This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Indian Standard MOBILE CRANES - EXPERIMENTAL DETERMINATION OF CRANE PERFORMANCE
PART 1 TIPPING LOADS AND RADII
Ship Building Centre, Visakhapatnam. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:38:12
0 BIS 1997
MANAK BHAVAN, 9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARG NEW DELHI 110002 way 1997 Price Group 4
HMD 14 NATIONAL FOREWORD This Indian Standard which is identical with IS0 11662-l : 1995 ‘Mobile cranes . and approval of the Heavy Mechanical Engineering Division Council.Part 1 :Tipping loads and radii’. Certain terminology and conventions are. is to be rounded off. not identical to those used in Indian Standards. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:38:12 b) Comma ( . they should be read Ship Building Centre.standard. Lifting Chains and Its Related Equipment Sectional Committee. ) has been used as a decimal marker while in Indian Standards. IS0 4306-2 has been revised in 1994. ) as a decimal marker.Experimental determination of crane performance . ‘IS0 4306-2 : 1985 was adopted as IS 13473 ( Part 2 ) : 1992. issued by International Organization for Standardization (ISO). . the current practice is In this adopted standard. observed or calculated. it shall’ be done in accordance with IS 2 : 1960 ‘Rules for rounding off numerical values ( revised)‘. The text of IS0 standard has been approved for publication as Indian Standard without deviations. if the final value. was adopted by the Bureau of Indian Standards on the recommendations of the Cranes.Cranes. Lifting Chains and Its Related Equipment Sectional Committee. *however. The corresponding Indian Standard which is to be substituted in its place was listed below along with its degree of equivalence for the editions indicated: lnterna tional Standard Corresponding Indian Standard IS 13473 ( Part 2 ) : 1992 Cranes Vocabulary : Part 2 Mobile cranes Degree of Equivalence Technically Equivalent *IS0 4306-2 : 1994 In reporting the results of a test or analysis made in accordance with this. reference appears to certain International Standards for which Indian Standards also exist. Now. to use a full stop ( . Visakhapatnam. Standard’ appear referring to this standard. Attention is particularly drawn to the following: a) Wherever the words’lnternational as ‘Indian Standard. Hence the degree of equivalence for correspohding Indian Standard is shown as Technically Equivalent.
All standards are subject to revision. constitute provisions of this part of IS0 11662. 1 . and the centre of the vertical hoist line or tackle after loading.3 load: Force acting to unbalance a crane. Members of IEC and IS0 maintain registers of currently valid International Standards. 3. should ensure that tests are made in the least stable direction for each rating under test. Lifting appliances Part 2: Mobile cranes.2 axis of rotation: Vertical line through the axis around which the crane superstructure ro_tates before load is applied to the crane hook.1 Supporting surface. Vocabulary 4 Principle The load is applied by freely suspending from the crane hook block a weight of predetermined magnitude and either lengthening the radius until crane stability is overcome. part of IS0 11662.EXPERIMENTAL DETERMINATION OF CRANE PERFORMANCE PART 1 TIPPING LOADS AND RADII 1 Scope This part of IS0 11662 specifies a test method to determine the maximum capacity of a mobile crane to counterbalance loads applied on its hook block. or adding incremental weights using a fixed radius until crane stability is overcome.1 balance condition: Condition of crane loading in which the load moment. The test shall not be used on cranes whose capacity is based on structural strength or on limitations due to available load hoist. The tester. 3. and parties to agreements based on this part of IS0 11662 are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the most recent edition of the standard indicated below. 3 Definitions For the following purpose of this definitions apply. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:38:12 2 Normative reference The following standard contains provisions which. the edition indicated was valid. Visakhapatnam. At the time of publication. 3. Ship Building Centre.acting to overturn the crane is equal to the maximum moment of the crane available to resist overturning. 3. This part of IS0 11662 applies to all mobile cranes as defined in IS0 4306-2. through reference in this text. The test is applicable for cranes whose capacity to support loads is based on its static resistance to overturning. of concrete or other firm material.4 radius of load: Horizontal distance between the point from which the radius is measured projected onto the supporting surface before loading. sufficiently large to provide for unobstructed testing. resulting from the gravitational force created by the hook block itself and the charges suspended from it. jib hoist or jib telescope capability. IS0 4306-2:1994.IS 14474~( Part 1 ) : 1997 IS0 11662-1 : 1995 Indian Standard MOBILE CRANES . the 5 Apparatus 5.
such as load basket. crane level (G 1 % gradient).make up the specified load mass to within + 1 %.2 When outriggers are used in the course of testing crawler cranes.4. the crane shall be raised by the outriggers so as to provide clearance between the ground and all the wheels or to relieve all wheels of the weight of the crane unless the suspension design is such that the tyres stay on the ground when outriggers are set.1 For the purpose of testing.1 Prepare test load. the tyres shall be inflated to within +_3 % of the pressure stipulated by the manufacturer. hook block. 7.3 Locate the crane on the test course in position for loading and actuate the travel brakes. 7.3 Tyre pressure gauge. hook block. power transmission i) 6.1. 7 7. shall comply with 7.2 Test measurements 7. In the absence of specific recommendations. a new machine should be operated for at least 4 h to ensure proper function of the machine.2. and all wheels shall be in the ahead position.2 When testing cranes on pneumatic tyres or crawler equipment. 6. having +3 % of the measured pressure. 7. to an accuracy of +_l % of the measured load. track tension.1. ancillary equipment mass known to within hook blocks. 6.4 Means for measuring the horizontal distance from the axis of rotation to the centre of gravity of the load. slings and (excluding the hoist rope) of f 1 %. coolant supply. Conditions for tyre support manufacturers requirements. cable fittings components. bolts.6 Wind direction should be such that it does not increase the stability of the crane. to. 5. the crane shall be installed so as to ensure firm bearing of the outriggers on the supporting surface. the appliance shall be placed on a firm level surface (S 1 % gradient). the crane shall be equipped with working equipment suitable for operation with the rated load. Visakhapatnam. slings and ancillary equipment (excluding the hoist rope). the superstructure axis-ofof the test course and mark tests of cranes with outriggers in condition.4.4 Set outriggers.1 Test procedure Test preparation crane as applicable recommendation to 5.2 Means for measuring the load radius to an accuracy of f 1 % or +0.1. 6. brakes and other components.6 Test weights. 2 7.IS 14474 (Part 1) : 1997 IS0 11662-1 : 1995 5. Coolant.1. At the conclusion of this initial operation. a) lubrication. .5 Verticallv proiect rotation onto the surface its location.1. b) fuel supply. h) clutches. 6. 7. c) tyre inflation. service and adjust the machine to the specified conditions.2 A competent operator shall operate the crane.5 Means for measuring the mass of test weights.5 The fuel tank shall be no more than one-third full. and jack the crane to a position in which the tyres or tracks within the boundary of the outriggers are unloaded. including test weights. Record this value. pins.15 m. lubricating oil and hydraulic fluids shall be at the operating levels specified by the manufacturer. boom length and rigging. the crane shall be level . whichever is smaller.3 When testing pneumatic-tyred equipment while operating on tyres.4 For conducting the “on outriggers” (G 1% gradient).1 Service and adjust the according to the manufacturer’s assure specified conditions of 5. if used. and other load-bearing Ship Building Centre. an accuracy of 5. f) 9) 6.1 When outriggers are used in the course of testing pneumatic-tyred cranes. slings and any other ancillary equipment. -6. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:38:13 6 Test conditions d) e) 6.
9 Test report Record a complete description for the test.2. record the mass of the . 8 Plotting of capacity curve Where it is desired to determine the balance point capacities of a crane throughout a range of loads or radii. When the balance point is reached.2 NOTE 1 The final adjustment of the balance point may be made by adding small increments of mass rather than increasing the radius.3 Alternatively. making sure that the load and radius are determined for each’ extreme of the chosen range and at a sufficient number of intermediate points to permit plotting a curve. follow procedures as outlined in 7. before the stability of the crane was overcome. Use a representative number of boom lengths for a given capacity chart. 7. data for the tipping load on test data sheets. 7. Plot a curve showing the maximum capacity of the crane with the load. measure the radius of load and add small increments of mass to the load until the load overcomes the stability of the crane. If the crane will support the load at the adjusted radius without tipping. The radius of load and load mass last employed.load and radiIus of the load. measure and record the new radius. shall be recorded as the balance point condition. See and 2 for examples of test data of the crane. Visakhapatnam. hoist the load free from the test surface at a radius at which the crane is stable. in kilograms.IS 14474 (Part 1) : 1997 ISO 11662-1 : 1995 With the crane superstructure in its least stable configuration for the specified position.2. positions load and the radius of table 1 and figures 1 sheets. Ship Building Centre. then boom down a small amount to increase the radius. as ordinate and radius. as abscissa.l m of the test surface at all times to prevent excessive tipping. in metres. Repeat the procedure until the balance point is reached. Keep the load within 0.2. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:38:13 .
.....__..... ...._......................._. . ........_........_..................__....__... ....._.....__...._........___._..._..._.. .__.._._..___.. ...__. When fly jib is fixed.._.....___........ 4 ....._. Suspended weights I-J Mass (kg) _......... Model .. when fly jib is luffing..._..._........... ......._____. ......... ..........._.._.....................__..___.......... ..._.._._. .._............_...... ...__....................._..._. ._..IS 14474 (Part 1) : 1997 IS0 11662-1 : 1995 Table 1 Manufacturer Condition: Mounting: Data sheet for mobile crane description and balance points Serial No.._._.............. ... ..._..._....._.......____.... .......... .. .________......._. ..._. ..._.........____...............__.__. ......... ..._........ ........... the angle is to the ground...................._.....___..... .... ... Used 0 Hours of previous use ___......._.... ................... Anchor 0 Position of superstructure Ship Building Centre..__...... ._.._ Ply Tyres: Size . Boom jib: Type Engine: Manufacturer Counterweight: Test method: .._........___.......... ........_ New fJ Type __..... Model ____... .... ...____. .._____...__.............. .._...._..__... .... ....... ........ Angle to the boom/ground’) Serial No........... ...._.... Visakhapatnam... the angle is to the boom. ...___....... .. ..........._....................._..._._..... Length (ml . Boom: Type ._............... ................... _. ...__. . ..___._..___...._.___....._. ..._..................._.... .._...._....__.......__._............ ........ .... ... .. ...._____._..__...... Size . Type ...__.. .._. .__...........__....__... 1) Date of test: ....... . .._._._....___......_._........... .. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:38:13 Remarks: .....____.... ........ Radial __..... Length (m) ... . ._....._......_........... .............. ......._..... Pressure (kPa) _.. .. . ....._______........_....._. Operator: _... .__....._._.____.... ......_......_...
IS 14474 ( Part 1) : 1997 IS0 11662-1 : 1995 J A 8 x 4 truck B Ship Building Centre. Visakhapatnam. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:38:13 t bl CI tF 1 Q Q c-- 6 x 4 truck Dimensions A of undercarriage chassis for wheel-mounted cranes B E H C F J 0 G L Figure 1 - Data sheet for physical dimensions of undercarriage chassis for wheel-mounted cranes .
chassis for carrier-mounted E H cranes F J Ship Building Centre.IS 14474 (Part 1) : 1997 IS0 11662-1 : 1995 4 x 2 Carrier Dimensions A 6 x 4 Carrier of undercarriage -B G L . Visakhapatnam. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:38:13 _ A I_ B 1 Crawlers Dimensions A F N Crawlers of undercarriage B H with outriggers cranes chassis for crawler-mounted E M Figure 2 - Data sheet for physical dimensions of undercarriage chassis for carrier-mounted and crawler-mounted cranes 6 .
Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:38:13 . Mobile cranes 1 Determination of stability.IS 14474(Part1):1997 IS0 11662-1 : 1995 Annex A (informative) Bibliography [ ] IS0 4305:1991. Ship Building Centre. Visakhapatnam.
I. Copyright BIS has the copyright of all its publications. Users of Indian Standards should ascertain that they are in possession of the latest amendments or edition by referring to the latest issue of ‘BIS Handbook’ and ‘Standards : Monthlv Additions’. GHAZIABAD. Date 17-06-2008 Time 10:38:13 BUREAU Headquarters: OF INDIAN STANDARDS Telegrams: Manaksanstha ( Common to all offices ) Telephone 323 76 17 323 3841 337 84 99. India . HMD 14 ( 04 13 ). T. of necessary details. BANGALORE. Khurja. FARIDABAD. HYDERABAD. if the review indicates that changes are needed. Date of Issue Text Affected Ship Building Centre. Printed at New India Printing Press. P. New Delhi 110002 Telephones : 323 01 31. BHUBANESHWAR. 1986 to promote harmonious development of the activities of standardization. marking and quality certification of goods and attending to connected matters in the country. COIMBATORE. Campus. No part of these publications may be reproduced in any form without the prior permission in writing of BIS. LUCKNOW. type or grade designations. Scheme VII M. I.15 8329295.8327858 832 78 91.832 78 92 Manak Bhavan. 337 85 61 337 86 26. 323 33 75 Regional Offices: Central : Manak Bhavan. Amendments Issued Since Publication Amend No. Marol. Road. PUNE. GUWAHATI. a standard along with amendments is reaffirmed when such review indicates that no changes are needed. BIS.235 04 42 235 15 19. it is taken up for revision. in the course of implementing the standard. CHANDIGARH 160022 Southern : C. Maniktola CALCUTTA 700054 Northern : SC0 335-336. This does not preclude the free~use.Bureau of Indian Standards BIS is a statutory institution established under the Bureau oflndian StandardsAct. This Indian Standard has been developed from Dot : No. Standards are also reviewed periodically. KANPUR. IV Cross Road. THIRUVANANTHAPURAM. Sector 34-A. Andheri (East) MUMBAI 400093 BHOPAL. CHENNAI 600113 Western : Manakalaya. JAIPUR. Review of Indian Standards Amendments are issued to standards as the need arises on the basis of comments. Enquiries relating to copyright be addressed to the Director (Publications).235 23. 337 86 62 1 60 38 43 60 20 25 235 02 16. PATNA. E9 MIDC. 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg NEW DELHI 110002 Eastern : l/14 C. such as symbols and sizes. 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg. T. I. NAGPUR. Visakhapatnam. 323 94 02. Branches : AHMADABAD. V.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.