Universidad de Monterrey División de Educación Media Superior Academia de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales Unidad San Pedro

Research Proposal: ³How has insecurity affected bicultural students from 4th semester at USP (Unidad San Pedro-UdeM¶s San Pedro Campus) in the last 5 years?´

Jessica Gonzalez Research Abilities

Gerardo Alanis 284597 Benny Reyes 295438 Mario Garcia 301026 Raul Saldaña 284253 Marcelo Treviño 291793 1106 3th Semester

San Pedro Garza García, N.L. November 24, 2011

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Index Page 1. Introduction 1.1 Statement of the problem 1.1.1 Justification 1.1.2 Research Question 1.1.3 Hypothesis 1.1.4 Objectives 2. Theoretical Framework 2.1 Background 2.2 Contents 2.2.1 Society and Insecurity 2.2.2 Government and Insecurity 2.2.3 Why the rush? 2.2.4 Experts Opinion 2.2.5 Conclusion 3. Design of the Experiment 3.1 Methodology 3.1.1 Population and Sample 3.1.2 Sampling Technique 3.1.3 Research Instruments 3.1.4 Research Agenda 4. Discussion 4.1 Expected Results 5. Reference List Pg. 3 Pg. 4 Pg. 4 Pg. 5 Pg. 5 Pg. 5 Pg. 6 Pg. 6 Pg. 6 Pg. 6 Pg. 6 Pg. 7 Pg. 7 Pg. 7 Pg. 8 Pg. 8 Pg. 8 Pg. 8 Pg. 8 Pg. 9 Pg.10 Pg. 10 Pg. 11

6. Appendix

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List of Tables Page 1. Research Agenda

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1.Introduction

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This research has the objective to sell the campaign of how insecurity is affecting all kind of people in Monterrey. etc.1 Statement of the problem Population of Monterrey is being affected by insecurity because killings and insecurity issues like kidnappings. illegal fees to big companies. this a everyday issue the people is suffering. 2010) 1. and terrorist attacks in Monterrey. doubts. Insecurity has been taking over the country in a way Mexico didn¶t noticed it. J.. 2010) 4 . to authorities. shootings. It is something so serious that is taking over life¶s of several innocent persons.´ (Chabat. all the population will be benefited. 2010) 1. Monterrey from being one of the safest city in the country. According to the dictionary. not self-confident or assured. Insecurity.Monterrey is being very affected in economic and social means due to insecurity. (The Free Dictionary. from kids to adults.1. so this problem needs to be reduced right now. Monterrey¶s population is feeling unprotected and unsafe. unsafe. Kidnapping.com the definition of insecurity is subject to fears. and this has to change quickly. This research¶s purpose is to see how has the population has been affected. (Los Angeles Times. This definition comes from Thefreedictonary. etc.1 Justification ³The reasons are several. (Los Angeles Times. The second definition is the one that can be more compared to the situation that Mexico is currently living in. its now on of the most insecure cities in Latinamerica. People are afraid of going over the state without feeling scared. shootings.traditional threats such as drug trafficking and terrorism. The purpose of this project is to give an impact in people of how this is really affecting and give every solution that the society is capable of. tourists. this problem is being watch since two years from now. the development of non. but foremost among these are: the weakening of Mexican police forces due to their political misuse and corruption.com. and the process of globalization.. Insecurity can also be considered Inadequately guarded or protected. 2006) The reasons are too many. so safe that even the narcos settled their families in this city.

Theoretical Framework 5 .2 Research Question How has insecurity affected bicultural students from 4th semester at USP (Unidad San Pedro-UdeM¶s San Pedro Campus) in the last 5 years? The research is to help people find out how even the innocent teenagers that have done really small harm in the world has been suffering for the Organized Crime fault. Insecurity is getting really strong and giving harm to the ones that barely knows about the topic. The project is trying to prove that insecurity is affecting MORE than half of Monterrey¶s population and in some ways all of it. less corruption will decrease insecurity. 2. How is this affecting teenagers and society in general? (Milenio Noticias. The investigation would include people¶s opinions about this topic and some solutions that can help to fix the problem.4 Objectives The general objective of this research investigation is to reduce significantly the insecurity in Monterrey and some of the specific objetives that this project is planning to do is to find out causes that rise insecurity.1. then the legal trade of these will decrease insecurity. to determine the factors that worsens insecurity. 1. and to measure the effectiveness of the programs provided by the government. 2011) 1.1. The null hypothesis would be: If the government provides honest police then. to analyze the solutions provided by government and society.3 Hypotheses This project investigation hypothesis is: If the government provides honest police then. less corruption will not decrease insecurity and the project¶s alternative hypothesis is: If the government legalize drugs.1.1.

³Four years ago. the people need to get it back. This quote completely explain the situation that Mexico is suffering now a days. 2009) The events happening in Mexico. and live their life feerly without any preocupation. and the extreme precautions that we need to take. kidnapts.2.1 Background ³There is no doubt that Mexico has become the central hub of drug trafficking. but one thing is for sure. but many times they just let it slip. 2. The following framework presents information regarding Mexico and its insecurity situation. 2. a 6 . that is: If Mexico continue carry in on this problem. sometimes they do their best trying to stop it.2 Goverment and Insecurty Believe it or not. 2009) Living in Mexico. 2011).´ (Aguayo. with the data collected it will be possible to prove the hypothesis. Goverment and Insecurity. This problem exists in Mexico and affects directly the whole society in this country. (Alvarado. death. a war was declared to the drug trafickers and organized crime. ³To live in Mexico is to cease to be a citizen. and the society can¶t let it have it. 2.´.2 Contents The following section includes relevant information regarding the situation living now a days in Mexico. and even.´ (Aguayo. to search security in another country. the society living in the country will deliberately start living the place. The aspects to be analyzed include: Society and Insecurity. and not being aware of the situation happening now a days. and this is called corruption. a stolen car. mostly tend to end in a crisis. led by Felipe Calderon.1 Society and Insecurity ³To live in Mexico is to be permanently on alert. The main idea of the quote is to stay focus in the situation living now a days in Mexico.2.2. and Experts Opinion. and not taking the precausions necesary to persist. wether is familiar or guvermental. People can underestimate the precautions stated by the goverment. Why the rush?. Then. It is of the researchers¶ interest to learn more about the topic in order to carry out a future experiment to prove the hypothesis. a war that was supposed to have a near end. (Boyer. the goverment is well informed about this. society need to get back our role in this country. may end in fatal consequences. this constantly ends with. insecurty has taken what¶s best of the society. for example United States of America. declared war against organized crime.´. 2011) One year after Mexico¶s exchange of presidential power. Mexico deliberatley became the main frame of narcos and drug traffickers. Mexico´s government.

because now a days. and society is in favor. Military and navy. like the rest of Latin America.near excape to this terrible situation. make it stronger. and I've already been dangerously close to two shootings´ (Alvarado 2011) 2.4 Experts Opinion Here.2. Kidnapts and car robberies are happening more and more each time. Mexico needs a change. Design of the Experiment 7 . ³Mexico. and death rates. and at night is when most crime and shootings occur. a clearer image can be made about Mexico Insecurity situation that people live now a days. ³Our police institutions have been overruled by narcos. No one. there is no way of changing the future of the country. we can see. The police insitutions are now being controlled by the organized crime. these insitututions are being overruled by drug trafickers. 2009) No one but the mexican people.³ Very few government institutions are either committed to represent the public interest or even work with a minimum degree of efficiency.3 Why the rush? Society and Goverment need to start making a difference.´ (Aguayo.2. ³I've been in Monterrey less than a week. has been hit hard since the mid-1990´s by a rise in crime and violence. not including the police insitutions. But four years after. 3. but the govermnet should be manipluating the police.5 Conclusion After fully reading this framework.2. not as many. Deliberately the goverment gets involved more and more with the narcos.´. 2006) Despite worries in the mid-1990¶s. has not get any better. Young adults are being affected the most. and without police we cant make a change in society.´ (Bailey. Experts say Mexico needs a change now. and safetier. 2009) 2. 2. and breaking them. infact it got worse. so that they can fight the insecurity as one. (Padgett. this is because they have a great hunger to go out at night. that this situation. this makes it harder for the military and the navy to end this nightmare. Starting with people¶s irresponsability not following the rules stated by the goverment. opinions of experts on the topic will be presented. The safest way for gaining the freedom in Mexico is to clean the police. the average in killings and shootings has increased siginficantly. car robberies. creating a great leap in the kidnapts. now a days Mexico suffers with more bigger and severe problems.

2 Sampling Techniques: The sampling technique proposed is a quota sampling. 2008) 3. 3. depressed) and how do they look physically while they share their experience. sad.1. ³A general view. 3. Nuevo Leon at Prepa UDEM USP. Monterrey.´ (Dr.1. examination. how do they seem to talk (preoccupied. which represents approximately the 25% of the total population. C. 2010) 3. (Hill.This experiment will take place in San Pedro Garza Garcia. It is quota primarily due to the fact that we will be making questions to the people of the UDEM using quotes and similar things for the investigation.1 Methodology The following experiment is a quantitative in the field of insecurity and psychology due to the questions that will be asked to the random persons.1.4 Research Agenda: 8 . 3. The next section presents the methodology. Johnson. photo shoots and questionnaires and researching of interviews with experts in the topic. since this sample is about making surveys to the persons that usually go to Prepa UDEM. Population and Sample. The tools that will be used are surveys. They are the best suited to carry out the experiment because surveys could give us information about a group of person and specific information to what we need. or description of someone or something. research instrument. Sampling Technique. Research Instruments and Research Instruments and Research Agenda.3 Research Instruments: To research instrument chosen to test the hypothesis is surveys.1 Population and Sample: The population of this study is students from 4th semester from USP undertaking the bicultural program between the ages of 16-18.1. during Spring 2012. The size of the sample is of 100 persons.. This will help us in our hypothesis to prove that in the survey we can se how the person is telling us his anecdote.

The next Gantt chart provides the set of tasks and deadlines. 1 4.1 Expected Results: 9 .The research will take place from January to May 2012. Fig. Discussion 4.

witnessed or heard of some kind of insecurity. or at least know someone that did. since most of them believe that governmental institutions are corrupted. These expectations include trying to find photo shoots in newspaper or WebPages.The expected results are that most of the people will answer that they have suffered. Just a few trust on police or authority to denounce. There are some expectations to find researches or interviews of experts in the topic. 10 .

2010 La Respuesta del Gobierno de Felipe Calderon al desafio del narcotrafico: Entre lo malo y lo peor. Del Bosque M. http://www. E. J (2006) Public Security and police reform in the Americas http://books. S (2009) Mexico Living with Insecurity. Retrieved from: http://www.net/article/mexico-living-with-insecurity Aguilar R.com/2011/08/27/world/americas/27mexico. E (2011) Living in Mexico: A tale of Insecurity and Paranoia.html Bailey. Reference List Aguayo.nytimes.google.com/books?id=eYLGEqji3SEC&pg=PA187&dq=mexic o+like+ the+rest+of+latin+america+has+been+hit+hard+since+the+mid+1990s+by +a+ris ein+crime+and+violence&hl=en&ei=7j67ToC6GoWEsgK1qdWzCA&sa=X &oi=bo ok_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA#v Chabat J. (2011). 2009.. S.org/politics/article/living-in-mexicoa-tale-of/ Alvarado.opendemocracy.org/politics/article/living-in-mexico-a-tale-of/ Archibold R. (2011) If Monterrey falls will Mexico follow? The Texas Observer.opendemocracy. (2009) El narco: la guerra fallida. Americas. (May 2009) Mexico: living with Insecurity. Castañeda J. http://blogcritics. (2011)´Living in Mexico: a tale of insecurity and paranoia´ BCPolitics. Retrieved from: http://blogcritics. México: Santillana Ediciones Generales. Retrieved from: http://www.1. Alvarado.org/lalinea/if-monterrey-fallswill..mexico-city-follow 11 .texasobserver. Retrieved from: http://www. After fatal casino attack.net/article/mexico-living-with-insecurity Aguayo. Mexican Officials focus on organized crime´s link.

(2010 December 9th) Como se duplico la violencia en el pais?(spanish) Poder 14B p. Los Angeles Times.Government Employees´. The journal of commerce.com/en/security/security-category/kidnappinginmexico.html Lozano.youtube. (2011) kidnapping in Mexico.org/lalinea/if-monterrey-falls-willmexico-city. retrieved from: http://cnsnews.follow Dwanez1.com/mexicos-insecurity Starr.php Padgett. Mexico¶s insecurity. M (2010).com/watch?v=RA_yix3EoIY Gonzalez M.S.html Hainen.com/laplaza/2011/08/monterrey-casino-attackmexicodebate-terrorism-owner-responsibility.1893512. CNSnews.mysanantonio.html Page P. (2011). Retreived from: http://www.00. Mexico Now Off Limits to Children of U. 2010) Living in Mexico: a Tale of Insecurity and Paranoia. (2011) Dozens killed in Mexico grenade attack. P (2010) ³Monterrey. S (2009) Mexico Living with Insecurity.net/article/mexico-living-with-insecurity 12 .Del Bosque. Retrieved from: http://www. N. T (2009) On the bloody Border: Mexico Drug Wars. Moron) Mexicos drug violence. Retrieved from: http://www.com/time/magazine/article/0.latimes. (2011).solutionsabroad. Monterrey: A city robbed of its security.org/politics/article/living-in-mexico-a-tale-of/ Hernandez.time.-School Edition Aguayo. retrieved from: http://latimesblogs.joc. retrieved from: http://www. Retrieved from: http://www. Video retrieved from: http://www. F.9171. http://www.17 MacCormack J. Mass Ultra.com/news/article/monterrey-mexico-now-limits-children-usgovernment-employees USA TODAY (2011. D (2011) ³La Plaza´.opendemocracy. (August. Retrieved from: http://blogcritics.texasobserver. ³If Monterrey falls will Mexico follow?´ Texas Observer.com/news/mexico/article/Monterrey-A-cityrobbed-of-i ts-security-970421.

Summary Files 13 .6. Information Sources 2. Appendix 1.

structural crisis will remain (see "Mexico: a state of failure".and for every life it takes. but even at its loudest it never silenced the drumbeat of the "other" danger. This crisis is consuming far more lives . To live in Mexico is to suffer the uncertainty of insecurity. the security apparatus is a disaster. his administration and his party. It is best to pay the commission [that banks charge to make online payments] than take risks by making withdrawals". made the following recommendation: "To safeguard the citizen's security it would be convenient not to make withdrawals at banks. One of its officials. the incapacities and the outright corruptions of all Mexico's political forces . only the armed forces. its tentacles spread fear into the private spaces and hearts of many other citizens.this deeper. 27 April 2009. In particular.Mexico has since mid-April 2009 been the unaccustomed centre of global attention. To understand what is happening in Mexico. As the health story subsides. headed by the rightwing Partido Acción Nacional (National Action Party). The capital city is divided into boroughs. This experience has brought an unexpected dose of discomfort and unpleasantness to a people who are already living through a collective emergency of a different kind: one that goes to the very heart of the state. can be partially exempted from this judgment. It affects the poor and the marginal. In Mexico. When the "swine flu" emergency passes . 17 February 2009). The sourcing of the H1N1 flu virus to the country triggered a national and international health emergency that has led Mexico and its people to be regarded with a new kind of alarm and suspicion in its neighbourhood and far beyond.or rather inability . On the very day that theWorld Health Organisation raised the status of the global health alert.and the current signs are cautiously hopeful in this regard . In most cities around the world. but it also touches those who by profession might wish to think themselves inoculated against it. The dust of life The noise surrounding the "swine flu" crisis has been deafening.including President Felipe Calderón. This flagrant confession of the state's obligation to ensure 14 . Jaime Slomianski Aguilar. This is a situation created by the errors.to ensure a minimum degree of safety to its citizens. one fact must be recognised at the outset: very few government institutions are either are committed to representing the public interest or even work with a minimum degree of efficiency. the killings continue. news came through that eight policemen had been "executed" by gangsters in the northern city of Tijuana. it is dangerous to do so. 21st-century modernity means having twenty-four-hour access to ATMs to get cash. What follows is one such example of Mexico's trauma of insecurity. stretched beyond their limits. and its ability . endemic. amongst which is Benito Juárez.

MarchApril 2009). but a sense of self-preservation (along with a sliver of guilt) led me to respond that it was impossible for me to house my cousin.amid insults and threats . of the hundreds of relatives who make a living on the other side of the border. by Mexico's main leftwing party). In late 2008. On balance. but I compensated by arranging a time to meet.introduced himself as my cousin Victor. To live in Mexico is to be permanently on alert. What could we do? We dismissed the idea of notifying the police. cousin. who had migrated to and ended his life in the United States.") The sacredness of family in Mexico caused me to hesitate." There were two possibilities: either cousin Victor was communicating from the world beyond or we were facing an impostor who was preparing a robbery. Every Mexican has a story in this regard. I received a telephone call from a person who . since 1997. who half a century ago had married an American war veteran and gone with him to live in California.that our son had been kidnapped. My cousin. a scam or a kidnapping. My aunt is the family's walking encyclopedia: the one who knows the comings and goings. worried discussion with my Catalan wife followed.yet how "normalised" Mexico's crisis has become. The city's 15 . burglars ransacked our flat (in a capital governed. and there is a chance that they are complicit with the delinquents (see Sam Quinones. she delivered a sad piece of news: my cousin Victor had passed away from diabetes a couple of years earlier. They tore down a bullet-proof door. "State of War". we decided that the latter was more likely. Foreign Policy. and took everything they wanted. son of my deceased uncle Pancho. After the call. the ups and downs. even though the federal (conservative) government advertises a special programme against telephone extortions. with every evidence of joyful enthusiasm. see you there tomorrow. because we could not be sure what information he possessed. I rang my Aunt Lola. In early April. announced that he would arrive at my home the next day. She instantly remembered a call received a few months earlier informing us . The fact that our progeny lives in Madrid meant that we could afford (routine alarm at the invasion of our privacy and the threatening experience aside) to ignore this effort. and needed my advice. But neither does a retreat to the seclusion of home guarantee tranquillity. But "Victor" worried us more. wanted to set up a business. covered the floor with the scattered contents of drawers and closets. Mexicans do not call the police their inefficiency is beyond belief. The poor man "never took care of himself.in the characteristic tones of northern Mexico . he was carrying a lot of money from his own sojourn in the US.security to citizens is but one index of how serious . When security is at stake. Among the obligatory recounting of the latest tragedies and illnesses. Here is mine. He expressed a wish to stay at my place ("I already have the address. A long.

If thesystem worked. in short. a professional had arrived in the office.around 40% of the senior ranks of the federal bureaucracy are unqualified for the position they occupy. and exchanging anecdotes of impotence and fear. The law of one 16 . The Sistema Nacional de Seguridad Publica (SNSP) has the responsibility of coordinating actions by the federal. The lack of results forced Calderón to remove him from office in September 2008. the capital's police would (at a minimum) be able to learn the identity of those who robbed my flat. until March 2009. An unavoidable one is the sheer ineptitude of a good portion of the high bureaucracy. Mexico's president. in this game. To live in Mexico is to exist in doubt.for no other reason than this political-bureaucratic functionary is a protégé of the teachers'union leader.generous salaries and privileges notwithstanding . They are a part of the everyday existence of this wonderful country filled with contrasts and extremes. possibly. but the case went no further because the city police lacks coordination with the federal government and has no access to the national databases. After the robbery. Hence. At last. Could Mexico's federal agencies finally be able to coordinate with the country's state and municipal police forces? Maybe. To live in Mexico is to cease to be a citizen. No wonder: those in place simply hand out jobs to their friends or accomplices. and more broadly pursue the war against organised crime in a more effective way. A research study by the civil-society organisation Gestión Social y Cooperación (Gesoc) finds that . Elba Esther Gordillo (who in turn granted the president huge favours during the controversial 2006 election). Felipe Calderón has participated. state and municipal government. They took fingerprints of the suspects. consciously and deliberately. plays with Mexicans' security to pay off his political debt. and my house was filled with waves of detectives and policemen. Such experiences are not extraordinary. perhaps. it took six months. Roberto Campa spent two years (2006-08) and huge sums of money without improving security.attorney-general paid personal attention to the matter. it occupies a central role in the war against insecurity and its narco agents. The elite of pals The collapse of Mexico's security institutions has many sources. setting up alarms. But it can't work as long as Felipe Calderón names one Roberto Campa as the SNSP's head . for the president to nameJorge Tello Peón (the president's national-security advisor since October 2008) as his successor. we shared once more in the routine defence strategy of millions of others who substitute themselves for the state by reinforcing doors and windows.

but one whose drug consumption and gun sales have exacerbated the problem in Mexico.Felipe Calderón is not a statesman but a weak ruler incapable of freeing himself from the shackles imposed by the powers that helped him become president. The flash fire engulfed the gaming hall. We stopped answering the phone for a couple of days and he got the message. ordered people to get out and set it ablaze with a flammable liquid. At present their daily survival is in their own hands. and government officials and security analysts said the brutality suggested the work of the Zetas. in a departure from past mass killings. his voice tinged with anger. Although no motive has been determined. Amid the corrosion of the polity and civic order. labeled the attack terrorism. The health emergency is a spasm by comparison with the institutional failures of the governing class. and the United States. one of the largest and most feared gangs in the area.´ Mr. which he called an ally. The toll was among the highest for a single attack since a government crackdown on organized crime began in 2006 and infighting among gangs unleashed an explosion of violence that has left more than 35. Or at least that's what we wish to think. This article was translated by Alfonsina Peñaloza After Fatal Casino Attack. we are facing true terrorists who have surpassed not only the limits of the law but basic common sense and respect for life. Instead of confronting and facing the issue we decided to avoid it. trapping patrons scrambling for the few exits and hiding in bathrooms. Calderón. Mr. In what President Felipe Calderón called an act of ³true terrorists. On Friday. President Obama cast the disaster as related to the drug war.. A postscript: the threat caused by "cousin Victor" was resolved the Mexican way. Mexicans desperately need a strong democratic state to defend us. dashed inside. Calderón and. Calderón said. Mexican Officials Focus on Organized Crime¶s Link MEXICO CITY ² An arson attack on a casino in northern Mexico on Thursday that left 52 people dead has thrown a spotlight on the growth of gambling houses throughout the country and their role in organized crime. in a statement. He went on to scold the Mexican Congress for not enacting security reforms he has proposed. Mr.000 dead..´ armed men in four vehicles ² a Mini Cooper leading sport utility vehicles and a pickup truck ² calmly drove up to the Casino Royale in Monterrey at midafternoon. ³It is evident we are not facing common criminals. 17 . it bore the hallmarks of an organized crime assault.

Obama released a brief statement condemning ³the barbaric and reprehensible attack.´ he said. gunmen opened fire in the Casino Royale apparently in an effort to eliminate two rivals gambling there. we are friends. In January. such gaming houses are technically prohibited by law. bingo and electronic games are permitted. who has written extensively about organized crime in Mexico. said such gambling halls were typically small.. But sports betting. into a battleground with spectacular crimes like mass shootings with the bodies of victims hung from overpasses.³We are neighbors. ³The tit-for-tat operations in which Gulf and Zetas elements target each other¶s vital support networks appear to have been elevated to a higher level with bigger stakes. share responsibility. turning Monterrey. Four. while illegal betting parlors operate in the shadows. Raúl Benitez-Manaut. was that the Casino Royale¶s ³owners were paying one group and another group wanted a µtax. The national magazine Proceso reported in June that both legal and illegal gambling businesses had grown to nearly 800 this year. and we are committed to continuing our unprecedented cooperation in confronting these criminal organizations. where Monterrey is. lit garishly outside and dimly inside. said payments to the gangs could run up to $10. from just over 100 in 2000. Mr. Benitez-Manaut said. ³We share with Mexico responsibility for meeting this challenge.´ adding. Mr. Its report suggested the robberies and attacks pointed to an effort by the gangs to undermine rivals¶ finances and enrich their own. or more accurately. the analysts said. were robbed on May 25 by heavily armed gunmen.. George Grayson. too. The Zetas are waging a bloody battle against the Gulf and Sinaloa cartels for control of northeast Mexico. Tex. a researcher at the National Autonomous University in Mexico City who studies criminal groups.´ the 18 . which extort them or launder money through them. a security consultant company based in Austin.000 a week. A lot of money flows through such casinos.¶ ´ Stratfor. One theory investigators were exploring. and many entertainment businesses fashion themselves as casinos. we are allies. including the Casino Royale. that studies the cartels. a professor at the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg. In Nuevo Leon State. according to security analysts. Va. a once peaceful business hub. making tempting targets for organized crime groups. issued a report that said there had been a rash of robberies and violence at casinos in Nuevo Leon in the past few months. but you. sometimes informal places but had become a magnet for extortionists and money launderers.´ Mexico does not have Las Vegas-style gambling. the number of businesses climbed to 57 this year from 5 a decade ago.

which was owned by Vallarta Attractions and Amusements in association with the Cysma Corporation. courts have overruled their efforts to close them and they are left with the burden of dealing with the crime that comes with them. robberies and a general feeling of insecurity for the Mexican people. led by Felipe Calderón. The ministry said investigators had not been able to locate the owners. the trip back home was to continue by car. of course.org/politics/article/living-in-mexico-a-tale-of/ The journey had finally come to its end.Stratfor report said. Jorge Hank Rhon. kidnappings. specially over the course of this past year. E (2011) Living in Mexico: A tale of Insecurity and Paranoia. One of the country¶s most prominent gaming tycoons. one of the city's busiest avenues. was arrested on weapons charges in June and held briefly before the charges were dropped. but that the government would crack down on betting halls operating outside of the law. http://blogcritics. Mora said. Four years ago. after spending more than a year studying in Austria. had a permit. and yet they were not the same. Monterrey. it was time to go back. military trenches and police cars appeared every once in a while during the 2 hour car trip.´ Alvarado. Mexico's government. a former mayor of Tijuana. the interior minister. but local authorities complain regulation is lax. declared war against organized crime. The casinos operate under a tangle of local and federal permits. known by many as ³Little Monterrey´ because of the many shopping tourists coming from there. including those issued by the federal Interior Ministry. The insecure atmosphere everyone had been talking about became tangible as soon as I crossed the border. Mexico. This resulted in an increase in shootings. The final destination: Mexico. After that. more precisely. we will take the pertinent measures that we have to be able to close them down. José Francisco Blake Mora. ³and for those that don¶t. The street had to be reconstructed 19 . The lanes of Constitución. Texas. ³The Interior Ministry will be very attentive so that these types of establishments that have authorization to operate strictly according to the law. Monterrey is one of the cities that has been affected the most by this war. The first impression one has of Monterrey in daylight is that of an active city. and even more were awaiting all the way over the other side of the Atlantic. Many things were left behind. said at a news conference on Friday that it appeared that the Casino Royale. a city in the United States across the border from Reynosa. were as cluttered as they were a year ago. Mr. My flight landed at McAllen.

this is very apparent if you take a look at the streets: people are always going somewhere. I start to get worried and begin to panic. and now is only a one-way road. Hundreds of bullets were fired and two grenades were thrown. my friends calm me down saying its probably something far away or just a false alarm. the newspapers report that there was a confrontation between the army and drug cartel members which ended with the death of one of the drug hitmen. and I have no option but to embrace change as I always do. I hear a lot of chaos outside. and who now are part of the toll of nearly 30.´ says a school bus driver after I ask him why the last bus goes now at 19:15. ³We don't want to take the risk anymore. an old friend shows me the bullet marks embedded on a building almost a year ago. I find out later it was a police chase that began a few kilometers away. I get worried. instead of 21:00. Having lunch with some friends near my school. Monterrey is known in Mexico for its wealth. The first day in Monterrey. shops are crowded and life is seemingly normal ² business as usual. right outside my house. The first day of school. I notice an old pedestrian bridge. disturbingly. and I realize it's a shooting. Portable police forts were installed all over the city in a government attempt to enable quicker response to shootings and other violent crimes. I go back home with undoubtedly the worst culture shock I've ever experienced. Last year. like many other Monterrey citizens. The scars of the drug war are visible all over the city. Before going to sleep. a shooting perhaps. The police emergency lights seem blinding at times when driving on the street at night. it was yet another shooting. I never realized the full extent of how much life had changed in my home town of Monterrey. the risk was there. hard-working citizens and important industries. this time I think someone broke into my house. as a result some caps were still lying there on the ground. police emergency lights have become a part of the city landscape. was nearby. And to make all this even more tragic.after hurricane Alex. hung ² a kidnapper who was ironically kidnapped and then murdered by a paramilitary commando while being transferred from prison to the hospital. I take a walk outside the main campus. and ended some hundred meters from where we were. On this same bridge a woman known as ³La Pelirroja´ (The Redhead) less than a month ago was found. some 14 year-old neighbor kids found 20 . and despite all the constant warnings from the local TV news to not go out unless it's absolutely necessary. The streets look emptier and emptier after the sun starts to set. The next day.000 people murdered since 2006 in this war against organized crime. when the army accidentally killed two students who were on their way to classes. we begin to hear sirens and a helicopter. That night. again. trying to get somewhere. arguably the most destructive hurricane ever to pass through the city. It was not uncommon for me to yield to a police car. speeding. as a far away spectator living in one of the safest places in Europe. or at least as I'm supposed to do. The page turns at night though. I go downstairs to figure out what's happening. driving to one of my favorite restaurants on Gonzalitos road. and I.

it's just something you can't change. the grenade exploded. a city in the United States across the border from Reynosa. The lanes 21 . The first impression one has of Monterrey in daylight is that of an active city. Mexico's government. Monterrey is one of the cities that has been affected the most by this war. Retrieved from: http://blogcritics. Monterrey. The final destination: Mexico. E. fights for his life in the local hospital. I can't help but to think this is what millions of Mexicans have to face. The insecure atmosphere everyone had been talking about became tangible as soon as I crossed the border. it was time to go back. As I write this now. (2011)´Living in Mexico: a tale of insecurity and paranoia´ BCPolitics. the trip back home was to continue by car. known by many as ³Little Monterrey´ because of the many shopping tourists coming from there. people talk about shootings here as if they were the weather. This resulted in an increase in shootings. it's something that's there. Texas.org/politics/article/living-in-mexico-a-tale-of/ The journey had finally come to its end. Many things were left behind. after spending more than a year studying in Austria. kidnappings. a grandson of a well known university dean. After that. robberies and a general feeling of insecurity for the Mexican people. declared war against organized crime.org/politics/article/living-in-mexico-a-tale-of/page2/#ixzz1dGoB2tMb Alvarado. Read more: http://blogcritics. something you deal with every day. As much as I'd like to think I've been part of a tragedy. started to take pictures of it and when they attempted to move it. My flight landed at McAllen. the more trivial these events become. led by Felipe Calderón. Four years ago. even if it's just indirectly. Mexico. And the more this happens. military trenches and police cars appeared every once in a while during the 2 hour car trip. more precisely.a grenade in the park (the main site of the confrontation). one of them. specially over the course of this past year. and even more were awaiting all the way over the other side of the Atlantic.

The street had to be reconstructed after hurricane Alex. shops are crowded and life is seemingly normal ² business as usual.´ The word I see used most commonly these days by the Mexican media with regards to the terrorism being waged by the drug cartels and organized crime is ³unprecedented. The streets look emptier and emptier after the sun starts to set. This was clear to me after recently spending two weeks in Matamoros and Reynosa. 22 . and yet they were not the same.google. Monterrey is the industrial heart of Mexico and one of its wealthiest cities. ³We don't want to take the risk anymore. kidnappings: in short an ³unprecedented´ terror campaign is being wrought by drug cartels and organized crime on the more than 2 million residents of the city. and now is only a one-way road. were as cluttered as they were a year ago. a shooting perhaps. Grenade attacks. police emergency lights have become a part of the city landscape.´ says a school bus driver after I ask him why the last bus goes now at 19:15.´ In the past two weeks things have gone from bad to worse for Mexican President Felipe Calderon in his war against the drug cartels.com/books?id=eYLGEqji3SEC&pg=PA187&dq=mexico+like+the+res t+of+latin+america+has+been+hit+hard+since+the+mid+1990s+by+a+risein+crime+and +violence&hl=en&ei=7j67ToC6GoWEsgK1qdWzCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&re snum=1&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q&f=false If Monterrey Falls Will Mexico Follow? A recent editorial in a Mexican newspaper stated it simply ³Mexico in Flames. Portable police forts were installed all over the city in a government attempt to enable quicker response to shootings and other violent crimes. Now the cartels have set their sights on Monterrey. the economic heart of Mexico. It was not uncommon for me to yield to a police car. The police emergency lights seem blinding at times when driving on the street at night. this is very apparent if you take a look at the streets: people are always going somewhere. It¶s home to powerful Mexican corporations such as CEMEX and the national oil company PEMEX. instead of 21:00.of Constitución. Bailey. J (2006) Public Security and police reform in the Americas http://books. speeding. hard-working citizens and important industries. Calderon has already lost control of his northern border. The page turns at night though. narco-blockades. trying to get somewhere. one of the city's busiest avenues. arguably the most destructive hurricane ever to pass through the city. Monterrey is known in Mexico for its wealth. and despite all the constant warnings from the local TV news to not go out unless it's absolutely necessary.

but his administration¶s lack of strategy has destroyed the fragile framework holding Mexican society together and left nothing to replace it. a Latin American business magazine. killing many innocent bystanders in the process. But this time it¶s not the working class and the poor of Juarez or Reynosa who are taking the bullets." In the past four years. For many years an agreement among the cartels that family were off limits kept these neighborhoods free of revenge killings and kidnappings. The city of Monterrey has always prided itself on its wealth and its relative security. Just five years ago it was ranked as the most secure city in Latin America by American Economia. Calderon has gone after the drug cartels with an unrelenting force. His kidnapping came on the heels of an assassination of the leading gubernatorial candidate for the state of Tamaulipas in June. And it was rated in 1999 by Fortune magazine as the best city in Latin America to do business." said political analyst Jose Luis Garcia at the University of Monterrey. It¶s prosperity also attracted Mexico¶s drug kingpins who settled their families in Monterrey¶s most affluent neighborhoods. The problem with sending the army. And Calderon seems to have no one he can trust to restore any form of law and order in the country. A political analyst told Reuters this week that the violence is unraveling Monterrey¶s civic society. it¶s the very top echelons of society and Mexico¶s elite who are feeling the terror firsthand. Senators and other powerful politicians across Mexico are realizing that they cannot even trust their own security forces because they have already been bought out through intimidation or money by the drug cartels. The city is losing its leadership.. They can only engage the cartels in gun battle.And it¶s the Latin American headquarters for many international companies such as Whirlpool and General Electric. They can¶t replace the lack of a judicial system.. Mayors. is that they are not trained to be a police force among civilians. however. impunity and 23 . Wealthy Mexicans are fleeing Monterrey and its economy is flagging. The recent kidnapping and killing of the mayor from the affluent neighboring town of Santiago with the help of his own police force sent a chill through Mexico¶s political elite. Poverty. "Insecurity in Monterrey is now spinning out of control and is a clear threat to investment. The kidnapping in May of the powerful political kingmaker ³Jefe Diego´ from Calderon¶s own National Action Party also shook Calderon and his cabinet to the core. aren't prepared to pay the price and confront the problems. With the rupture of the cartels by government forces and a fractious civil war among the remaining drug capos Monterrey is rapidly becoming a war zone. The rampant insecurity has led Mexico¶s most prominent businessmen to place ads in newspapers across the country asking President Calderon to send more federal troops to Monterrey and surrounding areas to fight the cartels and organized crime. "Politicians .

This is why it is important to carefully screen all residential employees and to avoid flashy displays of wealth in public places. if taking a taxi at night. cellular phones and valuables. because in Mexico there are 3 common types of kidnappings. (2011) Dozens killed in Mexico grenade attack. Kidnapping Children Children of middle-class or upper-class Mexicans.corruption have plagued the country for decades. children are the most targeted group. Kidnappers can work in sophisticated groups. This way your whereabouts are known by the taxi company. Dwanez1. call a friend to inform them of your whereabouts. People are at most risk for this trap when hailing a taxi cab from the street. Best yet. The Kidnap Express Kidnapping express is a rapidly growing crime. Unfortunately. Second. Also. yet the problem does span all socioeconomic levels. Once you are inside one of these unauthorized or "pirate" taxi cabs." and lastly wealthy Mexican businessmen are also snatched and held for large ransoms. Both Mexicans and foreigners are victims.youtube. tourists and middle. jewelry. Once they empty your accounts and physically remove your possessions. are too often stolen away from their families and homes. request a secure taxi over the phone. in that order. because no one knows where you are or is held accountable for your whereabouts. Avoid this situation all together by using the authorized taxis lined up at taxi stands throughout the city. cash. One increasingly disturbing spin is that the criminals may contact your family and not release you until a hefty ransom is paid. anything can happen.com/watch?v=RA_yix3EoIY Kidnapping in Mexico The bad news is that kidnappings in Mexico are on the rise. also report to your friend the number of the taxi painted on the doors. following family members to learn routines or working with the help of hired domestic employees. The most likely outcome of the kidnapping express is your credit card or banking account will be emptied. Kidnapping for Ransom 24 . Organized crime is filling the vacuum and it will take more than the Mexican army to root them out. they will normally release you.or upper-class Mexicans are at risk for "Kidnapping Express. What criminals are most after are your credit cards. Video retrieved from: http://www.

from this activity. However. In another case two kidnapped brothers were also murdered after ransom demands had been met. in dollars or euros. Kidnapping of the rich and wealthy is a fast-growing crime. The lack of a living wage for these employees only makes the temptation to be lured in as an accomplish all the more irresistible. A Tragic History Due to a lack of quality police investigations or a trusted police presence. these are useful numbers: Mexico City Police (PGJDF): 5346-8669. kidnappings are more frequently ending in tragic circumstances. The wealthy Mexican worried about his protection is normally escorted by private security guards and plans his moves carefully. the number of kidnappings taking place in Mexico is showing no sign of decreasing. The father alone engaged in a private investigation that led to the arrest of the criminals.Kidnapping for ransom of people believed to be financially affluent (not that many foreigners are targeted) is on the rise. For the most part in Mexico City these gangs are professional and very well-organized. especially after 9/11. It is becoming much more common now in the states of Guerrero and Veracruz. guards and security personnel are very poorly paid in Mexico. as police officials only demonstrated ineptness in this specific case. It is against the law to report false alarms. This case has outraged many people in Mexico. even after her father paid the negotiated ransom. and remains a problem in Mexico City as well. In one instance a kidnapped girl was murdered. Now. the drugs are remaining in border 25 . Behind these kidnappings are well-organized criminal gangs. Drugs and the Increase in Violence Drugs destined for the United States are no longer making it across the border as successfully as in the past. 01800-440-3690 Federal Preventative Police All calls are traced. In some cases the culprits are Mexican or international radical groups that obtain obscene amounts of money. despite the horrific circumstances. 5345-5505 (PFP): 5481-4300. the kidnapping problem is perpetuated because drivers. In case of a kidnapping. On the contrary. however. Private security negotiators collected their fees. Lately. common criminals are also getting into this activity on a large scale.

The dead included one pregnant woman. Another important factor in this problem is the lack of control of firearms. Authorities said they were eager to speak with Raul Rocha Cantu.e. as families buried their loved ones. The suspects were identified as Zetas. most of these coming into Mexico illegally from the United States. little is known about the owners and operators of the casino. Another report said Rocha has lived in the United States for at least the last two months. The demonstration ended in scuffles for some as activists made competing calls for the resignations of the Monterrey mayor.html Four days after the deadly casino attack in Monterrey in northern Mexico. In a series of interviews since Friday. it becomes apparent that Mexico has a public safety problem growing at an alarming rate. Ciudad Juárez.latimes. If we add to this unemployment. but no location was specified (link in Spanish).common deals that often lead to brutal attacks against bars and other businesses in Monterrey. and over the weekend. The use of drugs by kidnappers is believed to be behind the increasingly violent kidnappings. In fact. Monterrey. As a result narcomenudeo (street drug pushing) is now common in Mexico City. Hernandez. The combination of drugs and firearms make the kidnapping problem particularly volatile.com/laplaza/2011/08/monterrey-casino-attack-mexico-debateterrorism-owner-responsibility. Juan Gomez Jayme. despite initial reports (later contradicted) that said emergency exits in the establishment were blocked. the owner of the burned-out Casino Royale has not emerged in public or spoken with authorities. economic problems.000 pesos a week. another large demonstration against violence and insecurity took place in Monterrey (link in Spanish). Matamoros) on a scale never previously seen. 26 . Guadalajara. D (2011) ³La Plaza´. Hermosillo. or about $10. Los Angeles Times. Nuevo Leon authorities said the investigation into the arson blaze is ongoing. the drug gang that is seeking control over Monterrey in a campaign that has spread fear and violence in the affluent industrial city. On Monday. and other large cities.000 -. the casino owners' lawyer. contributing to the high death toll of 52. rivalries among drug cartels and corruption. Gov.cities (i. Tijuana. a Monterrey businessman identified as one of the owners of the casino. the Nuevo Leon state government. One newspaper said the casino owners had not complied with an extortion demand of 130. Rodrigo Medina announced the arrest of five men suspected of being involved in the attack. and President Felipe Calderon (video link in Spanish). retrieved from: http://latimesblogs.

Most of the victims. federal civil protection officials contradicted their local counterparts and said the casino's exits were not blocked. in another sign of conflict between different levels of government. Creel. business-friendly National Action Party. state. Creel oversaw the authorization of gambling centers through his office. reports said. said on Saturday that his client was not responsible for the deaths because the attack was out of the establishment's control (link in Spanish). at the start of the first of two consecutive PAN presidential terms. Proceso reported in July that the number of illegal casinos has actually dropped in the last year because illegal gambling houses are increasingly aligning themselves with those that have proper paperwork. and was briefly shut down in May over code violations. the name of Santiago Creel has emerged as one of the authorities some argue are "responsible" for the rise of casinos in Mexico. which were reported by the chief of civil protection in Monterrey after firefighters put down the arson blaze. the lawyer. is a leading contender for the PAN presidential nomination for the 2012 election. Tensions have also reemerged in recent days between local and federal officials over the authorization of casinos. As interior secretary under former PAN President Vicente Fox. Gomez defended the establishment. In the political chatter since Thursday. Late Monday. Gambling houses have proliferated in Mexico in more than 10 years of governments led by the conservative. or PAN. Yet questions were raised almost immediately about word of blocked emergency exits. died of smoke inhalation after being trapped in the rear of the casino when gunmen burst in and set a fire. Creel has been silent on the micro-blogging since Thursday. extortion and money laundering. making no public statement so far on the incident. Mexico had 123 casinos and now has 790. saying the casino operated lawfully under municipal. The news magazine Proceso reported that in 2000. The Casino Royale had been targeted by gunmen twice this year. the majority of whom were middle-aged women. most recently a senator. Casinos in Mexico are seen as magnets for organized crime. Usually active on Twitter. 27 . both legal and illegal.said attorney-client privilege would not permit him to divulge where Rocha was or whether he would present himself to Nuevo Leon authorities as they have requested (link in Spanish). The federal Interior Ministry grants permits for casinos. and federal regulations. but the businesses must also comply with local and state codes. Gomez.

In the real-life version. home to the world's third-largest cement company and other giants in steel. excellent universities and impressive public artworks. instead of finding a warm welcome and comforting memories. The violence." as locals call themselves. 28 . This is Mexico's industrial and financial titan. has made driving from the U. white high-rises. On Wednesday. a psychiatrist. Monterrey: A city robbed of its security MONTERREY. rival gangsters exchanged shots for 30 minutes near Monterrey Technological Institute. as the title suggests. and one of the terrible consequences is to not be astonished by what happens. gunmen opened up with automatic weapons in a downtown pedestrian plaza. he enters a living hell of desolation. the Casino Royale episode may ultimately reaffirm that the basic structures of corruption and impunity in Mexico remain intact and largely unchallenged. where thousands have died. beer and glass. which extends to random gangster checkpoints on highways entering Monterrey. killing a young woman and wounding four more. So far this year. a roll of the dice. 78." said Dr. "We are suffering what is called generalized anxiety.In the darkly satirical movie "El Infierno. We are numb.S. cosmopolitan place of crisp. More than 1. "This is the same shock as New York City got when the World Trade Center towers were hit by the airplanes. the killing of many people. now playing in and around Mexico's richest and proudest city. Victor Piñeyro. While the mayhem here pales beside that of Ciudad Juárez. Mexico . But. a humble Mexican migrant worker named Benny finally returns to his rural hometown after 20 years in the United States. This is not Nuevo Laredo or Ciudad Juárez. even as the outrage rises and officials promise to tackle the factors that led to last week's tragedy. through September. a cluster of municipalities comprising more than 4 million people that boast a per capita income twice the national average and the most millionaires of any Mexican city. for the long-privileged and insulated "regiomontanos. We are viewing it as a television show. seedy border towns seeped in smuggling. the volatile mix includes narco blockades. No one thought this could ever happen in Greater Monterrey. corrupt police and even a crooked priest. there have been 643 violent deaths in the state of Nuevo León. but that was acute and this is prolonged. the psychological effect has been catastrophic. On Tuesday. political killings and hand grenades tossed in the streets." now playing in theaters here.000 American companies do business here. in a modern. bloodthirsty narcos. violence and corruption. kidnappings.In any case." he said. more than double the total for all of 2009.

On weekends." says Rojas. little of the current crisis is readily obvious. then abducted and executed one of Rojas' best friends. "So when suddenly this image collapses.9171. "I don't panic or scare easily.00. self-reliant and hard-working "regios. demanded protection money from the ranchers. Only a decade ago. we have the same problems as Ciudad Juárez. than with Mexico. cocaine and heroin passes near a cluster of haciendas that includes Rojas'. a low crime rate and a stable business environment. whose trafficking route for marijuana. downtown boulevards are jammed with traffic.The upper class shops in Houston. owns condos on South Padre Island and sends its children abroad to study. or drug traffickers. the only signs of increased security are occasional patrols of federal police in blue Ford pickups. the gangs burned down the ranch houses." he said. local children watched as a pickup rammed down the door of a house. still flashes nightly. some "regios" suspect their countrymen are enjoying their plight.S. Rojas and his neighbors were awakened at night or horrified in broad daylight by assault-rifle fire and the screaming of tires as cars raced away after kidnappings. When they balked. But last year narcos. During daylight hours. To the visitor. it's like they are talking about another country. Out at Rojas' ranch. The drug gangs.time. And for years.com/time/magazine/article/0. when they talk about Monterrey. T (2009) On the bloody Border: Mexico Drug Wars. it offered investors a hard-working and educated labor force. We felt nothing could happen to us. At rush hour. moved into his upscale neighborhood--punks in cowboy attire and sparkling pickup trucks buying expensive homes. Forbes magazine rated Monterrey as the best city in Latin America for business. the classy malls still are packed. One afternoon. Resented throughout Mexico for their success and arrogance. but suddenly. 29 . http://www. But an ongoing battle between the Zetas and the Gulf Cartel and a wave of common crime have bloodied the streets and rocked the confidence of the close-knit." said an engineer who asked not to be named." where kid goat is served.1893512. and we identify more with the U." "In Mexico. it is very demoralizing. a business owner and rancher from the Mexican border city of Juárez. And the kitschy neon crown of "El Rey del Cabrito. the situation was worse. Padgett. sparking a gun battle that left four people dead in the street.html Pedro Rojas is the sort of wealthy Mexican who's usually in control of his world.

A tragic wisdom has emerged at this dusty junction of developed and developing worlds. The city council recently voted unanimously to ask Washington to consider legalizing marijuana. is "sowing chaos in our communities" ² both American and Mexican.) It has taken many years for Mexico to finally make that admission. whose casual use is widely considered no more harmful than that of alcohol. Solutions on the Front Line In El Paso. is the realization that the police in Juárez not only are incapable of stopping gangs but are "working with them. but "the discussion is changing. is trying to purge the city's corrupt. as President Barack Obama said in a visit to Mexico this month. So Rojas (not his real name." says council member Beto O'Rourke. through the fog of the drug war. For starters. it's where some of the freshest ideas for fighting the war can be found. Administration also intends to put more emphasis on reducing demand by expanding programs like drug courts that mandate rehab. "If you live on the border.000 Mexicans murdered since the start of last year ² almost 2. Juárez Mayor José Reyes Ferriz. who insists the U. On one side of the Rio Grande is Juárez. Obama is sending 500 new federal agents to the border this year to snare more weapons and money moving south. Worse. is just as responsible for the crisis." he says. decades in which the country's powerful and violent drug cartels have been allowed to terrorize far too many neighborhoods in too many cities like Juárez. it has become clearer to see what needs to be done to rein in the drugrelated crime that. which is receiving a stream of Juárez exiles like Rojas." The border suffers the bulk of the drug war's carnage ² and perhaps because of that. Mexican President Felipe Calderón has brought the fight to the gangs.S.S." he tells TIME. The move would seriously crimp the drug cartels' cash flow. impotent. An insatiable demand for drugs north of the border. the Obama Administration concedes. and last week he appointed a border-policy czar. Our police institutions have been overrun by narcos. which he asked to be changed for security reasons) took his family across the Rio Grande to live in an apartment in El Paso." (See pictures from the streets of Juarez. 1.600-member police force and hopes to build a more professional department twice the size. estimated at more than $25 billion a year. has for too long relied too heavily on military aid to producer and trafficker nations and on stiff sentences for drug possession at home. he adds.Since then. "We have no choice left. together with rampant smuggling of guns and laundered drug profits into Mexico. "I feel fearful. The U.S. but their furious backlash has left more than 7. confession. former federal prosecutor Alan Bersin. you see that the old drug-policy emperor has no clothes. plenty would like to see an even broader shift in policy.000 in Juárez alone. Still. the gangs have dumped the severed heads of other victims in front of suburban town halls. El Paso's mayor vetoed the resolution. Texas. Mexico's recognition that it has to reform its law-enforcement system coincides with a belated U. especially on the bloodied border. who has received death threats from the gangs. Summoning his army to fill in for unreliable cops. whose maquiladora assembly plants fuel dreams of modernity 30 . Changing that will take many years and some very big cojones.

which is one of the U. If it doesn't. compared with Juárez's 1. The State Department Bureau of Consular Affairs issued a travel advisory for travel to most of Mexico on April 22. they fear.com/time/magazine/article/0. police have been implicated in some of these incidents.'s safest communities (16 murders last year. In 2010. is ofparticular concern. Bush and the U. Travelers and residents are strongly advised to coger their profile and avoid displaying 31 .html#ixzz1d Gm4FMyb The Council 60 MEC elected to waive this per the contract for the safety of our Flight Attendants.S. Meanwhile." says Lucinda Vargas. Pedestrians and innocent bystanders have been killed in these incidents. 2011.blocking off adjoining streets to prevent law enforcement response. On the other side is El Paso. the few Black Hawk helicopters that Washington ships to Mexico's antidrug warriors won't make up for the thousands of AK-47 rifles and even rocketpropelled grenades pouring into the hands of the gangs. Juárez civic leaders like Vargas have long called for the kind of Mexican police and judicial reform that both countries are only now starting to make a priority. to renew the assaultweapons ban that George W." says Wiles. Congress allowed to expire in 2004.time.but which is now one of the hemisphere's most dangerous cities. head of the community-development organization Plan Estratégico de Juárez. "that it's taken so many killings in Juárez to make Washington consider that. "It's a shame.600) but which nonetheless knows that its future is linked to that of Juárez. TCOs (Transcontinental Criminal Organizations) kidnapped guests out of reputable hotels in the downtown Monterrey area. The number of kidnappings and disappearances in Monterrey.S.9171.S. In addition. TCOs have also regularly attacked local government facilities. the home of Mexico's drug-trafficking industry. "Washington and Mexico City need to know the solutions to this crisis are here on the front line. Local police and private patrols do not have the capacity to deter criminal elements or respond effectively to security incidents. and engaged in public shootouts with the military and between themselves.prisons and police stations. The level of violence and insecurity in Monterrey remains elevated.1893512. Americans like El Paso County sheriff Richard Wiles want the U. Read more: http://www. and increasingly throughout Monterrey's consular district.00. Both the local and expatriate communities have been victimized and local law enforcement has provided little to no response." See pictures of Culiacan.

The bodies of the remaining victims were found dumped in various parts of the city and. According to the authorities. "Only five have links to the authorities . and La Familia gangs. The state is the stronghold of the Zetas. Sinaloa. where Monterrey is located. and three guards from Cadereyta prison. But two of the victims were identified as bodyguards of the governor of Nuevo Leon. 2011 2:48PM GMT 32 ." he explained. Mexico's Insecurity Paul Page | Mar 14. Mr Medina said the threats would not stop his determination to beat organised crime. Blood stains and graffiti were left at the scene of one gang killing Mexican officials say 33 people have been killed in the space of 24 hours in Mexico's industrial capital. five presumed gang members were killed in a battle with the army and 10 people died in a confrontation between rival gangs. thought to be one of Mexico's most violent drug cartels. Monterrey.the two bodyguards. in some cases. said most of those killed had links to the country's drug cartels.any evidence of wealth that might draw attention. They are engaged in a deadly battle with the Gulf. Police said a threatening message addressed to Mr Medina had been found next to the bodies. Jorge Domene Zambrano. A spokesman for the Nuevo Leon Security Council. hanged from bridges. Rodrigo Medina. said the killings were almost all connected to a deadly battle for control of the region between rival drug cartels. Security officials in the northern state of Nuevo Leon. Please know that your safety and welfare are of paramount concern to your union officers and we will do everything in our power to ensure that you are all protected.

too. Mexico. A story on the front page of The Washington Post the same week as the TAPA meeting underscored the questions surrounding security in Mexico. Texas. putting a grim cloud over the country and its efforts to reawaken the manufacturing that turned the region near the border with the United States into a hotbed of factory activity in the 1990s. An official with the State Department's Overseas Security Advisory Council presented a similarly divided view of the country. noted cartel soldiers who do not care about bystanders had spread fear in various part of the country with brazen assassinations and shootouts in populated areas. Sam Logan. 33 . has grown extremely rough. Once the unofficial capital of the maquiladoras manufacturing plants a short drive from the U. Monterrey now is the scene of a bloody battle between the Zetas and Gulf cartels for control of the state's drug networks. only it will be built in the central Mexican state of Queretaro. he said. portraying the city of Monterrey as bordering on lawlessness. and a stop on the way from Monterrey into the United States. "is a sea of tranquility with pockets of violence. the sprawling Mexican industrial city across the border from El Paso. This official.S. It's unclear whether Mexico has lost business because of the cartel violence. who asked that he not be identified. The border area near Tijuana." One of those pockets is Ciudad Juarez.-Mexico cross-border security couldn't have been more timely.S. Logan said.The Transported Assets Protection Association's two-day meeting in San Diego this month looking at U. yet the picture they portrayed was far more complicated and did not necessarily provide the easy answer companies may want when trying to decide whether the lower direct manufacturing costs come at too high a price for safety and security. The rising violence driven by warring drug cartels has turned some areas of Mexico into something resembling war zones. The Post story notes Eurocopter recently backed away from a plan to build a $500 million plant in Monterrey.-Mexico border. The plant will go to Mexico. showed images and detailed statistics that gave a gruesome view of the growing violence as cartels battled for supremacy in parts of Mexico. But Logan also showed a map with very clear borders delineating where rival cartels are spreading violence and where there is relative peace. Security executives and planners from major American manufacturers heard a similar story at the TAPA meeting. an author and expert in Mexico's drug wars and a consultant on corporate risk intelligence in Latin America.

Starr. P (2010) ³Monterrey. even with the drug violence.S. and certainly this can change.S. the violence. retrieved from: http://cnsnews.com/news/article/monterreymexico-now-limits-children-us-government-employees The U. Monterrey is Mexico¶s second largest city and is located about 150 miles south of the Texas-Mexico border in the state of Nuevo Leon.000 residents in Mexico was less than half the rate in Belize (44) and the rate was four times higher in Venezuela (75) and Honduras (77).S. Mexico Now Off Limits to Children of U. CNSnews. And OSAC said its unofficial survey of homicide rates across Latin America showed Mexico far behind other countries.-Government Employees´. or at least we don't believe we are seeing anything tied to the cartel activity. but sees a line between the cartel violence and the theft the company guards against. who asked not to be identified. the OSAC official said. State Department has declared that Monterrey. was largely indirect . "We have not seen an uptick of cargo theft in Mexico. government workers because of a recent shooting near an American school in that city and the ³high incidence of kidnapping´ there. is having an impact on our transiting activity in Juarez. where some of its components are made. The company is continually assessing its risks. where it stages goods at its main Latin American hub and employs contract manufacturers. 34 . Still." said this official." this official said. The rate of 18 deaths per 100. but 55 percent had seen no impact. but they are not moving that operation from the U. And a security official at a major electronics manufacturer told the TAPA meeting about the very aggressive security actions the company takes to guard goods that move from Los Angeles to Mexico.the violence discourages private sector investment and discourages business travelers from traveling to Mexican cities.The OSAC office said a survey of foreign companies doing business in Mexico showed 45 percent said they had seen some impact from cartel violence. "But at least at this time. Mexico is now off limits to the minor children of U. this company believes it might be cheaper to locate a distribution center on the Mexico side of the border.S. The impact. This electronics company certainly is aware of the violence around Monterrey. we don't feel that the cartel activity.

That's the official term for it.S. government employees to bring their minor children to the city an Aug. families were targeted. government worker is allowed to be here at post. urged in the statement that U.S. posted on the State Department¶s Web site on Sept. 22 U.S. told CNSNews. according to the office of the attorney general of Nuevo Leon. Consulate statement said.S. 35 . ³It is incumbent on all of us to take measures to reduce exposure to risk and enhance personal security.S. citizens who might become incidental victims. it is. the U.S. Mexico.S. released in Spanish. the sharp increase in kidnapping incidents in the Monterrey area. "That's correct. In this incident." The travel warning.-government employees would not be permitted in the city. cites as one reason for the ban on allowing U. 10 minor dependents of U.S.´ the statement said. said its four kidnapped security officers were later released after the kidnappers realized they were not members of a rival gang. ³While it does not appear that U. "The official term as of Sept. The U. Consulate General in Monterrey. What that means is that no minor family member of a U.This is the first time the State Department has ever prohibited U.´ the Aug. present a very high risk to the families of U. ambassador to Mexico.com. On Aug. Two of the security personnel were shot to death and four others were kidnapped. personnel should ³keep their children at home´ while the security situation was assessed. ³An investigation is continuing into the details. Consulate in Monterrey responded to the shooting by saying Americans were not targets of the attack.S. government workers from having their dependent children with them when they serve in an official capacity in a Mexican city.´ The U. members of the Los Zetas criminal gang attacked security personnel from the Mexican bottling company FEMSA. but at this point it appears that it was an attempted kidnapping targeting the relatives of a local business executive. a spokesman for the U. Consulate General in Monterrey has become a partially unaccompanied post. A statement from FEMSA. The FEMSA security officers routinely patrolled the American Foundation School because it is attended by the children of FEMSA employees and shareholders. 10. and this event in particular. the State Department announced it was advising U. 27. Carlos Pascual.S.S. 20 incident that took place in front of the American Foundation School there. government personnel working at the Consulate in the city to remove their children from lMonterrey because of security concerns and as of Sept.S." he said. Brian Quigley. 10.S.

meaning no minor dependents of U. this took place outside a school that had nothing to do with the event.´ the warning states.S. issued in Spanish.´ the statement. U. practical and reliable way to reduce the security risks for all children is to remove them from Monterrey. and confronted them ± unfortunately. 2010. The Aug. 24 statement issued by the office of the Nuevo Leon attorney general said it was a matter of mistaken identity and that the gang members ³apologized´ when they realized the men were not members of a rival gang. ³As of September 10.³Based upon a security review in Monterrey following the shooting on August 20.´ reads the warning from the State Department. however. the Consulate General in Monterrey is a partially unaccompanied post. 36 . 2010. said. downplayed the kidnapping theory and attributed the violence to the general insecurity in Monterrey. ³A criminal group that is clearly identified as Los Zetas thought the guards who were there were their enemy. FEMSA. government personnel from the Consulate General have been advised that the immediate. in front of the American Foundation School in Monterrey and the high incidence of kidnappings in the Monterrey area.S. government employees are permitted to remain in the city.