Brief History of Hazrat Mohemmed (Saww) | Muhammad | Mecca


Brief History of Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) part-2

16 March, 624 A.D / 17 Ramadan-ul-Mubarak, 2nd Hijri: The battle of Badr was fought. Badr a valley lies 90 miles away to the south of Madina, where that battle took place, after the name of that valley (the battle front) the battle is to be known as “the battle of Badr”. It was the first major encounter with infidels and Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) led the 313 devotees. That was a milestone not only in the Islamic history but also in the world history, when a Small army of just three hundred Muslims defeated a strong force of more than one thousand infidels of Makkah. That was the battle in which Angles led by Gabriel (A.S) joined the Muslims. That was the battle in which notable chiefs of Quraysh and bitter enemies of Islam like Ut,ba, Shai,ba, Waleed, Umayyah and Abu-Jahl (father of ignorance, the worst enemy of Islam) were put to death by a small but an enthusiastic Muslim army. Abu-Jahl’s death was an exemplary event of that battle when he was put to death by two young boys of Madina, named Ma,uz and Ma,az. At the beginning of the battle Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) threw a handful of pebbles at the infidels of Makkah, saying: “Abased be those faces”. A later revelation of Quran said that: “It was not he, but Allah (swt) who threw” (8:17) Another secret of the victory of Muslim force lies in the fact that they fought as a disciplined body with an order of battle. To this the Quran says: “Allah (swt) loves those who fight in Allah’s (swt) way in ranks” (61:4) The Muslim casualties were fourteen, those of the infidels seventy among few bitter enemies of Islam were killed, the rest being held for ransom. The battle amounted to be an astonishing victory for the Muslims, and that gained them political credibility for their cause among other tribes and soon they emerged as one of the strong forces of the world. 624 A.D / 2nd Hijri: The fasting of the month of Ramadan was made mandatory on Muslims. The prophet (saww) recommended fasting as a spiritual discipline. February, 624 A.D / 2nd Hijri: During the prayer, Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) got the revelation of changing the direction of prayer from Jerusalem to Makkah and congregation followed the suit, so Makkah was declared as new Qiblah (Prayer Direction) for Muslims. The mosque where the Prophet turned towards Makkah during the prayers is now called Masjid-ul-Qiblatain (Mosque of the two prayer direction) 624 A.D / 2nd Hijri: Battle of Salim took place. 624 A.D / 2nd Hijri: Muslims got the felicity of celebrating Eid-ul-Fitar. At the mean time they got the divine order to pay the Fitrah (the Amount at the feast of fast breaking). It is Special alms (Zakat) called Zakat-ul-Fitr, it is consist of a measure of grain for every member of the household (or its equivalent in value) it is given directly to the poor. 624 A.D / 2nd Hijri: Zakat was made mandatory on Muslims. Term “Zakat” is taken to mean “purification” from the verb“Zaka” which signifies “to thrive”, “to be wholesome” and “to be pure”. The giving up of a portion of the wealth one may possess, in excess of what is needed for sustenance, to “purify” or legitimize what one retains. It is one of the five pillars of Islam and is in effect a tax on one’s possession. It may be paid directly to the poor as alms. 624 A.D / 2nd Hijri: Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) tied the knot of his beloved daughter Sayyida Fatima (RA) with his cousin Sayyidna Ali (RA). 624 A.D / 2nd Hijri: Battle of Bnu Qaynuqa took place. 624 A.D / 2nd Hijri:

625 A.D / 4th Hijri: Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) led the Muslims in the battle of Banu Nadeyr.D / 4th Hijri: Battle of Dat-ul-Raqa took place. Muslim force was routed and the prophet (saww) himself was wounded momentarily knocked unconscious.D / 4th Hijri: Battle of Dat-ul-Rajee took place. In this battle Sayyidna Hamzah (RA) b. thirsting to revenge her father and her kinsman killed at Bard. 625 A. 3rd Hijri: Battle of Uhud took place. had set her slave to this exploit with promises of reward. Infidels of Makkah were gathered there to avenge their defeat at Badr. leaving the Muslims only 700 strong.D / 6th Shawwal-ul-Mukarram. Hind.D / 3rd Hijri: Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) married Sayyida Zainab b.D / 4th Hijri: Wine was declared prohibited in Islam. The rumor of prophet’s death caused the infidels to withdraw thinking the battle won.D / 4th Hijri: Battle of Beir-e-Mauna took place. On the morning of the battle 300 men of Muslim force under Abdullah b. most of them abandoned their post.D / 5th Hijri: Battle of Banu Mustaliq took place. who had martyred in a battle. daughter of a slain chief of Quaish at Badr. She was the widow of Hazrat Khunays (RA). 624 A. Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) greatly mourned Sayyidna Hamzah (RA). She was known as the Umm-ulMasakin (the mother of the poor) for her generosity. 624 A. saw that the Muslims were wining.D / 4th Hijri: Battle of Badr-ul-Ukhra took place. a widow of Hazrat Ubaydah (RA).D / 5th Hijri: Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) led the Muslims in the battle of Daumat-ul-Jandal. 21 March. this left the way open for a counter-attack by a detachment of the infidels cavalry. When the infidels learned that the prophet had survived it was too late to launch a counter-attack. 625 A.D / 2nd Hijri: Battle of Behrain took place. 625 A. 625 A. the Muslims were close to victory when forty archers whom Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) had stationed on the hill to remain there and guard the flank. 625 A. 626 A. 626 A.D / 3rd Hijri: Battle of Hamar-ul-Asad took place.D / 2nd Hijri: Battle of Ghatafan took place. 626 A. 626 A.D / 5th Hijri: . who had martyred in the battle of Badr.D / 4th Hijri: Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) married Sayyida Umm-e-Salmah (RA) the widow of Hazrat Abu Salmah (RA). 626 A. 625 A.D / 3rd Hijri: Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) married Sayyida Hafsah (RA) the 21 year-old daughter of Sayyidna Umar (RA). who had martyred in the battle of Uhud. The ten Muslim archers who had remained faithful to their orders proved too small number to hold the cavalry and were cut down. was martyred speared by a slave named wahshi. Caught by the break through of the infidel’s cavalry. Abdul Muttalib an uncle of the prophet and one of Islam’s most formidable warriors. Uhud on the western outskirts of Madina is a hill with a plain stretching before it.Battle of Sawweq took place. She died not long after the marriage. Nevertheless. 625 A. Ubayy (the leader of the hypocrite’s faction in Madina) deserted the prophet as the troops rode out of the city. 625 A. Khuzaymah (RA). foremost of the martyrs of Uhud.

D / Dhu-ul-Qa. 627 A. the glad tiding of a manifest Victory was revealed which confirmed the prophet’s (saww) vision and sagacity: “Verily. Harith (RA). A Quranic revelation (48:27) declared the Prophet would pray at Makkah. Under the conditions of this treaty the prophet would be allowed to make the pilgrimage not then but in the following year. just outside the Haram (restricted precinct) Here Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) stopped and awaited the outcome of events when prevented from making the pilgrimage by the infidels of Makkah. about ten miles from Makkah. the prophet’s followers individually made a new oath of fealty to the prophets known as Bait-ur-Ridwan (the pact of felicity).D / 5th Hijri: Battle of Banu Quraiza took place. 628 A. few terms of that treaty were seemed completely against the Muslim’s interests but for the long run point of view. Jahash (RA). The testimony of faith declaring that there is no god but Allah (swt) and Mohemmed (saww) is the messenger of Allah (swt) rang out in the valley of Makkah.D / 5th Hijri: The order of observing Pardah (The covering of the head. a strong hitherto completely unknown to the Arabs but used by the Sassanid (people of Persia) it was Salman Farsi.D / 28th Shawwal-ul-Mukarram.D / 5th Hijri: Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) married Hazrat Zainab b. Though. By virtue of The Treaty of Hudaybiyyah. Afterwards. Army of the infields’ cavalry was stopped by the trench. who thus became allied to the prophet (saww). Sayyidna Mohemmed (saww) himself represented the absent Sayyidna Uthman (RA) by proxy in this oath. Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) ordered his devotees a defensive trench to be dug around Madina. who gave the idea to the prophet. Muadh. the trench took six days of feverish work to dig only a week before the attack. that those who were not free but subjects or dependents of the Quraysh and who defected from the pagans to the Muslim would be returned to the Quraysh by the Muslims. 23 March. At last the Quraysh abandoned the siege and left precipitously the most notable casualty on the Muslim side was Hazrat Saad b. they were in favor of Islam and prophet (saww) knew it. The Quraysh agreed to a truce. The desert tribes had seen the infidels of Makkah dealing . we have granted thee a manifest Victory” (48:1) Hudaybiyyah is a place on the road from Jeddah to Makkah. Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) performed the pilgrimage the following year. heard it. Makkah would be emptied for three days for the Muslim pilgrims. the Bannu-Ghatafan and Jews of Banu Nadir who had emigrated from Madina to Khyber. the infidels of Makkah had to agree to compromise with the Muslims. The Quraysh had made an alliance with certain desert tribes.D / 6th Hijri: Battle of Banu Liyhan took place. 627 A. 627 A. In this moment of peril. He set out to perform pilgrimage at Makkah with a party of about 1000 men unarmed and in Iharam (pilgrim dress). they attempted to cross the trench but not succeeded. whereas those who were subject to the Muslims and who defected from the Muslims to the Quraysh would not be returned by the Quraysh. March. many thought that he had been killed or captured and that all was lost. Sayyidna Uthman (RA) was sent to negotiate with infidels when he did not return at the expected time. “the peace of Hudaybiyah”. 6th Hijri: Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) signed the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah with infidels of Makkah. the attackers laid siege for two weeks. The Quraysh stopped the party at Hudaybiyyah. face and body by women in public) was revealed. dah. a portent of the coming triumph of Islam. The Quraysh camped on the hill of Abu Qubays. Other effects were equally far-reaching. the Persian. Sayyidna Uthman (RA) returned with some infidels. The peace also stipulated a truce for ten years. the divorced wife of his freed man Hazrat Zayd b.Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) married Sayyida Juwayriyyah b. 5th Hijri: Madina is besieged by infidels of Makkah: Battle of Khandaq (the Trench) also called Ahzab (War of the Confederates) took place.Harith (RA) daughter of the chief of the Banu Mustailq. 627 A. chief of one of the clans of the tribe of Aws. 627 A.

D / Muharram-ul-Haram. Qaisar (Heraclius) of Byzantium. they learnt that the Jews of Khayber were planning another attack on Madina to avenge their defeat. 628 A. died of poisoning. 628 A. and Hazrat Bilal (RA) called the prayer (Azan) from the top of the Kaaba. 628 A. Shamun (RA) entered the household of Hazrat Mohemmed (saww). and many turned to the new religion. the wife of a Jewish notable slain in the war of Khayber. 628 A. thus the Kalimah-e-Shahadah (the testimony of the faith) echoes in the valley of Makkah. Sayyida Safya (RA) accepted Islam and married the prophet on the return journey to Madina. 628 A. Shortly thereafter. 628 A. the Copt (RA) entered the household of Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) who was originally a slave-girl who was sent to the presence of Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) as gift from Muqawqis. 628 A. while the Quraysh watch and listen from the hill of Abu Qubays. 628 A. the Jews made a conspiracy against Muslims. 629 A.D / Dhu-ul-Qa.D / 6th Hijri: Sayyida Maria Qibtia.with the Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) as an equal and as a sovereign. 7th Hijri: Messengers are sent to Muqawaqis. May.D / 6th Hijri: Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) married Sayyida Umm-e-Habiba (RA) the daughter of Abu Sufyan. Their agents. where he died).D / 7th Hijri: Battle of Wadi-ul-Qura took place. 628 A. She was originally Jewish and came from Banu Quraiza. dah 7th Hijri: Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) with two thousand of his trusted followers performed Umra-tulQaza (pilgrimage) as agreed in the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah.D / 7th Hijri: Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) married Sayyida Safya (RA). Shortly after the Muslims returned from Hudaybiyyah. invited Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) and some of his companions to a meal in her house. To forestall these moves the Muslims marched on Khayber with sixteen hundred men and the Khayber fortress. reputed to be impregnable. According to the law of the time the whole Jewish community should have been held accountable for this treacherous crime and punished accordingly but Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) held his hand and only the guilty woman was punished. ruler of Egypt. were inciting other tribes as well. the seventeen-year-old widow of Kinanah. they planned to kill Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) and some of his companions.7th Hijri: Battle of Khayber took place. The food was poisoned. Kisra of Persia. April. Hazrat Bishr b. in the year 630 taking an incident between an allied tribe and the infidels of Makkah as a breach of the truce. As a result the Jewish citadels of Khayber were conquered. For implementing the conspiracy. The Muslims scrupulously observed the terms of the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah. it was reported.D / 7th Hijri: To avenge their defeat at Khayber.D / 7th Hijri: The group of Muslims who migrated to Syria returned to Makkah.D/30Muharram-ul-Haram. Bara. calling them to Islam. was stormed and conquered by Sayyidna Ali (RA) after a siege lasting twenty days. the leader of the Quraysh and widow of Ubayd (who had been converted to Christianity in Abyssinia. chief of the Jews of Khaybar who had been killed at Khaybar. even though they were now strong enough to dictate their own terms if they so desired. Sayyidna Ibrahim (RA) who died eighteen months after his birth. She bore Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) a son. Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) had barely tasted the food when he suspected treachery and stopped eating but one of his companions. and the growing strength of the Muslims became apparent. June. the rulers of the Yemen and others. 629 A.D / 6th Hijri: Sayyida Rehana b.D / 7th Hijri: . the Byzantine viceroy ruling the Copts in Egypt.D / 6th Hijri: Marriage with infidels declared forbidden through divine revelation. 628 A. Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) marched upon Makkah and conquered it. meeting almost no resistance.

" (17:81) Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) announced general pardon for everyone and said: “I have today abolished all customs and all rituals of the days of jahillya (ignorance) except that arrangements for the distribution of water to the pilgrimage from the holy well of zamzam (pure water) will continue as before. When they approached the end of their journey and Makkah was a few miles away. he hoped would not give battle once they knew that resistance was hopeless as always he was anxious to avoid unnecessary blood shed and so no blood was shed. A tribe allied to them attacked a tribe allied to the Muslims. Muslims were to be fed up of the infidels of Makkah and their patience worn out at last.D / 8th Hijri: Hazrat Khalid b. his greatness lies in the fact he won Makkah. They soon realized how hasty and unwise they had been and sent Abu Sufyan as their envoy to Madina to make amends. A large force was accordingly assembled and it marched towards the Makkah. O. Whoever enters the Kaaba shall be forgiven.D / 20 Ramadan-ul-Mubarak. He wrote to the infidels of Makkah and demanded the according to the term of the treaty they should either indemnify the aggrieved tribe for their losses or break their alliance with the aggressor tribe and let the Muslims deal with it as thought best.D /11 Shawwal-ul-Mukarram. The infidels of Makkah chose the latter and the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah was thus terminated. The infidels of Makkah gave in. So no resistance was seen then Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) entered in Makkah and conquered it without shedding a single drop of blood. 630 A.Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) married Sayyida Maymuna (RA) after the pilgrimage to Makkah. and accepted Islam. Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) was reciting these verses: "Truth has (now) arrived. 629 A. people of Quraysh! Take heed: Allah (swt) has destroyed your factionalism of the days of jahillya. Walid (RA) by the name of Saif-Ullah (the Sword of Allah) which then became his honorary title. decided to pull out this thorn from their side. his native city. and your pride in blood and lineage.” No one was forced to change his faith or made to accept the faith of the conquerors as preconditions for personal security. 630 A.” Thus the holy city of Makkah was now Hazrat Mohemmed’s (saww) undisputed domain. they halted and encamped for the night. Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) commanded that each group should light a bright fire to give the infidels an idea of their strength.D / 8th Hijri: Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) led the Muslim force in battle of Mauta. Walid (RA) and Hazrat Amr b. Adam. 12 January. She was the sister in law of Prophet’s uncle Hazrat Abbas. 1st February. The infidels of Makkah now violated one of the terms of the treaty. Alternatively they should terminate the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah. The aggrieved tribe brought their complaint to Hazrat Mohemmed (saww). The infidels. . The Kaaba was purified of idols by Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) himself. Immediately after the conquest of Makkah the Muslims fought a battle against the allied tribes of Hawazin and Thaqif at a point between Makkah and Taif. All men are equal. Whoever goes about his business unarmed shall go in peace. On that occasion. and a widow. causing much damage to life and property.Al-Aas (RA) embraced Islam. All are descended from the same ancestor. 8th Hijri: Battle of Hunain took place. For Falsehood is (by its nature) bound to perish. Every one was given quarter on one simple conditionpeaceful submission. That was the battle in which Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) addressed Hazrat Khalid b. and Falsehood perished. 8th Hijri: Treaty of Hudaybiyyah was nearly two years old. Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) ordered his devotees to march towards the Makkah. without any actual war or blood shed. And Adam was nothing but dust. When Abu Sufyan returned to Makkah he made the following proclamation on behalf of the prophet Mohemmed (saww) “Whoever takes refuge in the house of Abu Sufyan shall be forgiven Whoever remains indoors and keeps his door shut shall be forgiven. It was too late. their leader Abu Sufyan presented himself before Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) as their envoy. 629 A.

he mounted his camel and said: “O. 9 March. most Merciful. verily Allah (swt) has made inviolable for you each other’ blood and each other’s property.” Suddenly the tide of battle turned. people.D / 9th Hijri: Hazrat Mohammed (saww) sent Sayyidna Ali (RA) on a mission to Yemen.D / 9th Hijri: The Department for alms and charity was established. when tribes from all over Arabia accepted Islam.D/ 13 Shawwal-ul-Mukarram. 630 A.D / 10th Hijri: Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) set off for Makkah to perform the last Hajj. beware! Do not go astray after I am gone. 632 A.D / 9th Hijri: Tribes Hamadan. until you meet your lord. In his last sermon at Arafat. O. 10th Hijri: The “Farewell Pilgrimage” while delivering his last sermon at plain of Arafat to the multitude Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) received the final revelation of Quran. 8th Hijri: Battle of Taif took place. 27January. after this. but they availed you naught: the land. 630 A. even as he has made inviolable this. Be good to them. in this your land. people.D / 8th Hijri: Majority of the people of Hawazin tribe embraced Islam. 630 A. O. . Afterwards the revelation came: “Assuredly Allah (swt) did help you in many battle-fields and on the day of Hunain: Behold! Your great numbers elated you. So. nor ever address you again from this spot.D / 10th Hijri: Tribe Ghassan embraced Islam. 632 A. O.During the battle field Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) prayed: “Allah (swt)! I ask of thee thy promise.D / 9th Hijri: Hajj (the pilgrimage) that year was led by Sayyidna Abu Bakr (RA). 631 A. women have rights over you just as you have rights over them. Hajj was made obligatory for Muslims who are affluent enough. you may soon have to appear before your lord and answer for your deeds. people. Again will Allah. It was the last battle who led by Hazrat Mohemmed (saww). for all that it is wide. 9th Hijri: Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) led a military expedition to Tabuk in North Arabia. turn (in mercy) to whom He will: for Allah (swt) is Oft-forgiving.D / 9th Zilhaj. did constrain you. people. 631 A. O. 630 A. 630 A.D / 10th Hijri: Mohemmed’s (saww) son Ibrahim (RA) died at the age of eighteen months. But Allah (swt) did pour His calm on the Messenger and on the Believers. named Ibrahim (RA). no prophet or apostle will come after me and no new faith will be born. 632 A. 630 A.D / 9th Hijri: The beginning of the year of Deputation. listen carefully to my words for I may not be among you next year. your day. October.D / 9th Hijri: Usury was declared prohibited in Islam.D / Rajab-ul-Murajab. people. and ye turned back in retreat. and sent down forces which ye saw not: He punished the Unbelievers. 631 A. thus doth He reward those without Faith. 630 A. (9:25-27) The Muslim victory in this battle persuaded the desert tribes to accept Islam and shortly thereafter the rebel tribe of Taif also surrendered and entered Islam. 3rd February. in this your month. Banu Asad and Banu Abbas embraced Islam.D / 9th Hijri: Sayyida Maria Qibtiya (RA) bore Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) a son. 630 A.

” .” 632 A. Thou wast created free from all defects. Today I have perfected your religion for you. 632 A. and I have completed my blessing upon you. and give of your wealth in charity. Prophet (saww) by God! You have!” ThereuponHazrat Mohemmed (saww) lifted his fore-finger towards the heaven and then pointing towards people. 8 June. Do not oppress them nor usurp their rights. The expansion of his message (Islam) carried on. Rehmat-al-il-Aalameen (A mercy to the universe) Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) passed away at 63 (To Allah (swt)We belong. 632 A.” During the sermon of Arafat the last passage of Holy Quran was revealed: “Today the unbelievers have despaired of your religion. but fear you me. and to Him is our return) in the home of the favorite of his wives Sayyida Ayesha (RA). Sayyidna Hassan (RA) says: “No eye has ever seen a better person than thee. therefore fear them not. As if thou wast created as thou desired to be created. people. people. 11th Hijri: On one of the day of the month of Rabi-ul-Awwal. Mohemmed (saww) is the Messenger of Allah. feed your slaves as you feed yourselves. O. It was the last delegations who met him. (5:4-5) Thus Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) turned his blessed face to heaven and said: “My Lord! Have I delivered aright the Massage I was charged with and fulfilled my calling?” And the assembly responded with one voice: “Oh. 10th Hijri: Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) returned to Madina.D / 11th Hijri: Delegation from Nakaha came to meet Hazrat Mohemmed (saww). These couplets are the reflection of every Muslim. who recite as the foundation of their faith. its realm extended from Spain to India. when the sun was near its zenith. in 11th year of the Hijrah. 11th Hijri: Hazrat Mohemmed (saww) fell ill.D / 13th Zilhaj. the words: “There is no God but Allah. His companions and his followers kept his mission alive.” Hazrat Mohemmed’s (saww) bounty did not cease to flow and his blessed mission remained continue. fast during the month of Ramadan. listen to me in earnest! Worship your Allah. All Muslims.O.D / Rabi-ul-Awwal. Lord: Bear Thou witness unto it. None is higher than other unless he is higher in virtue. said: “O.D / 18th Safar-ul-Muzzaffar. Hazrat Mohemmed’s (saww) tomb in the mosque of Madina is venerated throughout Islam. within a hundred years. Hazrat Mohemmed’s (saww) grandson Sayyidna Hassan (RA) composed two couplets in a eulogy of his great grandfather. free or enslaved. Today it is found in every corner of the world. And none more handsome than thee was born to any woman. 632 A. and I have approved Islam for your religion. have the same responsibilities. say your prayers. and over one billion people are counted as Muslim.

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