NATIONAL HIGHWAY AUTHORITY MINISTRY OF COMMUNICATIONS GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN

CONTRACT FOR CONSULTANCY SERVICES OF DETAILED DESIGN, TENDER ASSISTANCE AND CONSTRUCTION SUPERVISION OF RAKHIGAJJ-BEWATA 33.84 KM (SECTION N-70) OF EAST WEST ROAD IMPROVEMENT PROJECT

ENVIRONMENT STUDY REPORT

September 2011

CTII-OC-EA-EE JOINT VENTURE
CTI Engineering International Co., Ltd. Co., Ltd.
ORICONSUL

Oriental Consultants

EA Consulting Pvt. Ltd. Ltd.

Exponent Engineers (Pvt.)

Environment Study Repot

Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section

Table of Contents
1. Introduction.........................................................1
1.1. Introduction...............................................................1 1.2. Review of EIA Study....................................................1 1.3. Preparation of Environmental Study Report.................2

2. Project Description ..............................................4
2.1. The Project Road........................................................4 2.2. Typical Cross Sections................................................4 2.3. Major Work Items of the Project..................................6 2.4. Land Acquisition and Affected Structures....................6

3. Review of EIA........................................................9
3.1. Introduction...............................................................9 3.2. Field Condition...........................................................9 3.3. Review of EIA Study ...................................................9
3.3.1 Review of Project Baseline Conditions................................9 3.3.2 Physical Environment.......................................................10 3.3.3 Biological Resources.........................................................12 3.3.4 Socio-Cultural Environment..............................................12

3.4. Review of Impacts and Mitigation Measures..............12
3.3.5 Land Acquisition and Clearing..........................................12 3.3.6 Flora..................................................................................13 3.3.7 Fauna................................................................................13 3.3.8 Disturbance in the routine traffic movement....................13 3.3.9 Air quality.........................................................................13 3.3.10 Geology and Soil.............................................................13 3.3.11 Slope stabilization...........................................................14 3.3.12 Surface and ground water..............................................15 3.3.13 Drainage.........................................................................15 3.3.14 Health and safety of workers..........................................15 3.3.15 Solid waste disposal ......................................................16 3.3.16 Socio cultural issues.......................................................16 3.3.17 Employment Opportunities.............................................16

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Environment Study Repot

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3.5. Review of JICA Guidelines..........................................16
3.5.1 JICA Guidelines for Environmental and Social Considerations...............................................................16 3.5.2 Environmental Screening..................................................17 3.5.3 Status of compliance .......................................................17

3.6. Conclusion................................................................18

4. Resettlement/ Land Acquisition Framework..........20
4.1. Outline of the Resettlement/ Land Acquisition Framework..............................................................20 4.2. Objectives of the RP.................................................20 4.3. Implementation........................................................20 4.4. Legislation to be consulted during Land Acquisition process....................................................................21 4.5. Role of NHA..............................................................21 4.6. Scope of Resettlement/Land Acquisition Action Plan. .22

5. Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan. 23
5.1. Introduction.............................................................23 5.2. Objectives of Environmental Management Plan (EMP) 23 5.3. Key Environmental and Social Components................23 5.4. Role of Functionaries ...............................................24
5.4.1 NHA (project implementing authority)..............................24 1) The GM Punjab......................................................................24 2) Deputy Director Environment, Social and Land.....................24 3) Project Director Environment................................................25 4) Project Coordinator................................................................25 5) National Highway Motorway Police (NHMP)...........................25 5.4.2 Supervision Consultant.....................................................26 5.4.3 Contractor.........................................................................26

5.5. Environmental Monitoring.........................................26
5.5.1 Objectives.........................................................................27 5.5.2 Monitoring Parameters.....................................................27 5.5.3 Reporting Structure and Outcomes..................................28

5.6. Environmental Management Plan..............................28

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Appendices: Appendix 1: Project Site Views …………………………………………………………. 41 Appendix 2: JICA Screening Format …………………………………………………….. 44 Appendix 3: Checklist for Road sector ………………………………………………….. 48

List of Table
Table 2-1: Summary of Typical Cross-section.............6 Table 2-2: Quantity of Major Work Items....................6 Table 2-3: Required Land Acquisition.........................7 Table 2-4: Affected Buildings and Utilities.................7 Table 2-5: Properties to be compensated...................7 Table 3-6: Climate Data for Multan..........................11 Table 5-7: Proposed Mitigation Measures.................29

List of Figures
Figure 2-1: Typical Cross-sections.............................5

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Review of EIA Study In March 2006 the Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO) prepared a feasibility study on ‘Widening and Strengthening of National Highway N-7 (D. The prime objective of the project is to facilitate the movement of the people and goods in the area and in different parts of the country by improving inter-provincial road access and enhancement in the efficiency of the existing road network. As no significant changes occurred in the project planning and design nor in the baseline conditions of the project area.2. After the up-gradation of the existing road the economic and commercial activities will promote as it will provide shortest possible route. While preparing the EIA study public consultations were held in compliance with the ‘Guidelines for Public Consultation’ mentioned in the Pak-EPA Environmental Assessment 1 . starts after the Rakhi ghaaj check post (on main Dera Ghazi Khan Road) up to the Bewata (located on border of Punjab and Baluchistan). Government of Punjab on 28 March. The EIA report was prepared in August 2006 and submitted to EPA Punjab (provincial EPA) for review and approval in compliance with the requirement of Section 12 of Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997.G.84 KM (SECTION N-70) OF EAST WEST ROAD IMPROVEMENT PROJECT’. to assure safety and smooth flow of traffic with high credibility of transportation along the highway. 1925/F-782/2003/EIA dated March 2007 for implementation of the project in next three years. 2007. the approval supposed to be extended by EPD Punjab till March 2013. The EIA study was conducted in 2005/2006 by NESPAK as consultant to NHA. Based on the project activities. As per Government of Pakistan legal requirements. as shown in Figure 1. For realization of the project. The study was approved for the operational phase of the project by Environment Protection Department. Introduction National Highway Authority (NHA) plans to widen and re-strengthen the part of N-70 from Rakhi Gaajto Bewata under the project ‘CONTRACT FOR CONSULTANCY SERVICES OF DETAILED DESIGN. NHA was required to conduct the EIA along with the PC-I of the project. an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) has been carried out for this project. the Pak EPA Review of EIA/IEE Regulation 2000 placed the project under Schedule-II. It’s about 35 Km road section on N-70. TENDER ASSISTANCE AND CONSTRUCTION SUPERVISION OF RAKHIGAJJ-BEWATA 33.1. requiring submission of detail EIA document. The public hearing (stakeholder’s consultation process required for review of EIA reports under the law) was held on 13th January. Introduction 1.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section 1. being the most problematic section in the entire stretch of highway. Kahn – Bewata) in Islamic Republic of Pakistan’. The JETRO study identified the project eligible for loan based on the Special Terms for Economic Partnership (STEP). 2007. The decision of EPA Punjab on the EIA study (approval of EIA) was communicated to NHA vide letter No. therefore.1. The objective was to carry out a study focusing on the improvement of the mountain route section of around 34 km of N-70 highway (from Rakhi Gaaj to Bewata). 1. The proposed project site.

utilities and land affected during the project are also identified in the report. A series of scoping sessions and informal group discussions were carried out with local community and local government representatives. Requirement for monitoring during various stages of the project by the NHA. The stakeholders identified include local residents. and mosques.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section Guidelines Package 1997. the construction and operation. The structures.3. a) share information on the proposed improvement work and its expected impacts on the local environmental and social conditions. During preparation of this report the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of the project and the terms and conditions of the approval issued by the EPA Punjab have been reviewed thoroughly. The objective of the scoping sessions was to. Contractor(s) and Supervision Consultants have been identified. Institutional structure for implementation of EMP has also been mentioned. The environmental guidelines and policies of JICA (former JBIC) were also reviewed during preparation of the report. motorized and un-non-motorized transport users. have been visited to observe and verify environmental aspects mentioned in the EIA report. the stakeholders appreciated the project and expected improvement of their livelihood by its implementation. and b) understand the concerns of the stakeholders regarding various aspects of the projects so that he same may be redress in the project design as well as construction and operations phases. stages of the project to ensure compliance of environmental obligations and conditions identified under the EIA report and JICA guidelines. 2 . Preparation of Environmental Study Report This Environment Study Report has been prepared in compliance with the requirements assigned to the Consultants. Rakhi Gaaj – Bewata Section of N-70 in East – West Road Improvement Project (Pk-P57). By and large. shop/hotel owners. In Chapter 3 of a review of the EIA has been done to identify the significant environmental aspects of the project activities and the proposed measures for their mitigation. 1. An Environmental Management Plan (EMP) has been developed for both. The project site.

Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section Figure 11: Project Road Map 3 .

and the paved shoulder is also kept 1.3 m wide. TYPICAL CROSS SECTION TYPE-1 EARTH WORK SECTION TYPICAL CROSS SECTION TYPE -2 MASONRY WALL SECTION 4 .     The traveled way is kept 7.1 were established based on concept mentioned below.167 m.1.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section 2. Total length of the project road is of 32. 2.2. The space for pedestrian on the bridge and retaining wall section is kept 1.0 m on both sides of the traveled way in a whole stretch. The Project Road The beginning point is located at Rakhi Gajj Check Post. The project road is planned to have eleven (11) locations of river crossing bridges and twenty eight (28) locations of box culverts for cross drainage.0m is provided in the embanked section but neither in the bridge section nor in the retaining wall section. The rock-fall protection wall with rock-fall storage is installed at identified hazardous section.1 shows summary of typical cross sections. and the ending point is at Bewata Check Post. The stabilized shoulder of 2. Project Description 2.0 m wide on the paved shoulder. Table 2. Typical Cross Sections Typical cross sections as shown in Figure 2.

Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section TYPICAL CROSS SECTION TYPE-3 REINFORCED EARTH SECTION TYPICAL CROSS SECTION TYPE-4 PRE-FABRICATED STEEL WIDENING SECTION TYPICAL CROSS SECTION TYPE -5 BRIDGE SECTION Figure 2-1: Typical Cross-sections 5 .

973 3.584 7. Land Acquisition and Affected Structures The existing road has the Right-of-Way (ROW) of 13. bigger property compensation is required.300 9.197 381 829 5.429 2.4.851 Section 2-2 2.228 1.600 2-1 1.561 2-3 3.000 40. If wider land acquisition is planned.879 89 803 19. Table 2-2: Quantity of Major Work Items Major work Items 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Pre-fabricated steel widening Steel box girder bridge PC girder bridge Asphalt pavement Reinforced earth Rock excavation Common excavation Slope protection & stabilization Box culvert Units lm lm lm sq-m sq-m cu-m cu-m sq-m each Quantity 1.363 1.3.313 780 2.000 28 Remarks 15-locations 8-locations 10-locations    PC bridges are applied to river crossing with straight or gently curved alignment Steel Box girder bridges are applied to sharp curved section on steep down slope Pre-fabricated steel widening (former “Land Bridge”) is applied for widening of existing road on steep slope.800 30.165 871 2.2 m (44ft) in a whole stretch.000 575.239 38 23 3 8.362 825 642 299.833 806 1. Accordingly.644 982 335 7. 2.443 319 5. the land 6 .563 32.000 82. Major Work Items of the Project The major work items of the project are summarized in Table below.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section Table 2-1: Summary of Typical Cross-section Type of Cross Section Unit 1 Type-1 Earthwork Type-2 Masonry Wall Type-3 Reinforced Earth Type-4 Pre-Fabricated Widening Steel lm lm lm lm lm lm 3.167 Total Type-5 Bridge (Concrete & Steel) Total 2.

790 2.092 213. discussion shall be required with PTCL to determine whether relocation or protection will be applied.382 16. 3 0 27 Structure Type Water pipe line Optical fiber cable No. Land acquisition will be required tentatively at the sections shown below in Table 2.4 below.m) 11. Affected properties such as structures and utilities within land acquisition plan will be compensated.871 18.854 50.394 436.062 (Cultivated Area) Area of Landslide section mentioned above table shall be finalized during construction stage. Properties to be compensated are mentioned in Table 2. property compensation and relocation of affected utilities before tendering the project.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section acquisition plan that shows minimum border line of improved road is prepared based on the detailed design. of Location 70 69 10 5 15 3 2 Area (sq. Table 2-5: Properties to be compensated Property Type Cultivated area No. Affected structures and utilities are mentioned in Table 2. The prevention measure for land slide which was proposed by the Consultants will be confirmed based on detail measurement during construction.3 before tendering the project Table 2-3: Required Land Acquisition Grounds for Land Acquisition Deep cut section High embankment section Cultivated area Commercial Area Housing Area Open Lot Intersection at Khar (between N70 and Road to Fort Munro) Community Center and O & M center Landslide section New alignment section Total Land Acquisition No. of Lot 10 Area (m2) 24.240 4.5.047 426 Remarks Mountain Valley 1 1 55 5. 34 (2923m) (To be confirmed) As for the Optical Fiber Cable (OFC). NHA and local authority shall accomplish land acquisition. Table 2-4: Affected Buildings and Utilities Structure Type Buildings (Hut and Shop) Mosque Electric and telephone post No.172 Remarks Including O& M Center 7 .279 6.

Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section Commercial Area Housing Area Open Lot 5 15 3 2.240 4.047 8 .279 6.

84 KM (SECTION N-70) OF EAST WEST ROAD IMPROVEMENT PROJECT”. TENDER ASSISTANCE AND CONSTRUCTION SUPERVISION OF RAKHIGAJJ-BEWATA 33. in length. This deterioration is mainly due to poor maintenance rendering it inadequate to accommodate the heavy traffic. 201 in number. Introduction National Highway Authority carried out Environmental Impact Assessment study for N-70 Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section. stones and mud were found fallen at some spots due to improper erosion/land sliding control measures. review of the EIA should be carried out to confirm no significant change had been made compare to the basic condition of the EIA.1. in March 2011. was carried out again by the Consultants to confirm current condition of the Project site and to review the EIA. The vegetation present in the Project area is very scarce and comprise of Sheesham. generally level. 198 m. Review of EIA Study 3. and their influence is only felt for a few miles below the hills. the dangerous sharp curves will be removed and it will facilitate the travelling and lessen the time span. The district covers an area of 5. Field Condition A field visit. During definitive plan formulation which is a part of “CONTRACT FOR CONSULTANCY SERVICES OF DETAILED DESIGN. The present road geometry is very dangerous due to narrow. road is also broken at several places.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section 3. and is beyond the reach of the hill 9 . further detailed information such as excavation area. 2007. With the exceptions of two.306 m² and it is a long narrow strip of country.3. 3.3. has many sharp cuts.1 Review of Project Baseline Conditions Dera Ghazi Khan is located at 30'03" N and 70'38”. A barren tract intervenes between these zones. Dera Ghazi Khan is a district in the Punjab province of Pakistan. community infrastructure. according to Government of Pakistan legal requirements IEE/EIA regulations 2000. The eastern portion of the district is at a level sufficiently low to benefit by the floods of the Indus. Government of Punjab approved the EIA on 28th March. and made its decision for its operational phase. but sometimes rolling in sandy undulations and much intersected by hill torrents. Berri and Phulai. hotels. It is problematic due to its rocky terrain. agriculture fields.2. mosques and water pipeline network. At several locations there are shops. Some of them come under the new proposed alignment. Environment Protection Department. On agriculture fields mostly wheat is grown. these streams dry up after the rains. Review of EIA 3. sharp turns and steep gradients and thus demands improvement. houses. in August 2006. . Below the hills the country is high and arid. located near Fort Manro-District Dera Ghazi Khan. sloping gradually from the hills which form its western boundary to the river Indus on the east. After the up gradation of the existing road. The existing road is highly deteriorated at some sections. 3. type of structure and required land acquisition were identified. Based on the above information. Kikar.

will also come in the RoW of proposed alignment.804 m2. Kikar. which is part of Suleman Range. Following table shows climate data for Multan (nearest PMD station) for the year 2010. Torrential runoff during rainy season cause massive soil erosion and further deteriorates the road condition. Table 2. hotels. Dera Ghazi Khan holds relatively cooler weather. building. Some of them come under the new proposed alignment. located on edge of Punjab Province. and consist of fan deposits from the Suleman Range). The stretch between DG Khan and Bewata were topographically divided in to tree sections.000 m) in the north of the district. In the mountainous section.2 Physical Environment 1) Geology and Soil The soil of DG Khan is its vicinity is very rich with common stone/ crushed stone (Rorra). Plain area (spread as flood plain covered with silt and sands without rocks along the west bank of Indus River). While during winter season the mercury goes down as far as 40 °F (4 °C). On agriculture fields mostly wheat is grown.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section streams on the one hand and of the Indus on the other. Table 2. agriculture fields.4 (in chapter 2) shows location of these electric poles.3. Although liable to great extremes of temperature. 2) Land use At several locations there are shops/ hotels. shale and thin limestone. Fort Munro. sub-tropical climate zone with distinct summer and winter seasons. in Dist. community infrastructure. mosques and water pipeline network.000 feet (3. The Table 2. hut. In winter. Uranium in small quantity has also been reported.2 (in chapter 2) gives the details of such buildings with the station number and area of each building. Flat/rolling area (semi-desert with few bushes. The total land acquisition requires 257. About 18 electric poles also come within construction limits. scattered snowfall is also reported in this area. About 18 structures (including shops. 3. cabin etc). limestone and gypsum iron ore/clay for production of cement. the district is not unhealthy. Berri and Phulai. The Suleman Mountains rise to a height of 10. houses. The temperature during summer is usually about 115 °F (46 °C). 10 . and to a very scanty rainfall. mosque. Mountainous area (target study road of around 34 km runs through the mountainous area. due to land sliding and improper maintenance road sides are eroded and mostly it blocks the roads due to rock fall. 3) Climate Project area lies in semi-arid. Summer is extremely hot and covers a longer period of the year as compared to winter. The vegetation present in the Project area comprise of Sheesham.1 (in chapter 2) shows areas/land along with their Station Number that will come in the right of way (RoW) of the proposed alignment and needs land acquisition either for cutting or filling. Due to barren mountain of KohSuleman and sandy soil of the area. formed of mainly barren rocks). marble. windstorms are very common in summer season especially in July–August Period. The mountain consists of tertiary sedimentary rocks such as sandstone. having accumulated area of 1585 m2.

0 24. From Rakhi Gajj upto Suleman Mountains (in the Project area) a seasonal stream flows along the river.5 21. 2010. Table 2. dust and suspended particulate matter is present due to heavy vehicles movement on the on dry soil road.5 28.7 2.3 32.4 40. 4) Water sources Project area is semi-arid and surface water is scarce. According to water supply test report (2006) major water parameters are within limits except Sulphate. and iron which are above the permissible limit.9 37. and later on use those water for domestic purpose. water supply lines cross the winding roads at several locations. there are small number of residential houses located along the road.6 10.2 13.5 5. Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Mean Temperature oC Daily Daily Minimum Maximum 4.8 1.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section Table 3-6: Climate Data for Multan. Mostly project area is quite as community is sparsely scattered and there is no major business or commercial area along the road. In and around project area people dig ponds for water storage before rainy season.4 28. however. Due to proposed alignment.0 38.6 23. Due to the hilly terrain.2 28. and hence water is unsuitable for drinking purpose. Bacterial quality testing for supply water and ground shows presence of total colony count.3 61.3 28.0 7.3 (in chapter 2) shows details of affected water pipes.8 12. In hilly areas like Fort Manro.2 18. However.5 24.5 35.9 Source: World Meteorological Organization.2 34. However.3 6. they are also reported in ground water.5 12.5 19. their length and station number. total coliforms.6 42.9 28. Magnesium. 6) Noise levels Bad pavement condition causing high level of noise and vibration affects.5 22. water is brought from Rakhni and Khar areas. Water supply system in Project area starts from Sakhi Sarwar onwards towards D G Khan. Permanent water sources are ground water and spring water they are fresh and suitable for drinking. 11 .6 10.7 39.2 9. and faecal coliform. 5) Air quality Air quality in project area is generally good as there is no industrial activity in the area.9 9.7 Mean Total Rainfall (mm) 7. the ground water test report shows all parameters were within WHO standards.5 19. the affected utilities within the construction limit the water supply pipes are at seven different locations having total length of 187 m.

Jaman and Khoobani are also found in Fort Munroe hills. Cheerh are also found the Project area. followed by Christians and Hindus. 12 . Siraiki is major language spoken in the area.2 (chapter 2) gives the details of such buildings with the station number and area of each building. On agriculture fields wheat is usually grown. The fauna present in the project area comprises of both local and migratory species (Hubara Buster. hut etc at Khar and Bewata are one of the major issues during preconstruction or design phase. Following are the major impacts of the proposed project in Project area. will also come in the right of way (RoW) of proposed alignment. Wiper and Grey Cobra). Dove. limestone. Uromastic. Table 2.3 Biological Resources The project road runs in rocky mountain area where shrub and indigenous species in the semi-arid area are scattered.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section 7) Minerals and /Rocks Project area is hilly terrain. 3.3. Saras. Kikar. Some fruit tress like Mango. Mazri. Major hospitals and educations institutes are present in the urban areas. 3. A number of mosques and grave yards are present in the Project area. The inhabitants of the district are mainly Baloch. iron ore and clay. Ahmadi have very small population. so that no further issue arise during construction phase. in plain areas people have made houses of mud with wooden roofs. in the Project area. 3. Batair. for identification and mitigation measures (provided in Annexure 1). Fort Manro is a famous recreational resort in the D G Khan district. Mitigation Measures Land acquisition and resettlement.4 Socio-Cultural Environment People in the project area lead a nomadic life. The vegetation present in the Project area comprise of Sheesham. Sanatha. 3. at N-70 and is also a hill station (during summers as climate of this place remains cool). mosques. scattered all over. The average landholdings in those settlements are small and the agriculture mainly depends on rainfall. Green Pigeon. It can be done in the form of land/monetary compensation to the project affected peoples before the commencement of the Project activities.3. and Sparrows) along with some reptiles (Gao. Cultivation and livestock breeding are the main means of livelihood of rural and urban population. It is located at 4 km from Khar town. Maskeet. gypsum. Berri and Phulai.5 Land Acquisition and Clearing Land acquisition and relocation of shops. Khosa and Leghari tribes dominate in the area. About 18 structures (including 2 mosques). Population of the district is mostly Muslims.4. as applicable. Caste system among various ethnic groups is very strong. They have kucha huts. having accumulated area of 1585 m2. hotels. will be required on this project.3. Rocks found in Project area and its vicinity is common stone/ crush. Review of Impacts and Mitigation Measures JICA checklist of items was used. small percentage of uranium and common salt. There is no protected area in the vicinity of Project area.

8 Disturbance in the routine traffic movement Routine traffic movement will be disturbed during construction phase.3. Use of proper signage/sign boards should be ensured this will facilitate the traffic. 3.3.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section 3. Mitigation Measures Dust should be controlled by equipping asphalt. NEQS where applicable to gaseous emissions generated by construction vehicles. Emission may be carried over long distances depending upon the wind speed and direction. Haul trucks carrying aggregate fill materials are kept covered with tarpaulin to help contain construction material being transported between sites. and will make obstacles for the passenger especially patients travelling on this road. Illegal hunting by the project workers/labours also threatens the birds. Mitigation Measures Proper alternate traffic management plan should be provided during the construction phase so that routine traffic is not disturbed. 3. To settle doen emission/dust surface treating or overlaying diversion tracks with shingle and sprinkling water across diversion tracks should be ensured. Mitigation Measures Project area has sparsely scattered vegetation. the temperature of the surrounding air and atmospheric stability.3. vehicular traffic. Any tree cutting could be supplemented by replantation and vegetation along the road especially within the project vicinity to improve the aesthetics along with reducing air pollution etc. asphalt plants.3.10 Geology and Soil Soil erosion may occur around roadside and contractors camps as a result unmanaged run-off 13 . With the tree plantation in the project area the animals will return back to their original sites especially the birds. and movement of heavy traffic/trucks used by contractors during construction phase. equipment and machinery be implemented. hot mix and batching plants with fabric filters or wet scrubbers to reduce the level of dust emissions.9 Air quality Air quality may be affected by the dust and fugitive emissions from construction machinery. and the labours/workers should be provided with gas cylinders.7 Fauna With the construction activities/ and use of heavy machinery and tree cutting the wild animals will be disturbed and leave the area for safe shelter.6 Flora Flora of the area will be disturbed by cutting of trees coming in the construction limits. Tree cutting for using as fuel wood should be prohibited during construction phase.3. 3. Mitigation Measures Hunting and poaching should be banned in the labour camps and no one will be allowed to cut a single tree for fuel wood purposes. 3.

Possible contamination of soil by oil and chemicals at asphalt plant sites.3. pylon and existing branch road. Mitigation Measures For slope stabilization NHA has taken major steps in design phase of proposed project. c) Slope Stabilization Work of Cut Slope Concrete Frame with Earth Anchor is applied as slope stabilization measure to the cut slope of Section-3. The construction. Rockfall Protection wall is provided at the road side to prevent the rocks from arriving at roadway. 2. Specific treatment and restoration activities to avoid soil run-off damage will be adopted. and to reserve debris from the uphill slope. Some of them are as follows: 1. 3.11 Slope stabilization Most pat of the proposed project passes by mountainous area. where cut line with stable slope angle affects the buildings.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section from equipment washing yards. Rock fall protection is adapted to the rockfall hazardous zone of Project identified during site investigations.5H for stability. Low embankments will be protected by constructing stone pitching or riprap across embankments. to ensure slope stability. In addition these caissons will be checked periodically for any leakages. workshops areas and equipment washing yards may limit future use of lands for agriculture purposes. Mitigation Measures Low embankments will be protected by planting Veltiver grass that can flourish in relatively dry conditions. there will be soil run-off resulting from cut and fill areas etc. Also. excavation. a) Rockfall Prevention Measure Partially over-hanged rock wall is fixed by filling concrete. This practice will also be applied across cross drainage structures where embankments are more susceptible to erosion by water run-off. and filling activities will disturb the slope stability and may cause rock fall and debris fall. The surface of objective rock wall is covered with shot concrete to prevent the rock wall from weathering. Soil contamination by asphalt will be minimized by placing all containers in caissons. 3. unstable slope covered by talus layer along the 14 . Rockfall protection steel net which was produced to withstand the Rockfall impact covers the rock wall. Five (5) meter of the catchment area width is secured at uphill side as impact space for the rocks falling from hill top over twenty-four (24) meter. b) Removal of Lose Rock on the Slope Loose and unstable rocks will be removed to prevent from falling to the road after construction. Particularly in the end of Section 3 covered by talus layer need to be cut with 1V:1. d) Slope Stabilization Work of Existing Slope Although no cut is required for road widening.

There might be stagnation of storm water if proper drainage arrangements are not made inside the tunnel. In addition. Personal protective equipments (PPE) will be provided to the workers operating in the vicinity of high noise generation machines.14 Health and safety of workers Hazards due to road accidents. The ground and surface water reserves should be adequately protected from any source of contamination sucha s construction and oily waste. first aid. retaining wall is supplementary constructed.3. Mitigation Measures The water supply system needs to be improved and maintained.3.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section road side of section 2-2 needs to be stabilized since the existing road is affected by slope failure during rainy season. Solid waste will be disposed off in designated waste disposal sites to sustain the water quality for domestic requirements. In addition some water pipes also come in the proposed project alignment. security.13 Drainage Tunnel provision may hinder the natural water flow from the mluntains.12 Surface and ground water Disposal of construction and solid waste can contaminate surface water bodies. through this process will take a longer time to occur. washing. Provision of adequate sanitation. For clean drinking water filters will be used. will end up contaminating it. Better traffic management by providing adequate cautionary traffic signs and signals will avoid road accidents. Layout plan for camp site. and contingency measures in case of accidents will be ensured. 1V:1. Mitigation Measures During design phase provision of drainage path for the storm water coming from overhead mountains should be ensured. unhygienic conditions in labour camp and health issues during construction activities might arise.e. cooking. The slope stabilization by cutting with stable slope (i. safe storage of hazardous material.3. In case the slope line affects other road or buildings. 3. fencing. Mitigation Measures Use of personal protective equipments should be ensured to avoid any accident. e. Regular monitoring of health issues and precautions should also be ensured. which will disrupt community water supply. 3. firefighting equipment. 15 . which may promote water borne disease and health hazards. construction waste if left unattended will result in forming leachate which will percolate though the soil strata and will reach underground water table and hence. 3. providing basic medical service and supplies to workers shall be made possible. to be approved by the environmental officer indicating safety measures taken by contractor. Obligatory insurance against accidents to work laborers. clean drinking water and dormitory facilities including light up to satisfaction approved by the Environmental officer will also be ensured.5H) is princely adopted.g. In addition small sized drains inside the tunnel to carry storm water to open ground and fields.

3. In this regard they may seek assistance from and cooperation with local NGOs/CBOs.g. two sets of guidelines were integrated based on the characteristics of three schemes. Planning for burning sites in due distance to human settlements. and will contribute in the development of local economy. 3. Aim at obliging the contractors to employ an agreed ratio (> 75%) local community (unskilled) labour for construction works. as well as to ensure that JICA’s support for examination of environmental and social considerations are conducted accordingly. Training of work force in the storage and handling of materials and chemicals that can potentially cause soil contamination. and Grant aid. Mitigation Measures Timely and full public consultation and announcement of mobilizing equipment will help locals to schedule their routine work accordingly.3.5.17 Employment Opportunities Contractor will ensure to employ an agreed ratio (> 75%) local community (unskilled) labour for construction works. 3. Review of JICA Guidelines 3.16 Socio cultural issues If all the workers/staff members are hired from outside D G Khan it may raise cultural conflicts with residents. This will develop community confidence and good relations. It will also attract wild animals which will further aggravate the situation. NHA will establish of formal links with affected communities so as to now their problems due to construction activities and workers. septic tanks) to receive all sanitary waste water. incorporate technical design. Familiarize outside labourrs on local etiquettes (e. The nearby markets and hotels business will also flourish. chadar and purdah). JICA revised its guidelines for 16 . Solid waste generated during construction and in camp sites will be properly treated and safely disposed odd in demarcated waste disposal sites. as required. Sewage system for such camps will be properly designed (pit latrines or. After the merger of the JICA and JIBC wing of the ODA in 2008 JICA became an implementing agency of the Japanese ODA to manage three forms of assistance—technical cooperation. Mitigation Measures Contractor will provide proper waste management plan. April 2010 and JBIC Environmental Guidelines for ODA Loans. Infrastructure and property coming in the way of proposed project area will also raise conflicts.1 JICA Guidelines for Environmental and Social Considerations The EIA report and EMP was also assessed against the JICA guidelines for environmental and social considerations.3.5. Loan aid. Due to this situation. Construction activities will cause disturbance to local people routine work. The objectives of these guidelines are to encourage Project proponents etc.15 Solid waste disposal It will cause health risks to work force and public if not properly managed. Project will provide employment opportunities directly (by hiring workers in the project) and indirectly (by use of local material and services).Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section 3. to have appropriate consideration for the environmental and social impacts. 3.

2 Environmental Screening Screening means deciding whether proposed projects are likely to have impacts that need to be assessed by conducting environmental and social considerations studies according to project description and site description. or compensate for potential negative impacts. Category B.3 Status of compliance Following are the details of the EIA report and EMP compliance against JICA guidelines: JICA guidelines addressed in EIA/EMP The Environmental Impact Assessment of the project has been carried out to the national and provincial laws and regulations. few if any are irreversible. The Road checklist has also been reviewed as per the format attached as Appendix 3. declarations etc are not applicable. mitigation measures to avoid. Environmental and Social survey at the EIA level has been carried out. like projects in or near sensitive sectors). as well as measures to promote positive impacts are considered. B. JICA provides support for and examinations of environmental and social considerations in accordance with the guidelines. and in most cases. to implement the appropriate measures for environmental and social considerations when engaging in cooperation activities. JICA encourages host country governments.are those projects if their potential adverse impacts on the environment and society are less adverse than those of Category A projects (likely to have significant adverse impacts on the environment and society. At the same time. not addressed in the EIA report. Proposed Project will have only site specific impacts which can be mitigated by the proper implementation of Environmental Management Plan. 3. they are site-specific. and FI. Impacts assessed with regard to Climate change. Quantitative and qualitative data analysis is also carried out. borrowers. 3. Generally. mitigate.5. 17 . minimize. International standards. and the Punjab Environmental Protection department has issued final approval of the project. alternatives. normal mitigation measures can be designed more readily. The screening of the project has been done according to the ‘Screening Format’ mentioned at Annexure-4 of the JICA guidelines (attached as Appendix 2). treaties. social institutions. JICA conducts screening by classifying proposed projects into four categories: A. social JICA/Other guidelines not applicable or not addressed in the EIA/EMP World banks safeguard policies.5. therefore. According to the JICA guidelines for environmental and social considerations the Project falls under Category-B since neither it is a ‘sensitive sector’ project nor it has sensitive characteristics or located near sensitive area that is likely to have significant adverse impacts on the environment and society.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section environmental and social considerations through a consultative process involving all stakeholders. including local governments. Environmental Impacts are assessed. C. and project proponents.

and working conditions including occupational safety. Conclusion The proposed project focuses on improvement of the existing road alignment and includes construction of bridges and culverts. waste accidents. capital and local decision making institutions. It has been further concluded that proposed project needs land acquisition along the existing 18 . Different alternatives for the Project including with and without project are also considered. migrations of population and involuntary resettlement. soil. vulnerable or indigenous people. The project will facilitate the people in decreasing the distance an time. fauna and flora. An environmental assessment study has been carried out to review the relevant area attributes and to identify the expected impacts of the project activities on environment and social setup. employment and livelihood. existing social infrastructure and services. The environmental management plan (EMP) of the project has been developed to ensure compliance with the JICA guidelines and conditions of EIA approval.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section environmental and social includes impacts on humans and safety. cultural heritage. gender. water. vulnerable social groups. The projects information is disclosed during the public consultation and public hearing. water usage. ecosystems. are not applicable on this project because of the small scale. infectious diseases. local resources. Monitoring Plan is provided in the EMP.6. and in order to reach an appropriate consensus. Only some land acquisition is foreseen. therefore they are not considered separately. 3. Project proponents consult with local stakeholders in order to take into consideration the environmental and social factors in a way that is most suitable to local situations. such as poor and indigenous peoples. Appropriate mitigation measures have been identified to redress the impacts during the design as well as construction phases. The project in itself does not include large emissions for a longer time. local economy. utilization of land. includes environmental and social considerations. The project will benefit all the people who are using this road including poor. air. Necessary approval from EPA Punjab has been acquired in compliance with the national environmental legislative requirements. however the air pollution due to machinery used is addressed in the EMP. Since significant disturbance to local population and any relocation is not encountered/envisaged therefore preparation of details Resettlement Action Plan may not be required.

All this process will be implemented well before the commencement of the construction activities. 19 . Proper steps have been taken in the design phase to address negative impacts and to comply with the requirements applicable under the JICA guidelines and national environmental legislation. Relevant stakeholders will also be notified during the process. therefore.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section road. for which resettlement plan/ land acquisition plan will be developed in detail after the survey and public disclosure in the Project area. overall this project is beneficial for the development.

4.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section 4. Outline of the Resettlement/ Land Acquisition Framework Land acquisition process deals with the acquisition of the land for permanent and temporary purposes.2. Resettlement/ Land Acquisition Framework 4. The temporary land is required only for the construction period and shall be returned to the owners once the project goes in to the operation phase. All activities related to RP will be completed prior to the award of contract for the civil works. Thus the main focus of plan is to set out strategies to mitigate adverse effects and to maintain living standards of those affected by dislocation effects. Objectives of the RP Main objectives of the Resettlement Plan are as follows: Identification of affected persons Preparation of Socio economic profile of affected persons / families Inventory of economic assets to be acquired / lost and Preparation of compensation / entitlement matrix. land will be acquired for the project and all affectees will be paid land compensation. The area to be acquired for the N-70 is hilly.3. After negotiations between NHA. land owners. The aggregated detail of the houses and land required for permanent and temporary purposes. The affected persons will be paid due compensation for their lost assets at least two months prior to demolishing and removal all salvageable material. a Resettlement Plan (RP) is required to carry out resettlement process in line with the NHA Regulations/JICA Policy for the economic losses of affected persons caused by the proposed development project. The project design requires acquisition of certain number of houses for permanent purposes. NHA will be responsible for the implementation of RP.1. Following section highlights major components of the Resettlement/ Land acquisition framework: 20 . NHA will provide adequate advance notification to demolish and removal of the affected persons and will pay their due compensation.     4. Therefore. Implementation The implementation of Resettlement Plan must be completed prior to start the civil works. the inhabitants (owners and their family members) associated with such land to be used or acquired for N-70 Project should be made in the Resettlement Plan by NHA. and community elders. cultivated and uncultivated agricultural land. The permanent land shall become the property of the Project for the whole concession period.

Start of Preliminary Works 4. Role of NHA NHA will keep record of all the grievance and maintenance rather improvement of environmental conditions of the area and uplift of socio-economic conditions of the affected 21 . Agricultural land b. Inventory of Structure of Affected Families 8. Pakistan Environmental Protection Act 1997.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section 1. Survey 2. 11. Residential land c. 18. 7. Land Acquisition Act (LAA) 1894especially the sections 4. Public Participation and Disclosure (in national or local languages) 3. Houses and wells e. Inventory preparation a. 4. 9. Inventory of Community Structures b. Payment of Compensation 12. 6. 24). Assets Valuation 9. Grievance Redress 13. 28. Draft Resettlement Ordinance (2002) should be followed/consulted during the Land Acquisition process. Notification under LAA Section 6. 16. Notice to persons interested 7. measured and planned 4. Crops/Trees d. Possession of Land/ Assets for Project Works 14. 3. 10.Protection of Property Rights (Article 23. Legislation to be consulted during Land Acquisition process The provisions laid down in Pakistan Constitution. Compensation Assessment (Revised) 11. Government structure 10.5. 8. Compensation Entitlements a. Land to be market out. Inventory of Government Structures c. Land Acquisition Process 5.4. . 23.

including if any. The land areas to be acquired for the project are highlighted in chapter 2.6.  NHA will be responsible for the all kind of compensation to the project affected peoples. NHA will collect and share record of all the grievance and maintenance of APs before implementation of the proposed Project. children. They will supervise and monitor the resettlement plan and inventory of APs. The survey was conducted for the proposed project. have no grievances. however a detailed collection of primary and secondary data as well as through consultations with affected persons and communities in the villages of the project area is required. They will also make an inventory of the affected people and a detailed resettlement/ land acquisition plan for the project. elderly.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section peoples (APs) in particular and residents of and around the project area in general. women. Scope of Resettlement/Land Acquisition Action Plan The scope of land acquisition and resettlement was defined by conducting field survey. 4. handicapped. 22 . During the implementation of resettlement/land acquisition plan it is to ensure that members of the affected households.

Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan 5. 5. Objectives of Environmental Management Plan (EMP) The EMP will help the NHA and the contractor to address the foreseen adverse environmental impacts of the project. As the primary national authority on roads. Ensuring pedestrian and traffic safety during construction and operation. Appropriately locating temporary construction camps. Identify the resource required to implement the EMP relevant financial arrangements. Key Environmental and Social Components The key environmental and social issues associated with this part of the project are as follows:       Resettling/relocating structures presently exiting within the proposed construction limit of the project right of way. Define a monitoring mechanism and identify monitoring parameters to ensure that all proposed mitigation measures are completely and effectively implemented. 5. asphalt plants and waste disposal sites and the environmental aspects and proposed mitigation measures of operating these facilities.2. NHA is responsible for ensuring that the Project complies with the laws and regulations controlling the environmental concerns of highway construction and operation and that all pre-construction requisites such as permits and clearances are met.3.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section 5. Facilitate the implementation of the mitigation measures by providing the technical details of each project impact and proposing and implementation schedule. enhance the project overall benefits and introduce standards of good environmental practice. construction and operation). super vision consultant. and Providing a cost estimate for all proposed EMP actions. Minimizing the impacts and relocating cultural sites or structures and communityowned assets during construction and operation.1. that has been assigned the task to carry out the Project. and contractor(s) in accordance with the three project phases (design. Identify training requirements at various levels and provide a plan for implantation. Regulating the procurement of the borrow material and top soil erosion during construction. Introduction This section provides an approach for managing and monitoring environmental issues and describes the institutional framework and resource allocations proposed to the National Highway Authority (NHA) for the project. The primary objectives of the EMP are to:       Define the role and responsibilities of project proponents. and 23 . Avoiding the obstruction of highway drainage system during construction and operation.

2) Deputy Director Environment. Ensuring that the contractors comply with the EMP. Identifying which public facilities and utilities need to be relocated and to which extent. The responsibilities of the GM Punjab and his supportive staff are as follows:      Setting up systems for environmental management. Identifying alternative resettlement sites for PAPs outside the Row. Social and Land The DD Environment will ensure the project’s compliance with environmentally sound project design and implementation. Preparing individual entitlement files. Role of Functionaries Following section explains the roles and responsibilities of personals involved in EMP implementation. if any. 5. Ensuring that affectees of the project are adequately compensated.4.4. Developing the Resettlement Policy Framework (PRF). Preparing and approving compensation budgets.1 NHA (project implementing authority) 1) The GM Punjab The GM Punjab and his staff are responsible for ensuring that the project design and specifications adequately reflect the EMP and the Resettlement Policy Framework (if required). if needed. entitlement packages and proposed alternative resettlement sites. Carrying out a consultation and dissemination campaigns with regards to compensation procedures. In this regard. The implementation of works will also be managed by NHA’s General Manager Punjab assisted by a project coordinator. and conducting surveys to determine resettlement requirements. it would be made sure that the new allocated places/resettlement site (s) are feasible for the resettlement so that they do not have to travel too far to earn their livelihood. These budgets would be reasonable 24 . 5. Supervising environmental and social assessments and providing preparing engineering design and tender documents. The GM will also be assisted by a Deputy Director Environment. they perform their duties according to contractual obligations and especially manage the construction waste in an adequate manner to avoid any unattended waste on-site. Social and Land will supervise NHA’s resettlement officer and ensure that the following activities are carried out transparently and according to acceptable standards:        Identifying and verifying project affected persons (PAPs).Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section  Compensation to the owners of the agriculture fields coming in the new proposed alignment. The Deputy Director Environment. Social and Land. making sure that an adequate representation of the stake holders has been considered and the concerns are adequately addressed.

that could also effectively coordinate with the natives of the area in disseminating complete information regarding the project activities.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section     to accommodate the losses of the affected people. Reporting on the progress of environmental compliance to the EPD Punjab and ensuring compliance with the conditions of EIA approval. NHMP is responsible to carry out following duties:  NHMP will observe and check the physical state of the heavy traffic vehicle drivers to make sure that they are not under any influence of drugs or sedation while driving. Coordinating with the project coordinator working to monitor environmental compliance during road construction and operation. 25 . This will include the conduction of environmental monitoring according to the schedule given in EMP. Agriculture. Ensuring the availability of human and material resources required for environmental monitoring during construction and operational phase. Forest and Wildlife Departments. Coordinating with local NGOs. 4) Project Coordinator   The Project Coordinator will be responsible for handling the NHA’s obligations with respect to the EMP. Ensuring that the compensations allocated in the EMP are given to the affectees etc. EPD Punjab. Generating periodic monitoring report and disseminating these among the management and appropriate staff members along with EPD Punjab. Ensuring that an adequate notice period is given to Project Affected Peoples before shifting and. Contracting out external monitoring to independent firms and ensuring that periodic environmental audits are carried out. Providing shifting assistance to displaced people and to assist them to salvage their facilities. air and water pollution. City Government. Report to GM Punjab about the progress of work. Proper measures will be taken to ensure environmental compliance. health and safety especially during the construction activities. 5) National Highway Motorway Police (NHMP) During operation phase. Project Coordinator will also be coordinating with the supervision consultant and contractor. Sustaining a working partnership among the NHA. Any deviation from the schedule would be adequately explained. 3) Project Director Environment The various assignments at the operational phase supervised by the Project Director Environment are:        The Project Director will be responsible to oversee the wording of the GM Punjab (NHA) and the supervision consultant. NGOs/CBOs and other related public and private sector organizations. The project coordinator will be responsible for ensuring that the provisions of the EMP are implemented in the construction areas both at the construction and operational phases. Project Coordinator will report and address the problems relating to the traffic.

All kinds of maintenance and rehabilitation of the project area during construction phase. 5. NHMP will periodically check the validity of Heavy Traffic Vehicle (HTV) licenses. Develop and implement environmental monitoring plan and waste management plan. solid waste management. work safety and hygiene. Review of external environmental audits reports. 5.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section   A monitory fine and a ban on driving (for 2 months at least) will be imposed on the drivers who found driving under the influence of any sedative drugs. Environmental Monitoring This sub section provides a monitoring plan that identifies the roles and responsibilities of project staff involved in environmental and social monitoring and lists the parameters that will be used in the monitoring process. Environmental officer monitor site clearance and preparation. Environmental officer will be responsible for monitoring and evaluation of all the work done by the contractor’s workers. Ensuring that day to day construction activities are carried out in an environmentally sound and sustainable manner. Provide clean and safe working environmental to the workers. Hire an environmental officer who will be responsible for implementing environmental obligations including the relevant provisions of EMP.4.3 Contractor The responsibilities of the contractor(s) would be as under:         Implementation of all the environmental obligations mentioned under the contract agreement. 5.2 Supervision Consultant Supervision Consultant will be responsible for:       Overseeing the compliance of EMP and monitoring activities of the environmental parameters. Overseeing the environmental performance of the contractor(s) and their obligations under the EMP. 26 . NHMP will make sure oil tanker (s) drivers have valid certification form respective oil refineries. water consumption for construction and labor camp etc. Guidance to the project staff to monitor environmental compliance during project implementation. Review of third party evaluation and monitoring reports. Ensure that the work is carried out in compliance with the EMP without posing any risk to environmental and health and safety of the workers.5.4.

5. Evaluate the effectiveness of the mitigation measures and recommend improvements.  Recommend mitigation measures for any unexpected impact or where the impact leave exceeds than that anticipated in the report.  Ensure the safe disposal of excess construction materials by the contractor. Notice period given to PAP’s before shifting them from their original locations within the RoW.5. Sox.1 Objectives The main objectives of the pre-construction and construction phase monitoring plans will be to: Monitor the actual impact of the works of road new alignment on the project corridor’s physical. 27 . Inventory and valuation of PAP’s affected assets. Verification of shifting assistance provided to displaced affectees and structures. The waste materials dumped on the construction sties result in the formation of leachate after a rainfall event which ultimately contaminates the groundwater in the project area is mostly hilly and the groundwater table is quite deep.  Monitor the rehabilitation of borrow areas and the restoration of construction camps sites and. PAP’s perspective on compensation procedure and entitlement package. biological and socio-economic environment. This will indicate the adequacy of the EMP. dust. CO and PM10) Asphalt plant emissions (smoke. biological and socio-economic receptors.g. Compile periodic accidental data to support analyses that will help minimize any future risks 5. The main objectives of monitoring during the operation phase will be to:     Appraise the adequacy of the EMP with respect to the project’s predicated long-term impact on the corridor’s physical.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section 5.  Ensure compliance with legal and community obligations including safety of construction sites. location of asphalt plants.2 Monitoring Parameters 1) Environmental Monitoring Parameters: The following environmental parameters will be monitored at locations to be indentified e.) Ambient Noise Levels Drinking Water Quality 2) Social Monitoring Parameters: Social monitoring will be carried out based on the following indicators:      Number of project affected persons (PAPs) to be resettled/ relocated/ and provided livelihood assistance. if and when required. construction camps etc.     Ambient Air Quality (mainly NOx. etc.

5.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section   Details of compensations given. The supervision consultant will be responsible for submitting a monthly Environmental/ Social Report for the project. 28 .6.3 Reporting Structure and Outcomes Overall.5. Number of grievances recorded and responded. In addition both the DD Environment/Social and Land will prepare a quarterly report encompassing environmental concerns and following review by the GM Punjab. Environmental Management Plan The proposed mitigation measures will be carried out as indicated in Table 5-7. progress reporting will be the responsibility of the project coordinator who will provide inputs to the supervision consultant to be collected and submitted to the GM Punjab. submit the report the EPD Punjab. 5.

In built-up and crop lands Before commencement of construction work During the design and construction phase During the design and construction phase Entire alignment in situ planning decision Throughout project life NHA (Project coordinator) Deputy director Environment and Land. disallow introduction of exotic species or species with known environmental setbacks (e. Technical Design Engineer NHA(Project coordinator)/ Environment department 29 . signboards. provide markings for centre and edge lines and stop lines at junctions and bus stops. all signs. Exit/ entry problems for the residents. plan for compensatory planting for each felled.g. NHA/ Environment Department Disturbance to ecological sensitive areas adjacent to highway/bridge Traffic accidents with wildlife. speed bumpers. improve junction layouts. and Project Engineer Designer. Eucalyptus. congestion and undesired encounters with slow traffic and livestock crossing. speed limits. assist in public awareness programs where applicable. Technical Design Engineer NHA/ Environment department Increase of traffic intensity Increase of air and noise pollution and associated health risks for roadside residents At towns/villages especially at near the junction of Fort Munro road and Bewata. Throughout project life. agriculture land Provide Resettlement Action Plan and proper compensation according to the market rates. and loss of functional benefits from roadside plants Where bridges are required Design Consultant. assets. Prosopis) Incorporate cautionary signage to raise attention of road users for wildlife crossing in areas at risk. Provision of diversion routes and proper signage.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section Table 5-7: Proposed Mitigation Measures Activities and Actions Environmental Issues Mitigation Measures Approximate Location Timeframe Institutional Responsibility Implementation Supervision DESIGN AND PRE-CONSTRUCTION PHASE Land acquisition Loss of homes. 2 plants of similar floral function. Minimize the degradation of the natural topography of the area Incorporate technical design features that enable continual traffic flux and avoid congestions (e. Consider noise barriers in sensitive areas.g.g. planning of wildlife information signboards. markings and bridge plates must be reflectorized. e. Contractor NHA Design bridges to standards with special reference to local dangers Location in areas with communities Uneasy traffic flow. NHA/ Planning and Design NHA Loss of vegetation due to alignment change Incorporate technical design to minimize removal of roadside plantation. Safety hazards for the pedestrian Loss of plants in an area with already scarce biodiversity. and Project Engineer/ Contractor Technical Design Engineer. bays). Minimize acquisition of precious/ fertile land Improve the road and bridge geometry. At relevant locations Throughout project life.

Design Consultant/ Sociologist NHA (Project coordinator) to inform local people NHA (Project coordinator). Land could also be selected through community consultation. incorporate technical design.g.3 and 1. schools be affected will create disruption of public services and economics Impacts on mosques. Contractor. In unavoidable interference prior notification and consultation needs to be made to reach consensus on procedures and options (e. Timely notifications and consultations with local communities. relocation/ re-building) or any other form of agreed compensation. smell.g.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section Activities and Actions Environmental Issues Mitigation Measures Proper alternate traffic management plan/ diversion routes. Training of work force in the storage and handling of materials and chemicals that can potentially cause soil contamination. Contractor NHA (Project coordinator) / Environment department Nha/ Environment department NHA.4 During design phase Respective department of NHA Cultural properties Mentioned in Table 1. Solid waste generated during construction and in camp sites will be properly treated and safely disposed odd in demarcated waste disposal sites. impact on agriculture Degradation of existing river beds. Pre construction and construction phase. loss f topsoil. alteration of surface and groundwater regime. shrines. Selection of up-to-date equipment and plants with reduced noise level ensured by suitable in built dampening techniques and appropriate muffling devices Approximate Location Timeframe Institutional Responsibility Implementation Supervision Solid waste generation Air pollution associated with burning garbage. Contractor needs to obtain approval from environmental officer for excavation and for plan of rehabilitating the site after excavation Maximum use of existing quarries for conglomerates from approved and formerly used quarry sites. All along the construction sites. water pipes. animals attraction Planning for burning sites in due distance to human settlements. power lines. All public utilities (e. power lines) likely to be impacted by the new alignment of the road be relocated well ahead to works commencement. NHA. Contractor NHA/ Environment department Excavation of earth material from borrow areas Acquisition of conglomerate and rocky sub-base material Change of edaphic characteristics.2 During design phase NHA/ Environment Department 30 . sociologist Public utilities Public utilities such as water pipe lines. land use conflicts Borrow areas at/near agriculture and irrigation areas At all agriculture sites During construction phase During construction phase NHA. which could subsequently be developed into fishponds or other productive purposes. graveyards Mentioned under Table 1. in bid documents Design consultant.

firefighting equipment. for each tree removed 5 new shall be planted. Provision of adequate sanitation. and contingency measures in case of accidents. safe storage of hazardous material. NHA/ Resettlement officer NHA/ Environment Department/ Resident Engineer. Site clearance and preparation. agriculture land. Photographical and botanical inventory of vegetation before clearing the site. to be approved by the environmental officer indicating safety measures taken by contractor. Providing basic medical service and supplies to workers. NHA will prepare Action Plan for lad acquisition. and reinstallation work after contract completion At prospective camp sites While establishing the camps Contractor NHA/ Environment department/ Sanitation and waste disposal Facilities at camps Health risks to work force and public if not properly managed At all solid and liquid waste collection and latrine sites of camps Throughout the operation of work camps. Contractor will provide proper waste management plan. and dormitory facilities including light At prospective locations identified in Table 1. as required. washing. cooking. security. and dissatisfaction on rehabilitation measures after completion Compensation/ resettlement/relocation for losses in business/ commercial activities and land management to take care of the drop in the elevation of the borrow areas. Loss of vegetation and assets on the selected land. Personal protective equipments (PPE) will be provided to the workers operating in the vicinity of high noise generation machines. Obligatory insurance against accidents to work laborers.1 after agreement with the local communities. where needed. septic tanks) to receive all sanitary waste water Layout plan for camp site. e. relocation and compensation for the affected community and infrastructure/buildings etc. All efforts during the design stage should be made to minimize the removal of existing macro-plants at camp sites. commercial activities. Contractor will provide plan for removal and rehabilitation of the site upon completion. first aid. Throughout construction phase Contractor Sociologist/ environmental officer Work safety and hygienic conditions Health risks if work conditions provide unsafe/or unfavorable work conditions During construction phase Contractor Supervision consultant/ environmental officer of supervision consultant 31 . Sewage system for such camps will be properly designed (pit latrines or. Compensatory plantation should be scheduled when construction works near end. Before commencement of the work. and loss of fertile plough layer at camp sites and asphalt plants and drop in the elevation of the borrow areas. fencing.g.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section Activities and Actions Environmental Issues Mitigation Measures Approximate Location Timeframe Institutional Responsibility Implementation Supervision CONSTRUCTION PHASE Land acquisition and Resettlement/ Relocation Loss of infrastructure.

etc. Rock fall embankment protections will be used to stop rock fall and debris from falling onto roads. Water quality will be monitored. Supervision consultant/ environmental officer Embankment works. near bridges. As applicable and needed. high embankments will be provided with chutes and drains to minimize soil erosion. to prevent contamination of water. At construction camp location Throughout construction period Contractor Supervision consultant/Envi ronmental officer/resident engineer Supervision consultant/ environmental officer/resident engineer Construction waste material Contamination of soil from construction wastes and quarry materials At all construction sites Throughout construction period. Approximate Location Timeframe Institutional Responsibility Implementation Supervision Camp site security Security hazards and related conflicts Proper storage and fencing/locking of storage rooms. etc. clearing of vegetations Soil erosion. Contractor Movement. in line with the legal prescriptions for dumpsites. embanking. Provide education on health related issues including communicable diseases including HIA/AIDS. rock fall/debris fall. loss of vegetation and habitat. Nonbituminous wastes from construction activities will be dumped in sites approved by the supervision consultant/environmental officer/resident engineer. Soil erosion checking measures such as the formation of sediment basins. Hepatitis. Fuel storage and refueling sites will be kept away from drainage channels.g. In areas with high sheet flow.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section Activities and Actions Environmental Issues Mitigation Measures up to satisfaction approved by the supervision consultant/Environmental officer. slope drains. resident engineer. At all sites where high embankments are required. e. petrol pilfering and theft. cutting operations. Employment of guard for storage rooms. During construction Contractor 32 . maintenance and fuelling of construction vehicles Contamination of soil and groundwater from fuel and lubricants During construction At all river bed crossings Contractor Supervision consultant/ environmental department. Oil and grease traps will be provided at fuelling locations. excavation of earth. and covered with a layer of the conserved topsoil. plantation will be done for slope protection. will be carried out. Provision of adequate security against sabotage. All spoils will be disposed off as desired and the site will be restored back to its original conditions before handing over. Stone pitching and retaining walls will be made at high embankment in critical area (>40% gradient).

Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section Activities and Actions Environmental Issues Mitigation Measures All slop stabilization techniques (bioengineering) will be used to control rock falls. Where deep ditching is to be carried out the top on meter layer of ditching area will be stripped and stockpiled. For construction purposes. other construction activities affecting water resources Earth and stone Throughout the project corridor During construction phase Contractor Uncontrolled explosions can At prospective During Contractor Supervision 33 . Contamination of water due to construction waste Throughout the project corridor During construction phase Contractor Supervision consultant/ environmental officer Supervision consultant/ environmental officer Earth and stone work. to road embankment and public health risks No excavations are allowed within distance of 100m to ROW. water shall be drawn from surface water bodies on priority and as available. Construction work close to water bodies will be avoided during monsoon season. proper mitigation measures will be taken along Wastes must be collected. Soil erosion along the borrow pit shall be regularly checked along the borrow pit shall be regularly checked to prevent/mitigate impacts on adjacent lands. As a precautions construct temporary or permanent devices to prevent water pollution due to increased siltation. stored and taken to approve disposal sites. Application of good engineering and All borrow sites in entire project area During borrow and excavation Contractor Supervision contractor/ environmental officer of supervision consultant/ resident engineer Water consumption for construction and labour camp Conflict with local water demand Throughout the project area During construction Contractor Supervision consultant/ environmental officer Spillage of liquid wastes Risk of polluting surface and groundwater from liquid waste spillage. damage. with scrap material form construction and then leveled with the stockpiled top soil The contractor will make arrangements for water required for construction in such a way that the water availability and supply to nearby communities remain unaffected. To maintain the surface water flow/drainage. drainage and run-off from construction sites. The ditch will initially be filled. Approximate Location Timeframe Institutional Responsibility Implementation Supervision Borrow pit excavation activities Soil erosion. Application of good engineering and construction practice. In borrow pits the depth of the pit will be regulated so that the sides of the excavation will have a slope not steeper than 1:4.

and passers-by. Construction activity at site will also cause disturbances to the already existing business (through small in number) along the project area movements. Provision of medical service to the workers. Social and Land) NHA/ Supervision consultant in corporation with Union Councils and local NGOs Local Communities Migrant construction workers inevitably cause social unease and active dispute with the local community due to cultural differences.e. particularly while preparing for explosion. particularly while defining doses for explosives. consulting of experienced experts mandatory. erosion. Application of good engineering and construction practice. All along the project corridor During construction phase Contractor 34 . optical and acoustical warning signs.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section Activities and Actions work. securing wider area. Elaboration of contingency plan. good relations with the local communities will be promoted by encouraging skilled and unskilled employment to natives proper compensations for the losses of business owners will be provided and alternate paths for the routine movement of the pedestrians will be developed. Aesthetics of the area maybe improved by plantation. Approximate Location blasting sites Timeframe construction phase Institutional Responsibility Implementation Supervision consultant/envi ronmental officer/resident engineer Contractor Supervision consultant/envi ronmental officer/resident engineer Use of explosives for blasting/hill cuts Safety hazards to workers. Small iterative blasting at shorter distances instead of few massive loads. and affect hydraulic regime Mitigation Measures construction practices. Provision of personal protective equipments (PPEs) to all the workers. Migrant worker camps sites will be located at approximately 500 m away from local settlements and sensitivity towards local customs and traditions will be encouraged. i. In addition the involvement of migrant workers in the project activity will reduce the employment opportunity for the locals. This is particularly a very crucial issue in the Project Area. For each tree cut will be replaced by 5 trees. uncontrolled triggering with accident consequences At prospective blasting sites During construction phase Flora There is tree cutting involved for the execution of the project At prospective sites During construction phase Contractor Forest office in coordination with DD Environment. including the stand-by of first aid equipment and heavy dozers. in hill cuts requiring blasting Environmental Issues trigger landslides.

Mixing equipment will be well sealed and equipped as per existing standards. Approximate Location At prospective blasting sites Timeframe All to be borne by Contractor Institutional Responsibility Implementation Supervision Contractor Supervision Consultant/ /Resident Engineer Vehicular movement and machineries Emission from construction vehicles and machinery. Water will be sprayed in the lime/cement and earth mixing sites. Air quality parameters will be monitored at determined sties and schedule determined by the Supervision consultant.g. Vehicles delivering loose and fine materials like sand and fine aggregates shall be covered to reduce spills on existing road. causing public health risks. Ambient air quality monitoring will be carried out in accordance to the Environmental Monitoring Plan. Ensure precautions to reduce the level of dust emissions from hot mix plant. nuisance and other impacts on the bio-physical environment All diversions in populated areas Throughout construction period Contractor Supervision Consultant/ /Resident Engineer construction machinery Dust generation form construction machineries causing health risks to operating workers. Work safety measures like dust masks shall be taken by the contractor to insure no health risks for operators. can block or alter waterways and contribute to gully erosion Mitigation Measures Contractor needs submit a plan or using and/or proper disposal of surplus material in a way to prevent contamination and blockage of this excess waters as well as dumping of this excess materials in river valleys or in designated forest areas Diversion roads in built-up areas will be established and scheduled to minimize traffic congestion. as applicable.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section Activities and Actions Surplus of hill cut rocks Environmental Issues Surplus hill cut rocks. e. Diversion roads will be black-toped to prevent excessive dust development All temporary service and access road will be regularly water-sprayed to minimize the dust generation: Schedules will be adjusted to actual needs. and other construction activities that create dust and emission Dust and emissions form machineries causing health risks to operators. providing them. with protection canvasses and dust extraction units. impacts on the bio-physical environment Construction sites near the major settlements During Construction Contractor Supervision Consultant/ /Resident Engineer 35 . crushers and batching plants will be taken up. impact on bio-physical environment At sites of hot mix plant Throughout construction period Contractor Supervision Consultant/ /Resident Engineer Transportation of materials.

Ensure safety code for work staff is observed ensuring the provision and wearing of safety equipment required for specific. particularly A hot mix plant. a readily available and updated first aid unit including an adequate supply of dressing materials and a staff with basic medical knowledge will be provided. Vehicles and equipment used will be fitted. batching plant & Construction sites Built-up areas Monitoring at selected towns and villages During construction Period Contractor Supervision Consultant/ /Resident Engineer Risks associated with construction activities Accident and health risks At all project work sites During construction Period Contractor Supervision Consultant (Environmental officer) 36 . etc.m. e. dust masks. ear muffs. Instruct foremen to strictly enforce the keeping out of no-working persons. etc. helmets. Hedges as noise barriers in sensitive areas (in front of schools. Elaborating of a contingency planning in case of major accidents. mosques). asphalt plants and equipment The plants and equipment used for construction will strictly conform to noise standards specified in the NEQS. At every construction site.m. Approximate Location Timeframe Institutional Responsibility Implementation Supervision Running of construction machinery Noise from vehicles.) In accordance with Environmental Monitoring Plan noise measurements will be carried out at locations and schedule specified by the SC/ENV to ensure the effectiveness of mitigation measures.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section Activities and Actions Environmental Issues Mitigation Measures Once the monitored parameters are above the prescribed NEQS limits suitable control measures must be taken. In urban areas construction activities will be restricted to be carried out between 6 a. as applicable. safety goggles. and 20 p.g. bushes. ambulances. with silencers and properly maintained.g. Public hearings to discuss appropriate solutions and materials to control noise (e. hospitals. mud or brick walls. works.

Adequate signage. barriers and persons with flags during construction to manage traffic at construction sites. If monitored parameters are above the prescribed limit. with framers livestock raisers and nomads for range lands At labours camp sites Contractor OPERATION PHASE Water And Soils Drainage of runoff from roads into water bodies Water pollution from storm waters containing hazardous substances Water quality monitoring will be carried out during operation phase at schedule approved by the Supervision Consultant (Environmental officer). lighting devices. off work sites. in close consultation with Local Authorities Supervision Consultant (Environmental officer)/ Resident Engineer Conflicts arising due to the mix of local & migratory job seekers Use of local resources and products Social disturbance and dissatisfaction with employing outsiders Town areas From early construction period until operation commences Throughout construction period BPG Police NGOs /CBOs Supervision Consultant (Environmental officer) Supervision Consultant (Environmental officer) Competition for natural resources e. Road safety education will be divulged to drivers operating construction vehicles Approximate Location Timeframe Institutional Responsibility Implementation Supervision Cultural differences between contractor and locals Local residents may resist contractors attitudes. At schedule defined in the monitoring plan Supervision Consultant (Environmental officer) together with approved laboratory. Contractors should primarily seek their own sources of water in due distance from local user’s wells. chadar and purdah). Establishment of formal links with affected communities. Throughout project area. Cultural clashes particularly when international contractors are engaged Timely and full public consultation and announcement of mobilizing equipment. haulage and access roads. Seek assistance from and cooperation with local NGOs/CBOs. Familiarize outside labourrs on local etiquettes (e. Entire project area Throughout construction period Contractor. suitable control measures will be taken.g.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section Activities and Actions Environmental Issues Mitigation Measures children. Aim at obliging the contractors to employ an agreed ratio (> 75%) local community (unskilled) labour for construction works. NHA/Environ ment Department 37 . Plan for social grievance redress mechanisms including the Nazem and community leaders.g.

additional sound barriers in form of tress and hedges will be discussed with the affected public and planted if agreed Signs for sensitive zones (educational institutions/mosques etc. Regular road maintenance to ensure good surface condition. tires and use of (pressure) horns Monitoring at junction of Fort Munro road and Sakhi Sarwar road.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section Activities and Actions Vehicular movement Environmental Issues Contamination from spills due to traffic and accidents Emission form vehicular traffic causing public health risks. Noise measurements will be carried out at locations and schedule specified by the NHA/Environment Department to ensure the effectiveness of mitigation measures. e. Enforcement and penalties against traffic rules violators Provision of proper safety signage. plants should be selected in accordance to their suitability to the climate and ability to absorb emissions.g. Enforcement and penalties against traffic rules violators. As needed NHA/Environ ment Department NHA/Environ ment Department Fauna and Flora Vehicular movement Accidents with wildlife In vicinity at During Supervision NHA 38 . speed limits and noise control plantations at sensitive spots especially near the communities at junction of Fort Munro road and Sakhi Sarwar road. Approximate Location Throughout project area All along the project area Timeframe As incident happening Schedule as per NHA roadside plantation scheme Institutional Responsibility Implementation Supervision NHA NHA/Environ ment Department NHA/Environ ment Department Vehicular movement NHA/Environ ment Department Vehicular movement Traffic related noise pollution and vibrations from engines. Monitoring air quality at defined schedule Regular vehicle check to control/ensure compliance with NEQS. Roadside tree plantations as applicable and feasible under harsh climatic conditions. According to monitoring results.) will to disallow the use of pressure horns. nuisance and other impacts on the bio-physical environment Mitigation Measures The spills at the accident sites will be cleared immediately and disposed off properly. Speed limits at sensitive locations.

Display of signboards alerting drivers. attention on wildlife and environmental issues related to safe driving and wildlife encounters. Approximate Location junction of Fort Munro road and Sakhi Sarwar road. In vicinity at junction of Fort Munro road and Sakhi Sarwar road and other areas as needed. At potential locations all along the project corridor During operation phase Supervision Consultant (Environmental officer) NHA Geology and topography Erosion/Rock fall/Landslide cause road blockage. During operation phase Supervision Consultant (Environmental officer) NHA 39 . accidents Rock fall/debris fall will be removed and dumped in suitable place.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section Activities and Actions Environmental Issues Mitigation Measures Setting up speed limits Proper lighting arrangements at hotels/stops and nearby communities. disturbance of fragile ecosystem Display of signboards explaining wildlife and other ecological values Patrolling and enforcement. Timeframe operation phase Institutional Responsibility Implementation Supervision Consultant (Environmental officer) Fast access to sensitive areas Poaching on wildlife.

Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section Appendices: Appendix 1: Project Site Views Appendix 2: Screening Format. JICA Guidelines for Environmental and Social Consideration Appendix 3: Checklist for Road sector 44 48 41 40 .

Seasonal stream flowing in the project area.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section Appendix 1: Project Site Views Existing road. Survey points marked along the road side. without erosion control measures. 41 . Sharp curves in the existing road.

Experts getting field data. 42 .Environment Study Report Sharp curves in the existing road. Experts getting field data. The building near the bridge will come under the proposed alignment. Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section Proposed road alignment will pass through a bridge at RB 32. Experts getting field data.

Agriculture field near road will come under the proposed alignment. 43 . Hotels/ shops on the main road will come under proposed alignment of road.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section The building near the road will come under the proposed alignment. Some part of the existing Multan Electric Power Company-33 KV grid station (gate and ) will come under new alignment of road.

End point of the proposed alignment -Bewata at the border of Baluchistan. 44 . Agriculture fields in Bewata. Near RP 32 a ziarat and mosque near the way of new alignment.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section Proposed alignment of road will pass over the drain through bridge at RP 32.

Project profile (scale and contents) The existing road is highly deteriorated at some sections. The present road geometry is very dangerous due to narrow. How was the necessity of the project confirmed? Is the project consistent with the higher program/policy? YES: Please describe the higher program/policy. improvement of surface conditions.G Khan District. The economic and commercial activities will also promote as it will provide shortest possible route. electricity generated.84 KM) From Rakhi Gaaj to Bewata in D. facilities area. After the up-gradation of the existing road. The prime objective of the project is to facilitate the movement of the people and goods in the area and in different parts of the country by providing inter-provincial road access and enhancement in the efficiency of the existing road network. stones and mud slides/falls at some spots due to improper erosion/land sliding control measures. The project focuses on widening of road. sharp turns and steep gradients and thus demanded improvement. Pakistan Question 2: Scale and contents of the project (approximate area. etc. JICA Guidelines for Environmental and Social Consideration Name of Proposed Project: CONTRACT FOR CONSULTANCY SERVICES OF DETAILED DESIGN. The Development Plan targeting the year 2023 under its Medium-term Development Plan 45 . Project Proponent or Investment Company: Check Items Please write “to be advised (TBA)” when the details of a project are yet to be determined. Punjab.) 2-1.84 KM (SECTION N-70) OF EAST WEST ROAD IMPROVEMENT PROJECT NATIONAL HIGH AUTHORITY (NHA) Project Executing Organization. TENDER ASSISTANCE AND CONSTRUCTION SUPERVISION OF RAKHIGAJJBEWATA 33. production. improvement of alignment. and construction of bridges and culverts. the dangerous sharp curves will be removed and it will facilitate the travelling and lessen the time span.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section Appendix 2: Screening Format. Question 1: Address of project site Section of N-70 Highway (33. has many sharp cuts. road is also broken at several places. 2-2. It is problematic due to its rocky terrain. This deterioration is mainly due to poor maintenance rendering it inadequate to accommodate the heavy traffic.

Necessity ( Implemented (Reason why EIA is required: ) □Ongoing/planning) Under Section 12 of the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act of 1997 the project proponent is required to submit during the planning stage of the project an environment assessment report of the proposed project to relevant EPA for approval. hotel owners. Based on the project activities.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section gives priority to public investment in the field of communication and safety besides other areas. Did the proponent consider alternatives before this request? YES: Please describe outline of the alternatives The chapter 5 of the EIA report describes project alternatives. requiring submission of detail EIA document. It explores options from ‘no project’ to alternate transport models to alternate routes to improvement of existing road. Did the proponent implement meetings with the related stakeholders before this request? □Implemented □Not implemented If implemented. expansion of existing roads. is EIA implemented or planned? If necessary. Administrative body Local residents □NGO Others (Shop owners. motorized and non-motorized transporters) Question 3: Is the project a new one or an ongoing one? In the case of an ongoing project. please fill in the reason why EIA is required. please mark the following stakeholders. ☐Not necessary ☐Other (please explain) Question 5: In the case that steps were taken for an EIA. including an Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) is required for the project according to a law or guidelines of a host country? If yes. the Pak EPA Review of EIA/IEE Regulation 2000 placed the project under Schedule-II. The three areas listed in the road sector development plan includes facilitation of road network to strengthen trade and transportation in the region. □NO 2-4. and improvement of maintenance and safety. was the EIA approved by the relevant 46 . □NO 2-3. have you received strong complaints or other comments from local residents? New ☐Ongoing (with complaints) ☐Ongoing (without complaints) ☐Other Question 4: Is an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA).

cultural heritage) ☐Primeval forests. wetlands. etc. land development. ☐Approved without a Approved with a ☐Under appraisal supplementary condition supplementary condition (Date of approval: 28 March 2007 Competent authority: EPA Punjab ) ☐Under implementation ☐Appraisal process not yet started ☐Other ( ) Question 6: If the project requires a certificate regarding the environment and society other than an EIA. please mark the corresponding items. Was it approved? ☐Already certified Title of the certificate: ( ) ☐Requires a certificate but not yet approved Not required ☐Other Question 7:Are any of the following areas present either inside or surrounding the project site? ☐Yes No If yes. historical.675 sq m) ☐Logging Question 9: (scale: hectors) 47 . and/or land-clearing (scale: 421. mangrove wetlands. please note the date of approval and the competent authority. protection areas designated by the government (coastline. tidal flats. and/or cultural points of view ☐Habitats of minorities. tropical natural forests ☐Ecologically important habitats (coral reefs.) ☐Habitats of endangered species for which protection is required under local laws and/or international treaties ☐Areas that run the risk of a large scale increase in soil salinity or soil erosion ☐Remarkable desertification areas ☐Areas with special values from an archaeological. ☐National parks. Involuntary resettlement ☐Groundwater pumping (scale: m3/year) Land reclamation. or areas with special social value Question 8: Does the project include any of the following items? Yes ☐No (scale: households: only 2 persons) If yes. or nomadic people with a traditional lifestyle. please mark the appropriate items. please indicate the title of said certificate.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section laws of the host country? If yes. reserved area for ethnic or indigenous people. indigenous people.

etc.Environment Study Report Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section Please mark related adverse environmental and social impacts. livelihood. such as employment. Air pollution ☐Water pollution ☐Soil pollution ☐Local economies. if JICA’s environmental and social considerations are required. can sub-projects be specified at the present time? ☐Yes No Question 11:Regarding information disclosure and meetings with stakeholders. or ethnic people ☐Misdistribution of benefits and damages ☐Local conflicts of interest ☐Gender ☐Children’s rights ☐Cultural heritage ☐Infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS ☐Other ( ) Waste Noise and vibrations ☐Ground subsidence ☐Offensive odors ☐Geographical features ☐Bottom sediment ☐Biota and ecosystems Water usage ☐Accidents ☐Global warming Involuntary resettlement Outline of related impact: The likely impacts of the project have been thoroughly reviewed during the EIA study and necessary mitigation measures were identified to redress them. ☐Land use and utilization of local resources ☐Social institutions such as social infrastructure and local decision-making institutions ☐Existing social infrastructures and services ☐Poor. and describe their outlines. Question 10: In the case of a loan project such as a two-step loan or a sector loan. The Environmental Study Reports provides an Environmental Management Plan (EMP) to be implemented during the project implementation to ensure compliance with the identified mitigation measures. does the proponent agree to information disclosure and meetings with stakeholders through these guidelines? Yes ☐No 48 . indigenous.

conditions are imposed by EPA Punjab and are satisfied. including information disclosure? Is understanding obtained from the public? ② Are proper responses made to comments from the public and regulatory authorities? ① Is there a possibility that air pollutants emitted from various sources. No possibility 3. is there a possibility that the project will make air pollution worse? ① Is there a possibility that soil runoff from the bare lands resulting from earthmoving activities. approved by EPA Punjab 3. No industrial area exists. Not required. 2. No such possibility exist. No standard applicable for parking area effluent and ambient water quality standards. Yes. Wastewater from domestic or commercial activities are required to comply with national environmental quality standards (NEQS) (3) Noise and Vibration 3 Natural Environment (1) Protected Areas Yes No . Yes. comments of public were properly endorsed in a separate chapter in EIA report. such as vehicle traffic will affect ambient air quality? Does ambient air quality comply with the country’s ambient air quality standards? ② Where industrial areas already exist near the route. 2 Mitigation Measures (2) Water Quality 2. Ambient air quality standards were not notified at the time of EIA study. (1) EIA and Environmental Permits 1 Permits and Explanation (2) Explanation to the Public (1) Air Quality 1. The ambient air quality will improve due to improvement of road alignment and surface conditions. such as stations and parking areas/service areas comply with the country’s effluent standards and ambient water quality standards? Is there a possibility that the effluents will cause areas that do not comply with the country’s ambient water quality standards? ① Do noise and vibrations from vehicle and train traffic comply with the country’s standards? ① Is the project site located in protected areas designated by the country’s laws or international treaties and conventions? Is there a possibility that the project will affect the protected areas? Confirmation of Environmental Considerations 1. such as cutting and filling will cause water quality degradation in downstream water areas? ② Is there a possibility that surface runoff from roads will contaminate water sources. Yes 2. Yes. are the conditions satisfied? ④ In addition to the above approvals. Mostly require compliance with EMP. such as groundwater? ③ Do effluents from various facilities. 4.Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan for N70 Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section Appendix 3: Checklist for Road sector Category Environmental Item Main Check Items ① Have EIA reports been officially completed? ② Have EIA reports been approved by authorities of the host country’s government? ③ Have EIA reports been unconditionally approved? If conditions are imposed on the approval of EIA reports. 1. 1. 2. Yes. have other required environmental permits been obtained from the appropriate regulatory authorities of the host country’s government? ① Are contents of the project and the potential impacts adequately explained to the public based on appropriate procedures. Public consultations were held during the preparation of EIA study and Public Hearing was held at EPA during the review/approval process.

No such possibility exists. No such possibility exist 6. Yes. all new developments would be required to conduct an EIA study under the law. 2. during EIA preparation public consultation were held with the local community. Only 2 structures will be affected.Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan for N70 Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section (2) Ecosystem 3 Natural Environment ① Does the project site encompass primeval forests. coral reefs. such as disruption of migration routes. and disturbance of ecosystems due to introduction of exotic (non-native invasive) species and pests? Are adequate measures for preventing such impacts considered? ⑥ In cases where the project site is located at undeveloped areas. (4) Topography and Geology 4 Social Environment (1) Resettlement 1. Resettlement plan framework has been developed in the Environment Study Report to address the compensation and restoration issues. NHA has proper section and legislation to address resettlement. mangroves. Yes. is there a possibility that the new development will result in extensive loss of natural environments? ① Is there a possibility that alteration of topographic features and installation of structures.g. desertification. such as destruction of forest. No such possibility exists. children. 5. reduction in wetland areas. and indigenous peoples? ⑤ Are agreements with the affected persons obtained prior to resettlement? ⑥ Is the organizational framework established to properly implement resettlement? Are the capacity and budget secured to implement the plan? ⑦ Is a plan developed to monitor the impacts of 1. people below the poverty line. and borrow sites? Are adequate measures taken to prevent soil runoff? ① Is involuntary resettlement caused by project implementation? If involuntary resettlement is caused. Adequate measure have been identified in project design. Yes. including women. tropical rain forests. such as cutting and filling will cause slope failures or landslides? Are adequate measures considered to prevent slope failures or landslides? ③ Is there a possibility that soil runoff will result from cut and fill areas. and traffic accident of wildlife and livestock? ⑤ Is there a possibility that installation of roads will cause impacts. No applicable 5. the elderly. habitat fragmentation. . restoration of livelihoods and living standards developed based on socioeconomic studies on resettlement? ④ Does the resettlement plan pay particular attention to vulnerable groups or persons. No 2. are adequate protection measures taken to reduce the impacts on the ecosystem? ④ Are adequate protection measures taken to prevent impacts. However. including proper compensation. poaching. 3. (3) Hydrology 1. Adequate measures have been taken to address the landslide and slope failures in project design. No such possibility exists. 3. where needed? ② Is there a possibility that civil works.. Will be done on execution of resettlement plan. such as tunnels will adversely affect surface water and groundwater flows? ① Is there a soft ground on the route that may cause slope failures or landslides? Are adequate measures considered to prevent slope failures or landslides. ecologically valuable habitats (e. are efforts made to minimize the impacts caused by the resettlement? ② Is adequate explanation on relocation and compensation given to affected persons prior to resettlement? ③ Is the resettlement plan. ethnic minorities. 4. 2. or tidal flats)? ② Does the project site encompass the protected habitats of endangered species designated by the country’s laws or international treaties and conventions? ③ If significant ecological impacts are anticipated. waste soil disposal sites. 6. No 3. No required 4. Yes.

g. cultural. if necessary? ④ Is there a possibility that the project will adversely affect road traffic in the surrounding areas (e. The project will have no adverse affect on the livelihood of the local inhabitants.g. such as HIV will be introduced due to immigration of workers associated with the project? Are adequate considerations given to public health.. historical. are adequate measures considered to reduce impacts? ④ If necessary. is there a possibility that the project will affect the existing means of transportation and the associated workers? Is there a possibility that the project will cause significant impacts. No such possibility. No such possibility. are adequate measures considered to reduce impacts? ③ If construction activities adversely affect the social environment. exhaust gases. 5. dust. In fact the landscape of the project area will enhance. 4 Social Environment (5) Ethnic Minorities and Indigenous Peoples 2. 4. traffic safety. 1. 2. 2. by causing increases in traffic congestion and traffic accidents)? ⑤ Is there a possibility that roads and railways will cause impede the movement of inhabitants? ⑥ Is there a possibility that structures associated with roads (such as bridges) will cause a sun shading and radio interference? ① Is there a possibility that the project will damage the local archeological. is health and safety education (e. and religious heritage sites? Are adequate measures considered to protect these sites in accordance with the country’s laws? ① Is there a possibility that the project will adversely affect the local landscape? Are necessary measures taken? ① Where ethnic minorities and indigenous peoples are living in the rights-of-way. are considerations given to reduce the impacts on culture and lifestyle of ethnic minorities and indigenous peoples? ② Does the project comply with the country’s laws for rights of ethnic minorities and indigenous peoples? ① Are adequate measures considered to reduce impacts during construction (e. including workers? 1. No such significant impacts identified in EIA study. noise. No. No ethnic minorities or indigenous people live in project area. vibrations. 6. or unemployment? Are adequate measures considered for preventing these impacts? ② Is there a possibility that the project will adversely affect the living conditions of inhabitants other than the affected inhabitants? Are adequate measures considered to reduce the impacts. Traffic study has been done to review the impacts on traffic on adjoining roads. Yes. Trained and experienced contractors will be engaged.Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan for N70 Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section resettlement? 7. Yes. and wastes)? ② If construction activities adversely affect the natural environment (ecosystem). (3) Heritage (4) Landscape No such possibility. 5 Others (1) Impacts during Construction 1. the project has been designed to enhance the livelihood of the people. Will be addressed in resettlement plan (2) Living and Livelihood ① Where roads or railways are newly installed. No applicable 3. such as extensive alteration of existing land uses. turbid water. public health) provided for project personnel. if necessary? ③ Is there a possibility that diseases. No such possibility. changes in sources of livelihood. In fact. All construction related affects were properly examined and addressed in the EMP of construction phase with roles and responsibilities well defined. the issue has been addressed in the EMP 4.g... 3. including communicable diseases. . No required.

acid rain. personnel. pertinent items described in the Forestry Projects checklist should also be checked (e. ② Where necessary.g. such as the format and frequency of reports from the proponent to the regulatory authorities? ① Where necessary.. ① If necessary. . or global warming). 4. and adequate budget to sustain the monitoring framework)? ④ Are any regulatory requirements pertaining to the monitoring report system identified. projects including large areas of deforestation). pertinent items described in the Power Transmission and Distribution Lines checklist should also be checked (e. Reference to Checklist of Other Sectors 6 Note 2. 3. appropriate environmental considerations are made. Yes. 1. Note on Using Environmental Checklist No trans-boundary impact of project identified. the project includes factors that may cause problems. the impacts to transboundary or global issues should be confirmed. Yes. 2.Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan for N70 Rakhi Gaj-Bewata Section (2) Monitoring ① Does the proponent develop and implement monitoring program for the environmental items that are considered to have potential impacts? ② Are the items. if necessary (e.. 2) Environmental checklist provides general environmental items to be checked. if necessary. in the event that environmental standards in the country where the project is located diverge significantly from international standards. It may be necessary to add or delete an item taking into account the characteristics of the project and the particular circumstances of the country and locality in which it is located. destruction of the ozone layer.. Not applicable. such as transboundary waste treatment. considerations should be made based on comparisons with appropriate standards of other countries (including Japan' experience). 1) Regarding the term “Country’s Standards” mentioned in the above table. 1. methods and frequencies included in the monitoring program judged to be appropriate? ③ Does the proponent establish an adequate monitoring framework (organization. monitoring plan included in EMP. Yes.g.g. Not applicable. Yes. equipment. In cases where local environmental regulations are yet to be established in some areas. projects including installation of power transmission lines and/or electric distribution facilities).