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Prepaid Electricity Meter
Ankit Chandak Yen-Chia Huang Pattaramon Vuttipittayamongkol
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
February 9, 2011
Introduction Title: Prepaid Electricity Meter Our team is building a prepaid electricity meter that will be able to conduct money transactions through wireless technology in order to enable the user to recharge his account from home. the user has to go to a nearby re-seller to buy a recharge coupon/key to recharge his account. Warn the user of low account balance by flashing an LED 5. The meter will display the current balance in units of electricity and in dollars and will sound an alarm when the balance goes below a certain amount. 3. However. it will help utility companies in keeping a check on electricity theft. Also. Communicate with the utility company to: Let the user recharge his electricity account from the meter Using a previously used card Using a new card Update rates for electricity as and when required Perform a daily/hourly verification of electricity consumption 4. Cut power off when there is zero credit on the account. Prepaid meters are already present in the market and are used extensively in several African and European countries. we would like our meter to be able to do the following things: 1. 2. . providing an increased energy security. Display real time account balance. We think that our meter will make lives easier by eliminating the need to go outside to recharge one’s electricity account. Measure electricity consumption accurately. interface an LCD display as well as a keypad with the central microcontroller unit and implement a transceiver module in our system. Objective Upon completion. In order to complete the afore mentioned tasks. we plan to make accurate power measurements.I.
The display will also show the current electricity rate. The customer can use a different card every time. Our product will have the following features: Wireless capabilities to recharge the account from home. LCD to display real time account balance and the current electricity rate. it will help reduce electricity theft. our product will benefit the end customer as well as the electric utility in the following ways: The customer can recharge his account wirelessly from his home. the user can cut down on consumption when the rate is high. Provision of a keypad to recharge the account from a different card every time. The utility companies will have a better idea of electricity demand.An electricity meter provides an interface between the utility and the customer. He will not have to worry about his default credit card already been maxed out. . Since electricity rates vary throughout the day. so they will no longer have to deal with late payments or non-paying customers. LED to warn the user of low account balance. Successfully implemented. The device will show the remaining balance so that the user knows how much he has consumed and can plan ahead to not overuse the budget and know when he needs to refill the account. Since the meter will send daily/hourly consumption data to the utility company. This will help them to plan ahead. The utility companies would be able to collect the expenses from customers in advance.\ Automatic shut-down feature once the account balance is zero.
II. Design Block Diagram Electricity Company Meter Power Measurement Transceiver Module Micro-controller Keypad LCD Load .
The transceiver will also send daily/hourly usage data to the electric utility to help it keep a check on electricity theft. 2. It will also be used for recharging the account. Transceiver: The transceiver module will provide a mode of communication between the meter and the electric utility. Performance Requirements Performance requirements for the meter are as follows: 1. The LCD along with the keypad will provide an interface between the meter and the user or in other words. It goes without saying that accurate power measurement is at the core of any electricity meter. 4. 5. 6. This will help prevent any discrepancies in the event of a transaction. The meter should be sturdy and resistant to normal wear and tear. CPU: The central processing unit will consist of a microcontroller and will be responsible for coordinating between different modules of the system. with the help of an ADC. It will also receive hourly electricity rates from the utility in order for the CPU to correctly asses the current account balance. It has to withstand temperature from -20℃ to 50℃ and has to last for about 10 years. The keypad should have a lifetime as long as the meter itself. the utility and the user. It will also receive input from the keypad in order to send transaction details to the electric utility through the transceiver. Power Measurement: The power measurement block will measure the single phase AC power being used by the customer and. The time lag between power measurement and display should be of the order of a few seconds.000. . The LCD should have a lifetime of at least 10 years~100. convert the readings into a digital signal before sending it to the CPU for further processing. Power measurements have to be accurate with errors <1%. The transceiver should be able to able to provide glitch-free communication.000 hours. 3. It will send and receive transaction details in order to recharge the customer’s account. and calculate and update the account balance on the display. The CPU will receive readings from the power measurement block and the electricity rate from the transceiver. The number of presses before failure for a key should be greater than 10. Keypad: The keypad will be used to key in credit card numbers and other details required to complete a wireless transaction for recharging the account.Block Description LCD: The primary function of the display will be to show the real time account balance along with the present rate of electricity.
There shouldn’t be a disruption in service during the process of recharging. . The process of recharging one’s account should be seamless.7.
. Transceiver performance will be verified by taking the device far away from the receiver. Tolerance Analysis Transceiver performance will be the key to top quality device performance. We will test our transceiver in as many different weather conditions as possible and also under as much noise as possible to specify the device performance characteristics. Accuracy in power measurement will be checked by verifying the readings produced by our power IC against a wattmeter connected parallel to the system. the important task will be to interface the different modules together and ensure that the device functions smoothly. However. Lifetime related performance issues will be tested by keeping the device in the ON state as long as possible.III. Verification Testing Procedures The high modularity of our design and the relative independence of each module make it possible to test each module individually. operating devices towards the higher end of their operating range and observing changes in the performance. especially towards the interior of buildings where wireless signal reception is known to be poor. the transceiver will have to communicate under various weather conditions and also under distance constraints. by entering garbage values into the system. Seamlessness of the system will be tested manually like. In order for the device to be used commercially.
5) ($) 20000 20000 20000 60000 Total cost = Parts + Labor = $60.) 40 40 40 # of Hours 200 200 200 Cost of Labor (Salary*hrs.066 . Cost and Schedule Cost Analysis Part Micro-controller LCD Transceiver Power Measurement IC Keypad LED Cost/Unit ($) 10 10 30 5 10 1 Quantity 1 1 1 1 1 1 Total 10 10 30 5 10 1 66 Labor Name Ankit Chandak Pattaramon Vuttipittayamongkol Yen-Chia Huang Salary ($/hr.*2.IV.
Individual study. Progress reports. Parts ordered. Circuit construction. Demo. Micro-controller debugging Finish micro-co controller programming. Device testing begins. Pat. Yen Pat Pat Yen Pat Ankit Ankit Pat Ankit Pat Yen Pat Ankit 3 (2/21) 4 (2/28) 5 (3/7) 6 (3/14) 7 (3/21) 8 (3/28) 9 (4/4) 10 (4/11) 11 (4/18) 12 (4/25) 13 (5/2) . Members Ankit Ankit Ankit. Device testing. Presentation.Schedule Week 1 (2/7) 2 (2/14) Tasks Proposal Division of modules. Yen Pat. Start micro-controller programming. Prepare for demo. Yen Ankit Pat Ankit Yen Ankit Ankit Yen Pat Ankit. Pat. Prepare for demo and presentation. Device testing. Circuit prototyping. Circuit debugging. PCB design. Prepare for mock-up demo. Circuit debugging. Design review. Mock-up demo. Final Paper. Submit final PCB design. Spring break.
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