-IS14474(Partl):-1997 IS0 11662-l : 1995

(Reaffirmed 2003)

Indian Standard MOBILE CRANES - EXPERIMENTAL DETERMINATION OF CRANE PERFORMANCE
PART 1 TIPPING LOADS AND RADII

Ship Building Centre, Visakhapatnam. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:38:12

ICS 53.020.20

0 BIS 1997

BUREAU

OF

INDIAN

STANDARDS

MANAK BHAVAN, 9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARG NEW DELHI 110002 way 1997 Price Group 4

if the final value. is to be rounded off. *however. Now.Cranes. Standard’ appear referring to this standard. HMD 14 NATIONAL FOREWORD This Indian Standard which is identical with IS0 11662-l : 1995 ‘Mobile cranes . observed or calculated. to use a full stop ( . the current practice is In this adopted standard. Certain terminology and conventions are.Experimental determination of crane performance . not identical to those used in Indian Standards. they should be read Ship Building Centre. The text of IS0 standard has been approved for publication as Indian Standard without deviations. Visakhapatnam. reference appears to certain International Standards for which Indian Standards also exist. and approval of the Heavy Mechanical Engineering Division Council. ) as a decimal marker. IS0 4306-2 has been revised in 1994. Lifting Chains and Its Related Equipment Sectional Committee.Part 1 :Tipping loads and radii’. Attention is particularly drawn to the following: a) Wherever the words’lnternational as ‘Indian Standard. . Hence the degree of equivalence for correspohding Indian Standard is shown as Technically Equivalent. issued by International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Lifting Chains and Its Related Equipment Sectional Committee. ) has been used as a decimal marker while in Indian Standards. it shall’ be done in accordance with IS 2 : 1960 ‘Rules for rounding off numerical values ( revised)‘. ‘IS0 4306-2 : 1985 was adopted as IS 13473 ( Part 2 ) : 1992.standard. The corresponding Indian Standard which is to be substituted in its place was listed below along with its degree of equivalence for the editions indicated: lnterna tional Standard Corresponding Indian Standard IS 13473 ( Part 2 ) : 1992 Cranes Vocabulary : Part 2 Mobile cranes Degree of Equivalence Technically Equivalent *IS0 4306-2 : 1994 In reporting the results of a test or analysis made in accordance with this. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:38:12 b) Comma ( . was adopted by the Bureau of Indian Standards on the recommendations of the Cranes.

2 axis of rotation: Vertical line through the axis around which the crane superstructure ro_tates before load is applied to the crane hook. constitute provisions of this part of IS0 11662. The test is applicable for cranes whose capacity to support loads is based on its static resistance to overturning. 3. the 5 Apparatus 5. 3 Definitions For the following purpose of this definitions apply. sufficiently large to provide for unobstructed testing. or adding incremental weights using a fixed radius until crane stability is overcome.3 load: Force acting to unbalance a crane. should ensure that tests are made in the least stable direction for each rating under test. Members of IEC and IS0 maintain registers of currently valid International Standards.EXPERIMENTAL DETERMINATION OF CRANE PERFORMANCE PART 1 TIPPING LOADS AND RADII 1 Scope This part of IS0 11662 specifies a test method to determine the maximum capacity of a mobile crane to counterbalance loads applied on its hook block. through reference in this text.1 Supporting surface. 3. the edition indicated was valid. 1 . jib hoist or jib telescope capability.acting to overturn the crane is equal to the maximum moment of the crane available to resist overturning. At the time of publication.1 balance condition: Condition of crane loading in which the load moment. 3. 3. resulting from the gravitational force created by the hook block itself and the charges suspended from it. of concrete or other firm material. part of IS0 11662. Ship Building Centre. Vocabulary 4 Principle The load is applied by freely suspending from the crane hook block a weight of predetermined magnitude and either lengthening the radius until crane stability is overcome. IS0 4306-2:1994. This part of IS0 11662 applies to all mobile cranes as defined in IS0 4306-2. The tester. and parties to agreements based on this part of IS0 11662 are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the most recent edition of the standard indicated below. Lifting appliances Part 2: Mobile cranes.IS 14474~( Part 1 ) : 1997 IS0 11662-1 : 1995 Indian Standard MOBILE CRANES .4 radius of load: Horizontal distance between the point from which the radius is measured projected onto the supporting surface before loading. All standards are subject to revision. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:38:12 2 Normative reference The following standard contains provisions which. Visakhapatnam. The test shall not be used on cranes whose capacity is based on structural strength or on limitations due to available load hoist. and the centre of the vertical hoist line or tackle after loading.

7 7. boom length and rigging. f) 9) 6.5 Means for measuring the mass of test weights.3 Locate the crane on the test course in position for loading and actuate the travel brakes. the crane shall be installed so as to ensure firm bearing of the outriggers on the supporting surface. if used.1.5 The fuel tank shall be no more than one-third full. lubricating oil and hydraulic fluids shall be at the operating levels specified by the manufacturer. the tyres shall be inflated to within +_3 % of the pressure stipulated by the manufacturer.1. Record this value. Visakhapatnam.2 A competent operator shall operate the crane. and jack the crane to a position in which the tyres or tracks within the boundary of the outriggers are unloaded. 6. 7. b) fuel supply. the superstructure axis-ofof the test course and mark tests of cranes with outriggers in condition. . h) clutches.1 Test procedure Test preparation crane as applicable recommendation to 5. cable fittings components. 7. the crane shall be raised by the outriggers so as to provide clearance between the ground and all the wheels or to relieve all wheels of the weight of the crane unless the suspension design is such that the tyres stay on the ground when outriggers are set. brakes and other components.2.1 When outriggers are used in the course of testing pneumatic-tyred cranes.2 When testing cranes on pneumatic tyres or crawler equipment. the crane shall be level . shall comply with 7.4 For conducting the “on outriggers” (G 1% gradient).4.1 Prepare test load. At the conclusion of this initial operation. 6. power transmission i) 6. 6. Conditions for tyre support manufacturers requirements. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:38:13 6 Test conditions d) e) 6.1. c) tyre inflation. to. and all wheels shall be in the ahead position. the appliance shall be placed on a firm level surface (S 1 % gradient). slings and ancillary equipment (excluding the hoist rope).3 When testing pneumatic-tyred equipment while operating on tyres.IS 14474 (Part 1) : 1997 IS0 11662-1 : 1995 5. hook block. Coolant.make up the specified load mass to within + 1 %.4 Means for measuring the horizontal distance from the axis of rotation to the centre of gravity of the load.15 m. crane level (G 1 % gradient). such as load basket. and other load-bearing Ship Building Centre.2 Means for measuring the load radius to an accuracy of f 1 % or +0.6 Test weights.1 For the purpose of testing. 6. a) lubrication.1 Service and adjust the according to the manufacturer’s assure specified conditions of 5. to an accuracy of +_l % of the measured load. whichever is smaller. 5. having +3 % of the measured pressure. pins. slings and (excluding the hoist rope) of f 1 %. 7. coolant supply. 2 7.4 Set outriggers. ancillary equipment mass known to within hook blocks. the crane shall be equipped with working equipment suitable for operation with the rated load. slings and any other ancillary equipment. -6. bolts. 7. In the absence of specific recommendations. including test weights.5 Verticallv proiect rotation onto the surface its location.1.1.6 Wind direction should be such that it does not increase the stability of the crane. hook block. an accuracy of 5.2 When outriggers are used in the course of testing crawler cranes.2 Test measurements 7.3 Tyre pressure gauge. service and adjust the machine to the specified conditions. a new machine should be operated for at least 4 h to ensure proper function of the machine.4. track tension.

load and radiIus of the load.2.2 NOTE 1 The final adjustment of the balance point may be made by adding small increments of mass rather than increasing the radius.l m of the test surface at all times to prevent excessive tipping. measure and record the new radius. The radius of load and load mass last employed. follow procedures as outlined in 7. record the mass of the . 7. See and 2 for examples of test data of the crane. 8 Plotting of capacity curve Where it is desired to determine the balance point capacities of a crane throughout a range of loads or radii.2. Repeat the procedure until the balance point is reached. measure the radius of load and add small increments of mass to the load until the load overcomes the stability of the crane. making sure that the load and radius are determined for each’ extreme of the chosen range and at a sufficient number of intermediate points to permit plotting a curve. hoist the load free from the test surface at a radius at which the crane is stable.IS 14474 (Part 1) : 1997 ISO 11662-1 : 1995 With the crane superstructure in its least stable configuration for the specified position. as ordinate and radius.3 Alternatively. When the balance point is reached. Use a representative number of boom lengths for a given capacity chart. then boom down a small amount to increase the radius. 7. in metres. Keep the load within 0. as abscissa. 9 Test report Record a complete description for the test.2. data for the tipping load on test data sheets. before the stability of the crane was overcome. shall be recorded as the balance point condition. Plot a curve showing the maximum capacity of the crane with the load. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:38:13 . If the crane will support the load at the adjusted radius without tipping. Visakhapatnam. Ship Building Centre. positions load and the radius of table 1 and figures 1 sheets. in kilograms.

........ Suspended weights I-J Mass (kg) _............_.....____.....__._......... Angle to the boom/ground’) Serial No......_...._................._.___..__......._........ ..__... ...._. When fly jib is fixed._______.............._....................._...___._.._.. ........... ......_...._........... ........__.. . ....___........... Model . ..... ........... ....._.....___.._.. Type ..... ..._ New fJ Type __....._.....__._.................. ..._.. ..... ._.......... ...._.. ..... .._..__............_...._.. ... .........................__........._.... ......._._...... . ...... ............____..__.. . .... ........._.. the angle is to the ground. Boom jib: Type Engine: Manufacturer Counterweight: Test method: ....._........._........_____........ Boom: Type ...... Radial __. Size .._. ..._.__..._. .. Anchor 0 Position of superstructure Ship Building Centre.._.. Length (ml ..... Length (m) ..._._...... ........_..____.._.. Model ____.._.._..........._ Ply Tyres: Size ..... ......_.... ...... Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:38:13 Remarks: ...___... ... ......_.__.._._....___................_.. .__...... ..._... ......................_............ _._................. Operator: _.. ... ............. ....IS 14474 (Part 1) : 1997 IS0 11662-1 : 1995 Table 1 Manufacturer Condition: Mounting: Data sheet for mobile crane description and balance points Serial No....._._..............__. . .......__. ..... .. ._. Visakhapatnam._..._.... ........ ._._....________... ....._._........ .._.....__...___.... Pressure (kPa) _......_......... when fly jib is luffing.. Used 0 Hours of previous use ___...._..____......_____...__.. ..__.____. . .......__......... . .._.. ........___......_........___...___. ..... ...... .............._._____.........._.__..... 1) Date of test: .._....__................_....._._....... 4 .__.. ... ....................... .............___...........__. ... .._.... . ....._......... ._...... the angle is to the boom.._.__.

Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:38:13 t bl CI tF 1 Q Q c-- 6 x 4 truck Dimensions A of undercarriage chassis for wheel-mounted cranes B E H C F J 0 G L Figure 1 - Data sheet for physical dimensions of undercarriage chassis for wheel-mounted cranes .IS 14474 ( Part 1) : 1997 IS0 11662-1 : 1995 J A 8 x 4 truck B Ship Building Centre. Visakhapatnam.

Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:38:13 _ A I_ B 1 Crawlers Dimensions A F N Crawlers of undercarriage B H with outriggers cranes chassis for crawler-mounted E M Figure 2 - Data sheet for physical dimensions of undercarriage chassis for carrier-mounted and crawler-mounted cranes 6 . Visakhapatnam.IS 14474 (Part 1) : 1997 IS0 11662-1 : 1995 4 x 2 Carrier Dimensions A 6 x 4 Carrier of undercarriage -B G L . chassis for carrier-mounted E H cranes F J Ship Building Centre.

Visakhapatnam.IS 14474(Part1):1997 IS0 11662-1 : 1995 Annex A (informative) Bibliography [ ] IS0 4305:1991. Ship Building Centre. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:38:13 . Mobile cranes 1 Determination of stability.

Road. HYDERABAD. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:38:13 BUREAU Headquarters: OF INDIAN STANDARDS Telegrams: Manaksanstha ( Common to all offices ) Telephone 323 76 17 323 3841 337 84 99. 337 86 62 1 60 38 43 60 20 25 235 02 16.235 04 42 235 15 19. T. 323 33 75 Regional Offices: Central : Manak Bhavan. LUCKNOW. Standards are also reviewed periodically. type or grade designations. in the course of implementing the standard. 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg. Khurja. New Delhi 110002 Telephones : 323 01 31. This Indian Standard has been developed from Dot : No.235 23. BHUBANESHWAR. Sector 34-A. Users of Indian Standards should ascertain that they are in possession of the latest amendments or edition by referring to the latest issue of ‘BIS Handbook’ and ‘Standards : Monthlv Additions’. Printed at New India Printing Press. CHANDIGARH 160022 Southern : C.8327858 832 78 91. of necessary details. Maniktola CALCUTTA 700054 Northern : SC0 335-336. Review of Indian Standards Amendments are issued to standards as the need arises on the basis of comments. PUNE. This does not preclude the free~use. BIS. Branches : AHMADABAD. I. Date of Issue Text Affected Ship Building Centre. GHAZIABAD. such as symbols and sizes. Visakhapatnam.15 8329295. GUWAHATI. JAIPUR. I. HMD 14 ( 04 13 ). Enquiries relating to copyright be addressed to the Director (Publications). Copyright BIS has the copyright of all its publications. 323 94 02. if the review indicates that changes are needed. 337 85 61 337 86 26. Andheri (East) MUMBAI 400093 BHOPAL.832 78 92 Manak Bhavan. 1986 to promote harmonious development of the activities of standardization. KANPUR. V. Scheme VII M. CHENNAI 600113 Western : Manakalaya. IV Cross Road. P. 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg NEW DELHI 110002 Eastern : l/14 C. marking and quality certification of goods and attending to connected matters in the country. E9 MIDC. Amendments Issued Since Publication Amend No. BANGALORE. FARIDABAD. COIMBATORE. it is taken up for revision. T. Campus. a standard along with amendments is reaffirmed when such review indicates that no changes are needed. I. India . PATNA.Bureau of Indian Standards BIS is a statutory institution established under the Bureau oflndian StandardsAct. No part of these publications may be reproduced in any form without the prior permission in writing of BIS. Marol. THIRUVANANTHAPURAM. NAGPUR.