EDUCATION OF WOMEN IN ISLAM

Some prejudiced and ignorant people claim that Islam does not encourage women to be educated and that it prefers women to be ignorant or close to it. This is a biased, unfounded allegation against Islam. Indeed, there is no religion or doctrine on earth that encourages man to seek knowledge as much as Islam. Islam strongly encourages humans, both men and women, to acquire knowledge in all fields of life, as well as to research and reach the facts. Islam defines knowledge to be the correct way to know Allaah The Almighty, have belief in Him, and surrender to His Sharee‘ah. Were not the first verses revealed to the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, a strong declaration of this fact? The first verses that were revealed to the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, are those in which Allaah The Almighty addressed His Messenger, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, Saying (what means): {Recite in the Name of your Lord Who created. Created man from a clinging substance. Recite, and your Lord is The Most Generous. Who taught by the pen. Taught man that which he knew not.} [Quran 96: 1-5] This is a command to recite in the name of the Creator who created humans, both men and women, from a clinging substance. This refers to the fact that the creation of Allaah The Almighty is the field for humans to seek knowledge, and that this will guide them to the way of Allaah The Almighty. Researching what Allaah The Almighty created is the closest and best way for the seekers of knowledge and the pursuers of the truth, wherever they may be and in whichever scientific field they may be engaged.

The revelation began with a command to read, because reading is the most important means of consolidating knowledge and continuing with it. Reading comes after writing, which is why Allaah The Almighty displayed His favor upon His slaves since He taught humans to write with pens which is the greatest tool of writing. This means that Allaah The Almighty has taught all humans - male and female. This call with which Allaah The Almighty invites humans to seek knowledge and establish sciences, since the very beginning of Islam, is the greatest evidence of the full equality between man and woman with regard to calling them to science, knowledge, pondering on the creation of Allaah The Almighty, and using the two correlated means of knowledge; namely, reading and writing. Knowledge is the way to know Allaah The Almighty, have faith in Him, and know the rulings of the religious obligations for both men and women. It is a must for every Muslim man and woman to learn all that guides him or her to know the teachings and ordinances of their religion that each of them has to abide by, because each man and woman will be individually reckoned for their acts before Allaah The Almighty. Humans, both men and women, are tried in this life. Each one is fully responsible for his actions as long as he or she is competent, and as long as he or she possesses reason, will, and ability.

a child still has a pure human nature and is like soft dough that can be adapted to traditions and customs. The extent of a woman's uprightness or corruption within her family determines the extent of the uprightness or corruption of her children. Islamic way and make use of their gentle sentiment to fill their hearts and souls with faith and goodness so that these women would be able to pass them on to the generation which she is raising and educating. happy Islamic society that develops towards perfection and advances towards power and glory. 2The woman accompanies her children most of the time when they are being brought up. they are obligated to acquire all that will enable them to distinguish between truth and falsehood. knowledgeable. for the sake of her family and then for the good of the entire society. Islam is keen on women attending Islamic assemblies. cultivating them. the woman greatly influences the man whether he is a husband. and well-mannered. Islam also orders women to perform Hajj (pilgrimage) and ‘Umrah (lesser pilgrimage). Similarly. they must be properly qualified so as to be a righteous. deviated children and search for the . well-mannered children and investigate the reason behind this. even if their father is not so. Since women have this great impact on raising children inside or outside her family. This makes her acquire the children's love and confidence. upright. benefit and harm. This can only be done through teaching women how to become righteous educators to bring up children in a good. a father or a brother. except in a few cases. In addition to this. because the woman can play an effective role in either guiding or corrupting the formation of manners. A look at the reality of life shows us how important it is for a woman to be upright. which shows His keenness on educating them. this role is much more important than man's role for many reasons: 1Allaah The Almighty has endowed woman with flowing sentiment. Islam encourages women to perform the congregational Salaahs (prayers).Since humans are responsible for their actions. teaching them the matters of their religion and allowing them to take part in the issues facing Muslims. to attend the Friday Salaah and sermon. large and small. goodness and evil. we come to know that they have a righteous. Islam is very keen on teaching woman all that makes her an element of goodness and reform in a secure. a lenient disposition and an ability to be involved and take part in the life of children in accordance with their mentality and nature. During this stage. and the Salaah and sermon of ‘Eed even if she has the excuse that prevents her from performing the prayer. when we see corrupt. The woman's uprightness is more important for the family than the man's uprightness. To do so. well-mannered mother. and habits in young children. good example. so they imitate her behavior and all that she says or does. principles. and to know the boundaries of his responsibility before Allaah The Almighty. Moreover. When we see upright. and encourages her to attend sessions for religious knowledge. Allaah The Almighty addresses both men and women together.

they were also bold enough to ask about every matter in their religion. moral. The men obtained their share of knowing the rulings that are specific to them because they could easily and directly speak to the Prophet. some issues and rulings are specific to women. replied: “And two!” [AlBukhaari and Muslim] This was a woman from the Companions who politely and courageously went to the Prophet. even though their father may be righteous and well-mannered. a request that he responded positively to. sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. “O Messenger of Allaah. so devote to us a day on which we may come to you so that you would teach us of what Allaah has taught you. sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. this woman demanded that a specific time be allocated for women to be taught the matters of .” A woman said. at any time.” The Prophet. so devote to us a day on which we may come to you so that you would teach us of what Allaah The Almighty has taught you. sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. and said. and two [of her children]?” The Prophet. saying. whereas women could not always ask about the religious rulings that were specific to women or the solutions to their problems. and admonitions concern both men and women. teaching them the rulings that were specific to them and solving their problems entailed dedicating special sessions for them to discuss their issues and give them the rulings and provide them with the teachings in accordance with their psychological. Due to these factors and examples that call for the reformation of the education of women and refining their behavior and morals so they would be righteous caretakers. it is no wonder that Islam is keen on teaching women.. Even if they could attend the sessions of the Prophet. and confidently addressed him.” As men would sit at the front of the sessions of the Prophet. particularly due to their physical and psychological formation. without intermixing with men. sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. so that he would be able to teach them the divine knowledge which Allaah The Almighty taught and are related to women only. They could ask the Prophet.reason behind this. loses them to death] except that they will screen her from the Fire. A woman came to the Prophet. For all these reasons. He then said: “No woman of you gives three children [i. sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. they might have felt too shy to ask about their specific matters in the presence of men. “O Messenger of Allaah. They had the courage to request that from the Prophet. its rulings. said: “Gather on such-and-such a day. Abu Sa‘eed Al-Khudri said. sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. "Men get all your speech. admonitions and statements were directed at them.e.” They gathered and the Prophet. Therefore. came to them and taught them of what Allaah had taught him. sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. Although the call of Islam. sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. intellectual. sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. while some others are specific to men. The Prophet. most of the words. obligations. the men get all your speech. would dedicate specific days for women to gather. in addition to the days when they would attend with men. and social characteristics as well as in accordance with their responsibility in their life inside and outside their families. sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. we realize that they have a corrupt mother.

and for the same reasons the Prophet. They gathered at the special sessions which the Prophet. in this way. would the complaints of those who try to distort the wonderful image of Islam continue to hurt our ears with things that cause a sound disposition to be repulsed? . “May Allaah have mercy upon the women of Al-Ansaar. Sound knowledge is the first means for reforming any society including men and women. The Prophet. Islam defined its policy for women's education. dedicated for them. Having manifested all these facts. causing women to suffer from the desires that trigger acts of disobedience. would the enemies of Islam still have anything to say in order to delude people about the issue of women's education. both the old and the young. They asked him about many issues and he answered them. in the beginning of the first Islamic era. without being cast into an intermixed society that quickly adopts the corruption that is typical of such societies. they can properly bear the responsibility while maintaining their chastity and modesty. so that they would fulfill their responsibility in this life in the best and most perfect way. he taught them from what Allaah The Almighty taught him and he explained matters to them. Also. This is the correct way for women to be educated and driven out of the darkness of ignorance into the light of knowledge. came to them at specified times. sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. were enthusiastic to learn the teachings of their religion and the rulings that addressed their specific issues. Some female Companions of the Ansaar were bold enough to ask about the issues that were specific to women. as part of their attempt to give a false image about Islam? With this full equality between men and women concerning both knowledge and deeds. ‘Aa’ishah matters of their religion. sins and many other forms of immorality to spread.” praised them saying. their bashfulness did not prevent them from asking about the At this exalted standard.religion that were specific to them. accepted and answered her demand. Muslim women. sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.