered: “Nothing. (4) After the conquest of Makkah. Abu Lahab.” He refused to be put off. Saraqa embraced Islam after Makkah was captured. thrice his horse stumbled. Abu Sufyan bin Harb. where are thy brother’s two sons. and turning to his uncle. He then came to the conclusion that the Prophet was protected against him and would have the upper hand. and He hath given me them. `Utbah and Mu’attib? I see them not. under pressure from his father. Fudalah used to say later: “I swear by God that when he lifted his hand off my chest. It seemed that they were afraid to appear. (3) Mohammed (pbuh) and other Muslims were praying on the plain of Hudaibiyah. and renounced idol worship. who entered Islam and pledged their allegiance.” said the Prophet (pbuh). Then the Prophet (pbuh) took them each by the hand. he had lost his nerves. throwing him away from the horseback. and he persecuted the Prophet (pbuh) in every possible way. when 70 to 80 men who intended to kill the Muslims during the prayer sneaked down from the mount of Tanim and were captured. “yes it is Fudalah. and noticing the joy on his face. ‘Abbas remarked on it. the Prophet (pbuh) looked around at the gathering in front of him. the latter did not even ask Saraqa why he had gone in pursuit of him on the behest of his enemies. (6) At the fall of Makkah when the Prophet (pbuh) was going round the Ka’bah in his tawaf.” These were the two surviving sons of Abu Lahab. when he would gain victory over the Makkans. led them to the great place of supplication. and the people were forced to eat the meat and bones of dead animals. he said: “O `Abbas. but before doing so he called out to the Prophet requesting to write him a document on safety for the day. On the way home. He accepted the faith and believed in God alone. Saraqa b. She invited him in. 180 . “Bring them to me. I was only praising God.” Apparently. The document was promptly given to him. Fudalah used to be a playboy. He decided to turn back. The Prophet laughed and said: “Seek God’s forgiveness. lo. Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) freed them without taking any ransom or giving any punishment. Malik Ju’shum took to his horse in pursuit of the Prophet (pbuh). opposed the Prophet (pbuh). (2) When Thumamah bin Athal held up the food grain supply to Makkah from Najd.” He put his hand on Fudalah’s chest and pressed it a little until he calmed down. Fudalah maneuvered himself into a position which enabled him to walk right behind the Prophet. was a strong enemy of the Prophet (pbuh). and thrice did he cast his divining arrows. its forelegs went into the ground. Psychologically speaking. Mohammed (pbuh) asked him to lift the ban. so `Abbas fetched his nephews. Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) forgave all the people of Makkah who persecuted him for twenty-one years. The Prophet suddenly turned to him and said: “Is that Fudalah?” The man answered. Messenger of God. though uncle of the Prophet (pbuh). at the conquest of Makkah.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind EVIDENCE 7 More Examples of Loving the Enemy It has already been shown how. It was `Utbah who had divorced Ruqayyah. went to the Prophet (pbuh) and requested the favor of a prayer for rain. When he came to see the Prophet. There he made a long prayer. the daughter of the Prophet (pbuh). (1) Once there was severe famine in Makkah. he passed woman with whom he had an illegitimate relationship. and which is that part of the Ka’bah wall that lies between the black stone and the door. a man from the Quraish called Fudalah ibn’ “Umayr was watching him with burning grudge in his heart. and it rained torrentially. and walking between them. an avowed enemy of Islam in those days. and thrice he got the reply: “Do him no harm.” (5) When Mohammed (pbuh) was migrating to Madinah. the pagan chiefs of Makkah had set a reward of 100 camels for capturing him alive or dead. and went ahead. He was answered: “I asked my Lord to give me those two sons of mine uncle. there was no one on earth dearer to me than he was. He thought to himself: “Why do I not kill Mohammed (pbuh) now that he feels safe? I do not care what happens to me afterwards if I can avenge our defeat?” With this thought in mind. which the Prophet (pbuh) performed.

(10) `Ikramah was the son of Abu Jahl. who not very long ago was after the blood of the Prophet (pbuh). You cannot get peace anywhere. He simply said: “Hide your face from me.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (7) Safwan ibn Umayyah who was one of the young generations of the Quraish leaders was chief of the Jumah clan. Because he had lost his father and brother in the battle of Badr. forgiving even the death of his own daughter! (“Seerah” by Ibne Hisham). He hailed `Ikramah with the words: “Welcome to thee! 0 émigré rider!” The father of this man had been the leader of persecutors and had caused the Prophet (pbuh) untold miseries. told the Prophet (pbuh) that Safwan. but was forgiven by the Prophet (pbuh).. (“Mohammed Man and Prophet.” by Adil Salahi.. The Prophet (pbuh) spat it out right away.K. however. published by the Islamic Foundation.” by Dr. because of Mohammed (pbuh). “but looking back to your clemency I have come to you. he became very furious. 1995).. Habbar al-Aswad. but someone said to him: “Good heavens. (11) There was another man. the worst enemy of the Prophet (pbuh). U. but on reconsideration went straight to the Prophet (pbuh) and confessed his guilt. and that he should not eat it. published by Islamic Book Service. 1995). After Makkah was occupied by Muslims. he fled to Taif. through divine providence. Umm Hakim. which he had worn entering Makkah. One day Umayr said to Safwan “Had it not been for the fact that I have young children who have no one support them if I am killed and the fact that I am heavily in debt. Safwan accepted Islam well before the time was up. The Prophet (pbuh) was so moved by the plight of his former enemy. he was at an impasse. and asked the Prophet (pbuh): “I have been told that you have granted me immunity. however.” said he. 181 . had run away to cast himself into the sea. the wife of Sallam ibn Mishkam. He promised Umayr that he would settle all his debts and would look after his children if he would go to Madinah and kill Mohammed (pbuh). This was agreed in absolute secrecy. When Makkah was conquered. When he met the Prophet (pbuh) and told him he had come to negotiate the release of his brother. who was the chief of his people. He was thus caught red-handed. Zanyab bint al-Harith. and had fought against the Muslims on several occasions. presented him with roasted mutton.” But `Umayr. Safwan fled to Jeddah to take a ship for Yemen. that he granted him immunity.” by Adil Salahi. an attempt was made to poison the Messenger of Allah (swt). embraced Islam and went to Yemen to console him and to bring him back to Makkah. He wanted. He accepted Islam.” Safwan liked this idea very much. Was rubbish not thrown by Abu Jahl over the Prophet (pbuh). and had he not conspired to kill him? Had he not let the infidels rise against the Muslims? But now. published by the Islamic Foundation. so the Prophet (pbuh) gave him four months to decide. On `Umayr’s request for a sign to prove it to Safwan. and I would pretend that I want to negotiate his ransom. 1998). published by the Islamic Foundation. to go away to Iran. (“Mohammed Man and Prophet. Majid Ali Khan. (8) After Makkah had fallen to the Muslims. As soon as the Prophet (pbuh) put a piece of meat in his mouth. she put a strong poison in it with the intention of killing him. (9) Wahshi had killed Hamza in the battle of Uhad. (12) During the Khaybar expedition. I have brother whom the Muslims have taken prisoner. `Umayr overtook Safwan before he could embark upon the ship and begged him to return with him. He had a friend Umayr who also had lost some relatives in the battle of Badr. When Safwan heard about his friend’s conversion to Islam. Safwan was not agreeable.” by Adil Salahi. who was responsible for the death of Mohammed’s (pbuh) daughter. he was very bitter against the Prophet (pbuh). at first. what is the matter? He does not kill anyone who enters his religion. U. He hated Islam like his father. “I wanted to leave for Iran. His wife. that piece of meat informed the Prophet (pbuh) that there was poison in it. but when Taif also surrendered. O Prophet of God. the Prophet (pbuh) told him word-for-word his secret conversation with Safwan. As soon as the news of his arrival was received.K. Is this correct?” When the Prophet (pbuh) replied in the affirmative. New Delhi. The Prophet (pbuh) recalled the mutilated corpse of his uncle on seeing Wahshi.” The Prophet (pbuh) replied: “The reports you have received about me are all correct. `Umayr. He said: “I go in fear of my life. replied: “He is too clement and too honorable to kill you.” The confession of Habbar so softened the heart of the merciful Apostle (pbuh) that he forgave him instantly. the Apostle (pbuh) got up so hurriedly that his shawl fell from his shoulders.” At last.” (“Mohammed the Final Messenger.” He went back to seek forgiveness. A Jewess. Umayr was surprised and said to himself that no one but a messenger from God could have known his secret. Safwan asked for two months in which to make up his mind. Safwan returned. 1995). Zainab. except in his company. When she was told the shoulder. India. I have a good pretext to go near him. his son was received with open arms to tell the world that the enemy is loved in this way! (“Mohammed Man and Prophet. but forgave his crime. But four months was a long time in the company of the merciful Prophet (pbuh).K. U. the Prophet (pbuh) gave him his turban. I would have gone to Madinah and killed Mohammed (pbuh). and never let me see you again. having inquired beforehand which part of the meat the Prophet (pbuh) liked best. He was one of those few heartless criminals who had been condemned after the conquest of Makkah. Umayr reached Madinah with a sword in his hand to kill the Prophet (pbuh). he reflected on his past crimes and thought it wise to leave for Yemen.

EVIDENCE 8 Achievements of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) Impact of His Teachings on the Life of His Followers The object of all divine dispensations is to deliver mankind from all the destructive evils that beset him. and injured his lip.” and he did not retaliate. real happiness.” although the Prophet (pbuh) was physically and mentally hurt very badly. the country in which Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) was born. in itself. when the Muslims were put to flight and the enemy tried to get at the Prophet (pbuh). and asked them: “Will you be truthful about something I will ask of you?” They said: “Yes. while he summoned them to their Lord? O God. in ambush. yet he succeeds in his efforts to treat the patient beyond the limit of the patient simply rising from his deathbed to become a healthy person. and blood began to run down his face. This is the basis of all good. affords ample evidence of the truth of his prophethood. However. and their poverty was only equaled by their ignorance and backwardness.” He asked: “Did you put poison in this mutton?” They replied: “Yes.” He answered: “Allah (swt) would not give you power over me. scarred his face.” The Bedouin was terrified. and wherein he started his mission. Vol. and medicine. The value of light is appreciated after profound darkness. the poison would not harm you. without any parallel in the annals of the world. rather than preaching a high flown dictum to a peaceful crowd. gives the following description of the condition of the Arab society at the time of the birth of the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). Towards Understanding Islam. 182 . Syed Abul A’la Maududi. the most successful of all prophets. show them the right path. It demanded putting one’s life at stake. in his book. One has not to indulge in rhetoric and high-sounding words to teach a lesson. The occupants of this arid peninsula were very poor. and the flash of lightening appears to be more dazzling in an atmosphere of utter darkness. when Bishr ibn Abara’ ibn Ma’rur. (15) As mentioned in Evidence 5 in this chapter. Ever-Watching. but to wade through blood and tears to set a noble example. 6). he was hit by a stone. Imagine the mission of a physician who treats a hopeless patient. but I expect that Allah (swt) will create from their seed those who will worship none but Allah (swt). His sword was hanging by the tree.” This is how the enemy is loved and forgiven—a shining example. instruments. (14) In the battle of Uhad. She confessed: “I wanted to kill you. he said: “No. for they know it not. said to him: “Mohammed (pbuh). far from his companions. in this respect.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind He summoned the Jews. his companions appeared. The Prophet’s (pbuh) incisor was broken.” He asked: “What made you do it?” They replied: “If you were false. But if you are really a Prophet (pbuh). Now the sword was in the hands of the Holy Prophet (pbuh). peace. and does it at a place that lacks medical facilities. stood isolated.” Zainab was then brought to the Messenger of Allah (swt).” by Imam Al-Baihaqi. but to the extent that the patient himself turns into an expert physician and healer as well. “Prophet’s Trip to Taif. On his way back to Madinah. Arabia. and she was set free. In the meantime. Zainab was killed for the murder of an innocent person. we would be rid of you. who had also eaten some of the mutton. cut off by vast oceans of sand. The Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) is.” His companions asked: “Shall we kill her?” “No!” he said. and Impartial God on the Day of Judgment in the Hereafter. who can doubt the perfection of the master healer? The greatness of a reformer can be judged from the degree of the moral degradation and corruption of the society in which he has to work as a reformer.” This was the practical example of loving one’s enemy. If so. The unbeliever was shaking out of fear. and this. (“Dalaail an Nubuwwa. he was lying alone in the shade of a tree. and to implant noble conduct. Just. the One. which smashed two of his teeth. and after unsheathing it. took hold of his sword. who gathered around. and the sword fell down from his hands. when he was given the option by Angel Gabriel to destroy all the people in Taif. and prosperity. who shall save you?” The Holy Prophet (pbuh) replied very calmly and quietly: “Allah (swt). But the Merciful Prophet (pbuh) said: “Do not fear. as well as a strong sense of responsibility and accountability for all his conduct and behavior before an AllPowerful. A Bedouin. He wiped the blood. saying: “How can a people prosper who have stained their Prophet’s (pbuh) face with blood. died a painful death. (13) Once the Prophet (pbuh) was returning from Najd after an expedition.

Looting. They were even ignorant in elements of everyday routines. they suffered from the same evils which were wreaking havoc with the rest of the world. and honor were constantly at stake. proud. patriarchal. They worshipped stones. could neither read nor write. where he was born. it was like a university that turned out specialists in various subjects suitable for different jobs and requirements. Prophet Mohammed’s (pbuh) institution of learning did not offer a course of study only in one subject. and had not the opportunity to have the company of any learned man. They did not know anything about the teachings of the prophets of old. Out of sheer foolish notions of prestige. 1981). Rather. lawful and unlawful. such as eating. Even their women would be naked at the ceremony of going around the mosque in Makkah. In fact. and murder of the innocent and the weak were the order of the day. everything conceivable except God. Maududi. The few who could read. and how uncouth and degraded were their conceptions of morality. But a study of the remnants of their literature reveals how limited was their knowledge. They understood that Abraham and Ishmael were their forefathers. and within a foreign land. forward-looking. new resources. collective responsibility. They would marry their stepmothers after the death of their fathers. establishing in the short span of twenty-five years an empire that held dominion over more kingdoms and countries than ever the Roman Empire did in eight hundred years. The Jews and Christians transmitted certain legendary folk tales to them about the Israelite prophets. They established a society based on justice.” “Concerning their religious beliefs. Indeed. Life. They took pleasure in adultery. A brief description of the changes that he brought in the lives of his followers is given below. how saturated their minds with superstitions. which sometimes even developed into a country-wide conflict lasting for several decades. They could hardly discriminate between pure and impure. Such were the people among whom Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) was born and raised. and internationalism. but they contained no traces of the teachings of Prophets Hud and Salih. the academics and their standards of education are known by their alumni. equality. He transformed in less than a quarter of a century a society—primitive. were not educated enough to be in any way involved with the existing arts and sciences. without any qualms of conscience. civil and uncivil.” “It was a country without a government. and drinking.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind “In all Arabia there was not a single educational institution. These people became united for the first time in history.” “Whatever notions they had of morals. the picture presented in these traditions about the institution of prophethood and the character of the Israelite prophets is exactly the opposite of all that these noble followers of truth stood for. and flourished in all new environments. they would bury their daughters alive. and tarred their lives black. published by the Islamic Foundation. They would stand stark naked before each other. idols. There is a well-known saying that a tree is known by the fruit it bears. and washing. murder and raping their habits. rose up to develop the greatest intellectual institutes of their day. The stories of A’ad and Thamud were found in their folklore. Looting and plundering was their motto. dressing. and books were rare treasures. these stories presented a terrible picture of those noble souls. and spirits. new friends. No one seemed interested in the production and advancement of knowledge. They adulterated their teachings with figments of their imagination. stars. U. Likewise.” “Their literary taste was of a high degree. God-fearing. there was no law except the law of the jungle. However. culture. and goodness that no other society can match. Despite the fact that he himself was unlettered and unschooled. and spread their territorial boundaries from Spain to the edge of China. Any trivial incident was enough to cause a war to burst out in ferocious fury. he and his movement were uprooted from his place of birth.K. new neighbors. gambling. and egalitarian society founded on what we now describe as modern concepts of social justice. steeped in utter misery. how barbarous and ferocious their thoughts and customs. The reader will be fully convinced that such great changes are miracles that only a prophet can accomplish. arson. 183 .. and superstitious. lest anyone should become their son-in-law. but they knew next to nothing about their religious teachings. human rights. Their life was wild. but due to severe opposition he had to migrate to Madina. Every tribe claimed authority and considered itself as an independent unit. both moral and material—into an enlightened. how hollow were their standards of culture and civilization. as the earlier prophets did. Their methods were barbaric. he brought about an astounding revolution in the lives of a very large number of his converts to Islam with very feeble means and meager resources. among new people. It may be mentioned that he started his mission in Makkah. Different tribes were always at drawn swords against one another.A. fairness.” (Towards Understanding Islam. There were no libraries. Thus. in short. and civilization were primitive and uncouth. or about the God whom these prophets worshipped.” by S. human dignity. These followers established personal standards of virtue and piety that no other group of people since then can match. property. trees. Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) transformed his followers from being the lowest of the low to being the highest of the high. another town about two hundred miles north of Makkah.

Ali bin Abi Talib. which has few parallels in the history of the world. and they were not paid any salaries. Muadh bin Jabal. S’ad bin Abi Waqas. Abu Ubayda bin Jarrah. who overthrew the two despotic empires of the east and the west in a few years. and chroniclers. They can. Is this not a great miracle of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) and a proof of his prophethood? (3) Successful Administrators There were also very capable and successful administrators and governors among the alumni of Mohammed’s (pbuh) “university” of Medinah: Bazan bin Sasan ruled over Yemen. experienced. Uthman. Ayesha. such as Umar bin A-Khattab. a virile nation of over half a million people according to a conservative estimate. Abu Said Al-Khudri. Umar. Amr bin Hazam over Najran. Their conquests demonstrate their military genius. but welded together and sustained by an ideology that transcended all geographical boundaries and ethnographical distinctions.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind It was quite an achievement. Abu Musa Ashari. Zayid bin Abu Sufyan over Taima. whose victories are still admired with amazement. at those times. 184 . it was the spirit of sacrifice infused by the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) in the service of God. and Ibn Zubayr. Khalid bin Said over Sanaa. and Ala bin Al-Hadram over Bahrain. Amr bin Al’as swooped down upon the ancient land of the Pharaoh. as well as the events and occurrences of the Prophet’s (pbuh) life. Specialists of Mohammed’s (pbuh) School (1) Just and Ideal Rulers Those who graduated from this “university” included men of wisdom who ruled over nations and countries. They proved themselves such ideal rulers as never seen by the world before or after. There was also Mu’awiya. restoring the land of Abraham to its rightful owners. even when the enemy was more than tenfold their number. Sa’d snatched the crowns of Iraq and Iran. and for the welfare of mankind. (4) Legislators The graduates of Prophet Mohammed’s (pbuh) school also included excellent legal scholars and legislators. Jabir bin `Abdallah. to the borders of India in the east. such as Abu Huraira. (5) General Biographers and Chroniclers The fifth category of specialists that Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) produced is of reporters. did not have any prior military training. Anas bin Malik. It may be mentioned here that: (a) The Muslims. (d) They had to bring their own weapons and transportation. Their administrations overshadowed the greatest kingdoms of all times. They became great conquerors. and hundreds of others who narrated and recorded all the details of Islamic faith and practice. while Abdallah bin Zubair and Ibn Abi Sarah swept out the enemy from North Africa. (b) They did not have any regular or standing army. who held in his hands the reins of all the lands from Africa in the west. Muslims fought successfully. They include Abu Bakr. to have founded and left behind. and their rules of justice eclipsed the Roman and Persian legal systems. Abdallah bin Masud. besides scores of others exercising authority over populous countries. (c) All the fighters were volunteers. Abdallah bin Amr bin Al-as. (g) Despite all these odds. differing in stock and culture. well-trained. as compared to their enemies. Zaid bin Walid over Hadrmaut. (f) They fought against regular. Umme Salam. Abadah bin Sabit. and seasoned armies of very well-established large empires. rather. Khalid and Abu Ubayda turned out the Byzantines from Syria. general biographers. and Amr bin Al’as. `Abdallah bin Abbas. Zaid bin Thabit. by any standard. (2) Military Generals and Conquerors This institution produced great generals like Khalid bin Walid. Muhajir bin Ummiya over Kinda. (e) They were poorly equipped with weapons. The secret of their success was not superiority in numbers or arms and weapons. and Ali. be compared to the greatest legislators of the world. Abi bin Ka’b. in such a short span of life. verily. These are some of the illustrious legislators who laid the foundations of Islamic jurisprudence.

Milhan and his seventy companions were treacherously killed at Bir Mauna by the tribes of Usayya. and face every adversity. Abu Fukayha was very often tied by his legs.H/628 A. Zayd welcomed death by bowing his head before the assassin’s scimitar. who was an African slave. This was witnessed by all Arabia in the battles of Badr and Uhad. none of them denounced any of the teachings of Islam. Repeatedly. He was beaten and dragged with ropes over the burning sand. to fill their bellies for days together. Persecution of converts to Islam varied according to their status. Asim was slain with seven others at al-Raji by Banu Hudhayl. The emigrants from Makkah fought against their own 185 . was taken out day after day to the open desert by his master. brought them into conflict with their own nearest and dearest. At midday. but how many martyrs were there among the learners of this school of Madinah? There was hardly a family left in Makkah where one or more of its members had not embraced Islam.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (6) Lovers of Knowledge There was another group of studious learners. but never thought of retracting their steps. but he survived the torture. until Abu Bakr purchased him from his master and set him free. who were so dedicated to learning all about the faith from the great teacher that they cut themselves off from every other pursuit that attracts people’s attention. and throttled. or their kinsfolk” (58:22). son of Khadija from her former husband. nephews. During the period of the boycott imposed on the Muslims by the Quraish. and Dhakwan. was minced by infidels. and so on—had embraced Islam with such a great zeal and enthusiasm that they were prepared to endure every hardship.” that despite severe persecutions and a social and economic boycott to such an extent that on two occasions a number of them were forced to leave home and emigrate to Abyssinia (Ethiopia). sa’d bin Abi Waqqas relates that once he happened to lay his hands on a piece of dry hide. which he roasted and ate with water. and high spirits. pulled along. Khubayb was crucified. therefore. Utba bin Ghazwan says that seven of his friends had developed sores in their mouth from eating these unnatural things. he was made to lie on the sand without any clothes to protect his back from the burning sand. brave every sacrifice. he was asked to denounce Islam and declare that he believed in idols. and finally emigrate en masse to Madinah. This caused a permanent mark. A well-known religion flatters itself for the crucifixion of a single man. Indeed. Zubayr was rolled up in a mat by his uncle and made to inhale smoke. Another group of men who were taught moral uprightness are those who gave their lives for their faith. A heavy rock so big was placed on his chest that his tongue would come out. the Prophet (pbuh) and his kinsmen had very often absolutely nothing. died of the injury inflicted by Abu Jahl. Others were subjected to very severe persecution. brothers-in-law. Yasir was cruelly tortured on a rock to die a violent death. even though they be their fathers. Haram b. nor did anybody ever forsake the faith once accepted. They would struggle in the cause of Islam with great patience. Khabbab ibn Al-Aratt was another slave. Umar Ghifari and his friends were massacred on the plain of Dhat ul-Atl’a. Just as often. the mother of Ammar. or their brothers. The unbelievers experimented with all kinds of torture on him. K’ab b. A large stone was put on his chest to increase the torture. They were all surely possessed by the truth that never gives way to falsehood. and so was Uthman tortured by his uncle. none repented. Bilal. but the martyrs never strayed from the path of truth they had discovered at the feet of their teacher. But none recanted. Samiya. Ammar was frequently forced to lie down on burning sand and was beaten mercilessly. having no other place to live except the mosque of the Prophet (pbuh). The blood of Ibn Abi al-Auja and his forty-nine companions was shed by Banu Salim in 7 A.D. Rel. when the sun was at its hottest. Their resistance. Sa’id bin Zayd was often bound with ropes and beaten. the violence and bitterness of the people of Makkah was due to the fact that their own kith and kin—brothers and sisters. or their sons. Hala. They once tore off his clothes and forced him to lie flat on his back on burning charcoal until the fire cooled under him. except the leaves of trees. sons and daughters. Those who belonged to the higher classes were subjected to taunts and ridicule. As the Holy Qur’an states: “You will never find any people who believe in God and the Last Day [Hereafter] loving those who have opposed God and His Messenger. fortitude. (7) Their Steadfastness and Moral Uprightness This great teacher developed such strong character and morals in his “students. he repeated: “He (God) is one! He is one!” Bilal’s ordeal lasted for a long time.

one of the Muhajirun. We shall not mind if you confront the enemy with us tomorrow. As bin Hisham bin Mughirah. As for us. I will therefore buy it for eight hundred dirhams. Abu Ubaidah killed his own father. Thus. because I have promised the Prophet (pbuh) to always be sincere and a well-wisher for every Muslim. provided that it is a good loan.. below are only three more specimens reflecting the different shades of the character that Mohammed (pbuh) developed among his followers. gave the following answer: “O Messenger of God. and their steadfastness that the world could hardly fail to notice the superiority of the Message and its divine origin. 1995): “O Messenger of God! Proceed as God has commanded you to. 58:22. saying: “No. In the second year of migration of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) and his companions from Makkah to Madinah. we have decided to believe in you. and possibly God will enable us to achieve what will soothe your eyes. their veracity. Sa’d Ibne Muaz. Shaiba.” (b) Jareer ibn Abdullah once sent his servant to buy a horse. Jareer ibn Abdullah said to the seller: “Your horse is more valuable than three hundred dirhams. I will never take something when it has been thrown away by the Prophet (pbuh). Out of many examples. To this. but this Ansari Muslim is my brother now.” (c) God said: “Who is he who will give to God a loan? A good loan. probably without knowing that Muslim men are prohibited from wearing gold. The people of Madinah. commentary by S. Ali. without any selfish motive of winning reputation or renown. by God. The Prophet (pbuh) took his gold ring and threw it away. O Messenger of God! Do as you wish. we shall remain here sitting’ (Holy Qur’an. Musab bin Umair killed his brother. who has captured you. you and your Lord. Abu Bakr became ready to fight his son. We rather say: ‘Go forth. Abdur Rahman.” Khalid Baig. none of us should remain behind. someone suggested to that man that he pick up the ring and use the gold for some other legitimate purpose. and the seller had undervalued it. USA): (a) Muslim men are prohibited from wearing gold. Later. Vol. had provided hospitality and protection to the Prophet (pbuh) and to the Muhajirun (immigrant Muslims from Makkah). Abdullah. 57:11). Vol. if you were to take us to the sea and command us to jump into the sea. you and your Lord. When Jareer ibn Abdullah looked at the horse and realized that the horse was worth eight hundred dirhams. saying it was like wearing burning charcoal from hell. We have also given you our pledge.” by Adil Salahi. Ubaid bin Umair. But he refused. or of doing a favor for somebody. Maududi). and he shall have the best reward” (Qur’an. these converts became so remarkable for their moral uprightness. We are with you. and fight. Once a companion of the Prophet (pbuh) was wearing a gold ring. (Following first two examples are from “First Things First. and concluded with you a firm covenant to hear and to obey. 5:24) . How Generous and Beneficent is Allah. Miqdad.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind tribe and closest kinsmen only for the sake of God and His religion. and in my judgment it is worth eight hundred dirhams. 1. who converted to Islam and were called Ansar. and was tying him. who were their close kinsmen. after embracing Islam.K. His mother is a rich woman and she will pay you a large ransom. but only for the sake of Allah’s approval and to win His goodwill and rewards. We affirmed the veracity of your claim (to be the Messenger of God). U. We shall persevere in battle. A. The Prophet (pbuh) decided to face the Quraish army at Badar. California.” When Jareer was asked why he did that. published by Open Mind Press. shall remain faithful in the encounter with the enemy. Allah makes two promises in this regard: 1) that He will repay it. 1). He calls it a loan on Himself. Al-Waqidi. and we shall fight on your side. Musab shouted out to the Ansari Muslim. saying: “Tie him tight. and 2) that He will also give from Himself the best reward of it. that is. and we bore witness to the truth of your teachings. and wanted their opinions. and Walid bin Utbah. By the One Who has sent you with the truth. and fight. Umar killed his maternal uncle. and brought the seller with him so he could be paid. responded in the following words [ “Mohammed Man and Prophet. increasing it manifold. as long as the eyelid of any one of us still moving’’ (Ibn Hasham. Abu Aziz bin Umair. He therefore gathered together both the Ansar and the Muhajirun. and informed them of the situation. and Ubaidah bin Harith killed Utbah. So take us along to the battlefield with God’s blessing” (Al-Waqidi. At the end of the battle of Badr. that if a man spends the wealth granted by Himself in His way. The servant bought a horse for three hundred dirhams. We shall not say. 186 . 1). so that God may return it manifold. as the Children of Israel said to Moses: ‘Go forth. Vol.” (Holy Qur’an. the pagans of Makkah launched an attack on Madinah to kill Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). the leader of the Ansar. published by the Islamic Foundation.” Abu Aziz said to Musab: “You are my brother and saying this?” Musab replied: “Not you. and thus to end Islam. he answered: “I gave the seller fair price. regardless of what you decide. Hamzah. when Masab bin Umair saw that an Ansari Muslim had captured Musab’s real brother. a loan which is given with a pure intention.

Their unruly and stiff-necked natures were transformed into models of obedience of law and order. the evil-doers and bad characters into God-fearing and righteous persons. Hazrat Abud Dahdah Ansari asked: “O Messenger of Allah. of all. without discrimination. and solicitude of all and sundry. These are just some random glimpses.” She replied: “Dahdah’s father. However. he went straight back home. A. exhaust the list of the students of this institute. or expressing his gratitude for His bounties. rude and savage Bedouins. warriors. O mother of Dahdah. and then appeal to the mind through the heart. characters and achievements. where they lived. said: “Come out. one will find the names and addresses. worshippers of idols and fetish. who was as unlettered as any of them? How could the militarily untrained Prophet (pbuh) make commanders and generals of them? How did they get the reservoir of courage. slaves as well as masters. His intrepidity 187 . morals. now gave birth.” Hazrat Abdullah bin Mas’ud says that the garden had six hundred date-palms and his own house. In the ultimate analysis. cultured and sagacious people by one of them. If one examines those academies whose teachers were the prophets of God. (8) Just Fantastic and Incomparable—As Only a Prophet Could Be There is yet another aspect of this impact. one would find normally ten to a thousand learners or disciples. 57:11. judges. zeal. A nation that for centuries had produced not one single great man worthy of that name. it is the acute sense of ultimate accountability in man—the rock-bottom of eemaan (faith)—that gives an abiding meaning to his life and turns it into a challenging mission. their very habits and morals. you have made a good bargain!” And she immediately left the garden with her effects and children (Commentary of Holy Qur’an. He changed their ways of thinking. I have loaned this garden to my Lord. comprise man’s social obligations. The raison d’être of all religions is to serve the Creator through service rendered to his creatures. at the most. nor its achievements.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind According to a hadith reported by Hazrat Abdullah bin Mas’ud. legists. when this verse was revealed and the people heard it from the Holy Prophet (pbuh). the emblem of perfection. in the case of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). And it is in the proper discharge of these obligations (called huqooqul ibaad in the religious parlance) that his ultimate salvation depends. and combatants as well as martyrs. and calling out to his wife. steadfastness. were turned into wise and polite. and rulers. and what improvements they brought about in the human society of their times. He turned the uncouth into the cultured. Saying this to the Holy Prophet (pbuh). and what were their achievements. it is the degree of one’s commitment to the basic doctrine of accountability that determines one’s status in the Qur’anic terminology. This does not. Is it not a miracle that these unlettered and uncivilized. his wide-reaching sympathies. or religion. does Allah want a loan from us?” The Holy Prophet (pbuh) replied: “Yes! O Abud Dahdah. for there is no other way of fulfilling his obligations to his Creator. Have you not reflected on Mohammed (pbuh). A religious system lacking the content of social service is just a cult. Moreover.” The Holy Prophet (pbuh) extended his hand towards him. They included the poor and the rich. but never more than ten or twenty thousand. no matter how far he may have strayed from the right path in some of his concepts. pious. where his family lived. one sees more than a hundred thousand pupils around the great mentor. Neither an inscrutable miracle. This incident throws light on the type of faith that the Prophet (pbuh) developed in his followers. and godly? You have just had a glimpse of Mohammed’s (pbuh) great seminary. and in his companions and disciples? It was the Prophet’s (pbuh) sagacity that showed its face in Abu Bakr and Uthman. most likely one will not get any answer. People are seldom converted by dialectics. the barbarous into the civilized. The secret of his success lay in his uncommon personality—his transparent sincerity and acute sensitivity. if one tries to find information about the students of earlier prophets. But when one comes to the last prophetic school. Nine-tenths of the contents of din. whose virtues were reflected in different shades and colors. and characters. Thus. No one with even the foggiest notion of accountability can be dubbed a kaafir (unbeliever). what they did. to thousands of noble souls who travelled to far-off corners of the earth to preach and teach the principles of religion. under his influence and guidance. His outstanding trait of selfless social service would first soften the heart of the common man. in any case.” He said: “Kindly show me your hand. He took the Prophet’s (pbuh) hand in his own hand. and civilization. by S. and intrepidity through a man who was himself helpless and defenseless? How were the people who had never bowed their heads before God made reverent worshippers. morality. Maududi) . and said: “I give away my garden in loan to my Lord. nor an irrefutable message has ever made a Prophet (pbuh) acceptable to his people. and its students of various categories: scholars.

and polytheism in all forms so thoroughly. and is governing the principles of their lives. His Impact on Human Thought The achievements of this great man do not end just with his impact on his followers. running streams. the last of the Prophets of God. “To arrive at a full appreciation of his worth. dispositions. moral emancipation. and a pious. in place of groundless speculation. for the guidance of all these diverse human characters and characteristics. It was he who clearly defined the limits and functions of the sense of perception. and monasticism. a teacher or a student. Mohammed’s (pbuh) light of love-divine. an ascetic or a trader. spirit of selflessness. towards a rational approach. his ardor for achieving the pleasure of God. they owed allegiance to the same Prophet (pbuh). and action. His patience displayed itself in the perseverance of Bilal. who was born in the Dark Ages. worldly life. and research. It was he who brought about a rapprochement between spiritual and material values. his were the streams of rain showering life and vitality over all lands and peoples. human character also shows a multifariousness of characteristics. above all. and the ultimate aim of their endeavor was the same—to make this world a better place for mankind. Salman. and subjecting the body to various types of tortures—he showed the path of spiritual evolution. describes his contribution to human thoughts in the following words. He is not only the leader of those who accept his leadership. there can be no comprehensive and everlasting guide and teacher. the feature uniformly conspicuous in all was the sparkling spirit of faith. had made a dent in every heart. a fighter or a martyr. His devotion. and Jaafar Tayyar.” “It was he who brought home to man his true worth.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind found expression in Khalid. Abu Darr. Zayd bin Thabit. the peak of mountains. and intuition. and created such a firm faith in the Unity of God that even those religions that were based entirely on superstition and idolatry were forced to adopt a monotheistic approach. And. These are but brief glimpses of Mohammed’s (pbuh) many-sided and comprehensive character. man-worship. and verdant pastures. This reveals that this unlettered dweller of the desert of Arabia. His diverse qualities are like flowers of different colors and hues. a ruler or the ruled. and Abu Darda. those who acknowledge only a God-incarnate or a son of God as their moral preceptor or spiritual guide were told that human beings with no pretensions to Godhead could become vicege- 188 . Whether one was rich or poor. Ammar. Saad. Like natural phenomena. and attainment of salvation through active participation in the affairs of the world around them. save Mohammed (pbuh). Regardless of the varied talents and accomplishments of the Prophet’s (pbuh) companions. Suhyeb. sandy deserts. which helped all nations to blossom out their latent qualities. and is the guiding spirit of the modern times. It was he who. and Abd Allah bin Masud. Their God was One. The only difference being that the latter are unaware that he is still imperceptibly influencing their thoughts and their actions. experiment. traits.” “It was he who turned the course of human thought away from superstition. Whatever position one occupied. Like the glorious lamp of heaven. urged that rational proof should be the criterion of truth. bowed their heads in the same direction. He has impacted the entire human race. love for reality. Abi bin K’ab. this was the burning emotion that stirred them all. even of those who denounce him. in a world which regarded only supernatural happenings as miracles and demanded them for the verification of the truth of a religious mission. piety. is the real pioneer of our modern age. irrespective of their differing dispositions and individual traits. and capacities. the inexplicable. in short. Mohammed (pbuh) illumined every nook and corner of the world. and to make the truth triumphant over everything else. one has to view him against the background of the history of the world as a whole. a judge or a witness. a king or a friar. a commander or a cavalier. evolved true religiosity on the basis of the scientific spirit. and prayers illuminated the arch and pulpit in the form of Ibn Umar. It was he who harmonized faith. but also of those who do not. reason. His knowledge and learning brightened the minds of Ibn Abbas. and wherever it happened to be. Those who believed that asceticism and self-annihilation alone led to moral and spiritual purity—that purity could only be achieved by running away from life. and. Abu Ubayda. zeal for sacrifice. the Qur’an was their common scripture.” “It was he who eradicated idolatry. led human beings to the path of rational understanding and sound reasoning on the basis of observation.” “It was he who. from love for the unnatural. Towards Understanding Islam. and Khubayb. knowledge. to preach the Message of God to one and all. sympathy for his fellow beings. some fourteen hundred years ago. to do good to every man.” “It was he who changed the basic concepts of ethics and spirituality. who. in his book. disregarding all the desires of the flesh. balanced. Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi.

The basic principles of economics that he taught have ushered in many a movement in world history. and this process continues up to this day. and political superstructure for the good of the whole world. and also a teacher of morals. His environment seems to have played no part in the making of his personality. the sublime figure of this wonderful person towers so high above all others that they appear to be dwarfs when contrasted with him. His vision breaks through all temporal and physical barriers. When we look at his achievements. even to this day. He is the unique and incomparable leader of humanity.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind rents of God on earth.. he established a civilization and culture without the slightest trace of a flaw.A. and over-lordship as his birthright. Some are brilliant theoreticians. No one previously had even the remotest idea that there could be an ethical code of war. true democracy. not theoretically. equality of human beings. which is not available even in the 21st century anywhere in the world. or incompleteness. and produced such a balanced synthesis between worldly life and spiritual advancement that. who is modern in every age and in every era.” (“Towards Understanding Islam. one might accept in the light of Hegel’s philosophy of history. civics. None of them was a genius capable of making a deep impression on more than one or two aspects of human life. But his case is unique. He is a legislator. It was he who stressed the point that no person could claim holiness. we are irresistibly drawn to the conclusion that he actually transcends the limitations of time and space. His vision penetrates every aspect of life. cultural. The fundamental principles of law and justice. authority. Maududi” “In the cavalcade of world history. passes beyond centuries and millennia. 189 .” “Laws which he gave have penetrated deep into the structures of society. It was he and his teachings that inspired thoughts of the unity of mankind.” by S. Can anyone honestly call such a person a product of the all-pervading darkness of Arabia? He is absolutely independent of his environment. and personal hygiene. as well as a religious guide. others are masters of strategy. who marches with time. Some are men of action. politics. but have ignored economics and politics. and to wipe out prejudice and superstition. placed business transactions. slavery. from the regulation of international relations down to the habits of everyday life like eating. and real freedom. which bear the stamp of his genius. have influenced to a remarkable degree the administration of justice in the courts of nations. by S. but with little knowledge. and nothing more. An important question emerges here: from where did this unlettered and unschooled man—the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh)—get this know-how and wisdom fourteen hundred years ago. and encompasses within itself the whole of human history. but are lacking when it comes to practical action. as well as a living embodiment of his own teachings. and international relations on moral grounds. to purify humanity. drinking. those who proclaimed and worshipped powerful personages as their gods were made to understand that their false lords were mere ordinary human beings. Who practically. Can anyone point to another example of such a perfect and well-rounded personality? Most of the famous personalities of the world are said to be the products of their environments. or serfdom. it is considered a masterpiece of wisdom and foresight. He is a spiritual luminary. His orders and commandments cover a vast field. In short. that the time and environment demanded the emergence of a leader who could create a nation and build an empire. Only a Prophet Can Bring Such a Great Revolution Continuing from Towards Understanding Islam. On the foundations of his philosophy. as well as a military genius. The laws of governance that he formulated brought about many upheavals in political theories and continue to have influence even today. even in the most modern institutions? It leads us to the definite conclusion that this knowledge was revealed to him by God Who appointed him as His Messenger or Prophet for mankind. Maududi).” Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) is the only example where all the excellences have been blended into one personality. Some are renowned as statesmen only. who looked beyond the artificial compartments of race and nation-state. and that relations between different nations could be regulated on the basis of common humanity. or Marx’s historical materialism. A. deficiency. and that no one was born with the stigma of untouchability. and he is not praised only because he was a good leader in his own time. spiritual. and hold the same promise for the future. He is a philosopher and a seer. But Hegelian or Marxist philosophy cannot explain how such an environment could produce a man whose mission was to teach the highest morals. He is a great statesman. one comes across heroes who are experts in one walk of life only. He is not one of those whom history has cast into oblivion. Some have devoted their energies to ethical and spiritual problems. This unlettered Arab was the first person to formulate a framework of international relations and lay down laws of war and peace. who laid the foundation of a moral. At most.

(a) All miracles happen with the power. he had to mold and produce the kind of men he wanted. on earth. By his iron will. Other examples of such miracles are the resurrection of the dead. in the air. some of his miracles are of a permanent or everlasting nature. causing water to flow from the fingers of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). will. or categories—intellectual and non-intellectual. the Prophet (pbuh) is the only person who had to genuinely create a revolution. (5) Compared to those of all earlier prophets and messengers. his miracles are of all kinds. another revolutionary of such brilliance and splendor?” EVIDENCE 9 Miracles of the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) A miracle is a supernatural act of God. (4) His miracles are much more profound and astonishing than the miracles of earlier prophets. shown through a prophet or for a prophet. 0 fire become coolness and safety for Abraham” (Qur’an. and directed events into the channels he wanted. conversion of a stick into a serpent. They include his predictions or prophesies. etc. because the spirit of revolution and its necessary conditions were nonexistent He made an incredible impression on the hearts of thousands of his disciples by his forceful personality. (b) In the occurrence of a miracle. up to the Day of Resurrection. the eruption of the volcano for the people of Lut (pbuh). and is inimitable by anyone. Allah (swt) commanded the fire not to cause any harm to Abraham. For example. usually the usual law of cause and effect is temporarily suspended by God. It is a sign from Allah. and were only waiting for the right moment. but Allah (swt) caused them to occur to defend His prophets and their true followers. Examples of this type of miracles are the storm of Noah (pbuh). and the blowing of harsh wind during the Battle of the Trench. In fact. when Prophet Abraham was thrown into a burning fire. 190 . to prove the truthfulness of his mission. varieties. through the testimony of an unbroken and continuous chain of reporters. and permission of God only. and organic and inorganic objects. There are miracles about him before his birth. (2) Since he is Messenger of God for the entire world for all the people for all time. and one will find that on such occasions the forces of revolution were gathering momentum for the destined upheaval.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Those who people style “makers of history” are only creatures of history. and molded them to his way of thinking.” One may scan the lives and circumstances of the great leaders of the world who brought about revolution. and they still warrant another book entirely. (c) Sometimes miracles follow the known laws of nature. and his knowledge of the unseen. curing the sick. the wind storm for the people of Hud (pbuh). Some Characteristics of the Miracles of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) (1) Prophet Mohammed’s (pbuh) miracles are so numerous and comprehensive that Muslim scholars have written voluminous books about these miracles. Some facts about miracles are given below. His miracles on earth are among living beings. and miracles of divine protection of the Prophet (pbuh) on various occasions. Can anyone cite another example of a maker of history of such distinction. the earthquake for the people of Saleh (pbuh). the revolutionary leader played the part of an actor for whom the stage and the role is set beforehand. and in heavenly bodies. were taking their course in certain directions. (d) A miracle is a challenge to the world. 21:69). and to destroy or humiliate the deniers of His prophets and His Message. very well-documented. and not by any personal power or will of a prophet. the record of the miracles of Mohammed (pbuh) is most authentic. in the whole history of mankind. and transmitted to generations after him in the most reliable form. These miracles are much greater in number than the miracles of all the other known prophets put together. he prepared the land for revolution. Although these events are not against the known laws of nature. they did not occur as mere chance or coincidence. On the other hand. “We said. the outbreak of famine in Makkah in the life of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). In harnessing these forces. he is the unique example of a “maker of history. (3) Since he is the last Messenger of God. and there will be no more prophets or messengers of God anywhere or anytime in the world.

” Here it may only be mentioned that. (b) Some staunch enemies of Mohammed (pbuh). in the darkness of night. and needs comprehensive treatment. “Why We Believe that the Holy Qur’an is the Book of God. which he received from God and presented to the world. He creates disunity between parents and children. The history of past communities show that these physical miracles often created false beliefs. some of the important miracles of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) are of a permanent nature. converted to Islam after listening to or reading a few verses of the Qur’an. they are described first below. and were so frightened of becoming influenced by its miraculous message. since there are people who like to see them. 191 . and therefore this faith is not firmly established in a believer. that: (a) Leading enemies of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) used to listen to the recitation of the Qur’an secretly. through magic. Intellectual Miracles (1) Miracle of Al-Qur’an Among the various miracles granted by God to Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). They also used to visit the camps of all pilgrims to Makkah. Since intellectual miracles are more important. but also by all future generations all over the world. it does not give much importance to physical miracles. telling them: “There is a magician in Makkah. do not go near him. despite the fact that Mohammed (pbuh): (a) Did not attend school (b) Could neither read nor write (c) Was born in a country that was utterly backward (d) Was raised in a most primitive and uncivilized environment (e) Did not have the opportunity to spend any time in the company of any learned man or a scholar The Holy Qur’an. like Umar and the greatest orators and poets of the time of Mohammed (pbuh). hiding from each other and from Mohammed (pbuh). such as Unays al-Ghifaaree and Al-Kindii. Since it is a very important miracle of the Prophet (pbuh). and between brothers and sisters. Its eloquence and unique flawless language and style are so captivating and impressive that the Arabs who were acclaimed masters of eloquence were so much affected by the miraculous beauty of the Qur’an. is not only of matchless eloquence and an inimitable masterpiece of language and style. but also full of such universal and everlasting wisdom. and can be witnessed not only today. knowledge. that the like of which has never been produced by anyone before or after him. that to avoid hearing it. A typical example is that of Jesus (pbuh) and his followers.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (6) While the miracles of earlier prophets were witnessed only by the people who were present at the time the miracle occurred. the Holy Qur’an is the most prominent. because of the following: Physical miracles force a person to believe without being mentally and intellectually satisfied. and 2) physical miracles. and then physical miracles are described. and guidance. Since the Holy Qur’an lays great stress on rationality.” (d) Eyes of hardened desert dwellers were filled with tears on hearing the Qur’an. they put their fingers in their ears whenever the Qur’an was being recited. because of their physical miracles. Some messengers and prophets in the past who showed physical miracles were raised to the status of God or shareholders with God. it was discussed in Chapter 17. (c) Some other enemies of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) declared the Qur’an magic or sorcery. Kinds of Miracles of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) There are two kinds of miracles of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh): 1) intellectual miracles. The Holy Qur’an is a great miraculous Message of God.

ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (e) The spirits of believers were elevated to heights of ecstasy. (iii) Ibn Hussan. whereby they would develop a robust frame and acquire the pure speech and manners of the Bedouins. but also because of its constant conformity with past. `If all mankind and Jinn [all visible and invisible creations] assemble to produce anything equal to the Qur’an [in eloquence. present. its confirmation of previously unknown history. stable and durable. and contents. Hassan Ibn Thabat heard a Jew screaming at the top of his voice on a hill in Medinah (about two hundred miles north of Makkah): “O my Jewish community tonight. since the care of the fatherless child was less likely to be well-rewarded than that of one whose parents were alive. D. The Prophet (pbuh) was entrusted to Halimah. not only because of its unmatched eloquence. even though they cooperate together for this purpose and support one another all they can”. 192 . of any one society or epoch of history. it is a fact. No. and while it appeals to reason. Divine protection of the Prophet (pbuh). so that they might grow up in the free and healthy surroundings of the desert. rhyme. (ii) According to a popular tradition among early Muslims. who were noted both for chastity of their language and for being free from those vices that usually developed in sedentary societies and accompany material abundance and prosperity. The Holy Qur’an is not a passing event in history that appears one day and disappears the next. its predictions. or of any specific region of the globe. The Holy Qur’an is not a temporary wonder that deceives the mind and is alien to the new knowledge that has come to influence mankind. (2) Physical Miracles Physical miracles of the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) can be grouped into the following: A. the “eternal” flame of the fire-worshiping Zoroastrians in Persia was miraculously extinguished at the time of the birth of Mohammed (pbuh). Miracles in heaven. in his famous book of the history of the Prophet (pbuh). in which he was born upon has risen. a Bedouin woman of the tribe Banu Sa’d. 17:88) The Qur’an is a living miracle. B. the star of Ahmad (another name for Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). Proof of Prophethood of Mohammed (pbuh). and future truth. and there a respected Jewish scholar said to him: “A prophet has appeared in your country because his star has risen. and superb meaning]. (Imam Ahmed’s Book of Hadith). Earthly miracles. (v) It was the general custom of wealthy Arabs to send their children to Bedouin nurses. style. the truth which proves itself. C. (iv) Again. (Holy Qur’an. a branch of Hawzin. God has challenged mankind in the Qur’an to attempt to match the Qur’an in the following words: “Say. Traditions delightfully relate how Halimah and the whole of her household were favored by successive strokes of good fortune while the child Mohammed (pbuh) lived under her care. which remains unchanged and eternally present for the admiring contemplation of all the people of the world. Go back to your country! Believe in him and follow him” . The woman did not accept the child without reluctance. Abu Naeem states in his book. they cannot do it. that Zaid Ibn Amr Ibn Nuffail was in Syria on the day of Mohammed’s (pbuh) birth. style. It is the truth. (A) Miracles about the Prophet (pbuh) at the Time of His Birth and Soon After (i) Ibn sa’d reported that Mohammed’s (pbuh) mother said: “When he was born. its transcendent character that never shows a trace of a particular man. Miracles about the Prophet (pbuh) at the time of his birth and soon after. and thus it shows its divine origin. statements of scientific facts over a thousand years in advance of validation. it transcends reason.” Imam Ahmed reported on the authority of Arbadh bin Sariya something similar to this. says that on the day of Mohammed’s (pbuh) birth in Makkah. a light issued out of my body that lit the palaces of Syria.

The tradition is explicit on the point that Halimah’s return journey and her subsequent life. We also had with us an old she-camel.’’ (History of the Prophet by Ibn Ishaq. B. When the caravan reached them after two days. which Mohammed (pbuh) was able to see from his high vantage point in the sky.’ He said. narrated that she.e.’ And I replied. By the time they reached the encampments in the country of the clan of Sa’d. one year before the migration of the Prophet (pbuh) from Makkah to Madinah. We had fixed our eyes on the pay that we would get from a child’s father. I hope so’. “At length we reached Makkah. the disbelievers of Makkah scoffed at him. published by Dar us Salam. you must understand that you have a blessed child. not a single woman among us would accept the Messenger of God (pbuh) to nurse. where none. I said to my husband: ‘By God. we each refused him. She said: “It was a year of drought and famine. a congregational prayer of the prophets (i. I put him on my breast. Ibn Hisham. “The next morning my husband said. By God. In addition. the people found that all the descriptions given by Mohammed (pbuh) about the distinctive lead camel 193 . as long as the Prophet (pbuh) stayed with her. and others. The guardians of the heavens were ordered to make preparations to accord a befitting welcome to this special guest. and then from there he ascended through the sphere of the heavens. looking for children to care for. He milked it and we drank to our fill and enjoyed a sound sleep during the night. meeting several great prophets and angels on the way. On this trip. how could Mohammed (pbuh) have gone to Jerusalem and back in one night. and when we were about to depart. he found plenty of milk in it. on the way back it recovered speed. Allah (swt) took Mohammed (pbuh) on this tour of the universe on the twenty-seventh night of the month of Rajab (7th month of the Islamic calendar). set out from her village in the company of some women of her clan in quest of children to nurse for pay. Miracles in Heaven (i) The Prophet’s (pbuh) Miraculous Journey to Heaven The Prophet’s (pbuh) miraculous journey to heaven was made by supernatural means in the company of Angel Gabriel. see also Biography of the Noble Prophet (The Sealed Nectar). for my child kept crying because of hunger. in which extraordinary signs of Allah (swt) were shown to him. directed the Bedouin to his camel. and some of the Muslims also were skeptical. ‘By God. all prophets. I should go to that orphan and take him. Jeddah. The donkey that she rode when she travelled to Makkah was lean and almost foundered. The child grew up to be strong and healthy and learned the pure chaste Arabic of the desert. much to the amazement of Halimah’s fellow travelers. My husband then went to the she-camel to milk it. from Adam to Jesus. by Safi ur Rahman Al-Mubarak Puri. until he reached the immediate presence of God Almighty. they found the scales of fortune turned in their favor. the famous historian.’ So I took him simply because there was no other alternative left for me but to take him.. the Prophet (pbuh) also led. this extraordinary event and such a great miracle occurred only once. saying. at Jerusalem. In the entire history of mankind. and even the she-camel had nothing to feed him. and some special commands and instructions were given to him. had narrated that during this journey. from the sacred Mosque in Makkah to the sacred Mosque in Jerusalem. although my baby had not been able to sleep the previous night. and then both of them went to sleep. The barren land sprouted forth luxuriant grass. There was not enough milk in my breast. ‘By the grace of Allah. ‘There is no harm in doing so. He drank to his heart’s content. As soon as we were told that he was an orphan. I found enough milk in it. Halimah. was encircled with a halo of good fortune.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Halimah. far beyond. 2002). and to my great surprise. and perhaps God may bless us through him. and he described distinguishing markings of the lead camel. Saudi Arabia. and that was for Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). However. prayed behind him). although Mohammed (pbuh) had never been there before. and we had nothing to eat. along with her husband and her own nursing child. An orphan! What are his grandfather and mother likely to do? So we spurned him. When challenged. we could get not even a drop of milk. and their beasts came back to them satisfied and full of milk. Mohammed (pbuh) reported seeing a Bedouin on a caravan who was seeking a lost camel. Mohammed (pbuh) also reported that this approaching caravan was two days distant from Makkah. Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) described Jerusalem in great and accurate detail to those who had been there. I do not like to go back with the other women without a baby. while a one-way journey to Jerusalem is at least twenty days by caravan. to his astonishment. When Mohammed (pbuh) reported this miracle to the people of Makkah on the following day. could ascend. the nurse of Allah’s Messenger (pbuh). This journey is known as Isra and MiraI. When I lifted him in my arms and returned to my place. and. I rode a brown she -ass. Every woman who came with me found a baby to nurse. and so did his foster brother. and features of the camels of all other riders. More comprehensive details about this trip are given in the books of hadith of Bukhari. not even Angel Gabriel. Muslims. He also described how one camel had broken its leg. We could not have a wink of sleep during the night.

got up and said. too. or to provide for physical needs. These Earthly Miracles can be grouped into the four categories: C-I: Earthly Miracles on Inanimate Objects C-II: Miracles of the Prophets (pbuh) Concerning Living Beings C-III: Curing the Sick and. said that once. the day after. These miracles were performed either to strengthen believers. milk. around us. and before he descended from his pulpit. the next. However. Chicago.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind and all the other riders were correct. When he was about twenty-four years old. and the children are hungry. One part went to one side of Mount Hira and the other to the other side. but I swear by Him in whose hand is my soul. they confirmed that they. ‘The animals are perishing. a companion of the Prophet (pbuh). when the Prophet (pbuh) left Taif on his way back to Makkah.A. a nomadic Arab got up. saw the moon in two parts. (Holy Qur’an. reportedly observed Mohammed (pbuh) being followed by clouds in the desert. (ii) Splitting the Moon into Two Parts Once. or other needs.A. and hear what they say. (Reported in Hadith books of Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim. and we went out walking in the sun”. USA. I saw the rain coming down on his beard.’ He then raised his hands and said. the pagans said: “Mohammed has bewitched us. Maisra. when the Prophet (pbuh) was in the Valley of Mina. Earthly Miracles The earthly miracles occurred on both animate (living) and inanimate (non-living) things. but he cannot bewitch the whole world. Similarly. We had rain that day. and on until the next Friday. A Nestorian monk of Syria noted that a cloud was shading the Prophet (pbuh) to protect him from the heat of the sun in the desert. the Bedouin confirmed having been guided to his lost camel by a voice from the nighttime sky. when the Prophet (pbuh) was preaching on a Friday. the two pieces rejoined. or someone else. so let us wait for people to come from neighboring parts of the country. (iv) Clouds Shade the Prophet (pbuh) There are a couple of examples of when the Prophet (pbuh) was followed by clouds in the desert. Maududi). Then the nomadic Arab. ‘O Allah. This incident took place on a moonlit night. 54: 1. (iii) The Miracle of Rainfall Anas (May Allah be pleased with him). that he had not lowered his hands before the clouds were appearing like mountains. 1976). the buildings are being broken down and the animals are being drowned. there was a drought and famine.” When travelers from neighboring parts arrived. He reported: “One day.’ Then it stopped. there the nonbelievers of Makkah demanded a miracle for the proof of his prophethood. the Prophet (pbuh) saw a cloud shading him to protect him from the heat of the sun. and we could not see a speck of cloud in the sky. he accompanied his uncle Abu-Talib on a business trip to Syria. such as water. so make a supplication to Allah (swt) for us. The Prophet (pbuh) said to all who were present: “Be witness. during the life of the Prophet (pbuh) in Madinah.’ The Prophet (pbuh) then raised his hands.” Once all the people saw the miracle clearly. also see Miracles of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). but not on us. so make supplications to Allah for us. Qazi. he was sent on a business trip to Syria by Khadija. providing him shade. It was not possible for any person with eyes to deny this clear miracle. food. published by Kazi Publications. C. and it split into two parts. Also. The Prophet (pbuh) pointed his finger toward the moon. ‘Messenger of Allah (swt). and said. health. and commentary on this verse by S. by M. the Healing of Wounds C-IV: Miracles Concerning Blessings in Food C-V: Earthly Miracles on Inanimate Things 194 . and who traveled with this caravan. When Mohammed (pbuh) was a child of twelve. who was a servant of Khadija.

only two trees that were beside the valley. (Bukhari). ‘Through permission of Allah the Exalted. and so did their animals. and it was placed in the mosque at the place designated by the Prophet (pbuh). which was one of the pillars of the mosque. he also saw that the two trees had parted.’ Almost immediately. This well-water ran out when some of the companions drank it. 195 . If you allow me. used to lean against the trunk of a date palm tree. Rayadh. and each of them was standing straight. The Prophet (pbuh). move towards me. The Prophet (pbuh) came down from the pulpit. if you wish. When the Prophet (pbuh) stood on this pulpit to deliver the Friday sermon. but at least six times at different occasions and places. These miracles are in addition to the miracles of springing water from or through his fingers. when the Prophet (pbuh). a woman from the Ansar said to the Prophet (pbuh): “I know a carpenter. by Allah’s permission. (c) Water of the Wells There were at least seven different occasions when water in a well or otherwise was too scarce to meet the needs of the people. carrying a container of water. and it was not possible to hear or see the Prophet (pbuh) when he was delivering the Friday sermon. and they had to stay at Hudaibia. and so much water sprang out of his fingers that the Prophet (pbuh) and all his companions had enough water to make their ablutions and drink to quench their thirst. so I followed him. and then spat into the well. he addressed both of them. while delivering the Friday sermon. One of his companions went in search of water.’ and they did so. This miracle provided water for his companions to drink and to perform their ablutions. and it followed him in obedience and submission. “Then he went to the other tree. (Reported by Muslim and Al-Baihaqi). the date palm stem near which the Prophet used to deliver Friday sermons started crying so loudly that everyone present in the mosque heard it. and also. This miracle of the springing of water from the fingers of the Prophet (pbuh) happened not only once. bent some branches. but the people of Makkah did not let them enter Makkah. through different acts of miracles.” by Dar us Salam. there was no pulpit in the mosque in the beginning. rinsed his mouth. in a long hadith: “We traveled with the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) until we came down a wide valley. except a small quantity in a well in Hudaibia. All the people drank water to their satisfaction. Later. increased this water so much that it not only satisfied the needs of the people. Saudi Arabia. went to this tree stem. at the same time.” When Jabir saw the Prophet (pbuh) coming back. Then. but came back with a bucket that had only a small quantity of water in it. 2003) When the Mosque of the Prophet (pbuh) was completed in Madinah. when half the distance had been crossed. ‘Be led by me. (e) Miracle of the Crying of the Tree Trunk (“Miracles of the Messenger (pbuh). He had nothing to cover himself with.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (a) Water from the Hands Once the Prophet (pbuh) was on a journey with his seventy-to-eighty companions.” The Prophet (pbuh) said: “Yes. He went towards one of them. embraced it. The Prophet (pbuh) asked for some water. The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) went to relieve himself. its ultimate aim was to support the message of the Prophet (pbuh). The water sprang from the well. and to strengthen the faith of the believers. The Prophet (pbuh) stretched out his four fingers towards the bucket. (d) The Moving of the Trees. Then it began to groan. where there was no water for ablution (cleaning for prayers). There was no water there.” This carpenter made a pulpit with three steps. This crying of the stem of the date palm tree was too clear to be dismissed as fancy. and then they made their ablutions. but in some cases it provided a surplus. and took hold of one of its branches. a Clear Miracle of the Prophet (pbuh) Imam Muslim relates that Jabir Ibn ‘Abdullah said. the groaning of a child who is consoled by his mother. the tree began to move. and tried to console it. by Allah’s permission. I may ask him to prepare a pulpit for you for delivering the Friday sermons.’ and it also followed him. and in some other cases it became a permanent source of water. and said. (b) Water at Hudaibia The Prophet (pbuh) once went to Makkah with fourteen hundred companions to perform umra (pilgrimage). and said. and had returned to its original place. when the worshippers increased in number. just as a camel does when it is led by a nose string. ‘Join together over me. saying. on the outskirts of Makkah.

In other words. where they glorified Allah until I could hear them. (f) A Bunch of Dates Testifies to His Prophethood A Bedouin came to the Holy Prophet (pbuh). (“The Miracles of the Prophet (pbuh). and added: “It has preferred the World of Eternity to the transitory one. This is a great and special miracle of the Prophet (pbuh).’ The man asked. and placed them on Abu Bakr’s hands. ‘Do you testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah alone. a nomadic Arab approached.” Then he listened to it. Then the Prophet (pbuh) said.” The Holy Prophet (pbuh) said: “If I call this bunch of dates to me.. they went back up the tree. and sat on Abu Bakr’s right. and yield fruit again. “That day. I will restore you to the woods from whence you came. Then Umar came.” This stem finally became quiet. greeted him. translated by Ali Mwinyi Mziwa & Ibn R.e. see also “Miracles of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). Or. greeted them. except in good praise.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind According to Burayda. He then placed them in Uthman’s hands.’ He called to it at the side of the wadi. and said: “If you wish. he said to Mohammed (pbuh). cried and said: “Look at this dead and dry trunk of tree. 1976). and when he came near to Allah’s Messenger (pbuh). The dates came down from the tree and neared him. pbuh). Ramadhan. and he then took them back. if you wish. how much it loved the Prophet (pbuh). and he then put them down and they went silent. and when the Holy Prophet (pbuh) ordered them to return. should love the Prophet (pbuh) much more than this stem. and God’s friends will eat from your fruits. where they glorified Allah until I could hear them. ‘Who will testify to what you say?’ Replying. Then Uthman came. USA. blessed with feelings and a rational mind.” He called to the bunch of dates. I was the kind of person who used to follow the Prophet (pbuh) around.” God’s Messenger (pbuh) replied that he would. (“Prophet Mohammed (pbuh)’s Miracles” by Bediuzzaman Said Nursi. and that Mohammed (pbuh) is His servant and Messenger?” The Prophet (pbuh) said. (Darimi. it returned to its site. this tree cried out of love for the Prophet (pbuh) and missed his company. There were seven or nine pebbles in front of the Prophet (pbuh). al-Mansura.A. and they went silent again. Then Abu Bakr came. the Messenger (pbuh) put his hand on the pole when it began to weep. published by Dar al Ghad al Jaddeed. Chicago. and sat on the right side of Umar. It is said that Hasan Basri. and it came forward. If we really love him. when he described this miracle to his students. and God’s friends will eat from my fruits in the place where there is no decay.” by M. and the people in the mosque heard the pole say: “Plant me in Paradise. New Jersey. human beings and believers. ‘This mimosa tree. the Holy Prophet. Qazi. (Tirmidhi). (h) There are Many More Tree-Related Miracles in the Books of Hadith (i) Pebbles Glorify Al-Baihaqi relates that Abu Dhar (ra) said: “I cannot mention Uthman. Egypt. and they started supplicating Allah. 2002). greeted them. and when it had testified three times that it was as he had said it. We. especially when he was alone.’’ . the Prophet (pbuh) said. and said: “Show me a sign of your prophethood. published by Kazi Publications. He asked it to testify three times. USA. I will plant you in Paradise. and sat on his right. Beholding this miracle.” by Hafidh Abi Al-Fada’ah Ishmail Ibn Kathi’r. published by The Light Inc. This miracle is more astounding than bringing a dead person to life. a great scholar (may Allah be pleased with him). He then placed them on Umar’s hands. so that you may be rooted again. where they glorified Allah until I could hear them. The Prophet (pbuh) said: “It wept for what it used to hear from the Reminder (i. would you then testify to my prophethood?” He said: “Yes. `Such is the Prophet’s (pbuh) succession. perfectly flourishing. He took them in his hands. furrowing the ground until it stood in front of him. placed them down. I saw him seated alone. in which God Almighty transformed a dry and dead stem of a tree into a living thing. (g) Tree Testifies to the Prophethood of Mohammed (pbuh) Ibn Umar said: “When we were on a journey with the Prophet (pbuh). Who has no partner. until I could hear them. the Bedouin embraced Islam. so I slowly went and sat beside him. and he took them back. and that is because of something I saw. we should strictly follow his message” (Qur’an and Sunnah). “He took them again. and he took them back. ‘Yes. 196 .

ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (j) A Stone Greets the Prophet (pbuh) Imam Ahmed relates that Jabir Ibn Samura said: “The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said. saying. and. I am the Great and Exalted. but God threw” (8:17). God’s Messenger (pbuh) also predicted the martyrdoms of `Umar and `Uthman. it fell on its face. Abu Dawud. being preoccupied with their eyes. (Reference as given above). (p) ‘Abbas. (s) When the Prophet (pbuh) laid siege to the city of Khaibar. (l) Jabir relates that when God’s Messenger (pbuh) came across a rock or a tree. God’s Messenger (pbuh) pointed at them. along with (n) As established through all interpreters’ meticulous verification and all traditionists’ reports.” According to Jabir ibn Samura. reported that Ka’bah contained three hundred and sixty idols fixed to stone with lead. (m) Primarily Imam Bukhari. by S. mostly notable Imam Muslim. Abu Hurayra. A. door.” The mountain became still right away. Veil them from the fires. Anas.” and Ibn Mas’ud. Maududi). Whichever idol he pointed at. We were moving around. the entire earth on the Day of Resurrection shall be in His grasp. although they had launched the attack . and by God’s power and permission. may this prayer be accepted). and the heavens shall be rolled up in His right hand. Thus they all fell down. (Baihaqi). O Messenger of God. the Qur’anic Verse: “When you threw. and Allah will relieve you of their custodianship. and Tirmidhi. I am the All. one by one. relates that the Messenger of God (pbuh) covered `Abbas and his four sons (`Abdullah. Abu Bakr. and we did not pass a hill or a tree that did not greet the Prophet (pbuh). fell down. and prayed: “O my Lord. (Bayhaqi and Ibn Maja). `Ubaydullah. so what should I do to them now?” The Prophet (pbuh) said: “Throw some pebbles in their faces. and `Uthman climbed Mount Uhud.” (Muslim & Tirmidhi). “Peace be upon you. God’s Messenger (pbuh) took a handful of soil and pebbles and threw them at the unbelievers’ army. `After Gabriel brought me the Message. refers to the following incident. `I know of a stone in Makkah that used to greet me before my prophethood’’ (Reference as given above). They consequently became preoccupied with their eyes. saying: “May your faces be deformed.” `A’ishah narrated: “God’s Messenger (pbuh) said. with a curved stick.” and added: “God the All-Compelling glorifies Himself and says. a great companion. (Commentary of Qur’an verse 8:17).’’ As he said this. O Uhud. reported that the same incident happened during the Battle of Hunayn. became Muslim. while delivering a sermon. “The interpreter of the Qur’an. and Sa’id ibn Zayd (two of those promised Paradise) report: “God’s Messenger (pbuh). a person came to the Prophet (pbuh). and all the goats ran back to their homes.” This new convert did what the Prophet (pbuh) told him. On the day of Makkah’s conquest. (q) Abdullah Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said that once. the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) recited Verse 67 of Chapter 39 of the Holy Qur’an: “These people have not recognized the true worth of Allah.. (o) The traditionists. Falsehood is ever certain to vanish” (Qur’an. (r) Ibn `Abbas. trembled. the pulpit trembled so much that the people feared God’s Messenger (pbuh) would fall down. God’s Messenger (pbuh) ordered it: “Be still. every time I passed a rock or a tree. `Umar.” The house’s roof. and had to retreat. the uncle of the Prophet (pbuh). this is my father’s brother and these are his sons. saying: “Amen. I am a custodian of these goats. for on you there is a Prophet (pbuh). and had to flee the battlefield. `I am the All-Compelling. God’s Messenger (pbuh) once said: “I recognize a rock that used to greet me. a truthful one. `Asslam Alikum. and falsehood has vanished. O Messenger of God. as His worth should truly be recognized (as for His Omnipotence).Compelling.e. it would say. it fell backwards. as I have veiled them with my robe. During the Battle of Badr. (Commentary of Holy Qur’an 39:37. If he pointed to the idol’s face. and said to the Prophet (pbuh): “I am a shepherd for the goats of the people of Khaibar. 197 . Amen” (i. and two martyrs. each one was hit in the face by a handful of soil. The mountain. “May your face be deformed” was heard by each one. As a result. (k) Imam Al-Tirmidhy relates that Ali Ibn Abu Talib said: “I was with the Prophet (pbuh) in Makkah. O Messenger of Allah’’. `Uthman. If he pointed to the idol’s back. Fadl. and Qusam) with a piece of cloth. but also such other traditionists as Ibn Hibban. reciting: “Truth has come. In this way. 17:81). it would say: “Peace be upon you. either in awe or because of joy.” The soil entered each unbeliever’s eyes. and walls joined this prayer at once. it was not you that threw.

He then asked. except that they remained swords thereafter. The Prophet (pbuh) told his companions: “Stand up and let us go. O Messenger of Allah (pbuh). The Messenger (pbuh) gave him a stick. saying: “This stick will light your surroundings as far as about seven yards. and drove him away. in the land of the Romans. it came towards him and prostrated in front of him. which was emitting light like Moses’ whitened hand. for Ukkasha was so proud of that sword that throughout his life it was widely known as “the aid. The lion then accompanied him until he reached the army. (Reported by Imam Ahmed). which then became a sword in his hand.” The Prophet (pbuh) said: “It cannot harm me. The helper said: “O Messenger of Allah (swt). that He has placed this camel under your ownership? It complained that you neglect feeding it and mistreat it. on Abu Sa’id al-Khudri’s authority. Drive him away from your home. I am the servant of the Prophet (pbuh). as reported by Ibn Sayyid al-Nas. (w) Jabar (May Allah be pleased with him) says: “You people consider miracles as frightening things.’ The Prophet (pbuh) said. In the blessed days of the Prophet (pbuh). ‘Who is its owner?’ A young man from the helpers said. (b) A Camel Complains of Mistreatment by its Owner Imam Ahmad relates that Abdullah Ibn Ja’afar (ra) said: “One day the Prophet (pbuh) asked me to follow him. When the Prophet (pbuh) saw this. all of a sudden. Ibn Jahsh fought with it. by God’s power and permission. It once refused to be mounted. we used to hear glorification of Allah by the food at the time of eating. broke his sword during the Battle of Uhud. and we people used to think of them as blessings. one of the most brilliant scholars of his time. which was a source of wonders. It could harm you. and he went towards the camel.” Qatada left with the stick. the stick changed into a long white sword. made a rumbling voice.’ The Prophet (pbuh) said. the camel behaves like a mad dog. Whenever he wanted to relieve himself. then. One day. `It is mine.’’ (c) The Lion that Accompanied Safina (ra). ‘Do you not fear Allah regarding this animal. while Moses’ staff lost its miraculous aspect after his death. He said to it: “O Abu Harith (one of the words for lions). These two swords are miracles like Moses’ staff. This incident is indisputable. (Reported by Imam Baihaqi). (“Dalaail An¬Nabuwwat” by Al-Baihaqi. The Prophet (pbuh) led it to work. and that miracle remained a sword after the battle. (u) During the Battle of Badr. the Servant of the Prophet (pbuh) Abul Razzaq relates that Safina (ra). In turn. Ukkasha fought with it. When you get home. and told him to continue fighting. (Reported by Imam Baihaqi).” They entered the farm. he caressed the back of its head and comforted it.” He then proceeded to explain his situation to it. Ukkasha ibn Mihsan al-Asad broke his sword while fighting the polytheists. he suddenly came across a lion. The bird came. it was sold to Buqhai Turki for two hundred dirhams. C-II: Miracles of the Prophet (pbuh) Concerning Living Beings (a) A Camel Prostrating to the Prophet (pbuh) Imam Ahmad relates that Anas Ibn Malik (ra) said Ahlu Bait. ‘Who among you made this bird miserable?’ Then a man among the companions said. and verifies that God’s Messenger (pbuh) gave Qatada ibn Nu’man a stick on a dark rainy night. so they went to the Prophet (pbuh) and complained. a cousin of God’s Messenger (pbuh). Suddenly. Vol. was left behind by the army (Muslims). The Prophet (pbuh) then said. (d) A Bird that Complained to the Prophet (pbuh) Abu Daud relates that Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood (ra) said: `We were traveling with the Prophet (pbuh). ‘Put it back. a camel came towards him. a companion of the Prophet (pbuh). When he arrived home. it stopped crying. As he was trying to catch up with them. he found the person described.” (v) Ibn `Abd al-Barr.’ 198 . you will see a black shadow that is Satan. flapping its wings at the Prophet (pbuh) and his companions. he preferred either a hilly area or a garden of date palms.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (t) Imam Ahmad ibn Hambal relates. Years later.” (Bukhari). ‘I took its egg.” When the camel looked at the Messenger of Allah (pbuh). and kept it with him until he was martyred during the Battle of Yamama. when a man took an egg from a bird’s nest. he entered a shelter among the shelters of the helpers. 6). put it back. God’s Messenger (pbuh) replaced his broken sword with a stick. had a camel that they used for irrigation. in his biography of the Prophet (pbuh). and shed tears. relates and verifies that `Abdullah ibn Jahsh. among the helpers. as a sign of compassion to it.

a hind shouted: “O Prophet of Allah!” The Prophet (pbuh) turned and found a hind tied with a string. and allowed Abu Bakr (ra) to drink from it. we should prostrate to you. (j) Imam Baihaqi stated. the udders became as they had been. They then resumed their journey. and seeing the Prophet (pbuh) there. and this goat was dry and too weak to walk. Abdullah bin Masood (ra) embraced Islam. Vol. Because of the weak mare. He stated: “I was riding a thin and weak mare. uttering: “I bear witness that there is no true god except Allah. One day. they reached the tent of a woman called Umm Ma’bad. his freed slave. and it came back after feeding the kids. and they left a large quantity of milk with Umm Ma’had. Abu Bakr (ra) brought a big bowl. Umm Ma’had said that her husband had taken all the flock to graze. published by Kazi Publications. 199 . The goats prostrated to the Prophet (pbuh). and I shall come back after feeding them. that the Prophet (pbuh). and Abu Naeem stated that five or six camels were brought to the Prophet (pbuh) on Eid-ulZuha. (h) Imam Ahmad and Bazar stated. on account of their desire to be slaughtered by the hand of the Prophet (pbuh). He submitted to the Prophet (pbuh): “I do have milk. Tabrani.” (“Sirat un Nabi” by Allama Numan. all of a sudden. the Bedouin woke. After that. therefore. on the authority of Umme Salmah. But she told them that because of famine. and Abu Qatada said: “I never felt the pain. The Prophet (pbuh) massaged the goat’s nostrils and prayed to Allah (swt). on the authority of Anas bin Malik (ra). The Prophet (pbuh) asked about me.” (i) It is stated by Imam Baihaqi that Abdullah bin Masood (ra) used to graze the goats of Aqbah bin Mueet during his childhood. Hudhrat Abu Bakr (ra) submitted to the Prophet (pbuh): “O Prophet of Allah (swt)! We are more than under obligation to respect you. and observed: ‘May Allah grant blessing in this mare. riding on the horse of Talha. IV). nor did the wound fester. release me. whereas the horse had been slow before that time. asked him: “Is there any order for me?” The Prophet (pbuh) said: “Release this hind. Lahore.” The Prophet (pbuh) inquired: “Will you really come back?” It replied: “Yes.” (Imam Tirmizi and Baihaqi). I may milk it.” So the Prophet (pbuh) released it.” So Abdullah bin Masood (ra) brought a goat. Fatigued and thirsty. and I later sold one calf from it for twelve thousand dirhams. Pakistan. nothing was available from her. an arrow hit Abu Qatada’s face. Abu Bakr (ra). A sword was slung around his neck. and he was saying: “There is nothing to be afraid of” and “I found it (this horse).” (k) Imam Hakim. like a torrent of water (indicating its swiftness). please. and I bear witness that indeed you are the Messenger of Allah (pbuh).” He released it accordingly. God’s Messenger (pbuh) wiped the injured man’s face. and set forth in the direction of a sound. This very miracle caused him to embrace Islam. and massaged the udder. The Prophet (pbuh) said to the hind: “What do you want to say?” The hind replied: “This Bedouin has hunted me.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (e) The Horse Became Swift One night. Umar (ra). All four went to an orchard of an Ansari.” (g) When the Prophet (pbuh) and Abu Bakr (ra) were migrating from Makkah to Medinah. Then the Prophet (pbuh) said to the udders: “Contract!” Thus. The Prophet (pbuh) hit the mare slowly with his whip. 1995. These goats are with me as a trust from another man. wiped the udder. and so much milk came out that everyone drank his fill. I have two small kids in the hill. that it was very weak. and I told him about the state of the mare. They therefore asked if they could buy from her some meat and dry dates.” The Prophet (pbuh) said to him: “Bring a goat to me that has never been pregnant and never been milked. (f) Imam Baihaqi and Tabrani stated. that he was accompanying the Prophet (pbuh) on a journey to fight on the path of Allah (swt). on the authority of Juail Ashja’I. when Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) met them on his way back. and asked him if he had milk. and an Ansari were together. The Prophet (pbuh) milked the goat. where there were some goats.” The Prophet (pbuh) said: “Nobody should prostrate to anyone except Allah (swt). Every one of the camels advanced towards the Prophet (pbuh) and requested him to slaughter it. who was a gracious lady. when. the Prophet (pbuh) and Abu Bakr (ra) passed by Abdullah bin Masood. The hind moved from there. which had no saddle over it. (‘History of the Prophet” by Ibn Hisham). and asked her about it. and their guide) wanted to refresh themselves with some food.’ It then became so swift that it could not be stopped by normal forces. C-III: Curing of the Sick and the Healing of Wounds (a) During the Battle of Yawm Dhiquarad. that Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) was in a jungle. The Prophet (pbuh) said: “If you grant me permission. Seeing this miracle of the Prophet (pbuh).” The Prophet (pbuh) prayed. the people of Medinah felt disturbed. The Prophet (pbuh) saw a goat in the tent. and a Bedouin sleeping nearby. the Prophet (pbuh) and his companions (Abu Bakr (ra). but I am its trustee. The goat stretched its legs in order to be milked. I was lagging behind all the others. poured it into the bowl. You.” She said: “You can try. The Prophet (pbuh) tied it with the string.

He said: “I know that I enjoyed my hearing and seeing powers only because of the invocation of Allah’s Apostle (pbuh). etc.’ The Prophet (pbuh) gently put his hand on the boy’s chest and prayed for him. ‘Ali joined the battle. (f) Al-Ju’aid bin ‘Abdur Rahman narrated that he saw As-Sa’ib bin Yazid when he was ninety-four years old. I turn towards God through you. a great tradition authority. The Prophet (pbuh) went to visit him in his camp. My aunt took me to him. A part of the water used in rinsing his mouth was sprinkled by the Prophet (pbuh) onto the child. (d) The Prophet’s (pbuh) biographers. Salama ibn Akwa’s leg wound was healed when God’s Messenger (pbuh) breathed upon it. and said. The Prophet (pbuh) taught him a certain prayer. even when he was eighty years old. as if there was never any wound there. who started speaking with this blessing of the Prophet (pbuh). and something black came out of his mouth. (l) Sanan Ibn Maja reports that at the time of Hajat-ul Widah. conquered the stronghold of Khaybar. (Imam Bukhari). a woman came to the Prophet (pbuh). (h) ‘Abdallah b. The Messenger (pbuh) stuck the amputated hand onto Muawwidh’s wrist and applied his saliva to it.” He went to do as he was told. This treatment cured the muteness of the child. He went to the Prophet (pbuh). and he had passed his hands over it. one of the fourteen martyrs of the Battle of Badr. make him my intercessor. (i) Ibn Wahb. the Prophet of Mercy. and say: “O God. ‘O Allah’s Apostle! My nephew is sick. and Muawwidh returned to battle and fought until he was martyred. my appeal is to You. (j) It is reported in Masnad Ahmad bin Hambal that Khalid bin Waleed’s foot was so severely injured in the battle of Hunain that he could not walk. O God. and up to now I have had no trouble with it” (Bukhari). and put a little saliva from his mouth on the wound. his eyes had been opened already. and told him what happened. `It is a blow I received at the Battle for Khaibar. (g) Yazid b. fought with Abu Jahl. Ibn Wahb reports that during the same battle. There are at least twenty more examples of curing different diseases (such as dropsy. using it as a shield. relate that ‘Uthman ibn Hunayf said: “Pray for my eyes to open and that I may be able to see. ‘This son of mine has madness. the accursed Abu Jahl cut off one of his hands. reports that when Mu’awwidh ibn `Afra. iron gate. al-Akwa’ and asked. and the remaining water he gave to the child to drink. quite strong. (Tirmizi) 200 . I went to the Prophet (pbuh). he does not speak at all.” (see also. and of a straight figure. God’s Messenger (pbuh) held the parts together. which made the people say I had been killed. who blew spittle on it three times. Vol.” God’s Messenger (pbuh) told him to perform his ablutions. Atik narrated that once he fell down from a stair and broke his leg. The next morning. including al-Nasa’i. `What is this blow. Will you invoke Allah for him?’ So he invoked Allah for me” (Bukhari). swt.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (b) Authentic tradition books. It healed at once.” The Prophet (pbuh) washed his hands and then rinsed his mouth. and said.). it attacks him during the day and night. and the wounded shoulder healed. and I turn towards You through Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). pray two rak’ats. breathed on them. The wound cured right away. that He may uncover my sight. who restored his eyesight so completely that he could put thread in a needle. Abu `Ubaid said: “I saw the mark of a blow on the leg of Salama b. went to the Prophet (pbuh). Imam Ahmed relates that ibn Abbas (ra) said: “A woman came to the Prophet (pbuh) with her son. Hubayb ibn Yasaf received such a sword-blow on the shoulder that it seemed that his shoulder had been split in two. primarily Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim. (Masnad Imam Ahmed. Hadith Book by Ibn Maja). Mu’awwidh took his severed hand to God’s Messenger (pbuh). (m) ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) once complained to the Prophet (pbuh) about his weakness in memory and in memorizing the Holy Qur’an. The boy choked. it seemed as though I had never had anything wrong with it. He said: “I tied it with a turban. 1. He told me to stretch out my leg. and when I had done so. and he could see very well. pulled up the citadel’s heavy. and enabled him to memorize the Holy Qur’an much faster. be pleased with him) had such a serious eye infection that he became completely blind. and. who was suffering greatly from sore eyes. (k) The father of Habib bin Fudaik (May Allah. (Baihaqi and Nisai). report that ‘Ali. When he returned. Abu Muslim?’ He replied. eye diseases. His pain ceased when God’s Messenger (pbuh) applied his healing saliva to ‘Ali’s eyes.” (Imam Bukhari). and said: “My child is dumb. O Mohammed (pbuh). (e) The Prophet (pbuh) healed a boy with epilepsy. was appointed standard-bearer during the Battle of Khaybar. after which he did not have any more attacks of madness. (c) In the same battle. which strengthened ‘Ali’s memory.

sin. despite so many evil designs on his life. milk. promising high and attractive rewards for his killer. As a result of this. young and old. and said to him: “Read this prayer seven times. etc. At the time of the Battle of the Trench. that he was able to complete his mission successfully. and 201 . injustice. He came to the Prophet (pbuh) and told him about this problem. he began to perform the Prayer in the precincts of Ka’bah in the way Allah (swt) taught him. 5:67). Allah (swt) will certainly protect you from the evil of people. and not even a mark of tumor was left. instead of worshiping idols and serving many gods. The books of Hadith and the books on the history of the Prophet (pbuh) report innumerable examples of these types of miracles. All the hungry companions ate to their full satisfaction. Muslim and other Hadith books). Quoted below are some examples of divine protection: When the Prophet (pbuh) started preaching Islam openly. The Prophet (pbuh) asked him: “Who am I?” The boy right away said: “You are the Messenger of Allah (pbuh). Jabar (may Allah. and they made many attempts to kill him—while he was asleep. be pleased with him) felt embarrassed. immorality. (Bukhari. you have not fulfilled that task of his messengership. and turned his hand around on the palm with force.” The Prophet (pbuh) said: “Bring that man to me. Then he said: “In the name of Allah (swt). The other people were watching it with curiosity. This was a struggle against ignorance. became his bloodthirsty enemies.” (p) It is reported in the Hadith of Ibn Maja that a man came to the Prophet (pbuh). swt.” When the man was brought to the Prophet (pbuh). Surely Allah will not guide the unbelievers [to succeed against you]” (Qur’an. The Prophet (pbuh) put his palm on this tumor. God Almighty Himself takes responsibility for the protection. (o) Summay bin Uttaya reports (in Baqhi) that a young man was brought to the Prophet (pbuh) who was dumb from birth. (D) Divine Protection of the Prophet Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) started his mission by inviting people to worship. When the Prophet (pbuh) came to the house with his companions. dropping a heavy stone from high above. in an ambush. Only one example is given below.) have been described on various occasions in different authentic books of Hadith. particularly in the environment of Arabia at that time.” mixed his revered saliva into the food. but also provides evidence of divine protection and ultimate success. He had asked his wife to cook the mutton and prepare some bread. obey. bread. It is really a miracle that. Uthman used to share this remedy to his friends. in the battlefield. pressed it. and from this. for if you fail to do that.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (n) It is reported both in Tabrani and in Bihaqi that Shrajeel Jaefi (may Allah. when there was no government or any sign of peace. The man said: “He gets fits of madness and lunacy. But a True Messenger of God not only lives a life of persecution and suffering. exploitation. in the streets. in digging the trench. and then move your hands on all your body. Jabar (may Allah. and serve One True God. with the result that he could hold neither a sword nor a horse bridle in his hand. and started serving the food. had a lamb that he slaughtered at home. be pleased with him) had developed some sort of tumor on his palm. in his arrogance and pride. threatened the Holy Prophet (pbuh). the Quraish felt for the first time that he had adopted a new religion.” Uthman followed his instructions and the sickness was gone. the Prophet (pbuh) and about three thousand of his companions were working day and night. and then blew over him. a companion of the Prophet (pbuh). swt. be pleased with him). (q) It is reported in the book of Hadith by Tirmzi that once Uthman bin Abul Aas became very sick. but the Prophet (pbuh) made an announcement and invited all the companions to the feast (about three thousand in number). dates. It is hard to describe all of them. poisoning his food. He actually wanted him to come alone. He then went to the Prophet (pbuh) and invited him to feast. aggression. The result was a complete disappearance of the tumor. God assures Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) of this divine protection: “O Messenger (pbuh)! Deliver what has been revealed to you from your Lord. so that this Messenger may be able to convey the Message of God fearlessly. cruelty. safety.” The Prophet (pbuh) asked what was his sickness. he recited certain parts of the Holy Qur’an. The Prophet (pbuh) visited him to inquire about his health. swt. please pray for his health. and said: “My brother is sick. who would also then be cured. The man was completely cured. without food. C-IV: Miracles Concerning Blessings in Food About two dozen miracles of increasing the quantity of food (meat. but Abu Jahl. all people. These are only a few examples of the curing of the sick and the healing of wounds. oppression. he asked Jabar to bring the food. etc. and security of His Messenger. and vice.

Ibn Abi Hatim. Jeddah.” Then it so happened that he saw the Holy Messenger (pbuh) in that posture. Ibn al-Mundhir. Thus. and returned home. and (iii). Thus. Suraqah. the angels would have smitten and torn him in pieces. we were waiting for him. (ii). along with his seventy men. Mohammed (pbuh) and Abu Bakr (ra) resumed their planned journey from Makkah to Medinah.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind forbade him to worship in that way in Ka’bah. The Prophet (pbuh) went to Holy Ka’bah. laid eggs. And He humbled the word of the unbelievers. on the authority of Hakam bin Abi al-A’as: “We. also. we intended the same. spurred by the temptation of a large reward. passing among them while they slept. 2002). and he was but one of the two when they were in the cave. he embraced Islam. Allah is with us. Baihaqi). said his prayers. So. when they met Abu Buraida with seventy of his men. When the Prophet (pbuh) passed before us and came near us. and Mughira bin Shaba. or these may be considered to be miracles of the Prophet (pbuh). published by Dar us Salam. Ibn Jarir. when the Prophet (pbuh) left Makkah for Medinah. when his repeated falls from his horse turned him into a friend. This incident is referred to in the Holy Qur’an: “It will matter little if you do not help the Prophet (pbuh). and then showed them that they simply could not challenge Him. (i) When Mohammed’s (pbuh) house was encircled by would-be assassins. (ii) As mentioned before. But when he met the Prophet (pbuh) and talked to him. Ibn Marduyah. or even bending down and looking into the cave. On hearing this. which mention the foolish behavior of Abu Jahl. and some wings between himself and Mohammed (pbuh). Related to this. and we. Nasa’i.” (Ahmad. as if in a fright. Allah is All-Powerful. also. (2) A pigeon nested right at the entrance of the cave. the Holy Prophet (pbuh) remarked: “Had he come near me. 1999). (iv) It is stated by Abu Naeem and Tabrani. And Allah’s word is inherently uppermost. We remained unconscious. it may be said that the Prophet (pbuh) was saved by the direct intervention of Providence. and sat on the eggs. Delhi. and 202 .” by Safi ur Rahman Al-Mubarak Puri. they felt certain that no one was in the cave. also. Instead of killing the Prophet (pbuh). and the Prophet (pbuh) left the house. but although these pursuers reached very close to the mouth of the cave. for Allah surely helped him when the unbelievers drove him out of his home. he said: “By Lat and Uzza (his two deities).’ Then Allah caused His tranquility to descend upon him. Abu Buraida was also one of those driven by his lust for the reward of 100 camels declared by the Quraish. The Quraish reached the mouth of this cave in search of them. two things happened: (1) A spider spun a web across the opening of the cave. After this. All-Wise” (9:40). When the pursuers saw the spider web and the nesting bird. (a) Allah (swt) diverted the attention of these pursuers away from the cave. was at a striking distance from the Prophet (pbuh). we heard a violent cry. Abu Nu’aim Isfahani. published by Farid Book Depot. (Sira Ibn Hisham). (Bukhari). mutually agreed to a plan for killing the Prophet (pbuh). he said there was a ditch of fire. (i). but suddenly turned back. and supported him with hosts you did not see. sleep overpowered them all. we saw that the hills of Safa and Marwah had come as an obstacle between us and the Prophet (pbuh). and when asked what was the matter. Sirat e Mustafa by Mohammed Idris Kandhalavi. he came out of his house. fell down unconscious. The next night. We understood that nobody would have remained alive in Makkah on account of this cry. (Imam Ahmed Anas Bin Arqam. (iii) As mentioned before. quite a number of the hadith have been related from Abdullah bin Abbas (ra) and Abu Huraira (ra). I would set my foot on his neck and rub his face in the dust. ‘Do not grieve. a few disbelievers. Allah (swt) changed his heart. and when he said to his companion. (Biography of the Noble Prophet (The Sealed Nectar). due to one or more of the following reasons. they left without entering the cave. Abu Huraira (ra) said that Abu Jahl asked the people of the Quraish: “Does Mohammed (pbuh) set his face on the ground before you?” When they replied in the affirmative. Muslim. The plan was that we should attack the Prophet (pbuh) collectively when he comes out at night. one day. the Prophet (pbuh) and Abu Bakr hid in a cave south of Makkah. and came forward to set his foot on his neck. on that night. a terrible apparition. if I ever caught him in that act of worship. When he approached near us. On each of these three occasions. India. Saudi Arabia. (b) After the Prophet (pbuh) and Abu Bakr (ra) entered this cave. Allah (swt) brought the Quraish close to the cave.

you can have ten goats more of your choice. The result was that you defeated me. The above are only a few of many incidents of divine protection of Mohammed (pbuh) from his enemies. when the Prophet (pbuh) was in Khaiber. and Laat and Uzza did not help me. but there were no incidents in which Mohammed (pbuh) claimed a plot existed that did not prove to be true. as he foretold. A person came to where the Prophet (pbuh) was asleep. the wife of Abu Lahab. swt. but also those who did not believe in the prophethood of Mohammed (pbuh). and he spit it out. Once. but your God became dominant. There was no third person there. Not only did these plots prove to be true. and these events were found to be true.’ The disbeliever’s hand became paralyzed. (c) Secrets in the hearts of people became known to him. the Prophet (pbuh) defeated him. The Prophet (pbuh) defeated him. Pray your God to save you from me. thus there are many examples of when: (a) Certain events of the future were revealed to Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). But God informed the Prophet (pbuh) of their plan.” (vi) Jabir bin Abdullah reported: “We went along with Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah. I desire you to embrace Islam. and said to the Prophet (pbuh). in the third wrestling bout with Rakanah. But God blesses anyone whom He pleases with as much of this knowledge as He wants. All right! We play another round of wrestling. whereas nobody could defeat me until today. EVIDENCE 10 Predictions of Mohammed (pbuh) and His Knowledge of the Unseen None other than Almighty God has personal knowledge of the future and of the hidden and the unseen. (v) Imam Baihaqi and Abu Naeem stated. Rakanah again repeated his words that Mohammed’s (pbuh) God became dominant over Laat and Uzza. the Prophet (pbuh) defeated Rakanah a second time also. We scattered in the valley and began to rest under the shade of different trees. History of the Prophet. yet she asked Abu Bakr: “Where is Mohammed (pbuh)?” Her eyes were blinded by the presence of Mohammed (pbuh). Mohammed (pbuh) and Abu Bakr were sitting together.” (vii) Ibn Hisham reports in his famous book. By so doing. and he suspended his sword by one of the branches under which he was taking rest. Then. and each time God protected him. Rakanah said to the Prophet (pbuh): “Have thirty goats of your choice from my herd. you will get freedom from hell. ‘Allah (swt). If you defeat me in a wrestling match. remained in fear 203 . Rakanah said to the Prophet (pbuh): “You insult our idols and you worship a hypothetical God. went looking for Mohammed (pbuh) with the intention of stoning him. be upon him) on an expedition to Najd. He used to herd the goats in the forest. I would have killed you today. a Jew invited the Prophet (pbuh) and his companions to eat and put poison in the meat. When the Prophet (pbuh) took the very first morsel in his mouth. when the Prophet (pbuh) went to that forest. that Rakanah was a gigantic wrestler from the Quraish tribe. on the authority of Abu Imamah (ra).” Thus Allah Almighty kept him safe from the evils of the disbelievers with His miracles.” Thus. If now you become victorious. and I shall pray to my Laat and Uzza. On another occasion. ‘Who can protect you from me?’ The Prophet (pbuh) said. and Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) brought us to a valley abounding in thorny trees. One day. and he was unable to use the sword.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind we could not reach him because of the two hills. (b) Knowledge of certain events that happened hundreds or even thousands of miles away from him was transmitted to him without any earthly means. took hold of his sword. Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) stayed to rest under a tree. that once Umm Jameel. and so he left the place where the stone was to be dropped. he came across Rakanah.” The Prophet (pbuh) said: “I shall not take the goats. the Jews of Bani Nazeer in Madinah planned to kill him by dropping a huge stone upon him from high above. which came to pass and are coming to pass. Not only the believers.” So a wrestling match took place between Rakanah and the Prophet (pbuh). the Prophet (pbuh) was informed of this poison in the meat. you can have any ten of my goats that you like. Rakanah said: “It is not you who defeated me. If I had no relationship with you. (viii) Jews made at least two attempts to kill Mohammed (pbuh).

and if you live long enough. fearing nothing but Allah (swt) the Almighty. reports: “One day the Holy Prophet (pbuh) was lying on a stripped cloak in the shade of Ka’bah. Damascus. (2) Again. These are not discussed here. he established himself in Madinah with his rational and appealing message. and Persia. and said. fearing none but Allah the Almighty.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind that Mohammed (pbuh) would find. hiding in the day and traveling at night. he slipped in the darkness of night to migrate to Madinah. (1) In the most authentic book of hadith (by Imam Bukhari). insincerity. Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) said: “O Uthman. Khaiber. it is reported by Imam Bukhari. Thereupon the Apostle’s face turned red and he sat upright. that Addi bin Hatim (ra) reported that: “Once I was with the Holy Prophet (pbuh).” swt) (3) Mohammed (pbuh) predicted: “The key of Ka’bah (house of God in Makkah) will be in my hand one day.’’ Addi bin Hatim added: “I have seen a woman traveling from al-Hira to go around the Ka’bah. Jerusalem. Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) returned the key to Uthman. a companion of Mohammed (pbuh). but he will find none to accept it from him. Below are some examples of the predictions of Mohammed (pbuh). when Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) was still in Makkah. a man was put in a pit dug for him.” As already mentioned in this chapter. and asked him for the key. the Prophet (pbuh) allowed his companions to migrate first to Abyssinia in Africa. It will remain in your dynasty until doomsday. In the meantime.” This prediction was made at a time when Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) had only a few followers. another person came and complained to him of highway robbery. then his head was cut in two with a saw. or a wolf that may attack sheep.’’ People saw that this prediction was fulfilled in their life. my companions! One day you will defeat all your enemies and conquer Makkah. the Messenger of Allah (swt) turned toward me. Iraq. the Quraish will be more honorable that day. This prediction was made about nineteen years before the conquest of Makkah. Uthman bin Talha harshly refused to open the door for him. you will see that the treasures of Kisra (Chosroess) will be conquered. he predicted: “O. and a man came to him and complained of his poverty. through revelation. Uthman gave the key to the Prophet (pbuh) right away. But you are in quite a hurry. Thereupon. in a new location and new environment.” He predicted that his followers would trample the two biggest empires of his time. and with his captivating manners and excellent morals. new friends. you will certainly see a woman traveling from al-Hira to go around Ka’bah. homeless and penniless. the key of Ka’bah continues to be in the hands of the descendants of Uthman Bin Talha. and I will give it to whomsoever I wish. you will see the third thing that the Prophet (pbuh) foretold happen. or deceit. You will share the treasures of the Persian and Byzantine rulers among yourselves. to Madinah. Uthman bin Talha was the custodian of the key of Ka’bah whom he asked to open the door. and when he had only handful of followers due to severe opposition. one day he came to Ka’bah with the intention to pray inside Ka’bah. 204 . ‘If you live long enough. saying.” Despite the passage of over fourteen hundred years. a small town about two hundred miles north of Makkah. so that a rider will go from San’a to Hadrmaut. When the persecution of the Prophet (pbuh) and his companions by the Quraish (people of Makkah) became too severe to be tolerated. I was among those who conquered the treasures of Kisra. whatever was going on in their minds and expose their secrets. and new foes. among new people. you will certainly see a man coming out with a handful of gold or silver looking for someone to accept it. But there are countless predictions and examples of the knowledge of the unseen that are mentioned in the Holy Qur’an by God Almighty. fearing none but Allah (swt) the Almighty. If you live long enough. There in Madinah. crimes.” Uthman said: “Will the people of Quraish be dead. and I will give it to whom I want. `Addi! Have you seen al-Hira?’ Thereafter he said. one day the key of Ka’bah will be in my hand. and then later. Mohammed (pbuh) invited the same Uthman bin Talha to the door of Kaaba (the House of God). At the time of the conquest of Makkah. or be so disgraced on that day that the key of Ka’bah will pass to your hand?” The Prophet (pbuh) said: “No. He then captured the city of Makkah after eight or nine years there. Another person was combed with iron combs piercing his flesh. and requested him to make a supplication to Allah (swt). and said: “Take this key. ‘Before your time. “Why We Believe the Holy Qur’an is the Book of God. son of Hurmuz. in his book of Hadith. This prediction was made at the darkest hour of his life and in the most adverse circumstances. but he did not break from his faith. Finally. We complained to him about the persecution from polytheists.” It has been reported in many books of hadith that in the very early part of his prophethood. when Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) started his mission in Makkah. I swear by Allah (swt) that this matter (Islam) will reach its perfection. If you live long enough. but those sufferings and miseries failed to turn him away from his faith. when the Quraish planned to kill Mohammed (pbuh). Khabbab bin al-Aratt (ra). and he and his companions were struggling for their very survival. but have been treated in Chapter 17.

The Muslims decided to dig a trench around Madinah to protect themselves. and when the boy was born. and marched towards Madinah with the intention of finishing the Muslims for good. After this Battle of the Trench. when Mohammed (pbuh) had been driven out of his homeland and was on his way to Medinah. I am preparing a horse to ride on it to kill you. passed in front of the Holy Prophet (pbuh). the Prophet (pbuh) hit him with his spear near his neck. The people told him not to worry about such an ordinary scratch from which even the blood did not flow. in his book of Hadith.” On the second strike. that every killed person on the day of Badr was killed at the same place and in the same way as the Prophet (pbuh) had already told. I shall not survive it. he would say “O’ Mohammed (pbuh). the father of the Caliphs. During the course of digging this trench.” He came with the Quraish army on this horse with the intention of killing Mohammed (pbuh) in the battle of Uhad. that the Prophet (pbuh) had told them in advance of the battle of Badr about the names and places of the deaths of those pagans who were killed in the Badr war. he predicted that one day his followers would conquer Iran. but he said: “This scratch is caused by the hand of Mohammed (pbuh).” The companions of the Prophet (pbuh) wanted to stop him. raised a strong army of ten thousand men. (5) Imam Muslim narrated in his Hadith collection. that whenever he would meet the Prophet (pbuh) in Makkah. she took me to the Apostle (pbuh) who said azan in my right ear and aqamat in my left one. but he continued coming towards the tent of the Prophet (pbuh).” It is very surprising that before this battle there was no hope for such a poorly armed army of less than one. and Suraqah did wear those bracelets. The Prophet (pbuh) remarked: “Let him come. they came across a very hard rock that they could not break with their spades. Allah (swt) is great. causing only an ordinary scratch on his neck. he went to the Apostle (pbuh) and related what he heard from my mother. (9) In the fifth year of hijra (migration of the Prophet (pbuh) from Makkah to Madinah). in fulfillment of the prediction of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). that “the key of Ka’bah will be in my hand one day. rather we shall invade them. Then he had me taste the spittle from his mouth and named me Abdullah.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind This incident fulfilled two predictions of the Prophet (pbuh). uttering: “In the Name of Allah (swt). and said I was to be the father of the Caliphs. I can see its palaces at the moment. Umar (ra) said: “I swear by that Being Who has commissioned the Prophet (pbuh) with true religion. that “this key will now remain in your dynasty until doomsday. on the authority of Umar (ra). (4) As discussed earlier in this chapter. he died.” And 205 .” (Hadith Books of Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim). This is called the Battle of the Trench. in reality. on his way back to Makkah. The prophecy of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) proved to be correct. Imam Bukhari reports in his most authentic book of Hadith that when the Quraish army lifted the siege of Medinah and ran away from the battlefield of the Battle of the Trench. Persia is mine. in this darkest hour of his life. Because of that place being open and visible. even to the extent of a hair’s breadth. They therefore approached the Prophet (pbuh) for advice.third the number of the very well-equipped enemy to win the battle (6) Abu Naim reports from Ibn-i-Abbas: “Once my mother. First.” When he came near. Umm-ul-Fazl. he fell down from the horse. when I was born. Imam Baihaqi says.” (7) Ubayi bin Khalaf was a well-known enemy of the Prophet (pbuh). Instead. I swear by Allah (swt).” Thus.” Thus this prediction came true. In the battlefield. the Prophet (pbuh) invaded Makkah and conquered it. he challenged Mohammed (pbuh) with the following words: “Where is Mohammed (pbuh)? Send him for combat. the keys of Ash-Sham (geographical Syria) are mine. He called her and revealed that from that conception of hers she would bear a son. the Quraish could not attack Madinah. the Prophet (pbuh) predicted: “Now the Quraish will not be able to attack.” The Prophet (pbuh) used to say in return: “In sha Allah (swt) you will be killed by me. the Quraish of Makkah forged an alliance with the enemies of the Muslims. The Holy Prophet (pbuh) told him that I was. Thus. Even though he was hit with ordinary force. he said: “Allah (swt) is great. she should bring him to him. traveling at night and hiding in the day. and rushed into the army of the Quraish. The Prophet (pbuh) took the spade and struck the rock. He then asked my mother to take me away. how will you feel when you put on Khusroe’s (King of Iran) bracelets?” Muslim armies conquered the Persian Empire a few years after the death of Mohammed (pbuh). which took place near Madinah. I swear by Allah (swt) I can now see the white palace of Madinah. and said to Suraqah: “Suraqah. Abbas. (8) On the authority of Sulaiman bin Sarw. When my mother narrated the matter to my father. and there was no deviation from the appointed place. and the rest of the body being covered with armor.” and second. ran away. this particular part could be seen. because the Abbasid Caliphate had been in ascendancy for five hundred years.

and Yemen by the Muslims. on the authority of Abu Hurairah. His brother and his son were killed in combat. When the king died. and on the pretext of taking revenge for the blood of Hazrat Imam Husain (ra).” Unaisa. stated that Zaid bin Arqam (ra) did go blind. Khalid bin Waleed (ra) reached the fort of Ukaider on a moonlit night.(Baihaqi). Iran was conquered by Sa’ad bin Abi Waqqas (ra) during the Caliphate of Umar ibn Khattab (ra). and then becoming blind after the Prophet’s death took place in accordance with the prediction of the Prophet (swt). Then the Prophet (pbuh) invited his companions. In the end. Imam Muslim reports in his book of Hadith that the Prophet (pbuh) predicted: “There will come a very cruel person in the tribe of Saqeef. I swear by Allah (swt). when he struck the rock. the rebellious ruler of Domat-ul-Jandal. and there will be another person in the same tribe who will be a big liar. he exploited many people. (12) On the authority of Asma. Delhi. At night. He was arrested in the battle of Badr. and hunted the white antelopes. during the Caliphate of Umar bin Khattab (ra) (10) Imam Baihaqi and Ibn Ishaq have stated in their Hadith collection that the Prophet (pbuh) sent Khalid bin Waleed (ra) to Ukaider. died at the very moment the Prophet (pbuh) informed his companions in Madinah that Negus had just died. and he will surrender to you. and Yemen was conquered in 8 A. and the prediction of the Prophet (pbuh) was fulfilled.” The Prophet (pbuh) predicted at that time: “I hope that one day he will make a speech that will please you. The other person of the tribe of Saqeef who was predicted to be a liar is Mukhtar Saqafi. despite the fact that Mohammed (pbuh) is the last prophet or messenger. (“Authenticated Miracles of Mohammed (pbuh)” by Badr Azimabadi.H. the daughter of Abu Bakr (ra). he said: “Allah (swt) is great. Umar (ra) said to the Prophet (pbuh): “Please allow me to break two of his front teeth. Recovering from the disease for which the Prophet (pbuh) went to visit him. told Hajjaj to his face that he was proof of the prediction of the Prophet (pbuh). Suhail pleased all the Muslims. came out of the fort that night. on the death of the Prophet (pbuh). Negus was previously Christian. but embraced Islam on receiving the Prophet’s (pbuh) letter inviting him to Islam. on the authority of Zaid bin Arqam (ra). and offered his funeral prayers in absentia in Madinah. daughter of Abu Bakr (ra). I can see the gates of San’a while I am in my place. that Zaid fell sick and the Prophet (pbuh) came to visit the patient. so that he may not be able to make any more effective and exciting speeches against us. 206 . and so Umar (ra) was very happy. born in the tribe of Saqeef. Ukaider was very fond of hunting white antelopes. When they were about to deviate from the path of Islam. Thus. the son of Zaid. (14) It is stated both in the Hadith book of Imam Bukhari and in the Hadith book of Imam Muslim. and then Zaid passed away. Allah (swt) informed the Prophet (pbuh) about his death at a distance of more than a thousand miles across the ocean. the King of Abyssinia in Africa. Syria was conquered by Khalid bin Walid (ra) during the Caliphate of Umar ibn Khattab (ra). that Negus. I have been given the keys of Yemen.” Thus. he claimed that he was a prophet. a few white antelopes came near the fort and began rubbing their backs on the wall of the fort. and there will be no more Prophets or Messengers of God after him. He was a great liar and fraudulent. and they remained steadfast on the religion of Islam. When he was produced as a prisoner before the Prophet (pbuh). The Prophet (pbuh) said to Khalid bin Waleed: “Ukaider will come out at night to hunt white antelopes. Asma. and hid near his fort.” Suhail bin Amro became Muslim later. Then. 2000).” Thus the Prophet (pbuh) predicted the conquest of Syria. and you will become blind. which crumbled into very small pieces. it happened the same as predicted. The prediction of the Prophet (pbuh) proved true. Khalid bin Waleed (ra) brought him to the Prophet (pbuh). he claimed vicegerency of Imam Mohammed bin Hanfiah. Khalid bin Waleed (ra) besieged him and arrested him. When the Prophet (pbuh) died. These predictions later came true.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind for the third time. Allah (swt) Almighty set his eyes right. and you will arrest him. On the authority of Hasham. Ukaider got up. Suhail stood up and made such a speech as was delivered by Abu Bakr Siddiq (ra) in Madinah. published by Adam Publishers & Distributers. and released him. This address of Suhail (ra) gave the people satisfaction. (11) Imam Baihaqi has stated in Dalail-e-Nubuvvat. Iran. you will remain alive after me. On the basis of a false excuse. the people of Makkah were very much upset. Imam Tirmzi has stated in his book of hadith that Hajjaj murdered about one hundred and twenty thousand innocent human beings. after a long time. So do not break his teeth. Before becoming Muslim. India. who spared the life of Ukaider and entered into a peace agreement with him. he used to produce great excitement and hatred against the Prophet (pbuh) among the non-Muslims of Makkah. and said: “O Zaid! You will recover from this disease.” This very cruel person predicted by the Prophet (pbuh) was Hajjaj bin Yousuf. (13) Suhail bin Amro was a very good speaker.

If she delivers the letter willingly. She replied that she had no letter. although Mota was in Syria. The Prophet (pbuh) collected some money from his companions and satisfied her need. At Roudah Khakh (twelve miles from Madinah on the road to Makkah). you will meet a woman who carries a letter from Hatib to the pagans of Makkah. she took out the letter from the braid in her hair and delivered it to them. if she refuses to give it. and then. but he did not tell anyone. and he. it was found to contain information for the Quraish about how the Holy Prophet (pbuh) was making preparations to attack them. Maududi). they found the woman there. Tirmidhl. do not make haste in this matter of mine.) The Holy Prophet (pbuh) asked Hazrat Hatib what induced him to act thus. Through him. Allah (swt) may have looked favorably at the people of Badr and said to Hatib: “Do as you please. more than a thousand miles from Madinah. In the end. But he also predicted that Zaid would be martyred. a companion of the Prophet (pbuh) named Hatib met her. in the presence of his companions: “My grandson Hassan is a noble one. I do not belong to the tribe of Quraish. who are still in Makkah. different wordings of the letter have been reported. When she saw that there was no way to escape. When she was about to leave for Makkah. Abdur Rahman.”) Hearing this. (16) When the Prophet (pbuh) decided to attack Makkah. and they brought it to the Holy Prophet (pbuh). and paid her ten dinars to carry the letter secretly. The families of the emigrants. during the battle itself. (Commentary of Holy Qur’an 60:1.” That is. the Prophet (pbuh) was describing the battle scene to his companions like a person who was actually seeing it. 207 . then Jaffer would become commander. let her go. and not let the people in Makkah know about his planned invasion. Ibn Hisham. and said: “Allah (swt) and His Messenger (pbuh) have the best knowledge. which was fought in the eighth year of hijra. and Miqdad (ra) after her with the instructions: “Make haste. Hazrat Umar wept. a woman arrived from Makkah who had been a slave girl of the Bani Abdul Muttalib. and quietly gave her a letter addressed to some of the Makkan chiefs. will be defended and protected by their tribes and clans. and the Muslims became victorious.” In some other: “I am your forgiver. The Prophet (pbuh) appointed Zaid bin Haritha as commander of this army. too. He has been treacherous to Allah (swt). or any intention to support disbelief. so that they would not harm my children. by S.” (According to Hazrat Hatib’s son. except a few close companions. They searched her but could not find any letter. I have not done this because I have become a disbeliever or an apostate. But the truth is that my near and dear ones are still in Makkah. Khalid bin Waleed) took the flag. kill her. therefore I sent this letter to keep the Quraish under obligation. would be martyred. Abi Dawood. He replied: “Sir. At last. he observed: “Allah’s sword (i. God will reconcile two large hosts. Nasai. You may not know. When she had left Madinah. Imam Hassan made peace with Muawiya and fulfilled this prediction.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (15) Imam Bukhari reports. what the goal of the expedition was. (17) Imam Bukhari has reported in his famous book of Hadith that the Prophet (pbuh) announced from the pulpit. and Ibn Abi Hatim have related on the authority of several reliable transmitters. at about the same time. So the Prophet (pbuh) immediately sent ‘Ali (ra). I have forgiven you.” He described all this like an eyewitness. too. the real motive of his action was this. but had settled there under the guardianship of some of them. his mother also was there. A. Ibn Jarit Tabari. Hazrat Hatib’s children and brother still were in Makkah at that time. Seize that letter by any means you like. Ibn Hibban. and according to Hazrat Hatib’s own report. had adopted singing as her profession. But nothing happened contrary to what he had foretold about a month in advance. on the authority of Anas bin Malik.” When these three companions reached the place. O Messenger of Allah (swt). otherwise they would strip her and search her.” And in still another: “I will forgive you. and not any treachery against Islam. after gaining her freedom.” This is a résumé of those many traditions which Bukhari. By chance. when the two largest Muslim armies faced each other. but I have no tribe that could give protection to my family. the Holy Prophet (pbuh) said to the people: “Hatib has told you the truth. Ahmad. about the details of the battle of Mota. would be martyred.e. Allah (swt) informed the Prophet (pbuh). and the Muslims. Hazrat Umar rose and said: “Permit me.” The Holy Prophet said: “This man participated in the battle of Badr. but the purport of all is one and the same. Muslim. Zubair (ra). with tears in his eyes. His Messenger (pbuh). O Umar. and have started preferring disbelief to Islam. one after the other. Then Abdullah bin Rawahah would become commander. and he.) Hearing what Hatib had to say. they told her to deliver the letter. (In different traditions.” (The words in the last sentence are different in different traditions.” Forty years later. that I should cut off this hypocrite’s head. Sometime later. He wanted to keep it a secret. She complained of her poverty to the Prophet (pbuh) and asked for some financial help. in his book of hadith. which he dispatched to conquer Mota. They demanded the letter from her. He narrated these tragedies. When the letter was opened and read. he asked his companions to make preparations for an expedition. In some they are to the effect: “I have granted you forgiveness. so as to capture Makkah with a minimum of bloodshed.

that after the conquest of Makkah. (19) Imam Muslim and Imam Bukhari have related. `No Arabs will predominate among you. (25) As already described in this chapter.e.. and Bayhaqi that the Muslims captured Abbas during the battle of Badr. You will live alone and die alone. When Umayr came to Madinah with these intentions. burst into tears. the Prophet (pbuh) went to see him. were sitting together near Ka’bah. Saad commanded the Muslim armies that destroyed Persia’s Sassanid Empire and brought many people under the guidance of Islam. What the Prophet (pbuh) predicted happened twenty years later. the rocks of this Batha (i. Umayr confessed and became Muslim. Umm-e-Fadl. namely.” Forty years later. At that very moment. thinking: “I am afraid that he will say nothing. He said. Hakim. which killed about seventy thousand people in three days. in 1453. and others be harmed through you. She died there. When he was asked to pay a ransom for his release. He told her: “You will be the first family member to join me after my death. Bukhari. so that some may benefit through you. 2000). related the plot. and placed his hand on Umayr’s chest. Attab and Harith embraced Islam. Later. and said with a smile: “I dreamed that my community was fighting in the sea like kings sitting on thrones. [Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim. the Apostle (pbuh) revealed that Jibrail (Gabriel) had informed him that his followers would kill his grandson.” suggesting that Saad would be a great commander and make many conquests. God’s Messenger (pbuh) summoned him. Even if no one informs him. Pakistan. consuming your booty or striking off your heads.” This city was conquered during the rule of Umar. who thereby attained a high spiritual rank. (23) Imam Bukhari and some others report in the books of Hadith that the Prophet (pbuh) predicted: “Constantinople (Istanbul) will be conquered (by my community). (20) When the Prophet (pbuh) was on his death bed. thus fulfilling the prophecy. How blessed is the commander who conquers it. (24) Ibn Hisham narrates. and Ibn Hambal have stated in their books of Hadith: “God’s Messenger (pbuh) predicted the establishment of Basra and Baghdad. in such and such a place” (he gave the exact amount of money and named the place).” and then attained perfect belief. most of whom would later convert and rule the Arabs in their own lands. and staring at him. before converting to Islam. and Harith ibn Hisham. (22) It is reported in more than three different books of Hadith that once the Prophet (pbuh) woke up in Umm Haram’s house (Anas ibn Malik’s aunt). his daughter Fatima was very sad. Umayr and Safwan decided to kill the Prophet (pbuh) and collect a large reward. and a widespread pestilence broke out. (29) Abu Daud.” She died six months after the death of the Prophet (pbuh). Imam Husain was slain in Kerbala. (27) Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim both report in their most authentic collections of Hadith that the Prophet (pbuh) said: “A pestilence will break out during Jerusalem’s conquest. she accompanied her husband Ubada ibn Samit during the conquest of Cyprus. and that the Arabs would fight the Turks and people living around the Caspian Sea. (21) Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) said to Aby Dharr: “You will be expelled from Madinah. Thereupon. (28) Bayhaqi reports from Umm-e-Fadl: “Once I had Imam Husain in my lap. 208 .” Shortly thereafter.’’ This prediction came true. and her tomb remains as a visited place. see “Miracles of the Prophet (pbuh)” by Maulana Ahmed Saeed Dehalvi. because he would destroy their states. Bilal al-Habashi stood on Ka’bah’s roof and called the people to prayer (adhan). many others would be harmed through him. Lahore. Abu Sufyan.” This was reported by Imam Ibn Hanbal. Muslim. Attab ibn Asid. (26) It is reported by Ibn Hanbal.” Umm Haram asked: “Pray that I may be with them. Abbas confirmed this: “Only the two of us knew this. The Prophet (pbuh) said: “You left money with your wife. and said: “Hopefully you will be spared. when the Holy Prophet (pbuh) came. Several Qurayshi leaders. God’s Messenger (pbuh) came to them and repeated their conversation word for word.” Later. While many would benefit from him by converting to Islam. and how blessed is his army. Attab said: “My father is fortunate not to witness this moment.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (18) It has been reported in many books of Hadith that the Prophet (pbuh) said: “Uthman (ra) will be killed while reading the Qur’an.” Harith asked contemptuously: “Could not Mohammed (pbuh) find someone other than this black crow to be the Muazzin?” Abu Sufyan did not comment. Abbas said he had no money. in their most authentic collections of Hadith.” This prediction came true. that when Saad ibn Abi Waqqas was seriously ill. Husain. that treasures would pour into Baghdad from all over the world. Uthman (ra) was martyred while he was reading the Qur’an. and thus the prediction proved true.” He firmly replied: “You shall be.” Constantinople fell to Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror. published by Idara e Islamiat. Makka) will do so. in the life history of the Prophet (pbuh). I requested him to give the reason for his tears.

We noticed that the Apostle of Allah (swt) was moving a morsel around in his mouth. Umar and Uthman” (Bukhari). they drafted an agreement. (32) When the pagans of Makkah decided to completely boycott Mohammed (pbuh). The prediction came true at the time of Caliph Hazrat Umar ibn Al-Khattab (ra). He had also predicted that it would fall after his death.” He also promised to hand over Mohammed (pbuh) to them if his words proved untrue. He said. The lines and traditions of the two Emperors did. Talha. (36) On the authority of Abu Huraira. By Him in Whose Hands my life is. the Prophet (pbuh) said: “Should I tell you what you are going to ask?” He said yes. also Bukhari & Muslim). This tragedy occurred at her home. on the authority of Ansar: “Once we accompanied the Holy Prophet (pbuh) to a funeral. This prediction came true when the Muslims conquered Egypt in the eighth year after the death of the Prophet (pbuh). found this news to be true. Then I sent another man to his wife. He accepted the invitation. there will be no Caesar after him. and there he did discover that it was eaten away by ants. and said to it that there were on it one Prophet (pbuh). This prediction proved true. for there were on it none else but the Prophet (pbuh). Uthman. came to Madinah. ‘Messenger of Allah (swt). (Imam Bukhari). along with the Messenger of Allah (swt). there will be no Khusra after him. (38) Jabir ibn Samurah reports in the hadith book by Imam Bukhari that the Prophet (pbuh) said: “When Khusra (Chosroes) is ruined. a companion of the Prophet (pbuh) came to him to inquire about virtue and sin. The Makkans agreed to the soundness of his proposition. whose name was Firouz. the King of Iran. accompanied by Abu Bakr. (33) The Prophet (pbuh) had predicted that Egypt would soon be conquered by the Muslims. Umar. you will spend their treasures in Allah’s (swt) cause. (Imam Baihaqi.” This prediction came to be true. and the wealth of their treasuries was spent in the Islamic cause. This prediction came true during the Caliphate of Umar ibn Al-Khattab (ra). Abu Talib said to the pagan chiefs: “My nephew received a revelation that ants had eaten away all the proclamation. as both Umar and Uthman (ra) were martyred. and the Prophet (pbuh) commanded it to be at rest. Then he said: ‘This flesh of a sheep has been taken without the permission of its owner. Imam Muslim reports: “Once the Prophet (pbuh) was on Mount Haray. by the siddeeq. Before he asked anything. when a slave man and a slave girl strangled her to death. The Prophet (pbuh) replied: “You 209 . We.” The prediction later came true. come to an end. Abu Bakr. ‘Ali. as predicted by the Prophet (pbuh). and by the two martyrs. (37) Hazrat Anas bin Malik reports: “Once the Prophet (pbuh) ascended the hill Uhad. the Prophet (pbuh) told him: “Khosroes has just been killed by his son Shirviya Parwiz. On coming back from the graveyard. when one day. someone invited the Apostle (pbuh) on behalf of the widow. and the martyrs. Food was served. and Uthman. (31) When the envoy of Khosroes.” The envoy. He investigated. except those parts that bore the name of Allah (swt). otherwise they would have to recant and repeal their boycott. the woman sent her messenger to the Apostle (pbuh) to explain the matter on her behalf. the siddeeq. (39) One day. and his supporters. But he did not bring the sheep. (35) Umme Waraqa (ra) had requested permission to join jihad at the time of the battle of Badr. They wrote down their resolution and hung it on the wall at Ka’bah. who sent the sheep to me without the permission of her husband. and Baihaqi). The Romans lost to the Muslims the same provinces which he had snatched from the Persians. But the Prophet (pbuh) had asked her to stay at home to die as a shaheed (martyr). (Imam Baihaqi in his Dilail-e-Nabuwwat).’’ “When informed. and Zubair. Al-Mut’im went to see the parchment. I sent to an-Naqi (a place where sheep were sold) to bring a sheep for the feast. was shocked to hear this news. This siege had lasted for three years. as they were related to Arabs (Hazrat Ibrahim’s wife and the mother of Hazrat Ishmail were from Egypt). Then I sent for a neighbor of mine to bring the sheep he had purchased for himself and charge the price to me. and he accepted Islam. And when Ceasar is ruined. But no sheep were available there.’’ (Hadith books of Abu Daud. including the entire clan of Bani Hashim. The Prophet (pbuh) stamped it and asked it to be at rest.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind (30) Asim bin Kulaib reports from his father. put morsels of food in our mouths. He had further said that Egyptians should be treated kindly. (34) The Prophet (pbuh) had predicted the fall of Bait-ul-Maqdis (Jerusalem) to Muslims. By the Prophet he meant himself. and there were with him Abu Bakr. one siddeeq (truthful) and two shaheeds (martyrs). indeed. his followers. and thus she attained the status of shaheed. The hill began to shake and shook them also. Muslims also conquered the land of Chosroes (Persia). The rock shook. and nothing was left save the parts bearing the name of Allah (swt). and we went for the feast along with him.

and the embodiment of virtue and righteousness. they would be altogether removed from the scene. etc. along with some of his companions.” (Masnad Ahmad and Baihaqi). asceticism. saying that all these prophets were very pious. For more details about the perversions of the teachings of these prophets and in the Old Testament and New Testament. are all against the True Teachings of Jesus (pbuh). nor did he have the opportunity to spend any time in the company of any scholar. and monks as crass sinners. while the Prophet (pbuh) was standing under a wall. they produced a literature that presents a very perverted image of Hindu ideals. 210 .” The Prophet (pbuh) answered: “The thought of doing good provides relief and pleasure to the heart. and in the religious beliefs and practices preached by these prophets. informed him in time. Some historical narratives constitute a rejoinder to the objections raised by the unbelievers against Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). on the basis of this knowledge. went to the colony of the Jewish tribe of Bani Nazeer. However. These Jews considered this a golden opportunity to kill the Prophet (pbuh) and his important companions. The unbelievers of Makkah. god-fearing. The Prophet (pbuh) stopped eating right away. (41) Once the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). the god-head of Jesus (pbuh). they are clearly applicable to the conditions at the time of the Revelation. Subsequent events. Mohammed (pbuh) could neither read nor write. did not condone the wrong beliefs. seeking forgiveness for both of us. This literature portrayed their gods. (42) As described earlier. when a Jewish woman tried to kill the Prophet (pbuh) by poisoning the roasted mutton that was served to the Prophet (pbuh) and his companions. The Prophet (pbuh) recognized Hudaifa. Original Sin. the very first morsel of meat told the Prophet (pbuh) that there was poison in it. and said: “Allah (swt) has forgiven you and your mother. as we know. and request him to pray to Allah (swt). and no Arabic translation of the Bible was available in Arabia at that time. and absolved them of all these blemishes. salvation through belief in the death of Jesus (pbuh) on the cross. he repeatedly said that the current Christian dogmas of Trinity. In doing so. a man went to the top of the roof with the intention of dropping a heavy stone on the Prophet (pbuh) to kill him.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind have come to know the facts about virtue and sin. (Tirmizi). angrily: “Why have you not visited the Prophet (pbuh) for such a long time?” He begged her to be excused. ordinary mortals are inevitably bound to commit them.” Hudaifa joined the Prophet (pbuh) in the evening prayer.. fully vindicated this. Barely fifteen years after this prophecy. Although the stories concern the messengers and the nations of the past. Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) categorically declared the allegations against Israelite prophets untrue. and sent them the information of their evil design. concepts. see Chapter 2. If they rejected the message.” meaning that he already knew the purpose for which he came. through Revelation. They would be able to live in Arabia only if they accepted the message. The followers of these prophets have even ascribed very serious crimes and allegations to these prophets. and he left. (40) Hudhaifa’s mother said to her son.” He said: “By Him Who has sent you as Messenger. and religious practices of earlier religions like Christianity and Judaism. they suggested that since such noble people could not refrain from indulging in grave sins. Moreover. hermits. whereas sin creates anxiety and remorse. it is really so. When the Hindus reached the lowest point in their moral degeneration. through Revelation from God about the Israelite prophets and their communities. and said: “I shall go to him today. there were no polytheists in Arabia. he knew about many past prophets and communities. As discussed in Chapter 2. were warned that their future was solely dependent on one thing—their attitude toward the message of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). a person’s indulgence in immoral acts would not make him remorseful for the same acts that were committed earlier by their monks and hermits. But Allah (swt). Therefore. Similarly. he talked about the perversions in the teachings of these prophets. Mohammed (pbuh). Who had promised Mohammed (pbuh) to protect him from his enemies. The same characteristic is evident in Hinduism. in fact all the polytheists of Arabia. and also stopped his companions from eating. or prophets of God. EVIDENCE 11 His Knowledge of Past History Past Prophets and Communities As mentioned earlier.

Through the stories. and the Holy Qur’an declares it as a best story. More importantly. At the other end of the scale. in fact. some of the Makkans tried to test whether the Prophet (pbuh) derived his knowledge from on high or not. the Israelites. who were living in Egypt at that time. and allowing their daughters to 211 . who were considering ways of overcoming the threat posed by the Prophet (pbuh)—whether to kill. these revelations about the earlier communities came to teach moral lessons to the Muslims from the historical accounts of earlier prophets and their communities. with regard to their disbelief and moral degeneration. but would fail to answer it in detail. the Quraish are reminded of the moral purpose of these stories. both in letter and in spirit. At the time of the birth of Moses (pbuh). The other possibility was that under one pretext or the other. but the story was wholly applicable to the contemporary situation of the Quraish. over and above this. they are told that if. This revelation did the following: (a) It provided proof of the prophethood of Mohammed (pbuh) by giving a detailed and accurate account of the life of Prophet Yousuf (Joseph). he would try to defer answering the question so as to gain time. was a sort of prophesy of the Holy Qur’an that came true. There are dozens more moral lessons for all from this chapter. in each narrative are the unbelieving nations that greatly resemble the Quraish in the time of the Prophet (pbuh). like the brothers of Yousuf. For God enabled the Prophet (pbuh) to narrate the whole story of Joseph then and there. like Prophet Yousuf. the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) describes very accurately all the important events in the life of Moses (pbuh). banish. called Sura Yousuf (Joseph). probably at the instigation of the Jews. one of the parties is a prophet who. were being treated as foreigners by the nationalist government of the Copts—the original inhabitants of Egypt. they fail to follow the Messenger of God during the term of respite granted to them. Most of the time. To this end. Not only that. it was revealed in response to a question by the Quraish. greatly resembles Mohammed (pbuh) in summoning his people to the right way. they asked him: “What caused the Israelites to migrate to Egypt?” They asked this question because the Arabs were unfamiliar with the story. through revelations in the Holy Qur’an. (d) It also provided consolation to the Prophet (pbuh) and his companions by illustrating that. They also thought that the Prophet (pbuh) would subsequently solicit help from some of the Jews. One. Sometimes these revelations came in response to inquiries of non-believers who wanted to test whether he was the Prophet of God (pbuh) or not. (c) It provided an implicit warning to the Quraish that their efforts to mistreat the Prophet (pbuh) would similarly end in failure and bring them nothing but humiliation and disgrace. they adopted the policy of reducing their population by killing their sons at their very birth. and. It showed that the Quraish were playing the role of Joseph’s brothers. the Quraish would fail in their goal. This warning. in admonishing them. within ten years of the revelations of this chapter of the Qur’an. thought that there were only two possibilities. in respect to his teachings. There was no trace of it in their historical traditions. or imprison him. and were narrated with a view to highlighting their relevance to the time of the Prophet (pbuh). some of which are not available in the existing Torah or any book of history. In each of these stories. and this would inevitably and completely expose him. that the Prophet (pbuh) would answer the question. (b) It provided evidence that the source of his knowledge was divine revelation. The Makkans. as was the fate of the brothers of Yousuf (pbuh). (ii) Similarly. It would then become clear to all that he had no access to a divine source of knowledge. By recounting the tragic end of each of these unrighteous nations of the past. But the result of the test was quite contrary to their expectations. the Prophet (pbuh) had not referred to it before. (i) For example. This nationalist government used all the methods and means possible to subdue the Israelites. They not only treated Israelites as slaves. in the case of the revelation of Chapter 12. in sincerely seeking their welfare. therefore. they will be subjected to the same destruction that befell those past nations that persisted in wrongdoing and error. from his birth to death. but. At the same time. because of their stubbornness.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind Sometimes the stories narrated have a definite didactic purpose. and not any human source or heresy. he would one day prevail.

and the magicians flung themselves prostrate. the Lord of Moses and Aaron’. And it behooves me to say nothing about Allah except what is true. who suckled her own son. I shall cut off your hands and feet on opposite sides. to surrender himself to God. Will you punish us just because we believed in the signs of our Lord when they came to us? Our Lord! Shower us with perseverance and cause us to die as those who have submitted to You’. Later. 28:12-13). ‘We shall surely return to our Lord.” “The y replied. ‘We believe in the Lord of the universe. seeks lawful provisions for himself and his children in the spirit of God’s worship. and when you see any danger for him. and they dubbed Moses (pbuh) as a sorcerer so as to refute his claim. 212 . and then crucify you all.” (Qur’an. But the actual outcome was quite the opposite. even if shown physical miracles. There he married. 28:7). who paid a stipend to his mother for this entire period. and thus prove that what Moses (pbuh) did was only magic and not miracles. and started a search for a nurse to feed the baby. and she might know that Allah’s promise was true. so he does deserve a reward from Allah (swt). Rather. 7:104-1 05). even for earning his own livelihood. although such a person works to earn a living for his children. the Pharaoh and his courtiers rejected them. But the magicians did. saying: “Suckle him. so that her e yes might be cooled and she might not grieve. place. as well as received her wages for the service. Moses’ sister watched the basket from a distance in a manner that (the enemies) did not notice (Qur’an. The Pharaoh and his men were defeated and put to shame. and time for a showdown with Moses (pbuh).’’ “The Pharaoh said. This shows that those who do not want to believe will not believe. he happened to kill a man belonging to his foes in defending an Israelite. On seeing this. gave him some miracles. But most people do not know this” (Qur’an. and fear not nor grieve. 7:118-125) These miracles of Moses (pbuh) were actually meant for the Pharaoh to believe in the prophethood of Moses (pbuh). Moses (pbuh) said to the Pharaoh: “O Pharaoh. so that their women should gradually pass into the hands of Copts. When Moses (pbuh) was born. God inspired the mother of Moses (pbuh). So you shall see. is just and upright in his dealings with others. Out of fear for his life in punishment of this murder. Moses’ sister said to them: “Shall I tell you of a house whose people will bring him up for you and will look after him well?” “Thus We restored Moses to his mother. which was on the riverbank. Then Moses (pbuh) and his brother Haroon both went to the Pharaoh. In a Hadith.” That is. but he did not.fledged Israelite at the entire expense of the Pharaoh. someone from the Pharaoh’s household picked up the basket with the baby. from his oppressive bondage. to release the Israelites. stayed for eight to ten years. and hence could not be overcome by magic. and he was raised emotionally and intellectually as a full. Moses (pbuh) secretly left for Midian. since he works honestly with a view to pleasing God. When the basket containing the baby passed the Pharaoh’s palace. and thus produce the Coptic instead of the Israelite race. and then returned to Egypt. Moses (pbuh) was sent to the Pharaoh to invite him to two things: first. hoping and expecting that his magicians would defeat Moses (pbuh). his signs manifested the might of God. and second. saying. and the Pharaoh and his wife (queen) decided to raise him. the Holy Prophet (pbuh) has said: “He who works to earn his livelihood and keeps in view Allah’s (swt) goodwill has a likeness with the Prophet Moses’ mother. There were many magicians in Egypt in those days. All the ladies brought by the Pharaoh’s household to nurse the baby were rejected by the child. and commanded him to go to the Pharaoh. ‘What! Do you believe before you have my permission? Surely this is a plot you have contrived to drive out the rulers from the capital. While he was on his way to Egypt with his family. I have come to you with a clear sign of having been sent from your Lord” (Qur’an. his community traditions.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind live. The sorcerers who had been assembled were not only defeated. cast him into the river [in a basket]. and thus he was not a Messenger of God. who were believers. It was a lovely baby. A good thing in this was that Moses grew up among his own people. for We shall restore him to you. God appointed him as His Messenger. and shall include him among the Messengers” (Qur’an. but they unanimously acknowledged that the signs displayed by Moses (pbuh) in support of his claim were not feats of magic. 28:11). to his surprise. When Moses (pbuh) showed the miracles. The Holy Qur’an describes the scene in the following words: “Thus was the truth established and their doings proved in vain. and his ancestral religion. the Lord of the universe. The Pharaoh invited the top magicians within the country and Moses (pbuh) on a certain date. I am a Messenger from the Lord of the universe. when Moses (pbuh) grew to maturity. and became fully aware of his family.

He will direct me. Jordan. they cried. his miracles. Likewise. nation. Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) described all the events in the life of Moses (pbuh) until his death. his descendants Suleiman (Solomon). and also the story of Prophet Noah (pbuh) before Abraham (pbuh). his life was a continuous tale of sacrifices and sufferings for Allah (swt). For these believers. My Lord is with me. they set out to the Red Sea in a caravan. Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) then talks about the progeny of the two sons of Abraham (pbuh). and each part became like the mass of a huge mountain. ‘We are certainly not. He left Iraq and went to Syria. the dedication of Mary by her mother to the service of God. Again. Daud (David). The message that each of them sought to preach was also the same. After revealing the story of Prophet Noah (pbuh) to Mohammed (pbuh) in Chapter 71 and Chapter 11:25-48 of the Qur’an. and settled his son Isaac (Ishaque) in Palestine. Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) spoke through Revelation about the important events in the life of Prophet Abraham (pbuh)—his encounter with the idol worshipers of his country. and many others. who spoke several languages and believed in several types of false gods. his mission in life. his persecution. preaching the message of Tawheed. Be. and encountering reactionary forces of his time in several parts of that area.” There were striking similarities between Mohammed (pbuh) and Noah (pbuh). “My servants. We also brought the other party close to the same spot. spreading what he believed and what was revealed to him. Palestine. his opposition by the Jews. In order that we may not forget it. He wants us to remember it all the time.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind After this encounter. Mohammed (pbuh) spoke of the birth of Mary. then. This caravan of migrants was pursued by the Pharaoh and his huge army. community. He walked long distances. traveling through vast tracts filled with dangers. had to embark on the exodus. It is difficult to imagine how he single-handedly performed this miracle in an alien land. the doubts and objections raised by the people of Mohammed (pbuh) with regard to his prophethood were the same 213 . dealing with various communities. and sacrificed the comforts of a settled life at home and became a traveling nomad—a man without home. a man without a country. After assembling at the appointed venue. all of them. Surely. but the Pharaoh and most of his people still did not believe.’ Moses said. his encounter with the king and his father. He is one of the greatest callers-towards-God. and left the place where he was born and raised. etc. and sacrificed his property and business.” (Qur’an. the good end is for the God-fearing. and then We drowned the others [the Pharaoh and his army]. relatives. and the destruction of his deniers with the greatest flood in the history of mankind. 26:63-66) After describing the exodus from Egypt. In an age of poor transportation. Similarly. Neither you nor your people knew about them before this. the birth of Jesus (pbuh) to Mary without a father. and Moses (pbuh) showed the Pharaoh and his people more miracles.’ There upon the sea split. God says: “We reveal to you this account of matters that are beyond the reach of human perception. There is no conceivable object of man’s love and attachment in the world that Abraham (pbuh) did not sacrifice for the sake of truth. there is no conceivable danger (which instinctively frightens man) that Abraham (pbuh) did not encounter for the sake of Allah (swt). ‘Strike the sea with your rod. ‘When the Israelites saw the sea infront of them and the Pharaoh’s approach from behind. including the Revelation of the Torah and some highlights of Moses’ message. Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) received the same treatment from his people as did Noah from his. This is through one of the most important yearly festivals of Eid-ul-Adha and the Haj or pilgrimage in the twelfth month of the Islamic calendar. These tremendous dawah activities of Abraham (pbuh) had demanded from him unmatched sacrifice. and his cousin Lot in Jordan. To continue his mission. Egypt. his miracles while in the cradle. “There is indeed an excellent example (model) for you in the life of Abraham and in the life of those who were with him” (Qur’an. that He made it commemorative until qiyama (last day). many things happened. Yaqoob (Jacob or Israel). the Qur’an uses the comprehensive term. but many different types of problems for him. patient. He made the arrangement to remind us every year on a large scale and in the most effective manner. ‘We are overtaken. would have certainly posed not only difficult.’ Then We revealed to Moses [commanding him]. and country. in the entire human race. The area covered under the dawah activities of Abraham (pbuh) is very vast. 60:4). through Revelation from God. his long struggle against his people. From the moment the truth was revealed to him until the moment he died. God finally appointed a night on which all the believers. and Arabia. and We delivered Moses and his companions. the Israelites stayed for a long time in Egypt. how he sacrificed the love of his parents. Likewise. He is the first known mahajar (emigrant) for the sake of Allah (swt) and for his faith. He settled his son Ishmail there at Makkah. he—with the help of his son Ishmail—reconstructed the first house for the worship of God on earth (originally constructed by Adam (pbuh) at Makkah in Arabia). both Israelites and non-Israelites. This example is so much loved by Allah (swt).

so would he and his companions. It is God’s law that the opponents of the truth seem to achieve some measure of success in the beginning. the fact was that Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) had not suddenly appeared among them as if from nowhere. The Qur’anic narration of the stories of the prophets makes it amply clear that the attitude of the nations to whom the prophets were sent had always been the same as that of the Makkans towards the Message of Mohammed (pbuh). that you [hold the kinsmen in awe while] you cast Allah behind your back? Surely. Thamud and Salih. The Quraish said similar things to Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). or such and such a monk. and who persist in their erroneous and evil ways. The only thing that prevented the Quraish from violently laying their hands on the Prophet (pbuh) was that his clan. Soon you will come to know who will be afflicted by a humiliating chastisement. 11:91). The import of the story. Similarly. But how could they fabricate such a stupid lie that would not even stand the test of critical scrutiny for a single day? How could they say that Mohammed (pbuh) had obtained all his information from this or that Jewish scholar. In response. in relation to the Quraish. such as Add and Hud. and who is proved a liar. has been the same. He was a resident of the same city. in turn. The implication is very clear. The Quraish were seething with enmity towards Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) and wanted to put an end to his life in much the same way as Shu’ayb’s (pbuh) people were inimical to him. Yunus (Jonah). namely utter destruction. the accounts of the various prophets and their people display the same striking resemblances. it would be immediately 214 . we see you weak in our midst. with courage and fortitude. too. 11:92-93). were bent upon proving that Mohammed (pbuh) was a false claimant of prophethood. The story of Shu’ayb (pbuh) is narrated here precisely because of the obvious resemblance it bears to the predicament of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). the disbelievers then showed little reluctance in inventing lies and false accusations. I shall also watch with you” (Qur’an. they should persevere. and the Makkans knew about each and every aspect of his life. For this reason. Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) talked about many earlier communities and prophets. no one from Makkah. Again. In this vicious campaign. was exactly the same as that of Prophet Mohammed (pbuh). my Lord encompasses all what you do.ISLAM: God’s Final Message to Mankind as those raised by Noah’s (pbuh) people several thousand years before. True. Prophet Mohammed’s (pbuh) vindication of his teaching in response to the Makkans is identical to similar attempts by other prophets to vindicate their teachings. exactly the same situation that occurred in the past among the people of Shu’ayb (pbuh) also occurred in Makkah at the time these verses were revealed. and Midian and Shuayb. And watch. stood firmly behind him. out of their God-fearing. therefore. what Mohammed (pbuh) said in response to the doubts and objections raised against him were exactly the same as what Noah had said. Thus the story of Shu’ayb (pbuh). At the same time. Were it not for your kinsmen. or the rest of the Arabian peninsula stood up to level the vile charge that is presently being made by Orientalists. they enjoyed the support of Jewish scholars and Christian monks who lived in various parts of Hijaz. This. and I will keep working [according to mine]. and the leaders of Makkah in particular. Likewise. Hashim. My people! Go on working according to your way. in all places and at all times. Hijaz. the Message of God’s Messengers has also been the same. Again. The people of Shu’ayb (pbuh) said to him: ‘O Shu’ayb! We do not understand much of what you say. when they were unable to identify a single person in that regard? For as soon as they mentioned anyone specifically. in their struggle for the cause of the truth. Shu’ayb (pbuh) made the following statement: “My people! Are my kinsmen mightier with you than Allah. when these proofs of his prophethood were presented with an open challenge to any detractors. At the time of the revelation of those verses. for you have no strength to overpower us” (Qur