D780 Pg R-0

D780 P R-0

Reference Tables

1. ISO STANDARDS AND PRACTICES
A. Preferred Sizes in Metric .................................................................. R-1
B. Preferred Tolerances in Metric ......................................................... R-2
C. ISO Tolerances (External Measurements) ....................................... R-3
D. ISO Tolerances (Internal Measurements) ........................................ R-4
E. ISO Primary Fits (Value in 10-3 mm) ................................................. R-5
F. ISO Primary Fits (Value in Inches) ................................................... R-6
2. BALL BEARING – PRECISION CLASSES AND FITS .............................. R-7
3. METRIC THREAD SPECIFICATIONS ........................................................ R-8
4. METRIC GEARS
A. Precision Classes and Preferred Sizes ........................................... R-9
B. Conversion Tables of Diametral Pitch to Module ........................... R-10
5. TIMING BELTS AND PULLEYS
A. Configuration of Different Timing Belts .......................................... R-12
B. Characteristics of Belt Tension Member Materials ......................... R-13
C. Allowable Working Tension of Timing Belts ................................... R-14
D. Timing Pulley Data ............................................................................ R-15
6. DECIMAL AND FRACTIONAL INCH AND METRIC EQUIVALENTS ........ R-16
7. CONVERSION OF SMALL MILLIMETER TO INCH .................................. R-17
8. CONVERSION OF SMALL INCH TO MILLIMETER .................................. R-18
9. MISCELLANEOUS CONVERSION FACTORS .......................................... R-19
10. MULTIPLES AND SUBMULTIPLES OF METRIC UNITS ........................... R-24
11. MULTIPLIERS FOR SI UNITS .................................................................... R-25

R-0

1.6 times the previous, with some rounding.
These three columns provide the basis for the
values on the left side of the table. The inch
values show close corresponding English units.
The form of the first table carries
through to other tables in the standard.
The number series shown are recommended
to reduce the number of standard
sizesSizes
for
Preferred
in Metric
items such as screw threads, steel plates, steel
1-7-99
GW
sheets, round steel bars, lifting capacities,
and hydraulic cylinder diameters. REV 1-12-99 GW

D780 P R–1

Preferred Sizes in Metric

The idea for developing metric standards
worldwide comes from a preferred numbering
system. Its first known application was in the
1870's by Charles Renard, a French army
captain who reduced the different diameters
of rope for military balloons from 425 to 17.
Nominal metric sizes are identical
where the metric systems have been in use for
several years. These reflect preferred sizes for
components such as threaded fasteners, steel
plates, sheets, and bars used throughout the
world. The accompanying table, Selecting a
Preferred Size shows how the general system
works.
For example, if a designer was choosing
a hydraulic cylinder, bolt, or plate thickness,
the sizes in the First-choice column would be
preferred. Second- and Third-choice columns

Preferred Sizes (mm)
First
Choice
4

Second
Choice

5
6
8
10
12
16
20
25
30
40

Third
Choice
4.5
5.5
7
9
11
14
18
22
28
35

Customary Sizes
mm
3.97
4.37
4.76
5.56
6.35
7.14
7.94
8.73
9.53
11.11
12.7
14.29
15.88
17.46
19.05
22.23
25.4
28.58
30.16
34.93
39.69

in.
in.
Fractions Decimals
5/32
0.156
11/64
0.172
3/16
0.188
7/32
0.219
1/4
0.25
9/32
0.281
5/16
0.313
11/32
0.344
3/8
0.375
7/16
0.438
1/2
0.5
9/16
0.563
5/8
0.625
11/16
0.688
3/4
0.75
7/8
0.875
1

1-1/8
1.125
1-3/16
1.188
1-3/8
1.375
1-9/16
1.563

Preferred Numbers
First
Choice
4

Second
Choice

5
6.3
8
10
12.5
16
20
25
31.5
40

Third
Choice
4.5
5.6
7.1
9
11.2
14
18
22.4
28
35.5

The values in the first three columns of the table may be extended
to cover smaller or larger sizes by multiplying or dividing sizes by 10.

R– 1

h12. H7/p6 P7/h6 Location interference fits are for parts requiring rigidity and alignment with prime accuracy of location but without special bore-pressure requirements.2. H8/f7 F8/h7 Close running fits are for running on accurate machines and for accurate locations at moderate speeds. ANSI B4. H7/s6 S7/h6 Medium drive fits are for ordinary steel parts or shrink fits on light sections.K. h10. but can be freely assembled and disassembled. h8 (second choice) h13.high running speeds. Description . Italy Australia National Standard ISO 1829 ANSI B4.Preferred Tolerances in Metric 12-17-98 GW REV 1-8-99 GW D780 P R–2 Preferred Tolerances in Metric A FEW WORLD STANDARDS FOR ROUND COLD-FINISHED STEEL BARS* Country Global USA Japan Germany France U. 469 UNI 5953 AS 1654 Other ISO Shaft Tolerance ISO Product Tolerance h11 h11 h11 h11 h9 h9 h9 h7 h7 h7 h6 h6 h6 h11 h11 h11 h9 h9 h9 h9 h7 h6 h7 h6 h11 h9 h7 h7 h6 h5. but to move and turn freely and locate accurately. BS 4500 and AS 1654 are preferred tolerance standards.2 JIS G3 123 DIN 668 59360. PREFERRED FITS FOR SHAFTS AND HOLES* R– 2 Hole Basis Shaft Basis H11/c11 C11/h11 Loose running fits are for wide commercial tolerances or allowances on external members H9/d9 D9/h9 Free running fits are good for large temperature variations. these provide the tightest usable fit with cast iron. but not where accuracy is essential. H7/h6 H7/h6 Location clearance provides snug fits for locating stationary parts. H7/u6 U7/h6 Force fits are suitable for parts which can be highly stressed or for shrink fits where the heavy pressing forces required are impractical. h8 h10 ISO 1829. H7/k6 K7/h6 Location transition fits are for accurate locations. a compromise between clearance and interference. H7/n6 N7/h6 Location transition fits are for more accurate locations where greater interference is permissible. H7/g6 G7/h6 Sliding fits are not intended to run freely.1 NF A47-411 BS 4500 UNI 468. or heavy journal pressure.

001mm) µm External Dimensions (Shafts) +150 Graph Represents Range From 3 – 6 mm +100 +50 0 –50 –100 –150 Designation s6 r6 n6 m6 from > to ≤ 1 3 +20 +14 +16 +10 +10 +4 +8 +2 from > to ≤ 3 6 +27 +19 +23 +15 +16 +8 from > 6 to ≤ 10 +32 +23 +28 +19 h5 h6 h8 h9 h11 g5 g6 +4 –2 0 –4 0 –6 0 –14 0 –25 0 –60 –2 –6 +12 +4 +6 –2 0 –5 0 –8 0 –18 0 –30 0 –75 +19 +10 +15 +6 +7 –2 0 –6 0 –9 0 –22 0 –36 +39 +28 +34 +23 +23 +12 +18 +7 +8 –3 0 –8 0 –11 0 –27 +48 +35 +41 +28 +28 +15 +21 +8 +9 –4 0 –9 0 –13 +59 +43 +50 +34 +33 +17 +25 +9 +11 –5 0 –11 from > 50 to ≤ 65 +72 +53 +60 +41 from > 65 to ≤ 80 +78 +59 +62 +43 +39 +20 +30 +11 +12 –7 from > 80 to ≤100 +93 +71 +73 +51 from >100 to ≤120 +101 +79 +76 +54 +45 +23 +35 +13 from >120 to ≤140 +117 +92 +88 +63 from >140 to ≤160 +125 +100 +90 +65 +52 +27 +40 +15 from >160 to ≤180 +133 +108 +93 +68 from > 10 to ≤ 14 Nominal Range in mm from > 14 to ≤ 18 from > 18 to ≤ 24 from > 24 to ≤ 30 from > 30 to ≤ 40 from > 40 to ≤ 50 j6 f7 f8 e8 d11 –2 –8 –6 –16 –6 –20 –14 –28 –20 –80 –4 –9 –4 –12 –10 –22 –10 –28 –20 –38 –30 –105 0 –90 –5 –11 –5 –14 –13 –28 –13 –35 –25 –47 –40 –130 0 –43 0 –110 –6 –14 –6 –17 –16 –34 –16 –43 –32 –59 –50 –160 0 –33 0 –52 0 –130 –7 –16 –7 –20 –20 –41 –20 –53 –40 –73 –65 –195 0 –16 0 –39 0 –62 0 –160 –9 –20 –9 –25 –25 –50 –25 –64 –50 –89 –80 –240 0 –13 0 –19 0 –46 0 –74 0 –190 –10 –23 –10 –29 –30 –60 –30 –76 –60 –106 –100 –290 +13 –9 0 –15 0 –22 0 –54 0 –87 0 –220 –12 –27 –12 –34 –36 –71 –36 –90 –72 –126 –120 –340 +14 –11 0 –18 0 –25 0 –63 0 –100 0 –250 –14 –32 –14 –39 –43 –83 –43 –106 –85 –148 –145 –395 *Per DIN 58700 sheet 1 p. 2. R– 3 .ISO-Metric Tolerance Charts FOR EXTERNAL MEASUREMENTS (SHAFTS)* Measurements in µm (1µm = 0.

3.ISO-Metric Tolerance Charts FOR INTERNAL MEASUREMENTS (HOLES)* Measurements in µm (1µm = 0.001mm) µm Graph Represents Range From 3 – 6 mm +150 +100 +50 0 –50 Internal Dimensions (Holes) –100 –150 D11 CD10 C11 Designation Z8 X8 S7 H6 H7 H8 H10 H11 G6 G7 F8 F9 E9 D10 –26 –40 –20 –34 –14 –24 +6 0 +10 0 +14 0 +40 0 +60 0 +8 +2 +12 +2 +20 +6 +31 +6 +39 +14 +60 +20 +80 +20 +74 +34 +120 +60 from > to ≤ 1 3 –35 –53 –28 –46 –15 –27 +8 0 +12 0 +18 0 +48 0 +75 0 +12 +4 +16 +4 +28 +10 +40 +10 +50 +20 +78 +30 +105 +30 +94 +46 +145 +70 from > to ≤ 3 6 –42 –64 –34 –56 –17 –32 +9 0 +15 0 +22 0 +58 0 +90 0 +14 +5 +20 +5 +35 +13 +49 +13 +61 +25 +98 +40 +130 +40 +114 +56 +170 +80 from > 6 to ≤ 10 –50 –77 –40 –67 –60 –87 –45 –72 –21 –39 +11 0 +18 0 +27 0 +70 0 +110 0 +17 +6 +24 +6 +43 +16 +59 +16 +75 +32 +120 +50 +160 +50 — +205 +95 –73 –106 –54 –87 –88 –121 –64 –97 –27 –48 +13 0 +21 0 +33 0 +84 0 +130 0 +20 +7 +28 +7 +53 +20 +72 +20 +92 +40 +149 +65 +195 +65 — +240 +110 –112 –151 –80 –119 –136 –175 –97 –136 –34 –59 +16 0 +25 0 +39 0 +100 0 +160 0 +25 +9 +34 +9 +64 +25 +87 +25 +112 +50 +180 +80 +240 +80 — –172 –218 –122 –168 –42 –72 –210 –256 –146 –192 –48 –78 +19 0 +30 0 +46 0 +120 0 +190 0 +29 +10 +40 +10 +76 +30 +104 +30 +134 +60 +220 +100 +290 +100 — –258 –312 –178 –232 –58 –93 –310 –364 –210 –264 –66 –101 +22 0 +35 0 +54 0 +140 0 +220 0 +34 +12 +47 +12 +90 +36 +123 +36 +159 +72 +260 +120 +340 +120 — –365 –428 –248 –311 –77 –117 –415 –478 –280 –343 –85 –125 — –310 –373 –93 –133 +25 0 *Per DIN 58700 sheet 1 p. R– 4 +40 0 +63 0 +160 0 +250 0 +39 +14 +54 +14 +106 +43 +143 +43 +185 +85 +305 +145 +395 +145 — from > 10 to ≤ 14 from > 18 to ≤ 24 from > 24 to ≤ 30 +280 +120 from > 30 to ≤ 40 +290 +130 from > 40 to ≤ 50 +330 +140 from > 50 to ≤ 65 +340 +150 from > 65 to ≤ 80 +390 +170 from > 80 to ≤100 +400 +180 from >100 to ≤120 +450 +200 from >120 to ≤140 +460 +210 from >140 to ≤160 +480 +230 from >160 to ≤180 Nominal Range in mm from > 14 to ≤ 18 .

724 in.709 in. > 1 to 3 to ≤ 3mm 6mm DIA.150 in.969 to 3.394 to . 1. e — LOOSE CLEARANCE f — AVERAGE RUNNING LOCATIONAL FITS g — LOCATIONAL CLEARANCE h — LOCATIONAL TRANSITION k — LIGHT DRIVE p.181 to 1.118 in. 10 to 18 to 30 to 50 to 80 to 120 to 18mm 30mm 50mm 80mm 120mm 180mm VALUES (From / To) IN THOUSANDTHS OF A mm FITS Hole . 3. s — MEDIUM DRIVE FORCE FITS NOMINAL SIZE RANGE IN INCHES & MILLIMETERS > .236 to .394 in.724 to . .969 in.ISO-Metric Primary Fits Expressed in thousandths of a millimeter RUNNING & SLIDING FITS d.236 in. 6 to 10mm +6 0 –2 –6 0 –4 +4 0 +10 +6 +10 0 –6 –12 –2 –8 0 –6 +6 0 +12 +6 +14 0 –14 –28 –6 –20 0 –14 +29 +15 +25 0 –14 –39 0 –25 +60 0 –20 –80 0 –60 +8 0 –4 –9 0 –5 +6 +1 +17 +12 +12 0 –10 –18 –4 –12 0 –8 +9 +1 +20 +12 +18 0 –20 –38 –10 –28 0 –18 +37 +19 +30 0 –20 –50 0 –30 +75 0 –30 –105 0 –75 +9 0 –5 –11 0 –6 +7 +1 +21 +15 +15 0 –13 –22 –5 –14 0 –9 +10 +1 +24 +15 +22 0 –25 –47 –13 –35 0 –22 +45 +23 +36 0 –25 –61 0 –36 +90 0 –40 –130 0 –90 +11 0 –6 –14 0 –8 +9 +1 +26 +18 +18 0 –16 –27 –6 –17 0 –11 +12 +1 +29 +18 +27 0 –32 –59 –16 –43 0 –27 +55 +28 +43 0 –32 –75 0 –43 +110 0 –50 –160 0 –110 +13 0 –7 –16 0 –9 +11 +2 +31 +22 +21 0 –20 –33 –7 –20 0 –13 +15 +2 +35 +22 +33 0 –40 –73 –20 –53 0 –33 +68 +35 +52 0 –40 –92 0 –52 +130 0 –65 –195 0 –130 +16 0 –9 –20 0 –11 +13 +2 +37 +26 +25 0 –25 –41 –9 –25 0 –16 +18 +2 +42 +26 +39 0 –50 –89 –25 –64 0 –39 +82 +43 +62 0 –50 –112 0 –62 +160 0 –80 –240 0 –160 +19 0 –10 –23 0 –13 +15 +2 +45 +32 +30 0 –30 –49 –10 –29 0 –19 +21 +2 +51 +32 +46 0 –60 –106 –30 –76 0 –46 +99 +53 +74 0 –60 –134 0 –74 +190 0 –100 –290 0 –190 +22 0 –12 –27 0 –15 +18 +3 +52 +37 +35 0 –36 –58 –12 –34 0 –22 +25 +3 +59 +37 +54 0 –72 –126 –36 –90 0 –54 +125 +71 +87 0 –72 –159 0 –87 +220 0 –120 –340 0 –220 +25 0 –14 –32 0 –18 +21 +3 +61 +43 +40 0 –43 –68 –14 –39 0 –25 +28 +3 +68 +43 +63 0 –85 –148 –43 –106 0 –63 +155 +92 +100 0 –85 –185 0 –100 +250 0 –145 –395 0 –250 R– 5 . 7.709 to 1.087 in.039 to . H6 g5 h5 Shaft k5 p5 Hole H7 f6 g6 Shaft h6 k6 p6 Hole H8 e8 f8 Shaft h8 s8 Hole H9 e9 Shaft h9 Hole H11 d11 Shaft h11 .118 to ≤ .150 to 4. 4. 1.181 in.

s — MEDIUM DRIVE FORCE FITS NOMINAL SIZE RANGE IN INCHES & MILLIMETERS > .00035 +.00984 .00059 +.00087 +.00043 .00016 –.00071 +.00146 +.00000 –.709 to 1.00087 +.00071 +.00000 –.00024 –.00000 –.724 in.00000 –.00571 –.00000 –.00063 –.00217 +.00055 –.00433 +.00000 –.00181 +.00126 –.00000 –.00000 –.00008 +.00020 –.00000 +.00000 –.00236 +.00039 .00055 .00118 –.00126 –.00087 .00343 .00157 –.00000 –.00157 –.00098 –.724 to .00106 .00087 +.00059 +.00236 –.00244 +.00098 –.00000 –.00035 +. 3.00000 –.00059 .00000 –.00008 +.00291 +.00000 –.00075 .00213 +.00748 +.00142 +.00004 +.00118 .00043 +.00130 .394 to .00091 +.00106 .00165 +.00000 –.00000 –.00000 –.00043 +.00169 +.00157 .01339 .00362 +.00315 –.00118 –.00728 .00000 –.00055 –.00197 .00024 –.00256 –.00098 +.00098 –.00024 –.00610 +.00000 –.00079 .00035 –.00039 –.00000 –.00118 –.709 in.00323 +.00126 +.00000 –.00016 –.00000 –.00035 .00059 +.181 to 1.00083 +.00213 .00122 +.00051 –.00047 –.394 in.00000 –.00063 –.150 in.00079 +.00051 .00000 –.00102 +.00268 –.00000 –.00394 –.00091 .00390 +.00000 –.00008 –.00000 –.00083 +.00008 +.00031 .181 in.00079 –.00134 .00000 –.00000 –.00000 –.00071 +. 1.00630 +. H6 g5 h5 Shaft k5 p5 Hole H7 f6 g6 Shaft h6 k6 p6 Hole H8 e8 f8 Shaft h8 s8 Hole H9 e9 Shaft h9 Hole H11 d11 Shaft h11 R– 6 .00512 +.00126 +.00071 . .00157 –.01555 .00000 –.00138 .00016 +.00000 –.00000 –.00114 .00008 +.00024 .00118 +.00000 –.ISO-Metric Primary Fits Expressed in inches RUNNING & SLIDING FITS d.00079 –.00268 +.00000 –.00059 +.00087 . 1.00079 .00201 +.00047 –.00035 +.00000 –.00630 .00000 –.00146 +.00079 –.00035 +.00055 .00000 –.00055 –.00268 +.00059 +.00098 –.00035 .00047 .00020 +.00626 .00000 –.00051 –.00031 .969 in.00126 .00083 .00024 .00169 +.00028 –.150 to 4.00169 +.00087 –.00232 –.00000 –.00000 –.00016 .00287 –.00252 .00000 –. 4.00079 –.00394 +.00071 +.00000 –.00000 –.00283 –.00441 .00024 –.00228 –.00197 –.00098 .00000 –.00031 +.00130 –.00169 –.00000 –.118 to ≤ .00000 –.00000 –.118 in.00185 –.00146 +.087 in.00024 +.00067 +.00000 –.00067 .00142 .00000 –.00008 +.00295 .00000 –.00079 –.00000 –.00008 +.00394 .00039 –.00161 –.00043 .00181 .00051 +.00000 –.00000 –.00240 +.00071 +.00000 –.00028 –.00020 –.00071 +.00083 +.00047 –.00362 .00000 –. 10 to 18 to 30 to 50 to 80 to 120 to 18mm 30mm 50mm 80mm 120mm 180mm VALUES (From / To) IN INCHES FITS Hole .969 to 3.00024 +. 6 to 10mm +.00154 .00433 .00492 +.00146 +.00047 +.00047 +.00039 +. 7.00413 .00866 +.00583 –.00000 –.00138 +.00240 .00110 –.00291 .00000 –.00299 .00283 –.00000 –.00417 .00768 .00169 .00000 –.00154 .00055 +.00102 +.00063 +. e — LOOSE CLEARANCE f — AVERAGE RUNNING LOCATIONAL FITS g — LOCATIONAL CLEARANCE h — LOCATIONAL TRANSITION k — LIGHT DRIVE p.00000 –.00528 .00209 +.00630 .00012 +.00295 .00000 –.00094 +.00051 +.00000 –.00512 .00000 –.00177 +.00150 –.00154 .00000 –.00205 +.00866 .00000 –.00197 –.00039 –.00350 –.00004 +.00012 +.00004 +.00039 +.00000 –.00000 –.00496 –.00945 .00102 +.00071 –.00000 –.00079 .00142 –.00205 .00114 +.00748 .00000 –.00106 +.00000 –.00295 +.00004 +.00354 .00280 +.00059 +.00024 +.00512 .00138 .00114 +.00043 +.00098 +.00193 –.00031 +.039 to .00047 .00098 +.00000 +.00118 .00075 +.00000 –.236 in.00315 .00098 . > 1 to 3 to ≤ 3mm 6mm DIA.00024 +.00087 +.00248 .00343 +.00000 –.00000 –.00055 –.00244 .00130 +.00169 +.00047 +.00417 –.00236 .00000 –.00177 +.00012 +.00169 –.00248 +.00000 –.00335 –.01142 .00335 –.00051 +.00028 +.00110 .00354 +.00209 .00000 –.00063 .00035 –.00000 –.00000 –.00000 –.00000 –.00008 +.00205 +.00000 –.00138 +.00000 –.00232 +.00000 –.00106 –.00110 +.00047 +.00039 –.00012 +.00098 .00000 –.236 to .00071 .00075 +.00024 +.00000 –.00354 .00016 +.00000 –.00472 –.00142 –.00236 –.00169 .00197 –.00000 –.00154 +.00055 .00000 –.00008 –.00984 .00098 .00000 –.00063 .00028 +.00110 +.

Ball Bearing Precision Classes and Fits Comparison of Tolerance Classifications of Various National Standards Standard International Organization for Standardization Tolerance Class Normal class Class 6X Class 6 Class 5 Class 4 Class 2 Std.20* ABEC-1 RBEC-1 ABEC-3 RBEC-3 ABEC-5 RBEC-5 ABEC-7 ABEC-9 Deutsches Institut fur Normung DIN 620 P0 P6 P5 P4 P2 Japanese Industrial Standard JIS B 1514 Class 0 Class 6X Class 6 Class 5 Class 4 Class 2 American National Standards Institute (ANSI) ISO 492 ANSI/AFBMA * “ABEC” is applied for ball bearings and “RBEC” for roller bearings. ISO 492 and 199. The tolerance and allowance of JIS B 1514 are a little different from those of AFBMA standards. DIN 620 and JIS B 1514 have the same specification level. HOUSING C6 C7 H6 class 0 H7 H8 J6 J7 K6 K7 ∆Dmp M6 M7 N6 N7 P6 Transition fit Loose fit P7 Tight fit TYPES OF FITS Transition fit class 0 ∆dmp g5 h5 g6 h6 Tight fit j5 j6 k5 k6 SHAFTS m5 m6 n5 n6 p6 R– 7 . 2. NOTES: 1.

128 0.75 8.676 NOTE: Above limits are based on DIN 13 Sheet 13 for medium tolerance class.151 1. Max.6 0.013 2.9 Tap Drill mm 0.25 1.5 56.230 7.430 1. Min.6 72.422 4.5 2.6 and up – Tolerance 6H .3 31.8 1 1.979 3.6 2.20772 2.25 0.5 Basic Pitch Diameter d2 = D2 Min.02572 0.37267 1. For external threads: For internal threads: M1 – Tolerance 6h M1.438 8.917 6.729 1.912 8.647 8.3 36.321 1.599 3.138 2.567 2.693 1.995 4.75 1.6 63.11029 3.221 1.825 2.010 3.2h3 (Minor Diameter – External) D = (Major Diameter) d Basic Thread Designation M1 M1.5 Threads Per Inch 101.256 2.928 2.850 3.453 2.74019 2.2H1 (Minor Diameter – Internal) d3 = d .7 0.54127P r = H = 0.01286 5.86603P h3 = 0.3 4.0. 0. 0.05 2.615 2.3 16.119 3.Metric Thread Specifications H = 0.4 20.5 50.842 4.5 M3 M3.5 0.622 1.67524 3.9 3.747 6.4 0.153 6.334 5.18810 9.242 4.134 4.8 42.83762 1.25 1.35048 7.8 25.679 2.6 M2 M2.35 0.61343P H1 = 0.5 M4 M5 M6 M8 M10 Pitch mm 0.64953P (Effective-Pitch-Diameter) D1 = d .45 0.2 5 6.563 6.394 1.54534 4.063 1.888 Minor Diameter Limits d 3 – External D 1 – Internal Max.376 0.785 1.14434P 6 d2 = d .6 and up – Tolerance 6g R– 8 M1 – Tolerance 5H M1.743 3.367 2.

3 1.4 2 16 0.5 20 0.6 3 25 0.1 1 0.S.2 1. AGMA 4 4 0 13 5 5 1 12 6 6 2 11 7 7 3 10 8 8 4 9 9 9 5 8 PREFERRED STANDARD SIZES OF METRIC GEARS Small Module Medium Module Large Module 8 0.5 12 0.5 2.25 10 0.8 4 32 5 40 6 50 R– 9 .A.Metric Gears-Precision Classes & Preferred Sizes APPROXIMATE EQUIVALENCE OF GEAR PRECISION CLASSES International ISO Germany DIN Japan JIS U.

700 0.133 0.299 0.000 0.898 1.4329 10.3333 8.4842 1.7421 18.5658 5.4488 0.8667 33 32 30 28 27 25.975 9.6513 0.4119 61.000 0.000 0.500 0.0472 1.5 3.7087 18.160 0.1132 1.5000 6.412 1.8222 2.982 1.796 78.000 0.8658 21.959 0.2474 6.1429 3.3937 10.2263 2.085 0.270 1.4000 10.0944 1.5708 1.000 1.5512 14.4737 62.3150 8.7938 0.5000 5.593 157.1750 3.6299 16.919 31.3092 7.8237 4.6803 17.6184 15.2368 1.599 0.799 21.279 0.712 0.7854 0.1575 4.4000 25 24 22 20 18 16.854 0.949 18.000 0.6535 42.395 103.5000 12.5000 3.279 15.Diametral Pitch to Metric Gear Equivalence Diametral Pitch P Module m 50.982 39.750 Continued on the next page .3711 0.175 0.2362 6.5236 13.2618 6.08 5 4.699 34.000 1.9895 0.5400 2.9333 16 14 12.2700 1.2571 7.0800 5.9684 2.5236 0.000 0.8976 0.2000 5.420 19.708 0.973 2.000 0.4667 8.8467 0.3711 9.000 0.5566 14.700 0.416 1.2333 4 3.2368 31.836 1.1772 4.5000 2.8658 0.9790 1.5 4.4173 36.4947 0.9843 25.4488 11.500 0.1855 4.8222 3 3.599 25.274 26.399 10.399 0.8661 22.1476 3.1167 2.080 141.5000 0.2333 4.75 3.6350 0.2364 R– 10 Addendum inches millimeters 2.540 2.987 0.1667 4.2598 32.7421 0.3491 0.5461 39.3605 1.233 0.750 0.959 15.822 0.000 0.2165 5.5000 12.372 131.0472 26.823 79.3401 8.1416 79.8143 2 2.000 0.8 50 45 42 40 39 36 33.7717 45.0921 2.1870 4.7000 12 11 10.398 69.832 56.2938 7.6283 0.5974 65. 0.2263 56.1948 4.1600 10 9 8.3474 5.0851 8 7.3927 9.2783 7.4737 2.8154 8 8.6182 5 5.4947 12.283 0.664 122.9790 50.7697 0.7733 7 7.9579 3.000 1.3605 34.1745 4.000 0.2559 6.1963 4.0816 3.0160 1.549 2.7316 43.000 1.3500 6 5.8040 0.923 14.4020 0.947 125.5708 39.7854 19.9071 0.3395 3.2566 1.4329 0.2571 7 6.2832 6.7874 20.000 1.1811 30.3333 33.4842 37.000 0.4724 12.9407 1 1.7056 0.5000 1.6803 0.1132 28.7829 70.549 53.0921 78.3183 8.299 12.3500 6.558 31.500 0.2992 33.198 2.3543 9.000 1.1111 2.750 0.5080 0.400 0.0583 1.0408 51.1024 28.2164 5.1083 2.9449 24.248 87.991 0.257 0.137 13.400 25.6444 6 6.639 Circular Tooth Thickness inches millimeters 3.115 62.996 10.3142 7.1416 3.2857 7.949 0.2319 5.425 0.069 0.0000 50.5566 0.5875 1.566 11.898 37.629 0.1545 1.6048 0.210 0.3091 2.7316 1.000 1.890 0.7105 3.6184 0.6667 16.000 0.1181 3.1378 3.7211 2.467 0.498 0.4638 0.105 0.320 NOTE: Bold face diametrical pitches and modules designate preferred values.9895 25.4020 10.000 1.6286 3.708 14.991 20.124 1.265 1.5644 0.850 0.975 0.75 Circular Pitch inches millimeters 6.4111 1.4632 3.639 0.210 9.2500 6.566 0.673 100.1701 4.25 3.000 0.433 0.4331 11.1888 4.522 113.000 0.832 2.686 2.500 0.781 11.000 0.9685 50.350 0.1969 5.6283 15.0000 25.5748 40.4667 9 9.6286 3.866 8.540 75.980 0.0000 0.965 84.800 1.2244 5.261 2.867 1.650 0.0630 27.250 0.3927 0.198 50.558 1.3401 159.265 43.461 0.1280 3.5875 0.274 1.425 8.000 1.1842 5.2010 5.5354 39.000 1.933 0.000 1.8553 47.75 4.9077 4 4.000 0.699 1.700 0.1250 3.097 106.6697 42.7500 0.137 0.1750 3 2.080 0.0944 53.9474 4.4527 4.133 22.416 28.796 3.531 94.1416 3.850 17.2756 7.996 0.

35278 0.471 0.577 0.635 0.021 0.375 0.254 0.0982 2.4000 1 0.70556 0.0200 0.0928 2.127 0.500 0.350 0.942 0.0309 0.0155 0.25 0.0128 0.596 0.8667 0.178 36 0.571 0.5714 0.0170 0.660 16 1.0131 0.494 0.0417 0.000 1.5 0.1000 0.0340 0.0232 0.393 0.257 0.90714 0.0371 0.0464 1.5 0.927 11 2.2222 0.0742 1.0402 1.400 0.995 0.785 0.0989 2.196 NOTE: Bold face diametrical pitches and modules designate preferred values.1546 3.0628 1.117 2.814 24 1.330 31.1237 3.700 0.141 0.6667 0.250 2.199 203.270 1.1855 4.854 0.850 0.199 0.0227 0.069 14 1.499 84.0769 0.0492 0.513 0.8143 0.318 0.0393 0.300 0.75 0.700 0.0139 0.0201 0.432 96 0.0155 0.0654 1.100 40 0.0433 1.1428 3.0079 0.0125 0.142 0.0561 1.1546 3.0625 0.2700 0.750 1.650 0.9333 1.7500 0.416 101.217 0.05833 0.0278 0.0833 0.250 1.662 25.660 0.222 200 0.0104 0.0164 0.Diametral Pitch to Metric Gear Equivalence Diametral Pitch P Module m Circular Pitch inches millimeters Circular Tooth Thickness inches millimeters 10 2.203 0.3142 7.325 12.2857 0.498 0.0313 0.1047 2.7000 2 0.0667 0.628 64 0.100 0.800 0.000 0.31750 0.0087 0.0984 0.0079 0.2244 5.433 0.0251 0.3092 7.75 0.0357 0.665 0.0148 0.534 12 2.169 0.0216 0.733 0.0785 1.0197 0.7 0.356 0.058 1.0186 0.155 1.257 32 0.2856 7.325 0.2164 5.1545 0.325 0.693 1.0327 0.275 0.0500 0.0495 1.3091 0.907 0.0093 0.0436 1.0157 0.9 0.333 0.0909 0.125 R – 11 .942 44 0.108 36.275 0.529 0.0049 2.0357 0.1571 3.1167 0.1047 2.0689 0.125 0.0236 0.0209 0.0327 0.0138 0.0591 0.997 0.990 10.2474 6.6 0.954 1.798 50.1428 3.0333 0.963 22 1.12700 0.3200 1.500 2.995 20.554 72.794 0.2889 2.0250 0.356 18 1.069 0.0556 0.79375 0.885 0.21167 0.1963 4.0067 0.0714 1.0455 0.0866 2.0886 0.0618 1.638 0.785 63.142 13 1.319 127.500 0.9538 0.864 0.314 150 0.589 72 0.628 0.2783 7.0654 1.325 0.6933 0.907 48 0.4111 0.0314 0.588 1.200 0.0276 0.0196 0.987 0.0714 0.850 14.1309 3.927 0.265 0.627 11.0124 0.0262 0.178 0.3636 0.0080 0.0524 1.800 0.508 0.0491 1.627 0.511 80 0.414 30 0.14111 0.250 0.0982 2.532 0.5080 0.0785 1.283 0.63500 0.814 1.0873 2.827 0.1571 3. Addendum inches millimeters 0.138 0.150 0.1600 2.847 0.0557 1.397 0.2618 6.0050 0.1082 2.35 0.353 0.399 0.0157 0.0295 0.84667 0.1538 0.494 16.0108 0.0175 0.0464 1.375 0.309 2.1122 2.57727 0.0186 0.1208 3.0371 0.0491 1.712 0.0083 0.1113 2.8 0.0077 0.0773 1.1309 3.39688 0.0059 0.0315 0.0247 0.900 0.750 0.247 33.571 28 0.0118 0.0218 0.26458 0.0309 0.16933 0.333 0.5400 0.4 0.0354 0.500 1.393 120 0.217 20 1.20320 0.0787 0.3 0.623 67.831 50 0.0495 1.25 0.600 0.108 0.50 0.320 0.0056 0.0245 0.25 0.0618 1.0928 2.15 0.749 15 1.990 0.2094 5.1391 3.1745 4.1237 3.443 0.200 0.1122 2.5875 0.540 2.0247 0.411 1.0873 2.662 0.997 42.0098 0.2417 6.0105 0.0393 0.706 0.0126 0.212 0.236 180 0.550 78.980 0.247 0.0156 0.000 0.0394 0.332 125 0.831 0.0436 1.266 169.425 28.814 0.5143 1.0208 0.2 0.600 0.471 92.0714 1.0433 1.52917 0.

197 — — — 2.200 0.032 2.Configuration of Different Timing Belts ALLOWABLE WORKING TENSION OF DIFFERENT BELT CONSTRUCTIONS Figure 1 2 3 4 — 5 6 — 7 8 9 10 11 12 R– 12 Belt Type MXL 40DP XL L H HTD GT T Allowable Working Tension per 1 Inch of Belt Width Pitch Inch mm lbs.4 41 55 140 64 102 138 25 114 160 32 41 55 142 95 182 244 622 285 454 614 111 507 712 142 182 244 .375 0.08 9.525 12.07 5.0816 0. N 0.500 0.080 0.315 0.7 3 5 8 2 3 5 2.118 0.5 5 10 32 21.118 0.197 0.079 0.

R – 13 . Cord Material Operate Over Small Pulley E G E F P F P P G High Pulley Speed E E E F P F P P G High Intermittent Shock Loading F G G E E E P G F Vibration Absorbtion E G E G F F P P F High Torque Low Speed P P P F G F E E F Low Belt Stretch P P P P G F E E G Dimensional Stability P P P F G G E E G High Temperature 200°F P P P P E E E E F Low Temperature F G G G G E E E G Good Belt Tracking E G E G F G F P E Rapid Start Stop Operation F G E G P G P E G Close CenterDistance Tolerance P P P P G F E E G Elasticity Required in Belt E G E G P P P P P * Courtesy of Chemiflex Inc. Yarn Kevlar Spun Yarn Glass Stainless Steel Polyester Film Reinforce.Characteristics of Belt Tension Member Materials* E = Excellent G = Good F = Fair P = Poor Belt Requirements Nylon Polyester Cont. Yarn Polyester Spun Yarn KevlarPolyester Mix Kevlar Cont. Fil. Fil.

89 26.5mm (3/16") True Metric® "T" Series 18.19 6mm (1/4") 3.15 8.45 25mm (.01 5.36 32.375 .32 54.4 7.44 10.93 16mm (.95 63.8 13.62 15.16 6.89 14.74 7.073 5.88 21.08 9.95 5.P.5 24.77 3 5 True Metric® HTD® 3 5 2.10 4mm (.394) 22mm (7/8") 2.5mm (1/2") 6.29 8.47 23.36 3.43 19.4 34.76 14mm (9/16") 7.Allowable Working Tension of Timing Belts ALLOWABLE WORKING TENSION FOR DIFFERENT BELT WIDTHS (in kg.07 11.7 44.500 True Metric® GT® 2.63 8mm (5/16") 3.5 32.26 15.15 17.7 5.984) 14.45 8.5mm (3/8") 2.16 10.13 3.157) 4.86 14.54 3.94 16.98 12.236) 16mm (5/8") 5 1. Inch Pitch .26 10mm (.59 5mm (.47 8.95 27.591) 10.22 9.52 9.525 12.04 1.080 Metric Pitch 3mm (1/8") 1.42 11mm (7/16") 25mm (1") 3.75 42.06 24.67 4.53 12.09 31.61 Belt Width 4.95 15mm (.66 20.6 24.66 .67 6.787) 12.354”) 19mm (3/4") 10 2.48 23. not corrected for centrifugal force loss) XL L H .94 14.197) 9.01 26.0816 .27 6mm (.06 36.76 44.57 9.71 32mm (1.63 2.44 9 mm (.26) Dimensions in ( ) are for reference R– 14 4.13 0.8 5.94 9.8 12.13 39.200 .630) 10.7 2 Belt Type MXL 40 D.91 20mm (.08 5.5 1.79 21.49 3.22 45.63 4.032 2.18 2.9 2.63 3.

357 .1 7.64 19.315 True Metric® GT® True Metric® HTD® 2.012 18 57.406 14 11.8 16.7 41.639 1.2 48.910 1.1 2.03 0.764 .865 2.629 1.677 .5 0.546 0.28 35. R – 15 .7 0.182 2.504 14 22.197 3 0.197 8 0.880 1.118 5 0.253 1. Use of pulle ys smaller than those sho wn will be at customers' own responsibility for performance and belt life.2 .6 1.5 19.4 81 73 65 10.441 16 12.D780 P R-15 D777 P R-20 Timing Pulley Data 12-22-98 GW REV 1-6-98 GW Timing Pulley Data MINIMUM PULLEY DIAMETERS Suggested Minimum* Pitch rpm Belt Type mm inch MXL 2.118 5 0.64 19.5 2.379 3.671 1.500 2 0.5 71.677 0.1 .306 .401 0.637 1.08 0.4 17.375 H 12.4 35 81.208 2.5 True Metric® "T" Series 5 10 — — — 10000 7500 5000 3500 3500 1750 1160 3500 1750 1160 3500 1750 1160 14000 7500 5000 5000 2800 1600 2000 1400 1000 3500 1750 1160 3500 1750 1160 3500 1750 1160 3600 1800 1200 up to 1200 3600 1800 1200 up to 1200 3600 1800 1200 up to 1200 Pitch Diameter No.2 16. of Grooves mm inch 14 12 11 10 12 11 10 16 14 12 20 18 16 16 14 12 20 18 16 22 20 18 20 18 17 30 26 22 32 28 24 9.886 16 25.079 3 0.2 47.5 .3 61.19 15.752 .4 36.8 7.128 .1 6.10 17.807 2.8 .700 .008 16 51.01 31.351 0.1 17.301 0.83 28.280 .200 L 9.080 XL 5.378 1.601 1.752 0.264 * Smaller pulleys than shown under "Suggested Minimum" may be used if a corresponding reduction in belt lif e is satisf actory.5 42.255 .432 3.18 8.91 7.

2 .703125 .3 .19685 .953125 .3937 .03543 .3031 12.00 10.00 20.984375 1.00 18.0344 21.00787 .8125 .1125 11.4938 13.4313 21.3813 2.00 13.00 11.390625 .21875 .1 .609375 .453125 .9375 8.3125 .234375 .00 25.5563 5.0315 .7313 9.171875 .8125 24.7874 .265625 .00 12.8 .8438 20.00 3.4469 19.0000 11.15625 .01575 .9531 6.03937 .02756 .00 2.7500 .140625 .4 .7938 .62992 .00 5.296875 .00 22.9844 2.828125 .5625 .90625 .6063 25.00 4.225 22.00 21.921875 .625 .4625 17.6688 17.328125 .9 1.8594 18.5 .671875 .125 .15748 .515625 .35433 .546875 .734375 .00 14.00 7.484374 .43307 .70 13.71875 .74803 .4782 15.1594 5.8282 22.078125 .7 .2500 .2407 20.2719 16.015625 .6 .1875 .859375 .6375 21.34375 .4157 23.875 .1438 7.3969 .28125 .7469 7.890625 .1281 9.09375 .00394 .5875 1.01969 .94488 .5719 3.6219 23.70866 .23622 .046875 .01181 .05 19.31496 .46875 .0032 25.00 6.7625 5.4375 .9688 4.578125 .00 8.00 15.8907 14.421875 .51181 .3188 10.98425 .00 1.Fractional and Decimal Inch & Metric Equivalents INCH 1/64 1/32 3/64 1/16 5/64 3/32 7/64 1/8 9/64 5/32 11/64 3/16 13/64 7/32 15/64 1/4 17/64 9/32 19/64 5/16 21/64 11/32 23/64 3/8 25/64 13/32 27/64 7/16 29/64 R– 16 INCH METRIC Fractional Decimal mm .3344 8.11811 .86614 .00 19.00 9.4001 .5094 METRIC Fractional 15/32 31/64 1/2 33/64 17/32 35/64 9/16 37/64 19/32 39/64 5/8 41/64 21/32 43/64 11/16 45/64 23/32 47/64 3/4 49/64 25/32 51/64 13/16 53/64 27/32 55/64 7/8 57/64 29/32 59/64 15/16 61/64 31/32 63/64 1 Decimal mm .6844 15.47244 .0813 15.5406 7.66929 .0969 13.00 24.2875 14.82677 .109375 .2094 24.03125 .59055 .00 23.0625 .53125 .40625 .6875 .07874 .78125 .359375 .9375 .55118 .1906 1.59375 .875 16.00 16.796875 .2563 18.27559 .7156 11.84375 .3656 4.0657 17.00 17.0188 23.525 9.65625 .35 6.175 3.765625 .02362 .375 .9063 12.6532 19.90551 .7781 3.9219 10.96875 .203125 .5000 .640625 .

00752 .00169 .00220 .00740 .00598 .00504 .00177 .00646 .00472 .9 0.00547 .110 .00433 .00634 .00291 .00276 .020 .00047 .04 0.00689 .006 0.00008 .00551 .00528 .00406 .00197 .004 0.00417 .1 0.00236 0.07874 0.00760 .00717 .5 0.00299 .00024 .00697 .00508 .180 0.00079 0.03150 0.00681 .00744 .00453 .00669 .00087 .2 0.00228 .130 0.00378 .00776 .003 0.00539 .00575 .06 0.00138 .00256 .00063 .00118 0.00055 .00563 .00650 .00094 .00118 .00217 .00000 .00386 .00276 0.00039 .00815 .00657 .090 0.00445 .6 0.00189 .00457 .00382 .00783 .050 .00283 .00051 .00787 0.27559 0.00020 .00398 .160 0.00102 .00811 .00449 .00303 .120 0.00126 .00492 .09 0.00339 .00626 .01575 0.00260 .00327 .00394 0.00067 .00807 .00732 .00496 .31496 0.080 .00280 .00772 .00110 .00520 .00469 0.00354 0.010 0.23622 0.00146 .00043 .00799 .00209 .00764 .00461 .00390 .00181 .00370 .150 0.00335 .00315 0.00358 .07 0.00402 .00787 .00693 .00654 .00673 .00524 .00602 .00709 .00059 .00713 .00748 .009 inches 0 0.4 0.02 0.Conversion of Small mm to Inch mm inches mm inches mm inches 0.00465 .00232 0.00559 .00122 .00374 .00173 .00004 .00157 0.040 0.00685 .00488 .00413 .00197 0.00705 0.00106 .00201 .005 0.00531 .00323 .00185 .00606 .00319 .00154 .00409 .100 0.00661 .00098 .00362 .00083 .00150 .00437 .200 .35433 millimeters (mm) mm 0 0.00622 .00555 .03 0.00421 .00500 .00677 .00075 .00394 .05 0.001 0.00366 .00240 .00756 .00480 .08 0.00248 .00071 .00031 .00346 .00583 .00791 .8 0.00535 .00579 .02362 0.03543 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0.00157 .170 .00272 .00144 0.00768 .00130 .00720 .00236 .00307 .00205 .00091 .01969 0.030 0.008 0.00665 .00224 .00142 .00429 .00780 .00795 .00287 .00315 .00618 .03937 0.00638 .002 0.00028 .00193 .00594 .3 0.00823 R – 17 .15748 0.00591 .00295 .00571 .00724 .140 .00819 .00268 .00614 .00587 0.00354 .00012 .01181 0.070 0.00736 .00039 0.00264 .00244 .19685 0.00350 0.00728 .00630 .00134 .00484 .00331 .00803 .02756 0.00567 .01 0.007 0.00252 .00165 .00016 .00543 .00343 .060 0.00035 .00079 .00701 .00516 .00512 .00610 .190 0.00441 .00213 .00642 .00161 .00425 .00476 .7 0.11811 0.00311 .

39624 .25400 .0009 millimeters (mm) 0 0.52070 .40132 .006 0.16256 .45720 .32766 .37338 .24384 .005 0.25654 .762 1.36830 .39878 .26670 .018 0.03810 .44958 .22098 .52578 .18796 .003 0.21082 .22352 .0003 0.0508 0.06604 .37592 .16 12.35306 .3 0.1778 0.001 0.02794 .04 0.36322 .014 .21336 .016 1.019 0.19812 .18288 .01524 .0008 0.007 0.50800 .02 0.23114 .42418 .09906 .11430 .08636 .48514 .13970 .50038 .20066 .0004 0.24 17.Conversion of Small Inch to mm inches mm inches mm inches mm 0.28448 .010 0.009 0.06350 .28702 .38862 .020 .015 0.07366 0.06858 .002 .15494 .33528 .14732 .51816 .0006 0.0001 0.05080 .26416 .004 0.013 0.42164 .00000 .52832 .27432 .32004 .28194 .016 0.34798 .17526 .39116 .011 .11684 .003 0.012 0.32258 .001 0.24130 .07112 .009 0.23876 .01778 .23368 .18542 .39370 .8 0.007 0.14224 .270 1.45974 .51308 .008 0.33782 .42672 .22606 0.09652 .12446 .53086 R– 18 .05588 .54 5.2286 0.51054 .14478 .0007 0.21590 .31496 .34036 .14986 0.00508 .28956 .38354 .43434 .13716 .44196 .30988 .40640 .46228 .002 0.26924 .07620 .41656 .38608 .17018 .31242 .0005 0.01 0.524 1.4 0.04064 .24638 .20574 .09144 .78 20.10668 .20320 .25908 .09 0.46482 .16510 .33020 .36576 .31750 34290 .17272 .48260 .40386 .19050 .35560 .48006 .08128 .032 2.47752 .10414 .44450 .17780 .1 0.16002 .02540 .12700 .51562 .37846 0.03 0.29718 .29972 .40894 .00254 .46736 .6 0.70 15.45466 0.50546 .29464 .43688 .27940 .08382 .49276 .0254 0.7 0.49022 .02286 .25146 .29210 .50292 .08 0.005 .62 10.16764 .07874 .30734 .5 0.12954 .07 0.13208 .08 7.38100 .43180 .41148 .03048 .10160 .01270 .34544 .0762 0.27178 .46990 .04826 .04318 .30226 0.47498 .11938 .43942 .45212 .15240 .004 0.35052 .11176 .04572 .08890 .03302 .508 0.27686 .24892 .86 inches inches 0 0.33274 .23622 .19304 .00762 .006 0.32512 .06096 .05842 .1524 0.2 0.0002 0.286 0.37084 .12192 .47244 .254 0.30480 .35814 .41402 .017 .02032 .05 0.48768 .09398 .10922 .49784 .9 2.15748 .1270 0.06 0.03556 .778 2.52324 .22860 .49530 .2032 0.18034 .19558 .26162 .01016 .44704 .13462 .42926 .008 .05334 .21844 .1016 0.41910 .20828 .36068 .32 22.

Miscellaneous Conversion Factors Quantity Conventional SI Unit Conversion Factors Inch Unit Metric Unit Length Inch inch Meter m Area Square Inch inch2 Mass Pound Mass lb Kilogram Mass kg Kilogram Mass kg 1 lb = 0.764 ft2 1 ft2 = 0.3048 m/sec2 R – 19 .19716 kgf • cm 1 kW = 1000 N • m/s 1 kW = 60.4 mm 1 mm = 0.1019716 kgf 1 N = 0.2046 lbf 1 kgf = 9.1521 kgf • cm 1 kgf • cm = 0.741 N • m/min 1 hp = 33.34 hp 1 hp = 75 kgf • m/s 1 hp = 44.155 inch2 1 m2 = 10.220 lbf • ft/min 1 kW = 1.85 lbf • inch 1 N • m = 10.8947 • 10-3 N/mm2 (MPa) 1 kgf/cm2 = 14.2046 lb Force Pound Force lbf Kilogram Force kgf Newton N 1 lbf = 0.2808 ft 1 ft = 0.80665 N • m 1 kgf • cm = 9.070307 kgf/cm2 1 lbf/inch2 = 7.45359237 kg 1 kg = 2.000 lbf • ft/min 1 hp = 0.7457 kW Power lbf • ft/min kgf • m/s N • m/s Velocity Feet Per Second ft/sec Meters Per Second m/sec Metres Per Second m/s 1 ft/sec = 0.80665 N 1 N = 0.8679 lbf • inch 1 lbf • inch = 0.224809 lbf Pascal N/m2 (Pa) 1 MPa (megapascal) = 106 N/m2 = N/mm2 1 kPa (kilopascal) = 103 N/m2 1 lbf/inch2 = 0.000 N • m/min 1 kW = 44.03937 inch 1 m = 3.80665 • 10-2 N/mm2 (MPa) Stress Pressure Torque Work Pounds Per Square Inch lbf/inch2 Inch • Pounds lbf • inch Metre m Square Square Metre Centimeter m2 cm2 Kilogram Per Square Centimeter kgf/cm2 KilogramMeters kgf • m 1 inch = 25.54 cm/sec 1 ft/min = 0.092903 m2 NewtonMetres N•m 1 lbf • inch = 1.2233 lbf/inch2 1 kgf/cm2 = 9.00508 m/sec 1 mile/hr = 0.44704 m/sec 1 km/hr = 0.0307 • 10-4 kgf/mm2 1 lbf/inch2 = 6.609344 km/hr Acceleration Feet Per Second Square ft/sec2 Meter Per Second Square m/sec2 Metre Per Second Square m/sec2 1 ft/sec2 = 0.80665 • 10-2 N • M 1 N • m = 8.3048 m 1 inch 2 = 6.4516 cm2 1 cm2 = 0.44822 N 1 kgf = 2.1129848 N • m 1 kgf • m = 9.3048 m/sec 1 inch/sec = 2.27777 m/sec 1 mile/hr = 1.45359237 kgf 1 lbf = 4.

feet 0. feet 0. foot 1 cu. foot 1 liter 1728 cu. meter 1 gram/cu. meters 0. inch 1 sq.333 yards (yd.30481 meters (m) 36 inches (in. cm 1 kilogram/cu.) 1094 yards (yd. 0.9144 meters (m) 5280 feet (ft.25 gallons (gal.Miscellaneous Conversion Factors (Cont.223 pounds/sq. centimeter 1 cu.0005787 cu. feet 0. centimeter 1 sq.) Weight 1 ounce 1 ounce 1 pound 1 pound 1 pound 28. yard 1 sq. inches 0. inches 0. inch 1 cu.6 grams (g) 0.2809 feet (ft.) 453. feet 0. feet 3.39 cu.004329 gallons (gal.11327 pints (pt.03937 inches (in.00001639 cu.8433 pounds/sq.0283 cu. inch 1 gallon 1 cu.7300 grams/cu.) 3 feet (ft.) 0.6093 kilometers (km) 1 millimeter 1 centimeter 1 inch 1 yard 1 meter 1 inch 1 foot 1 centimeter 1 meter 1 kilometer 1 kilometer 1 kilometer 0.2048 pounds/sq. inch 1 pound/sq.) 0.00108 sq. in. in. 1. feet 0. yards Volume 1 cu.) 16. centimeters 0.017316 quarts (qt.019 kilograms/cu. inches 0.08333 feet (ft. foot 1 cu. yard 6.54249 kilograms/sq. foot 1 sq. ft.2642 gallons (gal.0005787 cu. foot 1 cu.) 3 feet (ft.00694 sq.32 liters (l) 27 cu. meter 1 kilogram/sq.35 grams (g) 0. inches 0.274 ounces (oz.) 0.) 0.764 sq.481 gallons (gal. 0.2046 pounds (lb. meter 0. centimeters 0. meters 28. feet 10. centimeters 144 sq. foot 1 liter 1 cu.) 91.) 4 quarts (qt.481 gallons (gal. meter 1 sq. inch 1 cu.03342 cu. cm 1 kilogram/sq.) 1 pound/ sq. meter 1 liter 1 cu.03 sq.333 yards (yd.83612 sq. meters 9 sq. inch 1 cu. cm 4. inches 929. foot 1 cu.400 millimeters (mm) 2. feet 0. inch 1 pound/cu. yard 1 pint 1 quart 1 quart 1 quart 1 quart 1 quart 1 gallon 1 gallon 1 gallon 0.) 29.004329 gallons (gal. feet 35.0370 cu. inches 61023 cu. foot 1 cu.4536 kilograms (kg) 1 gram 1 kilogram 1 ounce 1 gram 1 kilogram 0.) 0.06102 cu. foot 0. inches 231 cu.) 7. meters 1 sq.4516 sq. yard 1 cu.) 1 inch 1 inch 1 foot 1 foot 1 foot 1 yard 1 yard 1 yard 1 yard 1 statute mile 1 statute mile 1 statute mile 25.50 quarts (qt.) 0. meter 1 liter 1 pint 1 gallon 1 cu.) 3.) 57.0625 pounds (lb.02835 kilograms (kg) 16 ounces (oz. inch 1 sq.76410 cu.002205 pounds (lb. yd. feet 0. yard 1 ounce/cu.57803 ounce/cu.) 0.) 1. feet 0.03537 ounces (oz.02778 yards (yd.9464 liters (l) 231 cu.) 0. m 0.) 0.092903 sq.) 1760 yards (yd.) 3281 feet (ft.070307 kg's/sq.) 35.1337 cu. centimeter 1 sq.54 centimeters (cm) 12 inches (in.15500 sq. inches 61. meter 14.) 0.75 cu. inches 7.) 0.03531 cu. inch 1 cu. foot 1 sq.01094 yards (yd. 0. yards 2.) 0. meters 0.) 1. cm 16.4732 liters (l) 2 pints (pt.1337 cu.44 centimeters (cm) 0. inch 1 cu.0164 liters (l) 1728 cu. inch 1 cu.017 cu. Linear Pressure R– 20 . m 1 kilogram/sq.062428 pounds/cu.785 liters (l) 1 cu. feet 0. foot 1 sq. feet 0.057 quarts (qt. ft.3937 inches (in.) 2.196 sq.) 0. yards 1.8824 kilograms/sq. inch 1 cu. foot 1 gallon 1 cu. meter 1 liter 1 cu.9222 quarts (qt. m 1. foot 1 pound/sq. foot 1 sq.30873 cu.) 0. yards 1.) 0.6214 statute mile Area 1 sq.31 cu.) 1.0936 yards (yd.) 0.1111 sq.

2.) 264.057 x 10-3 1728 Cubic feet Cubic feet Cubic feet Cubic feet Cubic feet/ min. of water (4°C) In. Gilberts/cm Ampere-turns/cm Gilberts/cm Inches Microns (mus) Cms of mercury Ft.80 Coulombs 9.S.2778 x 10-10 Btu/min. Centimeters/sec.257 2. Gram-cal.3937 0.01136 Centimeters/sec. feet 5. Coulombs/ sq.01639 Quarts (U. cm Erg/sec. liq.) Cu. millimeter 0. Ergs Foot-pounds Gram-calories Horsepower-hrs. Btu/min.01732 Gallons (U.2389 x 10-7 Grams-cms 1. Calories.036 x 10-5 64.329 x 10-3 Liters 0.3048 0.1550 3600 1.3756 x 10-8 Horsepower 1. Ergs Ergs Ergs Ergs Ergs Ergs Ergs Ergs/sec.) To Convert Into Multiply By To Convert Amperes/sq.642 x 10-4 0.02832 Cu.01745 Seconds 3600 Erg/sq.1550 0.341 x 10-10 Kilowatts 10-10 Microfarads 106 Ampere-hours 26. in.S. Horsepower-hrs. Btu/min. in.6818 Miles/h•s R – 21 .96 0. 0. 5.3 252 3.9685 x 10-3 . of mercury (0°C) 2.2 Sq.39 Cu.5080 Miles/hr.01 Atmospheres 9.257 0.2 Feet/sec.4335 Centimeters/sec. of mercury (0°C) Pounds/sq. Degrees/sec. Degrees (angle) Degrees (angle) Degrees (angle) Dyne/cm Dyne/ sq. gram (mean) Candle/ sq. Cubic centimeters Cubic centimeters Cubic centimeters Cubic centimeters Cubic feet Amperes/sq.2 Circular mils Circular mils Circular mils Circumference Coulombs Coulombs/ sq.067 x 10-6 0. 30.953 x 10-5 Grams 1. Feet/sec.03704 Gallons (U. liq.283 1.02950 Inches of mercury 0.248 x 10-6 Bars 10-6 Dyne-cm/sec.001 1. cm Dynes Dynes Dynes Dynes Dynes/ sq.2 Liters 1000 Pints (U. Ergs/sec.S liq.52 0. in.S.480 x 10-11 Dyne-centimeters 1. Ergs/sec.01745 Revolutions/min. in.8826 Kilograms/sq.) 4.) 0.1667 Revolutions/sec.0 Btu 9.32 Cu. centimeters Sq. inches Gallons (U. Horsepower Kilowatts Watts Btu (mean) Lamberts Fahrenheit Liters Feet Meters Inches Millimeters Centimeter-grams Pound-feet Feet/sec. Btu/min./sec. Farads Faradays Faradays Feet Feet Feet Feet of water Feet of water Feet of water Feet of water Feet/min.9869 106 14.01 0. Degress/sec. 0.367 x 10-8 Grams-calories 0.03281 5.2931 12. in. cm Dyne/ sq.01111 Radians 0.020 x 10-3 Joules/cm 10-7 Joules/m (Newtons) 10-5 Pounds 2. in. mils Sq.) 2113 Seconds 86400 Radians/sec. cm Coulombs Gilberts Ampere-turns/in. in.03281 0. Btu/min.2162 0.778 x 10-3 Quadrants 0. 0.01757 17. Ergs/sec.4870 (°C x 9/5) + 32° 0. Feet/min.928 x 10-4 0.70 0. Cubic inches Cubic inches Cubic inches Cubic inches Cubic inches Cubic meters Cubic meters Cubic meters Days Degrees/sec.2 Into Multiply By Cu. Centigrade Centiliters Centimeters Centimeters Centimeters Centimeters Centimeter-dynes Centimeter-dynes Centimeters/sec. Ampere-turns/in.50 1.Miscellaneous Conversion Factors (Cont. liq. 7.281 x 10-2 0. meters 0. Btu/hr. liq. Btu/hr. 0. Angstrom unit Angstrom unit Atmospheres Atmospheres Atmospheres Atmospheres Bars Bars Bars Btu Btu Btu Btu Btu Btu Btu/hr.787 x 10-4 Gallons (U.48 Meters/sec. inches Radians Faradays Coulombs/ sq. yards 0.854 x 10-7 6. cm Amperes/sq. centimeters 16. Foot-pounds/sec.06102 2.4950 3937 x 10-9 1 x 10-4 76 33.8 2.376 x 10-8 0.S. Watts Foot-pounds/sec.540 1. Btu/hr.01 3. cms/sec.7854 7. Inches 6.0700 3.3048 Millimeters 304.0 Foot-pounds 7.0550 x 1010 778.020 x 10-3 Joules 10-7 Watt-hours 0.92 14.48 Meters 0.S. cm Coulombs/ sq.57 3.2 0. Ampere-hours Ampere-turns Ampere-turns/cm Ampere-turns/cm Ampere-turns/in.649 x 104 Centimeters 30. Amperes/sq. cm 0.869 x 10-7 In. 0. Feet/sec.020 x 10-3 7.688 x 10-9 Foot-pounds/sec.02356 0.90 29.8 Atmospheres 0.3937 10 1. Feet/sec.) 7. Joules Kilowatt-hrs.03048 Pounds/sq.452 0. cm Pounds/sq. cm Cu. liquid) Liters Quarts (U.931 x 10-4 1054. in.S. 472 Cu. Atmospheres Dynes/sq. 1. liq.929 x 10-4 0.48052 Liters 28.

Foot-pounds/sec.6214 27. Meters/sec.92 737.286 9.2 Miles/hr. ft. cm Grams/cu. Meters/sec. Foot-pounds/min. in.237 R– 22 .540 25. Foot-pounds/sec.4912 9480 x 10-4 107 0.03527 2.03342 1. Lines/sq. Hours Inches Inches Inches Inches of mercury Inches of mercury Lumens/sq. Foot-pounds/sec.205 1.7 9.021 980. Horsepower-hrs.6 x 106 1.684 x 106 0.34 1000 3413 2. Btu Ergs Foot-pounds Kilogram-calories Watt-hrs. Kilometers/hr. feet Cu.356 x 10-3 0.7457 5. Kilowatt-hrs. Horsepower Kg-calories/min. meter Btu Ergs Gram-calories Joules Btu/min. Grams Pounds Tons (short) Pounds/sq.7958 2. Watts Btu Ergs Foot-pounds Gram-calories Joules Kilowatt-hrs.341 14.05468 3. centimers Cu. Gram-centimeters Gram-centimeters Gram-centimeters Henries Horsepower Horsepower Horsepower Horsepower Horsepower Horsepower-hrs.6845 x 1013 1. Miles/hr.3238 1.094 0.0880 1.3453 6. Maxwells Meters Miles Feet/sec. Webers/sq. Kg-calories/min. Ampere-turns Ampere-turns/cm Ampere-turns/in. Kilowatt-hrs. in.6 2.655 x 106 859850 1.281 3. Lines/sq.) To Convert Into Multiply By To Convert Into Multiply By Foot-candles Foot-pounds Foot-pounds Foot-pounds Foot-pounds Foot-pounds/min. Cu.807 x 10-5 1000 42. feet Cu. in. inches Liters Pounds of water Lines/sq.6 2.968 3088 4186 1.952 x 10-3 2. Btu-hr.07717 1. Joules Gausses Gausses Webers/sq.03531 61.2 0. Foot-pounds/min.001 10-8 106 100 3.7958 0.0 0. Pounds/cu. Horsepower-hrs. in. liq. Feet/sec.452 x 10-8 0. Horsepower-hrs.76 0.001 1000 0.2 Feet/sec. cm Kilogram-calories Kilogram-calories Kilogram-calories Kilogram-calories Kilolines Kilometers Kilometers Kilometers/hr.2 Kilometers/hr.2 Btu/min. ft. Btu Ergs Joules Millihenries Btu/min. ft.785 8.764 1. candle power Watts Foot-candles Lumens/sq.102 x 10-3 14.1550 10-8 1000 0.07958 0.) Spher. Kilowatts Btu/min.40 1000 0.6214 56.452 10-8 6.1630 x 10-3 14.68 745. Btu Ergs Foot-pounds Horsepower-hrs. inches Gallons (U.205 x 10-3 62. Feet/sec.0 10.9113 0. in.341 3.1868 x 107 3.356 x 10-7 0.5596 x 10-6 1.389 x 10-4 2. Maxwells Maxwells Megohms Meters Meters Meters Meters Meters Meters/min.030 x 10-5 3.01667 3. Kilowatt-hrs.2 pounds/sq.S. Foot-pounds/sec.7 2547 2. in.2 Meters/sec. Kilometers/hr. Watt-hrs.2 Kilowatts Kilowatts Kilowatts Kilowatts Kilowatts Kilowatt-hrs.1337 231 3. Foot-pounds/sec. cm Gram-calories Gram-calories Gram-calories Gram-calories Gram-calories Gram-calories/sec.001 1. Meters/sec.37 0.286 x 10-3 1.7376 2. Horsepower-hrs./sec.7 9.6 1. meter Kilolines Webers Ohms Centimeters Feet Inches Kilometers Yards Feet/sec. Meters/sec.78 0.237 3.03613 3. cm Lines/sq.24 x 10-4 2. Foot-pounds/min.297 x 10-8 980.02 0. Liters Liters Liters Liters Lumens Lumens Lumens/sq.44 33000 550 10. Horsepower Kilowatts Cu. Kilometers/hr.818 x 10-3 1. Foot-pounds/min.9683 x 10-3 4.807 x 10-5 0.001496 1. in.6214 0.133 Inches of mercury Joules Joules Joules Joules Joules Kilograms Kilograms Kilograms Kilograms/sq.Miscellaneous Conversion Factors (Cont.163 x 10-3 1000 1000 0.2 Meters/sec.9113 0.22 3.286 x 10-3 0. Lumens/sq. Kilowatt-hrs.2 Miles/hr.260 x 10-5 0. Miles/hr.98 x 106 641190 2. Weeks Centimeters Millimeters Mils Atmospheres Feet of water 10. Centimeters/sec.778 x 10-4 1000 2. in. Watts Btu Foot-pounds Gram-calories Horsepower-hrs. Gallons Gallons Gallons Gallons of water Gausses Gausses Gausses Gilberts Gilberts/cm Gilberts/cm Grams Grams Grams Grams Grams Grams Grams/cu. 2642 0.356 1. Kilometers/hr.281 39.281 3.2 Kilometers/hr.43 0. Horsepower Kg-calories/min. Dynes Joules/cm Kilograms Milligrams Ounces (avdp) Pounds Pounds/cu. cm Webers/sq. Horsepower-hrs. Foot-pounds/min. Btu Foot-pounds Joules Kilowatt-hrs. Foot-pounds/sec.

Kilowatts Btu Ergs Foot-pounds Gram-calories Horsepower-hrs.778 x 10-4 0.2 Degrees/sec.Miscellaneous Conversion Factors (Cont.001 0. centimeters Sq.68 1728 0. Maxwells Kilolines Gausses Lines/sq. (°F) + 460° Temp. Webers/sq. inches Gallons Liters Quarts (liquid) Grams/cm.0 1.2 Seconds (angles) Seconds (angles) Slugs Square centimeters Square centimeters Square centimeters Square centimeters Square feet Square feet Square feet Square inches Square inches Square inches Square inches Square meters Square meters Square meters Square meters Square millimeters Square millimeters Square millimeters Square mils Square mils Square mils Temp. (°C) Temperature (°F) Absolute temp. Pounds/sq. feet Cu. Radians/sec. millimeters Sq.273 6. centimeters Sq. Foot-pounds/sec.9463 57.273 x 106 6. in. in.2 Kilometers/h • s Meters Grams Henries Liters Centimeters Inches Mils Centimeters Inches Degrees Radians Megohms Grams Pounds Cu. Webers/sq. Centimeters/sec.1198 1.4129 0. Pounds/sq. Radians/sec.283 6.283 2.17 1. inches Liters Cu. Radians/sec.01433 0. centimeters Sq.452 645.70 1.85 1. in.30 0.01602 27.745 x 10-3 2.467 1.01667 2.05688 107 0.609 x 105 5280 6.37 2. inches Circular mils Sq.32° Tons (short) Tons (short) Volts/inch Watts Watts Watts Watts Watts Watts Watts Watt-hours Watt-hours Watt-hours Watt-hours Watt-hours Watt-hours Watt-hours Webers Webers Webers/sq.60 x 1010 2656 859. Feet/sec.8605 0. cm Meters 6.82 44. ft. Radians/sec. in.2 Revolutions/sec.03937 39.9144 R – 23 .7378 1.001 0.283 6 0.01 1. Radians/sec.609 88 1.778 x 10-4 360 6.06804 2. ft.0001 100 1. inches Sq.036 144 0.1383 27. cm Pounds/cu. mils Sq.413 3.307 2. Miles/h • s Miles/h • s Miles/h • s Millimicrons Milligrams Millihenries Milliliters Millimeters Millimeters Millimeters Mils Mils Minutes (angles) Minutes (angles) Ohms Ounces Ounces Ounces (fluid) Ounces (fluid) Pints (liquid) Pints (liquid) Pints (liquid) Pints (liquid) Pints (liquid) Pints (liquid) Poise Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds of water Pounds of water Pounds of water Pound-feet Pound-feet Pound-feet Pounds/cu. Webers/sq.2 Revolutions/min. (°C) + 273° Temp. Revolutions/sec. Gallons Liters Degrees Degrees/sec.1550 0. inches Absolute temp. Pounds/cu.1592 360 Revolutions Revolutions/min.01667 32.001 0.336 x 104 1.2 Degrees Minutes Pounds Circular mils Sq.540 x 10-3 0.909 x 10-4 10-6 28. inches Circular mils Sq. feet Sq. sec. (°C) + 17.609 1 x 10-9 0./sec.39370 3.02957 473.78° Temp.5924 0. Revolutions Into Farads Megohms Ohms Meters Centimeters Feet Inches Kilometers Feet/min. in.001 108 105 1.2 Revolutions/sec. meters Sq.1 0. in. Revs. Miles/hr. Ergs/sec.1047 1.0625 1. millimeters Circular mils Sq. centimeters Cu.) To Convert Microfarads Microhms Microhms Microns Miles (statute) Miles (statute) Miles (statute) Miles (statute) Miles/hr. in.0 5/9 32000 2000 0. Dynes Grams Kilograms Ounces Cu. centimeters Sq.4823 x 104 453.973 x 105 0. Btu/min.1550 0. Revolutions/min.4732 0.30 57.805 0. Horsepower Kg-calories/min. in. Meters/min. in.001 3. Yards Radians Degrees/sec./sec. Miles/hr.5 1.452 x 10-6 10-6 1.550 x 107 108 0. millimeters Circular mils Sq. Revolutions/min.833 x 108 929 144 1. Pounds/sq.349527 0.2 Feet/sec.467 26. inches Gallons Centimeter-dynes Centimeter-grams Meter-kilograms Grams/cu.2 0.8 1.001 0. Pounds/sq. in.341 x 10-3 0. (°F) Temperature (°C) Ounces Pounds Volts/cm Btu/hr. Degrees Multiply By To Convert Into Multiply By 10-6 10-12 10-6 1 x 10-6 1. Kilogram-calories Kilowatt-hrs.00 44.341 x 10-3 0.25 0. centimeters Sq. Atmospheres Feet of water Inches of mercury Pounds/sq. feet Cu.68 0.4536 16 0.125 0.87 0.550 x 10-3 1. Revolutions/sec./sec. inches Sq.356 x 107 13825 0.76 1550 106 1973 0. Quarts (liquid) Quarts (liquid) Radians Radians/sec.01671 28.2 106 104 10. (°F) .

0 Value in cubic meters 10–18 10–9 10–6 10–3 1 103 106 109 Unit Symbol Value in grams Dekagram .. Examples are microinch and kilowatt.............. cm Decimeter ....0 1000000........ µm3 mm3 cm3 dm3 m3 dkm3 hm3 km3 Unit Symbol Microgram ..... Sq..... millimeter ... meter (unit) .......... as these have been interchanged in some instances from those given in the following list: Deci 10–1 Tera 1012 Centi 10–2 Giga 109 Milli 10–3 Mega 106 Micro 10–6 Myria 104 Nano 10–9 Kilo 103 Pico 10–12 Hecto 102 Deca 10 R– 24 .................... Sq........................ γ mg cg dg g Mass Value in grams 0.... Kilogram . Myriagram ........... Mm Megameter .... meters mm2 cm2 dm2 m2 a ha km2 0. centimeter .. Quintal ...1 1 ... Hectogram ........ dkm Hectometer ... Cubic meter ....0 100.... Hectoliter ..001 0 . ml cl dl l dkl hl kl 0 .... Area Symbol Value in sq........ Sq................... dekameter (are) Hectare ........000001 0... In the case of the prefixes for 1012 and 109 caution should be used..... Other prefixes besides those originally used with the metric units have come into use..................0 100.. mm Centimeter . km Myriameter ..0 Cubic micron .. Cubic dekameter ................ Ton ...000001 0.01 0 ....... Cubic decimeter .... Cubic hectometer Cubic kilometer .0 Unit Sq......0 10000...01 1...... Decigram ..... hm Kilometer . Gram (unit) ..........0 1000000.001 0....0 10000. Centigram . dkg hg kg Mg q t 10....... dm Meter (unit) ...............0 1000...... decimeter .... Deciliter .Multiples and Submultiples of Metric Units Length Unit Symbol Micrometer ... Centiliter ..0 Volume Unit Symbol Value in liters Unit Symbol Milliliter ...1 1... Cubic millimeter ...0 1000000.1 1 ... Sq.. Cubic centimeter ............ kilometer .......0 10000..0 100....0 1 0....01 0 ..01 0..............0 1000...... m Dekameter .........................000001 0 .0 The prefixes used to designate multiples and submultiples of metric units have also been used in recent years in connection with other units.. Kiloliter ...............0 100000..... µm Millimeter ................ Liter (unit) .0 1000......0001 0.... Sq................ Value in meters 0....... Milligram ........... Dekaliter .0 100....0 10..001 0 .

389 x 10 –2 –5 1.000.345 x 10–4 9.062 x 104 182.375 x 10 7.Multipliers for SI Units TORQUE Multiply By dy • cm g • cm 1 980.020 x 10–3 1 10 9.807 x 10–5 –4 4 1 10–4 3 4 141.000 1.000.020 1.7375 5.000 000 001 0.590 x 10–3 oz • in • s2 5.01 1.000.681 x 10–4 8.09 1 oz • in2 GREEK ALPHABET Α Β Γ α β γ Alpha Beta Gamma ∆ Ε Ζ Η Θ δ ε ζ η θ Delta Epsilon Zeta Eta Theta Ι Κ Λ Μ ι κ λ µ Iota Kappa Lambda Mu Ν Ξ Ο Π Ρ ν ξ ο π ρ Nu Xi Omicron Pi Rho Σ Τ Υ Φ Χ ς τ υ φ χ Sigma Tau Upsilon Phi Chi Ψ Ω ψ ω Psi Omega R – 25 .234 x 10 7.9 g • cm2 10–7 1 7.1 0.01 0.341 x 10 –3 INERTIA Multiply By g • cm2 kg • m2 oz • in • s2 oz • in2 To Obtain 1 107 7.375 x 10 0.008 x 106 oz • in • rpm 745.000 1.829 x 10–5 kg • m2 1.6 1 16 192 oz • in 8.000 1.001 0.416 x 10–5 141.7 1.250 x 10–2 1 12 lb • in 7.7 watts 1 hp 7.208 x 10 1 lb • ft 1.356 x 107 dy • cm 1.062 x 10–3 0.333 x 10 –2 PREFIXES FOR SI UNITS Multiple and Submultiple 1.6 1 2.000 000 000 001 0.917 x 10 –7 1 1.356 N•m N • m x 10 –1 9.467 x 10–3 5.000 000 000 000 001 0.130 x 10 1.416 x 10 –2 –5 –3 8.356 x 10 N • m x 10–4 7.000.000 001 0.1130 1.062 x 104 1.000.807 x 10 –3 10–7 N•m oz • in lb • in lb • ft To Obtain 1000 107 7.000 100 10 0.062 x 10–3 1.467 x 104 386.000.850 6.130 x 108 1.020 x 104 72.850 x 10–7 8.416 x 10 –5 –8 1.152 x 103 1.383 x 104 g • cm 1 10 70.000 000 000 000 000 001 = 1012 = 109 = 106 = 103 = 102 = 10 = 10–1 = 10–2 = 10–3 = 10–6 = 10–9 = 10–12 = 10–15 = 10–18 Prefix Symbol tera giga mega kilo hecto deka deci centi milli micro nano pico femto atto T G M k h da d c m µ n p f a POWER Multiply By oz • in • rpm watts hp To Obtain 1 1352 1.62 1.850 x 10–4 8.