Offshore engineering Course paper MOM 490 Marine Operations

Studies program/specialty Master degree/Marine technology Autumn, 2011 Confidential

Title of project: " Marine lift operations in Jubilee field offshore Ghana"
Author: Alexey Ozorishin Supervisor: Ove Tobias Gudmestad ..............................(signature of supervisor) .................................(signature of author)

Abstract
A Maritime operation is an offshore activity one of them is the installation process. The lifting analysis of a subsea structure determines the maximum allowable design seastate in which the structure can be installed safely. Mainly this sensitivity is related to motion of the vessel. Weather sensitivity is often expressed through operation limitations and is clearly related to the risk of harm to personnel and loss of property or income. I hereby present the "Marine lift operations in Jubilee field offshore Ghana " project. Actual information about currents, wind, temperature, weather, seabed surface, etc. are shown in the first chapter from the company which is operator of the Jubilee field and from Cape Three Points Deep Water. Location weather, vessel, operations and other estimations were received from analytical calculations and previous data collection. Major sources for design are DNV-RP-H103 and similar projects. In the report, all important equipment for the lifting operations are described. The main motions and loads were calculated and compared with acceptable values. In conclusion, the paper summarizes the most important parts the work and technologies to improve the safety of operations. Examples of real calculations for vessel, wave, etc. parameters you could see in the Appendix. Also there are tables with important coefficient and description of how to find them.

List of Contents
1

Abstract................................................................................................................... List of Contents...................................................................................................... Nomenclature......................................................................................................... Introduction............................................................................................................. 1 Weather Description ........................................................................................... 1.1Wind and Wave Climate................................................................................... 1.2 Current Circulation.......................................................................................... 1.3 Tides................................................................................................................. 1.4 Wind and wave extremes................................................................................. 1.5 Wave calculations............................................................................................ 2 Vessel Discussion................................................................................................ 2.1 Vessel Description............................................................................................ 2.2 Simplified vessel calculations .......................................................................... 3 Subsea Manifold discussion............................................................................... 4 Crane rope discussion......................................................................................... 5 Marine Operations Discussion ........................................................................... 5.1Llift off from deck and maneuvering object clear of transportation vessel....... 5. 2 Lifting through Wave zone.............................................................................. Summary of calculations........................................................................................ Conclusions............................................................................................................ . Afterword............................................................................................................... References.............................................................................................................. Appendix A............................................................................................................. Appendix B............................................................................................................. Appendix C............................................................................................................. Appendix D............................................................................................................. Appendix E.............................................................................................................

I II III 1 2 2 4 4 5 6 7 7 9 12 14 16 17 18 21 22 23 24 A B C D E

Nomenclature act-characteristic single amplitude vertical acceleration of crane tip [m/s2]
aw- characteristic vertical water particle

Fv Total2- maximum value of vertical

force during wave zone lowering [N]
g-gravity acceleretion [m/s2] GM - metacentre height [m] h-manifold height [m] hs- submerged height of manifold [m] H-vessel height moulded [m] Hs-significant wave height [m] 1

acceleration [m/s2]
A33- added heave mass of manifold Api-area of submerged part of object item

projected on a horizontal plane
Aw- water line area

b-manifold beam [m] B-breadth moulded [m] Bt- horizontal distance from the vessel’s

I-area moment of the inertia [m4] k-axual stiffness of rope [N] kb- bilge form factor, we take average K-stiffness of hosting system [N/m] KB- center of buoyncy [m] KG- vessel gravity height [m] l-manifold length [m] lP-length of hoisting system [m] L-vessel length between p.p. [m] Lt-horizontal distance from midship to the

centre line to the crane tip [m]
BM-metacenre radius [m] C- roll coefficient CA-heave added solid mass coefficient CG- gravity centre of manifold [m] CB- buoyancy centre of manifold [m] CD- drag coefficient in oscillatory flow of

submerged part of object
Cs-slamming coefficient d- distance from water plane to centre of

crane tip [m]
m-manifold mass [kg] mw- mass of water inside manifold [kg] mH'-heave added mass with effect of

gravity [m]
D-operation draught [m] Fd-drag force [N] FM-mass force [N] FP-Varying buoyancy force [N] Fs-slamming impact force [N]

perforation [kg]
mP-unit mass of rope [kg/m] Ma- heave added mass of vessel MD- vessel displacment Mw-water mass inside manifold OG-distance between centre of gravity and

Fv max1- maximum value of vertical

force during lift off phase [N]
T0- eigen period of rope in wave zone [s]
t-time [s]

waterline [m]
p-perforation rate [%]

q-mean safety factor of rope
δV-change in volume of displaced water

T3-heave natural period [s] T4-roll natural period [s]
T5-pitch natural period [s]

from still water surface to wave crest or wave trough [m3]
X1-relation factor between beam and draft X2- factor of a block coefficient values, we

TR- eigen period of the pendulum

take average
δV-change in volume of displaced water

Motions [s]
Tz- zero-up crossing period of wave [s] s-factor depends on Period vc-hosting velocity [m/s]

from still water surface to wave crest or wave trough [m3]
θ- adjustment factor 2

and 75 km from the nearest shoreline of Côte d’Ivoire in water depths of 1.wave velocity [m/s] Vm.factor of a block coefficient values.manifold volume [m3] Vs-submerged pore volume of angle of vessel [deg] ηct-characteristic single amplitude vertical motion of crane tip [m] ω-wave frequency [Hz] ξa. storage and offloading of ready oil production to a tanker. X-trees were lifted from the MODU through a moonpool to the sea and to seabed [2].vct-characteristic single amplitude vertical velocity of crane tip [m/s] vr-characteristic vertical relative velocity η3-characteristic single amplitude heave between object and water particles [m/s] vs.characteristic single amplitude roll angle of vessel [deg] η5. 3 .characteristic wave amplitude [m] cylinder [m3] X1-relation factor between beam and draft X2. During the development phase.700 meters and represents the deepest water exploration well drilled to date in the Ghanaian Tano Basin (it is shown in Figure 1).the slamming impact velocity [m/s] vw. The project area is located approximately 132 km west-southwest of the city of Takoradi. Development solution is subsea equipment for oil extraction and FPSO for processing. It means. 19 wells and 8 templates were installed.characteristic vertical water particle motion of vessel [m] η4.characteristic single amplitude pitch velocity [m/s] V. we take average Introduction The Jubilee Field is located on the continental shelf offshore Ghana.100 to 1. 60 km from the nearest shoreline of Ghana.

Lower temperatures for the two areas were recorded between June and October with the coolest 4 . that's why for template installation we have to use crane operations. Also according to weather. The templates dimensions are more than the moonpool area.they were fixed on the way from MODU into the water. which will be described and calculated in this project. It is a more complicated process. It's one of important question in marine operations. 1 Weather Description Temperature patterns in Takoradi and Axim are generally similar and annual temperatures range between 24 and 30°. We will discuss about the fit position of the vessel and the best season for marine operations. Figure-1 location of Jubilee Field [2] For a start we describe weather conditions of Jubilee area. This process is not very difficult. we have to choose Vessel and installation equipment. Temperature is generally high from February to May and from November to December with peak temperatures recorded in March.

4 m. The mean value of wind speed is the highest during the Northern Hemisphere summer (mean monthly speed >5 m/s) and the weakest during the Northern Hemisphere winter (mean monthly speed < 4 m/s). Significant wave height is relatively low throughout the year with a mean value of 1. they are deflected to become south to south-westerly offshore Ivory Coast. squalls are not represented well in the ambient wind climate as reported in this document but do impact offshore operations.3°C respectively between 1998 and 2008 [1]. However.1Wind and Wave Climate The wind climate in the region is controlled by the South-easterlies Trade winds that originate in the Southern Hemisphere. The wind climate can be qualified as benign with a mean annual value of less than 4. We suspect that the maximum wind speed recorded in January is related to this phenomenon. waves are higher during the summer months (mean height > 1.2 m) [3].5 m) than during the winter months (mean value around 1. As the trade winds cross the Equator.5 m/s.5 s. because of their relatively low frequency of occurrence and short duration. 2 .5 m and wave period: 10-10.9ºC and 28. The wave climate is dominated by the long-period swell originating from the oceanic area around the Antarctica Continent and seas generated by locally occurring winds [4].month usually being August. Like the wind. As we see the average parameters are significant wave height: 1-1. It is possible to make forecast for a few days. 1. Conclusion: swell waves due are dominate in the oilfield area. Note that violent thunderstorms accompanied by severe squalls (peaks of high wind speed of very short duration) are a regular feature in West Africa. Conclusion: weather is stable and predictable for all year. In Figure 2 we can see wave heights versus wave periods.0-1. The 10 year average temperature for Takoradi and Axim was 24.

1 .crossing period [4]. a stream that flows east at approximately 3°N along the western coast of Africa. one can see that surface current fields in the region are influenced by two different currents the Guinea Current. A scatter diagram relating significant wave height to zero. and a westward surface current near the coast. that might be caused by cyclonic eddies between the current and the coast. 1. From surface current animations.Figure-2.2 Current Circulation Current flow in the region of installation work is mainly due to ocean circulation.

It is strongly recommended that. The tidal wave has virtually the same phase across the coast of the country.4 Wind and wave extremes The 10 year omni directional extreme significant wave height is 3. The process of installation takes a few hours and tides don't influence the marine installation activities. These processes could result in additional increases of about 30 cm [2]. Conclusions: tides are low. The average range varies along the coast for the main cities. In the installing area. for engineering design or critical operational planning. The average range of Neap and Spring tides increases from west to east. 1.20 m/s. Conclusions: in the winter the current worst than in the summer.37m. It exhibits a minimum during the winter (November through February) and a maximum during the summer (May through September). ocean currents up to 1. Direction is eastward 1. Squall information provided is based on very limited measured data. It should be noted that squall events were not considered while deriving the criteria. The 10 year omni directional extreme wind speed at 10m was found to be 14.3 Tides The tide on the coast of Ghana is regular and semi-diurnal.The Guinea Current has seasonal variability in both intensity and localisation. detailed in-situ meteorological measurements are made [3].5 m/s are experienced. Eddies are generated by the passage of the Guinea Current past Cape Palmas (west of the area of interest) and Cape Three Point (east of the area) [3]. Note that the summer intensification of the current is associated with the cooler water at the surface. Tidal currents are low and have an insignificant influence on coastal processes except within tidal inlets. 2 . Other possible sources of intermittent increases of local water levels include line squalls and the transfer of energy from internal to surface tides.

4 South-west East South-west In winter V<4 In winter Hs<1.5 Wave calculations For further estimations and discussions viscosity: Peak period of waves: TP=1.4 (max 3. Such as peak period.Conclusions: We have to be prepared for extreme conditions namely by checking weather more often and to identify barriers to prevent emergency situations and them consequence.37) 10. m/s Period. it will be recommended to locate vessels in South-west direction to decrease weather influence.5 (max 14.4TZ 1 we have to calculate several characteristics of wave conditions. at 10 m Current waves 4. 1. m Direction particulars Wind. s Height (Hs).5 1.2) 1.5 1. velocity and .summarized table Velocity . Winter is better time for marine operations as waves and wind are less than in another seasons. We summarize all important data received in table 1 Table 1 .2 As you in Table 1. amplitude.

Characteristic wave amplitude [5]: ξa=0.9Hs Characteristic vertical water particle velocity [5]: vw=ξa2πTze-4πdTzg where Tz.zero-up crossing period of wave [s] d.1 Vessel Description The CSO Deep Blue was built in 2001 by the company Hyundai Mipo Dockyard. The vessel is a fundamental part of the marine operations. Korea. 2. The CSO Deep Blue is the world's largest purpose-built ultra deepwater pipelay 1 . Without a vessel we don't have any marine operations.distance from water plane to centre of gravity [m] Characteristic vertical water particle acceleration aw=ξa2πTze-4πdTzg All this parameters we define in Appendix A 2 Vessel Discussion. Correct and accurate choice of vessel will help to reduce expenditure and save time.

and subsea construction vessel. eight portable 300t reels.000t rigid pipe strings or 3.5-8.023 t can consist of either two rigid reels (5. It has a free deck area (aft of the moonpool) of approximately 680 m² (figure 2) [6]. 2 .511t).Deep Blue vessel It can carry out rigid pipelay (reeling) of up to 5.5 Bar. The vessel is owned and operated by Technip Marine. It has a moulded depth of 17. It has a 55. The CSO Deep Blue has an overall length of 206. with a 10m maximum draught. 4. Figure 2 .8m and an operating draught of from 7.95m.500t).000t of 4in to 26in rigid pipelay load of 11. It works in water depths ranging from 75m to 2.500m.234t displacement.5m and a moulded breadth of 32m.000t and 1. flexible lines in two carousels (2. The vessel main crane has been designed for offshore lifts ranging from 60 t at 55m radius up to 400 t at 18m radius efficient subsea equipment installation through active compensation system. The upper deck aft of moonpool can withstand loading of 1 Bar.3 Bar and the rest of the upper deck is 0.000t of subsea structures [6]. Loading for the moonpool covers is 0.500t of 4in to 18in pipe or 4.

It has 19349 m3 of ballast and a 1655 m3 flume tank [6].6kV (45.[6] Maximum operating conditions: • Significant wave height 5. Inflatable life rafts are installed on the upper deck with 100% POB capacity port and starboard. giving it a transit period of 50 days (90 days standby conditions).6MW (eight thrusters in use) for DP [6].0 m • Wave period 12 s • wind speed 12 m/s • current speed 1. Hotel accommodation is provided for a total complement of 120 persons.5 m/s If we trust data from the official web site of Technip Marine. It has a transit thrust power of 14MW (three thrusters in use) or 25. Also we have to calculate several parameters for estimation of the lifting operation. this vessel is fitting.6MW at 6. The vessel has a 4. 3): 2 . located two port and two starboard of accommodation. comprising four executive single-occupancy cabins.2 Simplified vessel calculations Firstly. 2. we have to estimate periods. It can also store 60 m3 of hydraulic oil. 895 m3 of fresh water and 1444 m3 of technical water. We will use them to check ship applicability and to calculate loads in rope (Fig. but we will check than in Appendix B.700 m3 fuel capacity.000hp) and 1MW at 440V emergency power.The CSO Deep Blue has a total installed normal power of 33. Lifesaving appliances include four 60-man lifeboats. 18 single-person cabins and 49 twoperson cabins.

vessel motions [14] Heave period [5] T3=2πMa+ρ∙Aw∙DAw∙ρ∙g where Ma. [m] B-breadth moulded [m] Roll period [8] T4=2CBGM where C.p.Figure 3 .heave added mass of vessel [kg] D-operation draught [m] ρ-water density [m3/kg] g-gravity acceleretion [m/s2] Aw.roll coefficient 2 .water line area Aw=L∙B where L-vessel length between p.

032L-10-4∙L2 We have to calculate the values of the characteristic amplitudes in same degrees of freedom: Characteristic single amplitude heave motion of the vessel η3=Hs2 characteristic single amplitude roll angle of the vessel [8] η4=109∙kb∙X1∙X2∙rs where kb.373+0.C=0. X1.023BD-0.44+0. Now we may describe important parameters of crane tip to calculate vertical loads using general parameters: 2 . We will compare it with the pendulum period of the lifting) [7] T5=2.bilge form factor X1-relation factor between beam and draft X2.6∙OG/D OG=D-H2 characteristic single amplitude pitch angle of vessel.043L100 GM=KB+BM-KG KB=D2 BM=B212∙d KG=H2 Pitch period (There is smallest period. Typically this value is less or equal than 1˚.factor of a block coefficient values s-factor depends on Period kb. We define them in Appendix E r=0. X2.73±0. s are tabulated values.

Eight subsea manifolds (five production.characteristic single amplitude vertical motion of crane tip [5] ηct=4π2η32 +Bt∙sinη42+Lt∙sinη52 where Bt. two water injection and one gas injection) were installed on the seafloor at various locations in the Jubilee Field. The manifolds were installed using a dynamic positioning construction vessel using the acoustic positioning system to control location and orientation. Each of the eight subsea manifolds (five production. two water injection and one gas injection) were installed on the seafloor at various locations in the Jubilee Field.horizontal distance from the vessel’s centre line to the crane tip [m] Lt-horizontal distance from midship to the crane tip [m] characteristic single amplitude vertical velocity of crane tip [5] vct=2πη3T32+Bt∙sinη4T42+Lt∙sinη5T52 characteristic single amplitude vertical acceleration of crane tip [9] act=4π2η3T322+Bt∙sinη4T422+Lt∙sinη5T522 The vessel parameters we define in Appendix B 3 Subsea Manifold discussion. The manifolds wall was installed using a DP construction vessel using an acoustic positioning system to control location 3 . Production manifolds were mounted on suction piles equipped with short steel extensions that penetrated the sediments to approximately 30 m (depending on the strength of the seabed sediments) and provided horizontal resistance to movement and stability.

The manifold design allows the production headers to be sized using nominal pipe diameters. Production manifolds have been mounted on suction piles equipped with short steel extensions that penetrated sediments to approximately 30 m (depending on the strength of the seabed sediments) and provided horizontal resistance to movement and stability [2]. Manifold are designed to operate for up to 25 years at water depths 3. working pressures to 100 MN/m2 and temperatures to 177° C [15].048 m. [13] 2 . these proven.and orientation. Figure 4 . compact manifold systems from FMC Technologies are solving subsea flow control challenges worldwide (Fig. Manifold piping connections are welded to minimize leak paths and increase reliability.production manifold. 4). The production manifold was designed to direct flow from multiple individual wells into multiple production flowline headers.

mass of water inside manifold [kg] mw=ρVs where Vs.1 m • beam 6.submerged volume of manifold [m3] Vs=l∙b∙hs∙p where hs. we have to estimate added mass due to heave and perforates of a manifold .The average dimensions of each manifold: • length 9.2 m • mass 100 t • perforate rate 20 % For calculation loads through wave zone.3cosπp-534 [5] where CA-heave added mass coefficient (we define in Appendix D) p-perforation rate [%] mw.1 m • height 5. Added mass: A33=mH'+mw [5] where mH'-heave added mass with effect of perforation [kg] mH'=CAm0.submerged height of manifold [m] change in volume of displaced water from still water surface to wave crest or wave trough [5] 1 .7+0.

Once the strength (referred to as 2 . weather. When selecting a steel wire rope to suit a particular application the following characteristics should be taken into consideration: •Strength •Rotation resistance •Fatigue resistance •Resistance to wear and abrasion •Resistance to crushing •Resistance to corrosion •Rope extension All characteristics are important.δV=Awξa2+ηct2 Manifold calculations are defined in Appendix C 4 Crane rope discussion. appliance or lifting equipment will need to be aware of any local regulations. The responsibility for determining the minimum strength of a rope for use in a given system rests with the manufacturer of the machine. but strength is a fundamental parameter. and other factors which might influence the design of sheaves and drums. appliance. everything will be groundless. The rope is an important part of the lifting operation. that's why we will analyze this one. the drum pitch and the angle of fleet. but if rope can't resist the loads of the cargo. the shape of the groove profiles and corresponding radius. We can estimate all parameters of vessel. As part of this process the manufacturer of the machine. all of which have an effect on rope performance. crane. standards or codes of practice which might govern the design factor of the rope (often referred to nowadays as the coefficient of utilisation). or lifting equipment.

recommended for multi-layer coiling • Suitable for single part and multi-part reeving • Long service life For beginning we might check it we can lift the manifold. including the safety factor (normal safety factor is equaled 3). Weight of manifold 100 t multiplied by 3 less than minimum breaking force. with the following benefits and parameters: • Low rotation dyform • Recommended for high lifting operations • High strength • Reduced rope sheave wear • Accurate diameter. After evaluation of data we selected the rope -Endurance DYFORM® 34LR & 34LR-PI. characteristics and limitations on use of the many different kinds of steel wire ropes which are available [10]. This rope fits. It is important therefore for the designer to be fully aware of the properties.minimum breaking force or minimum breaking load) of the rope has been determined it is then necessary to consider which type of rope will be suitable for the intended duty. 2 .

2% The mass of the manifold is less than few a hundred tons. crane lifting operations are divided into two categories: — Light lifts where the lifted object is very small compared to the crane vessel. Our case is a light lift: mMD=10050000∙100%=0.We have described the key equipments. typically less than a few hundred tons. For such lifts the coupled dynamics of the vessel and the lifted object must be considered [5]. — Heavy lifts where the weight of the lifted object is more than 1-2% of the vessel displacement and typically more than 1000 tons. We may consider the lifting operations. 2 . The weight of the lifted object is less than 1-2% of the displacement of the crane vessel. A typical lift operation consists of the following main phases: — lift off from deck and maneuvering object clear of transportation vessel — lowering through the wave zone — farther lowering down to sea bed — positioning and landing We will discuss about the first two operations. In this case the motion characteristics of the vessel (at the crane tip) is not affected by the lifted object. And it doesn't affect the vessel's motion characteristics. 5 Marine Operations Discussion Usually.

k>qFvert max Fvert max1=mg∓mHmax where Hs-significant wave height [m] Hmax=-Hs2∙ω2sinωt it will bemaxwhensinis equal 1 where ω-wave frequency [Hz] ω=2πT Fvert max is not high. We will take into consideration 2 main parameters vertical loads to rope and the resonance amplification due to frequency of pendulum and vessel.45mPlP where lP-length of hoisting system [m] (This parameter varies during lifting) mP-unit mass of rope [kg/m] 2 .1 Lift off from deck and maneuvering object clear of transportation vessel.33mPlPm+0. We have to take into account the inequality between the strength of the rope and the maximum vertical force. we have to return to choice of rope again Afterwards we have to check the resonance amplification between the vessel motion period and the pendulum period of the cargo Eigen period of the pendulum motions [5]: TR=2πlPgm+0.5. but if the rope doesn't fit at this moment.

— The load case is dominated by the vertical relative motion between the object and the water [5]. 2 Lifting through Wave zone The Simplified Method is based upon the following main assumptions: — The horizontal extent of the lifted object (in the wave propagation direction) is relatively small compared to the wave length. 2 . And we will have an extra load in water and problems with installation on seabed.44+0.032L-10-4∙L2 (we describe this before) 5. Firstly we have to pay attention to the center the sum of the gravity force and the Archimedes force [5]: Cr=mgCG-ρgVmCBmg-ρgVm where CB. — The vertical motion of the object follows the crane tip motion.manifold volume [m3] So if this center will not be in the centre of the manifold (figure 5).The pitch period of the vessel has to be smallest due to the rotational axis is the perpendicular length of the vessel.gravity centre of manifold [m] Vm. T5=2. The manifold will rotate.buoyncy centre of manifold [m] CG.

Figure 5 .Force centers [5] Continue topic about Centers of gravity and buoyancy. Let's say bottom of manifold under 1m of water plane. but we have to remember to came out the check.adjustment factor (defined in Appendix E) K-stiffness of hosting system [N/m] TP=1. In the beginning let's check resonance amplification. The values of period and force will be changed with lowering. During operation through the wave zone we will have higher loads. TP≥1.4TZ 1 .6T0 [5] Firstly we will estimate eigen period of rope [5]: T0=2πm+A33+θ∙mPlRK where θ. We have to take on of position. the length between these two centers (GB) could be enough to give a bigger up-righting moment than capsizing moment: Mg∙GB>ρgI Unfortunately we don't have enough data for this analysis.

If the condition TP≥1. In this phase might be the maximum force load due to manifold mass is increased (added heave and water mass).drag coefficient in oscillatory flow of submerged part of object (is defined in Appendix E) Api-area of submerged part of object item projected on a horizontal plane vr-characteristic vertical relative velocity between object and water particles [m/s] vr=vc+vct2+vw2 Fs-slamming impact force [N] Fs=0.6T0 is checked.5ρCDApivr2 where CD. we could check the stiffness of the rope versus the total load. Fv Total2∙q≤k where Fv Total2=Fstat+Fhyd=mg+(Fd+Fs)2+(FM-FP)2 [5] where Fd-drag force [N] Fd=0.the slamming impact velocity [m/s] vs=vc+vct2+vw2 FM-mass force [N] 2 .5ρCsApivs2 where Cs-slamming coefficient (is defined in Appendix E) vs.

Roll period (12.2 s) and heave (7 s) are less than the wave period (10. We define lifting calculations in Appendix D Summary of calculations Vessel calculations show the possibility to operate in the Gulf of Guinea. I would refer to the period of the cargo in air when the wire will have a length around 14 m.7 kT).54 MN) is highest and the lift is more complicate than in air (1 MN).7 s) is mainly more than the wave period. If the stiffness of the wire enough. We have to be 2 . Which is enough to accommodate simultaneously all 8 manifolds (100 t) and other subsea equipment. Also notice the gross tonnage (33. The period of pitch (7.5 s). we can lower the cargo through wave zone. than we will have resonance. This lifting operation investigation presents that we have to be more accurate with estimations in the wave zone due to total loads in rope (2.FM=m+A33act2+ρVs+A33aw2 FP-Varying buoyancy force [N] FP=ρgδV where δV-change in volume of displaced water from still water surface to wave crest or wave trough [m3] δV=Awξa2+ηct2 This is the last step.

prepared to minimize the time of this event. to increase the velocity of the hoisting system. crane. In this investigation we present important information for estimation. Conclusions Marine operations are difficult. e. If we don't take into consideration at least one of parameters we can drop cargo. vessel dimensions. hosting system and cargo. Such as wave loads. These calculations are possible to use 2 .g. So it is necessary that we have to estimate and check all parameters. crash crane or turn-round vessel. We take into account simplified calculations to show important moments of the lifting operations. which include strong connections between weather conditions. crane characteristics. For correct modeling of the stiffness of the crane structure along with the wire is important. Analyzing we see that the maximum loads found in the splash zone. vessel. etc. So consequences could be terrible including fatalities. especially lifting operations.

The horizontal amplitude of the pendulum motions is long due to the swell wave • actions. Afterword In time of writing the report I met with many troubles due to limited information. So after many unfruitful tries I found: TP≥1. reduce loads and increase reliability.for the general solution. I couldn't find the value of the total stiffness of the crane.6TO TO=TP1. DP helps to stabilize lifted cargo and to reduce swell waves influence. We have probability of the lifted object hitting the vessel. surge and sway and to keep the vessel in almost one position geographically. not only the Deep Blue but also the average value of this type of vessel. active and passive crane heave compensators controls directly the hydraulic driven winch of an offshore crane to compensate the vertical vessel motion based on heave motion prediction and inversion. etc. Nowadays most number of vessels have proven technology to stabilize vessel. cargo.6 T0=2πm+A33+θ∙mRlRK K=4π2m+A33+θ∙mRlR2T02 2 . May be it is confidential and an important parameter of vessel. due to the results obtained from the proposed formulae are conservative with a consistent safety margin which is reckoned reasonable for analysis at early tendering stage [9]. When I calculated the period of the rope in the wave zone. The clearance between the cargo and the vessel has to be included in analysis.. wire. To estimate precise values we have to utilize a modern software such as the Orcaflex. I would describe one of solution using the deductive method. and for the chosen type of vessel. such as: • dynamic positioning system (DP). DP creates thrust to control yaw.

gh/index. National Institute of . has been teaching us not only to solve concise questions but to find alternative solutions . April 2010 2 L.org/ICCE/article/viewFile/2399/2074 5 DNV Recommended Practice for Modelling and Analysis of Marine Operation. Chapter 2. Ghana.tullowoil. DNV-RP-H103. References 1 Jubilee Field draft EIA Link:http://www.asp?pageid=14 3 Ambient climate. like this project. persistence and extreme values offshore Ivory Coast.tdl.epa.I just would show that assumptions.php? option=com_docman&task=doc_details&gid=21&Itemid=73 2 Jubilee Field EIA Link:http://www.gov. Draper. 1958 Oceanography. Great Britain Link: http://journals. Lukoil Overseas Cote D'Ivoire E&P LTD 4 Wave at Sekondi.com/ghana/index.

scribd.bridon. Xiaoming Gu.gov/techlib/access-control.ship-technology.technip. 2 . Doerry.pdf 13 Jubilee presentation. Nystrøm Link:http://www. University of Stavanger fall 2011 15 FMC manifold brochure.pdf 12.com/x/downloads/crane/cranebrochure. Per R.com/doc/61527615/Re-Evaluation-of-DNV-SimplifiedFormulae-for-Crane-Tip-Motions 10 Guidlines for marine lifting operations. SANDIA REPORT Link:http://prod.cgi/2008/081020.6 Deep blue vessel brochure http://www.com/projects/deep_blue/ 7 Ship Dynamics for Maritime ISAR Imaging. Bridon Link:http://www.aftp. Deep blue Brochure Link:http://mobile.pdf 14 Marine operations lectures. Gudmestad.com/publishing/RulesShip/2011-07/ts001.com/sites/default/files/technip/publications/attachments/Deep %20Blue_WEB. Armin W.pdf 9 Re-evaluation of DNV Simplified Formulae for Crane Tip Motions.dnv. Helge Nesse. Link:http://www.net/_upload/ressources/presentations_ja_2010/pleniere_2/technip_j ubilee_project_presentation_rev_2. Gl-NobleDenton 11 High quality performance wire ropes for the crane industry and other specialist applications.pdf 8 DNV Rules for classification of ships Link:http://exchange. Ove Tobias.sandia.

com/~/media/Subsea/Technologies/Manifold/FTFTI65 69ManifoldssledsBrochure2.fmctechnologies.Link:http://www.ashx?force=1&track=1 2 .

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5=14.26 m characteristic vertical water particle velocity [5]: vw=1.5 s wave peak period [5]: TP=1.610.37 m/s2 A-1 .5∙9.262π10.9∙1.5∙9.262π10.7 s characteristic wave amplitude [5]: ξa=0.610.4=1.62 m/s characteristic vertical water particle acceleration [5]: aw=1.81=0.Appendix A Wave calculations Initial Data [5]: • • Wave height 1.5e-4π∙1.81=0.4∙10.52e-4π∙1.4 m wave period 10.

42=0.66∙0. 191.7 m Length between p.6 m characteristic single amplitude heave motion of vessel [5]: η3=1.89∙0.Appendix B Ship calculations Initial Data: • • • • • • • • • • • Length over all 203.79∙0.079=15° characteristic single amplitude pitch angle of vessel η5=1°-for most ships B-1 .5 m/s • • Horizontal distance from the vessel’s centre line to the crane tip 14.25∙Displacement kTe Stiffness of hosting system 100 kN/m Hosting velocity 0.0 m Horizontal distance from midship to the crane tip 60 m metacentre height GM=102+32212∙10-17.82=4.86∙0.8 m Operation draught 10 m Displacement 50 kt Deadweight 24 kt Gross tonnage 33.p.0 m Height moulded 17.7 m characteristic single amplitude roll angle of vessel [5]: η4=109∙0.7 kt Heave added mass 0.8 m Breadth moulded 32.

8-36∙10-6∙191.72+14∙sin152+60∙sin12=3.032∙191.25(1025∙191.2 s characteristic single amplitude vertical motion of crane tip [5]: ηct=0.31 m/s2 B-3 .22=2.heave natural period [5]: T3=2π1.424324.8∙32∙10)1025∙191.6=12.7722+14∙sin1512.7 s Pitch natural period [7]: T5=2.8∙32∙9.772+14∙sin1512.82=7.81=7 s roll natural period [8]: T4=2∙0.44+0.222=1.1 m/s characteristic single amplitude vertical acceleration of crane tip [9]: act=4π20.83 m characteristic single amplitude vertical velocity of crane tip [5]: vct=2π0.722+60∙sin17.72+60∙sin17.

Appendix C Manifold calculations Initial Data • length 9.1∙6.832=223 m3 C-1 .mass of water inside manifold [kg] mw=1025∙9.1∙1∙0.1 m • height 5.7+0.2=11 t Added mass [5]: A33=36+11=47 t Change in volume of displaced water from still water surface to wave crest or wave trough [5]: δV=9.2 m • mass 100 t • perforate rate 20 % mH'-heave added mass with effect of perforation [kg] [5]: mH'=0.262+3.3cosπ20-534=36 t mw.36∙100∙10030.1∙6.1 m • beam 6.11.

And It could be near pendulum period) [5]: T5=2.8-36∙10-6∙191. Eigen Period of the pendulum motions [5]: TR=2π109.44+0.82=7.45∙28. but when we start to lower.9∙10=6.26 m/s2 Vertical maximum load by manifold [5]: Fvert max1=100∙103∙9.stiffness of wire much harder than load (stiffness of wire 332 MN on condition that weight of cargo equal or less 20% of minimal breaking force).472∙0. because usually it's lower than roll period.33∙28. in one moment we will have (when the length of the hoisting system lP=14 m).3 s In this case the length of the hoisting system lP=10 m.Appendix D Marine calculation operations Lift off and maneuvering vessel amplitude acceleration Hmax= -1.81+100∙103∙0.81100∙103+0.032∙191.2 s As we see during lift off operation we don't have resonance.62=0.9∙10100∙103+0.26=1 MN 332 MN≫3∙1MN . Lifting through the wave zone Resonance amplification: C-3 . we just lift off cargo from deck Eigen Period in pitch of the vessel (we take into consideration roll period.

19 MN C-3 .63 .this condition is ok.9∙25100∙103=7.1∙6.5∙1025∙2π∙9.6∙7.87∙9.63s In this case length of hoisting system lP=25 m and the height of the submerged part of the manifold hs=1 m peak wave period [5]: TP=1.372=0.6222=0.1∙0.1∙6.12+0.17 MN Slamming impact force [5]: Fs=0.312+1025∙6. Because manifold mass is increased (add water mass).12+0.3MN Mass force [5]: FM=100+47∙103∙1.wire period [5]: T0=2π100∙103+47. We will not have resonance.6222=1.7≥1. Last step is to check the stiffness of the rope versus the total load.5=14.1∙0. Drag force [5]: Fd=0.7 s 14.3∙103+13∙28.5+2.5+2.1∙5.5∙1025∙0.2∙1+47000∙0. In this phase might be maximum force load.4∙10.

3)2+(0.Varying buoyancy force [5]: FP=1025∙9.1)2=2.19-1.7 MN Fv Total2≪k C-5 .1 MN Total vertical load [5]: Fv Total2=100∙103∙9.17+1.81∙10-6+(0.81∙113=1.

75≈2 E-1 .15.36 [5] lh=9.Appendix E other coefficient calculations.adjustment factor θ=13 [5] .15.we take due to the line stiffness EA/L is the dominant soft stiffness CD=0.2=1.87 lh=9.2=1. CA-heave added mass coefficient CA=0.75≈2 Section trough body Dependency Direction of CA motion θ.

2 E-1 .bilge form factor kb=0.79 (average meaning) [8] X1-relation factor between beam and draft X1=0.86 [8] BD=3210=3.kb.

X2.5 s E-3 .89 (average value) [8] s-factor depends on Period s=0.factor of a block coefficient values X2=0.079 [8] T=10.

We plot the curve and find the value by hand E-3 . let's use the empirical method.For estimation of factor's.