Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Period Coronation Full Name Birthplace Predecessor Successor
Growth of the Ottoman Empire 1512 Imtiaze Shamim Amasya Bayezid II Suleiman I
Royal House House of Osman Dynasty Father Ottoman Dynasty Bayezid II
Selim I, Yavuz Sultân Selim Khan, Hâdim-ül Haramain-ish Sharifain (Servant of the Holy Cities of Mecca and Medina) (Ottoman Turkish: ,ﺳﻠﻴﻢ ﺍﻭّﻝModern Turkish: I.Selim), nicknamed Yavuz "the Stern" or "the Steadfast", but often rendered in English as "the Grim" (October 10, 1465/1466/1470 – September 22, 1520), was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1512 to 1520. His reign is notable for the enormous expansion of the Empire, particularly his conquest between 1516-1517 of the entire Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt, which included all of Sham, Hejaz, and Egypt itself. With the heart of the Arab World now under their control, the Ottomans became the dominant power in the region, and in the Islamic world. Upon conquering Egypt, Selim took the title of Caliph of Islam, being the first Ottoman sultan to so do. He was also granted the title of "Khâdim ül Haramain ish Sharifain" (Servant of the Holy Cities of Mecca and Medina), by the Sharif of Mecca on 1517. Selim's reign represented a sudden change in the expansion policy of the empire, which was working mostly against the West and the Beyliks before his reign. On the eve of his death in 1520, the Ottoman Empire spanned almost 1 billion acres (trebling during Selim's reign).
According to another theory. Anvers. He was skilled in politics and was said to be fond of fighting. Selim dethroned his father Bayezid II (1481–1512) in 1512. updated from the 1570 edition. and between Selim himself and his brother Ahmet. the eleventh ruler of the Dulkadirids centered around Elbistan in Kahramanmaraş.
Sultan Selim Khan is young. who had never acquired the title of Valide Khātûn since she had died before Selim’s accession to the Ottoman throne. This fratricidal policy was motivated by bouts of civil strife that had been sparked by the antagonism between Selim’s father Beyazid and his uncle Cem. The portrait has been printed using the Giclée process.
. Like his grandfather Mehmed II (1451–81).Selim I
Born in Amasya. 1602. His biological mother was Gül-Bahār Khātûn.
Conquest of the Middle East
Outline of the Ottoman Empire. Selim put his brothers (Şehzade Ahmet and Şehzade Korkut) and nephews to death upon his accession in order to eliminate potential pretenders to the throne. from the Theatro d'el Orbe de la Tierra de Abraham Ortelius. Selim was the biological son of A’ishā (Ayşe) Khātûn I who died at Trebizond on 1505 and was the daughter of Alaüddevle Bozkurt Bey. Bayezid’s death followed immediately thereafter. having very broad shoulders and a long mustache. Selim I was described as being tall.
black powder and muskets. In 1514. and ultimately Egypt itself. to Hejaz in the Arabian Peninsula. to formally surrender the title of Caliph and its emblems. and possession of artillery. Selim and Ismā'il had been exchanging a series of belligerent letters prior to the attack.Selim I Safavid Empire For Selim. Palestine. Ismā'il's army was more mobile and their soldiers were better prepared but the Ottomans prevailed due in large part to their efficient modern army. Selim I attacked Ismā'il's kingdom to stop the spread of Shiism into Ottoman dominions. A mutiny Battle of Chaldiran. he accepted the more pious title Khadim ul Haremeyn. was of historical significance. Selim referring to Ismail stated that his adversary was: "Always drunk to the point of losing his mind and totally neglectful of the affairs of the state. or The Ruler of The Two Holy Shrines. in which the reluctancy showed by Shah Ismail to accept the advantages of modern firearms and the importance of artillery was decisive. Syria. This allowed Ismā'il to recover quickly. or The Servant of The Two Holy Shrines. Turkey. and Selim I entered the Iranian capital of Tabriz in triumph on September 5. Selim I defeated Ismā'il at the Battle of Chaldiran in 1514.
. Selim induced Al-Mutawakkil III (1509–17). the last in the line of Abbasid caliphs who resided in Cairo since 1261 as nominal rulers legitimizing the de facto rule of the Mamluk sultans over the Mamluk Sultanate. and then at the Battle of Ridanieh. among his troops fearing a counter attack and entrapment by the fresh Safavid forces called in from the interior. By 1510. Rather than style himself the Hakim ul Haremeyn. forced the triumphant Ottomans to withdraw prematurely. Ismail had conquered the whole of Iran and was of a great threat to his Sunni Muslim neighbors to the west. After the conquest of Egypt and the Holy Cities in 1517. The Battle of Chaldiran. hitherto under Egyptian rule. defeating the Mamluk Egyptians first at the Battle of Marj Dabiq. This permitted him to extended Ottoman power to the Muslim holy cities of Mecca and Medina. but did not linger. Egypt and the Arabian Peninsula Selim then conquered the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt. Ismā'il was wounded and almost captured in battle. After the battle. These are kept in the Topkapı Palace Museum at Istanbul. This led to the Ottoman annexation of the entire sultanate. from Syria and Palestine in Sham. one of the first challenges as Sultan was the growing tension between himself and Shah Ismail who had recently brought the Safavids to power and had switched the state religion from Sunni Islam to the adherence of the Twelever Shi'i Islam. the sword and the mantle of Muhammad.
wa Khadim ul-Haramayn . but may have prepared the Ottoman empire for its zenith under the achievements of his son. collections of his Persian poetry are extant today. Accordingly. may use his seal to lock it. Selim was also a distinguished poet who wrote both Turkish and Persian verse under the nickname mahlas Selimi.
After claiming the Caliphate.Selim I
After his return from his Egyptian campaign. he was energetic and very hard working. a skin infection which he developed during his long campaigns on horseback. Selim was one of the empires most successful and respected rulers. Some historians claim that he was poisoned by the doctor tending to his infection and some historians claim that the disease he suffered from was skin cancer.
By most accounts. Tekirdağ. but the world is not large enough for two Kings. During his eight year of ruling he didn't have time to rest. He decreed that "he who will fill the treasury more than this. He was about fifty-five years of age. Selim had a fiery temper and had very high expectations of his subordinates. (Sirpence was an anthrax infection sometimes seen among leatherworkers and others who worked with livestock). It is said that Selim succumbed to sirpence. with the rewards as great as the risks. A popular legend has it that Selim had filled the royal treasury to the brink and locked it with his own seal. Although he was a leader. Egypt. his control over the Mediterranean and Black seas. This campaign was cut short when he was overwhelmed by sickness and subsequently died in the ninth year of his reign." The treasury remained locked with Selim's seal until the collapse of the Empire 400 years later. and Servant of the Two Holy Shrines (Mecca and Medina). and much of the Fertile Crescent). his court was dynamic. and his guardianship of the shrines of Mecca and Medina. Selim began to prepare for an expedition which is believed to be against Hungaria.that is. Anatolia. Conqueror of the Two Armies (European and Safavid armies). he wrote. he was also very humble and modest. Selim I on his deathbed. Khagan of the Two Seas (Mediterranean and Indian Seas). This title alludes to his dominions in Africa and Asia (namely. — Yavuz Sultan Selim
. A carpet is large enough to accommodate two sufis. His reign was short. wa Kasir ul-Jayshayn. He died at Corlu. King of the Two Lands (continents Europe and Asia). wa Khakan ul-Bahrayn. In one of his poems. his defeat of both the Mamluk and Safavid armies. Selim assumed the title Malik ul-Barreyn.
p. Selim was known to occasionally use opium. AUC Press 2008. . they ought. shsu. The Johns Hopkins University Press. 1500-1900 By Rudolph P. htm) Retrieved on 2007-09-16  The Rise of the Turks and the Ottoman Empire (http:/ / www. edu/ etdc/ view?acc_num=osu1224163441)(Master's Thesis). ISBN 978-975-269-299-2  "Yavuz Sultan Selim Han" (http:/ / www. sevgi. Selim's troops suffered from the scorched-earth tactics of Shah Ismail. Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed. html). page 120. . 2008) p. The History of Modern Egypt. uk/ religion/ religions/ islam/ history/ safavidempire_1. msu.20  Necdet Sakaoğlu. edu/ ~fisher/ hst373/ readings/ morgan. and began writing insulting letters to the Shah. accusing him of cowardice: They. Ismail responded to Selim's third message. Matthee.. kultur. to affront the foeman's blow. html)  The pursuit of pleasure: drugs and stimulants in Iranian history. The Shah's letter insultingly implied that Selim's prose must have been the work of an unqualified writer on drugs. html)  BBC. 2009.J. Ohio State University. html). to be held out to encounter peril. but their breast ought. page 20. 15th Ed. tr/ ~ottomanempire/ ingosmanli/ Sultans/ yavuz_sultan_selim_government. A History of Egypt. tr/ ~ottomanempire/ ingosmanli/ Sultans/ yavuz_sultan_selim_biography. gov. htm) Retrieved on 2007-09-16  Thompson.133  The later Crusades. turizm. 77  Yavuz Sultan Selim Government (http:/ / www. like the helm.. ( LINK (http:/ / www. David.  "Mother Of Yavuz Sultan Selim" (http:/ / www. 1992  Morgan. Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations. quoted above. The Foreign Relations of the Ottoman Empire Under Selim I. page 157. 1969.
.Selim I Relations with the Shah While marching into Persia in 1514.. pg. osmanli.  Sultan Selim the Excellent (http:/ / www. pg. Shah Isma'il and the Establishment of Shi'ism (http:/ / coursesa. and grew enraged by the Shah's denigration of his literary talent. 1512-1520 (http:/ / rave. P.
 Yavuz Sultan Selim Biography (http:/ / www. k12. html) Retrieved on 2007-09-16  The Classical Age. by sending an envoy to deliver a letter accompanied by a box of opium.127  Crider. co. Nesil Publications). matrix. tr/ osmanlisultanlari-5-218. Bu Mülkün Sultanları. 1453-1600 (http:/ / www. p. Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism. 194. Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi. Elizabeth Fortuato (1969). J. k12. He ordered the Persian envoy to be torn to pieces. like the shield. who by perjuries seize scepters ought not to skulk from danger. Vatikiotis. tr/ EN/ belge/ 2-1280/ yavuz-sultan-selim-han. ottomanonline. 1911. ohiolink. org. 1992. Retrieved 2009-02-06.). net/ turkey/ history/ ottoman2. sevgi. Osmanlı Araştırmaları Vakfı (Ottoman Research Foundation). Retrieved on 2011-04-12
• "Selim". bbc. shtml))  Michael Axworthy Iran: Empire of the Mind (Penguin. net/ sultans/ 9. 1274-1580: from Lyons to Alcazar Door Norman Housley. The Sultan hoped to lure Ismail into an open battle before his troops starved to death. html) Retrieved on 2007-09-16  Yavuz Bahadıroğlu. edu/ ~his_ncp/ Turkey2.
Joseph Solis in Australia. Tugralar. Birisi. The Phoenix. SAXOOK.org/w/index. File:Selim I by John Young. Spiel496. СЛУЖБА. Stephensuleeman. Nostradamus1. The Mysterious El Willstro. Dococe.org/w/index.jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: anonym.wikipedia. Woohookitty. Colonies Chris. Ghirlandajo. Sthenel. Cloj. Ryan Postlethwaite.php?title=File:Abraham_Ortelius_-_Tvrcici_imperii_descriptio. Nedim Ardoğa. Anwar saadat. Selim Han. Gurch. Redman19.svg Source: http://en. Mrkewlcollins.jpg Source: http://en.JPG Source: http://en. MK8. Cupertino. Lysandros. Kimdime. Xaphoo.jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: Geagea.0 Unported //creativecommons.wikipedia. Mattis. Shrigley. AdventAvalon. Cplakidas. Bassem18. Takabeg. Rjwilmsi.jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: unknown
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3. Nburden. Carabinieri. Dbronzman. Hello Control.0/
.org/w/index. John K. Hebrides.org/w/index.wikipedia. Ori. EvKnight13. Mandarax. Strainu. 148 anonymous edits
Image Sources. CenkX. Original uploader was Евгений Ардаев at ru.JPG License: unknown Contributors: Unknown court calligrapher. Everyking. Mani1. BomBom. Grzdacz. Striver. Osmanlı98. Vanished user 001 File:Sekumname1525 Chaldiran battle. Ghazne. Good Olfactory.Tvrcici imperii descriptio. Bazuz. Xhienne._Selim_Han.org/w/index. Deliogul. Sardanaphalus. BeyazFikirler. JDoorjam. Studerby. DragonTiger23. Zsinj. BRPXQZME. Kansas Bear. Takabeg. Јованвб.php?oldid=474281917 Contributors: Aa77zz.svg License: Public Domain Contributors: Juris Tiltins File:Yavuz Sultan I.php?title=File:Yavuz_Sultan_I.jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: John Young (1755-1825) File:Abraham Ortelius . Anetode.jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: Belli değil File:Tughra of Selim I. Bob Burkhardt.deathbed. Sirmylesnagopaleentheda. Catalographer.wikipedia.org/w/index.org/w/index.php?title=File:Sekumname1525_Chaldiran_battle. Rklisowski. Bobcats 23. CeeGee.Article Sources and Contributors
Article Sources and Contributors
Selim I Source: http://en. Kwamikagami. Keet581499.jpg Source: http://en. Bobo192. Erkistreet. Yozer1. Attilios.wikipedia. Sundostund. Licenses and Contributors
File:Osmanli-nisani. Slackerlawstudent. G. Edward321.jpg Source: http://en. Calvn rules.wikipedia.wikipedia.org/licenses/by-sa/3. Persia2099. Zundark. Jiraktar. Tpbradbury. Bidabadi.wikipedia File:Selim I .jpg Source: http://en.php?title=File:Tughra_of_Selim_I. Tabletop. Dimadick. Lombroso. Sultanselim. Khoikhoi.org/w/index. Per Honor et Gloria. Eternal Prince of Persia.php?title=File:Osmanli-nisani. Lacrimosus. Gryffindor.wikipedia.php?title=File:Selim_I_-_deathbed. Scythian1. Alaslay. Philip Trueman. Uriber.jpg Source: http://en. Mehrdadd.php?title=File:Selim_I_by_John_Young. Carlaude.-M. Umutarikan. Absar. Helvetius. OttomanReference. Tataryn77.