Sharon Melissa D’souza MMS-I Roll NO-649 What is philosophy? How does it differ from theology?

Mention any three ways in which philosophy can be helpful in business
PHILOSOPHY is the study or creation of theories about basic things such as nature of existence, knowledge and thought, or about how people should live. Things like Beauty, Honesty, and Romance are covered under this subject. Philosophy cannot be defined. It is subjected to each individual interpretation as defining philosophy can narrow its outlook and defeat its purpose. The word philosophy can be broken into: • • Philo- lover Sophia-wisdom

So philosophy is the love of wisdom. Wisdom is the knowledge of ultimate causes, explanations and principles. It includes knowledge of values, not just facts. It gives you a "big picture," a "world-view" and a "life-view." It explores such questions as these: What is the essence of a human being? What is the meaning (value, goal, purpose) of human life? What is a good life? What is a good society? Are there higher laws than man's laws? Are we here by chance or design? Are we fated or free? How do we know what is good or evil? How do we know anything? Is anything certain? Can reason prove (or disprove) the existence of God? Why do we suffer? Why do we die? Is there life after death? Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Philosophy is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational argument

The word comes from the Greek aisthetikos. This doesn't mean that each branch of philosophy is entirely autonomous ." Aesthetics has traditionally been part of other philosophical fields like epistemology or ethics but it started to come into its own and become a more independent field under Immanuel Kant. Sometimes even deciding which branch of philosophy a question properly belongs in isn't very clear. political and legal philosophy often crosses with ethics and morality." What is good? What is evil? How should I behave . philosophy is typically broken down into a number of specialties and it is common for contemporary philosophers to be experts in one field but know little about another. in fact. while metaphysical questions are common topics in the philosophy of religion. whether in the form of the comic. Aesthetics this is the study of beauty and taste.being an expert on all of philosophy would entail being an expert on all of the most fundamental questions which life has to offer. the tragic. unified subject. For example.and why? How should I . Epistemological studies usually focus upon our means for acquiring knowledge. "of sense perception. or the sublime. Epistemology Epistemology is the study of the grounds and nature of knowledge itself. Ethics Ethics is the formal study of moral standards and conduct and is also often called "moral philosophy.Branches of philosophy The following branches are the main areas of study Instead of being treated as a single. thus modern epistemology generally involves a debate between rationalism and empiricism.there is often much overlap between some fields. philosophy addresses complex issues from all facets of life . or the question of whether knowledge can be acquired a priori or a posteriori. After all.

This is can be referred to as the Critical. as well as the Philosophy of Historiography. It asks not only what mental phenomena are and what gives rise to them. Metaphysics in Western philosophy this field has become the study of the fundamental nature of all reality . what they should be educated in. Philosophy of Education this field deals with how children should be educated. writing about history. and what the ultimate purpose of education should be for society. or Formal Philosophy of History. Logic is the study of methods of reasoning and argumentation. visible and invisible. and how are we to understand it. both proper and improper.what is that context. Philosophy of History The Philosophy of History is a relatively minor branch in the field of philosophy. it is a part of pedagogy. Analytical. instead. and what impact history has upon the present day. the study of all of reality. why is it. It is. but they are close enough that they are presented together here. but that isn't actually true. focusing on the study of history. Logic and the Philosophy of Language these two fields are often treated separately. This is an often neglected field of philosophy and is often addressed only be in educational programs designed to train teachers . which is learning how to teach. but also what relationship they have to the larger physical body and the world around us. how history progresses. The Philosophy of Language involves the study of how our language interacts with our thinking. . Philosophy of Mind The relatively recent specialty known as Philosophy of Mind deals with the consciousness and how it interacts with the body and the outside world.balance my needs against the needs of others? These are some of the questions asked in the field of ethics. Some only regard metaphysics as the study of "higher" reality or the "invisible" nature behind everything.

Political and Legal Philosophy these two fields are often studied separately. but the primary difference is that theology tends to be apologetically in nature. whereas Philosophy of Religion is committed to the investigation of religion itself rather than the truth of any particular religion. what the goals of science should be. In Latin. Those who practice theology are divided. what relationship science should have with society. The line between theology and the philosophy of religion isn't always sharp because they share so much in common. but they are presented here jointly because they both come back to the same thing: the study of force. Philosophy of Science this is concerned with how science operates. some are agnostics. religious arguments and religious history. Politics is the study of political force in the general community while jurisprudence is the study of how laws can and should be used to achieve political and social goals. the differences between science and other activities. committed to the defense of particular religious positions. philosophical and religious. Everything that happens in science has some relationship with the Philosophy of Science and is predicated upon some philosophical position. even though that may be rarely evident. reason. In a formal. the word theologia means language or discourse about God. religious doctrines. Some are atheists. Theology comes in two forms. and subdivided. academic sense it is the methodical attempt to understand what can be known about God. All theologians are not necessarily believers.Philosophy of Religion sometimes confused with theology. Philosophical theology . Theology in this sense follows rules of logic. into a myriad of specialties. Theology The word “theology” is derived from two Greek words: Theos (God) and logos (speech). exegesis and hermeneutics. etc. the Philosophy of Religion is the philosophical study of religious beliefs.

a philosophy is much broader in meaning and role. Theology: it is the study of the nature of GOD and of religion and religious beliefs. The subject is important to business and management. Use of Philosophy in Corporate Business 3 ways in which philosophy can be useful in business. and thought. and the moral obligations that pertain to it. • The Development of management theory and philosophy considers the fundamental principles that underlie the formation and operation of a business enterprise. its role in society. for example. the nature and purpose of a business. knowledge. Difference between Philosophy and Theology The basic distinction between philosophy and theology is: • • • Philosophy is based on reason and theology is based on faith. . Philosophy is the study or creation of theories about basic things such as the nature of existence. Philosophy is trying to see what is for that which it is while theology is trying to prove that what does not exist is real. Therefore. It is influenced significantly by philosophy. or about how people should live. It uses natural human reason to explore the greatest of all questions. is it primarily property or a social institution. A theological book means sheer about a religion or of this kind.("natural theology") is a subdivision of philosophy. and is closely related to business ethics and political economy. the questions about God.

• "Philosophy" in ordinary language is perhaps most often meant to refer to a set of guidelines. such as in comments like "Jones' philosophy is not to worry about the future" or "It is the philosophy of this company that everyone should be able to take over for anyone else in his/her department at a moment's notice. with creativity. but it is important to have the right or most reasonable goals in the first place. or to an attitude. • Furthermore. precepts. Philosophy is a way of scrutinizing ideas about which goals are the most worthy one. to some small extent." Or "Our philosophy is ‘all for one and one for all'. but there are features and techniques common to all of them. thus it is imperative that you all learn each others' work as well as your own. One can be scientific or pragmatic about pursuing one's goals in the most efficient manner. many of interest only to a few. Philosophy can help to build better values in our work environment and improve the work ethics. and.what ends are important. Although religion and philosophy vary they tend to influence each other to some extent or the other. even among philosophers. These features have to do with reasoning and with understanding concepts. • The tools of philosophy can be important to everyone because it potentially helps one think better. and with greater perspective about almost everything. more clearly. philosophy in many cases is about deciding which goals and values are worthy to pursue -. Conclusion: Thus philosophy is not only in theory but can be applied effectively in business and other walks of life. There are numerous specific topic areas in academic philosophy. . and it is those features and techniques which also can apply to almost anything in life.