PART 3 (5x1=5 marks) Listen to two travel guides about famous London landmarks. For questions 1-6, choose the best option a, b or c, as in the example (0-a). You will hear the recording TWICE.


0. Sir Winston Churchill’s statue: a. is in Parliament Square b. was donated by his widow c. was revealed/uncovered by Ivor Robert Jones 1. a. b. c. 2. a. b. c. He had chosen the site himself: 20 years after the 2nd World War 20 years before its construction in the 1920s Sir Winston Churchill was: direct and frank had no sense of humour indirect

4. The steel walkways: a. can be reached by stairs b. connect the bridge with the mainland c. were open to pedestrians 5. You can admire the Tower Bridge’s: a. good quality rock and stone exterior b. steel framework c. wooden structure 6. a. b. c. The nº 78 bus: escaped a near accident was carrying wedding guests was empty

3. The Tower Bridge bascules were originally operated by: a. electricity engines b. petrol engines c. vapour engines

Your answer s Key

0 C 0 C







1 B

2 A

3 C

4 C

5 A

6 A



Tapescript for London guides Parliament Square was created in 1868 in order to provide the new Palace of Westminster with an open aspect to the North. The statue in the nearest corner of the square is of Sir Winston Churchill. Designed by Ivor Robert Jones, it was unveiled by Churchill’s widow, Clementine on November 1st 1973. It is said that the former prime minister selected the site for the statue when plans were drawn up for the re-development of the square some 20 ears previously. Churchill faces the Parmiament where he served his country with such distinction. Sir Winston Churchill led Britain’s coalition government throughout the 2nd World War. He summarised his account of the war with the words: in war – resolution, in defeat – defiance, in victory – magnanimity, in peace – goodwill. Churchill had a sharp wit and could speak bluntly. When a fellow member of Parliament Bessie Bradock told him he was drunk, Churchill was alleged to have replied: “ and you madam are ugly, but I shall be sober in the morning.” Tower Bridge, measuring 244metres, 800 feet long was opened in 1894. The hydraulic ramps or bascules, were originally raised and lowered by huge steam pumping engines but are now powered by oil and electricity. The two 65 metre, 213 feet towers are connected by steel walkways 43 metres or 142 feet above the river. Reached by lifts, they were intended to enable pedestrians to continue unimpeded even when the bascules were raised. Londoners however, preferred to wait and watch the ships pass so they were under-utilised leading to their closure in 1910. The look of the bridge is enhanced by the granite and Portland stone cladding which conceals the steel framework. Tower Bridge has been the centre of some hairy incidents down the years. On the evening of December 30th 1952, Albert Gunther just averted disaster. Albert was driving his heavily laden nº 78 bus across the bridge when he realised that the bascule he was on was beginning to rise. Quick- thinking Albert slammed his foot on the accelerator generating enough momentum to jump across the gap before his bus down slammed down on its chassis on the other side. Thankfully, there were no fatalities though, some of the passengers were injured. One of them, Mary Walshore insisted that Albert be the best man at her wedding shortly after the incident.