This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.
Operating system - (OS) The low-level software that handles the interface to peripheral hardware, schedules tasks, allocates storage, and presents a default interface to the user when no application program is running. User Interface - The aspects of a computer system or program which can be seen (or heard or otherwise perceived) by the human user, and the commands and mechanisms the user uses to control its operation and input data. Graphical User Interface - (GUI) The use of pictures rather than just words to represent the input and output of a program. A program with a GUI runs under some windowing system (e.g. The X Window System, Microsoft Windows, Acorn RISC OS, NEXTSTEP). The program displays certain icons, buttons, dialogue boxes etc. in its windows on the screen and the user controls it mainly by moving a pointer on the screen (typically controlled by a mouse) and selecting certain objects by pressing buttons on the mouse while the pointer is pointing at them. Desktop - In graphical user interfaces, a desktop is the metaphor used to portray file systems. Such a desktop consists of pictures, called icons, that show cabinets, files, folders, and various types of documents (that is, letters, reports, pictures). Icons - A small picture intended to represent something (a file, directory, or action) in a graphical user interface. Start button – button usually in the bottom left hand side of an operating system windows 95 and up Multitasking - A technique used in an operating system for sharing a single processor between several independent jobs. Task switching - Refers to operating systems or operating environments that enable you to switch from one program to another without losing your spot in the first program. Many utilities are available that add task switching to DOS systems. Active window – Refers to objects currently being displayed or used. For example, in graphical user interfaces, the active window is the window currently receiving mouse and keyboard input. Title bar - A bar on top of a window. The title bar contains the name of the file or application. File- A collection of data or information that has a name, called the filename Folder - In graphical user interfaces such as Windows and the Macintosh environment, a folder is an object that can contain multiple documents. Maximize - In graphical user interfaces, to enlarge a window to its maximum size. Minimize - In graphical user interfaces, to convert a window into an icon. Restore - In graphical user interfaces, to restore means to return a window to its original size Extensions – filename extension – the type of file that the file is Window - An enclosed, rectangular area on a display screen. Most modern operating systems and applications have graphical user interfaces that let you divide your display into several windows. Taskbar – menu bar, which is usually at the bottom of the windows operating system, which most programs running, appears in. Pull down menu – A menu in a graphical user interface, whose title is normally visible but whose contents are revealed only when the user activates it Menu Bar - A permanently displayed menu spread horizontally across the top of the screen or window. When the mouse is pressed over an item on the menu bar, a pull-down menu appears.