•Volt-ohm-milliampere multimeter which can function as a voltmeter, ohmmeter, or an ammeter •works on the principle of d’ Arsonval meter

movement (Arsene d’ Arsonval, French Physicist)

>Permanent Magnet – provides a magnetic field that interacts with the moving element >Moving Element– activates a pointer when energized by the current being measured >Control Spring – provides the force for the pointer to return to its home >Jeweled Bearing – ensures accuracy, supports the pivots on the moving element shaft >Coil – connected to the multimeter input so that current will flow through the coil and deflect the pointer

>Full-scale meter current – the amount of current needed to deflect the pointer all the way to the right of the scale

>NOTE: *the meter used on the DC fundamentals circuit board requires 1 mA for full – deflection *when external circuits are added to the meter (for reading volts, amperes, or ohms), meter current must be limited to 1 mA *there is an internal resistance (RM) in the coil, for the meter in DC fundamentals circuit board, RM is nominally 2300 ohms 20%

>learn the basic meter movement of an ammeter to measure current NOTE: *meter must be placed in series with the circuit and must be connected in proper polarity *to use the same meter in applications where higher currents are needed (extend the full-scale deflection), a shunt resistor must be added in parallel

>use an ohmmeter to measure component or circuit resistance without applying power to the circuit >use an ohmmeter to check continuity and short or open circuit >learn to calibrate an ohmeter NOTE: *ohmmeter measures resistance indirectly by measuring the current that flows through a series circuit *calibration and scale resistors are used to extend the range of the ohmmeter *calibration resistor is adjusted for a full-scale, zeroohms reading

>use a voltmeter to measure voltage >extend the range of the voltmeter to measure multiple ranges of voltages NOTE: *voltmeter measures voltage when a high resistance is placed in series with the movement *a multiplier or range resistor can extend the range of the voltmeter *voltage sensitivity is the result of the total resistance divided by the full – scale deflection voltage (ohms / volt)

>fill-up the borrower’s slip with the following equipment in list:

>review the discussion materials >follow the instructions in the procedures carefully >provide the answers in the needed items within the procedure (write your answers legibly and clearly, preferably in Engineering Lettering) >each Group must prepare a cover page, indicating the Title of the Exercise, Group Number, and Name of each Member with Signature >duly accomplished Group reports must be submitted at the end of the period / exercises

>Title Page >Conclusions in each of the exercises >Answers to Review Question for each exercise >Answers to Unit Test

>Submission: Feb 3, 2012 - Friday (C21) Feb 4, 2012 - Saturday (B21)

>Group Report / Preliminary Report:

*Performance – *Data – *Presentation –

25% 50% 25%

>Individual Report / Final Report: *Review Questions / Unit Test – *Conclusion – *Presentation – 50% 20% 30%

*NOTE: late reports will have corresponding deductions from the total points of each report and failure to perform the exercises will get 0% both for the Preliminary and Group Report

Start with the exercises….