STRENTH PROBLEM SET NO.1 1. Draw a typical stress-strain graph for a reasonably elastic material.

Identify the important points/ranges. Discuss the behavior of the material along the identified points/ranges. Referring to Figure 1 and the properties of the materials listed below, determine the maximum load P that can be applied without point D deflecting by more than 1.5 mm and without any material stressed beyond the allowable values. The allowable values provide sufficient factors of safety against excessive yielding. Assume that member ABD is made of a very rigid material and the connection at B to be in single shear. C 150 mm Bolt and Hole diameter : 2.5 cm Dimension of BC : 25 mm by 150 mm A Allowable Bolt Shearing Stress : 40 Mpa Allowable Normal Stress for BC : 80 MPa Allowable Bearing Stress : 80 Mpa E for Member BC : 150 Mpa

2.

B oo 3m 2m

D

Joint B P Figure 1

3.

The one-meter cylindrical wooden barrel partially shown in Figure 2 is tied by steel hoops. If the cross-sectional area of the steel hoop is 100 mm 2, the diameter of the barrel is 0.5 meter, determine the maximum spacing of the steel hoops if the maximum tensile stress of steel is 100 Mpa and the fluid pressure is 150 KPa.

Steel Hoop

Figure 2

A

A

4.

Determine the total elongation of the suspended solid conical member shown in Figure 3. The material is of solid steel with E = 200 GPa and specific weight of 77 N/m3. 0.15 m

Figure 3 Not to Scale

1 meter

1

Determine the maximum load P such that the maximum allowable stresses are not exceeded. Cord A has a cross-sectional area of 100 mm2 and a maximum allowable stress of 8. what must be the maximum mass of Weight P ? If. D B A C E 3m 3m 4m 10 KN Figure 5 7. Refer to Figure 4 40o B 10o A C P 40 Kgs Figure 4 6. and 100 Mpa. however. If all other cords are rigid. The wooden block with cross-sectional dimensions of 20 mm X 20 mm is glued at joint J as shown. Steel and Bronze. AB and AC are joined by a bolt with a diameter of 10mm.400 KPa. P is 100 kgs. 150 Mpa. At this value of P. what is the cross-sectional area of cord A so as not to reach the maximum allowable stress of 8. A = 500 mm2 2 A = 400 mm A = 200 mm2 P 3p Aluminum Steel Bronze 8.400 KPa. 4m A steel tube is rigidly attached to an aluminum rod and a bronze rod as shown in Figure 6. P I J 2 . Refer to Figure 5. determine the stresses developed in each material. determine the shearing stress developed at the glued section. The maximum allowable stresses are 70 Mpa. Also determine the normal stress developed at the same section.5. AC is composed of two members each with dimensions of 5mm X 100mm. for Aluminum. If the applied load P is 150 KN. AB is a single member with dimensions measuring 10mm X 10mm. Determine the shearing stress in the direction of member AB. respectively.