POLICY ENGAGEMENT AND ADVOCACY TRAINING WORKSHOP FOR CIVIL SOCIETY ACTORS IN SENEGAL

WORKSHOP REPORT

           Venue:  Hotel  SAVANA,  DAKAR,  SENEGAL.     Date:  15  –  19,  March,  2010   Trainers:  Alhassan  Mohammed  and  Constant  Gnacadja

 
   

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Table  of  contents  
I.   INTRODUCTION  ...............................................................................................................................  3   2.  Training  Objectives  ..........................................................................................................................  3   2.  Opening  remarks  .............................................................................................................................  3   3.  Expected  outcomes  .........................................................................................................................  3   4.  Training  Methodology  .....................................................................................................................  3   5.  The  Participants   ...............................................................................................................................  3   a.   b.   II.   Content  of  the  training  ............................................................................................................  3   Table  of  contents   ....................................................................................................................    3  

UNDERSTANDING  THE  CONTEXT  AND  PREPARATIPON  OF  POLICY  ADVOCACY  ..............................  3  

III.        DEVELOPING  AND  STRUCTURING  A  COHERENT  POLICY  PAPER  ......................................................  7   IV.   DEVELOPMENT  OF  AN  ADVOCACY  PLAN  TARGET  USING  THE  ADVOCACY  PLANNING   FRAMEWORK  (APF)  ...............................................................................................................................  13   1.   2.   Words  associated  with  the  Term  “advocacy”  ...........................................................................  13   Defining  Advocacy  :  ...................................................................................................................  13  

V.   SUMMARIZING  THE  TRAINING  ONE  SINGLE  WORD,  AND  RECOMMENDATIONS  .........................  16   1.   2.   Summary  of  the  training  in  (1)  word  .........................................................................................  16   How  do  you  think  the  training  will  improve  your  work  ............................................................  16  

3.   What  are  the  steps  to  be  taken  in  order  to  enhance  the  quality  of  the  incoming  training   workshops?  .......................................................................................................................................  17   4.   5.   6.   How  to  consolidate  the  network  which  has  been  created?  ......................................................  18   What  suggestions  for  the  monitoring  of  this  workshop?  ..........................................................  18   What  is  the  Keyword  of  the  seminar?  .......................................................................................  18  

Workshop  Agenda   List  of  participants    

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Introduction The West Africa Civil Society Institute (WACSI) in collaboration with the Local Government and Public Service Reform Initiative, of the Open Society Institute (LGI-OSI) and the Open Society Initiative for West Africa (OSIWA) organized a Training workshop in Policy Engagement and Advocacy for civil society actors in Senegal from 15 – 19, March, 2010. Training Objectives The objectives of the policy engagement and advocacy trainings were: • • • • . Expected outcomes • The expected outcomes of the training are the following: • Understanding the context of advocacy • Ability to make policymakers prioritize dialogue and consultation • Having a good understanding of the training • Ability to carry out advocacy campaign • Ability to develop a good advocacy document • Assess the advocacy work done • Own tools and advocacy skills • Adapting to the African context • Creating interactive networks directed to authorities Training Methodology The training was a learner-centered interactive learning methods conducted not only through practical exercises but also by enabling participants to share their experiences. Trainees were asked to share personal experiences and their level of awareness regarding the training themes. The Participants The training workshop was attended by members of NGOs, CBOs, FBOs, Youth Groups and Women’s Networks. Content of the training The 5-day training consisted of 3 sessions, namely: • Understanding the context of policy advocacy and its development; • Developing and structuring a coherent policy paper; • Developing a targeted advocacy plan using an Advocacy Planning Framework (APF). UNDERSTANDING THE CONTEXT AND PREPARATIPON OF POLICY ADVOCACY This section will examine the contextual factors that shape policy advocacy campaigns and the content that position policy papers as communication tools used in the process of implementing policies. We will address the nature of policy advocacy in its context, the 3     To enhance CSO knowledge of public policy networks and processes; To increase CSO understanding of the policy environment in West Africa and potential entry points; To enhance CSOs ability to write and use evidence-based and targeted policy papers; To provide the platform for civil society actors across the region to form advocacy networks and build alliances.

approaches utilized for policy development and the various aspects of the community networks as a means of articulating policy documents. Finally, the different types of policy documents commonly used in the development of community policies, namely policy studies and policy briefs will be put in place. ACTIVITY 1 : What is a pertinent policy paper The objective of this activity was to bring out the key features of a policy document. Divided into groups, trainees did the exercise on the basis of buzz group works and the following key features were agreed upon with regard to the features of a pertinent policy paper: Group I • (international and national Contexts) • clearly-defined objectives • A coherent work plan • Short concise and relevant • A good formatting Group II • Consistency • Clarity • Relevance • Conciseness • Realistic Group III • Concise • Well presented • Understandable • Informative • consensual Group IV • Clarity • Consistency • Realistic • equity • Participative / prioritize consultation

ACTIVITY 2 : Defining policy advocacy The exercise consisted in reading out the 5 definitions of policy advocacy and highlighting the key points. The participants gave the following words / phrases: • To do or not do • To decide Needs, Concerns • Influencing the positions of governmental authority • Combination of key decisions • Public Issues To better illustrate the importance of a sound mastery of the context, the following diagram highlights the different stages that require a policy advocacy paper. It is materialized as under: Problem description

Policy Options

Implementation To better illustrate the importance of coordination in the process of implementing an advocacy policy, a role-play was organized. Game 1: the game consisted in a role play on a topic related to the sector of education; each participant took a role and performed. The objective was to critically analyze the scenario of 4    

policy advocacy. The aim was to highlight the positive and negative aspects of that scenario in order to educate each participant on the different aspects of group discussions. Feedback from participants: Negative aspects: • disorganized debate • Disorder • The authorities monopolize the floor • The minister takes decisions without taking into account the opinions of others • The Interest-driven alliance building • The discussion is not a dialogue but a polemic • The autocratic character of the minister who takes decisions without taking into account the opinions of others • The presence of non-technical partners • No final decision • Lack of debate facilitator • Interference • Lack of government solidarity / Minister of Finance who has not spoken Positives aspects: • Multi-actor Interaction • Great interest in the subject • The involvement of everyone (everyone sees itself as a stakeholder) Note: • Everything revolved around the Minister • The mechanism was not well-oiled • The key players were marginalized or marginalized themselves ACTIVITY 3 : Policy community Here, the assignment consisted in considering the policy community of education sector and plot the key aspects parts of the diagram: • Type of people / organizations • Means of communication • Interests and Values • Goals and Objectives Type of people / organizations
• local Elected officials • Technical and Financial Partners • NGOs • MPs • Teachers • Union • Employers’ associations • Association of pupils and students • Civil Society

Means of communication
• Training • Internet • media • Experience Sharing • Intranet • demonstrations, strikes • White Papers • sensitization • Memoranda

Interests and values
• Integrity • Equity • Equality • Commitment • Democratization of the system • Increased honesty and moral integrity • Ethics • Quality education • Access and

Goals and Objectives
*Strengthening the educational system • Promoting excellence at school • Influencing education policies • Easy access of underprivileged groups and women to education • Synergy and actions • preventing education

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• Opinion Leaders • PTAs • School Management Committee • Management Board • Ombudsman at the University • Church • Daraah (coranic schools) • Owners of private schools

• Computer Reports

maintenance

from privatization

An emphasis was placed on communication. In fact, it was pointed out that organizations and groups have different goals, values and interests, and therefore this brings about divergences of interests. But despite these differences the actors must be able to communicate efficiently to achieve goals. And that is why it is important that every actor integrates the following words in their vocabulary: To Negotiate- to Participate- to Federate- to raise-to Influence- to Homogenize- to Move- to Act-to Change-to praise- to Co-decide-to Align-to Budget- to Trigger-to Convince. ACTIVITY 4 : Purpose of the policy paper Here, the emphasis was placed on the importance of the core argument in the policy paper. According to learners the document should contain detailed and understandable arguments that make it possible to: Provide a decision-making tool to the authority in order to enable them to take actions; Enable the target-audience to better adjust to the environment; and Influence the authorities in order to raise a discussion around the relevance of our arguments

To illustrate this, the example of EU support was mentioned, the support to Serbia which is lower than in Bulgaria. In a policy paper we can use quantitative data and emotional events to bring the decision maker to buy in our advocacy. However, it is important not to overuse arguments for fear of confusing the policymaker. We must focus more on possible solutions that advocacy can help achieve if it is implemented. ACTIVITY 5 : Policy papers used in community policy advocacy A clear distinction must be made between a policy study and a policy brief. In this respect the differences between both documents were highlighted. To show the major differences, the specific features of each type of paper were mentioned in the table below:

• • • •

Policy study More sector-based Detailed and comprehensive document Designed for professionals knowledgeable about the issue addressed,

• • • •

Policy brief A lobbying tool Discuss mechanisms pragmatic approach Concise and accurate 6  

 

e.g. technicians of a Ministries, NGOs, civil • enables to empower and trigger public society actors debate • Intended for stakeholders directly or • Help in developing the work plan indirectly concerned, that is to say those who may intervene at the different stages • Meant for those who can make pressure for change DEVELOPING AND STRUCTURING A COHERENT POLICY PAPER The purpose of this section is to develop a vision around the initial objective and the characteristics of common structural elements in policy studies and policy briefs. Special emphasis will be laid on the full understanding of the key structural elements that are essential to the achievement of the objective of the policy paper, viz. the problem description, policy options, the conclusions and recommendations. Participants were given the opportunity to conduct a comparative analysis of the context, the purpose and the structure of a sample policy study and policy brief. The main training material used during the workshop was the guidebook entitled (LGI "Writing Effective Public Policy Paper). In the final part of this section, we will discuss different approaches to the structuring of policy documents in terms of efficiency in order to draw the attention of potential target-audiences and facilitate the delivery of desired messages.

Activity 7 : The structure of a policy paper This activity is meant to highlight the various components of the different parts of an advocacy paper. Trainees were required to highlight, for each part, the purpose, the content and the areas of interest: The key components of policy paper are: • Introduction • Problem Description • Policy Options • Conclusion and recommendations For each component, the following contents were defined: INTRODUCTION Purpose • Highlighting the objective of the study, which may encompass specific and general objectives Content • Presenting the context starting from the International environment to the National environment • Stating the problem • Presenting the methodology and the outline Other items • Defining key concepts

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PROBLEM DESCRIPTION Purpose • Convincing the reader that the core issue requires government action • Identifying, defining and explaining the nature of the problem Content • Problem Description • Actors • Conditions • Interests and Values • Results and impacts • Causes • Constraints • Conflicts • Roles and responsibilities Other items • Build a strong and persuasive argument relating to the problem addressed • Description of target audiences POLICY OPTIONS Purpose • Provide decision makers with a range of solutions to the problem defined (different options) • Choose an option that seems most relevant Content • • • • •

Have multiple scenarios (A, B, C plans etc...) Description of scenarios evaluation (advantages, disadvantages, monitoring) Comparison of different options Description of the option adopted and arguments

Other items • Propose mechanisms for implementation CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMANDATIONS Purpose • Summarize the main results and outline the means of action • Provide a clear and precise vision • Decision-making Tools • Call to Action Content • Summary of the core problem • Presentation of the highlights of the problem • Highlighting the main options • Present and explain the recommendations (roadmap) • Answering the question “how to implement the policy option” 8    

Other items • Clarity • Conciseness • Consistency • Logic • persuasion The trainers made clarifications and linkage on the logic existing between the sections. Actually, they indicated that different items correspond to the logic: 1 Problem: Why: Problem Description

2 Solution: What or which options: policy options

3 Implementation: How: Conclusions and recommendations It is equally important to point out that each stage needs to utilize a specific grammar tense in writing in the writing, which includes the following: • • • Past and present to describe the problem Future and conditional for policy options Future for the conclusions and recommendations

After the exercise the following comments were made on the different parts namely: Introduction: Regarding the addition of the ToR in this section by a trainee, it was clarified that a clear distinction should be made between the paper that binds the commissioning organization to the consultant (which must include the ToR) and the paper presented to the policymaker and which is meant to convince them. With regard to the entry point from the international to the national environments, participants pointed out that this was not a requirement of the advocacy paper which may have different entry points (e.g. thematic entry point) Problem Description In addition to using quite generic words the sections were not clear enough. The trainers stressed to the participants the need to contextualize the use of terms according to policy objectives. An important point was also added to this section the around the need to draw a clear dividing line between the past (remote causes) and present (current events) and give the options selected in the future. Hence the importance of the work plan in the policy paper which enables to better analyze and better consider the choice of a strategic solution. As a result the policy paper has been shaped after the kidney model. (They took the example of the tree was given to material the importance and correlation between the different stages).

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Policy Options At this level for each scenario, an appropriate decision must be proposed. Also it is important to conduct an analysis of each alternative in order to choose a better solution that will lead to the final decision. Conclusion and recommendations Special heed was paid to the role of the lessons and recommendations drawn from the document. By way of response, some clarification was given on the difference between the capitalization paper (which is the array of lessons learned) and the policy paper which a different purpose. Activity 7 : Academic and policy papers This exercise was meant to enable participants to better capture the difference between academic papers and policy papers. Thus for both types of papers the following characteristics were retained: (see table below) Categories Typical Perspective / author role Academic paper Evidence-based Objectivity Policy paper • Based on the realities, problems experienced • Action Research paper • Concise • Based on the facts • Reflects the practical problems of stakeholders • Explain the problem in order to achieve the degree of understanding of the reader • Discussion based on a societal problem of society meant to solve a given situation • Convince the technical and financial partners • Influencing political decision • Decision-making tools The paper focuses more on how issues affect society, it has a broader spectrum and borders on more population-oriented solutions

Focus

Centered on theoretical phenomena

Goal

Contribute to a theoretical debate, advance knowledge in certain disciplines. Advance academic careers reflections, questions or proposed changes to reflections / current theories

Outcomes Other items

Following the exercise the issue of the objectivity of the papers was raised by one participant: Participant Question: does it make sense to talk about objectivity or subjectivity of the two types of papers that have gone through an analysis. 10    

Answer: Both (2) papers are objective but the policy brief is intended to submit very punchy questions to decision makers in order for them to include them in their agenda. In this case objectivity is not the ultimate focus. Activity 8 : the process leading to policy making This activity is meant to bring out the arrangement of steps in policymaking process. Following this exercise the following policy cycle was agreed for the setting up of a good process leading to decision making. 1. Problem Definition 2. Defining policy alternatives 3. Selecting preferred alternative 4. Policy Design 5. Implementation and monitoring of policies 6. Evaluation The following questions were raised: Question: Why do you think this model of policy decision implementation process is called the "policy cycle" Answer: Participants answered that there is no end but rather a trend in a policy process. Questions: Does the policy cycle model reflect the general policy approach in your country Answer: • • • Example of the regulation of public procurement in Senegal Example of elections in Benin in dispute since 2008 The example of the Civil Forum where the cycle is not respected because of the lack of a B plan

Question: participants were asked to discuss the most important stages in the policy cycle. Answer: Participants confirm that all steps are important in the cycle, however, the participants argued that: • • • • The policy cycle includes step 1, 2, 3, 4 as key stages In Africa, organizations are usually successful at 1, 2, 3, 4 but they quite often fail at step 5 and 6, Step 2 and 3 are often neglected because of lack of time to properly conduct the debate and achieve consensus step 4 and 5 are most often seen as important because they involve the authority that imposes their views (head of state) in addition to step 6, which is often missed, the example of the review of electoral process in the DRC was given, i.e. the president did not listen to the civil society and went on to impose a new law. Besides, there is noncompliance with the policy cycle But some participants even say that step 1 is not respected, i.e. the definition of the problem which in turn affects all other stages. However there are examples of organizations that were successful in the whole process (e.g. the agricultural sector in Senegal)

• •

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Some people insisted that although NGOs are generally acutely aware of the necessity to conduct evaluation, however it would be beneficial to incorporate other steps of the cycle in a fundamental way.

Exercise: Each group worked on a model of policy paper, a detailed and critical analysis will be conducted in order to achieve a synoptic sheet. The papers deal with the following thematic areas: Theme 1: The reform of performance management program in Lithuania: Towards result-oriented governance Topic 2: Togo: The challenges of a presidential election: change or continuity the following remarks were made on the two themes:
Lithuania General observations • Paper not easily accessible and targeting a clearly defined audience • Too much scientific data that are sometimes confusing • Simple • Accessible • Concise Togo

Understanding issues This is a reform meant to build a more structured After the death of the Togolese president, a program of good governance, which better meet consultation process was established to the standards and which could serve as a depolarize the country the son of late president baseline to other countries seeking to generate wants to monopolize. enhanced efficiency and effectiveness in management. The objective is to develop This document is at step 5 of the process marketing tools that can be used to boost the namely: the implementation and monitoring of administration. policies This document is at step 5 of the process namely: the implementation and monitoring of policies Format of the paper • Lack of reference • Lack of bibliography • the paper is built around only one argument strengths of the 2 documents in terms of contents • Consistent process • More concise paper • evidence-based Paper • well-structured paper • Compliance with policy advocacy implementation process • targeting problem solving • Less scientific data • More concise • Simplification of writing language Targets • targeting public opinion Further development paths

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Note: The objectives and goals of both papers are different and that is why it is difficult to compare both paper backgrounds. So the two (2) papers can be used in kidney 1 and 2 where advocacy work is triggered. DEVELOPMENT OF AN ADVOCACY PLAN TARGET USING THE ADVOCACY PLANNING FRAMEWORK (APF) The purpose of this section is to examine the key elements to developing an advocacy plan in order to maximize chances to influence policies. This section begins by defining the concept of advocacy in a policy context and policy analysis of the different roles that policy stakeholders choose to play in their policy advocacy processes or plan to play in their own advocacy process. After this step, the Advocacy Planning Framework will introduce the main components of the planning for a targeted awareness-raising campaign. Participants will be given the opportunity to use or apply this tool in advocacy planning based on case studies. Finally, we will analyze the approaches for developing persuasive advocacy messages directed towards targeted stakeholders. All the most important issues that must be addressed in planning an effective advocacy campaign are taken into account as a resource for participants. Activity 10 : Advocacy : definition, concepts, actors and roles This activity requires each (i) participant to give a word they associate with the term advocacy and then (ii) each group will give a definition of the term advocacy. 1. Words associated with the Term “advocacy” Stakeholders-strategies-target-solution-lobbying- toconvince-network-influence-negotiationcommunication-agrument-policymakers-to persuade-orientation-evaluation-engagementproblem-agenda-issues- policy options-consensus-draft-to decide-interest 2. Defining Advocacy: Definition 1: It is a strategy that consists in including an issue in the agenda and mobilizing actors to lead policymakers into taking a decision in the desired direction. Definition 2: A paper that enables to defend a case through a convincing argument in order to achieve the implementation of recommendations in the desired direction. Definition 3: A strategy meant to bring the political authorities to take actions in order to solve a given problem. Definition 4: A political process led by an actor or a group of actors with the aim of convincing an actor or a politician to achieve changes in a given political issue. Definition 5: A group of actors who actively advocate a stance based on strategies and solutions meant to influence, to persuade policy makers and other stakeholders to act in the desired direction. Question: What are the words to remember from the definitions? • Advocacy • Counseling • Lobbying • Commitment • Campaign • Dissemination After that, the following definitions were selected namely: 13    

Definition 1: A strategy that influences action, policy change (at any stage of the process) Definition 2: Primary audience of policymakers Definition 3: A deliberate persuasive communication Process (goal: to act) Definition 4: A request for support and commitment by force Definition 5: Process led by organized groups of citizens Besides, a discussion focused on the importance of developing effective advocacy policies and communication tools. In fact, the participants argued that the process is not a linear oneway transfer but a two-way process including mediation and negotiation which require time and commitment. a. This exercise consisted in justifying the approaches of the three organizations below in their advocacy work: • Africa Center for economic Research • International Crisis Group • Coalition for legislation against domestic violence in Ghana (DV Coalition)

African Center for economic Research • Capacity Building • Report Preparation and Analysis • Policy Studies • Seminars • Technical assistance • Advocacy, lobbying, counseling • opinion polls

International Crisis Group • Direct Mediation • Lobbying • Diplomacy • networking

Coalition for legislation against domestic violence in Ghana (DV Coalition) • Organization of Conference, demonstrations • Lobbying • Dissemination • Media Campaign • Networking • Diplomacy

b. What are the tools the different organizations utilize to get the message through African Center for economic Research • Counseling • Media Campaign • Lobbying International Crisis Group • • • Counseling Media Campaign cooperation Coalition for legislation against domestic violence in Ghana (DV Coalition) Media Campaign • Lobbying • Engagement

Note: The organizations get involved and choose their tools based on their mission, their capacity and above all, it should be pointed out that any option is a risk in itself for the future of their organization; therefore it is important to always cautiously blend these different tools in order to reach their target.

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Activity 11 : Introducing the Advocacy Planning Framework (APF) Here, it is about conducting a thorough analysis of a text relating to the Advocacy planning framework. Group I: 1. Importance of the context (approach to avoid and recommendations, best way to convince) 2. Advocacy Planning Framework • Defining the overall framework of the process (different stages) • The way into the process • The reliability of the messenger • The content of the message (short, compelling, clear, succinct, persuasive) 3. Identifying leverages (dissemination channel) Group II: 1. Ensure that the issue is a topical one 2. See the main actors and apply for audiences 3. Opening and timing; negotiate deadlines with different actors, stakeholders in order to boost policy advocacy process Group III: 1. The messenger is equally as important as the message 2. Need for resources (human and financial), credibility, visibility and / or support 3. Legitimacy is the key to everything Group IV: 1 Preparation and transmission of the message 2 Document format and key target policies 3 Two-way negotiation process (Advocacy) Note: It is important to note that the context is essential in a policy paper. In effect it influences the development, politics, He is key since the questions if they are well made they have the same answers. Activity 12 : Constructing a persuasive message for your target audience Exercise X: for each group this exercise consists in highlighting the key / priority elements in developing a policy advocacy. The steps are the following: 1. Have a clear objective 2. Knowing the process 3. Knowing the audience, its perspectives and interests 4. Present the most gripping evidences 5. Keep the paper Simple 6. Strive to win the adhesion of the target audience to the research content 7. Maintain the paper digest and plausible Exercise: What are the characteristics of a policy paper? 1. Well-defined goal and determining what are the incoming activities, hence the need to establish SMART goals 2. Having a good knowledge, i.e. knowing what strategies and methods to use 15    

3. Know the needs 4. Having reliable arguments Exercise: This exercise consists in choosing a specific topic and highlighting the key components of a policy paper Group I: Reduced cost of rent at 50% in Senegal Group II: Introducing citizenship education in the educational curriculums in Africa Group II: Relocation and resettlement of flood victims in Senegal Group IV: Guarantee access to drinking water in Senegal to sum up participants agreed on the following features as essential to any policy paper: - Irrefutable Evidence - well structured and logical Argument - Prospective sustained - gripping - interpellant - Convincing - Pertinent I. SUMMARIZING THE TRAINING ONE SINGLE WORD, AND RECOMMENDATIONS

1. Summary of the training in (1) word This is a summary of the Training in one (1) word. Participants came up with the following words: • Interesting • Informative • Opportune • Informative • Dynamic • Empowering • Interactive • Participatory • Welcome • Formidable • Useful • Rich • Enriching • Innovative

2. How do you think the training will improve your work It is about trying to define how training will contribute to the improvement of the participants' work; the different opinions collected include the following:

Thanks  to  the  training,  we  have  better  knowledge  of  the  contents  of  a  policy  advocacy  paper   which  will  also  help  us  correct  the  previous  shortcomings  and  future  ones.  In  addition  to  the   methodological  approach  was  very  participatory  and  interactive  as  it  enabled  them  to  bring   out  deep-­‐hidden  knowledge  in  their  minds.  

I  work  in  an  anti  HIV/AIDS  and  drug  control  organization.  And  since  we  deal  with  issues  relating   to   the   youths,   this   training   will   definitely   help   me   consolidate   our   achievements   in   order   to   produce  good  quality  to  produce  quality  policy  papers  that  draw  the  attention  of  policymakers   around  so  topical  an  issue.   16    

This  workshop  is  of  paramount  importance  for  Transparency  International  which  intervenes  in   the  field  of  corruption  and  good  governance.  This  will  enable  us  to  develop  action  plans  to   further  develop  our  policy  advocacy  papers.  

I  work  at  Enda  Diapol;  our  work  consists  in  helping  political  actors  to  better  equip  themselves.   This  workshop  allows  us  to  better  control  the  environment  to  develop  good  policy  paper.     For  us  this  workshop  is  a  "password"  to  carrying  out  advocacy  work  that  our  organizations  are   currently  implementing  to  curb  immigration  using  budget  and  to  finance  the  fight  against   immigration.  

This  workshop  will  allow  them  to  change  the  procedure  of  drafting  policy  papers  to  be   implemented,  since  that  procedure  is  very  poor  in  terms  of  content.  

The  selection  the  panel  of  participants  from  diverse  backgrounds  has  helped  enhance  the  level   of  the  training  thanks  to  the  various  contributions.  Also,  efficient  approach,  models  of   advocacy  materials  and  methodology  were  very  fruitful  in  addition  to  the  fact  that  the  trainers   were  very  open  and  available.  

I  work  at  FAWE.  And  we  are  campaigning  on  the  issue  of  girls’  education.  The  training  has   taught  me  much;  in  addition  it  was  a  good  drill  exercise,  as  it  enabled  me  to  know  the   shortcomings  of  the  policy  papers  that  we  produced  in  the  past.  It  paves  the  way  for  the   enhancement  of  our  incoming  policy  papers.  

3. What are the steps to be taken in order to enhance the quality of the incoming training workshops? This section is intended to gather suggestions from participants with regard to the improvement of incoming workshops, the following suggestions were made: • The translation of training materials needs to be reviewed, especially as regards the instructions for the exercises. • The time dedicated to practical exercise for the production of a policy paper was relatively short and so it needs to be extended as well as the time dedicated to other sections. • Training materials should be sent to participants prior to training session in order for them to take good ownership of it. • Blanks must be provided in the materials so that participants could jot down some ideas for the constant refinement of the materials. • Specific sessions should be dedicated to practical exercises. • The document should be continuously corrected during the course of training. 17    

• •

Teaching groups to have a common understanding of a word or phrase. Send the PowerPoint training materials to participants at the end of training so that they can continuously improve it.

4. How to consolidate the network which has been created? This was intended to consolidate the network that was formed during the training in order to facilitate further exchanges and interactions among the different participants in the ultimate goal of creating a dynamic network at the end of this workshop. • Appoint one or two persons to send reminders to all participants through the mailing group. Setting up a platform bringing together all participants in the training in the different countries (Accra, Monrovia, Abuja) so that they can better discuss the issue of advocacy by sharing experiences.

A mailing group has been created to bring together all participants in the training www.policyadvocacywest africa@googlegroup.com 5. What suggestions for the monitoring of this workshop? • To better monitor the outcomes of this workshop it would be interesting to focus on target groups namely local governments and disseminate training outcomes in local languages (cross-border languages) and train dissemination agents in this end. • WACSI could accompany initial steps of this initiative for a better dissemination of training outcomes. • WACSI could help them enhance their knowledge of the area of advocacy in order for participants to become trainers who will in turn disseminate the theme. • Organize a seminar bringing together key players from other countries that have benefitted from the training in order to better discuss the issue of advocacy in Africa.

6. What is the Keyword of the seminar? Like in the other countries where similar training has already been conducted, participants pointed elected one Keyword to qualify the whole workshop. Accra: Captivating Abuja: Political science Monrovia: Detailed/global Dakar: Interpolative In her closing remarks, Ms. Lara commended the trainers, OSIWA, WACSI, the participants for so great an achievement. The session ended with the presentation of certificates to participants by Mrs. Lara from WACSI and LISA Quinn and Oéin both from LGI.

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PROGRAMME DE LA FORMATION   L’ENGAGEMENT  DE  POLITIQUE  ET  DE  PLAIDOYER  POUR  LES  ACTEURS  DE  LA  SOCIETE  CIVILE  LA  SOCIETE  CIVILE   EN  COTE  D’IVOIRE   ET  EN  GUINEE       DATE:  AVRIL  26  -­‐  30,  2010   LIEU:  HOTEL  BELLECOTE,  ABIDJAN,  COTE  D’IVOIRE   AVRIL  26,  2010     HORAIRE             9:00  –  10:00       10:00  -­‐  11:30     12:00  –  2:00     8:30  –  9:00     CEREMONIE  D’OUVERTURE    MESSAGE  DE  BIENVENU     PREMIERE  SESSION     DEUXIEME SESSION
 

ACTIVITE ENREGISTREMENT    

PERSONNES   RESOURCES

WACSI   OSIWA   LGI-­‐OSI     FORMATEURS     FORMATEURS  

11:30  -­‐  12:00                                                                                                                                                                  PAUSE  CAFÉ   1    

02:00  -­‐  03:30                                                                                                                                                            DEJEUNER     TROISIEME SESSION     03:30  -­‐  05:30   05:30  –    06:00                                                                                                                                                                PAUSE CAFÉ 2         Du  27  au  30  AVRIL,  2010     HORAIRES       8:30  –  10:30       11:00  -­‐  01:00   ACTIVITE   PREMIERE  SESSION  

FORMATEURS  

PERSONNES   RESOURCES   FORMATEURS  

10:30  -­‐  11:00                                                                                                                                                            PAUSE  CAFÉ   1         DEUXIEME  SESSION   FORMATEURS  

01:00  -­‐  02:30                                                                                                                                                            DEJEUNER         02:30  -­‐  04:30   TROISIEME  SESSION    04.30  –  05.00                                                                                                                                                                PAUSE  CAFÉ   2     *  FORMATEURS   Ms  Antoinette  Lucky  Mbruo   Mr.  Constant  Gnacadja    

FORMATEURS  

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CEREM ONIE D OUVERTURE   L’ENGAGEMENT  DE  POLITIQUE  ET  DE  PLAIDOYER  POUR  LES  ACTEURS  DE  LA  SOCIETE  CIVILE  LA  SOCIETE  CIVILE   EN  COTE  D’IVOIRE   ET  EN  GUINEE     DATE:  AVRIL  26  -­‐  30,  2010   LIEU:  HOTEL  BELLECOTE,  ABIDJAN,  COTE  D’IVOIRE   AVRIL  26,  2010     Programme     1. Messages  de  bienvenu:   − Ms.  Omolara  Balogun,  Chargee  de  plaidoyer  de  politique,  L’Institut  Ouest  Africain  de  la  Société  Civile   (WACSI),  Accra,  Ghana.   − Ms.  Lisa  Quinn,  Chargee  de  formation/  facilitatrice  de  l’Initiative  de  la  Réforme  de  la  Fonction  Publique   et  de  l’Administration  Locale  de  l’Institut  de  la  Société  Libre  (LG  I-­‐OSI)     2. Presentation  des  formateurs   − Ms.  Antoinette  Lucky  Mbruo,  Togolaise   − Mr.Constant  Gnacadja,  Beninois     3. Photo  de  groupe     4. Remarques  de  fin  

 

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